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opinion polls for the History Political Science majors. The purpose of the interview was for the researchers to get information directly and accurately from the faculty members of the History & Political Science department. The opinion polls, also known as the questionnaires is for the purpose of knowing the perception, awareness and the reaction of the major students regarding the future policy, which is the topic of our study. It was the most effective and reliable way of securing survey information although it required considerable time, planning and training. Percentage or frequency distribution was utilized to analyze the data after these were tabulated in an orderly fashion. This made it easier for the researchers to do analysis in order to make conclusions based on the findings. Statistical and mathematical methods were also employed to make the data gathering simpler getting the mean, median, the percentage of each questionnaire items and mode of the data accumulated. The data that was gathered in order to endow with the answers regarding the research problem were written and tabulated in a separate sheet, which was presented, analyzed and interpreted in a quantitative manner employing suitable statistical methods and the researchers’ skills.
CHAPTER V – DATA PRESENTATION In order to make the data gathering effective, we employed pie graph system for the reason that, the figures are more noticeable and clear to look at. Pie charts clearly illustrate the components of a proportion in relation to the whole. The data are clearly visible and can be understood intuitively, automatically, and very quickly. Captions of the pie graphs are backed-up with comments that the majors wrote in their comment, suggestion & feedback portion. For these reasons, respondents have a clear understanding and comments about the proposed implementation of the uniform policy. The researchers are grateful and recognize the value of effort of the respondents that shared their comments although there are thirty two (32) respondents who chose not to give their comment.
When the respondents were asked if they’re in favor that the History and Political Science major students are required to wear uniform 48% answered NO, 45% answered YES while 7% were UNDECIDED. This only shows that the majority of the respondents don’t agree of having uniforms. In the researchers’ survey questionnaire, there was a provision for a space for comments, suggestions and feedbacks both for the negative and positive side. 48% of the respondents answered out of 103 respondents are not in favor of having the proposed implementation of the uniform policy because of its cost in acquiring the uniform. “Students don’t even wear their school ID how much more on making them wear uniforms.” according to a respondent. Now, other colleges have already mandated their students to have a proper uniform with all their other reasons why. It is not already new for other colleges to do the same thing in their departments for proper distinction. In fact, in the Public Administration course/subject in the Political Science department of the College of Arts and Sciences also require but does not demand a proper uniform for majors who will eventually be having their duties in public offices. 48% of the respondents wrote no doubt that they personally do not like to wear uniforms. Nevertheless, the thought was not expounded and properly explained by the respondents. The researchers made this into consideration because not all of the majors are honestly not in favor of wearing a uniform. The researchers understand that these respondents just simply do not like the thought of having a uniform.
In the other hand, 45% of the respondents wrote that they agree on this proposition if the department will implement the said uniform policy. Thus, the researchers also took information from the department faculty through an oral and written interview. It is noticeable that the percentage gap of those who are favor and not favor in the future policy is almost close, separated only by a small percentage of those who are undecided regarding the matter.
It is observable in the pie graph that 52% of the respondents agreed to wear the future uniform during Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Eight (8) respondents commented that, these days are the busiest schooldays and uniforms can really do it work for identity purpose (because most of the majors’ arts and some major subjects fall on those days).
40% of the respondents agreed to wear this uniform every Tuesday and Thursday. Ten (10) respondents quoted that, these days are marked as convocations and special affairs day, which is usually held at the Luce Auditorium (dress codes are observed, then). Uniforms will serve its purpose in the said place and for formality’s sake. 8% of the respondents stood out that future uniforms should be wore everyday to serve mainly its daily purpose.
Five (5) of the respondents wrote that they agree on this proposition if the department will implement the said uniform policy. Thus, the researchers also took information from the department faculty through an oral and written interview.
The next number of respondents has ostensibly positive reaction and comments about the uniform policy. Two (2) out of the 103 respondents checked all the items and commented that “having uniforms is cute and they want to try it”. The researchers appreciate the thought that there are respondents who are willing and open to try the uniform policy.
16% of the overall respondents noted that having uniforms is admirable and neat which basically connotes decency. In the Political Science department where students are taught about politics and everything that goes with it, proper attire is in demand. Hence, decency in the attire is very much favorable.
One (1) respondent remarked that History and Political majors should practice wearing such. This is for the eventual preparation for work opportunities and therefore practicing the wearing of proper attire is complimentary. Six (6) of the respondents riposted that the implementation of uniforms in the society is okay if it is the choice of the majority of the History and political science majors. “Identity” reasons were the response of seven (7) respondents and 17% of the respondents stood out regarding identity as students and as part of the History – Political Science Department. Identity, in the sense that, history and Political Science majors will be distinct in the university through uniforms. Out of the 103 respondents, only one (1) answered that having uniforms is a tool for uniformity among History and Political Science majors.
Another point of 1 respondent is that uniforms should be pursued if and only if it is not costly. The cost is very much in the consideration of the proposition of the researchers therefore agreeing to the respondent that the uniform must be of less cost. Two (2) of the respondents are in favor of having uniforms but suggested that uniforms
can also be polo shirts. Another respondent proposed that it should be polo shirt but paired with slacks.
“Respect for the institution” is the reaction of one (1) out of the 103 respondents. Uniform connotes loyalty and proud to the university such as Athletes proudly wearing the school colors and logo. This is in fact not an act against the university that gives us excellent education.
One (1) respondent answered that having and wearing uniform should come from the initiative of the individual. One (1) respondent, also, evaluated the uniform policy as a tool for the History and Political science majors to have a sense of belongingness.
For these reasons, respondents have a clear understanding and comments about the proposed implementation of the uniform policy. The researchers are grateful and recognize the value of effort of the respondents that shared their comments although there are thirty two (32) respondents who chose not to give their comment.
Students in the universities spend much of their money or allowances on their college and department requirements (I.e. research paper printing, proposals, ballpoint pens et al.). Since it is given in the university on not requiring its students to have a proper and well-planned uniform or dress code, it is not an issue on the need to buy more clothes. Thus, 19% of the respondents stood that uniforms are costly. The researchers ask them if the cost will be at the acquiring of the uniform, if the uniform is available, will the cost be a continuous issue?
26% respondents had the same thought on another comment which is the violation of their freedom of expression. Students of Silliman University, including the History & Political Science majors want to express themselves and have been expressing
themselves through their fashion. Students now are mature enough to think what is wrong and right and at the right age of having the thought on what decency is; decency in the sense of proper selecting of clothes to wear appropriate for school days. The researchers then add that it is not totally a violation on the freedom of expression when, the proposed uniform can be worn in their own way or style, only, it will be a matter of appropriation.
One comment that stood out from the survey was the thought of 12% of the respondents loving or liking the feel of wearing of civilian clothes saying it is comfortable and expressive. In the years of most students, it is only in college that they are not being deprived of what to wear. In some private schools, the high school administration is even requiring their students to tuck in their polo shirts as part of the dress code to inflict decency and discipline. The researchers add then that it is very much all right to wear civilian clothes in college years just as long as the students are decent and still express themselves and are comfortable with it.
“Students don’t even wear their school ID how much more on making them wear uniforms.” according to a respondent. Now, other colleges have already mandated their students to have a proper uniform with all their other reasons why. It is not already new for other colleges to do the same thing in their departments for proper distinction. In fact, in the Public Administration course/subject in the Political Science department of the College of Arts and Sciences also require but does not demand a proper uniform for majors who will eventually be having their duties in public offices.
Fourteen (14) of the respondents wrote no doubt that they personally do not like to wear uniforms. Nevertheless, the thought was not expounded and properly explained by the respondents. The researchers made this into consideration because not all of the majors are honestly not in favor of wearing a uniform. The researchers understand that these respondents just simply do not like the thought of having a uniform.
SUMMARY This study is an attempt to figure out the perception of the History & Political Science major students if uniform policy will be implemented by the school year 2010 by the History – Political Science Department. It describes through a sequential quantitative through questionnaire check lists made for the majors and qualitative explanation of circumstances with the aid of scheduled interviews to some of the faculty members in the History – Political Science Department.
1. Are the History and Political Science Major students in favor of having uniform?
a. Basing the data gathered made possible by the majors most of them is not
favor of having uniform due factors, such as:
1. Discomfort – many students are not comfortable of wearing uniforms in
going to school.
2. Deprivation in terms of their [majors] fashion styles – college life for most
students means freedom in all sort of things. Having uniforms would them impede their fashion styles and preferences in terms of what to wear in going to school. 3. Impractical – having uniform is impractical due to the fact that
4. Curtailment of Freedom of Expression – freedom for them is absolute,
most especially in college.
5. Cost – having uniforms would mean other expenses; majors preferred and
are contented on what to wear and they simply hate having uniform considering financial constraints.
a. In the other side of the coin, there are number of students who belong in the
said department who are looking forward to the implementation due to factors:
1. Belongingness / Identity – having uniforms would create an ambiance that
fellow majors associate with each other. Majors, themselves can distinguish that the other person around the corner or somewhere else is a History or Political Science student in a way he/she wears the department prescribed uniform.
2. Decency – uniforms would give a civilized and polite way of dressing to
3. Practicality – uniforms would alleviate further financial burdens in buying
new clothes in clothing boutiques.
4. Neatness – being in uniform is neat and more presentable. 5. Comfort – comfort would mean to the respondents as being at eased on
what they will wear in school without being conscious because they’ll be wearing the same thing.
6. Discipline – uniforms would manifest that major students are disciplined
and obedient in following the future policy of the department. This would train major students in preparation for the professional world outside the halls of Silliman.
7. Equality – being in the state of wearing the same thing, uniforms would
also serve as an equalizers among students, that their status (whether rich, middle class, etc.)
8. Identity - the desire to be identified as History-Political Science majors in
the entire college and in the university, as well. Outside, they desire to be identified as students of Silliman University.
c. It is inevitable to find traces of lackadaisical perception regarding the implementation. This might be due to lack of awareness to political and academic issues that happened and might be introduced in the department. 2. Is wearing uniform advantageous to the: a. University b. Students The perception of the students are diverse, but those who are not in favor of having uniforms has the larger percentage compared to those who are in favor. In general, numerous students in the department would not have the same opinion to those who desire this implementation if the department would push through the policy. 3. What are the advantages or disadvantages in imposing a uniform policy among the History and Political Science Major Students? 4. What is the opinion among faculty members of the department in this regard?
APPENDIX 1.A INTERVIEW LETTER History - Political Science Department
College of Arts & Sciences SILLIMAN UNIVERSITY 6200 Dumaguete City, Philippines
MM/ DD/ YYYY
Mr. / Mrs. / Prof. / Dr. /
We, the History and Political Science 3rd year major students will carry out a research study on the “Implementation of the Uniform Policy in the School Year 2010: The Perception of the History and Political Science Major Students”, as to comply our Political Science 79 course this semester. We would like to conduct an interview in your most convenient time, for us to know your perception regarding the issue for our research study. Your cooperation is highly appreciated. We are hoping for your kindest response and are willing to call you for us to discuss this further. If some of our questions prove too confidential you have the liberty not to answer them. We would like express our outmost gratitude for your cooperation in our research study in pursuit of greater knowledge and higher liberal arts education.
God Bless Us All!
Noted by: Dr. Maria Emellen RedillasNakao (Name/s of the interviewer/s)
APPENDIX 1.B INTERVIEW GUIDELINES & QUESTIONS I. Guidelines to the Interviewees ➢ Introduce yourself.
➢ Give a brief overview of the research study. ➢ Restate the purpose of the study. ➢ Ask the interviewee what he/she wants to know about the research study.
Interview Proper The responses of the respondents are presented at the following pages. 1. Were you able to experience having a dress code policy/uniform policy during your college/university years?
2. What’s your perception on the uniform policy? Did you agree or disagree? Why? 3. What is your perception regarding the eventual uniform policy for the history/political science majors?
4. If ever the uniform policy will be implemented in the department what will be your stand? Discuss why.
5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a uniform policy? 6. Will we derive discipline, competence and identity if ever the uniform policy will eventually be implemented? In what way?
APPENDIX 1.C INTERVIEW RESPONCES A number of interviews were made and the respondents were some of the faculty members of History & Political Science Department in Silliman University.
Professor Jessa Selibio, a professor in the said department, teaching Asian & Philippine History
2. Agree. We will be identified as Political Science and History majors or part of the
History-PolSci family. 3. It might become a topic for discussion since not all of us agree with this policy. 4. I will respect the decision of the majority. 5. A: Neat and descent B: Never identified as to what course you belong 6. Yes, because we are now identified as one group. What is important is to have a sense of belongingness.
Ma. Editha B. Enumerabellon, a professor in the department teaching Political Economy 1. No 2. So that the Political Science students can have an identity. This will also discourage students from using indecent clothing. 3. It should push through. 4. I should implement it and require students wear uniform 5. Advantages – formality, dignified appearance, less expenses on clothing 6. Yes. Joseph T. Raymond, a history professor in the department
1. Yes 2. It encourages decency, neatness and discipline
3. Silliman has always a dress code but was not and still not implemented today. 4. I will support it. Students should be taught how to be presentable. 5. Gives decency 6. Yes you will. Having a uniform policy will promote competence since you are identified with a department that has goals and objectives in the lieu with the University.
Regan P. Jomao-as, a professor in the department specializing in Rizal studies and World History 1. No 2. Undemocratic • • • • • • freedom of choice, expression sense if identity sense of belongingness discipline students neatness make you distinct from other students of the campus
Conditional No (Compromise the wearing of uniform) Not totally for it Not totally against it
NAME: James Ryan S. Penalosa AGE: 19 HOME ADDRESS: Salcedo Village, Makati City, Metro Manila DUMAGUETE ADDRESS: 94 Luke E. Wright St., Dumaguete City, Oriental Negros EMAIL: email@example.com BLOG: www.rhaishimojima.blogspot.com CIVIL STATUS: Single DATE OF BIRTH: August 21, 1990 PLACE OF BIRTH: Makati City, Metro Manila PARENTS: MOTHER - Marilyn Penalosa FATHER - Mario Penalosa RELIGION: Roman Catholic EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND: PRIMARY: St. Mary’s School, Caloocan City, Metro Manila Better Children of St. Clare Montessori, Caloocan City, Metro Manila Our Lord’s Grace Montessori Schools & Colleges, Quezon City, Metro Manila Philippine Christian University, Dasmarinas, Cavite Bayawan City East Central School SECONDARY:
St. Augustine Academy Inc., Bayawan City, Oriental Negros Better Children of St. Clare Montessori, Caloocan City, Metro Manila University of Santo Tomas, Espania, Metro Manila TERTIARY: Silliman University, College of Arts & Sciences, AB Major in Political Science SY 2007-08
Silliman University History-Political Science Society ➢ Debater (SY 2007-08) ➢ 1st Year Level Representative (SY 2007) ➢ Participant in Dialogues on Federalism (2007) Southeast Asia Organization, Silliman University ➢ Section Consultant (Singapore, SY 2007) ➢ Extra- Curricular Head (SY 2008) ➢ Administrative Vice President (SY 2007) Habitat for Humanity Campus Chapter ➢ Member (SY 2007) ➢ Vice President (SY 2008) National Service Training Program
➢ Literacy Training Service [LTS] Leadership Awardee
College of Arts & Sciences ➢ Personality Enhancement Program [PEP] Peer Facilitator (SY 2007)
NAME: AGE: 19
Freshstille Rose Dianne Balbuena Picardal
HOME ADDRESS: Bulwang, Mabinay Negros Oriental DGTE. ADDRESS: Sibulan Country Homes subdivision, Maslog, SibulanNegros Oriental EMAIL: Dianne_picardal@yahoo.com CIVIL STATUS: Single BDAY: April 27, 1990 B-PLACE: Mabinay, Negros Oriental PARENTS: Father - Teodorico Picardal Mother - Rachel Balbuena RELIGION: Born Again Christian EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND PRIMARY: Mabinay Central School SECONDARY: Bais City National Science High School TERTIARY: Silliman University College of Arts and Sciences AB Political Science III ORGANIZATIONAL INVOLVEMENTS:
➢ Silliman University Aces and Lilies Frat/Sor ➢ Silliman University Habitat for Humanity Campus Chapter (PIO SY 2008)
➢ Silliman University History- Political Science Society
➢ Southeast Asia Organization, Silliman University (Treasurer)
NAME: Pons Joseph Julian L. Ligutom AGE: 22 HOME ADDRESS: Blk. 2 Lot. 11, Silliman Heights Subdivison, Northern Junob Dumaguete City DUMAGUETE ADDRESS: Blk. 2 Lot. 11, Silliman Heights Subdivison, Northern Junob Dumaguete City EMAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org CIVIL STATUS: Single DATE OF BIRTH: March 23, 1987 PLACE OF BIRTH: Negros Oriental Provincial Hospital, Dumaguete City PARENTS: Father - Ponciano M. Ligutom Mother - Emervencia L. Ligutom RELIGION: Roman Catholic EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND: PRIMARY: Silliman University Elementary School SECONDARY: Silliman University High School TERTIARY: Silliman University, AB Major in Political Science, Attended 2004 ORGANIZATIONAL INVOLVEMENTS: ➢ History & Political Science Society
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