You are on page 1of 1

# RYAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, MAYUR VIHAR PHASE III, DELHI

## PHYSICS ASSIGNMENT, CLASS 11, 2011 -2012

MOTION OF SYSTEM OF PARTICLES AND RIGID BODY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

Two uniform rods A and B of the same diameter having lengths 2m and 3m and having masses per unit length as 4kg/m
and 6kg/m respectively are joined end to end. Find the position of centre of mass of the combined rod from the free end of A.
(71/26m)
In a carbon monoxide molecule, the carbon and the oxygen atoms are separated by a distance of 1.12x10-10m. Find the
distance of the centre of mass from the carbon atom. (6.4x10-9m)
A thin uniform rod of length L and mass M1 has a uniform disc of radius a and mass M2 fastened to the rod so that the disc
and the rod are coplanar. The centre of the disc is at the rods end. Find the distance of the discs centre from the centre of
mass of the combination. [LM1/2(M1+M2)]
A uniform solid sphere of radius R has a spherical hole of radius a, whose centre is b distance apart from the centre of bigger
sphere on its diameter. Find its centre of mass.
[a3b/
(R3-a3) from the centre of bigger sphere on the other side as that of the hole]
A rigid body consists of a 3kg mass connected to a 2kg mass by a mass less rod. The 3kg mass is located at r 1 = (2i+ 5j)m

## and 3kg at r2 = (4i+ 2j)m.

find the length of the rod and the coordinates of the centre of mass.
[3.61m, {(14i+ 19j)/5}m]

In a system comprising of two particles of mass 2kg and 5kg, the positions of the two particles at t=0 are (4i +3j) and (6i 7j
+7k) respectively and the velocities are (10i-6j) and (3i+6j) respectively. Deduce the velocity of centre of mass and the
positions of centre of mass at t=0 and t=4s. [(35i+30j-12k)/7,
(38i-29j+ 35k)/7,
(178i+91j-13k)/7]

On the application of a constant torque, a wheel is turned from rest through an angle of 200 rad in 8s. what is its angular
acceleration? If the same torque continues to act, what will be the angular velocity of the wheel after 16s from the start?
(6.25rad/s2, 100rad/s)
Assume the earth to be a sphere of uniform density. What is its rotational KE if its radius is 6400km and mass is 6x10 24kg?
Suppose this energy could be harnessed, how long could the earth supply 1kW of power to each of the 4.2x109 persons on
earth? (2.6x1029J, 2x109yrs)
A solid sphere of mass 20kg rotates about its axis with angular speed of 100rad/s. the radius of the cylinder is 0.25m. What is
the KE associated with the rotation of the cylinder? What is the magnitude of angular momentum of the cylinder about its
axis? (3125J, 62.5Js)
A child stands at the centre of a turn table with his two arms outstretched. The turn table is set rotating with an angular speed
40 rpm. How much is the angular speed of the child if he holds his hands back and thereby reduced his MI to 2/5 times the
initial value? Assume that the turn table rotates without friction. Also show that the childs new KE of rotation is more than
the initial KE of rotation. How do you account for this increase in KE? (100rpm)
A thin uniform circular disc of mass M and radius R is rotating in a horizontal plane about an axis passing through its centre
perpendicular to its plane with angular velocity . Another disc of same dimensions but of mass M/4 is placed gently on the
first disc coaxially. Show that the angular velocity of the system is 4/5.
Calculate the MI of a copper sphere of diameter 20cm about a tangent to the sphere. The density of copper is 8.9gm/cm 3.
(5.222x106gm cm2)
Determine the MI of a bar magnet about an axis passing through its centre parallel to its thickness whose mass, length,
breadth and thickness are 100g, 12cm, 3cm and 2cm respectively. (1275g cm2)
A grindstone has a MI 50 SI units. A constant couple is applied and the grindstone is found to have a speed of 150rpm, 10s
after starting from rest. Find the couple. (25 Nm)
A star of mass 1.99x1030kg and radius 106km rotates about its axis with an angular speed of 10-6rad/s. What is the angular
speed of the star when it collapses to a radius of 104km? (0.01rad/s)
The sun rotates around itself once in 27 days. What will be the period of its rotation if the sun were to expand to twice its
present size? Its density is considered uniform throughout. (108 days)
A solid sphere is rolling on a plane surface. Find the ratio of its translational and rotational kinetic energies and rotational
and total kinetic energies. (5/2, 2/7)
A thin hollow cylinder open at both ends and weighing 40kg (a) slides with a speed of 5m/s without rotating (b) rolls with
the same speed without slipping. Find the KE in each case. (500J, 1000J)
A cylinder of radius 5cm rolls down an inclined plane which is 60cm high without slipping. What is the linear velocity of the
cylinder when it reaches the foot of the plane? (2.8m/s)
A sphere rolls down an inclined plane of angle of inclination 30. Calculate its acceleration. (350cm/s)
The cap of a pen can be easily opened with the help of two fingers than with one finger. Explain why?
Why are spokes fitted in a cycle wheel?
About which axis of a body is its MI the least?
Explain if the ice on the polar caps of the earth melts, how will it affect the duration of the day?
Explain how a cat is able to land on its feet after a fall taking advantage of the principle of conservation of angular
momentum?
Why is the most of the mass of a flywheel placed on the rim?
If no external torque acts on a body, will its angular velocity remain conserved?
Two spheres of same mass and same external radius are exactly similar. How will you identify them if one is solid and one
hollow?
How will you distinguish between a hard boiled egg and a raw egg by spinning each on a table top?
What is the sum of moments if centre of mass is the origin?