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ST.

HILDA'S SECONDARY SCHOOL


2 TAMPINES STREET 82, SINGAPORE 528986. TEL: 63055277 FAX: 67865011 Email: ! "m#$.$%&. ' ($) i*$ : !**+:,,---. *!il%a $..m#$.$%&. ' Vision: A/ $0.$ll$/* i/ *i*&*i#/ 1$.#'/i2$% 3#1 )1i/'i/' &+ +&+il -i*! a l#4$ 3#1 G#%, Li3$ 5 L$a1/i/'. * Integrity our Anchor * C ring our He rt!e t * Co""it"ent our Reso#$e * E%ce##ence our &ursuit * 666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666

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Date : ___________

Japanese Occupation of Malaya and Singapore Guided Notes Background Singapore was re-named Syonan-to, meaning Light of the South or the Sun !empetai was sent to restore law and order in Singapore "eople were punished for the slightest offence and punishment was swift and harsh Many were tortured or decapitated Others were made to work in the #eath ailway camps adiant

Sufferings of people Europeans / Eurasians Japanese imprisoned all British, $mericans and $llied %uropean including women and children $llied soldiers were made to march from "adang to Selarang Barracks to em&arrass them &ecause they were defeated' %urasians were treated &adly &ecause they were mem&ers of the Singapore (olunteer )orps and had fought against the Japanese Indians and Malays Japanese wanted their support against the British &ecause the Malays were the indigenous people *anted the support of the +ndians so that the +ndians would not support the British in +ndia' "romised the +ndians that they would free +ndia from British rule ,owe-er, some were still ill-treated &ecause they refused to cooperate

ST. HILDA'S SECONDARY SCHOOL


2 TAMPINES STREET 82, SINGAPORE 528986. TEL: 63055277 FAX: 67865011 Email: ! "m#$.$%&. ' ($) i*$ : !**+:,,---. *!il%a $..m#$.$%&. ' Vision: A/ $0.$ll$/* i/ *i*&*i#/ 1$.#'/i2$% 3#1 )1i/'i/' &+ +&+il -i*! a l#4$ 3#1 G#%, Li3$ 5 L$a1/i/'. * Integrity our Anchor * C ring our He rt!e t * Co""it"ent our Reso#$e * E%ce##ence our &ursuit * 666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666

Chinese )hinese resisted the Japanese &ecause they were against Japanese &ecause of the Sino-Japanese war .he Japanese carried out Sook )hing to identify and eliminate anti-Japanese elements amongst the )hinese Men &etween /0-12 years of report at certain centres like 3M)$ at Stamford oad to &e e4amined Some will ha-e hooded men who identify the unlucky ones as anti-Japanese while those who were not identifies would &e gi-en a small piece of paper that said 5%4amined6 and allowed to home .hose identified were e4ecuted .he )hinese were also made to contri&ute money towards Japan6s war effort' .he )hinese community was forced to collect and pay Japan 712 million Economic ro!lems Singapore6s entrepot trade was disrupted &ecause of the war and resources were used to support Japan6s war efforts elsewhere' .his resulted in shortages8 9a: ;ood shortage' .here was a shortage of essential goods like salt, sugar and rice' .he Japanese introduced rationing where each family was gi-en a 5"eace Li-ing )ertificate6 and they used it to &uy their rations' But the <ueues at centres that distri&uted the rations were -ery long' +n addition, there was a &lack market for essential goods that were sold at high price' .hus the people suffered' 9&: .he people were poor too &ecause they did not ha-e =o&s, so many li-ed in po-erty' .his led to malnutrition and diseases and shortage of food' Some people resorted to growing their own food and making their own essentials like soap 9c: .o cur& the growing economic pro&lems, the Japanese printed notes known as 5&anana notes6 which did not ha-e any serial num&er' .his led to them &eing forged and ha-ing no -alue' .hus, inflation soared and the people could not afford to &uy essentials' So their li-es were hard' ropaganda

ST. HILDA'S SECONDARY SCHOOL


2 TAMPINES STREET 82, SINGAPORE 528986. TEL: 63055277 FAX: 67865011 Email: ! "m#$.$%&. ' ($) i*$ : !**+:,,---. *!il%a $..m#$.$%&. ' Vision: A/ $0.$ll$/* i/ *i*&*i#/ 1$.#'/i2$% 3#1 )1i/'i/' &+ +&+il -i*! a l#4$ 3#1 G#%, Li3$ 5 L$a1/i/'. * Integrity our Anchor * C ring our He rt!e t * Co""it"ent our Reso#$e * E%ce##ence our &ursuit * 666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666

9a: .o get rid of the *estern influence and win the support of the locals, the Japanese practiced propaganda' .here were many posters which depicted the Japanese as friends and sa-ior of the locals' 9&: adio stations and cinemas could only &roadcast pro-Japanese elements and those caught listening to non-Japanese news were punished'

9c: .hey promoted the Japanese spirit > Nippon Seishin' %-ery school, go-ernment &uilding had to &egin the day &y singing the Japanese anthem' .eachers were made to learn Japanese se-eral times a week and students had their lessons through the schools6 &roadcasting ser-ice

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