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MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 1 of 33 Homework 1 Due: 11:59pm on Sunday, September 12, 2010 Note: You will receive

no credit for late submissions. To learn more, read your instructor's Grading Policy [Switch to Standard Assignment View] Converting Units The ability to convert from one system of units to another is important in physi cs. It is often impractical to measure quantities in the standard meters, kilogr ams, and seconds, but the laws of physics that you learn will involve constants that are defined in these units. Therefore, you may often have to convert your m easured quantities into meters, kilograms, and seconds. The following table list s metric prefixes that come up frequently in physics. Learning these prefixes wi ll help you in the various exercises. mega- ( kilo- ( ) centi- ( ) milli- ( ) ) micro- ( ) nano- ( ) When doing unit conversions, you need a relation between th e two units. For instance, in converting from millimeters to meters, you need to know that . Once you know this, you need to divide one side by the other to obt ain a ratio of . in the denominator, so that it will cancel the units of the If you are converting from millimeters to meters, then this is the proper ratio. It has , then you would have quantity that you are converting. For instance, if yo u were converting . If you were converting a quantity from meters to millimeters , you would use the reciprocal ratio: . to : Part A Suppose that you measure a pen to be 10.5 Hint A.1 long. Convert this to meters. Relating centimeters and meters Hint not displayed Express your answer in meters. ANSWER: 10.5 = 0.105 Correct When converting areas, you must be careful to use the correct ratio. If you were converting from to , it might be tempting to use again. Be careful! Think of as . That is to say, think of this as a pair of millimeter units, each of which mus t be to square meters you would use the following calculation: . converted separately. To convert Notice that the exponent distributes to both the numbers and the units: . Now th e will cancel properly: . http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010

MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 2 of 33 Part B Suppose that, from measurements in a microscope, you determine that a cer tain bacterium covers an area of meters. Hint B.1 Find the conversion factor Hin t not displayed . Convert this to square Express your answer in square meters. ANSWER: 1.50 = 1.50×10-12 Correct As with areas, you must be careful when converting between volumes. For volumes, you must cancel off three copies of whatever unit you are converting from. Part C Suppose that you find the volume of all the oceans to be in a reference book. To find the mass, you can use the density of water, also found in this reference book, but first you must convert the volume to cubic meters. What is this volume in cubic meters? Hint C.1 Find the conversi on factor Hint not displayed Express your answer in cubic meters. ANSWER: = 1.40×1018 Correct Part D In a laboratory, you determine that the density of a certain solid is . C onvert this density into kilograms per cubic meter. Notice that the units you are trying to eliminate are now in the denominator. Th e same principle from the previous parts applies: Pick the conversion factor so that the units cancel. The only change is that now the units you wish to cancel must appear in the numerator of the conversion factor. Hint D.1 Find the convers ion factor Hint not displayed Express your answer in kilograms per cubic meter. ANSWER: = 5230 Correct You are now ready to do any sort of unit conversion. You may encounter problems that look far more complex than those you've done in this problem, but if you ca refully set up conversion factors one at a time to cancel the units you don't wa nt and replace them with the units that you do want, then you will have no troub le. Interpreting Graphs Learning Goal: To be able to gain many different types of information from a gra ph. Being able to read graphs is an important skill in physics. It is also criti cal in day-to-day life, as information in the news and in business meetings is o ften presented in graphical form. In this problem, you will consider a single gr aph and all of the information that can be gained from it. Since the graph axes have no labels, think of it as a graph of something important to you, whether th at is GPA, your bank balance, or something else. Specific applications will be n oted for each way of analyzing a graph. The easiest information to obtain from a graph is its value at a point. The height of the graph above the horizontal axi s gives the value of the graph. Points above the horizontal axis have positive v alues, whereas points below the axis have negative values. The vertical axis wil l usually have specific values marked off so that you can tell exactly what valu e each height corresponds to. In the graph you've been given, there are no exact values labeled, but you can still tell relative values; you can make statements such as, "At point D, the graph has a greater value than at point C." Part A At which point(s) does the graph have a positive value? http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576

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MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 3 of 33 Hint A.1 Determining positive values from a graph Hint not displayed Enter all of the correct letters in alphabetical order. For instance, if you thi nk that the correct choices are B and F, you would enter BF. ANSWER: ABCDEF Correct The difference between positive and negative is important in many situations, fo r instance on your bank statement. In physics it makes a big difference in many scenarios. Positive position means to the right or above some reference point; n egative position means to the left or below the reference point. Positive veloci ty means moving to the right, whereas negative velocity means moving to the left . The graph is often more convenient than a table of numbers or an equation, bec ause you can immediately see where the graph takes positive values and where it takes negative values. With an equation or a table of numbers, this would take s ome algebra or guess work. Since the value of the graph at a point is indicated by its height above the horizontal axis, the maximum value of the graph is the h ighest point on the graph. Similarly, the minimum value of the graph is the lowe st point, which may be below the horizontal axis. Part B At which point does the graph have its maximum value? Enter the correct letter. ANSWER: E Correct Rate of change and slope Another type of information that can be gleaned from a graph is the rate of change of the values. Just as you care whether your bank ac count has a positive or negative value (i.e., if you have money or owe the bank money) you may also be interested in the rate of change of your bank account. If the rate of change is positive, then you are gaining money. If the rate of chan ge is negative, then you are losing money. The rate of change of a graph is give n by the slope of the graph. If the graph is a line, then the slope is just the slope that you are accustomed to for lines (i.e., the change in the vertical pos ition divided by the change in the horizontal position). There are a few importa nt things to remember about slope. If the line tilts upward as you follow it to the right (like this: ) then the graph has a positive slope. We would say that t he graph is increasing. Similarly, if it tilts downward as you follow it to the right (like this: graph is decreasing. The steeper the tilt, the larger the rate of change. Part C Look at the graph from the introduction. The three points C, D, and F are all on straight segments. Rank them from greatest rate of change to least rate of change. Hint C.1 Slope at point D Hint not displayed ANSWER: ) th en the slope is negative and we say that the http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010

Since velocity is the rate of change of position. It will help you out in situations that a re hard to figure out by simple examination. Points B and C are also special. In physics. Part D At which point is the graph increasing at the greatest rate? For now. though points near the corner should have w ell-defined rates of change. ign ore point E. if you compare this figure to the previ ous one.1 Drawing the tangent Hi nt not displayed Enter the correct letter. the graph is neither incre asing nor decreasing at points B and C. then the area below the axis is subtracted from the area above th e axis. ANSWER: D Correct You were told to ignore point E for this part. Part E At which point(s) is the graph decreasing? Enter all of the correct letters in alphabetical order. the area un der the velocity graph between two times gives the total change in position betw een those two times. which is neither negative nor positive. you'll see that equal areas were added above and below the horizontal a xis. time. the same graph is shown. In the following two parts. Hint D. The light blue region in the figure shows the area under the graph between tw o points. instead of passing through two nearby poin ts. This should be easy to see at C. Therefore. Therefore. its slope is the same as the slope of the curve at that point. In the following two parts. This is because the rate of chang e is not well defined at sharp corners. even though you see more shading in the second figure. if you thi nk that the correct choices are B and F. The tangent is a line tha t just touches the curve. you will be able to rely on your intuitive sense of "Is the graph growing hi gher or lower at this point?" but it's good to keep in mind this more precise de finition in terms of the tangent line. You won't ever be asked for the rate of change of a graph at a sharp corner. the line has to align itself so that its rate of change is the same as the r ate of change of the graph at that point. conside r again the graph shown in the introduction to the problem. For instance.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 4 of 33 View Correct For more complex curves. In gener al. However. We will discuss it after this part. because the slope at those points is zero. ANSWER: FGH Correct Area under a graph The other piece of information important to physics that can be found from a graph is the area under the graph between two points on the grap h. you might have a graph of the velocity of som e object vs. you would enter BF. In this figure . since the graph is act ually a horizontal line in the area near C. If you carefully work out the tangen t at point B using the method described in the hint for this part. An important point is that if the graph dips beneath the ho rizontal axis. the "area under the graph" in the two figures is the same. you will have to draw the tangent line at a point to de termine the rate of change of the graph at that point. Part F You wish to find the area under the graph between the origin and some poi . but now the area is between tw o more widely separated points. Since a horizontal tangent has a s lope of zero. co nsider again the graph shown in the introduction to the problem. The area under a graph is important if you have graphed the rate of ch ange in some quantity. To do this. you will see that the tangent is horizontal there as well. once you've drawn the tange nt line.

nt on the graph.masteringphysics. Which point will yield the greatest area? http://session.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .

then you can write .3 Correct http://session.masteringphysics. The area is zero. which is useful for modeling the motion of everything from pendulums to ocean tides. the argu ment at the sine function. The figure shows . we will look . and decreasing the magnitudes if Give the minimum value followed by the maximum value. Multiplying this function by a number .MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 5 of 33 Enter the correct letter.1 How to approach the probl em Hint not displayed Enter the two letters in alphabetical order. For instance. changes the minimum and maximum values. ANSWER: -3. Which two points are you looking at? Hint G. If this is a simple how these quantities appear in the graph of graphing the sine function. The function oscillates between a minimum value of and a maximum value of . increasing the magnitudes if Part A Give the minimum and maximum values of the function . If you take a picture of the string at a specific time. ANSWER: G Correct Part G You are looking at the area under the graph between two points. where is the ampli tude of the wave and is the angular frequency. then you get a graph of shape sinusoidal wave (such as the standing wave harmonics found in musical instruments). Consi der a wave moving on a string. if you think that the correct choice is B and F. you would enter BF. In this problem. ANSWER: FH Correct The Mathematics of Waves Learning Goal: To qualitatively understand the formula for sine functions.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . separated by a comma. Note that when you are is in radians.

57 Correct Part C For a sine function with amplitude Hint C.441 Correct The cosine function The generic cosine function . works the same way as the generic sine function. you can ? Express your answer to three significant figures. . Use the same formula to find the angular frequency of a sine function with period .masteringphysics.] and Part D For a cosine function with amplitude Hint D. ANSWER: = 1.[ is on top. then starting from to . you used the fact that Express your answer to three significant figures. (as well as at If you change the function to see that the period has changed from Part B What i s the period of the function . For Part B. etc. means the value of the function at .1 and period . what is ? Find the angular frequency .607 Correct http://session. ANSWER: = 0. This shows that the is the same . the function begins to repeat itself when Solving for . Compare the graphs of is on the bottom. what is ? Express your answer to three significant figures. saying a function has a period of . .1 Find the angular frequency Hint not displayed and period .MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 6 of 33 If you move to the right starting from function as the value at has a period . ANSWER: = 0. and so on).com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 . o f . the function begins to repeat itself when you reach . ANSWER: = -0. More formally.628 Correct Express your answer to three significant figures.

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they are still helpful: For instance. which gives the total mass of all humans on our planet as . the actual travel time is unlikely to be exactly the s ame as the estimated oneÐbut it still helps to make an estimate so that you can de cide when to leave. The number of people working in the building on a typical day probably does not mat ter: One would hope that. For instance. you can roughly predict how much time you will spend on the road and depar t accordingly. or redesigned. 75 . of course. this building is not "standing room o nly.1 What reference information should you be looking for? What information should you be looking for? Check all that apply. canc eled. you will be asked to make similar estimates. you wil l practice making such order-of-magnitude calculations. mass. Of course. In each of the followin g problems. before constr uction can start the company asks for an estimate of the total cost. and an average child will weigh considerably less than 60 mass is about 50 . However. Such a complex project would involve sig nificant investment in terms of both time and money. that is. While it would be unreasonable to say that we know the total mass is . In this problem. height. and using your experience or background knowledge. search for relevant reference information. Being able to make a quick calculation and get a "ball-park figure" of the expected result is an important skill for a scientist. we hav e the correct exponent to which the number 10 is raised. All one needs to do is to use some common sense and. it is quite possible to find the order of magnitud e of the answer. Consequently. Hint A. Physicists must frequently make such estimatesÐknown as orderof-magnitude calculationsÐas part of their job. and location are irrelevant. if the proje cted cost is three times the amount of money that the company is willing to spen d. Of course. we can reasonably say that an average pe rson's . Imagine that a company wants to build a new factory. to give an accurate answ er to this question. searching for this informat ion. we can be reasonably sure that we have the correct order of magnitude. Part A How many people could fit into the largest office building in the world? Assume that everybody m ust be standing on the floor. Figuring roughly one child per adult. on a normal day. involving processes such as identifying relevant information. we may be off in our estimates of the average mass or number of peopl e. Although es timate figures are not exact. What is the total mass o f all the people on earth? It is impossible. say. An average adult male weighs. Depending on the results of the es timate. when you need to drive somewhere for a mee ting." What numeric quantities do you need to estimate? . The calculation can proceed as follow s: There are about people on earth. ANSWER: What is the tallest building in the world? What is the most massive buil ding in the world? What building in the world has the largest floor area? In whi ch country is the largest building in the world located? How many people can be found in the largest building in the world on a typical day? Correct Only the floor area matters here. possibly. an a verage adult female weighs about 60 . a potentially lengthy and costly research project may be postponed.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 7 of 33 Made to Order (of Magnitude) Learning Goal: To be able to make order-of-magnitude calculations. the project will be canceled or substantially changed. Individuals make such estimates all the time.

2 What numeric quantities do you need to estimate? Check all that apply.masteringphysics.Hint A.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . ANSWER: the mass of an average person the height of an average person the amount of space the average person needs to work efficiently the the area that an aver age person takes up while standing the volume of an average person Correct http://session.

Department of Defense. a simple library or Internet search would tell you that the largest building i n the world (in terms of the total floor area) is the Pentagon. Since the equator is about 40 millio n meters long. . Part C How many times does your heart beat during your lifetime? Round the answer to the nearest power of 10 and then express your answer as the order of magnitude.5. the same. we are just estimating. hopefully.S. the order of magnitude was. The number of seconds in t he lifetime of an average U. The distance between the tips of a person's outstretched hands i s roughly equal to the height of the person. you should enter 6 (rounding up to the next power of Correct On average. if your estimated answer is 10). However. resident is assuming a lifetime of 75 years. if your estimated answer is 10). Counting children.S. the main buildin g of the U. in this part any answer betwe en 5 and 15 is considered correctÐafter all. we didn't account for leap years sin ce this is just an estimate. DC) could fit into the PentagonÐassuming the floors held up! Your own answer may have been different from ours or used different details. enter 5.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 8 of 33 Round the answer to the nearest power of 10 and then express your answer as the order of magnitude. however. you should enter 6 (rounding up to the next power of Correct Your process for solving this problem might have been something like this: First . how many times can such a chain be wrapped around the earth's equator ? Round your answer to the nearest integer. your heart beats about once every second. we can see that about but only can be when standing (a conservative people (more than three times the entire population of Washington. If your estimated answer is . For instance. we estimate the average palm-to-palm distance as one meter. If your estimated answer is .0 estimate). Of course. ANSWER: 9 . it would be hard to stand inside a wall! Assuming that an average person occupies a bout 2. enter 5. For instance. ANSWER: 8 Correct Here is one way to solve this problem: There are about 300 million people in the United States. ANSWER: 6 . Its total floor area is about occupied. division yields about 7. Part B If the entire population of the United States forms a human chain by hold ing hands.

Archimedes jumped out of his bath tub and ran across town naked screaming "Eureka!" after he solved an especially difficult problem. and so on.Part D Legend has it that. In the mor e than two thousand years since his discovery. about how many molecules from that famous bathtub of Archimedes are t here in that can? Hint D.1 How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint D . many centuries ago.3 What to estimate Hint not displ ayed http://session. wh en you drink a glass of water. It follows the water cycle.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . which inc ludes rain. Though you may not have thought of things this way before.2 Avogadro's number Hint not displayed Hint D. When you buy a ca n of soda. the water that you are drinking contains some wat er molecules that were in Archimedes' bathwater that day. evaporation. flowing of rivers into the ocean. because water doesn't get created or destroyed on a large scale. the water molecules from Archimed es' bathwater have been through this cycle enough times that they are probably a bout evenly distributed throughout all the water on the earth.masteringphysics.

. wait until the end of the problem to make the conversion. for example. What is the density of w ater in Problem-Solving Strategy: Unit conversions IDENTIFY the relevant concepts: In mo st cases. If you need the answer to be in a different set of units . de nsity should be given in units of . In case of some "wilder" assumptions. enter 5. Thus the total number of molecules in the can is roughly . kilograms.33 ? What is the density of wate r in ? .33 . we count 5 and 7 as correct to o. If your estimated answer is . IDENTIFY the relevant concepts The physical property of densi ty is given by mass/volume. EVALUATE your answer: If you do your units conversion correctly. if your estimated answer is 10).2 Unit Conversions. the mass of the water in the bathtub is guessed to be 200 estimated to be about 0. The fraction of the bathtub molecules in the can is Therefore. . Finally. For example.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 9 of 33 Round the answer to the nearest power of 10 and then express your answer as the order of magnitude.2 Find the conversion factor between gallons and cubic meters Hint not displayed Express your answer in kilograms per cubic meter using three significant figures . If you hav e converted to a smaller unit. This gives us an easy way to convert a quantity from one set of units to another. PSS 1. check whether your answer is reasonable. A gall on of water in the United States weighs about 8. ANSWER: 6 .33 . since the ratio equ als 1. the mass of the water in the can of soda is . you're best off using the fundamental SI units (meters. Find the conversion factor between pounds and kilograms Hint not displayed Hint A. unwanted units will cancel. The SI unit for mass is the kilogram ( Therefore. equal to 6. and 1 of water contains about (reference in formation available from . the density of water is 8. Your answer is most likely different but it should still have the same order of magnitude. the number representing the quantity should be larger. SET UP the problem a nd EXECUTE the solution as follows: Units are multiplied and divided just like o rdinary algebraic symbols. you should enter 6 (rounding up to the next power of Correct We used the following assumptions: The total mass of water on the earth's surfac e is many different sources). ) and for volume it is the cubic meter ( ). sec onds) within a problem. For instance. SET UP the problem and EXECUTE the solution as follows Part A Calculate the density of water in Hint A. In other words.2 Unit Conversions Learning Goal: To practice Problem-Solving Strategy 1. The key idea is to express the same physical quanti ty in two different units and form an equality. the number of bathtub molecules contained in the can is .1 .

you would write .ANSWER: 8.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . If you were to complete the conversion and find the equivalent density in http://session.33 = 1000 Correct of 8.masteringphysics.33 .

Rank the given densities from most to least dense. One of them pulls directly nor th with = 500 . exerted by the third person so that the sum of the http://session. convert all the densities to a common set of units. 1 . it would have a mass of 1 EVALUATE your answer Part C The same physical quantity.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 10 of 33 Part B Now. you can must be less dense than water. ANSWER: View Correct These three densities are readily compared if they are converted to the SI unit of density. bef ore making your comparison. Since the units given are all different.00 Correct . Another pulls with = 400 in a direction west of north. convert the density of water to Hint B.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . In oth If you had three different objects with densities of 1 Hint C. which object would be the most dense? If all these densities were given in the same units.1 .1 How to approach the problem . Because the density of units you use to measure it. ANSWER: 1000 = 1. and 1 is less than 1 . as shown in the figure.masteringphysics. density. overlap them.3 Vector Addition Learning Goal: To practice Problem-Solving Strategy 1. If you had 1 of water (about the size of a sugar cube). Find the conversion factor between cubic meters and cubic centimeters Hint not d isplayed Express your answer in grams per cubic centimeter using three significant figure s.1 . To rank items as equivalent. you found that water has water must be the same regardless of what conclude that an object whose density is 1 er words. Above. The total force that they exert on the post is zero. such as ent units. can be reported using differ a density of . such as . : PSS 1. you could easily compare th e objects to identify the most dense and least dense.3 Vector Addition. Find the magnitude and direction of the force three forces is zero. Three p eople pull horizontally on ropes attached to a post.

In your drawing. By considering that the total force exerted on Hint A.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 11 of 33 Problem-Solving Strategy: Vector addition IDENTIFY the relevant concepts: Decide what your target variable is. adding them head to tail as outlined in the Set Up step of the strategy. This problem requires you to find bot h the magnitude and direction of one of the forces. and . and on the diagram below such that . EVALUATE your answer: Check your results for the magnitude and direction of the vector s um by comparing them with the rough estimates you made from your drawing. Be particularly careful with signs: Some components may be positive. The total force on the post is zero: tail of the first vector. EXECUTE the solution as follows: Find the x an d y components of each individual vector. You can decide by examining your drawing. IDENTIFY the relevant concepts Force is a vector quantity. and so on. and direction of the vector sum are given by . pl ace the tail of the first vector at the origin of the coordinates. . including signs. so vector addition must be used t o add the three forces acting on the post. the di rection.1 How to approach the problem . It may be the magnitude of the vector sum. . Add the individual x components algebraically. You have enough information to straightforwardly draw the vectors the post is zero. the magnitude . SET UP the problem using the following steps Part A Add vectors to the diagram below to indicate the vector sum of the three forces acting on the post: conventional choice of coordinates. with the +x axis as east and the +y axis as north. Draw the vect or sum vector to the head of the last vector. Draw . you can determine how to draw the unknown force . you'll use these estimates later to check your calculations. such that the total vector s um is zero. SET UP the problem using the following steps: Draw the individ ual vectors being summed and the coordinate axes being used. When a set of vectors sum to zero. is therefore drawn from the head of Draw vectors .2 How to draw the vector of the force exerted by the third person . Keep i n mind that the magnitude is always positive and that is measured from the +x ax is. place the tai l of the second vector at the head of the first vector. Use your drawing to make rough est imates of the magnitude and direction of from the tail of the first . The value of that you find with a calculator may be the correct one. Use the You should draw the three vectors corresponding to the forces applied to the pos t. Do the same for the y components to fi nd Then. the x component of the vector sum. or both. or it m ay be off by 180 degrees. to find . and record your results in a table. the head of the last vector must be located at the to the t ail of . Hint A. and some may be negative.

masteringphysics. correct answer displayed EXECUTE the solution as follows Part B Calculate the magnitude of the force exerted by the third person.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . Each unit on the graph is 100 ANSWER: View All attempts used.starting from the origin of the axes provided. http://session.

and . use the formula . separated by a comma. with the +x axis as east a nd the +y axis as north. to three significant figures. However. using the conventional choice of coordinates.2 Determine the vector components of the force exe rted by the second person It is important to use the correct angle and trigonometric function when calcula ting the component of a vector. Calculations using the angle measured from the +x axis will also give the correct sign (positive or negative) for the components. west of north. counterclockwise.1 How to approach the problem .200 Answer Requested Express the magnitude of ANSWER: in newtons to three significant figures. Consider the f orce vector = 400 . If the direction of the vector (with magnitude ) is described by the angle that it makes with the +x axis. You should use geometry to calculate an angle from the +x axis before using the above formulas. correct answer displayed . Express your answer to three 296 All attempts used. Express the x and y components of ANSWER: in newtons. and to find the negative of the x component of . Calculate the x and y components of the force . = -346. ANSWER: = that makes. = 781 Correct Part C Determine the direction in which the third person is pulling. . with the +x axis.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 12 of 33 Hint B. Once you know . add the y components of and to fin d the The total force on the post is zero: This can be written as Add the x components of negative of the y component of from the introduction. Hint B. then its components a re . Express the angle in degrees significant figures. the angle given in this problem is not measured from the +x axis. Similarly. .

and came up with a set of different values. not as correctly as y ou. south of east. ANSWER: http://session. You can check you r answer by comparing it to the diagram in Part A above.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .masteringphysics. Drag the appropriate values to their respective bins. . Pretend that you do not know the . to three significant figures: = 781 S ome other students calculated actual value of . and by considering the vector addition diagram in Part A. decide which of the following values could possibly be correct. both magnitude and direction. and which are definitely incorrect. you have been able to determine an un known force.EVALUATE your answer Part D By adding vectors using components.

along the x and y axes of the coordinate system. with the components separated by a comma. accele ration. though mathematically correct. The components of a vector depend on the coordi nate system's orientation.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 13 of 33 View Correct Vector Components--Review Learning Goal: To introduce you to vectors and the use of sine and cosine for a triangle when resolving components. is measured to the Express and in terms of the length of the vector and the angle .com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . you will fail to recoginze that . electrical circuits with oscillating currents. mathematics. respectively. They are used to discuss multivariab le calculus. leads to equations that must be simplified usin g trig identities Part B http://session. or . These must be used to reduce all trig functions present in your equations to either step flawlessly. . and . and your equations will not simplify so that you can progress further toward a s olution. and they have ma ny other applications. ANSWER: . stress and strain in structures and materials. Vectors are an important part of the languag e of science. you can determine the components of any vector with these expressi ons. Therefore. and flows of atmospheres and fluids. and angular momentum are all vector quantities. it is best to express all components in terms of either or . The figure shows the components of . Part A The figure shows the standard way of measuring the angle. and determine the signs of the trig functions by knowing in which quadrant the vector lies. velocity. Resolving a vector into components is a precursor to comp uting things with or about a vector quantity. will have the appropriate signs and values. the key being the angle between the vector and the co ordinate axes. and counterclockwise is positive. often designated . Because position. vector from the x axis. and engineering. momentum. = Correct In principle.masteringphysics. Unless yo u perform this followup in radians) and and lies in one of the other quadrants o f the plane. force. resolvi ng vectors into components is the most important skill required in a mechanics c ourse. with between 0 and 90 degrees (or 0 and in radians). If will be an angle larger than 90 degrees (or Unfortunately this way of re presenting such as and .

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2 Finding the trigonometric functions Hint not displayed Indicate the number of the figure with the correct orientation. The signs depend on which quadrant the vector lies in. the components must have the form and the other with or . ANSWER: 1 2 3 4 Correct http://session." and the y axis.masteringphysics. and the side opposite is yellow. you must figure out which angle is and then properly reorient the definitional tria ngle.1 Recommended procedure for resolving a vector into components Hint not displayed Hint B. Furthermore. To assign the sine and cosine correctly for vectors at arbitrary angles.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . As an example. most vectors will not lie in the first quadra nt. . consider the vector where you know the angle between shown in the diagram labeled "tilted axes. Which of the various ways of orienting the definitional triangle must be used to resolve into components in the tilted coordinate system shown? (In the figures. the side adjacent to is red. the hypotenuse is orange. and there will be one component with In real problems the optimal coordinate system is often rotated so that the x ax is is not horizontal.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 14 of 33 When you resolve a vector into components.) Hint B.

Finally. Correct Part D The space around a coordinate system is conventionally divided into four numbered quadrants depending on the signs of the x and y coordinates . Correct A Trip to Europe Learning Goal: To understand how to use dimensional analysis to solve problems. since appears on the top of the starting value. Note that the "dollar" unit. 1 to 1.20 . Dimensional analysis is a useful tool for solving problems that involve unit con versions. Since unit conversion is not limited to physics problems but is part o f our everyday life. ANSWER: 1. Which of these conditions are true in which qu adrants? Write the answer in the following way: If A were true in the third quadrant. enter "3. given the exchange rate . convert dollars to euros. the units can be canceled and the final result is .3 Correct Part E Now find the components and of in the tilted coordinate system of Part B. since dollars are divided by dollars. For example. that is. dimensional analysis could be used in problems involving currency exchange. This can also be wr itten as a fraction: . and D in the fourth. . C in the first.masteringphysics. 4" as your re sponse. 2.4. Next. . = and the angle . B i n the second.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 15 of 33 Part C Choose the correct procedure for determining the components of a vector i n a given coordinate system from this list: ANSWER: Align the adjacent side of a right triangle with the vector and the hypotenuse along a coordinate direction with as the included angle. with the components separated by a comma. Say you want to calculate how many euros you get if you exchange 3600 ( ). Begin by writing down the starting value.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . http://session.2. . should appear on the bottom of this conversion factor . . 3600 . Consider the following conditions: . Express your answer in terms of the length of the vector ANSWER: . Align the opposite side of a right triangle with the vector and the hypotenus e along a coordinate direction with as the included angle. Align the hypotenuse of a right triangle with the ve ctor and an adjacent side along a coordinate direction with as the included angl e. 1. Align the hypotenuse of a right triangle with the vector and the opposite side along a coordinate dir ection with as the included angle. correct use of conversion factors is essential to working t hrough problems of practical importance. This conversion involves multiplying by a simple conversion factor derived from the exchange rate: .

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2 Find the unit factor to express the cost of fuel in euros Hint not displayed Hint A. Part A You se lect a rental package that includes a car with an average consumption of 6. Remember that dimensional a nalysis involves multiplying a given value by a conversion factor. Hint B.1 How to approach the problem Begin with writing the consumption rate in liters per kilometer.4 Canceling units Hint not displayed Express your answer numerically in US dollars to three significant figures. Be sure to cancel units so that your answer is dimensionally co nsistent.3 Find the unit factor to convert euros to dollars Hint not displayed Hint A. Consider the euro-dollar exchange rate given in the introduction and use map you estimate that you will cover a total distance o f 5000 dimensional analysis to work through these simple problems.063 Hint A.2 Find the unit factor to convert kilometers to miles Which of these unit factors can be used to convert kilometers to miles? Hint B. By consulting a .3 Find the unit factor to convert liters to gallons Which of these unit factors can be used to convert liters to gallons? Hint B. ANSWER: Cost of fuel = 383 Correct Part B How many gallons of fuel would the rental car consume per mile? Hint B.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . The conversion factor can be the ratio of any two quan tities. Finally convert li ters to gallons. how much (in US dollars) will you spend in fuel in your trip? How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint A.3.1 Conversion factor Hint not displayed http://session.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 16 of 33 Currency exchange is only one example of many practical situations where dimensi onal analysis may help you to work through problems.1 of fuel per 100 . You and your friends are organizin g a trip to Europe. Your plan is to rent a car and drive through the major Europ ean capitals. Considering that in Europe t he .1 Conversion factor Hint not displayed ANSWER: Answer not displayed Hint B. as long as the ratio is equal to one. Then multiply t his by the unit factor needed to convert kilometers to miles. resulting in a value in the new units.2 .masteringphysics.00 av erage fuel cost is 1.

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2 Draw the vector . but.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 17 of 33 ANSWER: Answer not displayed Express your answer numerically in gallons per mile to three significant figures .54×10-2 All attempts used. of fuel in Europe? Hint C. keep in mind that the unlabeled vectors should not be part of your submission. Hint A.2 Find the unit factor to convert euros to dollars Hint not displayed Hint C. ANSWER: 4. The location of the vec tor is not important. You may use any extra (unlabeled) vectors that are h elpful.1 How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint C.masteringphysics.3 Find the unit factor to convert liters to gallons Hint not displayed Express your answer numerically in dollars per gallon to three significant figur es. ANSWER: Answer not displayed http://session. ANSWER: 2.1 .83 Correct Adding Scalar Multiples of Vectors Graphically Draw the vectors indicated. How to approach the problem You can add the vectors graphically or using components. but a graphical approac h will be the simplest. correct answer displayed Part C What is the average cost. in dollars per gallon. Part A Draw the vector Hint A. Draw The length and orientation of the vector will be graded.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . It may help to draw the vector first.

The sum of the two vectors is the vector that goes from the tail of the first vector to the tip of the second: The length and orientation of the vector will be graded. slide one vector (without rotating it) until its tip coincid es with the tail of the second vector.1 Draw the vectors . Part B Draw the vector Hint B.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 18 of 33 Hint A. The location of the vec tor is not important. ANSWER: View Answer Requested Now use the same technique to answer the next two parts. The locations of the v ectors are not important. Find and and .3 Adding vectors graphically To add two vectors.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . The length and orientation of the vectors will be graded. ANSWER: Answer not displayed http://session. Recall that mu ltiplying a vector by a negative number reverses its direction.

1 Draw the vectors and . ANSWER: View All attempts used.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .2 Adding vectors graphically To add two vectors. The location of the vec tor is not important. ANSWER: Answer not displayed http://session.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 19 of 33 Hint B. The locations of the v ectors are not important.masteringphysics. The length and orientation of the vectors will be graded. slide one vector (without rotating it) until its tip coincid es with the tail of the second vector. Find and . correct answer displayed Part C Draw the vector Hint C. The sum of the two vectors is the vector that goes from the tail of the first vector to the tip of the second: The length and orientation of the vector will be graded.

the clothing maker accepts (much to everyone's surpise) the initial price of 400 . documents.. dif ferent systems of units are used in different parts of the world. Part A If the clothing maker bought 500 Hint A. slide one vector (without rotating it) until its tip coincid es with the tail of the second vector. Ignorant of the local custom of offering strangers o utrageous prices and then negotiating down. Here is a simple example. ANSWER: View Correct Converting between Different Units Unit conversion problems can seem tedious and unnecessary at times. unit conversions a re often necessary.1 of this fabric. The location of the vec tor is not important. so when dealin g with international transactions.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 20 of 33 Hint C." decides to travel to the small island and buy the cloth himself. A clothing maker from New York.2 Adding vectors graphically To add two vectors. Seeing how popular the small quantity that they export has been. The inhabitants of a small island begin exporting beautiful cloth made from a rare plant that grows only on their island. The price of this cloth in New Yo rk is 120 . How to approach the problem Hint not displayed http://session. they st eadily raise their prices. thinking that he can save money by "cutting out the middleman. etc.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . The sum of the two vectors is the vector that goes from the tail of the first vector to the tip of the second: The length and orientation of the vector will be graded. However.masteringphysics. software. how much money did he lose? Use and .

37 Correct (3. or Imperial. Use the conversions and . Covered in Cash Part A How much would it cost to cover the entire United States (including Alask a and Hawaii) with dollar bills? Hint A.1 Determine what equation to use The "cost" of doing this is another way of asking for the "number of dollars (bi lls)" required to do this. if the NASA navigators believed that they were entering a force value of 1 5 four and a half times higher.3 Find the price in New York Hint not displayed Express your answer in dollars to three significant figures. In the United States. The unit of force in the SI system is the newton ( ). instead of enter ing orbit. whereas most engineers use the British. In 1998.32×104 Correct Still think that unit conversion isn't important? Here is a widely publicized. (Interestingly. which is defined in terms of the slug (British unit of mass). and s econd ( ) as How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint B. unit conversions are necessary. the blame for the loss of the 125-million-do llar probe was placed on the lack of communication between people at NASA that a llowed the units mismatch to go unnoticed. this story makes apparen t how important it is to carefully label the units used to measure a number. ANSWER: 5.0 Hint B.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 21 of 33 Hint A. 15 . most scientists use SI units. they were actually entering a value nearly Thus. British units are not used in Britain. 1 in pounds. whereas the software written by the probe's makers implicitly used British units. foot ( ). ). This is related to the area of the United States and the area of a dollar bill . Nonetheless. they added up during the trip of many millions of kilometers. Though these errors were only in tiny course corrections. .37 ). system of units. The resulting inquiry revealed that NASA navigators had been making m inor course corrections in SI units. which is defined in terms of basic SI units as British system is the pound ( Part B Find the value of 15. t he Mars Climate Orbiter probe crashed into the surface of Mars.2 Calculate the first conversion Hint not displayed Express your answer in pounds to three significant figures.2 Find how much he paid Hint not displayed Hint A.0 = 3. ANSWER: 15. What is the relation between cost and these areas? Express your answer in terms of . In the end. The unit of force in the . t rue story about how failing to convert units resulted in a huge loss.) For these two groups to be able to communicate to one another.

Cost = Answer not displayed Hint A.3 Find the area of a dollar bill http://session.2 Find the area of the United States Hint not displayed Hint A.ANSWER: and .com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .masteringphysics.

10 Correct = Part B Find the magnitude of ANSWER: . 0.0×106 per inhabitant Correct Finding the Cross Product The figure shows two vectors and separated by an angle .masteringphysics.0×1014 dollars Correct Part B What would be the cost to each person in the United States? Hint B. . and .com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .4 Find the area of the United States in square centime ters Hint not displayed Express your answer to one significant figure.1 Popu lation of the United States Hint not displayed Express your answer to one significant figure. ANSWER: 9.0 . = 0. You are given that . ANSWER: 3.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 22 of 33 Hint not displayed Hint A.707 Correct http://session. separated by commas. 10 Correct = Part C Find the sine of the angle between ANSWER: and . Part A Express ANSWER: as an ordered triplet of values.

3 Find the needed volume Hint not displayed Hint A.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . Order-of-magnitude problems are sometimes called Fe rmi problems.masteringphysics.0×1025 drops Correct Although order-of-magnitude calculations may seem silly at times. it is helpful to have an estimate in your head of the order of magnitude that yo u expect from the answer. ANSWER: 4.2 Radius of the earth Hint not displayed Hint A.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 23 of 33 How Many Drops in All the Oceans? Part A How many drops of water are in all the oceans on earth? Assume that conta ins 25 drops of water. The critical mass of a fissionable material is the minimum amount that m ust be brought together to start a chain reaction. Neptunium-237 has a How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint A. Any time that you are solving a problem in physics.02 Correct http://session. you wou ld immediately know that you had done something wrong. so you should expect that you will only find rough estimates for the numbers you require. When the first atomic bomb was tested.2 Convert the critical mass to grams Hint not displayed Hint A. after the physicist Enrico Fermi who was reportedly a master of su ch approximate calculations.4 Volume of a sphere Hint not displayed Express your answer in centimeters to three significant figures. Fermi was ab le to get a rough estimate of the power that the bomb released by throwing some torn bits of paper into the air as the pressure wave from the bomb passed him an d then performing a rough calculation. Hint A. if you were trying to find the average s peed of a car over a long trip and got an answer of 1000 miles per hour. Remember that this is an order-ofmagnitude problem. For instance. a group of scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory det ermined that the critical mass of neptunium-237 is about density of Part A What would be the radius Hint A.3 Percent of the earth covered by ocean Hint not displayed Hint A. because your answer has t he wrong order of magnitude. Neptunium In the fall of 2002.1 Mean depth of the oceans Hint not displaye d Hint A.4 Surface area of a sphere Hint not d isplayed Express your answer to one significant figure. ANSWER: = 9. .1 of a sphere of neptunium-237 that has a critical ma ss? . they are a maj or tool used by physicists.

as shown in the figure . Which of the foll owing choices demonstrates correct rounding? Check all that apply.0 . the position of the airplane relative to the origin is magnitude of 360 and is located at exactly 40 .masteringphysics. Tracking a Plane A radar station. until it has is 880 ). The position vector has a above the horizon. Part A Define the displacement of the airplane while the radar was tracking it: Hint A.3 . The airplane is tracked for another 123 the origin is (the magnitude of in the vertical east-west plane for 5.67263. The contact poi nts are shown in the passed directly over the station and reached point B. the mass of a proton is .67262. ANSWER: Correct All these options are correct. ANSWER: Correct The number is incorrect because when we round to four significant figures we get 1. Part B To eight significant figures.672.2 Finding the com ponents of Hint not displayed Hint A.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . Similarly. Which of the follo wing choices demonstrates correct rounding? Check all that apply. At first observat ion (point A). located at the origin of xz plane. The position of point B re lative to diagram. What are the components of ? http://session. eve n though the numerical value is the same. where the x axis represents the ground and the positive z dir ection is upward. det ects an airplane coming straight at the station from the east.673. Avogadro's constant is .1 How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint A. they represent different levels of precision.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 24 of 33 Significant Figures Part A To seven significant figures. is incorrect because when we round to six signific ant figures we get 1. not 1. not 1.

The following vectors are at the angles listed and are shown on the graph below.1 Ad ding vectors graphically Hint not displayed Rank from largest to smallest. ANSWER: View All attempts used. separating the x and z components with a comma. Hint B. All angle measures fall between 0 and 360 . http://session. Vectors parallel to the positive x axis hav e an angle of 0 . overlap them. with the x axis as 0 . -1100. Part A Rank the vector combinations on the basis of their magnitude.26 Correct = Vector Addition Ranking Task Six vectors ( through ) have the magnitudes and directions indicated in the figu re. to two significant figures.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 25 of 33 Finding the components of Hint not displayed Express ANSWER: in meters as an ordered pair.1 The angle of a vector Angle of a vector is to be measured counterclockwise from the x axi s.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . To rank items as equivalent. Hint A. correct answer displayed Part B Rank the vector combinations on the basis of their angle.masteringphysics. measured counte rclockwise from the positive x axis.

= Part B What is the angle Hint B. To rank items as equivalent.masteringphysics.33 Correct Part C ANSWER: 30 Correct = Part D http://session.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 26 of 33 Notice that the magnitude of the vector is irrelevant when determining its angle Rank from largest to smallest. ANSWER: View Answer Requested Vector Dot Product Let vectors Calculate the following: Part A Hint A.1 between and ? Remember the definition of dot products Hint not displayed ANSWER: = 2. . and . overlap them.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .1 Remember the dot product eq uation Hint not displayed ANSWER: -10 Correct .

1 are parallel. What is the angle between perpendicula r vectors? Hint not displayed ANSWER: = Correct Part H If and Hint H.masteringphysics.2 Remember the definition of dot products Hint not displayed Express your answer in terms of ANSWER: = Correct Part G If and Hint G. http://session.1 Dot product operator Hin t not displayed ANSWER: Correct and are different vectors with lengths and respectively. Find the following: Part F Hint F.1 are perpendicular.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 27 of 33 ANSWER: = 30 Correct Part E Which of the following can be computed? Hint E. What is the angle between parallel vectors? Hint not displayed Express your answer in terms of and .1 What is the angle between a vector and itself? Hint not displaye d Hint F.

= Part F http://session.1 How to approach this proble m Hint not displayed .4.8 radians Correct Part E Express your answer as an ordered triplet of components ANSWER: -20. .11. = Part C ANSWER: 11 Correct = Part D Determine the angle Hint D.1 Magnitude of a vector Hint not displayed Express your answer as an ordered triplet ANSWER: 2. Express your answer as an ordered triplet of components ANSWER: 14. where are the components of the vectors along . ANSWER: = 1.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .83.58 Correct with commas to separate the magnitudes.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 28 of 33 ANSWER: = Correct Vector Math Practice Let vectors Calculate the following: Part A Hint A. and .5.masteringphysics. to two significant figures. and respectively.45. Definition of the dot product Hint not displayed Express your answer numerically in radians. .12 Correct with commas to separate the components.15 Correct with commas to separate the components.2.1 between and . = Part B Hint B.

com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 29 of 33 ANSWER: = -39 Correct Vectors in a Unit Cell In nature. The terms . . and z directions. substances often possess a crystalline structure. y. in the x. and .1 from point C to point O? Remember vector notation . ANSWER: = All attempts used. Part A What is the vector Hint A. . is written . and z directions. The basic component of a crystal is the unit cell. . In the questions that follow express your answers in terms of the unit vector s that is. . and . ANSWER: = ? Correct http://session. respectively. and A vector with components are the components (projections of length that can have either sign) along the t hree directions. correct answer displayed from point O to point E? Part C What is the vector ANSWER: = from point O to point F? Correct Part D What is the vector from A to B. such as the rectangular parallelpiped illustrate d. and in the x. y. correct answer displayed Part B What is the vector ANSWER: = All attempts used.masteringphysics. is written . . a vector with components respectively.

Be careful with your si gns.2 Find the y component of Hint no t displayed Hint A.500 west. Express in component form. and finally = 0. let be the displacement vector corresponding to the second leg of the student's trip. 1. ANSWER: = 1. The origin is still where the student starts biking. then = 0. Let be the di splacement vector corresponding to the first leg of the student's trip. Be careful with your si gns.3 Find the x component of Hint not displayed Hint A.03 Correct This direct distance is sometimes called the distance "as the crow flies.masteringphysics. what distance bird cover? Hint A.. = -0. the x component is written first. Take the north direction as the positive y direction and east a s positive x.10 north. Express your answer as two numbers separated by a comma (e.0." Part B You will now find the same quantity algebraically.g. Express in component form. http://session. correct answer displayed Part C Similarly.500. = 0.1.0 Correct Part D Finally. By conv ention.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 30 of 33 Part E What is the vector ANSWER: = from point B to point E? Correct Biking Vectors A student bikes to school by traveling first Part A If a bird were to start out from the origin (where the student starts) and fly directly (in a straight line) to the school.4 Magnitu de of a vector Hint not displayed would the = 1. let be the displacement vector corresponding to the last leg of the student's trip.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . Express your answer in miles.2. Express your answer as two numbers separated by a comma. without the need to us e much geometry. Express your answer as two numbers separated by a comma.1 How to approach the problem b y finding components Hint not displayed Hint A.10 All attempts used. ANSWER: . Express in component form. ANSWER: .0).200 south.

1 How to add vectors algebraically .com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .1 .10 Hint A. ANSWER: . D epending on the The magnitude of a vector with components individual vectors in a given situation. you can decide whether the geometric or the algebraic approach would be more suitable. Hint E. type in component form. = 0. You can find the components of you would get .900 Correct and is given by .masteringphysics. and calculate its value. Using this definition. the angle north of west of the path followed by the bird.1 How to approach the problem in vacuum? http://session. For You are given that example. Express your answer as two numbers separated by a comma. find Hint F.-0.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 31 of 33 ANSWER: .2 Method 2: Ve ctor equations Hint not displayed Express your answer numerically in degrees. Be careful with your si gns. by comparing components on either side of this equation.9 Correct Moving at the Speed of Light Part A How many nanoseconds does it take light to travel a distance of 5.200 Correct Part E The displacement vector for the bird can be written as (see the figure ). = -0. In the space provided.500. Part F Finally. Write down a similar equation for the y component . Method 1: Simple trigonometry Hint not displayed Hint F. ANSWER: = 60. for Use this equation to find the x component. you ca n check that this approach yields the same value for as the one found earlier.0.

Hint A. http://session.70×10-5 Answer Requested . how many seconds does it take light to travel a distance of 5. it is best to select a coordinate system and manipulate the components of the vectors in th at coordinate system. Now convert the time into nanoseconds.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 32 of 33 Hint not displayed Hint A.2. ANSWER: 1.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 . ANSWER: 5.1 Conversion of kilometers to meters Hint not displayed Express your answer numerically in meters.10 = 5100 Correct Express your answer numerically in seconds. ANSWER: 1.2 Convert Convert the given distance to meters = 5. This i s a good way to think of vectors.10 to meters. to calculate results with vectors.masteringphysics.70×104 Correct Resolving Vector Components with Trigonometry Often a vector is specified by a magnitude and a direction. Recall that Express your answer numerically in nanoseconds.1.2.2 Find how many seconds it takes light to travel the g iven distance .2.1 Find the time it takes light to travel a certain distance be the speed of light. however. a rope with tension exerts a force of magnitude in a direction 35 north of east.2.1 The speed of an object Hint not displayed ANSWER: Correct Hint A. for example.2. How long does it take light to travel a distance ? Let Hint A.10 ? Given that the speed of light in vacuum is Hint A.

0 with respect to the x axis as shown.0.1 with length = 1.03 out of a possible total of 100 points. What is the x component? Hint not displayed Enter the x component followed by the y component.1 with length = 1. .com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=142576 7 9/16/2010 .0 with respect to the x axis as shown.819 Correct Score Summary: Your score on this assignment is 86%.00 and angle = 10. ANSWER: = 0.0 as shown.1 with length = 1. What is the x component? Hint not displayed Enter the x component followed by the y component.0.574. separated by a comma. ANSWER: = -0. Method 1: Find the angle that makes with the positive x axis Hint not displayed Hint C.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 33 of 33 Part A Find the components of the vector Hint A.2 Method 2: Use vector addition Hint not displayed Enter the x component followed by the y component.masteringphysics. You received 86.985.342 Correct Part B Find the components of the vector Hint B. separated by a comma.940. ANSWER: = 0. despite 's placement with respect to the y axis on the Part C Find the components of the vector Hint C.00 and angle 3 5.0. separated by a comma.00 and angle = 20. that is. still have the same form.174 Correct The components of drawing. http://session.