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# ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES & OPTICS (PHY 5222)

Coursework 4: Week 4
ISSUE: January 29th , 2014 HAND-IN: February 5th , 2014
Hand-in of worked problems must take place by 4:00 PM. on the above date at the box provided outside the Teaching Administrators office OB2 in the Queens Building basement (Enter Queens Building at the side door next to Physics and follow the signs). This time will be strictly adhered to and no late working will be accepted unless accompanied by an extenuating circumstances form. The solutions will appear later in the week on the EWO website. Course title, coursework number and student's name should appear on the front sheet of the worked problems and multiple sheets should be stapled together. Students should download new problem sheets after the Wednesday lecture on the coursework tab of the website at http://qmplus.qmul.ac.uk/course/view.php?id=3700 . Marked problems will be returned the following week. NB. I want to see the method of solution. No credit will be given for simply writing down the answer. For numerical answers be sure to include any units. Credit will also be given for clarity of presentation.

1) [22 marks] Quartz has an ordinary refractive index, n0 = 1.544 and an extraordinary refractive index, ne = 1.553. i) ii) What is the value and sign of the birefringence of the quartz? [4 mks]

A quartz plate is cut to a thickness of 17.58m with the optic axis lying in the plane of the plate. Plane polarised light of wavelength 0 633 nm is incident normally on the plate. After traversing the plate what is the polarisation state of the light? [6 mks] In order to rotate the angle of the plane polarised light, of i), through 900 what minimum thickness of quartz would be required? [6 mks] Circularly polarised light with = 500 nm is incident normally onto a quartz plate. What minimum thickness of quartz would be required to achieve plane polarised light at the output? [6 mks]

iii)

iv)

2)

[28 marks]

The optical arrangement shown below is used to measure the birefringence of a crystalline plate of thickness L. The polariser P1 , prepares the incident light to be plane polarised and the analyser, P2 , is oriented to pass plane polarised light in a plane orthogonal to that of the incident light from P1.

Birefringent plate

Light detector

E
I

y x I0 E
0

IT

Polariser, P1

Analyser, P2

The birefringent plate is placed between P1 and P2 and ight intensity passed by P2, IT , is detected as a fraction T I T i)
I0

## of the light incident, I0 , on the plate from the left.

The plate has a birefringence n 0.0025 . In order to obtain a transmission of 30% through the system of plate plus polarisers for light of wavelength

0 532 nm what is the minimum plate thickness, LMin, required? You may
assume that the plate does not absorb the light. ii) [6 mks]

If the transmission is measured to be 50% what is the polarisation state of the light after exiting the plate? [6 mks] If the plate has a thickness of L = 10m, the light has a wavelength of 633nm and the transmission is measured to be 25% what is the birefringence, n , of the plate? [6 mks]

iii)

iv)

If in the setup the light source to the left consisted of two wavelengths,

## 1 750 nm and 2 1.0 m . What minimum thickness of the plate, LMin ,

is required such that there is no transmission at 1 while the transmission at 2 is 100% if the birefringence of the plate is n 0.025 independent of wavelength? [10 mks]