@ @MODULATION D'AMPLITUDE@ÉìÛa@µà›m

Þa í ÌÛaNˆ 
‫ א א  "! א  א‬ 
:ÉìÛa@µà›m(I 
BF *6789:‫"&א;א‬BF/012334‫א‬5(signal informatif)*-.%‫א‬−) *+‫(א '&א‬:" %‫(א‬1.1 
*F*<K 89 *F334‫א‬5HF H2IJ-*A‫<א‬%‫א‬BC3 &3 *D8‫א‬E-F) 3*G() *)<=*2 !>?*;* + 

‫! ؟‬D ‫אא‬BC)3<JNOPD !D ‫א‬Q6HRJ !HR. !D ‫?>א א‬
HF9 *F334‫א‬5<QODS%‫א‬9:‫א;א‬TF* ‫א‬9:‫א;א‬-*A‫<א‬%‫'&א‬ 
 -  !X \9 *D *2 !%‫* )א‬+‫[א‬-D*NZ*. VWDTU-*A‫<א‬%‫=א‬VWX Y 
:>-D  ‫! א‬D

P(t ) = Pm cos(2π N P t ) :HF-*]<< 
(Signal:) *+‫ ^א‬E-F^ S6 ‫ )א‬S (t ) = Sm cos(2π N S t )
U 0  

:BF*-O3‫א‬%‫* )א‬+‫ א‬
:D- ) DS%‫א‬R%‫ א‬ 

_`D ‫אא‬+‫(א‬2.1 
a‫א‬B`- )6`2%‫א‬-*'D%‫(א א )א‬2.11 
) *FCD- * 1!Q .DS-*A‫ <א‬-   ‫! א‬D 
D ‫<*א‬b 2F^cA‫א‬JJ'd-*'D) ‫א‬3JF 
Um(t)
www.ibnalkhatib2.canalblog.com

1 

J !%‫א‬D ‫א‬V.(2.12

P(t ) = Pm cos(2π N P t ) :C(f1!)a‫א‬B`- )6`2%‫ א )א‬- E1Qe %‫ א‬2FN%‫א‬D ‫ א‬
(1) S (t ) + U 0 = S m cos(2π N S t ) + U 0 :C E2 Qe %‫ א‬2FN%‫א‬D ‫ א‬
(2)US(t) = Um(t).cos(2πNPt):

gh‫ א‬

k ≈ 0,1 (3) U S (t ) = k × P(t ) × [ S (t ) + U 0 ] :Cgh‫א‬V.&"JCi 
:9 *D ‫א‬Q' ‫א‬E-F>D'Um(t) gh‫"& א‬lD2DS(3)(2)DGj. ‫* א‬Ok 
m × S(t ) + U 0 
U m (t ) = k × P 

:!

a = k × Pm
b = U0 

⇒ U m (t ) = a ( S (t ) + b)  

(f%‫  א‬S')J !%‫א‬D- 0 n ‫א‬3JF) *FUm(t)(f%‫  א‬mD0)J !%‫א  א‬Q.<C&5  ‫! א‬

S(t).4‫א‬VW .9 *D *S(t)
Sm 

Q' ‫א‬E-FUs(t)  ‫*א‬DRJ'7pJ-.%‫* )א‬+‫ א‬SmTU m = U  !D ‫א‬S.:oP-
0 

A=k.Pm.U0q9 *D ‫א‬
U S (t ) = A 1 + m.cos (2π N S t )  .cos ( 2π N P t )
U m (t ) = A 1 + m.cos ( 2π N S t )  

:   

 ‫ א‬O%*Pm[. (^` - sQ.Z)rF-*A‫<א‬%‫* )א‬CUs(t)gh‫* * )א‬DF‫א‬J'7 
-.%‫* )–א‬+*J !%‫א  א‬NZ‫א‬tB ‫ א‬A 1 + m. cos ( 2π N S t )  

`D ‫(א א א‬3.1 
:*' ‫(א א )א‬1.31 
:uBBD ‫א‬f ‫* א "  א‬SA‫א‬
1V.div-1:Y1Qe %‫ א‬ 
2V.div-1:Y2Qe %‫ א‬
0,2ms.div-1:(mS' ‫)א‬OZv‫* א‬SA‫א‬ 

2*.%‫(א‬23.1
www.ibnalkhatib2.canalblog.com

2 

f1!%‫א‬QWQG  

Y2Qe %‫א‬E-F -*A‫<א‬%‫א‬P(t) :GBF2 

(U0 w .2AC QW 2F)DC QWDS(t)+U0 :GBF1
Y1Qe %‫א‬E-F:-.%‫א‬−) *+‫א‬

gh‫)* )(א‬US(t) J*.:f1!%‫א‬QW .  
 GuBBD  ‫א‬2 !%‫* )א‬+‫"&א‬x]j 
!D ‫א‬S..Smin3 G SmaxcG

m= 

 

Smax − S min
Smax + Smin :

S max = 3 × 2 = 6V 

 Smin = 1× 2 = 2V 

:t3 FN  

:*O* *0.pz ‫א‬S2 ‫א‬y0C 

6−2 4 1
m=
= =
6+2 8 2

S max 1V 1
m
=
=
= 

U0
2V 2  

: !D ‫א‬SV{(331 
: !D ‫)א‬3<  \J !D ‫א‬SJ'd 
‫א‬BC(S(t) +U0)-.%‫* )–א‬+‫א‬N*DP(t)-*A‫* )א‬+‫א‬j|&'* 2F)3<‫א‬5 !D ‫ '&א‬
.m<1NZ‫א‬ 

m ≥ 1 : -.%‫* )–א‬+‫א‬E-F2 !%‫* )א‬+‫א‬xZ*\8* 2F*}3  !D ‫ '&א‬

www.ibnalkhatib2.canalblog.com

3         

:>? < !E-F^cP- :Ije

m〈1 : !D ‫א‬S&'&" 
N P  N S :-.%‫<–א‬%‫א‬33JV~'iR"-*A‫<א‬%‫א‬33  

:P2%‫[א‬O(4.1 
:€ >? < !E-F^cA‫א‬J RD-
uBBD ‫א‬f ‫ א‬XQe %*S(t) +U0 : -.%‫–א‬D ‫ א‬.1 
.uBBD ‫א‬f ‫ א‬YQe %*US(t)J !%‫א‬D ‫ א‬.2 
m !D ‫א‬SVW 2F *D ‫א‬2*.%‫א‬E-FQcP2Z 
 !D ‫א‬.>S] *D ‫א‬48*A‫א‬2*.%XY 6 ‫ *^א‬.D ‫א‬

@ @µà›nÛa@òÛaŒg@HIII
www.ibnalkhatib2.canalblog.com

4

HF  *2 !%‫<א‬%‫א‬iF{.%‫א‬BF-.%‫* )–א‬+‫<*‚"א‬K ‫! "א‬D ‫ א א‬:" %‫א‬

RC4*P%‫(א‬1.3
RC>O ‫א‬9:*2{ ‫ א‬3(113 
`D ‫ )א‬. ‫ א‬ 

 *D ‫א‬RK- S2 *Um s  ‫א‬5gh‫א‬J*.Um eƒ*{ 5*<‫א‬N 
: *D ‫א‬2P2%‫ א‬J*.Ne ^e ‫א‬33VW* 2F H = Us m / Ue m:S2 ‫א‬J*.   

4‫א‬33K ‫א‬4‫א‬54‫א‬D ‫א‬y'FE-F!012%‫א‬4‫א‬33K- S2 *)VWI&'Us m &'9 ‫א‬D ‫א‬E-FRC>RK S2 * 
. *. ‫א‬ 
. *. ‫א‬4‫א‬33K- S2 *)VWI&'Us m &'t‫א‬D ‫א‬E-FRC>RK S2 * 
*Z*.qfDNCJWI"334‫א‬54‫א‬D ‫א‬QR[2(la fréquence de coupure)Qc0 ‫א‬33NC9 S 
:g*D2D ‫א‬ 
33K ‫>א‬S]4‫א‬33K- m 3>.-t‫א‬D ‫"א‬9 ‫א‬D ‫א‬E-Fa‫ א‬RC>O ‫א‬9:*2{>R 
:!012%‫א‬4‫א‬33K-   %‫א‬m%‫(א‬213

www.ibnalkhatib2.canalblog.com

5 

E-FRC>R. *. ‫א‬4‫א‬33K ‫א‬4‫א‬54‫* א‬+‫א‬Qc0!0124‫א‬334‫א‬54‫ * א‬km S9:*R>RC 
4*P%‫א‬J‚2 ‫אא‬B;^*~t‫א‬D ‫א‬ 
 *. ‫א‬4‫א‬33K-   %‫א‬m%‫(א‬313 
E-FRC>R.!012%‫א‬4‫א‬33K ‫א‬4‫א‬54‫* א‬+‫א‬Qc0 *F4‫א‬334‫א‬54‫ * א‬km S9:*R>RC 
4*P%‫א‬J‚2 ‫אא‬B;^*~9 ‫א‬D ‫א‬
(Détecteur d’enveloppe)jW ‫א‬H*R(23 
E S>O ‫א‬9F* &'t‫א‬D ‫א‬E-FRC>O ‫א‬9:*2{9:*2{w* I>R.  *J !%‫א‬D- t-. ‫א‬a6„‫א‬jW ‫א‬H*R. 
.jW ‫א‬H*R 

  *(f ‫א‬mDZ  D)J !%‫א‬D ‫א‬j|US D ‫א‬Q~7
‘Redressement’D ‫א‬fOC9:*2~ ‫א‬w* c ‫ א‬3&  

mt"'y- D ‫'"א‬0cD *wOH~'%‫ *א‬2     

 <j|H*RE-F^cA‫(…א‬33 
)VWI4*<d‫א‬5) ‫א א‬gb=D ‫?>"&'&א‬، <j|E-F^cP- 
9 *D ‫א …א‬Z>?‡ 5NOPD 2 !%‫* )א‬+‫א‬Q'JS]"0'D 

TP << τ < TS

fS < 1/τD << FP 

.  *(f ‫א‬mDZ  D)J !%‫א‬D ‫ א‬3TSQ*A‫א‬D ‫ א‬3Tp 

 !D ‫(א א‬34 

U0D- ) DS%‫א‬R%‫א‬B]f{‫"&'&< א‬J !%‫א‬D ‫א‬j|HR>?، !D ‫א א‬+ 
>?)Vev‫א‬BCBA 
4‫א‬33K- m^* .D ‫א‬ 
. *. ‫א‬ 
‫א‬CC2 H~'%‫ א‬3

U0D- ) DS%‫א‬R%‫א‬

www.ibnalkhatib2.canalblog.com

6