PMID- 17915529 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20071005 DCOM- 20071206 PUBM- Print IS - 1553-7250 (Print) VI - 33 IP - 9 DP - 2007

Sep TI - Using the Communication and Teamwork Skills (CATS) Assessment to measure health care team performance. PG - 549-58 AB - BACKGROUND: Patient safety administrators, educators, and researchers are striving to understand how best to monitor and improve team skills and determine what approaches to monitoring best suit their organizations. A behaviorbased tool, based on principles of crisis resource management (CRM) in nonmedical industries, was developed to quantitatively assess communication and team skills of health care providers in a variety of real and simulated clinical settings. THE CATS ASSESSMENT: The Communication and Teamwork Skills (CATS) Assessment has been developed through rapid-cycle improvement and piloted through observation of videotaped simulated clinical scenarios, realtime surgical procedures, and multidisciplinary rounds. Specific behavior markers are clustered into four categories-coordination, cooperation, situational awareness, and communication. Teams are scored in terms of the occurrence and quality of the behaviors. The CATS Assessment results enable clinicians to view a spectrum of scores-from the overall score for the categories to specific behaviors. CONCLUSION: The CATS Assessment tool requires statistical validation and further study to determine if it reliably quantifies health care team performance. The patient safety community is invited to use and improve behavior-based observation measures to better evaluate their training programs, continue to research and improve observation methodology, and provide quantifiable, objective feedback to their clinicians and organizations. AD - Partners Healthcare, Boston, USA. AFRANKEL@PARTNERS.ORG FAU - Frankel, Allan AU - Frankel A FAU - Gardner, Roxane AU - Gardner R FAU - Maynard, Laura AU - Maynard L FAU - Kelly, Andrea AU - Kelly A LA - eng

PT PL TA JT

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Journal Article United States Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf Joint Commission journal on quality and patient safety / Joint Commission Resources 101238023 IM Benchmarking Gastric Bypass Humans *Interdisciplinary Communication Quality Assurance, Health Care/standards Safety Management/standards Surgery Department, Hospital *Task Performance and Analysis United States 2007/10/06 09:00 2007/12/07 09:00 ppublish Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2007 Sep;33(9):549-58.

15576702 NLM MEDLINE 20041203 20050217 20071114 Print 1475-3898 (Print) 13 6 2004 Dec Simulation based teamwork training for emergency department staff: does it improve clinical team performance when added to an existing didactic teamwork curriculum? PG - 417-21 AB - OBJECTIVE: To determine if high fidelity simulation based team training can improve clinical team performance when added to an existing didactic teamwork curriculum. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center and academic emergency medicine training program. PARTICIPANTS: Emergency department (ED) staff including nurses, technicians, emergency medicine residents, and attending physicians. INTERVENTION: ED staff who had recently received didactic training in the Emergency Team Coordination Course (ETCC) also received an 8 hour intensive experience in an ED simulator in which three scenarios of graduated difficulty were encountered. A comparison group, also ETCC trained, was assigned to work together in the ED for one 8 hour shift. Experimental and comparison teams were observed in the ED before and after the intervention. DESIGN: Single, crossover, prospective, blinded and controlled observational study. Teamwork ratings using previously validated behaviorally anchored rating scales (BARS) were completed by

outside trained observers in the ED. Observers were blinded to the identification of the teams. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between experimental and comparison groups at baseline. The experimental team showed a trend towards improvement in the quality of team behavior (p = 0.07); the comparison group showed no change in team behavior during the two observation periods (p = 0.55). Members of the experimental team rated simulation based training as a useful educational method. CONCLUSION: High fidelity medical simulation appears to be a promising method for enhancing didactic teamwork training. This approach, using a number of patients, is more representative of clinical care and is therefore the proper paradigm in which to perform teamwork training. It is, however, unclear how much simulator based training must augment didactic teamwork training for clinically meaningful differences to become apparent. AD - Department of Emergency Medicine, 1 Hoppin Street, Suite 106, Providence, RI 02903, USA. Mshapiro@Lifespan.org FAU - Shapiro, M J AU - Shapiro MJ FAU - Morey, J C AU - Morey JC FAU - Small, S D AU - Small SD FAU - Langford, V AU - Langford V FAU - Kaylor, C J AU - Kaylor CJ FAU - Jagminas, L AU - Jagminas L FAU - Suner, S AU - Suner S FAU - Salisbury, M L AU - Salisbury ML FAU - Simon, R AU - Simon R FAU - Jay, G D AU - Jay GD LA - eng GR - P20 HS 11592/HS/United States AHRQ GR - P20 HS11553/HS/United States AHRQ GR - U13 HS11905/HS/United States AHRQ PT - Clinical Trial PT - Controlled Clinical Trial PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. PL - England TA - Qual Saf Health Care JT - Quality & safety in health care JID - 101136980 SB - H CIN - Qual Saf Health Care. 2004 Dec;13(6):413-4. PMID: 15576699

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO -

Adult Chi-Square Distribution Cross-Over Studies Curriculum Emergency Medicine/*education Female Humans Inservice Training Male Patient Care Team/*organization & administration/standards *Patient Simulation Prospective Studies 2004/12/04 09:00 2005/02/18 09:00 13/6/417 [pii] 10.1136/qhc.13.6.417 [doi] ppublish Qual Saf Health Care. 2004 Dec;13(6):417-21.

PMID- 12546286 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20030127 DCOM- 20030205 LR - 20061115 PUBM- Print IS - 0017-9124 (Print) VI - 37 IP - 6 DP - 2002 Dec TI - Error reduction and performance improvement in the emergency department through formal teamwork training: evaluation results of the MedTeams project. PG - 1553-81 AB - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of training and institutionalizing teamwork behaviors, drawn from aviation crew resource management (CRM) programs, on emergency department (ED) staff organized into caregiver teams. STUDY SETTING: Nine teaching and community hospital EDs. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective multicenter evaluation using a quasi-experimental, untreated control group design with one pretest and two posttests of the Emergency Team Coordination Course (ETCC). The experimental group, comprised of 684 physicians, nurses, and technicians, received the ETCC and implemented formal teamwork structures and processes. Assessments occurred prior to training, and at intervals of four and eight months after training. Three outcome constructs were evaluated: team behavior, ED performance, and attitudes and opinions. Trained observers rated ED staff team behaviors and made observations of clinical errors, a measure of ED performance. Staff and patients in the EDs completed surveys measuring attitudes and opinions. DATA COLLECTION: Hospital EDs were the units of analysis for the seven outcome

measures. Prior to aggregating data at the hospital level, scale properties of case surveys and event-related observations were evaluated at the respondent or

level. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A statistically significant improvement in quality of team behaviors was shown between the experimental and control groups following training (p = .012). Subjective workload was not affected by the intervention (p = .668). The clinical error rate significantly decreased from 30.9 percent to 4.4 percent in the experimental group (p = .039). In the experimental group, the ED staffs' attitudes toward teamwork increased (p = .047) and staff assessments of institutional support showed a significant increase (p = .040). CONCLUSION: Our findings point to the effectiveness of formal teamwork training for improving team behaviors, reducing errors, and improving staff attitudes among the ETCC-trained hospitals. AD - Crew Performance Group, Dynamics Research Corporation, Andover, MA 01810, USA. FAU - Morey, John C AU - Morey JC FAU - Simon, Robert AU - Simon R FAU - Jay, Gregory D AU - Jay GD FAU - Wears, Robert L AU - Wears RL FAU - Salisbury, Mary AU - Salisbury M FAU - Dukes, Kimberly A AU - Dukes KA FAU - Berns, Scott D AU - Berns SD LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Multicenter Study PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - Health Serv Res JT - Health services research JID - 0053006 SB - IM SB - S MH - *Attitude of Health Personnel MH - Control Groups MH - Curriculum MH - Emergency Service, Hospital/manpower/*standards MH - Health Services Research MH - Hospitals, Community MH - Hospitals, Teaching MH - Humans MH - *Inservice Training MH - Medical Errors/*prevention & control/statistics & numerical data

MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

Outcome Assessment (Health Care) Patient Care Team/*standards Program Evaluation Prospective Studies *Total Quality Management 2003/01/28 04:00 2003/02/06 04:00 ppublish Health Serv Res. 2002 Dec;37(6):1553-81.

PMID- 11883168 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20020308 DCOM- 20020405 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 1087-0652 (Print) VI - 10 IP - 3 DP - 2002 Mar TI - How to appraise your teamwork performance. PG - 38, 47-8, 33 AD - Brown-Spath & Associates, Forest Grove, OR, USA. FAU - Spath, Patrice AU - Spath P LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Hosp Case Manag JT - Hospital case management : the monthly update on hospital-based care planning and critical paths JID - 9603097 SB - H MH - *Case Management MH - Employee Performance Appraisal/*methods MH - Humans MH - Patient Care Team/*standards MH - United States EDAT- 2002/03/09 10:00 MHDA- 2002/04/06 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - Hosp Case Manag. 2002 Mar;10(3):38, 47-8, 33. PMID- 11771373 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20011228 DCOM- 20020122 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0197-2510 (Print) VI - 26 IP - 12 DP - 2001 Dec TI - Teamwork. University of Miami uses competition to sharpen EMS team performance.

PG - 44-51 AB - Many argue that experience is the best teacher. However, it's often dangerous for the patient and impractical for an EMS system to assess prehospital providers in their actual working environment. Simulated scenario competition fosters clearer thinking and translates into more effective action and enhanced patient outcomes during true emergencies. AD - Medical Training and Simulation Laboratory, University of Miami School of Medicine, Center for Research in Medical Education, USA. Gmiller@med.miami.edu FAU - Miller, G T AU - Miller GT FAU - Gordon, D L AU - Gordon DL FAU - Issenberg, S B AU - Issenberg SB FAU - LaCombe, D M AU - LaCombe DM FAU - Brotons, A A AU - Brotons AA LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - JEMS JT - JEMS : a journal of emergency medical services JID - 8102138 SB - H MH - *Clinical Competence MH - *Competitive Behavior MH - Education, Continuing MH - Emergency Medical Services/standards MH - Emergency Medical Technicians/*standards MH - Florida MH - Humans MH - Patient Care Team/*standards MH - Planning Techniques MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2002/01/05 10:00 MHDA- 2002/01/23 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - JEMS. 2001 Dec;26(12):44-51. PMID- 17941169 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20071017 DCOM- 20071019 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 1068-8838 (Print) VI - 81 IP - 9 DP - 2007 Sep TI - Quest for Quality Prize. 2007 finalist: Integris Baptist Medical Center, Oklahoma

PG LA PT PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

City. Transparency and teamwork drive quality. 80 eng Journal Article United States Hosp Health Netw Hospitals & health networks / AHA 9312077 AIM IM *Awards and Prizes Benchmarking Humans Institutional Management Teams Multi-Institutional Systems/*standards Oklahoma Portraits as Topic *Quality Assurance, Health Care Social Responsibility 2007/10/19 09:00 2007/10/20 09:00 ppublish Hosp Health Netw. 2007 Sep;81(9):80.

PMID- 17702216 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20070817 DCOM- 20070912 PUBM- Print IS - 0018-7208 (Print) VI - 49 IP - 4 DP - 2007 Aug TI - Effects of sleep loss on team decision making: motivational loss or motivational gain? PG - 646-60 AB - OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of 30 hr of sleep loss and continuous cognitive work on performance in a distributed team decision-making environment. BACKGROUND: To date, only a few studies have examined the effect of sleep loss on distributed team performance, and only one other to our knowledge has examined the relationship between sleep loss and social-motivational aspects of teams (Hoeksema-van Orden, Gaillard, & Buunk, 1998). METHOD: Sixteen teams participated; each comprised 4 members. Three team members made threat assessments on a military surveillance task and then forwarded their judgments electronically to a team leader, who made a final assessment on behalf of the team. RESULTS: Sleep loss had an antagonistic effect on team decision-making accuracy and decision time. However, the performance loss associated with fatigue attributable to sleep loss was mediated by being part of a team, as compared with performing the same task individually - that is, we found evidence of a

"motivational gain" effect in these sleepy teams. We compare these results with those of Hoeksema-van Orden et al. (1998), who found clear evidence of a "social loafing" effect in sleepy teams. CONCLUSION: The divergent results are discussed in the context of the collective effort model (Karau & Williams, 1993) and are attributable in part to a difference between independent and interdependent team tasks. APPLICATION: The issues and findings have implications for a wide range of distributed, collaborative work environments, such as military networkenabled operations. AD - Defence Research and Development Canada, 1133 Sheppard Ave. West, PO Box 2000, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3M 3B9. joe.baranski@drdc-rddc.gc.ca FAU - Baranski, Joseph V AU - Baranski JV FAU - Thompson, Megan M AU - Thompson MM FAU - Lichacz, Frederick M J AU - Lichacz FM FAU - McCann, Carol AU - McCann C FAU - Gil, Valerie AU - Gil V FAU - Pasto, Luigi AU - Pasto L FAU - Pigeau, Ross A AU - Pigeau RA LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Hum Factors JT - Human factors JID - 0374660 SB - IM SB - S MH - Adult MH - Canada MH - *Decision Making MH - *Group Processes MH - Humans MH - Military Personnel MH - *Motivation MH - Sleep Deprivation/physiopathology/*psychology MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2007/08/19 09:00 MHDA- 2007/09/13 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Hum Factors. 2007 Aug;49(4):646-60. PMIDOWN STATDA 17688152 NLM MEDLINE 20070810

DCOM- 20070824 PUBM- Print IS - 0031-5125 (Print) VI - 104 IP - 3 Pt 1 DP - 2007 Jun TI - Analysis of the efficacy of possessions in boys' 16-and-under basketball teams: differences between winning and losing teams. PG - 961-4 AB - The purpose of this study was to analyze the ball possessions of winning and losing basketball teams in formative years (16 years and under). The sample was 3,897 ball possessions from 24 games of the boys' 16-and-under finals of the Andalusion Championship, Spain. The variables studied were game outcome, participation, and the initiation and end of each ball possession. Winning teams used more fast breaks and fewer set offenses in their ball possessions. Winning teams had shorter ball possessions and more passes and participating players. Dynamic game styles are necessary in youth basketball, focusing on continuously off-balancing the opponent through fast breaks and a high number of passes in set offenses. AD - Faculty of Health, Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Catholic University Saint Anthony of Murcia, Avenida de los Jeronimos s/n, 30107 Guadalupe, Murcia Spain. eortega@pdi.ucam.edu FAU - Ortega, Enrique AU - Ortega E FAU - Palao, Jose Manuel AU - Palao JM FAU - Gomez, Miguel Angel AU - Gomez MA FAU - Lorenzo, Alberto AU - Lorenzo A FAU - Cardenas, David AU - Cardenas D LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Percept Mot Skills JT - Perceptual and motor skills JID - 0401131 SB - IM MH - *Achievement MH - Adolescent MH - Age Factors MH - Basketball/psychology/*statistics & numerical data MH - *Competitive Behavior MH - Cooperative Behavior MH - Group Processes MH - Humans MH - Male MH - *Motor Skills MH - Sex Factors

MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI -

Task Performance and Analysis 2007/08/11 09:00 2007/08/25 09:00 ppublish Percept Mot Skills. 2007 Jun;104(3 Pt 1):961-4.

17656421 NLM MEDLINE 20071206 20080206 Print-Electronic 1468-2834 (Electronic) 36 6 2007 Nov The older persons' assessment and liaison team 'OPAL': evaluation of comprehensive geriatric assessment in acute medical inpatients. PG - 670-5 AB - BACKGROUND: Reducing hospital length of stay (LOS) in older acute medical inpatients is a key productivity measure. Evidence-based predictors of greater LOS may be targeted through Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA). OBJECTIVE: Evaluate a novel service model for CGA screening of older acute medical inpatients linked to geriatric intervention. SETTING: Urban teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Acute medical inpatients aged 70+ years. INTERVENTION: Multidisciplinary CGA screening of all acute medical admissions aged 70+ years leading to (a) rapid transfer to geriatric wards or (b) case-management on general medical wards by Older Persons Assessment and Liaison team (OPAL). METHODS: Prospective pre-post comparison with statistical adjustment for baseline factors, and use of national benchmarking LOS data. Pre-OPAL (n = 46) and post-OPAL (n = 49) cohorts were similarly identified as high-risk by the CGA screening tool, but only post-OPAL patients received the intervention. RESULTS: Pre-OPAL, 0% fallers versus 92% post-OPAL were specifically assessed and/or referred to a falls service post-discharge. Management of delirium, chronic pain, constipation, and urinary incontinence similarly improved. Over twice as many patients were transferred to geriatric wards, with mean days from admission to transfer falling from 10 to 3. Mean LOS fell by 4 days post-OPAL. Only the OPAL intervention was associated with LOS (P = 0.023) in multiple linear regression including case-mix variables (e.g. age, function, 'geriatric giants'). Benchmarking data showed the LOS reduction to be greater than comparable hospitals. CONCLUSION: CGA screening of acute medical inpatients leading to early geriatric intervention (ward-based case management, appropriate transfer to geriatric wards), improved clinical effectiveness and general hospital performance. AD - Department of Ageing and Health, Guys and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT DEP PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPHSTAID AID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI DP TI and PG AB

danielle.harari@kcl.ac.uk Harari, D Harari D Martin, F C Martin FC Buttery, A Buttery A O'Neill, S O'Neill S Hopper, A Hopper A eng Evaluation Studies Journal Article 20070726 England Age Ageing Age and ageing 0375655 IM *Acute Disease/rehabilitation/therapy Aged Aged, 80 and over Benchmarking Case Management/trends Delivery of Health Care/trends Diagnosis-Related Groups/trends Female Geriatric Assessment/*methods Health Services for the Aged/*trends Hospitals, Teaching Humans Inpatients Length of Stay/*trends Male Patient Transfer/trends 2007/07/28 09:00 2008/02/07 09:00 2007/07/26 [aheadofprint] afm089 [pii] 10.1093/ageing/afm089 [doi] ppublish Age Ageing. 2007 Nov;36(6):670-5. Epub 2007 Jul 26. 17567904 NLM MEDLINE 20070716 20070910 Electronic 1741-7015 (Electronic) 5 2007 Multidisciplinary team meetings and their impact on workflow in radiology

pathology departments. - 15 - BACKGROUND: The development of multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTMs) for

radiology and pathology is a burgeoning area that increasingly impacts on work work processes in both of these departments. The aim of this study was to examine

processes and quantify the time demands on radiologists and pathologists associated with MDTM practices at a large teaching hospital. The observations reported in this paper reflect a general trend affecting hospitals and our conclusions will have relevance for others implementing clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: For one month, all work related to clinical meetings between pathology and radiology with clinical staff was documented and later analysed. RESULTS: The number of meetings to which pathology and radiology contribute at a large university teaching hospital, ranges from two to eight per day, excluding grand rounds, and amounts to approximately 50 meetings per month for each department. For one month, over 300 h were spent by pathologists and radiologists on 81 meetings, where almost 1000 patients were discussed. For each meeting hour, there were, on average, 2.4 pathology hours and 2 radiology hours spent in preparation. Two to three meetings per week are conducted over a teleconferencing link. Average meeting time is 1 h. Preparation time per meeting ranges from 0.3 to 6 h for pathology, and 0.5 to 4 for radiology. The review process in preparation for meetings improves internal quality standards. Materials produced externally (for example imaging) can amount to almost 50% of the material to be reviewed on a single patient. The number of meetings per month has increased by 50% over the past two years. Further increase is expected in both the numbers and duration of meetings when scheduling issues are resolved. A changing trend in the management of referred patients with the development of MDTMs and the introduction of teleconferencing was noted. CONCLUSION: Difficulties are being experienced by pathology and radiology departments participating fully in several multidisciplinary teams. Time spent at meetings, and in preparation for MDTMs is significant. Issues of timing and the coordination of materials to be reviewed are sometimes irreconcilable. The exchange of patient materials with outside institutions is a cause for concern when full data are not made available in a timely fashion. The process of preparation for meetings is having a positive influence on quality, but more resources are needed in pathology and radiology to realise the full benefits of multidisciplinary team working. AD - Department of Computer Science, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. kaneb@cs.tcd.ie FAU - Kane, Bridget AU - Kane B

FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT DEP PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPHSTPHSTPHSTAID AID PST SO -

Luz, Saturnino Luz S O'Briain, D Sean O'Briain DS McDermott, Ronan McDermott R eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't 20070613 England BMC Med BMC medicine 101190723 IM *Group Processes Humans Ireland Organizational Case Studies Pathology Department, Hospital/*organization & administration Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Radiology Department, Hospital/*organization & administration Task Performance and Analysis Time Management/methods Workload 2007/06/15 09:00 2007/09/11 09:00 2006/12/19 [received] 2007/06/13 [accepted] 2007/06/13 [aheadofprint] 1741-7015-5-15 [pii] 10.1186/1741-7015-5-15 [doi] epublish BMC Med. 2007 Jun 13;5:15.

PMID- 17559969 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20070920 DCOM- 20071005 LR - 20071203 PUBM- Print-Electronic IS - 1097-6760 (Electronic) VI - 50 IP - 4 DP - 2007 Oct TI - Shifting toward balance: measuring the distribution of workload among emergency physician teams. PG - 419-23 AB - STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this investigation is to determine time-dependent workload patterns for emergency department (ED) physician teams across work shifts. A secondary aim was to demonstrate how ED demand patterns and the timing of shift changes influence the balance of workload among a physician team. METHODS: Operational measurements of an adult ED were collected from a

clinical information system to characterize physician workload patterns during for all current work shifts. Plots of patient load versus time were developed

each physician shift, in which patient load was defined as the number of patients a physician simultaneously managed at a point in time. Patient-load curves for each shift were superimposed during 24 hours to display how patient load was distributed among a team of physicians. RESULTS: Resident shift changes during daily peak occupancy periods caused patient load imbalances so that residents on a particular shift consistently managed a disproportionate number of patients (mean 9.4 patients; 95% confidence interval [CI] 6.7 to 12.1 patients) compared with other residents on duty (mean 3.4 patients; 95% CI 2.1 to 4.7 patients). CONCLUSION: Physician patient load patterns and ED demand patterns should be taken into consideration when physician shift times are scheduled so that patient load may be balanced among a team. Real-time monitoring of physician patient load may reduce stress and prevent physicians from exceeding their safe capacity for workload. AD - Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University School of Engineering, Nashville, TN, USA. scott.r.levin@vanderbilt.edu FAU - Levin, Scott AU - Levin S FAU - Aronsky, Dominik AU - Aronsky D FAU - Hemphill, Robin AU - Hemphill R FAU - Han, Jin AU - Han J FAU - Slagle, Jason AU - Slagle J FAU - France, Daniel J AU - France DJ LA - eng GR - 1R21 LM009002-01/LM/United States NLM PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. DEP - 20070607 PL - United States TA - Ann Emerg Med JT - Annals of emergency medicine JID - 8002646 SB - AIM SB - IM MH - Academic Medical Centers/organization & administration MH - Emergency Service, Hospital/*manpower/organization & administration MH - Humans MH - Medical Staff, Hospital/*organization & administration

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPHSTPHSTPHSTPHSTAID AID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI -

Observation Patient Care Management/organization & administration Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Personnel Staffing and Scheduling Retrospective Studies Task Performance and Analysis United States *Workload 2007/06/15 09:00 2007/10/06 09:00 2006/06/07 [received] 2007/03/14 [revised] 2007/04/06 [accepted] 2007/06/07 [aheadofprint] S0196-0644(07)00452-0 [pii] 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2007.04.007 [doi] ppublish Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Oct;50(4):419-23. Epub 2007 Jun 7.

17547309 NLM MEDLINE 20070605 20070628 Print 0095-6562 (Print) 78 5 Suppl 2007 May Linguistic correlates of team performance: toward a tool for monitoring team functioning during space missions. PG - B86-95 AB - INTRODUCTION: Approaches to mitigating the likelihood of psychosocial problems during space missions emphasize preflight measures such as team training and team composition. Additionally, it may be necessary to monitor team interactions during missions for signs of interpersonal stress. The present research was conducted to identify features in team members' communications indicative of team functioning. METHODS: Team interactions were studied in the context of six computer-simulated search and rescue missions. There were 12 teams of 4 U.S. men who participated; however, the present analyses contrast the top two teams with the two least successful teams. Communications between team members were analyzed using linguistic analysis software and a coding scheme developed to characterize task-related and social dimensions of team interactions. Coding reliability was established by having two raters independently code three transcripts. Between-rater agreement ranged from 78.1 to 97.9%. RESULTS: Team performance was significantly associated with team members' task-related communications, specifically with the extent to which task-critical information was shared. Successful and unsuccessful teams also showed different interactive patterns, in

particular concerning the frequencies of elaborations and no-responses. Moreover, task success was negatively correlated with variability in team members' word count, and positively correlated with the number of positive emotion words and the frequency of assenting relative to dissenting responses. CONCLUSIONS: Analyses isolated certain task-related and social features of team communication related to team functioning. Team success was associated with the extent to which team members shared task-critical information, equally participated and built on each other's contributions, showed agreement, and positive affect. AD - School of Lit., Communication and Culture, Georgia Institute of Technology, 686 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA 30332-0165, USA. ute.fischer@gatech.edu FAU - Fischer, Ute AU - Fischer U FAU - McDonnell, Lori AU - McDonnell L FAU - Orasanu, Judith AU - Orasanu J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - Aviat Space Environ Med JT - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JID - 7501714 SB - IM SB - S MH - *Aerospace Medicine MH - Chi-Square Distribution MH - *Communication MH - Computer Simulation MH - *Cooperative Behavior MH - Decision Making MH - Humans MH - *Linguistics MH - Male MH - Rescue Work/*organization & administration MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2007/06/06 09:00 MHDA- 2007/06/29 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 May;78(5 Suppl):B86-95. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP 17547308 NLM MEDLINE 20070605 20070628 Print 0095-6562 (Print) 78 5 Suppl

DP - 2007 May TI - Markers for enhancing team cognition in complex environments: the power of team performance diagnosis. PG - B77-85 AB - Team cognition has been identified as a key component to achieve mission goals in dynamic, team-based, stressful, distributed and multicultural operations. Effective team performance in complex environments requires that team members hold a shared understanding of the task, their equipment, and their teammates. So, many of the simulation-based training (SBT) systems and programs have been designed (partly) to enhance shared/team cognition. However, these simulation systems lack the sufficient robustness in their performance assessment tools or capabilities (if they have any) to allow for a rich and deep understanding of team cognition. Therefore, the purpose of this article is fourfold: I) to present a brief account of team cognition; 2) to develop the concept of performance diagnosis and present SBT as an approach to the performance diagnosis of team cognition; 3) to present a set of illustrative behavioral markers of team cognition; and 4) to explicate how these elements (performance diagnosis, team cognition, and SBT) can be leveraged to increase training effectiveness through the development of performance profiles--a rich, detailed, and informative set of metrics--and cognitive and behavioral indicators or illustrative markers of team cognition. Research needs are discussed in terms of realizing the potential of this approach in operational and embedded training contexts. AD - Associate, Institute for Simulation and Training, Modeling and Simulation Graduate Program, University of Central Florida, 3100 Technology Parkway, Suite 319, Orlando, FL 32826, USA. FAU - Salas, Eduardo AU - Salas E FAU - Rosen, Michael A AU - Rosen MA FAU - Burke, C Shawn AU - Burke CS FAU - Nicholson, Denise AU - Nicholson D FAU - Howse, William R AU - Howse WR LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PT - Review PL - United States TA - Aviat Space Environ Med

JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI and PG AB

Aviation, space, and environmental medicine 7501714 IM S Cognition/*physiology *Cooperative Behavior Humans Military Medicine Military Personnel/*psychology Models, Psychological Operations Research *Task Performance and Analysis War 84 2007/06/06 09:00 2007/06/29 09:00 ppublish Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 May;78(5 Suppl):B77-85. 17547307 NLM MEDLINE 20070605 20070628 Print 0095-6562 (Print) 78 5 Suppl 2007 May Characterizing team performance in network-centric operations: philosophical

methodological issues. - B71-6 - The recently promulgated doctrine of network-centric warfare suggests that increases in shared situation awareness and self-synchronization will be emergent properties of densely connected military networks. What it fails to say is how these enhancements are to be measured. The present article frames the discussion as a question of how to characterize team performance, and considers such performance in the context of its hypothetical components: situation awareness, workload, and error. This examination concludes that reliable measures of these constructs are lacking for teams, even when they exist for individual operators, and that this is due to philosophical and/or methodological flaws in their conceptual development. Additional research is recommended to overcome these deficiencies, as well as consideration of novel multidisciplinary approaches that draw on methodologies employed in the social, physical, and biological sciences. AD - Air Force Research Laboratory, 2255 H Street, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433-7022, USA. Robert.bolia@wpafb.af.mil FAU - Bolia, Robert S AU - Bolia RS

FAU AU LA PT PT PT PT PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI -

Nelson, W Todd Nelson WT eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. Review United States Aviat Space Environ Med Aviation, space, and environmental medicine 7501714 IM S *Awareness Cognition/*physiology *Cooperative Behavior Humans *Man-Machine Systems Military Medicine Military Personnel/*psychology Operations Research *Task Performance and Analysis User-Computer Interface War Workload 25 2007/06/06 09:00 2007/06/29 09:00 ppublish Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 May;78(5 Suppl):B71-6.

17547306 NLM MEDLINE 20070605 20070628 Print 0095-6562 (Print) 78 5 Suppl 2007 May Augmenting team cognition in human-automation teams performing in complex operational environments. PG - B63-70 AB - There is a growing reliance on automation (e.g., intelligent agents, semi-autonomous robotic systems) to effectively execute increasingly cognitively complex tasks. Successful team performance for such tasks has become even more dependent on team cognition, addressing both human-human and humanautomation teams. Team cognition can be viewed as the binding mechanism that produces coordinated behavior within experienced teams, emerging from the interplay between each team member's individual cognition and team process behaviors (e.g., coordination, communication). In order to better understand team cognition in human-automation teams, team performance models need to address issues

surrounding the effect of human-agent and human-robot interaction on critical team processes such as coordination and communication. Toward this end, we present a preliminary theoretical framework illustrating how the design and implementation of automation technology may influence team cognition and team coordination in complex operational environments. Integrating constructs from organizational and cognitive science, our proposed framework outlines how information exchange and updating between humans and automation technology may affect lower-level (e.g., working memory) and higher-level (e.g., sense making) cognitive processes as well as teams' higher-order "metacognitive" processes (e.g., performance monitoring). Issues surrounding human-automation interaction are discussed and implications are presented within the context of designing automation technology to improve task performance in human-automation teams. AD - SA Technologies, 13863 Countryplace Dr., Orlando, FL 32826, USA. haydee.cuevas@satechnologies.com FAU - Cuevas, Haydee M AU - Cuevas HM FAU - Fiore, Stephen M AU - Fiore SM FAU - Caldwell, Barrett S AU - Caldwell BS FAU - Strater, Laura AU - Strater L LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PT - Review PL - United States TA - Aviat Space Environ Med JT - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JID - 7501714 SB - IM SB - S MH - Automation MH - Cognition/*physiology MH - *Cooperative Behavior MH - Humans MH - *Man-Machine Systems MH - Models, Theoretical MH - *Task Performance and Analysis RF - 33 EDAT- 2007/06/06 09:00 MHDA- 2007/06/29 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 May;78(5 Suppl):B63-70. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBM17547305 NLM MEDLINE 20070605 20070628 Print

IS - 0095-6562 (Print) VI - 78 IP - 5 Suppl DP - 2007 May TI - Implications for studying team cognition and team performance in networkcentric warfare paradigms. PG - B58-62 AB - Network-centric warfare's (NCW) information-rich systems involving sophisticated sensors, tracking systems, smart weapons, and enhanced digital communications threaten to overload combatants with voluminous amounts of data. It is unclear whether warfighters will perceive such extensive data as actionable information to which they will respond accurately in a timely enough manner. Members of small teams in command and control centers, operating in crew-served vehicles, or simply "grunting it out" as ground-pounding infantrymen, may be disparately separated by space, but will communicate and be connected by electronic linkages, e.g., radio, text messages, situation displays, or global positioning data. However, team members will also have to remember shared mental models of tasks at hand, pay attention to and share common situation awareness in complex operational environments, perform team cognition and team coordination, and integrate both lower and higher cognitive processes with those of team behaviors. Such exceptional capabilities are required more now than ever before; such capabilities today are far from assured. After two workshops to establish performance metrics for assessing cognitive performance of military personnel in NCW, this preface introduces five manuscripts addressing team cognition and team performance from both a theoretical and a practical perspective. The authors of this preface question if NCW, and perhaps the politico-social ramifications of modern warfare, have already outstripped behavioral scientists' approach to researching team cognition and team performance-expertise that is so crucially needed for combatants on the rapidly changing 21st-century battlegrounds. AD - Wexford Group International, Vienna, VA, USA. FAU - Krueger, Gerald P AU - Krueger GP FAU - Banderet, Louis E AU - Banderet LE LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - Aviat Space Environ Med JT - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JID - 7501714 SB - IM SB - S

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

*Cognition Communication *Cooperative Behavior *Decision Making Humans *Man-Machine Systems *Military Medicine Military Personnel/*psychology *Task Performance and Analysis War 2007/06/06 09:00 2007/06/29 09:00 ppublish Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 May;78(5 Suppl):B58-62.

PMID- 17503682 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20070516 DCOM- 20070703 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 1553-7250 (Print) VI - 33 IP - 5 DP - 2007 May TI - How do teams in quality improvement collaboratives interact? PG - 267-76 AB - BACKGROUND: The multi-organizational collaborative is a popular model for quality improvement (QI) initiatives. It assumes organizations will share information and social support. However, there is no comprehensive documentation of the extent to which teams do interact. Considering QI collaboratives as networks, interactions among reams were documented, and the associations between network roles and performance were examined. METHODS: A telephone survey of official team contact persons for 94 site teams in three QI collaborarives was conducted in 2002 and 2003. Four performance measures were used to assess the usefulness of ties to other teams and being considered a leader by peers. RESULTS: Eighty percent of the teams said they would contact another team again if they felt the need. Teams made a change as a direct result of interaction in 86% of reported relationships. Teams typically exchanged tools such as software and interacted outside of planned activities. Having a large number of ties to other teams is strongly related to the number of mentions as a leader. Both of these variables are related to faculty-assessed performance, number of changes the ream made to improve care, and depth of those changes. DISCUSSION: The Findings suggest that collaborative teams do indeed exchange important information, and the social dynamics of the collaborarives contribute to individual and collaborative success.

AD of FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT PL TA JT

- Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School Public Health, Baltimore, USA. Marsteller, Jill A Marsteller JA Shortell, Stephen M Shortell SM Lin, Michael Lin M Mendel, Peter Mendel P Dell, Elizabeth Dell E Wang, Stephanie Wang S Cretin, Shan Cretin S Pearson, Marjorie L Pearson ML Wu, Shin-Yi Wu SY Rosen, Mayde Rosen M eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf Joint Commission journal on quality and patient safety / Joint Commission Resources 101238023 IM Asthma/therapy Benchmarking Chronic Disease/*therapy *Cooperative Behavior Depressive Disorder/therapy Diabetes Mellitus/therapy Health Care Surveys Heart Failure/therapy Humans *Interdisciplinary Communication Leadership Management Quality Circles/*organization & administration *Models, Organizational Multi-Institutional Systems/organization & administration/*standards *Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) Social Support Total Quality Management/*methods 2007/05/17 09:00 2007/07/04 09:00 ppublish Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2007 May;33(5):267-76. 17487527 NLM MEDLINE 20070618

JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA -

DCOM- 20071012 PUBM- Print IS - 0364-2313 (Print) VI - 31 IP - 7 DP - 2007 Jul TI - Observational teamwork assessment for surgery (OTAS): refinement and application in urological surgery. PG - 1373-81 AB - BACKGROUND: Teamwork in surgical teams is at the forefront of good practice guidelines and empirical research as an important aspect of safe surgery. We have developed a comprehensive assessment for teamwork in surgery-the Observational Teamwork Assessment for Surgery (OTAS)-and we have tested it for general surgical procedures. The aim of the research reported here was to extend the assessment to urology procedures. METHODS: After refining the original assessment, we used it to observe 50 urology procedures. The OTAS comprises a procedural task checklist that assesses patient, equipment/provisions, and communication tasks as well as ratings on five team behavior constructs (communication, cooperation, coordination, leadership, and monitoring). Teamwork was assessed separately in the surgical, anesthesia, and nursing subteams in the operating theater. We also assessed the reliability of the behavioral scoring. RESULTS: Regarding task completion, a number of communication and equipment/provisions tasks were not routinely performed during the operations we observed. Regarding teamworkrelated behaviors, adequate reliability was obtained in the scoring of behaviors. Anesthetists and nurses obtained their lowest scores on communication. Surgeons' scores revealed a more complex pattern. In addition to low scores on communication, surgeons' teamwork behaviors appeared to deteriorate as the procedures were finishing. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that OTAS is applicable to various branches of surgery. Separate assessment of the subteams in the operating theater provides useful information that can be used to build targeted teamwork training aiming to improve surgical patients' safety and outcomes. AD - Clinical Safety Research Unit, Department of Bio-Surgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College, 10th Floor, QEQM Building, St. Mary's Hospital, London W2 1NY, UK. s.undre@imperial.ac.uk FAU - Undre, Shabnam AU - Undre S FAU - Sevdalis, Nick AU - Sevdalis N FAU - Healey, Andrew N AU - Healey AN FAU - Darzi, Ara

AU FAU AU LA PT PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO -

Darzi A Vincent, Charles A Vincent CA eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States World J Surg World journal of surgery 7704052 IM Humans *Interdisciplinary Communication Interprofessional Relations *Outcome Assessment (Health Care) Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Physician-Nurse Relations *Task Performance and Analysis *Urologic Surgical Procedures 2007/05/10 09:00 2007/10/13 09:00 10.1007/s00268-007-9053-z [doi] ppublish World J Surg. 2007 Jul;31(7):1373-81.

PMID- 17447666 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20070423 DCOM- 20070608 PUBM- Print IS - 0018-7208 (Print) VI - 49 IP - 2 DP - 2007 Apr TI - Errors in the heat of battle: taking a closer look at shared cognition breakdowns through teamwork. PG - 243-56 AB - OBJECTIVE: We developed a theoretically based taxonomy for classifying shared cognition breakdowns related to teamwork which contribute to fratricide incidents. BACKGROUND: Fratricide on the battlefield is an inescapable cost of war. A number of technological advancements have been made in terms of combat identification systems to reduce the risk of these incidents. However, fratricide continues to occur at alarming rates. METHOD: We take a human-centered approach to understanding errors leading to fratricide incidents by focusing on shared cognition. We turn to the literature and provide the theoretical foundations for an error classification taxonomy to improve understanding of why fratricide incidents occur. RESULTS: Based on our review of the literature, we identified a number of problem areas leading to fratricide incidents. However, many of

the did cited contributing factors were broad terms (e.g., poor coordination) and little to tell us why the breakdown occurred and where improvements are needed. Therefore, we chose to focus on one specific area--teamwork breakdowns--and discuss in depth how these breakdowns contribute to fratricide. CONCLUSION: In this paper, we take a first step toward proposing a taxonomy that allows for the diagnostic assessment of what causes teamwork breakdowns in fratricide. We understand that a taxonomy is only as good as the data available and encourage richer case studies from which to learn. APPLICATION: To apply this taxonomy in an operational setting, we provide a set of behavioral markers that can be used to identify teamwork breakdowns on the battlefield. AD - Institute for Simulation & Training, University of Central Florida, 3100 Technology Pkwy., Orlando, FL 32826, USA. kwilson@ist.ucf.edu FAU - Wilson, Katherine A AU - Wilson KA FAU - Salas, Eduardo AU - Salas E FAU - Priest, Heather A AU - Priest HA FAU - Andrews, Dee AU - Andrews D LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - Hum Factors JT - Human factors JID - 0374660 SB - IM SB - S MH - Attitude MH - Cause of Death MH - Cognition/*classification MH - *Communication MH - Confusion MH - *Cooperative Behavior MH - *Group Processes MH - Homicide/psychology MH - Humans MH - Military Personnel/*psychology MH - Organizational Culture MH - *Risk-Taking MH - Safety MH - *Task Performance and Analysis MH - Trust MH - *War EDAT- 2007/04/24 09:00 MHDA- 2007/06/09 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Hum Factors. 2007 Apr;49(2):243-56.

PMID- 17353837 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20070313 DCOM- 20070413 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 0966-0461 (Print) VI - 16 IP - 1 DP - 2007 Jan 11-24 TI - Developing the role of a ward housekeeper within a multidisciplinary team. PG - 56-9 AB - The implementation of a housekeeper induction competency programme demonstrates the innovative way that the clinical standards facilitator has led the development of the housekeeping service at one NHS Trust. This service has been developed to ensure that there is sufficient training, support and opportunity to share best practice for the housekeepers. A Trust-wide approach using the multidisciplinary team (including dieticians, catering and facilities managers) has contributed to the raising of standards in meeting the patients' nutritional needs, as well as improving the ward environment. NHS Estates guidance (DH, 2001b) relating to the housekeeping service and the Essence of Care benchmarks for nutrition (DH, 2001a) were used to provide this framework for continuous quality improvement. AD - Birmingham Heartlands NHS Foundation Trust, Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham. FAU - Richmond, Jo AU - Richmond J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - Br J Nurs JT - British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing) JID - 9212059 SB - N MH - Benchmarking/organization & administration MH - Clinical Competence MH - Cooperative Behavior MH - Food Service, Hospital/organization & administration MH - Great Britain MH - Health Facility Environment MH - Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice MH - Health Planning MH - Hospital Units/*organization & administration MH - Housekeeping, Hospital/*organization & administration MH - Humans MH - Inservice Training/organization & administration MH - Organizational Innovation MH - Patient Care Team/*organization & administration MH - Patient-Centered Care/organization & administration MH - Practice Guidelines as Topic MH - *Professional Role MH - State Medicine/organization & administration

MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

Total Quality Management/*organization & administration 2007/03/14 09:00 2007/04/17 09:00 ppublish Br J Nurs. 2007 Jan 11-24;16(1):56-9.

PMID- 17310668 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20070221 DCOM- 20070313 PUBM- Print IS - 0893-2190 (Print) VI - 20 IP - 4 DP - 2006 Oct-Dec TI - Best practices in perinatal care: the role of rapid response teams in perinatal units. PG - 287-9 AD - Mahlmeister & Associates, San Francisco, Calif., USA. FAU - Mahlmeister, Laura R AU - Mahlmeister LR LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - J Perinat Neonatal Nurs JT - The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing JID - 8801387 SB - N MH - Benchmarking MH - *Emergencies MH - Female MH - Humans MH - Infant, Newborn MH - Patient Care Team/*organization & administration MH - Perinatal Care/organization & administration/*standards MH - Postnatal Care/organization & administration/*standards MH - Pregnancy MH - Prenatal Care/organization & administration/*standards MH - *Quality of Health Care MH - United States EDAT- 2007/02/22 09:00 MHDA- 2007/03/14 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2006 Oct-Dec;20(4):287-9. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI 17308443 NLM MEDLINE 20070219 20070510 Print 0887-6274 (Print) 21 2 2007 Mar-Apr Developing rapid response teams: best practices through collaboration.

PG AD FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAAID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI based

85-92; quiz 93-4 The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78701, USA. Grimes, Corinne Grimes C Thornell, Betty Thornell B Clark, Angela P Clark AP Viney, Mary Viney M eng Journal Article Review United States Clin Nurse Spec Clinical nurse specialist CNS 8709115 N Benchmarking/*organization & administration *Cooperative Behavior Early Diagnosis Forecasting Hospital Mortality Humans *Interprofessional Relations Leadership Nurse Clinicians/*organization & administration Nurse's Role Nursing Assessment/organization & administration Nursing Records Nursing Staff, Hospital/education/organization & administration Outcome Assessment (Health Care) Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Program Development/methods Program Evaluation Resuscitation/nursing/*standards Time Factors Total Quality Management/organization & administration United States/epidemiology 37 2007/02/20 09:00 2007/05/11 09:00 00002800-200703000-00007 [pii] ppublish Clin Nurse Spec. 2007 Mar-Apr;21(2):85-92; quiz 93-4. 17266484 NLM MEDLINE 20070201 20070424 Print 0156-5788 (Print) 31 1 2007 Feb Improving emergency department efficiency by patient streaming to outcomes-

PG AB on

teams. - 16-21 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the process and results of a process redesign based task analysis and lean thinking approaches aimed at improving emergency department (ED) efficiency. METHODS: Before-and-after study comparing 12-

month

periods before and after the process redesign for total episodes of ambulance bypass, waiting times (overall and by triage category) and total ED time (overall and by triage category). Time data were analysed using non-parametric methods. RESULTS: The years were broadly comparable, with the exception that there was an 8.4% increase in total hours of care delivered (a marker of ED workload) in the year after the change. Episodes of ambulance bypass reduced by 55% (120 v 54). There were statistically significant waiting times reductions for triage categories 3 and 5 (median reductions 5 and 11 minutes respectively). There was an increase in total ED time for triage category 3 (median increase 7 min) and a decrease for categories 4 and 5 (median reduction 14 and 18 min, respectively). CONCLUSION: ED process redesign based on task analysis and lean thinking approaches can result in improved ED efficiency. AD - Department of Emergency Medicine, Western Hospital, Private Bag, Footscray, Melbourne, VIC 3011, Australia. Anne-Maree.Kelly@wh.org.au FAU - Kelly, Anne-Maree AU - Kelly AM FAU - Bryant, Michael AU - Bryant M FAU - Cox, Lisa AU - Cox L FAU - Jolley, Damien AU - Jolley D LA - eng PT - Evaluation Studies PT - Journal Article PL - Australia TA - Aust Health Rev JT - Australian health review : a publication of the Australian Hospital Association JID - 8214381 SB - H MH - Adult MH - *Efficiency, Organizational MH - Emergency Service, Hospital/*organization & administration/utilization MH - Great Britain MH - Hospital Restructuring/*methods MH - Hospitals, Teaching/organization & administration MH - Humans MH - Length of Stay MH - Organizational Case Studies MH - *Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) MH - Patient Admission

MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPHSTPHSTAID PST SO -

*Patient Care Team Patient Discharge Task Performance and Analysis Time Factors Triage Victoria 2007/02/03 09:00 2007/04/25 09:00 06/03/22 [received] 06/10/05 [accepted] ahr_31_1_016 [pii] ppublish Aust Health Rev. 2007 Feb;31(1):16-21.

PMID- 17180265 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20070711 DCOM- 20070822 PUBM- Print-Electronic IS - 1432-2218 (Electronic) VI - 21 IP - 6 DP - 2007 Jun TI - A laboratory study on anticipatory movement in laparoscopic surgery: a behavioral indicator for team collaboration. PG - 935-40 AB - BACKGROUND: To assess team collaboration in the context of laparoscopic surgery, laparoscopic cutting tasks performed by single operators and dyad teams were observed. Our previous work suggested that the anticipatory movement performed by a teammate may lead to a shorter total task time than for a single bimanual operator. This report further explores this phenomenon by quantifying the frequency of anticipatory movements and discussing their significance to team collaboration. METHODS: Subjects were required to reach, grasp, and cut a piece of thread using a laparoscopic grasper and scissors. The task was performed by either 8 individual subjects bimanually or 16 paired subjects unimanually (using their preferred hands). The performances were video recorded. The total task time, the time used for thread grasping and cutting, and the number of anticipatory movements were computed and compared between the single operator and the dyad team group. In this report, anticipatory movement is defined as movements of the scissors before the completion of grasping and holding the thread. RESULTS: Shorter durations of total task time were shown for the dyad than for the bimanual group. Anticipatory movements were counted significantly more often when the scissors were controlled by a teammate on the dyad team (96%) than when they were controlled by the preferred hand of the operator (45%). The number of anticipatory movements increased with practice, but no significant

difference was shown among practice phases. CONCLUSION: Higher frequency of anticipatory movement was observed in the dyad team, which led to superior performance for team collaboration, as compared with that of the single operator. Performance of anticipatory movements in the dyad team was explained by a shared mental model, which postulates combined capacity for information processing among team members. Results have implications for surgical education, team training, and error prevention in the performance of laparoscopic surgery. AD - Minimally Invasive Surgery, Legacy Health System, Portland, Oregon 97210, USA. bzhengbc@hotmail.com FAU - Zheng, B AU - Zheng B FAU - Swanstrom, L L AU - Swanstrom LL FAU - MacKenzie, C L AU - MacKenzie CL LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't DEP - 20061216 PL - Germany TA - Surg Endosc JT - Surgical endoscopy JID - 8806653 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - *Cooperative Behavior MH - Education, Medical MH - Female MH - Humans MH - *Laparoscopy MH - Male MH - Motor Activity MH - *Task Performance and Analysis MH - Time Factors MH - Video Recording EDAT- 2006/12/21 09:00 MHDA- 2007/08/23 09:00 PHST- 2006/07/14 [received] PHST- 2006/09/25 [accepted] PHST- 2006/07/14 [revised] PHST- 2006/12/16 [aheadofprint] AID - 10.1007/s00464-006-9090-y [doi] PST - ppublish SO - Surg Endosc. 2007 Jun;21(6):935-40. Epub 2006 Dec 16. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI 17085603 NLM MEDLINE 20061106 20070209 Print 1075-2730 (Print) 57

IP - 11 DP - 2006 Nov TI - State mental health policy: statewide implementation of the crisis intervention team program: the Ohio model. PG - 1569-71 AB - This column discusses ways that states can implement community-based best practices statewide, by using the crisis intervention team (CIT) model as an example. Although state mental health authorities may want to use a top-down approach to ensure uniform, high-quality implementation, programs may be more likely to succeed if they arise as bottom-up, grassroots innovations. Programs like CIT are especially challenging to implement because they involve collaboration between complex systems and affect multiple stakeholders. The column describes lessons learned in Ohio in hopes of assisting other states in implementing this and other innovations. AD - Summit County Alcohol, Drug Addiction, and Mental Health Services Board, 100 West Cedar Street, Akron, OH 44307, USA. munetzm@admboard.org FAU - Munetz, Mark R AU - Munetz MR FAU - Morrison, Ann AU - Morrison A FAU - Krake, Joe AU - Krake J FAU - Young, Blair AU - Young B FAU - Woody, Michael AU - Woody M LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PL - United States TA - Psychiatr Serv JT - Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) JID - 9502838 SB - IM CIN - Psychiatr Serv. 2006 Dec;57(12):1811; author reply 1811-2. PMID: 17158506 MH - Benchmarking MH - Community Mental Health Services/*legislation & jurisprudence/*organization & administration/standards MH - *Crisis Intervention MH - Health Policy/*legislation & jurisprudence MH - Humans MH - Mental Disorders/*therapy MH - Ohio MH - *Patient Care Team MH - *Public Policy EDAT- 2006/11/07 09:00 MHDA- 2007/02/10 09:00 AID - 57/11/1569 [pii] AID - 10.1176/appi.ps.57.11.1569 [doi] PST - ppublish SO - Psychiatr Serv. 2006 Nov;57(11):1569-71.

PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI small PG AB to

17049477 NLM MEDLINE 20070605 20070906 Print-Electronic 0003-6870 (Print) 38 5 2007 Sep Effects of chemical protective equipment on team process performance in

unit rescue operations. - 591-600 - In the event of a nuclear, biological, or chemical terrorist attack against civilians, both military and civilian emergency response teams must be able respond and operate efficiently while wearing protective equipment. Chemical protective equipment protects the user by providing a barrier between the individual and hazardous environment. Unfortunately, the same equipment that

is

designed to support the user can potentially cause heat stress, reduced task efficiency, and reduced range-of-motion. Targeted Acceptable Responses to Generated Events of Tasks (TARGETS), an event-based team performance measurement methodology was used to investigate the effects of Mission Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) on the behavioral processes underlying team performance during simulated rescue tasks. In addition, this study determined which team processes were related to team performance outcomes. Results of six primary analyses indicated that team process performance was not degraded by MOPP 4 on any rescue task and that the team processes critical for successful task performance are task-dependent. This article discusses the implications of these results with respect to the study design and the limitations of using an event-based team performance measurement methodology. AD - Cleveland State University, 2121 Euclid Avenue, SH 223, Cleveland, OH 441152214, USA. n.grugle@csuohio.edu FAU - Grugle, Nancy L AU - Grugle NL FAU - Kleiner, Brian M AU - Kleiner BM LA - eng PT - Journal Article DEP - 20061017 PL - England TA - Appl Ergon JT - Applied ergonomics JID - 0261412 RN - 0 (Hazardous Substances) SB - IM MH - Adolescent MH - Adult

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPHSTPHSTPHSTPHSTAID AID PST SO -

*Chemical Terrorism Group Processes *Hazardous Substances Humans Male Occupational Health Protective Clothing/*standards *Rescue Work *Task Performance and Analysis United States 2006/10/20 09:00 2007/09/07 09:00 2005/08/26 [received] 2006/07/17 [revised] 2006/08/02 [accepted] 2006/10/17 [aheadofprint] S0003-6870(06)00128-1 [pii] 10.1016/j.apergo.2006.08.003 [doi] ppublish Appl Ergon. 2007 Sep;38(5):591-600. Epub 2006 Oct 17.

PMID- 17008260 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20060929 DCOM- 20061205 PUBM- Print IS - 0014-0139 (Print) VI - 49 IP - 12-13 DP - 2006 Oct 10-22 TI - Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST): a novel integration of ergonomics methods to analyse C4i activity. PG - 1345-69 AB - C4i is defined as the management infrastructure needed for the execution of a common goal supported by multiple agents in multiple locations and technology. In order to extract data from complex and diverse C4i scenarios a descriptive methodology called Event Analysis for Systemic Teamwork (EAST) has been developed. With over 90 existing ergonomics methodologies already available, the approach taken was to integrate a hierarchical task analysis, a coordination demand analysis, a communications usage diagram, a social network analysis, and the critical decision method. The outputs of these methods provide two summary representations in the form of an enhanced operation sequence diagram and a propositional network. These offer multiple overlapping perspectives on key descriptive constructs including who the agents are in a scenario, when tasks occur, where agents are located, how agents collaborate and communicate, what information is used, and what knowledge is shared. The application of these methods to live data drawn from the UK rail industry demonstrates how alternative scenarios can be compared on key metrics, how multiple perspectives on the

same data can be taken, and what further detailed insights can be extracted. The ultimate aim of EAST is, by applying it across a number of scenarios in different civil and military domains, to provide data to develop generic models of C4i activity and to improve the design of systems aimed at enhancing this management infrastructure. AD - Defence Technology Centre for Human Factors Integration, School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UB8 3PH, UK. guy.walker@brunel.ac.uk FAU - Walker, Guy H AU - Walker GH FAU - Gibson, Huw AU - Gibson H FAU - Stanton, Neville A AU - Stanton NA FAU - Baber, Chris AU - Baber C FAU - Salmon, Paul AU - Salmon P FAU - Green, Damian AU - Green D LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PL - England TA - Ergonomics JT - Ergonomics JID - 0373220 SB - IM SB - S MH - *Communication MH - *Cooperative Behavior MH - *Decision Making MH - *Efficiency MH - *Goals MH - Great Britain MH - *Human Engineering MH - Humans MH - Models, Organizational MH - Models, Theoretical MH - Organizational Objectives MH - Railroads MH - Social Support MH - Systems Analysis MH - *Systems Theory MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2006/09/30 09:00 MHDA- 2006/12/09 09:00 AID - P1109547472NU120 [pii] AID - 10.1080/00140130600612846 [doi] PST - ppublish SO - Ergonomics. 2006 Oct 10-22;49(12-13):1345-69. PMID- 17008254 OWN - NLM

STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB and

MEDLINE 20060929 20061205 Print 0014-0139 (Print) 49 12-13 2006 Oct 10-22 Speech acts, communication problems, and fighter pilot team performance. 1226-37 Two aspects of team communication, speech acts and communication problems,

their relation to team performance in a team air combat simulator were studied. The purpose was to enhance the understanding of how team performance is related to team communication. Ten Swedish fighter pilots and four fighter controllers of varying experience participated. Data were collected during fighter simulator training involving four pilots and one fighter controller in each of two teams. Speech acts were collapsed over seven categories and communication problems over five categories. Communication was studied from two perspectives: critical situation outcome and mission outcome. Some problems were closely related to particular speech acts. Speech act frequency, especially meta-communications and tactics, was highest when winning. However, the timing of tactics in critical situations needs further research. Communication problem frequency was highest for runs which ended equally. The most common problem was simultaneous speech, possibly because of the simulator radio system. The number of speech acts was related to enhanced performance but in a complex manner. Thus in order to work efficiently team members need to communicate, but to communicate sufficiently and at appropriate times. This work has applications for fighter pilot and controller team training and the development of communication standards. AD - Man-System Interaction, Command and Control Systems, Swedish Defence Research Agency FOI, Linkoping, Sweden. jonathan.svensson@foi.se FAU - Svensson, Jonathan AU - Svensson J FAU - Andersson, Jan AU - Andersson J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - Ergonomics JT - Ergonomics JID - 0373220 SB - IM SB - S

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO -

Aerospace Medicine *Aircraft *Communication Computer Simulation Cooperative Behavior Humans *Military Medicine Military Personnel/*psychology Pilot Projects *Speech Sweden Task Performance and Analysis War 2006/09/30 09:00 2006/12/09 09:00 V5Q8160P3U353524 [pii] 10.1080/00140130600612671 [doi] ppublish Ergonomics. 2006 Oct 10-22;49(12-13):1226-37.

PMID- 16885245 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20060803 DCOM- 20070327 PUBM- Print IS - 1475-3901 (Electronic) VI - 15 IP - 4 DP - 2006 Aug TI - Defining the technical skills of teamwork in surgery. PG - 231-4 AB - Developments in surgical technology and procedure have accelerated and altered the work carried out in the operating theatre/room, but team modelling and training have not co-evolved. Evidence suggests that team structure and role allocation are sometimes unclear and contentious, and coordination and communication are not fully effective. To improve teamwork, clinicians need models that specify team resources, structure, process and tasks. They also need measures to assess performance and methods to train teamwork strategically. An effective training strategy might be to incorporate teamwork with other technical skills training in simulation. However, the measures employed for enhancing teamwork in training and practice will need to vary in their object of analysis, level of technical specificity, and system scope. AD - Clinical Safety Research Unit, Imperial College, University of London, St Mary's Hospital, London W2 1NY, UK. a.healey@imperial.ac.uk FAU - Healey, A N AU - Healey AN FAU - Undre, S AU - Undre S FAU - Vincent, C A AU - Vincent CA LA - eng

PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO -

Journal Article England Qual Saf Health Care Quality & safety in health care 101136980 H Clinical Competence/*standards Cooperative Behavior Humans Inservice Training/*methods Interdisciplinary Communication *Models, Organizational Operating Room Nursing/*education/standards Patient Care Team/*standards Quality Assurance, Health Care Surgery/*education/standards *Task Performance and Analysis 2006/08/04 09:00 2007/03/28 09:00 15/4/231 [pii] 10.1136/qshc.2005.017517 [doi] ppublish Qual Saf Health Care. 2006 Aug;15(4):231-4.

PMID- 16878033 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20060821 DCOM- 20060929 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 0090-3493 (Print) VI - 34 IP - 9 DP - 2006 Sep TI - Findings of the first consensus conference on medical emergency teams. PG - 2463-78 AB - BACKGROUND: Studies have established that physiologic instability and services mismatching precede adverse events in hospitalized patients. In response to these considerations, the concept of a Rapid Response System (RRS) has emerged. The responding team is commonly known as a medical emergency team (MET), rapid response team (RRT), or critical care outreach (CCO). Studies show that an RRS may improve outcome, but questions remain regarding the benefit, design elements, and advisability of implementing a MET system. METHODS: In June 2005 an International Conference on Medical Emergency Teams (ICMET) included experts in patient safety, hospital medicine, critical care medicine, and METs. Seven of 25 had no experience with an RRS, and the remainder had experience with one of the three major forms of RRS. After preconference telephone and e-mail conversations by the panelists in which questions to be discussed were characterized,

literature reviewed, and preliminary answers created, the panelists convened for 2 days to create a consensus document. Four major content areas were addressed: What is a MET response? Is there a MET syndrome? What are barriers to METS? How should outcome be measured? Panelists considered whether all hospitals should implement an RRS. RESULTS: Patients needing an RRS intervention are suddenly critically ill and have a mismatch of resources to needs. Hospitals should implement an RRS, which consists of four elements: an afferent, "crisis detection" and "response triggering" mechanism; an efferent, predetermined rapid response team; a governance/administrative structure to supply and organize resources; and a mechanism to evaluate crisis antecedents and promote hospital process improvement to prevent future events. AD - Departments of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA. DEVITAM@UPMC.EDU FAU - Devita, Michael A AU - Devita MA FAU - Bellomo, Rinaldo AU - Bellomo R FAU - Hillman, Kenneth AU - Hillman K FAU - Kellum, John AU - Kellum J FAU - Rotondi, Armando AU - Rotondi A FAU - Teres, Dan AU - Teres D FAU - Auerbach, Andrew AU - Auerbach A FAU - Chen, Wen-Jon AU - Chen WJ FAU - Duncan, Kathy AU - Duncan K FAU - Kenward, Gary AU - Kenward G FAU - Bell, Max AU - Bell M FAU - Buist, Michael AU - Buist M FAU - Chen, Jack AU - Chen J FAU - Bion, Julian AU - Bion J FAU - Kirby, Ann AU - Kirby A FAU - Lighthall, Geoff AU - Lighthall G FAU - Ovreveit, John AU - Ovreveit J FAU - Braithwaite, R Scott AU - Braithwaite RS FAU - Gosbee, John AU - Gosbee J FAU - Milbrandt, Eric

AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT PT PL TA JT JID SB SB CON CIN CIN EIN MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAAID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB were

Milbrandt E Peberdy, Mimi Peberdy M Savitz, Lucy Savitz L Young, Lis Young L Harvey, Maurene Harvey M Galhotra, Sanjay Galhotra S eng Comment Consensus Development Conference Journal Article United States Crit Care Med Critical care medicine 0355501 AIM IM Crit Care Med. 2006 Sep;34(9):2507-9. PMID: 16921331 Crit Care Med. 2007 Mar;35(3):992-3. PMID: 17421116 Crit Care Med. 2007 Mar;35(3):993; author reply 993-4. PMID: 17421117 Crit Care Med. 2006 Dec;34(12):3070. Harvey, Maurene [added] Benchmarking Critical Care/*organization & administration Emergency Service, Hospital/*organization & administration Humans Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Quality Assurance, Health Care Terminology as Topic United States 16 2006/08/01 09:00 2006/09/30 09:00 10.1097/01.CCM.0000235743.38172.6E [doi] ppublish Crit Care Med. 2006 Sep;34(9):2463-78. 16845814 NLM MEDLINE 20060718 20060804 20071115 Print 0954-7762 (Print) 102 26 2006 Jun 27-Jul 3 Improving team meetings to support discharge planning. 32-5 Following the establishment of a discharge working group, several concerns

raised about the management of multidisciplinary team (MDT) discharge meetings throughout the trust. A project was established to observe MDT meetings,

identify good practice and produce practice guidance to improve standards and achieve consistency throughout the organisation. AD - Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London. FAU - Tarling, Maggie AU - Tarling M FAU - Jauffur, Hassam AU - Jauffur H LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - Nurs Times JT - Nursing times JID - 0423236 SB - N MH - *Attitude of Health Personnel MH - Benchmarking MH - Communication MH - Decision Making, Organizational MH - Documentation MH - Focus Groups MH - Guidelines as Topic MH - Humans MH - Interprofessional Relations MH - Leadership MH - Length of Stay MH - London MH - Needs Assessment MH - Nursing Methodology Research MH - Patient Care Planning/*organization & administration MH - Patient Care Team/*organization & administration MH - Patient Discharge/*standards MH - Personnel, Hospital/*psychology MH - Professional Role/psychology MH - Professional Staff Committees/organization & administration MH - Qualitative Research MH - Questionnaires MH - Social Support MH - Total Quality Management/*organization & administration EDAT- 2006/07/19 09:00 MHDA- 2006/08/05 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Nurs Times. 2006 Jun 27-Jul 3;102(26):32-5. PMID- 16803725 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20060628 DCOM- 20060912 LR - 20061115 PUBM- Print IS - 0014-0139 (Print) VI - 49 IP - 10 DP - 2006 Aug 15 TI - Cognitive diversity and team performance in a complex multiple task environment. PG - 934-54

AB

- This article examines the multiple effects of cognitive diversity in teams operating complex human-machine-systems. The study employed a PC-based multiple-task environment, called the Cabin Air Management System, which models a process control task in the operational context of a spacecraft's life support system. Two types of cognitive diversity were examined: system understanding and team specialization. System understanding referred to the depth of understanding team members were given during training (low-level procedure-oriented vs. high level knowledge-oriented training). Team specialization referred to the degree to which knowledge about system fault scenarios was distributed between team members (specialized vs. non-specialized). A total of 72 participants took part in the study. After having received 4.5 h of training on an individual basis, participants completed a 1-h experimental session, in which they worked in two-person teams on a series of fault scenarios of varying difficulty. Measures were taken of primary and secondary task performance, system intervention and information sampling strategies, system knowledge, subjective operator state, communication patterns and conflict. The results provided evidence for the benefits of cognitive diversity with regard to system understanding. This manifested itself in better primary task performance and more efficient manual system control. No advantages were found for cognitive diversity with regard to specialization. There was no effect of cognitive diversity on intra-team conflict, with conflict levels generally being very low. The article concludes with a discussion of the implications of the findings for the engineering of cognitive diversity in teams operating complex human-machine-systems. AD - Department of Psychology, University of Fribourg, Rue de Faucigny 2, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland. juergen.sauer@unifr.ch FAU - Sauer, Jurgen AU - Sauer J FAU - Felsing, Tobias AU - Felsing T FAU - Franke, Holger AU - Franke H FAU - Ruttinger, Bruno AU - Ruttinger B LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PL - England TA - Ergonomics JT - Ergonomics JID - 0373220 SB - IM SB - S MH - Adult MH - *Cognition

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI case

*Cooperative Behavior Female Germany Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Humans Male Man-Machine Systems *Task Performance and Analysis 2006/06/29 09:00 2006/09/13 09:00 P7670M11W610417N [pii] 10.1080/00140130600577502 [doi] ppublish Ergonomics. 2006 Aug 15;49(10):934-54. 16738468 NLM MEDLINE 20060601 20070105 20071115 Print 1529-7764 (Print) 11 3 2006 May-Jun Productive interdisciplinary team relationships: the hospitalist and the

manager. PG - 160-4 AB - Since the introduction of the National Patient Safety Goals (Joint Commission International Center for Patient Safety, 2005) into the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations standards, there appears to be a positive movement toward improvement in patient care outcomes and safety. Case management has been an integral part of the care team, and has emphasized standards of performance in quality of care, collaboration and resource utilization since 1995. When Leapfrog defined hospitalist intensivists as one of the three requirements necessary to be a safe hospital, an opportunity was borne to create a professional partnership. With the patient and the safety as the central focus of care, case managers and hospitalists are beginning to exponentially change the face of healthcare. This article will demonstrate the value of this partnership. AD - Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine Meidcal Center, Orange, CA 92868, USA. anamin@uci.edu FAU - Amin, Alpesh N AU - Amin AN FAU - Owen, Mary M AU - Owen MM LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Lippincotts Case Manag

JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO -

Lippincott's case management : managing the process of patient care 100961551 N Benchmarking/organization & administration California Case Management/*organization & administration *Cooperative Behavior Disease Management Efficiency, Organizational Heart Failure/diagnosis/drug therapy Hospitalists/education/*organization & administration Humans *Interprofessional Relations Leadership Organizational Objectives Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)/organization & administration Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Patient Discharge Patient Satisfaction Practice Guidelines as Topic Professional Competence Professional Role Professional Staff Committees/organization & administration Safety Management/organization & administration Total Quality Management/*organization & administration 2006/06/02 09:00 2007/01/06 09:00 00129234-200605000-00008 [pii] ppublish Lippincotts Case Manag. 2006 May-Jun;11(3):160-4.

PMID- 16596833 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20060406 DCOM- 20060720 LR - 20061115 PUBM- Print IS - 0160-9289 (Print) VI - 29 IP - 3 DP - 2006 Mar TI - Primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction: direct transportation to catheterization laboratory by emergency teams reduces door-to-balloon time. PG - 112-6 AB - BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the recommended revascularization strategy for patients presenting with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In most hospitals, transfer of patients with STEMI is organized from the emergency site via emergency room (medical and cardiologic evaluation) and then to the catheterization laboratory. HYPOTHESIS: In this prospective study, we sought to evaluate the effect of a logistic modification in this treatment process. METHODS: Local emergency ambulance teams were

instructed to identify and evaluate patients with STEMI eligible for direct PCI and to transport them directly to the cardiac catheterization laboratory for immediate percutaneous coronary intervention ("ER bypass"). This study prospectively included 74 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndromes (STEMI) and compared them with a matched historic control group ("ER evaluation"). Primary endpoint was the reduction in door-to-balloon time; secondary endpoint was quality of preclinical emergency diagnosis. RESULTS: Median door-to-balloon time was reduced by 27 min. Primary interventional success was achieved in 92% of patients. Preclinical emergency diagnoses were correct in 95% of patients. CONCLUSION: The preclinical emergency diagnosis of STEMI was reliable. Direct transport of patients with STEMI to the cardiac catheterization laboratory and early preclinical alert by the interventional PCI team significantly reduces door-to-balloon-times compared with established standard processes-of-care for patients considered for primary PCI. AD - Universitatsklinik Freiburg, Department of Cardiology, Germany. andreasvandeloo@aol.com FAU - van de Loo, Andreas AU - van de Loo A FAU - Saurbier, Bernward AU - Saurbier B FAU - Kalbhenn, Johannes AU - Kalbhenn J FAU - Koberne, Frank AU - Koberne F FAU - Zehender, Manfred AU - Zehender M LA - eng PT - Comparative Study PT - Evaluation Studies PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Clin Cardiol JT - Clinical cardiology JID - 7903272 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - Aged MH - Aged, 80 and over MH - Ambulances/*standards MH - Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary/*methods MH - Cardiac Care Facilities MH - Case-Control Studies MH - Emergency Medical Technicians MH - Female MH - Germany MH - Heart Catheterization/*standards/trends MH - Humans MH - Male MH - Middle Aged MH - Myocardial Infarction/*diagnosis/mortality/*therapy MH - Patient Care Team

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI -

Patient Transfer/*methods/standards Probability Prospective Studies Quality of Health Care Reproducibility of Results Risk Assessment Severity of Illness Index Survival Rate Time and Motion Studies Treatment Outcome *Triage 2006/04/07 09:00 2006/07/21 09:00 ppublish Clin Cardiol. 2006 Mar;29(3):112-6.

16540848 NLM MEDLINE 20060316 20060713 Print 0195-9131 (Print) 38 3 2006 Mar Effects of caffeine on prolonged intermittent-sprint ability in team-sport athletes. PG - 578-85 AB - PURPOSE: Caffeine can be a powerful ergogenic aid for the performance of prolonged, submaximal exercise. Little evidence, however, supports an ergogenic effect of caffeine on intermittent-sprint performance. Hence, this study was conducted to examine the effects of acute caffeine ingestion on prolonged intermittent-sprint performance. METHODS: Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled design, 10 male team-sport athletes (amateur level, VO2peak 56.5 +/- 8.0 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) completed two exercise trials, separated by 7 d, 60 min after ingestion of either 6 mg x kg(-1) caffeine or placebo. The exercise trial was performed on a front-access cycle ergometer and consisted of 2 x 36-min halves, each composed of 18 x 4-s sprints with 2-min active recovery at 35% VO2peak between each sprint. Urinary caffeine levels were measured after exercise. RESULTS: The total amount of sprint work performed during the caffeine trial was 8.5% greater than that performed during the placebo trial in the first half (75,165.4 +/- 3,902.9 vs 69,265.6 +/- 3,719.7 J, P < 0.05), and was 7.6% greater in the second half (73,978.7 +/- 4,092.6 vs 68,783.2 +/- 3,574.4 J, P < 0.05). Similarly, the mean peak power score achieved during sprints in the caffeine trial was 7.0% greater than that achieved during the placebo trial in the first half (1330.9 +/- 68.2 vs 1244.2 +/- 60.7 W, P < 0.05), and was 6.6%

greater in the second half (1314.5 +/- 68.4 vs 1233.2 +/- 59.9 W, P < 0.05). Urinary caffeine levels following the caffeine trial ranged from 3.5 to 9.1 microg x mL(-1) (6.9 +/- 0.6 microg x mL(-1)). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that acute caffeine ingestion can significantly enhance performance of prolonged, intermittent-sprint ability in competitive, male, team-sport athletes. AD - Laboratory, School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, West Australia, Australia. kts@graduate.uwa.edu.au FAU - Schneiker, Knut Thomas AU - Schneiker KT FAU - Bishop, David AU - Bishop D FAU - Dawson, Brian AU - Dawson B FAU - Hackett, Laurence Peter AU - Hackett LP LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Med Sci Sports Exerc JT - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JID - 8005433 RN - 58-08-2 (Caffeine) SB - IM SB - S MH - Adolescent MH - Adult MH - Caffeine/administration & dosage/*pharmacology MH - Double-Blind Method MH - Exercise MH - Exercise Test MH - Humans MH - Male MH - Oxygen Consumption MH - Placebo Effect MH - *Running MH - *Sports MH - Task Performance and Analysis MH - Western Australia EDAT- 2006/03/17 09:00 MHDA- 2006/07/14 09:00 AID - 10.1249/01.mss.0000188449.18968.62 [doi] AID - 00005768-200603000-00025 [pii] PST - ppublish SO - Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Mar;38(3):578-85. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP 16435704 NLM MEDLINE 20060126 20060228 20061115 Print 0018-7208 (Print) 47 3

DP TI PG AB

2005 Fall Team task analysis: identifying tasks and jobs that are team based. 654-69 This paper presents initial information on the development and validation of three team task analysis scales. These scales were designed to quantitatively assess the extent to which a group of tasks or a job is team based. During a 2-week period, 52 male students working in 4-person teams were trained to perform a complex highly interdependent computer-simulated combat mission consisting of both individual- and team-based tasks. Our results indicated that the scales demonstrated high levels of interrater agreement. In addition, the scales differentiated between tasks that were predetermined to be individual versus team based. Finally, the results indicated that job-level ratings of team workflow were more strongly related to team performance than were aggregated tasklevel ratings of team-relatedness or team workflow. These results suggest that the scales presented here are an effective means of quantifying the extent to which tasks or jobs are team based. A research and practical implication of our findings is that the team task analysis scales could serve as criterion measures in the evaluation of team training interventions or predictors of team performance. AD - Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, College Station 77843-4235, USA. wea@psyc.tamu.edu FAU - Arthur, Winfred Jr AU - Arthur W Jr FAU - Edwards, Bryan D AU - Edwards BD FAU - Bell, Suzanne T AU - Bell ST FAU - Villado, Anton J AU - Villado AJ FAU - Bennett, Winston Jr AU - Bennett W Jr LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - Hum Factors JT - Human factors JID - 0374660 SB - IM SB - S MH - Adult MH - Computer Simulation MH - Humans MH - Interpersonal Relations MH - Male MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2006/01/27 09:00 MHDA- 2006/03/01 09:00 PST - ppublish

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SO

- Hum Factors. 2005 Fall;47(3):654-69. 16395015 NLM MEDLINE 20060105 20060224 20071115 Print 0360-4039 (Print) 36 1 2006 Jan Best-practice interventions: how a rapid response team saves lives. 36-40 Critical Care and Transplant Services, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center-Presbyterian Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Scholle, Carol C Scholle CC Mininni, Nicolette C Mininni NC eng Journal Article United States Nursing Nursing 7600137 N Benchmarking/*organization & administration Heart Arrest/diagnosis/mortality/prevention & control Humans Nurse's Role Nursing Assessment/organization & administration Nursing Staff, Hospital/education/*organization & administration/psychology Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Patient Selection Pennsylvania/epidemiology Practice Guidelines as Topic Respiratory Therapy/methods/nursing *Resuscitation/methods/nursing Time Factors 2006/01/06 09:00 2006/02/25 09:00 00152193-200601000-00037 [pii] ppublish Nursing. 2006 Jan;36(1):36-40. 16368614 NLM MEDLINE 20051221 20060516 Print 0264-0414 (Print) 24 1 2006 Jan Relationships between cohesion, collective efficacy and performance in

PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AD FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI -

professional basketball teams: an examination of mediating effects. PG - 59-68 AB - The main aim of this study was to examine mediating effects in the relationships between cohesion, collective efficacy and performance in professional basketball teams. A secondary aim was to examine the correlates of collective efficacy in a professional sport. A total of 154 French and foreign professional players completed French or English versions of questionnaires about cohesion and collective efficacy. Two composite measures of individual performance were used (pre- and post-performance). Individual-level analyses were performed. Regression analyses supported two mediating relationships with collective efficacy as a mediator of the pre-performance - Group integration-task relationship, and Group integration-task as a mediator of the pre-performance - collective efficacy relationship. Statistical analyses indicated that neither Group integrationtask nor collective efficacy was a better mediator in the relationship between pre-performance and the other group variables. Results also revealed positive relationships between three dimensions of cohesion (i.e. Individual attractions to the group-task, Group integration-task, Group integration-social) and collective efficacy. These findings suggest that in professional basketball teams, staff members should look after athletes who perform at a lower or below their usual level because their performances might lead them into a downward cohesion - collective efficacy spiral. Staff members should also develop a high quality of group functioning, both on and off the basketball court, given its relationship with collective efficacy. AD - Universite de Reims, UFR STAPS, Reims, France. jp.heuze@univ-reims.fr FAU - Heuze, Jean-Philippe AU - Heuze JP FAU - Raimbault, Nicolas AU - Raimbault N FAU - Fontayne, Paul AU - Fontayne P LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - J Sports Sci JT - Journal of sports sciences JID - 8405364 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - *Basketball MH - *Competitive Behavior MH - France MH - *Group Processes MH - Humans MH - Questionnaires MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2005/12/22 09:00

MHDAAID AID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB in a basis

2006/05/17 09:00 P2V2322808J81870 [pii] 10.1080/02640410500127736 [doi] ppublish J Sports Sci. 2006 Jan;24(1):59-68. 16316282 NLM MEDLINE 20051130 20060209 20061115 Print 0021-9010 (Print) 90 6 2005 Nov Contingent leadership and effectiveness of trauma resuscitation teams. 1288-96 This research investigated leadership and effectiveness of teams operating high-velocity environment, specifically trauma resuscitation teams. On the

of the literature and their own ethnographic work, the authors proposed and tested a contingency model in which the influence of leadership on team effectiveness during trauma resuscitation differs according to the situation. Results indicated that empowering leadership was more effective when trauma severity was low and when team experience was high. Directive leadership was more effective when trauma severity was high or when the team was inexperienced. Findings also suggested that an empowering leader provided more learning opportunities than did a directive leader. The major contribution of this article is the linkage of leadership to team effectiveness, as moderated by relatively specific situational contingencies. CI - ((c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved). AD - Department of Management, School of Business, Montclair State University, 1 Normal Avenue, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA. yuns@mail.montclair.edu FAU - Yun, Seokhwa AU - Yun S FAU - Faraj, Samer AU - Faraj S FAU - Sims, Henry P Jr AU - Sims HP Jr LA - eng PT - Comparative Study PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - J Appl Psychol JT - The Journal of applied psychology JID - 0222526 SB - IM MH - Adaptation, Psychological MH - Adult MH - *Anthropology, Cultural

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO -

Clinical Competence Female Group Processes Group Structure Humans Inservice Training *Leadership Male Middle Aged *Models, Statistical Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Power (Psychology) Resuscitation/*education Task Performance and Analysis Treatment Outcome Wounds and Injuries/*therapy 2005/12/01 09:00 2006/02/10 09:00 2005-14549-020 [pii] 10.1037/0021-9010.90.6.1288 [doi] ppublish J Appl Psychol. 2005 Nov;90(6):1288-96.

PMID- 16286872 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20051115 DCOM- 20060119 PUBM- Print IS - 0195-9131 (Print) VI - 37 IP - 11 DP - 2005 Nov TI - Multiple effects of caffeine on simulated high-intensity team-sport performance. PG - 1998-2005 AB - INTRODUCTION: Caffeine enhances performance of single bouts of endurance exercise, but its effects on repeated bouts typical of those in highintensity team sports are unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate effects of caffeine in a performance test simulating physical and skill demands of a rugby union game. METHODS: The study was a double-blind, randomized, crossover design in which nine competitive male rugby players ingested either caffeine (6 mg.kg(-1) body mass) or placebo (dextrose) 70 min before performing a rugby test. Each test consisted of seven circuits in each of two 40-min halves with a 10-min half-time rest. Each circuit included stations for measurement of sprint time (two straight-line and three agility sprints), power generation in two consecutive drives, and accuracy for passing balls rapidly. Interstitial fluid was sampled transdermally by electrosonophoresis before ingestion of caffeine or placebo and then before testing, at half-time, and immediately after testing; samples were assayed chromatographically for caffeine and epinephrine concentrations. RESULTS:

The 14 drive effects of caffeine on mean performance (+/-90% confidence limits) over all circuits were: sprint speeds, 0.5% (+/-1.7%) through 2.9% (+/-1.3%); first-

power, 5.0% (+/-2.5%); second-drive power, -1.2% (+/-6.8%); and passing accuracy, 9.6% (+/-6.1%). The enhancements were mediated partly through a reduction of fatigue that developed throughout the test and partly by enhanced performance for some measures from the first circuit. Caffeine produced a 51% (+/-11%) increase in mean epinephrine concentration; correlations between individual changes in epinephrine concentration and changes in performance were mostly unclear, but there were some strong positive correlations with sprint speeds and a strong negative correlation with passing accuracy. CONCLUSION: Caffeine is likely to produce substantial enhancement of several aspects of high-intensity teamsport performance. AD - Division of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. FAU - Stuart, Gene R AU - Stuart GR FAU - Hopkins, Will G AU - Hopkins WG FAU - Cook, Christian AU - Cook C FAU - Cairns, Simeon P AU - Cairns SP LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Randomized Controlled Trial PL - United States TA - Med Sci Sports Exerc JT - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JID - 8005433 RN - 0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants) RN - 0 (Placebos) RN - 51-43-4 (Epinephrine) RN - 58-08-2 (Caffeine) SB - IM SB - S MH - Adult MH - Caffeine/*pharmacology MH - Central Nervous System Stimulants/*pharmacology MH - Cross-Over Studies MH - Double-Blind Method MH - Epinephrine/blood MH - Fatigue MH - Football/*physiology MH - Humans MH - Male MH - *Physical Fitness MH - Placebos MH - Running/physiology

MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB +/-

Task Performance and Analysis 2005/11/16 09:00 2006/01/20 09:00 00005768-200511000-00024 [pii] ppublish Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Nov;37(11):1998-2005. 16138657 NLM MEDLINE 20050905 20051208 Print 1476-3141 (Print) 4 2 2005 Jul Anthropometric and physical abilities profiles: US National Skeleton Team. 197-214 The aim of this study was to characterize sprint ability, anthropometry, and lower extremity power in the US National Team Skeleton athletes. Fourteen athletes (male n = 7; mean +/- SD: height 1.794 +/- 0.063 m, body mass 81.2

3.7 kg, age 26.9 +/- 4.1 years; female n = 7; 1.642 +/- 0.055 m, 60.1 +/5.9 kg, 27.3 +/- 6.9 years) volunteered to participate. Sprinting ability was measured over multiple intervals using custom infrared timing gates in both an upright and a crouched sprint. The crouched sprint was performed while pushing a wheeled-simulated skeleton sled on rails on an outdoor skeleton and bobsleigh start track. Crouched skeleton sprint starts were able to achieve about 70% to 85% of the upright sprint times. The mean somatotype ratings for females were: 3.5-3.5-2.1, and males: 3.6-4.9-1.9. Lower extremity strength and power were measured via vertical jumps on a portable force platform using squat and countermovement jumps, and jumps with added mass. Jump height, power, rate offorce development and peak force were determined from force-time data. Lower extremity strength and power were strongly correlated with both upright and crouched sprint times. The results indicated that these athletes are strong sprinters with varying body structures, mostly mesomorphic, and that stronger and more powerful athletes tend to be better starters. AD - USA Olympic Committee, Division of Coaching and Sport Sciences, Colorado Springs, CO, USA. FAU - Sands, William A AU - Sands WA FAU - Smith, L Sarah L AU - Smith LS FAU - Kivi, Derek M R AU - Kivi DM FAU - McNeal, Jeni R AU - McNeal JR FAU - Dorman, Jason C

AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB team and

Dorman JC Stone, Michael H Stone MH Cormie, Prue Cormie P eng Journal Article Scotland Sports Biomech Sports biomechanics / International Society of Biomechanics in Sports 101151352 IM Adult Anthropometry/methods Body Size/*physiology Female Humans Leg/physiology Male Motor Activity/*physiology Muscle, Skeletal/physiology Running/physiology Sex Factors Sports/*physiology *Task Performance and Analysis 2005/09/06 09:00 2005/12/13 09:00 ppublish Sports Biomech. 2005 Jul;4(2):197-214. 16018327 NLM MEDLINE 20050715 20051011 Print 0095-6562 (Print) 76 7 Suppl 2005 Jul Assessing performance in complex team environments. C31-3 This paper provides a brief introduction to team performance assessment. It highlights some critical aspects leading to the successful measurement of performance in realistic console operations; discusses the idea of process

outcome measures; presents two types of team data collection systems; and provides an example of team performance assessment. Team performance assessment is a complicated endeavor relative to assessing individual performance. Assessing team performance necessitates a clear understanding of each operator's task, both at the individual and team level, and requires planning for efficient data capture and analysis. Though team performance assessment requires considerable effort, the results can be very worthwhile. Most tasks performed in Command

and Control environments are team tasks, and understanding this type of performance is becoming increasingly important to the evaluation of mission success and for overall system optimization. AD - Fatigue Countermeasures Branch, Biosciences and Protection Division, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks City-Base, TX 78235, USA. Jeff.Whitmore@brooks.af.mil FAU - Whitmore, Jeffrey N AU - Whitmore JN LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Aviat Space Environ Med JT - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JID - 7501714 SB - IM SB - S MH - Humans MH - *Military Medicine MH - *Operations Research MH - *Task Performance and Analysis MH - United States EDAT- 2005/07/16 09:00 MHDA- 2005/10/12 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005 Jul;76(7 Suppl):C31-3. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB task. Four 15960086 NLM MEDLINE 20050617 20050719 20061115 Print 0018-7208 (Print) 47 1 2005 Spring Effects of automation of information-processing functions on teamwork. 50-66 We investigated the effects of automation as applied to different stages of information processing on team performance in a complex decision-making Forty teams of 2 individuals performed a simulated Theater Defense Task.

automation conditions were simulated with computer assistance applied to realistic combinations of information acquisition, information analysis, and decision selection functions across two levels of task difficulty. Multiple measures of team effectiveness and team coordination were used. Results indicated different forms of automation have different effects on teamwork. Compared with a baseline condition, an increase in automation of information acquisition led to an increase in the ratio of information transferred to information

requested; an increase in automation of information analysis resulted in higher team coordination ratings; and automation of decision selection led to better team effectiveness under low levels of task difficulty but at the cost of higher workload. The results support the use of early and intermediate forms of automation related to acquisition and analysis of information in the design of team tasks. Decision-making automation may provide benefits in more limited contexts. Applications of this research include the design and evaluation of automation in team environments. AD - Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3094, Durham, NC, 27710, USA. melanie.wright@duke.edu FAU - Wright, Melanie C AU - Wright MC FAU - Kaber, David B AU - Kaber DB LA - eng PT - Comparative Study PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - Hum Factors JT - Human factors JID - 0374660 SB - IM SB - S MH - Automation/instrumentation/*methods MH - Aviation/instrumentation/*methods MH - Computer Simulation MH - *Decision Making, Computer-Assisted MH - Humans MH - Internal-External Control MH - Interprofessional Relations MH - Man-Machine Systems MH - Military Personnel MH - Problem Solving MH - *Task Performance and Analysis MH - Workload EDAT- 2005/06/18 09:00 MHDA- 2005/07/20 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Hum Factors. 2005 Spring;47(1):50-66. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG 15943207 NLM MEDLINE 20050609 20050902 20061115 Print 0095-6562 (Print) 76 6 Suppl 2005 Jun Multi-team dynamics and distributed expertise in imission operations. B145-53

AB

- The evolution of space exploration has brought an increased awareness of the social and socio-technical issues associated with team performance and task coordination, both for the onboard astronauts and in mission control. Spaceflight operations create a unique environment in which to address classic group dynamics topics including communication, group process, knowledge development and sharing, and time-critical task performance. Mission operations in the early years of the 21st century have developed into a set of complex, multi-team task settings incorporating multiple mission control teams and flight crews interacting in novel ways. These more complex operational settings help highlight the emergence of a new paradigm of distributed supervisory coordination, and the need to consider multiple dimensions of expertise being supported and exchanged among team members. The creation of new mission profiles with very long-duration time scales (months, rather than days) for the International Space Station, as well as planned exploration missions to the Moon and Mars, emphasize fundamental distinctions from the 40 yr from Mercury to the Space Shuttle. Issues in distributed expertise and information flow in mission control settings from two related perspectives are described. A general conceptual view of knowledge sharing and task synchronization is presented within the context of the mission control environment. This conceptual presentation is supplemented by analysis of quasi-experimental data collected from actual flight controllers at NASAJohnson Space Center, Houston, TX. AD - School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2023, USA. bscaldwell@purdue.edu FAU - Caldwell, Barrett S AU - Caldwell BS LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - Aviat Space Environ Med JT - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JID - 7501714 SB - IM SB - S MH - *Aerospace Medicine MH - Astronauts/*psychology/standards MH - *Behavioral Research MH - Cooperative Behavior MH - Efficiency, Organizational MH - *Group Processes MH - Humans MH - Information Systems MH - Interpersonal Relations MH - Organizational Objectives MH - *Professional Competence MH - *Space Flight

MH MH MH MH MH

Task Performance and Analysis Texas Time Factors United States United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration/*organization & administration OTO - NASA OT - NASA Discipline Space Human Factors OT - Non-NASA Center IR - Caldwell BS FIR - Caldwell, B S IRAD- Purdue U, W Lafayette, IN GN - NASA: Grant numbers: NASA NAG 9-1008, NASA NAG 9-1292, IN space grant consortium NASA NAG 4-40114. EDAT- 2005/06/10 09:00 MHDA- 2005/09/03 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005 Jun;76(6 Suppl):B145-53. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI 15903369 NLM MEDLINE 20050520 20050901 Print 1064-8011 (Print) 19 2 2005 May Measurement of talent in team handball: the questionable use of motor and physical tests. PG - 318-25 AB - Testing for selection is one of the most important fundamentals in any multistep sport program. In most ball games, coaches assess motor, physical, and technical skills on a regular basis in early stages of talent identification and development. However, selection processes are complex, are often unstructured, and lack clear-cut theory-based knowledge. For example, little is known about the relevance of the testing process to the final selection of the young prospects. The purpose of this study was to identify motor, physical, and skill variables that could provide coaches with relevant information in the selection process of young team handball players. In total, 405 players (12-13 years of age at the beginning of the testing period) were recommended by their coaches to undergo a battery of tests prior to selection to the Junior National Team. This number is the sum of all players participating in the different phases of the program. However, not all of them took part in each testing phase. The battery included physical measurements (height and weight), a 4 x 10-m running test,

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explosive power tests (medicine ball throw and standing long jump), speed tests (a 20m sprint from a standing position and a 20-m sprint with a flying start), and a slalom dribbling test. Comparisons between those players eventually selected to the Junior National Team 2-3 years later with those not selected demonstrated that only the skill test served as a good indicator. In all other measurements, a wide overlap could be seen between the results of the selected and nonselected players. It is suggested that future studies investigate the usefulness of tests reflecting more specific physical ability and cognitive characteristics. AD - The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel and Faculty of Education, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel. lidor@macam.ac.il FAU - Lidor, Ronnie AU - Lidor R FAU - Falk, Bareket AU - Falk B FAU - Arnon, Michal AU - Arnon M FAU - Cohen, Yoram AU - Cohen Y FAU - Segal, Gil AU - Segal G FAU - Lander, Yael AU - Lander Y LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - J Strength Cond Res JT - Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association JID - 9415084 SB - IM SB - S MH - Adolescent MH - Age Factors MH - Aptitude/*physiology MH - *Aptitude Tests MH - Child MH - Competitive Behavior MH - Female MH - Follow-Up Studies MH - Group Processes MH - Humans MH - Male MH - Physical Education and Training/methods MH - Sports/*physiology MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2005/05/21 09:00

MHDAAID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI Rasch PG AB

2005/09/02 09:00 10.1519/1533-4287(2005)19[318:MOTITH]2.0.CO;2 [doi] ppublish J Strength Cond Res. 2005 May;19(2):318-25. 15701944 NLM MEDLINE 20050209 20050315 Print 1529-7713 (Print) 6 1 2005 Measuring college sailing teams ability: an application of the many-facet

model to ordinal data. - 57-70 - For those who look at typical approaches to sports ranking, sailing seems an almost impossible challenge, thereby making the evidence supporting Rasch measurement in this study even more intriguing. This article describes our application of MFRM and the results from our analysis of one year's data from the North American college sailing competitions. We discuss the following issues for inclusion in the development of a Rasch model useful to college sailing team ability: 1. The level of data quality (as described by Stevens, 1946) 2. The connectedness of the contests 3. Empty cells (missing data) 4. Interpreting outliers, trends, or unusual results 5. Judges' or polls' bias Our results indicate the utility and precision of MFRM as a tool generally appropriate for ordinal ranking applications and sailing ability specifically. AD - College of Education, University of South Florida St. Petersburg, 140 7th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, FL 33701, USA. wslang@tempest.coedu.usf.edu FAU - Lang, William Steve AU - Lang WS FAU - Wilkerson, Judy R AU - Wilkerson JR LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - J Appl Meas JT - Journal of applied measurement JID - 101084377 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - Data Collection MH - Humans MH - *Models, Theoretical MH - Reproducibility of Results MH - Ships MH - *Sports MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2005/02/11 09:00 MHDA- 2005/03/16 09:00 PST - ppublish

SO

- J Appl Meas. 2005;6(1):57-70. 15682566 NLM MEDLINE 20050201 20050224 Print 1047-5311 (Print) 16 12 2004 Dec Buying time, saving lives: hospital rapid response teams find ways to reduce mortality outside the ICU. - 2-9, 1 - Many studies in recent years have shown that many critical cardiovascular respiratory events in hospitals are preceded by warning signs hours before

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events themselves occur. Two facilities have created award-winning rapid response teams that are making a difference for not only the patients who encounter these critical events but the entire organization as well. LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Qual Lett Healthc Lead JT - The Quality letter for healthcare leaders JID - 9309472 SB - H MH - Colorado MH - Heart Arrest/mortality MH - *Hospital Mortality MH - Humans MH - Intensive Care Units MH - Quality Assurance, Health Care/*organization & administration MH - Respiratory Insufficiency/mortality MH - Time and Motion Studies EDAT- 2005/02/03 09:00 MHDA- 2005/02/25 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Qual Lett Healthc Lead. 2004 Dec;16(12):2-9, 1. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG FAU AU 15633837 NLM MEDLINE 20050106 20050201 Print 0954-7762 (Print) 100 50 2004 Dec 14-2005 Jan 3 The essence of teamwork. 24-5 Sandiford, Rebecca Sandiford R

LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB to for

eng Journal Article England Nurs Times Nursing times 0423236 N *Awards and Prizes Benchmarking/*organization & administration England Humans Nursing Staff, Hospital/*organization & administration *Patient Care Team 2005/01/07 09:00 2005/02/03 09:00 ppublish Nurs Times. 2004 Dec 14-2005 Jan 3;100(50):24-5.

15631917 NLM MEDLINE 20050105 20050217 20061115 Print 1072-7515 (Print) 200 1 2005 Jan Assessing team performance in the operating room: development and use of a "black-box" recorder and other tools for the intraoperative environment. - 29-37 - BACKGROUND: The objective of this research was to develop a digital system archive the complete operative environment along with the assessment tools

analysis of this data, allowing prospective studies of operative performance, intraoperative errors, team performance, and communication. Ability to study this environment will yield new insights, allowing design of systems to avoid preventable errors that contribute to perioperative complications. STUDY DESIGN: A multitrack, synchronized, digital audio-visual recording system (RATE tool) was developed to monitor intraoperative performance, including software to synchronize data and allow assignment of independent observational scores. Cases were scored for technical performance, participants' situational awareness (knowledge of critical information), and their comfort and satisfaction with the conduct of the procedure. RESULTS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (n = 10) was studied. Technical performance of the RATE tool was excellent. The RATE tool allowed real time, multitrack data collection of all aspects of the operative environment, while permitting digital recording of the objective assessment data in a time synchronized and annotated fashion during the procedure. The mean

technical performance score was 73% +/- 28% of maximum (perfect) performance. Situational awareness varied widely among team members, with the attending surgeon typically the only team member having comprehensive knowledge of critical case information. CONCLUSIONS: The RATE tool allows prospective analysis of performance measures such as technical judgments, team performance, and communication patterns, offers the opportunity to conduct prospective intraoperative studies of human performance, and allows for postoperative discussion, review, and teaching. This study also suggests that gaps in situational awareness might be an underappreciated source of operative adverse events. Future uses of this system will aid teaching, failure or adverse event analysis, and intervention research. AD - Department of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0709, USA. FAU - Guerlain, Stephanie AU - Guerlain S FAU - Adams, Reid B AU - Adams RB FAU - Turrentine, F Beth AU - Turrentine FB FAU - Shin, Thomas AU - Shin T FAU - Guo, Hui AU - Guo H FAU - Collins, Stephen R AU - Collins SR FAU - Calland, J Forrest AU - Calland JF LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - J Am Coll Surg JT - Journal of the American College of Surgeons JID - 9431305 SB - AIM SB - IM MH - *Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic MH - Clinical Competence MH - Communication MH - Humans MH - Interprofessional Relations MH - Operating Rooms MH - *Patient Care Team MH - *Process Assessment (Health Care) MH - *Software Design MH - Task Performance and Analysis MH - User-Computer Interface MH - *Video Recording EDAT- 2005/01/06 09:00 MHDA- 2005/02/18 09:00 PHST- 2004/04/30 [received] PHST- 2004/07/22 [revised] PHST- 2004/08/11 [accepted]

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S1072-7515(04)01251-7 [pii] 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2004.08.029 [doi] ppublish J Am Coll Surg. 2005 Jan;200(1):29-37.

PMID- 15465939 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20041006 DCOM- 20041214 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 1475-3898 (Print) VI - 13 IP - 5 DP - 2004 Oct TI - RCGP Quality Team Development programme: an illuminative evaluation. PG - 356-62 AB - BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in quality initiatives that are locally owned and delivered, team based, multiprofessional, and formative. The Royal College of General Practitioners' Quality Team Development (QTD) programme is one such initiative aimed at developing primary healthcare teams and their services. AIMS: To evaluate QTD from the perspective of participants and assessors. SETTING: UK primary health care. DESIGN AND METHOD: Twelve of 14 practices and all four primary care organisations (PCOs) approached agreed to participate. Thirty four semi-structured interviews were conducted with key stakeholders. The interviews were taped, transcribed, and analysed using the constant comparative method. RESULTS: The QTD programme appears to be highly valued by participating organisations. Practice based respondents perceived it as acceptable and feasible, and reported positive changes in teamwork and patient services. They valued its formative, participative, and multiprofessional nature, especially the peer review element. PCOs saw QTD as a method of delivering on prevailing national policies on clinical quality and modernization agendas as well as promoting interorganizational collaboration. The main concerns raised were the workload, particularly for assessors, and maintaining the quality of the assessments and the programme. CONCLUSION: This qualitative study suggests positive benefits for participants in the QTD programme. However, such practices are a self-selecting innovative minority. Further research is needed on more typical practices to identify barriers to their participation in QTD or other formative, team based quality improvement programmes. AD - University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK. f.macfarlane@surrey.ac.uk. FAU - Macfarlane, F AU - Macfarlane F FAU - Greenhalgh, T AU - Greenhalgh T

FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMPUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB would would Eight nurse 9 am

Schofield, T Schofield T Desombre, T Desombre T eng Evaluation Studies Journal Article England Qual Saf Health Care Quality & safety in health care 101136980 H *Attitude of Health Personnel Benchmarking Cooperative Behavior England Family Practice/organization & administration/*standards Humans Interviews as Topic Management Quality Circles Patient Care Team/organization & administration/standards Primary Health Care/organization & administration/*standards Program Development Qualitative Research Rural Health Services/standards Societies, Medical Total Quality Management/*methods Urban Health Services/standards Wales 2004/10/07 09:00 2004/12/16 09:00 13/5/356 [pii] 10.1136/qhc.13.5.356 [doi] ppublish Qual Saf Health Care. 2004 Oct;13(5):356-62. 15333524 NLM MEDLINE 20040830 20050301 Print 1472-0213 (Electronic) 21 5 2004 Sep Team triage improves emergency department efficiency. 542-4 OBJECTIVE: To see whether three hours of combined doctor and nurse triage lead to earlier medical assessment and treatment and whether this benefit carry on for the rest of the day when normal triage had resumed. METHOD: days were randomly selected; four for team triage and four for the normal led triage. Team triage was coordinated by a middle grade or consultant from

to 12 noon. Times to triage, to see a doctor, radiology, admission, and discharge were recorded. No additional medical or nursing staff were used and staffing levels were similar each day. All patients including blue light emergencies and minor injuries were included. RESULTS: Median times were significantly reduced (p<0.05) during the intervention to triage (2 min v 7 min, p = 0. 029), to see a doctor (2 min v 32 min, p = 0.029), and to radiology (11.5 min v 44.5 min, p = 0.029). Waiting times at midday were longer for patients in the nonintervention group. More patients were seen and discharged within 20 minutes in the intervention group (18 of 95 (19%) v 2 of 69 (3%) p = 0.0043). No significant knock on effect was demonstrable for the remaining 21 hours after the intervention ceased. CONCLUSION: Three hours of combined doctor and nurse triage significantly reduces the time to medical assessment, radiology, and to discharge during the intervention period. Waiting times at midday were shorter in the triage group. There was no significant knock on effect the rest of the day. AD - Emergency Department, Royal Victoria Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6AB, UK. FAU - Subash, F AU - Subash F FAU - Dunn, F AU - Dunn F FAU - McNicholl, B AU - McNicholl B FAU - Marlow, J AU - Marlow J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - Emerg Med J JT - Emergency medicine journal : EMJ JID - 100963089 SB - IM MH - Appointments and Schedules MH - Efficiency, Organizational MH - Emergency Nursing/*organization & administration MH - Emergency Service, Hospital/*organization & administration/utilization MH - Health Services Research MH - Humans MH - Medical Staff, Hospital/organization & administration MH - Northern Ireland MH - Patient Care Team/*organization & administration MH - Time and Motion Studies MH - Triage/*organization & administration MH - Waiting Lists EDAT- 2004/08/31 05:00 MHDA- 2005/03/02 09:00 AID - 10.1136/emj.2002.003665 [doi] AID - 21/5/542 [pii] PST - ppublish

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- Emerg Med J. 2004 Sep;21(5):542-4. 15231353 NLM MEDLINE 20040702 20041109 20060614 Print 0304-3894 (Print) 111 1-3 2004 Jul 26 Safety investigation of team performance in accidents. 97-104 The paper presents the capacities of the performance evaluation of teamwork method. Its practicability and efficiency are illustrated by retrospective

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reliability analyse of the famous nuclear and maritime accidents. A quantitative assessment of operators' performance on the base of thermo-hydraulic (T/H) calculations and full-scope simulator data for set of NPP design basic accidents with WWER is demonstrated. The last data are obtained on the 'WWER-1000' full-scope simulator of Kozloduy NPP during the regular practical training of the operators' teams. An outlook on the "evaluation system of main control room (MCR) operators' reliability" project, based on simulator data of operators' training is given. AD - Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Engineering, Technical University of Sofia, 8 Kliment Ohridski Street, Room 2356, 1797, Bulgaria. gip@tu-sofia.bg FAU - Petkov, G AU - Petkov G FAU - Todorov, V AU - Todorov V FAU - Takov, T AU - Takov T FAU - Petrov, V AU - Petrov V FAU - Stoychev, K AU - Stoychev K FAU - Vladimirov, V AU - Vladimirov V FAU - Chukov, I AU - Chukov I LA - eng PT - Evaluation Studies PT - Journal Article PL - Netherlands TA - J Hazard Mater JT - Journal of hazardous materials JID - 9422688 SB - IM MH - Accidents, Radiation MH - Disaster Planning/methods

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO -

Humans Institutional Management Teams/*organization & administration Models, Organizational Pilot Projects Retrospective Studies Risk Assessment/methods Safety Management/*methods/*organization & administration *Task Performance and Analysis 2004/07/03 05:00 2004/11/13 09:00 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.02.013 [doi] S0304389404000925 [pii] ppublish J Hazard Mater. 2004 Jul 26;111(1-3):97-104.

PMID- 15195403 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20040615 DCOM- 20040723 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 1087-0652 (Print) VI - 12 IP - 6 DP - 2004 Jun TI - Physician buy-in helps PI team reduce LOS. PG - 89-90 LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Hosp Case Manag JT - Hospital case management : the monthly update on hospital-based care planning and critical paths JID - 9603097 SB - H MH - Attitude of Health Personnel MH - Benchmarking/*statistics & numerical data MH - Cooperative Behavior MH - *Databases as Topic MH - Humans MH - Length of Stay MH - Maryland MH - Medical Audit/*statistics & numerical data MH - Medical Staff, Hospital/*psychology/standards MH - Pneumonia/*therapy EDAT- 2004/06/16 05:00 MHDA- 2004/07/24 05:00 PST - ppublish SO - Hosp Case Manag. 2004 Jun;12(6):89-90. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR 15146742 NLM MEDLINE 20040518 20040615 20041117

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Print 0017-8012 (Print) 82 5 2004 May Can absence make a team grow stronger? 131-7, 152 Some projects have such diverse requirements that they need a variety of specialists to work on them. But often the best-qualified specialists are scattered around the globe, perhaps at several companies. Remarkably, an extensive benchmarking study reveals, it isn't necessary to bring team members together to get their best work. In fact, they can be even more productive if they stay separated and do all their collaborating virtually. The scores of successful virtual teams the authors examined didn't have many of the psychological and practical obstacles that plagued their more traditional, face-to-face counterparts. Team members felt freer to contribute--especially outside their established areas of expertise. The fact that such groups could not assemble easily actually made their projects go faster, as people did not wait for meetings to make decisions, and individuals, in the comfort of their own offices, had full access to their files and the complementary knowledge of their local colleagues. Reaping those advantages, though, demanded shrewd management of a virtual team's work processes and social dynamics. Rather than depend on videoconferencing or e-mail, which could be unwieldy or exclusionary, successful virtual teams made extensive use of sophisticated online team rooms, where everyone could easily see the state of the work in progress, talk about the work in ongoing threaded discussions, and be reminded of decisions, rationales, and commitments. Differences were most effectively hashed out in teleconferences, which team leaders also used to foster group identity and solidarity. When carefully managed in this way, the clash of perspectives led not to acrimony but, rather, to fundamental solutions, turning distance and diversity into competitive advantage. AD - Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA. majchrza@usc.edu FAU - Majchrzak, Ann AU - Majchrzak A FAU - Malhotra, Arvind AU - Malhotra A FAU - Stamps, Jeffrey AU - Stamps J FAU - Lipnack, Jessica AU - Lipnack J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Harv Bus Rev

JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AD of Health FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT PL TA JT JID SB -

Harvard business review 9875796 H Benchmarking Computer Communication Networks/*utilization Cooperative Behavior Cultural Diversity Electronic Mail/utilization Group Processes Humans Institutional Management Teams/*organization & administration Internationality Internet/utilization *Interprofessional Relations Online Systems/*utilization *Specialism *User-Computer Interface 2004/05/19 05:00 2004/06/16 05:00 ppublish Harv Bus Rev. 2004 May;82(5):131-7, 152. 15043232 NLM MEDLINE 20040326 20040423 20051116 Print 0090-3493 (Print) 32 2 Suppl 2004 Feb Improving medical crisis team performance. S61-5 Peter Winter Institute for Simulation Education and Research, The Department Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, UPMC System, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. DeVita, Michael A DeVita MA Schaefer, John Schaefer J Lutz, John Lutz J Dongilli, Thomas Dongilli T Wang, Henry Wang H eng Journal Article Review United States Crit Care Med Critical care medicine 0355501 AIM

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IM Clinical Competence *Crisis Intervention/education Disaster Planning/organization & administration Humans *Patient Care Team/organization & administration Patient Simulation Pennsylvania Program Development *Task Performance and Analysis 14 2004/03/27 05:00 2004/04/24 05:00 ppublish Crit Care Med. 2004 Feb;32(2 Suppl):S61-5.

15002359 NLM MEDLINE 20040308 20040331 20071115 Print 1541-1052 (Print) 11 3 2004 Mar Physician buy-in helps PI team reduce LOS. 32-3 Benchmarking database helps win oversceptical physicians. The Initiative is positioned as an education collaborative. An opportunity assessment is conducted to identify clinical area to target. LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Healthcare Benchmarks Qual Improv JT - Healthcare benchmarks and quality improvement JID - 101151031 SB - H MH - *Attitude of Health Personnel MH - *Benchmarking MH - Cooperative Behavior MH - Critical Pathways MH - Databases as Topic MH - Humans MH - Length of Stay MH - Maryland MH - Medical Staff, Hospital/*psychology/standards MH - Pneumonia/therapy MH - *Process Assessment (Health Care) EDAT- 2004/03/09 05:00 MHDA- 2004/04/01 05:00 PST - ppublish SO - Healthcare Benchmarks Qual Improv. 2004 Mar;11(3):32-3. PMID- 14767251 OWN - NLM

STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB -

MEDLINE 20040209 20040525 20061115 Print 0195-9131 (Print) 36 2 2004 Feb Physical fitness, injuries, and team performance in soccer. 278-85 PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between physical fitness and team success in soccer, and to test for differences in physical fitness between different player positions. METHODS: Participants were 306 male soccer players from 17 teams in the two highest divisions in Iceland. Just before the start of the 1999 soccer season, the following variables were tested: height and weight, body composition, flexibility, leg extension power, jump height, and peak O2 uptake. Injuries and player participation in matches and training were recorded through the 4-month competitive season. Team average physical fitness was compared with team success (final league standing) using a linear regression model. Physical fitness was also compared between players in different playing positions. RESULTS: A significant relationship was found between team average jump height (countermovement jump and standing jump) and team success (P = 0.009 and P = 0.012, respectively). The same trend was also found for leg extension power (P = 0.097), body composition (% body fat, P = 0.07), and the total number of injury days per team (P = 0.09). Goalkeepers demonstrated different fitness characteristics from outfield players. They were taller and heavier, more flexible in hip extension and knee flexion, and had higher leg extension power and a lower peak O2 uptake. However, only minor differences were observed between defenders, midfield players, and attackers. CONCLUSION: Coaches and medical support teams should pay more attention to jump and power training, as well as preventive measures and adequate rehabilitation of previous injuries to increase team success. AD - Department of Physiology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. FAU - Arnason, Arni AU - Arnason A FAU - Sigurdsson, Stefan B AU - Sigurdsson SB FAU - Gudmundsson, Arni AU - Gudmundsson A FAU - Holme, Ingar AU - Holme I FAU - Engebretsen, Lars AU - Engebretsen L

FAU AU LA PT PT PT PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO -

Bahr, Roald Bahr R eng Comparative Study Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Med Sci Sports Exerc Medicine and science in sports and exercise 8005433 IM S Adolescent Adult Anthropometry Athletic Injuries/*epidemiology Humans Iceland/epidemiology Leg/physiology Male Movement/physiology Muscle, Skeletal/physiology Oxygen Consumption/physiology *Physical Fitness Soccer/*injuries/*statistics & numerical data *Task Performance and Analysis 2004/02/10 05:00 2004/05/27 05:00 10.1249/01.MSS.0000113478.92945.CA [doi] ppublish Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Feb;36(2):278-85.

PMID- 14516247 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20030930 DCOM- 20031104 LR - 20061115 PUBM- Print IS - 0021-9010 (Print) VI - 88 IP - 5 DP - 2003 Oct TI - Team learning: collectively connecting the dots. PG - 821-35 AB - This article tests the degree to which personal and situational variables impact the acquisition of knowledge and skill within interactive project teams. On the basis of the literature regarding attentional capacity, constructive controversy, and truth-supported wins, the authors examined the effects of cognitive ability, workload distribution, Agreeableness, Openness to Experience, and structure on team learning. Results from 109 four-person project teams working on an interdependent command and control simulator indicated that teams learned more

when composed of individuals who were high in cognitive ability and when the workload was distributed evenly. Conversely, team learning was negatively affected when teams were composed of individuals who were high in Agreeableness. Finally, teams using a paired structure learned more than teams structured either functionally or divisionally. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed, as well as possible limitations and directions for future research. AD - Department of Management and Policy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0108, USA. ellis@eller.arizona.edu FAU - Ellis, Aleksander P J AU - Ellis AP FAU - Hollenbeck, John R AU - Hollenbeck JR FAU - Ilgen, Daniel R AU - Ilgen DR FAU - Porter, Christopher O L H AU - Porter CO FAU - West, Bradley J AU - West BJ FAU - Moon, Henry AU - Moon H LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - J Appl Psychol JT - The Journal of applied psychology JID - 0222526 SB - IM MH - Adolescent MH - Adult MH - Female MH - Humans MH - *Institutional Management Teams MH - Interpersonal Relations MH - *Knowledge MH - *Learning MH - Male MH - *Personality MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2003/10/01 05:00 MHDA- 2003/11/05 05:00 AID - 10.1037/0021-9010.88.5.821 [doi] AID - 2003-08045-004 [pii] PST - ppublish SO - J Appl Psychol. 2003 Oct;88(5):821-35. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI 12888723 NLM MEDLINE 20030730 20031031 20041117 Print 0744-6314 (Print) 34

IP DP TI PG AB AD FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI terms PG AB A. and

8 2003 Aug Propelling your team to the top. 10 Learn the 10 benchmarks of forward movement for nurse managers. Health Resources Unlimited, Hohenwald, TX, USA. Cohen, Shelley Cohen S eng Journal Article United States Nurs Manage Nursing management 8219243 N Adaptation, Psychological Attitude of Health Personnel Benchmarking/*organization & administration Humans Leadership Nurse Administrators/*organization & administration/psychology *Nurse's Role Professional Competence 2003/07/31 05:00 2003/11/01 05:00 00006247-200308000-00006 [pii] ppublish Nurs Manage. 2003 Aug;34(8):10. 12675392 NLM MEDLINE 20030404 20030415 20061115 Print 0021-9010 (Print) 88 1 2003 Feb Team adaptation and postchange performance: effects of team composition in

of members' cognitive ability and personality. - 27-39 - The present study extended research on relationships between individual differences and individual-level adaptation (J. A. LePine. J. A. Colquitt, & Erez, 2000). This study focused on team-level relationships (N = 73 teams)

demonstrated that after an unforeseen change in the task context, performance was superior for teams with members who had higher cognitive ability, achievement, and openness and who had lower dependability. These relationships were mediated by a measure of role structure adaptation (i.e., the effectiveness with which teams adapted their role structure when faced with an unforeseen change in

their team task context). Members' individual differences did not explain variance in performance prior to the unforeseen change in the task context. Overall, results suggest differential relationships for team composition across routine and changing task contexts. AD - Department of Management, Warrington College of Business Administration, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-7165, USA. lepineja@notes.cba.ufl.edu FAU - LePine, Jeffrey A AU - LePine JA LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - J Appl Psychol JT - The Journal of applied psychology JID - 0222526 SB - IM MH - Adaptation, Psychological MH - Adult MH - *Cognition MH - Female MH - Humans MH - *Institutional Management Teams MH - Interpersonal Relations MH - Male MH - *Personality MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2003/04/05 05:00 MHDA- 2003/04/16 05:00 PST - ppublish SO - J Appl Psychol. 2003 Feb;88(1):27-39. PMID- 12671168 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20030402 DCOM- 20030425 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 1098-4275 (Electronic) VI - 111 IP - 4 Pt 2 DP - 2003 Apr TI - Implementing potentially better practices for multidisciplinary team building: creating a neonatal intensive care unit culture of collaboration. PG - e482-8 AB - OBJECTIVE: Part of the process of deriving and refining the CARE (communication, accountability, respect, empowerment) focus group's potentially better practices (PBPs) for multidisciplinary teamwork was to evaluate and experience the PBPs through implementation. METHODS: The 4 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in

the CARE focus group each worked with implementation of the PBPs. The choice of team. from act initial PBP and method of implementation was left up to each NICU's core RESULTS: The experience of each of the PBPs that is reported was selected only 1 of the NICUs. These are summarized and described in a plan-do-study-

type of format. CONCLUSIONS: There was no ideal PBP with which to start. The intertwined nature of all of the PBPs provided additional opportunities to implement other PBPs. A change seemed to be a matter first of vocabulary, then of tentative acceptance, followed by gradual integration into the culture. Change was facilitated when there was acknowledgment of a need to do things differently by the NICU leadership. Although the validity of the PBPs and their importance in cultural change have yet to be confirmed, once there was a persisting intent to change, the makeup of the NICU culture moved to embrace change as part of its culture. AD - Presbyterian St Luke's Medical Center, Denver, Colorado, USA. marksbrown@compuserve.com FAU - Brown, Mark S AU - Brown MS FAU - Ohlinger, Judy AU - Ohlinger J FAU - Rusk, Connie AU - Rusk C FAU - Delmore, Paula AU - Delmore P FAU - Ittmann, Patricia AU - Ittmann P CN - CARE Group LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Pediatrics JT - Pediatrics JID - 0376422 SB - AIM SB - IM MH - *Benchmarking MH - Communication MH - Cooperative Behavior MH - Health Plan Implementation/*methods MH - Humans MH - Infant, Newborn MH - Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/*organization & administration/standards MH - Leadership MH - Organizational Innovation MH - Organizational Objectives MH - Patient Care Team/*organization & administration MH - Questionnaires MH - Total Quality Management/*methods MH - United States

EDATMHDAPST SO -

2003/04/03 05:00 2003/04/26 05:00 ppublish Pediatrics. 2003 Apr;111(4 Pt 2):e482-8.

PMID- 12437851 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20021119 DCOM- 20021226 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0014-0139 (Print) VI - 45 IP - 10 DP - 2002 Aug 15 TI - Spinal loads during individual and team lifting. PG - 671-81 AB - The aim of this experiment was to compare lumbar spinal loads during individual and team lifting tasks. Ten healthy male subjects performed individual lifts with a box mass of 15, 20 and 25 kg and two-person team lifts with a box mass of 30, 40 and 50 kg from the floor to standing knuckle height. Boxes instrumented with force transducers were used to measure vertical and horizontal hand forces, whilst sagittal plane segmental kinematics were determined using a video based motion measurement system. Dynamic L4/L5 torques were calculated and used in a single equivalent extensor force model of the lumbar spine to estimate L4/L5 compression and shear forces. A significant reduction in L4/L5 torque and compression force of approximately 20% was found during team lifts compared to individual lifts. Two main reasons for the reduced spinal loads in team lifting compared to individual lifting were identified: (1) the horizontal hand force (i.e. pulling force) was greater in team lifting, and (2) the horizontal position of the hands was closer to the lumbar spine during team lifts. The horizontal hand force and position of the hands had approximately equal contributions in reducing the spinal load during team lifting compared to individual lifting. AD - Biomechanics Dynamics Group, School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre 9726, Queensland, Australia. g.dennis@mailbox.gu.edu.au FAU - Dennis, G J AU - Dennis GJ FAU - Barrett, R S AU - Barrett RS LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - Ergonomics

JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO -

Ergonomics 0373220 IM S Adult Biomechanics *Human Engineering Humans *Lifting Male Queensland Spine/*physiology Task Performance and Analysis 2002/11/20 04:00 2002/12/27 04:00 10.1080/00140130210148537 [doi] ppublish Ergonomics. 2002 Aug 15;45(10):671-81.

PMID- 12435552 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20021118 DCOM- 20030107 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 0277-9536 (Print) VI - 56 IP - 1 DP - 2003 Jan TI - The clinical governance of the soul: 'deep management' and the selfregulating subject in integrated community mental health teams. PG - 67-81 AB - Health professionals have often been described as if they were in conflict with the new managerialist spirit in health care. However, because of their distributed and mobile sites of intervention, the work of community teams presents particular problems for traditional notions of management. In this UK study we identify how mental health team members are regulated by means of a subtle 'deep management'. Team members point to a lack of management direction from senior colleagues, even though some of them participate in the management process themselves. However, the lack of overt management leads them to prioritise clients and foreground professional identities in performing their duties and much additional administrative work besides. This also meant that the organisational structure-the team-was defined in subjective terms. Participants had become self-regulating 'deep managed' subjects under a largely hands-off management regime. AD - Faculty of Health and Community Studies, De Montfort University, Milton Keynes, UK. brown@dmu.ac.uk FAU - Brown, Brian

AU FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID PST SO -

Brown B Crawford, Paul Crawford P eng Journal Article England Soc Sci Med Social science & medicine (1982) 8303205 IM Administrative Personnel Clinical Competence Community Mental Health Services/manpower/*organization & administration Decision Making, Organizational Great Britain Health Services Research Humans Interviews as Topic Occupational Therapy Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Process Assessment (Health Care) Professional Autonomy Psychiatry Psychology, Clinical Qualitative Research Rural Health Services/organization & administration Social Work, Psychiatric Task Performance and Analysis 2002/11/19 04:00 2003/01/08 04:00 S0277953602000084 [pii] ppublish Soc Sci Med. 2003 Jan;56(1):67-81.

PMID- 12095185 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20020703 DCOM- 20020712 LR - 20071115 PUBM- Print IS - 0277-0903 (Print) VI - 39 IP - 4 DP - 2002 Jun TI - Towards excellence in asthma management (TEAM): a populational diseasemanagement model. PG - 341-50 AB - Asthma management is not always optimal, and deficiencies such as inadequate treatment and insufficient patient education are often reported. Towards Excellence in Asthma Management (TEAM) is a four-phase disease management program of the Quebec Asthma Education Network (QAEN), to be carried out over a 5year period. The program aims to achieve a continuous improvement of asthma management by caregivers and patients. The first phase, completed in January 2000,

consisted of determining the actual level of asthma-associated morbidity and mortality in various Quebec regions. The second phase, which began in September 1999, included three parts: 1. Definition of the burden of asthma, taking into account the socioeconomic consequences of the disease and the quality of life of the patients, 2. Comparison of current medical practices with the Canadian Asthma Consensus Guidelines for adult and pediatric populations, 3. Evaluation of the level of compliance with medical treatment and with the environmental changes recommended to asthmatic patients. This phase is carried out via a cohort study of physicians, mainly general practitioners and pediatricians, generating a patient cohort study, in addition to substudies evaluating specific aspects of asthma care. Once the care gap is identified, it will be possible to define, apply, and evaluate a series of interventions for physicians, other health professionals, and patients. The interventions will be particularly targeted at regions where asthma incidence and morbidity are higher. We hope that this model of disease management will progressively reduce the burden associated with asthma, and potentially other chronic diseases, and will result in the more effective use of health services. AD - Institut de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de l'Universite Laval, Hopital Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. FAU - Boulet, Louis-Philippe AU - Boulet LP FAU - Thivierge, Robert L AU - Thivierge RL FAU - Amesse, Andre AU - Amesse A FAU - Nunes, Fatima AU - Nunes F FAU - Francoeur, Suzanne AU - Francoeur S FAU - Collet, Jean-Paul AU - Collet JP LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Review PL - United States TA - J Asthma JT - The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma JID - 8106454 SB - IM MH - Asthma/drug therapy/*therapy MH - Benchmarking MH - Canada MH - Cohort Studies MH - *Disease Management MH - Guideline Adherence MH - Humans

MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAPST SO -

Practice Guidelines as Topic Quebec Total Quality Management/*methods 53 2002/07/04 10:00 2002/07/13 10:01 ppublish J Asthma. 2002 Jun;39(4):341-50.

PMID- 12048333 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20020605 DCOM- 20020717 LR - 20051116 PUBM- Print IS - 0195-9131 (Print) VI - 34 IP - 6 DP - 2002 Jun TI - The 4000-m team pursuit cycling world record: theoretical and practical aspects. PG - 1029-36 AB - Due to constant competition conditions, track cycling can be accurately modeled through physiological and biomechanical means. Mathematical modeling predicts an average workload of 520 W for every team member for a new team pursuit world record. Performance in team pursuit racing is highly dependent on aerobic capacity, anaerobic skills, and aerodynamic factors. The training concept of the 2000 record-breaking team pursuit team was based on unspecific training of these qualities and periodical, short-term recall of previously acquired track specific skills. Aerobic performance was trained through high overall training mileage (29,000-35,000 km.yr-1) with workload peaks during road stage races. Before major track events, anaerobic performance, and track-specific technical and motor skills were improved through discipline-specific track training. Training intensities were monitored through heart rate and lactate field tests during defined track-training bouts, based on previously performed laboratory exercise tests. During pursuit competition, analysis of half-lap split times allowed an estimation of the individual contribution of each rider to the team's performance and thereby facilitated modifications in team composition to optimize race speed. The theoretically predicted performance necessary for a new world record was achieved through careful planning of training and competition schedules based on a concise theoretical concept and the high physiological capacities of the participating athletes. AD - Medizinische Universitatsklinik, Abteilung Rehabilitative und Praventive Sportmedizin, Freiburg, Germany. olaf@msm1.ukl.uni-freiburg.de FAU - Schumacher, Yorck Olaf

AU FAU AU LA PT PT PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAPST SO -

Schumacher YO Mueller, Peter Mueller P eng Journal Article Review United States Med Sci Sports Exerc Medicine and science in sports and exercise 8005433 IM S Anthropometry Bicycling/*physiology Competitive Behavior/*physiology Humans Models, Biological Physical Education and Training/*methods Predictive Value of Tests Sports Medicine/methods Task Performance and Analysis 28 2002/06/06 10:00 2002/07/18 10:01 ppublish Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Jun;34(6):1029-36.

PMID- 12043829 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20020604 DCOM- 20021120 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0264-0414 (Print) VI - 20 IP - 5 DP - 2002 May TI - Influence of physiological characteristics on selection in a semiprofessional first grade rugby league team: a case study. PG - 399-405 AB - The aim of this study was to determine whether the physiological characteristics of players influence selection in a semi-professional first grade rugby league team. Sixty-six semi-professional rugby league players aged 24+/-4 years (mean +/- s) were monitored over two competitive seasons. The players underwent measurements of body mass, muscular power (vertical jump), speed (10, 20, 30 and 40 m sprint), agility (Illinois agility run) and estimated maximal aerobic power (multi-stage fitness test) 1 week before their first competition match. After selection for either the first or second grade team, the results of all physiological tests were collated and analysed to determine if there were any

physiological differences between players selected for the two teams. Players selected to play in the first grade team were significantly (P< 0.05) older (25+/-4 vs 22+/-4 years) and heavier (93+/-10 vs 86+/-10 kg) and had more playing experience (18+/-6 vs 15+/-6 years) than second grade players. Muscular power, speed, agility and estimated maximal aerobic power were not significantly different (P > 0.05) between first grade and second grade players. These results suggest that the physiological capacities of players do not influence selection in a semi-professional first grade rugby league team. Rather, player selection appears to be based on body mass, playing experience and skill. These results support the need for a standardized skills performance test for semiprofessional rugby league players. AD - School of Health Science, Griffith University Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. t_gabbett@hotmail.com FAU - Gabbett, Tim J AU - Gabbett TJ LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - J Sports Sci JT - Journal of sports sciences JID - 8405364 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - Age Factors MH - Body Composition/physiology MH - Football/*physiology MH - Humans MH - Male MH - Motor Skills/physiology MH - Muscle, Skeletal/physiology MH - Oxygen Consumption/physiology MH - Personnel Selection/*methods MH - Physical Fitness/physiology MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2002/06/05 10:00 MHDA- 2002/11/26 04:00 PST - ppublish SO - J Sports Sci. 2002 May;20(5):399-405. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP 11974110 NLM MEDLINE 20020426 20020625 20071115 Print 0029-6570 (Print) 14 52

DP TI PG AB many

2000 Sep 13-19 Evidence-based practice in neurology: a team approach to development. 43-5 Healthcare practitioners aspire to evidence-based practice, but in reality,

find it difficult to integrate the findings and recommendations of research studies and practice development projects into practice. One potential solution is a team approach to evaluating the available evidence and adapting it for use in a particular setting. Success depends on maintaining a team approach and ensuring that all staff members have access to the relevant information collated on the particular area of practice. AD - School of Health Care, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. FAU - Kirrane, C AU - Kirrane C LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - Nurs Stand JT - Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987) JID - 9012906 SB - N MH - Benchmarking MH - Education, Nursing, Continuing/*organization & administration MH - Evidence-Based Medicine/*education MH - Humans MH - Inservice Training/*organization & administration MH - Needs Assessment MH - *Neurology/*education MH - Nursing Staff, Hospital/*education MH - Patient Care Team/*organization & administration MH - Practice Guidelines as Topic MH - Program Development/methods MH - Specialties, Nursing/*education EDAT- 2002/04/27 10:00 MHDA- 2002/06/26 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - Nurs Stand. 2000 Sep 13-19;14(52):43-5. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB 11916213 NLM MEDLINE 20020327 20020409 20061115 Print 0021-9010 (Print) 87 1 2002 Feb The impact of cross-training on team effectiveness. 3-13 The authors examined the role of cross-training in developing shared team-interaction mental models, coordination, and performance in a 2experiment study using computer simulation methodology (for Experiment 1, N = 45 teams;

for Experiment 2, N = 49 teams). Similar findings emerged across the 2 experiments. First, cross-training enhanced the development of shared team-interaction models. Second, coordination mediated the relationship between shared mental models and team performance. However, there was some inconsistency in the findings concerning the depth of cross-training necessary for improving shared mental models. Results are discussed in terms of the impact of different levels of cross-training on team effectiveness. AD - Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami 33199, USA. marksm@fiu.edu FAU - Marks, Michelle A AU - Marks MA FAU - Sabella, Mark J AU - Sabella MJ FAU - Burke, C Shawn AU - Burke CS FAU - Zaccaro, Stephen J AU - Zaccaro SJ LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. PL - United States TA - J Appl Psychol JT - The Journal of applied psychology JID - 0222526 SB - IM MH - Adolescent MH - Adult MH - Computer Simulation MH - Decision Making MH - Female MH - Humans MH - *Institutional Management Teams MH - Interpersonal Relations MH - Male MH - *Models, Organizational MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2002/03/28 10:00 MHDA- 2002/04/10 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - J Appl Psychol. 2002 Feb;87(1):3-13. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI 11811568 NLM MEDLINE 20020128 20020514 20041117 Print 0264-0414 (Print) 20 2 2002 Feb Team cohesion and team success in sport.

PG AB of

- 119-26 - The main aim of this study was to examine the relationship between task cohesiveness and team success in elite teams using composite team estimates cohesion. A secondary aim was to determine statistically the consistency

(i.e.

'groupness') present in team members' perceptions of cohesion. Elite university basketball teams (n = 18) and club soccer teams (n = 9) were assessed for cohesiveness and winning percentages. Measures were recorded towards the end of each team's competitive season. Our results indicate that cohesiveness is a shared perception, thereby providing statistical support for the use of composite team scores. Further analyses indicated a strong relationship between cohesion and success (r = 0.55-0.67). Further research using multi-level statistical techniques is recommended. AD - School of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. bcarron@uwo.ca FAU - Carron, Albert V AU - Carron AV FAU - Bray, Steven R AU - Bray SR FAU - Eys, Mark A AU - Eys MA LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - England TA - J Sports Sci JT - Journal of sports sciences JID - 8405364 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - Basketball MH - Female MH - Humans MH - *Interpersonal Relations MH - Male MH - Soccer MH - *Sports MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2002/01/29 10:00 MHDA- 2002/05/15 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - J Sports Sci. 2002 Feb;20(2):119-26. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP 11729447 NLM MEDLINE 20011203 20011217 20071115 Print 1083-7183 (Print) 8 11 2001 Nov

TI PG LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

Technology, DM team up to secure capitation profits. 161-3 eng Journal Article United States Capitation Manag Rep Capitation management report 9891256 H Benchmarking *Capitation Fee Coronary Artery Disease/*therapy *Disease Management Humans Kentucky Patient Education as Topic Quality Assurance, Health Care Treatment Outcome United States 2001/12/04 10:00 2002/01/05 10:01 ppublish Capitation Manag Rep. 2001 Nov;8(11):161-3.

PMID- 11715125 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20011121 DCOM- 20011213 PUBM- Print IS - 1537-0240 (Print) VI - 1 IP - 1 DP - 2001 Sep TI - Your practice's most important 'work-in'. Bringing certified nurse practitioners on to the treatment team. PG - 60-5 AD - Luther Midelfort Clinic/Hospital, Mayo Health System, Eau Claire, Wis., USA. anderson.benjamin@mayo.edu FAU - Anderson, B AU - Anderson B FAU - Rozich, J AU - Rozich J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - MGMA Connex JT - MGMA connexion / Medical group Management Association JID - 101127723 SB - H MH - Cost-Benefit Analysis MH - Efficiency, Organizational MH - Fees, Medical MH - Nurse Practitioners/*utilization MH - Personnel Selection MH - Physician-Nurse Relations MH - Practice Management, Medical/economics/*organization & administration

MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI -

Time and Motion Studies United States 2001/11/22 10:00 2002/01/05 10:01 ppublish MGMA Connex. 2001 Sep;1(1):60-5.

11597047 NLM MEDLINE 20011012 20011204 20041117 Print 0033-2941 (Print) 88 3 Pt 2 2001 Jun Team members' and supervisors' ratings of team performance: a case of inconsistency. PG - 1015-22 AB - This study used measures of team performance, organizational support, and supervisors' judgment to examine the consistency of ratings of teams by both their members as well as their supervisors. For 75 team members from 13 different work teams in different organizations Pearson correlation coefficients were used to assess the consistency of ratings of these measures within the teams and between teams and supervisors. The results indicate the need for rater training, both at the team and supervisor levels. AD - Department of Psychology, The University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. babbitt@ucalgary.ca FAU - Kline, T J AU - Kline TJ LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Psychol Rep JT - Psychological reports JID - 0376475 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - Aged MH - *Attitude MH - *Cooperative Behavior MH - Female MH - Humans MH - Male MH - Middle Aged MH - Organization and Administration MH - Random Allocation MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2001/10/13 10:00 MHDA- 2002/01/05 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - Psychol Rep. 2001 Jun;88(3 Pt 2):1015-22.

PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AD FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAAID AID PST SO -

11552092 NLM MEDLINE 20010911 20020301 20041117 Print 1061-9259 (Print) 12 5 2001 Sep-Oct Team-oriented outcomes. 34-5 CQI, San Diego, CA, USA. cqi@value.net Rieve, J A Rieve JA eng Journal Article United States Case Manager The Case manager 9305123 N Benchmarking Case Management/*organization & administration *Communication Humans *Interprofessional Relations Job Description Occupational Health Services/*organization & administration Outcome Assessment (Health Care)/*organization & administration Patient Care Team/*organization & administration Professional Role *Rehabilitation, Vocational 2001/09/12 10:00 2002/03/02 10:01 S1061-9259(01)30807-X [pii] 10.1067/mcm.2001.118776 [doi] ppublish Case Manager. 2001 Sep-Oct;12(5):34-5.

PMID- 11477048 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20010730 DCOM- 20011004 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0263-2136 (Print) VI - 18 IP - 4 DP - 2001 Aug TI - The EFQM excellence model is useful for primary health care teams. PG - 407-9 AB - BACKGROUND: Primary care teams are facing an increased need to develop quality programmes at local level. GPs must lead this process and promote a positive organizational culture if they want to achieve and maintain a continuous

improvement of the service. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to test the applicability and reliability of the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) excellence model self-assessment questionnaire in a primary health care organization. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out of the EFQM questionnaire to compare the scores achieved by a primary health care team in Spain caring for 42 000 inhabitants using internal self-assessment with the scores achieved by professional management auditors through an external audit. RESULTS: The scores of each criterion achieved by self-evaluation are similar to or lower than those assessed by the external evaluation. There is agreement in the areas suitable for improvement. CONCLUSIONS: The experience proves the applicability of the EFQM excellence model for primary health care teams and its reliability, at least when the team undergoing self-assessment know they are going to be re-evaluated. There is high concordance in the identification of areas for improvement. AD - Divisio d'Atencio Primaria, Institut Catala de la Salut, C/Gran Via de les Corts, Catalanes, 587, 08007 Barcelona, Spain. FAU - Gene-Badia, J AU - Gene-Badia J FAU - Jodar-Sola, G AU - Jodar-Sola G FAU - Peguero-Rodriguez, E AU - Peguero-Rodriguez E FAU - Contel-Segura, J C AU - Contel-Segura JC FAU - Moliner-Molins, C AU - Moliner-Molins C LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Validation Studies PL - England TA - Fam Pract JT - Family practice JID - 8500875 SB - IM MH - *Benchmarking MH - Cross-Sectional Studies MH - Humans MH - *Models, Organizational MH - Organizational Culture MH - Patient Care Team/standards MH - Primary Health Care/*standards MH - *Quality of Health Care MH - Questionnaires MH - Reproducibility of Results MH - Spain EDAT- 2001/07/31 10:00 MHDA- 2001/10/05 10:01 PST - ppublish

SO

- Fam Pract. 2001 Aug;18(4):407-9. 11419804 NLM MEDLINE 20010622 20010712 20061115 Print 0021-9010 (Print) 86 3 2001 Jun A note on the stability of team performance. 446-50 Yearly winning percentages of 23 professional basketball teams over a 10period were used to evaluate the stability of team performance. The intercorrelation matrix produced by these data is characterized by strong, positive correlations in adjacent time periods. As the number of intervening

PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB year

time

periods increased, however, the observed correlations systematically decreased and ultimately became negative. Significant negative correlations of earlier performance with later performance are almost never observed with typical time-related performance data. Possible explanations and boundary conditions for these atypical results are discussed. AD - Department of Psychology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118, USA. rlandis1@mailhost.tcs.tulane.edu FAU - Landis, R S AU - Landis RS LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PL - United States TA - J Appl Psychol JT - The Journal of applied psychology JID - 0222526 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - Attitude MH - *Basketball MH - Humans MH - Longitudinal Studies MH - Male MH - Motivation MH - *Organizational Culture MH - Task Performance and Analysis MH - Time Factors EDAT- 2001/06/23 10:00 MHDA- 2001/07/13 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - J Appl Psychol. 2001 Jun;86(3):446-50. PMID- 11373185 OWN - NLM

STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20010524 DCOM- 20010712 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 1080-3548 (Print) VI - 7 IP - 2 DP - 2001 TI - Fundamentals of the model behind the COSMOS methodology used for team assessment in simulator training. PG - 163-78 AB - Team working is the basic way of working in the control rooms of hazardous technologies and therefore its quality is a safety-relevant issue. In addition to the technological competence it is also crucial for the crews to have the necessary communicational skills. During simulator training these skills can only be improved if the simulator use is embedded in an appropriate setting. To support this skill acquisition a computer-supported methodology called COSMOS (COmputer Supported Method for Operators' Self-assessment) has been developed. With its help more effective communication and more complete shared mental models can be fostered. This paper is a report on the psychological fundamentals and the mathematical model of the COSMOS methodology. AD - Department of Ergonomics and Psychology, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary. izsolajos@erg.bme.hu FAU - Izso, L AU - Izso L LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Int J Occup Saf Ergon JT - International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics : JOSE JID - 9507598 SB - IM MH - Accidents, Radiation/*prevention & control MH - *Communication MH - *Computer Simulation MH - Humans MH - *Power Plants MH - *Task Performance and Analysis MH - Video Recording EDAT- 2001/05/25 10:00 MHDA- 2001/07/13 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2001;7(2):163-78. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOM11351509 NLM MEDLINE 20010515 20010726

LR - 20051116 PUBM- Print IS - 1522-4821 (Print) VI - 3 IP - 1 DP - 2001 Winter TI - The development and implementation of a crisis response team in a school setting. PG - 35-46 AB - Traumatic events and subsequent crises within the school setting can have a devastating effect on students, faculty, staff and paebts. Crises serve to compromise the most important mission of the school, i.e., learning. A school crisis response plan is a mandatory aspect of effective educational planning and administration. This paper reviews the need for and development of a schoolbased crisis intervention system. AD - Loyola College, Maryland, USA. FAU - Eaves, C AU - Eaves C LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Review PL - United States TA - Int J Emerg Ment Health JT - International journal of emergency mental health JID - 100888872 SB - IM MH - Crisis Intervention/manpower/methods/*organization & administration MH - Humans MH - *Program Development MH - *Schools MH - Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*therapy MH - Task Performance and Analysis RF - 38 EDAT- 2001/05/16 10:00 MHDA- 2001/07/28 10:01 PST - ppublish SO - Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2001 Winter;3(1):35-46. PMID- 11323555 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20010427 DCOM- 20010621 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0195-9131 (Print) VI - 33 IP - 5 DP - 2001 May TI - Little effect of caffeine ingestion on repeated sprints in team-sport athletes. PG - 822-5 AB - PURPOSE: The effect of caffeine ingestion on sprint performance is unclear. We have therefore investigated its effect on performance in a test that

simulates the repeated sprints of team sports. METHODS: In a randomized double-blind crossover experiment, 16 male team-sport athletes ingested either caffeine (6 mg.kg-1 of body mass) or a placebo 60 min before performing a repeated 20-m sprint test. The test consisted of 10 sprints, each performed within 10 s and followed by rest for the remainder of each 10 s. The caffeine and placebo trials followed a familiarization trial, and the time between consecutive trials was 2-3 d. To allow estimation of variation in treatment effects between individuals, nine subjects performed three more trials without a supplement 7-14 d later. We estimated the smallest worthwhile effect on sprint time in a team sport to be approximately 0.8%. RESULTS: Mean time to complete 10 sprints increased by 0.1% (95% likely range -1.5 to 1.7%) with caffeine ingestion relative to placebo. Individual variation in this effect was a standard deviation of 0.7% (-2.7 to 2.9%). Time to complete the 10th sprint was 14.4% longer than the first; caffeine increased this time by 0.7% (-1.8 to 3.2%) relative to placebo, and individual variation in this effect was 2.4% (-3.4 to 4.9%). CONCLUSION: The observed effect of caffeine ingestion on mean sprint performance and fatigue over 10 sprints was negligible. The true effect on mean performance could be small at most, although the true effects on fatigue and on the performance of individuals could be somewhat larger. Pending confirmatory research, team-sport athletes should not expect caffeine to enhance sprint performance. AD - Center for Sport and Exercise Science, The Waikato Polytechnic, Hamilton, New Zealand. sccdp@twp.ac.nz FAU - Paton, C D AU - Paton CD FAU - Hopkins, W G AU - Hopkins WG FAU - Vollebregt, L AU - Vollebregt L LA - eng PT - Clinical Trial PT - Journal Article PT - Randomized Controlled Trial PL - United States TA - Med Sci Sports Exerc JT - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JID - 8005433 RN - 0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants) RN - 0 (Placebos) RN - 58-08-2 (Caffeine) SB - IM SB - S

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

Adult Anaerobic Threshold Caffeine/*pharmacology Central Nervous System Stimulants/*pharmacology Double-Blind Method Fatigue Humans Male Physical Endurance/*drug effects Placebos Running/*physiology Task Performance and Analysis 2001/04/27 10:00 2001/06/22 10:01 ppublish Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 May;33(5):822-5.

PMID- 11187617 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20010118 DCOM- 20010222 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0926-9630 (Print) VI - 77 DP - 2000 TI - Analysis and modeling of the treatment process characterizing the cooperation within multi-professional treatment teams. PG - 57-61 AB - We would like to introduce several aspects of the analysis and modeling of the treatment process characterizing the cooperation within multi-professional treatment teams. We will determine what is meant by a treatment process in order to then look at five views and four levels of their description. We will introduce possible methods for surveying and describing it. Currently an extensive analysis of the current state of the treatment process and of the weaknesses is underway in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of the Heidelberg University Medical Center. AD - Institute for Medical Biometry and Informatics, Department of Medical Informatics, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. FAU - Ammenwerth, E AU - Ammenwerth E FAU - Ehlers, F AU - Ehlers F FAU - Eichstadter, R AU - Eichstadter R FAU - Haux, R AU - Haux R FAU - Kruppa, B AU - Kruppa B FAU - Parzer, P AU - Parzer P

FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI the PG AB

Pohl, U Pohl U Resch, F Resch F eng Journal Article Netherlands Stud Health Technol Inform Studies in health technology and informatics 9214582 T *Computer Simulation Delivery of Health Care/*statistics & numerical data Efficiency, Organizational/*statistics & numerical data Humans Mathematical Computing Medical Staff, Hospital/*statistics & numerical data Patient Care Team/*statistics & numerical data Task Performance and Analysis 2001/02/24 12:00 2001/03/03 10:01 ppublish Stud Health Technol Inform. 2000;77:57-61. 11143135 NLM MEDLINE 20001219 20010125 20071115 Print 1040-7480 (Print) 16 5 2000 Sep-Oct At Virginia Mason Medical Center, they practice team medicine. And, they own

name. - 18-23, 3 - The marketing team at Seattle's Virginia Mason Hospital, discovered the institution's strongest branding point was the teamwork style of medicine regularly practiced. Establishing a service mark on Team Medicine (SM), the hospital employs graphic ads that tell true stories of recovery and cure, quoting several doctors as well as the patients. FAU - Botvin, J AU - Botvin J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - United States TA - Profiles Healthc Mark JT - Profiles in healthcare marketing JID - 8804347 SB - H MH - Advertising as Topic MH - Benchmarking MH - Hospitals, Group Practice/*organization & administration MH - Humans

MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI model PG AB

Interprofessional Relations Marketing of Health Services/*methods Mass Media *Patient Care Team Product Line Management/*methods Virginia 2001/01/06 11:00 2001/02/28 10:01 ppublish Profiles Healthc Mark. 2000 Sep-Oct;16(5):18-23, 3. 11009759 NLM MEDLINE 20000825 20000825 20001218 Print 1091-6768 (Print) 7 4 2000 Apr Teamwork helps cut ED wait times. 40-1 eng Journal Article UNITED STATES Healthc Benchmarks Healthcare benchmarks 9800467 H Emergency Service, Hospital/*organization & administration Institutional Management Teams Michigan Models, Organizational Task Performance and Analysis *Time Management 2000/09/30 11:00 2000/09/30 11:01 ppublish Healthc Benchmarks. 2000 Apr;7(4):40-1. 10975179 NLM MEDLINE 20000919 20000919 20041117 Print 0014-0139 (Print) 43 8 2000 Aug Effects of two types of intra-team feedback on developing a shared mental

in Command & Control teams. - 1167-89 - In two studies, the effect of two types of intra-team feedback on developing

a shared mental model in Command & Control teams was investigated. A distinction is made between performance monitoring and team self-correction. Performance monitoring is the ability of team members to monitor each other's task execution and give feedback during task execution. Team self-correction is the process in which team members engage in evaluating their performance and in determining their strategies after task execution. In two experiments the opportunity to engage in performance monitoring, respectively team self-correction, was varied systematically. Both performance monitoring as well as team self-correction appeared beneficial in the improvement of team performance. Teams that had the opportunity to engage in performance monitoring, however, performed better than teams that had the opportunity to engage in team self-correction. AD - TNO Human Factors Research Institute, Department of Groupwork, Soesterberg, The Netherlands. Rasker@tm.tno.nl FAU - Rasker, P C AU - Rasker PC FAU - Post, W M AU - Post WM FAU - Schraagen, J M AU - Schraagen JM LA - eng PT - Clinical Trial PT - Journal Article PT - Randomized Controlled Trial PL - ENGLAND TA - Ergonomics JT - Ergonomics JID - 0373220 SB - IM SB - S MH - *Communication MH - *Decision Making, Organizational MH - Female MH - *Group Processes MH - Humans MH - Linear Models MH - Male MH - *Models, Theoretical MH - Netherlands MH - Rescue Work/organization & administration MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 2000/09/07 11:00 MHDA- 2000/09/23 11:01 PST - ppublish SO - Ergonomics. 2000 Aug;43(8):1167-89. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOM10975177 NLM MEDLINE 20000919 20000919

LR - 20051116 PUBM- Print IS - 0014-0139 (Print) VI - 43 IP - 8 DP - 2000 Aug TI - The potential for social contextual and group biases in team decisionmaking: biases, conditions and psychological mechanisms. PG - 1129-52 AB - This paper provides a critical review of social contextual and group biases that are relevant to team decision-making in command and control situations. Motivated by the insufficient level of attention this area has received, the purpose of the paper is to provide an insight into the potential that these types of biases have to affect the decision-making of such teams. The biases considered are: false consensus, groupthink, group polarization and group escalation of commitment. For each bias the following four questions are addressed. What is the descriptive nature of the bias? What factors induce the bias? What psychological mechanisms underlie the bias? What is the relevance of the bias to command and control teams? The analysis suggests that these biases have a strong potential to affect team decisions. Consistent with the nature of team decision-making in command and control situations, all of the biases considered tend to be associated with those decisions that are important or novel and are promoted by time pressure and high levels of uncertainty. A concept unifying these biases is that of the shared mental model, but whereas false consensus emanates from social projection tendencies, the rest emanate from social influence factors. The authors also discuss the 'tricky' distinction between teams and groups and propose a revised definition for command and control team. Finally, the authors emphasize the need for future empirical research in this area to pay additional attention to the social side of cognition and the potential that social biases have to affect team decision-making. AD - Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. PE.Jones@psy.vu.nl FAU - Jones, P E AU - Jones PE FAU - Roelofsma, P H AU - Roelofsma PH LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Review PL - ENGLAND TA - Ergonomics

JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB First,

Ergonomics 0373220 IM S *Decision Making, Organizational *Group Processes Humans *Institutional Management Teams Models, Psychological *Social Behavior *Task Performance and Analysis 67 2000/09/07 11:00 2000/09/23 11:01 ppublish Ergonomics. 2000 Aug;43(8):1129-52. 10975174 NLM MEDLINE 20000919 20000919 20041117 Print 0014-0139 (Print) 43 8 2000 Aug A method for measuring team skills. 1076-94 A method for identifying and measuring team skills, specifying team training objectives and the objective assessment of team performance is described.

a theoretical model of team performance is outlined and then a version of Hierarchical Task Analysis specially adapted to analysing team tasks is described. The two are then combined into an event-related measurement scheme, which provides a set of objective criteria by which key team skills can be assessed. The method is illustrated by an example from a basic AntiSubmarine Warfare training exercise which forms part of the Principal Warfare Officer's course at the Royal Naval School of Maritime Operations. The potential of the method is discussed, including the opportunities it may provide for the standardization of team performance assessment and in the use of new technology in the partial automation of shore-based and ship-board team training. AD - Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. J.Annett@warwick.ac.uk FAU - Annett, J AU - Annett J FAU - Cunningham, D AU - Cunningham D FAU - Mathias-Jones, P AU - Mathias-Jones P LA - eng PT - Journal Article

PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB -

ENGLAND Ergonomics Ergonomics 0373220 IM S Great Britain *Group Processes Humans Inservice Training/methods *Institutional Management Teams Military Personnel Models, Theoretical Reproducibility of Results *Task Performance and Analysis 2000/09/07 11:00 2000/09/23 11:01 ppublish Ergonomics. 2000 Aug;43(8):1076-94.

10975173 NLM MEDLINE 20000919 20000919 20051116 Print 0014-0139 (Print) 43 8 2000 Aug Teamwork in multi-person systems: a review and analysis. 1052-75 As the scope and complexity of modern task demands exceed the capability of individuals to perform, teams are emerging to shoulder the burgeoning requirements. Accordingly, researchers have striven to understand and enhance human performance in team settings. The purpose of this review is to summarize that research, from the theoretical underpinnings that drive it, to the identification of team-level elements of success, to the methodologies and instruments that capture and measure those characteristics. Further specified are three important avenues to creating successful teams: team selection, task design and team training. In other words, one can select the right people, provide them with a task engineered for superior performance and train them in the appropriate skills to accomplish that task. Under task design, new technologies and automation are examined that both support and impede team functioning. Finally, throughout are provided critical remarks about what is known about teamwork and what is needed to be known to move the science and practice of team performance forward. The paper concludes with the identification of team issues that require

AD USA. FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PT PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH RF EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH -

further investigation. Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division, Orlando, FL 32826-3224, Paris, C R Paris CR Salas, E Salas E Cannon-Bowers, J A Cannon-Bowers JA eng Journal Article Review ENGLAND Ergonomics Ergonomics 0373220 IM S Efficiency *Group Processes *Human Engineering Humans Inservice Training *Institutional Management Teams Models, Theoretical Task Performance and Analysis 118 2000/09/07 11:00 2000/09/23 11:01 ppublish Ergonomics. 2000 Aug;43(8):1052-75. 10975172 NLM MEDLINE 20000919 20000919 20041117 Print 0014-0139 (Print) 43 8 2000 Aug Team work--a problem for ergonomics? 1045-51 Annett, J Annett J eng Editorial ENGLAND Ergonomics Ergonomics 0373220 IM S *Group Processes *Human Engineering Humans

MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

Inservice Training *Institutional Management Teams Models, Organizational Task Performance and Analysis 2000/09/07 11:00 2000/09/23 11:01 ppublish Ergonomics. 2000 Aug;43(8):1045-51.

PMID- 10917151 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20000817 DCOM- 20000817 LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0018-7208 (Print) VI - 42 IP - 1 DP - 2000 Spring TI - Measuring team knowledge. PG - 151-73 AB - Multioperator tasks often require complex cognitive processing at the team level. Many team cognitive processes, such as situation assessment and coordination, are thought to rely on team knowledge. Team knowledge is multifaceted and comprises relatively generic knowledge in the form of team mental models and more specific team situation models. In this methodological review paper, we review recent efforts to measure team knowledge in the context of mapping specific methods onto features of targeted team knowledge. Team knowledge features include type, homogeneity versus heterogeneity, and rate of knowledge change. Measurement features include knowledge elicitation method, team metric, and aggregation method. When available, we highlight analytical conclusions or empirical data that support a connection between team knowledge and measurement method. In addition, we present empirical results concerning the relation between team knowledge and performance for each measurement method and identify research and methodological needs. Addressing issues surrounding the measurement of team knowledge is a prerequisite to understanding team cognition and its relation to team performance and to designing training programs or devices to facilitate team cognition. AD - Department of Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces 88003, USA. cooke@crl.nmsu.edu FAU - Cooke, N J AU - Cooke NJ FAU - Salas, E AU - Salas E FAU - Cannon-Bowers, J A AU - Cannon-Bowers JA FAU - Stout, R J

AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB SB MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI in PG AD FAU AU FAU AU FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDAT-

Stout RJ eng Journal Article UNITED STATES Hum Factors Human factors 0374660 IM S *Cognitive Science Decision Making Humans Knowledge *Task Performance and Analysis 2000/08/05 11:00 2000/08/19 11:00 ppublish Hum Factors. 2000 Spring;42(1):151-73. 10763526 NLM MEDLINE 20000525 20000525 20041117 Print 0270-1367 (Print) 71 1 2000 Mar Students' precision and interobserver reliability of performance assessment team sports. 85-91 Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, USA. jfr8@psu.edu Richard, J F Richard JF Godbout, P Godbout P Grehaigne, J F Grehaigne JF eng Journal Article UNITED STATES Res Q Exerc Sport Research quarterly for exercise and sport 8006373 IM Adolescent Child Female Humans Male Observer Variation Reproducibility of Results Sports/*standards *Task Performance and Analysis 2000/04/14 09:00

MHDA- 2000/06/08 09:00 PST - ppublish SO - Res Q Exerc Sport. 2000 Mar;71(1):85-91. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG FAU AU LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB North set hour 10662218 NLM MEDLINE 20000105 20000105 20041117 Print 8756-8047 (Print) 15 11 1999 Nov Teamwork is pathway to the top. 26, 28 Mathias, J M Mathias JM eng Journal Article UNITED STATES OR Manager OR manager 8700332 H Benchmarking California Humans Operating Rooms/*standards *Patient Care Team Quality Assurance, Health Care *Thoracic Surgery 2000/02/08 2000/02/08 00:01 ppublish OR Manager. 1999 Nov;15(11):26, 28. 10558058 NLM MEDLINE 19991020 19991020 20001218 Print 1062-2551 (Print) 21 4 1999 Jul-Aug Achieving faster quality improvement through the 24-hour team. 4-10; quiz 10, 56 This article describes how Great Plains Regional Medical Center (GPRMC) in Platte, NE, changed its quality improvement (QI) methodology and its mindtoward team time management to accelerate its improvement efforts. The "24road map" and the improved FOCUS-PDSA methodology, coupled with strong

leadership, make up the team time management element that has been missing from healthcare quality improvement but is critically needed to accelerate the process. At GPRMC, a major criterion for success is now a 6-month-or-less improvement cycle for cross-functional teams to complete their QI efforts. lessons learned at GPRMC can help others in healthcare improve quality,

The lower

costs, and do both more quickly. AD - Great Plains Regional Medical Center, North Platte, NE, USA. FAU - Carboneau, C E AU - Carboneau CE LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - UNITED STATES TA - J Healthc Qual JT - Journal for healthcare quality : official publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality JID - 9202994 SB - H MH - Appointments and Schedules MH - Education, Continuing MH - Hospital Administration/*standards MH - *Institutional Management Teams MH - Leadership MH - *Management Quality Circles MH - Models, Organizational MH - Nebraska MH - Planning Techniques MH - Process Assessment (Health Care) MH - Rehabilitation/organization & administration MH - Time and Motion Studies MH - Total Quality Management/*methods/organization & administration EDAT- 1999/11/11 MHDA- 1999/11/11 00:01 PST - ppublish SO - J Healthc Qual. 1999 Jul-Aug;21(4):4-10; quiz 10, 56. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB 10557661 NLM MEDLINE 19991001 19991001 20041117 Print 0268-9235 (Print) 13 1 1999 Teamwork in health care. Lessons from the literature and from good practice around the world. - 51-8 - It is becoming more difficult to provide health care that meets the needs of patients within tight budget constraints. This article suggests that one way forward is to channel the energies of people more constructively to work as teams. Some definitions are shown for teams and teamwork, and four benefits suggested of effective teamwork: learning and development, resource

management, task performance and communications. In each of these four areas, examples are given from the international world of health care of how teamwork can be achieved. Finally, it is concluded that teamwork can be difficult, but that it is worth pursuing. AD - School of Management Studies for the Service Sector, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK. FAU - Ingram, H AU - Ingram H FAU - Desombre, T AU - Desombre T LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - ENGLAND TA - J Manag Med JT - Journal of management in medicine JID - 8705942 SB - H MH - Great Britain MH - *Group Processes MH - Humans MH - *Institutional Management Teams MH - Interprofessional Relations MH - Learning MH - *Patient Care Team MH - State Medicine/*organization & administration MH - Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 1999/11/11 MHDA- 1999/11/11 00:01 PST - ppublish SO - J Manag Med. 1999;13(1):51-8. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH 10387881 NLM MEDLINE 19990623 19990623 20001218 Print 8756-8047 (Print) 15 5 1999 May Culture, teamwork help better performers shine. 20-1, 24, 26 eng Journal Article UNITED STATES OR Manager OR manager 8700332 H Benchmarking/*organization & administration Data Collection Efficiency, Organizational Multi-Institutional Systems/organization & administration/standards

MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

Operating Rooms/*organization & administration *Organizational Culture Patient Care Team/standards Time and Motion Studies United States 1999/07/01 1999/07/01 00:01 ppublish OR Manager. 1999 May;15(5):20-1, 24, 26.

PMID- 10387186 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 19990602 DCOM- 19990602 LR - 20001218 PUBM- Print IS - 1094-253X (Print) VI - 2 IP - 11 DP - 1998 Nov TI - Benchmark data, improved productivity help team save $6.9 million in labor costs. PG - 168-70, 161 AB - Using data analysis to manage labor: A 400-bed hospital cut $6.9 million from its labor budget by analyzing each request for a new or replacement staff member. A team analyzed internal data on labor expenses by department and compared it with national and regional benchmarks. Find out what they did next. LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - UNITED STATES TA - Data Strateg Benchmarks JT - Data strategies & benchmarks : the monthly advisory for health care executives JID - 9807026 SB - H MH - Benchmarking/*organization & administration MH - Cost Allocation MH - Cost Savings MH - Efficiency, Organizational/*statistics & numerical data MH - Hospital Bed Capacity, 300 to 499 MH - Hospitals, Community/economics/*manpower/utilization MH - Indiana MH - Management Quality Circles MH - Organizational Policy MH - Personnel Staffing and Scheduling/*economics/statistics & numerical data EDAT- 1999/07/01 MHDA- 1999/07/01 00:01 PST - ppublish SO - Data Strateg Benchmarks. 1998 Nov;2(11):168-70, 161. PMIDOWN STATDA 10345016 NLM MEDLINE 19990305

DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB using

19990305 20071115 Print 1079-0349 (Print) 7 10 1998 Oct Hospital-owned practices succeed with solid teams. 116-8 eng Journal Article UNITED STATES Physician Relat Update Physician relations update / American Health Consultants 9709715 H Benchmarking Conflict (Psychology) Delivery of Health Care, Integrated/organization & administration Efficiency, Organizational Guidelines as Topic Hospital-Physician Joint Ventures/*organization & administration/standards *Institutional Management Teams Management Quality Circles Missouri Ownership 1999/05/27 1999/05/27 00:01 ppublish Physician Relat Update. 1998 Oct;7(10):116-8.

10075356 NLM MEDLINE 19990407 19990407 20041117 Print 0004-8682 (Print) 69 3 1999 Mar An evaluation of trauma team leader performance by video recording. 183-6 BACKGROUND: Team leader performance in trauma resuscitations was assessed a published system to assess the utility of video recording and to assess the current early management of trauma at The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Fifty trauma resuscitations were videotaped over a 21month period. Each videotape was assessed by an emergency physician. RESULTS: The team leader was an emergency physician in 37 resuscitations, an emergency medicine registrar in eight and a surgical registrar in five. The mean team leader score was 68.5 +/- 8.5 (range 45-78, maximum possible 80). The average time to

primary survey completion was 3.3 +/- 1.7 min, second phase of resuscitation up to and including chest radiography 14.1 +/- 8.5 min, to completion of secondary survey and announcement of overall plan 30 +/- 20 min. Frequent deficiencies are documented. Problems with videotaping included forgetting/lack of motivation to start taping, forgetting to turn on the sound, difficulty discerning size of cannulae and logistical problems with only one cubicle outfitted for videotaping. Advantages included lack of intrusion into the resuscitation, increased vigilance by team members aware of the possibility of taping, ability to assess tapes at leisure and team leader performance in after-hours resuscitations. CONCLUSIONS: Video recording is a useful method for the assessment of team member performance in trauma resuscitations. Deficiencies in resuscitation technique can be identified and fed back to those involved. Medico-legal issues have not proved to be a barrier to the use of the technique. A reliable method of starting taping is needed. AD - Emergency Department, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia. pdr@ed.medrmh.unimelb.edu.au FAU - Ritchie, P D AU - Ritchie PD FAU - Cameron, P A AU - Cameron PA LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - AUSTRALIA TA - Aust N Z J Surg JT - The Australian and New Zealand journal of surgery JID - 0373115 SB - IM MH - Humans MH - *Leadership MH - Patient Care Team/*standards MH - Quality Assurance, Health Care MH - Resuscitation MH - Task Performance and Analysis MH - Trauma Centers/*organization & administration MH - Traumatology/manpower/organization & administration MH - *Video Recording MH - Wounds and Injuries/*therapy EDAT- 1999/03/13 MHDA- 1999/03/13 00:01 PST - ppublish SO - Aust N Z J Surg. 1999 Mar;69(3):183-6. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOM10064281 NLM MEDLINE 19990420 19990420

LR - 20041117 PUBM- Print IS - 0309-2402 (Print) VI - 29 IP - 1 DP - 1999 Jan TI - Evaluating clinical outcome and staff morale in a rehabilitation team for people with serious mental health problems. PG - 44-51 AB - Tameside and Glossop rehabilitation team (in England) have developed a progressive and targeted service for people with serious mental health problems through the systematic implementation of research-based evidence in practice and service configuration. This study was undertaken to provide a method of auditing the clinical outcome of the service and monitoring staff morale in a manner which could be integrated in the day to day delivery of services, and which could inform future service developments. Changes in the functioning of the total population of rehabilitation team clients were assessed over a 1-year period by Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) ratings at 6-monthly intervals. Factors causing stress and stress levels among all staff were assessed using the Mental Health Stress Questionnaire. The findings give clear indications of areas of the service which needed improving or changing, and identify ways in which the ongoing process of data collection might be refined. AD - School of Nursing, University of Manchester, England. FAU - Brooker, C AU - Brooker C FAU - Molyneux, P AU - Molyneux P FAU - Deverill, M AU - Deverill M FAU - Repper, J AU - Repper J LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - ENGLAND TA - J Adv Nurs JT - Journal of advanced nursing JID - 7609811 SB - IM SB - N MH - Benchmarking/methods MH - Community Mental Health Services/methods/*organization & administration MH - Data Collection/methods MH - England MH - Humans MH - Mental Disorders/economics/nursing/*rehabilitation MH - *Morale MH - Nursing Staff/psychology MH - Outcome Assessment (Health Care)/*methods MH - *Patient Care Team

MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB and

Stress, Psychological/psychology 1999/03/04 1999/03/04 00:01 ppublish J Adv Nurs. 1999 Jan;29(1):44-51. 9934033 NLM MEDLINE 19990506 19990506 20041117 Print 0966-0461 (Print) 7 20 1998 Nov 12-25 Discharge planning: establishing an effective coordination team. 1263-7 This article investigates the developing role of the discharge coordinator

explores how safe, effective and timely discharge from hospital can be achieved. In January 1996, a team of four discharge coordinators were jointly appointed by the King's Healthcare NHS Trust in partnership with the local social services department. The coordinators were appointed to work with the multidisciplinary teams to improve trustwide discharge planning practice. The team focused on six core objectives: central coordination, open interagency communication, continuing education, patient advocacy, information resource and audit of discharges. Despite the ward staff's early difficulties regarding the nature of the role, the team did begin to collaborate effectively when working alongside all members of the multidisciplinary team and with patients and families. FAU - Summerton, H AU - Summerton H LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - ENGLAND TA - Br J Nurs JT - British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing) JID - 9212059 SB - N MH - Benchmarking MH - Cooperative Behavior MH - Humans MH - Job Description MH - Needs Assessment MH - Organizational Objectives MH - Patient Care Planning/*organization & administration MH - Patient Care Team/*organization & administration MH - Patient Discharge/*standards MH - Social Work/*organization & administration

EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI -

1999/02/06 1999/02/06 00:01 ppublish Br J Nurs. 1998 Nov 12-25;7(20):1263-7.

9819581 NLM MEDLINE 19981203 19981203 20041117 Print 0014-0139 (Print) 41 11 1998 Nov Task and training requirements analysis methodology (TTRAM): an analytic methodology for identifying potential training uses of simulator networks in teamwork-intensive task environments. PG - 1678-97 AB - A methodology designed to identify potential application areas for use of networked simulations is presented. The technique, known as task and training requirements analysis methodology (TTRAM), has been independently applied to the analysis of numerous US military aircraft simulator networking requirements, and appears to effectively discriminate tasks that are prone to skill decay, that are critical to mission success, that require high levels of internal and external teamwork, and that require additional training support. AD - InterScience America, Inc., Leesburg, VA 20176-4173, USA. FAU - Swezey, R W AU - Swezey RW FAU - Owens, J M AU - Owens JM FAU - Bergondy, M L AU - Bergondy ML FAU - Salas, E AU - Salas E LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - ENGLAND TA - Ergonomics JT - Ergonomics JID - 0373220 SB - IM SB - S MH - Aviation MH - *Computer Communication Networks MH - *Computer Simulation MH - *Computer-Assisted Instruction MH - Humans MH - Military Personnel MH - *Task Performance and Analysis EDAT- 1998/11/20 MHDA- 1998/11/20 00:01

PST - ppublish SO - Ergonomics. 1998 Nov;41(11):1678-97. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG LA PT PL TA JT JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB are about to 10182961 NLM MEDLINE 19981022 19981022 20071115 Print 1097-9530 (Print) 6 8 1998 Aug Teamwork, accountability cut discharge-to-bill time. 98-100 eng Journal Article UNITED STATES Patient Focus Care Satisf Patient-focused care and satisfaction / American Health Consultants 9802916 H Abstracting and Indexing as Topic/standards Benchmarking Hospital Bed Capacity, 500 and over Hospitals, Pediatric/*economics Kentucky Management Audit Medical Record Administrators *Patient Credit and Collection *Patient Discharge Time Management 1998/07/06 1998/07/06 00:01 ppublish Patient Focus Care Satisf. 1998 Aug;6(8):98-100. 9568552 NLM MEDLINE 19980624 19980624 20060828 Print 1070-3241 (Print) 24 3 1998 Mar Rapid improvement teams. 119-29 BACKGROUND: Suggestions, most of which are supported by empirical studies, provided on how total quality management (TQM) teams can be used to bring faster organizationwide improvements. SUGGESTIONS: Ideas are offered on how identify the right problem, have rapid meetings, plan rapidly, collect data

rapidly, and make rapid whole-system changes. Suggestions for identifying the (2) right problem include (1) postpone benchmarking when problems are obvious,

define the problem in terms of customer experience so as not to blame employees nor embed a solution in the problem statement, (3) communicate with the rest of the organization from the start, (4) state the problem from different perspectives, and (5) break large problems into smaller units. Suggestions for having rapid meetings include (1) choose a nonparticipating facilitator to expedite meetings, (2) meet with each team member before the team meeting, (3) postpone evaluation of ideas, and (4) rethink conclusions of a meeting before acting on them. Suggestions for rapid planning include reducing time spent on flowcharting by focusing on the future, not the present. Suggestions for rapid data collection include (1) sample patients for surveys, (2) rely on numerical estimates by process owners, and (3) plan for rapid data collection. Suggestions for rapid organizationwide implementation include (1) change membership on cross-functional teams, (2) get outside perspectives, (3) use unfolding storyboards, and (4) go beyond self-interest to motivate lasting change in the organization. CONCLUSIONS: Additional empirical investigations of time saved as a consequence of the strategies provided are needed. If organizations solve their problems rapidly, fewer unresolved problems may remain. AD - Health Administration Program, Cleveland State University, OH 44115, USA. FAU - Alemi, F AU - Alemi F FAU - Moore, S AU - Moore S FAU - Headrick, L AU - Headrick L FAU - Neuhauser, D AU - Neuhauser D FAU - Hekelman, F AU - Hekelman F FAU - Kizys, N AU - Kizys N LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - UNITED STATES TA - Jt Comm J Qual Improv JT - The Joint Commission journal on quality improvement JID - 9315239 SB - IM MH - Benchmarking/organization & administration MH - Communication MH - Data Collection/methods MH - Decision Making, Organizational MH - Group Processes

MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO -

Hospital Administration/*standards Institutional Management Teams/*organization & administration *Management Quality Circles Planning Techniques Time Factors Total Quality Management/*organization & administration United States 1998/05/06 1998/05/06 00:01 ppublish Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1998 Mar;24(3):119-29.

PMID- 10178091 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 19980514 DCOM- 19980514 LR - 20001218 PUBM- Print IS - 0882-1577 (Print) VI - 79 IP - 2 DP - 1998 Mar-Apr TI - A framework for improving quality. Using project study teams, Providence Health System tackles problem areas. PG - 56-60 AB - To identify issues for quality improvement and monitoring, an organization first articulates its service mission and objectives. The organization uses internal measurements and self-examination with external accountability and benchmarks to select a manageable number of projects for study. Supported by collected evidence, published data, and broad-based approval, projects focus on the process or outcomes of care, frequency of services, or patient populations. An accountable leader selects team members from the affected disciplines, who review evidence, agree on what and how to measure, determine implementation strategies, and develop an evaluation plan. The team meets established targets to track the project's progress and shares results with other teams. Providence Health System (PHS) his integrated its continuum of care through quality study groups (e.g., CORE) and improved communication systems. The Guideline Evaluation and Redesign (GEAR) projects compare PHS performance against outside standards, studying eight patient conditions (e.g., geriatric depression, hysterectomy) to decrease hospital days without compromising care. Each team is encouraged to develop guidelines for admission, discharge, and hospital care in their specialty areas. These projects are balanced between surgical and nonsurgical conditions and across clinical programs to engage different staffs. The PHS Population Health

Improvement (PHI) teams used feasibility studies of eight patient populations to identify ways to improve quality of care based on internal and external evidence. The high-risk pregnancy team has redesigned staffing and implemented case management, and the Medicare and Medicaid projects have developed risk screens for new patient members. AD - Center for Outcomes Research and Education, Providence Health System, Portland, OR, USA. FAU - London, M R AU - London MR FAU - Klug, C D AU - Klug CD LA - eng PT - Journal Article PL - UNITED STATES TA - Health Prog JT - Health progress (Saint Louis, Mo.) JID - 8500263 SB - H MH - Benchmarking MH - Delivery of Health Care, Integrated/*standards MH - Group Processes MH - Management Quality Circles/*organization & administration MH - Northwestern United States MH - Oregon MH - Organizational Case Studies MH - Pilot Projects MH - Process Assessment (Health Care) MH - *Quality Indicators, Health Care MH - Social Responsibility MH - Total Quality Management/*methods MH - United States EDAT- 1998/02/06 MHDA- 1998/02/06 00:01 PST - ppublish SO - Health Prog. 1998 Mar-Apr;79(2):56-60. PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG LA PT PL TA JT 10177563 NLM MEDLINE 19980428 19980428 20041117 Print 1091-6768 (Print) 5 3 1998 Mar Pediatric facility links teamwork, OR productivity. 32-4 eng Journal Article UNITED STATES Healthc Benchmarks Healthcare benchmarks

JID SB MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH MH EDATMHDAPST SO PMIDOWN STATDA DCOMLR PUBMIS VI IP DP TI PG AB been

9800467 H Appointments and Schedules *Benchmarking California Child Data Collection Hospitals, Pediatric/standards Humans Patient Care Team Personnel Staffing and Scheduling Surgery Department, Hospital/*standards 1998/02/06 1998/02/06 00:01 ppublish Healthc Benchmarks. 1998 Mar;5(3):32-4.

12747342 NLM MEDLINE 20030515 20030529 20061115 Print 0529-5769 (Print) 41 1 2003 Mar Performance evaluation of quality improvement team in an anesthesiology department. - 13-9 - BACKGROUND: In health care community, quality improvement pathway has always

treated as critical index to control cost, improve efficiency and promote service quality, particularly in the last decade. From theoretical standpoint, clinical practice as well as research data, quality improvement team has been demonstrated to play an important role in the adaptation to the changing health environment and enhancement of the competition through the improvement process. The purpose of this study was to explore members' job satisfaction, morale, organizational commitment and inventory management through quality improvement team intervention in a department of anesthesiology. METHODS: This study was of a quasi-experimental and longitudinal design. The subjects involved 45 nurse anesthetists (the experiment group, intervention of quality improvement team) and 50 operation room nurses (control group) in a general hospital. The quality improvement team had been initiated and implemented pursuant to the quality improvement process for 8 months. GEEs (Generalized Estimating Equations) model was used to examine the differences in job satisfaction, morale, organizational commitment, and the inventory management was also examined between two

groups. RESULTS: After control of all variables, except education background, such as age, marital status, education, position and nursing experience, a natural growth effect was observed on quality improvement team. The results revealed that the experimental group showed significant positive effects on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment after the intervention. The morale scale did not differ significantly between two groups. In the inventory management, the experimental group successfully decreased the monthly consumable materials stock with a descending rate of 24.8%, while in the control group, the inventory was increased 16.9% in the basal stock instead. CONCLUSIONS: As other previous reports did, the present study also demonstrated that intervention of the quality improvement team improves the nurse anesthetists' job satisfaction, such as promotion of autonomy, organizational policy and positive member interaction. Moreover, it improves work efficiency, service quality as well as control of the stock inventory. AD - Nursing Department, Tainan Military Hospital, Taiwan. FAU - Wang, Fu-Lan AU - Wang FL FAU - Lee, Li-Chuan AU - Lee LC FAU - Lee, Sheu-Hua AU - Lee SH FAU - Wu, Shang-Liang AU - Wu SL FAU - Wong, Chih-Shung AU - Wong CS LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't PL - China (Republic: 1949- ) TA - Acta Anaesthesiol Sin JT - Acta anaesthesiologica Sinica JID - 9432542 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - *Anesthesiology/organization & administration/standards MH - Humans MH - Inventories, Hospital MH - *Job Satisfaction MH - Middle Aged MH - Morale MH - *Quality of Health Care EDAT- 2003/05/16 05:00 MHDA- 2003/05/30 05:00 PST - ppublish SO - Acta Anaesthesiol Sin. 2003 Mar;41(1):13-9.