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Anthony Beres

February 9, 2014

DSM-5
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Severity Levels for ASD


Level 3: Requiring very substantial support
Severe deficits in verbal and nonverbal social communication skills. Inflexibility of behavior. Extreme difficulty coping with change. Great distress/difficulty changing focus or action.

Autistic Spectrum Disorder : !

Level 2: Requiring substantial support


Marked deficits in verbal and nonverbal social communication skills. Inflexibility of behavior, difficulty coping with change. Distress and/or difficulty changing focus or action.

Aspergers syndrome; pervasive developmental disorder; and childhood disintegrative disorder are now incorporated into the single diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder.! Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5.0 (DSM-5): The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the handbook used by health care professionals in the United States and much of the world as the authoritative guide to the diagnosis of mental disorders. DSM contains descriptions, symptoms, and other criteria for diagnosing mental disorders. !

Level 1: Requiring support


Without supports in place, deficits in social communication. Difficulty switching between activities. Problems of organization and planning.

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Anthony Beres

February 9, 2014

Teaching Strategies for children with ASD:!


Establishing and following a visual schedule eliminates the unexpected and assists students in anticipating and preparing for transitions. ! Using strong visual structure, activities can be designed to teach about identifying emotions in self and others, situations that can cause certain emotions, and how to respond in certain social situations.! Family and Community Resources All students do best when the daily program remains consistent with clear expectations.! A childs particular strengths and interests should be taken advantage of in the classroom.

http://www.autismspeaks.org
Autism Response Team Call us! (888) 288-4762! En Espaol (888) 772-9050! Email us at familyservices@autismspeaks.org

Possible cause of Autism !


In a series of ground-breaking experiments on mice, researchers believe they have found evidence to show how autism results from a failure to quickly lower levels of chloride ions within the neurons of the brain during birth. During birth and delivery there is an extremely abrupt loss of chloride triggered by the release of oxytocin during labourThe study showed that diuretic drugs given to pregnant mice immediately prior to birth could effectively prevent autism developing in their autism-prone offspring. We showed that if you deliver diuretic to the mother before birth and delivery, then the offspring have so to speak been cured whereas if you block oxytocin, you get autism, said Yehezkel Ben-Ari of the French National Institute for Health and Medical Research. Although it would not be practical or safe to treat every pregnant women with diuretic drugs immediately before childbirth to try to prevent autism, he said the ndings on mice suggest that it is important to diagnose children with autism as early as possible so that diuretics and behavioral therapy could be used together.
Connor, S. (2014). New insights into the mystery of autism: Could it be caused at birth by salt in the nerves? Retrieved from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/newinsights-into-the-mystery-of-autism-could-it-be-caused-at-birth-by-salt-in-thenerves-9112720.html

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For more info check out some of these web Sites:!
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dsm5.org autism.com autismconsortium.org


References !

AGI Announces Daily Living/Residential Curriculum." Autism Research Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. <http://www.autism.com/index.php/news_dsmV DSM-V: What Changes May Mean, 2012

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Autism-World AutismWorld RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. http://www.autism-world.com/index.php/2007/03/25/ effective-strategies-for-teaching-children-with-autismspectrum-disorders/ 2007, Effective strategies for teaching children with autism spectrum disorders Autism Speaks. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/diagnosis/dsm-5diagnostic-criteria DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria, 2013

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