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Objectives

Major Topics

Rationale for Emergency Preparation Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act Organization and Coordination OSHA Standards First Aid in Emergencies How to Plan for Emergencies Planning for Workers with Disabilities Evacuation Planning Customizing Plans to Meet Local Needs Emergency Response Computers and Emergency Response Dealing with the Psychological Trauma of Emergencies Recovering from Disasters Terrorism in the Workplace Resuming Business after a Disaster

This activity contains 5 questions.

From the following, select the most important component of emergency preparation.
Right-to-know Planning Cost OSHA standards

Which of the following groups may respond to an emergency?


Medical Firefighting

Security/safety All of the above

From which of the following agencies would it be most appropriate to obtain first aid training materials?
OSHA EPA National Safety Council None of the above

Which of the following should be used to keep employees up-to-date concerning first aid information?
Vacancy announcement First aid fact sheet Employee evaluation All of the above

Emergency preparation involves:

Planning Practicing Evaluation All of the above

From the following, select the most important component of emergency preparation. Your Answer: Planning

2.

Which of the following groups may respond to an emergency? Your Answer: All of the above

3.

From which of the following agencies would it be most appropriate to obtain first aid training materials? Your Answer: National Safety Council

4.

Which of the following should be used to keep employees up-to-date concerning first aid information? Your Answer: All of the above Correct Answer: First aid fact

sheet

5.

Emergency preparation involves: Your Answer: All of the above

True or False
This activity contains 10 questions.

An emergency is a potentially life-threatening situation, usually occurring suddenly and unexpectedly.


True False

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act is designed to prevent individuals from obtaining information about hazardous chemicals in their community.
True False

Emergency notification is a major component of the emergency response plan.


True False

The toxic chemical release report must go to the Environmental Protection Agency and the state-level environmental agency.
True False

OSHA standards do not play a role in emergency prevention.

True False

In certain cases, OSHA requires that companies have at least one employee on-site who has been trained in first aid.
True False

A properly stocked first aid kit should contain rubber surgical gloves and a facemask or mouthpieces for CPR.
True False

Step-by-step emergency response procedures are required for only some potential emergencies.
True False

A first aid fact sheet is used by most employees to report accidents.

True False

An emergency plan must be location-specific.

True False

1.

An emergency is a potentially life-threatening situation, usually occurring suddenly and unexpectedly. Your Answer: True

2.

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act is designed to prevent individuals from obtaining information about hazardous chemicals in

their community. Your Answer: True Correct Answer: False

3.

Emergency notification is a major component of the emergency response plan. Your Answer: True

4.

The toxic chemical release report must go to the Environmental Protection Agency and the state-level environmental agency. Your Answer: True

5.

OSHA standards do not play a role in emergency prevention. Your Answer: True Correct Answer: False

6.

In certain cases, OSHA requires that companies have at least one employee on-site who has been trained in first aid. Your Answer: True

7.

A properly stocked first aid kit should contain rubber surgical gloves and a facemask or mouthpieces for CPR. Your Answer: True

8.

Step-by-step emergency response procedures are required for only some potential emergencies. Your Answer: True Correct Answer: False

9.

A first aid fact sheet is used by most employees to report accidents.

Your Answer: True

10.

An emergency plan must be location-specific. Your Answer: True

Lecture Notes
Key points that should be made in this lecture are as follows:

An emergency is a potentially life-threatening situation, usually occurring suddenly and unexpectedly. Emergencies may be the result of natural and/or human causes. Preparing for emergencies involves planning, practicing, evaluating, and adjusting. An immediate response is critical in emergencies. The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act has the following four main components: emergency planning, emergency notification, information requirements, and toxic chemical release reporting. For proper coordination of the internal emergency response, it is important that one person be in charge and that everyone involved knows who that person is. Since there is no way to predict when first aid might be needed, part of preparing for emergencies should include training employees to administer first aid. In certain cases, OSHA requires that companies have at least one employee on-site who has been trained in first aid. In addition to providing first aid training, it is important to have well-stocked first aid kits readily available, have personal protective devices available, post emergency telephone numbers, and keep all employees informed. The OSHA standard for evacuation planning is 29 CFR 1910.38. This standard requires a written plan for evaluating the facility in the event of an emergency. Critical elements of the plan are as follows: marking of exit routes, communications, outside assembly, and training. A company's emergency action plan should be a collection of small plans for each anticipated emergency. These plans should have the following components: procedures, coordination, assignments/responsibilities, accident prevention strategies, and schedules. EAPs should be customized so that they are location-specific by including a map, an organization chart, local coordination information, and local training schedules. An emergency response team is a special team to handle general and localized emergencies to facilitate evacuation and shutdown, protect and salvage company property, and work with civil authorities. An emergency response network is a network of emergency response teams that covers a designated geographical area. Computers can help simplify some of the complications brought by advances in technology. Expert systems mimic human thought processes in making decisions on an if-then basis regarding emergency responses. Trauma is psychological stress. It typically results from exposure to a disaster or emergency so shocking that it impairs a person's sense of security or well being. Trauma left untreated can manifest itself as post-traumatic stress disorder. This disorder is characterized by intrusive thoughts, flashbacks, paranoia, concentration difficulties, rapid heartbeat, and irritability. A disaster recovery plan should have at least the following components: recovery coordinator, recovery team, recovery analysis and planning, damage assessment and salvage operations, recovery communications, and employee support and assistance. Employers can help decrease the likelihood of a terrorist attack on their facilities by taking the following actions: run a safe and caring operation, listen to employees, train employees, communicate, know your personnel, empower personnel, harden the site against external

threats and restrict access, remove any barriers to clear visibility around the facility, have and enforce parking and delivery regulations, make sure that visitors can be screened from a distance, keep all unstaffed entrance doors locked from the outside and alarmed, make air intakes and other utilities inaccessible to all but designated personnel, ensure contractors and visitors wear badges, have an emergency response plan and practice it on a regular basis, be cautious of what information is placed on your companys website, keep up to date with the latest safety and security strategies, protect the integrity of your facilitys key system. Secure hazardous materials so that terrorists cannot gain access to them for use in making bombs and other weapons of mass destruction. A hazmat security plan should have two components: personnel security and physical security. All systems, conditions, and potential hazards should be checked and corrected as appropriate before resuming business after a disaster.