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400 Most Common GRE Words 1

abate: /ə'beɪt/ v. Syn. subside; decrease; lessen subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate. aberrant: /æ'bɛrənt/ n. Syn. abnormal; deviant abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm Given the aberrant nature of the data, we doubted the validity of the entire experiment. abeyance: /ə'beɪəns/ n. Syn. suspension suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival. abnegate: /'æbnɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. renounce give up or surrender; deny something to oneself After his retirement, the former police commissioner found it difficult to abnegate authority. abscond: /æb'skɒnd/ v. leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution The teller who did abscond with the bonds went un-captured until someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most Wanted.". abstain: /əb'steɪn/ v. Syn. refrain refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drinking while he trained for the race. accolade: /'ækəleɪd/ n. Syn. praise award of merit; expression of approval; praise In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest accolade. accretion: /ə'kri:ʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. growth; increase growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion The accretion of wealth marked the family's rise in power.

acumen: /'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight mental keenness; quickness of perception However, her team's political acumen is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor. admonish: /əd'mɒnɪʃ/ v. Syn. warn; reprove warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided I would again admonish the reader carefully to consider the nature of our doctrine. adroit: /ə'drɔɪt/ a. Syn. skillful; dexterous skillful and adept under pressing conditions I should work in adroit references to this evening's speeches. adulterate: /ə'dʌltəreɪt/ v. make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer. adumbrate: /'ædʌmbreɪt/ v. Syn. overshadow; shade give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade Her constant complaining about the job would adumbrate her intent to leave. advocate: /'ædvəkət/ v. Syn. urge; support speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something The some doctors advocate a smoking ban in the entire house. aesthetic: /i:s'θɛtɪk/ a. Syn. artistic; elegant elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste Kenneth Cole, the American designer known for his modern, urban aesthetic, is hawking $35 Tshirts. aggrandize: /ə'grændaɪz/ v. Syn. increase; intensify increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation The history of the past quarter century illustrates how a President may aggrandize his power to act aggressively in international affairs without considering the wishes of Congress.

alacrity: /ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n. cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity. alloy: /ə'lɔɪ/ v. Syn. combine; mix combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate Our concern for Dwight Gooden, who injured his pitching arm in the game, will alloy our delight at the Yankees' victory. amalgamate: /ə'mælgəmeɪt/ v. Syn. combine; mix combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury The unions will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body. ambiguity: /æmbɪ'gju:ɪtɪ/ n. state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty This ambiguity is also becoming part of US policy toward Israel. ambiguous: /æm'bɪgjʊəs/ a. unclear or doubtful in meaning His ambiguous instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take. ambivalence: /æm'bɪvələns/ n. state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them the next, she was confused by the ambivalence of her feelings. ameliorate: /ə'mi:lɪəreɪt/ v. Syn. improve make or become better; improve; grow better Many social workers have attempted to ameliorate the conditions of people living in the slums. amenable: /ə'mi:nəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. responsible; accountable responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable He was amenable to any suggestions that came from those he looked up to.

anathema: /ə'næθəmə/ n. solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words. anodyne: /'ænoʊdaɪn/ n. source of relaxation or comfort; medicine that relieves pain The sound of classical music is usually just anodyne I need after a tough day at work. anomalous: /ə'nɒmələs/ a. Syn. abnormal; irregular deviating from normal or common order, form, or rule He was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to approve procedures which he despised. anomaly: /ə'nɒməlɪ/ n. Syn. irregularity irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order No doubt, this anomaly is the result of the uncertain international environment and high interest rates. antagonism: /æn'tægənɪz(ə)m/ n. Syn. hostility; enmity active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor Barry showed his antagonism toward his new stepmother by ignoring her whenever she tried talking to him. antipathy: /æn'tɪpəθɪ/ n. Syn. aversion; dislike strong feeling of aversion; dislike Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife. apathy: /'æpəθɪ/ n. Syn. indifference lack of caring; indifference A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never bothered to vote. apocryphal: /ə'pɒkrɪf(ə)l/ a. Syn. untrue untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious To impress his friends, Tom invented apocryphal tales of his adventures in the big city.

the correct expression for every occasion. but he would not calm down until they pacified his hunger by giving him a bottle.apostate: /ə'pɒsteɪt/ n. praise She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents. acquire. make aware If you apprise him the dangerous weather conditions. . known only to the initiated Secret brotherhoods surround themselves with arcane rituals and trappings to mystify outsiders. or calm to. well-suited He was always able to find the apposite phrase. mysterious secret. he has to postpone his trip. apotheosis: /əpɒθɪ'oʊsɪs/ n. set apart for specific use The ranch owners appropriate the lands that have originally been set aside for the Indians' use. one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs Because he switched from one party to another. inform inform. apprise: /ə'praɪz/ v. hoping her good grades would please them. an ideal example of something The apotheosis of a Roman emperor was designed to insure his eternal greatness: people would worship at his altar forever. Syn. Syn. relevant strikingly appropriate and relevant. satisfy or relieve Tom and Jody tried to appease the crying baby by offering him one toy after another. mysterious. Syn. fact or action of becoming a god. apposite: /'æpəzɪt/ a. give notice to. approbation: /æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. appease: /ə'pi:z/ v. appropriate. arcane: /ɑr'keɪn/ a. his former friends shunned him as an apostate. Syn. relieve. elevation to godhood. Syn. appropriate: /ə'proʊprɪət/ v. secret. take possession of for one's own use. quiet. approval expression of warm approval. pacify bring peace. allocate acquire.

" "thee. working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results. . diligent. Syn. ascetic: /ə'sɛtɪk/ a. artless: /'ɑrtlɪs/ a. hard. as of surface. catch someone's attention. Syn. roughness or harshness. articulate: /ɑr'tɪkjʊlət/ a. sound. natural. distinct expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language Her articulate presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers. naive free of artificiality. spoken with asperity. stung the boys to whom they had been directed. Syn. effective. Syn. persistent constant in application or attention. asperity: /æ'spɛrɪtɪ/ n. antiquated "Methinks. diligent. arduous: /'ɑrdjʊəs/. Syn. self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict. austere The wealthy. difficult Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy. strenuous demanding great effort or labor. or climate These remarks. Syn./'ɑrdʒʊəs/ a. stop or slow down. arrest: /ə'rɛst/ v. severe leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial. sharpness of temper. ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.archaic: /ɑr'keiɪk/ a. take into custody The trapeze artists plunge from the heights until a safety net luckily arrest their fall. antiquated no longer current or applicable. open and honest Sophisticated and cynical. unceasing or persistent He was assiduous." and "thou" are archaic words that are no longer part of our normal vocabulary. Jack could not believe Jill was as artless and naive as she appeared to be./ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. assiduous: /ə'sɪdjʊəs/. austere.

inspiring awe or admiration Visiting the palace at Versailles. severely simple and unornamented The headmaster's austere demeanor tended to scare off the more timid students. prophecy sign of something coming. weaken. often recklessly daring. weaken make slender. art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens He interpreted the departure of the birds as an augury of evil. the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines. is put with the inferior wine. impressive. omen. Dick tried to assuage his heartache by indulging in ice cream. she was impressed by the august surroundings in which she found herself. audacious: /ɔ:'deɪʃəs/ a. Syn. bold fearlessly. Syn.assuage: /ə'sweɪdʒ/ v. Syn. fine. astringent: /ə'strɪndʒənt/ a. grand impressive. austere causing contraction. Syn. august: /ɔ:'gʌst/ a. who never visited his study willingly. relieve ease or lessen pain. escaping Darth Vader's troops. Syn. prosperous With favorable weather conditions. auspicious: /ɔ:'spɪʃəs/ a. brave. strict or severe in discipline. lessen density of By withdrawing their forces. propitious attended by favorable circumstances. austere: /ɒ'stɪə(r)/ a. attenuate: /ə'tɛnjʊeɪt/ v. or small. death defying leap to freedom. . stern or austere The juice from the last pressing being very dark and astringent. Syn. marked by success. satisfy or appease Jilted by Jane. augury: /'ɔ:gjʊrɪ/ n. it was an auspicious moment to set sail. majestic. Syn. having the effect of drawing tissue together. bold Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their audacious. majestic.

bane: /beɪn/ n. aver: /ə'vɜr(r)/ v. or gaudy finery We usually bedizen witch doctors in all their gaudiest costumes. Syn. greediness for wealth. ominous portending evil. hard-bitten exterior does belie his inner sensitivity. dull. tasteless. insatiable desire of gain King Midas is a perfect example of avarice. banal: /bə'nɑrl/. lacking originality The writer made his comic sketch seem banal. affirm The witnesses aver that he was holding a gun. contradict contradict.avarice: /'ævərɪs/ n. trite obvious and dull. harmful in intent or effect. deadly. affirm declare to be true. he must accept certain principle or axiom. commonplace. The fortune teller made baleful predictions of terrible things to come. Syn. . belie: /bɪ'laɪ/ v. bedizen: /bɪ'dɪz(ə)n/ v. for he was so greedy that he wished everything he touched would turn to gold. commonplace. Syn. fatal injury or ruin Lucy's little brother was the bane of her existence: his attempts to make her life miserable worked so well that she could have poisoned him./'beɪnl/ a. curse something causes misery or death. axiom: /'æksɪəm/ n. Syn. self-evident truth requiring no proof Before a student can begin to think along the lines of Euclidean geometry. baleful: /'beɪlfʊl/ a. give a false impression His coarse. Syn. curse. ornament something in showy.

rough. reinforce support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion The debaters amassed file boxes full of evidence to bolster their arguments. Syn. grow or develop rapidly In the spring. noisy rough and stormy. favorable kindly. bombastic: /bɒm'bæstɪk/ a. carefree and lighthearted Shelley called the skylark a "blithe spirit" because of its happy song. gay. Syn. blithe: /blaɪð/ a. high-sounding but with little meaning The biggest military power on Earth was acting belligerent and its president was indulging in bombastic nationalistic grandstanding. burgeon: /'bɜrdʒ(ə)n/ v. support. Syn. bent: /bɛnt/ a. boisterous: /'bɔɪstərəs/ a. polish I burnish the brass fixtures until they reflect the lamplight. Syn. burnish: /'bɜrnɪʃ/ v. heedless gay. mushroom grow forth. favorable. noisy. kindly. the plants that burgeon are a promise of the beauty to come. Syn.benign: /bɪ'naɪn/ a. polish make shiny by rubbing. violent. joyous. send out buds. pompous pompous. and lacking in restraint or discipline The unruly crowd became even more boisterous when he tried to quiet them. thrive. not malignant Though her benign smile and gentle bearing made Miss Marple seem a sweet little old lady. Syn. determined to do or have We are bent on going to the theater no matter how heavy the snow is. bolster: /'boʊlstə(r)/ v. . loud. in reality she was a tough-minded lady. joyous. using inflated language. Syn.

churlish: /'tʃɜrlɪʃ/ a. deception mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth. punish criticize severely. unyielding. sounding harshly. they shaped up in a hurry. ill-sounding Do the students in the orchestra enjoy the cacophonous sounds they make when they're tuning up? I don't know how they can stand the racket. apt to change opinions suddenly The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly. Syn. Syn. Syn. prop up. and in general depended on chicanery to win the case. capable of burning. Syn. fickle. the girls vowed never to invite him again. enzyme. cacophonous: /kə'kɒfənəs/ a. caustic: /'kɔ:stɪk/ a. punish. chicanery: /ʃɪ'keɪnərɪ/ n. discordant. support something or someone by supplying evidence The attorney came up with several far-fetched arguments in a vain attempt to buttress his weak case. or eating away by chemical action The critic's caustic remarks angered the hapless actors who were the subjects of his sarcasm. revise or make corrections to publication When the teacher threatened that she would castigate the mischievous boys if they didn't behave. unpredictable. catalyst: /'kætəlɪst/ n. impulsive and unpredictable. inharmonious discordant. castigate: /'kæstɪgeɪt/ v.buttress: /'bʌtrɪs/ v. inharmonious. stimulus agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged Many chemical reactions cannot take place without the presence of a catalyst. capricious: /kə'prɪʃəs/ a. unmanageable Dismayed by his churlish behaviors at the party. corroding. trickery. Syn. support support physically. deception by trickery or sophistry Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred. arbitrary fickle. Syn. . made up all sorts of implausible alternative scenarios to confuse the jurors. rude difficult to work with. rude. dissolving. Syn. boorish.

confound: /kən'faʊnd/ v. puzzle cause to become confused or perplexed. complaisant: /kəm'pleɪzənt/ a. Charles Ryskamp served three decades as director first of the Pierpont Morgan Library. disagreeable quarrelsome. quarrelsome. connoisseur: /kɒnə'sɜr(r)/ n. intricate coiled around. convincing reasonable and convincing. especially in the fine arts A literature professor by training and a self-taught art connoisseur. Syn. confirm. showing cheerful willingness to do favors for others The courtier obeyed the king's orders in a complaisant manner. corroborate: /kə'rɒbəreɪt/ v. Syn. expert specialist. marked by heated arguments or controversy The contentious gentleman in the bar ridiculed anything anyone said. Syn. contentious: /kən'tɛnʃəs/ a. highly involved. . support establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts. Syn. including a full-tuition scholarship. confuse. forcefully persuasive It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so. Syn.cogent: /'koʊdʒənt/ a. fail to distinguish. person with expert knowledge or training. intricate His argument was so convoluted that few of us could follow it intelligently. disagreeable. based on evidence. convoluted: /'kɒnvəlutɪd/ a. support with evidence Though Huck was quite willing to corroborate Tom's story. Syn. obliging trying to please. Aunt Polly knew better than to believe either of them. specialist. mix up I developed an elaborate color scheme to help us pluck just the right card at that special moment to confound the opposing pair of debaters. Syn.

famine from failure or loss of crops The dearth of skilled labor compelled the employers to open trade schools. deference: /'dɛfərəns/ n. noxious. having quality of destroying life. believed too readily They are credulous people who believe in the advertisement. dismay frighten. great respect In deference to the minister's request. apt to believe on slight evidence. please do not take photographs during the wedding service. Syn. unsuspecting. Syn. shortage of food. frighten. daunt: /dɔ:nt/ v. poisonous If you believe that smoking is deleterious to your health./'krɛdʒələs/ a. discourage Other northern employers were shocked that ex-slaves refused to work in conditions that would not daunt a farmer in the North. good taste in manners.countenance: /'kaʊntɪnəns/ v. approve. decorum: /dɪ'kɔ:rəm/ n. deleterious: /dɛlɪ'tɪərɪəs/ a. then quit!. injurious. easily imposed upon. respect willingness to carry out the wishes of others. conventions or requirements of polite behavior Keeping public decorum is an important factor in media credibility. Syn. tolerate give sanction or support to. credulous: /'krɛdjʊləs/. scarcity scarcity. dearth: /dɜrθ/ n. harmful having harmful effect. propriety in manners and conduct. Syn. abate the courage of. intimidate. . tolerate or approve He refused to countenance such rude behavior on their part. Syn.

derived from another source Although her early poetry was clearly derivative in nature. belittle A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy. descry: /dɪ'skraɪ/ v. hesitate When offered a post on the board of directors. derivative: /dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ a. belittle blacken. laugh at with contempt The critics deride his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously. defame. defame. Syn. unoriginal unoriginal. blacken. Syn. the people still love him and cherish his memory. we could barely descry the enemy vessels. make fun of. Syn. attack reputation of. protest against. Syn. the critics thought she had promise and eventually would find her own voice. . destructive action. deride: /dɪ'raɪd/ v. discover by careful observation or scrutiny In the distance.demur: /dɪ'mɜr(r)/ v. denigrate: /'dɛnɪgreɪt/ v. depredation: /dɛprɪ'deɪʃ(ə)n/ n. the people were penniless. Syn. detect catch sight of. belittle express disapproval of. degrade All attempts to denigrate the character of our late president have failed. Syn. hesitate object because of doubts. damage or loss After the depredation of invaders. Miss Post must deprecate the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names. plundering plundering. David had to demur: he had scruples about taking on the job because he was unsure he could handle it in addition to his other responsibilities. deprecate: /'dɛprɪkeɪt/ v. ridicule ridicule. Syn. predatory attack.

Syn. dirge: /dɜrdʒ/ n. Syn./-tɔ:rɪ/ a. Syn. clamor. Syn. prudence knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress. to him. insincere Now that we know the mayor and his wife are engaged in a bitter divorce fight. trait of judging wisely and objectively The servants showed great tact and discretion. to accompany funeral rites. funeral hymn The stranger. aimless. harsh noise. joined in the mournful dirge. at random. conflicting not harmonious. digress: /daɪ'grɛs/ v. not desultory. confused. din: /dɪn/ n. disagreeable in sound. turn aside. not connected with subject In prison Malcolm X set himself the task of reading straight through the dictionary. discordant: /dɪ'skɔ:d(ə)nt/ a. insincere giving a false appearance of frankness. rattling or clanging sound They were unable to sleep because of the din coming from the bar. haphazard aimless. harsh or dissonant Nothing is quite so discordant as the sound of a junior high school orchestra tuning up. reading was purposeful. conflicting. discretion: /dɪ'skrɛʃ(ə)n/ n. preserve foods by removing the moisture A tour of this smokehouse will give you an idea of how the pioneers used to desiccate food in order to preserve it. loud. a piece of music of a mournful character. desultory: /'dɛsəltərɪ/.desiccate: /'dɛsɪkeɪt/ v. roar loud. we find their earlier . disingenuous: /dɪsɪn'dʒɛnjʊəs/ a. continuous. after listening for a moment. or lifeless. make dry. Syn. dull. especially from main subject in writing or speaking The professor does not digress from the topic and never bores his students. dry up thoroughly. haphazard.

Syn. extinction of life. failing body?. dissonance: /'dɪsənəns/ n. or of his aged. disinterested: /dɪs'ɪntrɪstɪd/ a. reduce in esteem or rank A doting mother. Syn. unrelated fundamentally distinct or different in kind. while Tina sees it as a solemn commitment to build a family and a home. disguise. termination breaking of union. disagreeable combination of sounds Composer Charles Ives often used dissonance clashing or unresolved chords for special effects in his musical works. Syn. speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way. the only disinterested person in the courtroom may have been the court reporter. free of self-interest. dissolution: /dɪsə'lu:ʃ(ə)n/ n. we all knew he was there not to dance but to meet girls. Syn. impartial Given the judge's political ambitions and the lawyers' financial interest in the case. pretend disguise or conceal behind a false appearance. dissemble: /dɪ'sɛmb(ə)l/ v. Emma was more likely to praise her son's crude attempts at art than to disparage them. disagreeable sounds. disparage: /dɪ'spærɪdʒ/ v. entirely dissimilar Unfortunately. Syn. harsh. Syn. belittle belittle. disparate: /'dɪspərət/ a. decomposition into fragments or parts. indifferent. decay Which caused King Lear more suffering: the dissolution of his kingdom into warring factions. make a false show of Even though John tried to dissemble his motive for taking modern dance.remarks regretting their lack of time together remarkably disingenuous. indifferent not interested. discord discord. . decay. Tony and Tina have disparate notions of marriage: Tony sees it as a carefree extended love affair.

elegy: /'ɛlɪdʒɪ/ n. power to produce desired effect The efficacy of this drug depends on the regularity of the dosage. were so eloquent in narrative and comment. rigid We tried to discourage Doug from being so dogmatic. doctrinal stubbornly adhering to insufficiently proven beliefs. easily deceived person./dɔ:gmætɪk/ a. inflexible. . that their fluency covered him. dupe: /dju:p/. Syn. persuasive My cousins. expressive. Sherlock Holmes was far more difficult to fool. shameless or brazen boldness. effrontery: /ɛ'frʌntərɪ/ n. full of exhilaration. opinionated. but never could convince him that his opinions might be wrong. persuasive vividly or movingly expressive. eloquent: /'ɛləkwənt/ a. poem or song expressing lamentation. Syn.dogmatic: /dɒg'mætɪk/. composed of elements from a variety of sources His style of interior decoration was eclectic: bits and pieces of furnishings from widely divergent periods. mournful poem The other elegy is shorter and less striking in conception. strikingly juxtaposed to create a unique decor. duplicate of photographic image While the gullible Watson often was made a dupe by unscrupulous parties. eclectic: /ɪ'klɛktɪk/ a. but gives a similar impression of the importance assigned to Louis de. insolent and shameless audacity She had the effrontery to insult the guest. efficacy: /'ɛfɪkəsɪ/ n./du:p/ n.

. bring into existence. tribute Uneasy with the encomium expressed by his supporters. tribute high praise. even a short walk to the window would enervate her. emulate: /'ɛmjʊleɪt/ v. having softening or soothing effect. produce cause. more than 80 percent of the population are at one time or another affected by it. Syn. weaken weaken or destroy strength or vitality of. he placed his reliance entirely on empirical data.emollient: /ɪ'mɒlɪənt/ n. imitate. encomium: /ɛn'koʊmɪəm/ n. give rise to To receive praise for real accomplishments would engender self-confidence in a child. describe a person you admire. formal expression of praise. empirical: /ɛm'pɪrɪk(ə)l/ a. someone whose virtues you would like to emulate. eager to equal or excel In a brief essay. remove a nerve or part of a nerve She was slow to recover from her illness. rival be a match or counterpart for. not easily explained or accounted for Many have sought to fathom the enigmatic smile of the Mona Lisa. endemic: /ɛn'dɛmɪk/ a. puzzling obscure. Syn. cause. enigmatic: /ɛnɪg'mætɪk/ a. prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country This disease is endemic in this part of the world. Tolkien felt unworthy of such high praise. derived from experiment and observation rather than theory He distrusted hunches and intuitive flashes. puzzling. Syn. engender: /ɪn'dʒɛndə(r)/ v. Syn. obscure. especially to skin The nurse applied an emollient to the inflamed area. Syn. enervate: /'ɛnəveɪt/ v.

Jeff sang a song he had written in her honor. excoriate: /ɛks'kɔ:rɪeɪt/ v. mislead. Syn. equivocate: /ɪ'kwɪvəkeɪt/ v. you won't. . lie. Syn. Syn. his mother furiously began to excoriate him for ruining his good clothes. mysterious hard to understand. you'll get the reference. Syn. eulogy: /'ju:lədʒɪ/ n. violence. worsen. aggravate The latest bombing would exacerbate England's already existing bitterness against the IRA. causing the prime minister to break off the peace talks abruptly. short-lived. embitter increase severity. esoteric: /i:soʊ'tɛrɪk/ a. attempt to conceal the truth The audience saw through his attempts to equivocate on the subject under discussion and ridiculed his remarks.ephemeral: /ɪ'fɛmərəl/ a. erudite: /'ɛru:daɪt/ a. expression of praise. scholarly. abrade Seeing the holes in Bill's new pants. or bitterness of. scold with biting harshness. Paul knew he would have to spend many years in serious study before he could consider himself a scholar. strip skin off. if you come from Cleveland. known only in a particular group The New Yorker short stories often include esoteric allusions to obscure people and events: the implication is. often on the occasion of someone's death Instead of delivering a spoken eulogy at Genny's memorial service. scholarly learned. with emphasis on knowledge gained from books Though his fellow students thought him erudite. learned. exacerbate: /ɛk'sæsəbeɪt/ v. enduring a very short time The mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life lasts little more than a day. if you are in the in-crowd. mislead lie.

extant: /ɛk'stænt/ a. lost. Syn. free from blame. acquit. the answer you get may nevertheless be correct. or extinct Although the book is out of print. urge on or encourage. and exonerate innocent suspects. exculpate acquit. tending to mislead. exhort: /ɪg'zɔ:t/ v. atone make amends or pay the penalty for. Unfortunately. fallacious reasoning does not always yield erroneous results: even though your logic may be faulty. all of them are in libraries or private collections. exonerate: /ɪg'zɒnəreɪt/ v. humorous I'm serious about this project. Syn. corroborate the victim's account. discharge from duty The testing can also connect evidence from apparently unrelated crimes.often inappropriately. facetious: /fə'si:ʃəs/ a. some copies are still extant. especially by shouts The evangelist used to exhort all the sinners in his audience to reform. . deceptive false. pronounce not guilty of criminal charges The court will exculpate him of the crime after the real criminal confesses. none are for sale. deceptive Paradoxically. expiate: /'ɛkspɪeɪt/ v. still in existence. Syn.exculpate: /'ɛkskʌlpeɪt/ v. relieve or cleanse of guilt He tried to expiate his crimes by a full confession to the authorities. fallacious: /fə'leɪʃəs/ a. I don't need any facetious cracks about do-gooder little rich girls. not destroyed. humorous joking . Syn. false.

disguise. apt apt. fervid: /'fɜrvɪd/ a. conceal. conceal make false appearance of. feign: /feɪn/ v. extremely hot. fell: /fɛl/ a. disguise. especially in self-satisfied way He is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks. fervent: /'fɜrvənt/ a. fawn: /fɔ:n/ n. Syn. extremely hot. cruel. eager. Syn. young deer. young of an animal A fawn behind the tree looked at us curiously. lethal The newspapers told of the tragic spread of the fell disease. deadly capable of destroying. . impassioned. well chosen He was famous for his felicitous remarks and was called upon to serve as master-of-ceremonies at many a banquet. suitably expressed. sincerely or intensely felt She felt that the fervent praise was excessive and somewhat undeserved. foolish foolish or silly. buck or doe of the first year.fatuous: /'fætjʊəs/ a. pretend. Syn. felicitous: /fə'lɪsɪtəs/ a. Syn. invent or imagine Lady Macbeth decided to feign illness although she was actually healthy. burning Her fervid enthusiasm inspired all of us to undertake the dangerous mission.

Syn. sink. Syn. Syn. Syn. filial: /'fɪlɪəl/ a. ruddy. fledgling: /'flɛdʒlɪŋ/ a. speaking freely. you say that to all the girls!". elaborately or excessively ornamented If you go to beach and get a sunburn. reddish reddish. dark sheds and barns or left outside in cages exposed to the cold. having offensive smell.fetid: /'fɛtɪd/ a. stinking unpleasant-smelling. . fetter: /'fɛtə(r)/ v. or settle from pressure When the opposing hockey team scored its third goal only minutes into the first quarter./'flɔ:rɪd/ a. having just acquired its flight feathers While it is necessary to provide these fledgling poets with an opportunity to present their work. the home team's spirits seemed to flag. young and inexperienced. flag: /flæg/ v. the rain and the snow. your complexion will look florid. she dismissed his earnest declaration with a flippant "Oh. having or assuming relationship of child or offspring to parent Many children forget their filial obligations and disregard the wishes of their parents. talkative. Syn. the heat. florid: /'flɒrɪd/. hamper restrain with U-shaped bar for ankles or feet. stinking These dogs are housed in fetid. flippant: /'flɪpənt/ a. weaken. fade become less intense. it is not essential that we admire everything they write. decline. impede. communicative When Mark told Mona he loved her. hamper They fetter the prisoner to the wall. talkative lacking proper seriousness. impede.

Syn. apply warm lotion to These examples. He is the most garrulous person in Cayuga County. and there are many others./-'tu:-/ a. fortuitous: /fɔ:'tju:ɪtəs/. reveal how fear is being used to foment anger and political zealotry. tomboyish Jo felt gauche and out of place. deny speak against. wordy. awkward or lacking in social graces. prevent prevent by taking action in advance The prospective bride and groom hoped to forestall any potential arguments about money in the event of a divorce. try to stir up public opinion. gauche: /goʊʃ/ a. mock reject. Syn. oppose in words. forestall: /fɔ:'stɔ:l/ v. by chance. random accidental. he refused to be curbed. deny or declare not to be true She was too honest to gainsay the truth of the report. contradict. talkative talking much and repetition of unimportant or trivial details My Uncle Henry can outtalk any three people I know. promote growth of.flout: /flaʊt/ v. Syn. . Syn. express contempt for rules by word or action. coming or occurring without any cause Though he pretended their encounter was fortuitous. he'd actually been hanging around her usual haunts for the past two weeks. garrulous: /'gærʊləs/ a. foment: /foʊ'mɛnt/ v. accidental. coarse and uncouth Compared to the sophisticated young ladies in their elegant gowns. gainsay: /geɪn'seɪ/ v. Syn. hoping she'd turn up. behave with contempt The headstrong youth used to flout all authority. mock. reject.

. Hedgie momentarily forgot himself. and then move on gracefully to someone else. simple. guile: /gaɪl/ n. the big losers would be taxpayers. gregarious: /grɪ'gɛərɪəs/ a. cunning skillful deceit. disposition to deceive or cheat. seeking and enjoying the company of others Natural selection in gregarious animals operates upon groups rather than upon individuals. sincere. deceit. commonplace repeated too often. light. or tenuous They would laugh in gossamer tones. unlike gullible investors during the 1920s. gullible: /'gʌlɪb(ə)l/ a. delicate. halcyon: /'hælsɪən/ a. sometimes moving gracefully at speeds exceeding 40 mph. we agreed. wiliness. honest He is naive. hackneyed: /'hæknɪd/ a. duplicity. he cannot be guilty of fraud. we had seen similar stories hundreds of times before. free from deceit. guileless: /'gaɪllɪs/ a. Syn. sociable sociable. who never had the choice of not playing. marked by peace and prosperity Recalling the halcyon days of early 2008. easily tricked because of being too trusting This time. Syn. Syn. and guileless. easily deceived or cheated. idyllically calm and peaceful. disguise cunningly lago uses considerable guile to trick Othello into believing that Desdemona has been unfaithful. over familiar through overuse When the reviewer criticized the movie for its hackneyed plot. sheer.gossamer: /'gɒsəmə(r)/ a.

overstatement figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis. revealing little emotion or sensibility. hyperbole: /haɪ'pɜrbəlɪ/ n. . Syn.harangue: /hə'ræŋ/ n. domination. done with head leading. poor without money. impassive: /ɪm'pæsɪv/ a. uncontrollably forceful or fast. uniform. Sara decided to send daughter to another school that offered greater cultural diversity. headlong: /'hɛdlɒŋ/ a. headfirst The slave seized the unexpected chance to make a headlong dash across the border to freedom. homogeneous: /hɒmoʊ'dʒi:nɪəs/ a. Syn. he easily could have afforded to be charitable. Apple's claims about the new computer are pure hyperbole: no machine is that good!. speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression In her lengthy harangue. poor. Syn. influence. exaggeration./'hɛdʒɛmoʊnɪ/ n. hegemony: /hɪ'gɛmənɪ/. overstatement As far as I'm concerned. Stalin was outraged. or authority over another. not easily aroused or excited Refusing to let the enemy see how deeply shaken he was by his capture. without feeling. the principal berated the offenders. the prisoner kept his face impassive. noisy speech. especially by political group or nation over others When Germany claimed hegemony over Russia. similar of the same or similar nature or kind Because the student body at Elite Prep was so homogeneous. penniless Though Scrooge claimed he was too impecunious to give alms. impecunious: /ɪmpɪ'kju:nɪəs/ a.

violent. hasty. imperious: /ɪm'pɪərɪəs/ a. . rudimentary. Syn. hinder. impugn: /ɪm'pju:n/ v. challenge Our treasurer was furious when the finance committee's report tried to impugn the accuracy of his financial records. dictatorial Jane rather liked a man to be masterful. try to discredit A series of accidents impede the launching of the space shuttle. elementary recently begun. impetuous: /ɪm'pɛtjʊəs/ a. Syn. challenge dispute or contradict. Syn. Madame Defarge was the implacable enemy of the Evremonde family. the Duke of Wellington remained imperturbable and in full command of the situation despite the hysteria and panic all around him. able to deal authoritatively. inchoate: /'ɪnkoʊət/ a.impede: /ɪm'pi:d/ v. elementary Before the Creation. placid. charge with improper conduct. imperturbable: /ɪmpə'tɜrbəb(ə)l/ a. Rochester seemed so bent on getting his own way that he was actually imperious!. placid unshakably calm. marked by sudden and violent force. the world was an inchoate mass. hasty. not to be relieved. Syn. often in insulting way. Syn. block. rash. incapable of being pacified. dictatorial urgent or pressing. impulsive and passionate "Leap before you look" was the motto suggested by one particularly impetuous young man. implacable: /ɪm'plækəb(ə)l/ a. calm. imperfectly formed or developed. Syn. delay hinder. incapable of being disturbed or disconcerted In the midst of the battle. challenge validity of. but Mr.

young. ingenuous: /ɪn'dʒɛnjʊəs/ a. inert: /ɪ'nɜrt/ a. Syn. Syn. . gross injustice. hostile. in an early stage I will go to sleep early for I want to break an incipient cold. and Tyson's right jab. inactive Couch potatoes lead an indolent life lying back on their Lazyboy recliners watching Tv. Syn. indolent: /'ɪndələnt/ a. harmful. intrinsic. restrain. unrighteousness. like potential. beginning beginning to exist or appear. lazy. natural firmly established by nature or habit Each branch of the federal government has certain inherent powers. Syn. hostile. want of rectitude or uprightness. inactive inactive. grow. Syn. unsophisticated The woodsman had not realized how ingenuous Little Red Riding Hood was until he heard that she had gone off for a walk in the woods with the Big Bad Wolf. detrimental I've always been friendly to Martha. Why is she so inimical to me?. inherent: /ɪn'hɪərənt/ a. prevent restrain. iniquity: /ɪ'nɪkw(ə)tɪ/ n. inimical: /ɪ'nɪmɪk(ə)l/ a. absence of. slow to heal. or deviation from. detrimental unfriendly. Syn. unfriendly. unsophisticated naive and trusting. inhibit: /ɪn'hɪbɪt/ v. hold back Only two things inhibit him from taking a punch at Mike Tyson: Tyson's left hook. unable to move or act Potential intelligence. Syn. harmful.incipient: /ɪn'sɪpɪənt/ a. lacking power to move. young. can remain inert forever. just dealing. wickedness He thought of New York as a den of iniquity. prevent or forbid. or develop. inactive lazy.

Syn. especially floodwaters Until the great dam was built. Syn. of isolated people. insipid: /ɪn'sɪpɪd/ a. she seems insensible to shame. flood. harmless having no adverse effect. submerge overwhelm. inscrutable: /ɪn'skru:təb(ə)l/ a. overwhelm. with her insular group of friends. intractable: /ɪn'træktəb(ə)l/ a. unyielding Charlie Brown's friend Pigpen was intractable: he absolutely refused to take a bath. to a huge college with students from all over the country. impenetrable. unruly. not tasty. Syn. insensible: /ɪn'sɛnsɪb(ə)l/ a. harmless An occasional glass of wine with dinner is relatively innocuous and should have no ill effect on you. unresponsive unconscious. . stubborn. especially having a narrow viewpoint It was a shock for Kendra to go from her small high school. dull lacking flavor or zest.innocuous: /ɪ'nɒkjʊəs/ a. unresponsive. hiding their reactions to the cards behind a so-called "poker face. insular: /'ɪnsjʊlə(r)/. unyielding difficult to manage or govern. Syn. very small or gradual Sherry and I are very different./'ɪnsələr/ a. Syn. not readily understood. inundate: /'ɪnʌndeɪt/ v. stubborn. mysterious impenetrable. Syn.". unconscious. the waters of the Nile used to inundate the river valley like clockwork every year. mysterious Experienced poker players try to keep their expressions inscrutable. at times when I would be covered with embarrassment. cover with water. dull Flat prose and flat ginger ale are equally insipid: both lack sparkle.

easily angered. Syn. dormant. effectively cut short. lament: /lə'mɛnt/ v. weariness state or feeling of weariness. Syn. excited by or arising from anger Miss Minchin's irascible temper intimidated the younger schoolgirls. hidden present or potential but not evident or active. Syn. express sorrow. concise brief. laconic: /lə'kɒnɪk/ a. laud: /lɔ:d/ v. grieve grieve. especially to perform work or duty Since the storm. glorify. the city had also been attracting a new kind of itinerant idealist. celebrate or honor The NFL began to laud Boomer Esiason's efforts to raise money to combat cystic fibrosis. latent: /'leɪtənt/ a. praise give praise to. I gave in to my growing lassitude and lay down for a nap. hidden Existing arrangements contain latent functions that can be neither seen nor replaced by the reformer. who feared she'd burst into a rage at any moment. . regret deeply Even advocates of the war lament the loss of so many lives in combat. traveling wandering. diminished energy.invidious: /ɪn'vɪdɪəs/ a. wandering. or listlessness After a massage and a long soak in the hot tub. languor. designed to create ill will or envy We disregarded her invidious remarks because we realized how jealous she was. Syn. Syn. itinerant: /aɪ'tɪnərənt/ a. marked by use of few words Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words. Syn. dormant. irascible: /ɪ'ræsɪb(ə)l/ a. irritable irritable. lassitude: /'læsɪtju:d/ n. traveling place to place. Syn.

you structure your life to serve your own best interest. intelligible easily understood. luminous: /'lu:mɪnəs/ a. Syn. Syn. clear clear. put a phone in her hand and see how loquacious she can be: our phone bills are out of sight!. calm. given to continual talking. especially emitting self-generated light The sun is a luminous body. loquacious: /lɒ'kweɪʃəs/ a. especially to exaggerated degree The lugubrious howling of the dogs added to our sadness. Syn. clear. Syn. . clear. untroubled. emitting light. Syn. and without worry A limpid stream ran through his property. transparent or bright. lucid: /'lu:sɪd/ a. talkative talkative. indifferent or apathetic The stuffy room made her lethargic: she felt as if she was about to nod off. mournful mournful.lethargic: /lə'θɑrdʒɪk/ a. dull drowsy. libertine: /'lɪbəti:n/ n. shining shining. chattering Though our daughter barely says a word to us these days. dull. lugubrious: /lu:'gju:brɪəs/ a. intelligible So in lucid moments. Syn. limpid: /'lɪmpɪd/ a. usually used disparagingly. free thinker. levity: /'lɛvɪtɪ/ n. drowsy. lightness lack of seriousness. or gloomy. dismal. lightness of manner or speech. especially when inappropriate Stop giggling and wriggling around in the pew: such levity is improper in church. one without moral restraint The libertine took pleasure in gambling away his family money. Syn.

liable to sudden unpredictable change. marked by extreme care in treatment of details One neighbor. melancholy: /'mɛlənkɒlɪ/ a. strict disciplinarian. lying lying. gloomy. Syn.malevolent: /mə'lɛvələnt/ a. a maverick is also one who cannot be identified as belonging to any specific herd. speaking falsely Distrusting Huck from the start. feeling of thoughtful sadness. nonconformist one that refuses to abide or be independent. Syn./mɑrtn'ɛt/ n. Syn. capricious capricious. cautious excessively careful. affected by depression You are not well. malicious Lago is a malevolent villain who takes pleasure in ruining Othello. Syn. meticulous: /mɪ'tɪkjʊləs/ a. an unbranded range animal But. wishing harm to others. quick and changeable in temperament Quick as quicksilver to change. malicious having or exhibiting ill will. . scrupulous. he was mercurial in nature and therefore unreliable. who usually uses the truck to haul away lawn debris. habitually dishonest. always returns the truck in meticulous condition. mendacious: /mɛn'deɪʃəs/ a. sad gloomy. maverick: /'mævərɪk/ n. one who demands absolute adherence to forms and rules No talking at meals! No mingling with the servants! Miss Minchin was a martinet who insisted that the schoolgirls in her charge observe each regulation to the letter. and this melancholy is the result. Syn. you have no friend to cheer you. mercurial: /mɜrkjʊərɪəl/ a. Syn. Miss Watson assumed he was mendacious and refused to believe a word he said. martinet: /mɑrtɪ'nɛt/.

misanthrope: /'mɪsənθroʊp/ n. sullen. the CEO and Secretariat are less interested in mundane benefits than in value. harshly ironic or sinister. mitigate: /'mɪtɪgeɪt/ v. ordinary Unlike other players. feeling morose is difficult while actively wishing the person to be happy. various critics consider him a misanthrope. mollify: /'mɒlɪfaɪ/ v. mordant: /'mɔ:dənt/ a. degraded beasts. moderate Nothing Jason did could mitigate Medea's anger. she refused to forgive him for betraying her. secular belonging to this earth or world. concerned with commonplaces. depressingly dark. persistent Though we feel sad at someone's pain and sorrow. gloomy ill humored. worldly. Swift portrays an image of humanity as vile. sullen. having many facets or aspects A multifaceted composer. morose: /mə'roʊs/ a. not ideal or heavenly. one who hates or mistrusts mankind In Gulliver's Travels. calm in temper or feeling The airline customer service representative tried to mollify the angry passenger by offering her a seat in first class. multifaceted: /mʌltɪ'fæsɪtɪd/ a. earthly. serving to fix colors in dyeing Roald Dahl's stories are mordant alternatives to blank stories intended for kids. mundane: /'mʌndeɪn/ a. make less rigid or softer. moderate make less severe or harsh. for this reason. Syn. Syn. bitingly painful. . Roger Davidson has recorded original pieces that range from ragtime tangos to choral masses. gloomy. Syn.

". slavishly attentive. it damaged the lungs of everyone living in the area. either expert or neophyte. incipient incipient. Syn. we would be able to eliminate serious trouble in later years. foul-smelling. noxious: /'nɒkʃəs/ a. generous very liberal in giving. inflexible hardened in wrongdoing or wickedness.munificent: /mju:'nɪfɪs(ə)nt/ a. attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery Helen liked to be served by people who behaved as if they respected themselves. harmful harmful to living things. not giving in to persuasion He was obdurate in his refusal to listen to our complaints. Syn. the dean kept on referring to her as "our munificent benefactor. injurious to health We must trace the source of these noxious gases before they asphyxiate us. . nothing irritated her more than an excessively obsequious waiter or a fawning salesclerk. Syn. beginner recent convert to a belief./'ɑbdərɪt/ a. neophyte: /'ni:oʊfaɪt/ n. nascent: /'næsənt/ a. coming into existence. noisome: /'nɔɪsəm/ a. obsequious: /əb'si:kwɪəs/ a. stubborn. offensive by arousing disgust. one newly initiated This mountain slope contains slides that will challenge anyone. showing great generosity Shamelessly fawning over a particularly generous donor. Syn. Syn. obdurate: /'ɒbdjʊrɪt/. emerging If we could identify these revolutionary movements in their nascent state. harmful or dangerous The noisome atmosphere downwind of the oil refinery not only stank.

apparent put forth or held out as real. obscure impenetrable by light. opaque: /oʊ'peɪk/ a. having no luster The opaque window shade kept the sunlight out of the room. Syn. Syn. nontransparent. not easily borne. onerous: /'ɒnərəs. stubborn stubbornly adhering to an attitude or opinion. Syn. hateful. odious: /'oʊdɪəs/ a. hard to control or treat We tried to persuade him to give up smoking. vile hateful. we are really interested in finding new markets for our products. burdensome. actual. but the officious salesman kept on butting in with "helpful" advice until she was ready to walk out of the store. or intense displeasure Cinderella's ugly stepsisters had the odious habit of popping their zits in public. bypass requirement or make it unnecessary. 'oʊnərəs/ a. uninterrupted rhythm. vibrate pendulum like. arousing strong dislike. marked by excessive eagerness in offering unwanted services or advice to others Judy wanted to look over the new computer models on her own. or intended. officious: /ə'fɪʃəs/ a. wearing burdensome or oppressive. Syn. Syn. not reflecting light. waver It is interesting to note how public opinions oscillate between the extremes of optimism and pessimism.obstinate: /'ɒbstɪnət/ a. not transparent. Syn. ostensible: /ɒ'stɛnsɪb(ə)l/ a. obviate: /'ɒbvɪeɪt/ v. waver swing back and forth with a steady. wearing He asked for an assistant because his work load was too onerous. but he was obstinate and refused to change. oscillate: /'ɒsɪleɪt/ v. get rid of I hope this contribution will obviate any need for further collections of funds. aversion. . proper or intended to be shown Although the ostensible purpose of this expedition is to discover new lands.

Syn. system of assumptions. model model of excellence or perfection. and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality Pavlov's experiment in which he trains a dog to salivate on hearing a bell is a paradigm of the conditioned-response experiment in behavioral psychology. but let her conscience be her guide. Brumby's paragon is shocked at the other's inaptitude for examination. formal eulogistic composition intended as public compliment Blushing at all the praise heaped upon him by the speakers. for he is a card-carrying member of both the National Rifle Association and the relatively pacifist American Civil Liberties Union. lessen violence of disease. partisan: /pɑrtɪ'zæn/ a. gloss over with excuses Not content merely to palliate the patient's sores and cankers. example. Syn. showy. pattern one that serves as a pattern or model./'pærəgɒn/ n. pretentious showy. contradiction something apparently contradictory in nature. values. the researcher sought a means of wiping out the disease. peerless example Mr. prejudiced one-sided. formal or high praise. "I don't deserve any panegyric. Syn.ostentatious: /ɒstɛn'teɪʃəs/ a. pretentious. committed to a party On certain issues of principle. trying to attract attention Donald Trump's latest casino in Atlantic City is the most ostentatious gambling palace in the East. she refused to take a partisan stand. the modest hero said. prejudiced. paradigm: /'pærədaɪm/ n. Syn. panegyric: /pænɪ'dʒɪrɪk/ n. paradox: /'pærədɒks/ n. model. paragon: /'pærəgən/. statement that looks false but is actually correct Richard presents a bit of a paradox. palliate: /'pælɪeɪt/ v. . concepts. moderate intensity. Syn.".

perennial: /pə'rɛnɪəl/ n. peremptory: /pə'rɛmptərɪ/. Syn. scarcity scarcity. insufficiency When his pension fund failed./'pɛntʃənt/ n. he reproached his perfidious friend. did Pete commit a major crime or just a peccadillo?. peccadillo: /pɛkə'dɪloʊ/ n. small sin or fault When Peter Piper picked a peck of Polly Potter's pickles. faithless When Caesar realized that Brutus had betrayed him. ordinary Unintentionally boring. He became such a penny pincher that he turned into a closefisted. poverty. fewness They closed the restaurant because the paucity of customers made it uneconomical to operate. dull lacking wit or imagination. liking strong inclination. penury: /'pɛnjʊrɪ/ n. Syn. pedestrian: /pɪ'dɛstrɪən/ a. penurious miser. dictatorial. imperative offensively self-assured. Jill could tell he would not give up until she let him in. definite liking There is a certain penchant in true believers to ignore input which conflicts and contradicts that belief. Syn. remaining active throughout all the time These plants are hardy perennial and will bloom for many years. smallness of number. not allowing contradiction or refusal From Jack's peremptory knock on the door. Syn. lasting indefinitely long time. perfidious: /pə'fɪdɪəs/ a.paucity: /'pɔ:sɪtɪ/ n. . disloyal. he wrote page after page of pedestrian prose. insufficiency extreme poverty. suggesting self-renewal. lack of something. slight offense. treacherous. Syn. George feared he would end his days in penury./'pɛrəmptɔ:rɪ/ a. Syn. barrenness. penchant: /'pɒŋʃɒŋ/. disloyal tending to betray.

read or examine. tending to cause death or serious injury. pass or spread through the whole extent of These challenges are global in nature. typically with great care After the conflagration that burned down her house. and increased the spread of violent crimes. after bewailing the perfidy of her lover. violation of a promise or vow. petulant: /'pɛtjʊlənt/ a. not easily disturbed. acting with indifference The auditor's perfunctory inspection of the books overlooked many errors. faithlessness. deadly Crack cocaine has had a pernicious effect on urban society: it has destroyed families. peruse: /pə'ru:z/ v. not easily excited to action or passion The nurse was a cheerful but phlegmatic person. perfunctory: /pə'fʌŋktərɪ/ a. Joan closely began to peruse her home insurance policy to discover exactly what benefits her coverage provided her. calm calm.perfidy: /'pɜrfɪdɪ/ n. Syn. treachery It was the strain of a forsaken lady. who. pervade: /pə'veɪd/ v. or of trust reposed. act of violating faith or allegiance. calls pride to her aid. . deadly very destructive. unreasonably irritable or ill-tempered Her narrow face was fixed in petulant defiance. turned children into drug dealers. unexcited in the face of sudden emergencies. permeate. superficial done routinely and with little interest or care. Syn. Syn. pernicious: /pə'nɪʃəs/ a. pass or flow through. irritable easily irritated or annoyed. Syn. phlegmatic: /flɛg'mætɪk/ a. and pervade all aspects of society. as an aperture.

pragmatic: /præg'mætɪk/ a. risky uncertain. Dr. uncertain. forceful and brief While other girls might have gone on and on about how un-cool Elton was. dangerously lacking in security or stability But that is why NASA used test pilots. old Polonius expressed himself only in same platitude. plastic: /'plæstɪk/ a. risky. sudden outburst of anger. Syn. bring peace to The store manager tried to placate the angry customer. Syn. men used to handling life and death decisions in precarious situations and instantly making the right choice. . practical practical as opposed to idealistic. pacify. conciliate appease or pacify. concise precisely meaningful. precarious: /prɪ'kɛərɪəs/ a. placate: /plə'keɪt/. insipidity of thought.pique: /pi:k/ n. state of vexation caused by a perceived slight or indignity She showed her pique at her loss by refusing to appear with the other contestants at the end of the competition. commonplace statement. Liz summed it up in one pithy remark: "He's bogus!". every word out of his mouth was a commonplace. on a Sunday at 4pm. easily influenced So. platitude: /'plætɪtju:d/./'pleɪkeɪt/ v. pithy: /'pɪθɪ/ a. capable of being molded. I called my plastic surgeon. lack of originality In giving advice to his son./-tu:d/ n. Epstein. Syn. Syn. concerned with the practical worth or impact of something AIDS advocates are now wondering whether pragmatic is just a euphemism for cheap. capable of being shaped or formed. dullness. offering to replace the damaged merchandise or to give back her money right away.

premature. I had enough sense to keep myself from quitting a job in such a precipitate fashion. predilection Convinced of his own talent. Syn. “Is he too presumptuous. moving rapidly and heedlessly. occurring suddenly Though I was angry enough to resign on the spot. hasty rash. behave in evasive way such as to delay action Some people believe that to prevaricate in a good cause is justifiable and regard such a statement as a "white lie. overconfident overconfident. propensity: /prə'pɛnsɪtɪ/ n. wasteful wasteful. remaining free from dirt or decay He has opposed building dirty coal-fired power plants in pristine landscapes. prodigal: /'prɒdɪg(ə)l/ a. speeding headlong. tendency. primitive. excessively forward It was asked everyday of his Mid East and European trip.". pristine: /'prɪsti:n. is he trying too hard to be a rock star?" prevaricate: /prɪ'værɪkeɪt/ v. reckless with money In his Christmas feasts Richard outdid his predecessors in prodigal hospitality. rash. Sol has an unfortunate propensity to belittle the talents of others. one who precedes an event and indicates its approach Though Gray shared many traits with the Romantic poets who followed them. precursor: /pri:'kɜrsə(r)/ n. primary uncorrupted by civilization. Syn. Syn.precipitate: /prɪ'sɪpɪteɪt/ a. Syn. tendency or preference. Syn. lie lie. Syn. going beyond what is right or proper. most critics consider him precursor of the Romantic Movement. stray from or evade truth. predilection natural inclination. 'prɪstaɪn/ a. Syn. forerunner forerunner. presumptuous: /prɪ'zʌmptjʊəs/ a. not true Romantics. primitive. .

/proʊ-/ v. pungent: /'pʌndʒənt/ a. banish. cowardly. advantageous Chloe consulted her horoscope to see whether Tuesday would be a propitious day to dump her boyfriend. Syn. fainthearted cowardly. humidity and what Kerry describes as a pungent odor. ordinary slogan. factual dull and unimaginative. appropriateness Miss Manners counsels her readers so that they may behave with due propriety in any social situation and not embarrass themselves. and Lepidus united to proscribe all those who had conspired against Julius Caesar. lacking strength and firmness of mind You should be ashamed of your pusillanimous conduct during this dispute. proscribe: /proʊ'skraɪb/. appropriateness fitness.propitiate: /prə'pɪʃɪeɪt/ v. outlaw command against. factual Though the ad writers came up with an original way to publicize the product. Syn. outlaw Antony. stinging. appease and render favorable The natives offered sacrifices to propitiate the gods. Syn. Syn. matter-of-fact. correct conduct. fortunate. fitness. fortunate. quality of being proper. make peace with. advantageous presenting favorable circumstances. caustic stinging. Syn. favorable. . pusillanimous: /pju:sɪ'lænɪməs/ a. propriety: /prə'praiɪtɪ/ n. caustic I'm bracing myself to be met by heat. Syn. propitious: /prə'pɪʃəs/ a. banish. Octavius. the head office rejected it for a more prosaic. sharp in taste or smell. prosaic: /proʊ'zeiɪk/ a.

banter. recant: /rɪ'kænt/ v. make legally capable They note that half of pupils will fail to qualify for secondary school. expressing complaint or grievance Even the most agreeable toddlers can begin to act querulous if they miss their nap. unmanageable stubborn.qualify: /'kwɒlɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. sing over again. stubborn. give added or requisite qualities to. a pig or a mule?. determined to resist authority Which animal do you think is more recalcitrant. Syn. querulous: /'kwɛrʊləs/ a. weaken the consistency. recalcitrant: /rɪ'kælsɪtrənt/ a. whining habitually complaining. fretful. satirical merriment Excitement instantly seized the whole party: a running fire of raillery and jests was proceeding when Sam returned. renounce retract a previous statement. utter repeatedly in song She'll also be badgered to recant her 12 year affiliation with the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund. obstinately resistant to authority or control The refractory horse was eliminated from the race when he refused to obey the jockey. rarefy: /'rɛərɪfaɪ/ v. obstinately stubborn. refractory: /rɪ'fræktərɪ/ a. pleasantry or slight satire. lessen the density It becomes necessary to place the terminal in a bulb and rarefy the air in the same time. make such as is required. purify or refine. . raillery: /'reɪlərɪ/ n. Syn. unmanageable. jesting language.

rent: /rɛnt/ n. remonstrate: /'rɛmənstreɪt/. Syn. deny deny. make plain or manifest. assign If Ralph drops his second tray of drinks this week. demonstrate.refute: /rɪ'fju:t/ v./rɪ'mɒnstreɪt/ v. show clearly. relegate: /'rɛlɪgeɪt/ v. expression of blame or censure. go back on. present and urge reasons in opposition to I will remonstrate with him about his rudeness. person without moral scruples I cannot understand why he has so many admirers if he is the reprobate you say he is. delegate. Syn. prove to be false or incorrect The defense called several respectable witnesses who were able to refute the false testimony of the prosecution's sole witness. payment. reproof: /rɪ'pru:f/ n. . did I mention that the rent is the same as what I'm paying here? reprobate: /'rɛproʊbeɪt/ n. fail to fulfill promise or obligation He tried to renege on paying off his debt. delegate. reproach The perplexity and dissatisfaction of the house expressed itself in murmurs and provoked a reproof from the bench. person hardened in sin. disprove disprove. censure for a fault. point out. the manager swiftly would relegate him to a minor post cleaning up behind the bar. assign assign to obscure place. renege: /rɪ'ni:g/ v. or condition. position. usually of an amount fixed by contract Oh. Syn.

It commanded its followers to be reticent � to never degrade intimate emotions by parading them in public. determined. refuse to acknowledge. uncommunicative. unyielding. decided firm. .repudiate: /rɪ'pju:dɪeɪt/ v. worshipful respectful. mourn feel regret. remorse. rhetoric: /'rɛtərɪk/ n. repeal or annul To change or rescind is justified only when reestimate of all of the available facts. inclined to keep silent. lament. Syn. Syn. Syn. insincere language If his rhetoric is any indication. shrewd. rue: /ru:/ v. the president appears to be headed in the right direction. shrewd perceptive. having insight My father was a sagacious judge of character: he could spot a phony a mile away. worshipful. resolute: /'rɛzəlu:t/ a. regret. art or study of using language effectively and persuasively. reserved. Syn. rescind: /rɪ'sɪnd/ v. repeal cancel. perceptive. reverent: /'rɛvərənt/ a. respectful. or sorrow for. disown disown. reject validity or authority of On separating from Tony. cancel. or determined. Syn. sometimes I don't feel properly reverent. having decided purpose Louise was resolute: She would get into medical school no matter what. sagacious: /sə'geɪʃəs/ a. Tina announced that she would repudiate all debts incurred by her soon-to-be ex-husband. reticent: /'rɛtɪsənt/ a. annul. mourn Tina seemed to rue the night she met Tony and wondered how she ever fell for such a jerk. Syn. impressed with veneration or deep respect Though I bow my head in church and recite the prayers. firm. make void.

ratify give authorization or approval to something. persevering and constant in effort or application After weeks of patient and sedulous labor. overeat or eat immodestly. he is not as gloomy as he looks./'sɛdʒʊləs/ a. Syn. Syn. hardworking diligent. sedulous: /'sɛdjʊləs/. especially for violating international law Nothing will convince me to sanction the engagement of my daughter to such a worthless young man. wholesome tending to improve./-tɛrɪ/ a. promoting health.salacious: /sə'leɪʃəs/ a. we completed our detailed analysis of every published SAT examination. healthful healthful. salubrious: /sə'lu:brɪəs/ a. satiate: /'seɪʃɪeɪt/ v. Syn. favorable to health The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy. as he became a model student. suggestive of or tending to moral looseness Chaucer's monk is not pious but salacious. Syn. hardworking. salutary: /'sæljʊtərɪ/. saturnine: /'sætənaɪn/ a. wholesome Many people with hay fever move to more salubrious sections of the country during the months of August and September. Syn. make a pig of oneself Having stuffed themselves until they satiate. favorable to health. Syn. marked by tendency to be bitter or sardonic Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance. penalize a state. satisfy fully. lascivious. approve. beneficial. . gloomy gloomy. diligent. beneficial. a teller of lewd tales and ribald jests. sanction: /'sæŋkʃ(ə)n/ v. the guests are so full they are ready for a nap. lustful lustful.

we were able to slake our thirst. curving. slake: /sleɪk/ v. Complimented on her appearance. marked by sleepiness Professor Pringle's lectures were so soporific that even he fell asleep in class. expressing care or concern The employer was very solicitous about the health of her employees as replacements were difficult to get. bending in and out. foul filthy. unethical or dishonest. Syn. sinuous: /'sɪnjʊəs/ a. sleep-causing. smile in artificial way to make an impression . dirty. Syn. . piece of broken pottery. vile. Syn. Syn. twisting winding. solicitous: /sə'lɪsɪtəs/ a. simper: /'sɪmpə(r)/ v. smirk smirk. not morally honest The snake moved in a sinuous manner. as of glass or metal. filthy. sordid: /'sɔ:dɪd/ a. foul. fragment of brittle substance. satisfy thirst When we reached the oasis.shard: /ʃɑrd/ n. soporific: /sɒpə'rɪfɪk/ a. slacken make less active or intense. concerned worried or concerned. morally degraded Many of these files contain sordid details about the personal lives of the litigants. full of desire. worried. Stella had to self-consciously simper. especially one found in archaeological dig The archaeologist assigned several students the task of reassembling earthenware vessels except the shard he had brought back from the expedition. Syn. moderate. dirty.

the big Halloween parade has passed. allotted amount. counterfeit. limitation. illogical Natasha's claim to be the lost heir of the Romanoffs was spurious: the only thing Russian about her was the vodka she drank!. impassive dull. stolid: /'stɒlɪd/ a. illogical false. having no pattern or order in time Although you can still hear sporadic outbursts of laughter and singing outside. supply. task length of time spent in particular way. trembling. both can fly. he crouched on the no longer stable ground./'straɪeɪtɪd/ a. Syn. Syn. impassive. dull. Syn. counterfeit. Syn. I squealed like a stuck pig. . occurring at irregular intervals. stint: /stɪnt/ n. false. Syn. seemingly reasonable but incorrect. sporadic: /spə'rædɪk/ a. or pain I wasn't particularly stoic when I had my flu shot. forged. stoic: /'stoʊɪk/ a. limitation or restriction. forged. because houses and birds both have wings. misleading intentionally To claim that. restriction. striated: /straɪ'eɪtɪd/.specious: /'spi:ʃəs/ a. is extremely specious reasoning. the party's over till next year. impassive one who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy. grooved having parallel lines or grooves on surface The glacier left many striated rocks. having or revealing little emotion or sensibility The earthquake shattered Stuart's usual stolid demeanor. fixed amount of work allotted She added that she plans to work on winning a real Grammy now that her "Dancing" stint is done. grief. pleasure. spurious: /'spjʊərɪəs/ a.

having or marked by a strong tendency The editorials in this periodical are tendentious rather than truth-seeking. Syn. saying little. answering lengthy questions with a "Yep" or "Nope. swagger display in order to impress others. succinct: /sək'sɪŋkt/ a. terse. charm charm to bring good luck and avert misfortune. brief. if you control your appetite. self-controlled. talisman: /'tælɪsmɛn. the talisman is the most powerful of all the magical charms. silent silent or reserved in speech. not speaking. written order to require appearance in court to give testimony But you know a subpoena is an order of the court to appear and if called to appear I'll appear. walk with a lofty proud gait Don't strut out your resume until you have more accomplishments to list. Syn. you won't gain too much weight. 'tælɪzmən/ n. Syn. tendentious: /tɛn'dɛnʃəs/ a. restrained restrained. not inclined to speak or converse The stereotypical cowboy is a taciturn soul. . tacit: /'tæsɪt/ a. indicated or understood without expressed directly. something that apparently has magic power According to the myth.". swagger. temperate: /'tɛmpərət/ a. compact brief or compact. taciturn: /'tæsɪtə:n/ a.strut: /strʌt/ v. subpoena: /səb'pi:nə/ n. Syn. silent We have a tacit agreement based on only a handshake. precise expression in few words Don't bore your audience with excess verbiage: be succinct. moderate in degree or quality Try to be temperate in your eating this holiday season. by clear. Syn.

or the power of exertion and feeling. Syn. torpid: /'tɔ:pɪd/ a. docile Although Susan seemed a tractable young woman.tenuous: /'tɛnjʊəs/ a. tortuous: /'tɔ:tjʊəs/ a. not straightforward./'taɪreɪd/ n. trenchant: /'trɛntʃənt/ a. I believed to be marine phantoms. governable. timorous: /'tɪmərəs/ a. keen forceful. incisive. long angry or violent speech Your tirade is juvenile. as smooth There is a fine line between speech that is terse and to the point and speech that is too abrupt. slim long and thin. it is unwise to go faster than twenty miles an hour on it. brief effectively concise. terse: /tɜrs/ a. and dare I say. slender. truculent: . numb. Syn. having little substance The allegiance of our allies is held by rather tenuous ties. easily handled or worked. appearing as if wiped or rubbed. docile easily managed or controlled. demonstrating fear. concise. Syn. she had a stubborn streak of independence. and vigorous. Syn. circuitous Because this road is so tortuous. having lost motion. tractable: /'træktəb(ə)l/ a. thin. effective. devious marked by repeated turns or bends. tirade: /taɪ'reɪd/. weakly hesitant His timorous manner betrayed the fear he felt at the moment. benumbed The two ships becalmed on a torpid sea. fearful fearful. unprofessional. winding or twisting. hypocritical. winding. sharp or keen I am afraid of his trenchant wit for it is so often sarcastic. extended scolding. Syn. rare. Syn.

corrupt The venal policeman cheerfully accepted the bribe offered him by the speeding motorist whom he had stopped. novice For a mere tyro. heavy. Syn. turpitude: /'tɜrpɪtju:d/. aggressively hostile The bully was initially truculent but eventually stopped picking fights at the least provocation. you have produced some wonderfully expert results. depravity depravity. don't vacillate. capable of being bribed. muddy muddy. contrary to your interests or welfare. available for a price. corrupt. depraved. Syn. venal: /'vi:n(ə)l/ a. whatever you do. . tyro: /'taɪroʊ/ n. troublesome You're obviously pretty confident nothing untoward is going to be happening in front of your webcam at these intervals! vacillate: /'væsɪleɪt/ v. untoward: /ʌntə'wɔ:d/. distended swollen. having sediment disturbed. belligerent disposed to fight. Syn. oscillate The big boss likes his people to be decisive: when he asks you for your opinion. waver. for sale. inconvenient. swollen. 'trʌkjʊlənt/ a. novice beginner in learning something. or dense. Syn./'trukjələnt. Syn. turbid: /'tɜrbɪd/ a. turgid: /'tɜrdʒɪd/ a. dark. distended. or degenerate act A visitor may be denied admittance to this country if she has been guilty of moral turpitude. Syn./-tu:d/ n. beginner. fluctuate sway unsteadily from one side to the other. excessively ornate or complex in style or language The turgid river threatened to overflow the levees and flood the countryside./ʌn'tɔ:rd/ a. belligerent. as smoke or fog The water was turbid after the children had waded through it.

move one way and the other. Syn. Syn. its hunger never satisfied./-tl/ a. using or containing a great and usually an excessive number of words Someone mute can't talk. waver: /'weɪvə(r)/ v. vindicate: /'vɪndɪkeɪt/ v. excessively greedy and grasping. exonerate clear from blame. Syn. explosive. Syn. volatile: /'vɒlətaɪl/. the Dalai Lama.venerate: /'vɛnəreɪt/ v. gluey. vindictive: /vɪn'dɪktɪv/ a. as in price. revengeful seek revenge or intended for revenge. showing malicious will Her neck and arms were full of scars from a vindictive rage by her husband's relatives. play or move to and fro. consider hallowed or be in awe of In Tibet today. tending to violence Increases in volatile weather have alarming impact on business resources and insurance markets. be unsettled in opinion The disaster caused him to waver in his faith. Syn. sticky. having high resistance to flow Melted tar is a viscous substance. viscous: /'vɪskəs/ a. devouring or craving food in great quantities The wolf is a voracious animal. inconstant or fickle. ravenous ravenous. verbose: /vɜr'boʊs/ a. gluey sticky. treat with great respect and deference. who believed her guilty of his death. changeable. wordy wordy. the common people still venerate their traditional spiritual leader. or defend The lawyer's goal was to vindicate her client and prove him innocent on all charges. someone verbose can hardly stop talking. uphold. Syn. . voracious: /və'reɪʃəs/ a. exonerate. maintain. swing. fickle tending to vary often or widely.

he never tried to force his beliefs on his friends. Syn. Syn. whimsical: /'wɪmzɪk(ə)l/ a. Syn. person who shows excessive zeal Though Glenn was devout. the hero is a playful. bewildering jumble. who are in the custody of his ex-wife. capricious In Mrs. whimsical man who takes a notion to dress up as a woman so that he can look after his children. fanatic fanatically committed person. turmoil turmoil. capricious determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason. Doubtfire. he was no zealot. . confused mass The existing welter of overlapping federal and state programs cries out for immediate reform.welter: /'wɛltə(r)/ n. zealot: /'zɛlət/ n.