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1

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

2003 Solve the equations
P2 Q1
2
3x
=
2(x
1)
+
7
5
,
1
3
2004 P2 Q7
2
2
m
+
5
m
1
Solve the equations
= 2
,
2
m
+ 1
2
2005 P2 Q1
2
2
k
5
1
Solve the equations
= 3
k
,5
3
2
2006
Solve the equations
P2 Q3
3
x x
(
1)
4
=
x
+
6
,3
2
3
P2 Q3
2
2007 Solve the equations
4x
15
=
17x
3
,
5
4
Extra exercise
1
2
Solve the equations
5x
=
6(x
3)
+
26
4
,2
5
2
2
3
p
+
4
p
Solve the equations
=
2
4 ,
2
p
+
4
3
SIMULTANEOUS LINEAR EQUATIONS
2003
Calculate the values of k and w that satisfy the following simultaneous equations:
1
k
=
,w
=
3
P2 Q2
2k – 3w = 10 and 4k + w = 1
2
2004
Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations:
p
= 6,q =
5
P2 Q5
1
2
q
=
13
and 3p + 4q = 2
2 p
2005
Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations:
p
= 2,q = 3
P2 Q2
2p – 3q = 13 and 4p + q = 5
2006
Calculate the values of x and y that satisfy the following simultaneous equations:
x
= 2,y=
4
P2 Q4
3
x + 2y = 6 and
y
=
7
2 x
2007
Calculate the values of g and h that satisfy the following simultaneous equations:
g
= 3,h=
2
P2 Q2
g + 2h = 1 and 4g
3h = 18
Extra Exercise
1 Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations:
p
= 9,q = 4
1
+
q
=
1
and p
2q = 17
3 p
2 Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations:
5
5
p
=
,q
=
3p – q = 10 and p
3q = 10
2
2

2

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Mathematical Reasoning

2003

P2 Q8

2004

P2 Q4

2005

P2 Q8

2006

P2 Q6

 (a) Is the following a statement or a non-statement. “4 is a prime number” (b) Write down two implications based on the following statement: P R if and only if P’ R’ The number of subsets in a set with 2 elements is 2 2 . The number of subsets in a set with 3 elements is 2 3 . The number of subsets in a set with 4 elements is 2 4 . (c) Based on the information above, make a general conclusion by induction regarding the number of subsets in a set with k elements. (a) State whether the following statement is true or false. 8 > 7 or 3 2 = 6 (b) Write down two implications based on the following statement: “m 3 = 1000 if and only if m = 10” (c) Write down premise 2 to complete the following argument: Premise 1: All hexagons have six sides. Premise 2: Conclusion: PQRSTU has six sides. (a) State whether each of the following statement is true or false. (i) 8 ∏2 = 4 and 8 2 = 16. (ii) The elements of set A = {12, 15’ 18} are divisible by 3 or the elements of set B = {4, 6, 8} are multiple of 4. (b) Write down premise 2 to complete the following argument: Premise 1: If x is greater than zero, then x is a positive number. Premise 2: Conclusion: 6 is a positive number. (c) Write down two implications based on the following statement: “3m > 15 if and only if m > 5” (a) Complete each of the following statements using the quantifier ‘all’ and ‘some’ so that it will become a true statement. (i) of the prime numbers are odd numbers. (ii) pentagons have five sides. (b) State the converse of the following statement and hense determine whether its converse is true or false: “If x > 9, then x > 5” (c) Complete the premise in the following argument:

Premise 1: If set K is a subset of set L, then K Premise 2:

Conclusion: Set K is not a subset of set L.

L = L.

 3 Prepared by Tan Sze Haun 2007 (a) Complete the following statement using the quantifier ‘all’ and ‘some’. To make it a true statement. P2 Q7 quadratic equations have two equal roots. (b) Write down premise 2 to complete the following argument: Premise 1: If M is a multiple of 6, then M is a multiple of 3. Premise 2: Conclusion: 23 is not a multiple of 6. (c) Make a general conclusion by induction for the sequence of numbers 7, 14, 27, …… which follows the following pattern.
 7 = 3(2) 1 + 1 14 = 3(2) 2 + 2 27 = 3(2) 3 + 3 = … ……….

(d) Write down two implications based on the following statement:

p q > 0 if and only if p > q

Extra Exercise

1 Write two implications from the sentence below.

(a)

 x =1 + y if and only if bx + ay = ab . a b

(b)

Complete the conclusion and premise in each of the arguments below.

 Premise 1 : All rectangles have two diagonals of the same length. : A square is a rectangle. Premise 2 Conclusion:

2 Complete the conclusion in the argument below.

(a)

Premise 1: If a number is a factor of 12, then the number is a factor of 48. Premise 2: 7 is not a factor of 48. Conclusion:

(b)

(c)

Make a general conclusion by induction for the sequence of numbers 10, 35, 70, 115, … according to the pattern below:

 10 = 5(2) 2 – 10 35 = 5(3) 2 – 10 70 = 5(4) 2 – 10

115 = 5(5) 2 – 10 …………………

Determine whether each of the following statements is true or false.

(i)

(ii)

7 2 = 14 or

3

4 = 0.75

4 x 5 = 20 and 4 < 5

4

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Inverse Matrices

2003

P2

Q11

2004

P2 Q8

M is a 2

2 matrix where

M

3

5

-2

-4

=

1

0

0

1

(a) Find the matrix M.

(b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation.

(a)

3

5

x

x

2

y

4

=

=

y

7

9

Hence, calculate the values of x and y using matrices.

The inverse matrix of

3

5

4

6

is

m

6

5

p

3

   . Find the value of m and p.

(b) Using matrices, calculate the value of x and of y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations.

2005

P2

Q11

It

 3 x 4 y = 1 5 x 6 y = 2

is given that matrix

PQ

=

1

0

0

1

.

P

=

2

1

5

3

  and matrix

Q

=

k

3

1

   such that

h

2

(a) Find the value of k and of h.

(b) Using matrices, calculate the value of x and of y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations.

2006

P2

Q11

(a)

2

x

5

y

=

x

+

3

y

It is given that

of n.

=

1

1

2

8

17

2

n  

is the inverse matrix of

3

1

4    . Find the value

2

(b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation.

3

u

u

+

4

v

2

v

=

=

2

5

Hence, using matrices, calculate the values of u and v.

2003 1

P2

Q11

4

5

2

3







n

5

2

4

=

1

0

0

1

   , find the value of m and of n.

(a) Given

m

(b) Using matrices, calculate the value of x and of y that satisfy the matrices equations:

4

5

2

3

 

 

x



y

=

1    

2

Extra Exercise

M is a 2 x 2 matrix where

4

2

3

1

M =

1

0

0

1

.

 (a) Find the matrix M. (b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation. 4x − 3y = 26 2x + y = −7 Hence, calculate the values of x and y using matrices.

(a)

1  

2

4

5

2

3

 (b) x = 5,y = 4 (a)m = 1 2 ,p = 4 (b) x = 7,y = 11 2 a) k = 1 11 ,h = 5 b) = x = 1,y 3 3 a) n = 2 b) = u = 1,v a) 2,n m = = 1 2 3 1 3 b) = x ,y = 2 2 1  1 3  10  2 4   = 1 2 ,y = 8

a)

b) x

5

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Straight Line

 2003 The graph shows that PQ, QR P2 and RS are straight lines. P is on Q5 the y axis, OP is parallel to QR and PQ is parallel to RS. The equation of PQ is 2x + y = 5 . (a) State the equation of the straight line QR. (b) Find the equation of the straight line RS and hence, state its y-intercept. 2004 OPQR is a parallelogram and O is P2 the origin. Q6 (a) Find the equation of the straight line PQ, (b) Find the y-intercept of the straight line QR. 2005 P2 Point R lies in the x-axis and pint P lies on the y-axis. Straight line Q5 PU is parallel to the x-axis and straight line PR is parallel to straight line ST. The equation of straight line PR is x + 2y = 14 . (a) State the equation of the straight line PU. (b) Find the equation of the straight line ST and hence, state its x-intercept. 2006 The straight line PQ is parallel to P2 straight line RS. Q10 (a) Find the equation of the straight line PQ, (b) Find the x-intercept of the straight line PQ. 2007 P2 Straight line KL is parallel to the straight line MN. The equation of Q5 straight line KL is 2x + y = 4. The points L and N lie on the y- axis. (a) Find the equation of the straight line MN, (b) Find the x-intercept of the straight line MN.

a) x =

5

2

b)

y

y

=

2x

+

9,

int ercept

a)

b)

a)

b)

 y = 3x 15 20 y = 7 y x 1 4, 2 int ercept x =

=

=

a)

b)

a)

b)

y = 2x + 11

11

2

y = 2x + 1

1

2

9

8

6

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Solid Geometry

 2003 Diagram 3 shows a solid formed by P2 combining a right pyramid with a half cylinder on the rectangular plane DEFG. DE = 7 cm, EF = 10 cm and Q6 the height of the pyramid is 9 cm. Calculate the volume, in cm 3 , of the 22 solid. [Use = ] 7 2004 P2 Diagram below shows a solid formed by joining a cone and a cylinder. The diameter of the cylinder and the diameter of the base of the cone are both 7 cm. The volume of the volume 22 Q2 is 231 cm 3 . By using = 7 , calculate the height, in cm, of the cone. 2005 P2 Diagram below shows a solid cone with radius 9 cm and height 14 cm. A Q6 cylinder with radius 3 cm and height 7 cm is taken out of the solid. Calculate the volume, in cm 3 , of the remaining solid. (Use = 22 ) 2006 7 P2 Diagram below shows a combined solid consists of a right prism and a right pyramid which are joined at the plane EFGH. V is vertically above the base EFGH. Trapezium ABGF is the uniform cross section of the prism. The height of the pyramid is 8 cm and FG = 14 cm. Q5
 (a) Calculate the volume, in cm 3 , of the right pyramid. (b) It is given the volume of the combined solid is 584 cm 3 . Calculate the length, in cm, of

AF.

1

402 2 cm 3

6 cm

990 cm 3

a) 224 cm 3

b) 5 cm

7

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

 2007 Diagram shows a solid, formed by joining a cylinder to a right prism. Trapezium AFGB is the uniform cross- section of the prism. AB = BC = 9 cm. The height of the cylinder is 6 cm and its diameter is 7 cm. Calculate the volume, in cm 3 , of the solid. [Use 987 cm 3 P2 Q11 22 ] = 7 Gradient and area under the graph SPM Diagram 6 shows the speed-time graph of a particle for a period of 17s. a) 7 2003 1 b) 4 2 P2 (a) State the length of time, in s, that particle moves with uniform speed. Calculate the rate of change of speed, in ms -2 , in the last 4 s. Calculate the value of u, if the total distance travelled in the first 13s is Q10 c) 5 (b) (c) 195m. SPM Diagram 5 shows the distance – time graph for the journeys of a car and a bus. The graph JKLM represents the journey of the car and the graph JLN represents the journey of the bus. Both vehicles depart from town T at the same time and travel along the same road. (i) Find the distance, in km, between that location and town a) 0.3 2004 b) 85 P2 T. c) 48 (i) Q11 (ii) State the time taken by the bus (ii) 0.8 to reach that location from town T. (a) State the length of the time, in hours, during which the car is stationary. (b) Calculate the average speed, in km h -1 of the car over the 2 hour period. (c) At the certain time during the journey, both vehicles are at the same location. SPM Diagram 5 shows the speed–time graph of a a) 7 2005 particle for a period of t seconds. b) 1.6 P2 (a) State the length of time, in s, that the particle moves with uniform speed. c) 16 Q10 (b) Calculate the rate of change of speed, in ms -2 , in the first 5 seconds. (c) Calculate the value of t, if the total distance travelled for the period of t seconds is 148 metres.

8

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

 SPM Diagram 4 shows the speed –time graph for a) 14 2006 the movement of a particle for a period of b) (i) 18 P2 20 seconds. (ii) 16 Q9 a) State the uniform speed, in ms -1 , of the particle. b) The distance traveled by the particle with uniform speed is 84 m. Calculate (i) the value of t. (ii) the average speed, in ms -1 , of the particle for the period of 20 seconds. SPM Diagram shows the distance-time graph of (c) Calculate the average speed, in km h 1 , of the bus for the whole journey. a) 25 2007 the journey of a bus and taxi. The graph b) (i) 9.4 P2 PQRS represents the journey of the bus from town A to town B. The graph JK represents the journey of the taxi from town B to town A. The bus leaves town A and the taxi leaves town B at the same time and they travel along the same road. (ii) 60 Q10 c) 36 (a) State the length of time, in minutes, during which the bus is stationary. (b) (i) If the journey starts at 9.00 a.m., at what time do the vehicles meet? (ii) Find the distance, in km, from town B when the vehicles meet. Perimeters and area of a circles 2003 Diagram below shows two sectors OMN and OPQ with the same centre O and a quadrant 2 P2 a) 53 3 Q7 QTO with cm. Using centre Q. OM = 14 cm and QT = 7 = 22 , calculate, b) 115 1 2 7 (a) the perimeter of the whole diagrams, (b) the area of the shaded region. 2004 1 P2 In the below diagram, PQ and PS are arcs of two different circles with centre O. RQ = ST = 7 a) 248 2 Q9 cm and PO = 14 cm. Using = 22 , calculate b) 89.67 7 (a) the area, in cm 2 , of the shaded region, (b) the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram. 2005 2 P2 a) 64 3 Q7 b) 154

Diagram below shows two sectors ORST and OUV with the same centre O. RWO is a semicircle with diameter RO and RO = 2OV . ROV and OUT are straight lines. OV = 7cm

and

22

7

UOV=

60. Using

=

, calculate

 (a) the perimeter , in cm, of the whole diagram. (b) the area, in cm 2 , of the shaded region.

9

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

 2006 In the following diagram, OMRN is a quadrant of a circle with centre O and PQ is an arc of another OMP and ORQ are straight lines. OM = a) 46.34 b) 89.83 P2 Q8 MP = 7 cm and POQ= 60∞ . Using = 22 7 , calculate a) the perimeter , in cm , of the whole diagram. b) the area , in cm 2 , of the shaded region. 2007 The diagram below shows a quadrant OST and semicircle PQR, both with centre O. OS = 21 cm a) 243.83 b) 104.33 P2 Q6 and OP = 14 cm. Using 22 , calculate = 7 a) the area , in cm 2 , of the shaded region. b) the perimeter , in cm , of the whole diagram. Probability 2003 7 a) 22 2 b) 3 Diagram shows the route of a vehicle which carries a group of volunteers. The group consists of 7 male and 5 females who are dropped off at random to sell flags at various points along the routes. P2 Q8 (a) If two volunteers are dropped off at Taman Aman, calculate the probanility that both are males. (b) Two volunteers of different gender are dropped off at Taman Aman. If two other volunteers are then dropped off at Taman Sentosa, calculate the probability that at least one of them is female. 2004 Table shows the number of coupons in two boxes, A and B. The coupons are of various values, RM1, RM2 and RM5. Students are given coupons as an incentive for selling bookmarks. 4 a) 25 19 P2 Q8
 Number of Coupons Box RM1 RM2 RM5 A 1 6 8 B 2 5 3

b)
150

Students selling more than 100 bookmarks are given the chance to draw at random a coupon from box A. Students selling less than 100 bookmarks are given the chance to

draw at random a coupon from box B. Ali sells 120 bookmarks. Lim sells 52 bookmarks. Find the probability that

 (a) both of them draw a RM5 coupon, (b) the total value of the two coupons drawn by them is less than RM4.

10

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

 2005 A group of 5 boys and 4 girls take part in a study on the type of plants found in a 5 a) 18 P2 reserved forest area. Each day, two pupils are chosen at random to write a report. Q9 (a) Calculate the probability that both pupils chosen to write report on the first day are b) 3 7 (b) boys. Two boys do write the report on the first day. They are then exempted from writing the report on the second day. Calculate the probability that both pupils chosen to write the report on the second day are of the same gender. 2006 In a quiz contest, there are three categories of questions of 5 questions on sport, 3 questions on entertainment and 7 questions on general knowledge. Each question is 1 P2 a) 14 Q7 placed inside an envelope. All of the envelopes are similar and put inside a box. All the participants of the quiz contest are requested to pick at random two envelopes from the box. 34 b) 105 (a) the first envelope with a sport question and the second envelope with an entertainment question, (b) two envelopes with questions of the same category. 2007 Diagram shows ten labeled cards in two boxes. 1 P2 A card is picked at random from each of the boxes. By listing the outcomes, find the a) 12 Q8 5 b) 12 probability that (a) both cards are labeled with a number, (b) one card labeled with a number and the other card is labeled with a letter. Lines and Planes in 3 dimensions 2003 Diagram shows a prim with 36.87 @ ∞ P2 a horizontal square base 36 52' ∞ Q4 HJKL. Trapezium EFLK is the uniform cross-section of the prism. The rectangular surface DEKJ is vertical while the rectangular surface GFLH is inclined. Calculate the angle between the plane DLH and the base HJKL. 2003 The base JKLM is a horizontal rectangle. Q is the midpoint of JM. The apex V 31.61 @ ∞ P2 31 36' ∞ Q4

is 8 cm vertically above the

point Q. Calculate the angle between the line KV and the

base JKLM.

11

2003

P2

Q4

2006

P2

Q2

2007

P2

Q4

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Right angled triangle PQR is the uniform cross-section of the prism. Calculate the angle between the plane RTU and the plane PQTU.

33.69

33

@

41'

The base is a horizontal rectangle. The right angled triangle UPQ is the uniform cross section of the prism. Identify and calculate the angle between the line RU and the base PQRS.

The base PQRS is a horizontal rectangle. Right angled triangle QRU is the uniform cross-section of the prism. V is the midpoint of PS. Identify and calculate the angle between the line UV and the plane RSTU.

PRU@

URP

@

34.70

34

42'

SUV @

VUS

31.61 @

31 36'

12

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Graph of functions

2003

P2

Q12

(a) Complete the following table for the equation

y

=

4 .

 Answer: x x 4 2.5 1 0.5 0.5 1 2 3.2 4 y 1 1.6 8 8 4 1.25 1

(b)

By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of

4

y =

for

4

x

4.

x

(c)

(i)

(ii)

the value of y when x = 1.8,

the value of x when y = 34.

(i)

y =

(ii) x =

(a)

4, 2

(c)

(i) 2.2

(ii) 1.2

(d)

x = 2.35, 0.85

y = 2x

3

(d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which

2004

P2

Q12

2005

P2

Q12

satisfy the equation

x

=

4

x

,

=

2x

x =

+

3

for

4

x

4. State these values of x.

(a) Table below shows values of x and y which satisfy the equation

 y = 2x 2 4x 3 . x 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4.5 5 y k 3 3 5 3 m 13 19.5 27 Calculate the value of k and of m. (b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 units on the y- axis, draw the graph of y = 2x 2 4x 3 for 2 x 5. (c) From your graph, Find (i) the value of y when x = 1◊5, (ii) the value of x when y = 0. (d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find a value of x which satisfies

the equation

2x

2

+

x

23

=

0

for

2

x

5. State this value of x.

(a)

(c)

(d)

(a)

k =

(i) y =

x =

m =

(ii)

x =

Complete the following table for the equation

y

=

2x

2

x

3 .

x

2

1

0.5

1

2

3 4

4.5

5

y

2

2

3

12

33

42

7

(b)

By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of

y

=

2x

2

x

3 for

2

x

5.

(c)

 (i) the value of y when x = 3.6, (ii) the value of x when y = 37.

(a)

(c)

k = 13, m = 2

(i) 7

(ii) 2.6, 0.5

(d)

x = 3.1, 3.2

y = 5x+

20

(a)

0, 25

(c)

(i) 19

(ii)

4.7

(d)

x = 1.6, 3.1

y = 2x + 7

13

(i)

y =

(ii)

x =

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

(d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which

2006

P2

Q13

2007

P2

Q12

satisfy the equation

x

=

2x

,

2

3x

=

10

for

2

x 5. State these values of x.

(a) Complete table in the answer space for the equation

y

= 24

x

by writing down

(b)

the values of y when x = 3 and x = 1.5.

By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of

y

= 24

for

4

x

4.

x

(c)

(d)

(i)

(ii)

Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find a value of x which satisfy

the equation

the value of y when x = 2.9,

the value of x when y = 13.

2x

2

+

5x

=

24

for

4

x

4. State this value of x.

(a)

 x 4 3 2 1 1 1.5 2 3 4 y 6 12 24 24 12 8 4

(c)

(i)

y =

(ii) x =

(d) x =

(a) Complete table in the answer space for the equation

y = 6

x

3

by writing

down the values of y when x = 2 and x = 2.

(b)

By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of

y = 6

x

3

for

3

x

2.5.

(c)

 (i) the value of y when x = 1.5, (ii) the value of x when y = 10.

(d)

Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find the values of x which

 satisfy the equation x 3 8x 6= 0 for 3 x 2.5. State these values of x. x 3 2.5 2 1 0 1 2 2.5 y 33 21.63 14 6 5 9.63

(a)

(c)

(i)

y =

(ii) x =

(a) 8, 16

(c)

(i) 8 (ii) 1.85

 (d) y = 2x + 5 x = 2.45 (a) 7, 2 (c) (i) 2.5 (ii) 1.6 (d) y = 8x

x = 0.8, 2.4

14

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Statistics

 2003 The data in diagram below shows the donations, in RM, of 40 families to their children's school welfare fund. P2 Q14 40 23 27 30 20 24 28 35 34 32 35 39 27 14 17 33 45 31 29 30 33 21 37 26 38 19 28 35 22 39 38 40 32 26 34 22 32 22 28 44 (a) Using the data in the diagram, and a class interval of RM5, complete the following table. Answer: Donation (RM) Frequency Cumulative frequency 11 – 15 16 – 20 (b) By using a scale of 2 cm to RM 5 on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 families on the y-axis, draw an ogive based on the data. (c) From your ogive in (b), (i) find the third quartile, (ii) hence, explain briefly the meaning of the third quartile. Answer: (i) Third quartile = (ii) 2004 The data in diagram below shows the masses, in kg, of suitcases for a group of tourists. Each tourist has one suitcase. P2 Q14 27 29 25 22 28 25 16 21 29 26 27 29 10 19 16 13 21 23 24 24 25 31 27 18 22 33 19 20 14 24 26 27 (a) Based on the data in the diagram and by using a class interval of 3 , complete the table provided in the answer space. (b) Based on the table in (a), Calculate the estimated mean mass of the suitcases. (c) By using a scale of 2 cm to 3 kg on the x-axis and 2 cm to 1 suitcase on the y-axis, draw a histogram for the data. (d) State one in formation obtained based on the histogram in (c).

(a)
Class Interval
Frequency
Midpoint
10
12
13
15

(b)

15

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

 2005 The data in diagram below shows the marks for an English Language monthly test for 42 pupils. P2 Q14 51 25 46 33 42 25 47 34 35 38 32 20 45 37 38 39 21 26 31 41 37 29 35 48 31 26 42 28 43 44 34 28 31 23 36 40 30 38 39 23 22 54 (a) Using the data in the diagram, and a class interval of 5 marks, complete the following table. Answer: Marks Midpoint Frequency 20 – 24 22 25 – 29 (b) Based on your table in (a), (i) state the modal class, (ii) calculate the mean marks for the English Language monthly test and give your answer correct to 2 decimal places. Answer (i) (ii) (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 1 pupils on the vertical axis, draw a histogram for the data. 2006 The data in diagram below shows the donations, in RM, collected by 40 pupils. P2 Q14 49 22 27 34 26 30 24 34 37 40 38 33 3 25 48 39 39 40 34 25 41 45 43 46 47 45 43 40 23 30 45 39 38 35 29 43 31 35 37 28 (a) Based on the data in the diagram and by using a class interval of 5, complete the table in the answer space. (b) Based on the table in (a), Calculate the estimated mean of the donation collected by a pupil. (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided. By using a scale of 2 cm to RM 5 on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 1 pupil on the vertical axis, draw a frequency polygon for the data. (d) Based on the frequency polygon in (c), state one piece of information about the donations.

 (a) Class Interval Midpoint Frequency 21 – 25 23 5 26 – 30

(b)

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Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

 2007 Table shows the frequency distribution of the mass, in kg, of a group of 80 students. P2 Mass(kg) Frequency Q16 30 – 34 5 35 – 39 8 40 – 44 11 45 – 49 21 50 – 54 22 55 – 59 10 60 – 64 3

(a)

(i) State the modal class

(ii) Calculate the estimated mean of the mass of the group of students.

 (b) Based on table above, complete table in answer space to show the cumulative frequency distribution of the masses. (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 10 students on the vertical axis, draw an ogive based on the data. (d) 25% of all the students in the group have a mass of less than p kg. These students will be supplied with nutritional food. Using the ogive you have drawn in (c), find the value of p.

(a)
(i)
(ii)
(b)
Upper Boundary
Cumulative Frequency
(d)

(a)

2003 Frequency = 1, 3, 6, 10, 11, 7, 2

(c) (i)

RM 35

(ii) 75% donation less than RM 35

(a)

2004 Frequency = 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 4, 2

(b) 23.19

(d)

model class = 25 – 27

(a)

2005 5, 7, 8, 10, 6, 4, 2

 (b) (i) 35 – 39 (ii) 34.98

(a)

2006 Frequency = 5, 6, 8, 10, 7, 4

(b) RM 35.50

(d)

Modal class = 36 – 40

 2007 (a) (i) 50 - 54 (ii) 47.56

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Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Plan and Elevations

 2003 (a) P2 Q15 (b) 2004 (a) P2 Q15

Diagram beside shows a solid right prism with rectangular base FGPN on a horizontal table. EFGHJK is the uniform cross-section of the prism. Rectangle EKLM is an inclined plane. Rectangle JHQR is a horizontal plane. EF, KJ and HG are vertical edges. Draw a full scale plan of the solid.

A solid cuboid is joined o the prism

in the diagram in (a) at the vertical plane PQRLMN. The combined sold is as shown in Diagram 1(ii). The square base FGSW is horizontal. Draw full scale

 (i) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical line parallel to FG as viewed from C. (ii) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical line parallel to GPS as viewed from D.

Diagram shows a solid consisting of a cuboid and a half-cylinder which are joined at the plane HJMN. The base GDEF is on a horizontal plane and HJ = 3 cm. Draw to full scale, the elevation of the solid on a vertical plane parallel to DG as viewed from X.

18

 (b) 2005 (a) P2 Q15 (b)

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

A solid right prism is joined to the solid in the diagram in (a) at the vertical plane ELMW. The combined solid is a shown in diagram 2 below. Trapezium PMWU is the uniform cross-section of the prism and PQRM is an inclined plane. The base DEUTSWFG is on a horizontal plane and EU = 2 cm. Draw to full scale,

(i) the plan of the combined solid.

(ii) The elevation of the combined solid on a vertical plane parallel to UT as viewed from Y.

Diagram beside shows a solid right prism with rectangular base PEFN on

a horizontal table. The surface EFGHJ

is the uniform cross-section of the prism. Rectangle KJHL is an inclined plane and rectangle LHGM is a horizontal plane. JE and GF are vertical edges. Draw full scale, the elevation of the solid on a vertical plane parallel to EF as viewed form X.

A solid right prism with prism cross-

section UVWX is removed from the solid in the diagram in (a). The remaining solid is as shown in the diagram beside. Rectangle VSTW is a horizontal plane. UV and XW are

vertical edges. VS = 3 cm and SE = 2 cm. Draw full scale,

 (i) the plane of he remaining solid. (ii) the elevation of the remaining solid on a vertical plane parallel to PE as viewed from Y.

19

 2006 (a) P2 Q15 (b) 2007 (a) P2 Q13 (b)

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

The diagram shows a combined
solid of a prism and a cuboid
joined together at the vertical
plane EHIN and lying on a
horizontal table. ABCD is the
uniform cross section of the
prism. BCFG is a horizontal
plane and the base ADKL is a
rectangle. Draw a full scale plan
of the solid.
A half-cylinder is joined to the
solid in (a) at the horizontal
plane IJMN. The combined solid
is as shown in the diagram
below. IJ is the diameter of the
half-cylinder. Draw to full scale
(i)
the elevation as viewed
from X
(ii)
the elevation as viewed
from Y.
Diagram beside shows a
solid right prism with
rectangular base ABCD on a
horizontal plane. The
surface ABJHGF is the
uniform cross-section of the
prism. AF, HG and BJ are
vertical edges. Rectangle
JKLH is a horizontal plane
and rectangle GMEF is an
inclined plane. Draw full
scale, the plan of the solid.
A half-cylinder solid of
diameter 6 cm is joined to
the prism in the diagram in
(a) at the plane SKLT. The
length of SK is 4 cm. The
combined solid is shown in
following diagram. Draw full
scale,
(i)
the elevation of the
combined solid on a
vertical line parallel to
AB as viewed from P.
(ii)
the elevation of the
combined solid on a
vertical line parallel to
BC as viewed from Q.

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Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

Transformations

2003 Diagram below shows trapezium ABCD, ABEF, GHJK, and LMNP on a Cartesian plane.

P2

Q13

(a)

Transformation R is a reflection about the line y = 3. Transformation T is the translation

(i)

2    . State the coordinates of the image of point H under the following transformations:
4

RT

(ii) TR

(b)

(c)

ABEF is the image of ABCD under transformation V and GHJK is the image of ABEF under transformation W. Describe in full

(i)

(ii)

transformation V

a single transformation which is equivalent to transformation WV.

LMNP is the image of ABCD under an enlargement.

(i)

(ii)

State the coordinates of the centre of the enlargement.

Given that the area of LMNP is 325.8 unit 2 , calculate the area of ABCD.

2005 (a)

P2

Q13

Diagram below shows two points, M and N, on a Cartesian plane.

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Transformation T is the translation

3

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

   . Transformation R is an anticlockwise rotation of 90°
1

 (i) State the coordinates of the image of point M under transformation R. (ii) State the coordinates of the image of point N under the following transformation: (a) T 2 (b) TR (b) Diagram below shows three quadrilaterals, ABCD, EFGH and PQRS on a Cartesian plane. EFGH is the image of ABCD under transformation V. PQRS is the image of EFGH under transformation W.
 (i) Describe in full the transformation: (a) V, (b) W. (ii) Given that quadrilateral PQRS represents a region of area 45.6 cm 2 , calculate the

area, in cm 2 , of the region represented by the shaded region.

2004 Diagram below shows quadrilaterals, ABCD, PQRS and KLRM, drawn on a Cartesian plane.

P2

Q13

(a)

Transformation T is a translation

4    . Transformation V is a reflection in the line y = 1.
2

State the coordinates of the image of point A under each of the following transformations:

(b)

 (i) Translation T, (ii) Combined transformations VT. (i) KLRM is the image of ABCD under the combined transformations WU. Describe in full, the transformation U and the transformation W.

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2006

P2

Q13

(a)

Transformation T is a translation

Prepared by Tan Sze Haun

3    and transformation P is an anticlockwise rotation of
2

90° about the centre (1, 0). State the coordinates of the image of point (5, 1) under each of following transformations:

(b)

 (i) Rotation P (ii) Translation T (iii) Combined transformations T 2 .

Diagram below shows three quadrilaterals, ABCD, EFGH and JKLM, drawn on a Cartesian

plane.

 (i) JKLM is the image of ABCD under the combined transformations VU. Describe in full the transformation: (a) U, (b) V. (ii) It is given that quadrilateral ABCD represents a region of area 18 m 2 . Calculate the

area, in m 2 , of the region represented by the shaded region.

2007 The following diagram shows the quadrilaterals ABCD, EFGH and JKLM drawn on a Cartesian Plane

P2

Q115