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SEERAH: MAKKI PERIOD Taught by Kamran Kiyani

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Glossary
• SAWe: Salallahu Aleihi Wasallam (Peace be upon him) • RA t: Radiallahu Anhu (May Allah be pleased with him)
• AS u: Aleihi salaam (Upon him be peace)

• • • •

Risala: revelation, message Du’a: supplication, “prayer” Shari’a: Islamic Law Ka’ba: The house of worship built by Ibraheemu which is the structure towards which Muslims face when they worship

The Meccan Phase (~13 years)
Three Distinct Stages
– The stage of the secret Call: three years

– The stage of the proclamation of the Call in Makkah: from the beginning of the fourth year of Prophethood to almost the end of the tenth year
– The stage of the call to Islam and propagating it beyond Makkah: From the end of the tenth year of the Prophethood until Muhammad'se emigration to Madinah

S E E R A H :M E C C A N P E R I O D

‫‪Makkah .The Barren Valley‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َٰ‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫وإ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫اج‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آم‬ ‫د‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ْب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫اج‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫يم‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ق‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫ْ َ ُ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ َ ً َ ْ ُْ َ َ َّ‬ ‫‪َ ‬‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ص‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫د‬ ‫ام ‪٣٥‬‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫أَن ن ُ‬ ‫َّاس ۖ فَمن تَبِعنِي فَِإنَّو ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫منّْي ۖ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ير‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ض‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ر ّْ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫بإ ُ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ً َ‬ ‫رِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫يم ‪٣٦‬‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ف‬ ‫غ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ي‬ ‫صان‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ن َ‬ ‫عَ‬ ‫وَ‬ ‫مْ‬ ‫َ ٌ ٌ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ ‫غ‬ ‫اد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫نت‬ ‫ك‬ ‫َس‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫َ ْ َ َْ َ‬ ‫ربَّنَا إ ْ ُ‬ ‫َ ْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ع‬ ‫اج‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ة‬ ‫َل‬ ‫الص‬ ‫وا‬ ‫يم‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ْم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ة ّْ‬ ‫دً‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ل أَفْئ َ‬ ‫ن النَّاس تَ ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫هوي إلَْيه ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫مَ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ن ‪( ٣٧‬‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ر‬ ‫َّم‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ار‬ ‫و‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫رو َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫)سورة ابراهيم‪(35-37‬‬ .

Makkah . and whoever disobeys me .indeed. "My Lord. Our Lord. O Muhammad]. You are [yet] Forgiving and Merciful.The Barren Valley “And [mention. My Lord. make this city [Makkah] secure and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful. our Lord. when Abraham said.then he is of me. that they may establish prayer. I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House. indeed they have led astray many among the people.” (Surat 'Ibrāhīm 35-37) . So whoever follows me .

The Barren Valley‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ۖ‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫يل‬ ‫اع‬ ‫م‬ ‫س‬ ‫إ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ْب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫د‬ ‫اع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫يم‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫‪َ‬‬ ‫وإ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ َ‬ ‫َ َْ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ ْ‬ ‫ميع الْعلِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫يم ‪١٢٧‬‬ ‫َنت َّ‬ ‫أ َ‬ ‫الس ُ َ ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫رنَا منَ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫س‬ ‫م‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ُم‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫أ‬ ‫كنَا‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫اس َ‬ ‫وْ‬ ‫اج َ‬ ‫علْنَا ُ‬ ‫سل َ ْ َ َ ُ ّْ َ ً ْ َ ً َ َ َ‬ ‫مْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ربَّنَا َ‬ ‫الرِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫يم‪١٢٨‬‬ ‫ح‬ ‫اب‬ ‫َّو‬ ‫الت‬ ‫َنت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫علَْي نَا ۖ إ َ َ‬ ‫ب َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وتُ ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اب‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ْك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ات‬ ‫آي‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫وًل‬ ‫س‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫وابْ َ‬ ‫ث ف ْ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َْ َ ْ ْ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ ُ ُ َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ربَّنَا َ‬ ‫زيز الْح ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫يم‪(١٢٩‬‬ ‫ْع‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫َنت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ۖ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ز‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ْح‬ ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫وال َ َ َ ُ ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ َ ُ َ ُ‬ ‫)سورة البقرة ‪(١٢٧ -١٢٩‬‬ .‫‪Makkah .

Indeed. Indeed. "Our Lord.Makkah . [saying].The Barren Valley “And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael. You are the Exalted in Might. Our Lord.“ (Surat Al-Baqarah 127-129) . the Knowing. the Merciful. Our Lord. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. You are the Accepting of repentance. the Wise. accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing. and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them.

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[Muslim] .Angel In The Desert “ • Related by Anast Jibreelu came down and ripped Muhammad’se chest open and took out his heart.” They all rushed towards him and found him all right. Only his face had turned pale. “That was a part of Satan in thee. After that the heart was joined together and restored to its place. He then extracted a bloodclot out of it and said. The boys and playmates came running to his (nurse) mother and said. Muhammade has been murdered.” And then he washed it with the water of Zamzam in a gold basin. “Verily.

S E E R A H :M E C C A N P E R I O D .

Uzza – Wadd. Suwa‟. Yaguth. Ya‟ooq. Manat. Nasr ِ ‫ًل‬ ِ ِ ِ َّ َٰ ‫ء‬ ‫ؤ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ًل‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ًل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ون‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ُ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ َ ْ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ ْ ُ ُّ ُ َ َ َ َ ‫دو‬ ُ ُ‫عب‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ْ َ‫وي‬ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫السماو‬ ِ َّ َّ ‫ات‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ًل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫َت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ق‬ ۖ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ؤ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ش‬ َ ُ ّْ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ُ َ ُ َ ْ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ ْ ُ ِ ِ‫ش‬ ِ َ ‫س‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ۖ ‫ر‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ي‬ (١٨‫ن‬ ‫ض‬ َ ْ َ‫و‬ َّ ‫ع‬ ُ‫ر‬ َ ‫كو‬ ْ ُ‫ما ي‬ َ َٰ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ‫ًل ف‬ َ (‫ سورة يونس‬١٨) “Say.The Idols Every tribe and household has its own idols – Laat. "Do you inform Allah of something He does not know in the heavens or on the earth?" Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him” (Surat Yūnus 18) .

• Performing pilgrimage to the idols. . seeking refuge with them. • Seeking favor of idols through various kinds of sacrifices. calling for their help in hardship. circumrotation around them. self-abasement and even prostrating themselves before the idols. and supplication to them for fulfillment of wishes. acclamation of their names. in the hope that the idols would mediate with Allah for the fulfillment of people‟s wishes.How the Idols were Worshipped • Self-devotion to the idols.

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Longing In Seclusion “ • Umm al-mu‟mineen. He used to go in seclusion to the cave of Hira’ where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. „Aisha reports. The commencement of the divine inspiration to Allah’s apostlee came in the form of good dreams which came true like bright daylight and the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. [Bukhari] . He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadeejah to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira’.

Recite. and your Lord is the most Generous –” (Surat Al-`Alaq 1-3) .Longing In Seclusion ‫بسم اهلل الرحمن الرحيم‬ ِ ِ‫ن‬ ِ ِ َّ ِ ِ ٍ َ‫عل‬ ١ ۖ٢‫ق‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اًل‬ ‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اس‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ق‬ ْ َ َّْ ْ ْ َ ‫ا‬ َ ْ َ َ ْ ْ َ ََ َ ََ ْ ِ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ك‬ ‫اًل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ق‬ (ۖ ٣ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ْ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ َُّ َ ْ َ ‫ا‬ ( ‫ سورة العلق‬١-٣) “Recite in the name of your Lord who created Created man from a clinging substance.

You keep good relations with your kith and kin. "I fear that something may happen to me." Khadija replied. help the poor and the destitute. serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones. during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. who. "Cover me! Cover me!" They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said. Allah will never disgrace you." Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza. "Never! By Allah. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid and said.“ Longing In Seclusion Allah's Apostle returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write… .

"Listen to the story of your nephew." [Bukhari] . "Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility. and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly. Khadija said to Waraqa. "O my nephew! What have you seen?" Allah's Apostle described whatever he had seen. "Will they drive me out?" Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said. O my cousin!" Waraqa asked. Waraqa said. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out. "This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses.“ Longing In Seclusion ." Allah's Apostle asked.

your closest kindred” (Surat Ash-Shu`arā' 214) . [O Muhammad].The People ِ ِ ِ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ق‬ ‫اًل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ (٢١٤ۖ ‫ن‬  ْ ْ ْ َ َ َ َ َ ْ ْ ْ َ َ َ َ (٢١٤ ‫)سورة الشعراء‬ “And warn. .

and ruined is he.the carrier of firewood.” [Surat Al-Masad 1-5] ٍ ِ ٰ ٓ ٓ َّ َّ ‫ما‬ ‫و‬ ٗ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ن‬ ‫غ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ١ ‫ب‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ب‬ َّ َ َ ُ َ ْ َ َ‫ت‬ َ ْ ْ ُ َ َ َ ْ ََ َ َ ٰ ٍ ‫ات لَه‬ ٗ ٗ‫رتُه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ښ‬ ٣ ‫ب‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ى‬ ‫م‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ي‬ ‫س‬ ٢ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬ ‫ك‬ َّ َ‫ام َا‬ َ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ََ ْ َ ً ٍ ‫مس‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ (٥ٗ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫د‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ج‬ ٤ ‫ب‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ َّ َّ ‫ح‬ ِّ َ‫ح‬ ٌ َ ‫مالَةَ اْل‬ َ َ ْ َْ َ ْ ْ The People ‫بسم اهلل الرحمن الرحيم‬ . He will [enter to] burn in a Fire of [blazing] flameAnd his wife [as well] .( ١-٥‫)سورة المسد‬ “May the hands of Abu Lahab be ruined. Around her neck is a rope of [twisted] fiber. His wealth will not avail him or that which he gained.

S E E R A H :M E C C A N P E R I O D .

Allah will verily protect your father.” • “Do not weep.” .Close Relatives • Abu Lahab‟s opposition – – – – Physical abuse Forcing his two sons to divorce the Prophet‟se daughters Gloating at the death of the Prophet‟se son Shadowing the Prophete to belie him and incite the Arabs against him • “O my uncle! By Allah if they were to put the sun on my right hand and the moon on my left on the condition that I abandon this course. my daughter. I will not do it until Allah has made me victorious or I perish therein.

soothsayer.A Society Against The Truth • Ways in which they opposed the Da‟wah – Ridiculing labels (e. ancient stories. magician) – Creating doubts about the origin of the Qur‟an (e. poet. they will give up part of their belief if Muhammade gives up part of his – Physical ridicule – Physical torture of Muslims who had no tribal support . madman.g. liar. work of fiction or that someone teaches Muhammad e) – Contrasting Islam with the mythology of ancient nations – Compromise. possessed.g.

” • Bilalt was severely beaten by his master Umayyah Bin Khalaf • Uthman bin Affant was tortured by his uncle • Mus‟ab bin Umairt was kicked out of his house . you will verily find your home in paradise.A Society Against The Truth • “Be patient O family of Yasir.

A Society Against The Truth • What kept the believers patient – Unshakable belief in Allah – Love of leadership of Muhammade – The realization that “We are responsible” – Unshakable belief in the day of judgment – Revelation from Allah at specific incidents – Promise of victory .

If you are doing all this with a view to getting wealth. If you desire kingship. “ [Utbah bin Rabee’ah] . we will join together to give you greater riches than any Qurayshite has possessed. who has brought so great a calamity to a nation. You have outraged our gods and religion and disrespected our forefathers and wise men and created strife amongst us.A Society Against The Truth “We have seen no other man of Arabia. we will make you our chief. If you are ambitious. as you have done. You have left no stone unturned to estrange your relationship with us. then we shall call in skillful physicians to cure you. we will readily offer you that. If you are under the power of an evil spirit which seems to haunt you.

Move Away (Habashah) ِ ِ ِ ِ َّ ِ َّ ْ ْ ‫ر‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ل‬ ‫إ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫و‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ًل‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫وى‬ ‫م‬ ‫ْت‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ُ َ َ ‫وإ‬ ْ َ ْ َ ُ َ ِ ِ‫رحمت‬ ِ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ر‬ ‫َم‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ (‫قا‬ َ ُ ُّ‫رب‬ ُ ُ َ‫ل‬ ّْ ّْ ‫كم‬ ّْ ّْ ُ ً َ‫رف‬ ْ ْ ْ ْ‫ك‬ َ‫م‬ ْ َ ُ َ َ ْ َّ ‫من‬ (‫ سورة الكهف‬16) “[The youths said to one another].“ [Surat Al-Kahf 16] . "And when you have withdrawn from them and that which they worship other than Allah . Your Lord will spread out for you of His mercy and will prepare for you from your affair facility. retreat to the cave.

King of Ethiopia] َ  ُ‫ب‬ ُ‫ج‬ (۩‫دوا‬ ُ ْ‫واع‬ ُ ْ‫فاس‬ ِ ‫دوا ِ ه‬ َ ‫ّلِل‬ (62‫)سورة النجم‬ “So prostrate to Allah and worship [Him]”. [Surah An-Najm 62] .” [Negas.“ Move Away (Habashah) “You may fret and fume as you like. but Jesus is nothing more than what Ja’far has said about him.

the agreement was put into writing and the parchment was hung in the Ka‟bah in order to give it a religious sanction thereby making it mandatory for all.The Sanctions • The spread of Islam among the tribes further aggravated the resentment of the Qurash. It was decided that – Nobody should marry their women or give them women in marriage – No one should sell them anything or buy anything from them • Having solemnly agreed to these points. . They came together and decided to draw up a decree ostracizing Bani Hashim and Bani Abdul Muttalib.

O Allah”. the rest of the document had already been eaten up by termites.The Sanctions • Mut‟im bin „Adiy then went up to tear the document into pieces but discovered that with the exception of the words “In thy name. .

even if they were relatives.The Year Of Sorrow ِ‫فروا ل‬ ِ‫ن ل‬ ِ‫ك‬ ِ ْ‫ذين آمنُوا أَن يستَ غ‬ ِ َّ‫ي وال‬ ِ ِ َّ ‫كانُوا أُولِي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ين‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ْم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ َ َ‫و‬ َ ‫ما‬ ْ ََْ َ َ َ ّْ َ ‫كا‬ َ ُ ُ َْ ِ ‫قُربى‬ ِ ‫د ما تَب يَّن لَهم أَنَّهم أَصحاب الْج‬ ِ ‫من ب ع‬ ِ‫ح‬ (‫يم‬ َ ُ َ ْ ْ ُ ْ ُ َ َ َ ْ َ َٰ َ ْ (‫ سورة التوبة‬113) “It is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the polytheists. after it has become clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire.” [Surat At-Tawbah 113] .

but Allah guides whom He wills.The Year Of Sorrow َٰ ِ ِ ِ َّ ِ َّ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫و‬ ۖ ‫اء‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ب‬ ‫َح‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ًل‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ ْ ْ َ ُ ْ َ َ َْ ْ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ‫هت‬ ِ‫علَم ب‬ (‫ين‬ ‫د‬ ‫ْم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ْ َ ُ ُ ْ َ‫أ‬ (‫سورة القصص‬56) “Indeed.” [Surat Al-Qaşaş 56] . [O Muhammad]. you do not guide whom you like. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided.

offer her greetings from her Lord. “(Khadeejah) believed in me when none else did.“ “ The Year Of Sorrow “Abu Hurayraht reported that Jibreelu came to Allah’s Messengere and said “O Allah’s messenger. Khadeejah is coming to you with a vessel of seasoned food or drink. lo. And she helped and comforted me in her person and wealth when there was none else to lend me a helping hand. I had children from her only. and give her glad tidings of a palace of jewels in Paradise where there is no noise or toil. When she comes to you. She embraced Islam when people disbelieved me.” [Ahmad] .” [Bukhari] The messenger of Allah e said.

‫‪Search For Solace Outside Of Makkah‬‬ ‫‫إليك أشكو ضعف قوتي وقلة حيلتي وىواني على الناس‬ ‫”‬ ‫ياأرحم الراحمين أنت رب المستضعفين وأنت ربي إلى من‬ ‫تكلني إلى عدو يتجهمني أم إلى صديق مكلتو إمري إن لم‬ ‫يكن بك غضب علي فَل أبالي ولكن عافيتك ىي أوسع لي‬ ‫أعوذ بنور وجهك الذي أضاءت لو السموات و‬ ‫اْلرض وأشرقت لو الظلمات وصلح عليو أمر الدنيا‬ ‫واْلخره أن ينزل بي غضبك أو يحل علي سخطك لك‬ ‫العتبى حتى ترضى وًلحول وًلقوة إًلبك “‬ .

my scarcity of resources and the humiliation I have been subjected to by the people. O Most Merciful of those who are merciful. Your favor is of a more expansive relief to me. I desire Your pleasure and satisfaction until You are pleased. O Lord of the weak and my Lord too." (Tabrani) . There is no power and no might except by You. lest Your anger or Your displeasure descends upon me. I do not care.“ Search For Solace Outside Of Makkah O Allah! I complain to You of my weakness. To whom have you entrusted me? To a distant person who receives me with hostility? Or to an enemy to whom you have granted authority over my affair? So long as You are not angry with me. I seek refuge in the light of Your Face by which all darkness is dispelled and every affair of this world and the next is set right.

” “It guides to the right course. and we have believed in it. He has not taken a wife or a son” ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ُّ ‫ه‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫الر‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫آم‬ ‫ف‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫ن‬ ۖ ‫و‬ (٢ ‫دا‬ َ َ َ ّْ َ ْ ُّ ْ ً ‫َح‬ ْ َ‫جبًا ي‬ َ  َ‫ع‬ َ َ ََ َ ِ ُّ ‫ج‬ (٣‫دا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ًل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اح‬ َ َ‫خ‬ َ ً ًَ َ َ ‫ص‬ َ َّ‫ما ات‬ َٰ َ‫عال‬ َ ‫ذ‬ َ َ‫وأَنَّوُ ت‬ َ ‫ربّْنَا‬ َ ‫ى‬ َ‫د‬ َ ِ َّ‫علَى الل‬ ِ (٤‫شطَطًا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫يه‬ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ق‬ ُ َ‫ن ي‬ َ ُ‫وأَنَّو‬ َ ‫كا‬ َ ‫و‬ َ َُ ‫س‬ َ ‫ول‬ َ And that our foolish one has been saying about Allah an excessive transgression. "It has been revealed to me that a group of the jinn listened and said. [O Muhammad]. And we will never associate with our Lord anyone.” “And [it teaches] that exalted is the nobleness of our Lord. we have heard an amazing Qur'an . . 'Indeed.Search For Solace Outside Of Makkah ‫بسم اهلل الرحمن الرحيم‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ َّ َّ َ (١‫رآنًا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ْج‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اس‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ُوح‬ ُ َ ُ َ ّْ َ َ ّْ ْ َْ َ َ ٌ َ َ َ َ ْ ُ َّ َ ‫ل أ‬ ْ ُ‫ق‬ “Say.

” ِ‫ك‬ ِ َّ‫علَى الل‬ ِ َّ ِ (٥ َ ‫ذبًا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ْج‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫نس‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وأَنَّا ظَنَ نَّا أَن ل‬ َ ْ َ‫و‬ ُّ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ “And there were men from mankind who sought refuge in men from the jinn.” ِ ِ (٨‫هبًا‬ ‫ش‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ي‬ ‫د‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ئ‬ َّ ‫سنَا‬ ْ‫ج‬ َ َ‫دن‬ ُ ُ َ ً َ ً َ َ ْ َ‫مل‬ ُ ‫اىا‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ َ ‫الس‬ َ َ‫وأَنَّا ل‬ َ َ َ‫اء ف‬ َ‫م‬ . that Allah would never send anyone [as a messenger]. so they [only] increased them in burden.Search For Solace Outside Of Makkah “And we had thought that mankind and the jinn would never speak about Allah a lie.” “And we have sought [to reach] the heaven but found it filled with powerful guards and burning flames.” ِ ٍ‫ج‬ ِ ِ ِ‫ن‬ ِ ِ ٌ‫ج‬ (٦‫قا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫وى‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ْج‬ ‫ن ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ي‬ ‫نس‬ ‫اْل‬ ْ ‫ن‬ َ ّْ ّْ ‫ال‬ ُ ً‫ى‬ َ ُ‫وأَنَّو‬ ّْ َ َ ‫كا‬ ََ ْ ُ ُ َ َُ َ‫ر‬ َ َ َ َ‫م‬ َّ َّ َّ (٧‫دا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ُّوا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫وأَن‬ َ َ َ ً ‫َح‬ ُ َ ْ َ ‫م أَن ل‬ َ ُ ْ ُ‫ما ظَنَنت‬ ْ َ َ “And they had thought. as you thought.

Search For Solace Outside Of Makkah “And we used to sit therein in positions for hearing. but whoever listens now will find a burning flame lying in wait for him. and among us are [others] not so.” ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ (٩‫دا‬ ۖ ‫ع‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫لس‬ ‫اب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ج‬ ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ت‬ ‫س‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ف‬ َ ِ ِ ْ ْ َ‫كنَّا ن‬ َ ُ ‫وأَنَّا‬ ً َ َّ ً َ ُ ْ َ َ ُ ُ‫قع‬ َْ َ َ ْ َّ َ َ َ َ ْ ‫د‬ َ ِ ِ ِ‫د ب‬ ِ ِ ُ‫ر أ‬ ِ‫د‬ ِ َ (١٠‫دا‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اد‬ ‫َر‬ ‫أ‬ ‫َم‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ي‬ ‫من ف‬ ْ ُّ َ ‫وأَنَّا‬ ّّ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫ًل ن‬ َ َ‫ري أ‬ ًََ ُْ َ ْ َ َ ْ ْ َ َ ‫ري‬ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ َٰ (١١‫دا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ائ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ط‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ك‬ ۖ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الص‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫وأَنَّا‬ َ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ً َ َ ُ َ ُ َ “And among us are the righteous. nor can we escape Him by flight.” “And we have become certain that we will never cause failure to Allah upon earth.” “And we do not know [therefore] whether evil is intended for those on earth or whether their Lord intends for them a right course.” ِ ِ ِ َّ َّ ُّ ِ ُّ َ (١٢‫ربًا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ َ ْ ُ َ َ ْ ‫وأَنَّا ظَنَ نَّا أَن ل‬ َ ََ َ ْ َ ْ . we were [of] divided ways.

” ( ‫سورة الجن‬١ -١٥) [Surat Al-Jinn 1-15] ِ‫كانُوا ل‬ ِ‫ق‬ ‫اس‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ه‬ ‫َّم‬ ‫ن‬ (١٥‫حطَبًا‬ ُ َّ ‫وأ‬ َ َ َ ْ‫َما ال‬ َ َ َ ََ َ .” “And among us are Muslims [in submission to Allah ]. firewood. And whoever has become Muslim . they will be. And whoever believes in his Lord will not fear deprivation or burden.” َٰ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ (١٤‫دا‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ُو‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫َس‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ف‬ ۖ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫اس‬ ‫ق‬ ْ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫س‬ ‫ْم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫وأَنَّا‬ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َّ ًََ ْ ََ َ َ ُ ُْ َ َ ْ َْ “But as for the unjust. and among us are the unjust.Search For Solace Outside Of Makkah ِ ِ ِ ِ‫ى آمنَّا ب‬ ِ ِ ‫ف‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ي‬ ‫َل‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اف‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ْه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫س‬ ‫خ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ (١٣‫قا‬ ‫ًل‬ ۖ ُ َ ّْ َ َّ َ‫وأَنَّا ل‬ َٰ ً َ َ ََ ً ْ َ َ َ َ َ ‫ؤ‬ ْ ُ‫من ي‬ َ َ ُ ْ ‫س‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ َ َ “when we heard the guidance. for Hell.those have sought out the right course. we believed in it.

Indeed. whose surroundings We have blessed. the Seeing. to show him of Our signs.” [Surat Al-'Isrā„ 1] .Isra' & Me'raj ِ‫ده‬ ِ‫ج‬ ِ ‫ى بِعب‬ ِ َّ‫ن ال‬ ِ ‫من الْمس‬ ِ ‫ْحر‬ ‫ام إِلَى‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫َل‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫َس‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ذ‬ َ ّْ ً َٰ َ ‫حا‬ َ ‫س ْب‬ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َْ َ ْ ََ ِ ‫ريو‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ َّ ِ ِ َّ َ ‫س‬ ‫ج‬ ‫د‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ق‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ ‫آي‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ات‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ۖ ‫ا‬ ْ َ ْ ْ َ َ َ ْ َُ ُ ُ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ ‫ْم‬ َ ‫ال‬ َُ ُ ِ ‫ميع الْب‬ ِ ‫الس‬ (‫ير‬ ‫ص‬ ُ َ ُ َّ (‫ سورة اإلسراء‬1 ) “Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from alMasjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al. He is the Hearing.Aqsa.

Isra' & Me'raj َّ (‫ى‬ َّ ُ‫ث‬ َ َ‫دنَا فَ ت‬ َٰ ‫دل‬ َ‫م‬ (‫سورة النجم‬8) “Then he approached and descended” [Surat An-Najm 8] .

Isra' & Me'raj “ The messenger of Allahe also said: “… then Jibreelu took me until we reached sidhrat alMuntaha (the lote tree of the utmost boundary). which was shrouded in colors. indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small (tents) or walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk. [Bukhari] .

the Nile and the Euphrates. – He saw two hidden rivers and two manifest rivers. A sign that from those fertile lands his followers would come – He met the gate-keeper of Hell and witnessed the punishment – He witnessed the kingdom of Paradise. .Isra' & Me'raj On this night: – The Messengere of Allah‟s heart was extracted and washed in Zamzam – He was given the choice between milk and wine and chose milk. A sign that his followers would be choosers of good.

S E E R A H :M E C C A N P E R I O D .

The Pledge Of Allegiance “ “We have left our community for no tribe is so divided by hatred and rancor as they are. and if Allah unites them in it. Allah may cement our ties through you.” [Ansar] . So let us go and invite them to this religion of yours. no man will be dearer than you.

We have protected him from our people as much as we could. the Prophet‟seuncle] . you had better leave him now because he is respected and well defended in his own place.“ The Pledge Of Allegiance “O you people of Khazraj. and if you can defend him against the enemies. But if you are going to surrender him and betray him after having taken him away with you. He honored and respected among his people. He refuses to join any party except you. you all know the position that Muhammade holds among us.” [Al-‟Abbas. So if you think you can carry out what you promise while inviting him to your town. then assume the burden you have taken.

they would get Jannah! . In return. their spouses and their children from. and to protect him from everything that they protect themselves.The Pledge Of Allegiance The Aws and Khazraj pledged allegiance: – – – – – To listen and to obey in all kinds of circumstances To spend in plenty as well as in scarcity To enjoin good and forbid evil To fear the censure of none being in Allah‟s service To defend Muhammade in case he seeks their help.

Action Plan .

Course Evaluation Form .

S E E R A H :M E C C A N P E R I O D .

” (three times) “ .spring/summer 2009 | lesson 8: The Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad Du’a That The Prophet Made ٍ‫م‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ َّ ِ ‫د‬ ‫م‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ، ‫ا‬ ‫ين‬ ‫د‬ ‫م‬ ‫َل‬ ‫س‬ ‫اْل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ،‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫بال‬ ‫يت‬ ‫ض‬ ْ ِّ َ َّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ر‬ ْ َ َ ََُ ً َ ِ ِ ِ َّ ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫س‬ ‫و‬ ‫يو‬ َّ ً َ َ َ َ ‫عل‬ َ ُ‫صلَى اللَّو‬ َ “I am pleased with Allah as a Lord. and Islam as a religion and Muhammad as a Prophet.

but they believe that Muhammad was the last prophet. .spring/summer 2009 | lesson 8: The Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad FAQs Is Muhammad considered to be the only prophet? No. the seal of the prophets. Muslims believe in all of the prophets that came before him. and it is the message of Allah that was sent through him that we follow.

spring/summer 2009 | lesson 8: The Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad References • Rights Basic to the Natural Human Constitution and Affirmed by Divine Laws: Rights of the Prophet Sheikh Muhammad ibn Salib al-Uthaymeen © 1994 The Daar of Islamic Heritage • Al-Mubarakpuri. Anwar. Awakening Worldwide . Maktaba Dar-usSalam Publishers • Al-Awlaki. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad. AR-RaheeQ AlMakhtum (THE SEALED NECTAR). Saifur Rahman.