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THE

PROVINCIAL TOKEN-COINAGE
OF THE

18th CENTURY
ILLUSTRATED

BY

R. DALTON & S. H. HAMER

1910

Reprinted 1967

' Others have laboured,

and we enter into their labours."

H E copper currency of this country, towards the end of the eighteenth century, was in such a neglected condition, by reason of the meagre supply, and the very inferior quality of the design, that tons of imitation regal halfpence and farthings were in circulation. Such being the state of things, it is no wonder that when the Provincial Token Coinage made its appearance, with the issue of the Pennies and Halfpence of the Parys Mines Company (of Anglesey) and others, many persons made collections of the novel specimens. The law of supply and demand, and vice versa, makes itself felt under all conditions. So long as the tokens were of good weight, and the supply was not in excess of the need for small change, tbe issue was advantageous to the public ; but when the supply exceeded the demand, and the quality had materially deterioratednot to mention the number of counterfeits which got into circulation they ceased to serve their purpose, and were superseded by the issue of the copper Twopenny and One Penny pieces of 1797. The following list of publications, mostly contemporaneous with the issue of the tokens, will be of interest: Thomas Spence, of No. 8, Little Turnstile, High Holborn, London, in 1795, published " The Coin Collector's Companion, being a descriptive alphabetical list of the Modern Provincial Political and other Copper Coins." There are 50 pp. and an Addenda. Some copies have a " Supplement" of vi. pp. Christopher Williams published " A Descriptive List of the Provincial Copper Coins, including those of London, MDCCXCV. Price Sixpence." 30 pp. Another" The Virtuoso's Guide in Collecting Provincial Copper Coins, being a copious and perfect description of all that are now extant. London : Printed by, and for J. Hammond, No. 12, St. Martin's Lane, and sold by Jones, No. 17, Butcher Row, and Denton, Hospital Gate, Smithfield. MDCCXCV." 45 pp. and Addendadescribes 428 specimens. In a notice " To the Public," the author refers to " Two Publications which bear a similarity to this," which have been published, and to the inaccuracies in such. This is rather amusing, seeing that he printed the Descriptive List by Christopher Williams. He further continues" It is to be lamented, that there are some persons who have been stimulated by the hopes of gain, to have several Dies made, and by striking the reverse of one Die with the obverse of another, and vice versa, they have produced a great number

of different Coins, which are vulgarly called ' Bastards,' and are in general esteemed unworthy a place in the Collections of the Curious." The author refrains from describing the " B a s t a r d s " or "Mules." A more extensive work is " A Descriptive List of the Provincial Copper Coins or Tokens issued between the Years 1786 and 1796, arranged alphabetically, by Samuel Birchall, of Leeds. From the originals in his own Possession." This title-page is an impression from a copper plate, and has an illustration of the obverse and reverse of his Private Token ; also" Leeds: Printed for 8. Birchall, and sold by Henry Young, Ludgate Street, London. 1796." There is also a title-page in letterpress"An Alphabetical List of Provincial Copper-Coins or Tokens, issued between the years 1786 and 1796. Leeds: Printed by Thomas Gill, 1796." There is a notice " To the Collectors of Provincial Coins," in which reference is made to the innumerable errors which have crept into the previous publications. The names of thirteen Collectors are given, who have contributed information as to specimens which appear in the Appendix, having an additional number in small figures, corresponding with the number opposite the name. " The Virtuoso's Companion and Coin Collector's Guide. London : Published for the Proprietor, by M. Denton, Hospital Gate, West Smithfield, 1795." Some copies have vol. 1 dated 1797, though the plates are dated 1795, &c. The Preface informs the reader that four hundred and eighty different coins will be illustrated, in four volumes, for twenty shillings. Early copies have some pages erroneously numbered, viz., pp. 195 and 198, each of which are repeated, pp. 199 and 201 being omitted; but the engravings are not in duplicate, and agree with those in a copy (evidently a later issue, the illustrations not being so sharp) where the paging is continuous. In this, the page having the Gloucester and Berkley Canal token, is numbered 201; and that having a view of a churchSt. Catherine's, Coleman Streetis 199. This erroneous pagination has been the cause of some copies being described as imperfect or incomplete. James Wright, Junr., Esq., F.A.S.S., wrote an interesting article, headed " Observations on Coins," referring to the several types of design as represented on the tokens, &c. After the four volumes had appeared, there still remained such a number of specimens not illustrated, that it was decided to continue the publication, hence it was extended to eight volumes; T. Prattent, of 46, Cloth Fair, being responsible for it during the publishing of vols. 7 and 8. The work appeared at intervals of from ten to fourteen days, in paper covers, price sixpence ; twelve coins, on three plates, constituting a number. A frontispiece appeared with vol. 1, and at the end of vols. 4 and 8 an Index, but no explanatory or descriptive letterpress. This work, and also the octavo edition by C. Pye, are gradually becoming scarcer, many having been cut up to illustrate books of letterpress only. Charles Pye, engraver, of Birmingham, published by subscription his octavo work, having an engraved title-page : " Provincial Copper Coins or Tokens, issued between the years 1787 and 1796. Engraved by Charles Pye, of Birmingham, from the originals in his own Possession." Below is a figure of a female seated under the shade of a tree

contemplating the portrait of George III., which she supports with her right hand. In the "Advertisement," dated " Birmingham, Sept. 1, 1795," the author refers to "productions not being intended for circulation ; many of them so infamously base, that, in my opinion, they are a disgrace to the age we live in, and such as I don't think proper to admit into my collection." He published the work in twelve numbers, three plates in each, at lialf-a-crown per number; a few proofs on large paper, at five shillings per number. The Index contains, as far as he was able, the names of the Die-sinkers. This was succeeded by a quarto edition in 1801, with 55 plates ; an Index giving the names of Die-sinkers, Manufacturers, Proprietors, Quantities issued, and Observations ; a two-page Advertisement, in which lie describes the lines adopted in arranging the engravings, &c. A second edition was published by Matthew Young, about the year 1834. James Conder, of Ipswich, published " An Arrangement of Provincial Coins, Tokens and Medalets, issued in Great Britain, Ireland and the Colonies, within the last twenty years; from the farthing to the penny size; in two volumes, octavo, with three plates of illustrations." There are large paper copies printed on one side only. Some have, at the foot of title-page" Ipswich : Printed and Sold by George Jermyn. Sold also by T. Conder, No. 30, Bucklersbury, and H. Young, No. 10, Tavistock St., London. 1798 " ; others"Ipswich: Printed by George Jermyn; sold by Messrs. Cadell and Davies, Strand; Messrs. Rivington, St. Paul's Churchyard, and T, Conder, Bucklersbury. 1799." Some copies have an Appendix, finishing at p. 320; others have it continued to p. 333, following which is " Appendix Second," concluding with p. 348. The Index, paged 321-328, shows that the continuation of the first Appendix, and also the second Appendix, were compiled after the Index was printed; the paging of the letterpress following p. 320, and disregarding that of the Index. With the exception of the privately printed Catalogue of Sir George Chetwynd's Tokens, by Thomas Sharp, Conder's work was the book of reference till the publication of " T h e Tradesmen's Tokens of the Eighteenth Century," by James Atkins. This publication has been, and is, of such service to Collectors, that no better evidence as to its usefulness is possible than the fact that the collecting and study of the specimens has brought to light such a number of varieties of dies, especially in the Cheshire, Lancashire, Warwickshire and Anglesey series, as to warrant the publication of a work illustrating and describing all the known varieties. This will be published in sectionsobviously an advantage to those who limit their collection to one or more countiesand, as nearly as possible, will follow the arrangement in Atkins' work ; Mules will be described but not illustrated; the rarity of the various pieces will be stated ; the " Building " tokens will form a separate series, but will be also included in the letterpress of other series to conform with Atkins' arrangement. Thanks are tendered to all who have so willingly helped to make the publication so complete ; should others appear, the owners are asked to communicate with the authors with a view to having them described in an Addenda. Collectors will find their interest in the subject deepened by a study of the circumstances which brought about the issue, also by a consideration of the French Revolution, the Birmingham Riots, and their association with Priestley, &c. W. R. Hay, M.A., Vicar

of Rochdale, the issuer (along with Mr. Tomlinson and Mr. W. Orme) of the Buxton Tokens, was the Chairman of the Justices, and ordered the reading of the Riot Act, on August 16th, 1819, on the occasion of the great meeting at Manchester. The Political Series, although many are " Mules,'' is most interesting, having reference to many historical events. A visit to the Abbeys, Castles, Cathedrals or Churches, as represented on the specimens, mutually adds to the interest in the structure and the token ; in fact, the more attention is devoted to the subject and appertaining circumstances, the greater becomes the intellectual pleasure which a collection will furnish. Some knowledge of the theory of die-sinking is helpful. Specimens exist from dies which have been " lapped" or polished up, after having been used for the order for tokens; these may have a brilliant appearance on the "field," but the fine lines will be found to be wanting, and, to the uninitiated, such may appear to be from different dies (compare Nos. 5 and 6 Cheshire; Rochdale 89, rev. die ; Wainfleet, Atkins 9e; also among the tokens of Norfolk and Suffolk are some of this class). Thomas Sharp, in his Introduction to the Catalogue of the Provincial Coins in the Collection of Sir George Chetwynd, Bart., states that these specimens from polished dies " were eagerly bought by inexperienced Collectors as proofs." Collectors are cautioned against what are described as " unpublished edges." If the wording is entirely different, they may regard it as correctly described; but if only a " blundered edge," i.e. incorrect by reason of the lettering having been imperfectly impressed in the process of " rolling " it on, let it pass. " PAYABLE IN LONDON, the remainder engrailed."One having this " edge" may be offered as " unpublished" with a small x added. This would appear on all if not "blundered," and in many instances may be seen partly obliterated. Charles Pye refers to the Collector who, when he finds it difficult to procure a scarce variety of a coin, by means of filing and chasing a common impression of the same coin, contrives to patch up an imitation of a rare variety. Unfortunately, the evil which such men do lives after them, and as a result, an unpublished " Plain edge, in collar, may appear. A careful examination may show traces of filing, in which instance the specimen should be regarded as an ordinary one, the edge of which has been tampered with; or, an apparently genuine "Plain Edge in Collar" may have been produced by " t u r n i n g ' the edge in a lathe; but as such treatment would render the specimen smaller in diameter than the ordinary ones, a comparison will reveal the true character of the piece. \ e t , all things considered, there is less chance of a novice being deceived who has taken up the collection of tokens, than is the case in many other pursuits ; and, considering the number of specimens which may be obtained for the sum required for a moderately expensive painting, the number of Collectors should be much in excess of what it is at present, and a true Collector is always willing to instruct a beginner. Extracts from the " Bazaar Notes " and " The Universal British Directory," and works previously mentioned, have been used where such would add to the completeness of the description. S. H. HAMER.
HALIFAX,

January 1st, 1910.

March, 1910.

OME apology is needed for the delay in the issue of this Work, as it has taken much longer than was anticipated to get the necessary informationespecially with regard to the various dies used for the Macclesfield series. It is hoped in future to publish a section every three months.

Our best thanks are accorded to all Collectors and Dealers who have so kindly assisted with descriptions, etc.; they will be more fully referred to at the completion. As far as possible, the general arrangement is in accordance with Atkins' valuable Work on the E I G H T E E N T H C E N T U R Y T O K E N S ; his numbers have been quoted thusA Experience has indicated the extent of research accomplished by him in compiling his work, and the care bestowed ou its arrangement. All the Tokens which he mentions have been traced, with the exception of the ten following, which are inserted on his authority:
C A M B R I D G E . M A C C L E S F I E L D .

No. 30 31 32 38

... ... ...

Atkins' No. 18 ,, 19 24 .. 25 27

No. i)

8 ... Atkins' No. 6 15a ... ,, 11a 68fc 42c 76a from a note given to a collector ^ Mr. Atkins 78c ... Atkins' No. 52a

Atkins' 46a.This he states was a doubtful edge, and the specimen was destroyed. A cordial invitation is given to all Collectors of Tokens, and Curators of Museums containing collections, who have not already been communicated with, to supply informa tion as to varieties, etc., that such may be noted and appear in an Addenda. RICHARD DALTON.
PARK HOUSE, COTHAM PARK, BRISTOL.

Bebforbsbire.
F L I T W I C K .

1. O: View of Flitwick church. R: A cypher P. S. d Co., 1797. A. 1 2. R: SuniJar, but without the date. These formed part of S K I D M O R E S issue of churches, and will be illustrated with the others
L E I G H T O N B U Z Z A R D .

&

0 : A girl making lace, &c. R: A lamb, &c. E: Milled. 3a. E: PAYABLE AT W. G O L D S M I T H S


TREE ESSEX.

3.

V.

->s*.

A. 2
BRAINA . 2b

3 h. E-. PAYABLE AT JOHN ROOK NORWICH. 3c. E : CHAMBERS, LANGSTON HALL & CO. A. 196, Middlesex 3U. E: Plain. A. 2a No. 3c was also struck in silver. Issued by Messrs. C H A M B E R S , L A N G S T O N , H A L L & Co.
E in/rarerWYON. ManufacturerKEMPSON.

This firm also carried on business as haberdashers at 46, Gutter Lane, Cheapside, London Nos. 3 and 3ft, RR. 2, R. 1 and 3a, scarce. 3c, common.
P U D D I N G T O N .

-'0.

= > v, \

l<

4. 0 : Bust to right. Unfinished die. The 5. U : As last, but with the eye filled in and eye not filled in. the hair altered. R : A ship sailing, &c. A. 3 R : As last. Both of these are very rare, especially No. 4.

B e r k s h i r e .
W I N D S O R .

0 : A stag lying under a tree. R: WINDSOR HALFPENNY TOKEN 1 7 9 5 . A. 1 E: Plain (not in collar). A . la la. E: SKIDMORE HOLBOKN LONDON. lb. E: SPENCE X D E A L E R X IN X COINS X LONDON X A . lc lc. E: Milled. This was one of S K I D M O R E ' S specious Tokens made for sale to collectors.
1. EngraverJACOBS.

Nos. 1, 16 and lc, RRR.

la, scarce.

Bucfunobamsbire.
PENNY SIZE.
A Y L E S B U R Y .

1. 0 : Bust of William III. li : Cap of liberty, &c.


E : ON DEMAND IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OB ANGLESEY.

Struck on thick flan from tlu; Halfpenny die No. 7. Very rare. HALFPENNIES.
A M E R S H A M .

2.

0 : Musical instruments, &c.


HAM . TOKEN . 1 7 9 7 . R : A . SPEEDY I AND | LASTING

AMERS| PEACE

In four lines, &c. E: Milled. A. 1 2 a. E: Engrailed. A. 1 a Scarce. Manufactured by S K I D M O R E , for sale. One is known with plain edge. As this shows marks of tiling, it is considered a doubtful edge, and is not included with the others. is
A Y L E S B U R Y .

h If \> v

----- - V 7

3. 0 : A figure of Justice seated. R : Shield of arms. BUCKINGHAMSHIRE . . 179G. E : Plain. A. 4 4. 0 : Initials F. W. 1797. li : Shield of arms, &c. E : Plain. A. 3 These were issued by
Eiuj rarerJAMES.

5. 0 : Ii: E: 6. O : II: E: (ia. E :

As obv. of No. 3. As obv. of No. 4. Engrailed. As obv. of No. 3. As rev. of No. 4. Milled. Plain.

A. 2

A. 5

FRANCIS W H E E L E R .

ManufacturerSKIDMORE.

No. 5 was also struck in silver. Pye states only three impressions. 7.
la. 7b.

-V

- %.

O : A. laureate bust of William III. II: A cap of liberty on a pole. E : Milled. A. 18


E E : PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY FOR PURE LONDON AIR & OR SEALIVERPOOL. : CELEBRATED BATHING A. 1 8 a A . 18fc

7c. E : Plain (not in collar). Nos. 4, 5, 7a and 7b, RRR.

A. 18c 7, common.

3 and 7c, scarce.

JBucbtnobamebfre.
A Y L E S B U R Y .

MULES. Nos. 8-13. 0: As No. 4. R : Heart and hand. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 6 R : PANDORA'S BREECHES. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Engrailed. A. 7 E : Milled. 11: A shepherd under a tree. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 8 R\ A true-hearted sailor. See Spence, Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 9 R : An archer standing holding a bow. See Warwickshire. A. 10 R : An anchor and cable, IN COMMEMORATION OF, &C. See Not Local. E: Milled. A. 11

9.

9a. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Nos. 14-19. O : As No. 3. 14. R : View of a church, HENDON, &C See Middlesex. E : Milled. A. 12 15. R : A man with a wooden leg. MR. JOSEPH ASKINS. See Middlesex. E : Engrailed. A. 13 15a. E: Milled. 10. R : A man haDging; pT, &C. See Corresponding Society, Middlesex. E: Milled. A. 14 17. R : Laureate bust to right, LONG . LIVE . T H E . KING. See Sussex. E : Milled. A. 15 18. R : Bust to left, MAY THE FRENCH, &c. See Not Local. E : Milled. A. 16 19. R : An anchor, &c., as No. 13. E : Milled. A. 17 Nos. 9, 9a and 11, RRR. The others, R.

C H E S H A M .

20. O: A cypher A. S. R : Shield of arms.


E : PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSONS

20cI. E A. 19
A . SIMPSON,

: LONDON OR IN LANCASTER

Issued by

Draper, Chesham.

EngraverDIXON.

ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.

No. 20a, RR.

20, common.

36uckin0bamsbirc.
S L O U G H .

&
A. 26

21. 0 : Shield of arras, etc., 1794. R : Lion rampant to right.

22. 0 : Ii: 23. 0 : R:

As obv. of No. 21. A lion rampant to left. As last. View of an inn.

A. 23 A. 24

24. 0 : R: 25. O: Ii: 26. 0 : R:

As As As As As As

rev. of No. 22. rev. of No. 23. obv. of No. 21. obv. of No. 27. obv. of No. 21. obv. of No. 28.

A. 22 A. 24

27 27. 0 : Shield of arms,


JOHN PECKHAM,

28

28. 0 : A shield of arms, very similar to


No. 27

CHEMIST & DRUGGIST.

R : A Phoenix, 1795. A. 21 tf:AsNo.27 No. 21, very rare. 25 and 26, rare. The others, scarce. Nos. 22 and 27 were also struck in gold. ,, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 27, in silver. 22, 23 and 24, in white metal. FARTHING
S T O W E .
.

A. 20

SIZE.

'rvu

>

29.

O: View of building and tree, STOWE FARTHING. R : BUILT | ANNO DOMO. | 1 7 0 4 , & c . A 27

o.via

E : Plain. 29<i. E : Milled. Both of these are rare.

Cambri&flesbfre.
PENNIES.
C A M B R I D G E .

1.

0 :

A building.
CAMB. A D .

BISHOPS 1670. PAY ON

HOSTELL

4. 0 : A building.
5.

KING'S

COLLEGE

CHAPEL . CAMBRIDGE. DEMAND THE A. 1 6.

II: A globe between a rose and thistle.


E : I PROMISE TO BEARER ONE PENNY

E : and E : As No. 1 0 : A gateway, T R I N I T Y


CAJTFB. A . D . 154G.

A. 5
. C O L L E G E . GATE .

2. O: A gateway,
CAMB.

CHRIST . C O L L E G E . GATE .

R : and E : As No. 1. 8. O A building. E M A N U E L


C H A P E L . CAMB.

A. 2
. COLLEGE .

li: and E : As No. 1. O: A gateway, Q U E E N ' S li : and K : As No. ].

A. 6
COLL . G A T E . CAMB.

li: and E : As No. 1.

A. 3

These formed part of a series issued by S K I D M O R E , and will be illustrated with the other portion. 7. 0 : A different view of No. 4. It : West front of the new building, &c. A. 4 Issued by D A V I D H O O D . This was also struck in silver and white metal.
V-Oi

(=/r , vtiu &=. t m rmmum

8.

A proof in tin before the inner legend and artist's name on the rev. were inserted.

E : Plain.

9.

O : HOBSON C A M B R I D G E C A R R I E R , & C . li: JAMES BURLEIGH'S TOKEN CAMBRIDGE,

&c.
E : VALUE ONE PENNY PAYABLE AT CAMA. 7 BRIDGE

9a. E : Plain. Also struck in silver, edf/e as No. 9 ; and in lead, with plain edye. This private Token was issued by J A M E S B U R L E I G H .
EnyraverHANCOCK. Man ufactnrerKEMPSON.
T h e obverse (rives U K a representation of t h e celebrated Cambridge carrier, T h o m a s Hobson ; and the reverse, the handsome stone conduit he erected in t h e market-place. T h o m a s Hobson was born about 1543, and died in 1630. He succeeded to t h e business of his f a t h e r , as carrier between Cambridge and London. H e also kept a livery stable, and had about forty horses It was an unalterable rule t h a t each horse should have an equal share of rest and work, and t h a t no horse should be let out before its t u r n ; 41 hence the proverbial saying H o b s o n ' s choice," viz." this or n o n e . "

Nos. 6 and 8, RBR.

1, 4, 9a, RR.

9, R.

The others, scarce.

7 is the commonest.

dambrifcocsbirc.
C H E S T E R T O N .

10. 0 : View of a church, &c. R: and E : As No. 1. This also formed a part of

CHESTERTON

A. 8 series of buildings.

SKIDMORE'S

Scarce.

N E W M A R K E T .

11. 0 : Two horses running.


R : CRAVEN MEETING, &C., &C.

VX* COOZSOslS

ICirlLi G4 jd: JZ Wwov

EngraverWYON.

Scarce.

HALFPENNIES.
C O U N T Y .

/V>

12. 0 : A beehive and bees. R : A Druid's head.


E : CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD . AND HUNTINGTON

12a. E: As last, the dot after omitted.


12h. E : CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E .

BEDFORD

A. 10a

A. 10
EngraverWYON.

12c. E : As last, Plain (not in collar) A. 106

ManufacturerKEMPSON.

Nos. 13-176. 0 : As rev. o f No. 12. 13. R E 13a. E 136. E 14. R E: 14a. E 146. E A figure of Hope. See Essex. Plain. A. 11 PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. Milled. A figure of Britannia seated, RULE BRITANNIA. 1795. See Hainpshire. A. 12
BERSHAM BRADLEY WILLEY SNEDSHILL PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE LIVERPOOL PAYABLE IN LONDON, A. 1 2 a

15. 15a. 156. 16.


17.

A stork.

PAYABLE IN LONDON,

Milled. Plain. A river deity. See Lanarkshire. Milled. A. 14 A plough and shuttle. See Norfolk.
PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE LIVERPOOL A. 15 PAYABLE IN LONDON,

See Hampshire. and engrailed. A. 13 A. 13a

and engrailed. A 126 14 c. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 12c

17. E 176. E

and engrailed. A. 15a

Plain. See Middlesex. A. 16

18. 0 : The obv. of No. 12. R : A figure of Britannia seated, 1797 E: Plain. 18a. E: PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed.

Nos. 126, 12c, 13a, 136, 14a, 156, 176 and 18a, RR. 14, 14c, 16, 17 and 18, scarce. The others, common.

C a m b r i f c o e s b i re.
HALFPENNIES.
C A M B R I D G E .

-~^T> c>

19.

O : A wheatsheaf.
K : DAVID HOOD, &C., &C. E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON A. 17

Tjavts A. 17a edge in


HOOD.

6&-j^

:'r-Nf-_r s,'z'^z,'z'k siLDsa

19a. E: Plain (not in collar). 196. On large Han, plain collar.


EngraverMILTON. IssuerD.

20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

Nos. 20-24. O : As No. 19 R : A fat man at table eating. See Spence, Middlesex. A 20 R : A lean man gnawing a bone. See Spence, Middlesex. A. 21 II: Bishop Blaize and woolpack. See Surrey. A. 22 R : Bust of William III. See Not Local. A. 23 R : A crown radiated. See Not Local. A. 27 No. 23, RRR. 19, 22, 24 and O: As No. 19. R : A beggar receiving alms.
FORT.

Nos. 25-29. 0 : As rev. of No. 19. 25. R : Arms of Orchard. See Middlesex. A. 28 26. R: H and a bugle horn, &c. See Dublin. A. 29 27. It: Prince of Wales' crest, &c. See Dublin. A. 30 28. R : A wheatsheaf and sickle between two doves. See Mnnster. A. 31 29. R : An anchor, &c. LIBERTY PEACE COMMERCE. See Not Local. A. 32 26, RR. The others, rare. 32. 38. 34. Ii . A pair of scales. R : A pair of scales, 3 lbs. R : A pair of scales, 6 | lbs. A. 24 A. 25 A. 26

30.
31.

A. 18
A. 19

R : TO T H E ILLUSTRIOUS DUKE OF BEAU-

Nos. 30-34 are inserted upon the authority of Atkins' works on Tokens.

N E W M A R K E T .

35. O : A stag lying under a tree. R : A snail, a tree, and a bridge in the distance. A. 33 Rare.
EngraverJAMES. IssuerSPENCE.

EARTHINGS.
C O U N T Y .

38.

O : Beehive and bees. II: Druid's head to right. E : Milled. A. 34 86a E : Plain (not in collar). A. 34a 37. O : As No. 36. R : SR. ISAAC NEWTON. See Not Local E : Milled. A. 85 37 a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 35a ) : The rev. of No. 36. Cornucopia and olive branch. See Not Local. A. Nos. 36a and 37a, scarce. The others, common.

36.

rJ

<?>

86

Cheshire.
N O T E re C H E S T E R T O K E N S N O S . 5 AND 6 . C . Pye states 8 cwts. struck. Specimens of No. 6 may be obtained in apparently "proof" condition, but, on examination, traces of die corrosion will be found on the reverse and slightly also on the obverse. These specimens were struck after the order had been completed, the dies being re-polished, which accounts for the " prooflike'' appearance. The polishing having partly removed the design, the legs of the owl were re-engraved carelessly, being now fully double the thickness of those on the tokens struck previous to the re-polishing of the dies. The wreath, being partly erased, now appears as a series of six diagonal dots. See Introduction.

M A C C L E S F I E L D

T O K E N S .

The dies for this interesting series were engraved and the tokens struck by Hancock, for the proprietorsMessrs. Roe & Co.; the original partners being Charles Roe, Robert Hodson, Brian Hodson, Roland Atkinson, John Walker, Joseph Stockdale and Cookson Atkinson. The likeness was taken from Roe's monument in Christ Church, Macclesfield, of which he was the builder, where, at the altar, is his bust, and Genius weeping over him, holding a cogwheel in her hand. BaconSculptor. The Church was begun on March 22nd, 1775, and opened October 10th of the same year. Pye states that one ton of 1789, and ten tons of 1790, 1791 and 1792 issues were struck. Unless stated otherwise, all edges read "
PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD, LIVERPOOL OR C O N G L E T O N . "

1789 ISSUES.The points to be noted in the various rev. dies:The position of crown under p, and the top bar of windlass and period ; the hand to H ; and the number of spirals on boring tool. The author of the "Bazaar Notes" describes one as being without the "thread" or "screw" on the drill; but as it in other respects corresponds with No. 10, and as the thread on No. 10 is only faintly defined, they are probably from the same dies. The issues of 1790, '91 and '92 have been grouped for each year under the different obverses; the mode of identification being the letters of the word "WORKS," with which the front edge of coat lines, and the last button points. There are minute points of difference, such as the edge of coat being in line with the first part, the middle, or the last part of the first limb of R or K, etc. Such will be found by examining the token, but are not verbally described. For the reverse The letters in the word " The letters in the word "

HALFPENNY," HALFPENNY,"

to which the top bar of windlass points. and the period, to which the lower bar points.

In common with all other large issues of tokens, a number of counterfeits and tokens made for collectors were struck. These have been separated, and added at the end.

Cheshire.
C H E S T E R .

1. O : View of fortress. CHESTER CASTLE. R: A globe, &c. BRITISH PENNY, 1797.


E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND T H E BEARER ONE PENNY.

A. 1

2. 0 : an< An ancient gateway,

^'

^- !

EAST GATE, C H E S T E R .

A * . ^
t*r n , %
L - 2 |

-v>

See Globe series for illustrations.


M A C C L E S F I E L D .

8. 0 : Bust of Charles Roe.


R : MACCLESFIELD PENNY. A . 3

K : Plain. Manufactured by W E S T W O O D , for sale to collectors.

N t
j^SJl^TrCJ
" 7 & C/

B E E S T O N .

4. 0 : 7: E : 4a. E :

Beeston Castle A cypher 6'. A C. Engrailed. A. 4 Plain. A. 4a


SKIDMORE.
r,-r

Issued by P.

C H E S T E R .

-5 a'np Tt

z* V V Tiff* 77^ f < I < ,' r f

< I \ 1

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.

'If j-i - -r'zl - ^


JJ

O: R: E : 5 a E:

Three castles. A cypher. Engrailed. A. 5 A. 5a Plain. Ma n u fa eturer-

6. 0

R E
-KEMPSON.

As last. The feet of owl rest upon the two centre dots. Plain.

M A C C L E S F I E L D .

si **'. ~ "

7. 0 : As last. R: A cypher, R. t Co. E : Plain. A. 48


ManufacturerKEMPSON.

Rarity No. 4a, RR.

3 and 4, R.

1 and 2, scarce.

The others, common.

10

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1789.

Unless stated otherwise, the edge of all the Halfpenny Tokens read
PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON.

8. 0 : Blank. R : A female seated by a windlass from which a rope depends, MIIACCLESFIELD (sic). Ex: 1789. A. 6 This is an artist's proof, and most probably unique.

9. 0 : A cypher R. tf Co. R : A female holding a cogwheel with 6 spokes. A. 7

10. 0 : Similar to last. R: The cogwheel has 8 spokes.

A. 8

11. 0 : The right hand bee comes between the E and L. R : Similar. A. 9

12. 0 : The right hand bee comes under i. R : Similar. Eight threads on screw. A. 10

13. 0 The top right hand bee is under F. R : Similar. Nine threads on screw. A. 10 Bis.

'

o ! ^ s N a X f< As No. 12.

15. 0 : As No. 13. /> Que 0 f the spokes of cogwheel comes between the fingers of female. A. 11
1 5 a . K: PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE OR IN DUBLIN. A . 1 1 a

Rarity No. 8, unique^ 15a, RRR. 15, RR. 9, R. Nos. 10-14 are common in medium condition, dlfhcuJt to obtain very fine ; of the five, Nos. 11 and 13 are the commonest.

Cbcsbtrc.
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1 7 9 0 .

11

Nos. 16, 17 and 18.

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f R, a n d last b u t t o n o v e r s p a c e b e t w e e n R a n d K. 17. R : Similar to No. 16, less space over head, loop of rope longer, and 1 of date nearer foot.

16. R: Top bar points between first and second N, lower bar between Y and period. A. 14

&

@ ^

X
18. R : Top bar points to lower limb of second N, lower bar below period. A. 18 19. Edge o f c o a t lines b e t w e e n R a n d K, a n d l a s t b u t t o n o v e r 1st l i m b o f K. R : As No. 16.

Nos. 20, 21, 22 and 23.

0:

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K, a n d l a s t b u t t o n o v e r K. 21. R: Top bar to first limb of second N, lower bar between foot of Y and period. A. 15 * %

20. R : Top bar points to second limb of first N, lower bar to foot of Y. A. 12

22. R : Top bar points to second N, lower bar points just below period. A. 17

23.

R: Top bar points between N and Y, lower bar below period.

12

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1 7 9 0 .

Edge o f c o a t lines b e t w e e n f i r s t a n d s e c o n d l i m b o f K, a n d b u t t o n oven last l i m b o f K. Top bar points to second limb of first N, lower bar to foot of y.

Nos. 25, 26 and 27. 0 : Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f K, a n d , b u t t o n o v e r t h e o u t e r e n d o f l a s t l i m b o f K. /, . rop bar points between first and 2G. R : Top bar points between first and second N, lower bar to foot of y. second N, lower bar between y A. 13 and period. A. 16

27. R : Similar to last. The loop of rope shorter and level with top of stand. R a r i t y , 1790. Nos. 17 and 19, rare. 23, scarce. medium condition. 18 and 22, not common.
1791

The others, common m

M A C C L E S F I E L D ,

g
28. 0: Edge o f c o a t in line b e t w e e n f i r s t a n d s e c o n d l i m b o f R, a n d b u t t o n o v e r space b e t w e e n R a n d K. R : Top bar points to Y. \ 20

13

Cbcsbtrc.
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1791.

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h last l i m b o f R, a n d b u t t o n o v e r s p a c e b e t w e e n R a n d K. 30 R : Top bar points to centre of N. R : Top bar points to first limb of 29. A. 22 second N. A. 21 Nos. 29-82. 0 : M:< -v

&S?

31. R : Top bar points to second limb of second N. A. 28

82. R : Top bar points to Y.

A 24

-J

J-rM

/ 11
Nos. 38-42. 0 :

r - j h

Edge o f c o a t in a line w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K, a n d b u t t o n o v e r space b e t w e e n f i r s t a n d s e c o n d l i m b o f K. 88. R : Top bar points to first limb of 34. R : Similar to last, but the lower second N, lower bar to period. A. 25 bar is below period. A. 26

f?

85. R : Top bar points to centre of second N, lower bar to period.

86. R : Similar to last, but the lower bar is below period.

14

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1791.

Nos. 33-42.

0 : Edge o f c o a t in a l i n e w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K. 38. R : Top bar similar to last, lower bar below period. A. 27

37. R : Top bar points to second limb of second N, lower bar close to period. A. 28

39. R : Very similar to last, except that the bars are both shorter.

40. R : Top bar similar, but the lower bar is a considerable distance below period. A. 29

J:
41. R : Top bar points to foot of Y, lower bar below period. 42. R : Very similar to last, the lower bar further from period, and date wider. A. 30

0 : Edge o f c o a t b e t w e e n first and second limb o f K, a n d b u t t o n o v e r first l i m b o f K. R : Similar to No. 37, less space over head, and date closer together.

V *

16

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1791.

8wss
0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h c e n t r e o f K, a n d b u t t o n o v e r l a s t l i m b o f K on s p a c e b e t w e e n K a n d S. 44. R : Top bar points to first limb of 45. R: Top bar similar, end of lower second N, lower bar does not bar further under period, reach period. A. 31 Nos. 44-54.

2?
"

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&

46. R : Top bar similar, the end of lower bar is under period. A. 32

47. R : Top bar points to centre of N, lower bar to period.

A? k 3

48. R : Top bar similar, lower bar points just below period.

49. R : Top bar similar, end of lower bar under period. A. 33

60, Z?: Top bar points to second limb of N, lower bar below period.

51. R : Top bar similar, lower bar points below period.

16

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1791.

Nos. 44-54. 0:

Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h c e n t r e o f K, a n d b u t t o n oven l a s t l i m b o f K o r space b e t w e e n K a n d S. 53. K : Top bar points between N and Y, lower bar is below period.

52. R : Top bar points between N and Y, lower bar points below period. A. 84

54. H : Top bar points to foot of Y. A. 35

J f * * ? % |5

coa *"!' 'r, c '^ e - t lines w i t h S. 11 : l o p bar points to second limb of N.

A. 8G

R a r i t y , 1791. Nos. 39, 43 and 51, rare. 35, 36 and 50, scarce. The others, fairly common. Nos. 23, 33, 47, 48, 53 and 54 are tho rarest.

17

Cbcsbtrc,
M A C C L E S F I E L D , 1 7 9 2 .

56. 0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f R. R : As before, but dated 1792. A. 44

Nos. 57, 58 and 59. 0:

Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K. A. 89

57. R : Top bar points to second limb of N. These are found with and without flaw in date.

58. R : Similar to last, but the hand points between c and L, and more space over head. A. 40

59. R: Top bar points between N and Y. Some have a die flaw, joining the top bar and period. A. 41

R a r i t y , 1792. Nos. 56 and 58, scarce. 59, not common. 57, common, and usually found in fine condition. Those without the flaw are the scarcest.

18

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D

60. 0 : The same as No. 25. R : A man seated at a table, writing ; an inkstand, pipe, and drinking cup upon it, and a woman, also seated, holding a lighted candle. Behind, a person in a clergyman's gown, and wearing a wig, is in the act of putting a fool's-cap, with asses' ears, upon the man's head; and at a little distance is a small round table, on which stands a jug. Leg.
" T A K E T H I S IOHN NOTT WEAR I T . "

E : As usual.

A. 49

Sharp states that of this remarkable piece only one other instance is known, being an indented impression of one of Wilkinson's busts. Both specimens were obtained from the artist by Mr. Sharp, and presented by him to the respective cabinets of Sir George Chetwynd and the late Mr. Conder. It is obvious that only the Reverse die of the intended piece was completed, and Hancock gave no information as to the reasons for its being abandoned, or for whom it was executed. Dr. Priestley having, as is well known, made himself unpopular at Birmingham by the part he took in the intended celebration of the anniversary of the French Revolution at that town, had his house attacked by rioters, and burnt, together with its valuable scientific contents An angry warfare, through the medium of the press, followed ; and amongst other writers who entered the arena, one, whose assumed signature was ' John Nott the Buttonmaker," considerably distinguished himself; and it is upon the head of this person that Dr. I'riestley is represented as putting the fool's-cap. The likeness of the Doctor is admirably preserved by Hancock, who, on another occasion, was equally happy in giving a striking resemblance of him. T h e workmanship of this rare token is in the artist's best manner ; and it is to be regretted that the entire design was not finished. This, piece is now in the collection of S H Hamer.

C O U N T E R F E I T S .

A copy of the 1790 issue on a much smaller flan. This die was used for Nos. 62 and 76. Copy of the rev. of 1789 issue.
PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON + . +

A. 19
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL A . 1 9 a PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L

Plain (not in collar). No. 61a, rare. The others, fairly common. Same die as last. A poor copy of the obv. of 1789 issue, li. it C. instead of li. it Co. This was used again for No. 73.
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER A. 47 OR BRISTOL.

A. 19ft A. 19c

, 62ft. E :
PAYABLE AT LONDON

(This is a " blundered " edge of No. 62.) OR DUBLIN 62(Z. E PAYABLE AT
A. 47a

W. PARKERS

BIRMING-

A. 47c 62c. E: PAYABLE ATLONDON . + A.47ft 62c. E: Milled. A. 47d One is known with plain edge. As this shows marks of filing, I consider it a doubtful edge, and do not include it with the others. Nos. 62c, 62 d, 62e, rare. 62 and 62ft, common. 62 in brass, rare.
HAM WAREHOUSE

19

Cbesbire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D .

COUNTERFEITS.
1791.

G3.

The workmanship of this is very much rougher, and letters larger. The obv. appears to have been struck from a corroded die. Flaw between L and i in " E S T A B L I S H E D . " The obv. die was used again for Nos. 67, 69 and 74, and rev. for Nus. 66 and 77. E : As usual. Rare.

64.

This is on thin flan, and the workmanship quite different to any of the other issues. Sloping top to the l ' s of date on obv. and rev.
E : PAYABLE IN LONDON ANGLESEA AND L I V E R P O O L .

Rare.

65.

This is very similar to No buttons on the coat. E : As usual.

A. 37

65a.

E : PAYABLE IN LONDON E V E R Y W H E R E . A . 3 7 a

0 : The period is before the date. The obv. die was used for No. 75, and the rev. for Nos. 63 and 77. E : As usual.

6 6 a . E : PAYABLE AT SHARPS PORTSMOUTH The rev. die was used for No. 78. AND CHALDECOTTS CHICHESTER These are usually found in Mint state, 6 6 b . E : PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE OF and were no doubt struck for sale THOMAS CLACKE to collectors. Nos. 66, 66a and 66b, rare ; especially a and b. 65, scarce. 65a, fairly common.

20

Cheshire.
MACCLESFIELD. COUNTERFEITS. 1792.
a

Nos. 67-70. 67.

I-

T i f
\
-"I

-3 : S
f.

0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h f i r s t l i m b o f K. R : Top bar points to first limb of second N. E : As usual. A. 38 Struck on large and small flans.
PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY LIVERPOOL A. 42a OB CONGLETON.

67a. E :

67b. E PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 43a The obv. die is the same as Nos. 63, 69 and 74, and the rev. same as No. 79.

1 ST

4 r

%x
o\ n\

68.

0 : No period after date. R : Top bar points to second limb of N. E : As usual. A. 42


IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL A. 42b

6 8 a . E : PAYABLE

Struck on small flan.


68FC. E : PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR LONDON A . 42C

Nos. 67a, 68, 68a and 68A, rare.

67b, scarce.

67, fairly common.

-4

r<t

69. 0 : This is the same die as Nos. 63, 67 and 74, but better struck; slight flaw and no rust marks. R : Top bar points to foot of Y. E : As usual. A. 43 The rev. die was used for Nos. 70, 71, 80 and 81.

70. 0 : Very similar to last, but not the same die. See 7 in date. R: As Nos. 69, 71, 80 and 81. E : As usual.

71. 0 : Edge o f c o a t lines w i t h s e c o n d l i m b o f K. R : As last.


E : PAYABLE IN LONDON LIVERPOOL A. 434 OR BRISTOL

V ; / .

This is struck on small flan. Nos. 69, 70 and 71 are all rare.

21

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D

COUNTERFEITS,

ft

y.

/'
J

MS

'U'V- ]
A poor - i copy of the obv. and rev. of 1789 issue. Die flaw across obverse. 0 : A cypher R. G., crest a beehive, and
BEES. MACCLESFIELD. E x \ 1792. A. 4 5 A. 4 5 a LONDON J||||||| ANGLESF.A A. 45b BRISTOL AND LONDON

72.

h': A female seated, holding mining tools.


HALFPENNY. E : BRISTOL AND LONDON

As last, but E:
ANGLESEY

PAYABLE AT LONDON OR

As last, but E : As last, but E:


LIVERPOOL

|;i Ml OR ; ;|i|i BRISTOL

A. 45c

Plain edge. J' ^C\

73.

0 : Same die as the rev. of No. G2. R : Dated 1793.


E : PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR BRISTOL A. 46

74.

0 : This is the same die as Nos. 63, 67 and 69. R : Dated 179(5. E : As usual. A. 51 Nos. 72 and 72a are the scarcest.

No. 74, RRR.

72</, scarce.

The others, common.

M U L E S .

PENNY. 75. O: Same die as No. 66. R : Struck from ANGLESEA rev. die.
ONE P E N N Y . PENNY,

E : WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER

This is Halfpenny size oo thick flan. Rare,

22

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D .

HALFPENCE.
M U L E S .

"".iT

76.

O: As Nos. G1 and 62. l i : Vulcan seated.


E : PAYABLE AT G. GILBERTS NORTHIAM

77. 0 : The rev. of Nos. 63 and 66. R : Bust of Stanhope.


E : PAYABLE BY T. FOSTER LAMBERHURST

A. 50
7 6 a . E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL

766. E : Plain. Struck on small thin flan. A. 50a

0 The rev. of No. 65. R 'Z TP PAYABLE IN LONDON . + . + . + . + . A . 5 2 JJj f 78a. E PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. 786. E PAYABLE BY HORTOND COMPANY Is 78c. E PAYABLE AT SHARPS PORTSMOUTH AND
CHALDICOTTS CHICHESTER A 52a

78.

78tf. E

79. O : Rev. of No. 67. R : Bust of William Pitt, M.P. E : Plain A. 53

si-

i V\

'^3?
-I

'
1

I
' "

80. 0 : The rev. of Nos. 69, 70, 71 and 81. R : Arms of Liverpool.
I ? : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

81. 81a>

0 : As last. R : Figure of Bishop Blaize.


E : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL. A . 5 5

A. 54 No. 77, RRR.

Plain edge. The others, fairly common.

76a, 78a, 786, 78c, 78d and 81a, rare.

23

Cheshire.
M A C C L E S F I E L D .

FARTHINGS. 82. 0 : A cypher R. Co. MACCLESFIELD. R : A female seated holding raining tools. HALE HALFPENNY. Ex : 1789 E : Milled. A. 56 As last, but E: Engrailed. A. 56a

4-P 82a.

Bust to right. There are no buttons on the coat. R : Female seated holding mining tools. MACCLESFIELD HALF HALFPENNY. E x : 1790.

84.

O: Similar to last, but the coat has three buttons on it. R : Same as last. E : Milled. A. 58

E : Engrailed.

A. 57

85.

0 : and E : Same as No. 83. R : Similar to last, but dated 1791. E : Engrailed. A.

86.
59

O : and E : Same as No. 84. R : Similar to last, but the arrange ment of the bars of windlass, and spokes of wheel, different. E : Milled. A. 60

87.

0 ; Same as No. 83. R : Slightly different to any preceding, and dated 1792. E : Milled. A. 61 These farthings were manufactured by No. 82a, rare. Tho others, scarce.

O : Same as No. 84. R : and E : Same as last. E : Milled.


WESTWOOD,

A. 62

for sale to collectors.

82 and 83 appear to be the commonest.

21

Cornwall.
HALFPENNY
C O U N T Y .

, 4

Q \

<3?* >XrJ>'*% J^r* : ''^h. -/? *-i' i'l ~ d -.7% "3%

1. 0 : Blank. 2. 0 : A Druid's head to left. R : Shield of arms, ONE A N D ALL, &C. R : Shield of arms and coronet, &c. E : Milled. A. 1 E : Plain in collar. A. 2 Unique. Common. EngraverDROZ. Manufacturer B O U L T O N .
F A L M O U T H P E N R Y N .

I TXJ'.s ygiSgTi %VOIrfTc* ' - f 2 s e s

!J ;

' I F

3.

0 : A spread eagle, &c.


/ I : FALMOUTH | INDEPENDENT | VOLUNTEERS | 1 7 9 7 .

E : Milled. Scarce, in fine condition.


Sa. E : i PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND HALFPENNY +

A. 3
ONE

Rare.
EngraverARNOLD. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.

4. 0 : A shield of arms, &c. R : A laureated bust, &c. PENRYN V O L U N T E E R S upon a ribbon. E : Plain. A. 4 Common. 4a. E : Milled. Bare. No. 4 wax also struck in silver.
EngraverPONTHON. ManufacturerBOULTON.

(IU mberlanb.
L O W H A L L .

1. 0 : A man with a horse in a gin.


R : LOW HALL | COLLIERY | 1 7 9 7 .

E: Plain in collar. Scarce.


EngraverWYON.

A. 1

ManufacturerKEMPSON.

FARTHING.
L A K E T O K E N .

A'; ;

2. 0: A lake, with remains of a castle. R : CUMBERLAND LAKE TOKEN, &C. A 2. Raro. 3. A brockage, struck on a blank, which had previously received an impression from P I D C O C K ' S Antelope die; the singular thing is that both sides show impressions from the reverse only of No. 2.

(^"\ART II. has taken much longer to prepare than was anticipated, owing to the A number of Tokens with various edge readings, which have been very difficult In many instances, only one specimen

to trace and to determine their relative rarity. has been traced.

As, however, there may be others in cabinets of collectors who

hitherto have ignored the edge readings, we have marked these RR, instead of RRR. Later, we may be able to give a complete list of those Tokens where only one or two edge readings have been discovered. The following pieces have not yet been

traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens and also from notes that have been supplied by various collectors :
DURHAM.No. l O i . E S S E X . N o s . 4b, 8c, 10c a n d 13a. HAMPSHIRE.Nos. 1 2 a , 1 6 a , 2 1 a , 26, 2 9 d , 82, 6 7 a , 7 4 a , 9 3 a n d 1 1 8 a . KENT.Nos. 4 a , b a n d 1 1 .

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. Since the printing of Part II., a new variety has been traced : No. 4a, plain edge. R. DALTON,
PARK HOUSE, BRISTOL.

DORSETSHIRE.

S. H. HAMER,
BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

25

D e r b y s h i r e .
BUXTON.

'J.

2. O : and E : As last. l i : Similar, but with date 1706. 3. O : Similar to No. 1, but without the CENT. helmet. E : BUXTON TOKEN, and engrailed. A. 1 II : and E : As No. 1. A. 3 The following manuscript note appears in the interleaved copy of "The Virtuoso's Companion," formerly the property of the late Rev. W. K. Hay, M.A., vicar of Rochdale: "Mr. Kempson of Birmingham was employed by Mr. Tomlinson, Surgeon of Manchester, Mr. Wm. Orme, Draw1? Master & myself to get a Token Executed the Obv. of which sli'.1 be ye Crescent, the Rev, the Duke of Devonshire's Arms. He employed Wyon to execute who struck an obv. die as rep. in 4to Pye PI 12, No. 2, without a date, only 6 impressions were taken, when the die 1 broke, of the Rev rep' here & in 4to Pye as above, about 27 or 30 Imps, taken when that broke also, having been used with the new Obv as below. I never c'! get an Impres. of ye very scarce one, Mr. Barker & Mr.-Welch each had one." No. 1, RRR. 2, R. 3, scarce.

O: The sliield of arms, &c. R : Semicircular row of buildings.

Devonshire.
EXETER. A three-quarter figure of Bishop Blaize. The date 1792 divided by the figure. Shield of arms, &c. EXETER HALFPENNY.
PAYABLE PAYABLE AT AT THE THE WAREHOUSE WAREHOUSE OF OF SAMUEL KINGDON CLARKE.

. x .

(In collar)

A. 1
THOMAS

/-A!

r -;i j><>

%1L
3.

2.

0 : As last. K: The first letter of legend starts level A. 2 with the top of the pegasus' head. : As No. 1 (but not in collar). Also struck in silver. 3a.E : As last, except that " K i n g d o n " is spelt KINDON in error A. 3 ProprietorS. KINGDON. Enyrarer anil ManufacturerHANCOCK. Nos. 4-5. 0: As t h e rev. Of No. 2. GENERAL Bust to left. IOHN HOWARD F R S 5. R Bust to left in cocked hat. ELLIOT. See Warwickshire. PHILANTHROPIST. Similar to Hampshire, No. 53. /<: Milled. A. 4 E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON. A . 5 Nos. 1 a and 3, RRR. 1, 3a and 4, RR. 5, R. 2, common. Similar, but without date. Similar, but with date. As No. 1.

2G

Devonshire.
P L Y M O U T H .

f ^ n r

G.

0 : A female spinning, SAIL CANVAS MANUFACTORY. EX: 1706 K \ A man in a loom weaving. PLYMOUTH above, HALFPENNY beneath.
E : PAYABLE AT SHKPHEAKD DOVE HAMMETT & CO. X X A. G

6(1. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 6a 7. O : As last. 11: The legend is continuous, and the loom smaller. E : Plain. A. 7 No. 6 is also found with "blundered" edge, "PAY" omitted.
The writer of the " Bazaar Notes" states that Shepheard, Dove, Hammett & Co., were Hemp and Flax Manufacturers. Originally the firm consisted of eight persons, one being the Rev. William Winterbothani (see Newgate Token, Middlesex), at whose trial Benjamin Shepheard was one of the witnesses. 1 he object ot its foundation was to find employment for the poor, and to provide for the education and clothing of destitute children. EngraverARNOLD. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.
GEORGIVS HI R E X .

ProprietorsSHEPHEARD

& Co.

8. (J . Laureate bust,

11: Oval shield of arms, VISITED PLYMOUTH. This piece 'is also struck in silver. E.v: AUGUST 1789. A. 8 This and other Medalets mentioned by Atkins will be included but not illustrated.
E X E T E R .

,r/

<L -<r\ Vr

9. 0 : II: K: 10. O : It: :

Three-quarter figure of Bishop Blaize, &c. 11. O : Shield of arms, EXETEK HALF HALFPENNY 1791. H: Milled. A. 9 E : As last. Similar, but dated 1792. Milled. A. 10 Manufactured by W E S T W O O D , for sale to No. 6a, ERR. 11, RR. 7, 9 and 10, scarce.

Similar, but date 1702 added. Similar, but without date. Milled. A. 11

collectors. 6, fairly common

itmnrrrr,

Dorsetshire.
B L A N D F O R D .

1.

A pair of scales above a counter, <fcc.


W. SANGER TEA DEALER.

y, out.

li: PRO 1!ONO PUBLICO. BLANFORD HALFPENNY 1 7 9 8 . E : Milled. A. 1 la. E : Plain. A. l a Manufactured by S K I D M O R E , for sale to collectors.

27

orsetsbire.
POOLE

-".-A. ?zMM

r ffVii c ' ii Aji FMZlf S

2 5. O : T h e P r i n c e o f W a l e s ' c r e s t , &c. R. ALLEN IRONMONGER POOLE 1 7 9 7 . An anchor in an oval. 4. It: A cypher II A, &c. Engrailed. A. 2 /': Engrailed. A. 4 Plain (not in collar). f>. II: A Marine Society Boy. 2'/. / See MidPOOLE HALFPENNY &c. dlesex. Engrailed. A. 3 K : Engrailed. A. 5 He/. /:: Plain (not in collar). Manufactured by S K I D M O R E , for sale to collectors. There are uniface pieces from the reverse die of No. 2, or very similar, some being of smaller size.

A figure of Hope leaning upon an anchor, &c. The Arms of Poole, <tc.
I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND ONE HALFPENNY

. + . Milled.
PAYABLE AT BANBURY OXFORD OR READING.

A. 6 A. 6n
A. 64

6c. /: Plain. F.mjrarerARNOLD. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE. ProprietorJ. BAYLEY.

SHERBORNE. A cypher P I' < < ' IF, &c. A spread eagle, A SHERRORNE HALFPENNY . 1793
PAYABLE AT T H E BANK IN SHERBORNE + DORSET + A. 7

ManufacturerWESTWOOD. ProprietorsPRETER, PEW & Co. Atkins' No. 8 is not known, and may possibly have been described as a variety from a specimen which had been subjected to some pressure, whereby the claws appeared thicker.

ems?

0 II K
:

A building,
PRETER | PEW

SHERBORNE HALFPENNY. & | W11ITTY DORSET BANK IN | | BANKERS 179G. A. 9 J. WESTWOOD,

0: A cypher P
SHERBORNE HALFPENNY

W ,( P, 1796, &c.
TOKEN VALUE ONE

| SHERBORNE PAYABLE AT T H E -)- DORSET +

SHERBORNE

Manufactured by

1!: A spread eagle, STET E : Plain. JUNR. ; for sale to collectors.

FORTUNA DOMUS.

A. 10

In the Universal British Directory, the name of firm is given as " Pretor, Pew, and Whitby." As Nos. 8 and 9 were manufactured by Westwood, for sale to collectors, and hence made without the authority of the fictitious proprietors, this may account for the manner of spelling the names. S. Pretor was postmaster.

28

Dorsetshire.
P O O L E .

0 : A figure of Hope leaning on an 11. 0 : anchor, &c. R: The A r m s of Poole, Sec. R : E : Milled. A. 11 11. E : 10a. /'. : Plain. jfo. 10a was also str/tclc in
W E Y M O U T H .

10.

Similar, but the small s is inverted, and the large dot omitted. and K : A s last. A. 12 Plain (not in collar). A. 12a brass.

12.

0-: Bust to right, c . i . under, <tc.


R: VISITED | WEYMOUTH | JUNK 3 0 | 1789. A. 13

Nos. 2, 2d, 3 a and 5, R R l l . condition.

1 a, 4, 6 b and 6c, RR. 1, 3, 8 and 9, R. 7, scarce in fine 10 and 11a, scarce. The others, common.

u r b a m .
B A R N A R D C A S T L E .

1.

O : An ancient ruin .

BERNARDS . CASTLE . DURHAM.

A. 1

I h i s f o r m s part of the Globe series, and will be illustrated with the others.
S U N D E R L A N D .

BfllDKfi he

(/ 3 egtrn-5 e p-24' SUifiS 2. 0 : View of a bridge, &c.


NEAR SUNDERLAND 100 FEET. PENNY HEIGHT

IRON Ex \

BRIDGE FEET OPENED

3.

O : View of a bridge, &c.


TOKEN, & c .

SUNDERLAND .

SL'AN

236

R : IRON BRIDGE OVER THE RIVER WEAR, &c. E : ON DEMAND IN WE LONDON X . TO PAY PROMISE LIVERPOOL OR ONE ANGLESEY . . E : ON DEMAND PENNY. A 3

R : Two ships, &c.

AUGT. 9 . 1 7 9 6 . TOKEN.

EX
A. 2

SUNDERLAND 1 7 9 7 .

This was also struck in lead. EngraverW Y O N.

. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 3a

Aos. 3 and 3b appear to hare been struck over Avi/lesea Pennies, and show some oj the former impressions ; A'o. 3a over a Bath Penny of M. Lamb <( Son. I ye docs not include these or the halfpennies, and there is every reason to believe they were made for collectors, though possibly No. i may have been made as a sort of medalet to celebrate the opening of the bridge. 1 his undertaking was estimated to cost upwards of twenty-five thousand pounds. Sir Ralph Milbanke, Bart., of 39, Hurley Street, London, Mr. Lambton, and Mr. Rowland buidon, M.l ., also of Ilarley Street, contributed several thousand pounds. No. 3a, RRR. 3 and 3b, RR. 2, R.

Diubam.
SOUTH ** m l & I y 4. 0 A figure of F a i t h s t a n d i n g , h o l d i n g a book. SOUTH S H I E L D S HALFPENNY . 1 7 9 4 . A ship. DON S U C C E S S TO T H E AT SOUTH COAL T R A D E . AND LON-

'20

SHIELDS.

n
E

PAYABLE

SHIELDS

. X X . in silver.

A. 4 - 5

This

was also struck

Atkins 4 and 5 are described in a similar manner to those in Sharp, but the latter adds that the die-flaw extended from the 7 in date. There are specimens where a die-flaw commences to the left of the exergue line and follows the legend till it reaches the die-flaw in date ; these are in very fine condition, but are from dies which have been polished up, thereby effacing some of the design. The reverse die has also been similarly treated, but not to so great an extent. The probability is, Atkins repeated the error of Sharp, who regarded as from other dies what was only from the cracked and polished ones. Emjraver W Y O N . ManufacturerKEMPSON. Aifcjw.
NOS. 5. />':

5-7.

O: A s t h e

rev. of No. 4.

E:
6.

A figure of H o p e , S U C C E S S TO 1T R A D E AND COMMERCE. See Essex. P A Y A B L E IN L O N D O N , a n d e n g r a i l e d . - X - A. 6


MAY I P E A C E I i t P L E N T Y PIUNCE 1 & | ACCOMPANY | T H E See PRINCESS 1 OF 1 WALES.

II-

^fSlgjgte 1 c J " M

E: Grt. E: 7.
8.

Middlesex. As last. Plain.


ASSOCIATED IRISH MINERS ARMS.

A. 7

II: E: 0: I!: E:

As No.

5. PAYABLE

A.
.

51 IN .

, Wicklow
. DURHAM .

S h i e l d of a r m s .
. OR . L O N D O N .

An a n c h o r a n d cable,
HALFPENNY 1 7 9 G .

SOUTH

SHIELDS

Engrailed. Issued b y
GORTON.

A.

8M.

E : Plain.

STOCKTON. 9. O : H e l m e d b u s t , PROMISSORY HALFPENNY. 11: A l a r g e s h i p sailing. P R O BONO P U B L I C O 1794.


: 9<J. E 9h. E P A Y A B L E AT K I N R T O N S S T O C K T O N . A. 9 : L O N D O N L I V E R P O O L Olt M O N T R O S E . : P A Y A B L E AT S . S A L M O N S I C O U R T N E Y & E F R O S T PORTSEA X COURTNEY"

T h e r e is o n e w i t h " b l u n d e r e d " edge, " i omitted.

EmjraverWYON. ManufacturerKEMPSON. 1 'ruprieturKINUTON.

80

Bur bam.
:0'T7-y/> .
S U N D E R L A N D . 10. O : . WEARMOUTN BRIDGE . E R E C T E D , &C. 11 : IRON | BRIDGE, &C.

K : Plain (not in collar). lOrt. J'j : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER in;


lVll. JOE.

A. 10
I,ONIM)N OR BRISTOL.
A

b'
r. : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

"

10

"

A . 1 Ob I I " n TI V/ FLLES!LME
A r m s of

]. : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR BALLYMURTAGH.


AS LART

1 0 < i . h : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OK THOMAS CLARKE.

Orchard ' A. 11 (ace note after No. 3.) Tim was also struck in lead. Nos. 6a, 9, lOn, 10/-, 10c, 10rf and lOe, RR. H, 8a, 9 a, 96 and 10, R. 11, scarce. 5, 6 and 7, fairly common. No. 4 is common with the flaw, but rare without it.

10,'. E Milled

'

ssej\
E P P I N G .

SI 11 r.LINCr

(struck

ill copper).

1.

O : A stag and a tree. It : A star and garter I s

VALUE ONE SHILLING. EPPING FOREST 1 7 9 6 .

A : SPENCE X DEALER X IN X COINS X LONDON X

The 9 and 0 are retrograde. A. 1 l a . K : Milled. A. l a 16. K : Plain (not in collar). A. 1 6 Issued hy S P E N C E , for sale to collectors. No. la, RR. 1 and 16, R.
W A N S T E A D .

1'h'NNY. 2. O : View of a gentleman's seat .


WANSTEAD . HOUSE . ON . E P P I N G . FOREST.

A. 2

J P h i s f o r m s part of the Globe series issued by S K I D M O R E , and will be illustrated with the other portion. s u m ZF ?mr
MT..m
B R A I N T R E E .

9 gi M

0
n

A building, BKAINTREE cfc HOCKING HALFPENCE. V..I : MDCCXCIV. I* igure of 1 fope. SUCCESS TO TRADE AND COMMERCE. Period close to anchor.
PAYABLE AT W GOLDSMITHS BRAINTREE E S S E X IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER.

M m
m J

8a. K PAYABLE O: As last.

&

11. Similar to last. Period midway between legend and anchor A. 4 4a. K : Plain (not in collar). A. 4a
4B. 4C. 4'/. K : WE PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ONE CENT. A . 4b X X ]', : PAYABLE AT SOUTH S H I E L D S AND LONDON X H : PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER X X X

/&F11 %r

Ktujraver

WYON.

ManufacturerIVEMPSON.

No. 4 was alao struck in silver. Proprietor.W. 3, R.

GOLDSMITH.

NOS. 3a, 4 a, b, c, d, RR.

4, common.

jssey.
C H E L M S F O R D .

31

S rr rr

5.

O : A building, SHIRE HALL. 7?: A crown, sceptre, Ac.


CONSTITUTION 1 7 9 4 E : PAYABLE AT CLACHAR FORD E S S E X . & Co's

56. 7'7 : PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON . X X KING AND 5c. CHELMSA. G A . 6(1 5ll. : PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & CASTER . X X E : CURRENT EVERYWHERE

A. 66
LANA . 6C

5(1. E : RICHARD BACON COCKY LANE.

5e. E: Plain (not in collar). A. G(? The reverse of No. 5 generally shows die flaws, and by reason of the die having been polished up, the design is partly obliterated. rev. o f No. 5. 8. II: A dove flying, PEACE AND See Hampshire, No. 11.
E : RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE.

Nos. 6-8. 0 As G. Ft: As rev. of No. 4. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 5 6. E: Plain. A. 5a 7. R: A figure of Hope, PROSPERITY TO OLD ENGLAND. See Norfolk. E : Milled. A. 7
7(7. E : PAYABLE AT I . IORDAN DRAPER GOSPORT.

PLENTY.

A. 9

8a. K: CURRENT EVERYWHERE. S b. E: Plain (not in collar). 8c. E: PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER.

A. 9rt A. 96

76. E : Plain. For Atkins' Nos. 8-8c, see No. '20, Hampshire.
EngraverWYON. ManufacturerKEMPSON. Proprietor*CLACIIAR & Co. William Clachar, Bookseller, Printer, Bookbinder, Distributor of Stamps, Agent to the Sun Fire Insurance Office, Appraiser and Auctioneer, at the Medical Warehouse and Public Library.
C O L C H E S T E R .

r.

Ay J m i

%
9. 0: A view of Colchester Castle. E.r: 1794. The castle does not extend to the edge of the coin, and a flaw runs down the centre of the die. [I: A loom. SUCCESS TO THE BAY
TRADE. E : PAYABLE AT CHARLES HEATHS BAY MAKER COLCHESTER . X . A. 10

0 : A slightly different view of the Castle carried out to the edge. R : and E : Same as last. A. 11 10tt. E : RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE. A. llrt
10.
106. K 10c. : WILLEY LEY. E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE STRIDE X X X X SNEDSHILL BERSHAM BRAD-

A. 116
OF IOHN

10f/. E : Plain (not in collar).


-KEMPSON.

A. 11c

hni/raverWYON.

Manu Manufacturerfacturer-

ProprietorC.

HEATH.

NOS. 5a, c, d, Go, 7 a, b, 8, 6, c, 106, c, d, IiR.

5c, R.

9 and lOo, scarce.

The others, common.

32

sscy.
ul 0
..

DUNMOW. 0 : Shield of arms. N A flitch of bacon, E Milled.


MAY DUNMOW PROSPER 1 7 9 3 . PAYABLE AT DUNMOW EKSEX.

A. 12
A . 1 till

SKIDMORE HOLBORN I.ONDON.

i ' j D j f , The i) of

Plain (not in collar). A. 126 No. 11 was also struck in brass. D D N M O W " has been cut in the die retrograde, then altered. Nos. 22 32. O; T h e r e v . of No. 11. 22. It Bust of David Gairick, Esq. See Middlesex, A. 155. E Milled. A. 22 22a. E Plain (not in collar). A. 22a 23. 11 and E : The same as No. 13. A. 23 23a. E Milled. A. 23a 236. E Milled. Over SKIDMORE LONDON. 23c. E Plain. 24. 11 The same as No. 14. E Milled. A. 24 25. I! A guillotine, Ac. See Middlesex. E SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON A. 2 5 20. 11 The same as No. 15.
];
SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON. A. 20

Nos. 12-21. 0 : As last. 12. I I : Hendon Hendon Church Church. See Middlesex. A. 13 12a. E: Milled. 13. II: A register stove. See Middlesex. (Skidmore.)
A. 14

]', : SKIDMORE HOI,HORN LONDON.

13. 14.

As last, but E : Milled.

A. 14a

15.

R : Two men working in a forge. (Skidmore.) See Middlesex. /.': Milled. A. 15 I!: Destroyed by fire, &c. See Middlesex. Rev. die. A. 399 E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON A. 10 11: St. Paul's, Covent Garden. See Middlesex. Obv. die. A. 399
7*.': SKIDMORE HOLIIORN LONDON.

16.

17.

11: The Tree of Liberty. See Middlesex. J?: Milled. 11: View of a street, itc. shire.

(Spence.) A. 17 See YorkA. 11


A. 18

18.

E : SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON.

19.

I I : Two busts, LOUIS XVI ET M. ANTOINETTE Ac. See Not Local. A. 91 E : Milled. A. 19 This nas also struck in brass.

20. I I : As last, but with the date 17 95 at sides. See Not Local. A. 94
E : SKIDMORE HOLUOKN LONDON. A. 2 0

20a 21.

Milled.

R : Bust of Earl Howe, &c. See Hampshire, No. 33. E : Milled. A. 21 No. 20 is from the same die as No. 19, after same had been softened and the date added. (Compare the marks of die corrosion and defective letters.) Issued by SKIDMOBE, for sale to collectors.
The custom of giving the flitch of bacon to those who would on oath declare that neither had at any time transgressed or offended the other, or wished themselves unmarried again, for a twelvemonth and a day, was instituted by Walter KiUwalter, who died in 1198. For a description at length, see Hone's Every-Day Book, Vol. 2.

Milled. A. 20a Engrailed. A cat. See Middlesex. (Spence.) Milled. A. 27 Odd Fellow. See Middlesex. ]: Milled. (Spence). A cypher II' G M Ac. See Wilt29. it shire. A. 28 30. 11 A cypher 1 O M &c. See Yorkshire. A. 29 E SKIDMORE IIOLBORN LONDON. 31. 1: An anchor and cable. See Hampshire, No. 33 Rev. A. 30 E Milled. 31a. E Engrailed. See 32. 11 MUR D BY THE FACTIOUS & c . Not Local. A. 31 E: Milled.

20a. E 206. E 27. II E 28. li

Nos. 12a, 13, a, 14, 10, 18, 20, 236, c, 24, 25, 20a, 6, 27, 28, 29, 31 and 31a, RR. 11a, 15, 17, 20a, 21, 23a, 20, 30 and 32, 11. 11, 22, a, and 23, scarce. 116 and 12, fairly common.

33

escy.
H O R N G H U R G H .

UA.VZ.il 1UC,

f t
SUCCESS TO

33.

(): Crowned bust, with sceptre. II: A castle within a shield, &c.

34. A. 32

O : Similar to last, excepting that the 1 in the date lias a square top. A. 33

Kn<jrm>er-PONTHOK.

ManufacturerBOULTON.

MALDON.
35. 0 : Shield of arms, Ac.
T H E 1IOROUGH O F MALDON.

II: The arms and crest of the Watchmakers Co., A;c.


K : PAYABLE AT W. DRAPERS WATCHMAKER MALDON E S S E X . X X . A. 34

M r i

/,' ii ;i rare r-

1 >AVIES.

ManufacturerGOOD.

W A R L E Y .

jy .
-?

i jf. &

t>-\

m,..'

3G.

0 : Bust to right,
WALES.

GEORGE

PRINCE

OF

II: The

prince's
CAMP CAMP

crest

and

motto. A. 35 R

HALFPENNY 1 7 9 4 . K : WARLEY 3G<(. E : WARLEY HALFPENNY HALFPENNY . X . X . X . MDCCXCIV

Similar to preceding, excepting that the line of forehead comes to the letter N, whereas in the former it came to the letter E ; the end of legend is closer also to the bust, and K : As No. 30a. A. 36

.X.X.x

A. 35a O : As last. H : A period at end of legend. K : Same as No. 36. A. 37 38a. As last, but A' : same as No. 36a. A. 37a

With the exception of these for Warley Camp, and those for Brighton Camp, Sussex, all having a reference to the Prince of Wales are placed to London.

Nos. 3Ga, 37 and 38, scarce.

The others, fairly common.

34

seey.
W O O D F O R D .

39.

0 : A wheatsheaf and sickle between doves, 1790. It: A pair of compasses, wheel, saw, and axe. T O K E N E S S E X 1796 within a circle. w. B R O O K S C A R P E N T E R
WOODFORD .

E : Plain (not in collar).


PAYABLE AT PAYABLE PAYABLE AT HIS N. OFFICE NEWPORT. I i O I X l N G ltltOOK LONDON

A. 38
A . 38(7

HABERDASHER OR B R I S T O L .

ifcc.

NORWICH & CO.

PAYABLE IN L A N C A S T E R AT T H E

W A R E H O U S E O F IONATHAN

GARTON

Milled. Nos. 40-1. 40. 41. 0 : As t h e r e v . of No. 3 9 . - [ytio (/

It: The Prince of Wales' crest, &c. See Herts. A. 39 11: A man weaving in a loom, N O T H I N G
WITHOUT INDUSTRY 1795. See

Dublin.

A. 40

As Denton is the person responsible for these tokens, it is questionable whether W. FSrooks had any more to do with them than James Metcalf, of liedale, had to do with those bearing his name.

Nos. 39a, b, c, 11 and e, PR.

39, 40 and 41, P.

L E I G H .

42.

0 : View of a church,
11 D E A L E R IN ALL

HEMMIN L E I G H . OF HARDWARE

SjZ.-.LE

KIND

lri.t.hL,

179G. Scarce.

A. 41

This farthing was a puzzle to the writer and readers of the "Bazaar Notes." The nearest approach to a solution which I can get, is John Fleming, Whitesmith, of Worcester; there is, about seven miles distant, a large parish named Leigh, l'ye does not record it, and probably it was no more a currency token than those of Woodford.
W O O D F O R D .

Atkins' No. 42 error; no one has and the reference 35-12) agrees with 42.

is evidently an seen this piece, given (Conder, No. 43 and not

43.

O: Struck from the ccntre of rev. die of No. 39. R : The Prince of Wales' crest, &c., from the centre of No. 40. A. 43 Scarce.

(Slouccstcrsbire.
G L O U C E S T E R .

35

4 p i
I L f
cnoo

GLOCESTKR CATHEDRAL. ST. MARY 1)E CKYPT C H U H C I I . S T . MARY D E L O D E .

A.

A. 3 A. O

Similar to last, but with two mttresses and a spout added. A. G


ST. ST. ST. 8. 9. O : WHITE FRIARS. 0 : THE HIGH CROSS. A. A. 19 15 MICHAEL S CHURCH. NICHOLAS' JOHN'S CHURCH. CHURCH. 10. 11. A. 8 A. A. 10 17 A. A. 12 14

O : T H E COUNTY G A O L . 0 : ST. liARTHOLOMEw's HOSPITAL.

Nos. 1-11. 12. 0 : As No. 13. (): As No. 14. (> : As No.

li. K E M P S O N S ' S die, A.These are easily met with. No. 4 is the scarcest. 1A. 2 15. O: As No. 5A. 9 18. O : As No. 8A. 20 2A. 4 l(i. 0 : As No. 6A. 11 19. U : As No. 9A. 16 4A. 7 17. O : As No. 7A. 18 20. 0 : As No. 10A. 13

Nos. 12 t o 20. Ill the nineteenth century Ottley engraved a new reverse die B, and using the obverse dies hy Wyon, struck a set in white metal, with the exception of No. 3 (St. Mary de Lode, without the buttresses), as this die had been altered by Wyon, who a d d e d the buttresses anil spout, and No. 14 (St. Bartholomew's Hospital), the die of which broke. Nos. 14 and 19 are known in copper bronze.

Ihese are all scarce.

No. 14 (white metal) and Nos. 14 and 19 (copper), rare.

At tl>e Chetwynd sale, J u l y 1872, lot 161, a set with the exception of Nos. 3, 4, and 7, struck in silver, with Kempson s reverse, were sold for jQ2 I i v ; and lot 162, a set with Ottley's reverse, struck in silver gilt, were sold for 2 7s. T h e s e are extremely rare, if not unique, and are in the British Museum collection. At a later period, after the dies had become corroded, copper bronzed specimens of Nos. 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19 ) a n d 20, were struck with Ottley's reverse. T h e s e are rare.

36

Gloucestershire.
GLOUCESTER. 21. O: View of cathedral.
ST. PETER .

GLOUCESTER.

R: A c y p h e r T It b e t w e e n p a l m branches. B R I T I S H . P E N N Y . 1797.
E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE BEARER ONE PENNY X A. 21 GORTON

Engraved by

JACOB

and issued by T H O M A S for sale to collectors. Rare.

B A D M I N T O N . 0 It: A beggar receiving alms.


AND YE GAVE ME MEAT. TO T H E I L L U S T R I O U S D U K E OF BEAUFORT T H E OF WHEAT MANKIND REDUCED TO 9.1 PR. K HIS THE WORTHY PRICE OF A.D. FRIEND THEIR /?, I WAS HUNGRY

frrrr>l !-y JllUSTiUUUa. Pt&VY.2 4 ZJ.t/3U


THZ -

TENANTS WHO

|/

BUSHEL

jriiiiiinrj -rental Vp f -

tU&iWQ/l S

1795. In ten lines between sprigs of laurel and oak.


E : BADMINTON TOKEN . X . X . X . X . X . X . X . X . A . 22

22<i.

: Plain.

A. 22(7.

i".

r*"'"-. M l.

T h i s obv. f o r Nos. 2 3 - 3 0 . 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. R : R: It: R: R : R: R: R : 44. 45. The obv. of No. 22. The rev. of No. 22. A ship. A plough. A wlieatsheaf. Pair of scales. Pair of scales, 3 | lb. Pair of scales, 6J lb.

T h i s o b v . f o r Nos. 3 1 - 7 . 3 3' 8
3

T h i s obv. f o r Nos. 38 43. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. R: R : R: R : n : It: The obv. of No. 22. The rev. of No. 22. A wlieatsheaf. Pair of scales. Pair of scales, 3 i lb. Pair of scales, 6J lb.

R: R: R: R: R: R: R:

The obv. of No. 22. The rev. of No. 22. A plough. A wlieatsheaf. Pair of scales. Pair of scales, 3 J lb. Pair of scales, O A lb.

R : The obv. of No. 22. R : The rev. of No. 22.

46. 47. 48.

R : Pair of scales. R : Pair of scales, 3^ lb. R : Pair of scales, 6 A lb.

T h i s obv. f o r Nos. 4 4 8.

37 Gloucestershire.
B A D M I N T O N .

3 sn

Ir
o 3 a i a /jg This 49. 50. 51. 52. o b v . f o r Nos. 49 52. H : The obv. of No. 22. /(': The rev. of No. 22. 11: Pair of scales, 3 i lb. 7)': Pair of scales, lb. This 53. 54. 55. obv. f o r Nos. 5 3 - 5 . 11: The obv. of No. 22. 11: The rev. of No. 22. 11: Pair of scales, 6 i lb.

PA- i
'

j j 02 li >L

T h i s o b v . f o r Nos. 56 7. 5(5. 11: The obv. of No. 22. 57. B : The rev. of No. 22.
< F E ARNOTT,

I'.ngrarerWILLETS.

ManufacturerKEMPSON.

ProprietorsJELLY

of Bath.

I lie Badminton series Die not currency tokens, Init were struck to perpetuate the memory of llie Duke of Beaufort, and to illustrate incidents connected with a period of scarcity of corn, and arc all rather scarce.
B R I M S C O M B E P O R T .

' ' \ " & - .

T7T8T 0 : A barge, with striped sails, B : The entrance into a tunnel.


TFIAMES AND SEVERN CANAL.

K : PAYABLE AT BRIMSCOMBE PORT X

0 : Similar to last, excepting that the sails are plain. R: and V, : As last.
^

A. 38

j'.dc Similar to last, hut without the two dots x Similar, but not from same die. As last. GOrt. k
GLAMORGAN HALFPENNY.

A. 39

0 : Similar to last, but with a flaw at the edge of sails. 11: Similar ; a line cuts the brickwork level with the bottom of arch. V. : As No. 58. A. 40 No. 61 iran also struck in silver. Nos. 58 and G0, E R R . The others, fairly common. hngraver anil ManufacturerHANCOCK. ProprietorsTHE T H A M E S & S E V E R N CANAL C O . The reverse shows the entrance to the tunnel at Sapperton, which is two and a half miles in length

38

Gloucestershire.
GLOUCESTER.

<

IB

: A distant view of the city of Gloucester.


SUCCESS TO T H E TRADE & COMMERCE.

: A ship sailing,
:

GLOCESTER & BERKLEY CANAL. A . 11 A . 4 1 (I

- -

: PAYABLE AT GLOCESTER. PAYABLE AT I.JORDAN'S DRAPER GOSPORT

: : : :

Milled. Plain (not in collar). As last. The middle E is now added to

A. 416 A. 41c
BERKELEY. A. 42

: PAYABLE AT GLOCESTER.

: Plain (not in collar). A. 42a No. GS was also struck in silver and brass.
it <1 racerWYON. Manufacturer-KEMPSON.
CANAL

ProprietorsTHE

Co. (S3, fairly common

h, and (ion, RJ.llt.

62c, E .

NEWENT.

A shield,

&C.

INDUSTRY

LEADS TO

HONOUR. J . MOUSE NEWENT &C.,

GLOCESTERSH IRE,

1796.

PAYABLE AT NEWENT.

The remainder engrailed. A. 43 EngraverWYON. Manufacturer 65, scarce No. 65a, 11RR.

O : As last. It: Similar, but THOUSAND instead of " Thousands." K : As last. A. 44 65a. E : As last. Plain (not in collar), on thin flan. A. 44a KEMPSON. ProprietorJ. M O R S E . in line condition. 64, common. 71. 72. U : and It: Similar, but -with c . i under bust. O : and R : Similar, but with i B under bust. EARTHING SIZE, Sc Edges.

65.

CHELTENHAM.
66.

HALFPENNY SIZE. Bust to right, GEORGIYS H I . The; order and motto of the garter.
CHELTENHAM . 1 7 8 8 .

67.

SMALL FARTHING O: As No. 66. It: As No. 66.

SIZE. A. 50

SMALL 73. 74. 0 0: It : 0 : R: <>\ R: It:

LARGE FARTHING SIZE, Scolloped Edges. 68. 0 : Laureated bust to right, DAVIES under it. GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA. R : Shield crowned, the date 1788 under it. CHELTENHAM . JUI.Y . 12. A. 45 69. 0 : Very similar to No. 68, but without the period after GRATI V. R : As No. 68. 70. 0 : Similar to last, but with w. A. & co. under the bust. R : Shield as before, but the date follows the legend. A. 46

75. 76. 77.

and R : Similar to No. 70, w. A. it co. under bust. Bust as before, with c . i . under it, the last i between the two laurel leaves. Similar to last. A. 47 Very similar to last. The second i is between two laurel leaves. As last. Bust as before, with i . B . under it. Similar to last. A. 48 Similar, but with i. H. & co. under bust. Similar to other.

89

Ibampsbirc.
In arranging these tokens, it has been thought advisable to transfer to this section those having reference to Earl Howe, John Howard, Nelson, and Naval Farthings, and which appear in Atkins under
" N O T LOCAL."

The edge-reading cannot always be taken as a guarantee that the specimen was intended for local currency. By reason of the quantity struck, and the fact that the edge-reading

was "rolled" on the " b l a n k s " previous to such receiving the impression from the dies, it will be readily understood that, in some instances, it has no connection with the design on obverse or reverse. The grouping of tokens on the lines here indicated, will be of material assistance in the identification of
specimens,

especially to those with whom the study is a new pursuit.

SHILLING.
B A S I N G S T O K E .

1.

O: A barge, HASINGSTOKE CANAL. 1!: A wheelbarrow, &c. IOIIN PINKERTON.


VALUE ONE S H I L L I N G .

WMW2

OiJ

]\ : Engrailed.

A. 1

passed current among the workmen engaged in making the canal. John Pinkerton was the Secretary, and doubtless several of the early impressions would be given to shareholders and others who would naturally be interested in the undertaking and also in the novel local cunency.
G O S P O R T .

J.I AW

2.

The British Standard and a drum between four flags, DRITAIN TRIUMPHANT.

O: As last. II: A large raft.


ING RAFTS.

FRENCH FOLLY IN RUILD-

Ex:

A.D.

1798. A. 3

IX K

T. WOOD, &E. I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE A. 2 BEARER ONE PENNY X

E : As No. 2.

40

1b a 111 p s b i r c . NETLEY.
4. 0 : N E T L E Y AliBY H A N T S .

It: A cypher T G.
E : I PROMISE TO

BRITISH PENNY PAY ON

1797. fa
THE A. 4

DEMAND

BEARER ONE PENNY X

Issued

BY T H O M A S G O R T O N

for sale to collectors.

SOUTHAMPTON. 0 : Helmed bust


SR. BEVOIS. SOUTHAMPTON H A L F P E N N Y .

7? : Shield of arms, &c.


E : ON DEMAND PENNY. WE PROMISE TO PAY ONE

T/ti.s is struck on thick flan from the halfpenny dies of No. 84. Probably this was a die-sinker's speculation, with the intent of it being disposed of as a rarity to some Collector. See Fieldings, Manchester; Dennis. Middlesex, etc.

6.

0 : ADMIRAL EARL

HOWE.

I I : T H E MEMORABLE VICTORY, &C.

A. 22, Not Local.

7.

O: As last. II: Very similar, but with trefoil after date. These are medals, and struck in white metal.

8.

0 : Bust of Admiral Nelson, &c.


It : IN M E M O R Y , < t c . !' : I P R O M I S E TO PAY T H E HEARER ONE PENNY.

I a. E : Plain.

A. 2G, Not Local. 1 A. 26</, Not Local.

Rarity Nos. 5 and 8<i, ERR.

8, RR.

2, 3 and 4, R.

1, G and 7, fairly common.

41 Ibampsbiic.
E M S W O R T H .

9. '4- jr Jg m

0 : A ship sailing, EMSWORTH. R: A female seated, HALFPENNY. E: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF


X X X X

1793.
IOHN STRIDE

/G

^ 4'

sMm.

0: and E : As last. R: Similar to last, but dated 1791. 0: The rev. of No. 9. 1798. R: A dove Hying, &c. PEACE AND P L E N T Y . E: CURRENT EVERY W H E R E > H a . E: EAMES HOLLAND & ANDREWS P E T E R S F I E L D . A. 7a lib. E: PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER. Hi'. E: PAYABLE AT T H E STORE OF X X X X 11,1. E : PAYABLE AT LEEK STAFFORDSHIRE. lie. E : Plain (not in collar). 12. 0 : The rev. of No. 10. 1794 1!: T h e r e v . of N o . 1 1 . PEACE AND PLENTY. E EMSWORTH HALFPENNY PAYABLE BY IOHN
STRIDE.

12a. E : 126. K : 12c. E :

EAMES HOLLAND & ANDREWS P E T E R S F I E L D . PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON CURRENT EVERY W H E R E X

A. Nr A. 8d

12d. E : PAYABLE AT DALLY'S CHICHESTER. i2c. : Plain (not in collar).

13
13. 0 : EARL HOWE OF J U N E . & THE GLORIOUS FIRST

The queue points to j, the & is close to the E and T. R : Britannia seated, RULE BRITANNIA. 1794. The point of spear touches the R.
E PAYABLE AT LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

A. 96 13a. E : Plain (not in collar). This is struck on large and small flans. 14. 0 : As last. R : A ship, VAL . T BRITTISH TARS.
7<! PAYABLE . . . . AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON
1 5

A. 9a

14a E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 15a Y.1 j

Similar to No. 13. The queue points between u and j, the & further from E and T. R: Similar to No. 13. The spear does not touch R. E: EMSWORTH HALFPENNY PAYABLE BY IOHN STRIDE X A. 9
EngraverWYON. ProprietorJOHN

STRIDE,

Manufactu rerKEMPSON. a Grocer and Tea-dealer.

42

Ibampsbire.
o -: ^'Ts
E M S W O R T H .

Nos. 16-21. T h e s a m e o b v . d i e a s No. 15. i. n : A ship, P R O BONO P U B L I C O . K : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . A. 13 16". K : W E P R O M I S E TO PAY T H E B E A R E R O N E C E N T . ': A ship, H A L F P E N N Y above. ': As No. 16. a
: A MAP O F F R A N C E .

-9

'j 'V *
&
<r '

t * J-.

: As No. 16. : Plain (not in collar).


: MAY G R E A T B R I T A I N E V E R , & C .

A. 16

%\U %: * *A HOUGH *.^lh

: As No. 16. : Milled.


: : :

A. 17 A. 17a K I N G AND C O N S T I T U T I O N 1794. See Chelmsford. PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN L O N D O N . A. 8, Essex.


CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

PAYABLE AT J . J O R D A N D R A P E R G O S P O R T

: Milled. : Engrailed. : Plain (not in collar). Similar to No. 15. Dated 1795.
: E M S W O R T H H A L F P E N N Y P A Y A B L E BY I O H N S T R I D E X

/ is, Vr'<

y i \ *- < s&L

M y
) J

A yij-rz " T O yjizrzers 2 1 1A v a a G ^ninG

21 a .

..... , : Milled. The rev. of last. P'f'"A larger bust.


and /'. : A s N o .

A. 10
BRITANNIA 1 7 9 5 .

21

A WAY TO P R E V E N T K N A V E S G E T T I N G A T R I C K

A. 18 The lint, points to E.


21. BBITANNIA 1 7 9 5 . PAYABLE AT A. THo's A. 11a 11

fW %

23U.

/-.

PORTSMOUTH SHARP'S.

HALFPENNY

P A Y A B L E IN L O N D O N .

The remainder engrailed. A. 11/) A. l i e

PAYABLE AT W . G O L D S M I T H S HRA1NTREE E S S E X .

. , As last.
R U L E BRITANIA, 1 7 9 7 . PAYABLE IN L O N D O N .

26.

The remainder engrailed. A. Similar to last. The front of hat under H. A female standing. L I B E R T Y IT C O M M E R C E . : As last. A. 20 As last.
and : As No. 23. BRITANNIA 1 7 9 5 .

.<(

Co

27.

A bust. As last.

ADMIRAL E A R L H O W E ,

S U C C E S S TO C O M M E R C E , BUXTON T O K E N .

1797. &c. See Spalding. The remainder engrailed.


BRITANIA STRIDE. 1797.

As No. 24. PAYABLE BY

RULE IOHN

engrailed.

The remainder
A 12

43

Ibampsbire.

-9 rr^" o <? z?) -r< i W b^/vM r ,J W*

Nos. 29-34. 29.

O: V e r y s i m i l a r t o No. 13, with


THE GUARD & GLORY OR 112

HALFPENNY

and 1795 added.


THE

B : A large ship.
OF BRITAIN.

30.

B: A . smaller ship sailing to left. E:


PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON A.

WOODEN WALLS OF OLD ENGLAND. OXFORD A. OR 113 BRISTOL.

E 29a. E 29ft. E 29c. E

; PAYABLE

AT

BANBURY

READING. ; PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR AT MURTAGH. '

BALLYA. 112 . + .

P A Y A B L E IN D U B L I N OR X.ONDON + IN SUFFOLK BATH OR A.

A. 112ft
: PAYABLE MAN112c CHESTER.

30a. 80ft. 30c. 30*/. 31. 32.

A. 112i/ 29/. E : Engrailed. 29c. E : Milled. 29/. E : Plain. On a very small flan. A. 112c

E : P A Y A B L E AT LONDON . + . - j - . A . 1 1 3 ( 1 E: P A Y A B L E AT LONDON OR D U B L I N . 1 1 3 f t E : CURRENT EVERY WHERE. A. 113c E: Plain. R U L E BRITANNIA. B: Britannia seated. No date. See Middlesex, A. 343. A. 114 E : Engrailed. R U L E BRITANNIA B : Britannia seated. 1794. E: P A Y A B L E AT L O N D O N L I V E R P O O L OR
BRISTOL.

B : Female seated holding mining tools.


HALFPENNY. II: K x . \ 1790. A. 115 M U R ' D BY T H E F A C T I O U S , & C .

E: Milled. 0 : A rather different bust.


FRENCH EVER KNOW R U L E T H E MAIN +

A. 116 M A Y THE
HOWE TO

B : An anchor and cable.


ORATION OF J U N E OF T H E + 17 94.

IN COMMEMGLORIOUS FIRST

E : Milled. 35a. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 117 A. 117

30.

B : Bust of
E

DAVID

The obv. of No. 35 occurs with the following reverses : 37. B: A cat, &c. GARRICK, E S Q .
A. 118 38.

See Middlesex.

A. 119

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

B : M C H " BY T H E F A C T I O U S , &c.

36a. E:

Milled.

E : Obliquely grained.

0 : A much smaller bust than before, with sprigs under it. I N S C R I B E D


TO T H E TARS OF OLD E N G L A N D .

B : An anchor and cable.


ORATION OF THE OF J U N E 1 7 9 4 .

IN C O M M E M GLORIOUS FIRST A. 120

This is struck in white metal. 11 a, c, d, 12, a, d, 16a, 18a, 19a, 20b, d, 21 a, 23a, c, 26, 29'/, e, SOd 31, 32, 34, 36, a, 37, 38 and 39, BR. lift, c, 12c, 13a, 14, 20c, 22, 23ft, 24, 29, 30c and 35a, R. 14a, 27, 28 and 35, scarce. The others, fairly common.

44

Ibampsbire.
G O S P O R T .

s.-l

40.

O: Helmed
R: A

bust

of

Sir

Bevois.
PRO BONO The

41.

PROMISSORY H A L F P E N N Y .

large ship sailing.


PUBLICO. E x :

1794.

mainmast to left of o.
E : PAYABLE AT I. IORDANS DRAPER GOSPORT

0 : The same as last. h . Similar, but the top of mainmast comes to centre of o. E: As No. 40. A. 22
E : E PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL k LANCASTER. A. 226

41a.

X X X

A. 21

416.

: PAYABLE AT T H E STORE OF X X X X

41c. E: Plain (not in collar). 42. 0 : Similar. The p and Y of legend close to bust. U: Similar, but the mainmast comes between the o and the p. E : As No. 40. A. 23
E : E : PAYABLE AT s. SALMON I. COURTNEY & E. FROSTS x A. 2 3 a PAYABLE IN LONDON E V E R Y W H E R E .

A. 22a

42a. 426.

42c. E : Plain (not in collar).


EngraverWYON. ManufacturerKEMPSON.

A. 236 A. 23c
ProprietorJ.
JORDAN.

&Ov

44.

ii: E: 0 : Ii:

figure of Hope standing, PAYABLE AT BENN. & IONN. .TONES GOSPORT A ship sailing, T H E GUARD & GLORY OF G T . BRITAIN. E.v. 179G Milled. A. 24 Similar, the finger points to centre of o. and E : As No. 43.
ManufacturerPITT. ProprietorB.
& J. JONES.

OR S H E E R N E S S .

L Y N D H U R S T .

4i>.

0 . Laureated bust to right,


It:

GEORGIVS H I R E X . 1789. A. 2 5

VISITED LYNDHURST LYMINGTON SOUTHAMPTON WEYMOUTH, &C.

No. 41a, b, c, 42a, 6, c, BE.

40, B.

44, scarce.

The others, common.

Ibampsbue.
NEWPORT (ISLE OF WIGHT).
-5

45

O: Bust to left, ROBERT BJRI> WILKINS. / R : An antique ship, ISLE OF WIGHT HALFPENNY 1792. fe
E : PAYABLE AT HIS OFFICE NEWPORT. A. 2 0 !.:.i

46a. E

Plain. This is very rare. Engraver and ManufacturerMAINWARING. ProprietorE. B . W I L K I N S . PETERSFIELD.

M M

AL\

48

O : A man on horseback, P E T E R S F I E L D . Ii: A stork, standing upon a piece of ground, the bottom margin of which is irregular. PROMISSORY
HALFPENNY . 1 7 9 3 . E : EAMES HOLLAND & ANDREWS P E T E R S x A. 2 7 FIELD

47a. E : FEAR GOD AND HONOUR THE KING. A. 27a 476. E : Milled. 48. O: The gender of the horse is distinguishable. R : Very similar, the ground different. E : Same as No. 47. A. 28 48a. E: Engrailed. A. 28a
486. E : PAYABLE AT N. BOLINGBROKES HABERDASHER LIE., NORWICH.

49-50. 0 : As. No 47. 49. R Britannia seated. Same as No. 21. E PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. 50. R BLOFIELD CAVALRY. See Norfolk. A. 30 E Engrailed. 51. O As N O . 4 8 . As Nos. 49 & 21. 51. R Britannia seated E PAYABLE IN LONDON, & engrailed. A. 29 51a. E PAYABLE ON DEMAND, & engrailed. A. 29a A. 296 516. E Plain (not in collar). 52. O The rev. of No. 48. R Female standing holding a pole with cap of liberty, &c. See No. 25. E PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE L I V E R POOL x x x A. 31

48c. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 286 EngraverWYON. ManufacturerKF.MPSON. ProprietorsHOLLAND 46a, 47a, 48c, 51a, 526, RR. 476, 516, 52a, R. 48a, 6, 49, 50, 51, 52, scarce. PORTSMOUTH.

52a. E PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. 526. E : Plain (not in collar).


& ANDREWS.

Others, common.

/= > zy> WS

53.

0 : IOHN

HOWARD

F.R.S.

PHILANTHRO-

The front edge of coat is on a line with the second limb


PIST. of t h e N of " I O H N . "

Edge of coat between the H and N. The period is further from R. : As No. 53. A. 33 54a. k : Milled over, PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY
LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON. A. 3 3 a OR A. 336

R : Arms

of

the
AND Ex.

borough.
CHICHESTER 1794.

PORTSHALF

MOUTH PENNY. E : PAYABLE

546. E 54c. E:

PAYABLE PAY

AT

ANGLESEY

LONDON

LIVERPOOL. STOCKTON.

AT SHARPS PORTSMOUTH AND A. 32

CHALDECOTTS CHICHESTER.

"blundered"

edge

This of

is

PAYABLE

AT KINGTONS STOCKTON.

46

Ibampsbire.
PORTSMOUTH.
A^^.o

0 : Similar to last, but without a period after ' HOWARD." R : As No. 53. A. 34 55 a. E: Milled. 56. 0 : As No. 53. Pi: Female standing. As No. 25. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 35

55.

57. 57 a.
bib.

0 : As No. 55. R : Britannia seated. 1795. As No. 21. E : As last. A. 36


E : PAYABLE POOL. E : CURRENT EVERYWHERE. AT THE WAREHOUSE LIVERA. 36a A. 3 6 6

57c. E : Milled. 57c. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 36c

57 <1. E : PAYABLE AT I. IORDANS DRAPER GOSPORT.

The writer of the " Bazaar Notes" says Thomas Sharp was a Mercer, and T. Chaldecott a Silversmith and Cutler. John Howard, F.R.S._, was born at Hackney, 2nd September, 1726. Ilis name will always be connected with improvements in prisons. He died of a fever, January 20th, 1790.

. 0 z -J^>r 'A

58.

0 : An anchor and cable between sprigs of laurel, PROMISSORY HALFPENNY. R: Shield of arms, PAYABLE AT PORTSMOUTH 1 7 9 7 .

Very similar. Bust E


59a. YORK

The wreath different.


STANHOPE NOBLE

to
BUILT

left.
A.M.

WITHOUT NOBILITY. I. MOONEY LONDON A AND A. 37 OR 37(1 1223 . CATHEDRAL A. 38

E
58a.

BY

G.

ROBINSON AT

I . CARTER . X X . PAYABLE ANGLESEY LIVERPOOL . X .

REBUILT . A.D. 1 0 7 5 .

E : PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSONS ROMNEY.

Engraver

WYON.

ManufacturerPITT.

ProprietorsROBINSON,

MOONEY, & CARTER.

Charles Earl Stanhope, born 1753; died 1816; was the founder of the Revolution Society. He declared nimsell a firm and steady supporter of the unalienable rights, and of the happiness of all mankind.

0 :

VISCOUNT J E R V I S & THE GLORIOUS 1 4 FEBV. UNDER PROVIDENCE

1797. R: A man-of-war sailing,


YE INVINCIBLE

FIFTEEN. BRENTS

Ex:

A small
AND A. 4 3

ornament.
PAYABLE AT AT I. PORTSMOUTH AND PORTSEA X X X

60a. h

" PAYABLE

PORTSMOUTH

PORTSEA.''

H . BRENTS

erased.)
BRENT,

A. 43a Shoemaker, Tortsea.

ManufacturerPITT.

ProprietorJOSEPH

47

Ibampsbtve.
P O R T S M O U T H .

JOHtJJ IxlL, ZiLZUZls iUlSI'J-i l XEili WA 61. 0 : Neptune standing in his chariot.
It: SR. JOHN J E R V I S | WITH | HALFPENNY 15 &C. AT SAIL | PERSUED & DEFEATED E : PORTSMOUTH THOS SHARPS

SjUi

s?j0irhzj&z.r& YllTl'l i5 SAIL,

JiiOJ!' 'J'iJJC UMZ

62.

PAYABLE

61a. E: COVENTRY 63 0 : As last. R : Similar to last, except that the 4 is correct and 1 straight, the 2 of 27 is under the
TH o f " T H E . "

. x . (In collar) A. 39 TOKEN (In collar).

0 : and E : Same as No. 61. R : Inscriptions as before, the "PURSUED" being now correctly, but the figure turned the wrong way.

word spelt 4 is A. 40

E : As No. 6L. Nos. 62 anil 63 were also struck in silver.

A. 41 JVHtumrs \SVXil iSSAJi jf UilS U E D d J J D Si.FZ'AXqq shz&r oi ''feu uw& rznamKVMr i'l :j'1

64.

0 : R: E : 64a. E : 65. O:

As last. Similar to last, the 2 of 27 is under second limb of H. As No. 61. Plain (in collar). Similar, the bottom edge of the officer's coat being straight, and there is more water shown at the bottom. R : and E : As last. A. 42 65a. E : Plain (in collar). EngraverWYON. ManufacturerKEMPSON. ProprietorTHOMAS S H A R P , a Mercer. Nos. 54a, b, c, 55a, 57c, d, e, 58 a, 59, a, 61a, 62, 63, 64a, 65a, 67a, RR. 61, R. 53, 54, 60, 64, 66, scarce. The others, common. t. i * \

ri
V J J ZdU'-i*
66.

O: R: E 67. O R E 67a. E

THE GALLANT J E R V I S D E F E A T E D T H E SPANIARDS 1 4 F E B . A

man-of-war. BRITISH VALOR TRIUMPHANT. A. 121, Not Local Milled. Tbe Union Jack, within a circle, MAY IT BE DISPLAYD AT ALL POINTS OF YE COMPASS A fleet of ships sailing. Ex: CAPE ST. VINCENT reby. 14. 1797. A VALENTINE P R E S E N T E D TO SPAIN BY ADML. J E R V I S . A. 122, Not Local Plain.

48

"Ibampsbtre.
PORTSEA. il A.

M m
Nos. 68-72. T h e s a m e o b v . The point of the javelin is just above the second limb of A. 68. R : A ship sailing, at bottom sprigs of 69 11: Similar, with H A L F P E N N Y added. : As No. 68. A. 45 leaves.
69a. E : AT GEORGE PORTSEA . EDWARD SARGEANTS E : PAYABLE AT THE STORE OF + + -T- +

The

remainder

grailed. 68a. E : Plain (not in collar). 71.

enA. 44

A. 44a

A. 45a 70. R: PAYABLE in place of HALFPENNY over ship. The top of masthead is to left of A. E : As No. 68 A. 46

72.

R : Similar to last. Top of masthead touches the first limb of A. E : As No. 68. A. 48 It: The leaves are all single. Mainmast to left of A. E : As No. 68. A. 47
-

' i s? /C> -< ,j,.


iN.

iv /

t-c-

O : The javelin points to first limb of A. R : Similar, but with only one row of port-holes and no lantern at stern of ship. F,: As No. 68. A. 49 73a. E : Plain. 75.

73.

(): The javelin touches the first limb of A. R : Similar to last. The pennant touches the A and first limb of B.
E 74a. E : PAYABLE AT S, SALMONS I COURTNEY k E FROST PORTSEA : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL. X LONDON OR ANGLESEY

O : The javelin is above the A. R : Similar to No. 70. The port-holes are not over each other. E : As No. 68. A. 50 75a. E : Plain. 76. O: and E : As No. 75. R: As No. 70. 77-8. O: T h e rev. of No. 71.
77. R : RULE BRITANNIA 1 ^ 9 7 . A. 51

78.

R : Britannia seated, no date. E : Feather pattern.

Nos. 68a, 69a, 73a, 74, a, 75a, 77, 78, 79/), 80a, b, c, RR. 71, 76, R. 72, 69, 70, 79a, 80, scarce. The others, common.

49

Ibampsbiic.

PORTSEA.

fir N.

><fo J J J ; <

79.

0 : St. George and the Dragon,


MISSORY - HALFPENNY. Ex

PRO-

BO.

\ 1790.

R : A man-of-war sailing.
E: PAYABLE AT S, SALMONS I COURTNEY & E FROST PORTSEA 7 9 a . E : PAYABLE E . FROSTS X X A. 52 A. 52a AT S SALMON I COURTNEY &

O: Similar to last, but without spines on the neck of the dragon. R : Similar, but no stern lamp to ship. E : As No. 79. A. 58
: PAYABLE AT SHARPS : PAYABLE AT PORTSMOUTH LONDON AND OR CHALDECOTTS C H I C H E S T E R . A. 53a ANGLESEY

80(1. E

80ft. E

79b. E: Plain (not in collar).

A. 526

LIVERPOOL

. X .

80c. E: Plain (not in collar).

A. 53ft A. 53c

S. Salmon kept the "Brown Bear" ; John Courtney, the "George" ; and Edward Frost, the "Ship," Anson. The "salmon" on the reverse refers to one issuer, St. George and the Dragon to another, and the ship to the other. Evidently the licensed victuallers experienced difficulty in gelling regal copper coin, and thus acted in conjunction to meet the occasion. Engra.ver-WlLl.ETS. Manufacturer-KEMPSON.

SOUTH AMPTON.^--

4
81 and 82. Proofs of obverse and reverse dies of No. 84 without legend; reverse blank; and the edges in each case PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD
LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON . X . E

84.

0 : A helmed bust to left.


HALFPENNY. AND BLOCK

SOUTHAMPTON BREWERY UNITED

R: Shield of arms, 1790.


MANUFACTORY COMPANY.

83.

Proof of obverse die No. 84 with legend; edge as last.

: PAYABLE AT T H E OFFICE OF W . TAYLOR R . V. MOODY AND CO. . X . A. 54

/T7/ M

ir

85.

Copy of the last (by Westwood), only two blossoms on the branch of hops E : As No. 84. A. 55 86. Another copy (by Jacobs), no blossoms on the hop stem. E : As No. 84, except that instead of A N D it is & co. A. 56
86a. E : PAYABLE AT H . BROWNBILLS S I L V E R S M I T H . A. 56a

86ft. E : Engrailed.

A. 56ft

50

Ibampsbtre.

PORTSMOUTH.

87.

0 : Sir Bevois in a rather different helmet. S O U T H A M P T O N H A L F P E N Y . R : Shield of arms, 1791. SUCCESS


TO THE BREWERY AND BLOCK MANUFACTORY.

89.

0 : A helmed bust to right,


SOUTHAMPTON.

SR. BEVOIS PROMISSORY

R : Shield of arms, 1791.


HALFPENNY. E 89(7.

88.

E : As No. 84. A. 57 Artist's proof of rev. die No. 89, edge as No. 89.

: PAYABLE AT T H E O F F I C E O F W . TAYLOR R . V. MOODY & CO. A. 58 E : P A Y A B L E IN A N G L E S E Y OR L O N D O N .

89/). E: Plain (in collar). In silver with edi/e as No. 89.

SOUTHAMPTON.W. Taylor, whose mil! was at South S t o n e h a m , about four miles from S o u t h a m p t o n , was a maker of rope-blocks for ships and gun carriages, as shown on the shield. T h e r e is a Samuel Taylor described as a brewer in the Universal British Directory of 1790-5. Richard Vernon Moody died in 1792 ; the writer of the Bazaar N o t e s states that he was a member of the Corporation. Sir Bevois is recorded as being a very powerful man ; a sword of great size is shown at Arundel Castle, said to have been his weapon. On the wall of Bar-gate are sculptured a representation of Ascupart, a giant, and of Sir Bevois, who fought and conquered him. On the rare specimens he is described as ST. BEVOIS.

No.
No. 8 7 .

81

Engraved and Manufactured by

HANCOCK.

EngraverDUMAREST.

ManufacturerBOULTON.

* r m
91. 92.

? w #

O: 11: O: R: 0: R:

A poor copy of the preceding, the helmet without any plume. A figure of Justice, &c. See Warwickshire. A. 59 A poorer piece even than the last, the helmet appears only as a skull cap. A female holding mining tools, H A L F P E N N Y . Ex: 1796. A. 60 Similar to last, ST further from bust. The same as last. A. 61 The obv. dies of 90-2 were also used in the imitation of Regal Halfpence. W E S T COWES (ISLE OF WIGHT). <L, . m j $

93.

0 : A draped bust of Fox, upon a large halfpenny tlan. R: Blank.


E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE . OF T H O ' S WORSWICK & SONS . x A. 62

94.

0 : The bust as before, the date 1798 under, W E S T C O W E S H A L F P E N N Y . R : Arms of the town.
E : PAYABLE AT T I I O S . AYRTON & co. . X

. X .

A. 63

N o . 93 Pye says, " T h i s was made from a puncheon of Hancock's used for a button-die," but he does not state whether he refers to the obverse or reverse. 1 he writer of the " Bazaar Notes ' suggests the probability of the reference being to the reverse, though there is a possibility of the bust of Fox being used as the design for a button.

"Ibampsbue.

PORTSEA.

FA HTHING

S.

SOUTHAMPTON.
' i7ao

,||| 1 |
96.
HALFPENNY 1 7 9 1 .

J
96. 0

0: Shield of arms, crest a hand holding a javelin. PORTSEA HALF /i': A ship sailing, at bottom sprigs of leaves, PAYABLE. A. 64 E : Milled.

: A helmed bust to left.


HALF HALFPENNY.

SOUTHAMPTON

R: Shield of arms,
AND BLOCK COMPANY.

1790.

BREWERY UNITED

MANUFACTORY

E : Milled.

A. 65

'CO > /

98 97. 0 : Bust to left, ADMIL. LORD BRIDPORT. 7?: A naval crown, between sprigs of
oak. THING PROMISSORY NAVAL FARA. 2 0 3 PROMISSORY A. 204 IOO

9<)

99.

O: Bust to right, R: As No. 97. R : As No. 98. O : Same as last.

ADMIL. LORD

HOOD.

Naval Crown. Anchor.

A. 205 A. 206

98.

0 : Same as last. R: An anchor and cable,


NAVAL FARTHING

101.
(4 1 0 %
r-4 . / -if)

O: Bust to right. ADML. EARL H O W E . R: A man-of-war sailing to left, FART H I N G under it in curved line.
GLORIOUS 1 S T OF I U N E , 1 7 9 4 .

A. 207

O: Similar to last, but both bust and legend smaller. R: A ship sailing to right, FARTHING in a straight line under it, a straight line under FARTHING, and a small annulet before date. E : Milled. A. 208 102a. 1< : Plain. A. 208a 103. O : Same as last. R; No annulet before date, and no line under FARTHING. A. 209 102 103

102.

52
Ibampsblrc. -r f5

y
104

It T w

'r 106
ADMIL.

TH-.U1 .-DLLOV J-lSPZij-?AlT ''HOilUSLXiiH


?>iC

jBJ. / a ' % j ' i o '/Ajy/G'

r/'jc

108

104.

0: A slightly different bust,


EARL H O W E .

10G.

R : As No. 97. 105.

Naval Crown.

A. 210 107.
108.

0 : Same as last.
R\ BRITANNIA, 1 7 7 7 .

O: A still different bust, with a period before as well as after legend. R : As No. 97. Naval Crown. E : Milled. A. 211 O : and E : Same as last. R: As No. 98. Anchor. A. 212 O : and E : Same as last. It MAY A FLOWING TRADE, &c. A. 2 1 3

109 109. O: Bust to right, in naval uniform.


ADJIL. S R . JNO, J E R V I S .

112

112.

O: Bust to left, in naval uniform.


ADML. MACBRIDE.

110. 111.

R: K: O: R: O:
R :

As No. 97. Naval Crown. Milled. and K : Same as last. As No. 98. Anchor. and K : Same as last.
As No. 108. HAY A TRADE, &C.

A. 214 A. 215
FLOWING A. 2 1 0

R : As No. 97. Naval Crown. E : Milled. 113. O: and E : Same as last. R: As No. 98. Anchor. 113<\ E : Plain. 114. 0: and E : Same as last. R: As No. 108.
TRADE, &c.

A. 217 A. 218

FLOWING A. 2 1 9

115.

0 : Bust to left, w.

CRAGG

under it.

116.

GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA.

R : Shield of aims, between laurel branches . V I S I T E D SOUTHAMPTON


. JUNE . 2 6 . 1 7 8 9 .

O : Same as last. R: A monogram cypher H.S., a barrel above it. Legend same as last. A. 67 This was also struck in silver.

E : Milled. 117.

A. 66 O: Different die, without w. CRAGG under bust. R : Monogram and barrel smaller. Nos. 115-17 are lanje farthing size.

Nos. 81, 82, 83, 86a, 88, 89a, 93, RRR. 8i, 85, 866, 87, 896, RR. 86, 95, 96, 103, 105, 108, 111, 113a, 114, 115, 116, 117, R. With the exception of Nos. 101, 102 and 104, the other Naval Farthings are scarce. The remainder of pieces, common.

53

tbcrcforbsblrc.
PENNIES. HEREFORD.

1
1. 0 : A bull breaking his chains, J U N E 3D. 3. 0 : A more powerful animal than be1796. fore. HEREFORDSHIRE. Ex / R: An apple-tree and a plough within JUNE 3 1 7 9 6 . an oaken wreath. A. 1 II : Same as No. 1. A. 3 Also struck in silver. 4. 0 : Same as last. O : Same as last. R: Same as No. 2. A. 4 R: Similar, but without the exergue Also struck in silver. line, the handles of the plough also are longer. A. 2 Engraved and Manufactured by M I L T O N . ProprietorR. B I D D U L P H . Pye says these were originally intended for Halfpence, but found too expensive. H A LFPENNIES. SUCCESS 0: An apple-tree.
CIDER TRADE. PENNY, &C.

2.

5.

TO

THE HALF-

HEREFORD

It : Figure of Justice,
FRAUD. 5a. E : PAYABLE IN E x :

FOR CHANGE NOT

1794. LONDON OR

E : Milled. (Large and small flans.) A. 5


ANGLESEY . LIVERPOOL . x A . 5a

1
HONIATT.
C Y A,

5b. E: Plain (rounded).


EnqrarerARNOLD. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.
'"44

A. 5b I'ro/n icturC.

T> Mi

0. R: E : 6a. E : These were issued Nos. 6, RRR.

6.

Bust to left. T . GORTON H E R E F O R D . 1794 (the 4 inverted). An apple-tree and a cask, CYDER . MERCHT. Milled. (This is on a large Han.) Plain. by S K I D M O R E , and the portrait on the obverse very closely resembles that on Wiltshire 17, Atkins. 6a, RR. 3, 5 (on thin flan), 5b, R. 1, 2, 4, 5a, scarce. 5, common.

54

Ibertforfcsbtre.
PENNY. SAWBRIDGEWORTH. I. 0 : Full face bust in very high relief.
R O BE RT . ORCHARD . SAWBRIDGEWORTH . . H E R T S . .

R: A book lying at the foot of a tree, a church in the distance.


# SAWBRIDGEWORTH # # PAYABLE # PENNY # # FEBY. TOKEN # F..v : *

xi * 1801 #

A. 1

This is an exceedingly rare Private Token, only four specimens being known, one of which is badly defaced. In all probability J A M E S was the Engraver. HALFPENNIES.
Kr ~-/J
2.

ST. A L B A N S . O : The Prince of Wales'crest,


AT ST. ALBANS H E R T S

PAYABLE 179G

R : A crown, 179(5 over it, a radiation, and a circle of lions. A. '2


2(1. E : PAYABLE AT N. BOLINBROKE, HABERD A S H E R , & C . , NORWICH.

"Arjfi J.-r" '> /

Issued by 8.

DENTON.

SAWBRIDGEWORTH. 0: A church, Sic. ROBT. ORCHARD


BRIDGEWORTII HERTS.

SAW-

"^4

R : A shepherd under a tree.


E : COVENTRY TOKEN. JACOBS. A. 3

T n ir

3d. E : Milled. Issued by

A. 3a

c,

4. ZA-Jt:

STORTFORD. O: Shield of arms, crest, and motto.


SIR GEORGE JACKSON BAR : SOLE PROPRIETOR.

R: View of a river, with barges, &c.


E : 4a. PAYABLE AT BTSHOPS STORTFORD . A. 4 E : PAYABLE AT BISHOPS STORTFORD & c o .

lb. E : Plain.
EngraverKUCKLER.

A. 4a
ManufacturerBOULTON.

5.

FARTHING. ST. A L B A N S . O: The Prince of Wales' crest, and motto. R : A crown, &c. This is made from the dies of the halfpenny No. 2. A. 5 2, 3, 4a, R. 5, scarce.

j * -

-SOtem

Nos. 1, BRR.

2a, 3a. 46, RR.

4, common.

Ikcnt.
PENNY. 1. GRAVESEND. 0 : A Gravesend boat sailing,
END TOKEN. GRAVES-

fl

Ii: A crown and naval coronet between sprigs of laurel. NAVAL


PENNY. 17 97.

E : Engrailed. Issued by 2.

A. 1
SKIDMORE.

ORPINGTON. O: A hand firing, horses, &c. THEIR VALUE UPWARDS OF 500, &C. 11: Arms of Kent, A MARK OF RESPECT, &C. This iras also struck in silver. This is really a inedal to perpetuate an action to prevent the spread of disease in horses. HALFPENCE. A P P L E D O R E .
3. O : A m a n c a r r y i n g a sack to a w i n d m i l l .
T H E UNION OF APPLEDORE KENT.

-JU13 J3'i

- .

,/HU i j> i \" idyl <I t .lzu> GV/Ziiljp u'y 'shz' caijus /liiw / WU2JLZ -iz HEy-y/

| HZ lAXZTil

1794. Pi . A lion and lamb lying together in standing corn. PEACE INNOCENCE AND PLENTY. E : PAYABLE AT W . PECKHAM S APPLEDORE

. X . X . X .

A 2.
A . 2A

8 A . E : PAYABLE BY W. F R I G G L E S GOUDHURST. 31. E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR

BRISTOL.

3c. E : Plain.
Ent/rarerWYON. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE. ProprietorW. PECKHAM.

4.

BENENDEN. 0 : A wheatsheaf. PEACE AND PLENTY. R: Shield of arms, BENEHDEN HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE DEN -F 1794. + + A. BY THOMAS REEVES BENEN-

nexs-y

4 a . E : PAYABLE BY F. HEATH BATH.

A. 3 a

4.1. E : Plain.
Emj rarerWYON. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE. ProprietorT. KEEVES. < H /
</

f , \ -A

5.

S)
<<

BROOKLAND. 0 : The Kentish horse in a beaded oval. KENT HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT. U: A cypher I K, over it a fleece.
GROCER AND DRAPER. E : PAYABLE BY THOMAS . + LAND + . -t- . + 1794. BROOKA. 4 KING'S

>,
_

E mj rarerARNOLD. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE. ProprietorT. KING.

Nos. 1, 3b, 3c, 4a, b, KR.

2, 4, scarce.

Others, fairly common.

56

Ikcnt.
CANTERBURY.
6. 0 : A

side view of Canterbury Cathedral.


UNITY PEACE AND CONCORD : GOOD W I L L TO ALL TOKEN in MEN Ex \ CANTERBURY

two lines. Shield of arms of the city of Canterbury.


PROTECTION TO OUR KING AND COUNTRY LAWS AND TRADE + 1794 -F A. 5 PAYABLE AT JOHN MATTHEWS -F- + -F +

6a. E

PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL.

and R : Same as No. 6.


PAYABLE AT JAMES ROBERTSONS + + - f +

A. 5a
A. 6

EngraverDIXON.

ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.

ProprietorJ. tr

ATTHEW.

- -- *

mi
0 : A very similar view. CANTERBURY TOKEN. Ex : a cypher E.P. Ft: Same arms and crown as before.
OUR KING AND COUNTRY LAWS AND

1795. A Maltese cross before and after date.


TRADE. E : PAYABLE AT CANTERBURY + + + -F- A . 7

8a. E: Plain (not in collar).

A. 7a

0 : Similar to last, the cypher is larger, and there is no period at end of legend. II : and E: Same as last. A. 8 9a. E : Plain. A. 8a 10. 0 : and E : Same as No. 9. Ii: Similar, but with a dot on each side of date in place of Maltese cross, and a dot in the legend after
"COUNTRY." A. 9

9.

EngraverDIXON.

Man ufacturerWARING.

Pye records these as for Edw. Pellew. There is not a "Pellew" in the Universal British Directory for 1790 under Canterbury; but Edward Pillou, who was a Tailor.
sr S i o i l
D E A L .

0: A man of war sailing.


& GLORY OF G ' BRITAIN. DEAL HALFPENNY TOKEN. 11j 11. 11c. PAYABLE AT RICHARD

THE

GUARD

R: Shield of arms of the Cinque Ports,


1794. LIBRARY LONG'S

X . 116. E : Plain (not in collar).


E : AT RICHARD SHIPDENS.

A.11 A. 116
A. lie'

E : MASONIC TOKEN I SCETCHLEY FECIT. A . 1 l a

EngraverWYON.

ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.

ProprietorR.

LONG.

NOS. 6a, 8a, 9a, 11a, b, c, RR.

9, 10, R.

Others, common.

H A HE

Tokens in this part are chiefly those made for currency; some few were

made for sale to collectors. Tlie Godington specimens appear to have been used as tallies, and it is strange that, though at one time so plentiful, they are now very scarce. The rare variety of the Eccleston Token is the Chetwynd specimen. Richard Fowke, the issuer of the Elmsthorpe Token, was a coin collector.

He compiled a manuscript chronicle of local antiquities and history, commencing with " T h e creation of the World, and of Elmsthorpe." The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various collectors : KENT.Nos. 18a, 20a, 36a, 38a. No. 22, but in copper.
LANCASHIRE.Nos. 5, 41c, / , 4 3 a , 5 4 a , 5 9 a , 79a, 85, 90a, 1086, 10oa,

Atkins' No. 25 is the same as his

106i, 108a, b, j, k, 111, 112a, 114a, 118a, 125, 136, 137, 140a, 150a.
LINCOLNSHIRE.Nos. 2, 3 a . 7 , 8 d , f .

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. R. DALTON,
PARK HOUSE, BRISTOL.

S. H. HAMER,
BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

1kcnt.
DEPTFORD. /rrh*
C

57 is V t\Zy sFrrrrrV*, ']. /& , r' ; r'^

'-

^aMissairw

12.

0 : The Kentish men meeting \\ llliam the Conqueror. KENTISH LIBERTY


P R E S E R V E D , &C.

18.

R : The stern of the "


KENT HALFPENNY E : PAYABLE, DOVER. AT

ROYAL 1795,

GEORGE," &C. AND A. 13

DEPTFORD

CHATHAM

O 0: : As last, after die had cracked. R: Similar, but centre lamp touches E, and water-line extends almost to T and D. E : PAYABLE AT T H O ' s HAYCRAFTS D E P T F O R D , A. 12
: PAYABLE DOVER. AT DEPTFORD CHATHAM AND A. 12a

13a. E

0: Similar to No. 12, but with a small ^ quatrefoil separating the beginning /--7 _ r 2 and end of legend; the 6 in date j-i touches the exergue line. 'i i R : The centre lamp touches E ; the waterline extends almost from I to D. E : As No. 12. A. 14 Manufacturer
MYND.

ProprietorTHOS.

HEYCROFT,

Ironmonger.

DIMCHURCH. 15. 0 : A cypher IV.P., crest a lamb,


MARSH HALFPENNY. ROMNEY

R : Figure of Justice standing, FOR THE


HONOR AND USE OF TRADE. E : PAYABLE AT W. PARRIS DIMCHURCH . X . X . X

15a. E : Plain.
ArtistWYON.

A. 15 A. 15a
ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.

Some have"blundered" edge, t h u s P A R R D I M C H U R C H .

DOVER. 16. 0 : Bust to right, T H E . R. HON. W. R : The arms of Dover. 1794. E :


16a. 16i. 16c. 16'/. 16?. E E E E E AT HORN'S LIBRARY.

PITT,

&c.

CINQUE

PORTS TOKF.N PAYABLE AT DOVER :

engrailed.
: PAYABLE IN BRISTOL.

The remainder A. 16
LONDON OR A. 16a A . 16fc

LANCASTER

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN.

: PAYABLE BY I GIBBS LAMBERHURST. : PAYABLE AT W PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE. : PAYABLE AT RICHARD MAPLESDEN WINCHELSEA.

Charles Pye engraves and indexes this a s T. H O R N ' S , but the t o k e n only states H O R N ' S . John bookseller, stationer, perfumer, proprietor of the Apollo Circulating Library and 1'ublic Reading Room, and organist. Engraver-DIXON. Manufacturer L u i w \ C H E .
Horn was a

RarityNo. 12, RRR.

14, 15a, 166, c, d, e, RR.

15, 16a, scarce.

The others, common.

58

Ikent.
17. 0 R E 0 R E
18a. E

DOVER. Bust full face. R. HON. Same as last.


PAYABLE IN LANCASTER BRISTOL.

W. PITT, &C. LONDON OR

A. 17 THE WOODEN WALLS OR

18.

Same as last. A ship sailing,


PAYABLE BRISTOL IN

OF OLD ENGLAND LANCASTER LONDON A. 18

PAYABLE IN LONDON.

engrailed.
"A
fev

The remainder A. 18a

ipressions; the dies not being hardened, were immediately spoiled."

19.

0 : Dover Castle and a distant view of ships at sea. Ex : DOVER TOKEN. R : Military trophy within a laurel wreath, DEDICATED.TO.COLLECTORS.
OF.PROVINCIAL.COINS.1795.

E
Dies by Jacobs.

: PAYABLE IN LONDON.

engrailed.

The remainder A. 19

Skidmore probably the issuer, for sale to collectors.

FAVERSHAM. 20. 0 : An ancient sloop.


PAYABLE AT FEVERSHAM.

R : Shield of arms of the Cinque Ports.


CINQUE PORT H A L F P E N N Y . E 20a. E 17 94. : PAYABLE AT IOHN CROWSS COPPER SMITH

x . x
: PAYABLE IN BRISTOL. LANCASTER

A. 20
LONDON OR

20h. E : Plain,
John Crow was a brazier [edge reading in error]. EngraverDIXON. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.

FOLKESTONE.
wi 1"'//%,
21. 0 : PAYABLE . AT . FOLKSTONE . KENT. ONE . HALFPENNY. 1796. VALUE In twO

circles, with date in centre. R : Ships lying at a quay, MAY.COMMERCE.


FLOURISH.

E : Milled

over

SKIDMORE,

HOLBORN, A. 21

LONDON.

Probably made by Skidmore, for sale to collectors.

C. Pye did not include it.

RarityNos. 17, 23 and 24, RRR. 18a, 20a, 20b, 22, 28c, RR. 18, 19, 21, 25, 2G, 27, 28, 28b and 29, R. The others, common.

Ikcnt.
GODINGTON

59

22.

0 R O R

23.

The name of proprietor, TOKE, in monogram. GODINTON. HOP-TOKEN. 1767. The two T'S O the legend come by the corners of the T of the monogram. A basket heaping full of hops, NO PAINS NO GAINS. N O band round the basket. A. 2 2 The first N of " G O D I N T O N " and the P of " H O P " come by the corners of large T. Similar to last. There is a band round the basket, which is only level full; the handles point to i and above o. A. 23 24. 0 : There is no dot after " G O D I N T O N " nor hyphen after " HOP," but there is a dot after
" TOKEN." T h e T o f " GODINTON " a n d t h e

p of "HOP" come by the corners of large T. Similar to last. The handles of basket point to o and N. A. 24 22 was struck in silver, copper and brass. Nos. 23 and 24 in brass.

25. 26. 27.

O : Crest of the Toke family within a broad rim. O: Initials of John Toke within a broad rim. O : Similar to last, within a narrow rim.

These are all reverse blank, and are cast ; the last appears to be of recent manufacture from an old pattern. See Note, page 62. -o">.

is\Tgai
GOUDHURST. ; 'J ">t--

m -A MA

28.

0 : The Kentish horse,


TOKEN. E x :

KENT HALFPENNY

28a.

E :

PAYABLE

BY

W.

FUGGLES

GOUDHURST

1794.

R : Shield of arms of the City of Canterbury. FOR GENERAI, CONVENIENCE.


E : PAYABLE BY W. F R I G G L E S + + + + + GOUDHURST A - 2 6

.X. X.x .X 28b. E : As No. 28a, but + + + +


28c. E

A. 26a

: PAYABLE AT W. PECKHAM'S, A P P L E D O R E . + + +

29.

0 : and R : Same as last.


E PAYABLE BY W. MYNS GOUDHURST + +

The name >m the cdije of this piece being spelt wrong it u-as suppressed, and when any are mtt with an attempt has usually been made to erase the name.
EngraverARNOLD.

+ + A. 27 These pieces are met with countermarked ; A7. 26a with an E, and No. 29 with an M.
William Mynn, a shopkeeper.

William Fuggle was a tallow-chandler.

ManufacturerLUTWYCHE.

GO

Ikcnt.
30. HAWKHURST. O : A cypher C.H., crest a wheatsheaf.
HAWKEURST HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT

R : The

Kentish
&

horse in
CONFIDENCE

a
THE

shield.
BASIS

JUSTICE H : CHABLES

OF TRADE. HIDER'S.

milled. 30(7. E
HAM WAREHOUSE

The remainder A. 28
A. 2 8 a

PAYAIILE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMING-

31.

HYTHE. 0 : Shield of arms of Cinque Ports.


CINQUE PORT HALFPENNY. 1794.

Zj~'/<, >*

ffit,

R: An ancient sloop, PAYABLE AT HYTH. E: AT RICHARD S H I P D E N ' S . X . X . X . X . X A. 29 31a. E MASONIC TOKEN I. SCETCHLEY FECIT . 1794 . + A. 296 31/;. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 29a EngraverA K N O L D . Manufacturer L U T W Y C H E. LAMBERHURST.

Qj

-ZP. * i'T.-'f

32.

A man picking hops.


FOR EVER F L O U R I S H .

MAY

HOPS

Shield of arms,
TOKEN. PAYABLE 1794. BY T.

SUSSEX HALFPENNY FOSTER LAMBERHURST

32a. E 35. 0 R E

+ + + +
CHKLSEA. X . X .

A. 30
A. 3 0 a

34.

PAYABLE AT RICHARD MAPLESDEN'S WIN-

: Similar to last, the corner of the hop bin comes to the letter R in " F L O U R I S H , " whilst in the former it came to the letter u. : and E : As No. 32. A. 31 ; Similar, the legend is closer, and the hop bin comes near the letter s in
" FLOURISH."

R : and E : As No. 32. Shield of arms of the city of Chichester. Below on a label SUSSEX. FOR CHANGE Shield of arms of Canterbury, KENT HALFPENNY TOKEN. 1 7 9 4 .
PAYABLE BY I. GIBBS LAMBERHURST + + +

A. 32
NOT FRAUD,

A. 33
A. 33a OR

^ 5 ^ ,

^Sa.

E :

PAYABLE BY + I - ) - G I B B S SUSSEX.
:

fi ''
~

-*'*-_*or
,5^.

T'
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON BRISTOL. A. 336 - : - -

35C.

E : PAYABLE BY M. LAMB & SON -

ArtistWYON.

Manufacturer

L U T W Y C H E.

Lamberhurst being only a small town, partly in Kent and partly in Sussex, 1 Gibbs probably had his place of business in the latter county, and, not to unduly favour either, used the Arms of the county town of each.

RarityNos. 30a, 31a, 316, 32. 32a, 33, 356, 85c, 3Ga, 39a, b, c. RR. The others, common.

42a, R.

Ikcnt.
MAIDSTONE.

61

Inrfrrr-rri

36.

0 : S h i e l d of a r m s a n d s u p p o r t e r s of t h e b o r o u g h of M a i d s t o n e . 1795.
MAIDSTONE H A L F P E N N Y .

Figure

of

Justice
OF

standing,

THE

S h i e l d of a r m s a n d s u p p o r t e r s a s before, MAIDSTONE a b o v e , H A L F PENNY u n d e r . R : View of a p a p e r m i l l , PAYABLE BY


J. SMYTH AT PADSOLE PAPER MILL

SPRING BLESSING.

FREEDOM E x : KENT.

ENGLANDS (A. 34

PAYABLE BY HENRY O L I V E R S H

1795. E : Milled.

A. 3 5

36a.

P l a i n ( n o t in collar).

Henry Oliver was a cutler. EngraverDIXON. ManufacturerLUTYVYCHE. Note that the name is SMYTH. Pye engraves it as such, but in the Index has SMITH. Denton engraves it as SMLL'H, and Conder describes it as such. James Smith is recorded in the Universal British Directory as being Agent to the Sun Fire Office. The writer of the " Bazaar Notes " states that S M Y T H is the correct form. ROMNEY 38. 0 : S h i e l d of a r m s of t h e t o w n of R o m n e y .
ROMNEY H A L F P E N N Y TOKEN 1794. SUCCESS.

It:

A s m a l l a n t i q u e sloop,

THE

E : PAYABLE AT IOHN S A W Y E R ' S ROMNEY . X . A . 3 6 1

38a. E : P l a i n (not i n collar). John Sawyer, was a house carpenter and joiner. ArtistWYON. ManufacturerLUTWYCHE. SANDWICH. 39. 0 II
MANUFACTURERS TRADE AND COMMERCE.

An

ancient

sloop.

SANDWICH

HALF-

PENNY TOKEN FOR

s\

jtA i H vy y

E 39a. E

PAY'ABLE

AT AT

THOMAS

BUNDOCKS

. X

x . X
PAYABLE LANCASTER BRISTOL.

A. 37
LONDON OR A. 37

BRIGHTON CAMP H A L F P E N N Y A. 37b 396. E 39c. E Thomas Bundock, junr., was a weaver, and a Member of the Common Council. EngraverDIXON. ManufacturerLu'l WVCHE.

STAPLEHURST. 40. O : A c y p h e r I.S., crest a stag's head.


FOR CHANGE NOT S T A P L E H U R S T HALFPENNY 1 7 9 4 .

R : T h e Kentish horse,
FRAUD. E : PAYABLE BY E x : 1794.

I I SIMMONS S T A P L E H U R S T

.;.

A. 3 8

According to the " Bazaar Notes," John Simmons was a freeholder of Staplehurst, and a tallow chandler by trade. Engraver A R N O L D . ManufacturerLUTWYCHE. 2 cwts.

62 fliCltt.
S T O N E . ' 'k

0: A cypher M.S. within a circle,


m j p ' V
:

/ 4 -~~W/ M . I / V f

.j

SNOW . H O P . FACTOR . STONE . 1 7 9 7 .

i ^ ^ \ ""

snritrs. H A L F P E N N Y . ft: A thistle between sprigs, COVENTRY TOKEN and a wavy line. A. 39 41a. E : Plain.

Jl

I his was not included in Pye, and as Snow's name is not in the Directory for the period, it is probably a specimen made for sale to collectors. Some specimens show traces of filing on the edge ; this may account for some with plain edge.

yf"! -v j

% M 42.

TENTERDEN.

0: Shield of arms of the Brewers' * Company, T E N T E R D E N H A L F P E N N Y 3 1796. R : A horse and dray, and part of a brewhouse. Ex: TO C H E E R OUR
HF.ARTS. E : PAYABLE AT I & T CLOAKES BREW H O U S E . X

t.
i W

X . A. 40 A. 40a

42a.

: BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & SWANSEA.

42A. E : Plain (not in collar).


EngraverDAVIS. ManufacturerGOOD.

A. 406 The others, common.

RanityNos. 41, 41a, 42i, RR.

42a, R.

GODINGTON

TOKENS.

In the MS. notes of the Rev. W. R. Hay, M.A., Vicar of Rochdale, is the following:"' 'The History of Mr. Toke's Hop Sixpence.In 1767, a remarkably , fine hop year, Mr. Harrison,, Attor Attorney (>eneral of Jamaica, was on a visit at Goddington, where, during the hop-picking season, he was so much struck with the novelty of the scene and the busy employment of so many persons collected on the occasion, that on his return to London he had a dye (sic) made in commemoration of a circumstance that had given him so much pleasure, and sent down 500 sixpences to Mr. Toke, which have been used ever since that time to supply the scarcity of silver. Before the year 1767 a copper token, marked I.T., was used for the same purpose." The writer of this record overlooked the fact that an obverse as well as a reverse die were necessary to enable the tokens of 1767 to be struck. It is interesting to note that, though without any indication of value, they passed current as sixpence. By a query in the Kentish Express, the editor states, on the authority of Colonel Toke, that some doubt exists whether the Godington Tokens had any fixed value as money, as the price paid for hop-picking varies nearly every year; and suggests that they were used as "tallies" or "checks," to represent bushels or baskets of hops picked, and were afterwards exchanged for coin, at the price for the year per bushel or basket. 1 he late Mr. Edward Greenhill, when he lived at Chilmington Green t^arni, had a large number of these Godington Hop Tokens, and used them in his gardens as "pickers' tallies." 1 he note by the Rev. W. R. Hay suggests "checks" or "tallies," rather than currency, by the statement that ''before the year 1767 a copper token was used for the same purpose, marked L.T." Obviously a copper or brass token as the specimens referred to, would only be accepted as of currency value to the extent of sixpence when and where it was known that such exchange could be effected.

63

TLancaebire.
f z &d,?* / / >. ^ .f? / *

PENNIES. HALSALL. 1. O: Shield of arms, &c.


R: HALSALL D

E : Engrailed. LANCASTER. ,.-c -ST <2r< -- 1 e - v / V '< H: W \ #V


/:-!>
/ r

A. 1

-,

ii

0 : LANCASTER CASTLE, & C . i ? : LANCASTER B R I D G E , &C. A. 2

4.

0 : L further from trees. E : As last. No. 2 was struck in copper, brass ami white metal. LIVERPOOL.

0 : As last. E : E cuts into building at end of bridge. Nos. 3 and i in white metal.

5.

O:

HALFPENNY. This is the ob. of No. 103. E : Bust to right, J . PHIESTLF.Y, & C . LIVERPOOL E : MANUFACTURED BIRMINGHAM. BY W. LUTWYCHE,

6.

HALFPENNY. This is the ob. of No. 103. R : Bust to left, STANHOPE NOBLE, & C . E : Blundered edge, L A M B E R H U R S T AND LIVERPOOL LUTWYCHE.

O:

7.
=s

? &

y n ^ '(? Hi
u

S7

> , ' / / 1 Ir f 7 >J 3

MANCHESTER. 0 : Grocers' arms, &c. This is the obv. of No. 128. R : East India Co.'s Tea Mark. This is the rev. of No. 129. E : Plain. Nos. 5, 6 and 7 are struck on penny flans from halfpenny dies. 2, 3 and 4, R. No. 1, fairly common.

RarityNos. 5, 6 and 7, RRR.

64

^Lancashire.
HALFPENNIES. LANCASTER. The points noted as a mode of identification : O : The position of the front point of crown to the letters of the word " G A U N T , " and the centre point of crown to the letters of the word " DUKE," also the star under bust. R : The centre line of shield to the letters on either side, and point of shield to the date. Edges, unless otherwise stated, read PAYABLE AT T H E W A R E H O U S E OF T H O S . WORSWICK & SONS . x .

ar

8.

0 : Proof impression from the puncheon for the Lancashire tokens. R: Blank.
E : PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS C L A R K E . X X . 1791.

John of Gaunt's head.

At P i'A
10

. : M

Centre of crown between D and u. Line of shield between c and A. A. 4 VJC'

10.

0 : As last. R : Line of shield cuts c and E. Lower point of shield over 7.

-jfjr.'.wn ""/.

11.

0 : Centre of crown points to u. R : Line cuts c to left, and between p and E to right. A. 5

12.

0 : As last. R : Line cuts between c and A, and p and E .


.

A '
<
*

0 : As last. R : Line cuts just after c, and through E to right.

Xancaabtrc.
LANCASTER. / 'j
1791.

G5

14.

O : Centre of crown between u and K. R : Line of shield between C A and centre of E. A. 6

15.

0 : Very similar to last, two points of star to ermine. R : Line cuts c and E, as No. 10. aT^^gS

I< =

16.

O: The bust closer to I of IOHV, and star under the centre of ermine. R : As No. 13. A. 7

17.

O: Similar to last. The star further from bust, and different angle. R : As No. 14.

0 : The point of crown under first limb of K. R : As No. 14. A. 8

19.

0 : Very similar to last, i of of ermine to left. R : As No. 14. RarityNo. 8, RRR.

IOHN

clear

20.

0 : As last. R : Line of shield just above E to right. On large and small flans. 11, 15, 16, 18, 19, scarce.

10, 12 and 13, RR. 17, R. The others, common.

66

Xancasbire,
. LANCASTER.
1792.

21. 0 : Centre point of crown to n, and front one to u. R : Line of shield cuts c and p. Point of shield over 9. H

22. 0 : As last. R : Line cuts between c and A, and p and E. Shield slightly to left A. 9 sTx. ; > ; < " , > :
0 V

23. 0 : Centre point of crown to D, and front one to N. R : Similar to last, but wider space between R and H. A. 10 DO* .%V >j 1 rj /
-J

0 : Centre point of crown between D and u, and front one to u. R: Similar to No. 22. The point of shield between 7 and 9. A. 11

& 26. 0 : Similar to last, but the front point of crown to N. 25. R : As No 23. A. 12 26. R : Line cut c to left, and between p and E to right. a X . rr r- v,v^ Ci. f-\ 29.

Trial piece of ob. die No. 28. blank.


CLARKE.

Rev.

PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOiMAS

28. O

Centre of crown to K, and front one to T . As No. 23. A. 13 A flaw

0 : Centre of crown to K, and front one to N. gives an impression of a nose-ring. R : A period after legend.
E : PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER X

A. 14

29a. K : As last, but with . x . instead of x 29fc. E : CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD AND HUNTINGDON.
29c. 29e. E: PAYABLE AT CLOUGHER OR IN DUBLIN. : PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON. 29'/. E E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

A. 14(7
A 146 A. 14c A . 14(i

29 f. E: Milled. 29#. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 14e A. 14/

Nos. 29a to 29.7 bave the obverse struck from a worn and afterwards polished die, hence part of the design is absent. (Compare with No. 29.)

Xancasbire.
LANCASTER.
1 7 9 2 .

67

With hexagonal star under the bust. Similar to No. 29.


PAYABLE IN CASTER LONDON X BRISTOL & LANA. 16

31. O : No star under bust. R : Line cuts c and E.


E I PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL.

31a. Plain edge (rounded). 316. (rough). Nos. 31-38 tire poor imitations of the last. No period after legend on rev. D'JKz

A. 17 A. 17a

32. 0 : Centre of crown to first limb of K. Line between A and s. Plain.

33. 0 : R: E : 34. 0 : R:
E

Centre of crown to K. As last. Plain. A. 15a Centre of crown to last limb of k. Less space between R and H.

: PAYABLE AT C L O U G H E R OR IN D U B L I N .

35. O : Centre of crown between u and K. R : Inscription and date smaller letters
E : PAYABLE IN D U B L I N CORK OR D E R R Y .

36, 37, 38. 0 : Similar. The points of crown curve downward. 36. R : As No. 34.
E : PAYABLE AT C L O U G U E R OR IN D U B L I N

37. R : Similar, line cuts the A and p.


E : PAYABLE AT C L O U G H E R OR IN D U B L I N

38. R : Line cuts between c and A, and p to right


E : PAYABLE AT C L O U G H E R OR IN D U B L I N .

RanityNo. 27, RRR. 31, 316 and 36, RR. 26, 29a, 32, 34, 35, 38, R. 27, 296, c, f , (j, and 37, scarce. The others, common.

G8

U a n c a s b \ r e.
LANCASTER.
"H'l'/h,

^Vu s y
? ' -r .

1 7 9 4 .

&

'jj

39.

0 : As No. 31. No star under bust. li : Similar, but dated 1 794.


E : PAYABLE IK LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 19 E : MASONIC H A L F P E N N Y TOKEN MDCCXCIV .

40.

0 : Centre of crown to first limb ot D. R : Wider space between R an'd H.


E : AN ASYLUM FOR T H E O P R E S S ' D OF ALL NATIONS. A. 20

39a.

40a. E : Plain.

A. 20a

X . X . A. 19a 39b. E : Plain, rounded (small flan).

S t a r u n d e r Bust. Star under bust, centre of crown between u and K. As No. 39.
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR B R I S T O L .

4 I a. h

PAYABLE AT W. G Y E S P R I N T E R BATH.

. X + . X .

PAYABLE AT W . P A R K E R ' S OLD BIRMINGHAM W A R E H O U S E . PAYABLE IN CHANDOS S T R E E T CONVENT GARDEN +

41a. E PAYABLE 41,'. E PAYABLE 41/. E : Plain.

IN S U F F O L K - S T R E E T HAYMARKET . BY W. F U G G I N S G O U D H U R S T .

A. 18 A. 18a A. 186 A. 18c A. 18rf A. 18e

LI \n:j.

OB.

O : Centre of crown under last limb of K. li: As No. 39. E : Plain.

Nos. 43-48, rev., shield of arms. HALFPENNY 17 94 larger letters. Similar, period after legend No period after legend, line cuts H and Y.
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A . 2 2 PAYABLE AT S . & T . A S H L E Y . PAYABLE AT T H E T E M P L E OF T H E M U S E S . A. 2 2 a A . 22&

No. 43 uas also struck in brass.

U a n c a 0 b i r e.
LANCASTER. V 1794.

G9

44.

O: No period after legend, centre of crown to last limb of K. ]{: Line cuts before the H and after Y.
E : PAYABLE BRISTOL. IN AT LANCASTER LONDON LONDON OR OR A . '23 DUBLIN

45.

0 : As last. R : Period after legend.


E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 2 4 E E E : PAYABLE AT LONDON . + . + . + . A . 2 4 a : PAYABLE AT M A C C L E S F I E L D L I V E R P O O L OR CONGLETON X . : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR D U B L I N .

45a. 456. 45c.

44a. 44ft. 44c.

E E E

: PAYABLE

XO X O X 3
: CURRANT E V E R Y W H E R E . : HALFPENNY PAYABLE HILL. AT THE H O R S E TOWER

A. 23a A. 236
BLACK

45 d. E : Milled.

A. 246

A. 18/

j V'M u
j

5 -

r
0 : As last. K : As No. 45. E: PAYABLE IN A. 25 bis.
LANCASTER ' I 0 0 < W 3 A R L HO

4G.

0 : As No. 41. Star under bust. R : No period after legend, space between 17 and 94 wider.
E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER, LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 25

47.

47a. E:

NOUNOT PAYABLE AT A N G L E S E Y L I V E R P O O L OR CONGLETON. & SON BATH.

4Ga. E

: PAYABLE AT w . G Y E ' S P R I N T E R BATH.

476. E : PAYABLE BY M . LAM BE 47c. E : Chain pattern. 47 </. E : Plain.

48. 0 : As No. 39. R: As No. 45.


E

No star under bust.


WAREHOUSE HUTCHISON. OF

S y / /

r/ \
^ /

: PAYABLE AT T H E THO. AND A L E X .

RarityNos. 39a, 40, 41a, c, ,/, 42, 43a, 44, 446, 44c, 456, c, d, 47, a, 6, c, d, and 48, RR. 416, 41d, 46a, R. 45, scarce. The others, common.

70

l a n c a e b i re.
LANCASTER. tUC i. M t/L&S'. ttomo///,,

0 : As No. 29. / ? : A r m s of L i v e r p o o l , see No. 90. K : PAYABLE IN LONDON, a n d e n g r a i l e d . O : V e r y s i m i l a r to No. 41, b u t n o t s a m e die. R : A r m s of L i v e r p o o l , see N o 107.
E : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OB BRISTOL.

A. 26 51. 0 : H: E : 0: R: As last. B i s h o p Blaize a n d l a m b , &c. A. 27 As No. 50. As No. 31. As l a s t . A. 5 0 Y o r k s h i r e .

52.

<';

-/

z<o T

S i^ ^ / - o

<

-4,

53.

54.

0 : R: E : O: R: E :

As No. 49. A r i v e r god, <4c.


PAYABLE IN LONDON,

A. 2 8 and engrailed

55.

O : T h e rev. of No. 45. R: B u s t to r i g h t , GEORGE


WALES.

PRINCE OF

As No. 49. F i g u r e of B r i t a n n i a s t a n d i n g . Plain. A. 29

F.< : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LOODAAAN HO

NoaNoi
55a. : PAYABLE AT BANBURY READING.

A. 3 0
OXFORD OR A. 30a

54a.

L : WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

R a r i t y N o s . 49, 50, 52, 5 4 a a n d 55a, R R . The others, common.

51, R.

55, scarce.

rhe TI Lancaster Series were issued by Thos. Worwick, Sons & Co., of New Street, Bankers. 1 nomas Worwick was a goldsmith and silversmith. There was one Alexander VVorswick in Church street, a merchant. Artist ami ManufacturerHANCOCK.

rhere were a large number of counterfeits of both Lancaster and Liverpool Halfpennies. Pye an Sharp give 1791 and 1792 as the only dates of genuine issue. It is probable that all Lancaster alter No. 2b, and Liverpool Nos. 79 to 84, 89, and 100 to the end are counterfeits. Pye states that 5 tons ot 1792 counterfeits were made by Kempson, and that 1793 were not circulated by Mr. Clarke.

71

X a n c a e b i r c.

CmCULT- JIAWO*CX-^>

. o'fnetc*

56.

0 : Bust to left, R : A ship, &c. E : Milled.

DANIEL THE

ECCLESTON

LANCASTER.

LANCASHIRE

HALFPENNY

In raised letters. 1794. A 31 -

inQj^
S e e k following there a p p e a r e d a " l e t t e r " which he a s supposed to have wrttten from the othei world .

I CMit tUUU t

67.

0: The legend is incuse, and P O N T H O N added on the bust. E : The legend is incuse upon a broad rim.
E : PAYABLE .IN. LANCASTER. LIVERPOOL. & . MANCHESTER. A. 32

58.

Ob., rev. and edge, as No. 57; but no period after COMMERCEthis is due to polished dies, by which the liner lines of the design have been erased.

57a- E ' Plain.

V V ?x<

59.

0 : A hand holding a scroll inscribed


" O U R CAUSE IS J U S T , " &C.

59a.

E :

AN

ASYLUM

FOR

THE

OPPRESS D

OF

ALL NATIONS.

H : Fifteen stars radiated, <fcc.


E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 33

596. E : Milled. 59c. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 3 3 a A 336

A. 33c

R a r i t y - N o . 56, unique.

57a, 59a, 59b, RR.

59, 59c, scarce.

The others, common.

72

U a ncasbire.
L I V E R P O O L .

1791.

( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e ) .

F r e / ^ l l J ^ a c ' n g t h e ,1 ! es o f t h e 1 7 0 1 s e r i f i s , the straight l's and curved l's in the nd i t l'l the proper edge reading coming first. The straight l's are arranged with Wpr , i n ? p e n 011 o b T f ' u a n d h y t h e position of the top of mast-head to the letter L of legend, commencing with the top of mast-head to the centre of L.

Edges, unless otherwise stated, read :

PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS CLARKE

. x . x

-S? /; / Ww*

; j V.

GO.

rial piece of rev. die before the twig was added to the mouth of the bird which forms the crest. The legend reads DEUS NOBIS HAC, &c., 1791.
. PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE OF THO & ALEX. HUTCHISON.

k Mu
61.

//

y, ~

,r

.ciVtZ

o-

'
r v*"/ ^ V 62. O : As last. Fi: The inner heads of rushes are above the shield.

0 : A ship sailing, LIVERPOOL H A L F PENNY. The mainmast to centre of L. R : The outer rush-head to right, close to i. A. 37

4*
f

- S E C K o:

>

*
-

/.i

n.' i

vM
V

m ? '

N ,,

'V-fe

63, G4, 65. 63. ir

0: {!: i. ! I

The same obv. die. The top of mainmast nearer to last limb of L. A mS a n d C r e s t -' ' N o l l e a d t 0 t h e bulrushes. 0* A. 34 Similar, but with two heads added to the rushes on either sideci 6 u PP e r to right points to F. A. 35 Similar to last, but the upper flag to right points between F and E.

73

^Lancashire.
LIVERPOOL. 1791. ( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e

& r<""%

r
GG.

/O

"

s-

;(

0 : The masthead to last limb of t . /f: The upper two flags to right point to E .

G7.

0 : As last. R : Similar, but inner heads of rushes are above the shield. A. 36

r;C>^l>x

'J-C r ~i * T >- <y v ,J

'i.t L n

*hS

)vl
0 : As last. R : Similar to last, the top flag to right points between r and E.

68.

0 : The bowsprit below centre of Y A. 38 R : As last.

69.

# %

,-7

f'J
.

70.

O : A period at end of legend. R: As No. 66.

'7 A. 41

Iff,

JS> A? : 10

ZJ*>rU&
.

<? -n -J/ ' "< .

/ i

71.

0 : The mast comes between L and H. A. 39 R : As No. 6'2. 63, RR.

72.

0 : As last. R : The outer head to left does not reach the B. The others, common.

RarityNo. 60, RRR.

61, G2, 65, 67, 69, 72, scarce.

74
^ L a n c a s h i r e .
L I V E R P O O L .

1791.

( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e . )

73.

0 : Top of mast to foot of H. R : As No. 61. 75.

74.

O : As last. R : Head of crest under second limb of m. A. 40

0 : As last. R : Similar to last; the outer head on right to the first limb of A.

76.

U: The mast points between, but is just below, the line of L and H. No period. R : A period at the end of legend. A. 42

77. 78.

0 : R: 0: R:

Similar to last, but with period. As last. A. 48 The period in the bend of Y. As No. 76. A 44

79.

O: A copy of No. 70, but stern lamp larger. R : Crest further from legend.
E : PAYABLE IH AWGLESEY LOWDOM OR LIVERPOOL A. 49 A. 4 9 a : PAYABLE AT LANCASTER LONDON OK BRISTOL. : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY. : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEA. LONDON IHII ANGLESEA H I L L OR H I L L BRISTOL. : LONDON BRISTOL AND LIVERPOOL. : LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL. A. 49c

79a. E

79fc. E
79c. E 7 9 ' / . E:

A. 49ft

79c. E
79/'. E 79;/. 79h.

A. 49<Z
A. A. A. 49 49f 49'/

E : AT NUNEATON III HINKLEY |||| OR | | | BEDWORTH. E : E NUNEATON BEDWORTH AND HINKLEY. : PAYABLE IN BEDWORTH HINKLEY OR NUNEATON.

79i.

79/. E : Milled to right (coarse), M M 7 9k. E: Milled to left (fine). M l

A. 49h A. 49i

^Lancashire.
LIVERPOOL. 1791, ( S t r a i g h t l ' s in d a t e . )

75

fSTr

MaiUt

O : Top of masthead further from L. R: Rushes longer.


E : PAYABLE AT LONDON L I V E R P O O L OR B R I S T O L . P *

fturn
81. 0 : Ball on mast between L and H. R : All rush-heads above shield.
E : PAYABLE AT M A C C L E S F I E L D L I V E R P O O L OR CONGLETON.

82.

0 : Quite different to the preceding; end of bowsprit touches the N. R : Head of crest under H.
E : GOD SAVE THE KING AND CONSTITUTION.

88. 0 : Bowsprit nearly touches last limb of Y. R : Pointed top to figures.


E : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON. PAYABLE IN LANCASTER BRISTOL. A . 4 9 bis. OR 84a. E E

Very poor imitation. Very poor imitation.


: PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR A. 50 LIVERPOOL. ; A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

88a. E :

LONDON

C u r v e d l ' s in d a t e .

%
85. 0 : Top of mast nearly touches the L. R : Top flag to right between E and c. A. 45 87. O : As last. R; Top flag to right to first limb of E. RarityNos. 74, 75, 79a, c, d, / , g, j, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84a, 85, RR. 79b, 86, R. 78, 79k, 83a, 86, scarce. The others, common. 0 : Top of mast to centre of L, bowsprit between N and Y. R : The wings of L I V E R point between c and o. 86.

76

Xancasbire.
LIVERPOOL.
1791. (Curved l's in d a t e . )

88.

T o p of m a s t t o t h e c e n t r e b e t w e e n L a n d H. R : T o p flag t o r i g h t p o i n t s t o first l i m b of E. A. 4 6 ( T h i s w a s s t r u c k f r o m p o l i s h e d dies.)

0:

89.

0 : As last. R : T o p l e f t h a n d flag p o i n t s b e t w e e n u a n d s.
E : PAYABLE POOL. AT T H E WAREHOUSE LIVERA. 4 6 a PAYABLE BY STRIDE.

89a.

E : EMSWORTH H A L F P E N N Y . IOHN

T o p of m a s t n e a r l y t o u c h e s l e f t h a n d s i d e of H. R\ T h e t o p l e f t h a n d flag p o i n t s bet w e e n u a n d s. A. 4 7 90a. E : P l a i n .

90.

0:

91.

O : S i m i l a r , e n d of b o w s p r i t c l o s e t o Y. R : Very similar to last, but top left h a n d flag p o i n t s t o c e n t r e of s.

92.

0 : As last. R : T o p flag t o r i g h t t o first l i m b of E.

#//fe

93.

O : T o p of m a s t j u s t t o u c h e s l e f t h a n d s i d e of H. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag p o i n t s t o c e n t r e of E.

94.

O : T o p of m a s t t o c e n t r e of first l i m b of H. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag t o first l i m b of E. A s No. 8 8 b e f o r e t h e d i e was polished. A, 4 8 93, 100, R 90, 9 5 , 9 9 , s c a r c e .

R a r i t y N o s . 8 9 a , 9 0 a , 9 2 , 97, 101, 1 0 2 a , R K .

The others, common.

77

Xancasbire.
LIVERPOOL.
1 7 9 2 .

u r y*

0>. f/l/

&

&

h.

tafeM
. . '-y -7S 95. 0 : T h e e n d of b o w s p r i t c l o s e to Y. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag t o s e c o n d l i m b
of E. E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS CLARKE. A. 5 2

2
S i m i l a r , e n d of b o w s p r i t f u r t h e r f r o m Y. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag to c e n t r e of E.
E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS CLARKE. A. 58

O:

>

i j u b l 'i
sUKi
O : S i m i l a r , b u t less s p a c e b e t w e e n L a n d H. B : S i m i l a r , b u t t h e t o p l e f t h a n d flag b e t w e e n u a n d s.
E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS C L A R K E .

0 : Similar, but m a s t h e a d a little c l o s e r t o H. R : T o p r i g h t h a n d flag to s e c o n d l i m b of E .


E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS C L A R K E .

MfT-rJ

0 : \V i t h p e r i o d a f t e r l e g e n d . R: W i t h p e r i o d a f t e r l e g e n d .
E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS C L A R K E . A . 5-1

7tJ

in f'/

// ^ I f f 7r 4 W -A' C~r

'

100.

0 : S m a l l dot under stern lamp. R : No period. T h e t h i r d flag t o r i g h t points between c and i


E : PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON. A . 5 6

102.

O : As l a s t . R : Similar, the third p o i n t s t o i.


E

flag

to right
A . 56rt

: CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E .

101.

0 : As last. R : T h e t h i r d flag c e n t r e of c.
E

102<i . E : to r i g h t points to

Plain.

: PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON.

78

Xancasbtre.
LIVERPOOL.
1792.

103.

O : Similar, but no stern lamp. R: D a t e d 1 7 9 2 .


E : PAYABLE PAYABLE AT AT THE THE WAREHOUSE WAREHOUSE OF OP THOMAS CLACKE . X X . A. 51 A. 56b OF

103a. 1036. 103c.

E : E E

THO. & ALEX. HUTCHISON. : PAYABLE AT THE

: CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD AND HUNTINGDON WAREHOUSE THOMAS CLARKH.

O : Bowsprit nearly touches last limb of Y. N o s t e r n l a m p . R : T o p flag t o r i g h t p o i n t s to c.


E : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL. E : PAYABLE * * PAYABLE IN AT * IN DUBLIN -* * * A. 55 CRONEBANE * OR A. 5 5 a

LANCASTER LONDON OR

BRISTOL.

A . 55fc
A. 55C THE WAREHOUSE OF A. 55d

104c.

PAYABLE IN SUFFOLK BATH OR MANCHESTER. PAYABLE AT

104,1. E

THOMAS CLACKE . X X .

Plain. ( N o . 1 0 4 a . S o m e a r e o n l y "PAYABLE * AT * CRONEBANE T h e remainder blank.)

1 7 9 3 .

105.

U : M a s t h e a d b e t w e e n L a n d H. R : D a t e d 1793.
E \ PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 5 9

105a.

E : PAYABLE AT LONDON 4 LIVERPOOL.

1056. E :

Plain.

S o m e s h o w d i e flaw t o l e f t of m a s t o n obv., a n d t o l e f t of s h i e l d o n rev

<<p

:"

106.

O: M a s t h e a d t o u c h e s f o o t of L. R: A s l a s t . E: PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON E: E :

OR

106a. 106ft.

BRISTOL. LONDON / / / / / ANGLESEA / / / / / OR / / / / /

A. 5 7 a BRISTOL. PAYABLE IN SUFFOLK BATH OR MANCHESTER.

79

Xancasbiie.
LIVERPOOL.
1 7 9 3

107.

0 : W i t h oak branches u n d e r ship. R : W i t h period after legend.


E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 5 8 A. 5 8 a

fi'n %
^ I f h-t^
x-. y /\ f \\

'

i & *

107a.

E :

PAYABLE IN LONDON L I V E R P O O L OR BRISTOL.

1076. 107c.

E : Milled, i m m / m m E : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) .

A. 586 A. 58c

1794.

108.

O : : S t e r n l a m p n e a r l y t o u c h e s b r a n c h to l e f t . A. GO A. 6 0 a A . 606 A. 60c A. G0</ A . 60c A. 6 0 /

R: D a t e d 1 7 9 4 . E: PAYABLE IN A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L . 1 0 8 a . E : AT i n s t e a d of IN. 10Hb. E : PAYABLE BY IOHN F I L M E R CHURCH L A N E . 108c. E: PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON. 10K d. E: PAYABLE AT LONDON L I V E R P O O L OU B R I S T O L . 108c. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T .
108/". E : 108i/. E: 108/i. E : 108i. E : 108/. E :
PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR B E L F A S T . C E L E B R A T E D FOR P U R E A LONDON L I V E R P O O L OR C E L E B R A T E D FOR P U R E AND SEA BATHING. BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & SWANSEA. PAYABLE IN S U F F O L K S T R E E T HAYMARKET.

IOWA:. E :

PAYABLE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM W A R E H O U S E .

108/. E : P l a i n .

A. 60;/

(Nos. 10H</ a n d h a r e " b l u n d e r e d " e d g e s ; t h e c o r r e c t e d g e


should read CELEBRATED FOR PURE AIR AND SEA B A T H I N G . )

& JM, % ^
109.
E : PAYABLE AT THE THOMAS CLACKE.

0:f,

/y

dpm|
rjf \ ^
WAREHOUSE

/? ,

C>r

/// ^ , ; ^

ijjp WMl
110.
OF

O : M a s t h e a d t o u c h e s f o o t of L. R : Larger lettering.

0 : M a s t h e a d b e t w e e n L a n d H. R : As l a s t .
E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS CLACKE.

R a r i t y N o s . 103a, 6, c, 104c, d, e, 105a, A, 107c, 108a, 6, c, e, g, h, i, j, k, 109, 110, RR.


1 0 4 a , 6, 100, a, 6, 1 0 7 , 108/', I, R . 103, 104, s c a r c e . The others, common.

80

Xancasbire.
LIVERPOOL.
MULES.
hp J
111. 0 : S i m i l a r t o No. 91. R : Britannia seated.
HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE IN LIVERPOOL. 1795. ANGLESEY LONDON OR A. 7 1 BRUNSWICK

I l i a . E : PAYABLE IN LONDON.
' fe .

The remain-

der engrailed. 111/-. E : COVENTRY TOKEN. 111c. E : PAYABLE BY IOHN 112.


R : Bust to

A. 7 1 a

T h e r e m a i n d e r e n g r a i l e d . A 71 b PILMER CHURCH LANE x x A. 71


left, STANHOPE . NOBLE

0 : As No. 103.
WITHOUT NOBILITY E : PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSON'S ROJINEY.

M M i

A. 69 ( S o m e h a v e " b l u n d e r e d " edges.)


112a. E : PAYABLE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE.

Kp

- --0/ N.

du

g
r* r j r : r

f : ~-rf %

113.

0 : As N o . 104.
H: EARL HOWE 1 7 9 5 , & c . CALDECOTT'S C H I C H E S T E R A. 6 2 E : PAYABLE AT SHARP'S PORTSMOUTH AND

114.

0 : A s No. 100. R : Bust. S e e L a n c a s t e r , No. 56.


E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . A. 61

114a. E : P l a i n .

A. 6 1 a

'ii

115.

R:
E

Nos. 1 1 5 - 1 1 7 . O : As No. 107. Bishop Blaize and lamb. See Yorkshire.


: PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 6 3

116.

R:

WASHINGTON P R E S I D E N T 1 7 9 1 .

See

Not Local. E : As last. A. 64 ( S o m e h a v e " b l u n d e r e d " edges.)


117. R ' EARL HOWE, &C.

E:

Plain.

81

Xancasbire.
LIVERPOOL.
MULES.

N o s . 1 1 8 - 2 2 . O : T h e o b v . of No. 1 0 8 .
118. R: E METAL : PAYABLE & COPPEK 1795. IN A N G L E S E Y , LONDON OR COMPANY HALFPENNY.

119.

R : B u s t Of CHARLES ROE, & c .


E : PAYABLE IN A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR LIVERPOOL . X . A. 66

LIVERPOOL.

A. 6 5

118a. E :

Plain.

120. 120d. 120ft. 120c. 120</.

R: Bust of E A R L H O W E , &C. E: BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H IFE SWANSEA. A. 6 7 E: AN ASYLUM FOR T H E O P P R E S S ' D OF ALL NATIONS. A. 6 7 E: PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR B E L F A S T . A. 676 E: PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T . A. 6 7 c E: PAYABLE AT S H A R P E ' S P O R T S M O U T H AND C H A L D E C O T T ' S
CHICHESTER.

A. 67<Z ( S m a l l t h i n flans.) A. 67e

1 2 0 f . E: 120/'. E:

PAYABLE AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON.

P l a i n (not in collar).

R E 121<i. E:
121. 1216.

: G E O R G E P R I N C E OF W A L E S . : PAYABLE IN A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

A. 6 8 A. 6 8 a A. 686

PAYABLE IN LONDON OR BRIGHTON.

E: : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) .

122.

R : A b i s h o p ' s h e a d w i t h c r o z i e r , &c.
E : BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & SWANSEA.

A. 7 0

82

^Lancashire.
LIVERPOOL.
MULES.

123.

R E

T h e rev. of No. 86. B r i t a n n i a . , as No. 111.


PAYABLE IN LONDON, a n d e n g r a i l e d .

124.

0 : T h e rev, of No. 107. R : B i s h o p B l a i z e a n d l a m b , as N o . 115.


E : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL OR B R I S T O L .

A, 7 2

125.

0: As l a s t . R : F e m a l e seated holding fasces, as No. 118.


E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remain-

der engrailed.

A. 7 3

126.

0 : T h e rev. of No. 108.


R : Britannia seated, R U L E BRITANNIA.

1794. A. 74 E : P l a i n (on s m a l l a n d t h i n flans). ( A t k i n s ' N o . 7 5 is t h e s a m e a s h i s H a m p s h i r e No. 3 6 a . )

There was a Thomas Clarke, who was a saddler, at I, Paradise Street. Pye states that 6 tons were issued. That a man in a saddlery business could conveniently utilise six or more tons is astonishing !

Artist and ManufacturerHANCOCK.

RarityNos. 112, a, RRR.


125, 1276, R R .

I l l , b, 113, 114a, 117, 118a, 119, 120a, <1, 121, a, b,


1 1 1 a , 112c, 120c, 124, 126, 130, 134, scarce. T h e others, c o m m o n .

116, 120, e, 122, 123, R .

83

^Lancashire.
MANCHESTER.

127.

O:

EAST INDIA H O U S E .

R : The Grocers' arms, 1792


E : PAYABLE 127a. AT O I. CHESTER

HALFPENNY
h MANA. 7 6

FIELDINGS

F. : LONDON BRISTOL AND L I V E R P O O L . A . 7 G a

E: 127.

P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) .

A. 1Gb

S o m e h a v e l e t t e r i n g of e d g e partly inverted).

CV-73

f r 1tH
^ r

g ,

ftL

y-

I "

128.

0 : The Grocers' arms.


PROMISSORY

MANCHESTER
1793.

129.

HALFPENNY

R:

T h e t i p of r i g h t G r i f f i n ' s w i n g l i n e s w i t h first l i m b of A. E a s t I n d i a C o . ' s b a l e m a r k , Ac. T h e c e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d t o u c h e s t h e first l i m b of v. A. 77

130.

O : As l a s t . R: T h e c e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d c l e a r of v. O : T h e Griffin's w i n g to second l i m b of A. R : As last.

' I

S- T

Jtf

if'
g
131. 0:

TO-

V
,

- ' i - A

&
yjjs,
132. O : As last. R : V e r y s i m i l a r . T h e t a i l of & t o u c h e s T of TEA. F l a w u n d e r i i n s h i e l d . O : T a i l s of G r i f f i n s solid, a n d p o i n t outward. R : A s No. 131. A. 7 9

D a t e closer together. The tufts a t e n d of G r i f f i n s ' t a i l s f o r m e d of t w o l i n e s . R : T a i l of & t u r n s d o w n , c e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d n e a r l y t o u c h e s s e c o n d l i m b of v. A. 78

133.

134.

O : Similar, except t h a t the tails point downward. R : C e n t r e p o i n t of s h i e l d c l e a r of v.

84

^Lancashire.
M A N C H E S T E R .

135.

R E

A p o r t e r c a r r y i n g a p a c k . MANCHESTER HALFPENNY. Ex: 1793. S h i e l d of a r m s , sic DONEC o n a r i b b o n u n d e r , SUCCESS TO


NAVIGATION. PAYABLE AT I. F I E L D I N G 3 MANCHESTER O A. 8 0

(On l a r g e a n d s m a l l f l a n s . )

135a. E PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL. 1356. E PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON. 135e. E PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. L L L L ANGLESEA L L L L L OR L L L L L BRISTOL. 135il. E LONDON L 135c. E E n g r a i l e d . 1 3 5 / . E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN.
135;/. 135/i. E Plain.

A. 8 0 a A. 806 A. 80c A. 80d

A. 80e

: PAYABLE AT THE SHOP OF DUNHAM & YALLOP GOLDSMITHS. A. 8 0 /

13G.

O K O R E

137.

As l a s t . PROMISSORY HALFPENNY A stork. A. 8 1 1793. See H a m p s h i r e . As last. A s t o r k on a c o r n u c o p i a . See W a r PENNY PAYABLE AT wickshire. A. 8 2 Engrailed.

ArtistsMAINWARING,

ARNOLD

and D I X O N .

Manufacturer

LUTWYCHE.

There was a John Fielding, warehouseman, of 12, Back Fatkner Street, and a grocer of the same name at 27, Withey Grove. It is within the range of possibility that the warehouseman was the issuer of the token No. 135, if not also that of No. 127, as both have the same edge reading. No. 138.Sharp gives Lutwyche as manufacturer; the artist is not stated. R a r i t y N o . 139. R R R . 135;/, 136, 137, 1386, 1 4 0 a , 143a, 1 4 6 a , 148a, 149a, 1 5 0 a , R R . 1356. d, / h, 138, a, 141, 146, 147, 148, 149, scarce. The others, c o m m o n .

142, 1 4 4 a , 145 a n d 151 to 157, R .

138.

O : FREDERICK DUKE OF YORK.

I>U&g"x

R : T h e B r i c k l a y e r s ' a r m s , Ac.
PAYABLE CHESTER AT J. RAYNER & 1793.

HALFPENNY
CO. MANA. 8 3 A. 8 3 a

OS.

E : ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. 1 3 8 a . E : BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA.

1386. E : P l a i n ( n o t in collar).

A. 836

85

X a n c a s b ire.
ROCHDALE.

>

-d

139.

U n f i n i s h e d proof of rev. die. Rev. blank.


E : PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON.

140.

O : A
E

fleece,

ROCHDALE 1 7 9 1 .
AT THE WAREHOUSE OF

R : A m a n w e a v i n g in a l o o m , HALFPENNY.
: PAYABLE IOHN KERSHAW . X . A. 84

1 4 0 a . E : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) . 141. 0 : As last. II: Similar.


K : PAYABLE

A. 8 4 a

N o t e p o s i t i o n of t h e feet, also t h e legs of t h e stool.


IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL . X . A. 8 5

Issued by John Kershaw, mercer and draper. There was also John Kershaw & Co., woollen manufacturers.

Artist
142.

and ManufacturerHANCOCK.

0 : S i m i l a r , b u t d a t e d 1792. R : As l a s t .

A. 8 6

This was also struck in silver.


T h i s is a n i m i t a t i o n by WESTWOOD.

143.

0 : A r m s a n d crest, ROCHDALE HALFPENNY. 1792. A line d r a w n a c r o s s t h e t w o p o i n t s of shield c u t s t h e last l i m b of A on l e f t . R : A m a n w e a v i n g in a loom.


K : PAYABLE AT . THE WAREHOUSE OF IOHN KERSHAW . X

/ I |

1 4 3 a . E : P l a i n (not i n collar). 144. 0 : T h e line a c r o s s shield j u s t c l e a r s t h e f o o t of L o n l e f t . R : and E : As last. 144a. E : P l a i n 145. O : T h e line c u t s t h e t e r m i n a l of L on left. R : a n d E : As last. A. 8 8 Issuer as last. ArtistWYON. 146. O : R: 146a. E : 147. O : R:

A. 87 A. 8 7 a T h e p e r i o d n e a r e r to t h e 2 of d a t e . a n d E : As l a s t . Plain. A. 8 9 As last. P o l i s h e d rev. d i e ; o n l y t h r e e t r e a d l e s a r e n o w visible.


-KEMPSON.

Manufacturer

86

Xancaabire.
ROCHDALE.
MULES.

' V

ouzxmz &*7a
148. A s No. 1 4 5 . B e e h i v e a n d bees,
I T S SURE REWARD. . + PAYABLE IN LONDON. The re-

149. INDUSTRY HAS

0 : A s N o . 146. II: A mounted dragoon.


ET PATRIA, &C.

PRO REGE A. 92 A. 9 2 a

148(7. E

mainder engrailed. Plain 150.

A. 9 1 A. 9 1 a

E : S a m e as No. 148. 149<i. E: P l a i n ( n o t in collar).

O : T h e rev. of No. 147. K : D o v e a n d olive b r a n c h .


PLENTY.

PEACE AND X

J-<Ti

E 1 PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON X

A. 9 3

150a. E

WILLY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

FARTHINGS.

LANCASTER.
r

, 'L

, n

151.
i - i - -C

0:

Crowned

b u s t to left,

IOHN OF

GAUNT D U K E OF LANCASTER.

li : S h i e l d of a r m s .
HALFPENNY 1 7 9 1 .

LANCASTER HALF

152.

E : Milled. S i m i l a r to last, b u t d a t e d 1792.

A. 94 A. 9 5

z-A-Lj:

LIVERPOOL.
153.
0 : A ship sailing,
HALFPENNY. li: S h i e l d of a r m s , OTIA FECIT 1 7 9 1 . D E U S NOBIS HVEC

LIVERPOOL HALF

y
''

154. 155.

E : Milled. S i m i l a r to last, b u t d a t e d 1792. On a small flan, an impression t h e c e n t r e of t h e H a l f p e n n y t o o s m a l l to s t a t e t h e N o .

A. 9 6 A. 97 from dies,

ROCHDALE.
156. O : A fleece, ROCHDALE 1 7 9 1 .

B: A , a 4 157.

man

weaving

in

loom. A. 9 8 A. 99

HALF HALFPENNY.

E : Milled. S i m i l a r to last, b u t d a t e d 1792.

T h e H a l f H a l f p e n n y pieces were m a n u f a c t u r e d by WESTWOOD, f o r sale to collectors.

87

Xciccstersbire.
ELMSTHORPE.

VLUUGH
0 : RUINS OF ELMSTHORP CHURCH. E x '.

2.

0 : Similar, but with the final letter E to


" ELMSTHOltPE."

1800.
R : A w h e a t s h e a f , &c. BY RICHD. F O W K E . HALFPENY PAYABLE A. 1

R:

Similar,

but

with

GOD SPEED THE


A. 2

PLOUGH a d d e d i n Ex:

E : P l a i n in collar. No. 1. This Struck is struck in silver only in tin. and cojiper. RRR. RR. A'o. 2.

The private token of Richard Fowke, a farmer; a collector of coins, etc. A rtist H A N C O C K . Manufacturer KEMPSON.

Xtncolnshire.
LINCOLN.
1. 0 \ k wheatsheaf. HALFPENNY. PEACE . AND . P L E N T Y .

R : T h e a r m s of L i n c o l n ,
LINCOLN . OR . LONDON.

PAYABLE . AT .
1795. A. 1

This is not a currency token; it is probably one of Skidmore's. 2. 0 : S a m e as l a s t .


R : T h e a r m s of L o n d o n ,
& STEELYARDS.

SCALES WEIGHTS

No. 2 is inserted on the authority of Atkins, but it has not been traced. It may possibly be a description of the token placed by Atkins to No. 12 Munster.

SLEAFORD.
3. O : C r o w n e d b u s t to l e f t ,
D U K E OF LANCASTER. R : Arms, E : PAYABLE 3d. SUCCESS TO NAVIGATION. BY THOMAS BALL SLEAFORD .

IOHN OF GAUNT

+ .+ .+ .+ . 3 b. E : P l a i n (rounded). Thomas A rtist Ball was a grocer and

A. 3 A. 3a ironmonger. L U T W YC H K.

E : PAYABLE BY I . SIMMONS S T A P L E H U R S T .

DLXON.

Manufacturer

88

Lincolnshire.
SPALDING.

si M 3<i";

4.

O:

F i g u r e of B r i t a n n i a . ahove B r i t a n n i a .

small
TO

lion
THE

SUCCESS

COMMERCE OF BRITAIN

II:
E :

A c y p h e r T. I. in a s h i e l d b e t w e e n s p r i g s of d o w e r s , c r e s t a d e m i - l i o n .
PAYABLE AT T. IENNINGS'S SPALDING A. & 4 HOLBEACH - X

VlXlJZJl

Aa. E : 5. O : R : 5a E : 6. O : 11:
. E :

Plain. S i m i l a r , b u t t h e s m a l l l i o n i s n o w below t h e figure. a n d E : A s No. 4. A. 5 Plain. a n d E : A s No. 5. T h e t a i l of t h e d e m i - l i o n i s m u c h n e a r e r t h e l e t t e r H.


P A Y A B L E AT I. IORDANS SPALDING i t H O L B E A C H X

A. 6
A. 6a

This
. 6<. E E : : :

is also struck

in silver.
A. A. A. 66 6(* (ill

P A Y A B L E AT IOHN FINCHAMS S U F F O L K . P A Y A B L E IN LONDON B R I S T O L & L A N C A S T E R . P A Y A B L E AT L E E K S T A F F O R D S H I R E .

6l. E

Ge. E : P l a i n ( n o t in c o l l a r ) . T h o m a s J e n n i n g s w a s an i r o n m o n g e r a n d stationer. ArtislW Y O N. Manufactu rer K b. M r s o N.

A. 6e

T h e e d g e r e a d i n g to No. 6a is e v i d e n t l y an error, a n d c o m m e n t e d on as s u c h by the writer of the " Bazaar Notes." J. J o r d a n w a s of Gosport.

WAINFLEET.
7. 0 : V i e w of W a i n f l e e t A b b e y ,
BY W I L L I A M WAYNEFLETE *

FOUNDED
1459.

11: A

figure
the

of H o p e s t a n d i n g , a s h i p in
distance. WAINFLEET HALF-

PENNY. Ej- : 1 7 9 3 . T h e finger of the figure p o i n t s to t h e s e c o n d l e t t e r E in "WAINFLEET."


E : BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & S W A N S E A . A. 8

8.

0 : T h e same as last. 11: S i m i l a r , b u t t h e figure i s n o t s o l a r g e , and its pointing finger touches t h e first E.
E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF D. W R I G H T & S. P A L M E R . X .

8<i. E : r e a d s WAREHOUSES.
86. 8T. E E : P A Y A B L E IN HULL AND IN LONDON. TER. Sll. 8?. E E : : ON DEMAND WF. PROMISE TO P A Y . CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E . : P A Y A B L E IN LONDON

A. 9a
A. 9b BRISTOL & LANCAS-

A . 9c

8/. E

: Plain. D. W r i g h t a n d S. Palmer. Manufacturer K EM P S O N . scarce.

ArtistWYON. R a r i t y N o . 7, R R R .

6 b, c, d, e, 86, c, d, e, f, R R . 1, 8a, 6, 4 a , The others, common.

BRIEF PARTICULARS
RESPECTING THE

EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
CONNECTED WITH

TOKENS

THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX.

( The names printed below that of the issuer are those of the die-sinker and manufacturer, according to Pye or Sharp.) For fuller particulars see Waters's " Notes on the Middlesex Tokens." 8vo. 1906.

G O O D M A N ' S F I E L D S N o s . 3 a n d 4. These were issued by Thomas Jordan & Co., at 21, Leman Street. B R I T A N N I A - N o . 6. This was made for sale. The puncheon used for the obverse die was the same as that used for the die for Spence's Britannia Halfpenny No. 678. Denton, the coin dealer, was the issuer. C H R I S T ' S H O S P I T A L N o . 13. This was probably a forgery of Halliday's (see the note to the Halfpenny, page 125, No. 281). A similar note appears in both of Sir George Chetwynd's copies of Sharp. G O R T O N ' S N o . 16. This may be a genuine token, but Pye rejected it as such. he used the reverse die upon some of his pieces made for sale. Skidmore was the manufacturer, and

H A C K N E Y N o s . 17 to 22. These are tokens made by Skidmore, for sale to collectors. H A C K N E Y N o s . 23 and 24. David Alves Rebello resided at Mare Street, Hackney ; his business address was 7, Bevis Marks, St. Mary Axe, City. He died April 24th, 1796. H A L L ' S N o s . 2 5 t o 30. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Hall's token with Mrs. Newsham wearing the necklace, is exceedingly rare. The sale catalogue of the Welch Collection of tokens sold in London in 1801 states that only three were struck. M E N D O Z A N o . 35. These dies were cut by Mainwaring. ( 1 )

MILTON'SNo. 36. Milton's address was Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane. He was also employed at the Royal Mint.

O R C H A R D ' S N o s . 37 and 3 8 . Robert Orchard was probably buried in Stepney, where he died, in 1833. H E N R Y YOUNG'SNo. 39. (D) Thomas Wyon. Henry Young was the father of Matthew Young, the issuer of the next token. MATTHEW Y O U N G ' S - N o s . 4 0 and 41. \ oung s stock of coins were sold between 1838 and 1841, the sales occupying 61 days. K E M P S O N ' S N o s . 4 2 to 80. These were made for sale by Kempson, the Birmingham manufacturer, from dies by Thomas Wyon. LONDON A N D W E S T M I N S T E R N o s . 81 to 113. These were made for sale by Denton and Prattent ; the dies were probably the work of James. S K I D M O R E ' S N o s . 114 to 173. These were made for sale by Skidmore, the coin dealer and ironmonger, of High Holborn from dies cut by Jacobs. S W A N T O K E N S N o s . 174 and 175. These were made from dies by James, for sale by Denton, the coin dealer. N A T I O N A L S E R I E S N o . 185. According to the European children at Windsor. Magazine of May 1789, this was made for the Sunday-school

Nos. 191 a n d 202. These were made for sale by Skidmore, the coin dealer. C O R R E S P O N D I N G SOCIETYNo. 203. The silver impressions of this piece were presented to the jurymen who served upon the trial. Specimens in fine condition are exceedingly rare. H A R D Y ' S N o s . 2 0 4 to 206. Thomas Hardy was a shoemaker, at 161, Fleet Street; he died October n t h , 1832. P A I N E ' S N o s . 2 0 8 and 209. Thomas Paine's "Rights of Man" was published in 1791. At his trial he was defended by Thomas Erskine. A verdict of Guilty was returned, but Paine had left England, having been elected the Deputy for Calais, in the French Convention ; so the Government could not execute its sentence upon him, which would doubtless have been death. ROMAINENos. 214 to 216. Rev. W. Romaine was born 1714 ; died 1795. Skidmore's Churches No. 553). ( 2 ) He was Rector of St. Ann's, Blackfriars (see

W I L L I S N o . 220. Rev. Dr. Willis was the Rector of St. John's, Wapping (see Skidmore's Churches No. 640). He was very famous for his treatment of the insane, and his advice was secured when George III. had his first illness, in 1788. FOXNos. 221 to 225. C. J. Fox (the famous statesman), born 1749 ; died 1806. Parliament, in 1784, 1790 and 1796.

He represented Westminster in

ELECTION TOKENNo. 226. This election commenced on May 28th, and closed June 13th, 1796. Fox was returned at the head of the poll with 5,160 votes, Admiral Gardiner 4,814 votes, and Home Tooke 2,819 votes. C A B B A G E SOCIETYNo. 227. This was struck for some Jewish Society (see also Nos. 1005 and 1149). MAP OF F R A N C E N o s . 2 2 8 and 229. Sharp describes the design thus :" France divided by serpents, the Land in mourning, Throne turned upside down, Honour trodden under foot, Glory defaced, Religion cut in pieces, Law and Justice two bubbles, Liberty nowhere to be found, Life in danger, Property insecure, Fire in every quarter." A similar design occurs on the Halfpenny No. 1016. B U C K SOCIETYNos. 2 3 0 and 231. These and the Halfpence No. 1041 and the Farthing No. 1126 were probably issued by, or with the intention of appealing to the sentiments of the members of the Luck Society (see the London Magazine {or October 1786). S L A V E T R A D E N o s . 2 3 3 to 238. Were probably issued by the Society for the Suppression of the Slave Trade (see also the Halfpence Nos. 1037 to 1039). The design and legend appear on a wax impression from a seal, measuring i t inches by i i inches. POLITICALNos. 239 to 241. It is probable that Spence had something to do with the issue of these piecesfor in his " Pigs' Meat" he mentions this very subject; at any rate his remarks may have suggested the design to the artist of the token. Sharp says the dies were cut by Hancock. A book by Thomas Hunter, dated 1800, is entitled"The Newcastle Sportsman ; or, a Race to Hell. Being three noted characters : A Hypocritical and Debauched Clergyman, a Cruel Military Man, and a Religious Corn Dealer, a monopolizer of Provisions, and Starver of the Poor. A Satire." ALLEN'SNo. 240. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Allen's address was 36, Chandos Street. About 16,000 were made. A N D E R S O N ' S N o s . 247 to 249. Pye gives the die-sinker and manufacturer as Jorden. The address of the issuer is unknown. A S K I N S ' N o s . 250 to 252. These were made by Skidmore, for sale, from dies by Jacobs. BAYLY'SNo. 253. (D) and (M) James. Bayly's Exhibition was opposite St. James's Church, Piccadilly. ( 3 )

B E B B I N G T O N ' S N O . 254. John Bebbington's address was 8, City Road. B I G G A R ' S N o s . 255 a n d 256. Pye says the dies of No. 255 were cut by Arnold, and those for No. 256 by Good. B L A C K F R I A R S N o . 257. Although not dated, it was issued about 1795. made the tokens. Jacobs was the die-sinker, so probably Skidmore

B U R C H E L L ' S - N o s . 258 to 274. Pye says the artist of No. 274 was Arnold, and the manufacturer Lutwyche. There were of this die 1 cwt. made ; this would represent about 5,152 tokens. N o particulars of the others are known. C A R T E R ' S N o s . 275 a n d 276. (D) Willets. (M) Kempson. Of these there were 10 cwt., which would represent about 52,000 tokens. C H E L S E A N o . 277. (D) Arnold. The issuer is unknown. CM) Lutwyche. There were 4 cwt. made, or about 20,600 pieces. CHING'SNo. 282. (D) T. Wyon. John Ching's address was 4, Cheapside. (M) Kempson. Five cwt. were made, or about 26,000 tokens.

C L A R K & H A R R I S ' S N o s . 2 8 3 and 2 8 4 . (D) T. Wyon. General Washington died in 1799. (M) Good. Pye did not state the amount struck.

C O R R E S P O N D I N G SOCIETYNos. 2 8 5 to 291. Thomas Hardy was the Secretary to this Society (see the Pence Nos. 204 to 206, and the Halfpence Nos. 1024 to 1028). The dies of Nos. 290 and 291 were Jacobs' work, so no doubt Skidmore made the tokens. It is probable that these were never struck by the Society's order, but were made for sale. C O V E N T R Y S T R E E T N o s . 2 9 2 a n d 293. This was issued by J. Henderson, at 6, Coventry Street. sinker. DAVIDSON'S Sharp says that Jacobs was the die-

Nos. 2 9 4 and 295. (M) Dobbs. Ten cwt. were made, or about 51,000

(D) Hancock.

Davidsons were pocket-book makers, at 18, Size Lane. tokens. D E N N I S ' N o . 297. (D) Arnold.

(M) Lutwyche. There

There were 4 cwt. made, or about 20,000 tokens. It is uncertain where the issuer resided. was a William Dennis, a baker, 100, Bishopsgate-Within. ( 4 )

DENTON'SNos. 2 9 8 and 299. M. Denton, of Hospital Gate, West Smithfield, was the issuer of these. They were struck for sale, with the object of satirizing token collectors. Westwood was the die-sinker and manufacturer. DODD'SNo 300. Pye or Sharp give no particulars of this token. The issuer removed to 92, St. Martin's Lane, in
I OO9.

EATON'SNo. 301. (D) Dixon. (M) Good. This was issued from the " Cock and Swine," at 74, Newgate Street. F O R S T E R ' S - N o . 302. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Mynd. The issuer came to London about 1759 ; he died in 1808. He was a famous musical instrument maker of his day. About 5,000 pieces were struck. F O U N D L I N G F I E L D S - N o s . 3 0 3 to 305. (D) Wyon. (M) Hancock. The issuer's name is unknown. Of No. 305 about 16,000 were struck. FOWLER'SNo. 306. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Mynd. This was probably issued by J. Fowler, oil merchant, at 78, Long Acre. F R A N K L I N P R E S S N o 307. The writer of the Bazaar Notes says these were issued by the Proprietors of Watt's Printing Office, known as the Franklin Press, because Benjamin Franklin at one time worked there as a journeyman printer and also as a compositor. GUEST'SNo. 308. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. There were 7 cwt. made, or about 35,000 tokens. The issuer afterwards became a quack doctor, and went out of the boot business. R E B E L L O ' S - N o . 309. Pye states that 10 were struck in silver and 24 in copper. (See also Nos. 23 and 24.) Milton was the die-sinker and manufacturer. No. 310 is a poor copy made for sale by Skidmore, from dies by Jacobs. HACKNEYNo. 312. This is not a genuine token ; it was made for sale by Skidmore, from dies by Jacobs. HALL'SNos. 313 to 319. (I)) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Of No. 319 there were struck about 21,000 impressions. HANCOCK'SNos. 3 2 0 to 322. (D) Jacobs. (M) Skidmore. Pye could supply no particulars as to the amount struck of these. ( 5 )

H A T F I E L D ' S - N o . 323. This was issued from 5, King Street, Snow Hill. H E N D O N N o s . 3 2 4 to 335. This was issued by the owner of the "Greyhound" Public House, at Hendon. tokens are Nos. 324 and 325. All the rest were made for sale by Skidmore. H ESLO P ' S N o . 336. (D) Jacobs. (M) Skidmore. This issuer resided at this address for many years. H O R N S E Y N o . 337. According to Sharp, this was made by Skidmore for sale. I B B E R S O N ' S N o s . 3 3 8 to 343. (D) Ponthon. (M) Boulton. Ibberson was the proprietor of the "George and Blue Boar" Coach Office, 270, High Holborn. No. 338 is a trial piece from a die not used for any tokens. There is not a " boar," and the final letter of the issuer's name runs into the beading. J A M E S ' S - N o . 344. James was his own die-sinker and manufacturer. K E L L Y ' S N o . 345. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. Kelly's address was 130, Strand. About 51,000 were struck.

The only genuine

KILVINGrTON'SNos. 3 4 6 and 347. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Kempson. These tokens of Kilvington are of a very doubtful character. They may have been made for genuine commercial change by the issuer, but the omission of the address is very suspicious. About 100,000 were struck. Nos. 348 to 350 bis. were copies of the above. L A C K I N G T O N ' S N o s . 351 to 361. No. 352 was made by Westwood, and about 15,000 were struck. All the others were made by Lutwyche, from dies by Dixon. Pye says there were over 7 tons made ; this would represent about 736,000 tokens. LYCEUMNo. 362. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. The Lyceum Theatre was in the Strand. About 26,000 were issued.

MAIL COACHNos. 3 6 3 to 366. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Mynd. An engraving, showing a Mail Coach dashing past a wayside inn, has the following inscription "To John Palmer, Esq., Surveyor and Comptroller-General of the Post Office. This plate of the Mail Coach is respectfully inscribed by his obedient humble servant, James Fittler." As the initials of J. F. appear on some, they may reasonably be regarded as having been issued by James Fittler. Those bearing the initials A. F. H. were probably issued by Anthony Francis Haldimand, Merchant, 51, St. Mary Axe. This is put forward in the absence of any definite information. ( 6 )

MASONICNos. 367 to 374. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. The " Black Horse" Public House was in Victualling House Square, Tower Hill. It will be seen that a Birmingham issuer also used the dies. Pye says 5 cwt. were made, or about 26,000 tokens. MEYMOTT'SNos. 375 to 379. These are the genuine tokens struck by Jorden. The rest were made by Skidmoie for sale that is, from Nos. 380 to 388. MOORE'SNo. 389. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Kempson. There were 10 cwt. made, or about 51,000 pieces. NEETON'SNo. 390. This was probably issued at the " Brazen Head" Public House, 1, Lower Lisson Street. N E W G A T E N o s . 391 to 397. (D) T. Wyon. (M) Kempson. Ihis records the imprisonment of the four persons named, for sedition, in 1794. 5 tons made, 01 some tokens. Nos. 394> 395 ^nd 397 were made for sale. O P P E N H E I M ' S N o . 398. (D) Arnold. (M) Lutwyche. Oppenheim's address was 115, Aldersgate Street. ORCHARD'SNos. 3 9 9 to 413. Nos. 399 to 402 may be termed the genuine tokens; the remainder were mules made for sale to collectors, probably without the knowledge or consent of Orchard. PIDCOCK'SNos. 4 1 4 to 458. Pidcock's tokens of the eighteenth century were the work of James. Sharp says the nineteenth century issues were made from dies by Jacobs. Exeter Change Exhibition was in the Strand. PRATTENT'SNo. 459. This was issued by Thomas Prattent, engraver and printer, 46, Cloth Fair, West Smithfield. He engraved the plates of the " Virtuoso's Companion." Nos. 460 to 463 are mules. C. Pye does not include Prattent's, hence, probably they were all made to sell to collectors. P R E S B U R Y ' S - N o . 464. (D) Jorden. This was issued by Charles Presbury & Co., 9, New Street, Covent Garden. struck, as the order was countermanded. RATLEY'3Nos. 4 6 5 and 466. These dies were cut by Wyon, and the tokens made by Kempson. R I C H A R D S O N ' S N o s . 4 6 7 to 471. (D) and (M) Milton. The Lottery Offices of Richardson, Goodluck & Co. were 104, Bank Buildings, Cornhill, and 8, Charing Cross. ( 7 )

There were

Only a few were

R U P E R T S T R E E T N o . 472. This was issued at the "Plough" Public House, 40, Rupert Street. unknown. SALTER'SNo. 473. (D) Jacobs. (M) Skidmore. This business was carried on many years after the token was issued. SCHOOLING'SNo. 474. _ This firm is still represented in London, at 8, Great Garden Street.

The issuer's name is

Jacobs was the die-sinker.

S H A C K E L T O N ' S N o s . 475 t o 477. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. The address was 12, Little Suffolk Street. There were 5 cwt. made, or some 26,000 tokens. SIMS'No. 478. (D) and (M) James. This was issued at the " Garrick Head " Public House, in Russell Street. STONE'SNo. 479. This is not a genuine token, but was made for one of the London coin dealers. Gorton, as being responsible for it.

Sharp gives

SKIDMORE'SNo. 4 8 0 , etc. The token No. 480 was the only genuine one made for commercial circulation. were made for sale. This remark applies to the Buildings series, ending with No. 675.

The rest

SKIDMORE'SNo. 520. The Free-born Englishman with a padlock upon his mouth was doubtless designed as a sarcastic allusion to the Gagging Act against sedition, passed in 1795- This remark likewise applies to Spence's die, No. 709. S K I D M O R E ' S N o s . 522, etc. This famous church was built after designs by Inigo Jones. The fire was occasioned by the carelessness of some workmen employed upon some repairs to the roof. S K I D M O R E ' S N o . 534. Skating upon the Serpentine River, as the lake in Hyde Park was then called, has been a winter pastime of Londoners for many ages. The dies of No. 534 were executed by James, and the reverse of No. 535 is Jacobs' work. S K I D M O R E ' S C H U R C H E S A N D GATES.Nos. 536 to 675. These were all made for sale. Some of the dies having developed cracks in the hardening process, they soon became damaged, so that quite a number of tokens cannot be obtained in perfect condition. Jacobs cut the dies of the entire series. SPENCE'SNo. 676. This was issued by Spence before the token issuing period proper. At the time of its dateviz. 1775Spence resided at Newcastle-on-Tyne, where he first advocated his reform of the Land Laws. ( 8 )

SPENCE'SNo. 677. Spence was arrested upon a charge of high treason, on May 29th, 1794. The crime consisted of publishing his" Pig's Meat ; or, Lessons for the Swinish Multitude." He was discharged, without a trial, in December of the same year. He was prosecuted again in 1801 for publishing his own work, entitled " The Restorer of Society," which the Government termed a seditious libel. S P E N C E ' S 8 3 3 , etc. End of P a i n .

These " End of Pain " tokens were possibly not issued by Spence, for he was an ardent supporter of Paine and his " Rights of Man," and would scarcely have held him up to ridicule in this manner. The date recorded upon the book shown on the reverse of Nos. 833, 834, and 838, is that of the execution of Louis XVI. SPITTLE'SNos. 9 0 2 and 903. John Spittle was a grocer, at 6, Broadway, Ludgate Hill ; and John Kirby and Richard Lashmar were in the same trade at Brighton. Spittle became a bankrupt in October, 1797. The letters I.-P. upon the obverse of No. 903 are doubtless those of the die-sinker. STINTON'SNo. 9 0 4 (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. There were 5 cwt. made, or about 26,000 tokens. years after the issue of this token. The firm was in St. James's Street for over 30

S U M M E R S ' - N o s . 905 and 906. Pye could give no particulars of this token ; he only knew of the one die, but Sharp records both as being in the Chetwynd Collection. S W A I N S O N ' S N o . 907. (D) Milton. This quack doctor did a very large business in his day. His address was 21, Frith Street, Soho. His private residence and botanical garden were at Twickenham. He died March 7th, 1812, and was buried in the church there. W H I T F I E L D ' S N o s . 9 0 8 to 912. These were doubtless made for general circulation. The omission of the address looks very suspicious, and the name cannot be traced in any of the contemporary directories. No. 910 is a curious mule, and has hitherto not been recorded. W I L L I A M S ' S N o s . 913 to 922. (D) Smith. (M) Williams. The issuer, William Williams, was a button maker, at 103, St. Martin's Lane. were made by Skidmore for sale. LONDON, ETC.Nos. 9 2 3 and 9 2 4 . (D) Wyon. (M) Kempson. There were 3 cwt. made, or some 15,600 tokens. The issuer is unknown. Nos. 919 to 922

LONDON, ETC.Nos. 925 to 927. No particulars of these pieces are known ; they were not recorded by Pye.
( 9 !

LONDON A N D M I D D L E S E X N o . 9 2 8 . (D) Mainwaring. (M) Lutwyche. Pye says the issuer's name was W. Sheward. 56 lbs. were made, or about 2,300 tokens. W E S T M I N S T E R N o . 929. (D) Mainwaring. (M) Lutwyche. The reason of Hickman, the Birmingham Iron Merchant, calling this token a Westminster Halfpenny, has not been explained, and this is remarkable seeing that he made it payable in Birmingham. N A T I O N A L S E R I E S N o s . 930 to 939. These all record George the Third's recovery from his first attack of insanity. to have become quite sane by February 26th, 1789. Nos. 941 to 9 4 3 . Were no doubt made by Skidmore for sale. N o s . 945 and 946. (D) Arnold. (M) Lutywche. About 3 cwt. were made for general circulation, or about 15,500 tokens. NATIONAL S E R I E S N o s . 947 to 951 bis. These are all of the medalet type, and were not struck for circulation purposes. Nos. 952 to 967. (D) Dixon. (M) Lutwyche. These were made in very large quantities, and sold to any one who cared to buy and circulate them. Pye states that a total weight of 10 tons were manufactured; this would represent about 1,030,000 tokens. Some of the die varieties are difficult to obtain. Nos. 969 to 978. These are of the medalet type. Nos. 977 to 983. (D) Wyon. (M) Kempson. Made for general circulation. Nos. 985 to 993. (M) Lutwyche. Made for general circulation. No. 994. Made for sale by Skidmore, from dies by Jacobs. The O: die is used upon the Penny No. 202. Nos. 995 to 1004. Made for sale by Skidmore. COOPERNo. 1007. This is probably the portrait of the Rev. W. Cooper, of Ringmere, Sussex. portrait of him at 20 years of age. ( 'o )

He was reported

There is an engraved

D l M S D A L E - N o . 1009. Made for sale by Skidmore, from Jacobs' dies. This has been placed here in error ; it should have been given under its locality in Surrey.

E R S K I N E N o s . 1010 to 1013. Sharp gives the die-sinker as Wyon, so without doubt Kempson was the manufacturer. FOXNos. 1014 and 1015. Made for sale by Skidmore. MAP OF F R A N C E N o s . 1018 and 1017. Mainwaring was the artist, according to Sharp. LOYAL B R I T O N ' S L O D G E - N o s . 1030 to 1032. Probably struck by Denton from dies by James. NEWTONNos. 1033 to 1035. (D) Wyon. (M) Kempson. Pye says io cwt. were made ; this would represent about 51,500 pieces. ROMAINENo. 1036. Made for sale by Skidmore. S L A V E - N o s . 1037 to 1039. See the note to No. 233. S T A N H O P E N o . 1040. Made by Skidmore for sale. Earl Stanhope on Jan. 6th, 1795, moved >n the House of Lords that England ought not to interfere with the internal Government of France. On the division being taken, the numbers were 61 against, and 1 for itthat being his lordship himself. STAGNos. 1041 to 1043. (D) Willets. (M) Kempson. Pye says that of No. 1042, 1 cwt. were made, and 2 cwt. of No. 1041. to No. 230.

See also the note

H O R N E TOOKE.Nos. 1044 to 1047. John Home Tooke, the Parson, Political Reformer, Patriot and Author; born 1736; died 1812. TOM TACKLENo. 1048. A song upon Tom Tackle being Rich and Poor was printed in the Britannic

Magazine,

Vol. I.,

1793W A S H I N G T O N N o s . 1049 to 1052. American collectors are very much interested in these tokens. Pye says the dies for No. 1051 were made from puncheons of Hancock's. DENTON'SNos. 1053 to 1058. The first has been circulated as currency ; the others were made for sale.

H A R R I S O N ' S N o . 1059. A portrait of Harrison occurs in the "Bell Man" series published in the Wonderful " Sir" J. Dunstan also figures in the same set. O R C H A R D ' S - N o s . 1060 to 1063. These Farthings were probably struck from dies by Jacobs.

Magazine.

PIDCOCK'S Nos. 1064 to 1073. Sharp says the 19th century dies were cut by Jacobs, but they do not much resemble his usual style. S K I D M O R E ' S N o s . 1074 and 1075. These were struck from the centres of the Halfpenny dies of Nos. 480 and 517. S P E N C E ' S - N o s . 1076 to 1123. Of this section, those attacking Republicanism were made for sale by Skidmore, who, along with his own dies, used some he had bought from Spence. MISCELLANEOUSNo. 1125. This was a production of Denton, the coin dealer, and made for sale. Nos. 1130 to 1139. These are mainly medalets, and not tokens proper. Nos. 1140 to 1148. These were made for sale, and sold by weight to any one who cared to take the trouble to circulate then), and so make a profit for himself. T h e same remark applies to almost all from Nos. 1151 to 1174. It is most probable that the Nos. 1171 to 1173 are Edinburgh tokens.

( 12 )

INTRODUCTION
TO THE

MIDDLESEX SECTION.

H E M i d d l e s e x s e r i e s is t h e l a r g e s t , a n d i n c l u d e s m a n y w h i c h h a v e p r e v i o u s l y b e e n c l a s s e d

a s " N o t L o c a l , " b e c a u s e n o p l a c e of p a y m e n t is s t a t e d .

As, h o w e v e r , t h e d e s i g n o r

s e n t i m e n t s u g g e s t s a c e r t a i n l o c a t i o n , it h a s b e e n t h o u g h t e x p e d i e n t t o p l a c e t h e m w h e r e t h e y w i l l be m o s t e a s i l y f o u n d . r e m o v e d to H a m p s h i r e . Middlesex. This four parts. I n addition to those issued as c u r r e n c y , m a n y were struck, for sale to Collectors, v i z . : T h e G l o b e P e n n i e s , K e m p s o n ' s B u i l d i n g series, t h o s e of P r a t t e n t a n d S k i d m o r e , a l s o t h e H a l f p e n n y size s e r i e s of C h u r c h e s a n d G a t e s , " D e d i c a t e d t o C o l l e c t o r s of M e d a l s a n d C o i n s , " b y P . S . Co. T h o m a s S p e n c e i s s u e d m a n y T o k e n s o n w h i c h a p p e a r d e s i g n s i l l u s t r a t i v e of t h e s e n t i m e n t s he advocated. A c c o r d i n g t o a w r i t e r in t h e Gentleman s Magazine, of J u n e 1 7 9 7 , h e s o l d h i s d i e s m o s t l y t h e w o r k of J a m e s t o S k i d m o r e , w h o t h e n s t r u c k v a r i e t i e s " m u l e d " w i t h t h o s e c u t b y J a c o b s ; f o r w i t h e x c e p t i o n of t h e " H o r n e T o o k e " d i e t h e r e d o e s n o t a p p e a r t o b e a g e n u i n e S p e n c e d i e t h a t is t h e w o r k of J a c o b s . very r a r e . M o s t of t h e s e c o n c o c t i o n s a r e r a r e , a n d s o m e a r e T h o s e of t h e C o r r e s p o n d i n g S o c i e t y a r e of a p o l i t i c a l c h a r a c t e r , a s a l s o a r e t h o s e of P r a t t e n t ' s dies.were " m u l e d " with o t h e r s to m a k e varieties. series, i n c l u d i n g the Halfpennies and the F a r t h i n g s , will probably e x t e n d to T h i s course was adopted with the " N a v a l " section, which was to All h a v i n g a c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e Capital h a v e been r e m o v e d

D . I . E a t o n , a n d t h e N e w g a t e T o k e n s ; t h e s e w e r e s t r u c k a t t h e m a n u f a c t o r y of K e m p s o n a t Birmingham. T h e n o t e o n p a g e 2 5 , f r o m t h e m a n u s c r i p t of t h e l a t e R e v . W . R . H a y , M . A . , s u g g e s t s t h a t the m a n u f a c t u r e r looked upon the dies as his property, a n d that, h a v i n g executed t h e c u s t o m e r ' s o r d e r , h e w a s a t l i b e r t y t o m a k e s u c h u s e of t h e m a s h e t h o u g h t fit; t h i s n o d o u b t a c c o u n t s f o r m a n y of t h e " m u l e s . " T h e National series comprises those which h a d previously been placed to Middlesex, a n d a l s o t h o s e of a s i m i l a r t y p e u n d e r t h e h e a d i n g of " B r i t i s h , " in t h e " N o t L o c a l " s e r i e s . T h e " P r i v a t e T o k e n s " w e r e i s s u e d by C o l l e c t o r s , a s g i f t s t o f r i e n d s , a n d f o r m u t u a l exchange. T h e t e r m is s o m e t i m e s u s e d t o d e s i g n a t e C u r r e n c y T o k e n s , i s s u e d by a firm o r s o m e p r i v a t e i n d i v i d u a l , b u t i n s u c h i n s t a n c e it is m i s l e a d i n g .

T h e " P r i v a t e T o k e n s " c o m m e n c e d w i t h t h e " H a c k n e y P r o m i s s o r y T o k e n , " i s s u e d in 1 <95, by D a v i d A l v e s R e b e l l o , w h o died t h e y e a r f o l l o w i n g ; 10 w e r e s t r u c k in s i l v e r a n d 24 in copper. H e w o u l d n o t sell a s p e c i m e n , a n d t o e n a b l e a C o l l e c t o r , n o t b e i n g a p e r s o n a l f r i e n d , T h e s e w e r e so m u c h a p p r e c i a t e d , t h a t a f t e r t h e d e a t h of t h e i s s u e r , i m i t a t i o n s t o o b t a i n o n e , it w a s n e c e s s a r y f o r h i m t o h a v e " P r i v a t e T o k e n s " s t r u c k , t h a t h e m i g h t o f f e r s u c h in e x c h a n g e . w e r e s t r u c k , f r o m d i e s by J a c o b s ; t h e s e sold f o r t w o s h i l l i n g s e a c h a t t h e p e r i o d . T h e s e a n d t h e i m p r e s s i o n s o n p e n n y f l a n s , f r o m t h e s a m e dies, w e r e in all p r o b a b i l i t y m a n u f a c t u r e d by S k i d m o r e . S o m e T o k e n s a r e s c a r c e , r a r e , o r v e r y r a r e , a n d a r e of t h e n u m b e r m a d e f o r s a l e t o Collectors, as were " B o w , " t h e " H e n d o n " Mules, " H o r n s e y , " Askin's, the t h r e e varieties of t h e C o r r e s p o n d i n g S o c i e t y , a n d all S k i d m o r e ' s M u l e s ; b e s i d e s t h e s e , t h e r e a r e B e b b i n g t o n ' s , Oppenheim's, Orchard's generally, and particularly the " Smithfield Token," Presbury's, Shackleton's (with " L o n d o n " miss-spelt), S u m m e r s ' , Swainson's (with the n a m e miss-spelt), and Whitfield's. T h e M i d d l e s e x series, w h i l e i n c l u d i n g s o m e of t h e r a r e s t s p e c i m e n s , h a s m a n y of t h e o r d i n a r y c h a r a c t e r , a n d is a l i k e w e l l w o r t h t h e c o n s i d e r a t i o n of t h o s e w h o a r e p r e p a r e d to p u r c h a s e t h e r a r i t i e s , a n d a l s o t h o s e of m o r e m o d e s t p r e t e n t i o n s . T o g e t t h e b e s t r e s u l t s f r o m a C o l l e c t i o n , it is n e c e s s a r y t o b e c o m e a c q u a i n t e d w i t h t h e i n c i d e n t s c o n n e c t e d with t h e issue, a n d m u c h i n t e r e s t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n r e s p e c t i n g t h e issuers a n d t h e d e s i g n s u p o n t h e s e T o k e n s w i l l be f o u n d in A r t h u r W . W a t e r s ' s " N o t e s o n t h e M i d d l e s e x T o k e n s of t h e 1 8 t h C e n t u r y , " 8 v o , 1 9 0 6 ; a n d a l s o h i s " T o k e n C o i n a g e of S o u t h L o n d o n , " 8vo, 1904. T h e c o n t i n u a t i o n of t h e M i d d l e s e x s e r i e s w i l l be p r o c e e d e d w i t h a s q u i c k l y a s p o s s i b l e , but the work entirely precludes a n y t h i n g approaching speed. T h e f o l l o w i n g p i e c e s h a v e n o t y e t b e e n t r a c e d , b u t a r e i n c l u d e d o n t h e a u t h o r i t y of A t k i n s ' w o r k on T o k e n s , a n d a l s o f r o m n o t e s t h a t h a v e b e e n s u p p l i e d b y v a r i o u s C o l l e c t o r s : Nos. 18a, 29, 3 3 Bis.,

152 a, .178,

184,

241.

C o l l e c t o r s w h o h a v e a n y of t h e s e p i e c e s , o r m e e t w i t h t h e m a t a l a t e r d a t e , will g r e a t l y o b l i g e by k i n d l y c o m m u n i c a t i n g w i t h u s , so t h a t t h e y m a y ba r e c o r d e d in a n A d d e n d a .

R.

DALTON, PARK HOUSE, BRISTOL.

S. H . H A M E R ,
BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

89 f H M f c M e s e y .

SIXPENCE. CHRIST'S HOSPITAL.

I . p f l A r , \

II HI 1. O : A m o n o g r a m cypher. The down s t r o k e s a r e f o r m e d of d o a b l e l i n e s ; t h e d a t e 1 8 0 0 in a c u r v e d line.


R\ six PENCE. A. 1

2.

S i m i l a r to last, b u t t h e d o w n s t r o k e s of t h e m o n o g r a m a r e solid, a n d t h e r e is a p e r i o d a f t e r t h e d a t e , w h i c h is i n a s t r a i g h t line. As be fore . ( S t r u c k u p o n o c t a g o n a l , a n d also r o u n d flans.) A. 2

T h e s e , a l s o t h o s e for p e n n y a n d h a l f p e n n y , w e r e s t r u c k for t h e sole u s e of t h e b o y s of C h r i s t ' s H o s p i t a l , a n d w e r e k n o w n as " H o u s e y - m o n e y . " I t w a s illegal for boys to m a k e p u r c h a s e s o u t s i d e t h e g a t e s , or to r e t a i n p o s s e s s i o n of c u r r e n t c o i n ; it w a s c h a n g e d by o n e of t h e beadles. GOODMAN'S FIELDS.

THREEPENCE.

THREE HA LEPENCE.

ii

U: A bear

chained

to

a double ring

4.

above his back.

GOODMANS . FEILDS
TENOE

0 : As l a s t . R : Similar, but t h e reverse legend reads


" THREE HALF PENCE " instead of " THREE P E N C E . " A. 4

. BREWHOUSE . 1 7 6 0 R : THOMAS JORDAN AND CO. T H R E E

A double ring above similar to t h a t on the obverse. A. 3

TWOPENCE.
(>: A t r o o p e r s t a n d i n g , l e a n i n g a g a i n s t his horse, w i t h i n an inner circle.
LOYAL ET YEOMAN. PAY OR PRO TO REGE THE LEGE HON"1' | THE PERPATKIA. BEARER | ON T H E KING

I2.0./L

R : I PROMISE | TO

| GEO : YEOMAN FECT &

SUM OF T W O - P E N C E UNANIMITY | FOR

| E S T A B L I S H M E N T OF

| PEACE LORDS |

AND COMMONS.

Jilllll Bull.
. 1798 . ENTI). JAS. LOYAL.

L e g e n d , in i n c u s e l e t t e r o n a r a i s e d r i m ,
OLD ENGLAND . 2 . MARCH

A. N o t L o c a l 1

R a r i t y N o s . 3, 4, 5, R R R .

1 a n d 2, R .

90

iTDibMcscy.
PENNIES. i f M

n.

)*>

O : BRITANIA TOKEN.

. .

THE

BRITISH

. PENNY

7.

O: Laureated It: Britannia

bust seated

to

right, on a

BRITISH cannon.

COMMERCIAL PENNY.

R:

A cypher
PENNY.

TWR;

o n a label, 1 7 9 7 .

LONDON . M I D L E S E X . AND . SURRY E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE

BRITANNIA, 1 7 9 7 .

E : P l a i n (in c o l l a r ) .
A. 9 8

BEARER ONE PENNY X

CHELSEA.
8. 0 : F r o m t h e r e v e r s e d i e of C h e l s e a H a l f p e n n y . H : F r o m t h e r e v e r s e die of A n g l e s e a P e n n y .
E : WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE PENNY.

- >
C7J~J

T h i s is s t r u c k o n a t h i c k s m a l l Han.

CHRIST'S HOSPITAL.

._PEurr
9. monogram cypher, the down s t r o k e s solid. T h e date 1800 u n d e r , t h e t o p of t h e figure 1 is sloping. R : P E N N Y a c r o s s t h e c e n t r e of field. A. 2 0 O: A 10. O : As last. R : V e r y s i m i l a r e x c e p t t h a t t h e t o p s of t h e N ' s do not join. O: The same as last. R: P E N N Y in t h e c e n t r e w i t h a s p r i g above a n d below. A. 2 1

11.

O : T h e d o w n s t r o k e s of c y p h e r in d o a b l e lines, 13. S i m i l a r t o l a s t . T h i s p i e c e is of t h e t o p of t h e 1 flat, n o p e r i o d a f t e r d a t e . finer w o r k t h a n a n y of t h e o t h e r s ; R : T h e same as last. A. 2 2 it h a s a beaded r i m . A. 2 3 No. 1 3 w a s s t r u c k o n t h i c k a n d t h i n f l a n s . T h e l e t t e r s on t h o s e of t h e t h i n tlan a r e u s u a l l y solid.

12.

91

(IDibMcscy.
DELAPORTE.
a 2 1 X 5 >1 X l \
0 : IOHN DELAPORTE CROSS | SORTS OP HAIRS | ANI | ST M A R T I N S LANE CHARING II \ SELLS ALL

f0''X$

<j2 UATiio

J OilH

EVERY MAKERS

A R T I C L E | U S E I ) BY P E R U K E

Liuu r/Zi'.iAKriciz
%U>2h JJ V FZKU'Zl

E : Plain.

DENNIS'.
15. O: A wheatsheaf. 1795. R TO L E S S E N T H E
BAKING WANTS: AND BAKERS HALFPENNY

Eft? ISM-OAY liliixi -PiiU 'ZiXiK i't /fet-Nrr a : J&f . </A3

SLAVERY PROVIDE

OF | S U N D A Y FOR | P U B L I C I A.D.

AN ACT WAS I P A S S E D .

1794.
E : ON DEMAND PENNY. WE PROMISE TO PAY ONE A . '24

This is struck from the dies of the halfpenny, on a thick tlan.

GORTON'S.
16.
0 :

A fender and fire-irons,


. DEALER . IN . CLERKENWEL . LONDON.

T . GORTON &C. .

FENDERS,

R : A cypher T(t between palm-branches. B R I T I S H . P E N N Y . 1797 . in raised letters on a broad rim. c > y ; i
E : I PROMISE BEARER TO ONE PAY ON X DEMAND A. THE 25 PENNY

HACKNEY.
17. 0 : View of a church, and a small shield of arms, H A C K N E Y C H U R C H . H: A cypher D A R, a knife and palmbranch under, H A C K N E Y P R O M I S SORY E : ON TOKEN WE 1795. PROMISE TO PAY A. ONE 12 DEMAND PENNY.

17a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 12a This is struck from the dies of the imitation Hackney halfpenny. R a r i t y N o . 8, RRR. G, 15, 17a, RR. 7, 14, 16, 17, R. 9 to 13, scarce in tine condition.

92

fllMfcMesey.
HACKNEY.
T-OJ:J

18.

Nos. 18, 19 and 20. Obv. as No. 17. I!: A cap of liberty on a pole between 19. li: A monogram cypher P M Co. ornaoak branches, PKO PATRIA upon a mented. WE . PROMISE . TO . PAY . label across the pole. S H E F F I E L D T H E . BEARER . ON . D E M A N D . ONE .
CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY. E : ON I DEMAND PROMISE BEARER TO ONE IN LONDON, X . ON DEMAND PAY LIVERPOOL A. 14 THE 20. OR A N G L E S E Y . PENNY. A. 15

E : Plain. R: A lion rampant supporting shield.


REVOLUTION PENNY. A . 16

18a. E :

PENNY.

186. E : Plain (not in collar)

A. 14a

E : Plain.

Nos. 21 and 22. 21.


E : I PROMISE HEAREll

Obv. as the rev. of No. 17.


TO ONE PAY ON DEMAND THE

R : An oval shield, flags, &c.


PENNY.

21a. E : Plain. 22. R: Bust of William I I I . , &c. E Plain.

A. 17 A. 18

HH""

23.

Trial pieces on thin white-metal flans of the obv. and rev. dies of No. 24 without the die-sinker's initial M (Milton) on reverse. Unique.

24.

O: View

of

church,
CHURCH

and

HACKNEY

MCCXC.

tombs. Ex. :

I Milton E. R : A figure of Time, seated on a cabinet supporting a medallion inscribed " David Aloes Rebello," &c. MEMOR1A IN S T E R N A . E x \ 1796.

E:

Plain (in collar).

A. 13

Of No. 24, 8 were struck in silver; 28 in copper. There are impressions from the corroded dies on white-metal and copper.

93

fllM M c 0 c y.
^
f / I
z , ~
'=
3

HALL'S.
Tliree quadrupeds.
% T H E . ARMADILLO SQUARE | L ONDON T H E . KANGUROO THE . RHINOCEROS. | 1795 in six it. BIRA. 26

"

T . H A L L | C1TTY ROAD | NEAR | F I N S B U R Y

'r-H ALL / y an-i 2 jl ; .j! MiJsxitrxy ZQ yLOiTDOiHl J -J ) i> ;7'j


,.;V
J

lilies.
FOR

T H E F I R S T A R T I S T IN E U R O P E BIRDS W. BEASTS BY . LUTWYCHE

PRESERVING X

MANUFACTURED MINGHAM .

t.'xi. L : Plain.

//

%
I>?i W ult trior Sfi OATiB O i J B 0*J ~

20.

0:

A deformed dwarf.
DUNSTAN

SIR

JEFFERY

28.

MAYOR OF GARRAT.

O: As last. R: TO BE HAD
CITY

AT *

THE

CURIOSITY NEAR |

HOUSE

R : and E : The same as last. 26a. E: ON DEMAND WE PROMISE TO


PENNY * MRS.

A. 27
PAY ONE A . 27(1

ROAD

FINSBURY

SQUARE | LONDON | 1 7 9 5 .

26/,. E: 27. 0:

Plain (not in collar). A female standing,


THE WHITE NEGRESS.

A. lib
NEWSHAM

R: and E : The same as No. 25. A. 28

E: As No. 26a. 28a. E: Plain (not in collar). 29. O: Similar to last, but wearing a necklace. A. 29 R: and E : As No. 28. 29a. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 29a 30. O: The same as last. R: and E : The same as No. 25. A. 30

JAMES'.
31. O: A lion conchant, holding a shield, inscribed, in tive lines, NO. 6
MARTLETT LON N. COURT BOW STREET C. JAMES ENGRAVER.

R: A crown between sprigs of oak, rays


of sun at top. F, : I PROMISE TO PAY ROYAL . . P E N N Y . ON DEMAND THE

BEARER ONE

PENNY

X (III Collar). A. 33

RarityNos. 21a, 29, 29a, 30, RRR. 18, 18a, 186, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25a, RR. 31, R. 2Ga, 20/), 27, 28, 28a, scarce. 25 and 26, common.

91 fllMfcMesey.

JAMES'.
32. 0 : A lion couchant, supporting a shield, inscribed, in five lines,
NO. 6 BOW | MARTLETT | COURT N | S T R E E T | LON

R : On a wreath, a vulture Btantant, MEDAL D I E S C R E S T S


COATS OK ARMS U N I F O R M S &C.

AIn

the

British Museum white-metal.

in

j U- t'/r

B I n n e r edge of r i m not milled. C & D I n n e r edge of r i m finely milled. ERim finely milled indented. and also

F I n copper, probably from partly defaced dies. struck. These are all RR. R i m plain as

The Penny token of C James (No. 92) is a numismatic puzzle! It is of an advertising character, and C. Pye illustrates it as having a diagonally milled edge, and says14 About two dozen known to have been struck." " In Collar." No. 31 is undoubtedly struck " in collar," but it is questionable if all the others were. Of the larger specimen, showing a comparatively broad rim, one in the British Museum is in white metal; a specimen in Mr. Hamer's cabinet is in copper. It appears to have been struck from dies which had been partially defacedprobably with a blow from a hammeras the rim, opposite the defaeed portion on both the obverse and reverse, shows the encircling " rings " to be discontinued, as though the " field " of the dies had been subjected to pressure which had destroyed the circular form, at the point where the defacement took place. The ordinary specimens are somewhat smaller in diameter t h a n the " d e f a c e d " one. These smaller ones, tre generally found to have the inner edge of the rim, on obverse and reverse, finely milled ; this has not been produced by the dies, as every specimen seen, varies. Possibly C .lames intended it to be regarded as a special example of his handicraft. The obverse die for No. 31 shows the same die flaws as appear on No. 32, but in some instances more developed; and as the rim is closer to the legend than is shown on the specimen from defaced dies, the idea is suggested that the dies were produced from matrices, rather t h a n being, as was usual, each engraved by hand. A punch has been seen which was used to " s i n k " or produce the " head " on some of the Anglesey Tokens.

95

flD \ M e 5 c y.
MASONIC.
83. 0 : A cupid and masonic emblems in a triangle, MASONIC P E N N Y * 1795. I I : The Freemasons' arms, supporters, crest, and motto. * P R O BONO
PUBLICO E * BY . X . W. LUTWYC11E A. 71 GEORGE PBINCE : MANUFACTURED BIRMINGHAM

tr a , ~ Z ' ^ rJ t c \* j f r - / - > * J ,

/' y
<u

38 Bis.

O: Bust to right,
OF W A L E S .

J{ : and K : As last. This obverse is the halfpenny reverse die of Atkins' Mo. 743.

v :r MENDOZA.
84. 0 : Head of
It: E : ON D. MENDOZA. PANDORAS B R E E C H K S D E M A N D IN L O N D O N , L I V E R P O O L OR X ANGLESEY

' . /

. ilj

This is struck from two of Spence's halfpenny dies upon a penny tian.

35. 0 : Two heads in profile,


w. WARD.

n.

MENDOZA.

II: Two men boxing.

Ex:

1791. A. 72

Also in white-metal.

MILTON'S.
36. 0 : A figure of Time (?) leading Pegasus, / a figure climbing a rock in the distance. Ex: MILTON . M E D A L I S I
| S E A L S . COINS & C . | 1 8 0 0 .

B : A figure emblematic of the Sciences, seated amidst the clouds. A. 73 This is in white-metal.

R a r i t y N o s . 84, 35, RRR.

38 Bis., 36, EH.

33, scarce in fine condition.

96

flIMbMescr.
ORCHARD'S.
Proof of the obverse of No. 38 in lead. 38. 0
ROBERT ORCHARD N 3 4 G R E E K S T R E E T CORNER OF CHURCH 1808. OF CHOCOLATE & COCOA STREET SOHO LONDON * FACTURER

R : AND AT SAWBRIDGE WORTH H E R T S MANUON A N E W AND IMPROVED P R I N C I P L E . GROCER & TEA D E A L E R RETAIL & FOR WHOLESALE EXPORTATION.

A. 74

YOUNG'S.
39. 0 View of St. Paul's. Ex: A star and garter.
DEALER . IN COINS LONDON L U D G A T E . ST.

1794.
H. . YOUNG . NO. 18 . A. 95

Struck also in silver. A failure of the obverse die causes some to be without date.

mstfstsm

40.

R: Upon a raised rim,


. . & GOLDSMITH IN |

MATHEW . YOUNG . JEWELLER | | i" DEALER ANTIENT LUDGATE A. 96

41.

. AND

I n the centre, in six lines,


COINS & | MEDALS NO. It) MODERN

. S T R E E T | LONDON.

The above is a proof of the reverse die of No. 41 on a thin white-metal flan, with the
WOrd MATHEW.

O: Britannia seated, St. Paul s in the distance. CIVITAS LONDINI MDCCXCVIII E.r: I Milton F R Similar in all respects to last, excepting that the name is correctly Spelt M A T T H E W . E PROMISSORY PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE ON
DEMAND. V v A. 97

41a. E

Plain.

After the die was altered a few impressions in white-metal wero taken before the dies were hardened. I n hardening, flaws were formed on both dies. A specimen in copper, edge plain (in collar), shows the flaws on the obverse extending across the design. R a r i t y N o . 40, Unique. 37, 41, in white-metal, RRR. 38, 41, 41a, R. 39, common.

97
fll> t & b I e 0 e r . KEMPSON'S S E R I E S OF LONDON B U I L D I N G S Edges plain unless otherwise stated. Nos. 4215. R:
LONDON PROMISSORY PENNY TOKEN 12. 0 : GUILD-HALL. ex * MDCCXCVI.

\ LONDON.

E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND T H E BEARER ONE PENNY X A. 34

mm

8
J
45. E x : LONDON.

1 j m m

43.

0 : E x :

MANSION . H O U S E .

44.

O:

BACK FRONT OF SOMERSET HOUSE.

0:

ROYAL EXCHANGE E R E C T D .

E R E C T E D . MDCCLIII.

1669.

A. 56 bis.

E : Plain.

A. 35

E : As No. 42. 44a. E : Plain.

A. 3G

fflBEMkrif

[f ' 1 y/4'nrri'f r " rfF rTl'' ",'J ' IrSU ''fuAlini nfS

Nos. 46-G7.
46. O: BANK OF ENGLAND. E.V. ERECTED

/?:

L ONDON PENNY TOKEN A. 37 47.

* O: S T . BARTHOLOMEW'S HOSPITAIJ. E x : E R E C T E D MDCCXXIX.

1734.

A. 38

Dih'wVun'd

ul -DC

48.

O : BETHLEM

HOSPITAL.

Ex

49.

0:

CARLETON AS IN

HOUSE.

E x A. 40

50.

0:

C H E L S E A HOSPITAL. E R E C T E D MDCXC.

E x \ A. 41

ERECTED

MDCLXXV.

1788.

A. 39

98

flD i b M c s c y.
KEMPSON'S S E R I E S OF LONDON B U I L D I N G S .

JjXVUl-j

n
O D'lTrj
51. 0 : C H R I S T ' S CHURCH HOSPITAL E x : FOUNDED 1552 A. 4 2 52. O: S T . PAULS CHURCH COVENT GARDEN ERECTD. 1G40. A. 4 3 DESTROYD. BY F I R E 1 7 9 5 . 58. 0: F O U N D L I N G HOSPITAL LAMBS CONDUIT F I E L D S E x \ COMPLEATED 1 7 4 1 . A. 44

' ' Mi ''- ' I''

i'-lj i" LsCTl.


56. 0 : GREENWICH Ex THE REIGN HOSPITAL IN OF KING A. 47

54.

0 :

ST. E x :

GEOROE'S HOSPITAL. ERECTED MDCCXXXIV A . 4 5

55.

0 :

GOLDSMITH'S REBUILT FIRE Ex'.

HALL AFTER

AS THE

: COMPLEATD. 11"''

MDCLXVI. A. 46

CHA T H E

OSE. S.C TSXi K!-OCCXIX


58. O: ST. J A M E S ' S F I R S T U S E D AS E x : A ROYAL PALACE MDCXCVII. A . 4 9 59. 0 : IRONMONGERS EX: ERECTED ALMSHOUSE MDCCXIII A. 5 0

57.

0 : G U Y ' S HOSPITAL

Ex

E R E C T E D MDCCXXII. A. 48

between sprigs of leaves.

lijsTr-nrrex > wa'cci^J.


ST. Ex LUKE'S HOSPITAL A. 51 61. O: MIDDLESEX E x : ERECTED HOSPITAL MDCCLV. A. 52 62. 0 : MONTAGUE HOUSE ALTERD FOR T H E B R I T I S H E x : MUSEUM 1 7 5 4 . A. 53

00.

0 :

: I N S T I T U T E D MDCCLI.

99

AIM fcMesey.
KEMPSON'S S E R I E S OF LONDON
c

BUILDINGS.

>.,
J

63.

0 :

MONUMENT

ERECTED

1G77.

''

A. 54

G4.

0 : . ORDNANCE ACE YARD

OFFICE

. OLD

PAL-

A.

05.

0 :

ROYAL E X C H A N G E E R E C T D

1009

as No. 45.

A. 50

06.

O:

ST.

THOMAS'S PLEATD

HOSPITAL

COM-

ronr

E x : MDCCVIII.

A. 57

07.

O : TRINITY

ALMS

HOUSE MDCXCV.

E x : A. 58

INSTITUTED

08.

O : LONDON STONE

BRIDGE

THE

FIRST ON &

OF THE THE

COMPLEATED HOUSES DOWN TAKEN

1209

E x : THE BRIDGE BRIDGE

REPA1RD

1758

It:

Britannia seated. Ex: A cypher / ' K and MDCCXCVII On a raised rim, B R I T I S H .


PENNY . TOKEN. TO PAY ONE ON DEMAND X PROMISE THE

' / i i

lL>rj
E : I

BEARER

PF.NNY

A. 59

fTTTTTTTfff? C OT/tet.C i&rs- jj J O rp 115-1

09.

O : WESTMINSTER E x :

BRIDGE

70.

COMPLEATED

NOVR. 1750 R : As No. G8.

O : The same as last. Ii: A figure of Justice standing. B R I T I S H .


PENNY . TOKEN 1 7 9 7

71.

O : BLACK - F R I A R S B R I D G E E x : COMPLEATED MDCCLXX

A. 00

A. 01

72.

Ti : As last. 0 : As last.
/I: As No. 40.

A. 62
LONDON

PENNY TOKEN

100

flIM&Mesey.
KEMPSON'S SERIES OF LONDON BUILDINGS. Nos. 73-80. ;SJ 78. O : An ancient gateway,
E x : DOWN ERECTED 1766 ALDGATE TAKEN A. 63 1609

R: As. No. 70.

74.

0 :

ALDERSGATE E x :

AS R E B U I L T

1616.

TAKEN DOWN

1766

A. 64

75.

O:

BISHOPSGATE

AS R E B U I L T

1729.

E x : TAKEN DOWN

1766

A. 65

TASm

76.

0 : B R I D G E GATE AS R E B U I L T 1 7 2 8 . E x : TAKEN DOWN 1766

uo.t It Go s r f b / JTv / " W W

A. 66

77.

0 : CRIPPLEGATE MDCLXIII MDCCLXVI

AS

REPAIRD

&C

E x : TAKEN DOWN A. 67

3 T F | n

ir

'n>2!r,s<jvr-z \ xpfcQuc-n /
78. 0 : LUDGATE AS ENLARGE'D See MCCCCLI1II MDCCLXVI E x : TAKEN DOWN A. 68

ITkzT?dcTJTS IDCCLXVl

79.

0:

MOORGATE MDCLXXI1II MDCCLXVI

AS Ex

ERECTED : TAKEN DOWN A. 69

80.

0:

NEWGATE E x :

AS R E P A I R D MDCLXXII AT THE RIOTS A. 70

BURNT

MDCCLXXX

Rarity Nos. 45, 72, RRR.

69, R.

68, 70 to 80, scarce.

The others, fairly common.

No. 64, without the heavy flaw, is very scarce.

101

fll> i t > M e s c y.
LONDON AND W E S T M I N S T E R .
A l l edges : i ' -S J, -VI,,. 81.
THE PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND PENNY

HEARER ONE

X UnleSS / /&

otherwise stated. Nos. 81-84.


0: INGS.

The same reverse.


Ex : BUT . 1796.

c s jry-jy;-. - 1 !>y " , " A '

BANK OF ENGLAND NEW BUILD-

The arms of London and Westminster between palm and oak branches, 1797
LONDON PENNY. AND WESTMINSTER A. 112

l U i j j g j i l. ' JJ t l i " * * tflly


iJil J U U L U 'B I D

82.

0 : DRIJRY LANE T H E A T R E .

83.

0 : KINGS

THEATRE E x :

HAYBT.

84.

0 :

TRINITY

HOUSE

BUILT

Ex

: BT.

1794 A. 113

MARKET

1794.

A. 114

1795 A.115 84a. E : Plain (not i n collar).

0 : CITY OF LONDON LYING-IN HOS-

iiil

PITAL BT.

1771.

'a

t mmwE

R : The arms of London and Westminster w i t h a mural coronet. LONDON AND W E S T MINSTER PENNY 1797

A. 116

0 : LAMBETH

PALACE

E x

BT.

rrfrrrr

1557 R : The arms as before between palm and oak branches, a cap of maintenance above. LONDON AND W E S T MINSTER PENNY 1 7 9 7 A. 117

102

fBMfcMcsey.
LONDON AND WESTMINSTER
The same reverse 1774 A. 118

Nos. 86 90.
87. 0 :

S E S S I O N S H O U S E OLD BAILEY BT

88.

0 : TREASURY.

ST. J A M E S ' S PARK

A. 119

89.

0 : TOWER BT

OF

LONDON

E x :

1079

A. 120

90.

0 : W E S T M I N S T E R ABBEY B* 1 2 4 5

A. 121

91. U : The same as last. R : Arms as before surrounded with drapery, crest a cap of maintenance which divides the date 17-97
LONDON AND W E S T M I N S T E R PENNY. A. 122

92.

O:

ALBION

MILL

BUILT FIRE

1787

BEFORE THE

X* -vi

S -rrrrrri ci t r a - a->Inr = > axi&siMu 1 + iL J I ri u t u? i ' n m n im i \ mki r i g'u. Mfiig

R : Arms and mural crown.


LONDON AND W E S T M I N S T E R

1797 Withabor- jt "A der of small quatrefoils. ' A. 123


PENNY 92a. E : ON DEMAND IN LONDON, L I V E R P O O L OR A N G L E S E Y .

m '/ ilfflPl :

J*/ fl

jgmp.
--HJ ,

Nos. 92-113.
93. O: HORSE

The same reverse.


AND FOOT GUARDS A. 124

WHITEHALL

ri l I J H Gil

94.

O:

S T . PAULS SCHOOL FOUNDED

1509

A. 125

fllMfcMescy.

103

LONDON
>r,

AND
BARBERS STREET

WESTMINSTER,
HALL MONKWELL A. 126

95.

0:

^ r
96. 0 : BREWERS HALL F.x \ FINISHED

1073

A. 127

J ' J j t l J 3 -rJ -a u

>

v _e Jj- -

>.

IllT

97.

0 : CORDWAINERS BUILT 1790

HALL

98.

O : DRAPERS A+D

HALL

BUILT

99.

O:

DYERS A.D

HALL

BUILT

1G72 A. 129

1770 A. 130

A. 128 J.2.5-7

-..J-ii

' / v
'*

inn

100.

O : FISHMONGERS FOUNDED

HALL 1536

101.

0 : GROCERS HALL FOUNDED A.D

102.

0 : HABERDASHERS HALL. BUILT . 1 6 7 1 .

A. 131

1411 A. 132 101a. K : Plain (not i n collar) rjZA-Vj*


r l . .r. t

A. 133 tuo.

[' i ||!@P iSEE'EEE}

I -m F 7 F F I rri

103.

0 : IRONMONGERS BUILT 1748

HALL AD

101.

U : LEADENHALL A.D 1 4 1 9 DOWN 1794

BUILT TAKEN

105.

0 :

LEATHER HALL.

SELLERS BUILT A.D

A. 134

1567.

A. 186

A. 135

104

AIM b M c s c y .
LONDON
'"""ft,.

AND
O:

WESTMINSTER.
TAYLORS A. 137 /

v. a

UA
106. MERCHANT HALL

FT rrr

rrr

nfrffl hftr

m
107. 0 : SADLER8 HALL

A. 138

Y- , . - 2 , S L A C

Ji

108.

0 : SKINNERS HALL BUILT AD

109.

0 : STATIONERS NEAR ST.

HALL,

110.

O:

LATE SURGEONS H A L L . OLD BAILEY

1667

A. 139

LUDGATE

A. 140

A. 141

jiA'<Xi o

epfi

111.

O:

TALLOW

CHANDLER

112.

O:

V I N T N E R S HALL F O U N DED

113.

O:

WAX

. CHANDLERS

HALL . BUILT A D

1437 A. 143 85, 90, 93, RR.

HALL E x : BUILT

1671.

A. 142

1792 The others, rare.

A. 144

R a r i t y N o s . 84a, 92a, 101a, RRR.

fID i b M c s e y.
SKIDMORE'S
Nos. 114-145. y-yjj = 1 I -to 1STft 1 F F , F = i ' '. ' 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. O: A building, O : A gateway,
GATE. CAMB. BISHOPS . IIOSTELL . CAMB. A D . 1 6 7 0 .
c

105

GLOBE

SERIES.
BRITISH BEARER PENNY. 1797.

H: A globe between a rose and thistle.


E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND T H E ONE P E N N Y .

''--

CAMBRIDGESHIRE

A. 1
A. 2

CHRIST . C O L L E G E .

0 : A building,
. CHAPEL. 0 :

EMANUEL.COLLEGE CAMB. KINGS . A. 8 COLLEGE A. 5 . COLL .

building,
CHAPEL.

.4??,'

"&>

CAMBRIDGE. QUEENS

O: A gateway,
GATE. CAMB.

0 : A gateway,
GATE.

S J U - Jisl rrrr -_rrr irrrrr


A. 6

TRINITY . C O L L E G E .

CAMB. A.D 1 5 4 6 .

' oOlii

4- b

L L

cm, ''

#- frl - nnt-u
tf.-' ~"~

' g t BMiiii

120.

O : View of a church, houses, and trees. CHESTERTON . NEAR .


CAMB. A. 8

CHESHIRE. 121. View of an ancient fortress, a flag flying at top. C H E S T E R


. CASTLE A. 1

9r' .
| |

y]

g
"
c

122.

An ancient gateway, houses, and spire of a church, E A S T


. GATE. CHESTER. A. 2

r-

R a r i t y N o s . 114, 118, RR.

117, R.

The others, scarce.

106 Nos. 114-145.

flI>^Mcsc

j\

SKIDMORE'S
ONE PENNY.

GLOBE

SERIES.
BRITISH . PENNY .

I I : A globe between a rose .and thistle.

1797
'

PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE BEARER

% ' %

DURHAM. An ancient ruin and trees.


NARD'S . CASTLE . DURHAM.

BERA. 1

ESSEX. O: View of a gentleman's seat,

WANA. 2

STEAD . HOUSE . ON . EPP1NG . FOREST.

MIDDLESEX. A large building, - - " h i f f ' / j .

THE . BANQUETA . 6 Bis. . A. 100

ING . HOUSE WHITE-HALL .

num.mnr H h' "'%

A n ancient building.
HOSPITAL.

CHRIST'S

NEWGATE . S T . MIDDx

O : A large building and trees, ijilljllijll iJsfiJiiiii


PALACE.

KEW .
A . 19

A public building, 0 : A public building,

THE . NEW .
A. 101

EXCISE . OFFICE . LONDON.

THE . SOUTH . SEA . HOUSE . LONDON.

tS' zri I % I: S < B i [ B-irei 5 I 1 1

finn

^ 4 iv3

f i

NORFOLK.
130. 0 : NORWICH . CASTLE.

NORTHUMBERLAND.
131. 0: ALNWICK . CASTLE . 132.

OXFORDSHIRE.
O : SHERBORNE . CASTLE .

A. 3

NORTHUMB d

A. 1

SHROPSHIRE. 133. .'1 2 .i-flftsa; M 134. 0 : A large building.


SHROPSHIRE. DUDMASTON

sgezsis
A. 1
A. 2

OXFORDSHIRE.

A. 1

0 : An ancient fortress,
CASTLE . SALOP.

LUDLOW.

fll> i

M c s c j:.

107

SKIDMORE'S
Nos. 111-145.
K : I PROMISE TO

GLOBE

SERIES.
URITISH . PENNY .

R : A globe between a rose and thistle,


ONE PENNY.

1797. A
U

PAY ON DEMAND T H E BEARER

- f '

' o\

135.

SOMERSETSHIRE. 0 : The remains of an ancient abbey.


THE . FRONT . OF . GLASTONBURY . ABBEY . SOMER*." A. 20

3.1.

136.

SUFFOLK. 0 : Remains of an ancient


BUNGAY . TOWER . SUFFOLK.

tower.
A. 4

/*'f :' .f * '~'r.% A-V j i m / k * ' . null

J"

J % h/0 I

Hra E J ildi

SURREY. 137. 138. 0 : An ancient ruin and trees.


A. 1

139. 140.
A. 2

O: O:

View of palace and trees,


. PALACE . SURRY.

LAMBF.TH A. 3 WEST. A . 5 BlS.

GODSTONE . TOWER . SURRY.

0 : A n ancient fortress i n ruins.


GUILDFORD . TOWER . SURRY.

A large building and trees,


CLANDON . PLACE . SURRY.

141. -J7T

0 : An

SUSSEX. ancient building

and

trees.
A 1

BATTEL . ABBEY . SUSSEX.

\ 11
:

142.

WESTMORELAND. 0 : Remains of an ancient fortress. tfZ&Svt&m


KENDAL . CASTLE. WESTMORLAND.

A. 8
rlUm m,r?

<U '

* '' I " ' V f rf

c-% ^ I ifj3_ I'fi

m / w
Op_ i>.' dtUij 143. 144. 0 : Remains of an ancient fortress.
BOWES . CASTLE. YORKSHIRE. A. 2

YORKSHIRE. 145. 0 : Remains of an ancient fortress.


YARDM . CASTLE . YORKSH. A. 9

O : Remains
YORKSH.

of

an

ancient

abbey.
A. 4

RUINS . OF . GISBOROUGH . ABBEY.

R a r i t y N o s . 125, 12G, 129, 140, 145, RR.

131, 135, R.

The others, scarce.

108

fID t > M e 8 e y.
SKIDMORE'S C L E R K E N W E L L S E R I E S
14G. O : W E S T . VIEW . OF . BOSTON . CHURCH . IN . T H E . COUNTY . OP . LINCOLN.

R:

A cypher P S 1797 in a circle of Howers. P. SKIDMORE . MEDAL .


MAKER . NO. 15 . COPPICE - ROW . CLERKENWELL . LONDON. PAY ON DEMAND . THE

9
A. 75

E:

PROMISE

TO

'Jr->

HEARER ONE PENNY . X

Nos. 147-165.

R-. Shield of arms,


COPPICE WELL

P . SKID^_y Lbllltbll ~K''

MORE . MEDAL . MAKER . ROW . CLERKEN. LONDON. A. 7 6

/;: As

NO. 1 4 6 .

147.

O:

ADDINGTON PLACE . NEAR . CROYDON IN . SURRY .

<Zk

148. 0 : An ancient fortress.


CARISBROOK . CASTLE . I S L E . OF . W I G H T .

149.

0 : C H R I S T ' S . HOSPITAL. NEWGATE ST.

150.

0 : COWS . CASTLE . ISLE . OF . WIGHT. A. 79

A. 78

A. 77 > x>
< .

r f ~

f T .

M i l l ?

"SeSIl tri

151.

O : TOWER . O F . D U D L E Y . CASTLE . 1 7 9 7 .

152.

0 : DUI.WICH ON DON

. COLLEGE IN

153.

0 : THE

BISHOP . OF . SEAT A. 82

IN . SURRY. 152a. E : DEMAND

A. 81 LONOR

LONDON'S DLESEX.

A. 80

AT FULHAM . MID-

LIVERPOOL

ANGLESEY.

flDtfcMesey.
SKIDMORE'S CLERKENWELL SERIES.

109

154.

0 : THE

SEAT

OF

DAVID A. 83

155.

0 :

T H E . HOUSE OF LORDS.

156.

0 : FORT . GEORGE . INVERN E S S . SCOTLAND v

GARR1CK ESQR. AT . HAMPTON.

A. 84 155a. /'y : Plain.

A. 85

% ml

157.

0 : PART . OF . I S L E W O R T H . IN . M I D D L E S E X .

158.

0 : ST.

P A U L ' S . SCHOOL . A. 87

159.

0 :

RIVALX . ABBEY . YORKSHLRE. A. 88

LONDON.

A. 86 4? a 4BS </ ' 4 " A - v ofeac m / / ^ fir,.' IQ-MEEtiiflfif

cii<rx>o
160. O : SION-HOUSE DLESEX. . NEAR 89 161. 0: THE SMALL-POX HOSPITAL NEAR ST. PANORASS.
Ml"11""""//,.

162.

0 : T H E . SOUTH . SEA . HOUSE. LONDON.

BRENTFORD . MID-

A. 90

A. 91 ,V

"nrnm,s / > '


j U i

163,

0 : SURGEONS . HALL . OLD . BAILEY. A. 92

164.

0 :

LORD

STORMONT'S

165.

0 :

WEST

CLANDON

WANDSWORTH . SURRY.

PLACE . SURRY.

A. 93 R a r i t y N o s . 146, 149, 152a, 155a, ERR. 148, 151, RR. 163, R.

A. 94 The others, scarce.

110

no t b m c 5 c y.
MISCELLANEOUS S E R I E S .

/ v

166.

0 :

GOLDSMITHS . HALL . FOSTER . LANE.

R : TO . T H E . WORSHIPFUL . COMPY. OF . GOLDSMITHS. E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE X A. 102

BEARER ONE PENNY

. .. . CJ

'vX

/ Vs.

167.

0:

THE

. THEATRE

. AT

. NEW

. YORK.

AMERICA.

n r , i g a- J 1 r 11 i 8 It a

R : Ships,
K : I

&c.
TO

MAY

COMMERCE

FLOURISH. PROMISE PAY ON DEMAND T H E

BEARER ONE PENNY.

Hi'""." ut,

^>,0,0 a r t u ;'ot

;rrrr rrrr rrrr

J-

a.r < ' ' SS

\
Nos. 168-172. R: A portcullis and scales, between sprigs of oak and laurel. MIDDLESEX . PENNY . 1797.
WESTMINSTER A. 5

E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE BEARER ONE PENNY.

168.

0 : An ancient building.
HALL . B T 1397.

1G9.

0 : A large building,

THE . BANQUETING A. 6

. HOUSE W H I T E - H A L L .

/ o " r z " x '2 iU-4

170.

0 :

THE .

. HOUSE . OF . . FROM THE . THAMES.

171.

O : QUEENS . COLL . GATE . CAMB. A. 8

172.

0 \ TRINITY . COLL. BRAKY . CAMB.

LI-

COMMONS

A. 9

BUILT . 1 5 5 2 . A . 7

R a r i t y No. 175, RRR.

167, 170, 171, 172, 174, 175a, RR.

169, R.

The others, scarce.

H D it > M c s e r.
MISCELLANEOUS SERIES.
173. 0:
/I': T H E . HOUSE . OF . COMMONS . FROM . T H E . THAMES . B U I L T . 1 5 5 2 . A

in

cap of liberty over a coronet upon a pole, between a palmbranch and a cornucopia.
PEACE . L I B E R T Y . AND . P L E N T Y .

El E E E D

1797. E : The same as No. 1G8. A. 99

174.

O : A swan swimming. R : Three swords in a shield between sprigs. PAYABLE IN M I D D L E S E X . 1797. E : The same as last. A. 10

175.

0 : and E : The same as last. R : An urn between scythes and sprigs of laurel, an arrow, skull, and hour-glass under the urn. T I M E
DESTROYS ALL T H I N G S 1 7 9 7 . A. 11

175a. E : Plain. Nos. 1-19, 21, 24, 27, 29-34, 36-44, Atkins Not Local, have been included w i t h Middlesex.

NATIONAL

SERIES.
' 1 I J -j r .

-Us.

176.

0 : Laureate bust
G III 1788

to

right

between

177.

0 : Laureate bust to right,


I l l . D E I . GRATIA.

GEORGIVS .

GOD SAVE T H E K I N G .

R: Rays of sun over thearms ofLondon, supported by the sword and mace.
V I S I T E D ST. PAULS . 2 3 APRIL 1 7 8 9 .

178.

A. 105

R : Similar, the rays extend over the legend. 23 APRIL 1789 A. 103 0 : As No. 176. R : As No. 177. A. 104

No. 176 struck in gold, silver, copper and white-metal; and 177 in silver, copper, copper gilt and white-metal.

112

HIM M c s c y.
NATIONAL SERIES.

179.

0 : Laureate bust to right, D.F. under


it. GEORGIUS [II . DE . GK . MA . 15R . FR . E T H I . R E X .

180. 181.

H : A serpent entwined around an altar, the centre leg of tripod is in front.


F E L I C I T A S PUBLICA REG. REST. 1 7 8 9 . * Kx \ SAL. A. 2

0 : As last. 11. Similar, but the centre leg of tripod is behind. A. 3 0 : Similar bust, DROZ. F. under it.
GEORGIVS I I I . D . G . MAG . BR . F R . E T . HIB . REX.

K : As last.

A. 4

Nos. 179 and 180 struck in silver and copper, and 181 in silver, copper and white-metal.

182.

0 : Bust to left, c.i . 1789 under it.


GEORGIVS III . R E X .

183.

0 : As last. R : A crown between a rose and thistle.


TO TRANSPORT T U R N ' D A P E O P L E ' S FEAR'S. Ex : M.DCC.LXXXIX . A . 7

H : A crowned harp between sprigs of laurel. A. 6 Struck in white-metal. 184. 0 : As last.


11:

Struck in brass or copper gilt.


PRAYERS R E S T O R E D .

LOST TO BRITANNIA'S H O P E S BUT TO H E R

A. 8

Mt.r iWrlou/ V-ZHTOAezj TO dZ&LTiS. hlarcd i789 . 185. 0 : Bust to right between G III, the date 1788 and c.i under it. GOD
SAVE T H E K I N G . 11 : WHEN | WE FORGKT | HIM, | MAY GOD FORGET

18C.

O: As last. 11: Bust to right (of William I I I ) between w HI. The date 1688 under, CENTENARY OK T H E GLORIOUS REVOLUTION. A. 12

| u s ! " | Thurlow.

Kx: A. 11

RESTORED TO HEALTH MARCH 1 7 8 9 .

No. 185 struck in copper and white-metal, and 18(i in silver, copper and white-metal.

m>i b M e s c y .
NATIONAL SERIES.

113

Nos. 187-190.

0 : Bust to right.

GEORQIVS

III D E I . GRATIA.

I.S.G.

R : A crown within a garter, radiated.


KING & CONSTITUTION. A. 9

R: Similar, but the radiation points to the terminal of A. 10 R : Similar, but the radiation points to the c. R : Very similar to last (note the position of the holes in the garter). No. 187 struck in copper and white-metal. Nos. 188-190 in white-metal. 191 O : A bust, GEORGIVS . . H I . D . G . R E X . within an ornamental border. R: A cypher T G, palm branches crossed under. B RITISH . P E N N Y . 1797.
E : I PROMISE BEARER TO ONE PAY ON DEMAND THE A. 5 PENNY.

,- ;,%'s^-f7r- ~ >

/::y .'
xuvrz u-i/uzuz
IT

'' (/-

/.v/

a* viucz*.
V,.

192.

O: Laureate bust to right,


. HI . DEI . GRATIA .

GEORGIVS

193. 194.

Under the

bust, MILTON. R : Regalia lying upon a pedestal inscribed HOWE ST. VINCENT DUNCAN. Three fleurs-de-lis above the top word. ROYAL . THANKSGIVING .
AT . ST . P A U L S . E x : DEC . 1 9 .

O: The same as last. R: Similar to last, but without the three fleurs-de-lis. A. 107 0: The same as last. R: G U I L D H A L L LONDON.

1797

A. 106

No. 192 struck in silver, copper, brass and white-metal; 193 in copper, and 194 in silver and copper. Rarity Nos. 182, 183, 184, 187 in copper, 191, 194, RRR. 187-190 and 193, RR. The others, fairly common.

114

f l l M fcMesey.

NATIONAL

SERIES.

J'OJiY

SlCI-IC Laureate bust to right


G III. VISITED 19, 1797. IN HONOR OF ST CEMBER

between
DE-

196.

PAULS.

0 : Similar, a period after 1797. R : Very similar, the 7 of date under T. This is struck in white-metal.
LORD 1797. DUNCANS

Arms of London radiated. 197.

TORY OVER T H E D U T C H F L E E T , OCT, 1 1

A. 108
III AT

0 : Laureate bust to right.


REX ST ATTENDED PAULS DIVINE LONDON

IZiZ-l

GEORGIVS SERVICE 19

DEC1'.

1797.

I I : PROVIDENCE | THIS IN T H E MA- | - N Y

DAY ACKNOW SIGNAL THE

| LEDGEI) A. 109

VICTO- | - R I E S | WAR.

OBTAINED | DURING

Struck in copper and white-metal.

198. O: A laureate bust of William I I I , 1G88. R : Britannia seated, IN . COMMEMORATION . OF . T H E . R E V O L U T I O N . A. 13

199.0 : Bust and date as last, a thick wreath of oak added. R : A lion rampant supporting English shield.
REVOLUTION PENNY. A . 14

Struck in copper and brass.

.-4 4 </ /r% - J

\ f~^' l\ a ^ W H J n| H i1 y

7i.il

i c A 200.

201. 0 : A larger and very different bust. O : Bust of William I I I . , 1688. CONW I L L I A M . ILL . OF . B L E S S E D . STITUTIONAL CLUB * Legend MEMORY . struck from another die (now almost obliterated). Previous to R: B R I T O N S | N E V E R | W I L L BE | S L A V E S . R E V O L U T I O N . J U B I L E E . NOVR. I V . being obliterated, there has been 1788. A. 16 on the reverse, a regal crown over the Prince of Wales' feathers, in Struck in silver, brass (or copper gilt), and a coronet. white-metal. R : Blank. A. 15 YORK * 202. O: Bust to left. *- D U K E S of M A. 17 and is'. The same as No. 191.

115 fll> i & M e 0 e y .

P O L I T I C A L AND SOCIAL S E R I E S
0 : A cock crowing,
OF THE SOCIETY * KING V E R S U S E A T O N , w i t h names of jury. This was also struck i n silver, brass and white-metal. THE S T R U C K BY O R D E R CORRESPONDING

LONDON

R :

OOL> j o i m cojfiyr xrico

loasS. csistatsituis. fg'l TIILr? sc aftir

Full-face bust.

THOS. HARDY SECRE-

T A R Y TO T H E L O N D O N C O R R E S P O N D ING SOCI. NOT G U I L T Y NOVR 5 . 1 7 9 4 .

Names of jury in centre.

A. 31 No. 204 also in silver.

The same as last. Very-similar, but reads " T H E J U R Y " instead of " HIS JURY." A. 31 Bis.
J. Hit f.iJ. J HO* y/UUb / n - I ilSJXX ii / At.-.SIi't.J: J ' ') X/Jif C U : . . j > :; ^ ,J JOiilN $ j -~f: J ; V J vi Liim

206.

0 : Tower of London.
ACQUITTED NOV 5.

THOS. 1794.

R:

Names of j u r y .

This is struck in white-metal.

' -J ; Lsl

school.y? N fjr Li/ >fi - / I; ,.J.^

iASK-rmzuia svi/s/t/i SSMAifOM 03UT/ s3irar/oi3iiT'Ls. sannjsrijirs -

Bust to left, w. J I A I N W A R I N G . F E C I T under it. IOHN H O W A R D . F . R . s .


HAUD ULLI ] MORTALIUM GENUS | SUMMA | ERGA HUMANUM BENEVOF.x \ OBT.

LENTIA | SECUNDUS. JAN

O: Bust to right, T H O M A S P A I N E . R : /Esop's fable of the mountain in labour, T H E M O U N T A I N IN L A B O U R . Ex: 1793. A. 27 This is struck i n white-metal.

. 20 . 1790

/ E T . T>'.

A. 21 Also in white-metal. 209. 0 : A tree from which a man is hanging. R : MAY THE T O M M Y ' S R I G H T S O F MAN, & C . TREE | OF LIBERTY EXIST

TO | B E A R

TOMMY'S | LAST FRIEND.

Struck in white-metal. R a r i t y N o s . 200, 209, RRR. 202, 206, RR, 196, 198, 203, 208, R. The others, fairly common. 197, 199, 201, scarce.

116

fllMfcb l e s e y .
P O L I T I C A L A N D SOCIAL S E R I E S .
raz zvy.po irrgiL in -taz zosjgiri'ru'fioii

7
R : THE

<J??0 KTSP. taz


ITOT'IOKI

Z'l l

210. O: Bust to right, 1789 under.


RIGHT HON. W. P I T T . I SUPPORTER | OF THE TUTION | OF | GREAT BRITAIN.

THE

212.

O: A slightly different bust, c.i and 1789 under it. THE RIGHT HONBLE
W I L L M . PITT.

| CONSTIA. 29

A. 31 0 : The same as last. 213. R : Similar, but reads " OLD ENGLAND " A. 32 instead of " GREAT B R I T A I N . " A. 30 No. 210 struck in silver and white-metal, 211 in copper and white-metal, 212 and 213 in white-metal. 211.

R: The same as No. 210. 0 : The same as last. R : The same as No. 211.

THOU j l'l 214. 0 : Three-quarter bust to left.


W I L L M . ROMA1NE . M . A. R : BUT I | TRUSTED IN | T H E E , O LORD : | I SAID, THOU | ART MY GOD. YEARS. PSALM . 3 1 . 1 4 . A X : OB . J U L Y . REVD.

215.

0 : The same as last. R : Very similar, the

of

THOU

under

t h e o a n d L o f LORD.

2C.1795. JB. 81.

A. 33 21G. 0 : Three-quarter bust to right,


W . ROMAINE . M . A . I . M. REVD. I' -

ll

Figure of Faith standing, pointing upward, T H E J U S T SHALL LIVE


BY HIS FAITH. EX D . JULY . 2 6

. 1795 . A . 81. A. 34 No. 214 struck in copper and white-metal; 215 in white-metal; and 216 in silver, copper and white-metal. 217. O: Three-quarter bust to left,
SHERIDAN ESQ . M. P . R : RESISTLESS DART | | WIT WHOSE | POINTED | -ONS A. 36 PIERCES CORRUPTI-

R. B.

DASTARD | HEART.

Struck in white-metal.

RarityNos. 210, 211, 221 in copper. 224, 224<i, 225, RR. 221 white-metal, R. The others, scarce.

212, 213, 21o, 218,

flD i & M e s e y.
P O L I T I C A L A N D SOCIAL S E R I E S .

117

UTIOOJ

218.

0 : Bust to left in a cocked hat.


. LORD THUR-LOW. 1789

EDW

219.

0 : The same as last. R : As the obverse of No. 210.

A. 40

R : WHEN | WE FORGET | HIM, | MAY GOD F O R G E T | us!" | Thurlow. Ex: RESTORED MARCH TO HEALTH A. 39 1789.

No. 218 struck in white-metal. |No.219 struck in silver, copper, and white-metal. 220. 0 : Three-quarter bust to left. DOCTOR
WILLIS. R: BRITONS I REJOICE | YOUR KING'S A . 44 RESTORED. | 1 7 8 9 .

TO si

Struck in silver, copper, and white-metal.

? EAi Ti-iFUL GUIDE GO'DP

221.

O: A front face bust,


CHAS. J A S . FOX R : THE I FREE AND | OF

THE I

R I G H T HON.

222.

0 : GLORY BE T H I N E I N T R E P I D FOX FIRM AS OLD ALBIENS B A T T E R D ROCKS. R : RESISTLESS GUIDE | SPEAKER | FAITHFUL A. 146

INDEPENDENT | WESTMINSTER

I ELECTORS

| THE

COURTIERS | DREAD |

1789. A. 145 T H E PATRIOTS | P R I D E . No. 221 struck in copper and white-metal, and 222 in white-metal.

a r t
223. The same as last. Very similar, small s in PATRIOTS. The same as last. Plain. Similar, but the letters of outer legend larger. R : and E: As No. 223. A. 148 No. 223 struck in copper and brass, 224 in copper, 224a white-metal, and 225 in copper. 0 : Similar, ALBIONS correctly spelt. R : The letters rather smaller, and a wreath of oak and laurel added. E : MANUFACTURED BY W. LUTWYCHE BIRMINGHAM . x . X . A. 147 0 : R: E : 224(1. E I 225. 0 : 224 .

118

fID ifcb I e s e y.
P O L I T I C A L A N D SOCIAL S E R I E S .
226. O : A naval officer standing against a cannon, ADMIRAL G ARDNER WORTHY
THE F L E E T OR T H E SENATE. TION TOKEN. ELEC-

R: A fox holding a pole standing upon three blocks, inscribed ' CORESPON SOCIETY ' ' RIGHTS OF MAN ' A . 1-19 a n d ' WHIG CLUB,' & c .

This was also struck in brass.

227.

O : A cauliflower, CABBAGE SOCIETY * ] { : A star formed of six leaves, PURIM * 1796 * E Milled. A. 18 227. E : Coarse m i l l i n g over AN ASYLUM FOR
THE OPPRESS'D OF ALL NATIONS,

as No. 243.

-At

.i.-/ MOM/iCK-J TiOTTiiiSX JLiJU AssA-H-O-rs puzazj-j

228.

0 : A

MAP

OF

THE |

PRESENT

STATE AND

OF | A . 19

229.

FRANCE. R : MAY MONARCHY FLOURISH ANARCHY L'ERISH | E V E R L A S T I N G L Y .

O : The same as last. R : Very similar, a comma


" FLOURISH."

after

Nos. 228-229 struck in white-metal 230. 0 : A deer, FREEDOM WITH R: A plough. INDUSTRY
WEALTH. E.v: A & s. INNOCENCE. I'RODUCKTII A. I l l

231.

Slightly different to No. 230 on both U : and R: which may be distinguished by the handles of the plough coming, the one to the foot of the L, and the other between the T and H. A. I l l Bis. No. 230 was also struck in silver.

Atkins No. 110 was afterwards found to be No. I l l R a r i t y N o . 232, ERR. 231, RR. 230, R.

with initials and artist's name erased. The others, scarce in fine condition.

fll> t M e & e y.
P O L I T I C A L AND SOCIAL S E R I E S .
232. W : a A Lion and Lamb lying down together. . UNANIMITY . TO . ALL
. MANKIND

119

A Dove with olive beneath, -. PEACE


AND PLENTY f.x \ 1797. A . 24

jJC/Lr.

'lOTJlsJJ

233.

0 : A chained Negro in supplication.


AM I NOT A MAN AND A BROTHER. R : WHATSOEVER | YE WOULD THAT | MEN SHOULD DO | UNTO YOU, DO YE A. 37 | EVEN SO TO I T H E M .

234. 0 : The same as last. R : Very similar, no period after

"THEM"

No. 233, 234 struck in brass and white-metal. 235. O: The legend in smaller letters. It: Legend reads DO " TO " YOU. < Hi*'i

tlHt. WUVL'b U'Llt

23G.

O: The head closer to legend. I t : Similar, wider space between the last two lines.

237.

O : The same as last. R : Similar to last, the u of under so.

THEM IS

238.

0 : The head still closer to legend. J!: Very similar, but the last line further from edge.

Nos. 235, 237 and 238 struck in white-metal; and 236 in brass.

120
fllM&Mescy.

POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SERIES

|H?
IJrt

" -

| i JZltO

* } i % W m

239.

0 : The same as last. R : Without the eye over W E L L DONE and the hand under the hat MADE FOR A L L , " &C. omitted. R : An open hand dropping coins into other outstretched hands, Ac. 241. 0 : The same as last. R : The radiation under W E L L DONE T H E CHARITABLE HAND COJIE . ALL omitted. YE . DISTRESSED * A. 41 239 struck in copper and white-metal, and Nos. 240 and 241 in white-metal. 0 : A man's head trying to swallow the
world. " TAKE NOT WHAT WAS

240.

WASHINGTON
242. 0 : Bust to left.
PRESIDENT GEORGE 17H9 WASHINGTON

SERIES
0 : Bust to left, G E O R G E WASHINGTON. R: Arms and crest of the United States. L I B E R T Y AND S E C U R I T Y .
E : AN ASYLUM FOR X THE : X OPPRESS'D OF ALL NATIONS A. 42

243

R : Crest of the United States. E : Plain.

.'i1-

244.

0 :

Bust to right.
TON .

GEORGE

WASHING-

245.

0 : Bust to right, 1796


R : GENL &C. OF T H E

GEORGE

WASHINGTON

f{: Arms and crest of the United States. . L I B E R T Y AND SECURITY . Date 17-95 divided by shield. K : The same as last. A. 43

AMERICAN ARMIES, & C . ,

E : Plain.

RarityNos. 240, 241, 244, RRR.

242, 243, 245, R.

239, scarce.

INTRODUCTION
TO THE

HALFPENNY SECTION.

H E Halfpenny Tokens, as described in this section (Part 5), form a most varied and interesting series, being those of tradesmen chiefly advertising their business, political and satirical Tokens, "mules," made for sale to Collectors, and Private Tokens issued by Collectors, for exchange and as gifts to friends. Of Tokens pertaining to places of amusement, there are those on which appears the figure of the "celebrated ventriloquist" Mr. Joseph Askins ; whose real name was Thomas Haskey; born at Walsall, he lost his leg in the American W a r ; he came to London in 1796. Also those of G. Bayly, T. Hall, the Proprietors of the Lyceum, and Pidcock's Exhibition. Umbrella makers are represented by John Bebbington, of No. 8, City Road. It has been suggested that the bust on the obverse is intended to represent the then Prince of Wales. J. Hancock, of Leather Lane, combined the sale of provincial coins with that of umbrellas. J. and S. Kelly, Patent Whip makers to the Prince of Wales, and the Duke of York, included, among other items of trade, the sale of umbrellas. Medicine dealers are represented by Basil Burchell, who issued such a quantity of advertising tokens, that he was ultimately compelled to put on an edge reading, " T H I S I S NOT A COIN
BUT A MEDAL . + . + . + . +

J. Ching stated the price of his wares on his tokens, of which five cwt. were struck, probably for currency. (In a later section will be that of Isaac Swainson.) C. James, who engraved the dies for a number of Tokens, advertises his trade, and uses as a reverse, one of Pidcock's dies. Those of Christopher Ibberson, of the " George and Blue Boar," are of special interest by reason of the rarity of the " small boar " variety. The nineteenth century imitation has a plain edge, in collar; a careful comparison of the illustrations will enable anyone to detect the recent impression.

Charles Pye does not state the issuer of the Mail Coach Halfpenny ; but on one variety are the initials A.F.Hprobably those of Anthony Francis Haldimand, Merchant, of No. 51, St. Mary Axe. James Lackington, and his partners Allen & Co. issued, in all, over seven tons of Tokens. Lackington's Memoirs and also Lackington's Confessions are well worth reading. The Newgate Tokens have reference to the fines and imprisonment of Simmons, Winterbotham, Ridgway and Holt. They were tried and convictedSymonds, for publishing the "Jockey Club," the "Second Part of the Rights of Man," and " Paine's Address to the Addressers " ; Winterbotham, a dissenting minister, for preaching at Plymouth two seditious discourses ; James Ridgway, for the same offence as Symonds ; and Daniel Holt, printer of the Newark Herald, for selling Paine's " Address to the Addressers," and publishing " An Address to the Manufacturers of unrepresented Towns, on a Parliamentary Reform." The Token of Daniel Isaac Eaton refers to his trials for sedition. There is a very rare medal struck to commemorate his acquittal, illustrated and described on page 115. Of Oppenheim's Tokens, Pye states that four cwts. were struck ; if so, it is hard to account for the scarcity. He states that order for Presbury's Tokens was countermanded. Their place of business was No. 9, New Street, Covent Garden. Prattent, along with Denton, published " T h e Virtuoso's Companion." The Tokens, struck at the instance of both, are not included in Pye list, and, being muled with others, may be regarded as " for sale to Collectors" rather than " for currency.'' An interesting series are the Private Tokens, struck for Collectors to present to their friends, and to exchange, for similar specimens, with others. David Alves Rebello, is stated to be the person who first had such struck. A fine representation of the old Hackney Church appears on his, also his initials, which, in a similar style appear on his bookplate. Other issuers of Private Tokens werePeter Anderson, on whose, appear the Arms of the City of London, also his initials ; some of T. and R. Davidson ; also some of Meymott's, were struck from a scarce variety of die, and in different metals, which precludes their being for anything other than private distribution. Robert Orchard had Tokens from dies by Jacobs, also from those by James; those of the former cannot be regarded as presenting a good portrait. The " Smithfield " variety has net been traced ; the writer of " The Bazaar Notes " has an interesting reference to the subject. It is said to be in white-metal, and that the die, or dies, broke; that Matthew Young bought it from James, the engraver. In a London Newspaper of March 10th, 1802, appeared the advertisement: " To the Amateurs of Coins.To be disposed of, Robert Orchard's Smithfield Token, unique; the only one ever coined, mentioned in Conder's ' Arrangement of the Provincial Coins.' Letters addressed, post paid, to A. B. No. 47, Davies Street, Berkley-square, with the price that will be given will be attended to." As white-metal is more liable to damage than copper, it may have suffered defacement, and as a consequence, being regarded as of no value, perhaps has been thrown away. His Token having a view of Islington Old Church, and that with the view of the church at Sawbridgeworth, are the best in the series ; the reverse on the latter is a shepherd reclining under a tree, 1790.

Ratley's Token demands more than a passing comment; by Atkins' note in reference to his No. 347, a different reverse is described as compared with that on No. 348. No specimen is known to correctly comply with the description of No. 347 ; one described as such was sold in 1901, but it was found to be only an ordinary specimen, faultily struck. Other specimens, faultily struck, have appeared: in one instance, the reverse die had turned half-way round, showing two shells, dates, etc., the first being partially obliterated in the second striking. Freaks of this kind should not be regarded as die-varieties; by reason of a die slipping, one of Orchard's appears to be from a different obverse die. Many of Skidmore's " m u l e s " are extremely rare; several from the "Not Local" section of Atkins have been placed here, the same dies being used, and the sequence being such as to warrant it. The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various Collectors : Nos. 283ft, 401, 425, 289c 317a, 328, 429, 433, 441a, 495, 496, 329c, 350 Bis. 353 d, 370c, 372c, 373a, 393c, d, 461. 462a, 468a, 4756, 480a, 487, 490, 492a, 4976, 501, a, 504, 506, 517a.

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. R. DALTON,
PARK HOUSE, BRISTOL.

S. H. HAMER,
BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

f n > t fc M

e 0 e y.

121

HAL 24G.

F P K N N IKS.
ALLEN'S.
WILLIAM ALLEN LONDON, PROMISSORY HALFPENNY. STREET CONVENT A. 167 -/F U

0 : Shield of arms, 1795. R : Shield of arms,


K : PAYABLE IN GARDEN.

:"( -(.p. F-JJF


VS!

M-\
- r*

CHANDOS

~i

246 a. F. : PAYABLE 246ft. E : Milled. 247.

AT LONDON

+ . + . + . + . A. 167a A. 1676

ANDERSON'S

0 : Shield of the arms of London (the cross not shaded). LONDON CITY TOKEN. R : A monogram cypher, P A , 1795 above, HALFPENNY below.
F. : PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OF P E T E R ANDERSON.

A. 168 '247c. E : Plain. This was struck in white-metal from unpolished dies.

248.

0 : Similar to last, but the cross on the arms is shaded. R The same as last. E PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OF P E T E R
ANDERSON LONDON. A. 169 AT LONDON.

248a. E : PAYABLE 2486. F : Milled.

A. 169a A. 1696

O: Similar to last, but with DOMINE DIRIGENOS . added above the shield. R : Similar to preceding, but with the monogram ornamental. K : The same as No. 248. A. 170 249a. E : Plain. (In white-metal.)

249.

ASKINS'.

1:

250.

O: A man with a wooden leg walking.


MR. J O S E P H ASKINS.

R : An anchor in a circle of leaves.


T H E . CELIBRATED . VENTRILOQUIST.

251.
trl'f r"n.

252.

1796. E : Milled. A. 171 O : The same as last. R: A cypher J A within a wreath. The legend the same as before. E : Engrailed. A. 172 0 : and E : The same as last.
R. : T H E | CELIBRATED | VENTRILOQUIST |

i i z

1796. E : Engrailed. 252a. E : Milled. 2526. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 173 A. 173a A. 1736

RarityNos. 247, 247a, 249a, 250, RRR. 248, a, 6, 249, 251, 2526, RR. 252, 252a, R. The others, common.

122

fll>

\ b M

c 3 e y .

BAYLY'S.

253.

0 : A crocodile and a tree


TO BE SEEN FOR. ALIVE MUSEUM OF

A CROCODILE AT G. BAYLYS

K: A rattlesnake and a tree,


NATURAL HISTORY

ALL SORTS 242 P ICCA-

DILLY .

Under the rattlesnake the word . J A M E S . in minute letters. A. 174


BEBBINGTON'S.

254.

0 : Laureate bust to right,


MIDDLESEX . HALFPENNY.

LONDON &

The Prince of Wales's crest on a shield, under an umbrella, F O R


CHANGE . NO . JOHN . BEBB1NGTON.

A. 175
BIGGAR'S.

tiZiGG&Sl''' cpyyzz iiovzz


Atid i-IOTEL
J'Oil OUiulZ

255.

0:
Ji

C : BIGGAR | SPRING G A R D E N | C O F F E E H O U S E | AND HOTEL . | FOR | G E N TLEMEN BIGGAR S LIST | | | AND | F A M I L I E S . CORRECTED BY | | JANY. SIX MSS. 1ST. | ARMY COM-

VIEi-/
JULIZ
LIE*} A -'(LI

SUBSCRIPTION

MENCING TWO

1790.

C O N T I N U E D ANNUAI.LY. SUBSCRIPTION SHILLS. & P E N C E EACH *

i' O i i

E : Milled. 255a. E : Plain (not in collar). 256. 0 : Similar to last, but with a in S P R I N G - G A R D E N aild H O U S E and a dash at the I!: The same as last. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 176 A. 176a hyphen


COFFEE-

bottom. A. 177

BLACKFRIARS.

257.

0 : Figure of a friar,
FRIARS L O N D O N .

PAYABLE IN BLACK

R : The arms, supporters, crest, and motto of the City of London. E : Milled. ' A 178 257 a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 178

iifjLZ

BURCHELL'S.
258. 0 : BASIL B U R C H E L L SOLE PROPRIETOR OF THE FAMOUS SUGAR-PLUMBS FOR WORMS 7 8 . LONG-ACRE.

JtlLOjflliZ aiMJUirJf-Liiuuia
id

JUfQI/YifS

R : BASIL B U R C H E L L SOLE PROPRIETOR OF T H E ANODYNE NECKLACE FOR C H I L D R E N . CUTTING T E E T H . A. 179

R a r i t y N o s . 255, 258, ERR.

257, RR.

255a, R.

253, 256, scarce.

254, 257a, common.

flIM&Mesey. BURCIIELL'S.

123

sy.cj-'Risji-fji'. JTA. ldU'U /LUUl //Olivia 260 Nos. 259-263. 259. J i : The N of

V s O -L ^ ^ y yyHOy*. 12flL'>.rC> //UJilJIS

v S^L.2 ^sLL,'sLl' l "<! OJ 'i'ii-i


V

2G2 of
"CUTTING,"

" N E C K L A C E " touches the u connects " C U T T I N G - T E E T H . "

and a hyphen

260.

0 : Similar to last, but N. 79 for the number, and a small quatrefoil before and after " L O N G A C R E . " The W of " W O R M S " is larger than the other letters. A. 180 0 : The tail of the N forms an o, and there is no hyphen to " L O N G ACRE." Crosses instead of quatrefoils.
A. 181

261.

2G2.

U: Differs from the last in the figures being much larger, and a dot between " L O N G " and " A C R E . " A. 182 0 : The tail of the N comes just over the o. There is a hyphen in
"LONG-ACRE." W of "WORMS"

is large.

A. 183

J EHZ
.FAMOUS

>1.'

J'SU

J-E'JWL

"H

HOU'WSL* UACM " J Lis.

'

3XJi

LLZ J TE}rfLt2

uoz s-ZUii

263. 0 : The tail of the N comes partly round the o ; no dot under it. A hyphen in " L O N G A C R E , " and " WORMS" is in italics. There is a small quatrefoil before and after " L O N G
ACRE." A. 185

h\L ~s- J

III. d.

264. 0 : Similar to last, but with an arrow head and two dots each side of " OF THE." R: The N of " N E C K L A C E " touches the second limb of the u in " C U T T I N G . " 265. O: The tail of N to the 7 of 79. Two lines under the o of No. R : The upper and lower legends are close together, no dot between. 265 Ris. O: All the letters same size in " W O R M S . " A hyphen in " L O N G - A C R E . " R : Similar to .last, but with a dot between upper and lower legends. 266. 0 : The tail of the N comes just over the o. There is no hyphen in " L O N G A C R E . " All the letters are the same size in " WORMS." R: The N does not touch the u of " C U T T I N G , " and no hyphen in " C U T T I N G T E E T H . " A. 184 267. O: The tail of the N comes over the 79. A hyphen in " L O N G - A C R E . " R : As last. A. 187

Note.Nos.

259-266, the tail of N does not extend over 79 ; Nos. 267-274, tail of N over 79.

124 flb^Mesejr.

BURCHELL'S.

2GB.
ldiiS

0 : The tail of the Z V comes oyer the 79, which is in very small figures; there is no dot under o. R : The P of " PROPRIETOR " on a line with the lower limb of the s in
" BASIL." A. 186

lO'U'J

269.

0 : The tail of the 7 touches the top of


the A of " A C R E . " There is o n e

268
ri f

large dot and two small ones each side of " LONG-ACRE " and the W of " W O R M S " is large. R; The P of " PROPRIETOR " touches the
f o o t of i of " B A S I L . " A. 188 209

270. 269
N
Q V

0: " WORMS" is in italics, and a small quatrefoil before and after


" LONG A C R E . "

.
.--M:- '

'jC'Z, v

R : The word " PROPRIETOR" is in italics; one large dot on each side
o f " CUTTING T E E T H , " a n d t h e P of

?r5UG--_!'- .KOTi/liiS-

" PROPRIETOR" comes just above the foot of the I of " B A S I L . " A. 189 271. 0 : The words "PROPRIETOR," " FAMOUS," and " WORMS" are in italics. Three dots before and after " L O N G - A C R E . " Similar to last, but with one large Ii: and two small dots. A. 190 The same as last. 0: A. 191 R: As No. 270. 273. Reverse umnoi hi Iil tJ bb'l

SOLi

FAiAOU XLU<A 272.

270, 272 & 273 Reverse O : The word " WORMS" only in italics. There is a scroll on each side "OF THE." A small quatrefoil before and after " L O N G - A C R E . " A. 192 R : The same as last. 0 : The A' and figures are larger than any previous ones, the letter s of " WORMS is smaller than the other letters. : The centre legend is lower than any of the others.
' T H I S I S NOT A COIN BUT A MEDAL . + . + .

uc-u

l.lfulZS

271.

273

A / SOLJj ^ / J j^-oy^ss-'rcfi- >5

+ . + .
E : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN

A. 193
OR LONDON . | . | . | . |

Xfl'L't2 E Milled.

A. 193rt This is struck on a smaller Han. A. 1936

Nos. 259-273 may be found struck in both copper and white-metal. RarityNos. 261, 261, 265, 265 Bis, 266, 269, 274a, RR. scarce, especially in fine condition. 263, R. The others,

HIM & M C

B C X.
CARTER

125

CARTER'S.

A lady's slipper,

32

JERMYN S T R E E T LONDON 1 7 9 5 .

The toe of the slipper points just above the T in " C A R T E R . "
LADIES SHOE * MANUFACTORY *

Milled. A. 194 Plain (not in collar). A. 194a The legend is farther from date than before. The toe of slipper points below the T
i n " CARTER."

Very nearly as last, the floral ornaments a little larger. Milled. A. 195
CHELSEA.

sailor with a wooden leg presenting a petition to Britannia, C H E L S E A . E.V :


HALFPENNY.

figure of Hope leaning on an anchor, T H E SUPPORT OF


OUR ENDEAVOUR. 1795.

Milled.
PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY OR LIVERPOOL.

A. 151
LONDON A. 1 5 1 a

Plain (not in collar).

A. 1516

CHRIST'S

HOSPITAL.

278.

O: A monogram cypher C H 1800. The top of the 1 is sloping, there is a period after the date.
R : HALF | P E N N Y . A. 198

279.

Struck also in brass.

O : Similar to last, but the top of the 1 is square, and there is no period. R : Similar. A. 199

r
280. O: and R : Very similar, but from different dies ; the ends of C H being more curled. 281. 0 : The down strokes of the monogram are formed of double lines. R : Similar to last, but the letters are formed better. A. 200

A m a n u s c r i p t n o t e i n L a d y C h e t w y n d ' s c o p y of S h a r p s t a t e s t h a t N o . 2 8 1 w a s m a d e b y H a l l i d a y i n 1 8 3 3 .

Rarity No. 277a, RRR.

275a, RR. 277b, 278-281, scarce in fine condition. The others, common.

126
n i M b M c s e y .

CHING'S.

282.

Bust
FOR IN AND

tO l e f t .
WORM IN AT BOXES IN

I.

CHING

PATENTEE THE BEST SOLD Is. 6D. AT

LOZENGES THE 3/6.

:r?n

MEDICINE

WORLD. PACKETS

.V

:/

SMALL

PACKETS

EACH.

R E 282 a. E

The Boyal arms, supporters, crest, and motto, BY E V E R Y P R I N C I P A L


M E D I C I N E V E N D E R IN T H E KINGDOM.

Milled. Plain (not in collar).


CLARK'S.

A. 197 A. 197a

S>
i

frj.

283.

0 : Bust to right,
FIRM HUMANITY

WASHINGTON . T H E TO PEACE &

FRIEND

R : A stove,
LONDON

PAYABLE BY CLARK & HARRIS 1795. LONDON LIVERPOOL OR

R E

The end of the legend is nearer the star, and the bust. The same as last. A. 202 Milled to right. W W W

1 3 . WORMWOOD S T . B I S H O P S G A T E . E : PAYABLE AT BRISTOL.

W W 283a. E : Milled to right. W 2836. E : Milled to left. /////

A. 201 A. 201a A. 2016


'r-i

/ \?

, ^

J'k

CORRESPONDING

SOCIETY.

285.

O: The fable of the bundle of sticks.


LONDON CORRESPONDING SOCIETY.

286.

The first letter of the legend is some distance from the old man's robe. R : A dove flying with an olive branch.
U N I T E D FOR A R E F O R M OF PARLIAMENT. E x : 1795.

U: Very similar to last, but the first letter of legend touches the old man's robe. R and E : The same as last. A. 204 286a. E BIRMINGHAM OR IN SWANSEA. A. 204a 2866. E PAYABLE AT D U B L I N CORK OR B E L FAST . X X . A. 2046 286c. E: PAYABLE AT LONDON LIVERPOOI. OR
BRISTOL. A. 201c AND SWANSEA.^

E : Milled.

A. 203

286 d. E : BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H 286c. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 204fi

Rarity Nos. 285, 286 d, 287a, 288, 289, a, c, 290a, 291, a, KB. 282a, 284, 286a, c, B. 286c, 287, 2896, f , 290, 293, scarce. The others, common. (Atkins' No. 196see Bedfordshire, No. 3c.)

127 f f l M b M c s e r .

CORRESPONDING

SOCIETY.

.sf, tin7%, A->y - " ' i ' %. 287. O : The same as last. J? : Bust to right, GEORGE
E : AN ASYLUM NATIONS FOR X THE PRINCE

f' /' ^
OF WALES. 1^1 OF ALL I OPPRESS'D

'

287n. E : Plain (not in collar). 288. O : The same as last.


11 : PRINCESS OF WALES.

A. 205 w A. 205a

/ 'I*- - ,r-~ ' J/fSfc

E : PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR BELFAST

Nos. 289-289 Bis. O: The rev. of No. 285. 289. R Two hands united, MAY SLAVERY & O P P R E S -

X
\

SION CEASE THROUGHOUT THE WOULD.

E 289(7. 289i. 289c. 289</.


FOR

PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. PAYABLE AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON.

sf

E E E E
THE

A. 200 A. 20Go

PAYABLE AT I.ONDON CORK OR BELFAST. A . 2 0 0 / ) PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR BELFAST: CELEBRATED FOR PURE AIR AND SEA BATHING.

A. 206c 289c. E :
AN ASYLUM OPPRESS'D OF

289 Bis.

ALL NATIONS.

289/'. E : Plain (not in collar).


p -JJ

A. 206</ A. 200c

II: Britannia seated with spear and shield, RULE BRITANNIA. E.r: 1794. A. 207

or, U 1

ilM
j
290K.

man hanging P^T, a cap of liberty on a pole, a medallion bearing an anchor HOPE, a cross, crown, &c., 011 the .ground, LIBERTY . AND . NOT . SLAVERY, and a monument inscribed PEACE 1796. cypher L C S in a circle of leaves.
DEDICATED . TO . THE . LONDON PONDING . SOCIETY. . CORRES-

And in an inner circle A. 208

MAY . THEIR . ENDEAVOURS . M E E T . REWARD.

Milled. Plain (not in collar).

The same as last. An obelisk, and masonic emblems.


FIRST . ARCHITECT. Ex." JACOBS.

GOD . T H E .

Engrailed. Engrailed over


PORTSEA.

A. 209
AT GEORGE EDWARD SARGEANT'S

A. 209a

5-

t/co-rzivsy
a js'J ^

COVENTRY

STREET.

292.

O:

filtering stone,
WATER. E.T:

FOR

PURIFYING

293.

1795. A. 2 1 0

0 : The same as last. R : The period is nearer the u.

R : T H E F I L T E R I N G STONE WARE-HOUSE * COVENTRY S T R E E T LONDON.

128
n i M & M e s e r . DAVIDSON'S

294.

/-/ -/

4*'r~

<

0 : A female seated, holding a sword and a shield bearing the arms of London, a distant view of St. Paul's. SISE LANE HALFPENNY. Ex: 1795. R: A crown upon a triangle, held by two hands, BR. CONSTITUTION radiated in the centre, KING . LORDS . COMMONS. The cross on the crown is some distance from IN
of " KING."

E : Milled. A. 211 The milling almost obliterated through being struck in a collar.
2 9 4 ( 1 . E : PAYABLE AT T H E HOUSE OF T . & R. DAVIDSONS.

ull'l"'"////,.

% >, -

'i

&

^
?jk

j f i l
~ rj$

i'f D '

294/). K : Engrailed. 294c. E: Plain. No. 294c struck also in gold, silver, and tin. 295. O: Similar to last, but the shield is closer to legend. R : Similar to last, but the cross on top of crown touches IN of " K I N G . "
E : PAYABLE AT T H E HOUSE OF T. & R. A. 212 DAVIDSONS.

t M ; 7 -

< _

'

o -.

295a. E : Plain (not in collar). 296. 0 : The reverse of No. 294. l i : Bust to right, GEORGE
WALES.

PRINCE

OF

E : Milled. 296a. E : Plain (not in collar).


DENNIS'.

A. 213 A. 213a

297.

0 : A wheatsheaf. 1795.
: TO L E S S E N DAY PUBLIC BAKING

BAKERS

HALFPENNY.

| T H E SLAVERY OF | SUN| AND PROVIDE | AN ACT FOR WAS WANTS :

PASSED. | A.D. 1 7 9 4 . : PAYABLE AT I + . X . IN ANGLESEY DENNIS LONDON . X ALONDON


> 2 U

Ajli

r. rn,

297a. / :

PAYABLE

OR

iJJiSiics

mi'6 J 7*1-,

LIVERPOOL.

A. 214a

2976. / ' PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON.


297c. /; : PAYABLE IN BRISTOL. LANCASTER

A. 2146
OR A. 214c

LONDON

297(/. / : Milled.

These are on large and A. 214d small flans. A. 214c 297e. 1 : Plain (not in collar).

R a r i t y Nos. 294, a, b, c, EUR. 295a, 296a, RE. 297a, R. 297c, scarce. The others, common.

129
f l l M b M e s e r .

DENTON'S

COLLECTORS'

TOKENS.

298.

0 : A connoisseur smoking a pipe, at a table spread with medals, an old man behind him putting on his head a tool's cap. TOKEN cor.
L E C T O R S H A L F P E N N Y . PAYABLE ON

. 179(3. II: An ass and a mule saluting,


DEMAND SHALL WANT E IMPRESSIONS. MY PROTECTION.

HE

A S S U R E D F R I E N D MULK YOU NEVER : ANY SUM GIVEN FOR SCARCE ORIGINAL A . GO

299.

0 : The same as last. R : Two boys riding a race upon asses.


A S S E S RUNNING FOR HALFPENCE.

F, : The same as last. 299a. E : PAYABLE AT T H E BANK


+ DORSET +

A. 61
IN S H E R B O R N E

DODD'S.

300.

Bust to right.

HANDKL *

INSTRUDODD'S

M E N T S TUN D Si L E N T

TO H I R E .

R: A harp in a radiated circle,

-jy>

J, ,

C H E A P SHOP FOR MUSICAL I N S T R U M E N T S N E W S T R E E T COVKNT G A R D E N .

A. 215 Struck on thick and thin flans, also in brass.


EATON'S.

24 S A

301.
nl.E.

O: Bust to left, with FRANGAS F L E C T E S on a ribbon under,


OF S E D I T I O N .

NON D .

I . EATON T H R E E T I M E S ACQUITTED

R: A cock crowing over pigs in a sty.


PRINTER TO T H E M A J E S T Y OF T H E P E O P L E . LONDON . 1 7 9 5 .

E: Milled. 301a. E : Plain.


FORSTER'S.

A. 21C

302.

O A crown, and the date 1795, encircled with the notes of " GOD SAVE
THE KING."

11: The Prince of Wales's crest, within a double circle, WM. F O R S T E I : .


VIOLIN . TENOR 348 . IT VIOLONCELLO STRAND LONDON. MAKER . NO.

E : Plain rounded. 302a.


E:
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER BRISTOL.

A. 217
LONDON OR

302b. E : Milled. (This is struck in silver.) A proof of this was also struck on a large white-metal flan. RarityNos. 29Ga, 299a, 302a, b, RR. 298, 299, 301a, R. The others, common.

130 fllM & M FOUNDLING c s c y .

FIELDS. FOUNDLING

303.

0 : A lamb, within a circle,


FIELDS 1795.

R: A cyplier
PAYABLE

/ 11 within
ON DEMAND.

a circle.
The J IS

E : 304.

305.

305a

much smaller than the 7>, and a diamond-shaped stop comes mid way between the beginning and end of legend. Milled. A. 218 0 : The same as last. R : The beginning and end of legend are much closer, the stop is a round dot. A 219 E : Milled. 0 : The same as last. R: The cypher as last, with the beginning and end of legend further apart as in No. 303, but with a round dot only, close after "DEMAND." A Haw which occurs just on the period, makes it in most cases invisible. A 220 E : Milled. E : Plain. No. 305 struck also in brass.
FOWLER'S.

306.

Head of Neptune with his trident.


HALFPENNY.

R
r
L -

Whale

fishery. 179-1.

PAYABLE Ex \

AT

I.

. -m~<f

FOWLERS FISHERY

LONDON.

WHALE

c< ' J
4 Y

A. 221
FISiJ 311*4 J Y ORITUR DOCFRANKLIN OPPRESS'D | OF

F R A N K L I N

PRESS.

307.
> * o Cr,y;_

O: A printing press,
H : PAYABLE E : AN | AT FOR |

sic
THE

TRINA SURGETQUE LIBERTAS . 1 7 9 4 .

?A"S
A'F ' Til J! ?IitlLlb v. -

'

P R E S S | LONDON. ASYLUM THE ALL NATIONS. A. 222

307a. E : Plain (not in collar).


GUEST'S.

A. 222a

308.
z m M M i

O: Royal arms, supporters, and crest.


G U E S T S PATENT BOOTS & SHOES -X

R: A boot, shoe, and lady's slipper.


NO. 9 . SURRY ST. BLACK FRIARS . 1795. ROAD . HALFPENNY

tJV.rr ^rzF\ //J

E PAYABLE AT LONDON . + . + + + +

A. 223 308a. E: 308fc. E:


PAYABLE AT LONDON CHESTER. BATII OK MANA- 2 2 3 A

308c. E : 308</. E

PAYABLE

IN IN

DUBLIN

OR

AT

BALLY-

MURTAGH : PAYABLE BRISTOL.

.+. +
LANCASTER

A. 223c
LONDON OR

PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON.

A. 2236

308c. E : Milled.

A. 223d A. 223c

fliMt>Mcscy. HACKNEY.
i / V , r

131

9 ' H m ' i ? X M 0

M-

IS

1 # y

j / -<r"o . -" -f

{ >

IM

309.

0 : View of a church, shield of arms at top, J . M. on the ground, HACKNEY


CHURCH. E x : MCCXC.

310.

R: A cypher D A R, a knife and palmbranch crossed below, a small wreath above. HACKNEY PROMISSORY TOKEN 1795. A. 152

0 : A very close imitation of the preceding, but without the " J M." R : Not such fine work as last, the 1 in date is straight.
E PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON. \ J53 I\ : PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE LODGE OR IN DUBLIN.

310a.

310/;. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 153a No. 309.Proofs of obverse and reverse dies were struck on thin white-metal flan. This was also struck in silver and tin , the later from rusted dies.
Ik o .

311.

O : The same as last. R : Cap of Liberty &c.

O: A paint-pot, cask, and two brushes crossed, witbin a circle, GEORGE . BUTLER . OIL . MAN . HACKNEY. R: A cypher G B. FOR T H E USE OF TRADE. E : PAY-ABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 154 312a. E: Engrailed. A. 154a 312c. E : Plain 3126. E: Milled. A. 1546 H LL''o. ari-r i J. u

312.

lJ 'S
r, O i'j' Ojl

1;

HALL'S

315 0: A deformed dwarf.


]: : SIR JEFFERY DUNSTAN MAYOR OF GARRAT.

313.

O : Three quadrupeds,
R: T. HALL BURY THE

" T H E . KANGUROO"
| | FINS1785. FOR A. 224 HOUSE A. 225

315.

" T H E , ARMADILLO" " T H E . R H I N O C E R O S " | CITTY ROAD | NEAR SQUARE FIRST ] LONDON IN ARTIST

EUROPE

PRESERVING BIRDS BEASTS & :

R: The same as last. Milled to left. Illll 315a. E: Milled to right. 3156. E: PAYABLE IN LANCASTER
LIVERPOOL.

A. 226
LONDON OR

314.

O : The same as last.


R : TO BE CITY HAD AT T H E -jCURIOSITY | I 1795. ROAD NEAR FINSBURY

SQUARE

I LONDON

315c. E: Plain (not in collar). 316. 0: The same as last. R : The same as No. 313.

A. 226a A. 227

RarityNos. 303, 307, 311, RRR. 304, 310, 310a, 312. 312c, 315a, 6, RR. 305a, 308a, 309, 310/<, 312a, 3126, R. 308, scarce. The others, common.

132

fllMbMeeey. HALL'S.

317. W

0 : A woman standing,

MRS. NEWSHAM

THE WHITE NEGRESS.

R: The samo as No. 314. E : Plain. 317a. E : Milled. /v;0 {jj't.

A. 228

; & / 318 318. 0 : A toucan sitting on tlie branch of a tree, TO . T H E . CURIOUS .


OBSERVERS . OF . NATURAL . PH/ENOMENA. 7?: THE

^yzr r ,r
319.

319

O: Similar to last, but the toucan is larger and there is no flaw. R : and E : The same as last. A. 230
E : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON X IN LANCASTER LONDON X OR

319a.

1ST ARTIST IN EUROPE

in four 3196.
E : PAYABLE BRISTOL.

A. 230a A. 2306 A. 230c

lines in the centre,


OR . R E P T I L E S .

T . HALL .

P R E S E R V E R . OF . BIRDS . BEASTS . CITTY . ROAD . NEAR . FINSBURY . SQUARE,

319e. E : Milled.

in a double
. + + +

circle.
E : PAYABLE AT LONDON . +

A. 229

. lislXi/j.

HANCOCK'S.

320.

0 : A shop front and a small umbrella.


I . HANCOCK . N 19 . LEATHER . LANE . HOLBORN . LONDON.

322.

O Three umbrellas in a shield, dividing the date 17-98. IOHN HANCOCK


UMBRELLA MAKER . N O . 1 9 LEATHER L A N E . HOLBORN LONDON.

A cypher 1 H and 1796 in a circle of leaves, UMBRELLA . MAKER &


DEALER . IN . PROVINCIAL . COINS.

A naked boy holding a coin tray.


DEALER EX: IN COINS & MEDALS HALFPENNY

321.

A. 231 A large umbrella, omitting "N." Legend as before. The samo as last. A. 232
HATFIELD'S.

Milled. IIIIIIII

A. 233

323.

O: A naked leg within a circle.


HATFIELD HILL + R : BOOT & GOLDEN-LEGG + LONDON. SHOE 1795 MANUFACTORY

i .
SNOWSHOP-

K E E P E R S S U P P L I E D ON REASONABLE TERMS. A. 234

R a r i t y - N o . 318, RRR.

317a, 319, b, RR.

322, R. 320, 321, scarce. The others, common.

fID i ^ M e s e y.
rw>-.
HENDON.

133

y~Z)

r.

324.

0 : View of a church,
ONE HALFPENNY.

HENDON . VALUE . F.V \ 1 7 9 4 . PROMISE TO PAY \ B PRICE.

E : A greyhound.
ON DEMAND.

i
Ex

325. 32G.

Nos. 325-335, the same obverse as last. II : Bust to left, DAVID GARRICK . ESQR. A. 156 11: A register stove, PAYABLE AT SKIDMORES & c . F : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON A. 157

A. 155

326n. E : Milled. 3266. : Milled over


-i'Jj-

A. 157a
SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

1
327. 328. JR : A guillotine and part of a house.
HALFPENNY. F : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. FIRE, SEPT. 1 7 . 1 7 9 5 . F : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A . 159 A. 158

It: Ruins of a church,

DESTROY'D, BY,

It : Bust to right, CHURCH AND KING. F : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 160 329a. F : Milled. A. 160a 3296. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 1606 329c. F. : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. 330. It: Bust to right, L O N G . L I V E . T H E . KING.
E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

329.

J'i If JL

'

.A>.*,

331. 332.

R: A cat.

MY FREEDOM I

AMONG

333. 334.

n: A cypher J 0 M.
BEDAL . YORICs".

J A M E S . METCALF-::-

SLAVES ENJOY

1796

E: Milled. A. 161 h: The heads of a man and ass conjoined. ODD FELLOWS, & c . E: Engrailed. A. 162 332a. E: Milled. A. 162a 3326. E: Plain. Rarity Nos. 326, 329, scarce.

E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A . 1 6 3 11: An anchor and cable, IN COMMEMORATION, & c .

F: Milled. 335. It: MUR 1 ' BY E: Milled.

A. 164
THE FACTIOUS, &C.

A. 165

324, 325, common.

The others are all rare.

134

fliM&Mesey.
HESLOP'S.

man and a monkey in antic postures, C A NY O UD O SO.


H E S L O P NO. FINSBURY SHOP IN CURIOSITYS 86 CHISWELL . THE | FOR STREET FIRST NATURAL COINS | | SQUARE LONDON |

ff .iiu* 1:!IttjjTUOli SOU

niz

f.

;|f.;

ovtaustm |
COii/5 E7ii5 Hull

PAINTINGS, &C.

COLOURS FOR | A R T I S T S

33fi. 330/'.

Engrailed. Milled. Plain (not in collar).


H O R N S E Y .

A. 235 A. 235a A. 235/>

jmffli" ""'iivfr.

View of a church, behind trees. HORNSEY H A L F P E N N Y . J'l.U 1797


A . SPEEDY. AND. LASTING | PEACE.

rin

337a.

Engrailed. Plain (not in collar).

A. 166 A. 166<i

IBBERSON'S.

338. 339.
' r Z C l i l CO>.CiI> s < ^ hi o:;i-

0 R:

An artist's proof in tin of the obverse die of No. 339 without the boar. St. George killing the dragon, crest, a boar, HOLBORN LONDON.
E x : C . JBBERSON. MAIL & I POST COACHES | TO ALL

In four lines within a lauiel wreath.


PARTS OF | E N G L A N D . AT THE E : PAYABLE GEORGE & BLUB A. 236 BOAR LONDON.

CTulAl

;W?0ST00ACjlSM j \ ; > 2 0 AAA 1SUS3S Oil! srroiAiis

339a. E : Milled. 340. O : As last, or very similar. II: A cypher Ii W on a shield, hanging on a tree, &c. A. 238 341. 0 : As last, or very similar. I SIX | P E N C E | 1 8 0 0 . It: N o . 342. 0: 0 : Similar to last, but the boar is larger, and with PONTHON in minute letters on the Ex: line, and E : The same as No. R: A. 237 Nos. 339 & 342 also struck in silver. 343. 0 : An imitation struck by Taylor of Holborn about 1870, has a small boar, and is without saddle-cloth. Ex: G . J B B E R S O N . R: Similar to No. 339, but the letters are narrower. E Plain (in collar). Struck in brass, copper, and vhite-metal. 343

Rarity Nos. 338 and 341, unique (in the British Museum). 336, 337a, 339a, RE. 336a, 337, 339, 340, R. 342, scarce. 336/), common.

flD t t> I c 5 e r.
JAMES'.
/*.. *

135 KELLY'S,

I j t ; . ry
= 4

t^L ^
/ j ' <r.

344. 0 : A lion couchant, holding a shield inscribed NO. 6 MARTLETT COURT BOW S T R E E T LON N. Over this is c-JAMES, and when the flan is large enough to show it,ENGRAVER under it, being from the same dies as the penny No. 81. R : A tiger, ROYAL MALE TIGER 1790
E : SPENCE X LONDON DEALER X x IN X COINS X A. 239

345.

0 : A postilion holding a harnessed horse.


KELLY'S LIGHT HARNESS &c. EX : SOLD CHEAP AT THEIR | MANUFACTORY | STRAND I LONDON.

R: A saddle, Spur,
SADLERY & c .

&C.

KELLYS

PATENT

SOLD CHEAP.

E: 345a. E: 3456. E : 345c. E: 345d. E: 345c. E: 345/'. E: Nos.

PAYABLE AT LONDON . + + +

A. 240 A. 240a

PAYABLE AT LONDON BATH OR MANCHESTER. PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR

344a. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. '239a

a:

x }

' ->>

A. 2406 PAYABLE IN- DUBLIN OR LONDON. A. 24Of PAYABLE BY HENRY OLIVERS. A. 240,/ Milled. A. 240e Plain (not in collar). A. 240/ 3456, e, and /, were also struck in white-metal.
LIVERPOOL.

KILVINGTON'S. 0 : Laureate bust, PAYABLE AT J . KILVINGTONS. The point of laurel comes under the J. R : Figure of Britannia. BRUNSWICK HALFPENNY. Ex: 1795. E : Engrailed. A. 241 E : RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE. A. 241a 3466. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 241/) 347. O: The tip of the laurel points to the T of "AT." and E : The same as last. A. 242 347a. E CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E . Very similar bust to preceding. BRUNSWICK 346.
HALFPENNY 1 7 9 5 .

R: Britannia seated, RULE BRITANNIA. E : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON . X . X . A . 2 4 3 A.. 243a E : Plain (not in collar). 0 : The same as last. R: A man of war sailing, THE GUARD & GLORY
OF BRITAIN.

E : Engrailed. 349a. E : PAYABLE AT


& CO. E :

A. 244
T H E WAREHOUSE OF ROBERT REYNOLDS

PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

K : Plain (not in collar). O: The same as last. R: Shield of arms of Lancaster,


E : PAYABLE AT G. G I L B E R T S

A. 244a
HALFPENNY.

1794.

NORTHIAM.

A. 245

350a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 245a 350 Bis. O: Similar to rev. of No 346, but dated 1796. R : Bust to left, SHAKESPEAR. A. 246 RarityNos. 345a, 3456 tin, 345e tin, 345/copper and tin, 346a, 6, 347a, 349a, 6, BR. 344a, 3456, R. 344, scarce. The others, common.

136

fllMbfclescy.
LACKING-TON'S. 351 0 : A three-quarter bust to left. J . LACKINGTON. 1794. It: A figure of Fame, blowing a trumpet, HALFPENNY OF .J. LACKINGTON & CO. BOOKSELLERS " HALFPENNY IN THE WORLD. CHEAPEST The Y of

,-<r x , i~, ~je A

the initial
SELLERS."

" comes between the o's, and just over the first E of " BOOKA. 247 351/). E :
351c. E:

E : Milled. 351a. E :
AN ASYLUM FOR THE OPPRESS'n OF ALL NATIONS. PAYABLE

BIRMINGHAM OR-IN SWANSEA. AT LONDON BRISTOL.

A. 2476
OR

LIVEIIPOOL

'1 ,-LJ-

A. 247a 352.

A. 247c

0 : The same as last. 11: Similar to last, but the J is over the first L
of "BOOKSELLERS." E : PAYABLE AT LACKINGTON LONDON -FANGLESEY & co.s FINSBURY A. 248 LONDON OR LIVERPOOL SQUARE +

352a.

E : PAYABLE IN

. X. A. 248a 3526. E : Engrailed. 353. 0 : Similar, but with a quatrefoil after legend. The 1 of date is just under the bottom button of coat. I I : Fame as before, HALFPENNY OF LACKINGTON . ALLEN & co.-::- A dot at the end of inner legend instead of an annulet.
E : PAYABLE PAYABLE AT IN THE TEMPLE OF THE MUSES

* / ' * / / 353a. E:
3536. E : LANCASTER PAYABLE AT LONDON THE

A. 249
OR BRISTOL.

A. 249a
HALFPENNY BLACK HORSE

' ^ T V ,

353c. E : 353(/. E : 354. 0 : 355. II: 0 :


It:

354

356.

0 : It:
K

A. 2496 PAYABLE AT BECCLES SUFFOLK. A. 249c Milled. A. 249-/ The 1 of date is some little distance to the right of the button. and E : The same as No. 353. A. 250 and E : The same as last. Similar to last, the period after " L A C K I N G T O N " is over the N of " IN." A. 251 Profile bust to right, j. LACKINGTON. A small cross below bust. The same as last.
TOWER H I L L .

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN . X . X . A . 2 5 2

357.

O: Similar to last, but with FINSBURY SQUARE 1795 in place of cross under the bust. II: The same as last.
E : PAYABLE AT THE TEMPLE OF THE MUSES

ST'* - -r"J'rjr.y^7-it::

357a. E : 358. 0 : It: E : 358a. E : 3586. E : 358

* / * / * / Milled to left. Illlll The same as last. A smaller figure of Fame. Milled to right. W W W Milled to left. Illlll Plain (not in collar).

A. 253 A. 253a A. 254 A. 254a A. 2546 356, scarce.

357

R a r i t y N o s . 3516, 3526, 3536, c, d, 3586, RR. 351a, c, 352 a, 353 a, R. The others, common.

iTDibMesej:.
LACKINGTON'S.
h'jf S jy'-y.

137

359 360 Bit. 0 : The same as No. 851. 359. II: Figure of Vulcan at work, HALFPENNY. E x : 1793. THE OPPBESS'D OF A. 255

E: 360.

AN

ASYLUM FOR ALL NATIONS.

II: Prince of Wales' feathers, &c.


: PAYABLE AT LONDON OH BRIGHTON.

300 Ilis. 861.


<^Src'% 1, ^

/ c'

7?: Bust to left, GEORGE PRINCE OF WALES. As Essex No. 36. E : Milled. 0 : The rev. die of No. 351. R: Arms of Liverpool between reeds.
DEUS NOBIS HMO OTIA FECIT 1 7 9 4 .

362.

A. 256 LYCEUM. 0 : Mercury standing on a galloping liorse. T H E . FIRST . EQUESTN.


PERFORMANCE . IN . EUROPE. Ex \ LYCEUM STRAND LONDON.

O JJJ

l i : A man balancing himself upon his head on the point of a sword,


PAYABLE AT LONDON BATH OR MAN. OR SINGING DANCING TUMBLING SLACK WIRE &C. Ex : EVERY EVENING. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR MANCHESTER. CHESTER

362a.
1)626.

A. '257a A. 257b 362(/. E :

PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON . +

+
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER X BRISTOL X

A. 257
PAYABLE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE.

LONDON

A. 257 c

362c. E : PAYABLE BY HENRY OLIVERS. 362/. E : Milled to left lillil' 362 (/. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. 362/'. E : Plain. 363. MAIL COACH. 0 : A mail coach travelling,
HALFPENNY Ex: H : TO j J . PAYABLE TO TRAI>E PALMER. | FOR

A. 257rf A . 257f A. 257/'

t m/lj

MAIL COACH IN LONDON. & IS TO IN|

EXPEDITION ESQ. | T H I S

PROPERTY PROTECTION. SCRIBED | AS A TOKEN TUDE FROM MAIL BENEFITS THE OF | GRATIRECED. | OF

- <3^5="' 5Q*=>

ItJSCiUZZL j'.S Sttz.i.li OS| &^Ti'rawj.


Cli* Z Z l i Z f r f S il2C LCOAC

ESTABLISHMENT

364.

0: It:

365. 366.

0 : H:

COACHES. A cypher J E under. A. 258 Similar to last, but with a period after " P R O P E R T Y , " and the upper legend nearer the horses' heads. Similar to last, but with 1797 in place of the cypher. A. 259 The same as last. The M of " PALMER " above IN of " INSCRIBED." HALFPENNY Ex . TO TO TO J . PliOPEHTY PALMER A. 2 6 0

O : A mail coach as before,


PAYA-BLE TRADE IN LONDON. & EXPEDIN.

PROTECTION.

B: A cypher A F H Rarity Nos. 360, 360 Bis., 362, d, y, h, RR. 359, 362c, The others, common. R.

ESQ. THIS IS INSCRIBED.

361, 365, scarce.

138

flDi&Mesey.
MASONIC. " j""%
r

367.

0 : The Freemasons' Arms, &c. '24 Nov.


1790 PRINCE OF WALES ELECTED

|p

o M. The bodies of the supporters are ribbed. R . A full face bust. GEO PRINCE or
WALES. E : PAYABLE IN BRISTOL. HALFPENNY. LANCASTER LONDON X OR . A. 157

-' t'-V ^i o r~ f '

U C

A%

367a. E 368.

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN

x . 0 The same as last. R: Bust to right. GEORGE


WALES. E PAYABLE IN LANCASTER

A. 157a
PRINCE OF LONDON OR

/:' .
A

>1 4 j jf 369.

368 \

BRISTOL.

A. 159

t -

0 : The same as last. R: A cupid and Masonic emblems within a triangle. WISDOM STRENGTH & BEAUTY. The rays are formed of lines of dots, and do not descend below the left robe of the cupid. SIT LUX ET LUX F U I T .
E : HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT THE BLACK HORSE TOWER HILL

369

X . A. 261 A. 2 6 1 a E: MASONIC TOKEN I . SCETCHLEY FECIT 1 7 9 4 X . A. 2616 E: PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 261c E: PAYABLE AT LONDON . + . + . + . + A. 261d E: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN. O: The same as last. R: Similar to last, but the rays are composed of alternate lines and dots, which descend below the arm and robe of the cupid, and there is no period after " F U I T . " E HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT T H E BLACK HORSE TOWER H I L L . X . A. 262 A. 262a 370a. E: MASONIC TOKEN I. SCETCHLEY FECIT 1794 x . 370ft. E : MASONIC TOKEN I. SCETCHLEY FECIT . + . + . + . E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 2626 PAYABLE AT LONDON . + . + . + . + 262C 370,/. MASONIC HALFPENNY TOKEN MDCCXCIV . X . X . X A. 262rf

369a. 369ft. 369c. 369rf. 370.

PAYABLE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE.

The same as last. The rays, which are all composed of lines, descend to the ground, and there is a period after " BEAUTY " and after " F U I T . " E: MASONIC HALFPENNY TOKEN MDCCXCIV . X . X 371a. E: MASONIC TOKEN BROTHER SCETCHLEY BIRMINGHAM FACIT. 371ft. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON . + . + . + + 372. 0 : Similar to preceding, but the bodies of the supporters ribbed, and there is a comma after " N O V . " and E : The same as No. 369. MASONIC TOKEN I SCETCHLEY FECIT 1 7 9 4 . + . + + 372a.
MASONIC HALFPENNY TOKEN MDCCXCIV . X MASONIC TOKEN ,T. SKETCHLEY R.A. & . X P.G.S A. 2 6 3

A. 263a A. 2636 are not A. 264 A. 264a A. 264ft


*

. BIRMINGHAM FECIT

HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT DUBLIN

CORK OR DERRY. .

PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. PAYABLE AT RICHARD LONG'S LIISRARY . X PAYABLE AT W. PARKERS OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE.

372/t. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 264c A. 264J A. 264c A. 264/ A. 264g A. 264A

Rarity Nos. 375, 376, 379. RRR. 370</, f , 371 ft, 372 d, f , g, h, 373a, 377, a, 378a, RR. 380, 381, 382, R. 369 d, 3706, c, 372c, 374, 378, scarce. The others, common.

139

fID i J ) M c 0 c y.
MASONIC. 373. 0 : As No. 367. h : Bust to light,
FREDK. 1795. DUKE OF
A

YORK H A L F P E N N Y E . PAYABLE IN DUBLIN

The top

of the 1 in date is sloping.


OR LONDON . -J-

K ^
/ A

+ A. 181 373a. h : Milled. A. 181a 374. 0 . lias a rosette under the arms instead of a qufttrefoil. R : and E : As No. 373. 375. 376. MEYMOTT'S. O : Artist's proof of unfinished die. E : Plain. O: Another proof with arm and hand added.
L : PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OF T . & R. DAVIDSONS.

377.

0 : Britannia seated holding a pair of scales and a spear, MEYMOTT -F


& + SON + LONDON. FJX\ -J-

1795 + The point of the spear touches the o of " SON." R . The arms of London, S C A L E S +
W E I G H T S -J- & -F- STF.EL-YARDS - F K : CORNER OF WORMWOOD STREET

In raised letters. A. 265 377. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 265a


BISHOPSGATE

0 : Similar to last, but there are no crosses in the legend, and the spear reaches the edge of the coin between " SON " and " L O N D O N . " R : and E : As No. 377. A. 266 378a. E : Plain (in collar). A. 266a 379. O: The point of spear nearly touches the N of " S O N . " R : The same as last. E : Plain (in collar).

378.

No. 377a was struck in silver, tin and copper; 378 in gold, silver and copper; 378a in tin and copper.

380 Nos. 380-384. 380. 381. L: A wheatsheaf.


LIBERTY. PEACE PLENTY & A. 2 6 7

382 O: As No. 378 382. R: A cypher J E < Co.


HALFPENNY . PAYABLE IN . CORK OB D U B L I N .

R . The arms of Orchard.

A. 268

A. 269

140

nD i & M

c 9 c y.

MEYMOTT'S.
#

J T "
" " ^

Nos, 380-384. 383. 384. ft: ft:

0 : As No. 378.
PEACE A. 2 7 0 HALFPENNY.

I g

A wheatsheaf and doves,


AND PLENTY

An anchor and cap of Liberty radiated. L I B E R T Y * PEACE *


COMMERCE. A. 2 7 1 884

Nos. 385-388. 0 : As the rev. of No. 377. 385 ft: A wheatsheaf. The same as No. 380. A. 272 387. ft: The arms of London crowned.
FEAR GOD AND HONOUR T H E KINO

388

ft:

1795. Anchor, &c.

A. 273 The same as No. 384. A. 274 387

385 389.
^ 15

MOORE'S. 0 : A girl sitting under a tree making lace. LACE MANUFACTORY. 1795 within a double circle, ft: A scroll inscribed MUSLINS I R I S H CLOTH HOSE &C. within a circle.
M O O R E . NO. l i e STREET * GREAT PORTLAND

E : Milled (coarse). A. 275 389a. E : Milled (fine). 389b. E : PAYABLE AT I . I O R D A N S DRAPER GOSPORT. 389c. E : Plain (not in collar).
(ttii

NEETON'S 390. O: A
ft: *

Saracen's
NEETON * ST.

head.
WINE VAULTS *

EDWARD BONE 1795 * RUM *

* AND *

MARY L E

A puncheon,
BRANDY *

A. 276 Some of these are on much larger Hans than others.

NEWGATE. 391. fflSS c/mmrr


rr.r / r

0 : Front view of a prison,


E x : B : PAYABLE MESS1" MDCCXCIV. I AT | T H E

NEWGATE. | OF I'll Off

RESIDENCE

SYMONDS | WINTERBOTHAM

| RIDGWAY | & | HOLT.

E : Milled.

A. 277

141

f U M fcMesey.
NEWGATE.
T H -E Ji F S i _ L > - sj r I' Z'xrzsi i r x i i W1 :7T1

0 ; and : The same as last. R: Differs from the last in the tail of the hanging down, and the letters of abbreviation in '* MESSRS." are smaller. A. 278 892a. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON LIVERPOOL OR
BRISTOL.

392.

p:._. H - _rr r rr ssWfftft r "r"

&

fidijtS.

..'L>+ r,
"J..

0 : Similar to preceding, but the gratings over the side doors have cross bars as well as upright ones, and there is no period after date. H: Similar to last, but the tail of the " & " turns up. K: Milled. A. 279 393a E : PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON. A. 279a 3936. E : CHAMBERS LANGSTON HALL & CO. X 393c. : RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE. 393d. E : Plain. No. 393 also in silver. 394.
0
ft:

393.

' -

y -J ? ^ ~ T< '

The same as last. A crown, lie. KING


TION 1 7 9 4 .

AND CONSTITU-

E: 395.
396.
r r'

CURRENT EVERYWHERE.

394a. i ? : Plain (not in collari.

A. 280 A. 280a

0: As No. 391. ft: LONDON C O R R E S P O N D I N G S O C I E T Y . As No. 286. A. 281 0 : A different view with a square tower in the centre. NEWGATE. Ex: 1795 between sprigs. ft: Similar to No. 391. E: CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . A. 2 8 2
PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSES OF D. WRIGHT & S. PALMER . X .

396a. /;:

3966. A': Milled. 397. 0 : The same as last. ft: Three men hanging. 1796. OPPENHEIM'S. ^arista 398.

A. 282a A. 2826
NOTED AD-

VOCATES FOR T H E RIGHTS OF MEN

A. 283

O : A view of St. Paul's Cathedral. Ece: 1797. ft: A man weaving in a loom, SUCCESS
TO THE MANUFACTORERS GOW. E : PAYABLE AT M & H OPPENHEIMS TOY WAREHOUSE LONDON. A. 284 OF GLAS-

Rarity Nos. 388, 3896, c, 392a, 398a, 6, c, d, 394 a, 396, a, RE. 384, 385, 386, 387, 389a, 398, R. 383, 397, scarce. The others, common.

142
m M t J M e s e y .

ORCHARD'S.

""

<

' i f

f%i ?I
,
399. ' 0 : Draped bust to left.
it. PENNY 1 7 9 5 . JACOBS

under
HALFA. 2 8 5

Bust to right.
*

JAMES

under it.

ROBERT ORCHARD.

ROBERT ORCHARD *

li : Orchard's arms on a shield,

399a. E: Milled (coarse) llllll 399 Bis. Proof of obv. die in brass or copper

401.

EWrdTHFIEUJ

402.
9,

The arms of London in an ornamen tal border, &c. A. 286 Bust to right, wearing a coat. ROBERT ORCHARD. Upon the truncation J A M E S . A beehive, S M I T H F I E L D TOKEN 1797. Below this two branches of leaves. A. 287 This is most probably unique. 0 : Bust wearing coat, JAMES under
it. * ROBERT ORCHARD * LONDON TOKEN . 1 7 9 7 .

H > ? 'f 403.

Orchard's arms on a shield between two branches. An o is above the shield. A. 288 O: View of a church. JACOBS under, and arms above it. ISLINGTON .
OLD . CHURCH . ROBERT . ORCHARD.

H: A large cypher H O. HALFPENNY. 1798. A. 289 E: COVENTRY TOKEN. A. 289a 403u E : Plain. 404. O : The same as No. 400. H: The same as the obverse of No. 399. A. 290 405. 406. 403 Nos. 405-409. O: As No. 399. It A wheatsheaf. PEACE PLENTY K A. 291 LIBERTY. R: An anchor in a shield, &c. E: PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR
LIVERPOOL. A. 292 PAYABLE AT N. BOLLINGBROOK & CO. NORWICH. PAYABLE BURY. PAYABLE AT GOLDSMITH AT THE & SON SUDOF THE

406a. E: 406ft E: 406c. E: 406-/. E: 40C. E:

TEMPLE

MUSE. PAYABLE AT THE

HOUSE OF GILBERT LONDON OR

SHEARN & CO. PAYABLE IN LANCASTER BRISTOL. CURRENT EVERYWHERE.

405

400

406/". E: 406;/. E: Plain (not in collar).

A. 292a A. 292fc

399a, 403, 405, 406^, 407, 409, 411, R. R a r i t y N o s . 403a, 406, a, ft, c, d, e, / , 41 5a, RR. The others, common. 402, 404, 408, 410, 412, 413, 416, scarce.

143

\ ^ M e s c y.
ORCHARD'S

407. 4OH.

408 . , _ Nos. 405-409. r /1 : A cypher J E & Co. HALFPENNY


. PAYABLE . IN . CORK . OR . DUBLIN.

0 : As No. 399. 409. R : Anchor and cap of Liberty radiated.


L I B E R T Y . PEACE.COMMERCE. A. 295

A. 293 R. A wheatsheaf and sickle between two doves A. 294 f r f ff


v,~h

410.

O : The obverse of No. 100. R : Figure of Fame flying. . aooj.

A. 296

/->vw

SFlfi%C '
Nos. 411-413. 0 : The reverse of No. 399. R: Bust of William III. in a wreath 412. R: A cypher H S & Co. between laurel of oak. 1688. A. 297 branches. A. 298 413. l i : Hope holding a quadrant, FOR. THE.
GOOD . OF . TRADE. A. 299

411.

414.

PIDCOCK'S. O: A lion couchant, holding a shield inscribed EXETER CHANGE LONDON.


PIDCOCKS EXIBITION.

415. g '/
/.v

~<r%.

R : An eagle, BIRDS . AND BEAST. A. 300 0 : Similar to last, but the word EXHIBITION correctly spelt. R: An eagle with a radiation above,
a n d BIRDS . AND . BEASTS . 1 7 9 5 .

below. E:
PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON -F- . +

415a. E : Milled. 4156. E : Plain (not in collar). Elephant. O : An elephant, P I D C O C K S *


BITION *

A. 301 A. 301a A. 301I

416.

EXHI-

Jl
0. for Nos. 416-426

R: A rhinoceros looking to the right.


EXETER E : SPENCE X * CHANGE X * STRAND * LONDON * DEALER IN X COINS X A. 302 LONDON X

416a. E : Milled. 416&. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 302a A. 302i

144

ni> i & M e 6 e y.
J

fe/
F U
'i?'

f
r

-C %

PIDCOCK'S. Nos. 417-426. 417. 418. 419. 4'20. 0 : An Elephant as-last.


:

j -tip,
V I
-> :?

Sj-

'<?

*,
417

'* /- '

i, 7i > i - '1 , '/ i

7?: A rhinoceros looking to the left.


P1DC0CK EXETER CHANGE LONDON.

R : A tiger,
E : SPENCE x

ROYAI, MALE T I G E R DEALER X

A. 303 1796
A- 3 0 4

418

IN X COINS X

LONDON X

/i R

A nylghau looking to the right. J A M E S under it. * PIDCOCKS *


EXHIBITION. PIDCOCK'S ALIVE. Ex: 1795. A. 305 EXHIBITION

An antelope looking to the left. A. 806 A. 306a


* GRAND CHANGE . .

419
* ^ -sr*^
C c

>

J .

E : Milled. 420a. E : Plain (not in collar). 421. R: A zebra. PIDCOCK'S


MENAGERIE LONDON * . EXETER

420

A. 307
E X E T E R CHANGE

422.

A two-headed cow. Plain.

*- STRAND LONDON -S .

A. 308a 422

421
/<v

423.

Struck also in tin. Similar, but with + instead of stars in legend. The ground under the cow is also different. E : Milled. A. 308 423a. E : Plain. 423a also struck in brass. T H I S . KANGAROO S . 424. R : A kangaroo. R
BIRTH . S E P . 1 0 . 1 8 0 0 . A. 3 0 9

4*23

425.

R : A monkey,
PIDCOCKS

T H E WAN-DEROW

. 1801
+

424

GRAND . MENAGERIE .

E X E T E R . CHANGE . LONDON

A. 310 426 R : A toucan,


TO . T H E . CURIOUS . OBA. 3 1 1 SERVERS & c .

Lion (and doi/). 425 Nos. 427-431. 0 : A lion with a dog upon its back, LION AND DOG. 1801. 427 428. 429. 430. 431. R ' A rhinoceros to left. R: R: R: R: As No. 417. A. 312 A zebra. As No. 421. A. 313 A two-headed cow. A. 314 A kangaroo. As No. 424. A. 315 Thewanderow. As No. 425. A. 316

O. for Nos. 427-431 Raritv Nos 425, 429 433, 440, 442a, 443. RRR. 420a, 438, 441, a, 444, RR. 421, 428, 432, 437, 446, R. 422, 445, scarce. The others, common.

145 AIM fcMesey. PIDCOCK'S. Lion {lying down). O. for Nos. 432-435 Nos. 432-435. 0: A lion lying down, fondling a dog.
. MENAGERIE . EXETER PIDCOCK's * GRAND CHANGE . LONDON *

A3

R: A two-headed cow. As No. 423. A. 317 433. R: A kangaroo. As No. 424. A. 318 434. R : A cockatoo ORANGE CRESTED COCKV',
ATOO 1 8 0 1 . A. 310

435.

R : A crane,
*

T H E . AFRICAN . CROWN . CRANE

PIDCOCK'S EXHIBITION * . A . 3 2 0

Rhinoceros (to right). Nos. 436-438. R : A tiger. R: E : 437a. E : 438. R : 0 : A rhinoceros looking to the right.

As No. 418. As No. 420. A. 322 A. 322a A. 323

E : SPENCE x DEALER X IN X COINS X LONDON X . A . 3 2 1

0. for Nos. 436-438 r ^ c o X ~ t \ m % f < z ' o , <

An antelope looking to the left. Milled. Plain (not in collar). A kangaroo. As No. 424. Rhinoceros (to left).

Nos. 439-440. 439. 440.

O: A rhinoceros looking to the left. A. 324

R : A two-headed cow. As No. 423. R : A cockatoo. As No. 434. Tiger.

0. for Nos. 439-440 441.

Nos. 441-443.

0 : A tiger.

As No. 418.
A 325 EXECOINS X A. 3 2 6

R : A two-headed cow.

As No. 422. A. 325a


JAMES

E : SPENCE X DEALER X IN X COINS X LONDON X

441a. E : Milled. 442. R : An ostrich,


E : SPENCE X LONDON

under it.
X IN X

TER CHANGE STRAND LONDON DEALER X

442a. E : Milled. 443. R : Eagle, &c. 0. for Nos. 441-443


E : SPENCE X LONDON x

As No. 415.
DEALER X IN X COINS X A . 3 2 6 Bis.

/
fs*&

feC. 'rCf/-

Nylghau. Nos. 441-446. 0 : A nylghau looking to the right. As No. 419. i44. As No. 422. A. 327 R : An ostrich. As No. 443. A. 328 R : Bust to right, LOIIIS REX. A. 329 R : A two-headed cow.

0. for Nos. 444-446

446

445 446

146

fllMfcMesey.
PIDCOCK'S.

?o

$-/

,:V'\
,7

0. for Nos. 447-448

Antelope. 0 : An antelope looking to the left. As No. 420. 447. R : An ostrich. As No. 443. E : Milled. A. 330 447a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 330a Some of these are on very small Hans, with a rounded edge. 448. R : An eagle. As No. 414. Nos. 447-448. Zebra. Nos. 449-451. 0: A zebra. As No. 421. 449. R : A two-headed cow. As No. 423. A. 331 A. 332 450. R : A cockatoo. As No. 435. A. 333 451. R : A crane. Similar to No. 436, no periods, and H omitted in
" EXHIBITION."

0. for Nos. 449-451

O. for Nos. 452-453 Two-headed Cou\ Nos. 452-453. O : A two-headed cow. As No. 423. A. 334 452. R : A kangaroo. As No. 424. A. 335 453. R: The wanderow. As No. 425. As No. 422. N o s . 454-455. 0 : A two-headed ( A. 336 454. R: A toucan. As No. 426. 455. R : The Royal arms, crest, &o. LONDON & A. 337 MIDDLESEX . HALFPENNY. Kamjaroo. 0 : The kangaroo. As No. 424. R : A cockatoo. As No. 435.

0. for N 454-455 fx.foa*

_ EST 451

456.

A. 338

Wanderow. Nos. 457-158. O : The wanderow. R : A cockatoo. As No. 434 R : A crane. As No. 451.

As No. 425. A. 339 A. 340

&.%

SK

)4

459.

PRATTENT'S. An anchor in a shield, between sprigs of laurel, crest a cap of Liberty radiated.
LONDON COMMERCIAL TOKEN 1796.
A

459a E:
459B. E :

PAYABLE PAYABLE

IN AT

The arms of London. E Plain. 459c. E: DUBLIN OR LONDON. A. 341a


THE WAREHOUSE LIVER459</. E

BEDFORD AND HUNTINGDON.

CAMBRIDGE

: CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E .

459e. E : Milled.

A. 3416

POOL x

X X

Rarity Nos. 488, 465 in lead, 466, RRR. 459, b, c, d, e, 461, a, b, c, d, 462, a b, e, d, e, 463, 465a, RR. 452, 456, 457, 460, 464, R. 449, 450, 451, 453, 458, 4o9, 46o, scaice. The others, common.

147 flf> i M c 0 c y.

PRATTENT'S 7?' w

Nos. 4 6 0 - 4 6 3 . 460. 461. R : A m a n smoking, &c. R : F a m e flying, &c. E: 461a. E :


PAYABLE AT THE SK. G E O R G E COOK

0 : As last Crowned bust,


PAYABLE

BRYEN BOIROIMHE &C. HABERA. 3 4 4 WAREHOUSE OF

A. 342 462a. E 4626. h.


OF

AT N. BOLINBUOKES AT THE

DASHER NORWICH. PAYABLE

ANGLESEA LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

A. 343
PAYABLE AT J A M E S R O B E R T S O N S .

SAMUEL KINGDON

A. 3446 A. 344c

W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY. PAYABLE PAYABLE AT AT THE THE WAREHOUSE WAREHOUSE OF OF

A. 343a
WAREHOUSE it C . X .

462c. K 462,/. E

4616. E :

IONATHAN GARTON

ROBERT REYNOLDS & CO. IONATHAN GARTON & CO.

A. 343c 461c. E: BERSHAM BRADLEY WLLLEY 461,/. E : Plain (not in collar).


SNEDSHILL

A. 344a 462c. E : Plain (not in collar). 463. R : A crown radiated, LOYAL * BRITONS * LODGE * ^afiu._ A. 345 PRESBURY'S. QUEEN Robed and crowned bust. ' rgjm A. 3436
ELIZABETH.

'

PAYABLE

BY

PRESBURY

J E W E L L E R Y & HARDWARE MAUFACTORY LONDON. PAYABLE IN LONDON + . + . + . X .

I 'SSV/ZhLZlL/'i, pr i\

A. 346

465.

465 ^ 2 2 ^ 0 : A m a n holding a picture, P .


D E A L E R IN DRAWGS. the sea. SHELLS

RATLEY'S.
RATLEY . D U K E S COURT ST. MARTINS .

466

P I C T E S . & C U R I O S O T I E S -7. BOT SOLD . OR EXSOLD"

R : Shells lying on the sea shore, a rocky clift, and a ship on


. O R E S IT MINERALS CHANGED

. 1795.

T h e top of the cliff comes between "

and "

OR."

A. 348
RATLEY 1 HE

465a. F, : PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE O F A L E X " MOLISON. 466. 0 \ A bust, and a shield of arms, in two small circles,
DEALER IN COINS DUKES COURT A 1801. ST. MARTINS VARIETY LANE. OF

whole within a circle,


COINS T R A I J E S M E N S TOKENS

GREAT

PROVINCIAL

R : Blank. w a g s t r u c k in lead. No. 465 also struck in silver. T h e r e is a specimen struck in lead, or pewter, on which the head of the y o u n g m a n appears narrower; the word D E A L E R appears double stiuck.
T h e r e a r e a l l e a s t t h r e e d o u b l e s t r u c k p i e c e s k n o w n . T w o of t h e s e a r e i l l u s t r a t e d : T h e first ( A . 3 4 7 ) s h o w s t h e clift" b e t w e e n " O R " a n d " E X C H A N G E D " ; t h e s e c o n d , t o o of " O R " ; a n d t h e t h i r d d o e s n o t s h o w t h e e l m . T h e s e variations were caused t h r o u g h the die having slightly twisted round w h e n the second impression w a s taken.

148

fliMbMeeey. RICHARDSON'S. /y? X' Sfc* /j> ji jp n *\ ^ ( ) >-L \ - % i^am, / ; r. t - r U ' a V A Jlift 469 467. 0 : A figure of Fortune standing between two lottery wheels, NOTHING
VENTURE R : AT THE THE GOODLUCK LAST NOTHING OF CO | & HAVE. | OF NO 1795. OFFICES RICHARDSON

/t>* H
?-ityson : 4'rH-h60f*taZBGl r "30000

if

PRIZE

| 12807 | 30000 A. 350

SHARED | WAS SOLD IN S I X T E E N T H S .

0 : The same as last. R : Similar, but the letters of second line are smaller. A. 351 468a. E : Milled. 469. 0 : Similar to preceding, but the letters of legend are smaller, and the figures of date larger. R : The same as last. A. 352 468.

467a. E

: MAY H E

EVER

R E I G N IN

THE

HEARTS

OF HIS

PEOPLE.

Proofs of No. 467 0 : and R : dies were struck on thin lead Hans. /Co* / - ; / 3 0 LU % f y et} 3 3 2 0T Z20 000 -o> <? ztitLSj

B
470 470.
VENTURE NOTHING

II

Y ^
:-S J2BD7 rTj'Xi . :v> 471

-m 'r \

0 : A bluecoat boy preparing to draw from a lottery wheel, NOTHING


HAVE. F.x :

471.

0 : The same as last. R : Similar, the figure 1 is smaller and more directly over the L.

A cornucopia of money dividing the date 1795.


R : RICHARDSON GOODLUCK & CO | SOLD |

NO | 12807 I Ac.

A. 353

Nos. 467, 470 and 471 were also struck in silver; 467 in brass. R U P E R T STREET. 0 : Arms, supporters, crest, and motto, of the Curriers' Company, H A L F PENNY.

472.

R : A plough, GOD S P E E D on a label above it. E : Plain (not in collar). 472a. E: BIRMINGHAM R E D K U T H

THE

PLOUGH

PAYABLE IN

R U P E R T S T R E E T ST. J A M E S ' S

below. A. 354

& SWANSEA.

A. 354a R a r i t y N o . 475, R R R . 467a, 468a, 475a, b, 477 b, c, 479, a, RR. 469, 472a, 478, scarce. The others, common. 471, 477a, R.

149 f I D t fc t> I e 0 e y . SALTER'S. SCHOOLING'S.

r>\ frrrn

473.

0 : H a t m a k e r s at work, H: A shop - f r o n t
CHEAPEST WORLD. *

SALTER'S

. 47

474.

O : A figure of Justice,
SON SCALE MAKERS. WITHIN BISHOPSGATE

SCHOOLING

&

CHARING . CROSS L O N D O N .

E x \ NO. 4 4 LONDON.

within

circle.
IN THE

HAT-WAREHOUSE

R : A tea kettle standing on a stove.


F U R N I S H I N G IRONMONGERS & S M I T H S AT THEIR MANUFACTORY. E x \

A. 355

CRISPIN S T R E E T S P I T A L F I E L D S 1 7 9 5 .

SHACKELTON'S.

4r m
475

A. 356
FRANCIS

475.

0 R E

T h e royal a r m s , crest, &c.


SHACKELTON LODON. FINE

A candle mould,
STORE PAYABLE CANDLES IN

MOULD AND

1794. HAY -

SUFFOLK - STREET X . . X .

MARKET .

A. 357 LONDON OR

475 a. E

PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

% mwk *
cx 475 & M

TMTTiTir

BRISTOL. A. 857a 475 b. E: Plain (not in collar). A. 357b 470. O : L O N D O N correctly spelt. T h e unicorn's tail comes to L of " L O N D O N . " R and E : T h e s a m e as No. 475. A. 358 477. 0: Similar to last, but the tail of unicorn comes to the o of " L O N D O N . " R : and E : T h e same as last. A. 359 477a E : P A Y A B L E IN D U B L I N OR LONDON . + . + . A. 359a 477b. E : P A Y A B L E AT T H E BLACK H O R S E TOWER HILL.

477c. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 3596

478.

SIMS'. 0 . B u s t of Garrick to right, C . J A M E S . F . u n d e r it. WE . NE'ER . SHALL


. LOOK . UPON . H I S . L I K E . AGAIN.

R : Tragic and comic masks, a thistle and crown above, sprigs below.
S I M S . R U S S E L L . COURT.

E : Milled. 478a. E : P l a i n (not in collar). No. 478 also in brass.

A. 360 A. 360a

479.

STONE. 0 : A r m s between branches of leaves.


HALFPENNY 1797. M O S E S . S T O N E . CABINET . 1797.

R A cypher S M E : Engrailed. 479a. E : Plain.

MAKER . BOW .

A. 150 A. 150a

150

fliM>Mesey.
SKIDMORE'S 480. 0 : Aregisterstove. NO 123 HIGH LONDON within a circle,
AT SKIDMORES FURNISHING TORY * HOLBORN PAYABLE REPOSI-

R : Two men at a forge,

MANUFACTORY .

& . IRON-FOUNDRY . C L E R K E N W E L L -*

Ex: 1795. E : Milled. 480a- E : Plain. No. 480 also in silver. 'a4//*, V |9 ij'-.f. i'7 -

A. 861

...

-J

A/
m 4S1 4m.

;' V , ,
v 'J,

" rs-M* '~r?A *'

It Li. U

R : E: 482. R: E: 482a. E:

481.

484 483 482 Nos. 481-493. As last 483. R: An anchor and cable, M . PINTOSH . Various ornaments, ornnnent Maker. HORSHAM . 1 7 9 1 . Plain. A. 362 E: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A . 3 6 4 A star. S T a r Halfpenny 1791. 484. R: Bust to left of WILLIAM HALLAN. Plain. A. 363 E: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A . 3 6 5 Milled. 484. E : Milled over SKIDMORE. 4846. E : Plain. Kffcr.
KTltD

r. j

R : Bust

485 in cocked

hat

of

GENERAL

487.

487 A woolpack.
SKIDMORE

488
PAYABLE AT T. SANTER

ELLIOT,

KIDDERMINSTER.

E : Milled. R : Bust to left.


E

A. 366.
PAYAB I E . AT SA I ISBURY. LONDON. A. 367

HOLBORN

LONDON.

A. 368 A. 369

Arms, &c.
SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN

486a. E : Milled.

188a. h

Milled

489. 490.

489 R : View of a street, &c.


E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

490 491. R : T W O busts. A. 370 A. 371 E : Milled.

491
L O U I S . X V I E T M.ANTOINETTE.

B : A cypher, I 0 M, &c. E : Plain.

A. 372

151

fID i b M e 9 e y.
SKIDMORE'S. Nos. 4 8 1 - 4 9 3 . 492. R: O : As last. S i m i l a r to last, but with the date 1795 at the sides. E: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 373 492rt. E: Milled over SKIDMORE. 4926. E: Milled. A. 373a 493. R: B u s t in cocked h a t . MAY THE FRENOH &c. E: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 374 493a. E: Milled. Nos. 4 9 4 - 5 0 9 . 494. 0 : T h e rev of No. 480.

n a.an

493

R : A guillotine, and part of a house.


HALFPENNY. K : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 3 7 5

495. O. for Nos. 4 9 4 - 5 0 9 . 496. 497.

II : E : R : E : K: E:

O r n a m e n t , &c. As No. 481. Plain. A. 376 A star. As No. 482. Plain. A. 377 Bust to left of DAVID GARRICK . ESQR. Milled over SKIDMORE HOLBORN
LONDON. A. 3 7 8

494

497. E : Milled. 4976. E : Plain. 498. R : H e a r t in h a n d , &c. E : Milled. 498a E : Plain. 499. R : L a u r e a t e bust, LONG
KING . E : SKIDMORE

A. 379
LIVE . THE

HOLBORN LONDON.

A. 380
USE .

> i o =

r*

500.

R:

A cypher G B.
OF . TRADE.

FOR . THE

501.

E : Plain. B u s t in
ELLIOT.

A. 381 cocked hat of


GENERAL As No. 485.

K 501a. E 502. R E 503. R E 504. R E 505. R

: : : : : : : : :

A. 382 Engrailed. A. 382 Milled. A woolpack, &c. As No. 487. Milled. A. 383 A cvpher W G M, &c. Milled. A. 384 Arms, &c. As No. 488. Milled. A. 385 A cypher, I O M. As No. 490.
HOLBORN LONDON. A. 3 8 6

JTOi

E : SKIDMORE

505<z. E : Plain. 506. R : Two busts, with date at sides. As No. 492. E : Plain. A. 387
507. R: MUR'D BY T H E FACTIOUS, &C.

508.

E : Milled. R: An a n c h o r a n d cable,
RATION OF & c .

A. 888
IN COMMEMO-

509.

E : Milled. R : A cat, &c. E : Milled.

A. 389 509

152

(ID i t> M S -. r H ,

ese

y.

SKIDMORE'S.

:/

Y>'

Nos. 510-512. 510. 511. 512. It: K: R: E : R: E:

0 : The rev. of No. 482.

0 . for Nos. 510-512

As No. 503. A. 390 MUR'D BY T H E FACTIOUS, &C., As No. 507. Milled. A. 891 Anchor and cable. As No. 508. Milled. A. 392

A cypher, W G M, &c. Milled.

513 518. A guillotine, Ac. As No. 494. Two busts with the date at the sides. As No 492. A. 393 E : Milled. O
li:

514 514. 0 : A figure of Minerva,


HELM & JUSTICE 1796. A. 394 T R U T H FOR MY

FOR MY S H I E L D .

: A cap of liberty radiated upon a pole.


LIBERTAS : SKIDMORE HOI,BORN LONDON.

Nos. 515-516. 515. 516.

<>: As last. A. 395


COINS X A. 396

A
t>.\p

Ii : A cypher P S Co 1797, &c. It: Three fleurs-de-lis. 1790.


E : SPENCE X DEALER X IN X LONDON.

T 7if

517.

0 : Arms between branches, D E A L E R IN COINS M E D A L S &C., within a circle.


SKIDMORE LONDON. . 123 HIGH - H 0 L B 0 R N .

R: E: 517. E: 518. O: K: E: 519. O: II: E:

An open book,
SKIDMORE

HOLY B I B L E

HOLBORN LONDON.

Ac. A. 397

Plain. The same as last.


A FREE-BORN . ENGLISHMAN.

Plain. As last. ISusttoleft. Milled.

1796 A. 398

DUKE*

OF-:

519 518 R a r i t y N o s . 480a-519, are with few exceptions exceedingly rare. Museum, and probably unique. 393, 394, 397, scarce. 519 is in the British 361, common.

INTRODUCTION.
NOTES O N THE TOKENS OF THIS SECTION

Peter Skidmore, who manufactured tokens for sale to Collectors, is responsible for those with a social and political referenceviz., " T h e Free-born Briton of 1796," " T h e French Republican," and the table on which is shown a chained-up knife, fork and empty plate, with the word " U S E L E S S " above. The series of London Churches and Gates are of such interest, that the wonder is they have not been bought up by visitors to the Metropolis as mementos. Those showing die-flaws are rare to very rare. In some instances the " Coventry " edge, or " Milled " edge, is all but obliterated, by being struck in a collar. Thomas Spence issued tokens, the designs being intended to give publicity to the political sentiments which he advocated. " P i g s ' Meat" referred to the penny weekly publication, " P i g s ' Meat; or, Lessons for the Swinish Multitude." There are three volumes. In vol. 3, he writes from Newgate, High Treason Side, Dec. 17, 1794. He was discharged on the 22nd, untried. This is referred to on the token bearing Spence's profile. A Cat, and a Dog, represent Freedom and Liberty, and Gratitude and Servitude. Antagonism to the payment of rents was exemplified by the Indian, and the legend
" I F R E N T S I ONCE C O N S E N T TO PAY MY L I B E R T Y I S P A S S E D A W A Y . "

The Beginning of Oppression is shown by a representation of Cain killing Abel. A particularly interesting piece is "Pandora's Breeches." That garment is shown as filled with blazing combustibles. This was suggested by the finding of a pair of old breeches filled with combustibles, alight in a closet under the House of Commons. Beneath, is a snake without head, but the head of Dr. Priestley added; this being in reference to the Birmingham Riots ; with which he had no connection whatever, except that of loss.

A portrait of Lord George Gordon, who died in Newgate, Nov. 1, 1793, appears as an obverse; also another without the legend; this is the original impression, the die being afterwards softened, and the legend added. T h e " Marine Society Boy " represents an institution founded to take stray lads and train them for naval service. A Free-born E n g l i s h m a n of 179G is shown very similar to the one on the Skidmore token. An ass is shown bearing two pairs of panniers; the lower ones being labelled the upper ones "
TAX'S." "RENTS,"

" British Liberty Displayed " was represented by a landsman being dragged off by the press-gang. A soldier shaking hands with citizens refers to a passage in " Pigs' Meat," vol. 1, page 72, where the Military Governors said, " T h e people are timid, let us menace t h e m ; they only obey force. Soldiers, chastise this insolent rabble! " And the soldiers, grounding their arms, said to their chiefs, " We are also the people." Minerva standswith legend,
" T R U T H FOR MY HELM AND J U S T I C E FOR MY S H I E L D . " " ONE ONLY MASTER GRASPS T H E WHOLE DOMAIN."

A Village in Ruins has the legend

English Slavery is represented by a very fat m a n shown seated at a table dining. French Liberty (being the contrast), a lean man seated on the floor gnawing a bone. The portrait of Daniel Mendoza, a noted pugilist, appears with two men boxing as a reverse; this being, "
FASHIONABLE AMUSEMENT."

The head of Pitt, and that of Fox, are shown placed conjointly; the former crying, the latter laughing. "
QUIS R I D E S . "

T h e portrait of Thelwall, also that of J . H o m e Tooke a p p e a r ; they having been tried for High Treason, and acquitted. Spence's address was shown by two lads riding on a turnstile. S u m m e r s ' tokens show on the obverse a representation of what is described as " a wild m a n ' s head, from the land of Jesso." was also a perfumer. There are two varieties of the reverse die. Isaac Swainson, the Proprietor of Velno's Vegetable Syrup, at 21, Frith Street, Soho, was the issuer of a very artistic token ; but as the name was incorrectly spelt, the order was cancelled. Only twelve impressions in silver and copper were taken. The issuer kept a museum, or antique s h o p ; he

In a book published by J a m e s Ridgway (of Newgate halfpenny fame), entitled Royal Recollections on a Tour to Cheltenham, Gloucester, Worcester, and places adjacent, in the year 1788," George III., who is supposed to be the author, writes" George advised her (Queen Caroline) to send for a box of Velno's Vegetable Syrup. Caroline looked grave and ollended. H e delicately saw her objection, and dexterously placed two holy bishops t h o s e of Peterborough and Llandafifbetween him and his mother, who, he declared recommended it with as much zeal and perseverance as if it were their property." To commemorate the restoration to health of George III., a number of medalets were struck; also some having reference to the Prince Begeut. The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various Collectors : Nos. 538ft, 566a, 714, 714a, 721, 815, 825b, 826, 573, 611, 626a, 721a, 747, 758, 826a, 840, 846, 948a, 628a, 685, 690, 690a, 697, 698a, 707a, 762a, 790, 794c, 801a, 804, 811, 813, 851i, 856, 859, 872b, 894, 923a, 928c, 946a, 946b.

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so t h a t they may be recorded in an Addenda. R. DALTON,
PARK HOUSE, BRISTOL.

S. H. H A M E B ,
BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

fllMfrMescf.
SKIDMORE'S. 520. 0 : A man handcuffed and ironed, a padlock on his m o u t h , A . F R E E
. BORN . BRITON . OF . 1796.

153

/1 : A knife, fork, and plate, chained down to a table, USEL.ES.


E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

520 a. E: 520/>. E : 521. O : /1 :

Milled. Plain. a . 53 The same as last. A m a n holding a cutlass in one hand, and broken f e t t e r s in the other, leaning upon an a n c h o r .
A . FRENCH . REPUBLICAN. HOLBORN LONDON

: SKIDMORE

521a. E : Milled. E : Plain. < r s-j'-f

A. 59

522 522. : A view of a c h u r c h ,


JAMES

under. OES.

Nos. 527-533. 527. 528.

0 : As rev. of No. 522.

S T . P A U L S COVENT GARDEN LONDON.

: View of the same in ruins,


TROY'D, BY, FIRE, SEPR.

17th

1795
: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

R : Register stove, &c. As No. 480, E : Plain. A. 404 R: Two men at a forge, &c. As No. 480.
E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. LONG . L I V E A. 405

522a. 5226. 523.

: Milled. : P l a i n (not in collar). N08. 523526. 0 : As last. R : L a u r e a t e b u s t to r i g h t .


AND K I N G . : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. IN L ONDON

A. 399 A. 399a A. 399A


CHURCH

528a. E: Milled. 529. R : B u s t to r i g h t ,


KING . E

A. 405a
THE . A. 406

As No. 499.

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

529a. E: P l a i n . 530. R: Arms, &c.


E

As No. 488.
A. 407

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

523a. 523 b. 524. 525.

a n d engrailed. : Milled. A. 400 : A register stove, 4sc. As No. 480.


: PAYABLE : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 401

531.

R : A street, and spire of a c h u r c h . As No. 489.


E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 408

532.

L a u r e a t e bust to r i g h t ,
. T H E . KING. As

LONG . LIVE A. 402 A. 403

R : Two busts, with t h e date at sides. As No. 492.


E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 409

No. 499.

SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

533.

R : Bust

in

cocked

hat.

M A Y THE
A. 410

526.

A cypher.

IOM&c.

As No. 490.

FRENCH & c .

As No. 493.

SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

534. o\ V \
A I

535.

fit y

0: A m a n skating, HYDE PARK. R: A c y p h e r G. S. H A L F P E N N Y 1797 E: Milled. A 411 0: T h e same as last. R: A cypher G. R. FOR THE USE OF
TRADE. AS N o . 500. A. 412

j y -J

E:

Milled.

R a r i t y -Nos. 522, b, 523, 524, 525, 527, 528, a, 529a, 532, 533, 534, RR. 520a, b, 521, a, b, 526, 529, 530, 531, 535, R. 520, scarce. 522, common.

154
S K I D M O R E ' S

ni>

t b m c s c r.
A N D G A T E S .

C H U R C H E S

T h e four reverse dies used for t h i s series : No. 1 No. '2. Not dated. Dated. No. 3. No. 4. Not dated, b u t w i t h extra o r n a m e n t s upon the cypher. D a t e d , with extra o r n a m e n t s .

JS e > f o r > 5 b ire.


FLITWICK 53G. 0 : View of FLITWICK CHURCH . R : Not dated. No. 1. E : COVENTRY T O K E N . 537. 0 : As last. R ' Dated. No. 2. E : Plain. A. 1

53G

flDifcMeser.
/' <R/R J - - '-R- \ . V

_ i-u

539
538. 0 : ST. E MARY A B C H U R C H LANE.

539.

0 : View of a church.
R : ST. MARY'S ALDERMANBURY. / : SK1DM0RE HOLBORN LONDON.

R : Not dated.
: COVENTRY

No. 1. A. 413 539a. 539ft 539c. 539r/.

TOKEN.

538a. E : Slightly milled. 5386. E : P l a i n .

E: P A Y A B L E IN L O N D O N , and engrailed. E : F i n e milling. A. 414 i : : Coarse milling. E : Plain.

T h i s was also struck in brass, with coarse milling. 540.


O: ST. ANN'S ALDERSGATE.

R : Not dated. K : Plain. 541.


O: ST. BOTOLPH

No. 1. A. 415
. ALDERSGATE . BUILT .

1734. R : Not datod. Plain. 540

No. 1. A. 416 541

A I M b&lesey.
SKIDMORE'S
542. ST T. . 0 . S

155 GATES,
<\

CHURCHES
BARTHOLOMEW BARTHOLOMEW . THE .

AND

GREAT . BT.

1628. Not dated. No. 1. Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain. 542 545.
ST. BARTHOLOMEW THE

1
A. 417 'i

iff
. LESS.

M M-Oft

Not dated. Plain.


ST. MICHAEL

No. 1. A. 418
. BASING - HALL ST. B. T.

544

1679. Not dated. Plain. 545 547. 548. 548o. 549.

No. 1. A. 419
. BT.

COVENTRY TOKEN. ST. M A T H E W ' s . BETHNAL - GREEN

1740. Not dated. No. 1. Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


ST. MARY-AT-HILL B I L L I N G S G A T E .

nnanr, |. 546

A. 420

Not dated. Plain. Not dated. 549a. 548

No. 1. A. 421 No. 1. A. 422 549

COVENTRY TOKEN. S T . BOTOLPH . BISHOPSGATE . BU1T. 1 7 2 7 COVENTRY TOKEN.

Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


ST. ETHELBURGE A.D. BISHOPSGATE

1701. Dated. No. 2. Plain. 552. 1669. Dated. No. 2. Plain. 553. 554. 555. 'r \ \ f j V\ r ; 556. A f / J / -1 f I 1 i iI J 556a. L-c tjits 556

A. 423 552

GREAT ST. H E L E N ' S BISHOPSGATE S T . BT.

A. 424

ST.

A N N ' S . BLACK-FRYARS.

Not dated.

No. 1.

COVENTRY TOKEN.

As last. Dated. No 2. Plain.


ST. GEORGE'S BLOOMSBURY. BT.

A. 425 1731. A. 426

Not dated.
ST. BOTOLPH

No. 1.
. BOTOLPH LANE.

555

COVENTRY TOKEN.

Not dated. Plain.

No. 1. A. 427

COVENTRY T O K E N .

Rarity Nos. 536, 538fc, 539a, 546, 548, 549, 551, 552, 553, 555, RR. 543, 545a, 556, R. The others, fairly common.

538, b, 539, b, d,

156
S K I D M O R E ' S 0 :

HIMfc M c s c y .
C H U R C H E S A N D G A T E S . S T . MARY . BOW . LANE.

R : Not dated.

No. 1.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

<): As last. /{ : Dated. No. 2. K : Slightly milled.


0 : s r . M I L D R E D ' S . BREAD . ST. . BT.

A. 428 1683.

R: Dated. E: Plain.

No. 2. No. 1 A. 430


CATEATON ST. B.T.

O : ST. SWITIIIN . CANNON . ST.

it: Not dated. E : Plain.

0 : ST. LAWRENCE

Ex.: 1677. R : Not dated. No. 1. E : Plain.


O: S T . MARY-LE BOW C H E A P S I D E .

A. 431 1673

11: E : 0: II: E:
():

Not dated. No. 1. Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


S T . J A M E S ' S CLERK EN W E L L BT. 1626.

K: Dated No. 2. E : Plain.


C LEJ

A. 433

565 Nos. 565-568. O: A different view. ST. J A M E S ' S . C L E R K E N W E L L . 565. It : BUILT ANNO . DOMO 17!)2 in a circle between sprigs of^leaves kjl I W ' V O . E : SKIDMORE HOLBOKN LONDON. A. 434 567. it: An open book inscribed HOLY BIBLE 565a. E : Plain. A. 434a EXI CHAP, i radiated, RELIGION Also in tin with plain edge. above, branches below. 566. II: Arms between small branches, SKIDE : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 436 MORE . 1 2 3 . H K i H - H O L B O R N . L O N D O N . 567 a. E : Plain. USELES. As No. DEALER IN COINS MEDALS &C. 568. R : Knife and fork. E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON A. 4 3 5 520. A. 436 bis. E : Plain. A. 435a 566. E : Plain.
569. 0 : ST. CATHERINE . COLEMAN . STREET

1734. R : Dated. No. 2. E : Plain.


BT.
570. O : ST. STEPHENS . COLEMAN

A 437
ST. BT.

571.

R: E : 0: It: E:

1670. Not dated. No, 1. Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.

A. 438

ro
ALriiH

157

A I M i> M e 0 e j . SKIDMORE'S
572.

CHURCHES No. 1.

AND

GATES.

O : ST. MICHAEL . COLLEGE . H I L L .

E : Not dated. 512n. E : Plain.


573. O:

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

a 439 I*
1G70.

ST. MICHAEL'S CORNHILL BT.

1!: Dated. 572 573a. E: Plain.


574. O: ST.

No. 2.
A.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

440

P E T E R ' S CORNHILL BT.

1670.

'

i
575.

Ii : E: O: R: E :
O:

Not dated. No. 1. Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


ST. G I L E S ' S CRIPPLEGATE

A. 441
1547.

576.

Ri Ii p i Ifd 576

574
577.

B : Not dated. E : Plain.


0 :

No. 1. A. 442

ALHALLOWS CRUTCH'D FRYERS.

<J

R : Not dated. No. 1. E : Plain. 578. () : As last. R: Dated. No. 2. E : Slightly milled.
579. 0 : ST. JAMES'S . DUKES-PLACE

A 443
. B T

r.L ';! I

1622. R : Not dated.


580. O : ST.

579 No. 1.
A. 444

E : COVENTRY TOKEN. CLEMENTS EASTCHEAP.

R : E: 580 Bis. O : B: E :
580 581 O:

Not dated. No. 1. Plain. As last. Dated No. 2. Plain.


ST. MARY . MAGDALEN . OLD

0\ A. 445 f i a i
. FISH .

1685. B : Dated. No. 2. E : Plain.


ST.
'|
: ztj} _ 3 Q E EI' ft S/J

A. 446

582.

0:

ST. NICHOLAS . OLD . F I S H - S T R E E T .

R ' Not dated. E . Plain.


583. 0 :

No. 1. A. 447 No. 1.


A. 448

ST. BRIDE . F L E E T ST. . B . T . 1 7 3 1 .

R- Not dated. 583. E : Plain.


v.. \ 584.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN. O : ST. DONSTAN'S . F L E E T ST.

583

A. 448
B . T . 1701.

R: Not dated.
E:

No. 1. A. 449
FRIDAY - S T R E E T BUILT

COVENTRY TOKEN.

584a. E : Plain. v rn ji I fil C i 584


585. 0 : ST. MATHEW's V'T'l "~j f j 1

Timet
585

1670. B : Not dated. E : Plain.

No. 1. A. 450

R a r i t y N o s . 557, 562, 565a, 566a, 567a, 568, 573, 574, 577, 580, 580/Jw., 584a, R R . 571, 572, 578, R. The others, fairly common.

158
S K I D M O R E S 586. 0 :

flIM&Mesey.
C H U R C H E S A N D G A T E S

ST. .IAMES'S . GARLICK . H I T H .

1683. R : Not dated. 586a. E : Plain.


587. 0 :

No. 1. A. 451
FIELDS . B . T .

K : COVENTRY TOKEN. ST. G I L E S ' S . IN . T H E

1733. R : Not dated. 587a. K : Plain.


588.

No. 1. A. 452
ST. A. D.

K : COVENTRY TOKEN. 0 : ST. BENNET . GRACECHURCH

587

1685. 11: Not dated. 588d. : 589. 0 : />': /-' :

No. 1.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

588

Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plai n.

A. 453

0
590.
0 : ST. GEORGE'S . HANOVER . SQUARE. JACOIIS.

I'

i/ s- i

592.

BUILT . 1 7 2 4 .

II

A dove flying with ail olive branch, in a wreath, DEDICATED . TO . COLLECTORS . OF . MEDALS & COINS.

There are no berries in the wreath, excepting at the tips, where there are spikes of them. K : Plain. A. 454 This tins also struck in tin. 591. O: As last. II: Similar, but there are berries in the wreath, which terminates with leaves; the outside loaves next to the tie are double. A. 455 K Plain. 595.

0 As last. 11 The wreath similar to last, but the outside bottom leaves are single. There are no dots in legends. /<; Milled. A iyr ' 592<7. /: Flam. 593. 0 As last. K An open book, &c. K Plain. This is in tin. 594. O The rev. of No. 592. li A cypher O B FOR THE USE OF
TRADE. AS NO. 5 0 0 . OV(3T SKI DM ORE HOLBORN A. 457

Milled

LONDON.

0 : View of a church and part of a house, .IACOBS on the left-hand side. I T : ST. ANDREW'S . HOLBORN. Three circles, and in the centre, BUILT . ANNO DOMO. 1704. in three lines, with a small ornament top and bottom.
. S1UDMORE HOLLLORN LONDON. A. 4 5 8

595.

Milled. Also in brass with Skidmore edge.

159

S K I D M O R E S

C H U R C H E S

A N D

G A T E S .

.o A T ?
: S T . ANDREW . LEADENHALL ST.

: Not dated.

No. 1.

Iff
' m

: COVENTRY T O K E N .

596a. E : Plain. 597. O : As last. : Dated. No. 2. : Slightly milled. : : : : : 600. O


:

!fl n
A. 459 598

i t

: A L L H A L L O W S . LOMBARD . S T R E E T . B U I L T

1672. Not dated. No. 1 Plain. As last. Dated. No. 4. Plain. No. 1.

A. 460

ST. E D M O N D . T H E . KING . LOMBARD S T .

: Not dated. : Plain. : Not dated.


:

A. 461
LOMBARD . ST.

: ST. MARY . WOOLNORTH

No. 1. A. 462
. LONDON BRIDGE 1676.

COVENTRY TOKEN

001 a. /; : Plain.
: ST. MAGNUS

Not dated.

No. 1. A. 463
. A . D . 1701

COVENTRY T O K E N .

602a. E : Plain. 603. (> ST. ALPHAOE L O N D O N - W A L L Dated. No. 2. Plain.


S T . MARGARETS . LOTHBURY

BT.

A. 464 1690.

Not dated. 004a. E 605. 0

No. 1.
/ * 39SR 4Wh M f f a! / jgjj! . 1781. ' ' v " 3 '-TV f.\, i
1

COVENTRY T O K E N .

Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


ST. MARY'S . LOVE - LANE. B . T

A. 465

606.

0:

Not dated.

No. 1.

COVENTRY T O K E N .

606a. E : Plain. A. 466 607. O: View of church with houses, ST.


MARTIN'S LUDGATE. BUILT 1672.

608.

609.

Not dated. No. 1. Plain. 0 : As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain. O : As last. No. 8. Not dated Plain

A. 467

Rarity Nos. 586, 587, 588, a, 590, 592, 593, 596, a, 598, 601, 602, 604, a, 606, 608,
609, R R . 586a, 591, 595a, 607, R. The others, fairly common.

1G0

fllMbblesey.
S K I D M O R E ' S C H U R C H E S A N D G A T E S

G10.

0 : Similar to last, bat houses at sides. R : Not dated. No. 1.


E : COVENTRY T O K E N .

without

the

610. E 611. O: li : E : 612. 0 : Jl: E: 618. O : H:

Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain. As last. Not dated. No. 3. Plain.
ST. TRINITY . MINORIES

A. 468

Not dated.

No. 1. A. 469
. O L D - J E W K Y . B . T. 1710.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

613. E' Plain. 614. O \ S T . O L I V E S II: Not dated.

No. 1.

E : COVENTRY T O K E N .

A. 470 614a. K Plain. 615. O: ST. L U K E ' S . OLD S T . B U I L T . 1732. H : An open book. As No. 567. A. 471 E : SK1DMORE HOLBORN LONDON. Milled. A. 471 E : Plain. This is also in white metal, plain edge.
O : PADDINGTON . N E W - C H U R C H . Kx. : A.D.

1791. II : Not dated.

No. 1.

: COVENTRY TOKEN.

GIG 618.

619.

O: As last. li : Dated. No. 2. K . Plain. 0 ST. BENNET's . PAUL S 1670. R Dated. No. 2. /;: Plain. 0 : A similar view. S T .
WHARF. A.D. 1691.

. WHARF

A. 472 . built .

A. 473
BENNET PAUL'S-

R : Dated. E: Plain. 620.


0 : ST. BT.

No. 2. A. 474
. IN POULTRY .

MILDREDS

1671. II: Dated. No. 2. E : Plain.


621.

O : S T . MICHAEL . Q U E E N H I T H E . B . T

A. 475 . 1676.

R : Not dated. 621a. E: Plain.


622. O: ST. GEORGE'S

No. 1. A. 476
. QUEEN . SQUARE BT.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

1706. R : Dated. No. 2. E : Plain.

A. 477

Rarity Nos. 610, 611, 613, 614, 615a, 616, 621, 624a, 626a 628a 629 630, 633, 637, RR. 610a, 6156, 623, 626, 627, 628, 629a, 630a, 635, 637a, b, R. The others, fairly common.

H D i ^ M c 9 c Lr.
S K I D M O R E ' S C H U R C H E S PAULS O SHADWKL. A N D G A T E S

161

623.

: ST.

: Not dated. 623 a. E : Plain.


ST.

No. 1. A. 478
. SNOW-HILL.

: COVENTRY T O K E N . SEPULCHER

Not dated. 023 624a. h 625. 0

No. 1.

COVENTRY T O K E N .

Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


SHOREDITCH CHURCH B. T .

626.

Not dated. 626a. K 627. 0 628. 0 Plain.


ST.

No. 1.

A. 479 1731. A. 480 A. 480a

COVENTRY' T O K E N . A N N ' S SOHO. B

T . 1686.

Not dated. Plain. Not dated.

No. 1.

627

SPITALFIELDS CHURCH

No. 1. A. 482 A. 482a 1612. A. 483 A. 483a


. CHURCH .

COVENTRY T O K E N .

628a. K 629. 0

Plain.
STEPNEY CHURCH . A D

Not dated. 628 629a. K G30. O Plain.


STOKE

No. 1. 629

COVENTRY T O K E N . . NEW1NGTON

Not dated. 630a. h Plain.


ST.

No. 1. A. 484 No. 1.


. THAMES ST.

COVENTRY T O K E N . C L E M E N T S . STRAND

: Not dated. : Plain.


.' A L H A L L O W S

BT.

A. 485 1683. A. 486 631

633.

: : 0 : : :

Not dated. Plain. As last. Not dated. Plain.


MARTIN ST.

No. 1.

No. 3.
OUTWICH THREADNEEDLE

: ST.

632

1540. : Not dated. No. 1. : Plain. : As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


BT.
THE . CHAPEL . . IN THE . BUILT 1371.

A. 487 634
TOWER .

Dated. Plain.
ST. TOWER

No. 2. A. 488
PATTENS LITTLE . . ST.

MARGARET

Not dated. 637 b. E

No. 1. 637

COVENTRY T O K E N .

Slightly milled. Plain.

A. 489

162
S K I D M O R E ' S

fllMfcMesey.
C H U R C H E S A N D G A T E S

638.

ST. S T E P H E N ' S : WALBROOK . BT.

-1676A. 490

Not dated. Plain. 639. As last. Not dated. Plain.


ST.

No. 1.

No. 3.

640.

J O H N ' S . WAPPING.

Not dated. Plain. 641. Dated. Plain. 642.


ST.

No. 1. A. 491
1684.

ST. J A M E S ' S . W E S T M I N S T E R . BT .

No. 2. A. 492
. WHITECHAPPEL.

MARY'S

Not dated. Plain. 643.


WILLSDON

No. 1. A. 493
CHURCH MIDDX. A.D. 1217.

: Not dated.
; COVENTRY

No. 1. A. 494
. WOOD S T . B . T . 1685.

TOKEN.

643a. 644. 643

: Plain.
: ST. ALBANS

: Not dated.

No. 1.
A 495

: COVENTRY T O K E N .

644

'

'

: Slightly milled. : Plain.


: S T . MICHAEL WOOD . ST.

A. 495a
BUILT . 1 6 7 1 .

f W jU ML ^^645 647. 646.

: Dated. : Plain.
: ALDGATE.

No. 2. A. 496
1796.

: Not d a t e d . : Plain.
: ALDERSGATE

No. 1. A. 497
. BUILT 1670.

: Dated. : Plain. .A ? | 648.

No. 2. A. 498

: Similar, legend commences close to ground. : Dated. No. 2. : Plain.


: ALDERSGATE. E x . BT. 1670.

647

: Dated. : Plain.
1

No. 2. A. 499
. BT. 1733.

: BISHOPSGATE

: Not dated. ': Plain.

No. 1. A. 500 650

As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.

163

AIM t> M e 0 e y,
SKIDMORE'S 651. CHURCHES
. BT.

AND

GATES.

0 : BRIDGE-GATE

1728.

R : Not dated. E : Plain. 652.

No. 1. A. 501

0 : As last. R: Dated. No. 2. E : Plain.


O : CRIPPLEGATE. 1796.

651

653.

653 A. 502

R\ Not dated. E : Plain. 654.


0 :

No. 1.

SAINT J O H N ' S - G A T E .

R: Dated. E : Plain. 65 654


0 : LUDGATE

No. 2. A. 503
BT. 1586.

R : Not dated. E : Plain. 656.


0 : LUDGATE

No. 1. A. 504
. 1586.

655

. BUILT

R : Not dated. E : Plain. 657.


O : LUDGATE BT.

No. 1. A. 505
1586.

R: Not dated. !!: Plain. 658. G56 659.


O: MOOHGATE .

No. 1. A. 506
1796.

R : Not dated. E : Plain.


0 : NEWGATE

No. 1. A. 507
1670.

. BT.

R : Not dated.
:

No. 1. A. 508 i.^>

COVENTRY TOKEN.

658

G59. E : 660. 0 : R: E : 661. 0 : R: E : 662. 0 : R:

Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.


TEMPLE BAR 1796.

659 A. 509

Not dated. Plain. As last. Not dated.

No. 1.

No. 3.
LONDON.

I'' : SKIDMORE

HOLB0RN

662a. K : Plain.
663.
661

O:

WHITE-HALL

GATE

BT.

1532.

R : Not dated. No. 1. E : Plain. GQHllis. O : As la st. R : Dated No. 2. E : Plain.

A. 510

Rarity Nos. 640, 643, 644, 648, 650 Bis., 655, 659, 660, 662, GGSBu., RR. 638, 644i, 647, 652, 656, R. The others, fairly common.

164 S K I D M O R E ' S

HIMSMcsey.
C H U R C H E S A N D G A T E S .

5 u r re \>.

m
664
664. O: E S T . MARY - M A G D A L E N ' S .

m
666 BERMONDSEY
667. 0 : BERMONDSEY PRIORY.

R : Not dated. 664a. E : 665. 0 : R: E: 666. O : R: E:

No. 1.

: COVENTRY T O K E N .

R : Dated. E: Plain.

No. 2. A.. 7

Plain. A. 6 As last. Not dated No. 3. Plain. As last. Dove with olive branch, as No. 592. Plain.

ROTHERHITHE.
668. 0 : ST. MARY'S.

669.

R: F. : O: R: E :

Not dated. No. 1. Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain.

A. 20

SOUTHWARK.
670. 0 : CHRIST CHURCH.

R : Dated. ( <*T]!Zi!=is
671.

No. 2. A. 21 No. 2. A. 22

E : Plain.
O: ST. J O H N ' S .

R : Dated. F.\ Plain.


672.

0 : ST. OLIVE'S.

678.

R : E : 0: R: E:

Not dated. No. 1. Plain. As last. Dated. No. 2. Plain. No. 2.

A. 23

672

674.

0 : ST. S A V I O U R ' S .

R : Dated. F. : Plain.
675.

A. 24 No. 1. A. 25

0 : ST. THOMAS.

R : Not dated. 675a. E: 675 Plain.

F , : COVENTRY TOKEN.

R a r i t y - N o s . 664, a, 666, 669, 674, 675, RR.

G73, R.

The others, fairly common.

fll> i t> M c 6 c y . SPENCE'S. The two principal edges used on this series areSPENCE X DEALER X IN X COINS X COINS -JF X LONDON X SPENCE *- DEALER A - IN LONDON * SPENCE *

165

s C m
-J

and are described as


676.

SPENCE

and

0 : SPENCES GLORIOUS PLAN + PARTNERSHIP R : THIS JUST PLAN VATE LANDLORDISM.

i s PAROCHIAL

- ^ r it

IN LAND WITHOUT PRIWILL PRODUCE (slOI. EVER-

% "rU
-"
y

,'iCV

LASTING PEACE AND HAPPINESS OR IN FACT THE MILLENIUM

K : Plain. ^<i'\ Nos. 677-694.


7 MONTHS

Also in silver. O : Bust to left.


IMPRISON'D name JAMES, SPF.NCE

TilZ

..

a
/ & #

m
for Nos. 677-694 ,- , s t . 2 - J a J V 678.

T. * SPENCE FOR HIGH TREASON

Artist's the bust.


R: THO
S

and date 179 below


THO S MORE | THO S

3 - 'Tlioi StErJCzZiX
?

| sir

PAINE |

NOTED ADVOCATES FOR THE

1/10?,z 0 Tf . TiJOS ?AJUZ

RIGHTS OF MAN.

K : Plain. I \ : Britannia seated,

A. 511
ROUSE BRITANNIA. OR IN

G77
2.

hh

E : PAYABLE AT CRONBORNE DUBLIN . X .

LODGE

678a. E: Plain. 512 R: A caduceus between a crown and cap of liberty. WE | WERE BORN |
- F R E E - | -ANDSLAVE? SPENCE x | WILL NEVER I DIE

VJ21Q f ij - 'J'SL-JL'Z *

IT'
; / i i A si *

A. 5 1 3 AMONG SLAVES A. 514

A cat. MY FREEDOM I ENJOY. 1796. SPENCE 680a. E X

Plain. II: Three citizens armed,


THEIR RIGHTS E x \ AND MAINTAIN. 1795.

S^
WHO KNOW DARE TIIOS.

"'Sir

KNOWING OF

PAYABLE AT THE

WAREHOUSE

(tMLkm

& A L E X ? HUTCHENSON.

681 a. E SPENCE A. 515 6816. E : Engrailed. A. 515a 681c. E Milled. A. 5156 681,/. Plain. A. 515c 682. /': A hand between two laurel branches. Artist's name JAMES below, and HONOUR above. E SPENCE x A. 5 1 6 682a. E : SPENCE 6826. E : Milled. A. 516a 682c. E : Plain. A. 5166 683. R : A Highlander, THE GALLANT GARB 682
OF SCOTLAND

JJ

Sj
683

SPENCE X

A. 517

Rarity Nos. 678, 680a, 681, 6816, 682a, RR. The others, fairly common.

681c, 6826, R.

166 flDifcMeeey. SPENCE'S. 684. R: An Indian,


SENT AWAY. SPENCE X A. 5 1 8 TO IF PAY RENTS MY I ONCE IS CONPAST LIBERTY

685.

A lion dismayed at a cock crowing.


L E T TYRANTS T R E M B L E AT T H E CROW OF L I B E R T Y . SPENCE X E x \ 1795. A. 5 1 9 A. 519a

685 ,, ov CLi-

; & '

O" if'

685a. 685i. 685c. 686.

r, E A R

S P E N C E ?<

Engrailed. Plain. The head of a man conjoined. ODD *


MILLION HOGG 1 7 9 5 SPENCE SPENCE x

A. 5196 A. 519c and an ass


FELLOWS * A A GUINEA . P I G . A. 520

k 686a. E 686 b. E 686c. K 687. R

Milled. Plain. Cain killing Abel.


OF OPPRESSION. SPENCE x

A. 520a A. 520b A. 520c


THE BEGIHIHG A. 5 2 1

o\

688.

A pair of breeches on fire, a serpent witli a man's head under, PANDORAS . B R E E C H E S .

Milled. A. 522 Three men dancing and one eating at a table, under a tree, AFTER T H E
REVOLUTION. SPENCE x A. 5 2 3

689

: A shepherd reclined under a tree. Ex: 1790.


: SPENCE x A. 524

A. 524a 690a. E ; Milled. A. 524b 690b. E : Plain. : A soldier shaking hands with two 691. R citizens, WE ALSO ARE T H E P E O P L E . Ex: 1796.
: SPENCE X A. 525

691a. E : 692. R : : 693. R : aooy. fULh^K X3Ai3ii hi 694. * J// R

Plain. A. 525a View of Bastille, HALFPENNY. Plain. A. 526 Two boys at a turnstile. LITTLE
T U R N S T I L E HALFPENNY. 1796.

: Plain.
; T. | SPENCE PRINTS | BOOKSELLER & COINS | N 8 |

A. 527
| DEALER LITTLE
A

693

IN |

T U R N S T I L E HOLBOB I LONDON.

: Plain.

- 528

f I D i fc M e s e y . SPENCE'S aooY. a j s x i s j t : i i l i i J i i i I..J Nos. 695-706. 0 : The rev. of No. 694. hf

167

h . Bust to right, KT. HE. C. J. FOX. K : Plain. A. 529 h Bust to left in broad-brimmed hat.
LD GEO GORDON DIED IN NEWGATE NOV

0: for Nos. 695-70G


697.
698.

1 . 1793. A. 530 As No. 684. A. 531


SOCIETY BOY : x

E : Plain. R: An I n d i a n .
E : SPENCE R : E A MARINE x

695

: SPENCE

A. 532 A. 532a
TRUTH FOR MY

698a. E : P l a i n . Also in white-metal. 696 699. R : A figure of Minerva standing,


FOR MY IIELM & JUSTICE SHIELD.

698

E: 700.

Plain.
THE HABIT SPANIARD

A. 533
OF A

R : A Spaniard.
E : SPENCE x

A. 534 A. 534a under it. A. 535


JACOBS . F

699

700a. E : Milled. 700/; K : P l a i n . 701. R . Bust E: 702. Plain.


H O R N E TOOKE E S Q .

to

right.

JAMES

700

JOHN T H E L W A L L .
*; \

B : B u s t to r i g h t . K : Plain.

. under it. A. 536

703. 704.

R : A Turk, T H E E : Plain. /1 : A collegian,


SCHOLAR, E : SPENCE x

HABIT OF A T U R K .

W 537

' 702

\
A .

WESTMINSTER

A. 5 3 8

704a. E : P l a i n . A. 538a 705. R : A crown and anchor, between two hearts, W H E N T H I S YOU S E E R E 703
MEMBER ME.

r\ %
704 A n < - j./ j; t vj 'n
3

E: 706.

Milled. a radiation,
| DEALER LITTLE T | IN SPENCE [ PRINTS |

(See next page for illustration.) R : Beneath


I . Si NO. 8 BOOKSELLER

. | COINS.

TURN S T I L E

HOLBORN LONDON.

: f

E : Plain.

A. 539
v

E r r o r , see 70.">. R a r i t y N o s . 685, 690, a, 691, 695, 697, 698a, 700a, 704a, 705, RR. 698, 706, R. The others, fairly c o m m o n .

"

706

685b, 688, 692,

168

fllMbfclcser.
SPENCE'S.

fr, v ^ y

Nos. 707-715.
r

O : T h e rev. of No. 70G. Hospital scholar. A


A. 5 4 0

'j LLZ&'

707.

B: A

Christ's

BLUE COAT BOY E : SPENCE x

707a. E : P l a i n . A. 540a 708. B: A y o u t h with a stick in his hand.


* E : A B R I D E W E L L BOY * A. 541 SPENCE x

0 : for Nos. 7 0 7 - 7 1 5

709.

710. 711.

B : A m a n fettered, a n d a padlock on his m o u t h . A F R E E - B O R N . ENGLISHMAN 1796. E: P l a i n . A. 542 B: A H i g h l a n d e r . As No. 683. F, : P l a i n . A. 543 B : An I n d i a n .


E : SPENCE x

As No. 684.
A 544

708

711a. E : 712. B : E : 713. B: 714. B:

Plain. A f t e r the Revolution. As No. 689. Plain. A. 545 A sailor, A TRUE HEARTED SAILOR.
A. 546 A SNAIL MAY PUT HIS

E : SPENCB x

A snail, &c.
HORNS OUT.

E : SPENCE x

A. 547

714a. E: 7146. E: 715. B: E : 713

Milled over SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. Plain. A. 547a A turnstile. As No. 693. Plain. A. 548 Also in white-metal.

Ass. Nos. 7 1 6 - 7 2 3 . O : An ass bearing two pairs of paniers, labelled " R E N T S " and " T A X ' S . "
I WAS AN ASS TO BEAR THE FIRST PAIR

705

716.

B:

THOS. SPENCE, & c .

As No. 677. A- 5 4 9

E : SPENCE x

716a. E: B : 717. E : B : 718. E : B: 719. E : B \ 720. E :

SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

A. 549a

Britannia. As No. 678. SPENCE x A. ;>f>0 Free-born E n g l i s h m a n . As No. 709. Plain. A. 551 I n d i a n . As No. 684
SPENCE X A. 552

Lion dismayed.

As No. 685.

0 : for Nos. 7 1 6 - 7 2 3

B: 721. E : E: 721a B: 722. E : 723.

A. 553 SPENCE X Odd Fellows. As No. 686. A. 554 Milled. A. 554a Plain. After the Revolution. As No. 689. A. 555 Plain. Also in white-metal. B : Turnstile. As No. 693. A. 556 E : Plain.

*TI> i b M e s e y . ^ r r SPENCE'S. /iiw? Coat Boy. 0 : Figure of a scholar. As No. 707. R: Figure of a collegian. As No. 704. Plain. A. 557

1G9

li (M

fl
0 : for Nos. 725-730 Nos. 725-739.
725. R:

British Liberty. 0 : A sailor seizing a landsman. BRITISH


As No. 677.

LIBERTY

DISPLAYED *

E x \

1795.

THOS. S P E N C E , e t c . PAYABLE IN LONDON.

JE :

engrailed. 725a. E: Milled. 726. R : Two men boxing.


E AMUSEMENT \ SPENCE X 1790.

The remainder A. 559


FASHIONABLE

Indian.
SPENCE x

As No. 684.
A. 5 6 6

726a. E-. Milled. 727. R : Britannia. A : PAYABLE IN 728. 729. R : Caduceus.


E : SPENCE x

LONDON

As No. 678. and engrailed. A. 561 As No. 679.


A. 5 6 2

A. 5GO A. 560a

R: Citizens armed. E: SPENCE x

As No. 681. A. 563a


A. 5 6 3

(29a. E

: SKIDMORK HOLBORN LONDON.

729A. E : Plain. A. 563A <30. R : Free-born Englishman. As No. 709.


E : SPENCE x A. 564

730a. E : Milled. 731. R : Heart and Hand.


!" ' PAYABLE

A. 564a As No. 682. IN LONDON and engrailed. A. 565 Coining Presa. Nos. 740-743. 0 : A " C O I N I N G P R E S S . "
COLLECTORS OP MEDALS *

Lion dismayed. As No. 685. Plain. a . 567 R : Odd Fellows (man and ass). As No. 686. E PAYABLE IN LONDON and engrailed. A. 568 734a. E Milled. 735. R The beginning of Oppression. As No. 687. E SPENCE X A. 5 6 9 736. R : After the Revolution. As No. 689. E : Plain. A. 570 737. R : Shepherd. As No. 690. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON and engrailed. A. 571 738. It : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain. A. 572 739. R : A guillotine and part of a house. E : Plain. A. 573

INSCRIBED TO

1796.

740.

R: Two men boxing.


E: SPENCB x PAYABLE ALEX K AT THE MOLISON.

As No. 726.
A. 574 WAREHOUSE OF

a
5

-5 * f r sV? sdj p \4. " o f Irfl

ft

740a. E 740b. E 741. R E 742. 743.

Plain. A. 574a A harp crowned, between thistles.


ENGLAND . IRELAND . SCOTLAND. 1 7 9 6 SPENCE x A. 575

0 : for Nos. 740-743

R:

Highlander.

As No. 683.
A. 576

E: S P E N C E X R: Turnstile. E: Plain.

741

As No. 693. A. 577

Rarity Nos. 707a, 711a, 714, a, 721, a, 725a, 734a, 739, 740a, b RR 716. a, 722, 726a, 730a, R. 710, 711, 712, 717, 718, 719, 723, 726, 727, 729, 731, 732, 734, 736, 738, 743, scarce. The others, fairly common.

170

fll> i & M c s c y.
& . X =~! S A 2zy! ' J V ".

SPENCE'S J
C

A^\V\

ttCSSSBBrJ
w
4

0 : for Nos. 744-749 Deserted Village. Nos. 744-749. O: A village in ruins,


WHOLE DOMArN

ONE

O : for Nos. 750-756 Dog. Nos. 750-756. A dog. MUCH


BRINGS SERVITUDE.

GRATITUDE

ONLY MASTER GRASPS T H E 1795.

750. 751.

R : A caduceus.
E : SPENCE x

As No. 679 A. 584

744.

R: E: 745. R: E: 745a. E: 745 b. E : 746. R-. E: 747. R : E : 747a. E : 748. R : 749.

Britannia, &c. As No. 678. Plain. A. 578 Highlander. As No. 683.


SPENCE x A. 5 7 9

R: A cat.

As No. 680.

Milled. Plain. Indian.


SPENCE SPENCE x x

A. 579a As No. 684.


A. 5 8 0

A. 585 E : SPENCE x 751a. E : Milled. 7516. E: Plain. 75*2 R: Free-born Englishman. As No.709. A. 586 753. R : Highlander. As No. 683.
E : SPENCE X A. 5 8 7

Lion dismayed.

As No. 685.
A. 5 8 1

754.

Plain. A. 581a The beginning of Oppression. As No. 687. A. 582 E: S P E N C E x R Shepherd. As No. 690. A. 583 E Plain.

R : The beginning of Oppression. No. 6H7.


E : SPENCE x

As

A . 5 8 7 Bis.

754a. E : Plain. 755. R : After the Revolution.


E : SPENCE x

As No. 689.
A. 588

755 a. E : Milled. 7556. E : Plain. 756 R : Turnstile. E : Plain.

A. 588a As No. 693. A. 589

Englishman (Freeborn). Nos. 757-759. O : A man fettered, &e. As No. 709. 757. R : Three citizens armed. As No. 681. A. 590 E: Milled. R : Odd Fellows. As No. 686. 758. A. 619 E : Plain. R : Bust of Thelwall. As No. 701 759. A. 676 for Nos. 757 -759 E : SPENCE x A. 676a 759a. E : PAYABLE AT YORK X X X X X X
^1'

English Slavery. Nos. 760-761. O : A fat man, sitting at a table eating. E N G L I S H SLAVERY. 60. R : A lean man on the ground, gnawing a bone. F R E N C H L I B E R T Y . A 591 E : Plain. R : An anchor, and cap of Liberty.
L I B E R T Y . PEACE . COMMERCE.

/: A * Lf

/Trr-".:

,y!

E : Plain.

593

7G1

R a r i t v - N o s . 745a, b, 747, 751a, 6, 754, a, 755a, b, 757, 758, 759a, 762a b 7636, 764a, 766a, 769a, b, c, 7726, 773, 77Ha, 7HO, k i t 751 7646, 779, 7 8 0 a , T ' 745, 746. 750, 752, 754. 755, 756, 760, 765, 769, 771, 772, 781, scarce. The others, fairly common.

fTD 1 6 M e s e y . SPENCE'S. Fox. Nos. 762-772. 0 : Bust of Fox. As No. 695. 7G'2. II : Britannia. As No. 678.
E : SPENCE X A. 594

171

it

'

762(7. E : Milled. 762/;. E : Plain. 0 : of Nos. 762-772 763. R : Caduceus.


E : SPENCE x
S e e Polltlcal S e n e s for

I A

o/m-A

\ .11

A. 594a altered obverse die. 769. R : Shepherd


E : SPENCE x

As No. 679.
A. 595

As No. 690. A. 601 A. 601a A. 6016 As No.

763a. E : Milled. 7636. E : Plain. 764. R: Citizens armed.


E : SPENCE x

A. 595a As No. 681.


A. 5 9 6

764a. 7<; : Milled. 7646. E : Engrailed. 765. R: Indian. As No. 684.


F. : S P E N C E x x

A. 596a A. 5966
A. 5 9 7

769a. 7696. 769c. <70.

E : E: E: R:

Engrailed. Milled. Plain. Soldier and two citizens 691.

766.

R: Lion dismayed.
E : SPENCE

As No. 685.
A. 598

766a. E : Plain. 767 R : Odd Fellows (man & ass). As No. 686.
E : SPENCE x A. 5 9 9

E : SPENCE x A. 602 770a. E : Milled. 771 R : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain. A. 603 772. R: A tree with two shields leaning against it. A . F R I E N D . TO . PEACE . AND . L I B E R T Y .

768.

R: The beginning of Oppression. No. 687.


E : SPENCE X
A

As
G O O

E : Engrailed. 772a. E : Milled. 7726. E : Plain.

A. 604 A. 604a A. 6046

Also in brass. French Liberty. Nos. 773-774. O: A lean man gnawing a bone, ifcc. As No. 760. 773. R : The arms of London, Ac. E : Plain. A. 605 774. R : An anchor, &,c. As No. 761. E : Plain. A. 606

%0

i/yjL D o

(iordon. O : of Nos. 775-782 Nos. 775-782. 775. 776. 777. <78. R : Britannia
E : SPENCE E : SPENCE x

782 O: Bust of Ld. Geo. Gordon. As No. 696. 779. A. 607


A

780

782

As No. 678. As No. 679. 608 As No. 682.


A. 609

R : Caduceus.
x

780.

R : After the Revolution. As No. 689. E : Plain. A. 611 R : View of a public building, S E S S I O N S HOUSE E : SPENCE x OLD DAILY. A. 6 1 2

R : Heart and hand.


E : SPENCE x

/ , : The beginning of Oppression. No. 687.


E : SPENCE x A

As
610

778a. E : Milled.

780 a. E : Plain. A. 612a 781. R : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain. A. 613 782. O: Bust to left, without any legend.
R : L O R D | G E O R G E | GORDON | 1 7 8 0 . E : SPENCE x A. 614

172
SPENCE'S.

Marine Society Boy. Nos. 783-784. 0 : A sailor boy. As No. 698. 783. R ' A true-hearted sailor. As No. 713. A. 615 E : SPENCE x A. 615a 783a. E: Plain. 784 R : Turnstile. As No. 693. A 616 E : Plain. Mendoza. O . for Nos. 785-789 0 : for Nos. 783-784 Nos. 785-789. 0 : A bust * D . MENDOZA * R : A pair of breeches on fire, PANDORAS 785. R : Two men boxing. As No. 7'26. 787. BREECHES. AS No. 688.
E : SPENCE x A. 617

785 a. E : Plain. 786. R Bridewell Boy. E : Plain.

As No. 708. A. 558

E : Plain. 787a E : Milled. 788. R : Shepherd.


E : SPENCE x

A. 650

As No.

690. A. 618

789.

R : Turnstile. E : Plain.

As No. 693.
Ill I M t H H f yA. 712

Odd Fellows. Nos. 790-797. O: Head of man and ass conjoined. As No. 686. A man sitting in prison gnawing a bone. | R:
I H E REVOLUTION.

1.'X_: . 1 17TOR E 95.

E 790a. E 190b. E for Nos. 790-797

BEFORE SPENCE X

A. 665 A. 665a 790

Milled. Plain.

[I / -V *,

795 791. 792. 793. The beginning of Oppression. No. 687 Milled. K : R: Lion dismayed. As No. 685. E : Milled. R : Two men dancing round a fire.
THE E : SPENCE END X OF O P P R E S S I O N .

R: The heads of Pitt and Fox conjoined. RIDES. E : SPENCE x 621 ODD . FELLOWS. QUIS

795a. E: S P E N C E * 795b. E : Plain. 796. R ' Bust of Tooke.


E : SPENCE x

A. 621a A. 621fc As No. 702.

793a E : Plain. 794. R : A pig trampling upon emblems ot royalty, &c. Pigs meat Published by T. Spence London A. 659 E : SPENCE x 794a. E : S P E N C E 7946. E : Milled. 794c. E : Plain.
*

796a. 7966. 796c. 797.

E : Milled. A. 688a E : Engrailed. E: Plain. R : Four men dancing round a pole, surmounted by a head radiated.
TREK OF LIBERTY.
A

A. 659a A. 659fc

E : Milled. 797a. E : Plain. Also in brass.

A.^622 -

' ? & ,

v U l , ^ W ' o e

9 0

"

; ,

814, 817,

' The other's, M r l , eemmon.

flfrifcMcsej:.

J 73

SPENCE'S.
' -,ijHO

rj

0 : for Nos. 798-610 Odd Fellows (Quia Rides). Nos. 798-810. 0 : The same as rev. of No. 795. Similar to last, but with the addition of a neat border of dots on both sides. E; Milled. 805a. 77 : Plain. A g28
Nos. 805, a. b a n d o - T h e bonier of dots or milling lias not been produced by the dies, as every

798. 800. 801. 801a


802.

802a. 803. 803a. 8036. 803c. 804.

7? : THOS. SPENCE, & c . A s N o . 6 7 7 . E : Plain. A. 623 R : Caduceus. As No. 679. E : SPENCE x A. 6 2 4 R : The beginning of Oppression. As No. 687. E: : SPENCE x A. 637 E. : M ' l l e d A. 637a R: : Cat. As No. 680. 7*7: : SPENCE x A. 6 2 5 ft':: Milled. Citizens armed. As No. 681. PAYABLE IN LONDON. Remainder engrailed. A. 626 Milled. A. 626a E: hngrailed. 77: f l a i n A. 626/; T 7?: Heart in hand. As No. 682.
SPENCE X PAYABLE IN BRISTOL LANCASTER A. 627 LONDON 0U

805.

specimen varies. See note after No. 32.

806.

II: Highlander.
E:
SPENCE x

As No. 683.
A. 629

806a. E : Milled. 807. R: Lion dismayed.

E:

As No. 685
A. 6 3 0

SPENCE * PAYABLE IN LONDON

807a. E:

and engrailed.

804a. 7'?:

8046. E: M i l l e d . A. 627a 804c. E: "lam. This latter is sometimes found on very small flans. A. 6276

8076. E : Milled. A. 630a 807c. E : Plain. A 690/, 808. Shepherd. As No. 690. E: PAYABLE IN LONDON and engrailed. A. 631 808a. E Engrailed all round. 8086. E Plain. A. 631a 809. R : View of the Bastille. As No. 692. E : Plain. ^ 810. R : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain. A . 633

Ojipresswn (Beginning Nos. 811-818.


811. 11:

of).

O: Cain killing Abel. As No. 687.


As No. 677.

THOS. SPENCE, &c.

812. 0 : for Nos. 811-818 813. 814 815.

E: Pla,in. It: Citizens armed, Ac. E : Milled.

A . 634 As No. 681

II : Indian. As No. 684. lainA. 635 It: Lnd of Oppression. As No. 793.
E : SPENCE E : SPENCE X A. 636

816. 817.

R: Bust of Thelwall. As No. 701. 77: Engrailed. A. 638 Bis. R : Tree of Liberty. As No. 797.
E : SPENCE x A. 7 0 4

R : Shepherd.
x

As No. 690.
A. 638

174

f i D i t > M c s c y . SPENCE'S.

Nos. 818-826.
818. R: E

Oppression (End of). 0 : Two men dancing.


As No. X

As No. 793.
677. A- 6 3 9

THOS. S P E N C E , & c . : SPENCE SPENCE : SPENCE

819. 820. 0 : for Nos. 818 -826. : Citizens armed.


: SPENCE x

R : Britannia.
K : E X

As No. 678.
A. 640

R : Caduceus.
x

As No. 679.
A. 641

As No. 681.
A.- ^ 4 2

825.

R : Shepherd.
EL: SPENCE x PAYABLE IN

As No. 690.
A. 646

821a. E

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON

: Heart and hand.


: SPENCE X

A. 642a As No. 682.


A. 643

825a. E : 825b. E: 826.

SKIDMORE HOLBORN L ONDON .

822a. / : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON 823. /; : Indian. As No. 684.


: SPENCE x

A. 643a

R : Turnstile.
E ' PAYABLE IN

: After the Revolution.


: SPENCE x

As No. 689.
A

824a. E : Plain

A645a

826a. E : S P E N C E x 826/;. E : Plain.

A. 646a L ONDON and engrailed. A. 6466 As No. 693. LONDON and engrailed. A. 647 A. 647a A. 647i

Pain (End of). 827. 0 R E 0 R E R A man hanging on a gibbet with a church in the distance, END O F
PAIN. PANDORAS B R E E C H E S . As No. 688.

828. 829.

829 ft.

A. 652 Plain. As last. Turnstile. As No. 693. A. 714 Plain. Similar to last, but with angular support to gibbet. A border of hands and dots. Similar to R: PANDORAS B R E E C H E S . No. 688, but lettevs of legend smaller. Border of dots instead of circles. E PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THO.
WORSWICK & SONS.

fiprpicuJiJ rlW&M

829a. E\ Plain. 830. 0 : As last. R: MAY T H E


|

A| KNAVE | OF JACOBIN CLUBS GET A | TRICK. I N FIVE

NEVER

lines within a similar border. may


OF JATOBSIT

-xaA
CLU

I jfc VBil CZ-1' A

A. 131 E: PAYABLE AT S H R E W S B U R Y . 131 830a. E : Plain. 831. O Similar to last, but with a milled border, and the work coarser. R Similar, but with a milled border. A. 13 E Plain (in collar). As last, but not struck in collar. 831a. A. 132a

flIMbMesey, SPENCE'S.

175 (Pain End of). 832. 0 : As last. R : Justice standing, &c.


NOT F R A U D . 1794. FOB CHANGE

833.
, Ml'" //,

E: Milled. O: Similar to preceding, but the gallows is smooth, and the man's legs hang straight down. The vane on top of church points to the second limb of the A. 11 An open book, inscribed T H E WRONGS
OF MAN JANY. 21 I 1793.

- i' . i r A / . ; 1*7 y.&;

Milled. A. 133 833a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 133a This is struck on small flans. 834. O: Similar to last, hut the vane on spire points to the first limb of the A. R: Similar, but from different dies. E : Plain. A. 134 835. O: As last. R: A number of combustibles intermixed with labels, issuing from a globe inscribed " F R A T E R N I T Y . " The labels are inscribed " R E G I CIDE," " ROBBERY," " FALSITY," " REQUISITION." FRENCH REFORMS

E: 836.

1797. Plain. A. 135 Also in white-metal. 0 : Similar to preceding, but with a demon seated on the gallows smoking a pipe. It: A man and a monkey, each standi n g o n o n e leg. SWINGS. WE D A N C E , PAIN

vnrT>. - " "ITZlVX r v r.'

A. 136 E: Plain. This was struck by W. Till, coin dealer, 1830-40.


NOTED ADVOCATES.

837.

0 : Three men hanging on a gibbet.


NOTED ADVOCATES FOR T H E R I G H T S

r- ,r'
'J f

OF MEN 179(5.
<

R:

WAY

TO

PREVENT

KNAVES

GETTING | A TRICK.

838.
fiL/ifC l/U-'l

E: Plain. A. 129 O: As last. R: Similar to Nos. 833 and 834, but from different dies. E: Plain. A. 130 No. 837 also struck in silver, and 837, 838 in brass or copper-gilt.

R a r i t v N o s . 821a, 822a, 825a, b, 826, a, 829, 830, 832, R E . 824a 831 834 836 11. 818, 819, 821, 822, 823, 824, 826b, 827, 828, 835, scarce. The others, fairly common.

176

fllMfcMesey.
SPENCE'S,

sfb for i "


^ *?-

kLl-y- ''v
0 : for Nos. 839-841 840. R: Heart and hand. K : Plain. 839 As No. 682. A. 649

Pandora's Brceches. No. 839-841. 0 : A pair of breeches on fire. As No. 688. 839. 11: A crown and anchor, between two hearts, W H E N T H I S YOU S E E REMEMBER ME. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY L ONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 6 4 8

839a. E : Plain. 841. R : Bust of Tooke. E: Plain. Pig. Nos. 842-848. 0 : A pig trampling upon emblems of royalty, &c. As No. 794.

A. 648a As No. 702. A. 689

842.

R : : THOS. S P E N C E , &C, &C. E : SPENCE x

AS No. 677. A . 653 A. 653a A. 6536

0 : for Nos. 843-848 R : Britannia. As No. 678. E : Milled. A. 654 843a. E : Plain. A. 654a 844. R : Citizens armed. As No. 681. 843. 844a. E
SPENCE

842a. E: Milled. 8426. E : Plain. 845. 846. 847. 848.

R : Heart and hand. As No. 682. E : Plain. A. 656 E : Indian. As No. 684. E: Plain. A. 657 R : Lion dismayed. As No. 685.
E : SPENCE x A. 6 5 8

R : Shepherd. E : Plain.

As No. 690. A. 660

Revolution (Before). Nos. 849-856. O : A man sitting in prison gnawing a bone, BEFORE T H E REVOLUTION. Ex: 1795. As No. 790. 849. R: Britannia. As No. 678. E : Plain. A. 661 853. 854.
E :

O : for Nos. 849-856 850 850. R: Cat. Similar to No. 680, but legend MY L I B E R T Y I AMONG
S L A V E S ENJOY E : SPENCE x 1796 A. 662

As No. 690. and engrailed. A. 666 R: After the Revolution. As No. 689.
PAYABLE IN L ONDON SPENCE x A. 6 6 7

R: Shepherd.

850a. E : Milled. 851. R: Citizens armed.


E : PAYABLE IN

E :

As No. 681. L ONDON and engrailed. A. 663

851a. E: Milled. 8516. E : Plain. 852. R : Lion dismayed. As No. 685. E : PAYABLE IN L ONDON and engrailed. A. 664 852a. E: Plain. A. 664a Rarity Nos. 839, 840, 842a, 843, 844, a, 846, 850a, 851a, 6, 852a, 854a, 856, 8576, 859, 866a, 867, 870, 872, a, 6, PR. 839a, 842, 847, 850, 854, 855, 861, R. 841, 851, 857a, 858, 863, 864, scarce. The others, fairly common.

854a. E : Plain. A. 667a 855. R : A guillotine and part of a house. As No. 739. E : Milled. A. 668 855 a. E : Plain. A. 668a 856. R : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain.

177

fllMfcMesey.
SPENCE'S. Sailor (True-liearted). Nos. 857-858. O : A sailor. As No. 713. 857. R: Crown and anchor between hearts. As No. 839.
E : SPENCE x A. G70

0 : for Nos. 857-858

857 a. E: SKIDMORE HOLBORN L ONDON. 8571>. E : PAYABLE AT YORK X X X X X X 858. R : Anchor and cable, IN COMMEMORATION , & c .

858

E:

Milled.

A. 671

km
W

Nos. 859. 860. 861.

O : for Nos. 859-8G1 Shepherd. 859-861. O: A shepherd under a tree. As No. 690. R : Soldier and two citizens. As No. 691. E : Plain. A. 672 R : Stag and tree. As No. 862. E : Plain. A. 673 R: Tree of Liberty. As No. 797.
E : SPENCE * A. 706

0 : for Nos. 862-864 Stag. Nos. 862-864. 0 : Stag under a tree. 862. R : A snail p u t t i n g out its h o r n s . As No. 714. E : Plain. A. 674 863. R : After the Eevolution. As No. 689. E : Plain. A. 669 864. R : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain. A. 715

861a. E : Plain. Also in brass.

A. 706a

Nos. 865-872. 865.

Thelwall. 0 : Bust of Thelwall. No. 701. As No. 514.

As

R : Cap of Liberty.
E

: SIUDMORE HOLBORN L O N D O N .

A. 677

Also in brass. 865a. E : Plain. 866. 0 : for Nos. 865-872. R : Minerva. As No. 699.
E : SPENCE x A. 678

A. 677a As No. 344.


x A. 682

870. 871. 872.

R : A tiger.
E : SPENCE

866a. E : Plain. A. 678a Also in white-metal. 867. R : After the Revolution. As No. 689. E : Plain. A. 679 868. R: Sessions House. As No. 780. E : Plain. A. 680 869. /?: A snail. As No. 714. E : Plain. A. 681 Also in brass.

R : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain. A. 683 R : Three fleurs-de-lis. As No. 516.


E : SPENCE x LONDON. A. 6 8 4

872a. E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN 872/J. E : Engrailed.

178

fllMt>Meser.
SPENCE'S.

"r 0 0}

for Nos. 873-881 Tooke. Nos. 8 73-881. 0 : Bust of Tooke. 873.


R: THOS. S P E N C E , &c

As No. 702. A. 685

As No. 677.

O : for Nos. 882-892 Tree of Liberty. Nos. 882-892. O: Four men dancing. As No. 797.
882.
R: THOS. S P E N C E , & c . As No. 677.

E : Milled. 873a . E : Plain. 874.


R: T. SPENCE & c . A s No. 706.

883.

E : Plain. R : Britannia.
E : SPENCE x

A. 695 As No. 678. A. 696 A. 696a A. 6966 As No. 679. A. 697 As No. 681. A. 698

875.

E : Plain. R : Citizens armed.


E : SPENCE x

As No. 681.
A. 686

E: Milled. 875a. R : Heart and hand. 876.


E : SPENCE x

883a. E : Milled. 883/;. E : Plain. 884. R : Caduceus.


E : SPENCE SPENCE x x

As No. 682.
A. 6 8 7

885.

R : Citizens armed.
E :

E :

876a. R: E : 877. R : E : 878. 878a. E: 879. R : E: 880. R :


E :

880a. E: 881. R : E :

and engrailed A. 687a After the Revolution. As No. 689. Plain. A. 690 Sessions House. As No. 780. Plain. A. 691 Also in white-metal. Milled. Turnstile. As No. 693. Plain. A. 692 Bust to right. CHURCH AND KING. As No. 523. SPENCE x A. 693 Milled. Bust to right. LONG L I V E T H E KING. Milled. A. 694
PAYABLE IN LONDON

A. 698a As No. 682. SPENCE * A. 699 Milled. A. 699a Plain. A. 6996 Highlander. As No. 683. SPENCE x A. 700 R : Indian. As No. 684. 888. E: Milled. E : Plain. A. 701 888a. R : Lion dismayed. As No. 685. 889. E : S P E N C E * A. 702 889a. E : Engrailed. 8896. E : Plain. A. 702a 890. R : After the Revolution. As No. 689. E : Plain. A. 705 891. R : Turnstile. As No. 693. E : Plain. A. 707 892. R : Guillotine. As No. 739. E : Plain. A. 708
Esq. and I. H. TOOKE, Esq.,

885a. E : 885 b. E: 886. R : E: 886a. /:: 8866. E : R : 887. E :

Milled. Plain. Heart and hand.

For

JOHN

HORNIL TOOKE,

see Political and Social Series.

Nos. 893. 894. 895.

Turnstile. 0 : for Nos. 893-898 893-898. 0 : A turnstile, As No. 693. 896. R : Crown and anchor. As No. 839. E : Plain. A. 710 R : Heart and hand. As No. 682. 898 E : Plain. A. 711 R : Figure of Minerva. As No. 699. E : Plain. A. 713

R: E : R: E: R: E :

A figure of a Spaniard. As No. 700. Plain. A. 675 The figure of a Turk. As No. 703. Plain. A. 709 Westminster scholar. As No. 704. Plain. A. 716

H D ibM ce cxSPENCE'S,

179

United Token. Nos. 899-901. O: Laureate bust to riglit, a star radiated above, U N I T E D T O K E N . 899. R A crowned harp. As No. 741. E sPENCE x A. 717 899 a. E Plain. A. 717a 900. R Highlander. As No. 688. E 9PENCE x A. 718 901. H: A guillotine. As No. 739. A. 719 E : Plain.

0 : for Nos. 899-901.

Rarity Nos. 873, a, 874, 875a, 876a, 878a, 880, a, 883a, 885, b, 886a, 888, a, 889a, 899a, 901, RR. 877, 884, 886, 890, 895, 896, 897, R. 876, 879, 883, 886/), 889, b, 891, 893, scarce. The others, fairly common. Atkins' No. 592 is the same as his 734 (New No. 921). No. 623 Bis. is 640 (New No. 819).See his reference to Conder in each case. Nos. 622 and 622a were repeated again under Nos. 703 and 703a.

- if

rl'j
a
n

;
SPITTLE'S.

f q ' hMkg*
-o J

-J '

i..vrrrr nferra

902.

0 : View of St. Paul's.


BRIGHTON H A L F P E N N Y .

L ONDON AT

AND THE

/7: Shield of Arms,


WAREHOUSE OR OF I. KIRBY

PAYABLE OR R.

OF I . S P I T T L E

LONDON LASHMAR A. 7 2 0

BRIGHTON 1 7 9 5 .

903. / f
-> ^rrrrrrfrj, 'V

rtifinnnTffi-ipif ^ vfftijirni

0 : Similar to last, but with ST. P A U L S added in Ex: and the initials i.p. in small letters. R : As last. A. 721
STINTON'S.

904.
/ <

O : A grasshopper,
R: WM. STINTON + .

FINE . TEAS JAMES'S

. or .

THE .

ROUGH . FLAVOUR. ST. STREET

- ' ' U

V-!| i o I

?o " V l r> VfA 'i'/JE OI/3:Sf

iti'2

in- C O CAU'-'\
E

LONDON : ITALIAN

PATENT &

COCAO

WAREFRUIT A. 722

HOUSE 1 7 9 5 FRENCH PORTUGAL WAREHOUSE . + .

904a. E :

PAYABLE IN D U B L I N OR L O N D O N .

904i. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 722a A. 722i

R a r i t y N o . 904/;, RR.

904a, scarce.

The others, common.

180

fflMfcblesey.
SUMMERS'.

905.

O: The head of a wild man, full face.


A W I L D MANS H E A D FROM THE LAND OF J E S S O TO BE S E E N AT

R: A cypher R . S . D E A L E R IN CURIO S I T I E S See. in a scallop shell.


SUMMERS'S . PAINTINGS MUSEUM BOUGHT No. 24 OLD AND CAVENDISH S T R E E T OXFORD STREET SOLD EXCHANGED . 1 7 9 7 . A. 723

906.

0 : As last. R : Similar, but the cypher is larger; the first stroke of the S crosses the top of R, and nearly touches
the c of " CURIOSITIES." The A

90G A

&

of " AND " comes under the is of


" CAVENDISH." A. 724

In some specimens the period after "&c." is either missing or very faint.
SWAINSON'S.

907.

0 : Bust to left, JSAAC SUAINSON. R: A female dropping herbs into a


Still, HYGEIA PREPARING VELNOs' A. 725 VEGETABLE SYRUP *

Also in silver.
WHITFIELD'S.

908.

O : A bust to left. R : A hand from the clouds holding a balance, IN L ONDON between the scales. PAYABLE AT JOHN WHITFIELDS. A. 7 2 6 * * LONG *

909.

O: Bust similar to last. *


LIVE '.i T H E * KING

910.

R : Similar to last, but nothing between the scales. A. 727 O : As last. R : Shield and arms, IOANNES GAREE.
DECANVS . 1 6 7 0 .

E : Plain. 911. O : Similar to last. R : A large cypher I M d Co., the date 1795 under. E : Milled. A. 728 911a. E: Engrailed. 911/'. E : Plain. 912. Proof of obv. 911 die in whitemetal, reverse blank.

181

.7

r~ 913.

WILLIAMS'.

0 : The Prince of Wales' crest upon a portcullis. W. WILLIAMS LONDON, under, KENDER TO C;ESAR T H E
T H I N G S THAT ARE CAESAR'S. The

913

t'JOU '-V y{iV'r>

second bar of portcullis from the right hand comes between the letters A and M of " WILLLAMS." 11: A crown on the arms of London,
FEAR GOD AND HONOUR T H E KING

d |/./ / Y

1795. Nine pearls each side of crown. A. 729 914. O : Similar to last, but the second bar of portcullis comes directly above the A. R : As last. 915. O: As last. R : Similar, but with nine pearls to left, and eight on the right. 91G. O: As last. R : Similar to last. The crown further from legend. 917. 0 : As last. R: Similar to No. 915, but with ten pearls each side of crown. Nos. 918-919. 918. 0 : The obv. of No. 913.
PEACE PLENTY &

>am\

t?-> H U 0 j ^ 6

A. 730

Y &%&$}

'<>3 r y

R : A wheatsheaf.
LIBERTY.

;jv

tlJOLjr. -/

A. 731 Liberty
PEACE * A. 732

919.

R : An anchor, and cap of radiated. LIBERTY


COMMERCE .

920.

0 : The rev. of No. 915. R : Bishop Blaze and woolpack. A. 733

921.

0 : The rev. of No. 916. R : A fat man at table, eating. A. 734

922.

0 : As last. R : A man on the ground gnawing a bone. A. 735

Rarity Nos. 907, 910, RRR. 905, 908, 911a, 921, 922, RR. 906, 909, 911, 913, 916, 917, 918, 919, R. The others, fairly common.

182 M A"/ -? 13 A C IE

f l l M > M /

c s e r.

/ it Z-L'% 11'1'Y -OlfJJU$Jp'rj^n> / ACCOjiEPAiTX Hrms IPIUiTCB Atl'U 1r*jiii"/Ga33 j Oi' 923 . i T O I U ' O X j c
JVU-X

MISCELLANEOUS.

London, Essex, and Norfolk.


923. 0 : PAYABLE | LONDON ESSEX | AND | NORFOLK. R : MAY I PEACE | & PLENTY | ACCOMPANY THE PRINCE | & PRINCESS | OP WALES.

-PLSIACIS is i ' i J i i J ' I ' T j^CC Oi'/iPAXV / i-ius m t i i j r c i s i,


D J' -WAIL:

E : Plain. 928a. E: H A L F P E N N Y 921.

A. 736
PAYABLE BY JOHN STRIDE

EMSWORTH.

O: As last. R : Similar, the o of "OF" is under the


I o f " PRINCESS."

i-l Xi M |a
'- '

& 0'&--

E : Plain.
r

,
< J

'

/>

1 / / 1'

j$Vt>v

London, Leeds, and Birmingham. 925. 0 : Crest, a ram.


LEEDS PAYABLE AT L ONDON & BIRMINGHAM

R : A ship, with sprigs of leaves under.


FOR T H E HONOR AND U S E OF TRADE *-

?<*

^ 3 3 )
-a.

E : Plain (not in collar). A. 737 925a. E : PAYABLE IN D U B L I N OR AT BALLY MURTAGH -f A. 737a 926. O : The same as last. R : Crest, a leopard's head, crowned, vi ET V I R T U T E on a label under.
FOR T H E HONOR AND U S E FO TRADE +

927.

O: As last. R : The same, except that the error " FO " has been altered to " OF." A. 738 London and Middlesex.

STt ...'i "vA /;.< ; dr^ J

928.

O: Bust

of

Shakespeare
& MIDDLESEX.

to

left.

LONDON

j
a r ^
17 s a

R : A female seated holding a cornucopia, part of a ship in the distance. H A L F P E N N Y . Ex \ 1792. E : Upright milling, coarse. A. 740 928a. E : Upright milling, fine. 9286. E: Oblique milling. A. 740a 928f. E: P A Y A B L E AT T H E W A R E H O U S E OF
ROBERT REYNOLDS & CO.

928</. E : Plain (not in collar). Westminster. 929.

A. 7406

O : Bust to left, IOHN H OWARD . F R: An ornamental cypher H H,


MINSTER E : PAYABLE NO. 3 AT HALFPENNY THE IRON 1792.

. R

.s.

WEST-

WAREHOUSE BIRM.

EDGBASTON

STRT.

A. 752

f H M t > M e s e y .
N A T I O N A L SERIES.

183

.
U: lUiUL.
REX .
VISITED 1789.

H0V2>
"2 ST

I-JZ-J 930.

932 932. O : As No. 930.


R: LOST HER TO BRITANNIA'S HOPE BUT 1789. TO PRAYERS R E S T O R ' D .

0 : Bust to right, G E O R G I V S in R: The arms of London, &c.


ST. PAULS. E x : 2 3 APRIL.

931.

A. 739 0 : Similar, but with D under bust. R : As last, but from worn die. The period after date does not show.

933.

Also in brass. 0 : As No. 931. R : As last.

A. 45

934.

0 : Very similar to No. 930.


R : JEHOVAH AND HEARD BRITANNIA'S P R A Y E R , EAVORITE KING . SAV'D HER

An eye radiated above. A. 4G Struck in white-metal and copper-gilt.


081

1789.

934 ! I 935.
TilJi oasiusjiiii.. riuiniiiOJvjj! oil ii J M-J-EST

I mz i
MzrrAniiiA' J'i'- A /Ell,
ITX) J T S F J

ii iio'A&a UZAil Si

O: Laureate bust to right, i H & co under, GEORGIVS III D E I GRATIA. R : JEHOVAH HEARD BPJTANNIA's PRAYER
AND RESTORED HEALTH TO HER K I N G . MARCH . 1 7 8 9 .

r -^ceB-ro a

y.iu a.

: < ? 4 iitH.

ifi!

936. 936

E : Scalloped. 0: As last.
R : THE GENERAL THANKSGIVING HAPPY MAJESTYS RECOVERY

A. 47
FOR H I S CELE.

7% $* i

BRATED

AT S T . P A U L S A P R I L . 2 3

937.

1789. E : Scalloped. 0 : Similar, but with bust. R : A crown, B R I T O N S


KING'S RESTOR'D

DAVIES REJOICE

A. 48 uxider
YOUR

938.
gOti 4&P. < " . _ p

E : Scalloped. 0 : Similar to last, but with w A & co under bust. R : A crown between branches of laurel.
HAIL YOUR BRITAIN KING . . HEAVEN RESTORES 1789.

939.

E: Coarsely grained. A. 49 O: As last. R : Very similar, but larger crown, and the first leaf to right points between K and i of " K I N G . " E : Coarsely grained.

R a r i t y N o s . 923a, 928P, RR. 938, 939, R.

924, 926, 928, d, 933, 934 in copper, 935, 936, 937, 925, scarce. The others, common.

184

f l l > i > M
N A T I O N A L

e s e y.
S E R I E S .

U ' W . 'J 940 940.

m w -

941 941. O : Laureate bust to right,


III D G REX GEORGIVS

O: Similar, but without initials under bust. 11: A castle as a crest.

R : A . M E M B E R . OF . T H E . B R I T I S H . S E N A T E .

1797. E: Milled. 941a. E : Plain. 0 : As last. R : A crown and sceptre lying on a cushion in the clouds, a crown radiated above. 1797. E : Engrailed. 942a. E : Plain (in white-metal). A. 51 943. 0 : Laureate bust to right, G E O R G E .
ILL . R E X . . 11: TO COMEMERATE ING THE HIS MAJESTY PRIZES 1797. AT VIEWTHE

A. 50

942.

>)

DUTCH

N O R E . OCTR. 3 0 ,

r 6 ' ^ c O'i'i J". AT cliS -'I.-- J S'I' { /vs. j G.;riiE

E: Milled. 943a. Plain. 944. O: Two busts to right,

A. 52
GEORG . III .

sj L"S

\ AT T >i

- y ut o il O C CF

E T . CHARLOT . R E X . E T . R E G .

R : Rose, shamrock, and thistle,


R

QUIS

'T'

"J

NOS

SEPARABIT.

>J

944a. K

Milled. Plain. Also in brass.

A. 53

-C>"

tjii

944

' W - fit

&,ml-7TT.\ f
-4- 1-LT-

milk
m
i I.R .I
>

j- s 94G.

94G
T H E WOODEN L ONDON A. OR 55

945.

0 : Two busts to left,

LONG

MAY

THEY

R E I G N OVER A G R A T E F U L L P E O P L E .

0 : As last. R : A man-of-war sailing,


WALLS E : PAYABLE OF OLD AT ANGLESEY

R: A man-of-war sailing,
& E GLORY OF AT BRITAIN. : PAYABLE ANGLESEY

THE

GUARD

ENGLAND.

LONDON

OR

LIVERPOOL.

LIVERPOOL.

A. 54

945a. E : Milled. 945i. E : Plain.

A. 54a A. 544

946a. E : Milled. 9464. E : Plain.

v.

boa

R a r i t y N o . 942, a, ERR. 940, 941, a, 943a, 946, a, b, RR. 945, b, scarce. The others, common.

943, 944, a, R.

NOTES ON THE TOKENS


OF THIS SECTION.

N the National Series are those representing the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Prince Regent, and the Duke of York, also a number of " mules," concluding with the King and Queen of France. These and the mules with which they are connected, are from dies used for some of the tokens by Skidmore. In the Political and Social Section are the following : The British Commercial Halfpenny. This is a beautiful specimen, and, along with the " P e n n y " and "Quarterpenny," form a very desirable set. An aged, and a youthful clergyman, are represented by the portrait of the Rev. W. Romaine, M.A., and that of W. Cooper aged 20 years. " S i r " Harry Dimsdale, a muffin hawker, succeeded " S i r " Jeffery Dunstan, as mock " Mayor of Garrat." He is depicted on the token as with his muffin basket, and bell. Erskine and Gibbs, John Home Tooke, and Thomas Hardy (the latter was Secretary to the London Corresponding Society) are represented, and reference to the trial, and the verdict of the jury, appears on the tokens. The portrait of Sir Isaac Newton, at one time Master of the Royal Mint, appears on both halfpence and farthings. The sentiments of the Society for the Abolition of Slavery appear 011 a series of tokens, the obverse being of a similar design to that of the seal of the Society. Little need here be stated in reference to the Farthings, they being chiefly miniatures of the Halfpence; yet a collection of the Half-halfpence and Farthings of the 18th Century is one full of interest, and well worth acquiring. James Powell, wine merchant of Monmouth and Abergavenny, issued 1-cwt. for each town.

The Marie Pit token for 3 pence is of penny size, issued as a means of paying the work men. The marie being used for agricultural purposes, has perhaps suggested the concluding portion of the legend. The Lynn token is one made for sale to collectors. The name of the supposed issuer does not appear in the Directory for 1790, neither is there any mention of a corn merchant or factor. It is a very rare specimen. The Norwich section has two having reference to the military. Some of the tradesmen's tokens have the City Arms; others, emblems of the trade of the issuers. Richard Dinmore and Son, on their tokens show a bottle, with the legend, F E W E R T A X E S a sentiment which all will be prepared to endorse.
MOKE TRADE

AND

Dunham and Yallop, goldsmiths, had on the upper portion of the door, as shown 011 the tokens, the word TEAScertainly an unusual combination at the piesent time. Weaving being one of the local trades, John Harvey shows a man at work in a loom, on his tokens. A Private TokenHardingham, a musicianhas on the obverse a view of Norwich Cathedral; the reverse being the bust of Handel. Of these about four dozen were struck, some with lettered edge, some plain. A very rare variety has the reverse from a die on which the hair is some distance from the ear; there are also other distinctive marks; it is this variety which occurs with the " Coventry Buildings." In reference to the token of Boulter's Exhibition, etc., the following appears in the Universal British Directory : " Another object, well worthy the attention of persons visiting Yarmouth, is the extensive museum of Dr. Boulter. " T h e first room contains a number of valuable pictures, prints; British, Roman, Saxon, and English coins and medals ; books, and curious missals. " The second room is appropriated to natural productions, animal, vegetable, and mineral, including fossil substances of almost every description. " The third room has particularly a collection from the South Seas, brought over by Captain Cook, and other voyagers, consisting of dresses, ornaments, tools, and utensils, the inventions of the natives. The collection is the result of over twenty-five years' assiduous attention, and is now the property of Mr. John Boulter, who continues to make additions. Company is admitted at any hour of the day on paying Is. each." John Boulter was a goldsmith and jeweller; Joseph Boulter, a confectioner.

The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various Collectors :
M IDDLESEX .Nos.

958, 996, 9966, 997, 999a, and 1050a.


166, 196, 23a, 27, 45a, 49a, and 51a.

M ONMOUTH .No. l c . N ORFOLK .Nos. 1 4 a ,

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. E. DALTON,
PARK S. H. HOUSE, BRISTOL.

H A M E R , BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

fll> i M e s e r.
NATIONAL SERIES.

185

i S-SSilJ X v s 947. O : Bust to left, CHARLOTTA D E I GRATIA. fl: In a shield H E R P E O P L E S F R I E N D . A crown above, BRITAINS HONOR E : Milled. A. 5G 948.

pJ
N

? {

vQ

-r J

i r

0 : Laureate bust to right, R:


NOVR.

GULIELMUS

. ILL . DEI . GRATIA . . 1 G 8 8 . .

4th

1788 within a wreath. A. 57

GLORIOUS . REVOLUTION . J U B I L E E .

E : Scalloped.

g i 4''"

949 949. 0 : Laureate bust to right, Ii: 951. E : O: R: E:


NOVR.
GULIELMUS .

950 O: Similar, but the legend closer to date. R : As last, but I . D on rev. instead of " Davies." E : Scalloped. A. 201 951 Bis. O : and R: As No. 951. E : Plain. This is on halfpenny size flan, in copper. 950.

ILL . D E I . GRATIA . 1 6 8 8 .

th

1788 within a wreath.


lJarU'S.

REVOLUTION . J U B I L E E .

Scalloped. As No. 950. The same as No. 949. Scalloped.

A. 200

S'-VG-

952

Three-quarter bust to right, GEO. PRINCE OF WALES. The Prince of Wales' crest below the bust. The royal arms, &c., with the Prince of Wales' motto under.
LONDON PENNY. AND MIDDLESEX. HALF-

R E 953a. E

Similar, but with HALFPENNY under the bust instead of the crest. As No. 952.
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 7 4 2

PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN = X

E 952a. E 952ft. E

BRIGHTON CAMP HALFPENNY MDCCXCIV

. X.X
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER BRISTOL.

A. 741
LONDON OR A. 741a

X3 953b. E Plain. 954. O: Profile bust R E:

A. 742a to

PAYABLE AT T H E T E M P L E OF T H E M U S E S .

right. GEORGE The line of forehead comes to E of " P R I N C E . " As No. 952.
PRINCE OF WAX.ES. IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 743

A. 741A

PAYABLE

R a r i t y N o s . 951 Bis., 953b, E R R . 951, 952ft, RR. 952, a, 953, a, 954, common. The others, fairly common. Nos. 935-939 and 947-951 were struck in various metals ; many of the copper were silver-plated or gilt. No. 948 also in silver.

186

a m D M
N A T I O N A L

esc L r.
S E R I E S .

C ' -y/ 955. 0 : Similar to last, but the line of forehead comes between the N and c
o f " FRINGE "

R : As No. 952.
E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 714

956. 3 . . ^

*\

955 /4r few *8 ^

0 : Similar to last, but without a period at end of legend. R : Similar to preceding, but without period before or after " H A L F PENNY." E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF

956

THOMAS CLACKE.

A. 745

Nos, 957-959. O: The rev. of No. 952. 957. R: Crowned bust to left. IOHN OF
GAUNT DUKE IN OF L A N C A S T E R * OR PAYABLE LANCASTER LONDON

/* -' r958. 959. 957 E: '//a I 960.

BRISTOL.

A. 746

The Freemason's Arms, &c. As last. A. 747 The Prince of Wales' crest, &c.,
1795. OF INDUSTRY IS THE PARENT SUCCESS

As last. A. 748 Also in silver. 0 : The rev. of No. 956. /,': A triangle supported by two hands.
KINO LORDS COMMONS.

$
>JiC35 rJ%,

;:: Milled //////


960 K: Plain. 961. O: A full face bust,
WALES. GEO HALFPENNY.

A. 749
PRINCE OF

i& <&*?% " C' - > 2 ^ -/ = \%'J> ^ r f r . \ (a 962. 962a. 963.

R: The Prince's crest, ifcc. As No. 959. E: P A Y A B L E IN LANCASTER L O N D O N OR


BRISTOL. A. 1 5 8 OF WALES. As No.

GEORGE

PRINCE

956. R: and E : As last.


I 1 ' : P A Y A B L E AT LONDON . + . -F . +

A. 160
.+ .+

A. 160(1 0 : Similar, but the line of forehead to c. R : The Prince's crest and motto.
HALFPENNY E : PAYABLE AT 1795. LONDON LIVERPOOL OR

BRISTOL.

A. 161

A. 161a 963a. E: Milled. A. 161& 963i. E : Plain (not in collar). 964. 0 : The same as last. R : Similar, but with a period after
" HALFPENNY." E : PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR A. LIVERPOOL A. BEL162 OR

FAST . X X .

961

964a.

: PAYABLE

AT

LONDON

BRISTOL.

162a

f U M f c M e s c y .
NATIONAL SERIES.

965.

0 : Similar to last, but with a period at end of legend. As No. 955. R : Similar, but dated 1794.
E : PAYABLE AT W. PABKEK's OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE . X .

0 : As last. R : Without the period after


PENNY." F, : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER

A. 163
"HALFOR

LONDON

BRISTOL.

A. 164

0 : Similar to preceding, but the line of forehead comes to the E of


" PRINCE." As W. No. 954. PRINTER BATH

11: As last.
K : PAYABLE AT GYE's

x . X 967a. E:
i-y *.

A. 165 A. 165(1
IN L ANCASTER L ONDON A. OR 1656 OF

PAYABLE AT IOHN SAWYER'S ROMNEY .

* 9674. E:
PAYABLE BRISTOL.

967c. E\ PAYABLE AT THOMAS BUNDOCKS. 968. O: Bust to left, PRINCE R E G E N T


&C.
-

GREAT BRITAIN FRANCE & I R E L A N D

sJ! -gD-J

It: The Prince's crest and motto,


AUGT. 1 2 . 1 7 6 2

BORN.

APPOINTED . F E B .

969.

1789 v A. 153 0 : Bffist to left, PRINCE R E G E N T . R: A crown, HE HOLDS IT FOR


THE KING. EX : 1789.

J/a

-.::? c-%

E Milled. A. 154 970. O: As No. 969. R: Similar, the crown has only nine pearls in either side. The Ex: line almost touches the legend. E: Milled. Similar. The periwig different, and the tie smaller. As last. E: Milled. O: Very similar, the tie of periwig comes close to the foot of the T
in "REGENT."

973. 974. 975.

R : and E : The same as No. 969. A. 155 0 : As last. R: As No. 970. E : Milled. 0 : Similar, but with date. R : Similar, no date A. 156 0 : Bust to left, GEORGE PRINCE OF
WALES.

R: Blank. Nos. 968, 969 and 972 struck in copper and brass; 970, 971 and 974 in brass. Rarity Nos. 958, 959, 960a, 963a, 965, 967a, c, 974, 975, ERR. 9G0, 964, 966, 971, RR. 970, 973, R. 956, 967, scarce. The others, common.

188

AIM M o s e y .
N A T I O N A L S E R I E S .

970.

0 : Two busts to left,


PRINCE &

GEO & C AROLINE OF W A L E S MAY T H E UNION HAPPINESS .

PRINCESS

The Prince's crest,


BE CROWNED 8 WITH APRILL 1795.

Milled. A. 1G6 A. 166a 976a. /. Plain. 977. O Three-quarter bust to left, P R I N C E S S


OF WALES.

I j f r r r r

ft
977a. E 978. O

979.

E 0

ft'

980.

The Prince of Wales' crest above a portcullis, H A L F P E N N Y 1795. Milled A. 167 Plain. Similar to last, but showing an eardrop. Similar, but the crest and chains are smaller. Milled A. 168 Very similar, but four pearls in the hair at side. Similar. The lettering and date finer work. Milled Similar to last, but with five pearls in the hair. : A portcullis and crest as before.
RENDER TO CJESAR THE THINGS THAT ARE CESAR'S.

ra?

ft'

981.

: Plain. A. 169 O : Similar to No. 977, but with four pearls in the hair. : The Prince's crest, 1795. M A Y
THE UNION BE CROWNED & WITH HAPPINESS + : BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H

SWANSEA

A. 170 981. ft
981/). ft
: PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR A. CORK OR BEL170a BELOR FAST . X X . : PAYABLE AT AT LONDON LONDON

FAST . X X .

A. 170fc
LIVERPOOL A. 170t

981c. ft

: PAYABLE

BRISTOL.

On large and small Hans. A. 170'/ 981,/. E : Milled \ m \ A. 170e; 981. E : Plain (not in collar). 98'2. 0 : As last. R : The Prince's crest, &c., 1795. As No. 963.
' N O T E D FOR P U R E AIR AND SEA B A T H I N G .

A. 171 982a. -ft' : 9826. E :


PAYABLE AN AT LONDON FOR OR B R I G H T O N . OPI'RESS'D OF ASYLUM ALL THE

NATIONS.

983

982c. E : Plain. 983. 0 As last. li Two hands joined, &c E Plain.

A. 171a
MAY SLAVERY,

A. 172

fllMbMcscy.
NATIONAL SERIES. 189

V-i

v i s

& : wit

984. O: Bust to left, D U K E OF YORK. 1' A female standing, leaning upon a pillar.
GOD SEND PEACE. 177

Also in brass. 985. O : Bust to right, F R E D K ; D U K E


PENNY 1795.

O F YORK H A L F -

oy: m *
que;

R : A man-of-war sailing to the left.


WOODEN '
P A Y a

THE

WALLS

OF

OLD ENGLAND LONDON DUBLIN OR B R I S T O L .

BLE

IN L A N C A S T E I t LONDON OR

7,.
PAYABLE AT L O N D O N . - J - . - J - . - f - . .

A. 178
. X . X .

V O O a . IL, . P A Y A B L E I N

QQri ir ,
JOO0. /, .

A. 178<z

$1

985 N j

fi-

&

V
d

J A ^ r
m m

4-*

986. O: Similar to last, but with a period at end of legend. R : A large man-of-war sailing to right. The same legend as before.
h, : P A Y A B L E IN DUBLIN OR LONDON .-f. + .
A

fe

j s-iziiiy 986 _
rvr r < > * CJ ; V' i J \ _ 987(1.

987. 0 : As last. R: Man-of-war sailing to right,


& E : PAYABLE
F

'

179

THE

GUARD

GLORY IN

OF

BRITAIN. OR LONDON . + . + .

PAYABLE

DUBLIN OR

A 180
IN S U F F O L K B A T H MANCHESTER . X.

f,
***

S m m t .
i

0071.
'
K

.
P A Y A B L E AT D U B L I N : i U e d (coarse ) OR AT B A L L Y M U R T A G H

A". 180a flans). ' A. 1804 a . 180C

X f ^ , , ,' , J87a. h : 1 lain (011 smaller v & Nos. 988-990.


-

0 : The obv. of No. 985. A. 182


HALFA. PARKER'S X R U L E BRITANNIA. OLD 188

&'
> U?V':

f'>
/ #

"A

.I'*: raSi&S&9 989. /t: f e m a l e seated holding mining tools,

*i/jl

88- y :ri he Pr

'

' n c e of Wales' crest, &c.


1794. AT W.

PENNY

989 a.l\

:PAYABLE

BIRMINGHAM

WAREHOUSE

990. 7i':Figure of Britannia seated, 1797 r,rrj " . -> - 1 ^

A. 184

Nos. 991-993. O: The obv. of No. 986. 991. R: Female seated holding mining tools, H A L F PENNY 1790. IN OR &C A. 185

t.

992.

R : The same as No. 989.


E : PAYABLE LONDON LANCASTER LIVERPOOL.
A

qqo x,
H . MAY I R E L A N D EVER FLOURISH,

" 186

E : Plain. 994. O: Bust different to any preceding and in high relief. * D U K E * OF * YORK * R . A cypher D } . A M E M B E R O F T H E B R I T H .
SENATE. 1797. A 187

Rarity

Nos. 976a, 9816, 982 a, 6 , 987, 6, 998, E R R . 979, 989a, RR. 976, 9854, 987a, 994, R. 981, a, 987c, 988, scarce. The others, common.

190

fll> t fc M e s e y . NATIONAL vjy SERIES. FRANCE (King and Queen of).


ET M.

ZZgfctUS
^j-roiJirrra

O: T w o b u s t s ,

LOUIS

. xvi

A N T O I N E T T E . R O I E T R E I N E DE FRANCE. 11 : M U R D . BY | T H E FACTIOUS. | L O U I S XVI. J A N . '21 | M . ANTOINETTE | OCT. 1 6 .

| 1793. E : Milled. E : Plain (not in collar). Nos. 996-998. It ; Bust of E : E : R : E : P,: E : O: U : As last.

A. 90 A. 90a

DAVID GARRICK EKQR.

K : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

Milled. A. 91 Plain (not in collar). A. 91a A cypher P S Co. &e. Milled. A. 92 An anchor and cable, &c. Milled A. 93 The same die, but with the date
1795 added in field.
GARRICK ESQR.

(98

H: Bust of DAVID No. 996.


E : SKIDMORE

As
A. 91

HOLBORN LONDON.

E : Milled. O: As last. 1{ : Anchor and cable.


E

A. 91a As No. 998.


A. 95

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

999

1001

(
to

1000a . E : 1001. 0 : II: E:

Milled. As last. A cat, &c. Milled.


FRANCE
DOPHIN *

A. 95a

C'iLO / /

(Dauphin).

0 : Bust to right, a crown above,


OF * FRANCE * 11 : MAY . T H E . D O P H I N | BE

THF. *

. RESTORED

. TO . T H E | CROWN . IN . FRNNCE .

I I. W.

A crown above.

A. 96

FRANCE (Louis Rex). 1003.


0 : Bust to right,
REX. JAMES

under it.

LOUIS

R: Three fleurs-de-lis, 1790. A. 97 O: As last. R : Female seated holding rod with cap of liberty, L I B E R T A S 1780. E : Plain. R a r i t y N o s . 095, 996, b, 997, 999, a, 1000 a, 1001, 1001, 1006, a, b, 1008, 1011a, b, RRR. 1007, a, R. The others, common 996a, 1003, 1005, 1009, RR. 1004.

JH>iM>lescy.
191

POLITICAL AND

SOCIAL SERIES. 1005. O: A cabbage, CABBAGE 11: puitiM . 1780 .


. SOCIETY . .

1006.

In brass. 0: Laureated bust to right.


COMMERCIAL E : PAYABLE IN AT HALFPENNY.

BRITISH

R : Britannia seated.
DUBLIN.

BRITANNIA

1797. OR

CRONEBANE . MORIBVS.

LODGE ORNES

100G. E : Alt M I S . T V T E R I S 10066. E: Engrailed.

1007.

0 R

COOPER. Bust to left. W . C O O P E R


YEARS.

AGED . 2 0

An open book, H O L Y B I B L E E X I CHAP. i. Radiation above, branches below, R E L I G I O N . E Milled. 1007 E : Engrailed. 1 0 0 7 / ' . E: Plain. A. 62 100H. O: As last. II: An incuse impression of the Anglesea bust. On some the milling or engrailing is all but obliterated by the pressure of the metal against the collar at time of striking. DIMSDALE. O: A deformed man.
DALE li: ELECTED MUFFIN MAYOR OF

1009.

SR.

HARRY D I M S -

MERCHT. GARRAT 1796.

Encircled with sprigs of roses. A. 84 ERSKINE AND ERSKINE & GIBBS. 1010. U : Bust to left. H O N . T . E R S K I N E . ZJJOJ, 1011.
li : A F R I E N D | TO OF MAN. FREEDOM | & RIGHTS |

A. 85 O : Two barristers standing, holding a label, inscribed " B I L L O F R I G H T S . " Another label above them has " M A G N A C H A R T A " inscribed upon
it. E R S K I N E AND G I B B S AND T R I A L BY J U R Y . T . H A R D Y . | I . H . T O O K E . | T. H O L C R O F T . I . A. B O N N E Y . | J . J O Y C E . J. THELWALL. | I. BAXTER. | 1 7 9 4 . S. K I D . | I. RICHTER.

V-'.%

i /

l-.'S -/ % '-.HOXC'SlUT'Z. ray. E:

/ 'j-ilOX.CSiO-fKt | I~JOIC,sj:IU^4 U$l 1012


1()]1^

Engrailed. Also struck in silver.

A. 86

loiirt. /; C U R R E N T E V E R Y W H E R E . /. Plain. 1012. 0 : As last. R : Similar, the 4 of date under first limb of E. E : Milled ****. A. 86a

192

H I M b M e s c y . POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SERIES.

1013.

0 : Very similar. The Y of close to the ground.


I{ : A WAY I TO PREVENT | GETTING | A TRICK.

".JURY" KNAVES |

F : Plain.

A. 87

FOX.
0 1 I.

Bust to right.
FOX. 1797.

R T . HONORABLE C. J . DEDI-

A cypher !' S Co. in a circle,


& COINS.

CATED TO COLLECTORS OF MEDALS

1015.

Plain. The same as last. Minerva. TRUTH


JUSTICE

A. 88
FOH MY HELM &

FOR MY S H I E L D .

E : Plain.

A. 89

1
1016.

juaui/j

UGJOS'.

11(

1017
FRANCE (Map of). trodden u n d e r foot, ' throne" turned upside down, F R A - N C E (divided), RE | LI ! GI | ON cut in pieces, " G L O R Y " defaced, " F I R E " in each corner, murder (i.e. daggers) on every side, and bloodshed all over, A MAP OF
FRANCE. 77: 1794.

O:

"HONOR"

1017.

O : As last. It: The same legend but in smaller letters, which do not touch the wreath. A. 99 E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .
E : PAYABLE AT CLOUGHER OR IN DUBLIN.

1017. 10176. 1017c.

A. 99(1
E: E : PAYABLE PAYABLE AT IN I. JORDAN S DRAPER GOSPORT. LONDON LANCASTER.

MAY | GREAT BRITAIN | EVER REMAIN |

Radiated within a wreath of oak. The first and last letters of second line of legend touch the wreath.
THE | REVERSE. K : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . PAYABLE AT THE THOMAS CLARKE. A. 98 OF A . 98(1 HEATHS BAY

A. 996
BRISTOL &

A. 99c A. 99d A. 99c

1 0 1 7 ( / . F. : RICHARD DUNMORE & SON NORWICH.

1016a. F, : 10166. E : 1016c. E :

1017. E: Engrailed. 1017/'. E : Plain (not in collar).

WAREHOUSE

RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE. PAYABLE AT CHARLES MAKER COLCHESTER.

1016(7. Fj : Engrailed. 1016e. K : Milled (coarse). 1016/'. E: Plain (not in collar).

A. 986 A. 98c A. 98(7 1016a, 10176, 1018, 1020, RR. The others, common.

Rarity Nos. 1015, 10166, c, 1017, d, 10186, c, 1019a, RRR. 1013, scarce. 1014, 1016, 1017a, 1027, 1028, R.

AIMftb I e s ey.
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SERIES. GENERAL CONVENIENCE.

193

1018.

: A helmed bust to right,


RAL CONVENIENCE.

FOR G E N E =

Shield of arms, 1795.


PAYABLE IN LONDON.

HALFPENNY TOKFN

1018a
1018ft 1018<

engrailed > Milled \\^\\ Plain.


Milled over
HONOUR THE

The remainder A. 101 A. 101a


GOD AND

FEAR KING.

As last. Figure of Britannia seated holding a spear and a palm branch.


RULE BKITANIA # * EX: 1797.

1019
101 Ort

PAYABLE IN LONDON.

1020. ^ c a ciLkh /isi /n ''QjlilZ'X . T OT. - ' \S J '1 ' .


1021.

engrailed < Plain 0 : As last. Ii: A plough. INDUSTRY


WANT, H'X: 1790.

The remainder A. 102

SUPPLIETH

: PAYABLE IN LONDON,

A. 103 and engrailed

HANDEL.

0 : Bust to left.

G. F . HANDEL.

I KNOW

THAT MY R E D E E M E R L I V E T H . BENEVOLENT CHORAL FUND I N S T I T U T E D 1 791 FOR ITS DECAYD WIDOWS A. 104 AND ORPHANS.

1022.

As last.
BENEVOLENT CHORAL FUND I N S T I T U T E D 1(91 FOR ITS D E C A Y D MEMBERS A. 105 WIDOWS AND ORPHANS.

,"32-Z-6 ly
1022 ,ffp'A,,

t'ilOi;.- L r UiJIj 4? -f'-JizSi'l ll'S Z1

Similar to preceding, but the name is in a straight line. The same legend as last, but smaller letters and with four dots at the end, thus : A. 106 Also in brass. ayi -ais jv a
HARDY.

f*S~

3
j

W P * i'T" . V \

'.z'+ursszu s -' nis, J v z-z

1024-1028.
T R I E D FOR T. HARDY 1 7 9 4 .

O: Bust to left.
E.r:

HIGH TREASON.

11 : ACQUITTED |COUNSEL

BY

HIS

| JURY

p*c<-myrrr zu\
s-v if i 3 couj. ; U H t e x i . -ciiris; & GliiiJS 3 r /

AC^TJiTTg S V H I S -.'OH' e c ^ g p . :

ZttVIT'.
V HiS 0 EJ//3
T

lines. A 107 I i : Similar, but with a period after " J U R Y , "


ACQUITTED | BY HIS JURY | COUNSEL J HON. T . ERSKINE | V. GIBBS ESQR. T h e Y of

HON. T. ERSKINE | V. GIBBS ESQR. In six

V.OJl.'f.HK3Xl: yonsas .s

" B Y " under A. A. 108 Similar to last. The Y of " JURY " closer to edge. The Y of " B Y " under AC.

194

AIM & M c 5 e y.
POLITICAL A N D SOCIAL SERIES. INDUSTRY.

10'29.

O : A beehive and bees, within a wreath of roses and thistles, INDUSTRY


T H E SOURCE OF CONTENT. T. P.

R : A shield, inscribed FOR CHANGE IN T R A D E , between sprigs of oak.


TO C O N V E N I E N C E T H E P U B L I C 1 8 0 1 .

A. 120 Bis.
LOYAL BRITON'S LODGE.

1030.

O: An anchor and cable, and cap of liberty radiated, LIBERTY-f P E A C E


+ COMMERCE.

R : A crown
LOYAL

in

a radiated
LODGE

circle.

BRITONS

1031.

0 : R:

1032.

0: 1!:

A. 123 Also struck in brass. Similar to last, but the radiation is shorter, and the crosses larger. Similar, but with stars between the words. A. 124 The rev. of last. The arms of Orchard, &c. A. 125
N E W T O N .

1033.

O : Bust to left. S R . ISAAC N E W T O N . Ii: A caduceus, olive branch, and cornucopia, H A L E P E N N Y . 1793. E : Engrailed. A. 126 1033ft. E: Plain.
1034. O: Similar to last, but without the dot

under the small R of " SR." /)': and E: As No. 1033. A. 127 1034a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 127a 1035. 0 : Similar, but the small R is smaller, and the legend approaches nearer to the bust. R : The right hand wing of caduceus points between the two N'S of
" HALFPENNY." E PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON .

_ X

IN L O N D O N x . THE X . BRISTOL

A. 128
& LANA. 128a LIVERA . 128/>

1035a. E 1084 .
10356. E :

: PAYABLE

CASTER . PAYABLE POOL. AT

WAREHOUSE

1035c. E : Engrailed. 1035rf. E : Plain.

A. 128c

Nos. 1033-1035.Notice position of nose, also beginning and end of legend.

fll> i i) M c 5 e y .
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SERIES.

195

ROMAINE. 1036. O. Bust front face,


R E V D . W. THE JACOBS

F . under.
1795. I L I V E BY

ROMAINE, M.A.

h : Arms in a double circle


FAITH OF T H E

SON O F GOD.

A. 138 SLAVE. 1037. O : A chained negro kneeling, in supplication. A M I NOT A M A N AND


A BROTHER.

/ . I wo hands joined,

MAY SLAVERY &

%
lriQ_

OPRESSION CEASE T H R O U G H O U T T H E WORLD -FE : PAYABLE IN D U B L I N OR LONDON + : THIS . -F-

is

A. 144
NOT A COIN BUT A M E D A L .

lU37a. /'J

A. 144a 10871 E : Milled www (coarse). A. 1446 1037c /* : Plain. 1038. O: As last. Ji : Similar to last, but " O P P R E S S I O N " is spelt correctly.
:

1038a. /' 10386. E

PAYABLE PAYABLE
l m

IN D U B L I N IN

OR AT

UALLYMURTAGH. OR

A. 145 A. 1 4 5 a

PAYABLE IN DUBLIN

OR LONDON. LONDON

LANCASTER

LIVERPOOL.

1038c. E

A. 1456
: YORK B U I L T A.M . 1223 R E B U I L T A.D. 1 0 7 5 . BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H PAYABLE IN LIVERPOOL. & ANGLESEY CATHEDRAL A. 1 4 5 c SWANSEA. LONDON OR

1038r/. ]', : 1038c. E : 1038/. 1038//. 1038/i. 1038t. 1039. E : E : E: E:

Engrailed. A. 145d Milled to left IIIIII A. 145 Milled to right, over an inscription. Plain (not in collar). A. 145/

1039a. E : PAYABLE AT D U B L I N & SWANSEA. 10396. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T . L I V E R P O O L OR B R I S T O L . 1039c. E: Milled 1039</. E : Plain (not in collar) IZ iy

Similar to last, but the negro s head is under the AND and the letters of legend are smaller. R : The letters of legend E : BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H are smaller, and terminate with a rosette instead of a cross.
^ A. 146a ^ 2466

A. 146c A. 146(/ STANHOPE.

1040.

O : Bust to left,
OUT

STANHOPE NOBLE W I T H -

NOBILITY.

R: The tomb of Hampden, &c. E : Milled ////// A. 147 1040 R a r i t y Nos. 1034a, 1 0 3 5 ^ 1037c, 1038</, c, h, 1039c, RRR. 1038/', 1039 RR 10f9 1030, 1032, 1033a, 1035, 6, 1037a, R. 1031, 10376, scarce. The others, common.

196

mMt>Mescy.
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL 1041. SERIES.
INNOCENCE. SUPPLIETH

STAG. 0: A Stag. F R E E D O M WITH K: A plough. INDUSTRY


WANT. JPx: 1796. 7 ? : PAYABLE IN LONDON .

The remainder engrailed < A. 750 1041a. 7',': As last, but engrailed to right > on a smaller flan. 1041ft. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON . The remainder dots and crosses. A. 750a 1041c. E: PAYABLE AT G O L D S M I T H S , and engrailed 1041rf. E : PAYABLE BY HORTON AND COMPANY. 1041*. E : Milled. A. 7506 1041/. E : Plain. 1042. O: As last. R : Figure of Britannia seated holding a spear and a palm branch. * * R U L E BRITANIA S- * Ex: 1797. PAYABLE IN LONDON . The remainder engrailed < A. 751 1042a. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON . The remainder dots and crosses. A. 751a 1042ft. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 751ft 1043. O: Similar, but the legend in smaller letters. R : A plough. INDUSTRY PRODUCETH
WEALTH. E x : A & S.

Sr.

jgsrn

eg 1044.

Also struck in silver. TOOKE. O : A full face bust,


ESQR. IOHN HORNE TOOKE

Tr xnsxxjtfE
/-: HsJUSiStM ClgftCE

.'* TSAPG'-Hlt

-^(XHiAwa

jA72 J / I T P O U T

R : The names of the jury in a square ; ERSKINE above, GIBBS below.


BRITISH JUSTICE AT AT DISPLAY'D NOVR.

I I C G V Z Z D M .

22.
E : PAYABLE

1794.
BIRMINGHAM LONDON . BRIGHTON A. 1 4 9 LIVERPOOL OR A. 149a

OR L I V E R P O O L X

1044a. E : T.Y 'J 11 \ CO0j-J3L

PAYABLE

BRISTOL .

1044ft. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 149ft 1045. O: Bust to right, J . H . TOOKE ESQR. 1794 under. T R I E D FOR H I G H
TREASON. R: ACQUITTED | BY H I S JURY. | COUNSEL | HON. T . E R S K I N E | V. GIBBS ESQR.

/ sjsvrnz jxrif/x. /p.qn^L j vuossoi i'pAVf amx/^aCI c o o MO a A. v a&w.'/ aiisiCfWi

E : Milled (upright). 1045a. E : Plain. 1046. U : As last.


JUDGES COUNSEL OF | | LAW T. AND

A. 150

R : NOT GUILTY | SAY T H E J U R Y . | EQUAL FACT | V. | HON. ERSKINE

GIBBS ESQR.

T h e Y o f " GUILTY "

1047 1046 1047

to first limb of R. A. 151 O: The name below the bust is more spread so as to come under the beginning and end of upper legend. R: Similar, but the Y between R and Y
of " J U R Y . " A. 1 5 2

fllMbMescy. POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SERIES.

197

TOM

TACKLE. TOM
AND

1048.

O: A sailor b r a n d i s h i n g a cutlass,
TACKLE IS RICH. FOR KING COUNTRY.

R: A sailor with a wooden leg and crutches, TOM T A C K L E I S POOR *


MY COUNTRY S E R V D A. 148

WASHINGTON. 1049. O : Bust to left.


WASHINGTON P R E S I D E N T

1791.
R : An eagle holding in his beak a label inscribed " U N U M E P L U R I B U S "
ONE E : UNITED CENT. S T A T E S O F AMERICA . x

1050.

A. 173 0 . A similar bust to last.


PRESIDENT. WASHINGTON

It: A smaller eagle with eight stars and a cloud above it. O N E C E N T 1791. E : As last. \ 274 1050a. E : P A Y A B L E AT T H E W A R E H O U S E O F T H O S .
WORSWICK & SONS . x . A. 174a

1051.

O: As last li : A ship,
E : PAYABLE

HALFPENNY IN

1793.
LONDON A. OR 175

ANGLESEY .

LIVERPOOL . X

1051a 1052.

E : Plain. 0: Bust to right, GEORGE WASHINGTON. It: Shield and crest of the United States. L I B E R T Y AND S E C U R I T Y 1795.
E : BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA.

A. 176 1052a. E : 1052/). L


PAYABLE AT LONDON LIVERPOOL A. FOR THE OR BRISTOL. : AN ASYLUM 176a OF

OPPRESS'D A

ALL

NATIONS.

1766

1052c. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 176c 1052 Bis. 0 : Bust to left, G E O R G I V S W A S H I N G T O N . It: A crowned harp, N O R T H W A L E S .
E : P A Y A B L E IN L A N C A S T E R LONDON OR BRISTOL.

1.D6 others, common.

198

fHMbMesey.
FARTHINGS. ilAiSS i
1053.

DENTON'S.
0 : DENTON DEALER IN COINS GATE SMITHF1ELD. HOSPITAL

jR: Two

busts

facing.
1795.

WE

THREE A. 7 5 3

BLOCKHEADS HE

1054. 1055. 1050. 1054

Nos. 1054-1056. 0 : As last. R: A crown within a radiation. A. 754 R : A cart unloading into a ship, lying at a quay. A. 755 R: A deformed dwarf, SIR J E F F E R Y
DUNSTAN 1795. A. 756

Nos. 1057-1058. O : The rev. of No. 1053. 1057. R : The same as No. 1056. A. 757 1058. R : Prince of Wales' crest, &c. A. 758

HARRISON'S. 1059. 0 : Harrison . Hair : Dresser No. 64 . Long Lane West Smithfield. R: Two busts facing. . Bleeding & Tooth Drawing 1797. A. 759

Lo/jfr

ORCHARD'S. 1060. 0 : Bust to left with a hat on, JACOBS under it. ROBERT ORCHARD . 1796. R: A large cypher R O.
1061. O : ROBERT ORCHARD | GROCER DEALER | NO 3 4 | LONDON | WHOLESALE

A. 760
| & | TEA & RETAIL

GREEK ST. | SOHO

1803. R : A Turk standing amongst bales, &c.


FARTHING & COCOA MAKER ON A OF NEW CHOCOLATE PRINCIPLE.

(Inverted N'S.) 1062. 0 : As last. R : A building,

A. 761

ROBERT . ORCHARD . TEA SAW BRIDGEWORTH A. (62

. WAREHOUSE . CORNER OF CHURCH ST . AND . AT HARTS.

1063. !fe h .1062

O: Bust

to

right,
& ST. TEA

ROBERT DEALER

ORCHARD NO. 34 ST.

GROCER GREEK

CORNER

CHURCH

SOHO LONDON 1 8 0 4 .

R : The same die, but with rected for HARTS .

HERTS

corA. 763

HD i & M c 5 c y . FARTHINGS.

199

m
^>12X1004

PIDCOCK'S. 1064. O: An elephant,


COCK'S * * JAMES

under it.

* PIDEXETER A. 764 *

EXHIBITION. PIDCOCK.

R: 1065.

A lion

fondling a dog.

CHANGE LONDON

O: As last. R . A two-headed
CHANGE * *

cow.

EXETER

STRAND

LONDON.

The cow's horns divide the two stars. E : Milled. a . 7/55 1065a. E : Plain. These are struck on thick and thin flans. 1065 Bis. 0: As last. R : A two-headed cow. As No. 1066. 1066. O : Similar to last. The artist's name does not appear. R . Similar to last, but the horns of cow come into the word " C H A N G E . ' ' E : Plain (not in collar) A. 766 Nos. 1067-1068. 1067. O: As No. 1064.

jbjWWB.

R : A cockatoo standing on a branch of a tree, E X E T E R CHANGE STRAND


LONDON.

1067a 1068. iaoj 1069.

E: E R:

Milled. A. 767 Plain (not in collar). A. 767a A pelican, PIDCOCK . E X E T E R CHANGE


LONDON A. 768

0 : A lion. As No. 1064. R : A beaver, T H E BEAVER 1801.

A 1 f\!'C\ " 769 1069 Bis. Struck over a George III. halfpenny. 1070. 0 : As last. R : A monkey, T H E WANDEROW 1801. A. 770 O: A beaver. As No. 1069. R : A cockatoo. As No. 1067. A. 771 1072. O: As last. R : A pelican. As No. 1068. A. 772 1073. 0 : The wanderow. As No. 1070. R : As last. \ 773

SKIDMORE'S. O R E O A register stove,


HOLBOBN LONDON.

NO. 123

HIGH

1075.

Two men working in a foundry. Ex: 1795. A 774 Milled. Shield of arms between sprigs.
DEALER IN COINS MEDALS &C.

h . A man hanging from a gallows.


E N D OF PAIN. As No. 1105.

Milled.

A. 775

R a r i t y Nos. 1069 Bis., 1071, RRR. 1065a, 1065 Bis., RR. 1068 1074 1075 R 1054, 1055, 1056, 1058, 1064, 1069, 1072, 1073, scarce. The others common

200

m M b M e s e y . FARTHINGS. 1076. SPENCE'S.

This was struck from the centre of halfpenny dies, No. 676. Nos. 1077-1082. O: Bust to left, JAMES under.
T. S P E N C E . A . STATE PRISONER IN 1791.

1077.

1078. 1079. 1080. 1081.

B : Britannia seated, a cap of Liberty falling, ROUSE BRITANNIA. Also in brass. B : A mun riding on a bull with an ass's head, AM I NOT T H I N E ASS. A. 777 II: A man's and ass's heads conjoined.
ODDFELLOWS. A GUINEA PIG . A MILLION IIOG. A. 7 7 8

B : A padlock, M U M 1796. 1!: A pig trampling on crozier, &c. P I G S


L I S H E D BY T.

A. 779 a crown,
MEAT PUB-

S P E N C E LONDON.

1082. 1070 1083.

On thick and thin flans. B\ A slave kneeling, A M I NOT A M A N


AND A B R O T H E R . E x \ JAMES.

A. 781 Adam and Eve. 0 : Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden, MAN OVER MAN H E MADE
NOT LORD. Ex : c . JAMES . F.

f<M

B : A pig. As No. 1081. A. 782 Nos. 1084 -1089. O: The same die altered with lines in place of artist's name in Ex. 1084. B: Britannia seated. As No. 1077. A. 784 1085. B : A bull with ass's head. As No. 1078. Also in brass. ^ B : Oddfellows. As No. 1079. A. 785 1086. 1087. B : A padlock. As No. 1080. A. 786 A. 787 1088. B: A pig. As No. 1081. 1089. B : A slave. As No. 1082. A. 788 Nos. 1085 and 1087 also in brass. Britannia. 0 : Figure of Britannia. As No. 1077. B : An anchor and cable, PROMISSORY
NAVAL FARTHING . A. 7 9 5

1090.

Cat. 1091. O : A cat.


LIKE IN . SOCIETY . L I V E . F R E E .

. ME . 1795.

Under the

c a t JAMES.

B : A hand holding an open book, inscribed P I G S MEAT -* # I F LORDS


ALL MANKIND ARE * THEN THEY YE R E N T S S H O U ' D SHARE. A. 7 9 7

R a r i t y - N o s . 1076, RRR. 1090, RR. 1082, R. 1079, 1080, 1081, 1086, 1087, 1089, scarce. The others, common.

f U M & M e s e y . SPENCE'S.

201

i f , -ZJ.-U J ven Fellows.'^&B^^*09H Nos. 1092-1098. 0 : The faces of a man and a demon joined, E V E N F E L L O W S . 1092. R : Britannia. As No. 1077. A. 793 R : A bull with ass's head. As No. 1078 1093. A. 790 R: Odd Fellows. As No. 1079. 1094. E: Milled. E : Plain. A. 801 1094a. R: A padlock. As No. 1080. 1095. K: Milled. 1095a. E Plain. A. 804 1096. R A pig, &c. As No. 1081. A. 810 1097. R A slave. &c. As No. 1082. A. 812 1098. R A man hanging from a gallows.
END . O F p T.

1103 Man on all fours. O: A man on all fours, IF

Nos. 10991105. 1099. 1100. 1101. 1102. 1103.

T H E LAW R E Q U I R E S IT WE WILL WALK T H U S .

R : Britannia. As No. 1077. A. 794 R : A bull with ass's head. As No. 1078 A. 791 R : Odd Fellows. As No. 1079. A. 802 R : A padlock. As No. 1080. A. H05 R : A pair of breeches on fire, a snake with a man's head under, PANDORAS B R E E C H E S . A. 8 0 6

1104.

A slave, &c. END OF

As No. 1082. PAIN.

A. 813

E:

Milled.

A. 798

Nos. 1105-1110. O: A man hanging on a gibbet, and a distant view of a church, E N D OF PAIN. 1105. 1106. R: R:
MAY THF, KNAVE OF JACOBIN An CLUBS A. 2 3 3 OPEN NEVER GET A TRICK.

T H E . WRONGS . OF . MAN .

O: Nos. 1105-1110

book inscribed " JANY.21 1793." E : Milled. 1106a. E : Plain. A. 234 1107. R : An open book inscribed " THE WRONGS OF MAN JANY. 21 1793." A. 235 1108. R : A cap of liberty radiated upon a pole, which is crossed by a sword and palm branch. E : Milled. 1108a. E : Plain. A. 236 1109. R: A man hanging from a gallows. END . OF p 3 T. As No. 1098. E : Milled. A. 238 1110. R : A pair of breeches on fire, PANDORAS
BREECHES. As No. 1103. A. 8 0 8

1111.

O:

E N D . OF

P 3 T .

As No. 1098.

R : SUCH . I S . T H E . REWARD . OF . TYRANTS

1796. I ': Milled. 1111a. E: Plain. 1111

A. 237 A. 237a

^?, sRBB1094, a, 1095, 1101, 1103, 1106, 1107, 1108 1109 RR 1092 " W . W . >. l o w . " 0 0 , 1104, 1 lOGii, 1108a, 1111, R. The others, scarce

202

AIM fcMesey
SPENCE'S.

1128 THOS. SPENCE, &c. Nos. 1112-1119. in four lines,


OF MAN.

Three Thomases. Nos. 1120-1128. O: Three men hanging on a gibbet, T H E T H R E E THOMAS'S 1796. 1120. 11: E : 1120a. E: 1121. II:
E:

O:

THOS. SPENCE | SIR THOS.

MORE | THOS. PAINE

| 1795.

Ill the centre

ADVOCATES FOR T H E R I G H T S

1112. 1118. 1114. 1115. 1116. 1117. 1118. 1119.

R : A bull with ass's head. As. No. 1078 A. 789 A. 792 Britannia. As No. 1077. A. 796 Cat. As No. 1091. Odd Fellows. As No. 1079. A. 799 A padlock. As No. 10H0. A. 808 A. 809 A pig, &c. As No. 1081. A slave, &c. As No. 1082. A. 811 Three men hanging. As No. 1120. A. 814 Milled.

Odd Fellows. As No. 1079. Milled. A. 800 Plain. A pair of breeches on tire, PANDORAS
BREECHES. A S NO. 1 1 0 8 .

1122. 1123.

Milled. R: An open book inscribed. 1106. E Milled.


NEVER GET A TRICK.

A. 807 As No. A. 815

Ii : MAY T H E 8 KNAVES OF JACOBIN CLUBS

E : Milled. 1128a. E: Plain. MISCELLANEOUS. 1124. O: Profile bust to right.


MIDDLESEX, FARTHING.

A. 816

LONDON

&

'it'. J. Or LOti 1VZPfO

1125.

Ii: Prince of Wales' crest in a shield. PRO BONO PUBLICO 1798 above, and two sprigs under. A. 817 O : Laureate bust to left, IULIOUS CEASER . 1795.
It: PAYABLE | IN LONDON | . LIVERPOOL A. 8 2 2 WITH . INNO| OR . BATH .

1126.

0 : A stag,
CENCE

FREEDOM

[}: A plough,
WEALTH .

INDUSTRY . PRODUCETH . A. 8 2 8

NATIONAL
m i / A*

SERIES.

f L 07/J >1 > TR-iVS 'l :>iS PEKi&A

Nos. 1127-1129.
1127. II:

O: Laureate bust to left.

GOD SAVE T H E KING. MAY A | FLOWING | TRADE FOLLOW A SPEEDY AND | HONORABLE PEACE I 1 7 9 6 . A. 1 8 8

1128. 1129.

K : A stork standing upon a cornucopia of flowers, FARTHING . A. 189 R : An anchor and cable, PROMISSORY
NAVAL FARTHING

E : Milled. 1129

A. 190

Rarity Nos. 1126, 1129, 1182, RRR. 1114, 1120a, 1121, .1122, 1128, 1185, , 1136, 1139, RR. 1115, 1116, 1118, 1119, 1120, 1128a, 1131, 1134, 1187, 1189a, R. 1124, 1125, 1128, 1130, 1138, 1188, scarce. The others, common.

DIM M c e e y.
NATIONAL 1130. SERIES.

208

O : Laureate bust to right, c.i under it.


GEORGIVS III D E I GRATIA. II : ! R : R E S T O R E D | TO | H E A L T H | MARCH

KSTC r

1181.

1789. A crown between sprigs of laurel and palm above. A. 191 0 : Similar, but with I.H & co under the bust.
R : RESTORED | TO HIS SUBJECTS | MARCH : | 1 7 8 9 .

A. 192 A. 193 F under.


REX

1132. 1133.

O: The same as No. 1130. R : A harp crowned. 0 : Two busts to right, K


GEORGIUS ET REG. III ET

CHARLOTTE

R: A t 1134.

lyre. A. 194 O : Similar to last, but with w . F under bust. palm branch across
PEACE AND HARMONY. R : PATRONS OF V I R T U E

within a laurel
A. 195

wreath,
YEAR

A P R E S E N T FOR T H E NEW

1790.

1135.

ME

O: Similar to preceding, but without the initials under bust. R: Similar, but without date and with I D under wreath. A. 19(S E: Milled. Plain.
" CHARLOTTE "

1135a. E
UJ -

Z >J-

1136.

0 : Similar to last, but no dot after R . As last. E : Milled.

1137.

0 : The same as No. 1134. R : A crown above two hearts


OF V I R T U E . PATRONS

A. 197

Also struck in silver. 1138. O: The same as No. 1135. R : Similar to last, the period further from E. E : Milled. A. 198 O : Two busts, similar,
CHAR. REX E T REG.

1139.

GEO. III ET

R : Similar, but the letters of legend larger. No period. E : Milled. A. 199 1139a. E : Plain.

'204

flD i 6 M e 0 e y.

PRINCE 1140.

OF

WALES.
PRINCE OF WALES.

0 : Bust to left,
* DIEN *

R : The Prince of Wales' crest. JK : Milled. 1140a. K: 1141. Plain. (>: As last.

* ICH * A. 246 A. 246a

R: The crest smaller and without the stars. //': Plain. 1142. O: Similar to preceding, but coarser work, and with a star over bust. 11: Similar, but with several small ornaments above and below crest. A. 247 This is struck in brass.

P R I N C E AND P R I N C E S S OF WALES. 1143. O R Two busts to left,


GEO & CAROLINE

PRINCE & PRINCESS OF WALES.

The Prince's crest, between sprigs.


MAY T H E UNION BE CROWNED WITH HAPPINESS APRIL 8 1795. A. 2 4 8

This is struck in brass. 1144. 0 : Two busts, h: r -'J . 1145. O R


0
GEORGE AND CAROLINA.

A stork standing upon a cornucopia.


PAYABLE IN LONDON 1795.

A. 818 Similar, but last letter of legend touches the tie of wig. Similar, but without star and date. 1146. K Similar to No. 1144. A pig, with the Prince of Wales' crest on its head, trampling upon " HONOUR," cards, dice, &c.,strewn on the ground, LONG L I V E THE
KING . A. 8 1 9

1147.

O R

As No. 1144. Similar to last, but the legend reads


FREEDOM TO THE SLAVE.

1148.

O R

A. 820 Similar to No. 1144. PEACE in the centre, a beehive above, and sprigs of laurel below. A. 821

fllM&Mesey.

205

SOCIAL 1149. 0 : A cabbage,


R : PURIM . 1 7 8 0 .

SERIES.
CABBAGE . SOCIETY . .

In brass. 1150. O: Laureated bust to right. R: Britannia seated. E : Plain.


BRITANNIA . BRITISH COMMERCIAL QUARTER PENNY.

1797.

NEWTON. 1151. 0 : Bust to left. R: A cornucopia


FARTHING. SR. ISAAC NEWTON.

and olive branch.


1793.

r V-J~, - 7 -^ir 1<

A. 220 1151a. E : Engrailed. 11516. E : Plain. A. 220a 1152. A very poor copy of the above, evidently a counterfeit. 1158. 0 : The same as No. 1151. R : A shield bearing the Prince of Wales' plume, between sprigs.
PRO BONO PUBLICO 1793. A. 2 2 2

E : Milled.

A. 221

1154.

0 : Bust to left, branch,

ISAAC NEWTON.

R: Female seated holding spear and


FARTHING.

Ex:

1771. A. 223

1155.

O : As No. 1154. R : Similar, but dated 1793. has a flat top. The 3 A. 224 dated 1793. A. 225 A. 226
COMMERCE A. 2 2 7

1156.

O : Similar to last. R : Similar to 1154, Rounded top to 3.

1157. 1158.

0 : As No. 1156. R : Similar to No. 1153. 0 : As No. 1156. R : A coronet above a harp,
PROTECTED .

1168

1158

R a r i t y N o s . 1142, 1145, 1147, 1149, R R R . 1141, 1148, 1150, 1151a, 1152, 1158, RR. 1140, 1143, 1151fc, 1153, 1155, scarce. The others, common.

1157,

206

flDifcMescy.
SOCIAL SERIES,

NEWTON. 1159. O : Bust to left. R: A cypher, T.H, 1160. 1161. O : As last. R: Similar to No. 1156. A. 229 O: Similar to last, but with the legend closer, and a period after it. R: Similar. A. 230 A poor copy of No. 1160. O: Similar to last. R: A female as before,
FARTHING .

ic.

NEWTON. FARTHING

1793. A. 228

1162.

A. 231 1794. A. 232

p. , ,-r

1163.

PEACE. 1164. O: Laureate bust to right,


BE E S T A B L I S H E D . MAY PEACE

R: A 1165.

naval

crown

above

harp.
A. 2 4 0

COMMERCE P R O T E C T E D .

0: Very similar to last, but from a different die. R : A coronet above a harp. Legend as last. A. 239 O: A cornucopia dispersing flowers, fruit and wheat; above it a dove.
PEACE & PLENTY, OCTOBER 1 .

1166.

1801.
R: T H E | D E S I R E | OF ALL | NATIONS. A

pair of branches crossed. 1167. 1] 66 0 : Bust to right. GEORGE III D E I GRATIA , under the bust L I T T L E . R: A wheatsheaf. PEACE AND PLENTY. Struck in silver.

fll> 1 6 M e b e y.
SOCIAL SERIES.

207

PRO 1168.

BONO

PUBLICO.

0 : A bust to right, between sprigs. R : A shield 1796. bearing the Prince of

Wales' plume,

PRO BONO PUBLICO

A. 241

1169.

O : A Druid's bust to left. R : A shield as last, between sprigs.


PRO BONO PUBLICO. A. 2 4 2

1170.

0 : Laureate bust to right,

GULIELMUS.

K: A shield as before, 1797 above it.


PRO BONO PUBLICO.

1171.

Q: A cypher, W P

FARTHING "TEA." PRO . A. 243

R : A canister inscribed

BONO . PUBLICO . 1 7 5 7 .

1172.

O : Similar to last, but instead of the canister being defined in outline it stands up solid from the field of the token. A. 244 R : Similar, but the cypher larger.

1178.

0 : Similar, but the corner of canister points to the o of " P U B L I C O . " R: As last.

1174.

0:

A cypher, H B

FARTHING

1803.
PRO .

R : A cask with

TOBACCO

above it.

BONO . PUBLICO.

E : Milled. 1174(i. E : Plain. A. 245

R a r i t y N o s . 1167, 1170, 1173, RR. 1174o, R. 1162, 1166, 1169, 1171, 1172, 1174, scarce. The others, common.

208

f I D o n m o u t b s b i re.
/ J - >U//VL / f W f t *jrf im h Am x s t t r t , i ' I UlZilCZlj-iJ'X / 3 -ZU'aZLL /v r m ? ^ a t i s . i w

. i/XitCx:--.rr

iti/iou-ra

A B E R G A V E N N Y .

M O N M O U T H . IMPORTER .

1.

0 : A cask, 1795.

JAMES

POWELL

2.

0: and E:
R : J.

Same as No. 1.
| WINE & BRANDY | MER-

POWELL

/ ? : J . P O W E L L I W I N E & BRANDY [ MERCHANT J . ABERGAVENNY . A small ornament at top, and a bunch of grapes under the word " M E R C H A N T . " E : la. PAYABLE AT MONMOUTH AND ABERA. 1 GAVENNY . X .

E : LONDON LIVERPOOL OR MONTROSE . X .

A. 1(1 16. E : Milled. A. 16 le. E : Plain (not in collar). A. lc R a r i t y N o s . la, 6, c, 3a, RRR.

In four lines, with a bunch of grapes top and bottom. A. 2 8. O: and E : Same as No. 1. R: Similar to last, but with a vine sprig at bottom instead of a bunch of grapes. A. 8 3a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 3a
CHANT | MONMOUTH .

2, RR.

3, R.

1, common.

IHorfolfc.
- -f'G.X

*"/,

THREEPENCE.

pz
*

C" J V4?,

W R O X H A M .

| O ?A Y A B L 3
\ ' J - -2- A T

0 : A spade and pickaxe across a wheelbarrow. MARLE . PIT T O K E N . TO .


PAY . WORKMEN AGRICULTURE . AT WROXHAM A. 1

R: 3

P E N C E I PAYABLE

COLLYER . PROPRIETOR . 1 7 9 7 .

. ,11 umiuti..

mm" ""I,

PENNIES.
L Y N N .

2.

0 : A plough and harrow,


CORN-FACTOR . NORFOLK.

A . COOK . LYNN THE A. 2

R: A cypher A C within a circle,


. PENNY . TOKEN . 1 7 9 8 . E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND BEARER ONE PENNY.

Atkins' No. 8.-See Middlesex, No. 130. R a r i t y N o s . 4, RRR. 2, 56, c, RR. 5, 6a, R. 1, 8, 66, scarce. The others, common.

IRorfolfc.
N O R W I C H .

209

3.

0 : A soldier carrying arms in front of a range of tents, Norwich Castle and Cathedral in the distance.
NORWICH . LOYAL . MILITARY ASSOCIATION . 1 7 9 7 .

R:

T h e a r m s of Norwich and military ensigns, PATRIAE . ET . DECUS .


ET . TVTAMEN A. 4

T h i s was struck on thick and thin flans. A l s o in silver.


Y A R M O U T H .

4. // X | > f j

O: A

f e m a l e seated h o l d i n g a scroll inscribed, B O U L T E R ' S EXHIBITION OF


NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL CURIOSITIES.

Safes

Various curiosities lying on the g r o u n d . Ex: YARMOUTH. R : Three figures (representing Asia, Africa, and America) presenting curiosities to Britannia, w h o is recording t h e m in a book, UNDIQIJAQUE E : I PROMISE BEARER COLLIGITUR. TO ONE PAY ON PENNY. Ex \ 1796. THE A. 5 DEMAND

T h i s is struck f r o m the dies of the h a l f p e n n y , No. 54. HALEPENNIES.


A Y L S H A M .

O: The

Grocers' arms, supporters, &c.


TO THE TOWN OF

PROSPERITY AYLSHAM

R : T h e Prince of Wales' motto. INDUSTRY I S


OF SUCCESS E PAYABLE AT S HALFPENNY & T

crest
THE 1795. . +

and

PARENT . + .

ASHLEY

+ .+ 5 a. E : s & T ASHLEY. a n d dots.


56. 5c. E : E : P A Y A B L E AT I +

A. 6 The remainder crosses A. 6a


n BOORMAN TEMPLE o OF X O

o.
AT THE

A. 66
THE A. 6c

PAYABLE MUSES .

B L O F I E L D .

6.

. E : Milled. . E : Plain.

A. la A. 76

group of weapons and musical instruments. BLOFIELD CAVALRY. On a label FIFTH TROOP. R : A m o u n t e d dragoon, LOYAL NORFOLK E : FEAR YEOMANRY. AND E x : MDCCXCVI. THE KING . GOD HONOUR

0: A

Also struck i n silver, w i t h edge as No. 6.

X X .

210
/ -

Worfolfc,
^ ' J'%

m 7.

BLOFIELD.
Nos. 7-11. 0 : As No. G. /?: A dragoon mounted, PRO R E G E
PATRIA. E x : Q U E E N S BAYS. ET

'

Wmm

A. 8

P imtiSSKir \o' ?l|fl i rAyyJ/])

"

8. 9. 10. 11. w

Also in silver. R : Bust to left. DR. SAML. IOHNSON. E : UUXTON TOKEN . x . The remainder engrailed. A. 9 R: Front face of Queen Elizabeth, &c. I'1. : Engrailed. A. 10 R: A female standing, L I B E R T Y & COMMERCE. E x : 1795.

E : Engrailed. A. 11 R: An armoured bust to right, FOR


G E N E R A L CONVENIENCE.

TOKEN . x . The remainder engrailed. A. 12 11a. E : Engrailed wavy lines and dots. BUXTON

E :

. """"'flfiiii-

D'

NORWICH.
12. O: View of a castle and bridge with shrubs, &c. NORWICH CASTLE. The period touches the shrubs on the bridge. It: A fleece. GOOD T I M E S W I L L COME,
MDCCXCIV. /.' RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE. A. 13

Limmm
1 2 ( 1 . E : PAYABLE 12/). E : PAYABLE MAKER AT AT

DALLYS

CHICHESTER

1 2 c. BAY

i'.:

PAYABLE

AT

THE S.

WAREHOUSE PALMER.

OF

A. 13a
CHARLES HEATHS 12d. E COLCHESTER . X . A . 13/)

D WRIGHT & : C U R R E N T EVERY

WHERE.

A . 13('

12<<. E: Milled. 12/. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 13'/ A. 13?

13.

f j f , , , -Illy. 13a. LSb. 13c. V3,l. 13,'.

0 : Similar to last, but the period is midway between end of legend and the shrubs on the bridge. R. As last. A. 14 E RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE. Also struck in silver. I'! : PAYABLE AT T H E W A R E H O U S E OF E : PAYABLE AT SOUTH S H I E L D S AND E : C U R R E N T EVERY W H E R E . E : EMSWORTH H A L F P E N N Y . PAYABLE E : Plain (not in collar).
THOMAS CLARKE. LONDON . X BY IOHN S T R I D E . A. 14a A. 14b A. 1 4 c

A. 14rf

R a r i t y N o s . 12a, e, d, e, f , 13a, d, 14a, b, c, 16a, b, c, d, e, 19a, b, c, RRR. 11a, 13Z>, c, 15a, 20/-, RR. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 126, R. 18, 20a, scarce. The others, common.

1M o r f o I h .
N O R W I C H .

211

14.

O : T h e a r m s of Norwich,
FLOURISH.

MAY NORWICH

PRO BONO PUBLICO.

/ ? : Shield E 14a. '

of

arms
AND

of

the

county.

NORFOLK

NORWICH

HALFPENNY

. 1792.
PAYABLE AT N. BOLINGBROKES HABERDASHER &C. NORWICH . X A. 16 PAYABLE AT P DECKS POST OFFICE BURY

14ft. IOHN HARVEY OF NORWICH. 14c. 7?: Plain. 15. 0 : Similar to last, but with a small annulet instead of period after
" FLOURISH."

R:

Similar, but the ends of batons come in different position with legend.
DASHER &C. NORWICH . X . A. 16

E : PAYABLE AT N. BOLINGBROKES HABER-

cc/nc^r

15a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 16a Similar to preceding, but without period or annulet at end of legend. As last.
PAYABLE AT N. . STAFFORDSHIRE. BOLINGBROKES HABERDASHER &C.

NORWICH . X

A. 17

16a. ft

PAYABLE AT L E E K 1 64. 16c. 16(7.

E : PAYABLE AT CLOUGHER OR DUBLIN. E : PAYABLE AT IOHN FINCHAMS SUFFOLK. : PAYABLE AT GOLDSMITH & SONS SUDBURY.

16. E : Plain (not in collar). 17. 0 : As last. II: A plough and shuttle, 18.

A. 17a
SUCCESS TO A. 1 8 EARL A. 1 9

THE PLOUGH AND S H U T T L E .

0 : Same as the rev. of last. R: Bust to left in cocked hat.


HOWE , & c .

19.

<>

A key suspended from an iron archway.


PAYABLE AT BULLEN PLACE NORWICH. AND MARTINS.

1794.

E.V : MARKET

I
VxCKgr B U Sir. Ctl-C/!lS 19a. E 19b. K 19c. E Az - 4/US-. OVSfc

The same as No. 17. Plain. Also struck in silver.


PAYABLE AT IOHN FINCHAMS SUFFOLK. A

A. 20

200

Milled.
CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

20.

0 : A straight stocking and a glove, and a knife and fork crossed.


R X CAMPIN X HABERDASHER. X GOAT X LANE X NORWICH. ElV t

; OAT - LASIZ ,y

R : A female seated between an anchor and a globe, a crowned lion lying at her feet. HALFPENNY. EX 1793.
E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . 20a. A. 2 1 E : BIRMINGHAM I.IVERPOOL OR LONDON.

20B. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 21a A. 21/>

212

1R o v f o I h .

1
G D.i'r
JOS.Wi

N O R W I C H .

21.

0 : A bent stocking and a glove, and a knife and fork crossed in an opposite direction, the legend as before. i f : Similar to last, but dated 1794.
E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . A. 22 SPALDING A. 22a X A. 226 E : E PAYABLE AT T. IENNING'S X X

21a. 216.

& HOLBEACH STRIDE x X

: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF IOHN

21c. E : Milled. 21 d. E : Plain (not in collar). 22. 0 : A muff and tippet,

A. 22c
PAYABLE AT J .

CLARKE'S MARKET PLACE NORWICH.

R : An umbrella, stocking, hat, and glove. No. 2 GENTLEMANS WALK 1794. E: Plain rounded ; these are struck on large and small flans. A. 23
22a. E : 226. E : PAYABLE X AT X CRONEBANE X X OR*

IN
PAYABLE

DUBLINxox
IN LANCASTER

A. 2 3 a
LONDON OR A. 236

BRISTOL.

22c, E : Milled. 23. 0 : A bottle,


TAXES.

A 23c
MORE TRADE AND FEWER PROS-

R : A figure of Hope standing,


PERITY TO OLD ENGLAND. E : RICHARD DINMORE & SON

NORWICH.

A. 24 23a. E: Milled. 236. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 24a 24. 0 : and E : The same as No. 23. R : Similar to last, but from a different die, which may be distinguished by the figure in this one pointing to the letter Y, and in the former
X

t o t h e T o f " PROSPERITY." 24a. 246. E: E : PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & CASTER X CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

A. 25 LANA. 25a

24c. E:

Plain (not in collar).

A. 256

24c also struck in silver and brass or copper-gilt. Nos. 25-26. 25. Ii : A ship sailing,
HALFPENNY. A. 2 6 26c. E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

0 : The rev. of No. 24.


266. E : PAYABLE AT THE SHOP OF DUNHAM A. 276 PAYABLE BY A. 27c & YALLOP GOLDSMITHS E : F.MSWORTH HALFPENNY IOHN STRIDE.

25 a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 26a 26. R: A dove flying, and a cornucopia.


PEACE AND PLENTY. E : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . 26a. A. 2 7 E : BERSHAM BRADLEY WILLEY S N E D S H I L L .

26 J. E : Engrailed. 26c. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 27d A. 27e

A. 27rt

IRorfolft.
c r

213

'*

I 27.
rr

N O R W I C H .

Shield of arms of the city of Nor wich, upon a sword and inace in saltire, between palm branches.
S U C C E S S TO T H E CITY OF NOBWICH.

II E 27a, E:
28.

A shop front in a circle.


HALFPENNY. PAYABLE AT 1792. THE SHOP OF

NORWICH DUNHAM A. 28

i t YALLOP G O L D - S M I T H S . GOLDSMITHS

(omitted). 0 : Very similar to preceding, but from a new obv. die which differs in the shape of the palm branches. R : As last.
AT THE SHOP OF DUNHAM A. 2 9 & YALLOP G O L D - S M I T H S .

E : PAYABLE

' ' -

4 ' \ vA

ZiFrfi* ^ rTfrfffrf %Wf

2Ha. E: G O L D S M I T H S (omitted). 29. O: Similar to last, but the hilt of the sword points to the foot of the F, whereas in the former it pointed to the o of " O F . " R: Similar to last, with DUNHAM & YALLOP over the door, but dated 1793.
E : PAYABLE it AT THE SHOP OF DUNHAM A. 3 0 YALLOP G O L D - S M I T H S .

30.

O: As last. R: An eagle

with

wings expanded.
E.V. 1793.

NORWICH H A L F P E N N Y .

^ cny , ^ ~y . 4 ry^L *

31.

E : Plain (rounded). A. 31 0 . Similar, but the shield is Hat, whereas in the former it was raised, and the palm branches are tied with a ribbon. R: As last.
E : PAYABLE it AT THE SHOP OF DUNHAM A. 3 2 YALLOP G O L D - S M I T H S .

31a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 32a 32. O: Similar to last, but the shield is emblazoned or, and there are two small ornaments following the legend on obverse. R: As last.
E : PAYABLE it OJ./J AT THE SHOP OF DUNHAM A. 3 3 YALLOP G O L D - S M I T H S .

33.

0 : A figure of Hope standing, supporting a shield inscribed, DUNHAM


AND YALLOP GOLD SMITHS.

R: A shop front within a circle,


WICH HALFPENNY. 1796.

NOR A. 34

E : Milled. R a r i t y N o s . 21a, b, c, 2%-, 23 a, 24b, 26a, d, 30, RRR. 25 a, 29, 31a, RR. 22a, 24a, 24c, 26b, c, 28a, scarce. The others, common.

27a, R.

'214

1R o r f o I h.
NORWICH.

34.

O: View

of the

Cathedral,
F.X\ 1797.

NORWICH

CATHEDRAL.

U : Bust of Handel,
HANDEL.

GEORGE FREDERICK

E : PAYABLE BY HARDINGHAM MUSICIAN.

A. 35 34a. F. : Plain (in collar). A. 35a Also struck in silver. 35. O : As last. l i : A slightly different bust, which may be distinguished by noticing the hair, of which there is less, and it is farther from the ear. F. : Plain (in collar). A. 36 36. O : As No. 34. R : Armoured bust to left, PROMISSORY
HALFPENNY. A. 37 FOR G E N E A. 38

37.

<>: As No. 34. R : Armoured bust to right,


RAL CONVENIENCE.

38.

Also struck in silver. O: Shield of arms of the City of Norwich, the shield plain. The date 1792 around. 2 on a line with the lower loop-hole, a tuft about the middle of the lion's tail. R: A man working in a loom. The wheel of the bobbin winder has eight spokes, the back support of the wheel appearing as a ninth.
E : LOIIN HARVEY OF NORWICH . X X X

x . 38a. E: Plain.

A. 39

N O T E . N o . 3 8 w a s a l s o s t r u c k o n l a r g e r flans f r o m p o l i s h e d d i e s , s h o w i n g d i e flaws o n t h e o b v . a n d r e v .

39.

40.

s
41.

0 : Similar to last, but the bottom of 2 on a line with the top of loop-hole, die flaw to left of central tower. R: As last, from die without Haws. A. 41 E: As No. 38. 0 : As last. 0: R: Similar, but the spokes of the wheel are vertical and horizontal and the loop forms a very irregular curve. A die flaw under weaver's left foot. E : As No. 38. A. 44 O : Similar to last, but bottom of 2 on a line with centre of loop-hole. U : Similar to last, but the loop forms a regular curve. E : As No. 38. A. 42 34, 35, 36, 48, 49, R.

R a r i t y N o s . 34a, 37, 38a, 45a, 49a, RRR. 43a, ltR. 40, scarce. The others, common.

215 I R o i f o l h .

N O R W I C H .

42.

48.

O: Similar to No. 88, but no tuft to lion's tail. R : As No. 88, but struck from the polished dies with flaws. E : As No. 88. A. 40 0 : As last. R : As No. 40. E : As No. 88. A. 48

43a. E : Plain. A. 44a 44. 0 : Similar to preceding, but with the shield emblazoned ijitlex. R : The same as No. 41. E : As No. 38. A. 45 45. O: As last. R : The same as No. 40. E : As No. 88. 0 : A mounted dragoon,
PATRIA. E.c:

A. 46
PRO R E G E ET

4 5 ( 1 . E : CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD AND HUNTINGDON.

46.

Q U E E N S BAYS.

R : View
E :

of

BARRACKS PAYABLE

the barracks. NORWICH 1793 upon a label above.


IOHN ROOKS NORWICH.

AT

46a. E

Plain (not in collar). Also struck in silver and brass.

A. 47 A. 47n

Similar to last, but the cockade in this instance points to the foot of the T, and the point of the sword is near the E of " ET.'' and E : The same as last. A. 48 47a. E R: Plain (not in collar). A. 48a As last. The building on left is farther from edge, the post on right of entrance is taller and farther from the others, but may best be identified by the lines marking the brickwork of wall being sunken, whereas in the former they were raised. Plain (not in collar). A. 49 The same as last. A figure of Britannia seated, R U L E BRITANNIA. E.r: 1795. PAYABLE IN LONDON . The remainder engrailed. A. 50 Plain (not in collar). A. 50 a

O: R :
E :

49a. E :

210
ii "i;.//;,

1R o r f o I fc. QO f l f

YARMOUTH.
50. Blank. Shield of arms of the borough of Yarmouth, between sprigs of oak.
LET YARMOUTH AT FLOURISH. WAREHOUSE X YARMOUTH OF

F : 51.

PAYABLE SAMUEL PENNY.

THE

KINGDON E x : 1792.

A. 51 HALF-

0 : A ship in full sail.

Zi: Similar to last, but the sprigs are larger, and overlap the legend two or three letters at either end. J?: P A Y A B L E AT T H E G L A S S W A R E H O U S E
OF W. ABSOLON . X . A. 5 2

51a. 52.

53.

Plain. No. 51 are mostly found countermarked with a rose formed of six dots on the reverse, just above the last leaf of the oak sprig, usually on the right-hand side, and, but very rarely, on the left, O: A female seated, holding a scroll, which is inscribed, B O U L T E R ' S
EXHIBITION FICIAL MOUTH of NATURAL AND E.r: ARTIYARCURIOSITIES.

in a curved line. Three figures representative of Asia, Africa, and America presenting various curiosities to Britannia, who is recording them in a book. Fx: 1796. 53a. /.' 5r \ 53 b. 53 c. 54.
PUBLISHED PAYABLE AT BY JOS. . . LONDON REDRUTH DANL. & JN'O. A. 53 LIVERPOOL & SWANSEA. OR A. 53a BOULTER . . * BRISTOL. BIRMINGHAM

H
F 54a.

Plain (in collar). A. 53b Similar to last, but E.v: straight. The same as last, with a legend added, U N D I Q U A Q U E C O L L I G I T U R . Ex: 179G. A. 54 The same as No. 53. Also struck in silver. A. 54a Plain. FARTHINGS.

O A ship in full sail.


HALFPENNY. oak. LET Fx'.

YARMOUTH 1792.

HALF

Shield of arms, between sprigs of


YARMOUTH FLOURISH.

F Engrailed. 55a. K : Milled. R a r i t y - N o s . 50, 51a, 53 ,b,c, 55, RRR. 53a, 55a, R. 52, 54, a, scarce.

A. 55 A. 55a 51, common.

INTRODUCTION TO PART VIII

the "Universal British Directory," 1790, William Hardwareman. His token is a handsome one.

M. Mather

is

described

as a

The Coaly Tyne series are muled with the dies of those issued by Thomas Spence, of London, previously of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Of the Newcastle " Racing Ticket," there is a specimen struck over a halfpenny of 1799. The North Shields token is a fine specimen, made for sale to Collectors. The Farthings are muled with the dies of others of London. The series of tokens of Davison and Hawksley, of Arnold Works, Nottingham, are of fine design and workmanship. The writer of the "Bazaar Notes" states that the design of the obverse is that of the Golden Fleece in the Garden of the Hesperides; that of the reverse is indicative of freedom and unity. A view of Newstead Abbey is on a penny token of Thomas Gorton, of London, made for sale to Collectors. The tokens of Donald and Co. were payable at Nottingham or Birmingham. The issuer of the Banbury token was a printer who published penny chap-books ; his portrait appears on the obverse, and a representation of the Seal of the town, with the motto as a legend, on the reverse. The portrait of Charles II., and a view of the famous Oak of Boscobel, appear on a rare token, from dies by Westwood, made for sale to Collectors. The Coalbrookdale tokens present a view of the first iron bridge, which was made at the ironworks about a mile further up the valley ; the design on the reverse represents the inclined plane at Ketley, invented by William Reynolds, for conveying iron ore and coals from the level of Oakengates to that of Ketley, an elevation of 66 feet. The Shrewsbury tokens refer to the West of England " Woollen Manufactory."

The Bath series is interesting by reason of the number of local buildings which are illustrated, also by the reference on a token to the debtors in Ilchester Gaol; this was issued by William Gye, who is described as a printer, and Agent to the Debtors in Ilchester Gaol. Bladud, who is said to have founded Bath, also King Alfred, who re-founded it in A.D. 900, and surrounded it with walls and towers, are represented. The tokens of Crewkerne, Dunkirk, and Yeovil have reference to the woollen industry. Richard Wright, of Lichfield, on his Private token, perpetuates the memory of Richard Greene, a local antiquary and collector, and shows on the reverse a view of the ^ e s t l o i c h of the Cathedral. Horton and Co., of Stafford, issued pennies and halfpennies, of handsome design; of the latter one ton were struck. The Private tokens of John Harding, of Tamwortli, have a very fine lettered edge in double lines, on three labels, between which are representations of the implements used in calico printing. Charles Pye does not inform us as to the issuers of the Leek tokens. "Bazaar Notes" suggests that Ford and Philips were probably the issuers. manufacturers. A token bearing the portrait of Dr. Samuel Johnson is one of those made for sale. The Rev. Francis Blick, Vicar and Curate of Tain worth, issued the Private tokens of "Church and Castle"; the former being some distance beyond the castle. issuer is in the possession of the writer. The Tipton token is one made for sale. is a rare one. The Lichfield farthing tokens have on the reverse a reference to an interesting local event taking place on Whit-Monday. S Prentice, of Bungay, made the dies for his halfpenny tokens do duty for striking pennies, by using thicker blanks, and by stating on the edge that such was a Double token. P. Deck, of Bury St. Edmunds, perpetuated the memory of Marquis Cornwallis on a penny token; he also issued some for a halfpenny. The tokens of James Conder, a draper of Ipswich, represent Cardinal Wolsey, also various local buildings of interest. currency. The token of R. Loder has no statement of currency value; the design being a portrait of Thomas Sckford, and his arms. The pennies were Private tokens ; the halfpennies were or T. Bevan's token, which advertises his trade, A portrait of the The writer ot the They were silk

We are not informed as to the issuer of the Beccles halfpenny token, on which is a view of the church tower and a bridge ; the latter now replaced with a more modern one. The Military tokens are those of Hoxne and of Blything ; the former, on larger Hans, penny s.ze, but from the halfpenny dies ; the latter, were issued by Sir John Rous, Bart, senior captain of the troop. (See " Bazaar Notes.") Thomas Miller, a bookseller of Bungay, issued 21 Private tokens ; then the die or dies Charles Pye states that a specimen had been sold at 2 12s. 6d.

tailed.

The dies of the Bungay halfpennies were used for striking a number of blanks, the edge reading of which has no connection with Bungay. Charles Pye has the following statement _ Mr. I rentice, to make scarce varieties, and puzzle the Collectors, has mixed these dies and striking them with a variety of edges not worth enumerating." An edge-reading may be a feature of importanceas on the token of Henry Biggs of irmingham, of which six only with that edge are k n o w n - o r it may only be, what most odd edge-readings are, viz., a wrong blank that has been used, inadvertently, or specially to make a variety. Collectors are advised to exercise discretion in this matter. The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various Collectors :
NORTHUMBERLAND.Nos. NOTTINGHAM.Nos. SOMERSET.Nos. SUFFOLK.22E, /. 1, 9, 9, 6a, 8a, 18.

10. 10, 11, 20, 21, 22, 66, 67a, 68, 82a, 86c, /, 87a, 107a.

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. will

R.

DALTON, PARK HOUSE, BRISTOL.

S.

H.

HAMER, BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

IRortbamptonsbire.
1NORTHAMPTON. O. Bust to left. G E O R G E
BANKER. F x : 1794 MAY NORTHAMPLONDON OR ^ J JOBSON

217

R : A castle and lion,


TON F L O U R I S H . E : PAYABLE IN BRISTOL.

LANCASTER

la. K : Plain (not in collar). R a r i t y N o . la, scarce.

A. LA 1, common.

| a 1 %-r m v a ^

If
^

0
d

I M o r t b t i m b e r l a nf>. ALNWICK. Atkins' No. 1.See Middlesex, No. 131 NEWCASTLE. dA'l'H UdOll iA ajj axis.

i O : Justice supporting a shield on which are an anchor and a key. JOSTIOE R E S T I N G SECURITY. J!\ MATHER j ON THE | EMBLEMS DEALER | OF IN &C. I

As last.
MATHER FURNISHING IRONMONGER DEAN TYNE. HARDWARE MAN AND PATENT STOVE GRATE MANUFACTURER N? 1 4 STREET NEWCASTLE UPON

IRONMONGER | STOVE

HARDWARE CASTLE

GRATES 1797.

In six lines within a circle,


UPON TYNE

NEWA. 2

In eight lines. This is struck in tin.

This was also struck in yellow metal and tin.

HALFPENNIES.
3. O:

A sailor.
SELLER JAMES. *

j . SPENCE NEWCASTLE

* *

SLOPEx COALY

A man in a barge sailing. mmwiii/,,. 3a. R


X TYNE * E x : 1795.

Plain (not in collar), on thin flan.


A 3

Plain (in collar), on thick flan. As last. A barge sailing, COALY . T Y N E . EX 1797. Milled. ^ ^

R a r i t y N o . 2, RRR.

i,

3a,

RR.

3 , 4> R .

218

IRovtbu m b e r l a n b .
NEWCASTLE.
Nos. 5-17. isii-rutt,idOB -ruoi y&a^A'J 6.
6a. 5. R L TH09. SPENCE &C. X DEALER X X IN X COINS X A. 5 R O U S E BRITANNIA. A. THE WAREHOUSE 6 OF PAINE E : SPENCE

0 : As No. 8.
SIR THOS. MORE THOS.

LONDON

R : Britannia seated,
E E : : SPENCE PAYABLE x &c. AT

A L E X R . MOLISON.

6/I. E: Milled. 6e. E : Plain. 7. R \ A cat.


E : SPENCE X &c.

A. 6a A. 6k

A. 7

7 a. E : Plain. 8. R : Three citizens armed.


E : SPENCE x Ac.

8a. E : Milled. 8b. E : Plain. 9. R : Heart and hand.


E : SPENCE x Ac.

A. 8 A. 8a

9a. E : Plain (not in collar). 10. R : An armed Highlander.


E : SPENCE x &c.

A. 9 A. 9a A. 10 A. 11

11.

R : A lion dismayed.
E : SPENCE x &c.

11a. E : Milled. 12. R' A man and ass's heads joined, ODD
FELLOWS. E : SPENCE x & C.

A. 12
PANDORAS

13.

R: B r e e c h e s on fire.
BREECHES.

14.

E : Plain. A. 18 R: Three men dancing round a tree,


&C. AFTER T H E X &C. REVOLUTION. A. 14

E 15.

; SPENCE

15

10

R : E : 16. R : E : 17. R :

A shepherd lying under a tree.


SPENCE x &c. A. 15

A turnstile with two boys. Plain. An anchor and cable,


RATION OF A c . x &c.
A

16

IN COMMEMO-

E : SPENCE 17a. E : Milled. 17 b. E PAYABLE

A. 17 A. 17a

AT YORK.

219

IRortbumberlanfc.
S'i

NEWCASTLE.
Nos. 18-23. 18. R : Laureate E: 19. R: E:
20.

0 : The rev. of No. 3. bust to right.


CHUHCH

AND KING.

Plain.
THOS. S P E N C E , &c SPENCE X &C.

A. 18 As No. 5. A. 19 As No. 9. A. 20

0 : for Nos. 18-23.

A -

'-tik'
) J smS

R
21.

R: Heart and hand. E: SPENCE x <fec. B : Highlander.


E : SPENCE x &c.

20a. E : Milled. As No. 10. A. 21

21a. E : Milled. 21ft. E : Plain. 22. 23. R:


E :

Shepherd.
SPENCE x

As No. 15.
<tc.

A. 22 As No. 1G. A. 23 A. 23a Ex :


NEW-

R: Two boys at a turnstile.


E : SPENCE x &c.

23a. E : Plain (not in collar). 24. 0 : View R A of a building.


1800. CASTLE

jockey holding a horse.


AT T H E WAREHOUSE LONDON A . 24 OR LIVERPOOL.

E : PAYABLE

Exceedingly rare,

if not unique.

An artist's proof. This is a racing ticket, and was struck in silver and copper with plain edges.

NORTH
25.

SHIELDS.

O : A cart unloading into a ship, moored alongside a quay. MAY NORTH


SHIELDS FLOURISH.

A cypher / P R in monogram, 1795 under it, within a wreath, NORTH


S H I E L D S HALFPENNY. A. 25

26.

As last. A man on the ground gnawing a bone. F R E N C H L I B E R T Y . A. 2G 0: The same as R : of No. 25. R Bust to left. ROBERT ORCHARD. Ex: jAcobs. A. 27

27.

Rarity

No. 24, RRR.

6a, b, c, 7a, 8a, h, 9a, 11a, 17b, 18, 20a, 21a, b, 23, a, 26, 27, HR.
The others, scarce.

220

IRortbumberlanb.
FARTHINGS.

NEWCASTLE.
A barge sailing. * COALY * TYNE * 1796. A sailor. NEWCASTLE FARTHING. A. 28 Nos. 29-34. 0 : As last. A man riding upon a bull with an ass's head. A. 29 Milled Plain. A. 29a Britannia seated, ROUSE BRITANNIA. Milled. A. 30 A. 30a 30a. E Plain. Odd Fellows. A. 31 A pig trampling on emblems of Church and State. A. 32 A man walking on all fours. A. 33 A slave kneeling. A. 34 The rev. of No. 2b. An anchor and cable, PROMISSORY NAVAL FARTHING. A. 3 5

i
33 " X ^ Z 3 4

Rarity Nos. 29, 33, 35, RR.

The others, scarce.

mottingbamsbire.

ARNOLD. 1. 0 : A fleece suspended from an apple tree,


DAVISON AND HAWKSLEY. ARNOLD WORKS. (

[{:
2. 3. 4. * * *

The Roman fasces with the axe, a spear and cap of liberty,
* A CROWN # HALVE A CROWN * ONE S H I L L I N G * SIX P E N C E *

Nos. I to 4 were struck in copper. A few of these pieces were gilt and silver-plated. M.S. Catalogue the Arnold W o r k s are said to be a mill for spinning wool at Nottingham. manufacture of worsted were situated near the Qean, Nottingham. They were destroy y T h i s probably accounts for the scarcity of the tokens, especially those of the higher values.

F|," THE ^e n ^ J
iy

221

IMotti n o b a m s b i r e .
PENNY.

NEWSTEAD.
5. 0 : The remains of an ancient abbey. N E W S T E A D ABBKY. On a raised circle, N O T T I N G H A M S H I R E . Jacobs. R: A cypher T. O. between palm branches, BKITISH . P E N N Y . 1797 on a raised circle. E I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND T H E
B E A R E R ONE PENNY. A. 1

UCJLltACi

HA LFPK

NNI

E S.

NOTTINGHAM.
6.
O : DONALD & TURERS co j | STOCKING & | MANUFACJ RETAIL. PAYABLE WHOLESALE

In five lines within an oval.


PROMISSORY HALFPENNY AT NOTTINGM OR

i3 f -j'N ' : i"*- {^LiUItfS^S. '1' LTiCEIiS r -**--".-- -> \ MrlUl.ZZs^ue, >J.
\0 % iiJ3T>ViX- v

H: A beehive and bees within a circle.


NO 29 BULL STREET BIRMINGHAM

7.

1792. O: Similar to last. altered from


MISSORY.

A 2 The die has been PROMISSARY to PRO-

/> . Same as last, but a flaw now appears running through the word BIRMINGHAM. A. 3
la. E : PAYABLE AT C L O U G H E R OR IN D U B L I N . ]'. : BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & SWANSEA.

i f"pi-i^c t-i^o 5 ^
i - .J imefLSy

lb.

,WOhH9,.l,BV

H.

0 : Similar, the small M nearly touches the O R and the latter touches the oval. R: As before, but the flaw is still further developed especially at
t h e IR o f BIRMINGHAM. A. 4

9.

0 : As last. R: A man working at a loom.


BULL STREET E x :

N 29
A. 5

BIRMINGHAM

1792.

10.

O: A man working a machine,


CLINED PLANE AT KETLEY

IN1789.

See Shropshire. R : Similar to last.

A. G

an d of *? a r e f e x t r e m e r a r i t y ( i f n o t unique), and are in all probability trial pieces of a new die, struck upon any reverse which came to hand. The centre of No. 9 is engraved .n g c u 1,1 the only specimen known.

R a r i t y - N o s . 9, 10, RRR.

la, 6, RR.

5, rare.

The others, common.

222

y f o v b s btre.
PENNY.

SHERBORNE.
Atkins' No. 1.See Middlesex, No. 132. Sj JiWHU3X

' p4&ul#IJUZ SJ f MSZ& HUUiUa-i


E 1I

R ? #

-=- / e g ?

LOii'J*

l ii/. zzsjjq
\ilUUS.^Z

iiiuv/z
tlUIil

tiarranat

BANBURY.
1. 0 : A three-quarter face bust.
RUSHER R: HATTER BOOKSELR.

IRutlanfc.
WM.
& 1. O:

COUNTY.
COL, NOEL, I OF THE RUTLAND | FEN| FOR THE COUNTY ATTEND | HIM AND | HIS CIBLES, M . P . LONG L I F E [ FAMILY. R : WHOSE

STATIONER . BANBURY. The sun. DEUS . EST . NOBIS . SOL . ET . SCUTUM . AT BANBURY OXFORD OR A. 2

E : PAYABLE

In seven lines.

| EXAMPLE IN | L I F E CONSISTS

READING.

la. E : Plain (not in collar). No. la, R. 1, common.

A. 2a

| IN BEING BRAVE | HUMANE NOBLE I & GENEROUS. In six lines. A. 1

Rare.

Shropshire.
PENNIES.

DUDMASTON.
Atkins' No. 1.See Middlesex, No. 133.

LUDLOW.
Atkins' No. 2.See Middlesex, No. 134. HALFPENNIES.

BOSCOBEL.
1. 0 :

Laureated bust to right,


THE SECOND OF ENGLAND

CHARLES 1650.

R: An oak tree,
DUBLIN. la.

BOSCOBEL HALFPENNY. A.. 3

E : PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE LODGE OR IN E : WILLF.Y SNEDSHILL BERSHAM BRADLEY.

A. 3a 16. E : Plain. A. 3b 2. 0 : The same as last. R : Two boys riding a race upon asses.
ASSES RUNNING FOR HALFPENCE.

E : Milled.

A. 3 Bis.

RarityNo. 5, RRR.

1, la, 2, 4, 7, 8, RR.

3, G, R.

223

Shropshire.
COALBROOK
3.

DALE.
IRON BRIDGE AT 1779, INCLINED 1789. In

O : View of a bridge.
COALBROOK DALE

ft: A man working a machine,


PLANE | AT KETLEY |

three lines under. The top of 1 in date slopes to right, the 9 under centre of L.
.

E:

PAYABLE KETLEY.

AT

COALBROOK-DALE ^

AND 4

O: Very similar. A period after DALE, and the 1 of date touches the water. LiCHtlZdJ ?JLA*1
R:

I he top of the 1 in date slopes to left, the 9 under the first limb of L .

0 . Similar to last, but with a vessel sailing under the bridge, and the following legend above it in three lines : E R E C T E D | ANNO. 1779 j
SPAN 100 FT. HEIT. 50 FT. The

outer legend as before, but dated 1792.


C >"* / V -2 ~SL'JZ C'TJS

A, A^kTU 1770 x(j<j;r. i[j' Joyrj

R: A very ornamental pattern in seven alternate bands of straight lines and scrolls.
E : BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH AND SWANSEA.

A. 5 This is an artist's proof, and in all probability unique.


6. ( ) : Similar to last, but not from the

/$, HZ C 'i'2 n fa S-UIUJ.17-J-J. hj

7.

same die. R : The same as No. 8. O: As last.

A. 6

emmo

/i . Similar, but the 1 of date slopes to left in the ordinary way, and there is a period after K E T L E Y . 8. A. 7 O. Similar to last, but the legend over the bridge is E R E C T E D |
ANNO 1779. I SPAN 100 FT. The

1 's slope to the right. /i . Similar, but the 1 of date slopes to right, and there is a period after the date, as well as KETLEY. A. 8

224

Shropshire.
COALBROOK
JKJiiJC'i'

DALE-

x.

cTUmTy

C s
cLLLUb/iszn^^
,,, S,z-yLZ i y :vjm*mTzrrj*?<Fr/J

View of a bridge with a vessel sailing under, ERECTED | ANNO 1779. | SPAN 100 FEET. With an inner circle ; outer legend as last, the l ' s slope to the right. The same as No. 3. A. 9 9 Bis. 0 : As No. 9. B: Blank. E : As usual. 10. 0 : As last. : Similar, the 9 is under last limb of L, and 1 under centre of K. : As last. : Similar, 1 ill date has a flat top, and 9 under first limb of L. A. 10 12. 0 : As last. : Similar, with a period after KETLEY. A. 11 13. 0 : As last. Similar, a period after the date, as well as
A KETLEY. 19

I
16.

: Similar, the l ' s slope to the left, the position of the ends of the bridge to the legend is also different. : The same as No. 12. A. 13 Also struck in silver. 1 : As last. : The same as No. 13. A. 14 0 : Similar, the lamps upon the bridge have only single supports, whereas before they were supported upon triangles. The same as No. 10 A 15 : As last. : The same as No. 11.

SHREWSBURY.
18. O: Shield of arms of the borough of Shrewsbury. SHREWSBURY HALFPENNY 1 7 9 2 .

B E 19.

Blank.
PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON . X A. 1 /

0 : Similar to last, but dated 1793. K : A woolpack. SALOP WOOLLEN MANUFACTORY *

E
20.

PAYABLE AT SHREWSBURY +

A. 18

0 :. As last.

B : The legend beneath the woolpack more divided. E : As last.


R a r i t v - N o s . 9 Bis., 18, 24, 27, R R R . H , 13, 2 2 a 25, b, c, e, h, R R , 16, 20, 2 5 a , / , g, 26, 28, R . 10, scarce. The others, common.

225 I'jy 3

Shropshire.
SHREWSBURY.

Similar to last, hut the legend beneath the shield is more divided. Similar to last, but the top righthand corner of woolpack points to the u. E: As last. A jg O: and E : As last. Similar, but the right-hand top corner of woolpack now points between the A and the N A E : Plain. Nos. 23 and 24. 0 : As No. 19. : Bishop Blaze holding a woolcomb.
SUCCESS TO THE WOOLLEN MANUFACTORY. : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL

X. A 21 : Bishop Blaze holding a chalice. Legend as before. As last. 22 : Similar, but dated 1794. : Similar to preceding, but with a hexagonal star instead of a pentagonal one.
AN ASYLUM NATIONS. FOR THE OPPRESS'D OF ^ ALL 2S

BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA. < 'J5 W PAYABLE AT CliONEBANE OR IN DUBLIN. PAYABLE
x x

A. 23a A. 234

AT

LONDON

CORK

OR

BELFAST

A. 23e A. 23r/

PAYABLE AT LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

25 '-5L.

Milled. Plain (not in collar).

23e

a . 22f

PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR BELFAST.

As last. t a m e blowing a trumpet,


' LACKINGTON & CO.

HALFPENNY OF

A. 24

27.

0 : A shield with
THO S VEVABLES

caduceus inscribed within a wreath.

28.

O: Shield of arms. '


A

H : Hand and eye.


T- : PAYABLE AT SHREWSBURY.

SHREWSBURY HALF HALFPENNY 1 7 9 2 .

woolpack.
FACTORY.

SALOP WOOLLEN MANUA_ 2 g

E: Milled.

22(5
S o m e r s e t s h i r e .

PENNIES.
C O U N T Y .

A sword, spear and trumpet, crossed, a hat and pair of spurs, SOMERSET
YEOMANRY CAVALRY * T H E I R TOKEN. Ex 1796. *

Three horsemen, one carrying a flag.


: P . A . ET . F.

Indistinct, from one inscription being struck over another. A. 1 This is from the halfpenny dies of No. 24. As last. The arms of West Cowes.
MANUFACTURED MINGHAM. BY W. LUTWYCHE BIR-

As No. 1. Incuse impression from reverse die


of No. 11. READY MONEY ONLY

l-'-j/c

within a circle, and before legend had been sunk. Plain.

BATH.
0 : View of a cathedral,
BATH. ABBEY CHURCH GUILD-

R : View of a public building,


HALL BATH

E : Plain (in collar).


4a. E: ON DEMAND PENNY. WE PROMISE

A. 2
TO PAY ONE

sJe&l&i&tt s

Also struck in brass, and white-metal, edge plain. 0 : View of entrance to the BOTANIC GARDEN. A small letter A on the bricks leading to the entrance.
HE + SPAKE TREE E x : OF TREES IS FROM IN 1794 THE CEDAR THAT LEBANON

BATH TOKEN

Shrubs growing on a wall and a large tree, EVEN UNTO THE HYSSOP
THAT -fON Sl'RLNGETH Ex WE OUT OF THE TO WALL : i : KINGS : CH : 4 : v : 3 3 . PROMISE PAY ONE A-

'ilium

DEMAND PENNY . X

This is struck on large and small flans.


O : GLOVERS LONDON SHEFFIELD & BIRMINGM. WAREROOMS . BATH.

4-^ CJ , 1= I J. '&

' tt - r- r 1 jd J -?

It : Bust to left.

STANHOPE . NOBLE WITHLAMBKRHURST A. 4

OUT NOBILITY. E : PAYABLE BY I. FOSTER

,4

(and over this)

MANUFACTURED BY

W. LUTWYCHE BIRMINGHAM.

227

Somersetshire.
BATH.
. Crowned bust to right. A tower within a wall,
ALFRED YE GREAT R E F O U N D E D BATH . A.D. 9 0 0 AND SURROUNDED IT W I T H W A L L S IT TOWERS.

WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE PENNY

8. 0

Hlbl

A camel, and rays of sun. TEAS C O F F E E S P I C E S & SUGARS. Ex: A five-pointed star. View of a building, INDIA HOUSE 1794 within a circle, M . LAMBE & SON TEAD E A L E R S & GROCERS BATH. ON DEMAND WE PROMISE TO PAY ONE PENNY

8a. 9.

10.

: 0: : 0 : :

F.

i t s -J

Plain (not in collar). As last. Similar, but dated 1795. As last. Similar, but dated 1796. A scroll inscribed READY within a circle, WOOD
DRAPERS &C.

A. 6 A. 6a A.
MONEY & CO

A. 8
ONLY LINEN

Perspective view of a street.


12.

BATH S T R E E T .

E x : BATH. ARMS OF T H E

As No. 53. CITY OF BATH

A. 9

Shield of arms of the city of Bath, As No. 8, dated 1794.

THE

WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE PENNY.

13.

1i

/>>

As last. As No. 9, dated 1795. As last. As No. 10, dated 1796.

A 10 ' A. 11

WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE PENNY.

WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE PENNY.


A As No. 12. ' 12 Arms, supporters, &c., of the city of Bath.

W . GYE PRINTER & STATIONER BATH 1 7 9 4 .

O : for Nos. 12-19.


16.

WE PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ONE PENNY.

O : As No. 12.

^ ^

A female seated, directing a boy with a key to open the prison doors, GO FORTH radiated, the whole within a beaded circle, REMEMBER T H E DEBTORS
IN I L C H E S T E R GOAL. PAYABLE BY I. FOSTER LAMBEP.HURST (and

over this)

MANUFACTURED BY W. LUTWYCHE BIRMINGHAM. ^

RarityNos. 4, 5, scarce.

4<t, R.

The others are all RRR.

228

Somersetshire.
'sir y^rr' f. A*r t ^
,' us wily

BATH.
O : The same as No. 12. R : The same as the obverse of No. 11.
E : WE PROMISE PENNY. TO PAY THE BEARER A. ONE 15

O : The same as No. 12. R : View of a building, W E S T


P U M P ROOM MONGER E &C. BATH. 1795. BY W. E x

FRONT OF N E W ! H E A T H . IRON-

: MANUFACTURED MINGHAM.

LUTWYCHE

BIRA. 16

PAYABLE

BY

I.

FOSTER BY

LAMBERHURST LUTWYCHE

(and over this)

MANUFACTURED

W.

BIRMINGHAM.

The same as No. 12.


A tea urn. .If, ". C"^'W IRONMONGERY BRAZIERY k CUTLERY. Ex : F. HEATH 1 7 9 4 . E : W E PROMISE

TO

PAY B E A R E R

ONE

PENNY.

BRISTOL.
trem n us 20. 21. 22. O: As No. 23. R : A figure of Galen.
DRUGGIST AND

i.

CHESTER

CHYMIST.

A. 17

0 : As No. 23. R : A public building, E X C H A N G E BRISTOL . 1796. A. 18 0 : As No. 23. R : A glass house, an ornament under.
SUCCESS TORY. TO THE GLASS MANUFACA. 19

23.

0 : The arms of the city of Bristol, within a circle, PROSPERITY TO


THE CITY OF B R I S T O L . S T A N H O P E . NOBLE W I T H -

R : Bust to left,
OUT E : PAYABLE W. BY I.

NOBILITY. FOSTER LAMBERHURST. M A N U F A C T U R E D BY

(and over this)


LUTWYCHE

BIRMINGHAM.

GL AST O NB UR Y.
Atkins' No. 20.See Middlesex, No. 135. HALFPENNIES.

COUNTY.
24.
4

0 : A military trophy, &c.


YEOMANRY CAVALRY *

SOMERSET * TOKEN.

1796

R: Three Ex:
E : I

horsemen.
p . A . ET . F. TO PAY ON

THEIR

PROMISE

D E M A N D ^ ONE

HALFPENNY . X .

A. 21

25.

0 : As last. R : Arms of West Cowes.


E : YORK B U I L T . A . M . 1 2 2 3 . REBUILT A.D. 1075. CATHEDRAL

229

Somersetshire.
BATH.
26. O View of entrance to Botanic Garden.
HE SPAKE OF TREES &C. As ON

No. 5. R: Shrubs on a wall, and a tree,


U N T O , &c. As on No. 5.

EVEN

T7T.Tol

E : Plain (not in collar, but rounded).


rx

On large and small flans. 26a. E :


26ft. ft': 26c. . : 26d. ' :
PAYABLE AT LEEK

STAFFORDSHIRE.

A. 22a
P A Y A B L E AT W . PARRIS DIMCHURCH . X x

x- -

A. 224
OR 22c

PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

LONDON A.

BRISTOL. MASONIC 1794 TOKEN I. SCETCHLEY

FECIT

27.

' (>: : Laureate


GEORGIVS

A. 22d bust to right, D under.


III REX.

R: : Shield 1789.
28. O::
GLOVERS

of

arms

between

sprigs. A. 23

V I S I T E D BATH CITY S E P T E M B E R 1 0 t h

LONDON

SHEFFIELD

&

BIR-

phniL^uiu.

MINGM WAREROOMS B A T H .

R:: Nu 39 MILSOM S T R E E T in two lines in centre, L A T E BATH & S O M E R S E T SHIRE BANK. AT NU 39 MILSOM STREET .

E: 28a. E :

PAYABLE

+ +
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LIVERPOOL.

A. 24
LONDON OR A. 24a

286. E Milled ////// A. 24c 29. 0 : Similar. The top of BATH lines with first, limb of N in ' ' L O N D O N ''
and the I in " BIRMINGHAM."

R E 30.

As last. "Blundered" edge.


LONDON + + + +

PAYABLE

N OR

A. 24A

O: The same as No. 28. R: Shield of arms, T H E


CITY OF B A T H .

ARMS

OF

THE

E: 31.

PAYABLE BY I. F O S T E R L A M B E R H U R S T .

A. 25 0 : The same as No. 28. R: Bust to left, S T A N H O P E


OUT NOBILITY. AT ADAM S I M P S O N S ROMNEY. . NOBLE WITH-

E: Rarity

PAYABLE

A. 26 Nos. 17 to 23, and 29, RRR. 26a b c, d, 28a, 30, 31, RR. 23, scarce. 26, 28 (small flan), common. 24, 28 (large flan), R.

230

Somei'sctsbire.
BATH.
32. 0 : The arms, supporters, &c., of the City of Bath, w GYE PRINTER
& STATIONER BATH 1 7 9 4 .

mu/X jjf.

R-. A female seated instructing a boy with a key to unlock the prison doors. GO FORTH radiated R E MEMBER THE DEBTORS IN ILCHESTER GOAL.

E 32 a. E

PAYABLE PAYABLE

AT W.

GYE's

PRINTER
A

BATH

X X
BY JAMES TEBAYS

"

27

HASTINGS

A.- l ^ a

iayte'^i

j^s/a

'&<? frf *. tjir.

}4

f/fctfi. vm - z m- - y. ;

33. O : Similar to last, but with the bends added on the shield of arms. R : Similar to last, but the end of the boy's robe, which floats over his shoulder, does not go so high; there is a period and a trefoil, instead of the quatrefoil. A. 28 E : The same as No. 32. 34. 0 and E : The same as last. R. Similar, but the boy has no robe floating over his shoulder, and the ravs from " G O F O R T H " are not so long. A34a. E ' BRIGHTON CAMP HALFPENNY.

34 Bis. O: As No. 32. R: and E : As No. 34. 35. O : The rev. of No. 33. R: Bust to left, IOHN
HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE 35a. E : E PAYABLE AT IN

HOWARD

F.R.S. OR 8 0

BANBURY LANCASTER

OXFORD
A

READING + BRISTOL. 356.


A

LONDON '

OR
UA

r"J't I '},

: PAYABLE IN LONDON OR DUBLIN^

Nos. 36-38. Sfi

O:

IOHN HOWARD,

and as the rev. ot No. 35


36*. E : MASONIC HALFPENNY TOKEN MDCCXCIV. A. 1 0 9 /

R: Very similar to No. 34, but the inscription reads REMEMBER T H E


DEBTORS IN GOAL. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

3 6 f . E : CURRANT EVERY W H E R E .

3%. E : Milled over lettering. A. E ' Plain (not in collar). A. 109A 36/t. R : A figure of Britannia seated, RULE 37.
BRITANNIA.

36a.

E:

PAYABLE

IN DUBLIN OR L O N D O N . ^ . ^

36ft. E
36c. E :

: PAYABLE BY HENRY OLIVERS

38.

PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONBON OR BRISTOL. 3 6 d . E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN. ^

On large and small flans. A female seated, holding t u n i n g tools. HALFPENNY. Ex\ A. Ill

231

S o m c r s e t s bt re.
-J ~TT.

* U

/Mm\
&

BATH.
Nos. 39-45. (>: Bust to left, with how and quiver. BLADUD FOUNDER OF BATH.
SUCCESS 39 R: A tea TO THE urn, BATH WATERS. BRAZIERY 1794. A. 31 IRONMONGERY E x : BATH.

& CUTLERY.

F. H E A T H .

E : PAYABLE BY F ! HEATH

/& /?

/ * *

,. i,Z HZvr-{*, , v *

*no}, yuid? nit Old

39a. E : Plain. 40. R : A public building,


IRONMONGER &C.

W E S T FRONT OF K x HEATH 1795.

NEW PUMP ROOM BATH.

n in m

/*': Milled. A. 32 This is struck on both large and small flans, the large ones showing a broad toothed border. 40o. E : Plain. 41. R : A public building, NORTH FRONT
OF PUMP ROOM. MONGER &c. E x : HEATH IRON1796.

E : Milled. A. 33 41 a. F. : Plain. 42. It: Shield of arms of the City of Bath, &c.
E : PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 34

43.

R : Ancient walls and a tower,


SURROUNDED TOWERS . -(- . E : PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON IT WITH WALLS

AND
& OR

LIVERPOOL.

A. 35 STALL S T R E E T 1794. INDIA H O U S E

44. 45.

R : View of a building,
BATH. Ex-.

A. 36 R : A turnpike gate and house,


TURNPIKE TRUST. E: PAYABLE AT WALCOT TURNPIKE BATH TOKEN. E x : WALCOT 1796 NO

. x . A. 37 46. O : The rev. of No. 40. R: Bust to right. RT H15 c. J. FOX. A. 39 O: As obv. of No. 39. R: A tea chest inscribed M. LAMBE & SON &c.
E : PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSONS ROMNEY . A. 38

O : A tea chest. As rev. of last. R: A camel, &c., 1797. fVPnr,ri n inn,,,


E : PAYABLE BY I. FOSTER LAMBERHURST.

49.

0 : As last.
R : BLADUD FOUNDED BATH &C.

E: As last. Nos. 47, 48 and 49 were struck from farthing dies.

RarityNos. 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, RRR.


32<z, 34a, 34 Bis., 35b,'36b,g, h, 39a, 40a, 41a, RR. 32, 35a, 37 (large flan), 42, 43, R. 33, 35, 36, a, e, / , 37 (small flan), 38, 40 (large), 41, 45, scarce. The others, common.

232

5 o m e r s c t s b i r e.
BATH.
0 : A camel and radiation, TKAS COFFEE SPICES & SUGARS. Ex: A pentagonal star. R : View of the " INDIA H O U S E 1794" within a beaded circle, M. LAMBE
& E SON BY TEA-DEALERS X M. LAMBE & GROCERS BATH. : PAYABLE & SON.

J IRVU. TTlt-Trrrjxrr-Ttt

A. 40
50a. 50b. 50c. 50d. 50e. F, : PAYABLE MILSOM STREET . 50/'. E

-ri&
X X X

: PAYABLE IN D U B L I N OR LONDON

A. 40a
STAFFORDSHIRE.

E : PAYABLE AT L E E K E E E : : PAYABLE IN

A. 406
LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. : PAYABLE BY I. SIMMONS YORK BUILT A.M. 1228. + A. 40f STAPLEHURST.

5 0g. E : Milled. These are struck in brass.


50h. 50;. E E : : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN I. FOSTER OR AT MURTAGH. PAYABLE BY

A. 40/'
BALLY-

LAMBERHURST.

A. 40d
CATHEDRAL A. 40e R E B U I L T A.D . 1075

50/r. E : Plain.

A. 40-/

-AJ4:

O: As last. R : Similar, but dated 1795.


E : PAYABLE BY M. LAMBE & GON BATH.

yrf],li. A. 41

mrvrr -lf

O: R: E : 52a. E :

As last. Similar, but dated 1796. As last. Plain (not in collar).

A. 42 A. 42a

Nos. 53-55. O : Perspective view of a street, BATH S T R E E T . Ex: BATH.


J -fir.il

53

R : The same as No. 50, dated 1794.


E : PAYABLE BY M. LAMBE & SON BATH.

A. 43 58a. E : Milled ////// A 43a 54. R : The same as No. 51, dated 1795.
E : PAYABLE BY M. LAMBE & SON BATH.

55. 56.

A. 44 R: The same as No. 52, dated 1796.


E : PAYABLE BY M. LAMBE & SON BATH.

O: Shield No. R : Shield No.


E

A. 45 of arms, no supporters. As 12. of arms, with supporters. As 15.

: PAYABLE BY I . FOSTER L A M B E R H U R S T .

57

O : Shield of arms, &c. As last. R : Female seated, &c. As on No. 82.


E : PAYABLE BY I. FOSTER LAMBERHURST.

A. 46 Ok Rarity Nos. 56, 57, RRR. 50a, b, d, / , A, j, 52a, 58a, 54, 55, RR. 51, 52, 58, R. 50c, g, scarce. 50, c, k, common.

283

Somersetshire.
BATH.
Nos. 58-64. 0 : Shield of Arms. As No. 56.
A. 4 7 A. 4 8 A. 49 A. 50 COMMAND A. 51 BATH.

: Tea urn, &c. 59. 60. 6i. 62. vmzmm 63. /.


St/XUi 3 J i f . Oil ' coi'i'iii:.

As on No. 39.

: PAYABLE BY T. FOSTER LAMBERHURST.

R : West front of pump room, &c.


: PAYABLE BY M. LAMBE & SON BATH.

1! : India House, 1794, &c.


: PAYABLE BY T. FOSTER LAMBERHURST.

i: : India House, 1795, &c.


: PAYABLE BY T. FOSTER LAMBERHURST.

I!

GOLD | SILVER

OR

| COPPER | I CAN

VALUE ONE j HALFPENNY | UPON | DEMAND. PAYABLE BY T. FOSTER LAMBERHURST.

View of a street, Engrailed. 63ft. 63<. 63d. 64.

BATH S T R E E T .

EX:

A. 52 A. 52a

PAYABLE AT SOUTH S H I E L D S AND LONDON. LONDON. A. 526

I I>_U CUi'll'U-llii V;-1jU& (Jti Z L'li.VSVZliiVi UifUii y&pse.wZ m


, v v"""" r '

zJJJii i f i i
Tjfrr--

, (j L

K PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN E Milled (fine and coarse). E Plain (not in collar). I! View of a building,
NEW ROOMS. E x :

A. 52c A. 52d
PRINCIPAL ENTRANCE

BATH.

"///,

Milled (fine and coarse). 64a. r, Plain. 65. O A crowned bust to right.
R E F O U N D E D BATH . A D .

A. 53
ALFRED YE GREAT 900. AND SURROUNDED A. 54

^-Svy

V.,7.

Ancient walls and a tower, ft 65n.

IT WITH WALLS & TOWERS . - \ - .

r,fr<

PAYNE & TURNER S I L V E R - S M I T H S BATH . I

PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND ONE HALFPENNY

A. 54a A. 546 656. V. Plain. 66. O A scroll inscribed READY MONEY ONLY within a circle. WOOD & co. LINEN DRAPERS &c. Shield of arms, &c. As on No. 56. Engrailed. A. 55 Plain (not in collar). A. 55b 67. O As last. View of a street, BATH S T R E E T . Ex : BATH. See No. 63. PAYABLE AT LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 56 67a. E Engrailed. A. 56a 676. E Milled. A. 566 (57c. E Milled over EMSWORTH HALFPENNY PAYABLE
BY IOHN STRIDE.

66a. /',' 66/;. /:

WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

A. 55a

errr~

67'/. E

Milled over
SUDBURY.

PAYABLE

AT

GOLDSMITH

&

SON

RarityNos. 58 to 62, 636, 66, 6, 67, a, c, d, RRR.


63c, 65a, R. 64, scarce.

63, a, d, 64a, 656, 676, RR.

65, 66a, common.

234
S o m e r s e t s h i r e ,

BATH.
68. 0 : A head, front face,
T R O N E S S OF BATH.

MINERVA

PA-

H: A sphinx.

Badly executed.

A. 57

Nos. (59-84. i i : The arms and supporters of Bath, in a sunk oval, BATH CITY
TOKEN.

69. 70. 71. 72.

0: Front view of a chapel.


SAINTS C H A P E L .

: ALL

E: Plain (in collar). 0: Front view of


CHAPEL BATH.

A. 58 chapel.
ARGYLE

E: Plain. 0: View of a street.


E x : BATH.

A. 59
BATH STREET.

E: Plain. 0: Front view of a building.


BATH P U M P ROOM. HALFPENNY .

A. 60
CROSS

E\ Plain. 7'2a. E: PORTSMOUTH 73.


7*W

A. 61
PAYABLE AT

T H O S SHARPS . X

A. 61a Ex
: FREE

0: View

of

church.

CHURCH.

E: Plain. 73a. E : COVENTRY T O K E N . 74. 0: View of a building.


SCHOOL.

A. 62 A. 62a Ex
: FREE

E: Plain. 74n. E: COVENTRY 75. 0: View of


I r r rj IT-RF-NTRF IJ v;t R R R OF ALL

A. 63
TOKEN.

building.
Ex : OPEN TO

GENERAL PEOPLE ALONE BATH

HOSPITAL. EXCEPTED.

COUNTRIES.

E\ Plain. A. 64 75a. E : Plain (not in collar, thin flan). 76. (): View of a chapel. KENSINGTON *
CHAPEL *

77.
/.rr-'n

78.

K : Plain. A. 65 O: View of a chapel, S T . MARYS above, C H A P E L below. K : Plain. A. 66 0: A similar view of the same building.
E x : ST. MARYS C H A P E L .

E : Plain.
78a. E : COVENTRY T O K E N .

A. 67

-rrm

235
S o m e r s e t s h i r e

BATH. 79 0: Front view of a building,


BATHS. PRIVATE

E x : STALL S T R E E T .

iggwBTyjwB}

E: Plain. A. 68 79a. E: COVENTRY TOKEN. 80. 0 : View of a bridge with houses. Ex:
P U L T E N E Y BRIDGE BATH.

81.

A. 69 K: Plain. of a public building, 0 : Interior showing ceiling, with INTERIOR OF NEW PUMP ROOM above it. Ex:
BATH E R E C T E D 1796.

82.

A. 70 i?: Plain. 0: View of the same interior, but not showing ceiling. INTERIOR OF
NEW PUMP ROOM BATH ERECTED

E 82a. E 83. 0 84.

1796. Plain.
COVENTRY T O K E N .

A. 71 A. 71
PRINCIPAL E X : BATH.

View

of

building.
NEW ROOMS.

ENTRANCE

A. 72 E: Plain (thick and thin flan). Military trophy. PRO REGE ET 0:


PATRIA * * BATH ASSOCIATION *

85. 85a. E

1798. A. 73 Plain. Arms, &c. As rev. of No. 69. Arms of Coventry.


COVENTRY T O K E N .

Plain.

^
i+,

-5o

BRIDGEWATER.
86, 0 : Front view of a house, i.
HOLLOWAY AND SON DRAPERS & C . POST O F F I C E .

~j.,

Ex: 1794. R: Part of a castle and a bridge.


B.WATER HALFPENNY . FOR CHANGE TO PAY. NOT FRAUD. E : ON DEMAND WE PROMISE

rrrrri

A. 74 :1A
86A. E 866. 86r.

Also struck in silver and brass.


: PAYABLE AT AT AT GOLDSMITHS SOUTH THE STORE & SONS A. 74a SHIELDS OF . + + AND + A. 74b SUDBURY. E : PAYABLE LONDON. E: PAYABLE

87.

E: The rev. of last. H : A dragoon mounted.


PATRIA. Ex

4- .
PRO R E G E ET

A. 74c A. 74,1 A. 74 A. 74f

86rf. E engrailed. 86c. E 86/. E 86a. E E

: Q U E E N S BAYS.

The remainder A. 75 engrailed. A. 75a 87 a. E: Engrailed. A. 75& H7h. E: Plain (not in collar). E:
PAYABLE IN LONDON.

: W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

RarityNos. 68, 70, 71, 72a, 81, 85, a, 86a, 6, e, g, 87a, llRli. 73a, 74a, 75a, 78a, 79a, 82a, 84, 86c, 87b, RR, 80, 86rf, R. 86, 87, common. The others, scarce.

236
, v

Somersetshire.
BRISTOL.
88. O: A tower and spire of a church,
HALFPENNY AT THE HAWKINS BIRD. PAYABLE INDIA TEA WAREHOUSE

ONE

R : Front view of a building,

1793. F. : Milled. A. 76 88a. E : Plain (not in collar, but rounded). A. 76a 89. O: Similar to last, but with an inner legend added, WINE S T R E E T NO. 2
BRISTOL.

11: E : 89a. E : 89b. E :

As last. Oblique milling ////// Nearly upright milling. Plain.

A. 77 A. 77a

Nos. 90-96. 0: The arms of Bristol within a circle, PROSPERITY TO T H E


CITY OF B R I S T O L .

90. 91.

i t : A figure of Galen, E : Plain. li : A public building, . 1790.


E : BRISTOL FAIR TOKEN

i .

CHESTER

DRUGGIST AND CHYMIST.

A. 78
EXCHANGE BRISTOL . X . X .X .X .

x .x . x . A. 79 91a. E : Plain. 92. h : An antique shield inscribed PRO AKIS E T FOCIS and a military trophy. BRISTOL V O L U N T E E R TOKEN 1798. E : Plain. A. 80 92a. K : COVENTRY TOKEN (on a thick Han). <)H. I ! : A glass factory, SUCCESS TO THF.
GLASS MANUFACTORY. E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND ONE HALFPENNY. X . A. 81

93a. E : Plain. 94. /1': A scroll within a circle, inscribed READY MONEY ONLY. Similar to the centre of No. 66. A. 82 95. R : A flame issuing from a tomb inscribed HAMPDEN & SIDNEY. A. 83 E : Milled. 96. R : Bust to right, j. P R I E S T L E Y CITIZEN
OF T H E WORLD. K : PAYABLE BY T . FOSTER L A M B E R H U R S T .

A. 84 !)7. 98. Uyild-r-iA l> UiiZ ui>W 0: A glass factory. As No. 93. /i : Arms of Edinburgh, &c.
E . PAYABLE BY T. FOSTER LAMBERHURST. OR | COPPER | I CAN

O: As last.
R : GOLD I SILVER COMMAND | VALUE ONE | HALFPENNY | UPON | DEMAND. E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND ONE HALFPENNY. A. 85

98a. E : Plain.

Somersetshire.
-;- V 1 .
7

'287

- ' 1 0c r, <?rwfrr
^ ;/^0

> ' 4 ct ./

BRISTOL
> 3

*.1

99.

>4 i"7 ^

0 : A large bale marked N H B iVo. 1 crest, a leopard, GENERAL COMMISSION BRIDGE & PUBLIC SALE ROOM

1
- <- r>

&

1/ ?* 'j- J? r* y l ' 4 - '-c \

There is no period at end of legend, and the N on the bale is Italic, whilst the 1 is a square top figure. R: A figure of Justice standing, dividing the date 1795. PAYABLE
STREET BRISTOL. AT NIBLOCK & HUNTER'S. A. 86

&
J* Nils
a

V * T
S-~J _ ij57 L~l;r'. : _fe

'-j

' r>j

'*

100.

101.
^ ^
- . < \

,. 1^ / l'^rj't, ,>&r A -'\ *'*%

. :r A

102.

O: Similar to last, but with a period at end of legend, and the 1 is a sloping figure. R : As last. A. 87 0 : Very similar, but from a different die, which may be distinguished by the letter s in " B R I S T O L " being larger than any other letter. R : As last. A. 88 O : Two men talking, (i WANT TO BUY
SOME CHEAP BARGAINS.) (THEN TOKEN GO TO N I B L O C K ' s , IN BRIDGE S T R E E T . )

fO&.

v. w * n
103.

R : View of a bridge. B RISTOL 1795. O: Very similar to last, the " BARGAINS " is directly the T of " T O . " R : As last.

A. 89 B of under A. 90

CREWKERNE.
104. Utj ^-'i' afo.iiit* - OiUbi L.JslZ>i u .! OJM.ru &Jffl 0 : A man weaving in a loom. Four treadles show under man's left foot. R PAYABLE | ON DEMAND AT | SPARKS
& GIDLEYS | LINEN & WOOLLEN | GIRTH WEB | MANUFACTORY | CREWKERNE J 1 7 9 7 .

' FT""""/

f 1
*{ | r-

|
I ~
f

JiJ llZlds.iJJj J /zz'j^iljuz 'jt

>-.>*-r*
105 98, 99, R.

I : i-iys**; 1 | Sjii'j-i.' / % f i v.,,;,.

JZZXU2.i. 106

E : Milled. A. 91 105. O: Very nearly like the last, but a portion of the treadles show behind the feet of the man and inside the loom. Two treadles just show under man's feet. R : As last. E : Milled. A. 92 106. O: As last. R : Similar to last. The a of " GIRTH " under the i N of " L I N E N . " E : Milled.

RarityNos. 88, 92a, 94, 95, 96, 97, 106, RRR.


90, 91, 102, 104, 105, scarce.

88a, 89a, b, 91a, 93a, 98a, RR.


89, 100, 101, 103, common.

92, 93,

238

5 o m e r s e 10 b 1 r e
DUNKIRK.
A?
C

107.
@ j SfeffiI S IB fS <M T )?' 'ucajjBflWBS ( ' fr S 2& ) 'J 26SS!

A fleece and a cypher M <t 1 under .


. SUCCESS TO THE STAPLE OF ENGLAND

Front view of a large building.


DUNKIKRE FACTORY 1795.

.'

17 5/5 V"

W W E: Milled to left W 107a. A': Milled over P A Y A B L E


LONDON.

A. 98
IN DUBLIN OR

f? r?l' 55 7L(,? r. (Spj i

$r fij r[ '* Q '(3 WS m MIU'l r^mSitEB


Wl 7J . - I- 6 1 5 " : - -,G- r ari>
i 7 5>3 >

1076. A': Upright milling. 107c. i ? : Partly milled to left, the remainder to right. 107rf.E : Plain {on large flan). 108. 0 : As last. R: View of building as before. DUNKIRK SOMT. FACTORY 1795.

i"

^ s t = T /JLO'/iJ

A. 94 F. : Milled to right ////// A. 94a 108a. E Plain (not in collar). 109. O: Similar to last, but without the small ornamental flourishes to the cypher. B As last. A. 95 E Milled to right. 109a. E Plain.

YEOVIL.
110.
jtk,l UiUUUt^j 4

O: A man weaving in a loom. I!: B if C Y E O V I L 1797. In three lines occupying the whole of the field. A. 96 EARTHINGS.

<j ,rrznr,Z.T<S.' J
* J7/TH

BATH.
Ifiwillr 111 111. O: A tea chest inscribed
SON GROCERS BATH. SUGARS C O F F E E S . M. L A M B E SPICES & TEAS

B : Front view of a public building.


STALL STREET -f 1794 BATH. + E X \ INDIA A. 97

*7?

'}

HOUSE

112.

O:

R E 112a. E 113. O R 114. E\ O: R:

As last. A monogram cypher L L.


FARTHING TOKEN * 1795.

A BATH

114

E. 114a. E:

Milled. A. 98 Mostly struck in brass. Plain (not in collar). A. 98a As last. A cypher M L & S. PAYABLE ON D E M A N D . 17915. A. 99 Milled. As last. A camel and rays of suu. Ex: 1797. A. 100 Milled. Plain.

S o m e r e 10 b u* e.
muuiu <5='? Jftu. 'S--

239

BATH.
.y'< SAVJ-J *<\ Z 115. 0 : A crowned bust to ieft, with bow and quiver. BLADUD
FOUNDED BATH.

H: Bladud

driving
HIS

his
SWINE.

swine.
Ex \

THROUGH

116. tgncrfr-

1794. A. 101 O: As last. 11 . P ront view of a building, WEST


FRONT O F N E W P P . ROOM B A T H . E x : HEATH IRONMONGER &C.

1795. A. 102 0 : A tea chest, &c. Same as No. 111. 11 . Bust of Bladud, &c., as on obverse of No. 115. A. 103 0 : As last. li A balance with the Persian word (Adel) "Justice," between the scales. A. 104 This is from the die for the half-pice of Bombay. Nos. 119 122a. 0 : Arms, &c. from the centre of No. 56. H The reverse die of No. 111. R: A cypher M L <( S, &c. As on rev. of No. 113. H: A female standing holding a pole upon which is a cap of Liberty ; on her right is an altar with a heart in flames, and on her left a pedestal supporting a balance.
EQUALITY, LIBERTY, FRATERNITY.

A. 106 R: A monogram cypher L L, &e. As No. 112. 122a. H: As last, but on small thin flan.

BRISTOL.
123. 0 : Arms of Bristol from centre of die No. 90. R: Bust to right, L O R D C A M D E N .

Rarity-Nos. 117, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, RRR.


118, RR. 113, 114, R. 107, 110, 112, scarce.

107a, 6, c, d, 108a, 109a, 114a,


The others, common.

240
S t a f f o r b s b i re.

PENNIES. yi/t.

LICHFIELD.
0 : Trial of unfinished die of No. 2. No buttons on coat. K: Blank. C Hi-j
E : 1 PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND T H E HEARER ONE PENNY.

0 : Bust to left,
COLLECTOR MUSEUM AGED 7 7 . DIED

RICHARD GREENF. OF T H E JUNE LICHFIELD 4 179B

R: An antique
WEST CATHEDRAL. E

door and
OF E x :

porch.

PORCH

LICHFIELD 1800.

. PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE BY RICHARD WRIGHT LICHFIELD. A. 1

\ m [

STAFFORD.
O : The arms of tlie borough of Stafford (a castle and four lions). STAFFORD 1801. R: A cypher W H and a Staffordshire knot. PENNY.
E : PAYABLE BY HORTON AND COMPANY.

M \ H P

'

A. 2 0 : Similar, but the lions are farther from the castle and quite under the first and last letters of legend. K: The knot differs. O : Similar to No., but dated 1803. R: Similar, but from different die. A. 5

R a r i t y - N o s . 1, 6, 7, 8, 9<i, b, RRR. '2, 9, 10, b, RR. 10, 11, common.

8, 4, 5, scarce.

241
S t a f f o r f c s I) i r e .

TAMWORTH.
6.

O: Tiial of unfinished obverse die of No. 9.


B : Blank.
E : ON DEMAND I PROMISE BEARER ONE PENNY. TO PAY THE

7. 8.

O: Trial of a further advanced state of die for No. 9. E : and E : As last. O : Trial of a still further advanced state of die for No. 9. II: Reverse die of No. 9 without lettering.
E : Plain.

9.

This was struck in tin. 0 : View of a castle, TAMWORTH


EAST VIEW 1799. TOWN GUY. AT

CASTLE HALL Ex \

H: View of a building.

rr
E

REBUILT TAMWORTH : PENNY

BY |

THOMAS PAYABLE

1701. THE I CALICO

TOKEN

HOUSE OP | IOHN HARDING PRINTER | TAMWORTH.

Also in silver. 9a. E : Plain (in collar).


9b. E : Engrailed oooooo

A. 6 A. 6a

Of the Plain edge pieces, only four are k n o w n . O w i n g t o t h e b r e a k i n g of t h e c o l l a r , t h e flan of o n e of t h e s e is v e r y m u c h e x p a n d e d a n d of i r r e g u l a r s h a p e .

HALE PENNIES. i'jul 10.

LEEK.
O: A caduceus, supported by a large bale of goods, L E E K COMMERCIAL
HALFPENNY 1793. The top of

t 'M-/*
fc

caduceus points to first limb of R in " C O M M E R C I A L " and the bottom to the 3 in date. The 1 of date is curved. H: Two hands united, and an olive blanch, ARTE FAVENTE NIL D E S PERANDUM. E : PAYABLE AT L E E K STAFFORDSHIRE.

'fa?.

A. 7 10a. E : Engrailed. 10A. E: Plain. 11 O: Similar to last, but the top of caduceus points between the R and c and the bottom to the 9. R : Same design and legend as before, but the letters much smaller. E : As No. 10. A. y Large and small flans.

242

S t a f f o v f c s b i r e .

LEEK.
12. O: Similar,

the top of caduceus as before between the R and c, but the bottom comes to the 3. There is a flaw running through the first part of the word " HALFPENNY."

A. 9 R: and E : As No. 11. A. 9a 12a. ' : Plain (not in collar). 13. O: Similar to No. 10, but the 1 in date is square and the 3 much smaller. R: Similar, but less space between legend and branches. A. 10 E: As No. 11. 18a. E : Milled. These are on a larger flan. A. 10a 136. ii :; PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR --rLC l j i
>.

BRISTOL.

S;

14.

U:: Similar to preceding; the top of caduceus points to last limb of R, the bottom to the Y. R Similar, there is a berry on the underside of first leaf. A. 11 E As No. 11.
BIRMINGHAM LIVERPOOL OR LONDON.

14a. E
v C 14

A. 11a
PAYABLE AT W. GOLDSMITH BRAINTREE ESSEX.

146. F. 15. 0 R E 0 R

16.

Similar, but the top of caduceus points to centre of R, and the bottom to the period. Smaller letters. As No. 11. A 12 As No. 11. The same as No. 13. Figure of Justice standing. FOR
CHANGE NOT FRAUD. Ex \ 1 7 9 4 . PAYABLE BY THOMAS BALL SLEAFORD.

16a. E 17. 0 R E
(h I "->

Plain (not in collar). The reverse of No. 13. As last. Milled //////

A. 13 A. 13a A. 14

(Ti

LICHFIELD.
18. O : Bust to left, a small ornament under, DR. SAML. IOHNSON. R : A laurel wreath, L I T C H F I E L D TOKEN.
MDCCXCVI. A. 15

Also in brass. 19.

0 : As last. R: A figure of Britannia seated.


ROLE BRITANIA * * Ex'.

* *

1797.

PAYABLE IN LONDON.

engrailed.

The remainder A. 16

24a

S t a f f o r 6 e b ire.
STAFFORD.
20. O: Tlie arms of Stafford. STAFFORD 1797. B: A cypher IV H and a Staffordshire knot. HALFPENNY.
E : PAYABLE BY HORTON AND COMPANY +

21.
,( , 4 \

+ + A. 17 Also in silver. O : Similar to last, but the lions are a little higher, and the letters of legend do not spread out to the edge so far as the lions do. R: and E : As last. A. 18
E: PAYABLE AT GLOCESTER

21a.

A. 18a 21A. E : Plain (not in collari.

TAMWORTH.
22.

II
tp&i'.fj'iqazt 23.

Proof of unfinished obverse and reverse dies of No. 23. Struck in tin. 0 : A view of Tamworth castle and church. CHURCH AND CASTLE.
E x : NOBIS TAMWORTH. DEUS A. 19 FIDUCIA. Ex : HALFPENNY

B: An ornamental cypher F. B.
TOKEN MDCCXCIX.

Also in silver.

TIPTON.
24. O: View of a church,
PENNY. TIPTON HALF-

B: An anchor and cable, E : Engrailed.

PAYABLE . . IN

. . STAFFORDSHIRE . 1 7 9 7 .

A. 20

WOLVERHAMPTON.
25. J-iiid ^jjisiiu jnoiUs-Ljia/id 26. O: B: O. B: Proof of Blank. A barrel Wines | and | reverse die of No. 2G.

and two bunches of grapes. And Spirits | WHOLESALE Retail by | T. BEVAN | WOLVERHAMPTON. In six lines, the top and bottom ones being curved. A. 21

RarityNos. 14A, 21a, b, 22, 25, ERR.


16a, scarce.

13a, b, 16, 24, RR.

12, 14a, 23, 26, R.

The others, common.

'244

Staffordshire.
FARTHINGS. i-SJ tl'tt ~
/-. a f, w O:

LICHFIELD.
27. O: Shield of arms of the city of Lichfield between ornaments.
R : PAYABI.E | ON | WHIT-MONDAY | BANK. | AT T H E

vrsti&uoM{ t
'/itS

28.
NV -ct,

29.

In five lines, the bottom one curved. A. 22 Also in tin. 0 : Very similar to last. R : Similar, but no period at end of legend. A. 23 O : The same as No. 27.
GREENHILL R : S. BARKER | DOZENER | WARD. | SADLERS STRT.

| 1794.

In five lines. A. 24

L>0^2Jllni

Also in tin.

STAFFORD.
30. 0 : A reduced copy of No. 20. R: A cypher W H and a Staffordshire knot. HALF H A L F P E N N Y . E : Milled. A. 25 R a r i t y N o . 29 (copper), RRR. 27, 28, 29, 30, R.

Suffolk.
P E N N I E S .

BUNGAY.

dt"

1.

O: Remains of an
BUNGAY CASTLE.

ancient

fortress. FOR
1794. BY S. A. 1

HALFPENNY.

E.V '. BIGODS

R: Figure of Justice standing.


CHANGE E : DOUBLE NOT TOKEN FRAUD. E x \ PAYABLE

PRENTICE. X . X . X . , --

X, / -'

-/ a

la. E : Engrailed. A. la 2. O : and E : As No. 1. R: A figure of Justice standing on a pedestal, FOR T H E USE OF TRADE. A. 2 2a. F, : Engrailed. A. 2a 3. 0 : Remains of an ancient fortress.
BUNGAY HALFPENNY 1796.

R: and E : The same as No. 2. A. 3 These are struck from the halfpenny dies. Atkins' No. 4.See Middlesex, No. 136.

Rarity -Nos. 6, 7, 9, RRR.

2a, 4a, 5, 8, RR.


4, 6a, common.

10, R.

1, la, 2, 3, scarce.

245
S u f f o l k .

BURY.
i Vn

O: Bust to left in cocked hat.


MARQUIS C O R N W A L L I S .

CHARLES

R: Figure of Fame, standing between implements of war. HIS F A M E


RESOUNDS E : VALUE ONE FROM E A S T PENNY AT I'. TO W E S T . DECKS POST A. 5

OFFICE

BURY

1794.

4a. E : Plain (not in collar). 5. O: An ancient gateway. Over the entrance A B B E Y G A T E B U R Y . R : An open book, P A Y A B L E AT RACKHAMS HILL CIRCULATING BURY. LIBRAY. ANGEL A. 6

Struck from the dies of the halfpenny.


iliii y

HOXNE.
6. O: A light horseman standing leaning against his horse, PRO ARJS E T
FOCIS.

j 'J J. i

/
J ,

R: A

castle
HOXNE

in
&

a garter
HARTSMERE CAVALY.

crowned.
SUFFOLK

*
f A

LOYAL YEOMANRY

r/f

: GOD SAVE T H E KING AND C O N S T I T U T I O N .

A. 7 6a. E : Plain. A. 7a This is from the dies of the halfpenny.

IPSWICH.
f ; S z |I

'/

>%

B
,-<i *'Jiu< ^ 4>';/
: jV v

0 : Trial of obverse die for No. 9 without I M under bust. This was struck on a very thin white-metal flan. 8. O: Impression of obverse No. 9, after the die failed. Struck in tin. 9. 0 : Bust to left, in a cap, with a small tassel, or button on top. A small cypher I M under the bust. 7.
CARDINAL WOLSEY BORN AT IPSH

% 'Jf ^

_ 1471. R: View of an ancient gateway,


CONDER . IPSWICH . 1795. WOL X S G A T E .

JAS.
E x :

10. 10

E : Plain (in collar). A. 8 Also struck in silver. O: A similar bust, but without the tassel. A small m under the bust. CARDINAL W O L S E Y BORN AT
IPSWICH 1471.

R : and E : As last. Also in silver.

A. 9

246

Suffolk
IPSWICH.
11. 0. As last. R: P A Y A B L E E 11a. E 12. 0 R 13. 0
I | AT | CONDER'S | IPSWICH DRAPERY |

WAREHOUSE

1796. In
DEMAND THE 11 A.

iV. ^

seven lines.
PROMISE BEARER TO ONE PAY ON X PENNY

i c a m /war-

Plain. As last. A cypher I M C.


PENNY 1797. HALL IPSH. Ex

CONDER'S

IPSWICH A. 10

View of an ancient building,


: FORMERLY MILORED'S CHURCH.

TOWN ST.

14. tZZZUT^ZftZZZiZ13
- "1 '*%

R : As last. E : As No. 11. 0 : View of gateway, &c. No. 9. II: As last.

A. 12 As on R : of A. 13

WOODBRIDGE.
15. O: A front face bust,
ESQ. FOUNDED 1587. HOUSES THO: SEKFORD ALMSWOODBIUDGE

R : Shield of arms between palm branches, and the motto, O R A TIONES . ET . E L E E M O S . ASCENDUNT . IN . MEMORIAM COUNTY 1574. R. LODER 1796 . X . . CORAM . DEO .

within a beaded circle .


EXPENCE

AT W H O S E FIRST

MAPS W E R E

&Vf
E

ENGRAVED : PUBLISHED BY

m Also in silver. HALFPENNIES.

A. 14

BECCLES.
16.

O: South

porch

of

the

church.

B'ECCLESI.

R : View of a bridge. F S U on a label under it COMMUNITATE AUCTA 1795.


E : P A Y A B L E AT B E C C L E S S U F F O L K 1 * 1 *

/ * / A.15 16a. E : Inscribed as last, and the remainder obliquely milled W W W A. 15a
16i. E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON A. HALFPENNY OR 15b BRISTOL. 16c. E : WAJILEY CAMP MDCCXCIV

XXX
16'/. E : PAYABLE MUSES. AT THE TEMPLE

A. lotOF THE

16e. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 15d

RarityNos. 16c, d, e, 17, 19a, c, d, e, 21 b, e, d, 22a, b, e, /, RRR.


196, 20, RE. 11, 12, 13, 14, 166, R. 22c, scarce.

11, 1H,

The others, common.

S u f f o l k .

247

BLYTHING.
7

->r4?,
M i |

17.
18.

1 4

0 : Proof of obverse die No. 18 R : Blank. 0 : A mounted yeoman, LOYAI,


MANRY. Ex : FIRST TROOP.

SUFFOLK

YEO-

rixzi 'Sua of

R: A castle. SUFFOLK 1794 within a garter ciowned. BLYTHING HUNDRED HALFPENNY.


RJ . GOD SAVE THE KING AND CONSTITUTION X X

19.

A 16 O : Similar to last, the sword points to the L of " SUFFOLK,' whereas previously it pointed to the o. Ji : and E: As last. 17 Also struck in silver.

- r.si i nu~
19<J. K .
1Q,

CAMBRIDGE
D0N

BEDFORD TO PAY

AND THE

HUNTING-

X . x

A. 17tf
BEAKER

19c. E : Milled.
19(/. E

^ jy ( . A. 17

Iti. r.

: WE

PROMISE ONE CENT.

. PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON.

19e. I. : Plain (not in collar).

BUNGAY.
20. O: Bust to right,
T. MILLER * BOOKS E L L E R * BUNGAY *

R : Books and MSS., above them a beehive radiated, INDUSTRY . E N TERPRISE . STABILITY . CONTENT

1795. E : Plain (in collar).


7 i*a(l "

A. 18

p rem;;*? tn

rii-ffi

nn 7jTv7TJ.2* rmr_ rAIJFTETnr/

21.

0 : A hand holding a scroll which is inscribed " we promife to pay the Bearer on DEMAND one HALFPENNY. In five lines, BUNGAY 1795. 11 A figure of Justice standing on a pedestal, FOR THE USE OF TBADE.
E . S. PRENTICE S. D E L F M. ABEL.
A

22.

O: Remains of
BUNGAY CASTLE. CHANGE

an

ancient
Ex

fortress.
\ BIGODS

HALFPENNY.

R : A figure of Justice standing,


NOT FRAUD. E x :

FOR

1794.

E : Plain (not in collar, but rounded). A. 20


22a. E': PAYABLE AT BRISTOL. IJ . PAYABLE * 22c.. E IN * X AT x CRONEBANE x * X DUBLIN BIRMINGHAM LONDON x OR OR A. 20a A. 2 0 i
A

>>1 IT ALA. H. : S. PRENTICE

'

1 9

S. D E L L

M. ABEL.

91a v.
PAYABLE IN MARKET. SUFFOLK-STREET

A. 19a
A HAY1 Q/I

: PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON.

2U-. E:

Milled.

OO J TP . A. 19r
ZZ<7. PJ PAYABLE IN BRISTOL. LANCASTER LONDON

- 20cOR

21 d. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 20rf

22e. E : Engrailed. 22/-. E : Milled.

248

Suffolk
BUNGAY.
2~- r'~>.
\ *

'li

23 23. 0 : As last. R: The same as No. 21.


E 23a. E : PAYABLE BY S A M U E L PRENTICE . X . X .

24 Remains of an ancient fortress as before, the date 1796 above it.


BUNGAY H A L F P E N N Y .

A. 21
PAYABLE BY N. TODD DENTON NORFOLK.

K 2la. E 246. E

and E : As last. Milled over "

A. 22 A. 22

PAYABLE BY N. TODD DENTON NORFOLK. SAMUEL PRENTICE.''

A. 21a 236. K : Milled. A. 216 These are on large and small flans. 23c. E : Milled over No. 23 erlge. 23</. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 21c

24< E : Plain (not in collar). thick flan.

A. 226 This is on a A. 22c

BURY.
25. 0 : Shield of arms of Bury St. Edmunds. The head of the wolf is much nearer the E of " T H E " than the P of " P L O U G H . " R: A cypher P D above a crown, between palm and laurel branches, THE COMMERCE OF A. 23 a.ju.a. x. A. 246 25 K .: IOHN HARVEY OF NORWICH. 0 : A very close copy of the preceding, but the wolfs head is about equidistant. R As last.
1Z. . PAYABLE AT P . DECKS POST OFFICE BURY . X X . ^ A. 24

BRITAIN. PAYABLE AT

P.

DECKS POST

OFFICE

BURY . X X .

-S ^

26a E
266. 26c. E

PAYABLE AT IOHN : PAYABLE

FINCHAM'S S U F F O L K . B RISTOL &

IN L ONDON EVERY

K : CURRENT

WHERE.

26</. E : Plain (not in collar). 27. 0 : The same as No. 25.


Pi : PAYABLE | AT | JAMS. GOERS

Struck over No. lo edge. A. 24a A. 24c L ANCASTER A. 24,/ A. 24c


| IRONMONGER BURY.

A. 25

Also struck in silver.


27a. E : WILLEY S N E D S H 1 L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

28.

0 : Arms and

crest as on

No. 26.

PAYABLE AT MICHAEL A P S E Y S .

R E 28a. E 286. E 28c. E

A tea kettle, and a Bath stove.


SUCCESS TO TRADE.

Milled.
PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR T H I S I S NOT A COIN + + + + BUT A

A. 26
LONDON . +-

A. 26a
MEDAL.

Plain rounded.

A. 266 A. 26c

RarityNos. 23d, 25a, 26a, 27a, RRR. 24c, 266, c, RR. 246, scarce. The others, common.

23c, 26,/, 286, R.

<

^p=

"

INTRODUCTION.
NOTES ON THE TOKENS OF THIS SECTION.
wh0

~ * p r i * r ' h"d his " - w *

John Fincham was a manufacturer, and on his token a weaver is shown at work. Haverhill at one time was noted for its cloth manufactory. c m a S T a l l , a n t > o f Hoxne, was probably a member of the Hoxne and Hartsmere Loval e Suffolk Yeomanry, formed at that time for local defence.
q,

, E o b e r t m f a n , n m g j f l P f w i c h ' w a s a m a s t e r mariner, having his place of business in Stoke Lane. The legend and design on the reverse are very appropriate. James Conder, a draper, of Tavern Street, issued private tokens which have been

in fact it was not used for this token till done with for the previous one it wns nff' i 1 the date added, and cracked after the second hardening. ' softened and

Ar nf^hTt' G o l d s m i t h a n d S o s > of Sudbury, were drapers and tailors. Arms of the town their tokens call for no comment.
The

Beyond bearin the

Lambeth Penny, purporting to be issued by Sir George Cook is one of Dent'*

bas nnp nf 5 ^ a ^ e s , record in reference to the Guildford tokens; the "mule" is nrobahlv one of Denton s productions, as also the Lambeth Halfpennies and Farthings. Plobably

others w r S S T o

c " S i

'S

"

U C t M a p l e ! d e

' < Winctata.;

The Brightelmstone tokens were struck for W. Mighells, an earthenware dealer. d . vlw o n h X
D

a L T

5 eS

* " "

s i o w

a p o r t a i l 01

Of Boorman's tokens, of East Grinstead, 5 tons were struck. Three cwts. of tokens were issued by J. Tebay (or Tebays), ironmonger, appraiser, and auctioneer, of Hastings; whether he was owner of the vessel depicted on the token, or not, is uncertain. The tokens of Horsham were made for sale to Collectors. of six different " mules " previously unrecorded. The " C a t " variety was one

Of the Northiam tokens, John Foller issued 3 cwts., and G. Gilbert, 2 cwts. Charles Pye informs us that the token of G. Bennett, of Rye, was intended as a Private token for the late Mr. Tysson, but he did not approve of it. Thirty only were struck; the obverse die broke. The Winchelsea tokens were by the same issuer as the Brighton Camp H a l f p e n n i e s Richard Maplesden. With the Warwickshire tokens, a series of a most interesting character is commenced. Those of the Birmingham Workhouse; Two Shillings and Sixpence, to One Shilling, and including the Halfpenny token, issued by J. Alston, (Charles Pye states that these were manufactured by Ivempson ; the Rev. W. R. Hay, M.A., has a manuscr.pt note by which he informs us that Ivempson and Nevill were successors to Alston, or Wilmore, Alston and Co. button makers, Bread Street, Newhall Street,) form a fitting series, to be followed by those of the 19th Century. The Penny bearing the monogram of Peter Keinpson was not regarded by Pye, as a currency specimen ; it can only be regarded as of a " Private " character, " for exchange. The political tokens of the Greatheads and the Loggerheads, have reference to local incidents much too lengthy to be entered into now. Thomas Johnson and Isaac Perrins fought a prize fight at Banbury. currency tokens, being more of the nature of medals. They are not

The work of that artist, John Gregory Hancock, Junr., as shown on the tokens of George Barker and Thomas Welch, is of a most surprising character. Pye records that Hancock s father made an affidavit that they were entirely engraved by Ins son, who wasi born^ 0 n the 24th June, 1791. The Warwickshire Yeomanry are presented to us on private tokens of 1 homas Welch. The presentation of colours to the Birmingham Association on June 4th, 1798, is recorded on a token or medalet. The portrait of John Freeth, " The Birmingham Poet," appears on a Penny token. He kept a tavern in Bell Street, known as Freeth's Cofifee House, where met a social gioup whose portraits appear in the " Memoir" of James Bisset. Benjamin Jacob is recorded as being a chaser, engraver, auctioneer, and appraiser; his token adds the description of ironmonger. The portrait of Joseph Priestley, the scientist, appears on some medals, with a representation on the reverse, of some scientific apparatus. The medal, with the legend, OUR FOOD IS SEDITION, was struck after the Birmingham c Riots and by implication refers to Dr. Priestley, who, however, had no ling cause of the riot, he being out of Birmingham on the 14th of July, 1 * f thTlJastile being held at the Royal Hotel to celebrate the second anniversary of the stoimm D ot the lUstile at Paris. A printed circular was published describing the medal.

o( price; ^ ^ L " f f i t die-sinking,


reVerSe 4 h

S o d

^' " "


t h

" " -

S L : "rch
m e

SUPP

"ig

me,,,be

"' " "

''

Mich cl s Ch

'

'

"

very fin. piece of

TTnllanJ^^ ^ V 8 f t - e t o k e n s f ^ ? e r c y > have on the obverse the portrait bust of Philemon Holland, at one time an usher, and in 1G28 master of the Free School Coventry A v e w o f ? ", r f r m s t h e design of the reverse. Three dozen in copper, and six in silver were struck then the reverse die was softened, the boys playing at marbles were added the inscrin t on in the exergue removed, and the date 1801 substituted. In the second hardening of the die" it cracked (see the flaw by the date); six only were struck. Then with the new reverse die 1 a P en > mk-bottle, and open book18 impressions were taken. Joseph Farror issued the Warwickshire tokens, 1791. Ten tons in all of which about 4 cwt. were struck in collar. Ihose dated 1792 were made for sale to Collectors. The portrait is almost identical with that on the " Stratford Promissory Halfpenny." Charles Pye records that 1 ton of the Birmingham Halfpennies, 1793, were struck No issuer is recorded; possibly Kempson manufactured them to sell to anyone needing tokens for g currency. The " mules " were made for sale to Collectors. , ,, T h P r i v a t e tokens of George Barker, including the Pennies already referred to testifv to the interest which he, at the age of 22, took in the subject. His HalfpennTof 1797 is beautifully neat. W h a t suggested the design of the tokenhaving on the obverse a reprelen tation of the bust of Mercuryis not known, and it is difficult to conjecture. George Barker was an attorney; he died at his house in Monument Lane, Dec. 6th, 1845, aged 70. T k ? i f A t h e r ' F o r g e H o l l i n S t o n Barker, was a coin collector; his collection was sold bv M V 2 d followin totofof f 1 337 5 L 0 ? "' ' 1 8 0 3 ' '" i 8 a realised I
*m<"'6 '
h e b e

u t i M

of

"*

se,iM

'

H e

* * " o t n e *

a , , ,^;enry victualler, of Moor Street, issued the token having on the obverse thp 6 1 1 Elll0t Chtll P ^ " f , A s / e 8 a r d 8 t h e n e W i t h t h e b u s t f L , r ' Samuel Johnson on theobverse Charles 1 ye informs us that a great many of the tokens of the General Elliot issue, bein- brought " ^ Payment, just at the time of the striking of the second issue, that the edge-readfng a six w i h T h e - H repetition of the consequences. Thomas Sharp states that not more than six with the " Henry Biggs edge are known.

J k e -Birmingham Mining and Copper Company was formed to prevent a monopoly in Cm el S c f i S P v T t r i J T ' Tb" " C T!' S ' ZtdS g g6nUme S r curreno company y - T h ' e is no record of such a the r e v p r T f 3 BlS , S , et ' l s s u e <i 3 cwt. of tokens. The very rare variety " without the pictures," has the reverse from the same die as the common variety, but the die Haw appears rather larger on iQ6 r&rG variety. r\' r Bls , et Published in 1800, " A Poetic Survey round Birmingham," and " A Magnificent Dueccory, m one volume; his shop was in New Street, near to the Theatre. Having removed m 1814 published " A Descriptive G u i d e " ; another edition in 1816; and in 1828, The Origin, Rise and Progress of Leamington Spa."

tV,o t

His " Memoir " is a most interesting work. " ticket," or " shop card," in tin, penny size.

He also issued a very fine advertising token,

John Clarke, perfumer, of Bull Street, issued 36 Private tokens. Charles Pye says " Dies broke, many bad." Wyon "was the die-sinker, and Kempson the manufacturer. The design and workmanship are very fine. The specimen bearing the names of Mrs. Eves, Mrs. Pope, and Miss Eves is probably a medalet of reward; they kept a school at the Crescent, Birmingham. Samuel Garbett was a refiner, his place of business being in Steelhouse Lane. Of the tokens of William Hallan, the one with the die flaw on the reverse is the only one riven bv Charles Pye as for currency; he adds" There are some infamous counterfeits struck in London for sale." The design of the original is such that it leaves very much to be desired. The one bearing his portrait is much better; the others are " mules. The early efforts of J o h n Gregory Hancock, Junr., are Unfortunately his age is stated as being 7, instead of 8 years. Street. Ivempson's Birmingham Buildings, from dies by Wyon, have four varieties of reverses. T THE I<jth Century, John Ottley, medallist, engraved new reverse dies which bear his name; om these and Wyon's obverse dies, with the exception of St. John's Chapel, Der.tend, Sir George' Chetwynd had some specimens struck, silver gilt. There are also specimens in copper and white-metal. I n some instances the edge-reading is almost, if not entirely obliterated by the pressure brought on to the dies, which forces the metal tightly against the plain collar; the lettering being indented on the blanks previous to such being " struck." The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various Collectors
SUFFOLK.No. 31c. S U R R E Y . - N O S . 116, 12. S U S S E X . - N O S . 14, 37, 40c.

particularly

interesting.

Henry Hickman was a dealer in sheet, bar, and rod iron, wholesale and retail, Edgbaston

W A R W I C K S H I R E . N o s . 5 3 a , 7 0 Bis,

7 3 b , c, 7 4 , 7 5 , 7 7 a , b, 1 1 0 6 , c , 1 1 4 c , 1 5 5 .

Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. R. DALTON,
PAKK H O U S E , BRISTOL.

S. H. HAMER,
BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

S u f f o l k . BURY. 29. O An ancient gateway.


ABBEY GATE BURY. CULATING LIBRA Y

249

Over the entrance


AT RACKHAMS CIR-

R: Au open book,
E:
29a. OQ;
Y

PAYABLE

ANGEL H I L L BURY.

OR AT LEATHERDALES . X . HARLESTON NORFOLK.

A. 27 d Tii
E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL.

t?
' MASONIC HALFPENNY TOKEN MDCCXCIV v. : PAYABLE BY HENRY OLIVERS

A. 27a
x
A

oo J
-r*.'/a

YitsCa i

j 's&

z,)c.

-f

A. 2 7 c

- 276

"-a

" If '
<f S- --</ /

29rf. E : Milled (coarse) ////// 29c. E : Milled (fine) ////// 29f. T'j : Plain (not in collar). 30.
GOING, A GOING. 1795. PAYABLE AT

A 27,1 a . 27e

O: An arm and hand holding a hammer. h : A figure of Fame.


GUEST'S. Ex CHARLES : AUCTIONEER BURY.

E : Milled llllll 30a. E : Plain (not in collar).

^ 2g A. 28a
MANU-

1
--^ov.

gr,

HAVERHILL. O : A man weaving in a loom, HAVERHILL


FACTORY.

R: A cypher IF within an oval, crest a wolf's head, PRO BONO PUBLICO 1794.
E 9 1 A*
P A Y A B L E AT

: PAYABLE AT IOHN FINCHAMS SUFFOLK.

A. 29 A. 29a A A 296 9QN

Also struck in silver.


CLACHAR & c o ' s CHELMSFORD ESSEX + OLO. K . PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON X X 3 1 c . K . PAYABLE AT SOUTH S H I E L D S AND LONDON. X X

31 d. E : Milled. 31c. E : Plain (not in collar). 32. O : As last. /1 A shuttle and plough,
PLOUGH & S H U T T L E .

' A. 29</
SUCCESS TO X X
A

THE

E . PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON

qo r O - a . r. . RICHARD BACON COCKEY 326. E : Milled. 32c. E : Plain (not in collar). 32 Bis. O: As No. 32. R : As NO. 32. Eetrograde and intaglio. E : Plain. 33. HOXNE. 0 : A dismounted yeoman leaning 33a, against his horse, PRO ARIS ET
FOCIS. E: GOD SAVE THE

LANE.

30

A. 30a A. 306

KING

AND

CONSTITUA. 3 1 a

TION . + .

R E

A castle within a garter.


HOXNE & HARTSMERE LOYAL YEOMANRY CAVAL T

1795
SUFFOLK X 33b. E :

Also struck in silver.


PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON.

PAYABLE BY THOS. TALLANT HOXNE

R a

33c. E : Milled to right \\\\\\\\ A 31c 33d. E: Milled to left //////// A. Sid 3Se. E: Plain (not in collar) A 31c l 2 r f 0 S " J . c > 30 < S l a > c> <>' 32a, 334, c, RRR. 29/, 31c, 32c. RR. 29a, d, e, Sib, 32, 33c, scarce. 29, 30, 31, 326, 33, a, d, common. A. 31

250 S u f f o l k . IPSWICH. 34. 0: Arms, supporters, crest, and motto of the town of Ipswich. R: A man ploughing, and a ship sailing. E : PAYABLE WICH . 34a. E: PAYABLE GOD AT x x PRESERVE ROBERT . THE PLOUGH IPS& SAIL * MANNINGS A. 32

AT THE WAREHOUSE OF IOHN

i' .i. -Zb ^ C O l T U ^ m I Jj K X wj-- K2iiuus:jr.:

KERSHAW.

34fc. E : Plain (not in collar). 35. 0 : An ancient market cross,


CROSS. E x : 1794.

A. 32a
IPSWICH

H : PAYABLE AT C O N D E R ' s DRAPERY WAREHOUSE I P S W I C H . In six lines. E : Milled. A. 33 Also struck in silver.

35a.

E:

PAYABLE : PAYABLE BURY . : PAYABLE PORT .

AT IOHN AT X AT

FINCHAMS &

SUFFOLK.

35e. 35 f. 35g.

E : E E

CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

A. 33e

A. 33a 35ft. E
35c. E GOLDSMITH X I. X . IORDANS SONS S U D A. 336 DRAPER G0SA. 33c

: ON DEMAND WE PROMISE TO PAY.

A. 33/
: WE PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ONE

CENT .

35/i. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 33<7 A. 33A

35d

E : W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

A. 33d
- U GxLii

36.

0 : Bust to left, a small m under.


CARDINAL WOLSEY BORN AT IPSWICH

1471. 1{: Similar to preceding, but with the date 1796 added in a seventh line, at the bottom. E: Milled A. 34 36a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 34a This is from No. 35 reverse die, with the date added. LOWESTOFT. 37. O: Bathing machines in the water, and ships at sea. LOWESTOFT T O K E N .
SEA BATH (RP) 1795.

0 U U j i .

m r i m

H \ Men in a boat iishing, and ships at a distance. SUCCESS TO THE


FISHERIES.

37

E : Milled.

A. 35

37

Rarity Nos. 34a, b, 35a, b, c, d, e, /, g, 36, 38c, 39a, b, 40a, b, RRR. 36a, 38ft, R. 88a, scarce. 34, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, common. RaritySurrey, Nos. 1 b, 2a, b, RRR. 1, la, 2, RR.

35/i, RR.

S u f f o l k SUDBURY S&j lt 1 kj/. O'ULi y y & h i c o

251

SS. 0 : Shield of arms of Sudbury, the head almost touches the F and s in legend, MAY T H E T R A D E OF S U D BURY FLOURISH R: PRO BONO | PUBLICO | 1793. The 1

O : Shield of arms and crest as before, but the talbot's head is nearly under the s of " S U D B U R Y . " R : and E : The same as No. 38. A. 37
89a. 3 9 b. E E : . PAYABLE AT N . BOLLINGBROKE DASHER PAYABLE IN CASTER. &C. NORWICH. BRISTOL & LANLONDON HABER-

in the date comes under the B in


" PUBLICO." E 88a. 38i. : PAYABLE PAY A B L E AT AT GOLDSMITH & SONS The SUDA. 86 reBURY . X X X . E : E : GOLDSMITHS. PROMISE

mainder engrailed.
ON D E M A N D W E

A. 36a
TO PAY.

40.

0 : and E : As last. R: Similar to preceding, but the 1 of date comes under the u in
" PUBLICO." A THE WAREHOUSE 38 OF E : PAYABLE AT THOMAS CLARKE.

88c. E: Plain (not in collar). Also struck in silver.

A. 3Gb A. 36c

40a.

406. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 38a

Surre?,
PENNIES. LAMBETH.
C'VOOJi GJUlCOj OlXS'Zj -

1.

O: A man

standing, smoking a pipe, and holding a mug, and a keg'. A U G T . 24-96. S R . GEORGE COOK .
MAYOR OF GARRAT . ELECD. | GREENI | MERCHANT G. COOK | & | FRUITERER OYSTER

R:

SR.

GROCER

E:
la. E :

J LAMBETH. With It bunch of turnips at top, a cabbage at bottom, and a bunch of radishes on either side.
STANGATE ON DEMAND PENNY. ONE WE PROMISE AT P. TO PAY
A

ONE
4

VALUE

PENNY

DECKS

POST A. 4 a

OFFICE B U R Y

1794.

This being struck on Suffolk, No. 4, it shows the original legend, H I S FAME., &c, as'an outside inscription.
li. E : MANUFACTURED MINGHAM. BY W. LUTWYCHE BIR-

0 : As last. R'. A man seated on the gnawing a bone. F R E N C H


E : I PROMISE BEARER TO ONE PAY PENNY ON X

ground
LIBERTY. THE A. 5

2a.

: ON

DEMAND PENNY.

WE

PROMISE

TO

PAY

ONE

2b. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 5a

DEMAND

Atkins1 Nos. 1, 2, 3, 3 Bis, 6, and 7See Middlesex Nos. 137, 138, 139, 140, 665, and 667

252

Surrey.
HALFPENNIES BERMONDSEY rp < I J
ill * M t

'-'VLTUL>
'j

8.

0 : T T between two keys,


. BERMONDSEY.

SPA . G A R D E N

4.

O : Two keys. Similar to last. R : Musical instruments, but dated 1789.


E : SKIDMORE HOI.BOKN LONDON. A. 8

R : Two clarionets and a French horn, with a flaming heart in the centre. 1785. E : Plain. On thin flan. Also in white-metal
5. ; 0 , V .

0 : T.

KEYS I BERMONDSEY

| SPA

| GARDEN.

| 1796. In five lines occupying the field. R : Two keys, but from broken die. E : Engrailed. A. 10 6. 0 : Similar to last,
GARDEN. GARDENS

instead of

R : Musical instruments. As rev. of No. 4. E : Plain. 9

CROYDON.
<3

7.

0: R:

cypher D G.

HALFPENNEY . PAYBLE

O: Similar to last, but the spelling of


" HALFPENNY " AND " PAYABLE

. AT . GARRAWAYS . CROYDON.

teapot, T H E B E S T T E A S IN CROYDON. 1797. Spout points to G. A. 11 GUILDFORD.

corrected. R : Similar to last; the teapot is not quite so large. Spout points to R. ^0042^ _ A. 12 9. 0 : The arms of Guildford.
GUILDFORD HALFPENNY.

R: A three-quarter figure of Bishop Blaize,and a woolpack. S U C C E S S TO THE


WOOLEN MANUFACTORY.

On large and small 10.

flans.

A. 18

0 : The reverse of last. R : An anchor, cable and cap of Liberty.


LIBERTY PEACE COMMERCE. A. 14

Surrey
LAMBETH. Nos. 11-13.
11. r : sr. a.

253

0 : A man smoking, Ac.


COOK, Ac.

S* :0-iJoor.
11a.

E : Plain (not in collar).


E . EAMES HOLLAND X FIELD

A. 15
A. 15a

& ANDREWS P E T E R S -

114. E: Milled.
G--;rK .
lie. E

j5;, A. 16 A. 17
OF

. PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON.

L^vLBLTl

12.
18a.

-ft : The arms of London, Ac.


F. : PAYABLE E : AT THE WAREHOUSE

13. ft: A man seated, &e.


RICHARD PALEY.

V'
i m V \

186.

CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

0 : Inscription, SR. A. COOK, A C . The rev. of No. 11. 14. 11: The arms of London, Ac. As No. 12. E : Plain. A 1H 14a. E: Milled. 14-15.

Nos.

15.

-ft: A crown radiated, Ac. E : Plain.

A. 19

/ A

16. 4 ViS ( 5~-:Sfl/>n r kt^-S'+d J l --s 7li'ff<'

*.x / f . r 17.

FARTHINGS. 0 . A wheatsheaf and sickle between two doves. 1796. R : Denton Engraver A . Printer 7 . Mead Row near the Asylum Lambeth. A. 26 0 : Remains of an ancient fortress. R : As last. Inscription. A. 27 motto. R : As last. Inscription.

18. O: The Prince of Wales' feathers and


A. 28 SIR A. 29

..,,? i & v

Nos. 19-24. 19.


20.

O: A deformed dwarf,
DUNSTAN 1795.

JEFFERY

ft: As last.

Inscription.

ft . A crown, Ac. in a radiated circle, and date 1796. A. 80 ft : Britannia seated holding scales, Ac. A. 31 R: A cart unloading into a ship, Ac. A. 32 ft . A crown in a radiated circle, without the roses and date. A. 33 R : Prince of Wales' feathers. of No. 18. As obv.

21.

22. 23. 24.

Atkins' Nos. 20-25.See Middlesex Nos. 668-675. RarityNos. 3, 4, 11a, b, c, 12, 13a, b, 14a, 24, RRR. 5, 6, 14 15 RR 8, 11, 18, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, scarce. 7, 9, common
10, R .

254

S u 0 s e y.
HALFPENNIES. BATTLE. 1. 0 : Remains of an ancient abbey behind trees, H A L F P E N N Y . Ex: 1796.
R : BATTLE | PROMISSORY | HALFPENNY | PAYABLE | IN . S U S E X .

E : Milled.

A. 2

BRIGHTON. 0 : Bust to right, GEORGE PRINCE OF WALES. The forehead in a line with the E. R The Prince of Wales' crest and inotto. HALFPENNY 1794. No period. E BRIGHTON CAMP H A L F P E N N Y . X . X . X .x. A. 8 3.
8a.

l'
*

.***
^

0: Similar to last, but the line of forehead is between the N and o. R : and E : As last. A. 4
E BRIGHTON CAMP HALFPENNY MDC0XC1V

X.X .

A. 4a

I
/

'' -(ifr*>*?

rj

/"

The same as last. Similar to No. 2, but from a fresh die, with a period at end of legend. A. 5 E : The same as No. 2.
0

0%

1 }/m: 5. 0 : Similar to No. 3, but without period at end of legend. R : Similar to No. 2, but dated 1795.
K I PAYABLE AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON.

- U.,\

A. 6 Nos. 6-8. O: An officer standing, and distant view of a camp. B RIGHTON. 6. 7. R : View of Bastille,
HALFPENNY.

A. 7

R: Ships at sea, and trophies of war under. Ex: 1795. A. 8 R : Heart in hand, &c. A. 9

8.

HONOUR ,

&

9.

0 : View of Bastille. As rev. of No. 0. R : Ships at sea, &c. As No. 7. A. 10

Atkins' No. 1. See Middlesex No. 141.

S u s s cjr. B R I G H T O N .

255

'iioiio

10.

O:

HONOR .

| THE

| KINO,

PAYABLE AT W

MIGHELLS.

R: In

the

centre

the
i f

date

1796.
*

BRIGHTELMSTONE

HALFPENNY

A. 11
11. O: As last. R: Bust to right. _
THOMAS SEYMOUR.

A. 12
SHAKESPEAR.

12.

R: Profile bust to left,

O: The same as rev. of No. 10.

A. 13 CHICHESTER. 13.
E:

Unfinished trial of obv. die of No. 15, before legend.


PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OP DAVIDSONS.

14. E

Proof of obv. die of No. 15.


PAYABLE BRISTOL IN + LONDON LIVERPOOL OR A. 14c

15.
*r<>rm +

O: A front face of Queen Elizabeth with crown and sceptre, QUEEN


ELIZABETH.

R: View of Chichester Cross.


C H E S T E R HALFPENNY. E x \

CHI1794.

fl'ir!1 V 411 15a.


-fl ' * m

E:

PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER.

Also struck in silver. , . 156. 7?: T>, .riain (not in collar). 15c. E : RICHARD BACON COCKEY 16.

A. 14

WLLLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

Y~'J
111

A. 14a A. 146
LANE. A . 14rf

lirE)w fm

O: As last. R: bimilar to last, the last letter of " C H I C H E S T E R " being farther from the cross, and there is no period. E-. PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER. A . 1 5 16a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 15a
T h e obv. of No. 16. RULE BY 16

17.

0 :

QUEEN ELIZABETH. BRITANNIA. E x \

R: Figure of Britannia seated,


1795. E\ EMSWORTH HALFPENNY IOHN S T R I D E .

176. E lie. E lid. E

. WE

PROMISE ONE CENT.

TO

PAY

THE

BEARER A 166

PAYABLE A

: WILLEY : PAYABLE POOL.

SNEDSHILL AT THE

BERSHAM BRADLEY WAREHOUSE LIVER-

17a. E:

PAYABLE IN L ONDON .

engrailed.

The remainder A. 16a

RarityNos 3, 13 14, 15a, c, 16a, 17c, d, RRR. 8 , 17, RR. 1, 7 , R. 1A 156, nil, scarce. 2, 3a, 4, 6, 10,15, 16, 17a, common.

5,

9,

11,

256

Sussey.
CHICHESTER. O: Bust to left.
IOHN HOWARD F.R.S.

PHILANTHROPIST.

R : The same as No. 15. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 17 O: Very similar to last, but from a different die. R-. The sun and moon over a castle.
CHICHESTER HALFPENNY. AND E x \ PORTSMOUTH 1794. ANI) A. 1 8

E : PAYABLE AT SHARPS PORTSMOUTH

1
^

-.v

:i

CHALDECOTTS C H I C H E S T E R .

0 : Similar to last, the edge of frill differs from the preceding, an elongated dot at end of legend. R : and E : As last. A. 19 20a. E : Plain. EASTBOURNE. View of a house, F I S H E R ' S
AND LOUNGE PROSPERITY 179G. | GENTRY | WHO | TO T H E

LIBRARY

VISIT ! EAST-BOURN. CELEBRATED FOR

\V ith an ornament above and below.


PURE AIR & SEA A. 20 BATHING . + . +

21a.
I V/ILTL '/JIL'X

Plain. EAST GRINSTEAD. : The Freemasons' arms, crest, supporters, and motto. PRO BONO
PUBLICO.

R: A cypher I H B, a pair of scales above, and the date 1795 below.


EAST GRINSTEAD HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE AT I + H BOOKMAN . X . A. 21 OR A. 21a

BP//*

22a.

' PAYABLE

IN

LANCASTER

LONDON

BRISTOL.

FRANT. 0: A cypher G R ; crest, a lamb,


THE PUBLIC GOOD.

FOR

R Shield of arms, SUSSEX HALFPENNY TOKEN. The date 1794 upon a label.
E : 23A. E : PAYABLE + + PAYABLE DEN. BY BY + G. RING FRANT. REEVES + A " + L

THOMAS + +

BENEN-

j y 3 ?j RarityNos. 20a, 21a 23a 24a, b, 21b, 28, 27, 27a, R. 24, scarce. 19, 20, ii, aa,

f i o n . '

Suseef.
HASTINGS.

257

24.

0: A sloop sailing, at bottom sprigs of leaves, SUCCESS & SAFETY ATTEND


THE ENDEAVOUR.

Shield of arms between sprigs of palm and laurel. HASTINGS HALFPENNY 1794. The second blade oi palm is opposite the terminal of A.
BY JAMES TEBAYS HASTINGS.

E . PAYABLE 24a.

A 23
h : PAYABLE BY W. MYNS GOUDHURST.

9Ah

V
' ' PAYABLE
IN

grailed.

LONDON,

23a Remainder en-

' pn<i E : The same as No. 24. R : The blade of palm points to first limb of A. \ 24 S f c L ' ~ ;.iy Vjera&^^vr-y/ O -ST-J H-N \v * * 26. 0 : and R : A very close imitation of preceding. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 24 Bis.

HORSHAM.
J*'^ i& 5 -s>%

Nos. 27-30. 27.


27a.

^ 7 0 0 : Laureate bust to right.


M . PINTOSH

in*i

LONG . L I V E . THE . KING.

28. 29.

R: View of a street, and spire of a church.


A : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 26 ET . M

l \ . An anchor and cable,


. HORSHAM . 1 7 9 1 .

R : Two busts, E : Milled.

LOUIS

. xvi

E : Milled.
I'. ; SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A

25
25a 29a. E:

ANTOINETTE, &C. 1 7 9 5 .

27

276. E: Plain.

SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

StwM

U'

Mi.
Nos. 31-33. O: The rev. of No. 27. R : View of a church in ruins.
E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

:i I

30.

R: Bust

in

cocked

hat.

M A Y THE 81.
A. 28

FRENCH, &C. E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

A . 2!)

32. 33.

R: A cypher 1. O. M. &c.
E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 30

R : A cat, &c. E : Milled.

258

S u 6 s c y.
NORTHIAM

34.

0 : Arms between oak branches,


THE CONVENIENCE OF SOCIETY TOKEN PAYABLE

FOB
* AT .

35.

Arms between palm and oak branches.


UNANIMITY IS T H E BOND OF SOCIETY.

A cypher I F;
HALFPENNY

crest a wheatsheaf.

A cypher E G;
PAYABLE AT G.

crest a squirrel.
. 1(94. NORTHIAM

NOBTHLAM H A L F P E N N Y

GILBERTS

1794. E:
PAYABLE AT IOHN

.X.

F 0 L L E B S NOBTHIAM A 81

35a
R Y E

x.x.x.x.x. Plain.

A. 32

% O %

37

^SSfJABVSS'

38

36

0 : Two sugar loaves, a chest inscribed F I N E TEAS , and a pair of scales.


G. B E N N E T T . GBOCER . BYE . S U S S E X

37.

The rev. of last. R: A figure of Minerva, TBUTH


NO3. 3 7 - 3 8 .

0:

FOB

MY H E L M , &C.

A. 34

. 1796. R: A cypher O B.
OF . T R A D E .

FOB . THE . USE .

38

E Milled over
DON.

SKIDMORE HOLBOBN L O N A

'

3 3

R ' Bust in cocked hat. As No. 30. E : As No. 36. Milled over inscription. A. 35 38 a. E : Milled.

WINCHELSEA.

39.

0 : Very similar to No. 2, the period all but touches the waistcoat. R : Very similar to No. 2, the Y touches the plume.
E : PAYABLE AT RICHARD M A P L E S D E N S W I N C H E L .

This Richard Maplesden was the issuer o f N o s ^ 5 of which this would appear to be the ongmal impression. 40. O: A beehive and bees,
OF CONTENT. INDUSTRY THE SOURCE

R Shield of arms, 1794. E : As last.


40a. E:

WINCHELSEA H A L F P E N N Y .
3?

PAYABLE IN L ANCASTER L ONDON OR

40/) 40r.

E : E

BRIGHTON

CAMP HALFPENNY MDCCXCIV. LONDON B RISTOL OR L ANCASTER.

: PAYABLE IN

41.

0 : Similar t o l ^ t T t h e ^ t ^ f o i l at bottom is much wider and there are more bees. R : Similar,'the 1 in date straight and further from the 7. E : As No. 40.

259 M a r w t c fc s h 1 r e . HALFCROWN. BIRMINGHAM. 1.


'\A-%

O: A female seated, giving alms to art old man and a boy, a child kneeling by her side. R: A cypher B W H, 1788 over it. T W O
S H I L L I N G S AND SIXPENCE. A. 1

This occurs in silver, copper, brass, and white-metal. The same as preceding, but countermarked with a W on both sides.
A. la

TWO 2.

SHILLINGS.
SIXPENCE"

0 : As No. 1. R: As before, except that " A N D has been obliterated. EIGHTEENPENCE.

jt,' &

3.

O: A beehive and bees,


ITS SURE REWARD. D

INDUSTRY

HAS

s -R: 1 . 6 marked by a punch. E : Milled. SHILLINGS. O: Bust to left. 1798.


ADML. LD.

A. 2

NELSON . 1 .

VICTORY AT T H E N I L E

AUGUST

s R: 1 marked by a punch. K : Milled.


1 r;/\

A. 3
INDUSTRY HAS

5.

O: A beehive and bees,


ITS S U R E REWARD.

R: 1799 Is, in two lines, occupying the field. A. 4 PENNIES. COUNTY. G. O: View of Ciesar's Tower, Kenilworth.
FIRMUM IN VITA N I H I L . E x \ MDCCXCVT.

R: A cypher P K.
MISSORY P E N N Y . E : I PROMISE TO PAY

W ARWICKSHIRE

PRO-

Upon a raised rim.


ON DEMAND THE A. 5

BEARER ONE P E N N Y .

RaritySussex, Nos. 35a, 37, 38a, 39, 40a, b, c, RRR. 34. 35, 40, 41, common. RarityWarwickshire, No. 5, RR. 2, 4, R.

36, RR.

38, R. 1, common.

l a , 3, 6, scarce.

260

Warwickshire.
' s-xciui -majfLZ

GREATHEADS. 0 : Three men in a cart under a gallows.


WRONG H E A D S - BIGHT HEADS HEADS. MAY R: AS IF WAS Ex \ MEETING AT GREAT WARWICK

iiiOrl-

')& 30-'13 iJiiAii 7.

31 1797.
FROM CUT, TEMPLE BAR The SOME A of HEAD "As" AND ON R E B E L L I N G TRUNK

THE FACE WAS P U T .

over the M of " FROM.''

A. 20

0 : As last. R : Similar. The A of " AS " over the second limb of M. 0 : As last. R: Similar. The A of " AS - ' over first limb of M, and o of " O N " over R
and u of " TRUNK."

J+.-&V, 1\>VTAJ

0 : Similar. The bar of the gallows extends under GREATHEADS. R : As last. Nos. 7, 9, 10 also struck in white-metal. LOGGERHEADS. WgjZ 0 : A cart under a gallows, three men hanging. THE END OF THREE
LOGGER H E A D S . R: AS IF FROM NEWGATE DEAD, CELLS DEAD. THREE A. 2 5

W M i

u / J j O U 'IiL5

FELONS L E D ,

AND ON THE N E W DROP

TY'D T I L L D E A D ,

Also in white-metal. On large and small flans.

35
'//*

r>
JOHNSON. 12. O : Bust to left,
R: THOMAS IOHNSON.

PERRINS. 13.
0 : Bust to right,
ISAAC P E R R I N S .

BELLA ! HORRIDA BELLA

! in a circle of
INTREPIDITY.

R:

BELLA ! HORRIDA BF.LLA

I in a circle of A. 28

leaves, SCIENCE Ex: 1789.

AND

A. 23

leaves, STRENGTH Ex: 1789.

AND MAGNANIMITY.

261

Marwtcftsbirc.
BIRMINGHAM. HANCOCK.
w & m

I J B B
I

0 : Interior of workshop (Hancock's) showing model of the human body without head or legs, and below it a mask, Ac. R : An inscription marked by punches
D E S I O N FOR I. O. HANCOCFL 's T O K E N .

1800. 14 Bis. O : As last. R : Blank. 15.


0 :

Antique bust to left,


EARL OF CHATHAM. SCULP AGED

WILLIAM PITT I. G. HANCOCK

YEARS.

R : Blank. A. 10 This was struck in white-metal. The bust last described, with wig and drapery added. The legend as last. The blank space filled in with the figure 8.
THIS | DNPARALLED | PRODUCTION | OF BARKER | EARLY | G E N I U S | WAS STRUCK U N D E R | THE INSPECTION | OF | GEO.

tJtAkA

1800.

In ten lines.

A. 11

As last, but the legend under the bust is replaced by BORN 1708 D I E D 1778 on a ribbon. A beehive and bees, T H E WORK | OF
IOHN | GREGORY HANCOCK | AGED

f *

-/$k

<?,
^ OAiJGt'-jS-i
jltU

1800. In seven lines, with two laurel branches under.


NINE YEARS]

ii5^

P E N N Y TOKEN FOR BY GEORGE

EXCHANGE. .

BARKER BIRMINGHAM . X

a4i:;i5 2,A*

A. 12 17a. K 18. 0 Plain (in collar). In tin. Proof of obv. die No. 19. Blank.
I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND A. THE 13a B E A R E R ONE PENNY.

jOiiiJ

19.

O Female bust to right,


FAUTRIX A R T I U M .

DIVA B R I T A N N I A .

Centre legend similar to last; no beehive or laurel branches, U T I L E


DULCI FOR E X C H A N G E . BY GEORGE BARKER BIRMINGHAM MDCCC.

A. 13 RarityNos. 8, 9, 10, 14, 14 Bis., 15, 16, 17, a, 18, RRR. 12, 13, common. 11, 19, RR. 7, R,

262

M a r w i cfc0 b i r e.
BIRMINGHAM. 20. KEMPSON. 0 : A lion sleeping in a cave,
IMPUNE LACESSET. Ex NEMO ME \ 1796 ill

a sunk oval. cypher J K within a wreath of flowers, in which is entwined a ribbon inscribed PROMISSORY PENNY
TOKEN. PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE BEARER ONE PENNY. A. 15

WELCH. Shield of arms, crest a stag's head.


JUNGANTUR L E X ET JUSTITIA. MDCCXCV. EX :

A cypher T IF (Welch).
PROMISSORY TOKEN. PROMISE

BIRMINGHAM

On a raised
TO PAY THE A. 16

border.
ON DEMAND I BEARER ONE PENNY.

22.

O: A trial piece of No. 24 without buttons or button -holes, and no inscription. R : A floral circle, G I L T .
E : ON DEMAND I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ONE PENNY.

23.

0 : A further trial piece with four buttons added to the coat. R : Blank. E : As last.

0 : Bust to left,
+ SEN. R : TO | ENCOURAGE

THE

WORK

OF

JOHN

GREGORY HANCOCK AGED 9

YEARS .

z>: z'j'jy-sioz
A fisls'S UlSl'IAUCZ

SO

. FROM A MODEL BY I . G. HANCOCK

| A RARE

INSTANCE |

OF GENIUS | THIS | COIN WAS STRUCK | FOR T. WELCH | BIRMINGHAM | 1 8 0 0 .

of ciiiiii/S f TifilS | cojh STKuez: f V '.'X.V/SiCJ-i ,


> I : M l VJG r i A M

In nine lines.
E : PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE ON DEMAND X X

A. 19 WYON. 25. 0 : An obelisk partly covered with ivy. CRESCIT IN IMMENSVM. Within a circle of pellets. R : A cypher T. W. (Wyon). A bouquet in a sunk circle over it. PROMISSORY
PENNY TOKEN 1 7 9 6 . E : I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE A. 2 0

BEARER ONE PENNY.

263 W a r vv i c h s b i r e . BIRMINGHAM. 2G. O : A trial piece in tin of No. 27 without the accoutrements and no letters in the exergue. R : Blank. O: A mounted yeoman at speed.
WICKSHIRE E x : R : PROMISSORY | YEOMANRY. PENNY TOKEN ENROLLED JUNE

27.

WAR-

HANCOCK. 25 . 1794. | ISSUED

BY | THOMAS W E L C H | SECOND TROOP |

1799.
yj^ojdj^sojtr
E : PERTY)

In six lines.
L I V E S PRO(AND CONSTITUTION ) AGAINST (AND DOMESTIC I E N E M I E S ) .

(ARMED TO PRO T E CT | OUR FOREIGN)

TSUMA 3 TliCJtJi' -/Ji

Divided into three compartments by military trophies. A. 17 27a. E : ARMED TO " P R E S E R V E " &c., instead of
"PROTECT." A. 17a

27A. E : Plain (in collar). 28.

A. 176

SiiSJj
28a.

O: As last. R : Similar inscription to last, but the letters are a different size, and there is a fasces and laurel branch crossed above the legend.
E : E: ARMED TO " P R E S E R V E " & c . ON DEMAND I PROMISE PENNY. TO PAY A. 18 THE

B E A R E R ONE

A. 18a

An artist's proof, and with this edge probably unique. 286. E : Plain (in collar). A. 186
O

Presentation of colours to troops.


COLOURS PRESENTED IUNE TO T H E BIRM. 1798. ASSOCIATIONS 4

A long row of gibbets with men hanging on them, E N D OP B U N E PART AND T H E F R E N C H ARMY. A. 6

O: Bust to right, with a hat on.


BIRMINGHAM P O E T .

THE

R : B R I T O N S B E H O L D | T H E BARD OF F R E E DOM | PLAIN & BOLD | WHO SINGS AS D R U I D S | SUNG OF OLD.

In five

lines within an oak wreath.


UiJO E : MANUFACTURED BY W. L U T W Y C H E B I R MINGHAM. A. 9

Also in brass.

RarityNos. 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, a, RRR. 27a, b, 28b, 29, RR. 21, scarce. 20, 25, 30, common.

19, 24, R.

264

W a r w i c k s h i r e . BIRMINGHAM. 31. J>" 0 : A man behind a counter holding scales, PENNY TOKEN 1798.
B : BN. JACOB | AUCTIONEER | IRONMONGER | W E L C H CROSS | BIRMINGHAM. &C.

In five lines, with a hand holding an auctioneer's hammer between the fourth and fifth. A. 14

O: As last. 0 : Bust to right. J O S E P H U S P R I E S T L E Y R: Similar, the chimney with smoke is &c. on the right. R An apparatus for experiments. On the left is a chimney emitting smoke. Ex: MDCCLXXXIII. Nos. 32-33 were also struck in gold, silver, and tin.

41

1
SOCIETY IN

34.

0 : The monster Sedition flying, with four imps, OUR FOOD I S S E D I T I O N . Ii: A snake in the grass, a radiation above, N O U R I S H E D TO T O R M E N T . Ex: J U L Y 14.1791. A. 35 Also in white-metal.

35.

O: Bust to left (Demosthenes),


FOR R : TO FREE THE DEBATE 1789. GENIUS AND BIRMINGHAM RAISE THE HEART.

INSTITUTED TO

MEND A. 7

Also struck in brass. 36. 0 : St. Andrew with his cross, AMOR PATRIAE within a border of thistles. R : A thistle in a shield, crowned, NEMO ME I M P U N E L A C E S S E T upon a ribbon.
BIRMINGHAM CALEDONIAN SOCIETY .

&

1789. The whole within a border of thistles. A. 8 Also in silver. Rarity No. 36, RRR. 35, R. 32, 33, 34, scarce. 31, common.

M a r \v i c b $ b i r e.
BIRMINGHAM. O : Caduceus and cornucopia and a circle of wheatears. UNION M I L L B I R u\
MINGHAM 1796.

265

^ 4

%.V y "

?1

R : Circle of wheatears. These are usually found countermarked with Numbers.

COVENTRY. 88. O: View of a church.


CHURCH.

''--r

Ex:

ST. MICHAELS

irrrrrrri Ex
: THE CHANCEL. A. 2 1 TOKEN.

R : View of interior.
E : COVENTRY

38a. E : Plain (in collar). Also in silver.

A. 21a

O : A trial piece of No. 41, reading H O L L O N D and no legend under bust. R : The interior just traced out. 39 Bis. O: As last. R: Blank. 0 : Impression of the reverse of No.. 39 in the same condition. R: Blank. These were struck in tin. 41. O: Front face bust (Dr. Holland).
1636

PHILEMON HOLLAND M.D. DIED ACiED 8 5 .

R : View of interior of school,


SCHOOL COVENTRY. PAYABLE X E : PENNY TOKEN COVENTRY

FREE

BY E . W . P E R C Y A. 2 2

Also in silver.

If
0 : and E : The same as last. R: The same design as No. 41, but with three boys playing marbles; the date 1801 in Ex: instead of " F R E E
SCHOOL COVENTRY." A. 2 3

42 RarityNos. 38, 39, 39 Bis, 40, 42, RRR.

41, RR.

37, 38a, R.

266

M a r w i c f c s h i r e . COVENTRY. 4H. O The same as No. 41. A trial piece of No. 44. In tin.
44. O

WIMI am No lettering.

and E : The same as No. 41. An open book inscribed, " With one Sole Pen I wrote this Book, Made of a gray Goose Quill. A Pen it was when I it took A Pen I leave it still." Ex: 1801 i. o. H. A. 24 HALFPENNIES. COUNTY. 45. 0

13 0144

>

Bust of Shakespeare. W A R W I C K S H I R E . A trefoil after legend. A female seated, supporting a cornucopia, part of a ship in the distance, H A L F P E N N Y . Ex: 1791. A. 25

46.

0:

As last. Ii: Similar to preceding, excepting that the fruit hangs over the lower edge of the cornucopia, whereas in the former it is contained within it. A. 26

47.

0 : Similar to last, but from smaller die, and there is a period at end of legend instead of a trefoil. R: Similar, but from smaller die ; the head of female and the fruit in cornucopia both touch the legend, and there is less of the ship visible. A. 27 E Plain (in collar). O: Similar to last, but the period after legend on 0 : is quite close to the last letter. II: As last. A. 28 0: Similar to preceding, hut from a different die. R: Vulcan seated at work, H A L F P E N N Y . Ex: 1 7 9 2 . E PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR
LIVERPOOL . X . A.. 2 9

48.

49.

W t \

49O. E: Plain. R a r i t y - -Nos 43 50b, d, e, f , y, i, j, 51 a, 53a, 55a, 57, 60, h, KRlt. 44, 48, 49a, 60a, RR. 50/i, 52, 59a, 61, scarce. The others, common. 50 , 58, 54,' 55, 56, 58, 60<\ R.

^ f l a r w i c h s b i r e . 50.

2G7

BIRMINGHAM. 0 A figure of a boy. BIRMINGHAM HALFPENNY . Ex : 1793. : Shield bearing four hedgehogs, crest a hedgehog.
INDUSTRY HAS I T ' S SURE REWARD. : CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . \ 3Q

Also struck in silver and brass. 50a. F. : 506. h :


PAYABLE AT CLOUGHER OR IN DUBLIN. A. 3 0 o PAYABLE AT EDINBURGH GLASGOW & D U M F R I E S .

<1 & C o^:...

50c. ' . PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. 50rf. . PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER. 60c. E : AT GEORGE EDWARD SARGEANT's PORTSEA. 50/'. i? . PAYABLE AT THE STORE OF, and engrailed. 50^. E 50A. Z? ': .Plain (not in collar). 50;'. i? : PAYABLE AT L E E K STAFFORDSHIRE. 5Q/. E . PAYABLE AT P. DECKS POST OFFICE BURY 51. Nos. 51-56. /i . Bust to left. DR. O : As No. 50.
SAML. IOHNSON.

A. 30A A. 30c
A. 30d A. 30c

A. 30/ A. 80g a . 80/t


A. 30i

m
/JKJ

51a. E Plain 52. H : Ship under sail, 53.

: PAYABLE IN LONDON,

and engrailed.

A. 31 A. 32 Ex:
1795.

SUCCESS TO T H E COAL TRADE.

. PAYABLE IN LONDON,

and engrailed.
R U L E BRITANNIA.

R . Britannia seated, Milled. 53. t : PAYABLE AT THE


STRBET

^ gtj
BULL

HOUSE

OF

IOHN

CLARKE

54.

Pr.

55.

A. 33a /J : A female standing, Ac. LIBERTY & COMMERCE. Ex: 1794. : PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. A. 34 W: Three men hanging on a gibbet. NOTED
ADVOCATES FOR T H E RIGHTS OF MEN 1796

E : Engrailed. 55a. E . Plain (rounded). 56. R : A. WAY | TO PREVENT : Engrailed. 57. 58. 59. R /* Nos. 57-61. Blank.

A. 35
A S5a

j KNAVES | GETTING I A TRICK.

^ gg

0 : The rev. of No. 50.

59

CURRENT E V E R Y W H E R E .

Britannia, as No. 53.


PAYABLE IN LONDON,

and engrailed.

A. 37 Ex: 1794
^ 3Y

60.

60 61 h : A dragoon mounted, PRO R E G E E T PATRIA Ac. The cockade points to T


E: CURRENT EVERY W H E R E . EMSWORTH HALFPENNY IOHN STRIDE. A. 39 PAYABLE BY A. 39a

I,,.,i

R E 59a. E

Ship in full sail,

PRO BONO PUBLICO. CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

Plain (not in collar).


60/).

\ gg a A. 39c
PAY THE BEARER ONE

E : WII.LEY SNEDSHILL BERSHAM BRADLEY.

b O c . K : WE PROMISE TO 0ENT

60fl. E :

A. 39d

61.

R : Similar. The cockade points between E and T. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON, and engrailed. A. 39A

268 b> "rjrJ o \ i

vxt"rtwta
U

*** Of HO'&Z.

KHarvf>ich6btre. BIRMINGHAM. ALLIN'S. CjXZ&'X <*/ U: A man holding a flag. A I L I N ' S f j j CLOT HEZ
E X H I B I T I O N ! ADMIT | 1.1. TO A L L R : CHEAP MEN. | & | YORK | CLOTHES

| PANORAMA ! GRAND | AND GOOD W I L L | WAREHOUSE |

PEACE SHOE

Ya 'if&RZXO : i
V^ffZOLZZALZ

WHOLESALE | & | RETAILE. BIRMINGHAM

I ALL1N HAY-MARKET

(;-2

it ZXiWLSL us. ~j'\

. 179(5. A. 40
POOR H O U S E H A L F P E N N Y

E : Milled. ALSTON'S. 0 : A public building. BIRM M


TOKEN.

E x : PAYABLE T H E R E .

ftal

R : A beehive and bees, FOR T H E U S E OF T H E PARISH. Ex: I. Alston . Fecit . 1796. E : Engrailed. A. 41 68a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 41a These were also issued coated with similor with a wavy circle of the metal left plain. BARKER 'S.

A shield of arms, L E G I R E O I F I D E L I S . An ornamental cypher G. B. 1797 under. BIRMINGHAM HALFPENNY


FOR EXCHANGE. BARKER. A. 42

65.

0 : Trial impression of No. 67 before letters. R : Blank. O : Trial impression of reverse of No. 67 before letters. R : Plank.

E PAYABLE BY G E O R G E 64n. E: Plain (in collar).

66.

A. 42a

Arms as before, crest an armed warrior, (t H B under. BIRMINGHAM H A L F P E N Y . A figure of Justice, in a sunk oval, FACTA
JEQUATO E X A M I N E PENDIT MDCC XCVII a t A. the 13

sides.
PAYABLE ON D E M A N D .

Plain (in collar). Plain. (In tin.) 68. 0 : As last. R : As last, but

A. 43a

LIBRAT

in place of Also in tin.

PENDIT.

A. 44

Head of Mercury to left,


AD OMNE . BIRMINGHAM

FURTUM INGENIOSUS HALFPENNY.

Ruins of a pyramid and a fallen statue. Three hands clasped, FCEDUS above them, sic OMNIA under. Ex : MIHI SORTE DATUM vflust.
MDCOXCIX. 3OJV.fi? PAYABLE BY G E O R G E BARKER + 4" A. 45

Plain (in collar). (In tin.) A. 45a Nos. 64, 67, 68, 69a, were also struck in silver.

M a r w i c f c s b i r e . BIRMINGHAM.
.iy
~

'269

BIGGS'.

70.

O : Bust to left in cocked hat. G E N E R A L ELLIOT. A small ornament under bust. /1 : A fleur-de-lis. B I R M I N G H A M H A L F PENNY. E : PAYABLE STREET. 1792. AT HENRY BIGGS MOORE A. 4 6

Also in brass. 70(7. E : Plain (not in collar). These are smaller and thinner than the former. A. 46a 70 Bis. O : and H : Alike, as reverse of No. 70. E : As No. 70.
O. Bust to right,
DR. SAMUEL JOHNSON.

70
,
<> r

71
E:

A small ornament under the bust. Three lions rampant, P R O M I S S O R Y .


H A L F P E N N Y . PAYABLE . AT. PAYABLE STREET. AT HENRY BIGGS MOORE A. W. HAMPTON OR 47

71a. E

BIRMINGHAM FIELD.

LITCHA. 4 7 a

No. 71a also in brass.


Pye states that the only genuine pieces were those issued by the Birmingham Mining and Copper Company, and dated 1791 and 1792. These are included under Nos 77 to 102, and also 113. The counterfeit pieces are usually of inferior workmanship, struck on Hans with a variety of edges, and are much lighter in weight. The majority of these are however, much rarer than the genuine pieces. BIRMINGHAM COINING & COPPER CO.

72.

0: Fasces under first limb of N. Ex : 1791. R : The end of cornucopia to centre of B.


E : BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA.

72a. E : Plain. 78. /o" 4 '


0

A female seated on a rock, holding a fasces. B I R M I N G H A M C O I N I N G AND


C O P P E R COMPANY. " AND." Ex . 1 7 9 4 . The

fasces is directly under the D of A stork standing upon a cornucopia.


HALFPENNY BIRMINGHAM PAYABLE AT. AND SWANSEA. REDRUTH

m m -

73a. E

A. 48
PAYABLE AT LONDON w'HAMPTON OR LIVERPOOL OR OR BRISTOL. A. 48a BIRMING-

73b. E 73c. E 73d. E

LITCHFIELD HAM. PAYABLE

AT LONDON

LIVERPOOL.

P A Y A B L E AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T .

Rarity Nos. 64, 65, 66, 67, 70 Bis, 71, 72, a, Tdb, c, d, RRR. 67a, 69, RR. 64a, 67a, b, 68, 69a, R. 73, scarce. The others, common.

270

\RH a r w i c \\ 0 b i r c.
BIRMINGHAM COINING & COPPER CO. 74. 0 : Similar to last, but the fasces is a little to left of the D. Ft : The end of cornucopia is nearer to the legend, and higher up, and the two leaves branching out of cornucopia embrace the second limb of the letter H.
E I BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA.

74a. E: 74 b. E: 74 c. E: 74</. E: 74c. E: 74/. E:

M. ABEL PAYABLE PAYABLE PAYABLE

S. PRENTICE AT IN AT

ANGLESEY ANGLESEY BANBURY

A. 49 S. D E L L . LONDON OR

74 a- E 74 h. E 74 i. E 74 k. E 741. E 74 m. E 74 n. E

PAYABLE PAYABLE PAYABLE

IN IN IN

LANCASTER LANCASTER SUFFOLK

LONDON LONDON OR

OR OR MAN-

BRISTOL. LIVERPOOL. BATH CHESTER PAYABLE AT THE

A. 49f A. 4 % A . 49A WAREHOUSE OF

LIVERPOOL. LIVERPOOL

A. 49a
LONDON OXFORD OR OR

A. 49b

A. 49c READING. PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR AT BALLYMURTAGH. PAYABLE AT

B R E E C H E S & GLOVE MANUFACTORY. THOMAS CLACKE.

A. 49rf
IOHN F O L L E R S NORTHIAM.

A. 49e 75.

Milled. A. 49/ Plain (not in collar), on a large Han. A. 49k

O: Similar to last, but the fasces is farther from legend, and the foot of the figure touches and cuts ott part of the last letter of the legend R : Similar to last, but the end of the cornucopia is more pointed, and the two leaves before mentioned embrace the first limb of the letter H.
E : BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA.

75a. E: 75b. E: 75c. E: 75d. E :

PAYABLE AT BECCLES SUFFOLK / ' * ' */ */

75c. E: 75/'. E: 75 if. E: 75h. E:

PAYABLE PAYABLE PAYABLE

IN IN

SUFFOLK SUFFOLK

LONDON BATH OR

OR MAN

A. 50
BALLYMUR-

LIVERPOOL CHESTER. AT LONDON OR

A. 50-i

PAYABLF. IN DUBLIN OR AT TAGH. PAYABLE PAYABLE IN IN LANCASTER LANCASTER BRISTOL. LIVERPOOL.

A. 50a
LONDON LONDON OR OR

LIVERPOOL

A. 50b A. 50c BIRMINGHAM COMPANY. 76.

+ +
Plain.

O: A female seated, holding fasces as before, B I R M I N G . " COMPANY. Ex: 1793. R : Similar to preceding.
E : BIRM. LIVERPOOL OK LONDON. A. 51 A. 5 1 a & LANA. 516 E: E: LIVERPOOL OK LONDON. PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL CASTER.

70a. 76b.

76c. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 51c

Rarity Nos. 74, b, c, i, I, n, 75, e, g, h, 71a, b, 78, RRR. 74 k, m, 75 a, 19, RR. 74(7, h, 75/', 76 a, R. The others, common.

Marwicbebire.
MINING & COPPER COMPANY. 1791.

271

Unless stated otherwise all edges read


BIRMINGHAM REDRUTH & SWANSEA.

77.

Female with fasces as before.


MINGHAM PANY.

BIR-

MINING AND COPPER COM-

Ex: 1791. The point of the laurel wreath touches the A of "AND," the fasces is under the N and D. There is a small w under the rock, and a period at end of legend. R : A stork upon a cornucopia as before; the head of the stork comes immediately under the letter P in
"PAYABLE." A. 52

77a. E: Milled. 77b. E: P l a i n . 78. 0 : As last. R : The head of the stork comes midway between the Y and the P ; the end of the cornucopia comes higher (about the middle of the B in
"PAYABLE"). A. 53

79.

Similar to last, but the fasces comes under the A and N, and the point of laurel wreath comes midway between the G and the A. Similar to last. The first limb of H points between two leaves. A. 54 Also struck in silver.

80.

0 : The point of laurel comes directly at the end of the letter G, the fasces being more under the letter A ; there is no period at end of legend. R : The end of the cornucopia midway between A and B. A. 56 0 : Similar, but without the small w under the rock ; period after legend. H : Similar, the end of the cornucopia reaching to first limb of B. A. 55 0 : Similar, but the point of laurel comes to the centre of the letter G, and the fasces comes under the A. There is no small w, nor period. R: The end of the cornucopia to second limb of A. A. 58

81.

82.

88. O: Similar, but the point of laurel comes midway between the letters G and A, without the small w, or the period at end of legend. R : As last. A. 57

272
G

Marwicksbirc.
MINING
j

& COPPER

COMPANY.

r
84. 84. 1792. 0 : Similar to preceding. The fasces under A and first limb of N. R : The end of cornucopia to second limb of L. A. 63 0 : As last. I!: The end of cornucopia to centre of B. A. 61 O: Similar. The date close to line, and fasces nearly to centre of N. R: Similar to last. The first limb of H between two leaves. A. 59
4

(): The fasces under A and to centre of N. The 7 of date has been altered from 9. R : The end of cornucopia to centre of L.
88.

0 : As last. R : The end of cornucopia between R and L. O: As last. R : The end of cornucopia to second limb of B. 0 : As last. R ; The end of cornucopia to centre of B. A. 62 0\ As last. R : Similar to last. The second limb of H between two leaves. A. 60 0 The fasces nearly under second limb of N. The end of cornucopia between B and L. The first limb of H between two leaves.

89.

90.

Marwtchsbtie.
v *

278 & COPPER


1792.

/**93.

MINING

COMPANY.

0 . Similar to last, but leas space between


" BIRMINGHAM " AND "MINING."

R . Similar to last. The two leaves point to first and second limbs
of

h.
AT COALBROOK DALE

A. 64
AND A. 64A

93a.

E:

PAYABLE KETLEY.

94.

0 : As last. R . Similar to last. The second limb of H between two leaves.

%\

A,.

V' "

95.

0 : Fasces under A and second limb of N. Point of laurel close to A. -R: End of cornucopia between B and L. A. 65

5
*>,

96.
Q7
y.^---

v s^r~' ;,. \J/ " -

-<

0 : Similar to last, but point of laurel further below A. R : End of cornucopia at centre of B. A. 68

97.
VJ>- V/=> -

O : As last. R : Similar to last. The two leaves point to first and second limbs OF H. A. 67

- ^ V ^

v/;,i X

98.

0 : Very similar to last, the date further from line. R: End of cornucopia between B and l.

rt,tTr'rJ77^-

tSl1

-^

99.

0 : As last. R : As No. 96.

100.

O: Fasces to first limb of D, point of wreath close to G. R : End of cornucopia to first limb of L. A. 69

R a r i t y - N o s . 89, 92, 93a, 94, 99, REE. 87, 98, EE. The others, common.

90, E.

84, 96, 97, scarce.

274

Marwicbsbire.
MINING & COPPER COMPANY 1792.

f
101 101. O : The wreath between a and A. R : End of cornucopia to centre of B. O: Similar, but point of wreath close to A. R : End of cornucopia to first limb of L. . , A. 66 No. 118 is also a genuine issue. COUNTERFEITS. 102.

103 108. 0 : Similar, but date wider, and rougher work. R : Similar, but leaf touches first limb of H .
E : A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

w
104. O: As last. R: Similar, but first limb of H between two leaves. E: W 1 L L E Y S N E D S H I L L B E R S H A M BRADLEY.
A N G L E S E Y LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

104(1. E: 1046. E : 104c. E: 105. O:

A. 59a
PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON.

A. 596 Plain.

f ' i p i

"A

>-

Similar. The 1 of date joins the Ex. line. The end of cornucopia to second R: limb of B. E:
PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON A. OR 11 LIVERPOOL.

106.

O : As last. R ; Similar to last, a leaf points between first and second limb of H.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

107.

O: As last. R: Similar to last, second limb of H between two leaves and end of cornucopia to centre of B.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

106

107

112, 6, e, RRR. Rarity Nos. 101, 104, b, c, 1106, c, 1116, 112a, d, RR. 104a, 105, 108a, 110, 111, a, c, e, R.

107, 108, c, 109, 110a, The others, common.

d,

Warwickshire,
MINING
m \

275 & COPPER


1792.

COMPANY.

108.

O : Similar. The fasces further from legend. It : E n d of cornucopia to centre of B.


H .' BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H AND SWANSEA.

A. 70
108a. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LIVERPOOL. LONDON OR A. 70a BRIGHTON A 7(1/)

108fc. E : 108c. E:
j

PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM OR L I V E R P O O L .

Plain.

109.

O: Similar to last. The fasces touches the D. R : End of cornucopia to first limb of B.
E : BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H AND SWANSEA.

A. 73
109a. E : PAYABLE AT , , . ANGLESEY LONDON LIVERPOOL OR

A. 70c

f^

0 : Similar. The fasces further below the D, the top of 7 in date very sloping. R-. Similar. The first limb of H between two leaves. E: BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H AND SWANSEA. A. 72 110a. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OK
lIVERPOOL. a. 72A

110.

: Fasces under first limb of D. End of cornucopia to first limb of B, second limb of H between two leaves. E: 111 a. E:
in/, v.
PAYABLE PAYABLE
MIST0Ij

IN IN

ANGLESEY LANCASTER

LONDON LONDON
A

OR OR

LIVERPOOL.

A. 73a

110b. E: 110c. E 110 d. E:

PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM BRIGHTON OR LIVERPOOL. PAYABLE AT LONDON ANGLESEY. A. 72b LIVERPOOL OH A. 72c

' ' PAYABLE AT L E E K

STAFFORDSHIRE.

T s h

lllc. E : 111 i 111d. E llle.

A 73 c
PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY.

W1LLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

: PAYABLE SEY

mill AT

A. 73d
LONDON I ANGLE-

A. 72d
,1 rJG

E: Engrailed.

A. 73c A. 73/'

112.

O. Similar to last, the date has the appearance of 1771. R: End of cornucopia to second limb of B, a leaf points between first and second limbs of H.
E . PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY.
A

jf'

IIO

TP JS, . PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LIVERPOOL. E E :

LONDON

7 7

Olt

1124. 112e.

: PAYABLE AT LONDON OR B E L F A S T . W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BBADLEY.

112rf. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 77a

276
'ii?

Marwicfesbire.
MINING &
118.

COPPER COMPANY.
1792.

0 : The fasces under D. II ; End of cornucopia to first limb of L.


J BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H & 1703. SWANSEA.

A. 74 114. O As before, but the legend in much smaller letters, date in Ex: 1798. The point of the laurel wreath is under the A, and the fasces under the D . B.: Similar, the end of cornucopia to second limb of B.
E:
BIRMINGHAM L I V E R P O O L OR LONDON.

A. 75
BIRM L I V E R P O O L OR LONDON. PAYABLE AT L E E K PAYABLE IN H U L L A. 75a STAFFORDSHIRE.

114a. E 1146. E 114c. E : 115. 0 R E 116. 115

A. 756
AND IN LONDON.

As last. The end of cornucopia to first limb of B.


BIRMINGHAM L I V E R P O O L OR LONDON.

O : Similar to last, but the point of the laurel comes between the G and A, and the fasces is under the N and D . R : The end of cornucopia comes to tne centre of B.
E BIRMINGHAM L I V E R P O O L OR LONDON. BIRM L I V E R P O O L OR LONDON.

A. 7o

116

116a

E :

A. 76a

1166. E : Plain (not in collar).


1794.

A. /bf>

117.

0 : Similar, but dated 1794. R : The end of cornucopia close to legend.


E : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE. R E D R U T H OR SWANSEA.

y .

117

1 1 7 a . E : BIRMINGHAM

1176. E: Plain. METAL AND COPPER CO. 118. 0 : Female with fasces as before,
AND COPPER

METAL COMPANY HALFPENNY. SUCCESS OR

R : -'J "?/ V/
118a. E : E

Ex: 1795. stork upon a cornucopia,


TO TRADE & COMMERCE IN ANGLESEY

PAYABLE

LONDON

LIVERPOOL . X -. PAYABLE IN H U L L AND LONDON

"" "

RarityNos. 1176, 118a, RRR-

a, RR. 115, 116a, 118, R. 114a, 117, common. The others,

1166, scarce,

Marwicfcsbfre.
BIRMINGHAM.
119. BISSET'S. 0 : View of interior of a temple,
& FANCY P I C T U R E

277

B I S S E T 8 MUSEUM SPAR &

MANUFACTORY. ALABASTER

i . Ornaments of spar, Ac.


, ,
h
PHTRIFAC T)L

TION

WAREHOUSE.

F.X \ BIRMINGHAM.

120.

: A. 79 0. Similar to last, but with pictures hanging ^ round the side of the temple. H : and E : The same as last. A. 80
PAYABLE AT BANBURY OXFORD OR READING.

: P h l n

120,1. E :

A. 80fl

121.
' ? ** j\ A A/^'tS: if f

CLARKE'S. ( ) : Proof of obverse No. 122 R : Blank. E : As No. 122. O: Britannia crowning with laurel a bust of
Geo. Ill, rim . BIRMINGHAM H A L F P E N N Y .

/ *i \ Lb C'H I ~~ l -*\ lt* :J s J Uij'J-i

roi

R : An oak tree, and ships at sea.


BKITANNI.E T U T A M E N . HOUSE Ex PAYABLE AT T H E S T R E E T -FOF JOHN

Upon a raised
: MDCCXCV. CLARKE BULL A. 81

-"Jf.a , iS

OCK .

\v|;
\i'

.'ISS
r>. jv

i7ii V DONALD AND CO


124. O : DONALD & CO. | STOCKING | MANUFACTURERS | WHOLESALE & | RETAIL.

124

EVES. 124. 0 : A wreath of laurel,


( (

MRS. E V E S | M R S .

Iii five lines within an oval formed of leaves, H A L F P E N N Y PAYABLE AT. R : A beehive and bees, within a circle of leaves, NO. 29 B U L L S T R E E T
BIRMINGHAM 1 7 9 2 .

P O P E | & | MISS E V E S | C R E S C E N T .

h . Sprigs of oak.
E

APPLICATION F R E N C H . : COVENTRY TOKEN.

E : Plain.
123a. E : PAYABLE IN

\
H U L L AND IN LONDON.

y2 125.

GARBETT. O : Bust to right, It : Blank. E : Engrailed.


SAMUEL GARBETT

;*v
12G.

A. 100

0 : Similar. The T and period closer to bust, and smaller tie. R: Blank. E : Plain. 0 : Similar to No. 125, the letters of legend smaller, and period in a line with bottom of the letters. R : Blank. E : Plain. 122, 127, R. 123 scarce.

127.

R a r i t y - N o s . 119, 121, 123a, 124, 126, RRR. 125, RR. The others, common.

278

Warwickshire
B I R M I N G H A M .

.\Viiinsi~i $&& LI

HALLAN'S. 128. 0 : Dealer in c H i N a and S t a f f o r d s h i r e ware in all its Branches : NO. 2 Bull rinG BI. A dove and olive branch in the centre. jR: halfpenny | payable at th | e. intelligence | office For Mas | ters and serv i ants Kept by I wm Hallen I 1792. In eight lines. J ' A. 83 128a. E : Milled. 129. 0 : Similar to last. Two dots instead of ornament between "Dealer'* and " Staffordshire. R : As last. Nos. 128 and 129 we think are from the same die ; 129 being the first striking, and 128 having an ornament over the two dots. No trace has been found of the modern forgery mentioned by Atkins. 0 : As No. 128. R: Bust to left, E: Milled.
DAVID GARRICK . E S Q R .

my

mile,
rJimTf/0 / ' s$q -si ,y ~.? ' ' 5 * ~ " V ~ 5 2 f " 1 e " V r ~ # < 5- u'j

0 f e f f l b l ^ iti -ii\ ip \^-i}Mzuc& lo'i'ilcr; J'->1 vLtS Reiser/ " V ^ i_f > >- ~ - i

]>W /,

0 : Bust to left, 1793 under it.


BIRMINGHAM.

WILLIAM HALLAN

R: A teapot, cream jug, &c.

D E A L E R . IN . GLASS .

AND . S T A F F O R D S H I R E . W A R E .
A 84 E : Milled. 131a. E: Plain. In some cases, the ornament on jug does not shew owing to bad striking or a failure of the die.

Nos. 132-138.

0: As No. 131. A. 85 A. 86
HALFPENNY. A. 87 &C.

The same as the obv. of No. 128. 183. 133 134 134.
135.

R : Bust to left. Milled. /;


K:

DAVID GARRICK, ESQR.

A guillotine and part of a house,


SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

Ruins of a church,
SKIDMORE

D E S T R O Y ' D BY F I R E

HOLBORN LONDON.

A. 88

135a. K : Plain.
136. /I:

Bust of Geo. I I I .
SKIDMORE

LONG L I V E T H E K I N G .

HOLBORN LONDON.

A. 89

135 , JVf #j:.

136 137. R A cypher, I 0 M, &c. E . SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. 137a. 1?: Plain. 138. B . A cat. Milled. As rev. of No. 128. Bust of Garrick. As No. 133. Milled. Plain. A. 90

137

138 139a. K

A. 91a A. 91

M a rwich e b ire.
B I R M I N G H A M .

279

HANCOCK.

140. Liilit! Ti

0 : Bust to right,

SIR ORIGINAL,

IGH

R : T H I S I S | MY WORK | IOHN | GREGORY | HANCOCK | AGED 7 F,X\ YEARS | 1800.

INDUSTRY PR0DUCETH WEALTH.

Also in brass.
141.

CO CI

0 : As last. R: Similar.

An s instead of c in

" PRODUSETH."

142.

O : Bust to left.

w.

SHAKESPEARE. 7 Y'S

I.G

HANCOCK AGED

R: As No. 140. Also in brass.

143.

O: As last. R As No. 141.


HICKMAN'S.

144.

R:

0 : Bust to left, IOHN HOWARD F R S. A cypher H H. BIRMINGHAM PROMISSORY H A L F P E N N Y 1792. PAYABLE AT H. HICKMANS WAREHOUSE BIRMINGHAM. A. 9 2

E W W i ' l

144a. E : Milled. 1446. E : Plain (not in collar). 145. m

A. 92a

0 . As last, but with one buttonhole. R : As last. E : As No. 144. This appears to be from the same die as -No. 144, but struck before the second buttonhole was added. 0 : A rose and a thistle.
SEPARABIT. QUIS NOS

145

ri~^

,'4>.

>

-j

'

146.

R : The same as last.


1-. : PAYABLE AT T H E SHOP O F DUNHAM & YALLOP G O L D S M I T H S A. 9 3

146
1 28 180 > 1 "' 129, 135a, 137a, 146, RR. VdU

Also in brass.

' 1 3 ' 2 ' 1 3 7 ' 138 > 1 8 9 - I " , 143, 144a b 145 RRR 128, 133, 134, 135, 136, 139,'140,'142, R. ' 131, scarce. 144, common.

2H0

TMarwicfcsbtrc.
B I R M I N G H A M .

KEMPSON'S

v.

*$y

The five reverse dies used for this series : No. 1. 2. 3. 4.


5.

P over space between F and B. P over space between o and F. Period after KEMPSON. Extra legend round the shield.
i. OTTLEY, & c .

All edges are plain unless otherwise stated. Churches and Chapels.
147. 0 : ASHTED CHAPEL.

148.

R: P between F and B. O : As last. R : With inner legend.


E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

NO. 1. No. 4.

A. 94

A. 95a

148a. E : Plain. 149. 0 : As last. R : Ottley. No. 5.


150. O: ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S CHAPEL.

A. 95 A. 96

151. 152. 153. 154. 155.


i
156.

K: O: R: O:

p between o and F. NO. 2. A. 100 As last. A. 101 With period. No. 3. As last. A. 102 R: Ottley. No. 5. O: S T . J O H N ' S CHAPEL. II: With period. No. 3. 0 : ST. MARTIN'S CHURCH. R: With period. No. 3. O: As last. R: Ottley. No. 5.
U: ST. MARY'S C H A P E L .

A. 120 A. 121 A. 122 A. 124 A. 123a A. 123 A. 125

iffti ^

R: 157. 0 : R: E: 157a. E : 158. 0 : R: 159. 160.


161.

With period. No. 3. As last. With inner legend. No.


COVENTRY TOKEN.

Plain. As last. Ottley. No. 5.

1(52
162.

0: T H E OLD MEETING DESTROY': R: p between o and F. NO. 2. A. 126 0: As last. A. 127 R: With period. No. 3. O : As last. A. 128 R : Ottley. No. 5.
U : : OLD MEETING
R: AS R E B U I L T .

163.

With period. No. 3. O As last. R Ottley. No. 5.

A. 129 A. 130

INTRODUCTION.
NOTES ON THE TOKENS OF THIS SECTION.

'

H I

mSrsTto

Mlete

U ! l

'

i 0 n

P<

"er

Ken,

l 0 " ' s " B i r m t o g h w . Building"

A leference notice appears at the end of the series. Of the Halfpenny tokens of William Lutwyche two tons were struck. cuijenejhe h ' " ' " 6 JSe|,b T ' S *
S S p0I,

",il

is of

Political character, and ""h"'


W

waB n o t (or

(or t h o s ? o , G t S S a,,

s i S "jsssz*-' *

" " "

"

srs

b P

s r s

* -
th

Castle,

as on the city arms.

As usual some mules appear at the end of the series

fss.corcirrf *
T 6 P r l v a t e t o k e n s of

TToi ^ John Nickson, a friend of Thomas Sharp, provide a portrait of Tnhn ales, who received a considerable amount of property at the time of the dissolution of the k n d w h T w ^ f V l n g , n e l t h r . w l f e n o r c h i l d - founded the Free School, and endowed it with land which at the time brought in two hundred marks a year. " wlth
trade fiKure o f ' T e e D i S T o J " D f a h a t t e r ' a n d r e s i d e d a t t h e house having the gure ot l e e p i n g l o m , issued four dozen private tokens of much interest - the ohvprn i= of the most artistic of the eighteenth century. The reverse shows s L J s shop and the Head Inn adjoining, but which now occupies the whole site.

The design of some of the reverse dies not being approved of, a few only were struck. i e i j n o l r o f Thomas Sharp appears in a scarce publication, "Coventry n 0 t P U b h s L e d tiU s o m e ?LP years a f t e r death ; the original edition some fifty years previous to 1871, the date of the present one. Only twelve original were printed for private distribution ; obviously they did not contain the The Meriden token and " m u l e s " were made for sale to Collectors. W i , W e b b s token, of which only 48 were struck, as one die broke, can only be assienpd to Warwickshire on the authority of Conder; there is a Newton in Lancashire where at t h S time, the woollen trade would probably be more in evidence than in Warwickshire. There is no evidence as to the issuer of the Nuneaton token. Those of Stratford, and the " m u l e s , " were struck for Collectors.
J h n A

Antiauities " was t i n t e d copies of the " Memoir.'

The note as to the arrangement of the Wilkinson tokens indicates the points to be noticed for comparison. It is also advisable, not only in reference to this section, but also when other long series occur, to note where a line, being a continuation of the down-stroke of a certain letter, cuts the central figure. The tokens of Macclesfield, and those of the Parys Mines Co., are notable examples. There are three different books dealing with John Wilkinson, viz., " The Wilkinsons," by John Randall, F.G.S.; " J o h n Wilkinson and the Old Bersham Iron Works, by A N Palmer, and lately published ; " John Wilkinson, Ironmaster, ' by H. W. Dickinson, A . M . I . M E C H . E . , Ulverston, 1 9 1 4 . The interesting incidents connected with this noted man are far too numerous to be entered upon here ; if nothing else, his " iron vessel would alone render him worthy of a niche in the temple of numismatic fame. The Warwickshire Farthings and Half-halfpence call for no comment, being generally of similar design to the Halfpence. There is perhaps one exception, viz., the reverse of the Copper Company s Farthing " May a flowing: trade follow a speedy and honourable peace, 1796." " A consummation devoutly to be wished." Charles Pve includes the Kendal Halfpennies, and incidentally, refers to impressions having been taken on Penny flans. The name of issuer is not stated. There is a degree of similarity between the design of these tokens and those of Chester, Macclesfield and Bungay. Besides these there are two " mules." Lamb, of Bath, had 14 lbs. of the " Wiltshire Yeomanry Cavalry " tokens struck. Ten cwt. of the tokens of J . Baster, of Devizes, were struck. He was a brewer, and as such is described in the Universal British Directory, 1790. The breeches and glove manufactory was probably a later undertaking. At the period, Holt was described as a village with a parish church. Charles Pye only records the first and second varieties; as those from the reverse die after alteration were " muled " with other dies, the probability is that such was a manufacturer s speculation for sale to Collectors ; as also were all those under the Salisbury heading, except the last, on which the Cathedral is represented, of which 5 cwt. were issued by J. and T. Sharpe, grocers. The first of the Worcestershire tokens is referred to by the writer of the " Bazaar Notes as " another of the mysterious class of pieces devised to perplex Collectors. The edge-reading is the common one on the London and Westminster tokens issued by Prattent, for sale to Collectors. Edward Davies was an ironmonger. It is worth noting that these tokens are not included in Charles Pye's work, also that worn specimens do not occur, also that they are rare t e inference is that they were either a kind of Private tokens, or were the product of some ol the London dealers, struck for the same purpose as the Worcester Penny. The Evesham token is a " Private " one issued by T. Thompon, Esq., M.P. for Evesham in 1796. Sixty were struck, three in gold. The reverses of the Dudley Halfpence will be readily recognised as from Spence's dies, and as the same had been used by Skidmore, he probably was responsible for these, as also tor the Kidderminster tokens, and either Skidmore or Spence for the Hagley tokens.

*> bo i S L S "LVdtob7chlSorp/ '0,Te T fr*,* <*>* 7 the fact that it was illustrated by" Prat tent a c ^ ^ ^ m a n s h i p , and s ee 1i9 5 f J r r a u e n t a his production. (P S ) . suggests the idea that it is one of The various Farthing size medalets refer to a visit to Worcester by George I I I

The Yorkshire Penny tokens are all of the type " Made for Collectors. 1 ' of M J q J S ' O ? S O S " "
S

'"iCime',

"
the

Cas

" e ' b e place of delention '''> y * Kempson, still i

l0ke

"

t.

T t e

U ,

"0n

P e n n j is o n e of

W e s t m o d ' s , and is a beautiful specimen of the die-sinker's


H

interesting poHtica^connection ^

"lfenni<is'

of

"

Constitutional Society, h .

having been " m u l e d " Wiethe 3 SheBelddies a l n e ' and so

coonectlon Wlth

Yorkshire is only by of M a s t e r s ,

otbe,

toUBr{MSt5,i,U^11S
tokenS

S f o r ^ S r c y " 'heI * ?f
John D o w n US

""

'

is e x c e S i n g l V r a r e ^ ^ T h p Manchester

W6re

f f - 8 r o c e r and tea dealer, the one dated 1792 d f r t h i s a s f o r t h o s e o f J o b n Fielding of

a d C MarketJpwihn ? V o t J l e r w i s e G a r t o n and Shackles, were linen drapers in the tokens i SUed f those were struck Charles ^ f f " in 0Ireland. ^ the ship reverse 10 cwt were struck, Charles Pye says, many were circulated

P r n , M ^ l t i 1 n W r t h ^ n 0 t l n g t h a t ? a m u e l Birchall, who published " A Descriptive List of tlm ncial Copper Coins or Tokens issued between the years 1786 and 1796 " does not inclndA hiS W 2- T h e r b a b m t y i S t h a t t b e die s i n S t h t ^ c t S SpeC m ens h a v i n sinkpr an ' , edge-varieties to sell to Collectors. The manufacturer or die the issuers 'to h a v e ^ e ^ f t S f f d l 6 S f h ' S p r 0 p e r t y ' a n d > h a v i n S completed the order from uers, to have been at liberty to make any use of the dies he thought fit.
K Hay an i m n T h e R e V ' t ' ' M A ' t h e i s s u e r o f t h e Buxton token, writes: " I never could eet g an impression of the very scarce one ; Mr. Barker and Mr. Welsh k c h had o n e ' '

Henry Brownbill was a watch-maker in Briggate; his descendants occupied the shop till towards the end of the 19th century. The Mixed-cloth Hall, erected by voluntary subscription among the clothiers in 1758, is represented oil the token. The first illustrated is an extremely rare variety. The obverse die appears to have developed slight cracks in hardening, the reverse is quite different from any others. The root of each building is not shown tiled. In addition to the varieties of the genuine tokens, there is * " m u l e , " which appears to have been softened before being used, as is evident by the surface of the token. Richard Paley was a tallow chandler in the Calls ; he issued 5 tons of tokens. In the Leeds Intelligencer," Aug. 29th, 1803, is a notice of sale of property held on lease by Mr. Richard Paley. (By order of his Assignees.) There are three " mules " of this series. Hands was the die-sinker, and also the manufacturer of the " Yorkshire Halfpenny.' The writer of the " B a z a a r Notes" suggests that as the Sheffield Cutlers Company appear o the Averse, possibly the bust on the obverse may have been intended to represent the master cutler at that time. The one showing a blacksmith and strikers at work is poorly designed and executed. Those with four hands conjoined is an improvement. The York tokens do not bear the name -of an issuer, but as Cattle, B ^ ^ r a n d C a t t l e issued medals dated 1796, of the same d e s i g n we may reasonably presume they were tb iesuers. There are four " mules " connected with this series. Ben Hobson, havdwareman, of the Pavement, York, issued tokens3 s t r a A on 'brass flans. They do not bear any indication of value, and are more in the form of a medalet than a tok . James Carlisle issued 200 of each of his tokens. Although one is designated York

was the manufacturer. The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority^of Atkins' work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various Collectors.
WARWICKSHIRE.Nos.

220, 238a, 241, a, 6, 2446>2506 2 5 4 a 328 829, , 334, 339a, 373, 395, 399a, 4116, 442c, 451, /, J, k, 455d, 459, 460, 461a, 483.
No. 17. WORCESTERSHIRE.Nos. 146, 166, 1 7 a .

WILTSHIRE.

Y O R K S H I R E . N o s . 4 a , 6 , c, d, 9 c , 1 1 " , 1 2 6 , 1 3 c , 1 5 a .

Collectors who have any of these pieces or meet with them at a l a t e r will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be in an Addenda.
R. DALTON, PARK S. H. HOUSE, BRISTOL.

H A M E R , BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

Warwickshire.
B I R M I N G H A M .

281

KEMPSON'S.
O : NEW MEETING BURNT.

iH fi

R: O: R: 0: R:
0

P between o and F. NO. 2. As last. With period. No. 8. As last. Ottley.


PARADISE STRT.

A. 131 A. 132 A. 133 A. 134 A. 135

: MEETING

R : P between p and B. 0 : As last. R : Ottley.


169. O

NO. 1.

NEW J E R U S A L E M T E M P L E .

170. 171.
172.

: P between F and B. O : As last. : Ottley. 0


0 ST. P A D L ' S CHAPEL.

NO. 1.

A. 138 A. 139

173.

P between o and F. As last. With period. As last. Ottley.


ST. P H I L I P S CHURCH.

NO. 2.

A. 143 A. 144 A. 145 A. 146 A. 147 A. 148 A. 98 A. 97 A. 99 A. 115 A. 116 A. 117

viz

175. 176.

p between o and F. NO. 2. O As last. With period. No. 3. O As last. Ottley.


O: BARRACKS E R E C T E D .

R P between o and F. No. 2. O: As last. With period. No. 3. O: As last. R : Ottley.


J773

180. 181. 182.

0 ' 0 : : 0: : : : 0

GENERAL HOSPITAL.

P between o and F. NO. 2. As last. With period. No. 3. As last. Ottley. As last. The obv. of No. 174. In tin. No. 4.

184.

: LIBRARY.

: With inner legend. 184a. E : Plain. 185. O : As last. : Ottley.


186.
0 : : COVENTRY T O K E N .

A. 160 A. 161 NO. 1. A. 158 A. 159

BIKM" WORKHOUSE.

187.

R P between F and B. O : As last. R : Ottley.

282

M a r w i cfcs b i r c.
B I R M I N G H A M .

KEMPSON'S.
188. 0 : OLD CROSS.

189. 190.

mil

R: 0 : R: 0 : R: R. 0: R: 0 : R:
0 :

p between r and b. No. 1. As last. With inner legend. No. 4. As last. Ottley. p between F and B. No. 1. As last. With period. No. 8. As last. Ottley.
BLUE SCHOOL.

A. 140 A. 141 A. 142 A. 155 A. 156 A. 157

191.

O : W E L C H CROSS.

192. 193.
194.

SCStjpG m

R: v between F and B. NO. 1. A. 103 195. 0 : As last. R : With inner legend. No. 4. A. 104 E : COVENTRY TOKEN. 196. 0 : As last. A. 105 R : Ottley.
197. 0 : BLUE COAT CHARITY SCHOOL.

R : With period. Ijj-POK


^rininiu J W .
E : PAYABLE AT YORK.

197a. E : Plain. 198. 0 : As last.


R : SUB-MONITOR.

A. 106

199.
200.

0 : As last. R: Ottley.
0 : FREE SCHOOL.

A. 107 No. 3. A. 113 A. 114 A. 108 A. 109 A. 110 A. H I

201.
' K i ^CfuBln
202.

R : With period. 0 : As last. R: Ottley.


O: THE

NEW BRASS W O R K S .

203. 204 .
S I.OW
205.

R: 0: R: 0 : R\
0 :

p between o and F. NO. 2. As last. With period. No. 3. As last. Ottley.


NEW BREWERY.

206. 207. 210


208.

R: O: R: O: R:

p between F and B. No. 1. As last. p between o and F. As last. Ottley. No. 1.

A. 112 A. 118 A. 119 A. 136 A. 137

208

O : HOTEL ERECTED.

209.
210.

R: p between F and B. 0 : As last. R : Ottley.


0 : NAVIGATION OFFICE.

211.

R : With period. 0 : As last. R: Ottley.

No. 3.

Marwfcftsbfre.
B I R M I N G H A M .

283

KEMPSON'S.

212. 213. 214.

0 : SOHO MANUFACTORY.

It: P between F and B. No 1. A. 149 O: As last. B: With inner legend. No. 4.


E : COVENTRY T O K E N . A. 1 5 0

'

-A

An'A " "J III B ' I r r tJ


r f

O: As last. B ' Ottley.

A. 151

J-/C4-

215. 216. 217.

O : THEATRE.

H: 0: B: O: B:

P between o and F. NO. 2. As last. With period. No. 3. As last. Ottley.

A. 152 A. 153
A_ I 5 4

-218.
218
218a.

O: Bust to right, G E O R G I Y S B: With period. No. 3.


E : SKIDMORE

HI.

A. 162

HOLBORN LONDON.

KEMPSON'S
WITH

BUILDINGS.
REVERSE.

KEMPSON'S

No. 178 not traced. Nos 197, 198 and 218a are exceptionally rare. The others are common.

Nos. 148, 148a, 157, 180, 183, 184, 189, and 206 are rare.
STRUCK IN BRASS.

These are all rare, and the numbers known are I S 3 ; 154, ,56, 157, .75, I 8 I, .91 and ,97a. but thes "teS "lat N o s ' I47' out these have not been traced.
,62

'

i6

5> '94, 205, 208, and 213 were also struck in brass

OTTLEY

REVERSE.

Since the printing of Part


e e S

9)

we have discovered that two reverse dies were used for striking

' Med t"' t h e Ithe ^ 7 * ^ a penod after the word" edalhst the other is without the penod With the exception of Nos. ,53 and -18 a set was struck ,n silver gilt specially for Sir George Chetwynd. Nos ,73 and 176 we're struck om the die without the period, and the remainder from the one with the period A, his sale sets w'ith t h e " T
PUr

rCTed ^

Britlsh

MUSCUm

8s

" d

" b e r of

h e dfc w i t h o u r T 153 3 n d 2 l 8 , W e , e S t m C k " WhitC m e t a l : th6Se from kn Wn C s usu^l. f H r " nly PP e r a r e N 0 S - 1 6 8 a n d '7o. No 168 usually found w.th period, but one has been traced from the die without the period. No. .70 a e all with period. The copper pieces are exceedingly rare.

284

Mav wichsbire.
B I R M I N G H A M .

LUTWYCHE'S.

219.

0 : A figure of Justice seated, holding a pair of scales, MEDALS & PROVINCIAL COINS. E x : DEA P E C U N I A . L U T W Y C H E S MANU-

R : A coining press,
FACTORY.

EIX : BIRMINGHAM.

E : Milled llllll 219a. E PAYABLE BY SAMUEL P R E N T I C E 219ft. E Plain (in collar). 219c. E : Plain (not in collar) rounded. 220. 0 : As last. R: Bust of George III. and

A. 163
X X X

A. 163b

Queen

Charlotte. -

Plain. 220a. E : Milled.

LONG MAY THEY R E I G N OVER A G R A T E F U L L P E O P L E . A 164

PRIESTLEY.

221.

0 : Bust to right.
OF T H E

J . P R I E S T L E Y CITIZEN

WORLD.

R : The flame of liberty proceeding from the tomb of " HAMPDEN & S I D N E Y . "
SACRED TO L I B E R T Y .

E : Milled. 221a. E : Milled over lettering.


PYE'S.

13

222.

0 : Proof of obverse of No. 223. R : Blank. Struck in white-metal. 0 : A cypher C.P. 1797 under.
BIRMINGHAM H A L F P E N N Y FOR E X C H A N G E .

223. t-s'-J''

m e m

**

R : Female seated beside boring tools, pouring medals from a cornucopia. A beehive on a stand in front.
THE S U P P O R T OF BRITAIN.

E : Plain (in collar).


SKIDMORE'S.

A. 165

Nos. 224-227. 224

0: A cypher P. S.
1792.

BIRMINGHAM H A L F P E N N Y

B Bust in cocked hat. G E N E R A L E L L I O T . A 166 E : Plain. 224a. E : YORK B U I L T . A.M. 1223 CATHEDRAL
R E B U I L T A.D. 1075.

224i. E : Milled. 225.


226.

R : Two men in a foundry, &c. A. 166 Bis E : Milled. R : Two busts, &c. E : Milled. R : Bust to left. E : Milled.
MAY T H E

A. 167
FRENCH, &C.

227.

A. 168

219a, c, d, 221, 222, 224ft, 225, RarityNos. 224a, 227 228, 231a, b, 235a, 6, RRR. 226, 229, 230, RR.' 221a, 223, R. 224, 234, scarce. The others, common.

M a r w i c f e s b i r e .
B I R M I N G H A M .

285

SKIDMORE'S. JiiJ.'.u jiJTOi JjJTJf


228.

Nos. 228-230.
R:

O: As rev. of No. 224,


FACTIOUS, &C.

M U R ' D BY T H E

E: Milled. 229.
230.

A. 109 A. 170

R: An anchor and cable, &c E : Milled.


7?: or>D FELLOWS.

C O V E N T R Y .

1792. 231. Godiva on horseback, PHO BONO P U B L I C O . The triangular dot at the end of the legend nearly touches the horse's tail. F.r1792. /i . Elephant and Castle. (The arms of the city.) COVENTRY H A L F P E N N Y .
E 231a. : PAYABLE AT AT H . THE WAREHOUSE OF R O B E R T REYNOLDS & CO. h . PAYABLE BIRMINGHAM. A. 171 HICKMANS W A R E H O U S E

O: Lady

. .mu'wi,,^

'%ff

2316. E: Milled. and E : As No. 231. . Similar. The castle is under Y. A. 172 233. and E \ As No. 231. Similar to No. 231, but the triangular dot is still farther away, and larger, something like a small letter Y. A. 173 234. O Similar, but the legend comes lower; the last letter o as well as the dot touches the horse. R As last. E NUNEATON BEDWORTII AND H I N K L E Y . ' O R: E: 235a. E: 235b. E:
ti4

232.

232
c # ' J j -'o< *Ux
J

283
.

/ t l ^ W

4'/
io

f f
235
/'o^ / V
0

235.

A. 174 As last. Similar, but no dot at end of legend. As No. 231. A. 175
NUNEATON BEDWORTII AND H I N K L E Y .

Plain (not in collar).

J * "

/ V

Vrfi

, -r'/>V//>, 4v ' C \

230.

0: Similar, but without dot at end of legend. R: and As No. 235. A. 176 O: Legend in smaller letters, and some distance from horse at end. R: As No. 232. The same flaw being observable. E: As No. 231. \ ] 77

F
230

237.

286 ^ jr, ^ /if l ^

M a r w i c f c s b i r e . O V B N
1793

m t

J m M #Hl

(I -r.^ 'Vs^Jhi'

if '"3M t -4D)

238.

O: Ii: E: E E E E E
0

Godiva, as before; head of figure close to second o of

BONO,

period close to last

238a. 2386. 238c. 238 d. 238c. 239.

f t ' " d of legend ^ d v u , I , touch tail of elephant, and there is a protuberance about the centie of the tail. A. 178 PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR B R I S T O L . A. 178a PAYABLE IN BEDWORTH HINKLEY OR NUNEATON. A. 1786 PAYABLE AT NUNEATON HINKLEY L L L L OR 1 BEDWORTH. A. 178c * * * PAYABLE X AT X CRONEBANE X OR * IN * DUBLIN A. 178<f PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 178c : Milled. T h e ^ f a r t h e r from elephant, and no tuft in tail.
LONDON BRISTOL .. AND LIVERPOOL. L.UISUUH DUli'.ou

II
E

240.

O: Similar to Last, but the h e r f V ^ T ^ P in the period is farther from end of legend. 11: As No. 238. A. 179 E : Milled to right A 179a 240a. E : Milled to left ////// A 179i 2406 E : Plain (not in collar) 241. 0 : Similar; the head of figure comes under second o of BONO, , - o'W -j 'L ; the legend is more spread, and there is no period at the end. R : As No. 238.
E : PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE OR IN D U B L I N . 241a. 2416. E : PAYABLE AT NUNEATON BEDWORTH OR H I N K L E Y . E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL.

241c. E : Milled to right. 241(7. E : Milled to left ////// 242.

A. 180 A. 180a A. 1806 A. 180c A. 180<i

0 ; As last r\ TheTegend is higher up, the last letter only coming near the elephant.
E \ PAYABLE IN BEDWORTH HINKLEY OR NUNEATON. PAYABLE AT BEDWORTH NUNEATON OR H I N K L E Y . PAYABLE AT NUNEATON BEDWORTH OR H I N K L E Y . PAYABLE AT NUNEATON llll HINKLEY Iffl OR III BEDWORTH. PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY. PAYABLE AT I . F I E L D I N G S MANCHESTER.

242a. E :
2426. E :

242c. E: 242 d. E : 242c. E:


243

A. 181 A. 181a A. 1816. A. 181c A. 181<i

'

R: Similar to last, but the tuft at end of elephant's tail touches the hind leg ; which it does not in former.
E

PAYABLE AT NUNEATON

llll

HINKLEY

llll

OR

llll

BEDWORTH.

^ 1 8 2

243a. E : Milled ////// 243


s r r i s ts, m * .
2 4 0 ,

Z4ic, a,

o, *- ,

The

otherS)

common.

T K H a r w i c f c 0 b t r e ,
C O V E N T R Y .

2H7

244.

i\ J

O : As last. R : Similar, but the legend is higher, the Y being quite clear of the elephant, and the righthand corner of the castle comes to the first part of the L in " H A L F P E N N Y . "
Fj : PAYABLE IN BEDWORTH H I N K L E Y OR NUNEATON. ANGLESEY.

J"?

244. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR 244/>. E : Plain (not in collar). 245.

A. I83 A. 183 a A. 183fc

0 : As last. R: Similar to last, but there is a branch of a tree lying beneath the elephant. E : PAYABLE AT NUNEATON llll H I N K L E Y llll OR I I I
BEDWORTH. A. 184

240. O: As last. R : An ancient cross, 245 +>-' So, 247. 246


E : PAYABLE AT THE

COVY. CROSS OF

upon its base.


TWO A; ALEX

COVENTRY H A L F P E N N Y . WAREHOUSE HUTCHISON. A. 1 8 5

1794. O : Lady Godiva on horseback, PRO BONO P U B L I C O . Date in Ex : 1794. R : An ancient cross. covv CROSS upon its base.
COVENTRY H A L F P E N N Y .

This is the same rev. as NQ. 246.


: PAYABLE AT L I V E R P O O L OR 248. BRISTOL.

O R V.

As last. Similar, cov CROSS in smaller lettering without the small v. Angle of steps points between c and o.
PAYABLE AT T H E W A R E H O U S E OF ROBERT RE Y N O L D S

248

249

& CO. A. 186 As last. Similar to last. The angle of steps points to v. E : As last. 249a. E : Plain. Also in brass 249.

O I!

1795. O Lady Godiva, as before. PRO BONO PUBLICO. Date in Ex : 1795. R Elephant and castle. COVENTRY HALFPENNY.
E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR B R I S T O L .

250o. / E

A. 187
PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE O F THOMAS CLACKE.

A. 187
PAVABLE AT THK W A R E H O U S E O F RO BE RT REYNOLDS K CO.

As last. As No. 247.


TL, PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE OF ROBERT REYNOLDS

& co.

A 188

252. O : As last. There are faint signs of elongated dot. R As last E Milled ////// A. 189 This latter is by far the largest piece of the series.

28H

Warwickshire.
COVENTRY.
VARIETIES.

253.

0 : As last, but dated 1794 R : Arms, crest a crank, &c.


E : PAYABLE AT L I V E R P O O L OR B R I S T O L .

A. 191 254. 0 : An ancient cross. As the reverse of No. 247. R : Crowned bust to left, IOHN OF GAUNT
D U K E OF LANCASTER. E : PAYABLE AT L I V E R P O O L OR B R I S T O L .

A. 193 254a. E: PAYABLE 2546. E : Plain. 255.


AT LANCASTER OR BRISTOL.

O : As last. R : A head in profile,


W I T H O U T NOBILITY.

STANHOPE NOBLE

E : PAYABLE AT ADAM SIMPSONS ROMNEY.

A. 194 Atkins' Nos. 190 and 192 were faked pieces. Now in the British Museum Collection. RarityNos. 254a, b, RRR. 255
KEMPSON'S.

250, RR.

253, 254, scarce.

The five reverse dies used for this series : No. 1. 2. 3. No period after p. 4. Period after P. (This is the same 5. die as No. 1, with the period added.) 256. 0 : REMAINS OF C A T H E D R A L . R : No period. No. 1. E : Plain. 257. 0 : As last. R : With period. No. 2.
K : COVENTRY TOKEN. ON

of " KEMPSON " over date. Period after COVENTRY. Head of Handel.

A. 199

257a. E: 258. 0 : R: E: 259. 256


O:

Plain. As last. Handel. Plain.

No. 5. A. 200 No. 3. A. 217 259

GREY FRIARS S T E E P L E .

R: With period. 259a. E : 260. 0 : R: E: Plain. As last. Handel. Plain.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

No. 5. A. 218

Marwicfcebire.
C O V E N T R Y .

289

KEMPSON'S.
261. 0 : ST. JOHNS CHURCH.

R : No period. 262. 0 : As last. R : With period. 0 : As last. R : Handel. E : Plain.


O:

No. 1. A. 219 No. 2.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

\Wf
264. O : TRINITY CHURCH

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

263.

No. 5. A. 220

267.

W H I T E FRIARS.

R: E : 265 . 0 : R.
E

No period. No. 1. Plain. As last. With period. No. 2.


COVENTRY TOKEN.

R : No period. A. 227 267a. E : 268. O: R: E : 269. 270. Plain. As last. Handel. Plain.

No. 1. A. 231

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

No. 5. A. 282

266,

O: As last. R : Handel.
E:

No. 5.
A. 228

COVENTRY TOKEN.

0 : COOK S T R E E T GATE.

266a. E : Plain.

R: No period. O: As last. R : Handel. E : Plain.

No. 1. A. 201 A. 202

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

No. 5.

271. 272. 273.

O : GREY FRIARS.

R : With period. O: As last. R : Period after O: As last. R : Handel.

No. 2. A. 215 No. 4.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN. COVENTRY.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

No. 5, A. 216

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

278a. E : Plain.
274. O: MILL LANE GATE.

R : With period. 275. 279


276. 0 : SPON GATE. 279.

No. 2. A. 228 A. 224

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

O: As last. R : Handel. E : Plain.

No. 5,

O : W H I T E FRIARS GATE.

R : No period.
E

No. 1. A. 225 280. 281. A. 226 No. 2.

R : No period. O: As last. R : With period. 0 : As last. R : Handel. E : Plain.

No. 1.
A. 229

: COVENTRY TOKEN.

277. 278.

0 : As last. R : With period. 0 : As last. R : Handel.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

No. 2.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

E : COVENTRY TOKEN

No. 5.

No. 5. A. 230

E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

278a. E: Plain.

290

TKflarwickebi re.
C O V E N T R Y .

KEMPSON'S.

282.

0: R: E: 282a. E : 283. O: R: E:

BABLAKE HOSPITAL.

No period. Plain. As last. Handel. Plain


BARRACKS.

No. 1.
A.

COVENTRY T O K E N .

195

No. 5. A 196

0: R: E: 285. 0 : A': E: 285a. E . 286. 287. 0: R: E: O: R: E:


O:

284.

With O N over date. No. 3.


COVENTRY TOKEN.

A. 197

As last. Handel. Plain.

No. 5. A 198 No. 1. A. 203 A. 204 No. 1. A. 205 No. 5.

COVENTRY TOKEN.

COVENTRY CROSS.

No period. As last. Handel. Plain.

COVENTRY TOKEN.

*S0pM
ft
-rjr-jrjZh"

288.

COUNTY HALL.

H: E 288a. E : 289. 0 R: E: 290. O: R: E: 290a. E : 291. 292.

No period. Plain. As last. O N over date. As last. Handel. Plain.

COVENTRY T O K E N .

No. 3.

COVENTRY TOKEN.

No. 5. A. 206

COVENTRY TOKEN.

O: D R A P E R S H A L L . N over date. No. 3. R: O E: COVENTRY TOKEN. O: As last. R: Handel. No. 5. E: COVENTRY TOKEN.
FORDS H O S P I T A L .

A. 207 A. 208

298. -/min&i 297

O: R: E\ 293a. E : 294. O R E:

No period. Plain. As last. Handel. Plain.

COVENTRY TOKEN.

No. 1. A. 209

No. 5. A. 210

295.

O:

ST.

MARY HAUL.

297. A. 2 2 1

O : FREE E :

SCHOOL.

i f : No period. 295a. E . 296. O : R: E : Plain As last. Handel. Plain.

No. 1.

R : No period.
COVENTRY.

No. 1. A. 211 No. 5. A. 212

E : COVENTRY T O K E N .

No. 5. A. 222

297a. E : 298. O : R: E :

Plain. As last. Handel. Plain.

Warwickshire.
COVENTRY.
KEMPSON'S.
299. 0 : F R E E SCHOOL. NEW FRONT. 301.

291

R: No period.
E

No. 1.
A. 2 1 8

O: As last. R : Period after


E :

COVENTRY.

NO. 4.

: COVENTRY T O K E N .

COVENTRY T O K E N .

299a. E : Plain. 800. 0 : As last. R: O N over date.


E : COVENTRY.

No. 8.

801a. E : Plain. 302. O : As last. R : Handel.


E : COVENTRY T O K E N . A. 2 1 4

299

802a. E : Plain. The following were also struck in silver : 271. Nos. 2 and 4 Reverse. 259. .. 2 2 261. 295. 1 274. 2 2 276. 2 264. 2 279. 1 267.

282. 284. 256. 269. 286. 288. 291. 293. 297. 299.

Nos. 1 and 4 Reverse. 3 2 ,, 1 1 and 8 3 1 and 8

No.

RarityThose with the Handel reverse. Also Nos. 256, 276, 289, 800, 801, a, rare. The others, scarce.
NIOKSON'S.

308.

Unfinished impression of No. 304 obverse without artist's name. R : The windows not filled in. Struck in tin. O: A three-quarter figure in cap and gown, holding a book. By the side of the figure, WYON (the artist's name), in small letters. J O H N
HALES FOUNDED.

304.

R- End view of an ancient building.


T H E F R E E SCHOOL COVENTRY. ANNO 1 5 4 5 . E x \ BY

E:

COVENTRY JOHN

HALFPENNY 1799 +

PAYABLE +

NICKSON

A. 2 8 3

Also in silver, with plain edge. 305. Unfinished impression of No. 306 obverse without artist's name. R: As reverse of No. 303. Struck in tin. O: Similar, but with a tassel added to the cap, and a deed with two seals instead of the book. R : and E : The same as No. 304. A. 284

i
305 306

306.

RarityNos. 808, 305, RRR.

304, 806, RR.

292

Marwicksbivc.
C O V E N T R Y .

SHARP'S.

A '

' ' , A U r

907.

r:--<.

J - . V

O: A trial piece of No. 310, with plain shield, and the spires, sword, mitre, and mace omitted. No legend. Struck in copper. O: A more advanced trial piece. The spire of the church to right is below the N in " C O V E N T R Y . " Struck in copper. 0 : The finished artist's proof ; the spire passing through the letter N. Struck in copper.

808.

r?-^

hi

809.

p
NfUCCZ

310.

O: A figure seated, leaning upon a sword, and holding a shield.


CIVITAS COVENTRIZE. Ex\ MDCCXCVN.

R : The house wherein the figure of Peeping Tom is placed, with the King's Head Inn adjoining.
E : COVENTRY HALFPENNY PAYABLE BY THOMAS SHARP.

LF -rrfr 71

t m i l r : 311.

(In raised letters.) A. 235

Iffifr-'

0 : As last. R : Unfinished impression of No. 312 reverse, the windows not filled in. Struck in tin. O: and E: The same as No. 310. R : Similar, but the execution different,
a n d i n Ex: MEMORIZE GODIV.E. 1 0 6 7 .

312. ?f n r r r f

n >i'.j s ,

A. 236 Also in silver. 313. 0 : The reverse die of No. 310. R : Unfinished die of No. 812. Struck in tin. 0 : As last. R A further advanced impression from die of No. 812. Struck in tin.

f PT? iTf f F E.-L i

814.

RarityNos. 807, 308, 809, 810, 311, 813, 314, 318a, 819, RRR.
The others, rare.

312, 317, 320, RR.

M a rw icI ? e b \ r c.
M E R I D E N .

293

815.

0 : An archer shooting,
ARCHERY.

FOR . T H E . P R I Z E

R : The Prince of Wales' crest, radiated, over a bow, quiver, horn, &c.
MERIDEN TOKEN 1 7 9 6 . A. 2 3 8

816.

0 : The same as last. R : A dove flying with an olive branch, Ac. A. 239
N E W T O N .

817.

0 : A pack, marked

"WOOL."

NEWTON

HALFPENNY PAYABLE BY JOHN WEBB

ftUJL

1796. R : Shield of arms, crest an arm holding an arrow. E : Plain (in collar). A. 240
N U N E A T O N .

he. ha 318. f*. ? * Ji 7l>, Sy* Vi


. 4 </ V

0 : The Lady Godiva. Date in Ex: 1792. R: The Grocer's arms, supporters, &c.
HALFPENNY, 1 7 9 2 . E : NUNEATON BEDWORTH AND HINKLEY.

/ *

318a.

XXXXX
E : PAYABLE AT NUNEATON HLNKLEY.

A. 241
BEDWORTH OR A. 241a

819.

O: As last.
R : EAST INDIA HOUSE. E : NUNEATON BEDWORTH AND HINKLEY. S T R A T F O R D .

vjjjiliilltifil
-

820. 5Til IJ Ci'. ''-.,


ll-l rlOllOll All,*

0 : Bust of Shakespeare to left, I THE

STRAT-

FORD PROMISSORY HALFPENNY. R : S T R U C K | IN HONOR A N D | T O P E R P E T U A T E MEMORY OF

fj

'io y,g.2grujL'i 'THE MEiUlCSarf


pfcTEffiBAai

| SHAKESPEARE

I BORN APRIL 1 5 6 4 | D I E D APRIL I 1 6 1 6 .

^BDEITSJfKIL '166-i
' 'J1. -

r~>

E : Engrailed. A. 242 820a. E : Milled. A. 242a 8206. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 2426 This is struck in white-metal. Nos. 821-328.
821.

/ uooy. Z.1LL 3 hZAiiJHzTU Wld'i&$bia


v

0 : As obv. of No. 820.


A. 2 4 3 PANDORAS A. 244

R : T . SPENCE, BOOKSELLER, & c .

322.
328.

R : A pair of breeches on fire,


BREECHES.

". .

-" ' '

R : L I T T L E T U R N S T I L E HALFPENNY.

A. 245 Nos. 824-326.


824. 825. 826. R:

0 : As rev. of No. 320.


A. 246 A. 247 A. 2 4 8

R : T. S P E N O E , & c . PANDORAS B R E E C H E S . R : L I T T L E TURNSTILE.

822

823

294

Marwicftsbire.
STRATFORD.
SHAKESPEARE. 327. O : B u s t to left, S H A K E S P E A R E . R : A f e m a l e seated holding m i n i n g tools.
HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE AT READING . + . E x \ 1790. OXFORD OR A. 139 BANBURY

327a. E: 327 b. E 327c. E

PAYABLE IN D U B L I N OR LONDON + . +

A. 139a
: PAYABLE : PAYABLE IN IN LANCASTER LONDON OR OR MANLIVERPOOL. SUFFOLKBATH CHESTER-)-, X . A. 1396 A. 139c

327rf. E : Milled. 327c. E : E n g r a i l e d . 327/'. E : P l a i n (not in collar). Nos. 8 2 8 - 3 2 9 . A <-m\ " J /V/ / " C A/ J o V'

A. 139'/ A. 139c

O : As No. 327.

328. 329.

R : S i m i l a r to last, b u t d a t e d 1794. A. 140 R: A m a n - o f - w a r sailing,


E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER THE WOODEN OR WALLS O F OLD ENGLAND. LONDON LIVERPOOL. A. 141

330

329a. E : P l a i n (not in collar). 330. 0 : S i m i l a r to No. 327. R : A h a r p . * NORTH X


E I PAYABLE AT OR CONGLETON . X .

A. 141a

WALES

* A. 142

M A C C L E S F I E L D LIVERPOOL

330a, E : P l a i n (not in collar). 331

A. 142a

O : Similar, with period before a n d a f t e r legend. R : F i g u r e of B r i t a n n i a seated, RULE


BRITANNIA. A. 1 4 3

R a r i t y N o s . 328, 329, a, R R R .

327c, 330, R R .

S27, h, R.

T h e others, c o m m o n .

ARRANGEMENT

OF

THE

WILKINSON

SERIES

OF

TOKENS.

These are divided into three sectionsviz., Barge, Forge and Vulcan. Each section will commence with the genuine issue, and follow with the counterfeits and misspelt pieces, instead of describing the pieces as being ribbed or smooth coat, turned down collar, or two or three buttons on coat, which is sometimes very difficult to follow especially if the pieces happen to be worn. The mode of identification will bewith or without period on obv., the position of the period or the R to the waistcoat, the rev. by the position and shape of the figures of date, and not by the flames in the forge. This, with the illustrations, should enable any pieces to be easily identified.

Hffl a r w i c fc s b i v c .
WILKINSON.

295
WILLEY

Unless otherwise stated all edges read


S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY

1 /*' o <

882. % 3 888.

0 : Bust of Wilkinson. under bust. R : Blank. E : Plain.

I. G. Hancock A. 249

O: An indented impression of one of the Wilkinson busts. R : A man at table writing, a woman seated by him holding a lighted candle, a clergyman behind, etc.
E : PAYABLE IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL. A. 8 2 9

884.
'o

0 : A profile bust to right, being a rude imitation of those preceding.


IRONMASTER. LL AND HE SAID AT LET US MAKE PENNYS AFTER MY OWN IMAGE. E : PAYABLE MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL A. 3 3 0 OR CONOLETONV

335.

0 : As last. R : Blank.
E : W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

/V / '

J S

"V/-! I

BARGE,

17
-

' W f \

v/1 p^_.\

336 0 : Bust of Wilkinson. R: A barge. Dated 1788. E : As usual. Also in brass. 836a. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY
LIVERPOOL.

Udd7 837. A. 250


LONDON OR

386.

O : Very similar. R : A barge. Fine silver 1788. E : As usual. This was struck in silver.
PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LIVERPOOL.

A. 251
OR

337a. E:

LONDON

838.

This was struck in copper. 0 : A poor copy of last. R : A barge. 1792.


E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 252

vi
<. -

-^

WILKISON. 339. 'M*


h
s

0 : The name misspelt R : As last.


E : PAYABLE IN LIVERPOOL.

WILKISON. LONDON OR

ANGLESEY

# 12 , /

?
389a. E \

The

N'S

retrograde. A. 316 A. 316a

PAYABLE IN LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

3396. E: Plain. RarityNos. 332 to 335, probably unique. 336a, 337a, 339a, RRR. 387, 338, R. 836, 339, common.

3896, RR.

296

M a r w i c h g b i r e.
y

/p>

%,

WILKINSON.
1787.

L m & t s t

Nos. 340-348. T H E PERIOD IN LINE W I T H INSIDE OF L E G E N D . 340. 0 : Short queue. The R some distance from frill. R : The 1 and 7 curved. 1 under centre of support. A. 254 341. O: The head closer to legend. R: The 1 of date under right edge of support. O: Similar. The R and period nearer the frill. R . As No. 340. 0 : As last. R : As No. 341. 0 : Very similar to last. closer to legend. R As last. The head

342.

348.

344.

345.

0 : The R still nearer the frill. The nose points between M and A. A 262 R : Curved 1 and straight 7. Chain pattern border. 0 : Similar. Long queue, one end comes to lower coat button. R : Very similar to last, but without the chain border. A. 259 0 : Proof of obverse die No. 348. R: Blank. O : The R and period closer to frill, queue shorter than last. R : Very similar to last. The last 7 further from line.

346.

347.

348.

348 RarityNos. 347, 348, RRR. 342, 344, RR. 841, R. 840, 343, 345, 346, scarce.

Marwicfoebire
WILKINSON.

297

1787. Nos. 349-361. T H E PERIOD IN LINE WITH CENTRE OF R. 349. 0 : Short queue, R some distance from frill. R : Curved 1 and 7. The 7 under outside edge of anvil. 350. isoify,. O: As last. R : The date further from line.

r
351. 0: The R closer to frill. R: Similar. The 7 extends slightly beyond the anvil. 352. 0 : Similar. The space between words of legend wider. R : Similar. The 1 is under centre of support.

&
\'A 353 353. 0 : The period close to frill. R : Similar. The last 7 extends beyond the anvil. 354. 0 : R close to frill. R : As last. ^
j

-J,

* S9

A. 256

357 355. 356. 357. 358 Rarity 358. Nos. 350, RRR. 0 : R: O: R: O: R: Similar to last. The end of queue turns up. Similar to last, the date closer to line. As last. Date further from line. As last. 1 nearly under centre of support. 358 A. 258 351, 354, scarce. The others, common

0 : Similar. The queue shorter. R: Straight 1 and curved 7. 357, RR. 349, 354, 356, R.

298

M a r w i cfcsbt re.
WILKINSON.

Jg
*r

* $

1787.
359. 0 : R nearly touches the frill. R : Curved 1 and straight 7. Semicircular window at back of forge. A. 253 Also struck in silver and copper gilt. 360. 0 : R touches frill. R : Similar to last, but without the window. 861. 0 : As last. i? Similar to last, date more open, and 7 extends beyond the anvil. A. 261

1737 <SOj/
r-

l\<Tr - j -/ \ T I ' - f / ' V ' JT/

Nos. 362-368. 362.

NO PERIOD AFTER R.

0 : The R some distance from frill. R : Curved 1 and straight 7. A. 260 O: The R closer to frill. R : Curved 1 and 7.

363.

A. 255

364.

O: The R nearly touches the frill. R : Similar. The date closer to line. A. 257 0 : The R touches the frill. R : Very similar to last, the 1 and 7 closer together. 0 : As last. R : Similar, but date further from line. 0 : Less space between "
" WILKINSON."

365.

j _

'

366.

ir^T

367.

IOHN

" and

R : 1 under centre of support.

299

Warwickshire.
WILKINSON.
1787.

NO P E R I O D A F T E R R. 868. 0 : The tail of R cut off by frill. R: The 8 is under the centre of anvil.

368

'.uil

COUNTERFEITS.
369. 0 : Similar. Period after R. Very poor work. 1!: Curved 1 and 7. Very poor work.
e : ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

369 jV r :% . , j' '


J

, TT5V7 ji /-' * 6\ /v < '> f- '

370.

0 : Similar to last. the frill. R : As last.


e : PAYABLE AT LIVERPOOL.

The period touches

ANGLESEA

LONDON

OR

A. 263

371.

0 : Similar, but no period. R : As last. E : As last. WILKISON.

372.

0 : The name misspelt WILKISON. Period on line with inner circle of legend. R : Curved 1 and 7.
e : W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

a Tv 373. 0 : The period to centre of R. r : As No. 369.


e

A. 317

: WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

A. 318 373a. e :
ANGLESEY LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

A. 318a 374. 0 : The period touches frill. R : As last.


e : WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

A. 319 374a. e:
ANGLESEY LONDON OK LIVERPOOL.

A. 319a

RarityNos. 366, 367, 373, RRR.

360, 365, RR.

363, 364, 368, 369, 371, 372, 374, R.

359, scarce.

The others, common.

800

Marwtcfcebire.
WILKINSON.

375

876 W I T H P E R I O D A F T E R R. sit. 0 : Similar. Date close to bust. A. 264 R : As last.

877

875.

0 : Period to centre of R. r \ Curved 1, straight 7. line.

The end of queue closer to

376.

0 : As last. R : Similar, but date further from line.

378 378. 379. 0 : As last. R : Date close to line.

379 380. O : As last.

380 r : 1 of date under right hand corner of support, and 8 projects beyond the edge of anvil. NO P E R I O D A F T E R R. 881. O : Tail of R touches the frill. r : 1 nearly under the centre of support.

0 : Period close to frill. R : Very similar, but date f u r t h e r f r o m line.

382.

0 : As last. R : Very similar to last. line.

Date closer to

382a. E : Plain (in collar). 383. 0 : Similar to last. The legend commences close to bust r: Very similar to last. A. 265

384 .

0 : As last. R Similar.

The 1 and 7 touch

the line. R a r i t v N o s 381a, 382a, 3876, 388a, 389a, 8906, 8926, RRR. 390c, 892, d, RR. 375, 377, 378, 380, 381, 383, 384, 392c, e, R. 378, 382, 388, 390a, 391, 392a, scarce. The others, common.

801

M a r w i cfcs b i r e .
WILKINSON.
>*.. 1790.

o-

/ /'

385 885. 0 : Period to centre of r . R : Curved 1 a n d straight 7. 386. D a t e d 1790 A. 268 0 : R close to frill. R : S t r a i g h t 1 and 7. 887.

J7J'J

A. 269

0 : No period. : S t r a i g h t 1 and 7. A. 266 887a. E : W i t h m a r k oo between


BRADLEY AND W I L L E Y .

A. 266a 387i. E : Plain. 888. 0 : T h e top tail of queue curls round and nearly touches edge. R : As last. A. 267 888a. E : W i t h mark oo between
BRADLEY a n d WILLEY.

1792.

O: r: E: 889a. E : O,-.

As No. 387. S t r a i g h t 1 and 7. As usual. Plain.

A. 270

COUNTERFEITS.
1792.

390.

;; v i : 4

O : Rougher work. r : S t r a i g h t 1 and 7.


e : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

A. 271 390a. e
: PAYABLE AT NUNEATON BEDWORTH OR H I N K L E Y .

A. 271a 390ft. e : 390e. e :


PAYABLE AT LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY.

W1LKENS0N. 391. 0 : N a m e misspelt r : As last.


e : PAYABLE IN WILKENSON.

No period after
OR

R.

ANGLESEY

LONDON

LIVERPOOL.

T h e N'S retrograde. WILKISON. JVfr 392. O : N a m e misspelt WILKISON. Period after R. r : S t r a i g h t 1 and 7. Date in small figures.
e

A. 314

: PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

A. 320 392a. e 892ft.' 392r\ 392J. 392e.


: PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM BRIGHTON OR LIVERPOOL.

e : PAYABLE AT DUBLIN CORK OR BELFAST ' : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY. e : PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK BELFAST. e: Plain (not in collar).

A. 320a A. 320ft A. 820f A. 320(Z A. 320e

302

Marwichsbire.
WILKINSON.
1793.

393.

: No period after R. : Straight 1 and 7. : As usual.


: WILLEY SNEDSHILI

Dated 1793. etc. A. 276 A. 276a A. 276c

393a. 3936. 394.

PAYABLE AT T H E H O U S E OF G I L B E R T S H E A R E R & CO.

: As last. : Very similar to last.


: WILLEY SNEJSHILI etc.

T h e top of 1 and 7 slopes. A. 277

394a. e

Also struck in silver, with usual edge.

COUNTERFEITS.
P E R I O D A F T E R R. 395. 0 : Frill in outline. Period after R. ft : Straight 1 and 7. Top of 7 pointed. No pivot or bands to h a m m e r . A. 278 e : As usual. : M . A B E L s P R E N T I C E s D E L L (the middle name e upside down). A. 278a : PAYABLE AT J O H N CROWS C O P P E R S M I T H . A. 2786 : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR B R I S T O L . A. 278C : PAYABLE AT LONDON + . + . + A. 278d I PAYABLE AT LONDON OR D U B L I N . A. 278 MASONIC TOKEN I . S C E T C H L E Y F E C I T 1794. A. 278f
: WARLEY CAMP H A L F P E N N Y MDCCXCIV. TEMPLE OF T H E MUSES. : PAYABLE AT T H E

395a. 3956. 395c. 395 d. 395e. 395/". 395?. 395>i. 396 397 396.

0 : As last. ft . F l a t top to 1 of date.


e : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR B R I S T O L .

397.

O : As last. ft: Similar. W i t h pivot and bands to h a m m e r . Top of 1 pointed.


e : PAYABLE BY THOMAS BALL SLEAFORD. A. 279

398.

O : Legend in smaller letters. ft: Date smaller.


K PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T .

JL

NO P E R I O D A F T E R R. 399. O : Different bust to others, two buttons to coat, ft : Date 1 and 7 s m a l l ; 9 and 3 large.
V ' PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM BRIGHTON OR L I V E R P O O L .

t ^ - r i

M h

A. 281 399a. f . : Milled. 400. O : Coat ribbed, with three buttons. ft: Pointed 1, which is under right corner of support.
e PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM BRIGHTON OR L I V E R P O O L .

A. 277c R a r i t y N o s . 3936, 395, 6, d, 398, 399a, 402 406a, 408a R R R . 395 g, h, 396, 404, 405, 406c, 4076, 408, R R . 397, 401, 4066, 407, a, scarce, 394a, 395a, /, 399, 400, 403, a, 404a, 6, 406, 407c, RThe others, common.

Warwickshire.
WILKINSON.
COUNTERFEITS. 1793.

308

401.
( , r v, ~ r-< ti t C N / y s M -> "V 4 r-y ** r i > v - / ^ jf: b J -> :A i

O : Similar. T h e legend commences under the bust. r : Square topped 1.


e : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

/
O Legend commences f u r t h e r f r o m bust. r : 1 clear of upright.
e : PAYABLE AT MACKINTOSH I N G L I S & WILSON.

O : Similar to last, the R close to frill. R : 1 u n d e r corner of support.


e : PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

A. 276fc 403a. e : Milled over last edge. 404. 408 0 : As last. R : Nearly a square top to 1.
E : PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY S. LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. I. COUBTNEY AND PAYABLE PAYABLE AT AT SALMON

404a. e :
4046. E :

S FROST PORTSEA. SHARP PORTSMOUTH AND CHALDECOTT C H I C H E S T E R .

,j

'0 % V ? I 40G.

O : Very similar. T h e N a n d 1 nearly touch the top of head. r : Square top to 1. e : P l a i n (rounded). A. 277ij 0 As last. T h e top of 1 pointed.
PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L .

~J ^ * --y < ^

406a. e 406/-. e 406c. e 407. O r e 407a. e 4074. e nj&. 407c. e 408.

A. 277a
PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON

A. 277 A. 2 7 7 /

I PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND ONE H A L F P E N N Y .

Similar, but legend f u r t h e r from head. As last.


PAYABLE PAYABLE CLACKE. PAYABLE AT S. SALMON I. E . FROST PORTSEA. IN ANGLESEY THE LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L . OF THOMAS AT WAREHOUSE

A. 277d
COURTNEY AND

Milled.

0 : As last. r : Square top to 1. E : Plain.


PAYABLE IN

A. 276d

408a. e :

ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

304

Marwickebirc.
WILKINSON. 1793. 409. 0 : Ribbed coat, with four buttons. B : D a t e in small figures. E : As usual. 410. 0 : R closer to frill. tf: Very similar. T h e f r o m support. A. 275

bands f u r t h e r

E : As u s u a l . 410a. e\ W i t h o between the words. 4106. e : P l a i n . 411. O : Small letters, similar to last, except t h a t the coat is not ribbed. r : Similar to last. T h e top of 1 pointed. e : As usual. A.. 280 4 1 1 a . e : W i t h o between the words. A. 280a
4116. e : PAYABLE IN CASTER. 411c.
1

LONDON

BRISTOL OR LAN-

A. 2806
EVERYWHERE.

e : CURRENT

411d. e : P l a i n . P ip ' 7 ~sr * \ r% [\ i f , 412. O : L a r g e r letters and with ribbed coat. Nose points to A. r : Square top to 1, which is u n d e r right h a n d corner of support. e : As usual. 413. ^74

"

o : Very similar to last. T h e nose points to second limb of M. R : As last. E : As usual.

414.

O : Very similar, frill. R : As last. e : As usual.

R nearly touches the

415. . ^ V' 0 1

' jy sr. t ^ 4 1 4

0 : T h e R touches the frill, r : 1 of date under centre of support. e : As usual. A. 2 ( 3


e : e BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H : PAYABLE AT THE AND SWANSEA. WAREHOUSE OF

fi

415a. 4156.

'
\c,

J |
415

ROBERT REYNOLDS & CO.

415c. e : Plain.

TKHarwicftsbire.
..^brju\f WILKINSON. 1793. _ ^16.

305

0' Similar. The end of queue pointed. R : 1 of date under right hand corner of support. E: As usual. ^ 272
PAYABLE AT GOLDSMITH & SONS SUDBURY.

416a. e :

jijji

A. 272a

1100. FT : CHAMBERS LANGSTON HALL & CO

416c. E : P l a i n .
416rf. E : RICHARD BACON COCKEY LANE.

WILKENSON. 417. 0 : The n a m e misspelt WILKENSON. R : S t r a i g h t 1 and 7.


BIRMINGHAM LIVERPOOL OR LONDON. A. 315a PAYABLE AT LEEK STAFFORDSHIRE. A. 3156 CURRENT EVERYWHERE. A. 315c PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL AND LANCASTER.

E : 4 1 7 a . e: 4 1 7 6 . e: 417c. E .

418.

O : As last. R . Similar. W i t h o u t pivot or bands on h a m m e r . E : As usual. A. 315 1794. WILKISON.

419.

0: T h e n a m e misspelt WILKISON. R: Dated 1794. E : As usual. 1796. WILKINSON.

A. 320 Bis

420.

0 : T h e nose points to centre of M. R : S t r a i g h t 1 and 7. 1 under corner of support. E : As usual. 0 : As last. R . Similar to last. E : As usual. 422.

421.

Top of 1 pointed. A. 282

. k ' jj '

0 : Similar to last. T h e nose points to second limb of M. R : 1 under centre of support. A. 283 422a. E : W i t h o a f t e r WILLEY. 423. O : As last. R : 1 clear of support.

'VJlL

R a r i t y N o s . 4106, 4116, c, 414, 4166, d, 419, 422a, R R R . 415a, 6, c, 416a, c, 417c, 418, 423, R R . 410a, 411a, 412, 413, 420, R. 409, 410, 411rf, 415, 422, scarce. The others, c o m m o n .

306

Hilarwicfc s b i r e .

. r% i
WILKINSON.
1790.

NO P E R I O D A F T E R R. 424. 0 : T h e tie of queue points to o. R : Vulcan seated. 1790. A. 284

425.

0 : As last. r : Similar.

T h e rod points to Y. A. 286 Bis

426.

0 : T h e tie points between o and H. R T h e p e n n a n t j u s t touches the period. A. 285 0 : As last. R : As No. 425.

427 .

428.

0 : Less space between words, and R f u r t h e r f r o m frill. R : T h e period midway between the two pennants. A. 286

429.

0 : As No. 426. r T h e p e n n a n t touches foot of Y. A. 287 P E R I O D A F T E R R.

430.

0 : Period a f t e r R. R T h e rod points j u s t below foot of Y. A. 288 WILKENSON.

481.

0 : T h e n a m e misspelt R A poor copy. E : Milled.


E : PAYABLE IN LIVERPOOL.

WILKENSON.
A

-812
OR

431a.

ANGLESEY

LONDON

R a r i t y N o s . 435, R R R .

431, 434, 437, R R . 427, 429, 431a, 439, 440, R, The others, common.

Marwkfcsbire.
WILKINSON. "91-

307

482 482. O : Similar. R : Similar. No period after R. Dated 1791. A. 289 433.

438 O : Similar. W i t h period a f t e r R. R : P e n n a n t touches the period A. 290 jj.


,

^ O i ? ^

'

'l

'

l r S

I J

435 484. 0 : The R f u r t h e r f r o m frill. r : Period above the p e n n a n t . -'-f -... 435. 0 : R still f u r t h e r f r o m frill. R : As No. 433. *>
%

(S t2-I

-f^r.

486.

O : Period closer to frill. R : Period just below the end of p e n n a n t . A. 291 0 : As last. R : E o d in line with foot of Y. 0 : No buttons on coat. R : Period below the p e n n a n t . A. 292 488

437. 438.

.'sou

<v 489 439.

C O U N T E R F E I T S .

NO P E R I O D . 0 : No period a f t e r R. R : T h e h a m m e r touches E.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 2 9 3

L f j
440

440.

0 : Similar. T h e first letter of legend closer to bust. R : As last.


e : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR AT BALLYMURTAGH.

A. 293a

308

MarwicfeebUe.
j

-o;k
441.

WILKINSON. 1791. O : Period to centre of R. R : As last.


E: PAYABLE AT LONDON + . + . + . MASONIC HALFPENNY PAYABLE IN TOKEN MDCCXOIV. LONDON OB BRISTOL. LANCASTEB A. 2 9 4 e : e :

441a. 4416.

441c. E : Milled. 442. P1 ir S & 7 \<j. <f


y

A. 294a A. 2946

'

>1 1 m

O : Period on line with outside of legend. U : As last. i ? : As usual.


PAYABLE AT BANBUBY OXFORD OR READING. PAYABLE AT DUBLIN OR LONDON. PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR L I V E R P O O L . PAYABLE IN SUFFOLK BATH OR MANCHESTER. E :

442a. e :
442/).

A. 296 A. 295a A. 2956

442c. E : 442<L E : /- ' -sI

443.

0 : No period. R : As No. 441.


E ' MANUFACTURED BY W. LUTWYCHE BIRMINGHAM.

A. 2936 444. ~,oi[ 0 : Legend in smaller letters, word. R : As last.


E PAYABLE IN LONDON IRONMASTER

O : No period. T h e R touches frill. R : No period after H A L F P E N N Y .


E ' PAYABLE IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

A. 296 in one

k
> (

LIVERPOOL

OR

BRISTOL.

A. 296 Bis 445 a. E : P l a i n (not in collar). WILKENSON. 446. 0 : Name misspelt WILKENSON. r : B a r points to Y.
E : W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY. A. 313 WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BRADLEY BERSHAM. W I L L E Y BRADLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM. W I L L E Y BRADLEY BERSHAM S N E D S H I L L . W I L L E Y BERSHAM BRADLEY S N E D S H I L L . BIRMINGHAM W. HAMPTON OR

446a. E : 4466. E : 446c. E : 446rf. E : 446c E '

A. A. A. A.

313a 3136 313C 313d

LITCHFIELD.

A. 313f 446/'. E : P l a i n . 447. 0 : T h e R nearly touches frill. R : As last.


E : W I L L E Y S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY. WILLEY BRADLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM. WILLEY BRADLEY BERSHAM S N E D S H I L L . W I L L E Y BERSHAM BRADLEY S N E D S H I L L .

447a. e: 4476. e : 447c. e :


N o 447

Some specimens struck from worn dies do not show the thin tail at the end of the queue.

R a r i t y N o s . 442, 6, c, 445a, 446f, 447, 6, 451, j , k, 452a, 4546 c R R R . 443, 444, 447c, 451a, d, g, 454, a, R R . 441a, c, 2 a d, 446, R. 445 446c 447a, 450a, 451c, 452, 453, scarce. T h e others, common.

Marwtcfcsbire.
448. 449. WILKINSON. 1792. 0 : Legend in smaller letters. R: Vulcan. Dated 1792. O : As last. R: Similar.

309

A. 297

T h e foremast is lower. A. 298

0 : T h e period and R nearer bust. R: Similar. T h e p e n n a n t s are longer. e : As usual. A. 299 450a. E: PAYABLF, IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR
BRISTOL.

450.

451.

/l":

451 a. 4516. 451c. 451<i. 461e. 451/; 451 g. 451 /i.

i'JS3

451;.

0 : Period in line with outside of legend. As No. . R: T h e h a m m e r midway between p and E. E: As usual. A. 300 E: PAYABLE AT BECCLES SUFFOLK / x / x / X /A. 300a E : BRIGHTON CAMP HALFPENNY MDCCXCIV. A 3006 2?: PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 300f : PAYABLE AT L E E K STAFFORDSHIRE. A. 300(7 E : PAYABLE AT I SIMMONS STAPLE HUKST. A. 3000 : PAYABLE AT I F I E L D I N G S MANCHESTER. E : WARLEY CAMP HALFPENNY MDCCXCIV. A. 3 0 0 / E : Plain (not in collar). L a r g e flan. A. 300;; # : MASONIC TOKEN I SKETCHLEY FIEC1T
MDCCXCIV. PAYABLE / / / / / / AT / / / / / / LONDON / / / / / / OR ANGLESEY / / / / /

451A. jB: 452.

0 : Period to centre of R. R: As last. E: PAYABLE AT NUNEATON


HINKLEY.

BEDWORTH

OR

;=r

''cX

p
%
-

^
"f* f V-. j

*X
t li

462

' :

A. 3 0 1

/ / _/

452a. E: 453.

Plain.

O: No period. S a m e as No. 371. H a m m e r close to E.


PAYABLE AT ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 302

453 .^SOV V
'

WILKIS0N. O : N a m e misspelt WILKISON. Period nearly on line with outside of legend. The h a m m e r between p and E.
PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR

r V
'

ft
454

LIVERPOOL.

The

N'S

retrograde. A. 321
HINKLEY OR A. 321a

454a. e: 4546. e: 454c. e :

PAYABLE

IN

BEDWORTH

NUNEATON.

PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY.

A. 3216
PAYABLE IN LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

310

TO a r w i cfc6 bi r e .
^ 2 P % , r v / *\ 455. WILKINSON. 1792. WILKISON. 0 : Period to centre of R. As last.
PAYABLE X AT X CRONE BANE X OR X IN X A. 3 2 2 AT / / / / / / LONDON / / / / / / OR / / / / / / DUBLIN.

V-

'I \

'

455 a. E: 4556. E 455e. E 455d. E 455. 456. 0

PAYABLE

//////

ANGLESEY PAYABLE AT LONDON OR A N G L E S E Y .

A. 322a

jr
f ' tr S

PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR B R I S T O L . PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL

fc

A. 3226 Engrailed. Legend in small letters. f r o m bust. As last. R some distance

PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR B R I S T O L .

A. 323 456a. F. 457. 0


PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL.

A. 323a. No period. As last. Engrailed. T h e word


IRON

misspelt

IORN.

A. 324

1793. WILKINSON. 458. ^ r


1

Very similar to No. 450, but not such good work. Vulcan. 1793.
PAYABLE POOL. IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERA. '^03

1 5 ^ / 1/

"-r

r
'

459

P" Jy

458a. -K 4586. I 459. 0

PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T .

Plain. WILKISON. N a m e misspelt D a t e d 1793. As usual.


POOL. WILKISON.

A. 303a A. 3036

A. 325 A. 3256

459a. E 4596. 460.

PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM BRIGHTON OR L I V E R PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM OR L I V E R P O O L .

0 : Similar to last, but queue longer. As last.


PAYABLE IN BEDWORTH HINKLEY OR NUNEATON.

-3 K j t -'If

A. 325c 460a. A 4606. E ,(Tj


PAYABLE POOL. IN ANGLESEY N'S LONDON OR LIVER-

The

retrograde.

A. 325a

PAYABLE AT LONDON L I V E R P O O L OR ANGLESEY.

T h e N'S retrograde. Very similar to No. 458. The tie of hair different, and end of queue longer. T h e rod points to period.
PAYABLE POOL. IN ANGLESEY N'S LONDON OR LIVER-

The

retrograde.

461a. E 4616. E 461c. e

PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OR B E L F A S T .

A. 326 A. 326a
A

PAYABLE AT LONDON LIVERPOOL OR ANGLESEY.

Plain.

826A

Warwickshire.
WILKINSON. & \ ^ W ' 3J\ S !

811

I
A & y

VARIETIES. 462. 0 : Bust, etc. As No. 440. R : Female seated with mining tools 1790 E : Plain. A. 304 ..iW -,-<0 463.

<

O: As No. 451. R: Similar to last, but dated 1794. E : Plain. A. 305

464.

0 : As No. 439. Ft: Figure of Moneta seated. E: Plain. 0 : As No. 406, R : As last. E : Plain.

A. 306

v. / iiil' -y _j s > ..'Jj mc.au

465.

O: As last. : A cypher, H M Co. E ' Plain. A 307 467. O : As No. 439. R : Female seated holding harp. Head touches c. E : Plain. A. 308 On large and small flans. 468. 0 : As last. R : Harp crowned, NORTH WALES. E ' P l a i n A. 309 469. O: As No. 463. R : Cypher, H M Co. E: Plain. A. 310 470. 0 : As last. R : Female seated. As No. 467.
e : PAYABLE AT THE THOMAS CLACKE. WAREHOUSE OF

466.

V.->

470a. E : Plain. 471. O : As No. 444.


r : RULE BRITANNIA. E : BIRMINGHAM SWANSEA.

A. 311

V V

% J \l r; ;~N..
r?'0'
!

REDRUTH

&

. 3 y\ v

xr" 172

472.

O: As last.
r : BIRMINGHAM MINING &C. POOL OR B R I S T O L . E : PAYABLE AT LONDON L I V E R -

'*.

473.

WILKISON. o : Name misspelt WILKISON. As No. 4 5 5 . R: Female seated. 1794. E Plain. A. 327 V : As No. 456, but smaller flan. R ' As last. E : Plain. A. 328

474.

i s s 2 S .

312

Warwickshire.
FARTHINGS.

BIRMINGHAM.

475.

0 : B u s t to right, DR. SAMUEL IOHNSON R : T h r e e lions, PROMISSORY HALF HALFPENNY

E : Milled.

0 : A female seated upon a rock, holding a fasces, COPPER COMPANY. Ex: 1791. R : A stork standing upon a cornucopia of PAYABLE AT . flowers, FARTHING. A 331 E : Milled. A. 332 476a. E : P l a i n (not in collar). A. 332a Also in brass. 477. 0 : and R : S t r u c k f r o m h a l f p e n n y dies. A. 333 476.

yipy/iirc rruJfjBTDiLow HDXTOKiiJJJ.

478.

0 : T h e same as No. .
R: MAY A | FLOWING | TRADE SPEEDY FOLLOW | A AND | HONORABLE | PEACE |

479.

O : B u s t to left in cocked h a t , a small cross under, GENERAL E L L I O T . R : A fleur - de - lis. BIRMINGHAM HALF
HALFPENNY.
A

1796. E : Milled. 4 7 8 a . E: P l a i n (not in collar).

E : Milled. A. 334 A. 334a 480. 0: Impression of the obverse die of No. 481. R : Blank. E: As No. 481. 481 0 : B u s t to left, IOHN HOWARD, F . R . S . R : A cypher, H H. BIRMINGHAM PROMISSORY
E : H . HICKMANS WAREHOUSE BIRMINGHAM.

330

FARTHING. A oof

481a. E : P l a i n (not in collar). 482. st-l i. uctzl"'


/lit il'jMH iHtli--.
SINKR.PROVINCIAL COINS & MEDALS. Ex

0 : A figure s t a n d i n g on a pedestal; upon an oval is DIE


\ & ENGRAVER.

R : A coining press, 483. 0 : a n d R : Struck

LUTWYCHES MANUFACTORY BIRMINGHAM.

from

the

centres

of

No.

70

(GENERAL E L L I O T ) .

li

STRATFORD.
484. 0 : B u s t of Shakespeare,
HALFPENNY. STRATFORD PROMISSORY HALF

R:

STRUCK I IN HONOR AND | TO PERPETUATE I THE MEMORY OF | SHAKESPEARE | BORN APRIL 1 5 6 4 | DIED APRIL |

vAyipj' A. 338 ' ' WILLEY. 485. 0 : and R: Struck f r o m the h a l f p e n n y dies of No. 374, over ISAAC NEWTON FARTHING. E : Milled. 477, 480, 483, R R . 478, a, 484, R. RarityNos. 476, 485, RRR T h e others, common. 475, 479, 481, scarce.

Xffileotmorelanfc.
2/U a~ ra 1 PENNIES.

313

KENDAL.
O : A cypher K & D, crest a lion, KENDAL. ' : f i g u r e of J u s t i c e s t a n d i n g . FOR
CHANGE NOT FRAUD. Ex l 1 7 9 4 . .' ON DEMAND WE PROMISE TO PAY ONE PENNY. A. 1

1 a- E : Plain (not in collar).

A. l a

SiQ / ? T-i-JAiX o\l cis-j :/ i c i i j j A lV SVOUUtcjU]


V ^ - L O l J'X)OJ /

2.

0 : As last.
H . T. HALL | CITTY ROAD | NEAR | FINSBTJKY SQUARE | &C. e : MANUFACTURED BY W. LUTWYCHE BIRMINGHAM. A 2

Atkins' No. 3.See Middlesex, No. 143. HALFPENCE. 3.


0 : A cypher It < D, crest a lion, KENDAL. R: A female with m i n i n g tools, similar to the Macclesfield tokens, H A L F PENNY. E x : 1794.

%.

i> >

Jy

s*rj. a i ;

rrr 4. i7 9<

E:

PAYABLE IN BRISTOL.

LANCASTER

LONDON A

OR 4

As last. A figure
CHANGE

of J u s t i c e standing,
NOT FRAUD. AT X LANCASTER LONDON IN BANBURY Ex \ 1794. OXFORD

FOR
OR A. 5 OR A. 5a

E ^ *>i % 4a. E 4b. E 5. 0 R E

PAYABLE READING PAYABLE BRISTOL.

M. ABEL S. P R E N T I C E

S. D E L F .

A. 6a

As last. A man-of-war sailing,


GLORY O F BRITAIN. PAYABLE IN DUBLIN

THE OR AT

GUARD & BALLYA. 6 A . 66

MURTAGH.

5a. E-. PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR 56. E : Milled. 5c. E: Plain (not in collar). 6. 5 , Mi 7. 6 0: As last. R: A m a n - o f - w a r sailing, 0 : As last. R: A r m s a n d m o t t o sic
TO NAVIGATION.

LONDON.

A. 6c
WOODEN A. 7

THE WALLS OF OLD E N G L A N D .

DONEC.

SUCCESS

A. 8

R a r i t y N o s . 1, a, 46, 56, 7, E R R .

3, R R .

2, 6, R.

5, c, scarce.

T h e others, common.

814

W i l t s h i r e .

COUNTY.
M %

O: A horseman galloping.
C AVALRY. -Ba:: 1794. Ex THEIR TOKEN.

W I L T S H I R E YEOMANRY

iJ : Three horsemen mounted, one carrying a flag.


L Y S F E R 4 ,
P . A. E T . F . (For " Pro

Aris et Focis.") E : Milled. la. E\ Plain.


? &
V

A. 1

< 2 / 5 5 *

2S

DEVIZES.
2. 0 : Shield of Arms,
R:
E : T H E ARMS OF T H E TOWN OF

DEVIZES * stag. I . BASTER . D E V I Z E S W I L T S . AND GLOVE

EX: 1796.
X .
A

BREECHES

MANUFACTORY .

z Mf^v

'

2a. F. : Milled over

PAYABLE

IN

ANGLESEY

LONDON A. 2a

OR L I V E R P O O L .

4
ras
EDU

In some of these pieces the inscription predominates, in others the milling. lb. E : Milled without any inscription. - A. 2h 2c. F. : Plain (not in collar). A. 2c S,y&i HOOi!'.:
f r | r '..
HOLT .

HOLT.
0 : A figure of Fame standing, blowing a trumpet.
WILTSHIRE 1688. | SPA HOUSE & | HOLT INO. | BY D. PROPRIETOR. BY GRIFFITHS MINERAL WATER * DISCOVER'D

jCi: bi.J 2-/;-wk':,


rr.tx.fcr --lU^rr--

SOLD

AT T H E |

ARNOT NO. 2 7

S T . ALBAN'S S T R E E T LONDON *

Saam ^f

8a. i?

Milled. Plain (not in collar).

A 3 A

- '"

i|j|||CtMJJgf

As last. A building, SPA HOUSE above, NEAT LODGINGS] B | under, SOLD BY JNO G R I F F I T H S NO 27
S T . ALBANS S T R E E T LONDON * A. 4

. V V J J r.v
-J

sH-o

- % *

. LL
FM 1

'-rrrrf* T L^PNRL. - '10 -'JjuU^THZ ^ iLXusTitioua j) /liuy.ii oy /^ Tl.'Z yillZiJli t m itH / Q A xzijuji&a 'MrL" " v 0* i'i "I' TfJ JftiSui

6.

of last, excepting with HOLT | SPA HOUSE above the building, and NEAT LODGINGS | * * * I HOLT WATER below. A R : As NO. 8 . " O: As No. 8. R : Bust to right. * H E F E E L S HIS PEOPLES
WANTS & R E L I E V E S THEM *
A -

As

Nos. 7-11. 7. j ' II

O: As No. 5.
I WAS HUNGRY &C-

R: A beggar receiving alms,

A. '

:%
.ark'

R : TO T H E ILLUSTRIOUS DUKE OF BEAUFORT &C.

A. 8

3 A\

\\l

' i k o i i & i r k >/

9. 10. 11

R: Bust, as No. 6. R: A pair of scales, 3*lb. Is R: A pair of scales, 6 Jib. 1796, &c.

A. 9
WORTH OF BREAD

BREAD

FOR

1 * A)KIL

315 W i l t s h i r e .

SALISBURY.
12. 0 : A head in profile to left,
AT SALISBURY. PAYABLE .

R: A cypher W G M, the date 1791 under, HALFPENNY above. E : Milled. jg 12a. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 12a
"U^V.

Nos. 18-18. 13.


R:
E FIRE & c .

O: As No. 12.
DESTROY'D A BY 13

Ruins of a church,

: SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

18a. E : Milled. 14.

A. 13a

R: A cypher I OM between sprigs, &c.


E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 14

15.

R : MUR D BY THE FACTIOUS &C.

E: Milled. ^:AjTwtfififra 16. h . An anchor and cable,


TION OF THE, &C.

^ jg
IN COMMEMORA-

E: Milled. 17. 18. R: Bust to left in cocked hat.


FRENCH EVER KNOW, &C.

^ jg M A YT H E
A. 17

R: Cat, &c. E : Plain.

Nos. 19-20.
jZ4~r
* <
V *'* - / A

O: As rev. of No. 12.


MAY THE FRENCH ,

18

19.

3 5 ^ I.

V
F R , / Y

Bust to left, As No. 17. E : Milled.


R:

&c.

A. 18

*,
< F'J

20.
I 20 ' r&> '-L -&^ \ '/''>,
/ M T : ^ R %

R : Two busts, &c. E: Milled. 0 : View of a church,


OF SARUM.

A. 19
CATHEDRAL CHURCH

21.

/:/
I

1
^

V \

I \
O?

, I

A ]] )J

: / v-7,,

R : The Grocers' Arms, supporters, &c., the date 1796 under, FINE TEAS &C.
E : PAYABLE AT I & T SHARPES SALISBURY 21a. E ; X

AT I, IORDANS

A. 20
DRAPER A. 20a

PAYABLE

GOSPORT.

216. E : Plain (not in collar).

A. 206

RarityNos. la, 13a, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, RRR. 20, RR. 1, 2, c, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 22, R. 3a, 6, 12a, scarce. The others, common.

316

Mlovccetcrsbirc.
11 C

C O U N T Y . A dove s t a n d i n g upon a lyre, between olive branches,


HARMONY. PEACE LOVE AND

A cypher M S leaves,
I PROMISE CESTERSHIRE. TO

within a circle of

PENNY . PAYABLE . IN . WOR-

PAY

ON

DEMAND

THE A. 1

; > " *<U.

B E A R E R ONE PENNY.

/ I r J ' I

?/

&
2. 0

DUDLEY.
R u i n s of an ancient building,
D U D L E Y PRIORY. Ex\ PART OF 1 7 9 7 . JACOBS.

" . ? T ^Sr~~

A cypher laurel,
DUDLEY.
...

E D

between

sprigs of

E . DAVIES . NAIL . FACTOR .

As last.
'<* ^

A. 2

>

-r

, A different view of the same building.


D U D L E Y . PRIORY.

1 H

and E : As last.

A. 8

P a r t of an ancient fortress, and E : As last.

THE . A. 4

C H A P P L E . IN . D U D L E Y . CASTLE.

f & a ' s ^ riy-y~


>

A different view of the same building.


TOWER . O F . D U D L E Y . CASTLE . 1 7 9 7 .

%\ \

- - jc, * . -igr

and E : As last.

A. 5

EVESHAM.
is jop'A-*
t,

6. |; 1 ff;

0 : View

of

the

Abbot's

Tower

and

E v e s h a m Church, A cypher laurel,


JUNE .

EVESHAM PENNY.

3' T

between sprigs of
BY

J A \h

PAYABLE

above,

and A. 6

6 . 179G . under.

E : As No. 1. Also struck in gold.

RarityNos. 96, 14a, 15a, 166, 17a, 17c, RRR-

86, 9a, 10, 12a, 13, 15, 17, RR8, a, 9, scarce.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 6, 156, 16, a, 176, 18, 19, 20, R. T h e others, common.

Specimens of No. 16 cast in lead and coppered over, with plain edge, are known.

Worcestershire.
- > ^

317
D U D L E Y .
DUDLEY E X : JAMES.

i.
~ ,-7

"
:

'o
#>&. \

7*

0 A distant view of Dudley Castle,


TOKEN.

\\

&*. ( -'r-c^

7 ,. ' "- fcJST^ si -7 ill y - - f ^

7?: A shepherd lying u n d e r a tree. E : Plain. 8.

/?a:: 1790. A. 7ft

0 : As last. R : W i t h date partly obliterated, i ? : Milled. 8a. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. T h e remainder engrailed No. 8a also in brass. 8ft. E : Plain. Nos. 9 - 2 0 . 0 : As No. 7.
T H 0 S

A. 7 A. 7a

I&YY

9-

SPENCE SIB THOS. MOBE

THOS. PAINE &C.

, T i l i

Y o

H ' PAYABLE IN LONDON.

T h e r e m a i n d e r engrailed.

^ V \ /ij th'j : 0 C/Si/TiiO: J'/iOiiB ? ro:

"

'

!> '\(rst ^ ?&. 1

9"- E : Milled. ^ft. E : P l a i n (not in collar). | | 10. 11. R : B r i t a n n i a seated, &c. R : A caduceus, &c.
e : SPENCE X DEALER X IN x

A. 8 A. 8a A. 8ft A. 9

2 ar-siaa: iJOJiir I, - " J Ji-3 J S ^

COINS X LONDON X

R: A cat, &c. E : As last. 12a. E : Milled. R : T h r e e citizens armed, &c.


e

12.

A. 10 A. 11 A. 11a

. SPENCE * DEALER * IN * COINS * LONDON -:F

A. 12 14. R : H e a r t and h a n d , Ac.


E : PAYABLE IN LONDON.

grailed. 14a. E : Milled. 14ft. E : Plain (not in collar).


1

T h e r e m a i n d e r enA. 13 A. 13a A. 14

'J h G

16.

R: A H i g h l a n d e r , &c.
E : SPENCE *

liJj
^ 33 ^ ,

15a. E : Milled.
1 6 f t . E : SPENCE x

16.

R: A lion dismayed, &c.


E : SPENCE * A. 15 IN LONDON,

16a. E : PAYABLE 16ft. E: Milled.


17. R: E 17ft. e : SPENCE : SPENCE x

and engrailed.

A 15a

ODD F E L L O W S , &C. A 1 FI

17a. E : Milled. 17c. E :


SPENCE &C.,

with instead of stars.

> W .

18.

R:

AFTER THE REVOLUTION,

&C.

A. 17

ly.

R : View of the Bastille.

A. 18

20.

R: Two boys at a turnstile, &c.

A. 19

318 >-s-

M o r c e s t c r s b i uc.
HAGLEY.
0 : An arbour, and t r e e s ; beside the water, a m a n angling. Ex: HAGLEY
TOKEN. M M M J I ((/ > i ~?'JJ

A snail, a tree, and a bridge in the distance, A SNAIL MAY PUT HIS
HORNS OUT.

P l a i n (not in collar). 21 a. e 22. ^rm StAYAjt i j % AT'i'-SAW2ZH.


-'
F

A. 20

SPENCE X DEALER X IN X COINS X LONDON X A. ^OA

(]/?'.

O : As last. R : A shepherd under a tree. e : P l a i n (not in collar).

A. 21

2 2 a . e: 226. e :

SPENCE X DEALER X IN X COINS X A LONDON X A. PAYABLE AT YORK. A. 216

KIDDERMINSTER.
23. 0 : A wool pack between palm branches.
PAYABLE | AT . T . SANTER | KIDDER-

,4v' '4

,/5

3s-'A 23a. E

MINSTER in three lines above. Shield of a r m s dividing the date 17-91, between laurel branches.
HALFPENNY. PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LIVERPOOL. A. 2 2 LONDON OR

#r ,r 5

No. 23 also in brass. Nos. 2 4 - 2 5 . R: Two busts, 0 : As No. 23. LOUIS . XVI ET . M .
A. 2 3

ANTOINETTE, &C.

R : B u s t to left in cocked h a t .
FRENCH EVER KNOW, &C.

M A Y THE

e : Milled. Nos. 2 6 - 3 1 . / < 1 U !' f f j i j


iltfji,. R : B u s t of DAVID GARRICK ESQR.

A. 24 0 : As rev. of No. 23. A. 25

e \ Milled. 26a. e\ P l a i n . 27. r A guillotine, &c.


e : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON. R : MUR'D BY THE FACTIOUS, &C.

/ -iiZ 3-

o tfji\

-j.-_a.aj:

A.

'-"- 'j-JU' ^ 28

E : Milled. R : An anchor and cable,


RATION OF, &c.

A. 27

IN COMMEMOA

e : Milled.

28

#$* V ;

30.

r ' ODD FELLOWS.

31.

r : A cat, &c. e : Milled.

29, 31, 47a, R R R . 27, 30, 32, 47, RRR a r i t v N O S . 21a, 226, 23a, 24, 25, 26, 28, R . 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43, scarce. 21, 22, a, 26a, 34, 35, 41, 44, 45, 46, T h e others, c o m m o n .

319

XlXIlovcestcrsbi re.
S T O U R B R I D G E .

O: View of a church, BRIRLEY . H I L L . TOKEN . . . . R: A cypher RA within a circle of leaves, R . A S T I N .


MALTSTER STOURBRIDGE 1797.

E : Engrailed. 32 a. E : Plain.

A. 29
W O R C E S T E R .

'f

r , y.

33. 0: Laureate bust to right, w. A. & co. under, GEORGIVS H I D E I GRATIA. R : A shield crowned, inscribed WORCESTER . AUGUST . 6 . 7 & 8 . in four lines, M . B . F . ET . H . REX . F . D . B .
E T . L . D . S . R . I . A . T . ET . E . 1 7 8 8 . A. 3 0

Nos. 34-36. 34. 0 : Similar.

R : as last.

The period nearer the bust.

35. 0 : The third leaf points to first numeral. 36. 0 : T h e second leaf points to third numeral. 37. 0 : Bust as before, i . B under it. R : A crown radiated, above musical instruments. WORCESTER A U G U S T . 6 .1788. A. 31

, VjT*

sr-*%

38. 0 : B u s t a s before, DAVIES under it. H : A crown (not radiated) above musical instruments. WORC E S T E R . AUGUST . 6 . 1 7 8 8 .

A%
4

<

,.
0: R: 0: R: 0: R:

A. 32 0 : As last. R: Similar, but AUGUST 6 . 7 & 8 1788. A . 3 3 O : Similar. A period after legend. R : As last. A. 38 41. 0: Bust as before, i . H & co under it. R : A crown radiated. WORC E S T E R , AUGUST . 6 . 7

.. :9 'jfS a ,

& 8 . 1788.

A. 34

i 42. 0 : Laureated bust to right, GEORGIVS I I I D E I GRATIA. Under the bust c. I . R : A cornucopia, musicalinstruments, book, &c., lying upon an altar. WORCESTER A U G U S T . 6.1788. A. 36 The first leaf comes between the second and third numeral. As last. Similar, I . H & co. under bust. Similar. The legend closer to bust. As No. 42. This is in silver and not scalloped edges. 0 : Similar to No. 44. i D under bust. R : A smaller reproduction of No. 41 reverse.
D U D L E Y . THOS. J O N E S .

0 : A pair of scales above a chest, F I N E TEAS Ex: 1796. R : An anchor, DUDLEY within a circle of leaves. E : Milled. 47a. E : Plain.

A. 35

320

IP o r fcsbire.
4./ 1.
BOLTON.

0: View of an ancient fortress,


YORKSHIRE.

BOLTON CASTLE

i
-'.K-.il

I I : An u r n between scythes and sprigs of laurel, an arrow, skull, a n d hour-glass under.


TIME DESTROYS ALL THINGS 1 7 9 7 . E : ON DEMAND IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR ANGLESEY.

A. 1 l a . E : Plain. Also in silver, struck over a Spanish d o l l a r ; two specimens are known, one of which is in the British M u s e u m .
F O U N T A I N S A B B E Y .
FOUNTAINS ABBEY

View of a n abbey and trees,

NEAR RIPPON YORKSHIRE IN ITS PRESENT STATE T H E FINEST RUIN IN BRITAIN. Ex 1 P. KEMPSON F E C I T .

.J jjujjjJJ

0'\ ' ''fjz'


r

/Vsffil 0 j -or -"~


y

/ \

R: A cypher J K within a wreath of flowers, entwined is a ribbon inscribed PROMISSORY PENNY TOKEN. A. 3

,=
MALTON.

B u s t to right,
BURKE, M.p:

THE

RT.

HONBLE.

EDMUND The

MALTON

PENNY

1798.

n a m e of the artist " We.ituood " in script characters upon the truncation of the bust. A figure of F a m e flying, blowing a t r u m p e t .
BRITISH ORATOR ABOVE ; DIED JULY 9. [

17 itr

1797 AGED | G8, in three lines under, between branches of laurel. P l a i n (in collar). A. 5
S H E F F I E L D .

7. r.y.

:.

0:

T h e cap of liberty on a pole between oak branches, PRO PATRIA on a label across t h e pole. S H E F F I E L D CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY. An oval shield inscribed BRITAIN between fourflagsinscribed AMERICA HOLLAND FRANCE POLAND. D a t e at sides 1792. UNITE &
BE F R E E TO P E R S E V E R E IS TO CONQUER.

E:
4a. e :

T h e same as No. 1.
i PROMISE TO PAY ON DEMAND THE ONE PENNY.

A. 6
BEAKER A. 6a

4A.

ON DEMAND WE ONE PENNY X

PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER A . 6b

4 c. A

PAYABLE IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR ANGLESEY.

id. E : Plain (not in collar).


ie.

A. 6c A. 6d

E : VALUE ONE PENNY PAYABLE AT P . DECKS POST OFFICE BURY.

7.

0 : Similar to last. The pole points between R and E. 7J: As last. This obverse is from the same die as No. 62 reverse.

5.

0: As NO. 4. R: Laureate bust of William I I I . , &c.

A. 7

6.

Atkins' Nos. 2, 4 and 9.See Middlesex, Nos. 143, 144 and 145.

O : As rev. of No. 4. R : A lion r a m p a n t , supporting a shield, &c. A. 8

J P o r h s b t r e . w qa 'sBB
_ \
/

321

?i

-'

COUNTY.
O : B u s t to right, PAY . THE . BEARER . ONE . HALFco. IRONA. 1 0 PENNY . 1 7 9 6 . R: A c y p h e r B S Co. BENN- SMITH & REFINERS YORKSHIRE. E : COVENTRY TOKEN.

# . > i

8a. E : P l a i n (not in collar).

A. 10a

BED ALE.
9. 0 : View of a street a n d spire of a church. Ex : 1792. H: A cypher I O M between branches of laurel.
JAMES . METCALF * BEDAL . YORKSH. *

E : Milled. I? -riy
9 a . E : SKIDMORF. HOLBORN LONDON.

11

A. 1 1 a

96. E : Engrailed. 9c. E : P l a i n (not in collar).

A. 116

Nos. 1 0 - 1 2 . 0 : As rev. of No. 9. R: Arms between laurel branches, HALFPENNY 1791


E: SK1DMORE HOLBORN LONDON. A. 1 2

^ '

% -'

t ic' ft*

R: E : 11a. E: 116. E : /, 12. [ /a 5v^i ^

Two busts, &c., with date at the sides. T h e same as last. Milled. Plain. _ _

A. 18 -13

y jm

'
^y_'i o >J r, 7 J SI //'>. i a ^ ' 6 /'j P vr I'. X i ?

R: Bust in cocked hat.

M A Y THE FRENCH, &c.


A. 1 4
A

E : SKIDMORE HOLBORN LONDON.

V {j nfkti
r,r.o, o

12a. E : Milled. 126. E : Milled over No. 12 edge. 12c. E: P l a i n .

U a

BEVERLEY.
0 : T h r e e balls suspended, the lower one divides the
d a t e 1 7 9 7 . i GREEN . PAWNBROKER . BEVERLEY. R : MONEY I LENT | ON PLATE | WEARING | APPAREL |

&c. I n six lines, between sprigs of leaves. E : P l a i n (not in collar). A. 15


1 3 a . E : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON. 136. E: PAYABLE AT I. DENNIS LONDON. 13c. E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN. A. 1 5 a A . 156 A . 15c
A

V >
&

13,/. E : Milled.
13c. E : RICHARD DINMORE & SON NORWICH.

15<J

o t r r r - v 4 Jrji i r if 1! -a st StaffiSJ

7 /

These were struck over other tokens, and in m a n y cases show portions of t h e old inscription.

HUDDERSFIELD.
14. 0 R E
A public building, EAST INDIA HOUSE.

^ ^ 4 15.

T h e Grocers' a r m s , &c.

HALFPENNY 1792.
A. 16

PAYABLE AT IOHN DOWNINGS HUDDERSFIELD.

F i'r if p. JifflriKniiiraiiiEH .

0 R E 15a. E 156. E

A. 17 A. 17a A. 176

R a r i t y N o s . 4, a, 6, c, d, e, 5, 7, 8a, 96, 11a, 6, 126, 13a, 6, c, d, e, 11RR. 1, a, 6, 9, 10,11, 14, 156, R R . 2, 8, 12, a, 13, R. 9a, scarce. T h e others, common.

3'2'2

H?orfosbire.
HULL.
16. Trial of the unfinished die of No. 17. E: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOS. & ALEXR. HUTCHISON . X . A. 22 0 : An equestrian statue of William III.
TERTIUS REX. E X \ MDOLXXXIX.

17.

GULIELMUS

ziji-y.y.fa

R : Shield of arms between sprigs of oak, with seven acorns to the right hand, and eight to the left HULL HALFPENNY. The date 1791 above the shield. E PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF IONATHAN GARTON & CO. . X . A. 18

18.
19.

0: and e : As last. R : Only seven acorns on either side. 0 : Similar. All the letters of REX nearly touch, and the x is well above horse's knee. R : Similar to last, but there are eight acorns on each side.
E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF ION AT II AN GARTON

1 <)
J

& co. . x . -,'J D j % 20. 0

A. 19

&
i r r r v .

r 20 a. E 21.

The baton in the king's hand is more elevated, and the horse's ear touches the letter i. and E : As last. A. 20 Plain.

0: and E : As No. 20. R : Similar. The first 1 in date comes under the centre of the letter H. A. 21

r*-s f/

Nos. 22-25. O: Similar to R : of preceding, but the sprigs of oak are different and the l ' s in date are curved. 22. R : A ship sailing, at the bottom sprigs of leaves.
: : : : PAYABLE PAYABLE PAYABLE PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON. A. 28 AT LEEK STAFFORDSHIRE. A. 2 8 a AT GOLDSMITH & SONS SUDBURY. A. 286 IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER. E 22(7. E 226. E 22c. E

22<Z. E: Plain.
28. R: A s h i p s a i l i n g , PRO BONO PUBLICO 1 7 9 4 . E : CURRENT EVERY WHERE. A. 24 2 8 a . e : PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER. A. 2 4 a

286. E : Milled. _ 28c. E : Plain (not in collar). 24. % * ./ ~w ww a : 25. R : St. Andrew with his cross, &c.
E : PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER.

A. 246 A. 24c

R : A figure of Hope, &c.


E : PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON.

A. 25

A. 26

RarityNos. 16, 22a, 6, c, d, 286, c, 26, 27, 286, d, e, {, g, h, i, 29, 81, RRR.
18, 28, 80, 82, R. 24, 25, scarce. The others, common.

28a, c, k, RR.

J!) o r k s b \
LEEDS.

v c.

823

: 7* 'i '-a Ijr&lgJ ?

J.

AS

BIRCHALL'S. 28. 26. 27. Proof of obverse die with small shield. Proof of reverse die of No. 28. O : Shield of a r m s between branches of oak, crest a lion r a m p a n t and an
o a k - t r e e , LEEDS COMMERCIAL HALFPENNY. R : A fleece, PROSPERITY TO THE WOOLLEN MANUFACTORY 1 7 9 5 . E : PAYABLE BY SAMUEL BIRCHALL A. 2 7 28E. E : 28/. e : MASONIC HALFPENNY TOKEN MDCCXCIV. CHARLES HIDERS. The remainder

These were struck on t h i n white-metal flans.

28a. e : 28 b

PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. X . A. 2 7 a E " ARM1S TUTER1S BRADLEY WILLEY.

milled.
28//. E: BRIGHTON CAMP HALFPENNY MDCCXCIV. 2 8 h . E: PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY OR LONDON. 2 8 t . E '. PAYABLE AT JOHN DOWNINGS HUDDERSFIELD.

A. 27 b
28c. e : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 2 id 28D. E : PAYABLE AT H. BROWNBILL'S SILVERSMITH.

28 k. E : P l a i n . BROWNBILL'S. O : A bust of Bishop Blaze,

- 27c

29.

SUCCESS

TO THE YORKSHIRE WOOLLEN MANUFACTORY.

R : A view of t h e Leeds Cloth Hall with o t h e r houses in the distp.nce.


LEEDS HALFPENNY. E.x\ 1793.
A

E : Milled.
<*~ SJjr30.

2 s

0 : As last, b u t t h e bishop is holding a wool-comb. R As last, but the country in the distance is quite bare.
PAYABLE AT THE SHOP OF H. BROWNBILL SILVERSMITH. A- 2 9

Also in silver. 81. 0 : As last. R : Similar, but with trees showing in the distance. A flaw r u n s diagonally across the R : of this piece from t h e date to the end of
" LEEDS." E : PAYABLE AT H. BROWNBILLS SILVERSMITH. A. 3 0

32.

0 : As last. R: Similar t.o last, but the arrangem e n t of the trees is s o m e w h a t different a n d there is no flaw in the die. A. 31

3'24

) X ) o r h s b i r c.
' I 1
LEEDS.
BROWN BILL'S. 83. O : As before, the top of the comb is in a line with the letter u, but the teeth only come down to t h e letter o. R : Slightly differs in a r r a n g e m e n t of trees f r o m any of the preceding. A. 32 34. O : As before, but the top of the comb is parallel with the first p a r t of the letter F, and the teeth come down to the first limb of the letter R. T h e r e is a flaw at the top of the comb by which t h i s piece m a y be readily identified. R : Differs slightly f r o m the preceding. A. 33
34a. e : PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OF GILBERT A. 33a SHEARER & CO.

;^

35.

O : As before, the comb is farther from the legend, and there is n o flaw, a n d the teeth come to the second limb of R. R : Again slightly different. A. 34 Plain.

er~i- j f m m V
1 7

"",,

35a. E: fa 36.

0 : As before, the top of the comb is in line with F, but the teeth come down to the Y. R: Similar. A. 35

. : /

37.

O : As before, the top of the comb in line with F, the teeth come to last limb of R. Knob under the centre of H. R : Very nearly as last, usually found with a flaw at LE of " L E E D S . " A. 36 87a. E : Plain. 88. O : Knob u n d e r SH instead of H. R: Similar.

a*
89. -r' -? .f-"- -? O : As before, the top of comb comes between the F and A, the teeth come down to the y. R : Slightly different. A. 87

r f c s b t r e .

325

LEEDS.
BROWNBILL'S. ,t ,2:, I 10. O : T h e top of comb between u and F, a n d the teeth down to the Y. R : As No. 88, without the flaw.

fr ' P
ig

. i
. j t |

j\

/r<? >'
r

-% >.

li
-':l\

41.

i %

c 'MW2J

>]

i\

0 : As before, the top of comb at an acute angle to the legend a n d in line w i t h the letter A. R: As No. 84. A. 38 41a. E : P l a i n (in collar).

1 7 2 3 ... 42. 0 : As No. 85. R: A wheatsheaf.


LIBERTY. e : PAYABLE SMITH. AT H.

PEACE

PLENTY

&

/X

%
<? ',-V ',

&mmb*

--1.

BROWNBILLS

SILVERA. 39

PALEY'S. 48. 0 : A whole-length figure of Bishop Blaze, and a lamb, ABTIS N O S T R A CONDITOR. T h e Bishop is holding a wool-comb, which is u n d e r t h e TR and nearly touches the T. R : Shield of arms, crest an owl. L E E D S
HALFPENNY 1 7 9 1 . K : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF RICHARD PALEY. A. 4 0

jgi'Mili Willi,,,.

44.

0 : Similar to last. T h e comb is f u r t h e r f r o m T, a n d the finger points to foot of R. R : a n d E : As last.

0 : Similar, but the comb is f a r t h e r f r o m t h e s, more under the R, a n d parallel with the legend. The small scroll at the t e r m i n a t i o n of the crozier also is a trifle smaller. R : As before, but the owl's head is a little nearer the A in legend, almost touching. E : As last. A.. 41

46.

0 : As before, but the comb only reaches to the centre of T and goes to t h e end of R. T h e tip at end of crozier is very small. R : and E : T h e s a m e as last. A. 42 The others, common.

R a r i t y - N o s . 34*, 40, 41a, 42, R R R .

86, 38, 39, 44, R.

826 J f l o r f c s b u e .

LEEDS.
PALEY'S. 0 Similar, but the corner of comb touches the foot of T, s t a n d i n g out away f r o m legend. T h e scroll of crozier is larger, a n d the period at end of legend is midway between R and lamb. R : Similar. T h e head of owl is r a t h e r f a r t h e r from legend. E : T h e same as last. A. 48 0 : Similar, the period is nearer to end of legend and f a r t h e r from the lamb. R : and E : As last. A. 44

< /
48 0 : Impression of obverse die with flaw between period and the lamb. R : Blank. O: As last. a n d E : As No. 43. r u Similar, but the corner of first limb of the R. R: and E: As No. 43. o comb touches the A. 46

A. 45

r-

0 : Similar, but the comb nearly touches t h e T and R, a n d stands away f r o m the legend nearly at right angle. R: Similar.
. ~!v
E : PAYABLE IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL. A. 47

y-

On large and small flans. 0 : Three-quarter figure of Bishop Blaze, holding a cup a n d book, SUCCESS TO THE WOOLLEN MANUFACTORY. R : T h e same as last.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 48

...i.ytu'tfiqnif;.

' " 3 ^ 13

58a. E : Plain. T h i s obv. is altered f r o m the E x e t e r die, the comb being converted into a cup, which has occasioned a failure across t h a t p a r t of the die. Atkins' Nos. 4 9 - 5 0 . S e e Lancashire, Nos. 5 1 - 5 2 . 0 : T h e same as No. 52. R: A fleece, M d I under.
OF ENGLAND. E : PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS CLACKE. A . 5 1 A. 51a 5 4 a . E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. SUCCESS TO THE STAPLE

A-

% o4
O: E : 55a. e : L E E D S HALFPENNY. T h e r e v . of N o . 5 2 .

R : B u s t of

IOHN OF GAUNT. A. 52a

PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A . 5 2 PAYABLE IN LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

5 5 b . E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEA LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

RarityNos. 58a, 55a, b, 56a, 58, 60a, 62, a, b, c, d, RRR.


50, 54, 61, R . T h e others, c o m m o n .

54a, 59a, 61a, b, c, RR.

|l) o v fc 6 b i r e .
SHEFFIELD.

327

56. I ' 1 0 *

0 : A head in profile with a hat on.


YORKSHIRE HALFPENEY 1 7 9 3 .

R : Shield of arms, crest a n e l e p h a n t ' s I ^ Sffi


head, PAYABLE IN SHEFFIELD.

E : Engrailed. 56a. E : Milled. 566. E : Plain (not in collar). Also in brass. 57. O R Three men
SUCCESS TO TRADE. Ex:

A. 53 A. 53a A. 536

working at a n anvil.
1794.

Shield of a r m s , between sprigs of oak.


PEACE THROUGHOUT THE GLOBE. T o p

ninrvT
58. 0:
r :

leaf on left between E and T. A. 54 Also in brass. As last. Similar. T h e sprigs of oak closer to legend. Top leaf on left level with E. LOVE PEACE
AND UNION. 1794.

59.

0 : F o u r h a n d s crossed, r

i " <'V -i-V*

E i g h t arrows crossed, a ribbon with forked ends in t h e centre, between


two arrow-heads. HALFPENNY . PAYABLE AT 10HN HANDS SHEFFIELD.

58

'

e: E n g r a i l e d . 59a. E : Plain AI SO j n brass. 60.

A. 55

O: As last. R: Similar to last, but quatrefoilsinstead of arrow-heads. A. 56 E: Engrailed. 60a. E : P l a i n . 0 : C a p of l i b e r t y , &c. R:


SHEFFIELD CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY. C a p u n d e r T. TO PERSEVERE

61.

An oval shield between four flags, &c.


UNITE & BE FREE

cyri7'x/ 7 v ,o i 7 o \ 60
r

r f> *.i J>, . -f i ^i". E: 61a. E ' hzj'pzvs 616. E 61 c. E


62.

is TO CONQUER. staff over E.

T h e centre flag-

PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OB C0NGLET0N . X . A. 5 7 PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE LODGE OR IN DUBLIN . X . A. 5 7 a PAYABLE IN ANGLESEA OR LONDON.

Plain.

v'fk j.
:

Similar to last. T h e cap under space 0: between I and T. R: Similar. T h e flagstaff over space between R a n d E. E
PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON . X . PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE LODGE OR IN DUBLIN . X . PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL . X . PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY OR LONDON, AND

3 3

if

' f"

62a. E 626. E 62c. 2?

engrailed. 62ti. E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOMAS


CLACKE.

328

U J o r f o s b i r e . J > .

-r

YORK.
63. 0 : V i e w of a cathedral. J?.r : YORK . 1795. JR : V i e w of a c a s t l e a n d d r a w b r i d g e .

fTffl /

,( 2 /

'' &GY>v / '

<1

,. <

j-* s}y-

CLIFFORD'S TOWER A.D. 1 1 0 0 . E : YORK BUILT A . M . 1 2 2 3 . CATHEDRAL REBUILT A.D. 1 0 7 5 . A. 58 . E : PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON. A . 5 8 a . E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A . 584 6 3 c . E : FEAR GOD AND HONOUR THE KING.

..?'

- *

6 3 d . E : P l a i n (in collar). A l s o in b r a s s and w h i t e - m e t a l . Nos. 6 4 - 6 5 . 64. 0 : As last.

A. 58c A. 58 d

R : A m o u n t e d dragoon,

PRO REGE, &c. A. 59

e : FEAR GOD AND HONOUR THE KING.

64a. E : P l a i n . -A 65. R

...^ J

A f e m a l e h o l d i n g a pole w i t h a cap of l i b e r t y on it. LIBERTY & COMMERCE 1795. T h i s is t h e rev. of a New Y o r k token. E : T h e s a m e as No. 63c. A. 60 65a. E : Plain. Nos. 6 6 - 6 7 . 66. R : Britannia 0 : T h e r e v . of No. 6 3 . seated, RULE BRITANNIA A . 61

1795. E : T h e s a m e as No. 63c. 66a. E : Plain. 67.

R : B u s t to left, IOBN HOWARD, &C. E : T h e s a m e as No. 63c. A. 62 67a. E : Plain. 68. 0:


R:

The Royal arms.


B. HOBSON | IRONMONGER | & | CUTLER | YORK. A. 63

T h i s piece is s t r u c k in b r a s s . 69, 0: Roman bust to left, CONSTANTINE


THE GREAT . BORN AT YORK . A.D. 2 7 1 .

R : Shield of a r m s , between oak branches.


YORK HALFPENNY . 1 7 9 6 . E : PAYABLE AT YORK . X . . X . X. .X. .X.

A. 64

A l s o in b r a s s . 70. O : A f e m a l e crowned, seated, h o l d i n g a s w o r d and shield, within a border of l e a v e s . Ex : EBORACUM. R -. A cap of liberty, sword, and scales, i n t e r m i x e d with s p r i g s of laurel.
LIBERTAS . JUSTITIA . PAX. MDCCXCVI. < = 8 = YORK

E : P l a i n (in collar). R a r i t y N o s . 6 3 i , c, 64a, 67a, R R R . 65a, 66a, RR. 63a, 67, R 63d, 64, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, scarce. T h e others, c o m m o n.

A. 65

INTRODUCTION.
ANGLESEY AND WALES

VIEW

OF

THE

PARYS

MINE

IN

1913.

H E tokens of the P a r y s Mines Company m a y well be considered the " p r e m i e r tokens of the E i g h t e e n t h C e n t u r y t h e first, chronologically; a long way the first by the quantity issued : Charles Pye states t h a t at least '250 tons of pennies, and about 50 tons of halfpence.

Issued as they were, by a copper m i n i n g company, which had its existence as a n outcome of the natural talent of a silk twist m a n u f a c t u r e r , Charles Roe, of Macclesfield, and his partners in the copper industry, viz., Robert Hodson, Brian Hodson, Roland Atkinson, J o h n Walker, Joseph Stockdale, and Cookson Atkinson; the tokens have also a sentimental interest, by reason of their association with the P a r y s M i n e ; the story of which, and of the discovery of the vein of copper as n a r r a t e d in the Universal Directory of 1790, is as follows: ( iii )

'#0
/:'

/<

m /i '

VIEW

OF

THE

PARYS

MINE

IN

1913.

" At Trysclwyn mountain, is the most considerable body of copper-ore perhaps ever known. The part of Trysclwyn which contains it is called Parys Mountain. In the year 1762, Alexandei Frazier came into Anglesey in search of mines. " He visited Parys Mountain; called on Sir Nicholas Bayley, and gave him so flattering an account of the project, as induced him to make a trial, and sink shafts. Ore was discovered, but before any quantity could be gotten, the mines were overpowered with water. " In about two years after, Messrs. Roe and Co. of Macclesfield, applied to Sir Nicholas for a lease of Penrhyn-ddu mine in Caernarvonshire; with which they were, much against their wills, compelled to take a lease of part of this mountain, and to carry on a level, and make a fair trial. " The trial was accordingly made, ore was discovered, but the expenses overbalanced the They continued working at great loss, and at length determined to give the affair up.

profits.

" T h e y gave their agent orders for that purpose, but he, as a final attempt, divided his men into ten several companies of three or four in partnership, and let them sink shafts in various places, about 800 yards eastwards of a place called the Golden \ enture, on a piesumption that a spring, which issued from near the place, must come from a body ot mineral. " His conjecture was right, for in less than two days, they met with, at the depth of seven feet from the surface, the solid material, which proved to be that vast body which has since been worked to such advantage.
( iv )

THE

OLD

PUMPING-ENGINE-HOUSE

ABOVE

THE

MINE.

" The day of the discovery was March '2nd, 1768, which has ever since been observed as a festival by the miners. " Soon after this discovery, another adventure was begun by the Rev. Mr. Edward Hughes, owner of part of the mountain, in right of his wife, Mary Lewes, of Lilys Dulas; so that the whole of the treasure is the property of Sir Nicholas Bayley and himself. " The thickness has been ascertained by driving a level under, in some places twentyfour yards." In addition to the blocks of actual copper-ore, the water which was impregnated with copper, was at that time, as is now the practice, run into rectangular wooden tanks, some thirty-six feet long by twelve to fifteen feet wide, by twenty inches deep, in which is scrap iron of any kind; this attracts the copper, and as the iron rusts away, yellow ochre is formed. A striking feature of the Parys Mine is the vast open "quarry," for as such it appeared when visited by the writer in 1909 and again in 1913. There are two mines : one was the property of Lord Uxbridge, this was known as the Mona Mine; the other, viz., the Parys Mine, was the joint property of Lord Uxbridge and the Rev. Edward Hughes. At that time, about 1200 miners were employed, who worked by the piece, and earned from one shilling, to twenty-pence per day.
( v )

"MONA

LODGE."

The residence of Lord Uxbridge, Proprietor of Mona Mine.

Reference has been made to the agent or manager, under whose direction the copper-ore was discovered. This was Jonathan Boose, whose grave is in Amlwch Churchyard.
SACRED ROOSE, TO OF THE MILL 28TH MEMORY BANK OF ELIZABETH PARISH, ROOSE, W I F E WHO OF

The inscription is
JONATHAN THIS LIFE

IN

THIS

DEPARTED

THE

DAY O F A P R I L , 1787. A G E D 42 YEARS. ALSO REMAINS OF T H E AFORESAID J O N A T H A N ROOSE, W H O DIED ON T H E 6TH DAY O F FEBRUARY, 1813. A G E D 82 YEARS.

A m o n g t h i s t h r o n g of c o n g r e g a t e d d e a d , Of k i n d r e d M e n w h o s e S p i r i t s h e n c e a r e fled, H e r e lieth o n e , w h o s e m i n d h a d l o n g t o b e a r A t o i l s o m e t a s k of i n d u s t r y a n d c a r e . H e first y o n M o u n t a i n ' s w o n d r o u s r i c h e s f o u n d , F i r s t d r e w its m i n e r a l s b l u s h i n g f r o m t h e g r o u n d . H e h e a r d t h e M i n e r s ' first e x u l t i n g s h o u t , T h e n toil'd n e a r F i f t y Y e a r s t o g u i d e its t r e a s u r e s o u t . T h e c o u r s e of t i m e will s o o n t h i s s t o n e d e c a y , H i s n a m e , h i s m e m o r y , will p a s s a w a y , Y e t s h a l l b e left s o m e m o n u m e n t s b e h i n d , T h e m i g h t y p r o d u c t s of h i s m a s t e r - m i n d ; T h o s e labour'd Levels, which he f o r m e d to d r a w T h e teemful waters to the vale below ; A n d p i t l a r ' d C a v e r n s , w h e n c e lie d r e w t h e ore, Will long his G e n i u s s h e w , w h e n k n o w n his n a m e no more.

( vi )

EfcnSS&Jws

44

PARYS

LODGE."

Stated to h a v e been the residence of the R e v . E d w a r d H u g h e s w h e n in A m l w c h .

On an erect stone adjoining :


SACRED MR. TO THE MEMORY ROOSE, OF SARAH, THE 2ND WIFE OF THE 22ND, LATE 1847.

JONATHAN

MILLBANK, WHO AGED

DIED

DECEMBER

73 YEARS.

In the church are some tablets to members of the family who held important positions. On one of the oldest dated stones is the following :" John Parrie Gent, interred the 1 day November 1620. Richard Parry, Gent, interred Aug 30, 1662. Robert Parry Esq was interred 5 of October 1686." These references are interesting, as the Parys Mountain received its name from Robert Parys, the Chamberlain of North Wales in the time of Henry IV; he is said to have lived at the old house Madyn, above the doorway of which is a quaintly carved device, dated 1520. The names of three persons appear on the lettered-edge of the patterns from dies by Miltonviz., that of the Rev. Edward Hughes, to whom mention has already been made, and whose portrait, and that of his wife, are, by the kindness of the Lady Neave, of Llys Dulas, here illustrated; that of Thomas Williams, formerly an attorney at Llanedan, and Member of Parliament for Great Marlow, Bucks., afterwards for Anglesey; also John Dawes. Parys Lodge is stated by the Rev. T. Prichard, of Amlwch, to have been the residence of some of the agents of the mine. Possibly it was used as the office at the time of the issue of the tokens ;
( vii )

though the writer of the " Bazaar Notes " refers to it as the local residence of the Rev. Edward Hughes ; another residence was Greenfield Hall, near Holywell. The word " G R E E N F I E L D appears on the edge-reading of a very rare variety of halfpenny. According to the writer of the "Bazaar Notes," the lease of Messrs. C. Roe and Co. expired about 1792. Charles Roe, the leading partner in the " Company " was a remarkable man ; Christ Church, Macclesfield, was built at his expense. In the chancel is a very fine memorial tablet to his memory, which is here illustrated; the inscription is as follows:
WHOSOEVER WHOM A C U R I O S I T Y TO SEARCH OR THOU ART, M O N U M E N T S OF T H E LIVING V I R T U E S DEAD,

INTO T H E

AN AMBITION TO E M U L A T E T H E I R HAS

BROUGHT HITHER, OF EITHER ROE, OBJECT ESQ. IN T H E E X A M P L E OF

RECEIVE THE

GRATIFICATION

C H A R L E S

A G e n t l e m a n , who, with a s l e n d e r P o r t i o n on his E n t r a n c e into Business, e a r n e d on t h e B u t t o n a n d T w i s t M a n u f a c t u r e in t h i s T o w n w i t h t h e m o s t a c t i v e I n d u s t r y , I n g e n u i t y a n d I n t e g r i t y : a n d b y a h a p p y V e r s a t i l i t y of G e n i u s a t d i f f e r e n t P e r i o d s of h i s L i f e first e s t a b l i s h e d h e r e a n d m a d e i n s t r u m e n t a l t o t h e A c q u i s i t i o n of a n a m p l e F o r t u n e , THE SILK. AND COPPER MANUFACTORIES : b y w h i c h m a n y t h o u s a n d s of F a m i l i e s h a v e b e e n s i n c e s u p p o r t e d . T h e O b s t a c l e s w h i c h E n v y a n d M a l e v o l e n c e t h r e w in h i s W a y , r e t a r d e d n o t h i s P r o g r e s s : e n t e r p r i s i n g , e m u l o u s , a n d i n d e f a t i g a b l e , D i f f i c u l t i e s t o o t h e r s , w e r e I n c i t e m e n t s t o A c t i o n in h i m . His Mind was vast a n d c o m p r e h e n s i v e , f o r m e d f o r g r e a t U n d e r t a k i n g s , a n d e q u a l to t h e i r A c c o m p l i s h m e n t . B y a n i n t u i t i v e K i n d of K n o w l e d g e , h e a c q u i r e d a n i n t i m a t e A c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h t h e M i n e r a l S t r a t a of t h e E a r t h : a n d w a s e s t e e m e d b y c o m p e t e n t J u d g e s g r e a t l y t o excell in THE ART OF MINING. In t h a t L i n e h i s C o n c e r n s w e r e e x t e n s i v e : a n d t h e L a n d O w n e r s , a s well a s t h e P r o p r i e t o r s , of t h e v a l u a b l e M i n e in t h e I s l e of A n g l e s e a , a r e i n d e b t e d to him for the Discovery. It p l e a s e d t h e ALMIGHTY t o b l e s s h i s L a b o u r s a n d b e n e v o l e n t D e s i g n s . His grateful H e a r t d e l i g h t e d to a c k n o w l e d g e t h e M e r c i e s h e r e c e i v e d GOD w a s in all h i s T h o u g h t s A n d a c t u a t e d b y t h e p u r e s t S e n t i m e n t s of g e n u i n e D e v o t i o n w h i c h b u r n t s t e a d i l y t h r o u g h h i s L i f e , a n d t h e b r i g h t e r a s h e a p p r o a c h e d t h e FOUNTAIN OF LIGHT H e d e d i c a t e d t o t h e S e r v i c e of h i s MAKER a P a r t of t h a t I n c r e a s e H i s B o u n t y h a d b e s t o w e d : e r e c t i n g a n d e n d o w i n g at h i s sole E x p e n c e t h e e l e g a n t S t r u c t u r e w h i c h encloses this M o n u m e n t A n d w h i c h it is r e m a r k a b l e , w a s b u i l t f r o m t h e S u r f a c e of t h e G r o u n d , a n d c o m p l e a t l y finished b o t h I n s i d e a n d O u t in s o s h o r t a S p a c e of T i m e as seven Months. R e a d e r . W h e n thou h a s t p e r f o r m e d the D u t i e s which b r o u g h t thee hither, think on the
FOUNDER OF THIS BEAUTIFUL EDIFICE.

A n d a s p i r e a f t e r t h e V i r t u e s w h i c h e n a b l e d h i m t o r a i s e it. H e d i e d t h e 3 r d of M a y 1781, a g e d 67 y e a r s : l e a v i n g a W i d o w a n d ten C h i l d r e n ( w h o h a v e e r e c t e d t h i s M o n u m e n t a s a T r i b u t e t o C o n j u g a l a n d filial A f f e c t i o n ) poignantly to l a m e n t


A MOST I N D U L G E N T HUSBAND A TENDER FATHER, a n d A G E N E R A L LOSS. THE ABOVE CHARLES R O E , WAS SIXTH SON OF THE REV. THOMAS ROE, M.A.,

2 0 YEARS VICAR O F C A S T L E T O N , D E R B Y S H I R E , W I T H I N CHURCH

T H E CHANCEL OF W H I C H

HIS R E M A I N S ARE I N T E R R E D .

Opposite is a tablet to the memory of his Widow, and her son John Harriott Roe. The Bees and Beehive as seen on the Shield of Arms, explain the reason for such appearing on the Macclesfield tokens of 1789 : a tribute to the memory of the founder of the firm of Roe and Co., which was further emphasised by the appearance of his portrait on those of 1790, 1791 and 1792.
( viii )

Memorial Tablet to Charles Roe, in Christ Church, Macclesfield.

AflHEl. tlOV

fr ^&lQTT UilWyfll. * L* N>"vniv imiitvmV * nto y !" i k / \ - A v W!ri L X V IY ' "

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Memorial Tablet to Mrs. Roe, in Christ Church, Macclesfield.


( ix )

As regards the tokens dated 1784, there was, at the time the " Bazaar Notes " were published, some difference of opinion as to whether they should be regarded as genuine specimens, or as fabricated ones. As no notice of such a token appears in the Gentleman's Magazine till 1787 when a full description is given, and an illustrationthe probability is, those dated 1784 were not struck till a later date when collections were being formed, and when this would appear as an " unpublished" date. The Rev. W. R. Hay. M.A., Vicar of Rochdale, in a manuscript note, states, in reference to the very rare varietywith the names of Edward Hughes, Thomas Williams, and John Dawes, around the edge"This, commonly called the Monogram Penny, was, I believe, the first attempt made for an Anglesea coin ; it was executed by Milton, in the Tower, and after a very few were struck, the die of the monogram was broken." In another note he states" Mr. Collins, of Maize Hill, Greenwich, a gentleman much employed by the Parys Mines Company, made a drawing of the 4 3D Penny, and sent the design to Hancock. This was the second; the monogram was the first of all, which was probably designed by Mr. Collins. Mr. Hay adds" I believe the 1 I D ' Pennies were never put into circulation, but were given as presents." The statement that " the ' Monogram P e n n y ' was executed by Milton, in the Tower," is somewhat erroneous. Milton engraved the dies, but the tokens were struck by Westwood ; it was the fact of the failure of the die, which gave young Westwood the opportunity to make the imitation tokens which so closely resemble the originals. Charles Pye informs us that be also "fabricated a halfpenny for sale." This is the one with the same edge-reading as the penny, from dies by Milton, viz., Edw. Hughes, etc. ; also that Hancock was the die-sinker for the pennies of 1787 and 1788, and all the halfpennies, 1788, 1789, 1790 and 1791, except those of the heavy design, and with short letters of the monogram. All were manufactured at a Mint erected by the Parys Mines Co. in Birmingham. The pennies of 1790, having on the reverse ANGLESEY MINES PENNY, and the heavily designed halfpennyall of which have as an edge-reading, PAYABLE X IN X LONDON X OR X ANGLESEY were from dies by Wilson, and manufactured by Williams; both die-sinker and manufacturer were of London. The beauty of the designs, and the artistic finish of the workmanship oi the patterns, place them far above any regal copper currency. The quiet dignity of the features of the Druid as depicted on the obverse of the ID pennies, is pleasing to contemplate; surrounded as it is by a particularly realistic representation of an oak wreath, it suggests a period when Anglesey was the home of the Druids. The pattern of 1787, with the large head, presents a striking specimen of the die-sinker's art, in very high relief, so much so, as to be unsuitable lor currency. The Anglesey Mines Penny of 1790 has a smaller type of head, within a well designed thin wreath; this is extremely rare. There is a very close copy with " w " on the truncation of bust; the obverse die for this token was used with several others to make mules. A very beautiful specimen, with a head in bold relief, has a different type of reverse; the first stroke of m is used as the down stroke of P, and the last, as the curve forming c. On the downstrokes of the monogram, in minute letters, incuse, are the words, PARYS MINES COMPANY. The lightness, and symmetry of the design class it " a thing of beauty."
( x )

A specimen not mentioned by Cornier, Pye or Sharp, dated 1788, has the monogram /' M S. The final letter is formed of one thin curved line, and may possibly be intended to be the final letter of "Mines " ; the ' Co." being entirely omitted. They only appear as patterns. Even the currency specimens, where the design is in lower relief, appealed so strongly to the public, that the "tokens were readily accepted; in fact, when copper advanced in value, they were worth more to melt up than to pass on as currency. The proofs of the halfpence command the attention of collectors, equally with those of the pennies, some very beautiful specimens of the die-sinker's art appearing in the patterns. On the undated ones, also on those of 1787, one of 1788, 1789 and 1792, the initials on the reverse, take more of the actual form of a monogram, than on those where each letter is, of itself, perfectly formed ; the inscribed monograms represent very special die-sinking, viz., the cutting of the small letters on the die, rather than in it, by removing the surrounding material, and thus leaving the letters expressed. The pattern for 1792 is particularly fine. As with the dies of the pennies, so with those of the halfpennies, others were used to strike mules, to sell to collectors. The half halfpence are from dies by Westwood; they, and all the mules of the farthings, were manufactured by Skidmore, for sale to collectors. Probably, the Anglesey farthings with O B on the reverse, were made to sell to any who wished to buy small change, of such a character as would not be likely to be returned to them for redemption.

WALES.
There is no information as to who were the issuers of the tokens of North and South Wales, although several tons were struck; probably they were sold to any who wished to have tokens to pay, but for the return of which they would not be responsible. John Morgan, of Carmarthen, Iron-master and Tin-plate Manufacturer, issued five tons of his tokens. The artist's proofs are exceedingly rare. The Bangor token is not regarded as a currency specimen ; it was probably made for sale by Gorton. The Glamorgan tokens were from dies by J. S. Jordan, of Birmingham, for his father, John Jordan, Victualler, of Weaman Street, Birmingham. One ton were struck ; only a few specimens were struck of the rare variety, as the die broke, a Haw being visible by the crown on the obverse. In comparing the obverse of the rare variety with that of the common variety, it will be found that the common variety was the first to be struck ; then the obverse die was softened, and the small additions made on each side of the dot, or period, at the beginning and end of the legend. There are also some small die-flaws by the date on the obverse, which establish the fact that the die was altered before the rare variety was struck. The reverse die also was softened and altered ; the pedestal, on which a crown appears, was erased, and one with a square top substituted ; on close examination, the top of the crown is still to be seen above the top of the pedestal; a rope has been added extending from the top of the mast, to the knee of the female. A dot appears on each side of the date in exergue. ( )

The writer of the " Bazaar Notes " has a long and interesting statement as to the history of Jestyn ap Gurgan, the last Prince and Lord of Glamorgan of British blood. The King or Prince of Glamorgan formerly paid tribute to the King of North Wales as superior Regulus, but subsequently to the King of London, or Supreme Lord of Britain. Jestyn, having obtained the aid of Robert Fitzhamon against Rhys ap Tewdwr, a prince of South Wales, was victorious ; but, as Fitzhamon then turned on his ally and conquered him, he became Lord of Glamorgan. Jestyn fled, and, it is said, died in the Monastery of Llangenys, in Monmouthshire. The legend on the reverse is intended to mean " The King by Law.' should have been " c." The letter " G

The writer of the " Bazaar Notes " i s in error in thinking that the reverse die broke, and that the " second one " had a crown on the pedestal; for, as already has been shown, there was only one obverse die, and one reverse, both being softened and altered after the ton of tokens had been struck. The tokens of John Voss, of Swansea, present a view of the Castle, built towards the close of the 14th century. The Key on the reverse may have some reference to the Key of the ruins of the Castle, for one of the only two issuers of 17th century tokens of SwanseaMatthew Davieshad a lease granted of the Castle, for the period of the lives of three children, at an annual rental of 40 shillings. There is another reason assigned for the appearance of the Key on the reverse of the token, viz., that it was the trade sign of John Voss, who was a draper and mercer, in the Market Square, at the sign of the Golden Key; and still anotherthat Swansea was the " Key of England." A view of the Castle and also a representation of the " Key silver tokens of John Voss, issued in 1811. appear on the shilling,

The following pieces have not yet been traced, but are included on the authority of Atkins' work on Tokens, and also from notes that have been supplied by various Collectors. ANGLESEYNos. 11a, 250a, 270b, 392 and 393.
CARMARTHENNos. lb a n d 7c.

In addition to the above:


ANGLESEYNos. 3 5 3 , 3 6 6 , 3 8 2 , 4 1 7 , 4 1 8 , 4 4 3 , 4 4 4 a n d 4 6 1 .

These are not illustrated owing to our inability to trace them, although one of each was known to be in existence some years ago. Collectors who have any of these pieces, or meet with them at a later date, will greatly oblige by kindly communicating with us, so that they may be recorded in an Addenda. R. DALTON,
PARK HOUSE, BRISTOL.

S. H. HAMER,
BLEAK HOUSE, HALIFAX.

( xii )

829
B n g l e s e ^ .
1787.

Unless stated otherwise, all edges read


ON DEMAND IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR ANGLESEY.

1.

O: Proof of obv. die No. 2. R : Blank. E : Plain (in collar). This is struck in tin. 0 : Ten acorns in wreath, four to left and six to right. R : A monogram cypher, P M Co. WE
PROMISE E TO PAY THE BEARER ON DEMAND ONE PENNY : EDW. HUGHES DAWES + . THO. WILLIAMS . IOHN . PARIS . LODGE . A. 2

2.

2 a. E : Plain (in collar). A. 2a 2b. E : Plain (not in collar). 2/> occurs struck on thick and ordinary Hans, and also on large irregular flans. (See illustration.) This was also struck in silver and tin with plain edge (in collar). Engraver-MILTON. Manufacturer W E S T W O O D .

3 Bis A copy of last. Five acorns on right side of wreath. Similar. The top of P does not touch the first stroke of M. As No. 2. A. 3 Proof in tin on large flan, with edge as last. Engraver and ManufacturerI. W E S T W O O D , J U N R ,

3 Bin

Nos. 4-5. 4. 5.

O : The same die.

Thirty acorns in wreath, eighteen to left and twelve on the right. A. -1

R : The first 7 of date points between the H and E of "THE."

R : Similar to last, but the letters are larger, and the first 7 points to the first limb of E. There is a dot over o of Co. No. 4 was not struck in collar. No. 5 in collar. Proofs of this were also struck in silver and copper gilt.

380 a W 0 l C 0 C \>.

1787.
J > if IV

*
G. 7. 8. 9.
9a.

0 : Twenty acorns in wreath, nine to the left and eleven to the right. R : Same as No. 4. A. 5 0 : Same as last. This is on a larger flan. R : Same as No. 5. 0 : Twenty-one acorns in wreath, eleven to the left and ten to the right. R : and E : Blank. This is a proof struck in tin. 0 : Same die as No. 8, but without the border of acorns. R : Same die as No. 4.
E : ON D E M A N D I N L O N D O N L I V E R P O O L & A N G L E S E Y .

A. 6
A. 6

No. 9a was also struck in silver.

(3

10.

11. 0 : Twenty - two acorns in wreath, twelve on the left and ten on right. 11a. R : Same die as No. 5. A. 7 Proofs of No. 11 were struck

0 : Same die as No. 10. R : Date above cypher. curved 7's. E : Plain. in copper gilt.

Straight 1, A. 9 A. 9a

I - /V

> 'jJ"A! M ' I >

Sk:
VI.

V.A 1
O: Twenty-four acorns on wreath, twelve each side. R : The 1 as well as the 7's curved. 18. O: Nineteen acorns in wreath, nine to left and ten to right. R : Similar to last, but the 1 under foot of Y. A. 10

331

a n o i c s c \>.
1787.

14.

0 : Twenty-five acorns in wreath, thirteen to left and twelve on the right. There is a cluster of three acorns on either side the tie of wreath, and an acorn at the termination of each branch. and E : As last. A. 11
This illustration is taken from an engraving in Pye's work on Tokens.

15.

A different head; a small w on the truncation of neck. R : A copy of Nos. 4 and 5. E : As usual. A. 8
e : i PROMISE BEARER TO PAY ON DEMAND T H E ONE PENNY.

0:

15a.

156. E : Plain, (round edge)


EngraverWILSON.

A. 8a

16.

0 : A larger head than any of the preceding. Twenty-four acorns in wreath, twelve on each side. R : The 1 and 7's straight. E : As usual A. 12 16a. E : Plain (in collar). A. 12a
EngraverWEST WOOD.

16 Bis. O : Impression on white-metal from the puncheon of Druid's head on No. 15. (See page 370 for illustration.)
R a r i t y N o s . 1, 2a, 26, 3 Bis, 7, 8, 10, 11a, 12, 14, 15a, 16a, 16 Bis, 2, 9a, 156, 16, RR. 3, 4, 6, 9, 13, 15, R. 5, 11, common. RRR.

In determining the rarity, no account has been taken of condition, but only the number of pieces traced. Many pieces therefore described as R or Scarce, if in extra fine condition may be considered as RR or even RRR.

1787Thick

Wreath.

This section is divided into two : curved 7's and straight 7's. These are again subdivided by the number of acorns at the tie and the number of inner leaves in the wreath between the last left and right inside acorns. On the reverse, the position of the i to the letters of " PENNY," and the 7 to w of " WE."

332

Bncilcscp.
1787. c u r v e d 7. Nos. 17, 25, 32, 37, 38, straight 1 ; all others curved. 1 A c o r n a t T i e , below the ribbon.
.
- V J - C/>

r\?OT

Obverse for Nos. 17-20. 17. 18. 19. 20. r r r r Straight 1, points between N and Y. 1 points between N and Y. 1 points to last limb of N. Bottom flourish ends over H of " THE." The bottom flourish ends over E of " THE." A. 13 A. 14 A. 16 A. 15

1 under foot of Y. 2 A c o r n s a t T i e , above the ribbon. Acorn at point of hood. T w o I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head, between the acorns.

22.

An acorn in centre of wreath in line with mouth. 1 under foot of Y. The bottom flourish ends over the E of " THE." Proofs of No. 21 were struck in copper gilt. Similar. The last acorn to right projects further from the wreath. Date clear of legend.

A. 18

A. 20

23. 24.

0 : Similar to No. 21. An extra acorn on the leaf before the last acorn behind head R : 1 between N and Y. 0 : The acorn in centre of wreath not in lino with mouth ; one leaf lower. r : 1 under foot of Y. The flourish ends over the H of " THE."

833

H n g I e s e $.
1787. 2 A c o r n s a t T i e , above the ribbon. Acorn at point of hood. T h r e e I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head, between the acorns. '25. 0 : Acorn in centre of wreath in line with mouth. H : Straight 1 under first liinb of N. A. 17

/0fZ^

^ 1/

'26. 27.

0 : Similar to last. The last acorn on the right is outside wreath. 7? : 1 under foot of Y. 0 : Acorn in centre of wreath not in line with mouth ; one leaf lower. r : 1 quite clear of Y. A. 19 F o u r I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head, between the acorns.

ST'

Obverse for Nos. 28-31.

28. 29.

Nos. 28-31. The same obverse die. No acorn at point of hood. r : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 24 30. r : 1 to right of Y. r \ 1 under foot of Y. A. 21 31. r : The 7 closer to w.

A. 22 A. 23

334

a n o I c s e \>.
1787. 2 A c o r n s a t T i e , below the ribbon.

faia
Nos. 32-33. 32. 33. 0 : The same die. An acorn at the end of wreath to left. A. 25 R : Straight 1 under Y. R : Curved 1, slightly to left of Y.

M
34. Nos. 34-35. B: 1 under Y. 34 Bis

ifml
0 : The same die. An acorn at the end of wreath to right. 85. R: 1 clear of legend.

R: Date more open, same reverse as No. 44. 2 A c o r n s at Tie. One above and one below.
, 36.
0 : F I V E I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D , t w o t o

left and three to right, after last acorn. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 26 3 A c o r n s a t T i e , one above and two below. Straight 1 in date.

37. 38.

O:

F I V E I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D , I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D ,

two to left and three to right, after last acorn. two to left and four to right, after last acorn.

A. 29

U: Six

37-38.

R : The same die.

Straight 1 under Y.

335

Hnglesep.
1787.

3 A c o r n s a t T i e , one above and two below.

/-?>' <,** % &


0 !

89.

0 : F I V E I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D .

r : Curved 1 slightly to left of Y. 40. 0 r:


: STX I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D .

Four acorns outside of wreath over head. A. 28

An acorn inside and outside of wreath in line with mouth. Curved 1 under first limb of second N. A. 27 4 A c o r n s at Tie. T w o I n n e r Leaves o v e r head, one to left and right, after last acorn. Acorn at point of hood.

Nos. 41-48. 41. 42. 43. r:

0 : The same die.

Acorn in centre of wreath one leaf above the line of mouth. A. 30 A. 31 A. 32

1 under first limb of second N.

r : 1 between N and Y. r : 1 under Y.

44. 45.

0 : Similar to last. An extra acorn in wreath one leaf below line of mouth. R : 1 under foot of Y. 0 : An acorn outside of wreath in line with mouth. r : The 1 clear of legend. A. 35

336

a n q I e s e \>.
1787. 4 A c o r n s at Tie. T w o I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head.
A.r'

muuluu,
Yltjnr *

46-47. 46.

0 : The same die.

Acorn in centre of wreath in line with ruouth. A. 30

R : 1 under Y. jilob'utu,

47. R: P a t e quite clear of legend. Proofs of No. 47 were struck in copper gilt.

&

48 48-49. 48. 49. 0 : The same die.

49

An acorn inside and outside of wreath at the point of hood.

R : 1 between N and Y. R: 1 clear of legend, 7 under w. T h r e e I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head. One to left and two to right. 50. 0 : Acorn in centre of wreath in line with mouth. r : 1 clear of legend. A. 36 Five I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head. Three to left and two to right, between the acorns.

51. 5'2.

0 : The last acorn on the right is in the centre of wreath. r : 1 between N and Y. O : The last acorn on the right is outside of wreath. r : 1 under Y.

A. 37 A. 38

337

a n 01 e 6 e p.
1787.

4 A c o r n s at Tie. No Acorn at point of Hood.


53.

Two I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D , one to left and right, between the acorns. It: 1 very slightly to right of v.
0

wsf'.

'j

ffi

N.

:H 1

54.
55.

0 : T H R E E I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D , one to left and two on the right, between the acorns R: 1 under y, the same die as No. 44. \ 33
0 : F O U R I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D ,

R : Date clear of legend.


"N^'-wN ^

two on each side, between the acorns. A. 34


cy-^

i m m t Q .
Cr-fr6
Nos. 56. 57. 58.
56-58.

O : The same die.

S E V E N I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D ,

four to left and three on the A. 41 A. 42 A. 40

right, between the acorns. R : 1 under first limb of second N. R : 1 between N and y. R : 1 very slightly to right of y.

T h i c k W r e a t h N o s . 17-58. Rarity Nos. 21, 26, 33, 34, 34 Bis, 35, 37, 39, 47 gilt, 48, 49, 52, 57, RRR 24, 27, 32, 38, 40, 53, 56, RR. 17, 22. 25, 37, 43, R. 23, 36, 54, 58, scarce. The others, common.

338

HnolC0e\).
1787. S t r a i g h t 7. Nos. 77-83, Curved 1 ; all the others Straight 1. 2 A c o r n s a t T i e , above the ribbon. T w o I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head, between the acorns.

Nos. 59-60. 59. 60.

0 : The same die.

Acorn in centre of wreath one leaf below the line of mouth.

E : 1 under first limb of second N. r : 1 between N and Y. 7 under w.

61. 62.

O ' The acorn in wreath in line with mouth. R : 1 under second limb of N. 7 under first limb of w. 0 : Similar to last. The acorn turns inward. R : 1 under first limb of N.

63.

0 : Similar to No. 59. Not. 8 64-66.

No acorn outside of wreath over point of hood. The acorn in line with mouth is outside the wreath. As No. 61.

0 : Same die.

64. 65. 66.

r 1 under second limb of N. R: 1 between N and Y. r 1 under Y.

389

A n g l e s e y . 1787. Straight 7.

Acorns at Tie. T h r e e I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head, between the acorns. 67. O : An acorn outside the wreath over point of hood, and the last acorn on the right is in centre of wreath. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 43 ri

At H O T

m % m m
Nos. 08-69. 68. 69. 70. 0 : The same die. Very similar to No. 67. hood have shorter stems. The acorns at back of A. 44 R : 1 under second limb of second n. Ft : Very similar to the last. The 1 and 7 joined by a flaw at top.

No flaw between 1 and 7, and the flourish ends over n. A. 45

0 : The acorn above point of hood is in the centre of wreath, and the last acorn on the right is outside wreath. R : As No. 68. Five I n n e r Leaves o v e r Head, between the acorns. * %> fi ,/ // ^ /<?'' m ? r >.

&

71. 72. (3.

0 : The same die. The acorn over point of hood, and also the last one on right, are outside of wreath. R : 1 between N and Y. A. 46 R : 1 under Y, and 7 under w. R : 1 under Y, and 7 under second limb of w. A. 47

Nos. 71-73.

340

H n o l c s e .
1787. S t r a i g h t 7. 2 A c o r n s a t T i e , above the ribbon.
7 3 Bis. 0 : FOUR INNER LEAVES OVER

HEAD.

II : 1 under second limb of N. (See page 370 for illustration.)


74. 0 : FIVE I N N E R L E A V E S OVER H E A D .

H : 1 between N and Y.

74

2 A c o r n s a t T i e , below the ribbon.

Nos 75-76
, '

O ' The same die.

An acorn at end of right wreath.


A. 4 8

75. 76.

R : 1 under Y. Ft: 1 under second limb of N.

With a border of acorns. 3 A c o r n s at Tie.

A. 49

Curved

1 and

Straight

7.

:-v

Nos. 77-78. 77. 78. 79.

O : The same die. Two acorns on the left and three on the right, inside wreath. The left wreath terminates with an acorn.

/>': Curved 1 slightly to left of Y. li : Curved 1 under Y. 0 : An acorn outside wreath opposite nose and hood. H: As last. No acoin at end ol w

341

a n o l e s c y.
1787. Curved 1 and Straight 3 A c o r n s at Tie.

i m r n
%
$1 / Obverse

80-83. Nos. 80 -83. 80. si.


82.

0 : The same die.

One acorn on t l i t l e f t and three on the right, i n s i d e ot wreath. A. 51 ^ A 50

U: Curved 1 under second limb of N. t i : Curved 1 under y.


R

Curved 1 clear of Y.

83.

n : Curved 1.

Very similar to last, the 7 and 8 of date closer together.


17i>

Vf itDT.

4 A c o r n s at Tie. Straight 84.


85.

1 a n d 7.

Ft: 1 under second limb of N.


0 : T H R E E L E A V E S OVER H E A D .

0:

Two

L E A V E S OVER H E A D .

Acorn border as No. io.

A. 5;

R: 1 under second limb of N. T h i c k W r e a t h N o s . 59-85. R a r i t y - N o s . GO, 64, G5, 72, 73 Bu, 74, 75, 83, 85, RRR. 77, 78, 80, RR. 67, 69, 82, R. 59, 66, 68, scarce. 61, 62, 63, 70, 71, 73, llie others, common.

342

a n o l c 3 e \>.
1788. Long-Topped P. Single A c o r n s . This section is divided into two: Curved 1 and 7, and Curved 1 and Straight 7. These are again subdivided into all single acorns in wreaths, and those with double and single.
CURVED 1 AND 7 . CURVED 1, STRAIGHT 7.

Nos. 86-97 Nos. 98-126

single acorns. double acorns. 4 Acorns at Tie.

Nos. 127-137 Nos. 138-140

single acorns. double acorns.

2 4 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

g
No. 86-87. 86. 87.

|
86 0 : The same die. Twenty-four acorns in wreath, thirteen to left and eleven to right.

H : 1 touches second limb of N. R : 1 touches foot of y.

88

88. 89.

Nos. 88-90. 2 2 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . Nos. 88-89. 0 : The same die. Twenty-two acorns in wreath, eleven each side. li: 1 between N and Y, 8 under w. A li : 1 closer to foot of Y, 8 under second limb of w. - ^

f r , i'P

r.-i ' l .

0 : Very similar to last, but the acorn over hood has a longer stem. li: 1 just under foot of Y, 8 under w.

91.

O: Twenty acorns in wreath, ten on each side. Ii: 1 touches second limb of N. A. 55

348

a n o I c s c \)
1788.

L o n g - T o p p e d P. Nos. 92-95.

Single A c o r n s .

17 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .
> V-

I#rp?

Proof of obverse die of No. 93. Reverse blank. 93. 0 R Seventeen acorns in wreath, nine to left and eight to right. 1 close to foot of Y. A. 60

93 Bis. 0 : As last. H: 1 touches second limb of N. (Bee page 370 for illustration.) 94. 0 : Seventeen acorns in wreath, a pair of acorns above point of hood. R : 1 just under foot of v, 6 under first A. 61 limb of w

mm
l

xar7

& j . A. 63

95.

0 ; Seventeen acorns in wreath, eight to left and nine to right.

16 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 96. O : Sixteen acorns in wreath, eight to left and eight to right. 95-96. R : The same die. 1 just under foot of Y.

A. 64

14 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 97. 0 : Fourteen acorns in wreath, seven on each side. H : 1 close to foot of Y. A. 65

M - n
-rjui

W v u Jsrn- o - r y- J * r/, v

344

H n q I c s e \>.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d 7. W i t h Double Acorns. 3 A c o r n s at Tie. 98. 0 : Nineteen acorns, nine to left and ten to right. E : 1 slightly to left of Y. 4 A c o r n s at Tie. 2 4 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 99. 0 : Twenty-four acorns, twelve each side. Ft: 1 touches the foot of Y. A. 66 2 3 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

mm

ioo Nos. 100-101. 0 : The same die. 100. R : 1 slightly to left of Y.

ioi Twenty-three acorns, twelve to left, eleven to right. A. 67 101. E : 1 under Y, 8 under w.

2 2 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

guji. Noa. 102-104. 0 : The same die. Twenty-two acorns, eleven each side. E : 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under second limb of w. E : Very similar, but 8 tinder w. R : 1 under Y. 105. 0 : Struck from the centre of No. 102 obverse. E : Struck from the centre of No. 100 reverse. This is struck on a thin Halfpenny size Han with a plain edge. 105

105

a n o I e s e 2.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d 7. W i t h Double Acorns. 2 2 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . p. 0 : Twenty-two acorns. The double acorns are in line with mouth. H : 1 slightly to right of N. Nos. 107-111. 2 1 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

345

ro
107. 108. 109. 107-109. 0 : The same die. Twenty-one acorns, eleven to left and ten to right A. 69 R : 1 between N and Y, 8 under second limb of w. R : 1 slightly to left of Y, 3 under second limb of w. r : 1 under foot of Y.

110 110-111. 110. r: 0: The same die. Twenty-one acorns, ten to left and eleven to right. 111. r : 1 under Y. A. 71 2 0 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

1 between N and Y, 8 under w. Nos. 112-119.

112.

0 : Proof of obv. die of No. 113. 113-114.

The

acorn

border unfinished.

Reverse blank.

113. 114.

O : The same die. T w e n t y a c o r n s , eleven to left and nine to r i g h t ; the left ends with two pairs. r \ 1 slightly to right of N. r : 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under w. A. 71

846

Hnq I cs e .
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d 7. Nos. 112-119. With Double Acorns. 2 0 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

fcj)

115-117. 115.
116.

117.

0: The same die. Twenty acorns, eleven to left and nine to r i g h t ; left ends with single and one pair. r: 1 between N and Y, 8 nearly under centre of w. R : Similar to last, the flourish ends over centre of H, and 8 under first limb of w. (See page 370 for illustration.) A. 72 r: 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under last limb of w.

118. 119.

0 : Twenty acorns, nine to left and eleven to right. R : 1 between N and Y, 8 under second limb of w. 0 : Twenty acorns, ten each side. R : 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under second limb of w. Nos. 120-126. 19 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

A. 77

120-121. 120. 121. 122.

0 : The same die. Nineteen acorns, ten to left and nine to r i g h t ; left ends with pair.

r : 1 between N and Y, 8 under second limb of w. r : 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under second limb of w. A. 76

0 : Nineteen acorns, but differently arranged to l a s t ; left ends with single. r : The same as last.

347

tl n G I c s e .
1788.

C u r v e d 1 a n d 7. W i t h Double Acorns. Nos. 120-1'20. 19 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

123-125. 123. 124. 125. II li li

0 : The same die.

Nineteen acorns, nine to left and ten to right. A. 78

1 slightly to left of y, 8 under w. 1 under Y, 8 under w. Similar to last. The date closer to legend.

126.

0 : Nineteen acorns. Wreath at each side terminates with an acorn. R : 1 between N and Y, 8 under w. A. 79

12G

126

Atkins' Nos. 1, 56, 57, 58, 59, 68, 70, 73, 75, 82, 83, 85see Counterfeits, pages 350-353; Nos. 86, 88see page 366.

Thin Wreath, Curved 1 and 7Nos. 86-126. RarityNos. 87, 92, 93 Bis, 98, 100, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 112, 116, 119,
121, 126, R R R . 86, 102, 109, 110, 111, 113, 120, 122, 123, 124, RR. 88, 89, 93, 94, 101. 115, 117, R. 91, 95, 96, 97, 107, 114, 118, 125, scarce. The others, common.

348

an o ic0cv
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. Single A c o r n s . 2 3 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

t:
127 128

127.

127-128. 0 : The same die. Twenty-three acorns, twelve to left and eleven to ri^ht. H \ 1 under first limb of second N. 128. R : 1 under second limb of second N. A. 80 Proofs of No. 128 were struck in silver and copper gilt. 2 0 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

129 129-180. 129. 130. O: The same die. r : 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under first limb of w. r \ 1 partly under Y, 8 under w. 131 A. 81

130 Twenty acorns, ten each side.

/2>

"

O - Different arrangement; no acorn outside of wreath at beard. i f ; As No. 129. (See page 370 for illustration.) Nos. 132-135. 17 A c o r n s in Wreath. 132. 0: Seventeen acorns, nine to left and eight to right. r : 1 under centre of second n.

mm
is """ and
eight

132

#wt
134 133-135. 133. 134. 135. r: r: 0 : The same r : 1 under first limb of N. 1 under centre of N.

mm
'6c-i
die. Seventeen

acorns,

nine to left

to

right.

(See page 370 for illustration.)

1 slightly to right of n, 8 under w.

349 H n a l c s e p. 1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. Single A c o r n s . 16 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

S,

' *JR?>

136 136-137. 136. 137. 0 : The same die. Sixteen acorns, eight each side.

/I : 1 between N and Y, 8 under first limb of w. 11: 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under \v. W i t h Double Acorns. 2 4 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 138. 0 : Twenty - four acorns, thirteen to left and eleven to right. 11: 1 slightly to left of Y. A. 84 138 2 2 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 138

0.

139 139-140. 139. 140. It: 0 : The same die.

140 Twenty-two acorns, ten to left and twelve to right.

1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under first limb of w. A. 87

R : 1 slightly to left of Y, 8 under w.

T h i n W r e a t h , C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7 Nos. T27-140. R a r i t y Nos. 128 silver, 130, 131, 132, 133, 135, RRR. 127, 128 gilt, 136, RR. 128, 134, 137, 140, R. 129, 138, scarce. 139, fairly common.

350

HnGlc6C.
COUNTERFEITS.
There is a marked difference in the workmanship of these as compared with those previously described. The counterfeits are usually in poor condition, badly struck and light weight. The letters of edge reading also differ in size and shape. They are not struck in collar. 1784. 2 2 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 141. 0 : Twenty-two acorns, eleven each side. (This is the same die as used for No. 150.) R: Dated 1784. 1 between N and Y. A. 1 141a. E : Without the word " ON." 1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d 7. Single A c o r n s . , , , I \l L UyI

1
142. 143. Nos. 142-143. 1 9 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 0 : Nineteen acorns, ten to left and nine to right. R : 1 under Y. A. 56 0 : Nineteen acorns, nine to left and ten to right. R: 1 between N and Y. The o in Co omitted. A. 144. 0 : Similar to last, but the last acorn to left is outside wreath. R : 1 between N and Y. Upright acorn for a stop. A. 58 144a. E: Plain. 1 8 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

Nos. 145-147.

145 145 147. 145. 146. 147. 0 : The same die.

147 Eighteen acorns, nine each side. A. 59

R: 1 slightly to right of N, 8 under first limb of w. R: Similar to No. 143, 8 under second limb of w. R : 1 under Y.

A. 62

a n o I c 5 e v.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d 7. Double Acorns. 3 A c o r n s at Tie. 0 : Twenty-two acorns, eleven on each side. 1!: 1 between N and Y. In some specimens the dot has the appearance of a dash. 4 A c o r n s at Tie.

351

119.

0 : Twenty-three acorns, ten and an acorn cup to left and twelve to right. H : 1 slightly to left of Y. Nos. 150-155.

150.

0 : Iwenty-two acorns, eleven each side. A. 6 8 R 1 between N and Y.

2 2 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

151.

0 : Twenty-two acorns, ten to left and twelve to right. R: 1 between N and Y.

152

153

152-155. 0 : The same die. Twenty-two acorns, different arrangement from No. 151. l i : 1 points between N and Y. 153. R : 1 slightly to left of Y. There is a flaw in scroll over 154 154. 155.
T

of

"THE."

R: Similar to last, 8 under last limb of w, no flaw in scroll. R : A flaw in some cases joins 1 to N and Y. A. 73

155

352

H n g I c e c .
178S. Double Acorns. Nos. 156-160. 156. 2 1 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

0 : Twenty-one acorns, eleven to left and ten to right. A. 70 R : 1 slightly to left of Y. K: it' * 'tl u

157 157-158. 157. 158. O: The same die.

158 Twenty-one acorns, ten to left and eleven to right. A. 75

/?: Similar to last, but 8 under last limb of w. FT: 1 slightly to left of Y.

159 159-160. 159. 160. 0 : The same die.

160 Similar to No. 156, the pair of acorns to left spring from leaf.

R : 1 slightly to right of N. B : 1 slightly to left of Y. S t r a i g h t 1 a n d 7. Single A c o r n s .

161 19 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 161. 162. 0 : Nineteen acorns, ten to left and nine to right. 0 : Nineteen acorns, nine to left and ten to right. R: The same die. 1 under foot of Y.

162

161-162.

353 H n o l c s e y .
1788.

S t r a i g h t 1 a n d 7. Single Acorns. 17 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 163. O: Seventeen acorns, nine to left and eight to right. R: 1 slightly to left of Y. Acorn stop. 163
>>J 73{jSTu

164 164. 0 Nineteen acorns, ten to left and nine to right. 1 under second limb of N, less space between the beginning and end of legend. As usual, but the letters are more like the genuine issue. A. 82 A. 83

165.

0 : Twenty-seven acorns. A different wreath from any others. R : 1 under second limb of second N. 165a. E: Plain. _ , . A Double Acorns. "--i
-

fja-Y ? r v

\J'^
j
1

/ 'ri

>

1 "i

y H'M

166. 167.

0 : Twenty-four acorns, twelve each side. R : Straight 1, slightly to left of Y, an acorn stop.

A. 85

0 : Twenty-three acorns, eleven to left and twelve to right. R: Straight 1, points to left of Y, 8 under last limb of w, acorn stop.
}V

168. arj\ VfL


m

0:

Twenty-four acorns, twelve each side. Very fine work. k C c M R : Cypher P M S. 1 under second limb ^ ' - V* of second N. (Ribbed border on both t ( / \ sides.) A. 113 Plain. A. 113a

168a. E: e a r 168

C o u n t e r f e i t s o f S h o r t - T o p p e d P see Nos. 245-247. C o u n t e r f e i t s N o s . 141-168.

168

R a r i t y N o s . 144a, 150, 151, 152, 153, 158, 160, 162, 165a, 167, 168a, RRR. 145, 147, 154, 163, 164, RR. 146, 157, R. 142, 148, 149, 155, 156, 159, 161, 166, scarce. The others, common.

354

H n QI e 6 c \>.
1788. Short-Topped P.

These have all double acorns in the wreaths, except No. 219. This section is dividedCurved 1, Straight 7, and Straight 1 and 7. These are again subdividedthe number of acorns in the wreaths, and the position of acorn at point of hood. CURVED 1 , STRAIGHT 7 . S T R A I G H T 1 AND 7. Nos. Nos. Nos. Nos. Nos. 170-172 173-198 199-213 214-216 217-218 26 25 24 23 22 acorns. acorns. acorns. acorns. acorns. Nos. 220-227 Nos. 228-240 Nos. 241-243 25 acorns. 24 acorns. 23 acorns.

C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 2 Acorns 169. at Tie.

0 : Twenty-five acorns, twelve to left, thirteen to right. E : 1 under foot of Y. A. 89 This piece is of very fine workmanship. 4 A c o r n s at Tie. 2 6 A c o r n s in W r e a t h .

170.

0 : Twenty -six acorns, thirteen each side. R: 1 under second limb of second N, and 8 under second limb of w. over second limb of H.

. The flourish em s

171.

0 : Similar to last, the pair of acorns to left spring from branch clear of leaf. R: Similar to last, date closer to legend, and flourish ends over first limb of H.

172.

0 : Similar, but pair of acorns to left have a long stem, and spring from leaf. R: 1 slightly to right of N, 8 under second limb of w.

172 R a r i t y N o s . 169, 171, RRR. The others, scarce.

355 a n o l c s c p . 1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 25 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . Nos. 173-188. 12 t o l e f t a n d 1 3 t o r i g h t .

T h e a c o r n a t p o i n t o f h o o d is a b o v e .

V,

mm
173-174. 173. 174. 0 : The last inside acorn to left springs from stem of last leaf. R: 1 under second limb of N, 8 under W, flourish ends over centre of H. R : 1 slightly to right of N, 8 under w. Nos. 175-178. No s p u r s o n last l e a f - s t e m t o left.

175,

0 : To left, the last leaf-stem has a long straight stem, the last acorn inside springs from end of leaf. R : 1 under second limb of N. This is a proof on large flan, the acorn border on obverse unfinished. 0 : and R : As last, large acorns in border, and on the usual size flan.

176.

\'S,

177.

0: Similar, the leaf-stem shorter. R : 1 slightly to left of last limb of N.

178.

0 : Similar, the leaf-stem very short. R : 1 under first limb of N.

356

H n o I c 5 c .
1788.

C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 2 5 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . Nos. 173-188. 12 t o l e f t a n d 13 t o r i g h t

T h e a c o r n a t p o i n t o f h o o d is a b o v e

Nos. 179-183. Spur on last leaf-stem to left, and the stem springs from end of leaf. 179. O : Long stem to last leaf with a spur. R: 1 under centre of N.

180. 181. 182.

180-181. O: Similar, but with spur on leaf-stem under beard. R : 1 under second limb of N. A. R : 1 between N and Y, 8 under w. A. 93 O: Similar. The last acorn outside of wreath to the left springs from side of leaf. R: 1 between N and Y. (See page 370 for illustration.) 183. 0 : Similar, the last inside acorn to left springs from side of leaf. R: 1 under second limb of N.

ji

Nos. 184-187. T h e s t e m o f l a s t leaf s p r i n g s f r o m s i d e o f leaf.

185 184. 185. 0 : The pair of acorns to left spring from end of leaf. R : 1 under second limb of second N, 8 under last limb ot w, R opposite top of c. O : Similar, the pair of acorns spring from stem. R: Similar to last, 8 under w, i> opposite top of c.

a n Q I e s e p.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 25 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 12 t o l e f t a n d 13 t o r i g h t .

357

18G.

Nos. 173-188. T h e a c o r n a t p o i n t o f h o o d is above. 0 : Similar, but with spur on last leaf187. 0: Similar, but with spur on leaf-stem stem. under beard. R: 1 under second liinb of N, 8 under R: 1 slightly to right of N, 8 under last limb of w. space between w and E. 188. 0 : Different arrangement; to rightfour pairs, double and single, and another pair. R: 1 under second limb of N.

iff? (fd ( m i

Nos. 189-198.

T h e a c o r n level w i t h hood.

4 189 189-190 Bis. 189. 190.

i d

^ ]', ! " ' "f s&4*

0 : Last leaf-stem springs from end of leaf.

R : 1 under second limb of n, 8 under last limb of w. R: 1 between N and y, 8 under w. 190 Bis. O : The last inner acorn has a short stem. R: 1 between N and Y. (See page 370 for illustration.) 191. 0 : Similar to No. 189. The last outside acorns have longer stems. R: 1 under second limb of N. 191

191

358

a n q I e s e y.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 25 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . Nos. 189-198. 12 t o l e f t a n d 13 t o r i g h t . T h e a c o r n level w i t h h o o d .

19-2 192-193. 192. 193. 194.

193 O: No stem to last leaf to left. A. 90 A. 91

R : 1 under second limb of N. R : 1 between N and Y.

0 : The last pair of acorns to left and right are level. R : The 1 between N and Y, 8 under w. (See page 370 for illustration.) The stem springs f r o m s i d e o f leaf.

Nos. 195-197. 195.

0 : Long stem from side of leaf. R: 1 under second limb of N.

197 196. 0 : Similar, but stem shorter. R : 1 under second limb of N. 197. 0 : Similar, but with spur on leaf-stem under beard. R : 1 under second limb of N.

198.

0 : Long stem to last leaf, and outside acorn springs from the centre. R : 1 between N and Y. A. 92

198 2 5 A c o r n s i n w r e a t h N o s . 173-198. R a r i t y N o s . 177, 179, 181, 182, 184, 185, 187-193, 195, ERR. 176, 180, 183, 186, 194, 197, 198, RR. 175, 178, R. The others, scarce.

Hnglesep.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 2 4 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . Nos. 199-205. 12 o n e a c h s i d e . T h e a c o r n a t p o i n t o f h o o d is a b o v e . ; li -t ' yy r/a/-'?.

359

/ V
*?

i 'h*
< \

*~

J>''>

(mok w
,- < Ji

0 : Oil the left the end leaf has a long stem, from which the pair of acorns spring. R: 1 under second limb of second N. 199 Bis. 0: As last. R : 1 nearly under foot of Y, 8 under first limb of w. Nos. 199 and 199 Bis.The only specimens traced are struck in silver. 200. 0 : Similar, the acorn further from point of hood. R : Similar to last, the 8 under second limb of w.

199.

%
202 201. 202. 203. O : The stem of last leaf shorter. R : 1 slightly to right of N. 0 : The last outside acorn springs from leaf. R : As last. 0 : No stem to last leaf. R : As last.

i ^,y d - . ' t 'v

204 204.

<tjx

'

0 : Similar, but with no spur on leafstem under beard. R : 1 under second limb of N, 7 under Y.

205.

O : The last leaf-stem springs from side of leaf. R: 1 slightly to right of N, 7 just beyond Y.

360

H n QI c s c \>.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 2 4 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 12 o n e a c h side.

'206. '207.

Acorn slightly above point ot hood. 1 under second limb of N. O : Similar, but no stem of last leaf. R : 1 under second limb of N. Nos. '208-211. T h e a c o r n level w i t h h o o d .

208 208-209. 208. 209.

'209' 0 : No stem to last leaf.

R : 1 to centre of second N. R : 1 under second limb of second N, 8 under first limb of w.

210.

0:

Similar, the last leaf has a long


stem-

M M f 'Wll

K i i i ^

II: 1 under second limb of N.

ti

211.

0 : Different arrangement; leftas last; rightthree pairs, double and single together, pair and single. R : 1 under second limb of N. A. 96

24

and

23 Acorns

i n w r e a t h N o s . 199-219.

R a r i t v - N o s 199, 201, 202, 205, 206, 207, 209, '210, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, ERR. 200, 204, 208, 211, 214, RR. 212, 213, R. The others, scarce.

a n GI c 0 e \>.
1788. C u r v e d 1 a n d S t r a i g h t 7. 2 4 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 12 o n e a c h side.
j'Jii

361

J 3

212.

0 : Different arrangement; the doable acorns nearly in line with point of hood. H : 1 under second limb of N. 0 : Different arrangement; left and rightpair, single, double and single together, and three pairs. The double acorns below line of mouth. R : 8 under first limb of w. A. 97 2 3 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 0 : Eleven to left and twelve to right. A. 99 IT: 1 between N and Y. 0 : Similar. The last acorns on each side are singles. R : 1 slightly to right of N. 216. 0: Twelve to right and eleven to left. R: As last.
' -

213.

214.

"HC;
* -s i J

t l \ . / s-./r* \

'Ah'

(Nos. 215-216see page 870 for illustrations.) 2 2 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . SS^-p. 'Kr, /. ' . / /- 'r>

217

fo-

,<>>

217. 218.

Nos. 217-218. 0 : The same die. Twenty-two acorns, eleven each side. B : 1 under second limb of N, 8 under w. A. 100 R: 1 between N and Y, 8 under second limb of w. No. 217 was also struck in silver and copper gilt. No Double Acorns. 2 3 A c o r n s in W r e a t h . 219. 0 : Twenty-three acorns, twelve to left and eleven to right. R : 1 between N and Y. A. 98

mim
219

219

362 a n G l e s e p . S t r a i g h t 1 a n d 7. 2 5 A c o r n s , 12 t o l e f t a n d 1 3 t o r i g h t .

f > J,
. ' /
- /

u
i-y

220 Acorn above t h e point of hood. 220. 221. 0 : No stem to last leaf at left. R : 1 under second limb of first n.

221

A. 101

0 : The last leaf has a long stem, which springs from side of leaf. R : 1 under first limb of second N, 8 under first limb of w. O : As last. R : 1 under second limb of N.

222.

la*/
228 A c o r n level w i t h p o i n t o f hood. 223. 224. 0 : The leaf-stem springs from side of leaf, and has a spur. R : 1 under second limb of first N, 8 under first limb of w.

w s
A. 103 A. 102

0 : Similar to last, but no spur to leaf-stem. R : 1 nearly under second limb of N, 8 under second limb of w.

"

mm
/>'' '

\v-% 226N,f^i^ 225. 226. O : Similar, but stem springs from end of leaf. R: 1 to centre of N. 0 : As last. R: 1 between N and Y. 227.

227 O : Similar to last, but no spur to leaf stem. R: 1 points to centre of N, as No. 225.

sea

H n q I e 0 e \>.
S t r a i g h t 1 a n d 7. 2 4 A c o r n s , 12 e a c h side. Acorn above the point of hood.

mm
3 a / v r ;

s i & i :

j r ( < )%

. w 228 228. 0 : No stem to last leaf. H: 1 under centre of N, 8 under second limli of w. 229. 229 0 : Similar to last, but with short leafstein. II: 1 under first limb of second N. A. 104

A c o r n very slightly above p o i n t of hood. -0>.


4-T'

i 'J

tfi
i

# 5 i Wi
280 O: The leaf-stem springs from end of leaf. NO period A. 107 A. 106

Nos. 280-231. 280. 231.

H : 1 under second limb of N. at end of legend. R \ 1 between N and Y.

i 7 3S-5

A c o r n level w i t h p o i n t o f h o o d . 232. O: Similar, the leaf stein shorter. E : 1 under centre of N.

s'x / ^

233 238. 234. O : Similar, but with spur on leaf-stem under beard. 11: No period at end of legend, as No. 230. O: The last leaf-stem shorter, double acorn to left springs from end of leaf. H: As last. 10

864 H n o l e s e ^ . S t r a i g h t 1 a n d 7. 2 4 A c o r n s , 12 e a c h s i d e . Acorn slightly above point of hood.

285. 236.

0 : The last leaf stem to left springs from side of leaf. R : 1 slightly to left of second limb of N. O: Similar, but last leaf stem to left springs from further down the side of leaf. No spurs on leaf stems in front and behind bust. R-. 1 between N and Y. 287. 0 : Similar to last, spurs \jlx on lOMl leaf 31). but UUU DUUIO X stem by bust, st. R: 1 under first limb of second N, 8 'Jo ( r under second ... . id limb of w. ^ at to the right. 237
I '
%

' /[
]

/OA

A single a c o r n

end

of wreath

% >/

& ;)
i
r

->

'1~ >'

21 i l l

238. 239.

O: Different arrangement; the acorns to right end in a single instead of a pair. R : No period at end of legend, as No. 230. A. 108 0 : Similar to last, but last two acorns to left spring from higher up the leaf. R : 1 under second limb of N.

/,
240. 0 : Much finer work, and acorns smaller. R: 1 under first limb of second N. Acorn with a long stem as a stop. A. I l l

"

240

240

865

a n o i c 5 c \>.
S t r a i g h t 1 a n d 7. 2 3 A c o r n s , 12 t o l e f t a n d 11 t o r i g h t .

4C . _

"~-V. v >

/-V

i 1

^
*

i
241. 242.

m
A. 109

.'

x .

/-v J

'241 0 : No stem to last leaf. fl: 1 to centre of second N.

O : Short leaf stem, border of smaller acorns. R : 1 under second limb of second N, 8 under second limb of w. 23 Acorns, 12 248. 11 to to right. left and

A. 110

O . Twenty-three acorns, eleven to left and twelve to right. R : No period at end of legend, as No. 280.

243 -t'.,
- >: ...

21 Acorns. 244. Twenty-one acorns, eleven to left and ten to right, the leaves mostly double and on long stems. R : 1 under Y. A. 112 0:

\ j : M ? k

. \ \

pcv-m
'it,ex.

244

No. 244Pye, in his note to this piece, says : "This was not so well executed as the rest, and was therefore rejected. Only two in copper and one in tin known to exist."

Straig-ht

1 and

7Nos.

220-244.

R a r i t y N o s . 221, 222, 225, 283, 237, 240, 244, RRR. 224, 227, 229, 232, 234, RR. 223, 228, 236, 23S, 239, 241, 243, R. The others, common.

866

H n o l e s e ^ . COUNTERFEITS.

f
i

m y J
245 246.

i a

<JJ)

0 Twenty-four acorns, twelve each side. The acorns are very small, and long stems. R 1 under second limb of second N. (Ribbed border on both sides.) A. Hb 0 : The wreath very different to any previous. Twenty-four acorns, eleven to left and thirteen to right. R : The date and top of P being so badly struck, it is not quite certain whether a lonsr or short P is intended. 0 : Nineteen acorns, ten to left and nine to right. R : 1 under second limb of N. The beginning and end of legend close together, and without stop or dash. A. 88 szuir.J 1789. r - * i X / v " -' M >j ?

( f 1-1

' ~ m h

i .41

v W m & G r M v s t 249

248. 249

O : Twenty-two acorns, eleven each side. R : Curved 1 and 7, 1 points between N and Y. 0 : V e r y similar to No. 165. R : This is very similar to No. 165, but dated 1789.

A. 114 A. l l o 7 . t: J ^ /. '

fJM | V\

\ "<C}> r -k<

i-WK " '.'n

250.

0 : Druid's head, similar to the Cornish halfpenny. U : On the down strokes of the cypher is inscribed " PARYS M I N E S C O M P A N Y , " with a sprig of oak over. A. 116
A

250<i. E : Plain.

250

z&u RarityNos. 246, 247, 250a, RRR.

245, 250, RR.

249, R.

248, common.

867 a n o l e s c p .
1790.

251.

O: Eleven acorns each side. J?: Cypher, date 1790. ANGLESEY


* PENNY. E

* MINES

: PAYABLE * IN * LONDON * OR * A N G L E S E Y .

(In collar.) A. 117 251(7. E : As last, but not in collar. 2516. E : As No. 251, but without the stars. (In collar.) A. 117a 251 252. O: Similar to last. Twenty acorns, ten each side, w on truncation of neck. R : Similar to last. The letters of legend larger.
E \ PAYABLE IN A N G L E S E Y OR LONDON. A . 1 1 8

fm i
252

^ 252a. E:

(Not in collar.)
PAYABLE * IN * LONDON * OR * W. ANGLESEY.

(Not in collar.) 2526. E : As last, but without the stars. A. 118o (In collar.) 252c. E : Plain (round and rough). A. 1186 Large and small flans. COUNTERFEITS.

252

253 258. 254.

254

O: Twenty-one acorns, ten to left and eleven to right. R: Curved 1 and 7. A. 120

O: Twenty-one acorns, eleven to left and ten to right. R : As last. A. 121 254a. O: As last, but on very thin flan.

1791.

Si

255. i

O : Twenty-five acorns, twelve to left and thirteen to right. R: Straight 1 and 7. A. 122

^~

255 Rarity Nos. 251a, 252, 6, 254a, RRR. 251, 6, 252, c, 253, RR. 254, 255, common.

368

a n Q I e 0 c \>.
No date.
256. 0 : The same die as No. 252. B : A poor copy of No. 2. E : Plain (rough and rounded). On large and small flans. 256a. E
: ON DEMAND IN ANGLESEY X LONDON LIVERPOOL X AND

St A. 119

MULES, 257.

dc.

O: The same die as No. 8. R : Halfpenny size die. Cypher, no date.


SUCCESS TO T H E ANGLESEY M I N E R S .

E : Milled.

A. 128 257

258 259

260 Nos. 258-260. O : This is the same die as No. 252. (Not in collar.) 260. A. 124 R : A lion rampant, &c. E : Plain (rounded and rough on larger flan) A. 126

258.

R: A cypher D A B, &c. E: Plain (rounded). R\ A cap of Liberty, Ac. E : Plain (rounded).

259.

A. 125

R a r i t y Nos. 256a, 257, 258, 259, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265 Bis, RRR. 260, 265, RR. 256, R.

869 H n o l e s e p . MULES, y 'M*


~

Sc.

261.

0 : The rev. die of No. 147. ft: Two hands united, <tc.
PENNY . A . 1 2 6 Bis E : WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE

'-jj {{ Iji

w t M
262. 0 : As last. ft : Bust. STANHOPE
NOBILITY. E : WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE PENNY. NOBLE WITHOUT

is"
268. 0 : As last. ft : Bust. P R I E S T L E Y
WORLD. E : WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E BEARER ONE PENNY. . CITIZEN OF T H E
' ; <r / .

See Cheshire No. 75, and Middlesex No. 8, for other pieces with P M Co. reverse.
y/

5 / '. t

'

7a a * 264 a m * j ''f'j i\

Nos. 2 6 4 - 2 6 5 . 264. 265.

0 : This is the rev. die of No. 256, and with plain edges (rounded). ft: ft: Oval shield and Bust of William III., Ac. flag. A. 127 A. 128

265 ff.t,? J? i -'") V'Vt f1 <

ftw.

0 : The same die as No. 251. i f : A female head wearing a helmet. w. s. E : Plain.
TAYLOR . F.J

^
W '

i-fl

-'7 %

under bust.

%
i'?J/ This was struck at a later date by
TAYLOR.

''

265 Bis 265 Bis

370

H n o l e s e p , These pieces have been traced since the illustrations on pages 829-361 were printed. For descriptive matter, see their respective numbers.

73

HI

16 Bu

93

BiM S-,s'
;j

-C

< ? Co

190

Bis

371 H n o l e s e p . HALFPENNIES. 1787 O A Druid's head within a wreath of oak. (Copied from the penny, No. 2, by Westwood.) A monogram cypher P M Co ornamented. WE PROMISE TO PAY T H E
BEARER ON DEMAND HALFPENNY -*

R:
1

'266

' '

E : EDW . H U G H E S . THO . WILLIAMS . IOHN . DAWES . PARIS . LODGE + A. 129

Struck on large and small flans. 267. 0 : and E : As last. R : The same as last, but the legend reads : O N E HALFPENNY . A. 180 O : A Druid's head encircled with an open wreath of oak. R : Amonogram cypher inscribed " P A R Y S MINES COMPANY ." The date 1787 under, T H E ANGLESEY MINES HALFPENNY. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR

268.

'

> 1^ -1

/j-

LIVERPOOL . x .

A. 131

1788. 269. a, 0 : Proof of unfinished die No. 270, without the sprig of oak. R : and E : As No. 270. Struck in tin. 269 Bis. Proof of obverse and reverse of No. 269 on separate copper flans. 270. O : A different Druid's head within a wreath of oak. Upon the single fold of the hood or cowl, covering the forehead, is a sprig of oak. R : An inscribed monogram cypher P M Co, with the date 1788 under, HALFPENNY.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY AT G R E E N F I E L D OR IN LONDON

x x (in collar). A. 132 270a. E : Inscribed but not in collar, the piece being therefore much expanded. A. 132a 2706. E : Plain (not in collar). A. 132fc 271. p V \ 'f fT-/ 0 ' f [,r<r 0 : A Druid's head, very similar to that on the Cornish halfpenny, within a thick wreath of oak. R: A cypher P M Co, the date 1788 above it. T H E ANGLESEY MINES
HALFPENY . . . E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON AND LIVERPOOL . X . A. 1 3 3

R a r i t y Nos. 266 (large), 269, 269 Bis, 270a, b, E R R . 267, 268, R.

266 (small), 270, 271, RR.

372

H n G Ie s c

272.

0:
iJ:

P r o o f of Blank.

Druid's
IN

head without

wreath.
OB

J ? : PAYABLE

ANGLESEY

LONDON

LIVERPOOL.

1788. 272 //.y 27 Acorns. 2 single A c o r n s t o left, and double and single t o r i g h t of Tie. Nos. 2 7 3 - 2 7 5 . The same obverse die. 273. R : 1 points between the first and second N, 8 under T. g v ' i 1 a a r,; ^ r>/-.' n r n p V 3

3 274. R: Similar, but the 8 points between T and H. A. 135

275. 274 275

R:

1 to first limb of second N.

A. 134

/&:
2 single A c o r n s on each side of Tie. The leaf-stem springs f r o m branch below t h e leaf. 27G. 0 : The second acorn to left lies along the leaf-stem, and is close to second leaf. R : 1 under centre of second N.

-4'vV/>
>'/! ?J s-f f / r i i f f i p ) V 277 S ^ . 277.

O: Similar. The second acorn further from leaf. R : Very similar to last. The 1 is nearly under first limb of second N,

tea
V o?s /i - ' </> i ^ a i

277 Bit-

0 : As last. R : 1 slightly to left of second N.

278.

0:

Similar. The last acorns to left spring from stem. R: 1 nearly under second limb of N. A. 140

873 anfllcse)?. 1788. 27 Acorns. 279. 0 : Similar. The last acorns to left spring from end of leaf. R: 1 under first limb of second N. A. 141

280.

The obverse of No. 279 struck on a thin silver flan.

T h e leaf-stem springs f r o m side o f leaf. I 281. ^ r h /Sf A 0 : The second inside acorn to left has a very short stem. R : 1 under second limb of second N, 8 between T and H. A. 186

A 282. O : As last. R : 1 between N and v, 8 under H.

m m $
( f ^ \ \ i & 288

<fe, vSr^.- . <j3^

k 288. 0 : The last acorns to left spring from leaf. R : 1 slightly to right of first limb of N. A. 188

M M (<

*
-

284 .

0 : Very similar to last. The acorn on stem closer to bust. R : 1 under second limb of second N. A. 189

The leaf-stem springs from main b r a n c h a b o v e t h e leaf. ' , </" / V i 1 3 a -? 285.

0 : The second inside acorn springs from leaf-stem. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 187

285

"'i^l W 2 7 a n d 2 6 A c o r n s , Nos 2 7 3 - 3 0 0 .

No. 2 7 2 ;

R a r i t y N o s . 272, 277 Bis, 280, 288, 295, ERR. 277, 281, 284, 287, 291, 293, 298a, RR. 278, 276, 285, 288, R. 278, 290, 294, 297, 298, scarce. The others, common.

374

flnolesep. 1788. 27 Acorns.


':r>, 3 3 ^

3 ' i V

^ ;y'

-' - JVy-. ,'J 3 J '"

<ggf' /-'y' . - '* J a

M
: / i i

|)
tit -L i 1 p

W H

0 k /ft " 5 P f jS i | f r'


r - i y w/ ; '>3

*
vH ISrV-^ 'O1 / s ^ K 3 V

H rV/~'
J
288

\&W

286 ^

287

vi "J5

286. 287. 288.

Nos. 2 8 6 - 2 8 8 . 0 : Acorn springs from first leaf, and third acorn from branch. A. 142 R : 1 under second limb of first N, 8 under T. R : 1 under first limb of second N, 8 between T and H. R : 1 under second limb of second N, 8 under H. _S') j>

/ *i 1'i :-J % Ay' 3 *'.

d jSM&tl
289 289. 290. 0 : Similar. The third inside acorn springs from end of leaf. R : 1 under first limb of second N. 0 : As last. R: Very similar to last.

ft" Q ' i

290

A. 148

The top of P shorter, not quite under foot of 7. Ay" 1 J J 3 "4"*!

V % 4 291 291. m W m ' m i i m m

J
i {

P i I .,A H '
\l 292

ivi 4W1 J W I S

K f f i n f w w a

0 : Very similar to last. The double acorns have a very short stem, and spring from branch close to the leaf. R : 1 nearly under centre of second N, 8 under first limb of H. 0 : The last leaf to left springs from side of leaf. R : 1 under first limb of second N, 8 between T and H.

292.

tk i ; i v% .j j \ fWMA 293 298. 294. r*mi 294 V - r ji J A. 144 A. 145 z m m

0 : The second acorn springs from main branch close to leaf-stem. R : 1 under second limb of second N, 8 between T and H. 0 : As last. R : 1 between N and Y, 8 under H.

375 H n Q l e s e v . 1788. 26 Acorns. 13 o n e a c h s i d e .

295. t "3 i 1 y
3, J k Sj

%, .-"AJ)

*h)
-tyf r
-/,f

0 : Thirteen acorns on each side. With a cable border. JJ: 1 between N and Y. With a cable border. A. 146

296. V l-l ii.j p'-.

0 : Usual border. The second acorn springs from foot of stem. R 1 under first limb of second N. A. 147

U GrJuW 297. 0 : Longer leaf-stem, and second acorn nearer leaf. R 1 under second limb of second N. A. 148

298.

0 : Rough work. The second acorn springs from leaf. R 1 nearly under centre of second N. J A. 149
PAYABLE IN BRISTOL . LANCASTER LONDON OR A. 1 4 9 a

298a. E:

Struck on large and small flans. if


i f.

T'
"

i] >A
1 01 G G t L ' ' ' ;

26 Acorns.
ir i

12 t o l e f t a n d 14 t o r i g h t . 299. 0 : Twelve acorns to left and fourteen to right. R : 1 between first and second N. A. 150

/vVi3*

/- - \ '/ i

' 300. O : As last. R ; 1 under first limb of second N. A. 151

r v( i;

876 H n o l e s c ^ . 1788. A R R A N G E M E N T OF T W E N T Y - F I V E Nos. 8 0 3 - 8 0 9 . Nos. 3 1 0 - 3 2 4 . Nos. 8 2 5 - 3 2 9 . Nos. 8 3 0 - 3 3 1 . No. 332. Nos. 3 3 3 - 3 8 5 . Nos. 8 3 6 - 8 8 7 . ACORN SECTION.

Two spurs on left hand leaf-stem. One spur on leaf-stem pointing inward. The spur on right leaf-stem points outward and nearly touches the spur from main stem. A long spur on right leaf-stem pointing outward. No spur on right leaf-stem. Spur on left leaf-stem below the bust. No spurs on leaf-stems.

25 Acorns. 301. 0 : Proof of an obverse die with cable border. R : Blank.


E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OB

-V

-"'33

"'r

LIVERPOOL.

5 A c o r n s at Tie. 302. 0 : Double acorns under bust to right. R : 1 under second limb of second N. A. 152 A? i'J - J
3

> 4 A c o r n s a t Tie. Nos. 303-809. T w o s p u r s on left hand leaf-stem. 803. 0 : The upper spur on leaf-stem inward, and the lower one outward; this is on a level with bottom of bust. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 154

V 1 3 :j

r' 804

' s-Cr. ~ ' ;.y ,/ ??i * U G r L p f r,; Va

304.

n
W m W . -

0 : Similar, the lower spur below the bust. The single acorn closer to hood. R: 1 under first limb of second N. A. 156

805.

O: As last. R : Acorn stop pointing to commencement of legend. 1 between first and second N, 8 under T. A. 174

'$*

Ti )

l
306.

v&k M

O: The upper spur outward, and the lower one inward. R : 1 under first limb of second N.

377 H n g l e s e p . 1788. 25 307 . Acorns.

0 : The spurs on leaf-stem are opposite each other. R : Acorn stop pointing to beginning of legend. second N. 1 under second limb of A. 173

Inside spun on a line w i t h b o t t o m of bust. 308. 0 : The spurs on leaf-stem on a line with the bottom of bust. K : 1 under second limb of second N. // 1 * a 309. 0 : Similar to last. The inside spur on main branch is above the acorn. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 167

ffi/

Nos. 310-324.

One spur on left hand

leaf-stem pointing inward. 310. 0 : The wreath is smaller and further from border. bottom of bust. R : 1 between N and Y. A. 153 Spur in line with

,4444Hi0 y \ 1 '6 311. 0 : Longer leaf-stem. There are two projecting hairs in the beard, which touch the wreath. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 159 312. z w ' t m 0 : As last. R : Has an acorn as a stop, pointing to the beginning of the legend. 1 points between the first and t

^
313.

second N.

A. 171

0 : The pair of acorns to left spring from end of leaf. R : 1 under first limb of N.

878
H n a l e s e ^ .

1788. 25 A c o r n s . 314. 0 : Similar to No. 311, but without the projecting hairs. : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 161

i/^/
7 i 'J s a /,-*

~' . - j. -j -S-\ - \ -1 * X

Nos. 815-319. 0 : The same die. The leafstem springs from side of first leaf. 315. / i : 1 between first and second N, A. 158 ft: 1 slightly to left of second N.

r 0~S'>'[((Qt* %
'd. h r j W r ' i -jy ^
Nos

01)V for

'

f OW/fQu '*
316. .=J 317.

'

'^qrjrl't^^) i-.

^ - '

'?'

R: 1 under first limb of second N, 8 slightly to right of T. A. 157

m
x

318. "4

- ' h

R : 1 under first limb of second N, 8 nearly under first limb of H.

& C m W - .

319.

R : 1 under second limb of second N.

320.

0 : Similar to last. The double acorns to left have a long straight stem. R : 1 under centre of N, 8 under T.

*g7/@rt ~ <0r/y - 1 '* h /-V / / " i ,/ r-, n

821.

O : As last. R : Acorn stop pointing to end of legend. 1 under centre of second N, 8 between T and H. A. 170

322.
/ r - j / . >., - -i - >-v

O : Leaf-stem shorter, spur close to leaf. Flaw at back of head. R : 1 between first and second N.

l
%*i j r fcy -1
J

328.

0 : As last. R : 1 under second limb of second N. A. 160 O : As last. R : Has an acorn stop pointing to the beginning of legend. 1 under first limb of second N. A. 172

.'j

-v<i-^-' ^

324.

!<<ji -' 824

Hno I c0ev
1788. 25 A c o r n s .

879

325

326

327

Nos. 325-329. On t h e r i g h t t h e s p u r o n l e a f - s t e m p o i n t s o u t w a r d , n e a r l y touching the spur from the main stem pointing inward. Nos. 325-327. O: The same die. On the right the spur on leaf-stem points outward, nearly touching the stem on main branch. 325. R : 1 slightly to left of second N. A. 164 326. 327. r: 1 under first limb of second N, 8 under space between T and H. The 8 is under first limb of H. A. 163 R : Similar.

328 328. 329. O : Similar to last. The double acorns to right have a longer stem. R : 1 points between first and second N. 0 : The spur on left leaf-stem points outward. R : 1 slightly to left of second N. Nos. 330-331. A l o n g s p u r o n r i g h t l e a f - s t e m p o i n t i n g o u t w a r d .
33

A. 165

m
330

330.

o: The spur on left leaf-stem inward, and on the right leaf-stem a large spur outward; no spur on main stem pointing inward. r : 1 under first limb of second N. 0 : Similar. The double acorns spring from stem close to top of leaf. R : Very similar, date further from legend.
A. 166

331.

No s p u r on r i g h t l e a f - s t e m . 332. 0: Similar to left. A flaw through the second acosn. No spur oil right leaf-stem. R : 1 between first and second N. A 155

NOTE.No. 331.

After the illustration had been printed it was found that a mistake had been made in the r a s t used for this reverse.

380

a n q l e 0 c p.
1788. vt 25 A c o r n s . Nos. 333-335. S p u r o n l e a f - s t e m below the bust. 333. 0 : The spur on leaf-stem is below the bust. R : 1 between first and second N.

334.

O : As last. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 162 0 : The leaf-stem springs from side of first leaf. R : 1 under second limb of N. No s p u r s o n l e a f - s t e m s .

335.

Nos. 336-337. 6 T
/*' 1

836.

0 : No spurs on leaf-stems. R : 1 under first limb of N.

A. 168

m Q ^ M 337. O : Similar, but with very short leafstem. R : 1 slightly to right of second N.

386

' K "

" '

338.

!"?

?:
337 <

O: There are slight protuberances on main and leaf-stems, but no spurs; the veins of leaves do not show. R : Monogram cypher P M C. e : As usual. A. 169

338a. e : Milled over last edge. 338A. e : PAYABLE IN I.ANCASTEE


BRISTOL.

LONDON

OR

A. 169a

338c. e : 338

LONDON LIVERPOOL OR MONTROSE.

338</. e : Plain (not in collar). 25 A c o r n s N o s . 301-338.

A. 1696 A. 169c

R a r i t y 3 0 1 , 313, 323, 329, 330, 333, 335, 336, 337, 338a, c, d, RRR. 306, 308, 316, 319, 320, 324, 327, RR. 302, 303, 338, b, R. 305, 314, 315, 317, 318, 322, 325, 326, 334, scarce. The others, common.

anolese\>.
^ -i ->

381

1788.

24 Acorns. 339. 0 : Twelve acorns on each side, arranged thuspair, single, pair, double and single together, and two pairs. R: Has an acorn with a stem lying horizontally as a stop. A. 175 This was also struck in silver.

\a</r

nrfiP

III
340.

0 : Very similar to last, the wreath nearly meets at the top. R : A dot instead of acorn, 1 slightly to right of last limb of N. A. 176

W VJ--

341.

,-j'l.
/ C - - '
/;

* 7.%
,/ A , .-,

0 : Similar to last, but space between the ends of wreath, and the second acorn inside to right springs from leaf. R: Similar to last, the 8 closer monogram. to

342.
, t-;4 .'

O : Similar to No. 340, but with wider space between ends of wreath. R : 1 between N and Y, 8 under T.

p~lvt'{-:". 343. O : Similar to No. 341. The double acorns to right have a shorter stem. R : 1 between N and Y, 8 between T and H .

I
% -&

344. //-/ & :J " - ^ 344 / / /

0 : Similar to last, the spurs on leafstems shorter. R : 1 between N and Y. A. 177

345.

0 : As last. R : 1 nearly under foot of Y. A. 178

344

345

38'2

H n o l e s c \ > .

1788. a 346.

24 Acorns. 0 : Short stems to double acorns. R : 1 slightly to right of last limb of N.

tfa /

.^

w e

s r*--

847.

z (7k /( (2P^\ *' rr&|/f g o


-i ( S r & i r & ^ J S l hqrhtftfx

0 : As last. R : Similar.

The 8 closer to monogram.

mm.
348

848.

0 : As last. R : 1 nearly under foot of Y.

847

849.

O : Different arrangement of acorns to right: three pairs, double and single together, pair, and another single. R: 1 under centre of second N. A. 179

23 Acorns. 350.

A
351.

0 : Twelve acorns to left, and eleven to right. R : 1 under first limb of second N. A. 180 O : Very similar to last. On the left first inside acorn further from tie, and second leaf further from bust. R : 1 under second limb of second N.
A. 1 8 1

/ G T N j

V X-1 352.

0 : Similar to last, but no spurs on leaf-stems. R : 1 under first limb of second N.


A. 182

853. \4"i}J m . r-m

0 : Eleven acorns to left, and twelve to right, surrounded with a cable border. R: Blank. E: Engrailed. A. 188

24 A c o r n s N o s . 839-853. R a r i t y Nos. 343, 347, 858, RRR. 340, 351, scarce. 839, 844, 846, 348, RR. The others, common. 342, 350, R.

H n o l c 9 e \>.
1789. 354 . 0 : The same as No. 270. R : Similar to No. 270.
DEMAND. E : PAYABLE IN 1789. ANGLESEY AT GREENFIELD

383

HALFPENY

ON

L->

OR IN LONDON

x X (in collar). A. 184 ' v. 354

354

l*i0> / j j ^ 'Ci~>

-i -/

355 26 Acorns. 355. O : Thirteen acorns each side. R : Upright acorn as a stop, 1 under second limb of N. 356.

35G

0 : As last. Ii: Two dots as a stop, 1 under second limb of N.

25 A c o r n s . 357. O : Twelve acorns to left, and thirteen to right. R : An acorn with a stem above the date, pointing to the end of the lesend. A. 185

ir/

WZtJ

4-

- >1 " 1 ,:^'j <

360 Nos. 358-361. 358. 359. The same obverse die. Similar to last. outside acorn closer to tie. 360. 361. The first left hand A. 187

R: Upright acorn as a stop, 1 under second limb of N. 9 under H. R: 1 slightly to right of N. 9 between T and H. A. 186

R: 1 nearly under foot of Y.

R : Two dots as a stop, 1 under second limb of N. A. 188 i 'J :J 1:0

362.

0 : The second acorn to right springs from leaf-stem. R : Acorn as stop, 1 under first limb of N. A. 189

362 Rarity- Nos. 355, 356, 357, 358 ; RRR. 354, RR. 361, scarce.

362 The others, common.

384

a n o I c 6 c .
1789. 363. 25 A c o r n s . 0 : Similar to last, but the second acorn outside to right is closer to the first leaf. R : Acorn as a stop, 1 under second limb of N. 9 under H. A. 190

- ; i' J V,

364.

0 : As last. R : Similar.

9 under first limb of H.

24 Acorns. 365. O : Twelve acorns on each side, the leafstems long and nearly straight and with scarcely any protuberance upon them. R : 1 under first limb of N. A. 191

366.

O : Similar to last, but the leaf-stem on left has threo small spurs, and that on the right is very much bent. R : The same as last. A. 192

367.

0 : Similar. The first pair of acorns on the right are closer to tie. R : 1 between N and Y. Top of M points to 8.

>

' V , .-/&o

S9

368.

i ^ ' P

0 : As last. R: Similar. The o of Co points to first limb of N.

i< H ; <rf<
369. O: As last. R : Similar to No. 367. Top of M points between 7 and 8. A. 193

| |

. v ' / . Tji;

. -jJ 'if ,1k


' > .

370.

j ? 1 " J -2 i f i Js -- -

0 : Similar on the left to last, the leafstem on right is nearly straight and has four spurs. R : The 1 is under the centre of the second N. A. 194

371.

O : As last. R : 1 under second limb of N.

A. 195

370

371

B n g Ie 0 c . 1789. 24 Acorns.

385

ft

372.

0 : The leaf-stem to left as last; that on right has two spurs, one pointing in, the other out, nearly opposite. A flaw runs diagonally across the piece. R : The 1 is under the first liinb of the second N. A. 196

373. &u1 3 ^ 374.

O: As last. R : 1 between N and Y.

m i l k
375. 376.

0 : Similar to last, but only one spur on leaf-stem to right, pointing inward. R : The same as No. 372. A. 197

0 : The same as last. R : 1 under second limb of N.

A. 198

/P'J

0 : Similar to No. 874, the acorn stems are shorter. R : The 1 is curved, and is under the foot of Y. Acorn stop as before. E: BIRMINGHAM KEDRUTH & SWANSEA. A. 199 Large and small flans.
: PAYABLE

376rt. E m % 37 6b. E: 376c. e:

AT LONDON . LIVERPOOL

OK

BRISTOL.

A . 199(7

Plain (not in collar).


PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LIVERPOOL.

A. 1996
LONDON OR

376

Very inferior workmanship. 23 Acorns. 377. 0 : The hood points between the pair of acorns. R : As last.
E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR BRIGHTON. : PAYABLE AT DUBLIN OR B E L F A S T .

us?

s.

m f

i m y H
fj&i 377 \ ,

377a. E

Rarity Nos. 366, 367, 368, 373, 376a, c, 377, a, RRR. 365, 375, 376A, RR. 363, R. 369, 370, 372, 376, scarce. The others, common.

380

Hnglese\>
1790 a O: Druid's head in oak wreath containing eighteen acorns, nine on each side. R : The usual cypher and legend, date 1790 above, a dot between the beginning and end of legend. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY OB LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 200 O : Proof of obverse die No. 380, on large flan. R : Blank. E : Plain (not in collar). O : A bust very similar to the Cornish Druid in an oak wreath containing nineteen acorns, eight to left and eleven to right. The hood is worked with fine parallel lines. R : and E : The same as No. 378. A. 201 O : The same bust as last, with a hem added to edge of hood, in a wreath containing twentyfour acorns, ten to left and fourteen to right. A spray springs from the tie to right, under the bust. R : Blank. E : Plain. This is struck on white-metal. O: As last. R : An incuse impression of the Macclesfield halfpenny.
E : PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON . X . A. 2 0 2

~ shi

# V i r itfa

' - j 'J -

383. O : The same bust, but with a fringe added to edge of hood, in a much thicker wreath containing fifteen acorns, eight to left and seven to right. The wreath appears to be unfinished. R : and E : Blank. A. 208 O: A Druid's head within a thick wreath. There are twenty-two acorns, eleven on each side, and a spray springs from the tie to right nearly like No. 381. R : Similar to No. 380, but not from the same die.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL . X .

[fri'i.

A. 204 384a. E : Plain. O : A very different and inferior bust in a wreath containing sixteen acorns, eight on each side ; there is a small w (for Wilson) on the truncation of neck. R: The cypher P M Co, date 1790 below it.
ANGLESEY . MINES . HALFPENNY. A n ACOM

1
7i>^'

border on both sides.


E : PAYABLE X IN X LONDON X OR X ANGLESEY. X

A. 205 380, 384, R.

RarityNos. 378, 379, 381, 382, 383, 384a, 385, RRR.

H ii 01 e s e .
1791. 18 A c o r n s . Nos. 386-391. 0: Very similar to Nf>. 378, and edges PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY OR LONDON. The remainder engrailed. 386. R : 1 slightly to left of second limb of N, and second 1 slightly to right of T.

387

387. R : 1 between T and H. 387a. E : Plain. 386 387 388. R : Similar.

A. 207

The 1 not so upright.

389.

R : 1 under first limb of H.

388

389

R : Very similar to last. The 1 at a different angle to H. A. 206 890rt. E : PAYABLE AT T H E OFFICE OF W. TAYLOR
R V MOODY & co.

390.

391. 390 391 392.

R : Very similar. The top of M points to the right of 1.

0 : Bust in thin wreath with eighteen acorns. R : 1 under H.


E : PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE OR IN DUBLIN.

393.

0 : A thin wreath with eighteen acorns. R : An acorn with a bent stem as a stop.
e : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY OR LONDON.

A. 209 394. O : As last. R : An upright acorn for a stop.


E : PAYABLE IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL + A. 2 1 0

U'kOMU*

R a r i t y N o s . 387, 390a, 392, ERR. 389, 393, R. 394, scarce. The others, common.

388, RR.

388

Hnolesei?.
1791. 21 Acorns. 395. 0 : Smaller bust than last. acorns in wreath. R : Blank.
E : PAYABLE AT OR CONGLETON.

Twenty-one

MACCLESFIELD

LIVERPOOL A. 2 0 8

395 396.

24 Acorns. 0 : Similar, but with twenty-four acorns in wreath. R : 1 between T and H.


E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER, LONDON OR BRISTOL.

25 Acorns. l4

$->f

~A

3 f t

[QM

397.

0 : Similar, but with twenty-five acorns in wreath. R : The l ' s of (late shorter than usual.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL.

397 /n> ;> i. M m "A m 398

f i j.

if;' C~[ ', j, f Qs, ' m m

Nos. 398-408. Bust similar to No. 385, with small w on the truncation of neck. There are several varieties of this obv. The mode of identification being the spurs and stem of last leaves, and the point at which it joins the pair of leaves. Edges, unless otherwise statedPAYABLE Nos. 398-401. 398. 0 : The same die.
X IN X LONDON X OR X ANGLESEY X

A long spur on left leaf-stem, and short one on the right. 399. R: Similar, but the last stroke of M points between s and H. E : Without the x after OR. R : The second stroke of M shorter.

R : The two down strokes of M are level at the top, and the second stroke A. 211 points to s

400. 401.

R Similar to last, the two points of the upper portion of P are level. A. 212 401u. E: Without the x after OR. A. 212a 402. 0 : A very thin stem to the left hand stem, and small spurs on each. R : Very similar to No. 398, but the two points of P are closer together. O : As last. R : As No. 398.

403.

402

403

R a r i t y N o s . 395, 396, 403, RRR. 397, 400, RR. 398, 399, 401, R. 401a, scarce. 402, common.

it q I e 0 e p.
1791.

389

404.

No spur on left hand stem.

large spur on the right. R: Similar to No. 401. E: Without the x after OR. 405. 0 : As last. R: Similar, but the two points of P are wider apart. e: P l a i n A. 212J

> ' ^ qj/rr),

0 : No spurs on leaf-stems. r : Similar to No. 400, but the o of Co. is nearer L. 406a. E : Without the x after OR. 0 : Similar to last, but longer stems to acorns. R: Similar to last. E-. Without the x after OR. 407a. E Plain (on larger flan). 408. 0 : Similar to last, except that the left stem joins the pair of leaves in the centre. R: As No. 398. e : Without the x after OR. 407.

406.

\4,<

f i v p j r r ' - %j

'

O: Similar, but without the w on neck. R: As No. 399. a . 213 409a. E: W ithout the x after OR. 410. 0 : Bust in thin wreath with fifteen acorns.
r : A cypher 1' M C.
ANGLESEY MINES HALFPENNY 1791.

409.

a g r > t v : .

1 , 1 1

The remainder engrailed. A. 214 410a. E : Engrailed with a wavy line and dots
PAYABLE IN LONDON.

E:

4106. E: Plain.

'

Rarity Nos. 4106, RRR. 404, 407a, RR. 405, 409, R. 410a, scarce. The others, common.

890

Hug I esc?.
1 7 9 2 .

411.

0 : Trial of the unfinished die of No. 413 without wreath. R : Blank.


e : PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON.

v
412. <h s^ '

O: The same bust as unfinished wreath. R : Blank.


E : PAYABLE

last,

with

AT M A C C L E S F I E L D L I V E R P O O L

w <r r
418.

OR CONGLETON.

0 : A bust in a wreath containing twenty-eight acorns, fourteen on each side; there are three acorns on each side of tie of wreath. jR: A monogram cypher P M Co., the date 1792 under, and a sprig of oak over it. T H E ANGLESEY M I N E S
HALFPENNY. E : ARMIS T U T E R I S MORIBCS ORNES . X .

- l '.a?

A. 215 418a. E : Engrailed, acorns. * / ' ^ i Ii 4


4136. E : PAYABLE DUBLIN. 413c. E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR

with

oak

leaves
LODGE

and
OR IN

AT CRONEBANE

L I V E K POOL . X .

414.

0 : A bust, the same as last, in a wreath containing fifteen acorns, seven to left and eight to right; there is no tie to the wreath, and there are two very large leaves about the centre of each side. R : Blank.
E : PAYABLE AT M A C C L E S F I E L D LIVERPOOL A. 21G OR CONGLETON . X .

1794.

415.

0 : A Druid's bust, wreath with twentyfive acorns. R: The usual cypher, &c., with acorn stop.
E ' BIRMINGHAM R E D R U T H AND SWANSEA.

416.

0 : Bust with twenty-three acorns in wreath. R : The 4 under H. Dot for a stop.
E : PAYABLE IN ANGLESEY LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 218

415a. E : Plain (rounded).

A. 217 A. 217a

416a. E : Plain (rounded).

A. 218a

R a r i t y - N o s . 411, 412, 413a, 6, c, 414, RRR. 418, RR. 416, common.

415, a, 416a, scarce.

A IUI I

ese .

39 i

Varieties.

417.

0 : The same as No. 878. R: The Cornish Druid. See Cornwall, No. 2.
E : PAYABLE AT T H E GEORGE & B L U E BOAR

418.

0 : The same as No 283. R: An open book, &c. As Middlesex, No. 567. A. 220

LONDON.

A. 219

f-i/y/P
420

421

ii m

6
l 4

5^
^

( 5 #'J j % '
422 423 ao'jy. \k -I, sil iooiiis

Nos. 419-423. 0 : As No. 404. R : Struck from the die of the penny, No. 256. A. 221 R : A wheatsheaf, &c. A. 222 R : Arms of London, &c. A. 223 R : Arms of Guildford, &c. R : Anchor and cap of Liberty, &c. A. 224 A. 225

^4.e.

& ~~r / "


426 % 18 A c o r n s Nos. 424426.
424. 425. 426.

0 : Bust on a thin wreath.


A 226 A. 228

R : T. SPENCE B O O K S E L L E R , &c. R: L I T T L E T U R N S T I L E HALFPENNY.

h : PANDORAS B R E E C H E S , &C.

A. 227

<i*% 427.

Nos. 427-428. O: As No. 393. R : A woolpack, &c.


PAYABLE
POOL

IN

ANGLESEY

LONDON

OR

LIVFR-

-.^:

A 229 A. 230 A. 230a

r w_.

{] -LJw

j j ] 428.

R: Arms, crest a windlass, &c. E : The same as last.


PAYABLE IN LONDON

428a. e :

LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL.

4286. E : Plain.

892

a n o I c a c .
Varieties. 429. 0 : The obverse of No. 410. R : Britannia seated, &c. E : PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder engrailed. A. 231 Nos. 430-431. 430.
E I PAYABLE IN

0 : As No. 416.
ANGLESEY LONDON OR

R : Vulcan seated, 1798, &e.


LIVERPOOL. A. 2 3 2

/fe ^
430 'H

430a. E :

AN ASYLUM FOR THE OPPRESS'D OF ALL NATIONS . X

A. 232a

4806. E : Plain.

431.

R: Female leaning on anchor, &c.


E : PAYABLE AT LONDON CORK OP. BELFAST.

* T
431

^
432.
' ., " "*

A. 233 O: The reverse of No. 376. R : Bust of George Prince of Wales, &c. A. 234 0 : The reverse of No. 410.

'j J. Qr}y%^)
> : /-JM

'

I r 's I x

Nos. 433-434. 483.


E :

432

--

R : The Cambridge Druid, &c. PAYABLE IN LONDON, remainder engrailed. A. 235

433a. E : The remainder crosses and dots. A. 235a

i 11
r-i r
433 ?.-

4336. E : Plain (rounded). 433c. E : PAYABLE BY HORTON

A. 2356
AND COMPANY + -F-

484.

EPAYABLE

R : A helmed bust to right, &c. IN LONDON, remainder engrailed. A. 287

434a. E : Plain. |3 -I "A;, A** 485. 0 : The reverse of No. 405. R : Bishop Blaize and woolpack. A. 286

Rarity Nos. 417, 418, 430, 4336, c, 434a, RRR. 4286, 4306, RR. 420, 430a, 431, 438, R. 419, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 432, 434, scarce. The others, common.

ano I cs c
" -jf. 1791. Paris M i n e r s . O : Druid's bust, twenty-six acorns in wreath. R : A cypher P M Co, 1791. THE PAHIS MINERS PENNY. The l ' s in date are flat-topped. 436.

398

HALF-

T& *1 * i> J

E : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL.

A. 238 436(7. E 487.


: PAYABLE X AT X CRONEBANE X OR # IN * DUBLIN X

A. 288<t 0 : and E : The same as No. 436. : Similar to preceding, the l's are sloping at the top. A. 239 437a. K : PAYABLE AT CRONEBANE OR IN DUBLIN. A. 239a 0 Similar, twenty-four acorns in wreath. r : Similar, but the figures of date are closer together. E: PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 240 438a. E: PAYABLE X AT X CRONEBANE X OR * IN * DUBLIN X * A. 240a 488 b. E: PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 2406 438c. E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR LIVERPOOL. A. 240c i'SSd. E: PAYABLE IN LONDON. The remainder . + . + A. 240rf 438c. E \ PAYABLE AT I -F- DENNIS LONDON . X . A. 240K 438/-. E : PAYABLE AT RICHARD MAPLESDEN'S WINCHELSEA . X . + . A. 240/ 438//. E : PAYABLE IN SUFFOLK BATH OR MANCHESTER . X . A. 240// 488/1. E: PAYABLE IN DUBLIN OR LONDON. 438/'. E: Milled. 4887c. E : Plain. 489. 0 : Similar, twenty-two acorns in wreath. Similar to No. 487.
PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON LIVERPOOL.

488.

438 i 'J 'j j

The

N'S

438 , 440.

retrograde. A. 241

O: A different Druid's head, twenty-two acorns in wreath. R : The same as No. 437.
E : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL.

A. 242 440a. E
: PAYABLE X AT X CRONEBANE X OR * IN * DUBLIN X *

A.242a 440/;. E : As last, but without x or -x 440c. E : Plain. 441. O : As last. R: The cypher P 3/ Co, 1791, and above the date four acorns in a line, PARIS MINERS HALFPENNY.
E : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OB BRISTOL.

441a. E : Plain (not in collar). 442. ( 7 /. i W i n % f* '; r - .

A. 248 A. 243a

'

\)

O : As No. 446. R : As last.


F. : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL.

441

442

R a r i t y N o s . 438a, d, e, /', y, h, j, Ic, 4406, c, 441a, RRR. 438c, RR. 437a, 442, R. 439, scarce. The others, common.

394

a n a l c s e ^ .

Paris Miners.

1
Nos. 443-444. 448. 444. 445. R : Profile bust of " R : Profile bust of " 0 : As rev. of No. 486. A. 244 A. 245
J . P R I E S T L E Y , CITIZEN OF T H E W O R L D . " STANHOPE NOBLE WITHOUT N O B I L I T Y . "

0 : The reverse of No. 437. R : The obverse die of No. 17, Yorkshire.
E : PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF IONATHAN GARTON & CO .

Promissory. O : The same Druid's head in a wreath containing twenty-five acorns, thirteen to left and twelve to right. R: The cypher PMCo, with the date 1791 above it. PROMISSORY HALFPENNY. A. 246 E : PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR BRISTOL. A. 246a 446a. E : PAYABLE AT BIRMINGHAM LONDON OR BRISTOL. 446. 447. 0 : A different bust in a wreath containing twenty-four acorns, twelve on each side. R: A cypher P M C , with the date 1798 above, PROMISSORY HALFPENNY.
EL PAYABLE AT ANGLESEA LONDON OR BRISTOL. OR A. 247

447 a. E : LONDON llllllll ANGLESEA llllll 447ft. E: Milled \\\\\\\W 447c. E : Plain. Jr AV

llllll

BRISTOL

mill

The

N'S

retrograde.

A. 247a A. 247i -j't m,.

//

-v

j. .A

448.

0 : A Druid's bead in a wreath having side branches, and containing thirty-one acorns. R : The cypher P M Co, the date 1793 above, PAY THE BEARER ONE HALFPENNY.
E : PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY. LONDON OR ANGLESEA. A. 2 4 8

448a. E: PAYABLE AT 4486. E : Engrailed. 449.

A- 248a

0 : A similar Druid's head in a wreath containing twenty-three acorns. R : The cypher P M Co. PAY THE BEARER ONE HALFPENNY. 1794
E : PAYABLE IN LANCASTER LONDON OR BRISTOL. A.

R a r i t y N o s . 443, 444, 445 447c, 450J>, RRR. 447, 448a, RR. The others, common.

447a, 451, scarce.

395
----'-I'x.

a it o I c e e \>.
1793.

fid
ivv
X

' J'l 3 ,

* If "v S

0: /': E : 450. E : 4506. ft :

450.

The same as No. 447. A cypher 7i M Co. Milled to right (coarse). Milled to left (fine).

A. 250 A. 250a

PAYABLE AT LONDON OR ANGLESEY.

451.

O : The same as No. 448. R : The same as last. E : Milled to left (coarse). A. 251

FARTHINGS. dm-.''

453 452. 453. O . A Druid s bust in a thin wreath of oak, containing twenty-six acorns. /1 . The cypher P i[ Co} the date 1788 above, T H E ANGLESEY MINES F A R T H I N G . A. 252

0 : It . ft : 454. O : r: h : 455. () : It : e :

A Druid's bust within a wreath of oak, containing twenty-four acorns. The cypher P M Co, the date 1788 above it. T H E ANGLESEY MINES HALF HALFPENNY Milled. A ^ The same as last. Similar to last, but dated 1789, and with an upright acorn as stop at end of legend Milled. A. 254 The same as last. Monogram cypher P M C. 1791, and a dot instead of the acorn stop. 1 Milled. A. 255
!

w m \ ff<k
i

T
X'<ii

-A

1
456. 457. 458.

s
457

X: ' -j-

458

O : A Druid's head in a wreath, containing sixteen acorns. R : and E: The same as last. O: Similar to No. 452, only one acorn under bust to right. r : '1 he royal cypher or. FARTHING. 1793. O : As No. 452. /t. A female seated by a harp, E: Milled.
HIBERNIA

A. 256 A. 257 A. 258

896

Hnolese^.
farthings.

459. 460. 461.

O : Aa No. 452. R : A man on a gibbet, O: R: 0: R:

END OF PAIN.

A. 259

As last. Man on all fours, &c. A Druid's head. The cypher P M Co. This is struck from Halfpenny dies.

A. 2 6 0

462

H
468 464

^z/zc qz'

462.

R : E: 463. R : E: 463a. E :
464. 465. R: r

Nos. 462-467. O: The reverse of No. 452. Bust to left, ROBERT ORCHARD 1796. Milled. Two men working in a forge; from the die of the Halfpenny. Milled. Plain.
PANDORAS B R E E C H E S , &C.

A. 261 A. 262 A. 268 A. 264

: MAY T H E KNAVE O F JACOBIN C L U B S , &C.

466.
,

R : An open book, inscribed


WRONGS O F MAN.

JANY

21. 1798.

THE

-Z.

~tjzl 467.

E : Milled. R : A man hanging, E : Milled. THE END OF P 3


T

A. 265 &CA. 266 467

466

R a r i t y Nos. 455, 460, 461, 468a, RRR. 458, 459, 462, 468, 464, 465, 466, 467, R. 458, 454, 456, 457, scarce. 452, fairly common.

397

IHortb

Males.
HALFPENNIES.

A Druid s head, twenty-nine acorns, in wreath, there is a sprig departing from the main branch both in front and behind bust, and there are two acorns just below the junction at the back of bust. R: A cypher EN G, 1793. NORTH WALES HALFPENNY. la. E : 16. E
7-J r <y T, : CHAMBERS . LANGSTON HALL & CO. X PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON. PAYABLE X X X A 1 JA

IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER X

Id. E : I f . E:
l^F.

WILLEY S N E D S H I L L BERSHAM BRADLEY. CURRENT EVERY W H E R E .

Engrailed. Plain (not in collar).


WAREHOUSE OF IOHN S T R I D E .

E : PAYABLE AT I. IORDANS GOSPORT.

A. 16 A. lc A. Id A. le A. 1/

1 h. E : PAYABLE AT T H E

2.

The same as last. Similar to last, but the first stroke of R projects farther, almost reaching under 7.
CAMBRIDGE BEDFORD . AND HUNTINGDON BEDFORD AND HUNTINGDON. X X A 2

2a. E: 26. E: 2c. E :

This is a " b l u n d e r e d " edge of No. 2.


PAYABLE AT T H E WAREHOUSE LIVERPOOL. PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & A 2a LANCASTER X _
A

2d. E . Plain.
3.

2i

0 Similar to No. 1, but the two acorns are above the junction of sprig behind bust, and the acorn between sprig and branch in front of bust has a longer stem. The same as No. 1.
PAYABLE IN H U L L AND IN LONDON X X The A 3 rePAYABLE AT IOHN FINCHAMS SUFFOLK.

3a. L 36. E 3c. E 4.

mainder engrailed.
PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER. PAYABLE AT CLACHAR & co.

^
CHELMSFORD ESSEX.

O: The same as last. B : The quatrefoil closer to date.


" NORTH." H . PAYABLE AT L E E K

A Haw runs through


&

STAFFORDSHIRE. A
A

4 4a

/'0
m W m wMl

ii

f?"

,AVABLE

IN

LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER.

it). E : Engrailed. No. 4a on large and small flans. 5.

O. A different bust, thirty-one acorns in wreath, fifteen to left, and sixteen to right. JL: A harp between sprigs of oak, 1793. NORTH
WALES HALFPENNY,

E : Engrailed. Rarity Nos. 1, j Jy ^ 3c. 4, BRA. 86 5, UK. u, c. ort, scarce. The others common. 2, 8, ,
K.

898

IHortb rZ
"i,
, 1 0

TKHalcs.
6. 0 : As last. J K : Similar, but the cross comes above the 7.