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Shutter Fire Damper


Type FSD FSP FSE

Contents Description
Description .................................................................... 2 Construction Dimensions Materials .............................. 3 Installation Details ......................................................... 5 Product Range Accessories .......................................... 7 Technical Data .............................................................. 9 Order Details ................................................................ 10

Fire dampers provide an automatic means of localising areas of fire in ventilation systems. The FSD range of curtain bladed fire dampers are suitable for installation in walls and ceilings made from concrete or brickwork, and will stop the spread of fire through duct, walls or floors. There is a wide choice of sizes available suitable for low, medium and high velocity applications and include rectangular, square, circular and flat oval connections. The dampers are fitted with standard release 72C fusible links unless otherwise specified. Note: The installer should note that all fire damper installations plus required access panels have to be to the satisfaction of the District Surveyor or the appropriate Fire Protection Authority.

Construction Dimensions Materials


Type FSD
Type FSD shutter fire dampers are constructed with a 1.2mm case and 0.8mm blades in galvanised mild steel to BS EN 10142 1991 FE PO 2GZ275 NA or equivalent. Various construction options are available, these are given in the table on page 7, standard supply unless otherwise stated is the FSD-A with a fusible link which has a fusing temperature of 72C. When fitted the twin catchplates are of galvanised mild steel (specification as case and blades). When fitted the side seals are convex in shape to close the gaps between blades and case. The material is spring stainless steel grade 302. The closing springs (constant force) are also stainless steel. The bottom blade of FSD...P...E - A...B...D...E are fitted with a ring pull device to allow blades to be reset.

Type FSP
The construction is similar to type FSD, except that the blades are manufactured from stainless steel grade 430.

Type FSE
Of similar construction to type FSP, except that the case and catchplates are manufactured from stainless steel grade 304L.

Type FSD...P...E Construction Variants: A, B and C have blade packs partially in the airstream
Duct size Dim
Y 10 10 10 20 20 30 30 30 30 40 40 50 50 60 60 60 70 70

Rectangular / Square Connection Type FSD...P...E A...C


Overall Width B + 45mm

Type FSD...P...E A
38 80 38

B or H 150 200

250 300

Overall Height H + 45mm

H 3mm = (o/a spigot)

350
2

400 450 500

B 3mm = (o/a spigot)

550 600 650

Type FSD...P...E B
5 Y x

Type FSD...P...E C
5

700 750 800 850 900 950 1000

6 2

Galvanised or stainless steel catchplates Closing springs Side seals

Galvanised or stainless steel frame Galvanised or stainless steel blade assembly

Fusible link

Note: All types shown can have prefix FSD,FSP, FSE 'Y'is dimension of blade protrusion into airstream

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Construction Dimensions Materials


Type FSD...P...E Construction variants: DR, DC, DO and ER, EC, EO have blade packs out of airstream Rectangular / Square Connection Type FSD...P...E DR and ER
Overall width B + 45mm

Type FSD...P...E DR
38 80 38

Type FSD...P...E ER

H 3mm = (o/a spigot)

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B 3mm = (o/a spigot)

Circular Duct Connection Type FSD...P...E DC and EC


Note: When ordering circular duct dampers see note on page 10 Overall width D + 76mm

Type FSD...P...E DC

Type FSD...P...E EC
235 80

Duct size
BXH BXD D

Dim
X

D 3mm = (o/a spigot)

100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000

49

40

50
1 2 3 1 2

74

Circular Duct Connection Type FSD...P...E DC and EC


Note: When ordering circular duct dampers see note on page 10 Overall width D+76mm

Type FSD...P...E DO

Type FSD...P...E EO
235 80

99

D 3mm = (o/a spigot)

50
1 2 3 1 2

B 3mm = (o/a spigot)

Note: All types shown can have prefix FSD, FSP, FSE X is dimension of variable top case section

Galvanised or stainless steel catchplates Closing springs Side seals

Galvanised or stainless steel frame Galvanised or stainless steel blade assembly

40

Fusible link

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InstalIation Details
HEVAC Installation Frame Type H
The HEVAC Installation Frame Type H is built to specification HVC 615183. Various fire damper designs can be used with this installation frame, see below. The installation frame is factory assembled with its respective fire shutter damper and delivered to site as one unit. This unit should be installed centrally within the thickness of the surrounding wall or floor such that the centre line of the frame is a minimum distance of 50mm from the nearest face of the wall or floor. On installation all fixing tabs except those which are completely inaccessible shall be bent into the mortar joints between the brickwork or blockwork surrounding wall or floor. Then with cement mortar fill all joints solidly. In reinforced concrete the tabs should be bent out and tied with wire to the reinforced bars. The gap between the frame should then be backfilled with concrete or mortar both sides of the frame. Where more than one duct penetrates a fire wall or floor, adjacent fire dampers and frame assemblies must be separated by builder's work of a minimum thickness of 225mm. All FSD, FSP and FSE types can be fitted in the HEVAC installation frame. Note in all cases HEVAC frame is manufactured from galvanised mild steel.
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10mm clearance between frame and fire damper to allow for expansion. Galvanised steel spacer to permit expansion. Galvanised steel building ties. Aluminium rivets fix the corner angles to the frame Galvanised steel frame the corners left open. Steel corner angles retain frame open corner. 15mm clearance between mitre corner.

2 3 4 5 6 7

HEVAC Installation Frame Type H Rectangular / Square Connection Type FSD...E...P A... C
B + 105mm

Rectangular / Square Connection TYPE FSD...E...P DR and ER


B + 105mm
H + 130mm when X = 49mm H + 155mm when X = 74mm H + 180mm when X = 99mm
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H + 105mm

B-3 (o/a spigot)


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H-3 (o/a spigot)

Oval / Circular Connection Type FSD...E...P- DC, DO and EC, EO


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B + 136mm
D + 146mm when X = 49mm D + 171mm when X = 74mm D + 196mm when X = 99mm
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Note: Two dampers can be supplied assembled in a single HEVAC frame up to size B x H 1524 x 1000mm. Receipt of an order for this configuration will be taken by Trox as the client having obtained this approval from the appropriate authority.

InstalIation Details
Installation with Sleeve and Peripheral Angles:
As an alternative for use where the HEVAC frame is not desired, cannot be fitted, or for multi section arrangements, peripheral sleeves and angle frames can be constructed in accordance with the following: The damper should be installed centrally within the surrounding wall or floor thickness such that the centre line of the frame is a minimum distance of 50mm from the nearest face of the wall or floor. The damper should be installed in a rectangular galvanised steel sleeve with a minimum thickness of 1.2mm. The fixing of the damper can be by tack welding the case on both sides directly to the sleeve, or by the use of 20 x 20 x 1.2mm steel angles which should be tack welded to the sleeve. In both cases welds to be at a maximum of 225mm pitch. The sleeve should be of a suitable length to extend through the wall or floor opening to enable the fitting of the cover angles and ductwork. The cover angles should be attached to the sleeve by 6mm diameter bolts at a maximum of 225mm centres, and should form a complete frame around the sleeve and cover over the expansion gap (see table) required between sleeve and wall or floor opening. The expansion gap should be filled with compressible, non combustible material (mineral wool). The cover angles should be of such a size as always to form a cover over the wall or floor opening by 25mm minimum, and should be manufactured from a minimum size of 38 x 38 x 3mm steel angle. All fixings must be positioned clear of the damper blade path so as not to impede proper closure. Warning Dampers supplied without installation frames as shown on page 5 or not being fitted into installation sleeves, must not be installed within a solid masonary structure as the outer case has no facility to cater for expansion during fire conditions. Note: Supply and fixing of sleeve and peripheral angles by others.

Installation Type FSD...P...E A... E Expansion Gap


Allowance for expansion between sleeve and builder's work in both horizontal and vertical planes.
1 2

Sleeve Fixing Angles (optional) Cover Angles

BxH

Total Clearance

Clearance per side

0-500

6mm

3mm

500-1000
2 1 3

13mm

6mm

Multiple Sections Type FSD...P...E A... E (not Type FSD...P...E C)


Multiple Assembly Horizontal Damper

Type FSD...P...E A... E


Multiple Assembly Vertical Damper

Installation Requirements
The installer should note that the installation and location of access panels is to be to the satisfaction of the District Surveyor or Building Inspector or the appropriate Fire Protection Authority.

Type U Channel Frame Supplied in lengths for site assembly.

When duct size B or H is greater than 1000mm, multiple dampers sections will be required. With all multi section installations the proposed arrangements must be to the satisfaction of the appropriate local authority and/or fire officer responsible for the installation. Receipt of an order requesting multiple sections will be taken by Trox as the client having obtained this approval from the appropriate authority.

Product Range Accessories


Construction Variants
Construction Variant A B C DR DC DO ER EC EO Descri tion Blades partially in airstream, square or rectangular spigot, fitted with closing springs and catchplates. As code A but includes side seals. As code A but excludes closing springs and catchplates. Variable height top case section to contain blades out of airstream. Fitted with closing springs and catchplates. Can be supplied with square or rectangular, circular or oval duct connections. As code D series but includes side seals. Mounting Mode Vertical/horizontal mounting Vertical/horizontal mounting Vertical mounting only Velocity Range Low Medium Low Medium Low Medium High

Vertical/horizontal mounting

Vertical/horizontal mounting

High

Functional Description
Fusible link release (basic unit) Automatic closure of the fire damper at an air temperature of t > 72C, in the area of the fusible link; for smouldering fires where t < 72C, the system does not release. Magnetic release: (AC or DC solenoid or DC electro magnet) Thermal closure of fire damper at t > 72C, or electrically when the current is interrupted (power off to close) DC electro magnet, or pulsed (power on to close) AC or DC solenoid. Signal from central control or via a smoke detector built into ventilation system e.g. Trox Smoke Detector Type RM-O or RM-1/2. ETL Release: A dual response fusible link release providing automatic closure of the fire damper; a) at an air temperature t > 74C in the area of the Iink. b) When subject to a short duration low power electrical impluse which triggers a chemical heating of the centre element causing the link to release in approximately 7 seconds. This signal could be provided for example by a smoke detector, e.g. Trox Type RM-O or RM-1/2.

Accessories
Description Code Description Code Z01 Description Code Z02

Fitted to all FSD...P...E variants. Except type FSD...P...E C Ring pull permits the release of the blades from the catchplates when access is from the opposite side to the catchplates.

Electrical limit switch assembly to indicate blade closure.

Mechanical device to indicate blade closure visable externally from the damper.

Sub-frames
Code H U Description Additional HEVAC sub-frame for wall mounting. U channel joining sub-frame for multiple assemblies. HEVAC model sub-frame sub-frame supplied assembled to the fire damper. Supplied loose for site assembly by others.

Accessories
Construction or construction variant
Base holder with fuse link (standard construction)

Combined with

Code

Limit switch indicates blades CLOSED Visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Limit switch with visual indicators indicates blades CLOSED

Z01 Z02 Z03

Double changeover contact Circuit breaking capacity max 380V ~, 50Hz, 10A, min 24V, 100mA Contact resistance 60m. Protective system IP 66

Base holder with ETL fuse link which is a dual response device with fusible link which reacts (melts) when subjected to either local heat or an electrical impluse of low power and short duration. The standard temperature rating is 74C. It can be released with an electrical impluse (between 6 volt and 30 volt AC or DC minimum current of 0.2 amperes).

Z04 Limit switch indicates blades CLOSED Visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Limit switch with visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Z05 Z06 Z07

Double changeover contact Circuit breaking capacity max 380V ~, 5OHz, 10A, min 24V, 100mA Contact resistance 60m. Protective system IP 66

Universal release holder with fuse link. Each side of release device has a spring loaded lever allowing the damper to be easily tested for closure and re-loaded with one hand from either side. Standard fusing temperature 72C.

Z08 Limit switch indicates blades CLOSED Visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Limit switch with visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED zog Z10 Z11

Double changeover contact Circuit breaking capacity max 380V ~, 50Hz, 10A, min 24V, 100mA Contact resistance 60m. Protective system IP 66

Universal link fitted with an AC electric solenoid 230/240V AC. Provides remote operation from an AC electrical signal. Power ON closes the damper. It incorporates a fusible link within the universal release to also provide normal closure in the event of increasing temperature AC Solenoid U = 230/240V 50Hz P 55VA inrush 20VA closed 100% rated. Universal link fitted with a DC electric solenoid 24V DC. Provides remote operation from a DC electrical signal. Power ON closes the damper. It incorporates a fusible link within the universal release to also provide normal closure in the event of increasing temperature. DC Solenoid 24V DC 1 2W 100% rated

Z12 Limit switch indicates blades CLOSED Visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Limit switch with visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED
Double changeover contact Circuit breaking capacity max 380V ~, 50Hz, 10A, min 24V, 100mA Contact resistance 60m. Protective system IP 66

Z13 Z14 Z15

Z16 Limit switch indicates blades CLOSED Visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Limit switch with visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Z17 Z18 Z19

Double changeover contact Circuit breaking capacity max 380V ~, 50Hz, 10A, min 24V , 100mA Contact resistance 60m. Protective system IP 66

Universal link fitted with an electro magnet 24V DC. Provides remote operation from an DC electrical signal. Power OFF closes the damper.lt incorporates a fusible link within the universal release to also provide normal closure in the event of increasing temperature. DC Electro Magnet 24V DC 4W 100% rated.

Z20 Limit switch indicates blades CLOSED Visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED Limit switch with visual indicator indicates blades CLOSED
Double changeover contact Circuit breaking capacity max 380V ~, 50Hz, 10A, min 24V, 100mA Contact resistance 60m. Protective system IP 66

Z21 Z22 Z23

Technical Data
Fire Test BS 476 Part 201987
The fire dampers shown have been tested by an independent authority (Warrington Research Centre) according to British Standards 476 Part 20; 1987 for a period of 4 hours. The time / temperature curve required by this test procedure is shown below, after 4 hours test the FSD retained its integrity with no significant openings being formed. Pressure losses are shown below for units with blades either partially in or out of the airstream.

Type FSD...P...E A.. C


Blades partially in airstreann
100 80 60 50 40 30 Static pressure drop Pascals (Pa) 20 1000 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 900 1200

Fire Test BS 476 Part 20: 1987

1100

800

Temperature rise (T-To) C

700

1 1 1.5 2 3 4 5 Duct velocity m/s 6 8 10 12.5

600

Type FSD...P...E D and E


Blades out of airstream
150

500

400 100 Static pressure drop Pascals (Pa) 80 60 50 40 30 25 20 15 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 100 200

300

Time (T) min 10 6 8 10 15 Duct velocity m/s 20 30

Order Details
Specification Text
Square or rectangular shutter type fire dampers for the isolation of fire zones in air conditioning systems. Designed to maintain integrity and stability for 4 hours when tested to BS 476 Part 20; 1987. Tests carried out at Warrington Research Centre, England. The FSD fire dampers consist of perimeter frame case and interlocking shutter type blades. As standard the case is complete with catchplates and constant tension closure springs. Suitable for either rectangular, circular or flat oval ducting and available in high or low pressure/velocity construction. Standard release 72C fusible link.

Options:
Universal release mechanism with fusible link or fusible link in conjunction with solenoid or electro magnet release. Fusible links available at other fusing temperatures. Stainless steel blades, or all stainless steel construction (blades grade 430 case grade 304L). For reduced leakage addition of stainless steel side seals (grade 302). For vertical installation only (horizontal duct work) damper without closure springs, catchplates or side seals.

Materials:
Case, blades and catchplates galvanised mild steel to BS EN 101421991 FE PO 2GZ275 NA. Constant force stainless steel closing springs. Brass soldered fusible link.

Order Code
This code must be used when H Dim exceeds 1000mm These codes do not need to be completed for standard products

FSD A V

1000 x 500

Z01

Type FSD Standard Supply FSP FSE (See page 3)

Duct Size Dimensions square or rectangular B x Hmm, circular Dmm dia. Flat oval B x Dmm. All damper with spigots are manufactured down on duct size to fit inside duct work connections.

Accessories (See page 7 & 8)

Other Options 0 = Standard supply. H = Hevac sub frame. U = U joiningframe.

Construction Variants (See page 7)


1* A B C A tb C blades partiaiiy in airstream

Mounting Mounting V = Vertical damper Mounting H = Horizontal damper

DR Rectangular Spigot DC Circular Spigot DO Oval Spigot ER Rectangular Spigot EC Circular Spigot EO Oval Spigot

blades out of alrstream

Order Example
Make : TROX Type : FSD A / 1000 x 500 / 0 / Z01. Qty : 4

1*

Note: FSD - A is standard supply unless: otherwise specified.

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