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ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMMISSIONING

Jafar Ali Manager/TG

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM All auxiliaries/systems in a power plant are dependent on electrical power in one way or other. Electrical system starts from switch yard in one end and it is scattered in whole power plant and goes up to coal yard.

ELECTRICAL COMMISSIONING Electrical commissioning in a Power Plant start from commissioning of construction power supply. But mainly Electrical Commissioning start from Switch Yard Charging Station Transformer Charging or Generator Transformer Back Charging. SUAT /UAT Charging

ELECTRICAL COMMISSIONING ACTIVITIES


Switch Yard (Extension if applicable) Charging Station Transformer Charging Generator Transformer Back Charging UAT/SUAT Charging 11KV/6.6KV/3.3KV MV Board Charging LV transformer charging HV motor commissioning 415V LVMCC charging LV motor commissioning Control and Protection panel charging Generator System Commissioning Synchronisation

Switch Yard Commissioning/Charging


Following Equipments must be commissioned before switch yard charging. HV Circuit Breaker Isolators CT PT LA Bus Bars

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on HV CB


IR of HV CB HV CB Contact Resistance IR of Spring Charging Motor DC Resistance of Spring Charging Motor Operation of Spring Charging Motor Closing and Opening of HV CB from Local (Mechanical and Electrical) and Remote Opening and Closing time of breaker Pole discrepancy

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on Isolator


IR of Isolator Isolator Contact Resistance IR of Operating Motor (if motor operated) DC Resistance of Operating Motor Operation of Operating Motor Closing and Opening of Isolator from Local (Mechanical and Electrical) and Remote Checking of Opening and Closing interlock of Isolator

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on CTs Visual Inspection Polarity Check IR measurement of CT Winding Resistance measurement Ratio Measurement Charging /magnetisation current measurement Ich@Vk/2 Knee Voltage

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on PTs

Visual Inspection Polarity Check IR measurement of PT Winding Resistance measurement Ratio Measurement Charging /magnetisation current measurement

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on Transformers


IR measurement of HV and LV winding Winding Resistance measurement of HV and LV winding Ratio Measurement Charging /magnetisation current measurement Pressurisation of Transformer for leakages Vacuum checking also for leakages Oil filling in the transformer Centrifuging of Oil Break Down Voltage (BDV) of Transformer oil DGA analysis of Transformer oil Transformer Charging Soaking of Transformer

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on MVMCC Switch Board


IR measurement of Bus Bars Contact resistance measurement of Bus bars Protection Checking of In-commer and out going feeders Checking of Closing and opening time of all Breakers Pole discrepancy of Breakers MV board Charging Commissioning of Out going feeders

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on LVMCC Switch Board


IR measurement of Bus Bars Contact resistance measurement of Bus bars Protection Checking of In-commer and out going feeders LV board Charging Commissioning of Out going feeders

Commissioning Checks/Tests to be carried out on Motors


IR measurement of Motor winding DC resistance measurement of Motor winding Bump Check for Direction of Rotation (DOR) of Motor Starting of Motor Trail run of Motor

PRE-COMMISSIONING CHECKS ON

GENERATOR
DC Resistance Measurement of Stator Winding Insulation Resistance measurement of Stator Winding DC Resistance Measurement Rotor Winding. Insulation Resistance measurement of Rotor winding. Impedance measurement Generator rotor winding Insulation Resistance measurement of RTDs DC Resistance Measurement RTDs IR Measurement Generator Bearing and seal Body

PRE-COMMISSIONING CHECKS ON MAIN & PILOT EXCITER


DC Resistance Measurement of Main Exciter Field Insulation Resistance Measurement of Main Exciter Field DC Resistance Measurement of Main Exciter Armature winding Insulation Resistance Measurement of Main Exciter Armature winding Insulation Resistance measurement of RTDs DC Resistance Measurement RTDs DC Resistance Measurement of Pilot Exciter stator winding. IR measurement of stator winding of pilot exciter IR measurement of quadrature axis coil.

COMMISSIONING CHECKS ON GENERATOR


Before M/c starting ensure following systems are commissioned Seal Oil System, Excitation System, Lube Oil System, Stator Water System and Gas system, After starting M/c following tests should be carried out. Measurement of Pilot Exciter no load Voltage Short Circuit characteristics. Open circuit characteristics. Checking of Protection Systems & Relays. Shaft Voltage Measurement Loading of generator

MONITORING OF GENERATOR PARAMETERS AFTER SYNCHRONISATION Stator Voltage and Current Frequency and Power factor Field Voltage and Current All Winding and Core Temperatures Hot gas and cold gas/air temperatures Stator Water flow and temperature (if applicable). Seal Oil Flow, DP and Temperatures Bearing Oil and Metal Temperatures. Bearing and Shaft Vibrations.

Thank You