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1 s t Semester, AY 2006-200; BASIC TEXT: BOOK 1, REVISED PENAL CODE (REYES) CRIMINAL LAW: DEFINITION AND SOURCES

A. Definition B. State authority to punish crime

1.

Sources
Constitution (1987), Art. II, Sec. 5

Section 5. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.
Constitution (1987), Art VI, Sec. 1

Section 1. The legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives, except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum.
CASES: People v. Santiago, 43 Phil 124 (1922) US v. Pablo, 35 Phil 94 (1916) 2. Limitations Constitution (1987), Art. III, Secs, 1, 14111 2000 Revised Rules on Criminal Procedure, Rule 115

Section 1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws. Section 14. (1) No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process of law.

Civil Code, Art. 2

Art. 2. Laws shall take effect after fifteen days following the completion of their publication in the Official Gazette, unless it is otherwise provided. This Code shall take effect one year after such publication.
Visiting Forces Agreement CASES: Pesigan v, Angeles, 129 SCRA 174 (1984) Tai7k2da v. Tuvera, 136 SCRA 27 (1985) 1

3.

Penologicalobjectives A. F. Tadiar Philosophy o4l a Penal Code, 52 Phil LJ 165 (1977,

C. BASIC PRINCIPLES

1. Generality of Criminal Law Constitution (1987), Art.VI, Sec. 1 Civil Code, Art. 14

Art. 14. Penal laws and those of public security and safety shall be obligatory upon all who live or sojourn in the Philippine territory, subject to the principles of public international law and to treaty stipulations.
A r . t F o r c e s A g r e e m e n t ( V A ) , A tr . t V o See M.M. Magallona, Legal tsses in the PP-US VisitingForces Agreement (1999). CASES: US v. Sweet, 1 Phil 18 (1901) Liang iang vs. People 355 SCRA 125

2.

Territoriality of Criminal Law RPC, Art. 2

Art. 2. Application of its provisions. ³ Except as provided in the treaties and laws of preferential application, the provisions of this Code shall be enforced not only within the Philippine Archipelago, including its atmosphere, its interior waters and maritime zone, but also outside of its jurisdiction, against those who: 1. Should commit an offense while on a Philippine ship or airship 2. Should forge or counterfeit any coin or currency note of the Philippine Islands or obligations and securities issued by the Government of the Philippine Islands;chan robles virtual law library 3. Should be liable for acts connected with the introduction into these islands of the obligations and securities mentioned in the presiding number; 4. While being public officers or employees, should commit an offense in the exercise of their functions; or 5. Should commit any of the crimes against national security and the law of nations, defined in Title One of Book Two of this Code.
Constitution (1987), Art. 1

ARTICLE I
I

000 pesos. which have been . if the counterfeited coins be any of the minor coinage of the Philippines or of the Central Bank of the Philippines below ten-centavo denomination. Prision mayor in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not to exceed P10. false coins. bills. regardless of their breadth and dimensions. the subsoil. Prisioncorreccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine of not to exceed P2. the insular shelves. certificates of indebtedness. including its territorial sea. 2. The waters around. shall suffer: 1. ³ Any person who makes. and other submarine areas. the seabed. form part of the internal waters of the Philippines. certificates of deposit. 166. (As amended by R. The word "obligation or security of the United States or of the Philippine Islands" shall be held to mean all bonds. 163 & 166. By reclusion temporal in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P10. 4202. VFA. checks. The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago.000 pesos. 163. Art. importing. ³ The forging or falsification of treasury or bank notes or certificates or other obligations and securities payable to bearer and the importation and uttering in connivance with forgers or importers of such false or forged obligations or notes. Art. or importers. and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction. and connecting the islands of the archipelago. national bank notes. and other representatives of value. drawn by or upon authorized officers of the United States or of the Philippine Islands. approved June 19. if the document which has been falsified.000 pesos. consisting of its terrestrial. between. fluvial and aerial domains. with all the islands and waters embraced therein. V (See Art. and uttering such false or forged notes and documents. No. Forging treasury or bank notes on other documents payable to bearer. Prisioncorreccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P1. 1965). 3.NATIONAL TERRITORY . or altered. or drafts for money. of whatever denomination. shall be punished as follows: 1.A. imports. or utters. RPC) Art. fractional notes. is an obligations or security of the United States or of the PhilippinesIslands. in connivance with counterfeiters. if the counterfeited coin be silver coin of the Philippines or coin of the Central Bank of the Philippines of ten centavo denomination or above. counterfeited.000 pesos. Making and importing and uttering false coins. if the counterfeited coin be currency of a foreign country.

Penalties that may be imposed. By prision mayor in its medium period and a fine not to exceed P5. 3. 3. 2. Definitions. 36 Phil 978 (1917) Miquiabas v. Arts. ³ Penal Laws shall have a retroactive effect insofar as they favor the persons guilty of a felony. 4. &VlumCrimenNu!laPoena Sine Lege (There is no crime when there is no Law. 37 SCRA 420 (1971) 4. Arts. Ah Sing. ³ Acts and omissions punishable by law are felonies (delitos). 21. when the forged or altered document is a circulating note or bill issued by a foreign bank duly authorized therefore. Director of Prisons.000 pesos. 80 Phil 262 (1948) 3. 4 Art. if the falsified or counterfeited document was issued by a foreign government. Art. Laws shall have no retroactive effect. ³ No felony shall be punishable by any penalty not prescribed by law prior to its commission. if the falsified or altered document is a circulating note issued by any banking association duly authorized by law to issue the same. 22.000 pesos. Retroactive effect of penal laws. 22 Art. unless the contrary is provided. Civil Code. There must be no crime or punishment except in accordance with fixed. predetermined law) RPC. although at the time of the publication of such laws a final sentence has been pronounced and the convict is serving the same. Prospectivity of Criminal Law RPC. as this term is defined in Rule 5 of Article 62 of this Code. Art. 21 Art.or may be issued under any act of the Congress of the United States or of the Philippine Legislature.000 pesos. CASE: US v. By prision mayor in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P2. CASE: Gumabon v. By prision mayor in its maximum period and a fine not to exceed P5. Commanding General. who is not a habitual criminal. 3. . 4. 21.

1. Pimentel. lack of foresight. after arraignment. Art. Dolo. impartial.Felonies are committed not only be means of deceit (dolo) but also by means of fault (culpa). 489 SCRA 160. 288 SCRA 542 (1998) David vs. and public trial. 2 1:I FELONIES A. Art. III. FIC)"'JCOMP-M-FTED I. negligence. the accused shall be presumed innocent until the contrary is proved. and to have compulsory process to secure the attendance of witnesses and the production of evidence in his behalf. There is deceit when the act is performed with deliberate intent and there is fault when the wrongful act results from imprudence. RPC. to meet the witnesses face to face. to have a speedy. 3 a. or lack of skill. b. trial may proceed notwithstanding the absence of the accused: Provided. Strict construction of ponal laws against State Constitution (1987). to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation against him. 123 SCRA 365 (1983) People v. 259 5. and shall enjoy the right to be heard by himself and counsel. GMA. CASE: Pascual v. c. People. 28 SCRA 344 (1969) D. Art. GENERAL PROVISIO~sS RPC. CASES: Elements Presumption of Criminal Intent General and specific intent Intent and motive . Board of Examiners. that he has been duly notified and his failure to appear is unjustifiable. 14 (2) (2) In all criminal prosecutions. d. Sec. However. CASES: Bernardo v.

1153 +. Sa l ey. 403 SCRA 153 (2003) e. Sabalones. People. 74 Phil 257 (1943) 2. Buan. Sandiganbayan 369 SCRA 394 (2001) 2." 71SHABLE CONDUCT 16 Wrongful act differentfrom that intended RPC. Hassan. 953. 365 a. .A 275 Pres. Delos Santos. 22 SCRA 1383 (1968) People vs. 2234. 208. 3. Bustinera. Pugay.People v. 223. 10 CASES: Padilla v. 451 SCRA 673 (20015) People v. Ah Chong. Mistake of Fact C AS FES ~ US v. 259 SCRA 402 (1997) People v. Elements b. Oanis. 'Dimon. Nos. 116. Temblor. Art. Arts. 15 Phil 488 (1910) People v. 4(1) CASE: People v. 431 SCRA 284 (2004. 234 SCRA 555 (1994) Ladonga v. 161 SCRA 623 (1988) People v. Culpa RPC.) C. Relation of RPC to special laws RPC. 294 SCRA 751 (1988) 2 . 157 SCRA 261 (1988) People v. 291 SCRA 715 (1993) People v. Art. Dec. Dizon. Distinguished from dolo CASE: People v. C1 1 01'OES DEFINED AND PENALIZED BY SPECIAL LAW S Crimes mala in se and mala Prohibita CASE: Estrada v. O m i s s i o n RPC. FU. 158 SCRA 127 (1988) Padilla Collet ol Appeals. Arts. 137. 167 SCRA 439 C.

-184 SCRA 105 (1990) People v. Trinidad. Grave '2. Consummation RPC. Ramos. O-. 49 Phil 980 (1925) D. Adiao. Art. 428 SCRA 388 (20. 6 CASES: People v. 400 SCRA 424 (2003) 6. Listerio. Caballero. 130 SCRA 151 (1984) People v. Art. How incurred . 9 RPC. Light Felonies RPC. 427 SCRA 299 (2004) 4 .i'La. 6 Phil. Art. Bello.3. Bautista. Arts. 427 SCRA 217 (2001) People v. A t t e m p t RPC.6 CASES: People v. 127 SCRA 242 (1984) People v.04) Li v. 50 Ph: . 7 11 1 . Classification of Felonies 1. Less Grave 3. 186. Proposal and Conspiracy RPC. Erinia. 6 CASES: US v. 157 SCRA 541 (1988) People v. 306 SCRA 188 (1999) People v. Campuhan. Escober. Lamahang. !. Bagano. 169 SCRA 51 (1989) People v. Frustration RPC. 375 SCRA 470 (2002) People v. People. 325 SCRA 285 (2000) People v. 136. 8. Dio. Valdez. 306. 141. 159 SCRA 153 (1988) People v. Bangcado. Hernandez. Elijorde. Fabro. 340 CASES: US v. 61 Phil 703 (1935) People v. 346 SCRA 189 (2000) People v. 998 (1927) People v. 329 SCRA 270 (2000) People v. 115. Art. 1 CRIMINAL LIABILITY A. 38 Phil 754 4 (1955) People v. Art. 581 (1906) People v. 335 SCRA 40 (2000) 5 . . Vengco.

Valledor. 419 SCRA 537 (2004) CASES: People v. 383 SCRA 653 (2001) B.A. DEFENSE OF RELATIVES AND STRANGERS. Alconga. 174 (1946) U~ v. 644 (1909) Toledo v. 78 Phil 366 (1947) People v. 14 Phil. Art. 439 SCRA 94 (2004) People vs. 429 CASES: People v. CA. Art. Dela Cruz.431 (1974) Ty v. 74 Phil 257 (1943) Pomoy v.Sumicad. Genosa. IAC. Ricohermoso.ode. Oanis. People. 401 SCRA 76 People v. 61 SCRA 180 (1974) People v. 121 SCRA 389 (1983) People v. People.1. Jaurigue. 453 SCRA 511 (2005) People v. 56 Phil 643 (1932) People v. Deli a. 76 Phil. Luague. EnIfectana 381 SCRA 359 (2002) Cano v. 61 Phil 344 (1935) People v. 4 CASES: U rba no v. DEFENSE OF PROPERTY. People. Commission of felony 2. 157 SCRA 1 ( 1998) Intod v. 56 SCRA. Andres. Dijan. 439 SCRA 439 (2004) y . 11 SELF-DEFENSE. DEFENSE OF REPUTATION R. Bohol st-Caba I lero. 439 SCRA 220 (2004) y FULFILLMENT OF DUTY OR LAWFUL EXERCISE OF RIGHT Civil (. Circumstances affecting criminal liability 1. 62 Phil 504 (1935) People v. Wrongful act different from what was intended 3. 215 SCRA 52 (1992) Quinto vs. Narvaez. People 413 SCRA 92 (2003) Balunueco v. 46 Phil 738 (1922) People v. Bumanglang. 383 SCRA 15 (2002) y STATE OF NECESSITY (AVOIDANCE OF GREATER EVIL) People v. Justifying circumstances RPC. Impossible crimes RPC. 9262 (27 March 2004) Sections 3 & 26 in relation to People v. Art. CA.

9344 Sec. Bindoy. 448 SCRA 116(2005) Llanev. Rep. 35 Phil 209 (1916) US v. No. 02-1-19-SC) I -. 268 SCRA 332 (1997) 2. Bonoan. 02-1-18-SC) CASE: People v. No. ~~ ule on Commitment of Children No. People 439 SCRA 220 (2004) y . 96 Phil 566 (1955) Tabuena v. ACCIDENT US v. 285 SCRA 312 (1998) People v. Concepcion.People v. Taneo. 603. 68 Phi: 580 (1939) Jose v. Elicanal. People. 6 (Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006) RPC. 189 et seq. 340 SCRA 688 (2000) y OBEDIENCE TO SUPERIOR ORDER CASES: People v. Formigones. 285 SCRA 595 (1998) People v. 8 Eng. 222 SCRA 71 (1993) Ty v. 58 Phil 255 (1933) People v. Ulep. 80 res. Using. 383 SCRA 653 (2002) y MINORITY R. 718 (reserve section Library) People v. 4 Phil 350 (1905) People v. 64 Phil 87 (1937) People v. 87 Phil 658 (1950) People v. 438 SCRA 376 (200. 56 Phil 15 (1931) People v. Arts. 332 SCRA 99 (2000) People v. Art. 12 y INSANITY AND IMBECILITY CASES: In Re: M'Naghten.S) e. Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with Law (A. Tanedo. 15 Phil. Dec. Art. Caballeros.M. 196 (1910) People v. Agliday. Beronilla. Tabugoca. 367 SCRA 273 (2001) IRRESISTIBLE FORCE-IFUNCONTROLLABLE FEAR People v.People. Doquena. Fronda. Sandiaanbayan. Madarang. Valledor. 386 SCRA 74 (2002) People v.A. Exempting Circumstances RPC.

56 SCRA 138 (1974) People v. 359 SCRA 352 (2001) People v. 19 Phil 118 (1911) People v. Muit. Diokno.Ampar. Pinta. 431 SCRA 9 (2004) y PASSION OR OBFUSCATION People v. 63 Phil 530 (1936) People v. Parana. 14 Phil 217 (1909) US v. Vincentillo. 433 SCRA 389 3. Mitiaatina Circumstances RPC. 63 Phil 601 (1935) People v. Amit. 37 Phil 201 (1917) People v. 127 SCRS 287 (1984) People v. 290 SCRA 146 (1998) People v. 117 SCRA 696 (1982) US v. 373 SCRA 461 (2002) People v. 237 SCRA 141 (1994) Andrade v. People 434 SCRA 467 (2004) i -J C. 79 SCRA 570 (1977) Romero v. Montinola. 37 SCRA 450 (1971) People v. Germina. Ural. Ventura.. Dela Cruz. ''`DIP ATE VF DILATION OF A GRAVE OFFENSE US v'. 360 . Dulos. Bates. 382 SCRA 43 (2002) y SUFFICIENT PROVOCATION OR THREAT People v. 64 Phil 331 (1937) People v. People. 429 (1912) People v. Art. 22 Phil. Jose. Gonzalez.et al. Coronet. Pagal. 32 SCRA 95 (1970) People v. Regato. y PLEA OF GUILT People v. 17 SCRA 509 (1966) People v. Collet. Crisostomo. Bandian. 13 y y y INCOMPLETE JUSTIFICATION/EXEMPTION UNDER 18 OR OVER 70 YEARS OF AGE NO INTENTION TO COMMIT SO GRAVE A WRONG CASES: People v. Amaguin. 229 SCRA 166 (1994) People v. 318 SCRA 270 (1999) People v. Lab-eo.y INSUPERABLE OR LAWFUL CAUSES US v. 160 SCRA 47 (1988) People v. Torpio. 452 SCRA 685 (2005). Hicks. 400 SCRA 95 (2003) y VOLUNTARY SURRENDER CASES: People v.

331 SCRA 448 (2000) People v. 86 SCRA 511 (1978) People v. 109 SCRA 308 (1981) People v. Sueia.19(3) CASES: People v. Mandolado. Gapasin. Bahez-. 14 CASES: People v. 123 SCRA 128 (1983) People v. 393 SCRA 169 (2002) People v. Rodil. Daniel.SCRA 631 (2001) People v. 376 SCRA 500 (2002) People v. 389 SCRA 277 (2002) y y PHYSICAL DEFECTS ILLNESS f. 301 SCRA 248 (1999) People v. Rios. 327 SCRA 695 (2000) ADVANTAGE O F PUBLIC OFFICE RPC. Ark. 333 SCRA 823 (2000) People v. 1117SCRA 874 (1082)) People v. Taboga. 171 SCRA 539 (1989) People v. Montinola. 354 SCRA A \ 397 (2001) People v. Aggravating Circumstances RPC. Mendoza. Arrojado. 348 SCRA 143 (2000) y ABUSE OF CONFIDENCE AND OBVIOUS UNGRATEFULNESS People v. Villamor. OR SEX DWELLING People v. 231 SCRA 728 (1994) People v. 350 SCRA 679 (2001) y CC-\ZI1'y4. Dawaton. 373 SCRA 163 (2002) People v. Antonio. 360 SCRA 631 (2001) People v. Arizobal.E IN PALACE OR IN PRESENCE OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE y NIGHTTIME. Lapaz. UNINHABITED PLACE OR WITH A BAND . De Mesa. Capalac. 373 SCRA 254 (2002) LIN CONTEMPT OF OR WITH INSULT TO PUBLIC AUTHORITIES y y y VVITH INSULT OR LACK OF REGARD DUE TO OFFENDED PARTY By RTHASON OF RANK.'JALOGOUSMITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES 4. AGE. Art. Tano.

222 SCRA 59 (1993) People v. 231 SCRA 650 (1994) People v. llaoa. Lug-aw. Art. 388 SCRA 211 (2002) People v. 160 SCRA 98 (1988) People v. Padilla. 337 SCRA 488 (2000) y SUPERIOR STRENGTH OR MEANS TO WEAKEN DEFENSE People v. 341 SCRA 192 (2000) y y y PR!CE. Cabato. 229 SCRA 308 (1994) People v. Molina. supra People v. Barcelon. supra People v. Lobrigas. Arts. Gaorana. POISON EVIDENT PREMEDITATION People v. Silva. Marquez. Bibat. 394 SCRA 1-170 (2002' Pcople v. Jose.Ancheta. 392 SCRA 356 (2002) People v. 427 SCRA 528 (2004) y R'-HiTERACION OR HABITUALITY RPC. Desalisa. Villapando. 160 CASE: People v. 336 SCRA 400 (2000) People v. Empacis. Librando. Ruelan. Camilet.RPC. 431 SCRA 42 (2004) People v. 233 SCRA 46 (1994) People v. Art. Mondijar. 62(5). FRAUD OR DISGUISE People v. 229 SCRA 35 (1994) People v. 117 SCRA 165 (1982) People v. 400 SCRA 483 (2003) y CRAFT. Dacillo. Biso. Bernal. REWARD OR PROMISE INUNDATION. 296 CASES: People v. Torpio. 335 SCRA 232 (2000) y y ON OCCASION OF A CALAMITY AID OR ARMED MEN OR MEANS TO ENSURE IMPUNITY y RECIDIVISM RPC. 289 SCRA 652 (1998) People v. Cajara. 389 . 178 SCRA 341 (1989) People v. 160 CASE: People v. Labuguen. FIRE. 290 SCRA 27 (1998) People v. 233 SCRA 231 (1994) People v. 387 SCRA 77 (2002) Peoplev. 142 SCRA 402 (1986) People v.

224 SCRA 218 (1993) BREAKING WALL. Baello. llaoa. Ventura. Lacao. Cachola. 420 SCRA 520 (2004. 431 SCRA 65 (2004) y IGNOMINY People v. Siao. Rendaie. Balgos. 289 SCRA 213 (1998) People v. 433 SCRA 389 (2004) y TREACHERY People v.3 SCRA 488 (2002) People v. 286 SCRA 157 (1998) People v. Guerrero. 60 SCRA 89 (1974) People v. Castillo. Alternative Circumstances y RPC. 15 RELATIONSHIP CASE: People v. Art. 58 SCRA 737 (1974) People v. Atop.SCRA 556 (2002) People v. Catian. Marcos. 376 SCRA 426 (2002) People v. 340 SCRA 617 (2000) 5. 323 SCRA 372 vsLadjaalam. supra People v. 158 SCRA 614 91988) People v. Dumadag. Sangalang. Verchez. 266-B PD 1866 as amended by R.A. 327 SCRA 231 (2000) People v. Gutierrez. FLOOR. Bumidang. 30. 8294 (06 July 1997) CASE: ' )2000k i People People v. 389 SCRA 389 (2002) SPECIAL AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCE / QUALIFYING RPC. Um3yam. Piedad. 344 SCRA -1-38 (2000) People v. People v. Art. ROOF WITH AID OF PERSONS UNDER 15 OR BY MOTOR VEHICLE CRUELTY People v. 381 SCRA 323 (2002) People v. 349 SCRA 537 (2001) INTOXICATION y . 346 SCRA 807 (2000) y y y y U N L A " . 233 SCRA 174 (1994) People v. 374 SCRA 514 (2002). f F U L E N T R Y People v. People v. Sansaet. " .

332± 344 d. in Grave and Less Grave Felonies 1. Veneracion. Pacis. Art. 115 SCRA 688 (1982) y DEGREE OF INSTRUCTION AND EDUCATION 6. Act No. Lua Chu.People v. 280. 8353 c. Entrapment and Instigation People v. Absolutory Causes and Other Special Situations a. Absolutory Causes RPC. by induction People v. 249 SCRA 244 (1995) IV. 66 Phil. 247. Dela ' Cerna. Camano. 6(3). Art. 158 SCRA 258 (1988) People v. by direct participation CASES: People v. 20. 16. 44 (1931) Araneta v. Arts. 5 CASE: People v. CA. 21 SCRA 569 (1967) People v. Nunag. Principals RPC. Dacillo. 384 SCRA 684 (2002) b. Effect of Pardon RPC. 7. Acts not covered by law and in case of excess i vepunishment RPC. 23 Rep. Renejane. Dela Cruz. . PERSONS CRIMINALLY LIABLE A. Art. 427 SCRA 528 (2004) b. 173 SCRA 274 (1989) People v. 142 SCRA 532 (1986) People v. 97 SCRA 385 (1980) US v. 17 a.

General. Valdez. Mandolado. 373 SCRA 134 (2002') 1 3. 21. Accomplices RPC. 203 (1913) c. 22 CASES: In Re: Kay Villegas Kami. 193 SCRA 632 {1991) People v. Secs. 18(1) & (2). PENALTIES LTIES A. 24 Phil. In Light Felonies V. 19(1). Doctolero.. 380 SCRA 171 (2002) People v.Indianan. 257 SCRA 380 People v. 35 SCRA 429 (1970) People v. Ferrer. Gallo. Mariano. 84 SCRA 19 (1978) People v. 304 SCRA 611 (11999) 2. Prospectivity. Art. Exception RPC. Talingdan.Patalin. 405 SCRA134 People v. 330 SCRA 91 (2000) People v. 20. Arts. Presidential Decree No. 311 SCRA 18-t (1999) .To!entinc). Art. 48 SCRA 382 (1972) People v. 315 SCRA 461 0999) People. 1n. Garcia. Principles 1 . 22 Civil Code. Arts. Roche. 347 SCRA 109 (2000) B. No ex post facto laws and other Constitutional p rohibitions RPC. Pilola. Accessories RPC. 21 Constitution (1987). 1612 CASE: People v. b y i n di s p en s a bl e c o o pe r at i on People v. 18 CASES: People v. supra People v. Bracamonte. Montealegre.. Art. 4 CASES: People v. 1611 SCRA 700 (1988) 2. Art.111..

b. 132601. A f f l i ct i v e P en a l t i es RPC. 170 SCRA 107 (1989) 2. Penalties which may be imposed RPC. Ramirez. Pimentel. 264 SCRA 350 (1996) b. Reclusion Temporal Prision Mayor . Ballabare. Spccg`ic Principal and Accessory Pen: hies 1. 81-85 CASES: People v.R. 260 SCRA 539 (1996) People v. Di st i n gu i sh f rom Li f e I m pri son men t People v. 356 SCRA 595 (2001) ii. Sec. 40. Secretary of justice. 257 SCRA 5. 9 13-.-i. As Indivisible Penalty CASE: People v. Accessory Penalties C.-. 25 1. c. G. Arts. Art. supra B. Gatward. Art. 8177 and Implementing Rules a. Effect of Repeal of Penal Laws a. Arts. 47. Resolution dated 4 and 19 January 1999 301 SCRA 96 People v.ng. Principal Penalties 2.0 ~.51 (11996) Echegaray v.dRegilationsConstitution (1987). 267 SCRA 785 (1997) People v. III. Capital Punishment Republic Act No. et al. Echegaray. Esparas. 19 RPC. 27. the imposition oft de-athpenalry" Republic Act No. Reclusion Perpetua i. Munoz. No. 41-42 a. 7659 Republic Act No. With reenactment Without reenactment CASE: People v.3.

5. 24 Family Code. Public Censure RPC. Civil Interdiction. 28. 87 Phil. Accomplices and Accessories in Consummated. Arls.3. 27. PrisionCorrecciona! b. Arts. 228-229 E. Campuhan. Frustrated and Attempted Felonies RPC. from Pu blic Office. Arresto Mayor RPC. 26. 41-45 4. 50-57. Arts.-dmnh-tcat on or Confiscation oflnstrumentsor Proceeds of the . Fc!nal'tles common to afflictive. to ke=p the peace RPC. 2. Correctional Penalties a. 27. Application and Computation of Penalties 1. Arts. 43. crTemporary Absolute Disqualification. ArrestoMenor b. 25. correctional and light penalties a. Perpetual or Temporary Special Disqualification. Accessory Penalties RFC. 6. Arts. Art. Art. 39. Light Penalties a. Generally RPC. 29. Fine Bond. Principals. t yre Fight to Vote and be Voted for. 66 C. 44 4. 1. 46. 60-61 CASE: People v. t ' . 46 CASE: People v. b. 39. 658 (1950) 2. 35. 44 5. Formigones. supra . Measures Not Considered Penalty RP""'.z? Right to Practice a Profession or Calling. -anon Offense Payment of Costs D. Arts.-e .

Hernandez. Where the penalty is composed of three periods RPC. supra People v. Arts. 49 I m p o s s i b l e C r i m e s RPC. Effects of Mitigating and Aggravating Circumstances RPC. Geronimo. 67.3. Complex Crimes RPC. 59 5. 62 SCRA 17 (1975) !`J`onteverda. Art. Art. Special Complex Crimes People v. Sandiganbayan. People v. Fabon. Tol~ng. 58 6. Art. 515 (1. 99 (1956) PonceEnrile v. 431 SCRA 366 (2004) People v. 192 The Three-Fold Rule RPC. 328 SCRA 302 (2000) People v. 186 SCRA 217 (1990) People v. Additional penalty for certain accessories RPC. 48 CASES: People v. Art. Art. 100 Phil. 359 SCRA 362 (20011) -People v. 4(2). Where the offender is below 18 years old RPC. 65 G. Art. Comadre. 4. 64 . Gonzalez. DelosSantos. 70 CASE: Mejorada v. 99 Phil. Crime different from that intended RPC. 4103 RPC. 603. Art. 162 SCRA 563 (1988) 1F. 387 SCRA 196 (2002) People v. 355 SCRA 415 (2001) People v. 306 SCRA 251 (1999) 3. Escober. Velasquez. 8. 6264. v. Arts. Art. 345 SCRA 728 (2000) 2. 68 Presidential decree No. Salazar. CA. Special Rules 1. Empante.9561. People. 69 CASE: Lacanilao v. 151 SCRA 339 (1987) 7. The Indeterminate Sentence Law Act No.

Saley. supra People v. Arts. Arts. Campuhan. Art. 394 SCRA 221 (2002) People v. 363 SCRA 275 (2001) 2. 86-88 Rules and Regulations to Implement RA No. Librado. People. 174 SCRA 566 (1989) Baia v. 603. 363 SCRA 489 (2001) People v. Desierto. CA. 36 CASES: Monsanto v. Total Extinction RPC. 79 Presidential Decree no. supra Execution and Service of Penalties 1. 189-204 Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with the Law. 260 SCRA 625 (1996) 3. 968 (as amended) CASES:. Lagran. CA. 94-99 Vla. 78. Partial Extinction RPC.I'vIlartinez. 181 SCRA 459 (1990) Salgado v. General Rule . Execution of Penalties RPC. 346 SCRA 881 (2000) Del Castillo v. 170 SCRA 190 (1989) Presidential Ad Hoc Fact-Finding Committee on Behest Loans v. E f f e c t s o f P r o b a t i o n L a w Presidential Decree No. Factoran. 9344 RPC. Arts. Sec. EX7NCTICN OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY A. Arts. Suspension ins of Insanity or Minority Republic Act No. Patricia 341 SCRA 464 (2000) B. 8177 In the Matter of the Petition for Habeas Corpus of Pete C.CASES: Dela Cruz v. 265 SCRA 299 (1996) People v. Abungan. 89-93. 189 SCRA 304 (1990) Office of the Court Administrator v. CIVIL LIABILITYARISING FROM A FELONY A. Llamado v. Torrecampo. CA. 32 V1. 341 SCRA 258 (2000) Recebido v.

Doroja. 102 Subsidiary Liability of Other Persons RPC. Art. Special Cases 1. supra Chua v. 112-113 Civil Code. Carpio v. Extinction of Civil Liability RPC. 1161. 180 SCRA 1 (1989) C. Arts. Art. 108-111 E. CA 443 SCRA 142 (2004) Basilio v. 4. RPC. 20. Arts. 3. Andres. 101 Innkeepers and Similar Persons RPC. 328 SCRA 341 (2000) Philippine Rabbit v. Arts. 5. Rule 111 CASESQuinto v. CA. 2. 104-108 D. 100 Civil Code. Art. 2177 2000 Rules on Criminal Procedure. People 427 SCRA 526 (2004) B. 2176. Arts. Uncontrollable Fear of Greater or Equal Injury Insanity. Imbecility and those Over 9 and Under 15 Years of Age State of Necessity Irresistible Force. 103 CASE. Persons Civilly Liable RPC. What Civil Liability Includes RPC. Art. 12331 7 . Art.RPC.