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COMMONWEALTH SECONDARY SCHOOL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 2009 SECONDARY FOUR EXPRESS / FIVE NORMAL ACADEMIC MATHEMATICS Paper 1 Date : 27 August 2009 Candidates answer on the Question Paper. 4016/01 Time : 2 hours 0800 – 1000

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write your name, class and index number on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Answer all questions. If working is needed for any question it must be shown with the answer. Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks. Calculators should be used where appropriate. If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures. Give answers in degrees to one decimal place. For π , use either your calculator value or 3.142, unless the question requires the answer in terms of π . At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in the brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question. The total number of marks for this paper is 80.

80

This question paper consists of 14 printed pages including this page.

Mathematical Formulae
CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg1 of 14

Compound Interest
 Total amount = P1 +  r   100 
n

Mensuration Curved surface area of a cone = πrl Surface area of a sphere = 4πr 2 Volume of a cone =
1 π 2h r 3 4 π3 r 3

Volume of a sphere =

Area of triangle ABC =

1 ab sin C 2

Arc length = rθ, where θ is in radians Sector area =
1 2 r θ , where θ is in radians 2

Trigonometry
a b c = = sin A sin B sin C

a2 = b2 + c2 − 2bc cos A

Statistics Mean =

∑ fx ∑f
∑ fx 2  ∑ fx  − ∑f   ∑f  
2

Standard deviation =

Answer all the questions.

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg2 of 14

1

Rearrange the formulae x = 2

y−5 to express y in terms of x. 3+y

Answer : Solve the equation 3 × 62x = 12x .

[2]

2

Answer : x = Factorize fully the expression ab2 − 4a − ab2c 2 + 4ac 2 .

[2]

3

Answer : 4

[3]

Mercury orbits around the Sun in 88 days, Venus does the same in 225 days and Earth
CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg3 of 14

takes 360 days. The last time an eclipse occurred (when the Sun, Mercury, Venus and Earth are set in a straight line) was in the year 1992. By writing 88, 225 and 360 into the product of their prime factors, find the year in which the next eclipse would occur on Earth. Earth Venus Sun Mercury

Answer : 5

[3]

Mrs Cheah drove at 60kmh-1 for the first 1hour 20 minutes and 90kmh-1 for the rest of her journey. If the whole journey took 2hours, find the exact value of the average speed of Mrs Cheah’s journey, leaving your answer in ms-1.

Answer : 6(a) In the Venn diagram, shade the region (A '∪ B) ∩ A .

[3] [1]

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg4 of 14

A

B

(b) Given that ξ = {x : x is an integer and 1 ≤ x ≤ p} , A = {x : x is a multiple of 2} and B = {x : x is a multiple of 3} . If n ( A ∩ B ) = 5 , find the largest and smallest possible values of p.

Answer : largest p =

, smallest p = 12 − 2x 1 − x 5 − ≥ . 3 4 3

[2]

7

Write out the largest prime number satisfying the inequality

Answer : the largest prime number = 8

[3]

In one particular month, Hafizah gives her parents 15% of her salary, spends 5% on food,
CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg5 of 14

1/5 on entertainment and 1/4 on rent. She uses the rest of her salary to invest in a structured deposit that pays compound interest of 2% per year. Her rent is $1600. (i) Find Hafizah’s salary. (ii) Calculate the total interest she will receive in three years from her investment.

Answer : (i) (ii) 9

[1] [3]

The diagram shows a section of a regular 12-sided polygon which is cut from a circular piece of paper of radius 5cm. All the vertices of the polygon lie on the circumference of the circle. Find

(i) one interior angle of the polygon, (ii) the amount of paper discarded, leaving your answer in terms of π .

Answer : (i) (ii) 10(i) Write the expression − x 2 + 2x + 3 into the form a(x − h)2 + k .

[1] [3]

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg6 of 14

(ii)

Hence sketch the graph of y = − x 2 + 2x + 3 , showing clearly the turning point and the x and y intercepts. [3]

Answer : (i)

[2]

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg7 of 14

A

11 In the diagram, ∠ABC = 90° , AC = 29cm, BD = 15cm, DC = 6cm and AD = y cm. Calculate (i) the value of y, (ii) the value of tan ∠ ADC, without solving for any angles.
29cm y cm

C

6cm

D

15cm

B

Answer : (i) (ii)

[2] [2]

12 The variables x, y and z are related. z varies directly as the square of x, y varies inversely as the cube root of z, and when x = 1, y = 1 and z = 27. (i) Find an expression for z in terms of x and y in terms of z. (ii) Hence show that y = x −2/3 . [1]

Answer : (i) z =

,y=

[4]

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg8 of 14

13 A piece of land on level ground is in the shape of an isosceles triangle ABC with the sides AB = AC. The diagram, drawn to a scale of 1cm : 2m, shows the side AC. Given that the bearing of B from A is 160°, (i) draw the triangle ABC and write down the length of BC in metres. [1] (ii) A tree T is to be planted so that it is equidistant from points A and C and equidistant from lines AC and BC. Construct the perpendicular bisector of AC and the angle bisector of angle ACB and mark clearly with the point T the position of the tree. [3]

N

A

C

Answer : (i) BC =

[1]

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg9 of 14

14 The table below shows the scores obtained when a die is thrown a number of times. Score No. of times 1 3 2 4 3 x 4 1 5 2 6 3

(i) Write down the maximum value of x if the modal score is 2. (ii) Write down the minimum value of x if the median score is 3. (iii) Find the median score if the mean score is 23/7.

Answer : (i) (ii) (iii) 15 The equation of a line l is y – 2x + 6 = 0.

[1] [1] [3]

(i) Find the equation of the line parallel to line l and which passes through the point (1,-2) . (ii) Line l cuts the y-axis at A and the x-axis at B and B is the midpoint of the line AC. Find (a) the coordinates of the point C, (b) the length of AC.

Answer : (i) (ii)a) (ii)b)

[2] [2] [2]

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16 The price of a ticket in each category at the Night Safari is given below: , (i) The number of tickets sold on one weekend is given as follows. Saturday Sunday Adult 52 102 Senior Citizen 85 40 Child 125 63

By putting the prices into a column matrix A and the number of tickets sold as matrix B, find the matrix C given by C = BA and describe what is represented by the elements of C. (ii) To improve the revenue during weekends, two plans are proposed : Plan 1 : Increase the price on Sunday only by 30%. Plan 2 : Increase the price by 15% on each day. A 1x2 matrix P is such that PC gives the revenue for the weekend under Plan 1. Another 1x2 matrix Q is such that QC gives the revenue for the weekend under Plan 2. (a) Evaluate PC and QC. (b) State which plan would be more profitable.

Answer : (i) C = (ii)a) (ii)b) PC =

. C represents QC = .

[2] [2] [1]

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17 Two open troughs X and Y are geometrically similar prisms with 2 trapeziums and 3 rectangles making up their sides. The ratio of the sides of trough X to the sides of trough Y is 1 : 4. If the capacity of the trough Y is 1200 cm , calculate
d cm
3

Y X
12cm

5cm

(i) the ratio of the surface area of X to Y. (ii) the capacity of the trough X. (iii) the depth d cm of trough Y.

8cm

Answer : (i) (ii) (iii)

[1] [2] [3]

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18 The diagram shows the speed time graph of a cyclist over a period of T seconds. The cyclist sees a stretch of wet road ahead and slows down uniformly from 6m/s to 3m/s in 20 seconds. He then progresses at constant speed for 30 seconds, passing the stretch of wet road, before gaining speed uniformly to 6m/s at T seconds.

speed (m/s)

6

3

0

20

50

T

time (s)

(i) Given that the cyclist’s speed is 3.6m/s at t = 60s, find the value of T. (ii) Find the average speed of the particle for the first 50 seconds. (iii) On the axes in the answer space, sketch the corresponding distance-time graph for the period of T seconds, indicating the values of distance travelled clearly.

Answer : (i) (ii) (iii)
distance (m)

[2] [2]

[2]
0 20 50 T time (s)

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg13 of 14

19 In the diagram, OPQR is a parallelogram. M is the midpoint of OQ, N is the midpoint of OM and L is the point on OR such that OL = 2LR. uu ur uu ur (a) Given that OP = a and OR = b , express as simply as possible in terms of a and b, uu ur (i) OM uu ur (ii) NP uu ur P (iii) LM (b) Explain why NP and LM are parallel. (c) Find the following ratios. (i) Area of ∆OPN Area of ∆PNQ
N O b L R a M

Q

Area of ∆PNQ (ii) Area of ∆OML

Answer : (a)(i) (b) (c)(i)

[1] (ii)

[1] (iii)

[1] [1]

[1] (ii) End of Paper

[1]

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg14 of 14

Answer Key 1) 3x 2 + 20 y= (2 − x)(2 + x) 2) x = -1 4) 2047

3) a(b+2)(b-2)(1+c)(1-c) 5) 19 6)a) 4 m/s 9

6)b)

smallest p = 30 , largest p = 35

7) 5 9)i) 150° 11)i) ii)
25π − 75

8)i) $6400 ii) 10) −(x − 1)2 + 4 12)i) 14)i) ii) (6,6) , 13.4 units ii) 18.75 ii) ii) 3.6 1 (3a − b) 4 iii) 1 (3a − b) 6

$137.11

y = 25 ii) −1

1 3

z = 27x 2 , y = 3 ii) 2

3
3z

13) BC = 17.6m 15)i) 16)i) 17)i) 18)i) 19ai) y = 2x – 4  3029  C=   3177  1/16 T = 100 1 (a + b) 2 ii)

iii) 2.5

PC = $7159.10 , QC = $7136.90 , Plan 1 is more profitable iii) 6

uu 3 uu ur ur b) NP = LM 2

ci) 1/3

cii) 2

1 4

CSS/Prelim 2009/Sec 4E5N/EMath P1/Chua IL/pg15 of 14

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