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LGfL E-SAFETY SURVEY FINDINGS

Helen Warner and Christian Smith On behalf of London Grid for Learning Esafety Board

LGfL Survey
•! Undertaken in Q1 2013 •! Interim results published June 2013 •! Full results - Safer Internet Day 2014 •! Around 17000 pupil responses •! Years 3-9 (c third KS3) •! Even gender split •! All London LA’s represented (but c55% Havering and Redbridge).

ACCESS

Where is the computer you access most? By Total %
90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 14.34% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 0.29% 0.71% 4.62%

Grand Total
0.54% 0.86%

0.97%

At a friend's house At a relative's house At home At school I use my mobile device or phone In a library In a youth club Somewhere else Year Year Year Year Year Year Year 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

77.66%

Key Findings: Home = key area of access. Mobile device access increases with age.

10.00% 0.00%

Where is the computer you access most? By Year (excluding home)
25.00% 20.00%

15.00%

Key Findings: Role of school access shrinks with age. Personalised access increasing.

At a friend's house

At a relative's house At school

10.00%

I use my mobile device or phone In a library

5.00%

In a youth club

Somewhere else 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9

What Devices do you use? (Totals)
on a computer on a games console 2.10% 8.32% 9.93% on a mobile phone on a TV

Key Findings: Computers still dominate (across all years). Tablets? Significant number access via games consoles. Mainly Boys (3x more likely).

79.66%

Girls more likely to access on mobile device.

Do you share your computer?
70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00%

Key Findings: Half use a shared device. But rise of personal device to half of Y9s

30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9

12.19% 33.07%

I share with a brother or sister I share with whole family It's just for me

54.74%

Where do you use your computer?
60.00% 50.00% 40.00% a laptop or device used in many rooms in a room mainly used by mum or dad 30.00% in a shared living room in brother / sisterƒ??s bedroom in my bedroom

20.00%

10.00%

0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 14.12% 36.40% 7.75% in a room mainly used by mum or dad in a shared living room in brother / sisterƒ??s bedroom a laptop or device used in many rooms

Key Findings: Third KS2 pupils access from their bedroom, rising to over half by Year 9.

38.77%

2.74% 0.23%

Would you like more use at school outside of school hours?
70.00% Don't know No 60.00% Yes

50.00%

40.00%

30.00%

20.00%

Key Findings: Yes! About half of pupils want more access at school.

10.00%

0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9

Do Your Parents Know What You Do Online?
Never 50% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Some of the time Most of the time Always

Key Findings: KS2 less than half of parents know. As pupils get older, parental knowledge declines. Boys more likely to hide browsing habits than girls.

Access Implications?
Significant % do not have ‘ready home access’. Impact on home learning? Shared devices - filtering and security? Does your school provide extra access? Know home situation for your pupils? Home access issues: bedroom / games consoles / mobile, parental involvement. What does your school do to inform and raise parental awareness?

USAGE

What do you do online? (by %)
20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9

Key Findings: Fun and games! And school work.

What Types of Websites Do You Regularly Use? Key Stages 1/2
•! Top Usages (All) •! Games - 21% •! Youtube - 19% •! Virtual Worlds -13% •! Search Engine - 6% •! Educational Maths - 5% •! School Website - 4% •! Social Networking - 3% •! Top Usages (BvG)
Gaming! Youtube! Virtual Worlds! Search Engine! Educ. Maths! Social Network! School Website! Boys! 22%! 20%! 10%! 6%! 4%! 3%! 3%! Girls! 19%! 17%! 14%! 6%! 6%! 2%! 5%!

Key Findings: Girls more varied in sites visited Gaming and Video (YouTube). Passive consumption rather than creation.

What Types of Websites Do You Regularly Use? Key Stage 3
•! Top Usages (All) •! Social Networking- 25% •! Video and TV - 28% •! Search Engine – 11% •! Games - 8% •! Email - 4% •! Top Usages (BvG)
Social Network! Youtube! Search Engine! eMail! Gaming! Boys! 17%! 34%! 10%! 1%! 12%! Girls! 30%! 24%! 13%! 6%! 5%!

Key Findings: By KS3, Social Networking and Video (Youtube). Gaming significantly less Distinct gender differences - girls less gaming, more social

What types of games do you play? Boys v Girls
% of boys
20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% 17.9% 14.5% 9.2% 7.9% 5.6% 5.3%

Key Findings: Gender differences. Boys: football and violence. Girls: ‘dress-up’ games.
Low User Children Games Football Games

2.7% 2.1% 2.0% 1.8% 1.8% 1.8% 1.6% 1.5%

Call of Duty Multi Games Site Driving and Racing Minecraft Mario and Sonic Games

% of girls
20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% 19.0% 14.1% 5.5% 5.2% 4.1% 3.9% 3.7% 3.6% 3.4% 2.6% 2.4% 2.4% Low User Children Games Multi Games Site 2.3% 2.0% Dressing Up Games Moshi Monster Games Movie Star Planet BBC & CBBC - All general and unspecified Educational Maths

What types of games do you play? Key findings: by Key Stage
% of KS1&2
20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% 18.4% 12.1% 7.2% 4.0% 4.0% 3.4% 3.4% 3.3% 3.2% 3.2% 3.0% 2.9% 2.8% 2.5%

Multi games sites e.g. Friv. popular
Low User Children Games Multi Games Site Football Games Moshi Monster Games Driving and Racing Minecraft Club Penguin Call of Duty BBC & CBBC - All general and unspecified Bin Weevils Dressing Up Games Educational Maths Movie Star Planet Mario and Sonic Games

% of KS3
20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% 18.6% 9.9% 9.6% 6.7%

Low User Children Games Multi Games Site 4.3% 4.2% 3.0% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.2% 2.1% 2.0% 1.7% Football Games Call of Duty Minecraft Driving and Racing Moshi Monster Games

Who do you Play Games with online? All pupils
50.00% 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% Yes - with older brother or sister 30.00% Yes - with my mum or dad or carer 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 No - very rarely or never play computer games Yes - play mainly on my own Yes - with friends Yes - with online friends

Key Findings: Gaming tends to be with people they know. But 20% of Y5/6 with online friends. Social gaming drops KS3. Girls decline more.

Usage Implications?
Creative use is a lot smaller than expected, Passive consumption Ensure younger children understand risks of multi-user gaming? 18+ games (Boys - Y5 upwards) ? Tackling gender stereotyping? Online platform use directed by schools has impact Support parent / carers make good choices (PEGI rating)? http://www.commonsensemedia.org/game-reviews http://www.pegi.info/en/index/

.

ONLINE BEHAVIOUR: CONDUCT

Have you ever found things online that make you feel uncomfortable or worried?
5.02% 3.49% 7.88% Just a few times but I did not tell an adult 19.21% Just a few times but I told an adult Never Often, but I usually keep it to myself Often, but I usually tell an adult

Key Findings: ~Two thirds report “never”. Consistency across years. Find frequency increases with age. Reporting to adult reduces with age to 10% (Y9) never tell anyone. Girls a little more likely to report.

64.41%

Boys
5.67 %

3.17 7.76 % %

Girls
4.41 % 3.78 7.99 % %

16.89 % 62.48 %

21.33 %

66.51 %

Have you ever received a message or picture that upset or bullied you?
2.14% 10.05% Many times Never Sometimes 87.81% 12.00% 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% Many times Sometimes

Boys
Year Year Year Year Year Year Year 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Key Findings: 88% = NO. But 2% are constantly harassed. (~300 children) Reduction across KS2 but rise with KS3 boys. Girls ~30% more likely to have “sometimes” received a message than boys.

14.00% 12.00% 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% Year Year Year Year Year Year Year 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Girls

Many times Sometimes

Who did you tell?
20.00% 18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 I didn't tell anyone I told a friend I told a teacher I told another trusted adult I told my parent / carer

Key Findings Most likely to tell their parent but declines with age. Small % tell teacher, more would tell a friend. Significant number never tell ~ 2-5% (c700 pupils)

Did telling someone help it stop?
18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 No - it made things worse No - they did not help me Yes - they helped me and it has stopped Yes - they helped me but it has not stopped

Key Findings: Two thirds of cases telling helped and bullying stopped. There are still significant number of instances where telling has not helped or made issues worse. (up to 6% c1,000 pupils)

Have you ever sent a silly, unkind or nasty Key Findings: message? (By Year)
6.78% 5.31% 5.94% Don't know / not sure No Yes - a few times Yes - only once

81.97% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% 10.00%

~18% perpetrators (1 in 5) As students get older they are more likely to have sent an abusive message. Boys (~7%) more than girls (~4%).
Note: Lack of clarity in question may be issue - “silly”

Don't know / not sure 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Yes - a few times Yes - only once

Online Conduct Implications?
Online bullying behaviour less than some studies shown but still significant (~ 3-4 children per class affected)? Do you know extent / who / issues in your class / school? Do you do activities that support empathy? Bystander? Need to support ‘telling’. Do you have any peer mentoring? But … telling must help! Parents / Carers key role key and knowing how to react / where help. How do you support your parents?

ONLINE BEHAVIOUR: CONTACT

Do you have a Social Network Site?
90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 24.75% 7.72% 7.56% No Yes Yes - it's a shared family site Yes - my parents helped me and monitor it No Yes Yes - it's a shared family site 59.97% Yes - my parents helped me and monitor it

Key Findings: From Y5 rise in Facebook. 50% Y8s. Significant numbers have family or parent sanctioned pages from earlier age.

Have you made friends with people online you didn’t know before?
Key Findings: About a third overall say yes. Boys are significantly more likely to make friends online with people they don’t know in real life.
10.12% 19.63%

Many times No Sometimes

70.25%

Have you ever met Face to Face people you only know online?
9.00% 8.00% 7.00% 6.00% 5.00% 4.00% 3.00% 2.00% 1.00% 0.00% Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 3.18% 3.99% 2.86% No Yes and I met up with them on my own Yes but I took a friend with me Yes but my parent / adult came with me 89.97% Yes but my parent / adult came with me

10% who said “Yes”

Yes and I met up with them on my own Yes but I took a friend with me

Key Findings: 3% reported meeting up with online friends on their own.

Impact of KS2 education then risky behaviour rises from Y7

Categories for descriptions of the person they meet online: 0. Perceived dubious response or question misunderstood 1. Low risk a. Family member, introduced by family b. Stranger, but family mediated (e.g. pen-friend that parents or teacher managed the meeting) 2. Medium risk a. Introduced by a friend b. Chose to meet in safe conditions (took friend or chose to meet at school where teachers present) 3. a. b. c.

Types of meetings - By total
12.53%

0 (dubious) 1(Low Risk) 2(Medium Risk) 3 (High Risk)

14.53%

57.20% 15.58%

High risk Stranger, no safety precaution Person was not as they had represented themselves online Listed as a friend of a friend on social networking system

Key Findings: 13% children undertook “high risk” meetings (460 pupils). Not just older students. Boys twice as likely to undertake.

Social Networking Implications?
Reinforce 13+ for most sites Parents knowledge and behaviours Still need to teach best practice and start at a younger age Need to reinforce the dangers of highest risks No complacency …

CONCLUSIONS

Key Conclusions
•! Most children having fun online and they experience little of

concern and do not put themselves at risk. •! Esafety Education is having impact, but mainly on KS2. •! Y5-6 is a watershed period. •! Home is where young people have most access and face risks, likely to increase with widening mobile access. •! Schools’ access is important, and could perhaps be improved. •! Online bullying is a significant issue for those affected. •! Gender stereotypes strong online. •! Significant number of boys playing age inappropriate games. •! High risk behaviours displayed by c3%. •! Boys are as much at risk as girls. •! Parents knowledge is important.

Key messages for schools
•! Embed an eSafety programme throughout all years and ensure

pupils know how to report concerns or issues. •! Model good behaviour. •! If in London - use the LGfL! •! Find out about your own setting.

•! Tackle gender issues; caring and relationships within

curriculum (e.g. PHSE). •! Violence in gaming - explore options for getting students engaged in pro-social experiences. •! Access - consider use of after school “computing clubs!. •! Keep parents advised with eSafety advice throughout the year. •! Never over react or ignore reports – make sure you have staff training.

Key messages for parents
•! Talk with your child about what they do online. •! With younger (primary) pupils – keep the computer in a

shared area. •! Monitor the games and videos your child plays to ensure age appropriate or message sound. •! Do not assume that risks are less because children are younger. •! Enable parental controls and consider consider younger and most vulnerable users on shared devices where possible. •! Never over react or ignore reports and seek help from school staff or online parental support.

London Grid for Learning - LGfL.net

Christian Smith

Helen Warner

•! Education Technologies Consultant •! Strictly Education •! Member of LGfL eSafety Board •! christian.smith@strictlyeducation.co.uk

•! Head of ICT Support Services •! 3BM Education Partners •! Member of LGfL eSafety Board •! helen.warner@3bm.co.uk

On behalf of The London Grid for Learning and the London E-safety Board

www.lgfl.net