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Air Conditioning Calculations

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Air Conditioning Calculations


How do you do air conditioning calculations on the capacity of air conditioner for your room? This calculation is important because if done wrongly, you will end up installing an oversize or undersize equipment. An oversized air conditioner is not good as the compressor will run and stop regularly and not able to cool the room uniformly.

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It will also cause discomfort to the occupants as the dehumidfication of the room is not properly done. On top of that, the electricity bill will be high as the compressor turns on and off too often. Every time the on/off type of compressor starts to run, its power consumption is 6 times higher than when it is running steadily. The cycling on and off of the compressor will lead to shorter life span of the compressor besides having to spend more on the unit price and installation cost. An undersized unit will not be able to cool the room properly and more so if the weather is hot.

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Cooling Capacity
Cooling capacity for a room is defined as the heat load in a room that have to be removed in order to achieve a certain room temperature and humidity. The typical design is set to 24C temperature and 55% Relative Humidity. Study shows that this combination of temperature and RH is the most conducive for the human body. The unit used to measure heat load is BTU/hr. 1 BTU/hr is the heat energy needed to increase 1 pound of water by 1F. When choosing an air conditioner, usually a 1 HP (horse power) equipment is able to remove 9,000 BTU/hr of heat. With better technology, some machines are able to remove 10,000 BTU/hr of heat with the same capacity. The higher the listed BTU/hr, the greater the cooling capacity.

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Air Conditioning Calculations - Rule Of Thumb


Calculating the cooling capacity needed for your room is a complicated process as there are many factors to consider. However, there is a simple rule of thumb that you can use to estimate the required cooling capacity for your room. Use this result to compare with the calculation done by the air conditioning contractors for your own checking purposes.

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Air Conditioning Calculations

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Step 1 Find the volume of your room in cubic feet. This is done by measuring the length, width and height of the room in feet and multiply all the three dimensions together. Volume = Width X Length X Height (cubic feet) Step 2 Multiply this volume by 6. C1 = Volume X 6 Step 3 Estimate the number of people (N) that will usually occupy this room. Each person produces about 500 BTU/hr of heat for normal office-related activity. Multiply this two figures together. C2 = N x 500 BTU/hr Step 4 Add C1 and C2 together and you will get a very simplified cooling capacity needed for the room. Estimated Cooling Capacity needed = C1 + C2 (BTU/hr)

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Air Conditioning Calculations - Other Factors


Other factors that your contractor will consider to determine the sizing of the cooling capacity include the direction of your room. If the room is facing east or west, additional capacity is needed as it will be exposed to the morning and evening sun compared to a room that faces north or south. If the lighting of the room emits a lot of heat, additional capacity is needed. If electrical appliances that generate heat is used, additional capacity has to be factored in. The type of material of the room and windows are also important consideration.

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Air Conditioning Calculations

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22 comments Kimsry Heang ITC After Read the Air Conditioning Calculations. could you let me know about volume C1(can measure). Reply Like Follow Post June 14 at 6:02pm

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Said Mohamed Ali Follow T op Commenter Professor of Engineering at Faculty of Engineering thanks , this is the simplest method I heard of for quick approximate calculations of cooling load. Reply 1 Like Follow Post October 15, 2012 at 3:50am

Johnny Ambeguia What is the multiplier 6 stands for? thanks Reply 2 Like Follow Post March 24, 2012 at 7:25pm

Muhammad Afiq Azmi Works at PMI USM KKj 6 is stand of type of wall , glass+brick ( 7 btu/hr (max) - 5 btu/hr (mim) ) Reply Like July 31, 2012 at 9:33am Hurbert H. Kelon St patrick kuching yes, this is the simplified caculation for the air con that is sufficient for layman to understand. A question I would like to put forward. If I have a hall that is 30 feet high how do I size the air-con as to what actual height do I consider for sufficient coolness for seated audiences? Reply 1 Like Follow Post September 5, 2011 at 12:59pm Talla Jerry Allbisnet MINESEC CAMEROON Follow Animateur pedagogique at

you reduce the high for a standard room high level and put fan at the top of the roof to blow air and act as a curtain air. install ur indoor unit at normal level. then the curtain air would block the cold air to move very up then the cold air would then remain to normal high level Reply 1 Like May 7, 2012 at 12:52am

Kimsry Heang ITC After Read the Air Conditioning Calculations. could you let me know about volume C1(can measure). Reply Like June 14 at 6:02pm Kimsry Heang ITC how to know standard size for volume C1 Reply Like June 14 at 6:21pm Unnikrishna Panicker K P Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Yes, this calculation is very good , as a basic requirment. Reply Like Follow Post September 20, 2011 at 6:53pm View 11 more
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