)
= ln(
) or ln x
M1
h : x ln x , x > 0 A1
(c) h (x) + g(x) = ln x + ln x
= 0
A1
[5]
2. (a) Given
=

.

\

0
3
1
i
i
p = ( )
=
+
10
3
3 1
j
j where p is a constant.
Find the value of p. [3 marks]
(b) Use the binomial theorem to expand
x
x
+
1
1
as a series of ascending powers of x up to and
including the term in x
2
, where x <1.
Hence, by substituting x =
10
1
, show that
200
663
11 ~ . [6 marks]
2(a)
{(
} = {
OR
( )
= 8 + 3{3 + 4 + 5 + . . . + 9 + 10}
B1
Either one
= 164
M1
p =
A1
(b)
( )
( )
= (
) (
()
()
)
= (
) (
()
()
)
M1M1
Correct binomial expansion
1 + x + x
2
A1
(
= (
1 +
+ (
)
3 (
B1
M1
A1
Subst. x =
[9]
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 2 acs ipoh
3 Matrices P, Q and R are



.

\

3 2 2
2 1 1
2 1 0
,



.

\

15 22 8
3 8 7
33 34 14
and



.

\

2 6 2
3 3 3
6 6 6
respectively.
Find
12
1
PQR and deduce R
1
. [4 marks]
Hence, solve the system of linear equations x + y z = 8
4x +4 y +4 z = 0
x + 3y +z =10 [5 marks]
3
PQR = (
)(
)(
)
= (
)(
)
M1
Correct QR
= (
)
or
PQR = (
)(
)(
)
= (
)(
)
M1
Correct PQ
= (
)
PQR = (
)
A1
PQR =  9 I
R
1
= 
PQ
= 
(
)
=
(
M1
A1
By adjusting the system of linear equations : B1 Able to rearrange the system
of equations
(
)(
) (
)
B1
(
(
)(
)
M1
Reject all other methods.
= (
)
A1
x = 1, y = 4, z = 3 A1 [9]
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 3 acs ipoh
4 Given that the real numbers r and u , where r > 0 ,  t u t < < ,
r cosu + 2r
2
cos2u + 3r
3
cos3u = 0 and r sinu + 2r
2
sin
2u + 3r
3
sin3u = 0.
By writing z = r (cosu + i sinu ) and using De Moivres Theorem, show that z = ) 2 1 (
3
1
i . [5 marks]
Determine the value of r and the two possible values of tanu . [4 marks]
4
r cosu + 2r
2
cos2u + 3r
3
cos3u = 0 (1)
r sinu + 2r
2
sin
2u + 3r
3
sin3u = 0. (2)
By operating (1) + i(2),
r (cosu + isinu ) + 2r
2
(cos2u + isin
2u ) + 3r
3
(cos3u + isin3u ) = 0
M1
r (cosu + isinu ) + 2r
2
(cosu + isinu )
2
+ 3r
3
(cosu + isinu )
3
= 0
M1 Using De Moivres
theorem
z + 2z
2
+ 3z
3
= 0 A1
OR z = r (cos + i sin )
z
2
= r
2
(cos 2 + i sin 2) and z
3
= r
3
(cos 3 + i sin 3) M1 Using De Moivres
theorem
2z
2
= 2r
2
(cos 2 + i sin 2) and 3z
3
= 3r
3
(cos 3 + i sin 3) M1
z + 2z
2
+ 3z
3
= 0 A1
z (3z
2
+ 2z + 1) = 0
z 0, z =
( )
M1
A1
 z  =
B1
tan =
(
or tan =
(
M1
tan =  tan =
A1A1 [9]
5 A curve has the parametric equations x = 8 cosu + 3 and y = 4 3 sinu where t u t s < .
Show that the curve is an ellipse and find its vertices, centre and foci. Sketch the ellipse. [9 marks]
5
By using cos =
and sin =
with sin
2
+ cos
2
= 1,
B1 Eliminating parameter
()
()
= 1
M1
Using trig. identity
()
= 1
the curve is an ellipse.
A1
Centre is (3, 0) A1
The vertices are (5, 0) and (11, 0) A1A1
The foci are (7, 0) and (1, 0) A1
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 4 acs ipoh
D1
D1
Ellipse shape (dependent on
the correct equation above)
All his points shown and
labeled.
[9]
6 Find the value of o for which the vectors a = 3i  4j + k and b = i + 2j + o k are perpendicular.
Hence, find  a  b . [4 marks]
6 By using a b = 0,
(
) (
) = 0
= 5
M1
A1
a  b = (
)  (
)
M1
= (
)
 a b  =
=
A1
Accept 7.48
[4]
7 (a) Solve for x the equation sin 2x = 3 cos
2
x, giving all solutions between 0
o
and 360
o
correct to
the nearest 0.1
o
. [5 marks]
(b) Express 2 cos x + 5 sin x in the form r cos ( x  ) o , where r >0 and 0<o < t
2
1
.
Hence, find the maximum value of 2 cos x + 5 sin x and the corresponding value of x in the
interval t 2 0 s s x . [6 marks]
Sketch the curve y = 2 cos x + 5 sin x for t 2 0 s s x . [2 marks]
By drawing an appropriate line on the graph, determine the number of roots of the equation
2 cos x + 5 sin x = 1, in the interval t 2 0 s s x . [2 marks]
7(a) 2sin x cos x  3cos
2
x = 0 B1
cos x (2sin x  3cos x) = 0 M1 Reject division by cos x
cos x = 0 or tan x =
M1
x = 90 , 270 or x = 56.3 , 236.3 A1
x = 56.3, 90 , 236.3 , 270 A1 All correct
(b)
2cos x + sin x r cos x cos + r sin x sin
r sin =
r cos = 2
B1 Both
r = 3, tan =
M1
x
y
(3, 0)
(7, 0)
(11, 0)
(1, 0) (5, 0)
(3, 4)
(3,  4)
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 5 acs ipoh
r = 3, = 0.841 radians. A1 Both
2cos x + sin x = 3 cos (x 0.841)
A1
max value is 3 B1
when cos (x 0.841) = 1 x = 0.841radians. B1
D1
D1
M1
A cosine curve with a max.
and a min. turning point.
Initial and final points and
his max. point.
line y = 1
There are 2 roots. A1 Dependent on correct graph.
[15]
8 The line l has equation r =



.

\

+



.

\

0
1
2
5
0
5
, .
(a) Show that l lies in the plane whose equation is r . 5
0
2
1
=



.

\

. [3 marks]
(b) Find the position vector of A, the foot of the perpendicular from the origin O to l. [4 marks]
(c) Find an equation of the plane containing O and l. [4 marks]
(d) Find the position vector of the point P where l meets the plane t whose equation is r . . 11
2
2
1
=



.

\

[4 marks]
8(a)
r = (
) + (
) and r (
) = 5
By using r n = d,
(
) (
) = 5
B1
5 2 + 2 =  5 for all values of . M1
line l lies on the plane. A1
(b)
= (
) +
1
(
),
1
) = 0
(
) (
) = 0
B1
10 + 4
1
+
1
= 0 M1
y
x
3
2
3
y = 1
(0.841, 3)
(2, 2)
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 6 acs ipoh
1
= 2
= (
)  2(
)
= (
)
M1
A1
(c)
n =
)
= 

M1
= (
)
A1
equation of plane is r (
) = (
) (
)
r (
) = 0 or 5x + 10y + 5z = 0
M1
A1
Accept r (
) = 0
(d) Since P is on line l,
= (
) +
2
(
),
2
Given that r . . 11
2
2
1
=



.

\

(
) . . 11
2
2
1
=



.

\

B1
5 + 2
2
+ 2
2
+ 10 = 11 M1
2
=  1 A1
= (
)  1(
)
= (
)
A1
[15]
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