The barbaric treatment of prisoners of war by muslim Aurangzeeb

Iqlas seized Sambhaji the son of Shivaji. Also captured with them was Kalash, Ghorpade and other Maharatta officers who remained with their king. The prisoners were put in chains and placed on howdahs of elephants and taken to Awrangzeeb's camp which was at Akluj. The news reached the Mogol Padishaw in advance and he called for grand celebrations. The Mogols arranged for celebrations all along the path of the triumphant generals. Shaikh Nizam's portrait was painted by Mogol artist for posterity. Mogols women peered through their burqas to look at the fallen hero of the Maharattas, while Mogols spat on him and jeered at in wild revelry. The Rajput soldiers in the Mogol ranks showed great pity for Sambhaji. He asked them to kill him right away and relieve him of the humiliation, but fearing the emperor they kept quite. After 5 days of marching the prisoners were presented before Awrangzeeb at a grand darbar. He announced that the Maharattas were over and done amd stepped down from his throne to bow down to Allah. Kalash's hands were firmly cuffed and his head was restrained with a cangue, but he somehow managed to catch Sambhaji's eye and composed a Hindi couplet: "Oh lord of the Marathas, the Alamgir on seeing thy majesty has himself stepped down from his throne and bowed his head in reverence." Furious Awargzeeb ordered the captives to be thrown into his dungeons. He gave Sheikh Nizam the title Fateh Jang Khan-i-Jaman, a purse of Rs.50,000, a horse, an elephant and command over cavalry of 6000 men. Likewise gifts and commands were bestowed on his son Iqlas and nephews. The Mogol chiefs suggested that they spare Sambhaji's life in return for him handing over his entire kingdom with the keys all the forts to Awrangzeeb. Sambhaji, scornfully refused the terms. Sambhaji was told that if he converted to Islam and spent his life as a servant of the emperor he could see life. Sambhaji made it clear that the Alamgir was the worst enemy of the country and the Padishaw was a real fool to follow an Arab madman as his only prophet. Awrangzeeb decided to execute him on hearing his reply. Sambhaji and Kalash were brought out of their cages and given caps with bells sewn into them. To their hands were tied rattles and they were tied to camels and dragged along the markets of Tulapur, with the Mogols spitting on them. The Marathas were all asked towitness the fate of their king. Even at this point Awarangzeeb added that he would spare Sambhaji's life if he converted to Islam. But Sambhaji replied that he might consider that if he gave his daughter in marriage to him. He then added again that the he was not a fool like the Moslems to be guiled by a mentally ill person posing as prophet. He then praised the Hindu gods and said he was willing to sacrifice his life as an offering to the great mahadeva, after knowing whom delusional religions held no attraction. In a fit of rage Awrangzeeb ordered salt to be rubbed into his bruises and Sambhaji was then dragged below his throne. Then his tongue was then cut off and placed at the Alamgir's feet who ordered it to be given to a dog. Then his eyes were gouged out and next his limbs were cut off one by one. Still the brave king of the Maharatta did not die but with his last effort praised shiva. A hook driven into his and his heart was pulled out and finally a his head was cut off. The pieces of his body were grated and fed to the dogs of Tulapur. Kalash, Mhaloji Ghorpade and other Maharatta officers were tortured to death in the same way twith tumultous cries of joy

from the assembled Moslems. Sambhaji and Kalash's heads were stuffed with straw and fixed atop poles and paraded through all the major cities of Maharashtra with a band procession in March 1689: this was to drive home to the people the fate of opposing the Jihad

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