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Cisco 7100, Cisco 7200 and Cisco 7500 Product Update
Session 1107

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Agenda

• System Developments
Cisco 7500 Cisco 7200

• Virtual Private Networking
Cisco 7100

• Voice on High End Routers
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“Swiss Army Knife” Router
Legacy Campus
XGS

“Swiss Army Knife” 7500
4xxx FE/FDDI Uplinks Multiple Leased Lines DS0-DS1

2500

• Medium to high-performance router for:
WAN needs Core campus requirements
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Router Evolution
3. High-Performance Campus
8510, 8540 CSR

2. Distribution Layer
7500/ 7200

4. Service-Enabled Backbone WAN

International Offices

IGX 8400 7500

5300

Suppliers, Buyers

8510, 8540 MSR (Extranet)

1. Access/ Gateway Layer 7202

2600, 3600 770

Internet

Regional Offices
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Branch Offices
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Enterprise Virtual Private Networks—the Integrated VPN Gateway Router
Business Partners Mobile Workers Telecommuters Very Remote Office E-VPN Gateway Internet/IP Private Line Network Remote Office Regional Office

Main Office

Home Office
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Mobile Workers
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The Router’s Multiservice Role
High Compression WAN

Cisco IGX 8400 Cisco AS5300 Cisco 2600 Cisco BPX 8600 Cisco 12000 Cisco 7500 Cisco 7xx Cisco 800 Phones
Selsius

Voice Cisco MC3810 Processing Cisco 3600

Cisco 7200

MAN

Network
Cisco LS1010 Cisco Catalyst 5500 Cisco Catalyst 8500

Low Circuit Emulation

Campus High

Low

Data/Voice/Video Capacity

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Collapsed Router Backbone Migration
1995–97 1998–99
Catalyst 5xxx
Catalyst 85xx

• Improve 7XXX performance with ARS • Integrate 85XX for IP/IPX performance • Add Gigabit Ethernet or ATM switching in the core
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Catalyst 5xxx

Catalyst 5xxx

Catalyst 5xxx Cisco 7xxx

Cisco 7xxx

FDDI

Cisco 7xxx

GE or ATM

Server Farm

Server Farm
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Cisco 7500 Series

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The Cisco 7500 Advanced Router System
Cisco 7500 Advanced Router System

Advanced Router Technologies
High-Performance Distributed Architecture Scalable Policy and Forwarding Acceleration of Services VIP2-40 and VIP2-50 Distributed Switching Distributed Services RSP Family Cisco Express Forwarding Encryption Compression Hardware Based

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Cisco 7500 Series
Cisco 7505 Cisco 7507 Cisco 7513 Cisco 7576

Capabilities
Routers/Chassis Chassis/Rack Bandwidth Chassis Slots Interface Slots Max. Processors* Max. Power Supplies 1 3 1.0 GB/s 5 4 1 1 1 2 2.1 GB/s 7 5 2 2 1 2 2.1 GB/s 13 11 2 2 2 2 4.0 GB/s 13 11 2 2

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7500 Extensions
1999

• Significant increase in throughput • Protects customer investments • New RSP8 processor • New VIP4
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Field Upgrade

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RSP8
Q3 CY 1999

• Performance acceleration for xIP (non-VIP) Cisco 7500s • Increased packet memory (8MB) • Increased Flash (40–110 MB/slot) • Increased Boot Flash (16MB) and NVRAM (2MB) • Field upgrade
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50 RSP8 40

30

20 RSP4 10

Proc. Switch. Kpps

0 0

RSP2 150 300 450

600 750

CEF and Optimal Switching (Kpps)
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VIP Family
Today VIP2-50
400 Mbps 100~135 kpps FDX

VIP2-40
400 Mbps 65~90 kpps FDX

VIP2-15

Distributed Switching Distributed Services Increased Port Density Forwarding Performance

xIP

Single Media Interface Low to Moderate Density Forwards All Packets to RSP
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VIP4
• Next generation VIP • For high bandwidth interfaces
ATM and POS OC3, OC12 Multichannel products Gigabit Ethernet

• Increased density • Distributed Cisco IOS and L3 services
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VIP Technology
VIP2
Cy Bus 1.1 Gbps

VIP4
Cy Bus 1.1 Gbps

135 Kpps

Single, Bridged PCI Bus

200 Kpps

Two Separate PCI Bus

400 Mbps

700+ Mbps

PA
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PA

PA

PA

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VIP4 Performance
• New generation VIP technology • R7000 processor—based
3x VIP2–40 performance Supports 4x CT3 per slot
250

VIP4
200

150

• Greater bandwidth
Dual, independent buses

100

VIP2–50 VIP2–40

50

• New memory architecture
128 or 256 MB program, packet Large route tables
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Perf. Kpps (x2)

0 0 200 400 600

800 1000

Aggregate Bandwidth

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Cisco 7500 Scaling Developments
• WAN • MAN • Campus
Enhanced, new platforms New Cisco IOS scalability New high-density port adapters New high-performance uplinks
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Cisco 7200/7500 Interface Scalability
• Raises interface maximums
768 physical interfaces max. per system AND 1200 FR PVCs max. per system

• Targeted for WAN aggregation
IP only, HDLC/PPP/Frame Relay encaps BGP, IS-IS, OSPF routing Focus on channelized serial I/Fs
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Q2 CY 1999 12.OS

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2 Port Multichannel T3
Q3 CY 1999 • Full range of connectivity on one interface
DS0, NxDS0, FT1, T1, NxT1, subrate DS3, full rate DS3 Up to 128 connections per T3
Management Workstation

Internet Backbone

• Full interoperability
Digital Link, Larscom, Kentrox simultaneous subrate and scrambling support

WEB, AAA Servers

FDDI, ATM, Ethernet

Cable XDSL Dial and ISDN

T3

• Direct termination
Built-in T3/E3 line interface

Access Network

• Single wide PA • Cisco 7500 and 7200 • Cisco IOS 12.0T, 12.0S
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NxT1 DS0 T1 Nx64K

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Price/Density Leadership
$2,600 7507

$2,100

List Price per T1 Port

$1,600

7513 7507 7513 7576

Key Technology Insertion Throughout 1999 3x DSW Performance 2–3x Bandwidth Increase 4x CT3 Rack Density Investment Protection
7206 7507 7206VXR

$1,100

$600 1998 PA-MC-T3

7576

$100 0

1997 CT3IP 500

Q2 1999 PA-MC-2T3+/VIP4 1000 1500 2000

T1 Ports per 7-Foot Rack
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LAN-MAN Scalability— OC12c/STM4 Uplink
Internet

Q3 CY 1999

• Dual-wide SONET/SDH OC12c/STM4 interface processor • Single-port OC12c SM-IR (15km) or Multimode (500m) • High-performance ATM connectivity (based on platform) • Support ATM Forum TM 4.0 specification—UBR, nrt-VBR and ABR (all three modes) • Per-VC and Per-VP Traffic Shaping
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7500 or GSR ATM Switches 7500 OC48

OC12c

OC12c

Intra-POP ATM Network 7500 LS 1010 OC12c 7500

OC12c

OC12c
OC12c 7500

Campus/MAN ATM Network
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LAN-MAN Scalability— POS OC-12 Uplink
• Dual wide interface processor • Provides a POS OC-12/ STM4 interface • OC-12 single mode intermediate reach interface (15km) • OC-12 multi mode interface (500m) • Implements RFC-1619 (PPP Over SONET) • Performance: 400kpps aggregate traffic for 64 byte packets on VIP4
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Q3 CY 1999

Internet
7500 or GSR Switches 7500 OC48 OC12c OC12c

Intra-POP ATM Network 7500 LS 1010 OC12c 7500

OC12c

OC12c
OC12c 7500

Campus/MAN ATM Network
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LAN-MAN Scalability—Dynamic Packet Transport IP
• OC12 rates • Designed for networks with GSR • New layer 2 MAC technology • Uses SONET framing • Bandwidth efficient • Protection switching • Multicasting and priority
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Q2 CY 1999

GSR 7XXX 7XXX 7XXX

SRP-Based LAN/MAN

7XXX

GSR

7XXX

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Cisco 7200 Series

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7200 Multi-Function Flexibility

Token Ring
WAN Backbone

Legacy SNA/Packet Applications

Mixed LAN Media; Integrated LAN Switching

High-Density WAN Access; Integrated DSU/CSU; L3-Services

Voice and Video over IP/FR/ATM

Dial Access

Token Ring, Bisync

Fast Ethernet, Ethernet, FDDI, ATM, 100VG, Ethernet Switch

Serial, PoT3/E3 with DSU, ATM, HSSI, CT3, Compression, Encryption

Voice and Video over ATM-CES

PRI, MBRI

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Cisco 7200 Architecture Today
100, 150, 200 kpps Network Processing Engines
PCI PCI Optional Inbuilt FE PCI

• High density—2, 4 or 6 slot chassis • Powerful—600 Mbps bandwidth • 100–200kpps fast switching scalability • 7–13kpps process switching scalability
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Cisco 7200 Modularity
Two Input/Output Controllers Console, Aux, PCMCIA Slots Plus 1 FE Port Dual AC or DC Power Supply

Console, Aux, PCMCIA Slots Three NPEs 200 Kpps 150 Kpps 100 Kpps 7204, NPE 200 7204, NPE 150 7204, NPE 100 4 Slots 7206, NPE 200 7206, NPE 150 7206, NPE 100 6 Slots

Software Subsets: Enterprise/Enterprise+APPN Desktop+IBM/Desktop+IBM+APPN IP Only Network/Layer-3 Switching Feature Licenses: WAN Packet Protocols Inter-Domain Routing NetFlow Switching Network Address Translation Memory Options: PCMCIA Flash Add’l. DRAM

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New Cisco 7200 VXR Systems
4-Slot 7204VXR 6-Slot 7206VXR Up to 6 High-Speed Port Adapters

Integrated Multiservice Switching for Future Voice Capabilities

Supports NPE-300 and NPE-200, -150, -100
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Twice the I/O Bus Bandwidth of Non-VXR 7200
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Cisco 7200: NPE-300
New

• 262.5 MHz R7000 processor • 300 Kpps CEF switching • 20K Kpps process switching • 64 MB default memory, configurable to 256 MB • 32 MB SDRAM (on-board) • Supported on VXR systems only
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Multiservice Interchange (MIX) on VXR
NPE
PCI

MIX
8Mbps “Streams”

PCI

PCI

• TDM buses and switching capabilities integrated in the midplane • Each PA slot has two full-duplex 8.192-Mbps TDM streams, and each stream has 128 DS0 channels (128 x 64 Kbps = 8.192 Mbps) • Switching among all 12 streams at DS0 level done by MIX on the midplane, no NPE processing involved • TDM capabilities available with all NPE models
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Cisco 7200 VXR TDM Applications
TDM T3 Local Serial Devices PBX PBX

TDM-Enabled T3 TDM-Enabled T1

TDM-Enabled T1 TDM-Enabled T1
DSP

TDM T1

FE

Voice over IP/FR

I/O FE
• Some TDM channels can be terminated internally as data channels • Some TDM channels can be terminated externally • Some TDM channels can be TDM-switched
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When to Use VXR Chassis
7204/7206
Pricing Performance NPE-300 Support TDM (Future Voice PAS) Software Port Adapters
$4K/$5K 3 High-Speed PAs No No All Cisco IOS Software Images All

7204VXR/7206VXR
$4K/$5K Up to 6 High-Speed PAs Yes Yes Cisco IOS 12.0T Release or Higher No FDDI Some PAs Need New Revs

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Cisco 7200 VPN Capabilities
• Full-featured, high-end, VPN solution
Tunneling and encryption Firewall Advanced bandwidth management/QoS Service level validation

• Optimized for VPN high-end requirements
Higher density, high performance Modular LAN/WAN interfaces for VPN connectivity on edge or behind edge router VPN-optimized Cisco IOS software

• Flexible solution
Optional IPSec hardware acceleration and firewall support Full Layer 3 routing, multi-protocol support
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Cisco 7100 Series

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Integrated VPN Routing
Comprehensive, Integrated VPN Solutions

VPN

Router Services
OSPF, EIGRP, RIP, BGP, Etc. Scalable Performance
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LAN/WAN Integration
Range of Media CSU/DSU Extensibility

VPN Services
Security/Tunneling/Encryption Firewall Advanced Bandwidth Mgmt. Service Level Validation
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Cisco 7100 Series VPN Application
Remote Office Service Provider A IP, FR, ATM
10/100 Ethernet

Enterprise Office
Corporate LAN
10/100 Ethernet

Cisco 7100

Home Office

Service Provider A

DMZ

Mobile Workers

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Cisco 7100 Series VPN Router Configuration Options
Cisco 7120
One Port Adapter Slot Dual 10/100 FE Processing Engine 2 RUs RM5000 8E1 Single AC Power Supply

Voice Crypto

Fixed WAN

Service Module Slot for HW Encryption

Fixed WAN Interface Cisco 7120 4-T1/E1 T3 or E3 T3 or E3 ATM OC3 ATM

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Cisco 7100 Series VPN Router Configuration Options
Cisco 7140
One Port Adapter Slot Dual 10/100 FE Processing Engine 2 RUs R7000 T3/OC3 Dual AC Power Supply

Voice Crypto

Fixed WAN

Service Module Slot for HW Encryption

Fixed WAN Interface Cisco 7120 4-T1/E1 T3 or E3 T3 or E3 ATM OC3 ATM Cisco 7140 Dual T3 or E3 Dual T3 or E3 ATM Dual OC3 ATM

• Open PA Slot Uses Most 7200/75000 PAs • OIR PAs and Service Module
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Cisco 7100 Integrated Security
• Tunneling and encryption
Software: 250 simultaneous IPSec/L2TP/GRE tunnels with 2 E1 DES encryption performance Hardware: 2000 simultaneous IPSec tunnels and 3DES encryption at full duplex DS3 speeds with the Integrated Services Module (ISM)
Security Security Management

Scalability

Tunnel Endpoint Discovery: Automates configuration of tunnels according to security policy (3Q ’99)

• Firewall
Cisco IOS Firewall CBAC, Java blocking, real time alerts, denial of service protection, intrusion detection, configurable alerts, authentication proxy available in 3Q ’99

• User authentication
Supports Cisco IOS AAA features
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Cisco 7100 Integrated QoS
Ingress—FE Port
Packet Classification Static—Modular Dynamic—NBAR Policing—CAR

Ingress—WAN Port
Policing—CAR

Backbone

Customer Premise

Egress—WAN Port
Congestion Avoidance—WRED Policing—CAR Bandwidth Allocation—CAR/WFQ Traffic Shaping—GTS Queuing—WFQ

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Greater QoS Granularity
2H ’99
• Packet classification
Static—Modular QoS: Separates packet classification from QoS Dynamic—Network-Based Application Recognition (NBAR): Inspects packet contents to enable application of QoS beyond TCP layer

• Enhances QoS, providing prioritization by:
True application type URL and sub-URL Dynamically assigned ports

• Complements other QoS features, like CAR and WFQ
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Cisco 7100 Series Scalability for Head-End VPN Applications
• Two models designed for 8 E1 and DS3/OC3 VPN requirements • 1.6 Gb bandwidth for high-capacity environments • Extensible I/O via 7XXX series port adapters
Integrate voice or custom LAN/WAN interface requirements

• Scalable security
Tunnels 2000 IPSec; 250 L2TP/GRE Software perf. 2E1 Full Duplex DES Hardware perf. DS3 Full Duplex 3DES Integrated Cisco IOS Firewall

• Suite of VPN services and management
End-to-end QoS scales for mission-critical applications— packet classification, queuing, traffic shaping, congestion management, bandwidth allocation, and traffic policing Tunnel Endpoint Discovery automates tunnel configuration, enabling scalability to 1000s of users QoS, ACL, IPM management
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Cisco 7100 Series: The Integrated VPN Solution
Intranet
Low Cost, Tunneled Connections with Rich VPN Services, Like IPSec Encryption, Encryption, QoS and RTR to Ensure Reliable Throughput

Firewalls
Integrated Cisco IOS Firewall Reduces Network Complexity and TCO

Home Office

POP Main Office

Remote Office

WAN VPN
POP Extranets
Extends WANs to Business Partners

Remote Access
Secure, Scalable, Encrypted Tunnels across a Public Network, Client Software

Business Partner

Management
Comprehensive VPN Management Solution

Mobile Worker
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Enterprise-Wide Voice
• Campus/MAN core
LS1010, 8500, Cat 6000

• WAN edge
Cisco 7200, 7500

• Remote/branch site
3810, 2600, 3600, …

• Wiring closet
Cat 5000, Cat 4000
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EWAN Voice Initiative
Phase
Phase

I
WAN
Phase Primary Focus WAN Backbone

II
WAN
WAN Access

III
Multiservice

IV
Campus/

V
Policy-Based

II III Primary Backbone MAN/WANV Cisco • Focus Phase enterprise Gateway IV Leverage I Access investment in End-End Call Integration Management

• Scale multiservice for large enterprises
From the From the Desktop toDesktop to the WAN the WAN and WAN and WAN Services Services QoS QoS • Enable migration from Old to New World Open Open Call Management Call Management

Multiservice Campus/ Gateway MAN/WAN Integration

Policy-Based End-End Call Management

• Support D/V/V converged applications

Layer 1-3 Integration Layer 1-3 Integration Networked Availability Networked Availability Management Management

Multiservice Multiservice Architecture Architecture

Taking the Industry from…
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• Provide seamless connectivity to service Taking the Intranet/ Toll Industry Internet provider networks To Bypass from... Telephony
Toll Bypass

To

Intranet/ Internet Telephony
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L3/L2 Transport Characteristics
• L3—VoIP
Flexible—IP is ubiquitous “Soft” form of QoS IP/UDP/RTP overhead (RTP compression) Quickly emerging technology Standards-based H.323
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• L2—VoFR, VoATM
“Hard” QoS Infrastructure can be rigid Standards-based Better suited for high-volume bulk voice

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VoIP Transport Across the WAN
Voice Voice Voice Jumbogram Voice Fragment Interleave Voice Voice Voice Voice

• Fragmentation and interleave
Voice packets arrive every 10–20ms

Large packets can freeze out voice on slow links

Version

IHL

Type of Service Flags Source Address Protocol

Total Length Fragment Offset Header Checksum

Identification Time to Live

Destination Address

• RTP header compression
40Bytes compressed to 5–8 bytes much of the time Hop-by-hop on slow links <512kbps
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V=2

Options Source Port Length P X CC M PT Timestamp

Padding Destination Port Checksum Sequence Number

Synchronization Source (SSRC) Identifier

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IP QoS for VoIP Prioritization
IP Precedence

• Scalable to OC3/STM-1 • Multiple application QoS • Improved TCP/IP throughput • IP/ATM QoS interworking • BGP policy propagation • Cisco IOS 11.1CC and 12.0

Classifier

Backbone

Committed Access Rate

Weighted Fair Queuing Weighted Random Early Detection

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VoFR Transport Across the WAN
• FRF.12
Voice Voice Voice Jumbogram Voice Fragment Interleave Voice Voice Voice Voice

Fragmentation and voice interleave defined for Frame Relay Also for VoIP over Frame Relay

FRF.11 Frame Relay: 32bytes CRC 2B Voice/Fax Payload Nominally 20B FRF.11 FRF.12 FRF.3.1 FR Hdr HDR HDR HDR DLCI 4B 2B 2B 2B

• FRF.11
Standard for voice transport across the Frame Relay link
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VoATM Transport

Fixed Length Cells ALWAYS

Fixed Length Cells ALWAYS

• ATM CES
ATM Forum specification for voice (CBR) traffic over an ATM network ATM network emulates a T1/E1 trunk One backbone for voice, video, and data Integrates existing PBXs and TDM systems Cost savings vs. dedicated TDM network

• AAL2 • VoIP over ATM AAL5
Provides prioritized transport for voice
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ATM CES Options
7200
• Combines circuit traffic from the CES ports and “data” from the 7200 backplane • One OC3c/STM1 SM-IR port, DS3 or E3 port • Four T1 CES or 4 E1 (120 ohm) CES ports • AAL1 CBR transport • PA-A2-xx

TDM Data

Available NOW

8500/LS1010
• Four T1 CES ports or • Four E1 (75 and 120 ohm) CES ports • Structured and unstructured • AAL1 CBR transport
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Packet Data

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Voice Transport Plans
Cisco 7200
VoIP VoFR VoATM

Cisco 7500

Cisco 8500

12.0(4)T CES Radar AAL5

Fall 1999 — Radar AAL5

Radar CES AAL5 Future AAL2

VoIP: RTP, CRTP, LFI VoFR: FRF.11, FRF.12 VoATM: AAL1 or AAL5 (No AAL2 Plans)

Not Including Integrated Gateway Capabilities
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Remote Site Voice Aggregation
Campus Campus Core Network Core Network
PBX

• Current solutions require mirrored routers at each end of link
PBX

Core Core Links Links

• 7200/7500 Multichannel technology
Eliminates stacked routers

Mirrored 7XXX 7XXX Routers
Multichannel WAN Aggregation

PSTN PSTN

• 7200/7500 performance and features
Scales transport VoIP IP QoS mechanisms CRTP, LFI VoFR FRF.11 and FRF.12 Tandem PBX bypass Multiple signaling models

Frame or Leased Line

Remote Sites Remote Sites

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Scaled Voice Transport
• VoIP over leased lines
7200 and 7500 Tandem switching = IP routing IP QoS mechanisms scale to 768 links per router Transport: RTP, CRTP, LFI Fall 1999 Target: 500–1000 simultaneous call legs
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• VoFR
FRF.11 and FRF.12 7200: IOS 12.0(4)T 3/99 7500: Planned Tandeming via FRF.11 Compatible with 2600/3600/3810 1200 PVCs per router Target: 800 simultaneous call legs
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Please Complete Your Evaluation Form
Session 1107

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