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Quantum dots Nanostructures Colloidal gold Silver nanoparticles Iron nanoparticles latinum nanoparticles Nanotechnology portal! v t e art of a series of articles on Nanotechnology "istory #rgani$ations opular culture #utline Impact and applications Nanomedicine Nanoto%icology &reen nanotechnology 'egulation Nanomaterials Fullerenes Carbon nanotubes Nanoparticles (olecular self)assembly Self)assembled monolayer Supramolecular assembly
o categories: fullerenes8 and inorganic nanoparticles. See also Nanomaterials in . -hat follo. 6=7 For the past decade8 the chemical and physical properties of fullerenes have been a hot topic in the field of research and development8 and are likely to continue to be for a long time.ist of nanotechnology topics Fullerenes 'otating vie.hich are of interest both because of their mechanical strength and also because of their electrical properties.een 1 and 1222 nanometers /1234 meter0 but is usually 15122 nm /the usual definition of nanoscale6170. Synthetic nanomaterials (aterials referred to as 9nanomaterials9 generally fall into t.*NA nanotechnology Nanoelectronics (olecular scale electronics Nanolithography Scanning probe microscopy Atomic force microscopy Scanning tunneling microscope (olecular nanotechnology (olecular assembler Nanorobotics (echanosynthesis ortal icon Nanotechnology portal v t e See the Nanomaterials category for an e%haustive list of articles related to this sub+ect. Nanomaterial research is a field that takes a materials science)based approach on nanotechnology.ere under study for potential medicinal use: binding specific antibiotics to the structure of resistant bacteria and even target certain types of cancer cells such as melanoma. The #ctober >22? issue of Chemistry and Biology contains an article describing the use of . Nanomaterials describe /in principle0 materials the single units of .s is an introduction. of Buckminsterfullerene C<2 (ain article: Fullerene The fullerenes are a class of allotropes of carbon .hich is si$ed /in at least one dimension0 bet. In April >22=8 fullerenes . These include the carbon nanotubes /or silicon nanotubes0 .ith morphological features on the nanoscale8 and especially those that have special properties stemming from their nanoscale dimensions. It studies materials .hich conceptually are graphene sheets rolled into tubes or spheres.
fullerenes as light)activated antimicrobial agents. The operating principles of such devices are governed by photoinduced processes like electron transfer and energy transfer. 'esults of such calculations can be compared . There are the possibilities to use those materials in organic material based optoelectronic devices such as #rganic solar cells8 #.ith the solvent is strong enough to overcome differences in density8 .g. For e%ample gold nanoparticles appear deep red to black in solution.C*s etc. Buantum dots8 nano. The change in properties is not al.ire8 ribbon8 etc. Ferroelectric materials smaller than 12 nm can s.itch their magnetisation direction using room temperature thermal energy8 thus making them useless for memory storage. This theoretically does not affect the density of the final product8 though flo.een bulk materials and atomic or molecular structures. Copper nanoparticles smaller than ?2 nm are considered super hard materials that do not e%hibit the same malleability and ductility as bulk copper. . For e%ample8 the bending of bulk copper /. The surface effects of nanoparticles also reduces the incipient melting temperature. Furthermore8 the optical and electronic properties of nanomaterials . Nanoparticles often have une%pected visual properties because they are small enough to confine their electrons and produce Buantum effects. A bulk material should have constant physical properties regardless of its si$e8 but at the nano)scale this is often not the case. Nanoparticles e%hibit a number of special properties relative to bulk material.o nearby graphite electrodes in an inert atmosphere.hich usually result in a material either sinking or floating in a liBuid. In the field of nanotechnology8 heat resistance and superconductivity are among the properties attracting intense research.een the electrodes cools into sooty residue from .ires and nanorods0 because of their interesting optical and electrical properties could be used in optoelectronics. Si$e)dependent properties are observed such as Buantum confinement in semiconductor particles8 surface plasmon resonance in some metal particles and superparamagnetism in magnetic materials.hich depend on their si$e and shape can be tuned via synthesis.ith movement of copper atomsDclusters at about the ?2 nm scale.hich many fullerenes can be isolated.ays desirable. Suspensions of nanoparticles are possible because the interaction of the particle surface . Sintering is possible at lo.0 occurs . Therefore8 better understanding of those photoinduced processes in organicDinorganic nanomaterial composite systems is necessary in order to use them in organic optoelectronic devices. Nanoparticles are of great scientific interest as they are effectively a bridge bet.er temperatures and over shorter durations than for larger particles. difficulties and the tendency of nanoparticles to agglomerate do complicate matters. Nanoparticles or nanocrystals made of metals8 semiconductors8 or o%ides are of particular interest for their mechanical8 electrical8 magnetic8 optical8 chemical and other properties. The resulting carbon plasma arc bet. The performance of the devices depends on the efficiency of the photoinduced process responsible for their functioning.ith e%perimental results. The often very high surface area to volume ratio of nanoparticles provides a tremendous driving force for diffusion8 especially at elevated temperatures. A common method used to produce fullerenes is to send a large current bet. By *FT and T**FT methods one can obtain I'8 'aman and @A spectra. There are many calculations that have been done using ab)initio Quantum (ethods applied to fullerenes.een t. Nanoparticles (ain article: Nanoparticle Inorganic nanomaterials /e. Nanoparticles have been used as Buantum dots and as chemical catalysts such as nanomaterial) based catalysts.