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# STAIR DESIGN

DESIGN PARAMETERS: Clear dimension = 5.675 m X 2.65 m Floor to floor height = 3.3m Live Load = 3KN/m2 Brick wall = 250 mm thick Height of each flight = 3.3/2 = 1.65 m Use M-20, Fe-415

Assume, Rise = 150 mm Tread = 250 mm Number of risers in each flight = = 11

Number of treads in each flight = 11 – 1 = 10 Space for going = 250 X 10 = 2500 mm = 2.5 m Width of each flight = Width of landing = 1.65 m Space for passage = 5.675 – 2.5 – 1.65 = 1.525 m Effective span, lx = 2.65 + 2 X Assume, = 0.98 fs = 0.58 X 415 X 0.98 = 235.886 N/mm2 Let us assume, percentage of steel = 0.35 % From Figure 4 of IS 456:2000, Modification Factor = 1.4 = 20 X 1.4 = 28 [Clause 23.2.1 of IS 456:2000] = 2.9 m = 1.325 m

572 X 2.65) + 18.775 =0 RB = 45.75 X 1.75 X (1.65 = – 24.5 X ( X + 1.925 – 12.42 X 0.572 X 1.775) – 18.16 KN For the point of zero shear.775) – 12.75 X 1.963 KN – m + 1.9 X 2. = x = 1.975 m from A Mu.2 + 12.5 + 1.2) = 2. the slab is safe against bending.75 X 1.2 KN RA = 44.48 X (1 – 0.2 m from C So.5 = 90.963 X 106 = 0.9 – 12.775 + 1. max = 44.61 + 20 + = 190.775 X ( = 72. Mu max = 0.808 – 12.27 KN VB = – 45.572 X 2.775 = 22.033 X CHECK FOR EFFECTIVE DEPTH: We know.75 X 1.65 + 2.775 + 1.75 x 1.61 mm Drequired = 162.42 bd2 Or.2 KN VD = – 45.9 KN VC = 44.9 KN VA = 44.033) – 18.36fck (1 – 0. we get – RB X 5. maximum bending moment occurs at a distance (1.36 X 20 X 0.1 KN Taking moment of forces about A. .RA + RB = 12.48) X 1000 X d2 Or. d = 162.61 mm < 200 mm Hence.65 X (1. 72.

42 mm < 5d = 5 X 172 = 860 mm or 300 mm whichever is less.957 % For the given section. Let us provide 16 mm Φ main bars @ 135 mm c/c.59 mm2 Spacing of 16 mm Φ main bars = X 1000 = 136.42 X 0. Let us provide 8 mm Φ distribution bars @ 200 mm c/c. CHECK FOR POSITION OF NEUTRAL AXIS: For balanced section.87fy Ast d (1 – 0.59 mm < 3d = 3 X 172 = 516 mm or 300 mm whichever is less.42 Or. Area of distribution steel = X 1000 X 200 = 240 mm2 Spacing of 8 mm Φ distribution bars = X 1000 = 209. 72.48) Ast = 1471.AREA OF STEEL CALCULATION: Mu max = 0.963 X 106 = 0. X 100 = X 100 = = 0.87 X 415 X Ast X 172 (1 – 0. X 100 = X 100 .

866 % So.58 X 415 X = 238 N/mm2 From Figure 4 of IS 456:2000. = = 155. the section is under – reinforced.59 mm2 = X 1000 = 1488. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH: Ld = = = 752.05 drequired. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION: = 1471.866 % fs = 0.= 0.89 mm2 Percentage of steel provided = 0.58 fy = 0.2 mm . the slab is safe against deflection. Modification factor = 1.68 mm < 172 mm Hence.