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Food in Daily Life.

Mexico possesses an extensive and sophisticated culinary culture, with a great variety of regional dishes. Three products constitute the heart of most Mexican dishes: corn, hot peppers (chiles), and beans, products that stem from pre-Columbian times. Corn is consumed in all possible forms: as a cooked or roasted corncob ( elote ), cooked grain of corn, porridge ( atole ), as wrapped and steamed dough with filling ( tamal ), but most importantly as a tortilla, a thin, round "pancake." Tortillas are made from corn dough and come in many sizes, although the traditional tortilla that accompanies most meals has a diameter of approximately six inches (15 centimeters). When tortillas are filled with meat or other ingredients they are called tacos or quesadillas, which are especially popular in central Mexico. Much of the sophistication of Mexican cuisine comes from the use of more than one hundred different types of chiles, which range from the large and "sweet" chile ancho to the small and extremely hot chile habanero .

Mexicans generally have a light breakfast of coffee and/or fruit before they leave for work or school. Halfway through the morning, people may eat a warm tortilla-based snack or a bread roll. The most important meal of the day is served between two and four in the afternoon (the comida ) and consists of three or four courses: soup; rice or pasta; meat or chicken—if affordable—accompanied by tortillas and refried beans; and dessert. Dinner is served between eight and ten at night and consists mainly of sweet rolls, coffee, and milk. Mexicans frequently eat outdoors. Homely restaurants serve inexpensive fixed menus known as comida corrida . Mexicans drink huge quantities of soft drinks and beer. Although the national liquor is tequila, which is produced from the maguey cactus, Mexicans prefer rum with cola during weddings and other celebrations, or fiestas. Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. There are numerous religious and secular occasions in Mexico that are accompanied by special food. A popular religious fiesta is the Día de la Candelaria (Candlemas) on 2 February, which celebrates the purification of Mary and the presentation and blessing of Jesus. After the church ceremony family and close friends join for tamales . During the Day of the Dead, 2 November, people consume pan de muerto (bread of the dead), a long and flat sweet bread prepared with many eggs and sugar. At Christmas people eat romeritos , a plant similar to rosemary served with sauce and potatoes; bacalao , dried codfish cooked and served in a sauce of tomatoes, olives, and onions; and all sorts of stuffed turkey. In September people commemorate independence and, in central Mexico, eat a sophisticated dish called chile en nogada , a stuffed chile poblano dressed with a white walnut sauce, red pomegranate, and green parsley, in a representation of the Mexican flag.

Traditional Mexican Food
With all the fast food imitations, people outside of Mexico may forget what real traditional Mexican food is! But the reality is, Mexico has a rich culinary tradition - much of it coming out of hundreds or eventhousands of years of history. Our interest here is connecting what was eaten in the Prehispanic world of the Aztec empire and what is eaten daily in Mexico even now.

The basics

and today in Mexico we drink atole which has the same ingredient.maize (corn).You can get a good overview of the food the Aztec peoples at here. beans. The Aztecs made corn drinks. From the world of bugs. This was an important plant in the days of the Aztecs. Many of the staples of the Aztec diet are still familiar in Mexico today . chillies. but with different meats. Common in the days of the empire were turkey and dogs. To drink The alcoholic beverage octli or pulque was and is made from the maguey plant. introduced to Europe by Mexico. but it's use is rarer today because of conservation concerns. These and salt were so important to the peoples of central Mexico that special religious fasts involved avoiding them. At times hunters would also provide deer. rabbit. in many dishes. Preparing the food . grasshoppers and the maguey worm are two creatures that were probably eaten by the Aztec peoples and are still eaten today. Acocil tacos are still eaten in Mexican restaurants. a crayfish. and tomatoes. squash. The nopal cactus was and is used for food. A bitter drink known as xocolatl was popular among the upper class. and the Spanish introduced sugar which led to the sweet chocolate atole and spiced hot chocolate popular today. and acocil. Recipies for acocil tacos and other authentic Prehispanic food can be found in Cocina Prehispanica Mexicana (Prehispanic Mexican Kitchen) by Heriberto Garcia Rivas. avacados. and other birds. From the sea came axolotl. Today. Many of the meats eaten today were an addition from the Spanish. a type of salamander. of course. Chocolate was. The tomatoes used today are a different variety than were eaten before the arrival of the Europeans. duck. much traditional Mexican food is prepared the same way. We all know that chilli peppers play a big part in traditional Mexican food.

is still prepared much the same way as it was traditionally. a type of corn cake sometimes accompanied by tomato. the tortilla. beef and pork. For example. these costumes are distinct and attractive. likewise. including folklore dresses. including cotton. Let's take a look at the clothes and costumes that you'll find on a Mexican woman.The Mexican staple. wool. rebozo. These are mixed in with the typical Aztec cuisine. chapulines (grasshoppers + garlic and lemon juice). agave. which convey the wearer's marital . huipil.. Mexicans dyed clothes with natural components present in local plants. and lime.for example. cooked on a stone slab. they also like vivid green or bright yellow in their clothes. Cotton. But the favourite dishes evolved as new foods were introduced from Spain. A huipil is made in distinctive designs. Maize. one of my favourite cookbooks is an ebook . For more. Tamales. Traditional Attire for Women Mexican clothes are known for their use of bright colors and intricate craftsmanship. Traditional Mexican clothing is available in many attractive varieties. With the discovery of aniline dyes in Europe. Some cooking styles changed too . also survived. European additions Some key additions to traditional Mexican food were chicken. and bark were specifically used by the pre-Hispanic civilizations. Traditional Mexican Costumes A wonderful blend of Native American and European styles. silk. the Spanish introduced silk and wool. the Mexicans have adopted their dyeing technique. check out this fabulous introduction to traditional Mexican foodby Karen Hursh Graber.Recipes from an Aztec Garden by Kent Swanson and Veronica Iglesias de Swanson. There is also evidence of a strong influence of Mayan and Spanish elements. Traditional women's clothing includes the huipil. However. To bring real traditional Mexican food to your own kitchen. and quechquémitl. and rice. Later on. These costumes are made from a variety of fabric. Native Mexicans usually prefer earthy colors such as dark red or brown. where major items of Mexican clothes and costumes are quechquémitl. sombrero. Huipil is the most common form of women's traditional attire. made from cotton or wool. It can be described as a sleeveless tunic. garlic and onions.. rebozo. cheese. In the past. the above ground oven was introduced in more recent Mexican history. agave. and bark. the cheese quesadilla (cheese + tortilla).

typically made from wool. Rebozo is a type of shawl or scarf. However. and colorful patterns. or the community she belongs to. Nowadays. . Some Mexican women prefer to wear a blouse rather than a huipil. width. Blouses are an integral part of the wardrobe of a Mexican woman. It is made from handwoven cloth and is beautifully embroidered with graphic designs and floral prints. and design. These shirts are available in a variety of colors and styles and are decorated with beautiful embroidery. It looks like a stylish poncho and is worn for parties or special occasions. This garment has a religious significance as well. It is the perfect attire for casual or formal occasions. Traditional Attire for Men In tropical regions of Mexico. enagua. Different colors of stripes are woven into the Robozo to represent the different communities in Mexico. It is usually made in the Mexican state of Coahuila. many men prefer a light. personal beliefs. Blouses are heavily embroidered using beautiful lace. silk and lace are also used to make skirts for women. depending on the area of origin. comfortable button-up shirt called the Guayabera. and even babies. a Mexican holiday celebrated to remember the death of loved ones. while others favor knee-length ones. It represents a combination of Mayan elements and the Mexican poncho. cotton. Quechquémitl is another traditional Mexican clothing item worn in Mexico. It is a multi-functional garment. or refajo. The skirts are generally made from wool and cotton. in terms of length. Charro Suit is a traditional piece of Mexican clothing that is generally worn on the Day of the Dead. beads. posahuanco.status. It is a popular item of a woman's attire used in indigenous and non-indigenous communities. They are available in a wide variety of styles. fruits. A Charro suit is often paired with a sombrero. Some women prefer to wear ankle-length skirts. It is a vibrantly colored garment with a fringe. also used to carry market goods. the most traditional pieces of clothing for men in Mexico are the following: Sarape is the only native addition to a man's wardrobe. enredo. Mexican skirts are identified by different names such as chincuete. or silk.

or other material.[8] The most important and frequently used spices in Mexican cuisine are chili powder. and beaded rings too. like Chihuahua. habenero peppers. Women like to wear ribbons as a necklace around their necks. epazote. Traditional Accessories Most Mexicans like to use elaborate accessories with garments. oregano. chili peppers.[citation needed] On the other hand. Sombreros are popular Mexican round hats. potatoes. including bracelets. made from straw. cilantro. in Southeastern Mexico. The choice of accessories is distinct to every region. Popular dishes include tacos. which are also some of Mexico's staple foods. tomatoes. is also common in Mexican cuisine. onions. pulque. social status. These kinds of ornaments are believed to act as amulets or medallions to ward off evil. I couldn't stop myself from purchasing a magnificent rebozo and handcrafted skirts. Popular beverages include water flavored with a variety of fruit juices. created one of the earliest instances of the world's greatest Fusion cuisine's. avocados and guavas. Alcoholic beverages native to Mexico include mescal. a smoked-dried jalapeño pepper. and tequila. even if proportionately billowy. Graber says. felt. rice is the most common grain in Mexican cuisine. peppers. Traditionally the main Mexican ingredients consisted of maize. is known for their spicy vegetable and meat dishes. cinnamon. In modern times. Next to corn. There are international award-winning Mexican wineries that produce and export wine. Men in the northern states of Mexico. or complemented with vinegar. enchiladas. This accessory is one of the most significant denotations of the culture and customs of Mexico. Chipotle. the initial introduction of rice to Spain from North Africa in the 14th century led to the Spanish introduction of rice to Mexico at the port of Veracruz in the 1520s. Seafood is commonly prepared in the states that border the Pacific Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico. and very often served with serrano-chili blended soy sauce. Many Mexican dishes also contain onions and garlic. According to food writer Karen Hursh Graber. atole. This. mole sauce. Mexican beer is also popular in Mexico and are exported. the latter having a famous reputation for its fish dishes. nuts.Sombrero is a wide brimmed hat that made from straw and worn traditionally by men all over Mexico. given its geographical location. Theirs is truly a clothing splendor to lay one's eyes on. meat. especially in the Yucátan. habenero peppers and chipotle peppers. and ethnic group. use cowboy hats and boots.[citation needed] . à la veracruzana. tamales. and cinnamon-flavored hot chocolate prepared with milk or water and blended until it becomes frothed using a traditional wooden tool called a molinillo. The cuisine of Southeastern Mexico has quite a bit of Caribbean influence. sushi in Mexico is often made by using a variety of sauces based on mango and tamarind. cumin. Cuisine Mexican cuisine is known for its blending of Indigenous and European cultures. and pozole. thus adopting a Mexican fusion. Mexicans consider their clothes as the mirror of their culture. For example. When I was in Mexico. Most Mexicans use straw and palm hats to cope with the extreme heat. beans. other cuisines of the world have become very popular in Mexico. and cocoa. Other Mexicans like to use unusual material like fishbones or seashells as accessories.

However. It remains an important ingredient in Mexican cookery. Traditional dancers perform a sequence of hopping steps. politics or crime. violin and two guitars known as quinta huapanguera and jarana). Today. Mexico has the largest media industry in Latin America. poverty. Folk songs called corridos have been popular in the country since the 16th century.Chocolate originated in Mexico and was prized by the Aztecs. It may tell the story about the Mexican Revolution. Huapango or Son Huasteco (Huasteca. Norteño. producing Mexican artists who are famous in Central and South America and parts of Europe. Tambora (Sinaloa. Folk dances are a feature of Mexican culture. known as "Mexican hat dance". musical groups known as Mariachis perform along streets. northeastern regions. The original inhabitants of the land. Ranchera and Corridos.[citation needed] Music and dance[edit] Main articles: Music of Mexico and Folk dance of Mexico Indigenous Aztec dancers in Mexico City. used drums. using many European instruments. Veracruz dance performed at ITESM-Campus Ciudad de México. . trumpets. Jarabe Tapatío in the traditional China Poblana dress. with guitars and harp). Significant in dance tradition is the "Jarabe Tapatío". much of the traditional contemporary music of Mexico was written during and after the Spanish colonial period. flutes. pride. violin and marimba players. guitar. Banda. Some instruments whose predecessors were brought from Europe. The most prominent Mariachi group is Vargas de Tecalitlán. festivals and restaurants. redoba and accordion). such as the vihuela used in Mariachi music. Mexicans also listen to contemporary music such as pop and Mexican rock. Mestizo. sea shells and voices to make music and dances. are now very Mexican. Jarana (most of the Yucatán peninsula) and Norteña (North style. Other styles of traditional regional music in México: Son Jarocho (Veracruz. romance. This ancient music is still played in some parts of Mexico. Traditional music includes Mariachi. The foundation of Mexican music comes from its indigenous sounds and heritage. mainly brass instruments) Duranguense. A Mariachi group includes singers. which was originally formed in 1897. heel and toe tapping movements. showing the diversity of Mexican culture. maracas. Mexican society enjoys a vast array of music genres.

Luis Arcaraz. people gather at cemeteries and pray for their dead loved ones. and similarly themed celebrations appear in many Asian and African cultures. They also leave possessions of the deceased. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. Popular composers includes: Agustín Lara. marigolds. Armando Manzanero. "Guty" Cárdenas. Similar observances occur elsewhere in Europe. Jordá (Elodia). November 1 and November 2. In Spain there are festivals and parades and. Capital of Mexico is sinking at a rate of 10 inches per year. Scholars trace the origins of the modern Mexican holiday to indigenous observances dating back hundreds of years and to an Aztec festival dedicated to the goddess Mictecacihuatl. All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day. and the favorite foods and beverages of the departed. Consuelo Velázquez ("Bésame mucho"). Ricardo Castro. José Alfredo Jiménez. Latin rock musicians such as Carlos Santana. buildings that are falling and the 23 extra steps added to the angel statue INDEPENDENCE . Ibarra. Traditional Mexican music is still alive in the voices of artists such as Eugenia León and Lila Downs. Day of the Dead (Spanish: Día de Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico and around the world in other cultures. Café Tacuba and Caifanes have incorporated Mexican folk tunes into their music. In Brazil Dia de Finados is a public holiday that many Brazilians celebrate by visiting cemeteries and churches. in connection with the Christian triduum of Hallowmas: All Hallows' Eve. Juventino Rosas ("Sobre las olas").[1][2] Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars called ofrendas. Revueltas. It is particularly celebrated in Mexico where the day is a bank holiday. The holiday has spread throughout the world. honoring the deceased using sugar skulls. so that the city can be recognized sinking of cracked sidewalks. Some well-known Mexican pop singers are Luis Miguel and Alejandro Fernández. and visiting graves with these as gifts. Joaquín Pardavé and Alfonso Ortiz Tirado. Pablo Moncayo (Huapango) and Carlos Chávez. The celebration takes place on October 31. Mexico City was built in an area where groundwater blanket is very close to the surface. Ponce ("Estrellita"). Traditional Mexican music has influenced the evolution of the Mexican pop and Mexican rock genre. at the end of the day.Among the most known "classical" composers: Manuel M. 10 times faster than the Italian city Venice. Álvaro Carrillo. Carrillo (Sonido 13).