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Code of Safety for Fishermen and Fishing Vessels

Part A SAFETY AND HEALTH PRACTICE FOR SKIPPERS AND CREWS

Published on behalf of FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION by the International Maritime Organization London

First published in 1975 by the INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR Printed by the International Maritime Organization, London 4 6 8 10 9 7 5

ISBN 92-801-1041-1

IMO Publication Sales number: IMO –749E

Copyright © IMO 1975

NOTE: The name of the Organization as it appears in this publication was changed to “International Maritime Organization” by virtue of amendments to the Organization’s Convention which entered into force on 22 May 1982.

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FOREWORD

A resolution adopted by the Committee on Conditions of Work in the Fishing Industry, which was convened by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in December 1962 to study certain aspects of working conditions of fishermen, recommended the creation of a practical international code dealing with navigational, operational and occupational aspects of safety of fishing vessels and fishermen, and urged the ILO in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) to examine the possibility of establishing a suitable body to prepare such a code. Considering that it was desirable to co-operate within their respective fields of competency, in order to extend the scope of the proposed safety code for fishing vessels to make reference to all aspects of the safety of fishing vessels and fishermen, the three organizations subsequently entered into an agreement with respect to the principles of co-operation and the areas of mutual interest and responsibility in the field of fishing vessels and fishermen, namely FAO, fisheries in general; ILO, labour in the fishing industries; and IMCO, safety of life, vessels and equipment at sea. Following the above agreement, draft contributions to the Code of Safety for Fishermen and Fishing Vessels were prepared by FAO, the ILO and IMCO. It was agreed that the Code should be divided into two parts – Part A for skippers and crews, and Part B for fishing vessel builders and owners. The contributions of the three organizations to Part A of the Code were consolidated into a single draft by representatives of the three secretariats, who met at IMCO Headquarters in London in January 1968, and the final text of Part A of the Code of Safety for Fishermen and Fishing Vessels was adopted by a joint FAO/ILO/IMCO Meeting of Consultants on Safety on Board Fishing Vessels held in ILO Headquarters in Geneva from 4 to 13 September 1968 1 . In addition, the meeting expressed the view that on all the principal fishing grounds it would be useful to station ships which could provide hospital facilities, rescue facilities, repair facilities and weather information2 . A second joint FAO/ILO/IMCO Meeting of Consultants was held in February 1974 at IMCO Headquarters3 and agreed on amendments aiming at the improvement of the contents of the text and achieving consistency with Part B. These amendments have been incorporated in the present edition. Part B of the Code, which covers safety and health requirements with respect to the construction and equipment of fishing vessels, adopted by the second Joint FAO/ILO/IMCO Meeting of Consultants, is published by IMCO as a separate booklet (Sales Number 75.05.E).

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The list of participants is given on pages [ ]. Information on stationing support ships in all principal fishing grounds has been collected by IMCO, summarised, and appended to Part B of the Code. The list of participants is given on pages [ ].

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International Code of Signals … … B. stairways. ladders. Position reporting … … … … Radiotelephone procedures … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Section 3 Section 4 - Section 5 - … … … … … … … Chapter 3 – Safety of the Vessel Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 General… … … … Freeing ports … … … Opening and closing appliances Anchors. Distress messages … … … … D. Steering and look-out … … … B Collision regulations … … … C. Distress signals … … … … C.-4CONTENTS Page Foreword Introduction … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Chapter 1 – General Provisions Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Purpose and scope … … … … … Definitions … … … … … … Role of bodies and persons concerned with fishing … … … … Chapter 2 – Navigation Section 1 Section 2 Navigational equipment and aids to navigation Safety of navigation … … … … A. railings and guards Deck lighting … … … … … Precautions against falling overboard … … Ropes and lines … … … … Miscellaneous … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . Special signals to be used by vessels fishing in close proximity … … … Weather and danger information … … Signals … … … … … … A. cables and chains … Stability … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Chapter 4 – Safety on Deck Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Gangways.

emergency man overboard/ rescue craft.. Traditional tuna longline fishing … … C.. Winches and hoists … … … … Refrigeration plants and compressed air systems Gas cylinders and installations … … Electrical installations … … … … Hand tools … … … … … Torches. blow-lamps and hot work … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Chapter 7 – Special Safety Precautions Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Eye protection … … … Protective clothing and equipment Painting … … … Dangerous work … … Liver and fish oil boilers … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Chapter 8 – Life-saving Appliances Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 General … … … … Lifeboats.-5Page Chapter 5 – Safety in Fishing Operations Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 General … … … … … Trawling … … … … … Purse seining … … … … … Danish seining … … … … Longline fishing … … … … A. liferafts and life-jackets … Emergency procedures and musters … … … … … … Chapter 9 – Fire Precautions and Fire Fighting Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Smoking … … … Fire prevention and precautions Fire fighting … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. General … … … … … B. Modern semi-automated tuna longline fishing Tuna pole and line fishing … … … Fish and ice handling … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Section 6 Section 7 - Chapter 6 – Safety in Machinery Spaces and of Mechanical Equipment Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Section 6 Section 7 Main propulsion and auxiliary machinery .doc .

Examples of Distress Procedure … … … … … … … … … … … … … Appendix II - … … … … … … … … … Appendix III - Recommendation for Skippers of Fishing Vessels on Ensuring a Vessel’s Endurance in Cond itions of Ice Formation … … … … … … Recommended Contents of Fishing Vessels’ Medicine Chest … … … … Artificial Respiration … … … … … … … Appendix IV - … … … … … … Appendix V Appendix VI - Information on Hypothermia … List of participants of the first joint FAO/ILO/IMCO Meeting of Consultants on Safety on Board Fishing Vessels … … List of participants of the second joint FAO/ILO/IMCO Meeting of Consultants on Safety on Board Fishing Vessels … … Index … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . Safety Organization and Conditions for Employment Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Sanitation … … … Lighting and ventilation … First aid … … … Safety and health organization Conditions for employment … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Chapter 11 – Abandoning Vessel.-6Page Chapter 10 – Shipboard Facilities for Personnel. 1960 – Information Required in Danger Messages … Radiotelephone Procedures A. Reception of Safety Messages … B. Survival and Rescue Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Appendix I Abandoning vessel … … … … Survival when adrift … … … … Precautions against sharks and other biting fish Landing and survival ashore … … … Survival in polar regions … … … Regulation 3 of Chapter V of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea. Distress Transmitting Procedures … C.

but those actually on board play the most important role in ensuring that accidents are prevented in the course of operations.doc . This Code of Safety and Health Practice for Skippers and Crews of fishing vessels has been prepared as a guide and as an educational medium. if followed. Fishermen should study and become familiar with the contents of this Part of the Code. cover every conceivable situation or be a substitute for good judgment. loss of life in most types of fishing is now very much less frequent than it was only a few generations ago. in many countries. adversely affect the economics of the fishing industry. The owner has to provide a seaworthy vessel and proper equipment and must promote safe working practices. but it usually reduces their seriousness whenever they occur. clear thinking and quick action. already become a highly developed industry employing complex machinery. The skipper is responsible for seeing that proper seamanship is practised. and all othe rs who are working to make fishing a safer industry. but no technological advances can fully eliminate the forces of the sea and other natural dangers which fishermen have to face. Each fisherman is responsible for using the safety equipment provided. The application of these principles will lessen the risk of danger to the vessel and damage to equipment. From a primitive occupation.-7- INTRODUCTION Work at sea has never been without danger. It is recognized that not all the provisions of this Part of the Code may be applicable to all fishing vessels in all circumstances. Owners of fishing vessels. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. vocational training centres for fishermen. While this has been realized in a number of countries. of course. nor is it possible to eliminate the human errors or to make the tools of the fisherman’s trade – the fishing vessels and fishing gear – completely accident-proof. and for performing his work in a manner that ensures his own safety and that of his shipmates. skippers and fishermen are all responsible for shipboard safety. and this development necessitates the introduction and expansion of safety measures along lines similar to those which apply to other major industries. He should also have regard to the safety of the vessel and its equipment. Fortunately. Accidents occurring in the course of work being performed by fishermen. apart from their direct detrimental effects. It is hoped that this Part of the Code will be found helpful not only to skippers and crews but also to owners of fishing vessels. safety associations. government departments. and for ensuring that the work is carried out safely on board his vessel. and the fishing industry has a long and growing roll of honour of men who have lost their lives in the performance of their work. fishing has. should greatly reduce the risk of injury to fishermen and accidents to equipment. although it cannot. It deals with the fundamentals of safety and health for fishermen and presents safety principles which should be common knowledge and practice and which. for ensuring that the equipment is used safely and correctly. a more universal understanding and acceptance of this attitude would lead to safer working conditions in the fishing industry. but the principles of this Part of the Code should be applied as far as is practicable. Proper use of safety g ear may not always prevent accidents.

1 Purpose and scope 1.1 Definitions For the purpose of this Part of the Code: (i) “fishing vessel” is a vessel used commercially for catching fish. 1.1 Role of bodies and persons concerned with fishing Bodies and persons who employ fishermen should: (i) provide such supervision as will ensure that as far as possible fishermen perform their work in the best conditions of safety and health.1 The purpose of this Part of the Code of safe practice is to provide information with a view to promoting the safety and health of fishermen. walrus or other living resources of the sea. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) . provide and issue to each new entrant a booklet of elementary safety precautions based on the provisions of this Part of the Code. and in particular that newly recruited fishermen are properly instructed in accordance with this Part of the Code. Certain provisions of this Part of the Code may also apply to vessels used for the processing and/or cold storage of the catch. satisfy themselves as far as possible that fishermen are properly instructed in the dangers of their occupation and the precautions necessary to avoid accidents and injury to health.1. designate persons or groups of persons whose duty it is to ensure that the relevant provisions of this Part of the Code are applied.3 1. “fisherman” is any person working on board a fishing vessel. post in prominent places on board warning notices and instructions whenever required by any safety regulations or in accordance with safe practice standards. (ii) (iii) 1.2 This Part of the Code may also serve as a guide to those concerned with framing measures for the improvement of safety and health on board fishing vessels but is not a substitute for national laws and regulations.2 1.1. whales. 1.2.3 The scope of this Part of the Code is limited to such basic information as is necessary for the safe conduct of fishing operations. seals.-8- CHAPTER 1 – GENERAL PROVISIONS 1.1.3. 1. “competent authority” is the government of the country in which the vessel is registered.

C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. The attention of skippers and crews is specially drawn to this fact.3.doc .3. 1.3.2 Fishermen should promptly report to the skipper. 1. while the vessel is at sea or in port.3. or which may cause damage to equipment.3.3. It is particularly in the early stages of the voyage when evidence of this misuse of alcohol is found and the skippers and crew are accident prone. the use of the equipment affected should not be permitted until corrective action has been taken. or when duly authorized. or if necessary the competent authority. If a defect is such as to cause immediate danger.7 It is in the interest of every fisherman that he should be able to swim. fishermen shall be granted adequate rest periods which should comprise at least six consecutive hours in every period of twenty. alter or interfere with any safety device or other appliance furnished for their protectio n or the protection of others.3. safety devices and other appliances furnished or their protection or the protection of others.5 Except in cases of necessity.3. or interfere with any method or process adopted with a view to avoiding accidents and injury to health. and steps should be taken to ensure that any defective equipment is retained for examination and corrective action. 1.3 Fishermen should make proper use of all safeguards.6 Fishermen should acquaint themselves with and obey all safety and health instructions pertaining to their work.-91.3. An excessive intake of alcohol in any form by a fisherman on board a fishing vessel is a major danger to himself and may be a danger to his shipmates. 1. It must be discouraged. their employer.8 Fishermen should refrain from careless or reckless practices or actions likely to result in accidents or injury to health to themselves and others. any defect discovered on board which is liable to cause danger. 1. 1.10 In order to minimize accidents due to fatigue. 1. fishermen should not remove.9 Studies of the causes of accidents on board fishing vessels have shown that the misuse of alcohol is often a contributory factor. should be entered into the log-book for otherwise properly recorded and reported to the competent authority. 1.4 Any accident occurring on board.four hours.

2.1. 2.3 Gyro-compasses should be switched on in ample time before departure and frequently checked against the magnetic compass during the voyage. 2. 2. 2.finding apparatus should be calibrated to this frequency. Radar should be put on stand-by whenever conditions of poor visibility are expected.1. so as to be ready for operation for direction.1.finding apparatus on board should be tuned to one of the international distress frequencies when not in use.6 Echo-sounding apparatus.5 Where homing or direction.g.1. 2.finding on 2182 kHz is used.8 All equipment should be maintained in good working condition and spare parts carried to replace losses or to repair breakdowns. All repeaters should agree with the master gyro-compass. 2. extinguished lights and other navigational hazards.1 Steering gear should always be kept in working condition and should be checked before each departure of the vessel to sea. when in close proximity to other vessels. . radar equipment and other electronic aids to navigation should be tested frequently and well maintained. alterations to or installation of new electric or electronic equipment on the bridge or fixed or movable steel work (e.2 Safety of navigation A. 2.2 Automatic steering should not be used in confined waters.2. should be kept up to date on the charts. the direction. especially after extensive repairs or alterations to the construction of the vessel or in parts of a magnetic nature such as (for instance).1.finding or homing purposes in case of distress as soon as the first transmission (alarm signal.1. distress call or distress message) is received.1 Navigational equipment and aids to navigation 2. new derrick booms). The table of compass deviations should be up to date.1. The use of radar in clear weather conditions should be encouraged to improve the crew’s efficiency in its use. The latest additional information from notices to mariners. in conditions of poor visibility or in other hazardous situations unless a man is immediately available to assume manual control. charts used should be the latest editions available and of as large a scale as practicable. STEERING AND LOOK-OUT 2.10 - CHAPTER 2 – NAVIGATION 2..4 Radio direction.1. 2.7 On fishing vessels provided with an efficient daylight signalling lamp there should be personnel proficient in its use.1 In the interest of safety.2.2 Magnetic compasses should be frequently checked. and in particular that referring to buoys.

except in cases where special rules made by local authorities for special areas (such as harbours.3 The International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea require a proper look-out to be kept at all times. may use signals recommended for single trawling vessels in similar circumstances.8 (a) Vessels engaged in trawling. (ii) (iii) C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.2. by day. and steering and sailing principles for navigation under various circumstances. a searchlight shone forward and in the direction of the other vessel of the pair.. (ii) (iii) (b) (c) Similar signals to the above may be used by drifters.7 While the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea must be obeyed.2.2.6 Recommendations on the use of radar information as an aid to avoiding collisions at sea are annexed to these Rules. lakes and inland waterways) are applicable. C. may exhibit: (i) when shooting their nets: two white lights in a vertical line one over the other.11 2. the following supplementary rules have been recommended by the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization and have been applied by a number of fishing nations in order to prevent accidents in the course of fishing operations by vessels fishing in close proximity. provisions for sound signals and cond uct in restricted visibility. 2. Each vessel engaged in pair trawling may exhibit: (i) by night. light or hoisting flag “P”. when hauling their nets: one white light over one red light in a vertical line one over the other. flag “T” hoisted at the foremast: this signal means “Keep clear of me – I am engaged in pair trawling”. Signals for Trawlers and Drifters 2.4 The Rules of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea shall be strictly followed by all ships upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith navigable by seagoing vessels. when the net has come fast upon an obstruction: two red lights in a vertical line one over the other and/or signal “P” made by sound.doc . 2. vessels engaged in pair trawling.2. whe n shooting or hauling their nets or when their nets have come fast upon an obstruction. whether using demersal or pelagic gear. B. COLLISION REGULATIONS 2.2.2. SPECIAL SIGNALS TO BE USED BY VESSELS FISHING IN CLOSE PROXIMITY 2.5 The Rules prescribe lights and shapes to be shown by various ships. rivers.

when vessels are engaged in fishing as a fleet. warning other vessels to keep clear of it.1 Fishermen should at all times avail themselves of the information contained in weather bulletins for shipping given either by radiotelegraphy or radiotelephony. in a vertical line one over the other. 2. and during such times no other lights shall be exhibited. the words employed shall have the meaning set down in the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. The lights mentioned above should be placed where they can best be seen. or interfere with the keeping of a proper lookout. except the lights prescribed in the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea and such lights as cannot be mistaken for the prescribed lights or do not impair the ir visibility or distinctive character. Sound Signals 2.. they should be visible all round the horizon as nearly as possible. For the purpose of these supplementary rules. and should be aware of the regular times these are issued for the respective areas. These lights may be shown only while the vessel’s free movement is hampered by its fishing gear.12 Light Signals for Purse Seiners 2.3. Attention is furthermore drawn to the following forms of information: (b) (c) .9 Vessels engaged in purse seining may show two yellow lights.11 No sound signals should be used other than those prescribed by the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea and the International Code of Signals. Exhibition of Light Signals 2.2. The following signals from the International Code of Signals may be made by sound between fishing vessels operating in close proximity: “I am shooting nets” – “Z” (2 long.. and their visibility must be less than the visibility of lights prescribed by Rule 9(b) of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. 1 short blast).2.2. they should be at least 3 feet (1m) apart but at a lower level than the lights prescribed in Rule 9(c)(i) and (d) of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. These lights should flash intermittently about once a second in such a way that when the lower is out the upper is on and vice versa.10 (a) The supplementary rules referred to above concerning lights shall apply in all weathers from sunset to sunrise. These lights may also be exhibited from sunrise to sunset in restricted visibility and in all other circumstances when it is deemed necessary. 2 short blasts) “I am hauling nets” – “G” (2 long.3 Weather and danger information Weather Bulletins 2.

using the procedure as prescribed by the radio regulations in force.force winds caus ing severe ice accretion on superstructures.4 In regions where tropical cyclones may be encountered: Type of message Corresponding wind Wind speed Beaufort force …Up to 33 knots Up to 7 … 34-47 knots 8-9 … 48-63 knots 10-11 64 knots and over 12 and over Uncertain - Warning … … … … Gale warning … … … … Storm warning… … … … Hurricane (or local synonym warning) Tropical disturbance of unknown origin … … … … … 2. for any reason. and by radiotelephony in coastal areas.7 The transmission of messages concerning the dangers specified is free of cost to the vessels concerned.3. and fo r coastal areas by radiotelephony. and also to the appropriate authorities at the first point on the coast with which he can communicate. 2. a dangerous derelict.3. are always preceded by the International Safety Signal. is bound to communicate the information by all the means at his disposal to ships in the vicinity.doc .. transmitted mainly by radiotelegraphy.6 The skipper of every vessel which meets with dangerous ice. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.8 All such radio messages shall be preceded by the Safety Signal.3.3. 2.3.3. Hurricane warnings are broadcast as soon as possible regardless of existing schedules. It may be transmitted either in plain language (preferably English) or by means of the International Code of Signals. It is intended for use in cases where it is found impracticable. in the language of the issuing station and in English. or any other direct danger to navigation. or encounters sub. Storm Warnings 2.13 MAFOR Code 2.freezing air temperatures associated with gale. or winds of force 10 or above on the Beaufort scale for which no storm warning has been received.3 Storm warnings issued by radiotelegraphy.3.5 Storm warnings are given in plain language. The form in which the information is sent is not obligatory. or a tropical storm.2 The MAFOR Code is used for the transmitting by radiotelegraphy of weather forecasts to shipping. to issue these forecasts in the language of the issuing country and in English. Types of messages used for these purposes are as follows: Type of message Corresponding wind (Beaufort force) … … … … … … … … … 8 or 9 10 or over - Gale warning … … … Storm warning… … … Warning of tropical cyclones … 2. Danger Messages 2.

2. whenever possible. sound and radio signals which are to be used by vessels in distress. 1960. the last known position of the vessel can be fixed with reasonable accuracy.7 In cases where vessels do not have radio facilities and in cases of radio failure. in the special circumstances of the case. position signals should be sent at not mo re than twenty. 2.4. They should notify the same person of their return to port. D. Special fishery signals are included in the Code of Signals. 2.4. the proposed area of fishing and the approximate duration of the voyage. the reason for failing to proceed to the assistance of the persons in distress.8 In all cases the skippers should inform the harbour-master or other responsible person of their departure from port. INTERNATIONAL CODE OF SIGNALS 2. . 2. If he is unable or.4. the skipper should. or otherwise properly record.4. B.4 Vessels shall not use any of these signals for any purpose other than to indicate that they are in distress.5 The skipper of any fishing vessel at sea.1 The International Code of Signals is intended primarily for use in situations related essentially to safety of navigation and of persons. DISTRESS SIGNALS 2. informing them if possible that he is doing so.6 Whenever possible. so that in the event of any mishap occurring.. C. including radiotelegraphy and radiotelephony.3.9 Information required in danger messages is contained in Regulation 3 of Chapter V of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea.3 The International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea include a number of visual.four hour intervals.4. The making of any signal which may be confused with any of the distress signals is also prohibited.4.4. he should enter in the log-book. pass his position to another vessel with radio facilities so that it may be reported. POSITION REPORTING 2. which is reproduced in Appendix I.14 2.4. especially when language difficulties arise.2 The Code of Signals should be carried on board and be available on the bridge at all times. It is suitable for transmission by all means of communication.4 Signals A. considers it unreasonable or unnecessary to proceed to their assistance. is bound to proceed with all speed to the assistance of the persons in distress. on receiving a signal from any source that a ship or aircraft or survival craft thereof is in distress. 2. DISTRESS MESSAGES 2.

mentioned tables.1 Attention is drawn to the provisions of Chapter IX of the 1977 Torremolinos Convention relating to watches and radio logs of radiotelegraph and radiotelephone.5.. should be posted near the radio equipment or be readily available at all times to watchkeeping personnel. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.2 Procedures connected with the reception of safety messages and the transmission of distress signals by means of radiotelephony are described in Appendix II. Phonetic alphabet and figure-spelling tables. The tables contain a number of selected signals from the International Code of Signals.doc . are also provided to overcome possible language difficulties.15 - 2.5.5. as well as tables for indicating the position of the incident and the nature of distress.3 A list of radiotelephone procedure signals. together with the above.5 Radiotelegraph and radiotelephone procedures 2. 2. 2.

. 3. To lock freeing port covers is dangerous. and the crew warned of the imminent danger of heavy oncoming seas. as are required by the competent authority. such as certificates of seaworthiness. if fitted. should be suitably closed in adverse weather conditions and accordingly all fixtures and appliances for this purpose should be maintained in good condition.. during fishing operations or while other work is being done on deck. 3.1 Care should always be taken to ensure the quick release of water trapped on deck. 3. Before vessels depart into areas subject to icing. 3. If locking devices are fitted. Rose boxes and suction strainers of bilge pumps should always be kept clean.5 A sharp look-out should always be maintained.1. 3. 3.2 The fittings for closing and securing hatches should be kept in good condition. If excessive heeling or yawing occurs the speed should be reduced. 3. thus preventing the trapping of water.2..1 The skipper should ensure that all certificates.8 Bilges should be kept drained and free of debris and oil. etc.1.1 All doorways.1.1 General 3. for example by easing down when men are traversing the deck.1.2 When the main deck is prepared for carrying deck load by dividing it with pound boards. forecastle.3.2 The skipper should ensure to the best of his ability that his vessel is maintained in a seaworthy condition and properly equipped.3 Opening and closing appliances 3.1. 3. the opening mechanism should always be easily accessible.16 CHAPTER 3 – SAFETY OF THE VESSEL 3. 3.4 Necessary care should be taken to maintain adequate freeboard in all loading conditions. 3. ventilators and other openings through which water can enter into the hull or deckhouses. are carried on board and are valid. and where load line regulations are applicable they should be strictly adhered to at all times. the skipper should cease fishing in good time and take precautionary action.1.3. 3.6 The crew should be alerted to all the dangers of following or quartering seas.1. there should be slots between them of suitable size to allow easy flow of water to freeing ports. freeing port covers.3.2 Freeing ports 3.7 Extra care should be taken when the vessel is hanging fast by its fishing gear.1. 3.3 All hatches and flush deck scuttles should be closed and properly secured when not in use during fishing. Special care is required in bad weather. should be kept in the open position.2.3 If in doubt as to the suitability of weather for fishing.

12 All vent pipes to fuel or water tanks should be properly protected against the entry of water in bad weather. 3. and lights and warning signs displayed to prevent persons from straying into danger.4. 3. 3. 3..9 Manholes should never be left open or floor plates removed without stanchions and guard ropes in place. 3. 3. Knots should never be put in chains.3.2 Chains should be withdrawn from use whenever external defects are evident. cables and chains 3.10 Chutes for the disposal of fish offal which could be submerged by rolling motions should be kept properly closed when not in use.6 Hatch boards should have numbers cut out on them so that they may be replaced in the proper order numbering from fore to aft.doc .4. 3.7 When hatch covers are removed they should be stacked in such a way as to allow free passage alongside the hatch coaming. or by passing one link through another and inserting a bolt or nail to hold it.3 Chains that are wound on drums or pass over sheave s should be lubricated at frequent and regular intervals.4 During fishing operations the number of open hatches should be kept to a minimum.5. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.4 Anchors.3.5 3.1 Anchors.1 Stability Skippers should understand the basic principles of stability.5 In bad weather inspections should be made to ensure that hatch covers and lashings are in order.3. Broken chains should not be rejoined by wiring links together. 3.3.3.13 All closing appliances mentioned in this section as well as those of all inlets and discharges in the shell plating should be periodically inspected. 3. 3. 3. 3.17 3.3. cables and chains should be periodically inspected and tested according to the requirements of the competent authorities.3. 3.3. 3. by inserting bolts between links.4.3.5. Defective chains should be repaired only by properly qualified persons using suitable equipment for the purpose.11 All side scuttles and port deadlights should be maintained in good condition and securely closed in bad weather.8 Open or partly open hatches should not be covered with tarpaulins.3.2 The skipper should be aware of the stability information supplied to the vessel which will enable him to judge the stability of the vessel in any condition of loading.

removal or shifting. either partially or fully.13 Particular care should be taken when the pull from fishing gear might have a bad effect on stability.. therefore. 3. 3.5.9 Instructions given with regard to ballasting should be observed.18 - 3.g.4 Compliance with the stability criteria does not ensure immunity against capsizing regardless of the circumstances or absolve the skipper from his responsibilities.5 The skipper should take precautionary measures in order to maintain adequate stability of the vessel. 3. weather forecasts and the navigational zone and should take note of the particular advice contained in the following paragraphs of this section. e.5. herring. 3.11 The formation of ice on a vessel is dangerous and should be reduced by all practicable means. All instructions concerning the vessel’s stability issued by the competent authority should be strictly observed. or inadequate freeboard of the vessel.12 All fishing gear and other heavy material should be properly stowed and placed as low in the vessel as possible. when nets are hauled by power-block or the trawl catches obstructions on the seabed.7 To prevent a shift of the fish load carried in bulk. and change of the main engine.10 Where alterations are made to the vessel affecting its stability. A suggested method for carrying out this test is given in Annex III of the Code of Safety for Fishermen and Fishing Vessels – Part B.269(VIII)) which is reproduced at Appendix III. 3. 3. e.5. 3.5. Such alterations may be e.5. 3.5.g. of the permanent ballast.5. The skipper should. Attention is drawn to the IMCO Recommendation for Skippers of Fishing Vessels on Ensuring a Vessel’s Endurance in Conditions of Ice Formation (IMCO Assembly Resolution A. .5.3 The initial stability of a fishing vessel up to 230 feet (70m) in length can be approximately determined by means of the rolling period test. 3.5.8 Partially filled tanks can be dangerous. portable divisions in the holds should be properly installed.g.5. conversion to new fishing methods.5. 3.14 Gear for releasing the deck load in fishing vessels which carry the catch on deck. 3. should be kept in good working condition.6 The stowing order of fish-holds should be such as to prevent extremes of trim or heel. the competent authority should approve the alterations before they are undertaken. the number of slack tanks should be kept to a minimum. exercise prudence and good seamanship having regard to the season of the year.5.

firmly fixed steps should lead from the top of the bulwark to the deck. if they are not long enough to reach the water.1. suitable steps should be provided in order to give safe access between vessels. cracked or rotten.1. if the rope is in poor condition or has broken strands.1. A net under the gangway may also be useful in some circumstances. Care should be taken that the arrangement is such that it permits easy and comfortable access from ladder or gangway to steps or vice versa.. platforms should be hooked over the bulwark. 4. stairways. Wooden ladders should not be painted but varnished or coated with transparent preservative. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. Only one person at a time should be permitted on a rope ladder.7 Precautions should be taken when ladders are used on board. by another person.5 When the shipboard end of a ladder or gangway rests upon the bulwark.level or quay. ladders. Such ladders should be fully extended and should not be secured to the bulwark by the rungs. 4. When a vessel does not lie close against a quay and quay steps are used. There should also be a lifebuoy with a suitable line readily available by the gangway. 4.1.8 The use of portable ladders at sea should be avoided. 4.19 CHAPTER 4 – SAFETY ON DECK 4. They should not be made of steel wire rope and should not be used: (i) (ii) (iii) if any rungs are missing. but should it be necessary to use them they should be firmly secured against slipping. and be provided with a substantial and properly secured handhold such as a rail or stanchion.doc . 4. shore gangways and ladders should be made safe against dislodgment or collapse and should not be located within the swinging radius of derricks or expose personnel to other hazards. When vessels are berthed alongside each other. 4.1 All ladders and stairways should be properly maintained. Fishermen should never jump from the vessel to shore or from the shore to the vessel.9 Rope ladders should be provided with two cross battens to prevent twisting. Stairways and ladders should have non-skid treads. 4.1.2 Gangways.1.6 Ladders should be firmly secured.1. Non-slip bases may be used or the ladder held. 4. stairways. Persons ascending or descending a rope ladder should take care to hold the ropes and not the rungs. The legs at each end should be placed on flat and solid surfaces and always lashed in place.1 Gangways.1. Loads should not be carried on them and ladders should never be used where stairways or gangways are provided for boarding or leaving the vessel or for crossing from one vessel to another. ladders and alleyways should be kept clean to prevent falls due to slippery conditions. railing and guards 4.3 Gang planks. at its lower end.4 Frequently accidents occur through not using the proper means of getting on or off the vessel.1.

4.3. 4. . 4. 4. 4. spikes or other insecure means. lighting on deck should not be extinguished unless the fishing operations require darkness.12 Toeboards or stops should be securely fastened. the sudden accelerations.2. 4.20 4.1 Fishermen should always be on guard against falling overboard as it is a major cause of fatalities among fishermen. 4.3 There should be an efficient warning and communication system between the bridge and the crew. 4.3.2 In bad weather fishing vessels are most vulnerable to shipping water when they are getting under way after lying broadside on to the waves. should carry a pilot ladder.3 Precautions against falling overboard 4. if necessary. the conducting of complex fishing operations on open decks.3. as the vessel is at this point most liable to ship a sea.1. when engaged on voyages in the course of which pilots are likely to be employed.10 A ladder should not be used if it has: (i) (ii) missing or defective parts. In these conditions it is advisable to warn the crew of a change of course or an increase in speed.15 Fishing vessels. a rung repaired by nails. and the inevitable fatigue which results from long working hours. 4.2 During fishing. especially if the new course is into the wind.2. The pitch and roll of small vessels. the frequent hauling in and letting out of gear over the side or stern.1.2 Deck lighting 4.1.2.14 Portable handrails should always be secured and in position when the vessel is under way.4 As a safety precaution.11 Portable stanchions should be secured against accidental lifting out. Men working on deck are conditioned to the broadside roll and the sudden change in motion can catch them unawares.3.13 Railings should be maintained in good repair. lifelines should be set up as appropriate to the class and size of the vessel.1.1. 4.1. A hand lantern should be used. 4. are conditions favouring accidental falls overboard.3 Lighting should be placed so that it does not dazzle a look-out or interfere with the effectiveness of the prescribed navigational lights.. 4.1 During hours of darkness sufficient lighting should be provided at gangways and all other locations on deck where personnel must work or pass so that obstructions are readily visible. the working on wet slippery decks which are sometimes covered with fish blood and offal. the crew is vulnerable.

4.6 Ropes should not be exposed to excessive heat or harmful chemicals. 4. as this may overload the rope and weaken it. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. 4.3.21 4. 4. 4.3. broken.hand lay taken from a new coil should be withdrawn from the inside counter-clockwise in order to retain the twist. 4.8 In heavy weather. 4.4.4 Fishermen should always ensure that they use ropes only for the purpose for which they are intended.4.8 Kinks in ropes should always be taken out by correct coiling – right.4. they should be secured by a safety line or safety belt. or when the vessel rolls heavily. 4. Care should be taken to see that all ropes in use are in good condition and have a strength appropriate to their application. suitable lifelines with man ropes should be rigged on the working deck. 4. which weakens a rope to a greater extent. and gloves used as a protection against injury from projecting strands.4. 4. or a safety work vest. 4.5 When fishermen are required to work in an exposed place or to reach overside in heavy weather.doc . When not in use they should be coiled and stored under well.7 To prevent men from falling or being washed overboard in bad weather.4 Ropes and lines 4.12 A wire rope should never be passed over an undersized diameter pulley.9 A load should not be placed on a rope suddenly or with a jerk. A kinked wire rope should never be pulled taut. the reading of the log.10 A splice should be used where possible in place of a knot.7 Rope of right.4. 4.4. 4.3 Care should be taken to avoid damaging or weakening ropes through excessive strains or rubbing and chafing against sharp objects.4. or wear a life-jacket.hand rope. 4. inspections and other work on deck. 4. the speed of the vessel should be reduced for the disposing of ashes.4. in particular.11 All blocks should be of sufficient strength and large enough for the rope.4. soundings. 4.4.3.6 During bad weather.3. deteriorated or displaced fibres or strands and other defects. fishermen should not work alone on deck without the watch in the wheelhouse being aware of their presence.2 Wire rope should always be handled with great care. sheave or winch barrel.5 Ropes should be frequently examined for abrasions.ventilated conditions away from direct sunlight..1 Fishermen should become familiar with the various types of ropes and twines and their special uses on board and. with the breaking characteristics of synthetic ropes.4. the fetching of food. The diameter of the sheaves should be suited to the ropes.hand coiling for a right.

5.6 A draw-bucket should not be used when a vessel is under way as there is a danger that a man may be pulled overboard.4 When fishermen are required to work aloft they should use a boatswain’s chair or safety belt. 4.4. Boatswain’s chairs should always be held by a block and gantline.4. Fishermen should keep clear of ropes or wires in tension. 4.5. care should be taken not to stand in the bights.4. 4. thigh rather than back muscles should be used.16 During the handling of mooring lines or other wires or ropes. 4.14 A warp or rope should not be thrown loosely over the side.5 For lifting. the use of open hooks on ladders to this end should be forbidden.4.3 Mats may be used on deck as and when practicable to provide a good foothold.5. 4. the bow and not the pin of the shackle must rest on the stay or standing part. 4.5.13 A wire rope which is fitted round a thimble of suitable size to form an eye should be well spliced or secured by means of U-clamps fitted so that the U-bolt fits over the short end of the wire. 4. When rigging the boatswain’s chair to a stay. 4.5.15 Discarded ropes. as it may foul the propeller. nets or other gear should not be jettisoned as they constitute a danger to other vessels.. Deck hoses should be kept clear of moving warps. .1 Miscellaneous Decks should be kept clear of all loose gear liable to cause tripping. Hawsers should be coiled down in their correct place and wires wound on their reels to reduce the likelihood of bights forming.5 4. 4.22 4.2 Oil or grease spills or fish debris should be hosed down and cleaned off to prevent slipping.5.

hoisting gear and related equipment should be checked before use. Fasteners which result in the gear being parted at one end and the entire load being hauled from one warp present dangerous situations.1.1. As work progresses. 5. there is a real danger of the messenger parting.1 The skipper on the bridge should keep a sharp look-out on all fishing operations and use signals which are positive and clearly understood.2 Trawling 5.1.9 Fishermen should not risk crushing the ir fingers by trying to clear a line from the sheave of a block.2 Fishing gear should be in good order and all parts of hauling gear. 5. front boards should be removed one by one.1 General 5. shelving and staging should be erected carefully. 5.8 Fasteners (obstructions to gear on the sea-bed) are a source of danger on deck until the last section of gear is on board.1..12 Poundboards on deck and means for stowing and working the fishing gear should be arranged so that the effectiveness of the freeing ports will not be impaired or water trapped on deck and prevented from easily reaching the freeing ports. 5. with the likelihood of serious injury. Pound boards should not be piled in a loose stack. and it is essential not to stand aft C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. it should be cleared in the safest possible way.1.4 Fishermen should stand clear of running warps so that the vessel’s motion does not throw them onto the ropes. 5. When blocking up. The pull to clear fasteners should be from as low a point and as near to the ship side as possible.1. 5. 5. hauled up by the fishing gear. 5. Great strains can occur in unexpected places when heaving on taut warps or by the motion of the vessel.13 If a look-out is positioned in the crow’s nest.1.5 Fishermen should keep clear of outrunning gear of all types.10 Deck fish-washing machines should be assembled and dismantled with care. 5.1. such as explosive devices or drums of chemicals. 5.1.11 In fish rooms. 5.7 bis Fishermen should be aware of the dangers of handling unfamiliar objects.1. he should use the means provided for climbing the mast.2.1.7 When fishing gear is fouled.1. position himself properly inside and not straddle the protective rails.23 CHAPTER 5 – SAFETY IN FISHING OPERATONS 5. 5.1.doc . 5. Only an experienced fisherman should “block up” or “knock out” the gear.6 Fishermen should not stand on parts of the gear lying on deck when the remaining part is still in the water.3 Fishermen should not wear rings when handing nets or other fishing gear.1. 5.1 A person standing at or near the towing block in a side trawler when the warps are being secured or knocked out exposes himself to the risk of serious injury.

5. when shooting. 5.15 During double-rig trawling the winch drums should not be clutched in. false headlines.2. the end of the warp whipping off the drum could cause serious accidents.2.2. 5.14 When beam trawls or otter trawls are towed from the outboard end of outrigger booms the rudder should always be hand-operated.24 of the messenger or between the messenger and the centre casing.11 Fishermen should pay special attention to ropes connected to the net such as bridles. This should be done by trained men who understand the proper signals to communicate with the winchman. Safety devices should always be used to prevent sliding overboard. If a man is trapped by the rope.12 If a headline float gets caught in a man’s clothing. 5.10 When the quarter rope is released from the fairlead during shooting.2. .8 At least three complete turns of a trawl warp should remain around a trawl winch drum at all times. and should not stand in a bight of the rope.2 The vicinities of bollard fairleads are also danger areas.4 Releasing and securing trawl boards is a skilled and dangerous operation. 5. fishermen should stand forward of the towing block and never immediately behind it.2. 5.2. 5.16 The outboard ends of the outrigger booms should be kept as low as possible and be prevented from lifting.2.3 When clutching for support.2. 5.9 During shooting and hauling. They should never stand in the bights of such ropes. The drums should be held on the brakes only.13 Fishermen should not stand under the fore warp on a side trawler when the vessel is towing.7 It is dangerous to work near the ramp of a stern trawler. it should be cut at once. quarter ropes. the fisherman should make sure that he does not grasp the warp. When knocking out. 5. etc. 5.6 A standard code of hand signals should be adopted for signalling to the winchman handling the trawl.2.2. 5. 5.2.. it should be released at once by cutting the clothing. fishermen should not stand between the rope and the rail.2. 5. 5.5 Fishermen should not put their fingers through the links when fixing dog chains or G links. and fishermen should never get too close when the gear is being worked. 5. nor should they stand over a slack warp as a load may suddenly come on it. Stepping over trawl warps during shooting or hauling is extremely dangerous.2.2.2. fishermen whose presence is not necessary for the operation should keep clear of the operating area..

fishermen should stand aft of the aft gallows and fore of the fore gallows to give the winchman a clear view.2. 5. 5.18 The skipper should never try to recover an obstructed net with the warp running over the block at the outboard end of the outrigger boom. 5.3 Purse seining 5.2.22 Fishermen should not climb on the bulwark when fixing the dog chain.3. The warp block at the outboard end of the boom should then be lowered and brought inboard. the net should be so arranged that it is pulled out by a buoy or skiff without the crew having to expose themselves to danger by going aft of or on top of the net.. 5.3 During setting of the net the winchman should take care not to allow the drums to turn faster than the purseline wire runs out. Where such a danger exists.doc . If this fixing has to be done out of easy reach. 5. 5. the winch drum brakes should immediately be released. 5.5 A sharp knife should always be kept handy near the net bin or platform.2 When setting begins. 5. 5. 5.3. The same applies to hoisting heavy or unknown weights in this manner.4 The extension rope attached to the tail end of the net should be coiled down in a separate box or compartment so that there is no danger of fishermen being caught in the loops during setting. Preferably the breastline and that part of the sinkerline which is tied upon the bunt boom and/or C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.6 Fishermen should avoid standing below an overhead power block or transfer block because of the danger of their being hit by heavy purse rings passing through the blocks. 5. the bridles should be coiled in the net or else stowed in a separate box or compartment next to the “clothes-pin” (rack or bar) from which the rings run out.3.3.19 No fisherman should stand under the codend when it is being hoisted.20 Fishermen should stand clear of the man who holds the dog chains since he must have sufficient room to jump clear if the boards come up awkwardly.2.2. the steps and protective rail provided should be used.2. There is a danger of capsizing the vessel in this way. fishermen should wear protective helmets. 5.3. Where men have to go on top of the stowed net in an exposed position safety harness should be worn. They should not stand between the gallows and the bulwark when the boards are coming in.7 When handling big catches it is essential to brail or pump the fish on board as quickly as possible to avoid an excessive weight of dead fish in the net.2.3.2.17 When a net becomes fastened to an obstruction on the sea-bed. 5.8 The sinkerline and breastline of the bunt should be so attached to the vessel that they can be quickly released if fish lie too heavily i n the net and endanger the stability of the vessel.3.1 To reduce the danger of fishermen stepping inside loops of purse ring bridles during setting of the net.3. so as to avoid fouling the wire.21 When the boards are coming up.25 5.23 Fishermen should beware of dangers overhead when working near the gallows. 5.

10 Should the vessel heel over dangerously and if it is not possible to release the fish the vessel should be driven ahead and turned towards the listing side. When this does not succeed in righting the vessel.13 Fish carried on deck should be covered by double tarpaulins securely fixed. 5. fishermen should never put their hands on them. using slanting gratings leading to the hatches. . The tension-adjusting handle should be used.12 Sea-water in the hold causes the fish to become fluid and shift. The foul coils should then be thrown overboard by hand and not kicked overboard.9 When the netting is liberally hung in. fixed to the vessel at either end with an easily released sliphook. fishermen should: (i) (ii) (iii) take care in stacking coils. Care should be taken to separate sea-water from the fish during brailing or pumping before the catch reaches the hold. 5.26 on the railing of the vessel.3.11 Where the net is stacked high in an exposed place it is highly desirable to fit removable stanchions with guard ropes to prevent men from falling overboard.. and the crew should wear life-jackets. 5. 5. 5. it should always carry light and sound signal equipment in good working order.3.3. check that shackles are the right way round so that the lower coil will run freely.4. the bunt may still retain a heavy weight of fish even after the breastline and sinkerline have been released.3.16 Where a small auxiliary boat is used. during brailing or pumping. 5.3 When setting the first warp. On steel vessels a wooden plank should be bolted on for this purpose. 5. secure coils so that pitching and rolling will not dislodge them. 5. for instance by nailing wooden strips over the edges to the outside of the railing and to fixed pound boards.3. fishermen should stand clear until all way is off the vessel.4 5.3.3.15 When fish are carried on deck. It is therefore advisable to attach bridles to the bunt floatline so that it can be hoisted up to release the fish. the net should be slacked off immediately or cut. lifelines should be rigged at a suitable height.1 Danish Seining To avoid the danger of foul bights in the warps.14 In an emergency the skipper should be able to release the deck load through special ports by a quick-release mechanism.2 If a warp fouls.4. or men should wear a safety harness.3. 5.4 If the warps are not coming in evenly. Similarly blood water seeping from the fish should be pumped out frequently. 5. the speed of the vessel should be reduced for the last 30 fathoms of rope and slow speed maintained until the net is all in the water.4. 5.4. 5. should be fitted with rings through which is threaded a wire.

they should take care that they are not injured by floats and branchlines coming back on deck.6 When taking bait from the hold.1 When baiting hooks or handling lines.10 If abnormal strains occur when the line is being set. the skipper should adjust the speed of his vessel to the capabilities of the line-setting mechanism. 5. tubs or reels of lines should be adequately secured so that they do not spill in bad weather.5.5.11 When setting the longline.5 When biting or other potentially dangerous fish are being hauled on board. fishermen should keep clear of the conveyor and guide rollers.5.5.5. several coils of the line should be thrown overboard quickly or the line should be cut. 5. and this cannot be corrected by easing the vessel's speed.5. and the hook should not be removed until the fish is dead. 5. GENERAL 5.12 As line storage reels may suddenly reverse when longlines are being set.2 Lines should be coiled carefully and the hooks safely arranged. 5. fishermen should at all times take particular care that their hands are not injured. Others should stand clear of the hauler at all times. 5.4.doc . 5.27 5. fishermen should be aware of this possibility and avoid having their hands caught.4 Fishermen not directly engaged in setting or hauling lines should keep away from the immediate vicinity of moving lines.3 Baskets. C..5. the clasp closed and the safety chain in position. 5.8 Fishermen hauling by linehauler should avoid getting their hands caught by the mainline or branchlines. they should be killed before they reach the deck.5 Towing blocks should be firmly anchored.5. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. so that the line runs freely without snags when being paid out. and that hooks do not snag in their clothing.9 When setting lines by hand the fisherman whose duty it is to join the lines should confirm to the thrower that the next part is connected properly and ready for use. Loose scarves or loose sleeves should not be worn. B.5.5. The fisherman operating the hauler should be able to control it quickly and easily. MODERN SEMI-AUTOMATED TUNA LONGLINE FISHING 5. 5.13 When the line is fouled.7 Fishermen should handle the glass floats of a line carefully to avoid cuts from broken glass.5 Longline fishing A.5.5. 5.5. 5. 5. TRADITIONAL TUNA LONGLINE FISHING 5. fishermen should be careful to dig into the pile in such a way as to avoid it caving in on top of them.

5 In ice holds a pile of ice may become hollow owing to left-over ice melting.6.1 In the gutting.6.5 Chummers (bait-throwers) should position themselves at the proper distance from the pole fishermen.3 If a fisherman finds that he is in danger of being pulled off the fishing platform by an exceptionally large fish. he should return at once from the platform to the deck of the vessel.g. fishermen should take precautions against falling into an ice cave.7. 5. washing and stowing in ice of the catch. he should lower his rod so that the line is in a straight line with the rod so permitting it to be easily broken. .7.4 Fishermen should be careful when chopping ice in the ice hold and use only the proper tools. 5.7 Fish and ice handling 5. the fisherman should not turn around to pull forcibly on it but wait until the deck crew have cleared it.6.4 When a fish is landed on deck. 5.1 Tuna pole and line fishing Fishermen should be spaced at adequate intervals on the fishing platform. unless a second man is present and watching. It is recommended that goggles should be worn to avoid eye injuries caused by flying hooks.8 When the fisherman ceases to fish.6. some give poisonous wounds which can be painful and troublesome. 5.6 When open-circulation sea-water bait tanks are used. no fisherman should go into the tank for any purpose. 5.3 When handling blocks of frozen fish.7.6.6 5. 5. to close sea-water circulation holes. 5.2 Fishermen should not swing their poles carelessly but should have regard to the position of other persons and avoid injuring them with flying hooks. 5.6..7. 5.28 5. fishermen should be familiar with the proper handling of different species of fish to avoid hand injuries from teeth or the sharp spines of certain species.7 Where there is a long. 5.6. fishermen should wear protective gloves. 5. narrow fishing platform fishermen should not use it as a passageway. e. 5.6.7.2 Pricks and cuts from fish spines should be bled and treated without delay. and the hook does not disengage itself.

6.doc .1. steam. they should be done by a competent person.1.5 Parts of machinery which are not securely fenced or guarded should n ot be lubricated. measures should be taken to prevent inadvertent restarting or turning.1.1 Main propulsion and auxiliary machinery 6.7 Men engaged in servicing operating machinery should wear clothing as close. maintenance. repair and testing.1. 6. a threaded funnel or other leakproof fitting which can be screwed onto the tanks' filling connexion should be used when fuelling. 6. should be on board.2 Ships' engineers should be thoroughly conversant with all the machinery for which they are responsible. and in any case before the machinery is put into operation.1.11 Where oil tanks are not connected to the deck by a permanent filling pipe. Fuses should be removed from electrical circuits. the handle should be gripped with the thumb on the same side as the fingers of the hand for protection against possible flywheel recoil.1. Boiler-room personnel should know and follow the correct sequence for lighting up. 6. For lighting a burner a torch should be used and the operator should stand clear. a fuel oil burner should never be lit off hot brickwork nor be lit in a furnace in which fuel oil has accumulated.10 To avoid furnace blow-backs and possible serious accidents. Neckties and rings on fingers should not be worn.3 Manufacturers' instructions relating to the proper operation of main and auxiliary machinery and regarding the proper fuels and lubricating oils to be used. If they have to be removed they should be replaced as soon as practicable.4 Fencing or guards. 6. Before starting or turning over machinery.1.1. care should be taken to ensure that nobody is working on or in the way of moving parts. When such operations must be carried out while the machinery is running. 6.29 - CHAPTER 6 .6 Moving machinery parts should not be cleaned while the machine is in operation. for dangerous parts of machinery should not be removed while the plant is running.8 When machinery is stopped for servicing or repairs. and should strictly observe the rules for its proper operation. water or air valves should be secured in the closed position.1. 6. firing and shutting down boilers. Propulsion machinery and steering gear should be effectively prevented from moving when repairs are carried out at sea. furnaces should be purged with air before lighting up.1 During the operational period while the vessel is in port. routine examinations and maintenance of machinery should be carried out.fitting as possible and headgear to cover long hair. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.9 When engines are hand-cranked by means of a flywheel handle.1.SAFETY IN MACHINERY SPACES AND OF MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT 6. 6. 6. and other machinery and gear should be locked to prevent movement. adjusted or repaired while in motion. 6.1..

.1. .1.1. 6.20 Covers and guards of gauge glasses should always be in place when a boiler is under pressure. and closed thereafter. 6. handrails..13 Metal flame screens fitted on vent pipes should be cleaned periodically. 6.2 Winches and hoists 6.2. 6.1.19 All cocks on the water gauges of an operating boiler should be blown through periodically to ensure that the water.3 All equipment used in hoisting should be tested and examined at periodic intervals as established by the competent authorities. 6. 6.level shown in the glass is true. all moving parts of winches which may present a hazard should be securely guarded or fenced.1. 6.1. ladders to and from the engine room. should be kept free from grease at all times. 6.2 A winch or windlass should only be operated by a competent person. fuel oil tanks and filling systems should be well earthed during fuel oil transfer operations.1.1. to avoid the possibility of serious eye injuries and scalding due to a bursting glass. hand-hole plugs or other boiler fittings are opened for cleaning. and disconnected after the hoses are removed. Condensate drains provided should be opened and steam allowed to pass very slowly until condensate ceases to form in the line.30 - 6.21 Care should be exercised when opening valves to steam lines in order to prevent water-hammer.1 As far as practicable.1.14 When valves or cocks are fitted to gauge glasses on oil fuel tanks they should be opened only to determine the oil level in tanks. boiler furnaces and boiler flues should be checked for safety before any work is permitted in them. Bonding cables connecting the vessel to the shore should be connected before fuel oil hoses are attached. inspection or repair.12 To prevent accumulation of static electricity. securing nuts should be eased off slightly and the joint broken before proceeding. In doubtful cases.22 Spare machinery or heavy pieces of equipment should be secured to prevent movement in heavy seas.18 Before work is attempted on a valve or any other piece of equipment which operates under pressure it should be determined that the pressure has been relieved. 6.2. 6. 6.23 Engine-room floor plates. etc. 6.1. 6.17 The vacuum should be broken or pressure relieved by opening drains of a boiler before the manhole doors. 6.1.15 The filter of a visible sediment bowl in the fuel line from the tank to the engine should be kept clean. Sheaves should also be guarded where practicable.16 Boilers.2.1.

reverse bends or broken strands. They should not normally be guided on by hand. 6.2. 6.15 Winch drivers should not leave winches unattended with power on or with a load suspended.16 The winchman should assure himself that all men are standing clear of the danger zone before applying any load.8 When warps on winches are renewed.2. 6. 6.2.2.7 Ropes or wires should be led onto winches at an angle which will minimize slipping.doc . Sudden jerks should be avoided. wires and ropes.13 Loads should be applied smoothly to warps. the correct size and length should be obtained so that the winch drum can accommodate the full length.2. kinks. 6.2. 6. 6.2.11 Wire ropes used for hoisting and warps should be maintained in good condition and suitable for the work to be performed.5 The maximum safe working load of hoisting gear should be marked on the derricks. 6.12 Blocks and sheaves should be properly lubricated at regular intervals.31 6.2. chattering or slipping. 6.10 The controls of winches should have clear operating instructions attached to or adjacent to them. 6.2. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.9 Winch brakes should be kept in good adjustment and should operate without grabbing.14 Before hoisting or applying loads to wires and ropes by warping heads the wire or rope should be hand-tightened before being laid on the warping head.4 All parts of hauling gear. 6.18 Scarves or loose clothing are liable to be caught in a winch and should not be worn. three complete turns should remain coiled on the drum. When the warp is fully unwound.6 Fishermen should be aware of the danger of trying to lift too great a load by putting extra turns of rope or wire on a warping head.2.2.3. 6.2.17 Loads being hoisted or lowered should not pass over or remain suspended over persons. hoisting gear and related equipment should be maintained in good repair and working order. 6. 6.2. Ends of wire ropes should be seized or otherwise secured to prevent the strands from coming loose..19 Frayed wires constitute a danger and should be promptly replaced. Special attention should be given to ensure that the turns on the warping head do not cross each other.1 Refrigeration plants and compressed air systems should be maintained and periodically examined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the competent authority. All shackles used aloft should be of a locking type or should be fixed so that they cannot come loose by themselves.3 Refrigeration plants and compressed air systems 6. They should not have knots.2. 6.2. 6.2.

Extreme care should be taken to ensure that the correct gas and the appropria te fittings are used. 6. 6. and have a clearly legible indication of the name and chemical formula of their contents.3 Cylinders containing flammable or other dangerous gases should be stowed on open decks.4 When air compressors are in operation water condensation should be regularly drained from the air dischargers and inter-coolers.2 Electrical circuits should be treated as though they are live until it is certain that they are not. when gas cylinders are changed or when there is a failure. . and all valves. at least two sets of supplied-air or self. should be permitted in spaces in which refrigeration machinery or equipment using flammable gases is installed. 6..5. accumulation of snow.4.4 Cylinders should always be properly secured. 6.2 Whenever any gas which may be harmful to persons is used in a refrigerating system.3 No flame-producing devices.32 - 6. 6.5 When the installation is not in use. 6. The drains on compressed air receivers should be operated periodically.5.8 Compressed oxygen should never be used in lieu of compressed air for the starting or turning over of engines or machinery. maintain or remove electrical equipment or circuits.5 Electrical installations 6.2 Cylinders for compressed. pressure regulators and pipes leading from the cylinders should be protected against damage.1 To minimize hazards all electrical equipment and circuits of fishing vessels should be well maintained.6 The detection of leaks in gas systems should be carried out only with approved test equipment.4. 6.4. the valves on the gas cylinders should be closed.3.4.4. or hot surfaces which may cause explosions. Cylinders should be protected against excessive variations of temperature.3. Only competent persons should be permitted to install. liquefied and dissolved gases should be clearly marked as to their contents by means of prescribed identification bands of colour.4. and air filters should be regularly cleaned.4. Unauthorized installation of electrical equipment of any kind is highly dangerous and should be forbidden. 6.4 Gas cylinders and installations 6.7 Oils or grease should not be used on oxygen cylinders or fittings. 6. 6.3. 6.ventilated spaces and care should be taken to avoid a dangerous accumulation of gas.1 Cooking and domestic appliances using heavy gases should be used only in well. in accordance with regulations established by the competent authority.4.contained breathing apparatus of a type approved by the competent authority should be placed conveniently near to the refrigeration plant but not in a position likely to become inaccessible in the event of a leakage of gas. 6. and continuous dampness. direct rays of the sun.

5. The use of tools with mushroomed or broken heads should not be permitted.2 Hand tools should be periodically checked by a competent person. and defective tools should be immediately repaired or replaced. Only lamps manufactured as portable should be used. 6.5. and keep cutting tools sharp and stored safely when not in use.6 All electrical equipment should be earthed or otherwise suitably protected. they are safety devices. to prevent the hand sliding onto the blade.9 Excessive sparking at a commutator or excessive heat in motors.5..6. Fuses should never be bridged.5 Open-bladed knives.5. 6..3 All portable electrical equipment should be regularly checked by a competent person. 6. in the engine room or aloft on deck. special attention being given to the condition of power cables and their connexions.33 - 6.6.6. 6. gratings. bucket or bag.4 Portable electrical equipment exposed to the weather should be protected from dampness and corrosion as well as from mechanical damage. Only fuses having the correct amperage rating for the particular circuit should be used. They should always be placed in a box. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.4 Handles of hand knives should have hilt guards or finger grips. 6. 6. switches.11 Smoking or generating sparks should be prohibited near electric storage batteries.1 Hand tools should be of good material and construction and maintained in safe condition. generators.8 Personnel should stand on a non-conducting mat or board when working on electrical equipment. cables.5.7 Fuse boxes and fuse holders should be checked at regular intervals to ensure that the correct rating of fuse is being used.6. use the right tool for the job.6 Tools or small parts of equipment should never be left lying on staging. 6. 6. 6.doc . Earth faults should not be allowed to persist but should be remedied as soon as possible. generators. fish-hooks.10 All possible precautions should be taken to prevent steam. 6.5. motors and other electrical equipment. 6.5. 6. water or dirt from accidentally contacting switchboards. gaffs and similar sharp implements should be sheathed or otherwise put safely away when not in use. fuses should be removed or switches left open and tagged as a warning to others.6. should be remedied at once. During work on motors or circuits. fuses.5. or lashed to prevent them from accidentally falling and injuring persons passing or standing below.6. etc.6 Hand tools 6. especially for frayed cables and faulty connexions.. and they should always be checked before use.5 Portable electric lamps should be used only where adequate permanent fixed lighting cannot be provided.3 Fishermen should keep all tools clean.5. etc. 6. 6.

it should be screwed down into the receiving hole as far as its collar. Pipe wrench jaws should be kept in good condition.6.8 When an eye-bolt is used to lift machine and boiler parts.7 Torches. Over-length eye-bolts should not be used. 6. welding and similar hot work on tanks and other containers holding flammables or on empty tanks and containers which have held flammables or acids. Tools and other gear should be removed before restarting a machine which has been serviced.lamps should be securely fastened to the engine. The adjustable jaws of a wrench should lie on the side of the handle towards which the handle is moved. and in addition the blow. 6. and only small filler cans should be used to fill the preheating pans.6. Blow-torches should not be completely filled with fuel.10 A spanner or wrench should be correct size for the job.3 Fishermen should not undertake soldering.6.6. 6. 6. and such equipment should be continually watched when in use.7.12 Hand tools should only be used for the purpose for which they are intended. have jaws which are not worn and fit squarely on the nut. 6.9 Cold chisels and punches should preferably be held between the thumb and index finger with the palm of the hand open and turned towards the holder.6.13 Hammering on the hardened surfaces of tools.11 It is dangerous to use a wrench on moving machinery.34 6. 6. .2 For starting hot-bulb engines the same instructions apply. machinery parts or equipment is hazardous because metal chips may fly..6. 6.7 Tools and other equipment should be lowered from above by use of a gantline. 6.7.1 Safety instructions concerning the use of blow-torches and oxy-acetylene welding and cutting torches should be carefully followed.7.6. blow-lamps and hot work 6. 6.

7 Safety belts and harnesses should be worn by men working aloft or overside.11 The attention of fishermen should be drawn to the harmful effects of high noise levels in the engine room and to the various methods to minimize them.doc . fumes.2. They should be tested periodically and checked before being used. 7.2 Protective clothing and equipment 7.2. 7. 7. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.10 Only self-contained breathing apparatus.2 Fishermen should wear footwear which is appropriate for the work being performed and is in good condition. 7.1. 7. there should be no loose strings or cuffs on trousers. scaling.8 Fishermen engaged in cutting or gutting of fish should wear gloves sufficiently reinforced to provide adequate protection against cuts. Fishermen should always wear goggles for protection when performing such work as chipping rust or paint. 7.2.5 Fishermen working at very low temperatures in holds for deep frozen fish should be adequately clothed.2. 7. 7. should be few and as small as practicable. gases.1. or masks of a type approved by the competent authority.1 Working clothes should fit as closely to the body as possible.2.35 - CHAPTER 7 . 7. handling chemicals and working on electrical storage batteries. vapours or dust which are injurious to health.2. consideration should be given to the hazards to which the wearer may be exposed and to the need for free movement of the fingers. as the drip may be irritant to the skin and especially to the eyes. using a cold chisel. Gloves should fit snugly at the wrists.2. and are generally serious.1 Fishermen should keep clear of water dripping from nets.3 Waterproof safety boots should be worn in certain working conditions. 7. grinding tools. smoke masks. They should not rub their eyes with wet hands. Pockets. 7. smoke helmets.2. 7.6 Aprons should not be worn near revolving or reciprocating machine parts or electric motors. should be worn as a protection against the inhalation of smoke. if any.2 Eye injuries are often caused by fragments of metal or paint.SPECIAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 7.9 In selecting work gloves.2..2.1 Eye protection 7. Fishermen should be instructed in the proper working of such apparatus before being required to use it.4 During rain or bad weather and in darkness protective clothing having a highly visib le colour should be worn.2.

and a second man should be in attendance.3.3 Should it be necessary for fishermen to climb on rails while fishing or performing work on nets. Safety harnesses or safety lines should be worn.2 Paints.. when harnesses should be worn.4 Dangerous work 7.7 Fumigated rooms should not be re-entered until the authorities carrying out the fumigation have certified that all parts of the vessel are safe. The length of such periods should vary according to the temperature of such spaces.4. work overside should only be undertaken in cases of emergency.3. fore and after peaks are to be repainted.3 Fishermen should remove paint from their hands before eating. they should first be thoroughly ventilated.1 When a fishing vessel is under way.3. 7.4.4 Corrosive chemicals such as lye.3.1 Painting Paints containing arsenic should never be applied to the interior of living spaces. double bottoms. precautions should be taken for their safety.2 Fishermen should not carry out overside work between vessels moored side to side or between a vessel and an adjacent pier or quay. .4. 7. In such cases a second man should be in attendance.4. 7. 7. 7.3. 7.6 It is hazardous to work in the vicinity of radio antennae or radar scanners due to danger from both radiation and the rotation of scanners. 7. 7. 7.3 7. varnishes and preparations having a nitrocellulose or other highly flammable base should not be used in interior spaces. oxalic acid and caustic soda should be handled with care and according to instructions in order to avoid injury to the eyes and skin.4 Fishermen using spray painting equipment should wear respiratory protection such as face masks or filters.5 When interior spaces or enclosed compartments such as ballast tanks.5 Compartments which have been closed for long periods such as water tanks. Permission should be obtained from the person in charge of the bridge before such work is undertaken and the circuit fuses should be removed to make the equipment inoperable. 7. naked lights and smoking should be forbidden until the paint is dry. 7. 7.4. and as far as practicable wear protective gloves or barrier creams when painting.36 - 7.4. coffer-dams or double bottoms should be checked and found "gas-free" and with sufficient oxygen before anybody is permitted to enter without approved breathing equipment.8 Fishermen should not be required to work for unduly long periods in low-temperature refrigerated spaces.4. 7.4.3.6 Where flammable paint is used in interiors these spaces should be well ventilated. Safety lines should always be used when such spaces are entered.

4.1 Care should be taken that the outlet pipes of liver boilers do not become obstructed. that naked lights or flames are prohibited in the vicinity of a liver boiler when the cover is removed. the steam.5. and that the boiler should not be filled with livers to more than three-quarters of its capacity..5. 7.4 7. Liver boilers should never be left open and unattended with steam on. steam does not escape from the pipe. and the pipe cleared.5 Liver and fish oil boilers 7.5. If.doc .37 7.5.inlet valve should be closed immediately and with care.9 Fishermen should be aware of the dangers of the emission of poisonous gases from fish-holds.3 Warning notices should be posted at appropriate places. during the boiling of livers. 7.5.2 Fishermen should be aware that livers stored in liver boilers at room temperature for more than 48 hours start to develop flammable gases.5 Only properly instructed fishermen should be permitted to carry out liver boiling. 7. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. 7. which may arise under certain circumstances from chemicals or industrial fish.

2 Lifeboats. 8.. All liferafts should be tested periodically. where fitted.3 Painters of liferafts should be secured to the vessel.3 All life-saving appliances including emergency man overboard/rescue craft should be kept in working order and available for immediate use.2.2.1.1. should be put into the water at least four times each year.4 The life-saving appliances should be inspected at regular intervals in accordance with the requirements of the competent authority.1. 8.4 Life-jackets should be of a type approved by the competent authority and should be frequently checked.1 General 8. the results being entered in the log-book or otherwise properly recorded.5 8. . 8. 8. lifebuoys and lifejackets and their equipment in relation to the number of fishermen on board and the area in which the vessel is fishing. (ii) (iii) 8. rescue boats and liferafts in a vessel should be readily available in cases of emergency and should comply with the fo llowing conditions: (i) they should be capable of being put into the water safely and rapidly even under unfavourable conditions of trim and list.2 8. liferafts. 8. rescue boats. The engine.5 Life-jackets should be so placed as to be readily accessible and their position should be plainly indicated.1 Skippers should ensure that their vessels comply with the requirements established by the competent authorities for lifeboats. it should be possible to effect embarkation into the lifeboats.1 Liferafts should have operating instructions printed on them in the language of the users. 8.38 CHAPTER 8 .2.2. Lifeboats.LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES 8. the arrangement of each lifeboat. should be checked regularly to test the fastenings and lowering mechanism. rescue boat and liferaft should be such that it will not interfere with the operation of other boats and rafts. should be tested regularly and properly maintained.1. emergency man overboard/rescue craft. They should be checked before the vessel leaves port and during the voyage. 8.2.1.2 Inflatable liferaft containers should be positioned so that liferafts are easy of access even in bad weather and immediately available at all times. liferafts and life-jackets Lifeboats and emergency man overboard/rescue craft when carried: (i) (ii) (iii) should not be used for any purpose other than that intended. rescue boats and liferafts rapidly and in good order.

musters and drills.39 - 8.1 Fishermen should be properly organized in anticipation of any emergency. the muster list should specify definite signals for calling the crew to their lifeboats and/or liferafts and should give full particulars of these signals. the muster list should be posted in crews' quarters.3 The attention of fishermen is drawn to the principles of the provisions of Chapter VIII of the 1977 Torremolinos Convention relating to emergency procedures. (ii) (iii) 8. the muster list should show the special duties and should indicate in particular the stations to which each member must go and the duties which he has to perform.3. as follows: (i) special duties to be undertaken in the event of an emergency should be allotted to each member of the crew. Fishermen should be trained in the setting up and operation of the portable radio equipment..3. These drills should ensure that the crew thoroughly understand and are exercised in the duties they have to perform with respect to the handling and operation of all lifesaving appliances. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.3. Lifejackets should be worn during musters. The signals should be made on the whistle or siren from the bridge.3 Emergency procedures and musters 8.doc . where carried.2 Musters of the crew for boat drill should be carried out at frequent intervals in port and/or at sea. 8.

as many serious fires have been started in this way. Cigarettes and ashes thrown overboard often blow back aboard to start fires. This applies. .4 Fire extinguishers should be periodically checked to ensure that they are in an efficient working condition and properly charged and tagged. Cigarettes or matches should not be thrown from portholes or into places where they would be liable to start a fire.2. Where necessary refill charges should be readily available. maintained in good working order. to the following danger areas: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) fuel or oil tanks. and be available for immediate use. 9. provision of the proper fire-extinguishing appliances in suitable locations. Suitable containers should be provided and used. pipes and fittings in oil systems free from leaks.1 Smoking 9.2 Fire prevention and precautions 9.1. maintenance of cocks. cleanliness of machinery and boiler spaces.2. 9. 9. the taking of precautions by fishermen when performing work which involves possible fire hazards. near liver boilers. 9.2 The competent authority should communicate by the best available means.3 "No Smoking" notices must be observed. in particular. Fishermen should be continually reminded of the need for fire safety and of the prohibition of smoking in certain areas.40 CHAPTER 9 .1. such as the IMCO Fire-Fighting Booklet (MSC/Circ.1 The principal precautions necessary to prevent fires on board fishing vessels are as follows: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) the proper education and training of fishermen in fire prevention. 28 May 1969).62.2.FIRE PRECAUTIONS AND FIRE FIGHTING 9. 9.1 "No Smoking" notices should be posted where necessary and no smoking rules strictly enforced..1.2. fire is a vessel's greatest hazard. paint lockers and storage spaces for flammable materials.3 Fire-fighting equipment should always be kept in its proper location. the importance of keeping vessels clean and free from combustible debris. near electric storage batteries. 9. the refrigeration plant and tanks where flammable gases are used.2 Fishermen should be warned against smoking in bed.

4 In fighting fires. valves in oil fuel lines as well as fuel lines to galley ranges should be kept in good operational condition and unobstructed. oil tanks and bilges. Oily rags should not be left lying about.41 - 9. 9. 9. 9.2.1 Successful fire fighting is usually totally dependent upon those on board.3. shut off ventilators. it should be fought in the first instance with portable extinguishers. 9.fighting drills should therefore be performed at regular intervals and taken seriously. if fire starts in the accommodation area. 9. the fire becomes large. 9.2. however.2. 9. 9. Rags and other flammable material should be prevented from coming into contact with steam. either empty or full. switch off electrical appliances and shut the door.2. the following action should be immediately taken: (i) (ii) (iii) shout "fire" and raise the alarm. Fire. the flames should be shielded. The importance of good housekeeping on board cannot be over-emphasized.2 As soon as a fire is discovered. but should be suitably disposed of.2.3. The purpose of these drills should be to ensure that all fire.2. the fire. striking matches or carrying a naked light in the engine room or near oil tanks. the way it works and how it should be used. as well as to ensure that everyone knows his place and duties.6 The greatest care should be taken to keep bilges and woodwork or other porous material free of petroleum products.3. If.2. Lamps having naked flames should never be used for this purpose. be placed in the crew's living quarters or in a compartment where lamps having naked flames are used. 9. close portholes and skylights.12 Portable electric or oil heaters should not be used on board.doc .13 In no case should a petrol or paint can.8 Oil fittings should be kept perfectly tight in order that fuels or their vapours may not escape.5 Notices should be placed in conspicuous places giving warning of the danger which might arise from smoking. Metal drip trays should be provided where necessary.fighters should keep as low as possible to avoid the heat.3 Fire fighting 9.3 If the fire is small.9 Remote controls from deck for oil fuel pumps. the location of fire-fighting equipment. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.7 Clothing or towels should never be left unattended near lights or heaters.fighting equipment is in good condition.11 Only approved types of lamps should be used when examining engines. it should be fought with fixed installations or fire hoses..10 When blow-torches are used for starting the engines.3. make certain that the area is evacuated. 9. hot oil or water lines or other heated surfaces because of the hazard of spontaneous combustion. 9. Where seasonal heating is necessary the heaters should be securely fixed.2.2. Water spray can be used as a protective screen. 9.

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9.3.5 Water, soda-acid or foam extinguishers should never be used on electrical fires or near live electric lines or appliances. 9.3.6 Water should not be used on fat fires.

9.3.7 When a large quantity of water is used for fire fighting, skippers should be aware of its adverse effect on the vessel's stability, and ensure that surplus water is drained or pumped out. 9.3.8 When a gas smothering installation is used, care should be taken to ensure that the compartment is evacuated and properly closed down before the gas is released, that it remains closed long enough to ensure the fire is extinguished and that the compartment is properly ventilated before re-entry. 9.3.9 When the fire is extinguished, everything should be soaked thoroughly and all loose furnishings, mattresses, etc., should be removed to deck; watch should be kept for several hours to prevent reignition.

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CHAPTER 10 - SHIPBOARD FACILITIES FOR PERSONNEL, SAFETY ORGANIZATION AND CONDITIONS FOR EMPLOYMENT 10.1 Sanitation

10.1.1 Toilet, washing and shower facilities, cloakrooms, lockers and other personal service spaces should be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and protected against insects, rats and mice. 10.1.2 Toilet facilities should be provided with soap and towels and an adequate supply of toilet paper or, where conditions require, a supply of water. 10.1.3 Washing facilities should be supplied with wash-basins having a sufficient flow of clean, hot and cold fresh water, toilet soap and towels. 10.2 Lighting and ventilation

10.2.1 All areas on or below deck where fishermen are working or passing should be efficiently lighted. 10.2.2 All crew spaces should be adequately lighted. The minimum standard for natural lighting in living rooms should be such as to permit a person with normal vision to read an ordinary newspaper on a clear day in any part of the space available for free movement. 10.2.3 Methods of lighting should not endanger the health or safety of the fishermen or the safety of the vessel. 10.2.4 Emergency lighting should be maintained in an efficient operating condition and be tested periodically. 10.2.5 Compartments in which fuel is burned should always be well ventilated. 10.2.6 Ventilation systems should be controlled so as to maintain the air in a satisfactory condition and to ensure a sufficiency of air movement in all conditions of weather and climate. 10.2.7 Power for the operation of ventilation, lighting and heating systems should be available at all times when the fishermen are living or working on board and when required by local conditions. 10.3 First aid

10.3.1 First-aid equipment and instructions as required by the competent authorities should be carried by all fishing vessels. International standards relating to first aid at sea are laid down in the International Medical Guide for Ships, 1967, prepared by the International Labour Organization, the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization and the World Health Organization, which may serve as a guide. 10.3.2 The contents of the medicine chest or first-aid box should comply with national regulations and sho uld contain only authorized first-aid materials. Expended materials should be replaced as soon as possible. The contents and condition of each medicine chest or first-aid box
C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.doc

- 44 should be checked regularly by a responsible person. A recommended list of the contents of the medicine chest is given at Appendix IV. 10.3.3 All injuries should be reported as soon as possible to the skipper, treated, and a note entered in the log-book or otherwise properly recorded, with a full description of the incident. 10.3.4 Fishermen should receive instructions on the immediate action that should be taken on encountering an accident or other medical emergency and should be properly trained in a recommended method of artificial respiration (see Appendix V). Senior categories of personnel should receive suitable, more advanced medical training. 10.4 Safety and health organization

10.4.1 The safety and health of fishermen is best ensured by effective co-operation between the competent authorities, fishing vessel owners, skippers and fishermen. 10.4.2 Whenever it would be reasonable and practicable, and where no other form of effective co-operation exists, consideration should be given to the formation of joint safety committees composed of representatives from the fishing vessel owners, fishermen and, if necessary, competent authorities. 10.4.3 The function of safety committees should be to promote safe working conditions and practices appropriate to local circumstances and conditions and may include the following: (i) the consideration of suggestions for improving methods of work in order to ensure greater safety, and bringing these suggestions to the notice of the persons concerned, so that they may be implemented; the consideration of reports made after the investigation of accidents; the preparation and dissemination of safety precaution handbooks, leaflets and posters, drawing attention to particular hazards.

(ii) (iii)

10.4.4 Cumulative records should be kept of all injuries and cases of occupational disease affecting fishermen. The information contained in these records should be readily available to the competent authorities and safety committees. 10.4.5 Every fisherman should have the right and the duty of bringing to the attention of the skipper, and if necessary to the notice of the safety committee and the competent authority, anything affecting the safety of the vessel or the safety or health of the fishermen. 10.5 Conditions for employment

10.5.1 Before entering the industry, fishermen should undergo a pre-employment medical examination, and complete a vocational training course appropriate to the work they will be called upon to perform. 10.5.2 The crews of fishing vessels should satisfy the minimum age requirements of the competent authorities. 10.5.3 Fishing vessels should carry such certificated fishermen as are laid down by the competent authorities.

C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. attention is drawn to the Minimum Age (Fishermen) Convention.doc . 1966.45 - 10. the Fishermen's Competency Certificates Convention. 1959. 1966. and the Vocational Training (Fishermen) Recommendation.. 1959.4 In respect of the above paragraphs.5. the Medical Examination (Fishermen) Convention.

11. 11.11 Every effort should be made to pick up survivors in the water as soon as possible. Attempts should be made to recover any useful flotsam and.1.1. courage and unselfishness may result in unnecessary loss of life. 11.2 Failure of fishermen to exercise control. A man's chances of safely leaving a vessel and of being rescued are good if he knows what to do.10 When liferafts or lifeboats are launched they should remain secured to the vessel by a line until survivors are aboard.9 bis The attention of fishermen should be drawn to the dangers of hypothermia arising from immersion in the sea and particularly to methods of mitigating its effects and to the subsequent treatment of those affected. capsized or swamped. in particular.7 When leaving a ship directly into the water it is safer to jump in feet first. 11.8 A survivor in the water should swim away fr om a sinking vessel as quickly as possible since when it founders there is a violent local suction. 11. pieces of tarpaulin.1 Abandoning vessel 11. 11.6 Before leaving the vessel. 11.5 Immediately after taking to the lifeboats or liferafts the portable radio apparatus for survival craft or emergency position.1. if this is not possible. if available. together with the surfacing. provided with any floating wreckage available.9 Survivors in the water should avoid any fuel oil either by swimming below it if possible or swimming through it with the head held high and mouth shut. with great force. SURVIVAL AND RESCUE 11.1. They should be hauled aboard over the bows or quarters of a lifeboat and.1. fishermen should be as warmly dressed as possible and wearing life-jackets.1.3 Survivors should never abandon hope of rescue. the propeller stopped and if time permits watertight doors and hatches tightly closed.indicating radio beacon should be used. of air and wreckage.46 - CHAPTER 11 . and particularly with respect to launching and boarding of lifeboats and liferafts. strength of mind is as important as strength of body in a survival situation.1.1.1. keeping legs closely together and slightly bent. 11. . When wearing a life-jacket fishermen should avoid jumping into the water from any great height as the impact of the jacket on the water may cause an upward jerk which can produce an injured or broken neck.1..4 If possible before leaving a vessel a distress signal should be sent giving the vessel's position. this must be carried out in an orderly manner as and when ordered. Survival craft should not be kept alongs ide a sinking fishing vessel any longer than necessary owing to the risk of their being damaged. or the danger that survivors may be crushed.1. 11. Though fishermen should always remain with their vessel as long as it is safe they should know how to abandon it. 11. 11.1.1 If it becomes necessary to abandon a fishing vessel.ABANDONING VESSEL. Relevant information is given at Appendix VI. rather than to dive.

spray and the rays of the sun. 11. Every effort should be made to trap rain water and to conserve a supply of drinking water.1 Survivors adrift in survival craft are nearly always found and it is therefore of prime importance that they always stay with the lifeboat or liferaft.2. 11.2.9 Experience has proved that there are three outstanding causes of death among shipwreck survivors: (a) exposure to the cold. 11.2 If seamarker dye is carried it should be used to make the position of the survival craft more easily seen from the air.2. Any of these three must therefore be avoided at all cost. and in cold weather to avoid exposure to rain. 11.2. lifeboats and liferafts should be secured together survival craft and survivors in the water should remain together since a group is more easily detected and provides mutual encouragement.2. rain. The rescuer should put his hands under the man's arms.2. Therefore.. and (c) drinking sea-water.12 In order to get an injured or exhausted man out of the water he should be turned so that his back is to the lifeboat or liferaft.doc .2.6 In hot weather it is essential to avoid exposure to the sun and to keep as cool as possible.11 If drinking water is scarce none should be drunk on the first day as the kidneys may not then be conserving water fully. 11. survivors should stay in the shade and keep their clothing moist to reduce sweating and conserve body water. 11. particularly if a radio distress signal has been transmitted. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. fishermen should abandon ship dressed in warm clothing.4 The decision as to whether survivors should remain in the area where a vessel founders or try to reach land depends on many circumstances. if possible. sliding them round his chest.1. 11.5 In both cold and tropical climates survivors stand a better chance of survival when fully clothed and wearing footwear than if naked or only partly clothed. (b) dehydration due to insufficient f resh drinking water.2. wind and sea.2.7 If the temperature is high.2. but experience has shown that it is usually best to try to keep as near the position of distress as possible since this will assist search and rescue operations. oilskins anal wearing footwear.2. 11.47 - 11.10 A man can survive without food for long periods but not without drinking water. 11. as this will induce exposure and frostbite.8 In cold weather survivors in a survival craft should huddle together for warmth and avoid removing wet clothing. 11. legs. feet and hands should be kept as warm and dry as possible.2 Survival when adrift 11. They should also be exercised regularly to keep blood circulation strong. A daily intake of about half a litre is necessary to keep a survivor's health in a tolerable state. In a lifeboat this is best achieved by rigging a tarpaulin or sail across the gunwales so that in hot weather it permits a breeze to pass into the boat and in cold weather keeps warmth in.3 Except in rough weather. The arms. Clothing keeps a man warm and protects him from wind. and then heave him aboard using the upward movement of the survival craft for assistance. 11.

11. barracuda or other dangerous fish approaches. if there is a group of survivors they should form a tight circle and face outward. avoid danger.3.2.2. (b) . barracuda or other dangerous fish: (a) (b) embark on flotsam if available and do not let anything trail in the sea. if there is any possibility of help from shore. this should be awaited before running the surf. 11. moving only to keep the shark or other fish in sight.3. 11. keep as quiet and stationary as possible. garbage or foul matter.2 Survivors in a lifeboat or in a liferaft should not trail arms. legs or bright objects in the water or jettison blood. circle the reef in search of a suitable passage through it.16 Survivors should refrain from using pyrotechnic flares and other distress signals until a ship or aircraft is in the immediate vicinity.4 Landing and survival ashore 11. If it is necessary to swim use rhythmic strokes.1 Landing through surf is a hazardous operation even for skilful crews. especially on the legs and feet.1 The following rules should be followed by survivors in the water if there is danger of an attack by sharks.2. none should be issued for at least the first 24 hours. a smooth break in the line of surf may indicate a passage through the reef into a sheltered lagoon.13 Survivors should never drink sea-water or use it as a mouthwash since it aggravates thirst.4.3 Precautions against sharks and other biting fish 11. when a shark or other dangerous fish is at close range survivors should use shark repellent if available.. 11. Such a landing should be avoided if possible.14 In order to conserve the energy of survivors. They should stop fishing if a shark. (c) (d) (e) 11. to navigate into the path of rainfall or to land on a beach.2. 11. oars should be used only to clear the abandoned vessel. 11.15 The fisherman in charge should keep his crew occupied by any means to keep up their morale.48 11. In the case of island reefs.12 Food rations should be made to last as long as possible. but if it is necessary to beach in a lifeboat the following rules should be followed: (a) remain well outside the breakers until ready to make the attempt at running the surf. as a protection from the rough skin of a shark.2. keep on all clothing. never thrash about.

On tropical islands not having streams.2 When a landing is made. Every effort should be made to trap rain water. 11. The feet. A simple tent shelter can be made between trees or the survival craft itself can be used for shelter.5.a smoke fire by day and a bonfire by night.4 Water from icebergs is fresh and that from old sea ice is also potable. in darkness the size of breakers can be estimated by watching the fluorescence of the breaking wave crests.2 After a landing has been made.doc . fishermen should put on adequate clothing and take with them additional clothing. A crude set of sunglasses can be made by cutting two small holes in a piece of canvas or tree bark. 11.5. shelter is imperative for survival as it is the wind more than the cold that kills.5.4 After a landing is made survivors should search for fresh water. A sea anchor should be used to assist in preventing broaching and the boat's crew should manoeuvre the boat to keep its head to sea.5 In the tropics.5. Fires should be laid ready to light to attract attention . C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. hands and ears should be kept as warm and dry as possible. Survivors should therefore make use of any natural shelter or construct a crude igloo with blocks of snow or dig a trench in the snow and make a roof of slabs of ice or snow. Each letter should be 10 metres across and made to ensure a good shadow that can be seen from the air.4.3 A distress signal made from clothing or tarpaulin should be rigged from a conspicuous tree or land elevation..4. blankets. pools of fresh water may be found on top of ice. oilskins and tarpaulins if practicable. water may be found just below the surface of the ground.1 Sufficient clothing for protection from the cold is the first and most important requirement for survival in polar regions. it may also be trapped in the large leaves of various plants. frost-bite in the face can be prevented by exercising face muscles.4. a survivors' camp should be sited on rising ground and on the windward side of vegetation to minimize insect nuisance. 11. 11. the letters SOS should be marked out on a beach.3 Frost-bite and snow blindness are important dangers to shipwrecked survivors in polar regions. (d) 11. 11. Therefore before leaving a foundering vessel. 11. It should not be under coconut trees or near rotting vegetation as these often harbour dangerous insects and snakes. 11. in a clearing or in the snow in a north-to-south direction. Water may also be found in the hollow stems of rank vegetation and of some trees.5 Survival in polar regions 11.49 (c) the lifeboat must be run in stern first and kept head to sea to avoid swamping or broaching and capsizing. In summer.4.

derelict or danger when last observed. long) would also be of value.. (i) A statement that a tropical storm has been encountered. (i) (ii) (iii) (b) The kind of ice. inches or millimetres. As much of the following information as is practicable should be included in the message: barometric pressure. average. high). and whether corrected or uncorrected). swell (slight. Period or length of swell (short. This obligation should be interpreted in a broad spirit. the position of the ice. and storms of a similar nature in other regions). moderate. cyclones in Indian waters. date (Greenwich Mean Time) and position of ship when the observation was taken. (ii) (iii) - - - . and information transmitted whenever the master has good reason to believe that a tropical storm is developing or exists in his neighbourhood. derelicts and other direct dangers to navigation. state of the sea (smooth. Time. Tropical storms (hurricanes in the West Indies. typhoons in the China Sea. true wind direction. moderate. barometric tendency (the change in barometric pressure during the past three hours). true course and speed of ship. wind force (Beaufort scale). heavy) and the true direction from which it comes.50 - APPENDIX I REGULATION 3 OF CHAPTER V OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA. derelict or danger observed. the time and date (Greenwich Mean Time) when danger last observed. preferably corrected (stating millibars. rough. 1960 INFORMATION REQUIRED IN DANGER MESSAGES The following information is required in danger messages: (a) Ice.

5 knots. if practicable. frequent rain squalls. heavy squalls. TTT storm. Barometer uncorrected 753 millimetres. 0030 GMT.015 inches. May 4. Tropical Storm TTT storm. 2204 N.64 inches. but not obligatory. force 5. 9203 E. Air temperature. Large berg sighted in 4605 N. tendency down 6 millibars. 9 knots. (d) (e) Sub.freezing air temperatures associated with gale force winds causing severe ice accretion on superstructures. 7236 W. Observed derelict almost submerged in 4006 N. at 0800 GMT. it is desirable. Winds of force 10 or above on the Beaufort scale for which no stormwarning has been received. that further observations be made and transmitted hourly. Wind force and direction. 4410 W. 1800 GMT. May 15. 1300 GMT.doc . Wind S by W. Course 300. Barometer corrected 29. tendency down .. Conditions indicate intense cyclone has formed. 1243 W. Barometer corrected 994 millibars.51 - (c) Subsequent observations. the message should contain similar information to that listed under paragraph (b) but excluding the details concerning sea and swell. but in any case at intervals of not more than three hours. Examples Ice TTT ice. force 8. January 3. Danger to Navigation TTT navigation. 1620 N. This is intended to deal with storms other than the tropical storms referred to in paragraph (b). 0200 GMT. force 9. September 14. Appearances indicate approach of hurricane. Wind NW. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. when such a storm is encountered. 2200 N. Heavy easterly swell. Course 035. When a master has reported a tropical or other dangerous storm. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Time and date (Greenwich Mean Time). 11354 E. 8 knots. Course 067. at 1630 GMT. so long as the ship remains under the influence of the storm. Derelicts TTT derelict. August 18. Sea temperature (if practicable). tendency down 5 millimetres. April 21. Alpha lightship not on station. TTT storm. Wind NE.

0300 GMT. Course 260. 12605 E. 30 W. Air temperature 18.. March 2. 1400 GMT. Barometer corrected 983 millibars. 10 W. May 4.52 TTT storm. 4830 N. Wind force 11. Barometer falling rapidly. Sea temperature 29. force 8. TTT storm. Wind NE. 6 knots. June 12. Wind increasing from N. . force 11 veering. Icing TTT experiencing severe icing. no storm warning received. Typhoon to southeast. 1812 N. Wind SW. 0300 GMT. tendency down 4 millibars. 69 N.

2. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. sending the word Interco to indicate that the message will be in the International Code of Signals. if necessary.e. Position of ship. Indicates that the calling station has a very urgent message to transmit concerning the safety of a ship. .doc . pay particular attention to the message and call the master or the officer on watch. Send the following distress call: Mayday mayday mayday. Call out numbers figure by figure as in table 1. Nature of distress. If language difficulties are likely to arise use tables 2 and 3 below. B DISTRESS TRANSMITTING PROCEDURES To be used only if immediate assistance is required. two-tone signal) for 30 seconds to one minute. aircraft or other vehicle. If you hear these words.sign of ship. RECEPTION OF SAFETY MESSAGES Any message which you hear prefixed by one of the following words concerns safety: Mayday (Distress) Pan (Urgency) Sécurité (Safety) Indicates that a ship. (name or call-sign of ship spoken three times). To indicate distress: 1. Indicates that the station is about to transmit a message concerning the safety of navigation or giving important meteorological warnings.53 APPENDIX II RADIOTELEPHONE PROCEDURES A. . transmit the nature of the aid required and any other information which will help the rescue. Call out letters as in table 1. Then send the distress message composed of: Mayday followed by the name or call. and. This is . or the safety of a person. Use plain language whenever possible.. If possible transmit the alarm signal (i. aircraft or other vehicle is threatened by grave and imminent danger and requests immediate assistance. but do not delay the message if there is insufficient time in which to transmit the alarm signal. 3.

. PHONETIC TABLES FOR USE IN TRANSMITTING PLAIN LANGUAGE OR CODE A. All the syllables should be given equal emphasis. Alphabetical Letter A B C D E F G H I J K L M Word Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliet Kilo Lima Mike Pronounced asl Al-fah Brah-voh Char-lee or Shar-lee Dell-tah Eck -oh Folks -trot Golf Hoh-tell In-dee-ah Jew-lee-ett Key-loh Lee -mah Mike Letter N 0 P Q R S T U V W X Y Z B. .54 - TABLE 1. Numerical Figure 0 1 2 3 4 5 Word Nadazero Unaone Bissotwo Terrathree Kartefour Pantafive Pronounced as 2 Nah-dah-zay-roh Oo-nah-wun Bees-soh-too Tay-rah-tree Kar-tay-fower Pan-tah-five Figure 6 7 8 9 Decimal point Full stop Word Soxisix Setteseven Oktoeight Novenine Decimal Stop Pronounced as2 Sok-see-six Say-tah-seven Ok-toh-ait No-vay-niner Day-see-mal Stop Word November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Whisky X-ray Yankee Zulu Pronounced asl No-vem-ber Oss -car Pah-pah Keh-beck Row-me-oh See-air-rah Tang -go You-nee-form or Oo-nee-form Vik -tor Wiss -key Ecks -ray Yang -key Zoo-loo 1 2 The syllables to be emphasized are in bold type.

(3 figures for degrees. Note: A more comprehensive list of signals may be found in the International Code of Signals. ______________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 3. DX HW I am sinking.doc . (2 figures for degrees. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A..figure group for ship's true bearing from landmark. or (2) By latitude and longitude. Answer to ship in distress CP ED EL I am proceeding to your assistance. Code letter L (Lima) followed by a four. or W (Whisky) for longitude west. Aircraft is ditched in position indicated and requires immediate assistance I require immediate assistance. POSITION IN CODE FROM THE INTERNATIONAL CODE OF SIGNALS (1) By bearing and distance from a landmark code letter A (Alpha) followed by a three. or S (Sierra) for latitude south. I require immediate assistance. Code letter R (Romeo) followed by one or more figures for distance in nautical miles. NATURE OF DISTRESS IN CODE FROM THE INTERNATIONAL CODE OF SIGNALS Code letters AE BF CB CB6 Words to be transmitted Alfa Echo Bravo Foxtrot Charlie Bravo Charlie Bravo Soxisix Delta X-ray Hotel Whisky Charlie Papa Echo Delta Echo Lima Text of signal I must abandon my vessel. Longitude Code letter G (Golf) followed by a five. Your distress signals are understood. 2 figures for minutes) and either E (Echo) for longitude east. I am on fire. Repeat the distress position.figure group.55 - TABLE 2.figure group. Latitude. 2 figures for minutes) and either N (November) for latitude north. Name of landmark. I have collided with surface craft.

. . transmit alarm signal followed by spoken words "Mayday mayday mayday. Mayday [name or call-sign of ship]. or call-sign of ship spelt three times using table 1 ]." Where possible. This is [name of ship spoken three times. ([Ship] in distress position latitude 54 25 north longitude 016 33 west I require immediate assistance I am on fire.56 - C. EXAMPLES OF DISTRESS PROCEDURE 1. ([Ship] in distress position 015 degrees Ushant 40 miles I am sinking. Mayday [name or call-sign of ship]. transmit alarm signal followed by spoken words "Mayday mayday mayday [name of ship spoken three times. Interco Lima Pantafive Kartefour Bissotwo Pantafive November Golf Nadazero Unaone Soxisix Terrathree Terrathree Whisky Charlie Bravo Soxisix. Mayday [name or call-sign of ship]. 3. or call. transmit alarm signal followed by spoken words "Mayday mayday mayday [name of ship spoken three times.)" 2.)" Where possible.sign of ship spelt three times using table 1]. Interco Alfa Nadazero Unaone Pantafive Ushant Romeo Kartefour Nadazero Delta X-ray. Position 54 25 north 016 33 west I am on fire and require immediate assistance. or call-sign of ship spelt three times using table 1]. Where possible.

forecastle deck and upper deck. In beam and quartering winds. under the conditions of precipitation. anchors. freeing ports. * Annex of Assembly Resolution A. Ice formation may sometimes be caused or accentuated by water shipped on board and retained on deck. thus leading to a constant list which is extremely dangerous. The most common cause of ice formation i s the deposit of water droplets on the vessel's structure. Listed below are meteorological conditions causing the most common type of ice formation due to spraying of a vessel. These droplets come from spray driven from wave crests and from ship-generated spray. Intensive ice formation generally occurs on stem. For larger vessels the weight will be correspondingly greater. bulwark and bulwark rail. masts and spars. deck gear.57 - APPENDIX III RECOMMENDATION FOR SKIPPERS OF FISHING VESSELS ON ENSURING A VESSEL'S ENDURANCE IN CONDITIONS OF ICE FORMATION* 1.2691V111). Under all these conditions the intensity of ice accumulation may not exceed 1. a drastic fall in ambient temperature. shrouds.5 t/h. It should be borne in mind that the most dangerous areas as far as ice forma tion is concerned are the sub-Arctic regions.. sea fog including arctic sea smoke. hawse holes. stays. BRIEF SURVEY OF THE CAUSES OF ICE FORMATION AND ITS INFLUENCE UPON THE SEAWORTHINESS OF THE VESSEL The skipper of a fishing vessel should bear in mind that ice formation is a complicated process which depends upon meteorological conditions. as well as from the freezing of drops of rain on impact with the vessel's structure. fog or sea mist followed by a drastic fall of the ambient temperature. aerials. Ice formation may also occur in conditions of snowfall. Examples of the weight of ice formation on a typical fishing vessel of displacement in the range 100 to 500 tons is also given. condition of loading and behaviour of the vessel in stormy weather as well as on the size and location of superstructures and rigging.doc . C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. The most intensive ice formation takes place when wind and sea come from ahead. at ambient temperature -4°C and lower and wind force from 0 to 9 m/sec. Slow accumulations of ice take place: at ambient temperature from -1 °C to -3°C and any wind force. front walls of superstructures and deckhouses. ice accumulates quicker on the windward side of the vessel.

operational reliability of all external and internal communication equipment.1 Firstly. Under these conditions the intensity of ice accumulation can lie within the range 1. rapid accumulation of ice takes place. ensure that the vessel is generally in a seaworthy condition giving full attention to basic requirements such as: (a) (b) loading of the vessel within the limits prescribed for the season (see 2. the development of a constant list due to uneven distribution of ice across the breadth of the vessel. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SKIPPERS ON ENSURING THE VESSEL'S ENDURANCE UNDER CONDITIONS OF ICE FORMATION Prior to departure 2. emergency and life-saving appliances and their operational reliability. Very fast accumulation of ice takes place: at ambient temperature of -4°C and lower and wind forces of 16 m/sec and over.58 At ambient temperature of -4°C to -8°C and wind force 10-15 m/sec. as in the case of any voyages in any season. Under these conditions the intensity of ice accumulation can exceed 4 t/h. weathertightness and reliability of the devices for closing cargo and access hatches.1 2. a change of trim due to uneven distribution of ice along the vessel's length. The skipper should bear in mind that ice formation adversely affects the seaworthiness of the vessel as ice formation leads to: an increase in the weight of the vessel due to accumulation of ice on the vessel's surfaces which causes the reduction of freeboard and buoyancy.2(a)). a rise of the vessel's centre of gravity due to the high location of ice on the vessel's structures with corresponding reduction in the level of stability. (c) (d) (e) .. outer doors and all other openings in the decks and superstructures of the vessel and the watertightness of the sidescuttles and of ports or similar openings in the sides below the freeboard deck to be checked. the skipper should. condition of the freeing ports and scuppers as well as operational reliability of their closures to be checked. an increase of windage area due to ice formation on the upper parts of the vessel and hence an increase in the heeling moment due to the action of the wind. at ambient temperature -9°C and lower and wind force 10 to 15 m/sec. impairment of the manoeuvrability and reduction of the speed of the vessel.1.5 to 4 t/h.1. - - - 2.

with special regard to possible ice accretion. frequency of splashing per minute and the intensity of ice accumulation on different parts of the vessel per hour. ensure that a complete set of warm clothing for all members of the crew is available on the vessel as well as a complete set of hand tools and other appliances for combating ice accretion. as well as the use of such means. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. (b) (c) (d) ensure that the crew is acquainted with the location of means for combating ice accretion. be aware of the danger in having supplies and fishing gear stored on open weatherdeck spaces due to their large ice accretion surface and high centre of gravity. acquaint himself with the meteorological conditions in the region of fishing grounds and en route to the place of destinatio n. acquaint himself with the timetable of the radio stations transmitting weather forecasts and warnings of the possibility of ice accretion in the area of the relevant fishing grounds.2 condition and operational reliability of the bilge and ballast pumping systems..1. direction and height of waves and sea state. be aware of warm currents in the vicinity of the fishing grounds.59 (f) 2. of the nearest coastline relief. the skipper should: (a) consider the most critical loading condition against approved stability documents with due regard to fuel and water consumption. distribution of supplies. and that drills are carried out so that members of the crew know their respective duties and have the necessary practical skills to ensure the vessel's endurance under conditions of ice accretion. air humidity.doc . cargoes and fishing gear and with allowance for possible ice accretion. Further. (e) (f) 2.2 At sea During the voyage and when the vessel is on the fishing grounds the skipper should keep himself informed on all long-term and short-term weather forecasts and should arrange for the following systematic meteorological observations to be systematically recorded: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) temperatures of the air and of the sea sur face. study the synoptical maps of this region and weather forecasts. All observed data should be recorded in the vessel's log-book. The skipper should compare the weather forecasts and icing charts with actual meteorological conditions. atmospheric pressure. and should estimate the probability of ice formation and its intensity. wind direction and force. of the existence of protected bays and of the location of ice fields and their boundaries. a typical list thereof for small vessels is shown at Appendix.

deck lighting and searchlights should be checked. all drainage systems should be checked for their effectiveness. reliable two-way radio communication with both shore stations and other vessels should be established. access to the weather deck from inner compartments should be allowed only through the superstructure deck. all cargo and companion hatches. life-lines should be fastened on deck. (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) (o) The skipper should seek to take the vessel away from the dangerous area keeping in mind that the lee edges of icefields. If this cannot be done all the gear should be fastened for storm conditions on its prescribed place. emergency and life-saving equipment should be ready for use. weathertight outside doors in superstructures and deckhouses and portholes should be securely closed in order to ensure complete weathertightness of the vessel. (c) barrels and containers with fish. all fire-fighting. all the empty bottom tanks fitted with ballast piping should be filled with sea-water. all cargoes in holds and other compartments should be placed as low as possible and firmly lashed. freeing ports fitted with covers should be brought into operative condition. if there is sufficient freeboard. a check should be carried out as to whether the amount of water ballast on board and its location is in accordance with that recommended in "Stability Guidance to Skippers". all gear and supplies located on deck as well as portable mechanisms should be placed in closed spaces as low as possible and firmly lashed. radio calls should be arranged for set times. . manhole covers.60 When the danger of ice formation arises the following measures should be taken without delay: (a) (b) all the means of combating ice formation should be ready for use. areas of warm currents and protected coastal areas are a good refuge for the vessel during weather when ice formation occurs.. It is particularly dangerous to leave the fishing gear suspended since its surface for ice formation is large and the point of suspens ion is generally located high. all the fishing operations should be stopped. deck machinery. the cargo booms should be lowered and fastened. hawser reels and boats should be covered with duck covers. a check should be carried out to make sure that each member of the crew has warm clothing. all objects located near scuppers and freeing ports and preventing water drainage from deck should be taken away. the fishing gear should be taken on board and placed in the underdeck spaces. packing.

It is less dangerous to enter an icefield bow to the wind. If the rolling period increases noticeably. the fact that the edge of the ice is more dense on the windward side should be taken into consideration. wooden sledge hammers and clearing it with shovels.doc . bear in mind that the work of the crew on ice clearing entails the danger of frost-bite. picks. scrapers. When ice formation begins the skipper should take into account recommendations listed below and ensure their strict fulfilment: (a) report immediately ice formation to the shipowner and establish with him constant radio communication.3 During ice formation If in spite of all measures taken the vessel is unable to leave the dangerous area. establish radio communication with the nearest vessels and ensure that it is maintained. Depending on the type of vessel. For this reason it is necessary to make sure that the men working on deck are replaced periodically. immediately take steps to remove from the vessel's structures even the thinnest layer of ice and ice sludge from the upper deck. immediately take all possible measures in order to increase the vessel's stability. all or many of the following ways of combating ice formation may be used: (a) (b) (c) removal of ice by means of cold water under pressure. removal of ice with hot water and steam. If a vessel must enter an icefield with the wind on the stern. check constantly the vessel's stability by measuring the roll period of the vessel during ice formation. axes. all means available for removal of ice should be used as long as it is subjected to ice formation. It is important to enter the icefield at the point where the ice floes are the smallest. Therefore the vessel should enter the icefield at a right angle to the icefield edge at low speed without inertia. 2. ensure that each member of the crew working on the weather deck is warmly dressed and wears a safety line securely attached to the guard rail. (c) (d) (e) C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.61 - Small fishing vessels on fishing grounds should keep nearer to each other and to larger vessels. (b) do not allow ice formation to accumulate on the vessel. It should be remembered that the entry of the vessel into an icefield presents certain danger to the hull especially when there is a high sea swell.. breaking up of ice with ice crows.

rafts) then. when a considerable amount of ice forms on the bow and a trim appears. in spite of all the measures taken to ensure the vessel's endurance in conditions of ice formation. check regularly for water accumulation inside the hull. Bear in mind that any correction of the list of the vessel by pumping fuel or water from one tank to another may reduce stability during the process when both tanks are slack. amount of ice on the vessel. (m) (n) . register in the vessel's log-book the duration. the ice must be cleared from the lower side first. it is necessary to do all possible to provide all the crew with warm clothing or special bags as well as to have a sufficient number of life-lines and bailers for speedy bailing out of water from the life-saving craft. beginning with the upper structures (such as bridges. deckhouses etc. clear ice from the freeing ports and scuppers in due time in order to ensure free drainage of the water from the deck. ice must be quickly removed. (h) (i) (j) (k) (1) avoid navigating in following seas since this may drastically worsen the vessel's stability. measures taken to combat ice formation and their effectiveness. shrouds.62 (f) keep the following structures and gears of the vessel first free from ice: (g) aerials running and navigational lights freeing ports and scuppers life-saving craft stays. if. nature and intensity of ice formation. because even a small amount of ice on them causes a drastic worsening of the vessel's stability. the crew is forced to abandon the vessel and embark on life-saving craft (lifeboats.. in order to preserve their lives. masts and rigging doors of superstructures and deckhouses windlass and hawse holes. remove the ice from large surfaces of the vessel.). when the distribution of ice is not symmetrical and a list develops. Water ballast may be redistributed in order to decrease the trim.

Hoses which may be used for ice combating should be readily available on board. Notes: 1. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. which can be attached to the lizards. 2.lines to be rigged each side of the open deck fitted with travellers to which lizards can be attached. Number of hand tools and life-saving appliances may be increased at the shipowners' discretion.63 Appendix Typical list of equipment and hand tools required for combating ice formation: 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 Ice crows or crowbars Axes with long handles Picks Metal scrapers Metal shovels Wooden sledge hammers Fore and aft life. Safety belts with spring hooks should be provided for no less than 50 per cent of the members of the crew (but not less than 5 sets)..doc .

64 - APPENDIX IV RECOMMENDED CONTENTS OF FISHING VESSELS' MEDICINE CHEST* INSTRUCTIONS Table I presents a minimal scale for fishing vessels for unlimited service (Category 1) and not carrying a doctor. unless otherwise indicated. 1967. All containers labelled "POISON" must be supplied in distinctive bottles and these. appliances. so that the captain is left in no doubt about its pur pose. and general medical equipment the amounts carried should be a fixed quantity regardless of the length of the voyage. The adult dose of all medicines must be clearly shown on labels. Double the quantity of medicines and dressings should be carried for voyages extending up to 12 months except where indicated by an X. who may issue one key to the officer or other person to whom he delegates responsibility for the sick on board. The keys for this locker are retained by the captain. . The table is based on a six-month voyage. must be stored in a special locker. together with other containers labelled "For external use only". appliances and general medical equipment the amounts carried should be a fixed quantity regardless of the length of the voyage. unless otherwise indicated. * Based on recommended contents of the ship's medicine chest given in the International Medical Guide for Ships.. For instruments. Formulae for certain medicines are given in the right-hand columns for the information of chemists. WHO. Where provided for in the tables the chemist may supply an equivalent drug. Table II presents a minimal scale for fishing vessels proceeding to sea up to 200 miles from a place of shelter (Category 2). Items marked (*) need not be carried in Category 3 vessels. but the container must carry a special label stating that the item is the equivalent of the standard item in the table. which must be rendered durable by varnishing. For instruments. and for fishing vessels proceeding to sea up to 50 miles from a place of shelter (Category 3) and not carrying a doctor. when the amount should be a fixed quantity regardless of the length of the voyage. Geneva.

Each tablet 50 mg chlorpromazine hydrochloride. Auristillae glyceris (Glycerine ear drops) EAR DROPS Capsulae amyli nitris (Amyl nitrite capsules) Supply in bottle of distinctive design with dropper. Label "POISON . X 40 20(*) Each tablet 100 mg butobarbitone. chloroquine sulfate 200 mg. Compressi chlorpromazini hydrochloridi (Chlorpromazine hydrochloride tablets) TRANQUILLIZER TABLETS 20 20(*) X C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. 6. Each capsule 250 mg tetracycline hydrochloride. Label "POISON .. Capsulae tetracyclini Hydrochloridi (Tetracycline hydrochloride capsules) TETRACYCLINE CAPSULES Compressi acidi acetylsalicylici (Acetylsalicylic acid tablets) ASPIRIN TABLETS Compressi aminophyllini (Aminophylline tablets) AMINOPHYLLINE TABLETS Compressi butobarbitali (Butobarbitone tablets) SEDATIVE TABLETS Compressi chloroquini sulfatis (Chloroquine sulfate tablets) MALARIA TABLETS 80 80(*) 4. 250 200 Each tablet 300 mg acetylsalicylic acid. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. Label "POISON . 5.to be used only on medical advice transmitted in plain language and not by code". Label "POISON". 7. 9. Compressi chlorothiazidi (Chlorothiazide tablets) 20 X Each tablet 500 mg chlorothiazide. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. covered with absorbent fabric. Chloroquine phosphate 250 mg may be supplied as an alternative. 30 ml 30 ml 2. 20 20(*) Each tablet 300 mg aminophylline.doc . 3. Each tablet 150 mg chloroquine base. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. To be renewed after 12 months. 300 X 100(*) (Only for ships operating in malarious areas) 20(*) 8.to be used only on medical advice by radio".65 THE SHIP'S MEDICINE CHEST Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling MEDICINES 1.3 ml amyl nitrite. or an equivalent broad-spectrum antibiotic with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled). 6 X 6 Each capsule 0.to be used only on medical advice by radio".

to be used only on medical advice transmitted in plain language and not by code.006 ml peppermint oil. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. Compressi digoxini (Digoxin tablets) 20 X 20 13. Each tablet 0. Compressi kalii permanganatis (Potassium permanganate tablets) 50 20 . Compressi codeini phosphatis (Codeine phosphate tablets) CODEINE TABLETS 200 100 Each tablet 15 mg codeine phosphate. or an equivalent drug with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled). Label "POISON". 16. Label "POISON .25 mg digoxin. Label “One tablet dissolved in 600 ml of water may be used as an antiseptic lotion or stomach wash”. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. or an equivalent drug with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled). 15. 11.66 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling MEDICINES (continued) 10. Each tablet 60 mg compound colocynth extract/15 mg hyoscyamus dry extract/15 mg jalap resin/15 mg podophyllum resin/0. Supply in bottle of distinctive design.3 mg hyoscine hydrobromide. (Compound colocynth and jalap tablets) VEGETABLE LAXATIVE TABLETS 100 40 12. Each tablet 60 mg potassium permanganate. Compressi ephedrini hydrochloridi (Ephedrine hydrochloride tablets) EPHEDRINE TABLETS Compressi glycerylis trinitratis (Glyceryl trinitrate tablets) HEART TABLETS Compressi Hyoscini Hydrobromidi (Hyoscine hydrobromide tablets) SEASICKNESS TABLETS 60 40 14. Or an equivalent laxative with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled). Co mpressi colocynthidis et jalapae co. 20 20 X 100 50 Each tablet 0.." Each tablet 30 mg ephedrine hydrochloride. Label "POISON". Each tablet 0.5 mg glyceryl trinitrate.

Each tablet 500 mg sulfamethoxy pyridazine. Compressi promethazini hydrochloridi (Promethazine hydrochloride tablets) ANTIHISTAMINE TABLETS Compressi sulfadimidini (Sulfadimidine tablets) SULFONAMIDE TABLETS 40 40 23. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. For ships proceeding on voyages to malarious areas the quantity is to be increased to 50 tablets per crew member. Each tablet 30 mg phenobarbitone. 200 mg dextrose. Label "POISON". Each tablet 25 mg promethazine hydrochloride or an equivalent antihistamine with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled) Each tablet 500 mg sulfadimidine or an equivalent sulfonamide with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled).doc .. 300 120 Each tablet 125 mg phenoxy methylpenicillin. 22. Each tablet 500 mg sodium chloride. Double the quantity to be carried in vessels spending long periods in tropical areas. 18. Label “POISON”. 21. (Sodium chloride tablets) SALT TABLETS 1000 X 500 19.02 ml peppermint. oil. Label "POISON". 100 100 (Only for ships operating in malarious areas) Each tablet 100 mg proguanil hydrochloride. 200 100 24. Store in a cool dry place in a container which will prevent access of moisture. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. Compressi natrii chloridi solv. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. Compressi sulfamethoxy pyridazini (Sulfamethoxypyridazine tablets) SMP TABLETS 300 100 X C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.67 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling MEDICINES (continued) 17. Compressi magnesii trisilicatis (Magnesium trisilicate tablets) STOMACH TABLETS 250 100 Each tablet 250 mg magnesium trisilicate/120 mg dried aluminium hydroxide gel/0. Compressi phenobarbitali (Phenobarbitone tablets) PHENOBARBITONE TABLETS Compressi phenoxymethylpenicillini (Phenoxymethylpenicillin tablets) PENICILLIN TABLETS Compressi proguanili hydrochloridi (Proguanil hydrochloride tablets) 50 40 20.

Supply in bottle of distinctive design with dropper. 4. 100 g zinc undecenoate. Conspersus dicophani (DDT dusting powder) INSECTICIDE POWDER 500 g 250 g(*) A white powder for application to persons and their clothing. 28. and 1000 g light kaolin. Label "To be used only on medical advice.68 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling MEDICINES (continued) 25. To be carried on all vessels proceeding to malarious ports.7 ml pumilio pine oil. Supply in bottle of distinctive design with dropper.. Injectio adrenalini (Adrenaline injection) ADRENALINE INJECTION 5 5(*) . To be increased if the vessel remains longer in a malarious area. 120 g 120 g(*) A powder consisting of 500 g starch. Dimethylis phthalas (Dimethyl phthalate) INSECT REPELLENT One bottle per crew member 29. Conspersus zinci. Label "External use". 25% starch. A solution of sulfacetamide sodium 10%. A solution of tetracaine hydrochloride 1 % for eye drops. and 50% talc (q weight). except in case of anaphylactic shock due to penicillin injection". Label "External use -POISON".8 g undecenoic acid. for eye drops. Label "External use". Supply in "Ampins". Instructions for use on the label and insufflator included. 20. The supply per individual should be considered adequate for seven days. starch and talc) ZINC DUSTING POWDER Conspersus zinci undecenoatis (Dusting powder of zinc undecenoate) RINGWORM POWDER 150 g 150 g 27. 26. Each ampoule 1 mg adrenaline. A white powder consisting of 25% zinc oxide. 50-m1 bottle. harm less to skin and clothing and designed to destroy human infestation by insects and mites. amyli. et talci (Dusting powder of zinc. Guttae tetracainaer (Tetracaine eye ANAESTHETIC EYE DROPS 30 ml drops) X 30 ml 31. Guttae sulfacetamidi (Sulfacetamide eye drops) ANTISEPTIC EYE DROPS 30 ml 30 ml(*) 30.

Injectio morphini sulfatis (Morphine sulfate injection) MORPHINE INJECTION Injectio natrii chloridi (Sodium chloride injection) NORMAL SALINE INJECTION Injectio streptomycini sulfatis (Streptomycin sulfate injection) STREPTOMYCIN INJECTION Injectio tetracyclini hydrochloridi (Tetracycline hydrochloride injection) TETRACYCLINE INJECTION Linctus scillae opiatus (Linctus of squill. Label "External use". "Not for burns". or an equivalent mixture with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled). tolu syrup. opiate) COUGH LINCTUS 10 X 4 5 34. sterile..69 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling MEDICINES (continued) 32. Each ampoule 15 mg morphine sulfate. Each ampoule 100 mg tetracycline. 500 ml 250 ml A mixture in equal volumes of camphorated opium tincture. Each bottle 1000 ml water with 9 g sodium chloride. Store in a cool. Supply in bottle of distinctive design. dry place and renew when necessary. Linimentum methylis salicylatis (Methyl salicylate liniment) SALICYLATE LINIMENT Lotio calaminae (Calamine lotion) CALAMINE LOTION 250 ml 250 ml (*) 39. dry place and renew when necessary. as a sterile solution in water. 500 ml 250 ml Supply in bottle of distinctive design. Label "POISON". Supply in "Ampins". 6 6(*) X 6 3 36. Supply administration set and instructions. oxymel of squill. 4(*) 35. Each ampoule 1000 mg streptomycin base. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. 33. 37. Label "External use".doc . Store in a cool. 38.000 international units of procaine penicillin in a sterile suspension in water or an equivalent antibiotic with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled). Injectio benzylpenicillini (Procaine penicillin G injection) PENICILLIN INJECTION 50 25(*) Each ampoule 600. or an equivalent broadspectrum antibiotic with similar therapeutic effects (to be so labelled).

41.5 g tolu balsam. 47. A mixture containing 7.. 46. Lotio cetrimidi (Cetrimide lotion) ANTISEPTIC SOLUTION 500 ml 250 ml A solution of cetrimide 1% in water or equivalent.5 g prepared storax. Paraffinum molle flavum (Yellow soft paraffin) SOFT PARAFFIN Tincture benzoini composita (Tincture of benzoin compound) INHALATION MIXTURE 125 g 125 g 48. 250 ml 250 ml(*) A mixture containing 2000 mg light kaolin. 2 g aloes. Magnesii hydroxidum (Magnesium hydroxide mixture) LIQUID LAXATIVE Mistura kaolini et morphinae (Kaolin and morphine mixture) DIARRHOEA MIXTURE 500 ml 250 ml 42. "Add 5 ml to 500 ml hot water and inhale vapours". Label "External use" 43. 650 mg sodium bicarbonate. Supply in bottle of distinctive design Label “External use”. 250 ml 250 ml Oleum olivae (olive oil) may be supplied as alternative. Label "External use". Supply in bottle of distinctive design with dropper. Naristillae ephedrinae (Ephedrine nose drops) NOSE DROPS 30 ml X 30 ml 44. 0.75 ml chloroform and morphine tincture.70 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling MEDICINES (continued) 40. A solution of norephedrine hydrochloride 1% for nasal drops. Label "External use". water to 15 ml (in each dose). alcohol (90%) to 100 ml. 100 ml 100 ml(*) A mixture containing 10 g crushed benzoin. 7. X 30 ml 30 ml Supply in wide -mouthed bottle of distinctive design. 2.9% by weight of magnesiun hydroxide with peppermint oil flavouring. Natrii bicarbonates (Sodium bicarbonate) Oleum arachis (Arachis oil) Oleum caryophylli (Oil of cloves) TOOTH ANAESTHETIC 125 g 125 g 45. .

120 g 60 g An ointment containing bacitracin in a soft paraffin base. X 60 g 30 g(*) An ointment containing 5% xylocaine hydrochloride. To be made of stainless steel.. 4. HAEMORRHOID OINTMENT Unguentum gammabenzeni hexachloridi (Gamma benzene hexachloride ointment) ANTI-SCABIES OINTMENT Unguentum xylocaini hydrochloridi (Xylocaine ointment) LOCAL ANAESTHETIC OINTMENT Unguentum zinci oxidi (Zinc oxide ointment) ZINC OINTMENT 100 g 100 g(*) An ointment containing 6% benzoic acid. 5. Forceps: sinus 1 1 C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. Supply in 15 g tube. 2. Eye spud with covered point Forceps: dental packing Forceps: dissecting Forceps: haemostatic 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 To be made of stainless steel. Supply in 15 g tubes. 53. An ointment containing 10% benzocaine. length 15 cm. Supply in 50 g tube. 91% emulsifying ointment. INSTRUMENTS 1.71 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling MEDICINES (continued) 49. 45% zinc ointment. Supply in 15 g tube. 54. 3. 50.doc . To be made of stainless steel. To be made of stainless steel. X 200 g 100 g An ointment containing 15% zinc oxide. Unguentum acidi benzoici Compositum (Compound benzoic acid ointment) WHITFIELD'S OINTMENT Unguentum bacitracini (Bacitracin ointment) ANTIBIOTIC OINTMENT Unguentum benzocaini Compositum (Compound benzocaine ointment. 3% salicylic acid. 150 g 150 g An ointment containing gamma benzene hexachloride 1%. 120 g 120 g 52. 51. 45% hamamelis ointment. length 15 cm. To be made of stainless steel.

14. halfminute thermometer. 7 UK. 13. Set: size 6. One of each together with stilettes in a closed glass or plastic cylinder with a sprinkling of powdered talc. 11 blades. Tongue depressors Catheter sets: olivary ends Catheter sets: soft rubber 30 1 1 20 1 1 . with metal or plastic case. 1 - For use with hypodermic syringes to enable any type of needle to be used. 14 F or 3. in which case the quantities indicated here for the needles will apply to each size of syringe.72 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling INSTRUMENTS (continued) 6. 10 or No. Supplied in metal case. Thermometer 3 2 11. 20. 19. length 40 mm Luer adaptors for syringe 10 6 18. Both syringes: glass body w ith metal plunger and nozzle for standard needles. Canvas roll for above instruments Applicators Artificial airway Injection syringe: 2 ml 1 1 12. Suitable for standard scalpel blades. For mouth-to-mouth breathing. No. Alternatively. 3 handle. Injection syringe: 5 ml Injection needles: hypodermicdiameter 6. Scalpel: handle 1 1 8. 7. Scalpel: blades Scissors 6 1 6 1 10. 10.. 50 1 2 25 1 - To be made of wood. 9. Forceps: splinter 1 1 To be made of stainless steel. Length 15 cm. one blade sharp-pointed. Lens-fronted. length 25 mm 2 10 1 6 17. No. stubby-end. To be made of wood. To be made of stainless steel. complete disposable syringes. or a suitable number of disposable plastic catheters in the same sizes. Injection needles: intramusculardiameter 8. the other blunt-pointed. 21. with wide oblique ends. 5. 15. 16.

26. Elastic band types with adjustable buckles.doc . of Gooch type Splints: thigh. for 25. rubber tubing 1 metre long with control clamp attached. in sterile sealed glass tubes with fracture scratch and directions for breaking tube. The bands to be not less than 1 m in length. A sheet of split 1 m x 1 m Largest size. Half to be straight needles. half to be curved. Supply in a box plainly labelled "FOR ENEMA USE ONLY". In sealed glass tubes sterilized with a fracture scratch and directions for breaking the tube. 28. Metal with padded ring. 33. 27. 30. wooden Splints: metal set Splint: Thomas Tourniquet Truss: single right pad Truss: single left pad Truss: double pads Ligatures. Enema kit 1 1 To consist of graduated funnel. 29. Standard rubber or plastic 1 m long and fitted with plastic funnel. One set of three. 23. Stomach tube 1 1 APPLIANCES 24. Splints: common set 1 1 Wooden splints. connexion and rubber catheter. T ube to bear a mark indicating when its tip has reached the stomach. 32. Sutures with needles 4 2 C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. catgut 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 Esmarch or Samways type. Suitable fractures of limbs and hands..73 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling INSTRUMENTS (continued) 22. 34. Splints: serrated. Sutures of nylon or silk fitted to eyeless needles with a cutting edge. 31.

5 x 50 cm.5 m. 3 3 . Bandage roll. gauze. 5 cm x 3 m bandage. 4 2 1 x 1 x 1. non-stitch 24 12 Size 2. Bandage crepe 4 2 41. Each separately wrapped with size on label.5 cm x 3 m 5. gauze. in a polythene envelope hermetically sealed and free from moisture. Supply on a spool. open weave: small Bandage roll. 10 x 15 cm pad. 42. box 2 2(*) 5 cm x 1 m. 38. Suspensory bandages with understraps DRESSINGS 2 2 37. with size on label. open weave: large Bandage triangle 10 10 10 10 10 10 44.5 cm x 1.5 cm x 1.5 m. Burn and wound dressing. Sterile bleached cotton or rayon cloth evenly impregnated with yellow soft paraffin. 43. Supply on a spool. 47. Zinc oxide plaster. 6 cm x 1 m in a sterile packet. 10 x 10 cm. 2.5 cm x 1 m. Ten envelopes per box. 36. Suture strips. Adhesive elastic bandage.0 cm x 4 m 7. Supply in a metal container.74 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling APPLIANCES (continued) 35. open weave: medium Bandage roll. box 5 3 46. 5 cm x 3 m bandage. 7. Adhesive plaster: small 1 1 39.3 m. Each separately wrapped with size on label.. Adhesive plaster: large 1 1 40.5 cm x 4 m Each separately wrapped.5 x 10 cm pad. Butterfly or dumb -bell shape for drawing superficial wounds together in sterile sealed packet. Half to be of medium size and half to be of large size. 7. 7. gauze. Zinc oxide plaster. 45. adhesive strip First aid/emergency dressings: small First aid/emergency dressings: medium 1 3 1 3 48. 2. Dressing.

7. 6 bandages.5 cm x 3 m Supply in separate packet and label with size and name of item. 52. large. Bandage firmly". 200 g A canvas bag with a strap containing: 2 bandages.. Gauze.75 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling DRESSINGS (continued) 49. absorbent cotton: large Rolls of cottonwool: small Rolls of cottonwool: large First aid satchel 5 10 10 1 1 3 3 10 1 1 C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. 4 small first aid/ 2 medium emergency dressings. Free end of bandage to be wound round the rolled end and the pad. Additional information for 47. 58. 1 artificial airway. First aid/emergency dressings: large 3 3 15 x 20 cm pad. 56. 15 x 30 cm 30 x 30 cm 20 cm wide. absorbent cotton: small Lint. Supply in separate packet and label with size and name of item. 53. 50. medium. 51. Sterilized in separate sealed wrappers. triangle. 54. 6 safety-pins. Pad to be folded lengthwise with the surface of the dressing on the inside and the rolled end of the bandage on the outside. plain sterile: large Gauze absorbent ribbon Jaconet or equivalent 5 10 1 1 5 3 1 1 30 cm x 1 m 1x1m 2. Bandage: open-weave gauze with pad stitched to it 30 cm from one end. Apply pad to wound without touching it. 1 large 1 roll of cottonwool. Lint.5 cm x 4 m bandage. plain sterile: small Gauze. crepe. Bleached cotton cloth water-proofed on one side.doc . Label with size of pad and following instruction: "Unwind short length of bandage. 55. straighten pad by pulling on ends of bandage. 57. 50 g 30 cm wide. 48 and 49 above: Pad: cottonwool enclosed in absorbent gauze.

76 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling GENERAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENT 59. Eye droppers Eye shades Feeding cup 3 3 1 3 3 1 Made of porcelain or plastic that is not affected by boiling. Sputum pot: non-disposable 1 1 76. Size not less than 17. Made of glass or plastic that is not affected by boiling. 66. Made of glass or plastic that is not affected by boiling.. or 20 10 75. rolled on a wooden core. Rubber. 73. or in drachms/ounces and spoonful doses. Basins: round 1 1 White enamelled iron. or steamheated. Bed-pan Eye bath 1 1 1 1 63. 62. with covers. aluminium or plastic. 60. Waxed cardboard with a twist-on lid. not less than 20 cm diameter and 10 cm depth. White enamelled iron. Sputum pot: disposable. Graduated in ml and spoonful doses. and height not less than 5 cm. Basins: kidney 1 1 61. leather or larger quantities if disposable type. mounted on a card or cards. or with spirit lamp. Size 1 x 2 m. White enamelled iron. Enamelled iron with close-fitting hinged lid. large size. 65. Graduated in ml or in minims and drachms. 72.5 x 5 x 7.5cm. Microscope slides Rubber sheeting Safety pins 3 1 15 3(*) 1(*) 15 74. For lowering temperature. Measuring glass: large 2 1 71. Hot water bottles Ice bags Measuring glass: small 2 1 2 1 1 1 70. Electric with automatic cut-out. wide base. length 25 cm. Finger stalls 3 6 67. Sterilizer 1 1 . 69. aluminium or plastic. 64. Assorted sizes. 68. Inscribed: "MEDICAL". Size 5 cm.

roughened rubber. 180-m1 bottles with screw caps.. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. 60-m1 bottles with screw caps. 60-m1 bottles of distinctive design. Four-hourly chart combining temperature. 90.doc . small 6 5(*) 84. Stretcher Surgical gloves. Label "Combined testing strip for albumin and sugar". 80. Bottles: poison 5 3(*) 86. Booklets of 20 test papers impregnated with silver salt protected from light. Labels: plain Labels: poison Concentrated antiseptic 100 50 500 ml 100 50 500 ml A solution of cetrimide 20% in water or equivalent. Label "Salt in urine test papers. The recommended dilutions to be suitable for the purpose specified. Bottles: dispensing. with handle. 91. Keep away from light". Label "Concentrated antiseptic lotion" together with full instructions for use. pulse. strips together with suitable desiccant (silica gel). Enamelled iron or plastic. and respiration.77 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling GENERAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENT (continued) 77. large 6 5(*) 85. Dispensing envelopes Palette knife Ointment boxes 100 1 15 50 1 6 89. Marked at 4 ml (1 teaspoonful). Salt test paper 2 1(*) 83. pairs Temperature charts 1 2 5 1 2 5 Neil Robertson type or equivalent. Urine test papers: combined strips albumin/sugar 2 1(*) 82. Urine bottle 1 1 81. 87. Bottles: dispensing. 88. Small size. Renew after 12 months or earlier if colour changes are noticed. 79. Either chipwood boxes stacked in nests of three. Marked at 15 ml (1 tablespoonful). For dispensing ointments. 78. or tins of 15 g. For dispensing ointments. Container with close-fitting screw cap of metal. Large size.

500 ml 1 500 ml 1 97. Supply in bottle of distinctive design and label "External use". Alternatively. Dilute alcohol 94.78 - Item Table I Category 1 Table II Categories 2 and 3 Additional information for use of chemist and for labelling GENERAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENT (continued) 92. The recommended dilutions to be suitable for the purpose specified. 96. Disinfectant 2 litres 1 litre 95. Chloride of lime Supply in sealed and dated tins with instructions. published by the World Health Organization. To consist of a white fluid in a finely dispersed. stabilized emulsion containing coal tar acids or other phenolic bodies with or without hydro-carbons. . The minimum amount to be carried is to be calculated on the amount of stabilized chloride of lime or its equivalent necessary to chlorinate the ship's largest fresh-water tank so as to produce a concentration of one part of free chlorine in one million parts of water. surgical spirit may be supplied.. 250 ml 200 ml(*) 70%. Only if sterilizer is heated by a spirit lamp. 93. Methyl alcohol International Medical Guide for Ships World Directory of Venereal Diseases: Treatment Centres at Ports. Supply in bottle of distinctive design and label "Disinfectant" together with full instructions for use.

and pressure on the chest due either to the chest being pinned down by a heavy weight or to the individual being buried in bulk cargo. 4. Remove artificial dentures. Transfer the left thumb and index finger to pinch the patient's nose tightly. kneel on his right side alongside his head. If the victim is lying on his back. when he must first be moved to a safe place or fresh air. and enables the expansion of the chest to assessed by the person giving it.. The commonest cases in which it is needed on board ship are drowning. 1 Based on instructions given in International Medical Guide for Ships. and it is essential to persist with artificial respiration for a prolonged period because the victim sometimes revives only after a very long time. for example. gas poisoning. when the patient is in shallow water or trapped by a fall of earth and unable to be released at once. until it is certain that the patient is dead. Numerous methods of artificial respiration have been devised. every second counts. including the heart and brain. applying the three middle fingers of each hand at the angles of the jaw.79 APPENDIX V ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION 1 Artificial respiration is the technique of resuscitation applied to an unconscious individual who has stopped breathing. If respiration ceases. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. Geneva. Maintain the position by holding the jaw up with the three middle fingers of the right hand behind the angle of the jaw on the left side and the thumb along the lower margin of the jaw on the right side.doc . Do not stop until the patient has been seen by a doctor or.TO-MOUTH ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION 1. If it is possible to place the victim on a raised surface this will render the task of mouth-to-mouth breathing much easier and less tiring for the operator. does not require strength. The objective of artificial respiration is to supply the tissues. In cases of electric shock continue for at least two hours. 2. immediate artificial respiration must be started on the spot except if the victim is in a dangerous place or exposed to poisonous gases. Pull the lower jaw well upward so that it juts out. DIRECT MOUTH. It gives the greatest ventilation of the lungs and oxygenation of the blood. electric shock. of which one only will be described. This is necessary to prevent the unconscious person's tongue from falling back and blocking the airway. Make certain there are no obstructions in the mouth or air passages and place the victim on his back.mouth (or mouth-to-nose). in his absence. The best method is mouth-to. World Health Organization. it can be applied more easily and effectively than other methods. with the oxygen they urgently need. 3. is less tiring. 1967. Do not waste time in transporting the victim to a distant cabin. as.

80 - Fig. Repeat the cycle. Artificial respiration. Place your mouth over the patient's mouth. This means that you take a deep breath and blow every four or three seconds. so as to seal it against air leaks. 1. 8. . 7. Lift your head and allow the air to escape. 5. In the early stages this rate may be increased up to 20 times a minute. 2. breathing into the patient at the rate of 15 times per minute. Fig. 6.. which is no longer blocked by the tongue. In mouth-to-mouth breathing the jaw is held so as to clear the air passage. Breathe forcefully into the patient's mouth until you note the normal elevation of his chest or feel resistance from the lungs to further expansion. Pulling up the lower jaw clears the air passage.

and insert the airway over his tongue until the mouthpiece covers his lips. The o l wer jaw should also in this method be well raised by placing the three middle fingers of each hand behind the angles of the jaw. Continuous with this is the blow tube for the use of the operator. if necessary.doc . Note 2. with a metal insert on which the victim's jaws are closed to prevent obstruction of the airway and a mouthpiece made of rubber that completely seals off the mouth.81 - Note 1. if distension occurs get an assistant to press periodically over the distended stomach to expel the air.mouth breathing. After a period of artificial respiration the operator may feel giddy. Distens ion of the stomach by air is more likely to happen in children. and can be remedied if he temporarily slows the rate of blowing or pauses every minute and takes a normal breath before beginning again. Note 3. Mouth-to. Next place your mouth over the patient's nose and inflate the lungs as in the mouth-to. 2. Method of Use 1. Then. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. exerting full upward pressure on the jaw.. direct lip contact between operator and victim is no longer necessary. Pinch the victim's nostrils with the thumb and index finger of your right hand. It is less useful than direct mouth-to. in which is inserted a one-way valve that allows him to blow air into the victim's lungs. However. 4. open his mouth. The airway consists of a rubber tube which fits into the victim's mouth over the tongue. In children or infants the mouth and nose may both be covered by your mouth.nose resuscitation is effective. causing distension. this will be visible as a swelling between the lower border of the ribs and the navel. Ensure that the lips remain sealed by placing the right thumb over them. Turn the head to one side while this is being done in case the stomach contents are regurgitated. Apply your mouth to the blow tube and carry out artificial respiration in the same way as in mouth-to. Grasp the apparatus and the lower jaw firmly with the left hand.mouth method. 3. With their use. Stand at the head of the victim. the tendency being for the nasal passages to become obstructed if artificial respiration is prolonged.mouth breathing. provid ed the nasal passages are not obstructed by mucus or by swelling of the mucous membrane. Blow gently with young children and use light puffs with newborn babies to prevent damage to the lung tissues. so expulsion of the air by periodic pressure is essential. wipe the mouth and continue artificial respiration. The more effectively you maintain a clear airway by holding the jaw well up the less will be the likelihood of air passing into the stomach. This is due to excessive ventilation of his own lungs by deep breathing. Note 4. A certain amount of air may pass into the patient's stomach when you blow. A number of artificial airways are now obtainable and are recommended. Note 5. The exhaled air escapes through a port in the side of the valve and is not returned to the operator. Tilt the head well back. with the thumb on the mouthpiece and the fingers under the jaw.

Only then should he be removed on a flat stretcher to hospital. A Neil Robertson stretcher is not suitable for carrying him unless it is unnecessary to use the straps that normally go round the chest.. The patient should not be moved until normal breathing has been firmly established. Warm sweetened tea or coffee is also a useful restorative It is highly desirable that at least two persons in the ship should be fully conversant with this method. especially at the neck and waist. When consciousness is restored. If a shore hospital is not immediately available he should be carried to the nearest convenient bed and closely watched in case breathing stops again.82 - As soon as artificial respiration is started an assistant should loosen any tight clothing. so that in an emergency immediate action can be taken by someone who is familiar with it. . and arrange for the provision of blankets and hot-water bottles. brandy or some similar stimulant may be given in teaspoonful doses diluted with an equal volume of water. The longer the patient has been unconscious the longer will he need to be watched after breathing has returned.

II. be prepared to float gently and only swim when absolutely necessary. Treatment of hypothermia is an emergency and must not be delayed because of other apparent injuries. C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A..doc .83 APPENDIX VI INFORMATION ON HYPOTHERMIA I. take anti-seasickness pills of a non-hypnotic character. Information on procedures to adopt when immersion is imminent: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) put on warm clothing. cover hands and feet if possible. if available.

General Secretary. Italian National Fisheries Federation Dr. A. Secretary-General. W. Lyon-Dean. de Witt. Faroe Fishermen's Association . Dekeyzer. Agujari. President.Treasurer. Netherlands Fisheries Directorate Dr. A. Foundation of Dutch Fisheries Mr. Skinner. A. Secretary. International Transport Workers' Federation Mr. United Kingdom White Fish Authority (Reporter of the meeting) INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION Mr.84 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS OF THE FIRST JOINT FAO/ILO/IMCO MEETING OF CONSULTANTS ON SAFETY ON BOARD FISHING VESSELS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION Mr. Technical Research Department.. and President. New Bedford Fishermen's Union (United States) Advisers Rear-Admiral J. Jakupsstovu.D. Regional Secretary. J. Belgian Transport Workers' Union. Shenton. United Kingdom Transport and General Workers' Union Mr. Director. J. H. Member. levers. Boelmans Kranenburg. Chief. Minoru Shimoda. Japanese Fishing-Vessel Owners' Association Mr. Fishermen's Section.J.G. British Trawlers' Federation Mr. Vice-President. R.

G. All-Japan Seamen's Union Mr. (Chairman of the meeting) Mr.W. Fisheries Department. Lewis. H. Federation of Workers in the Public Services and Transport Industries (Federal Republic of Germany) INTER-GOVERNMENTAL MARITIME CONSULTATIVE ORGANIZATION Captain E. Norwegian Maritime Directorate C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. Wiemers..doc . E. Nakano.85 - List of Participants of First Joint Meeting Mr. Executive Board. United Kingdom Board of Trade. Secretary. Secretary for Maritime Questions. Salvesen.J.

Gurtner. Ingeniero Naval y Mecánico. Agujari. Fishery Industries Division INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION Fishing Vessel Owners' Consultants Mr.G. (Norway). H. Head of Department. Shimoda. International Transport Workers' Federation INTER-GOVERNMENTAL MARITIME CONSULTATIVE ORGANIZATION Mr. Kristoffersen.J. (Vice-Chairman of the meeting) Adviser Mr. A. Chief. (Chairman of the meeting) Mr. Iriarte.86 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS OF THE SECOND JOINT FAO/ILO/IMCO MEETING OF CONSULTANTS ON SAFETY ON BOARD FISHING VESSELS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION Mr. P. Norwegian Seamen's Union. A. Fish Production and Marketing Service.A. Italian Federation of Fishing Industries Mr. M. Salvesen. Japanese Fishing Vessel Owners' Association Fishermen's Consultant Mr. Foundation of the Dutch Fisheries (Vice-Chairman of the meeting) Mr.F. Selander. Boelmans Kranenburg. Prefectura-Naval Argentina (Argentina) .. J. K. E. Norwegian Maritime Directorate.H. General Manager.

Capitán de Navio Armada Peruana (Peru) Mr. Fishery Agency. Marine Safety Branch. Counsellor. Sindicato de Pescadores de Chimbote y Anexos (Peru) Mr.E. Head of Section (Norway) Captain H. Japanese Government (Japan) Mr. H. A. Tapia.87 - List of Participants of Second Joint Meeting Mr. Gerente de Flota. Steamship Inspection. Erlingsson. Tangen. W. A. Chairman of the Technical Council (Poland) C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A. Polish Register of Shipping. Pesca Peru (Peru) Mr. Kuwahara. B. Superintendent. Bonn. H. Rossi.R. C. Ministry of Transport (Canada) Mr. Mano. First Secretary. London (Peru) Mr. A. T. Peruvian Embassy. Olsen (Norway) Mr. Member of Fishing Vessel Association of Japan (Japan) Mr. L. Jefe de Flota Zona 4. Pesca Peru (Peru) Mr. Fishing Boat Inspector. H. S. Naval Architect. Hirashima. Hull Inspection and Standards. Bellido. Professor. Rivero. Directorate of Shipping (Iceland) Mr.. Nunez.K. Kudo. London (Japan) Mr. Kobylinski.doc . Birkeland.E. Fishing Boat Association (Japan) Mr. (Norway) Mr. Embassy of Japan. S. T.

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Mr. V. Petrov, Deputy of Chief Shipbuilding Department, Ministry of Fishing Industry (USSR) Mr. A.N. Pogodin, Captain, Senior Principal Surveyor of USSR Register of Shipping, Naval Architect (USSR) Mr. N. Rakhmanin, Senior Research Fellow, Krilov Research Institute, Leningrad (USSR) Mr. B. Antipov, Naval Architect (USSR) Mr. J.H. Cox, Deputy Chief Surveyor, Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdom) Mr. C.B. Lynch, Senior Executive Officer, Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdom) Mr. G.T. Davis, Senior Nautical Surveyor, Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdom) Mr. W.A. Cleary, Jr., Chief, Ship Characteristics Branch, Merchant Marine Safety, US Coast Guard (United States) Mr. J.S. Gage, Senior Vice-President, New England Fish Company (United States) Mr. William P. Clappin, Shipping Attaché, American Embassy, London (United States) OBSERVERS FROM NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CLASSIFICATION SOCIETIES Mr. H. Hormann, Germanischer Lloyd
WORLD FEDERATION OF TRADE UNIONS Mr. D. Ganguli, General Secretary, Trade Unions International of Transport Workers Mr. A. Gruenais, Secrétaire général de la Fédération nationale des Syndicats maritimes C.G.T.en France

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SECRETARIAT

Mr. P. Gurtner, Chief, Fish Production and Marketing Service, Fishery Industries Division (FAO) Mr. D. Blanchard, Chief, Maritime Branch (ILO) Mr. T.O. Braida, Maritime Branch (ILO) Captain A. Saveliev, Secretary, Maritime Safety Committee (IMCO) Mr. Y. Sasamura, Head of Marine Environment Division (IMCO) Mr. J. Jens, Head of Marine Technology Division (IMCO) Mr. G. Cipolla, Marine Technology Division (IMCO) Mr. A.M. Spassky, Marine Technology Division (IMCO)

C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.doc

- 90 INDEX1

A Abandoning vessel 11.1, 11.5.1 Acids 6.7.3 Air compressors 6.3.4 Alarm signals see Signals Alcohol, misuse of 1.3.9 Anchors 3.4.1 Artificial respiration 10.3.4, Appendix V B Barracuda see Dangerous fish Bilges 3.1.8, 9.2.5 Blow-lamps 6.7.1-6.7.2 Boatswains' chairs 4.5.4 Boilers liver 7.5 operation of 6.1.10 precautions with 6.1.16-6.1.17 Breathing apparatus 6.3.2, 7.2.10

D Danger messages see Messages Dangerous fish 5.5.5, 11.3 Danish seining 5.4 Decks housekeeping on 4.5.1-4.5.2 lighting 4.2 Distress messages see Messages Distress signals see Signals Draw-buckets 4.5.6 E Echo-sounding apparatus 2.1.6 Electrical installations checking of 6.5.3, 6.5.7 earthing of 6.5.6 maintenance of 6.5.1 portable equipment 6.5.4-6.5.5 precautions 6.5.2, 6.5.8-6.5.11 Emergency procedures 8.3 see also Abandoning vessel; Messages; Radio-telephoning; Rescue operations; Signals; Survival Emergency radio apparatus 11.1.5 Engines hand-cranking of 6.1.9 starting hot-bulb 6.7.2, 9.2.4 Eye protection 5.6.2, 7.1 F Falling overboard 4.3, 4.5.6 Fire extinguishers 9.2.3 Fire fighting 9.3 Fires fighting 9.3 prevention and precautions 9.2 risks from smoking 9.1

C Cables, inspection of 3.4.1 Certificates fisherman's competency 10.5.310.5.4 of seaworthiness 3.1.1 Chains 3.4 Charts 2.1.1 Collision regulations 2.2.3, 2.2.42.2.11, 2.4.3 Compasses gyro 2.1.3 magnetic 2.1.2 Compressed air systems 6.3 Conditions for employment 10.5 Confined spaces 7.4.5 Corrosive substances 7.4.4

1

The figures following the entries refer to paragraph numbers.

7.1.1.1.1. 11.2.2.11.3.1.5. 4.7.1.1.3.2 Fuel oil burners.10 Fumigation 7.1.6 Hatches 3.5.4 Life-jackets 8.1.6 Freeing ports 3.3.2.1 .1.11 Hot-bulb engines see Engines Hurricane warnings see Storm warnings Hypothermia. 4.1 -8.5.6.3.3.1. 10.1 Loose gear 4.1.8-4.7.1.1. Appendix III handling 5.1.2.3.5.10-11.4.3 smoking near 6.5 L Ladders defective 4.1.4. 8.2. 8.2 pilot 4.6. 11.3 poisonous.2-6.3. 3.6.2-4.3 in liver boilers 7.3-8.16 Fuse holders 6.5. Appendix VI Ice accretions on superstructures 2.1011.2.1. 9. 5.1.2.4.1.10 non-skid treads for 4.4.1.5.5. precautions with 6. 4. 8. 6.1.2-5.5.2-6. 8.1 Lamps 9.5.5.12 see also Lighting Landing through surf 11.4. 8.5 Longline fishing general 5.13 traditional 5.3.10.4.8 Health and safety organization 10.3 in refrigeration machinery 6.12.7 Lifelines 4.2.2. from fish-holds 7.3.4.3 see also Artificial respiration.1.2.3.1.1-8. in compressed air systems 6. precautions with 6.115.2.15 portable 4.3.1.3-5.5.4.2. 11. 7.5.1.4-8. 9.5.1.8 Goggles 5.1.9 stored in cylinders 6.7.1.2.5 Life-rafts 8.1. 11.5.7.18. 11.3.5.5 Light signals see Signals. 3.-4I First aid 10.2.1.2.2-3.10 Look-outs 2.2-8.2.1-5.8 rope 4.6 Lifebuoys 4. Rescue operations Fish handling 5.7 Gases flammable.2. 8. 8.7.4 Heaters. 7.1.9 wooden 4.1.1 -5. Signalling lamps Lighting deck 4. 7.1-11.3.1.1.3.2.9-5.1 emergency 10.5. 8. portable 9.4.3 in paints 7.4.2. 6.8 modern semi-automated 5.2-7. 11.2 portable electric 6. 7.3.2.10.5.2.1 spontaneous combustion 9.1 Lifeboats 8.7 G Gale warnings see Storm warnings Gangways 4.11.3.7 Furnaces.12 Loose clothing 6.1.2.10 Flags see Signals Flammable substances hot work near 6. 8 Fishing gear 5.1.9 securing of 4.2. 7.1.4.1.4 in crew spaces 10.2.2.1. 11.6 gases in cylinders 6.3.12 Lifting operations 4.2 H Hand tools 6.3.1.7.1.7. 1.1.

5. 4.3. 7.4.21 Manholes 3.5.3. 6.1.1.1 use of 4. 11.2 M MAFOR Code 2.Recommended Contents of Fishing Vessels' Medicine Chest.2.2.3.2.16.4.-5Pressure valves 6.3.11 damage to 4.7 Safety boots 7.1. 6.2.4.3.5.6 Radar scanners 7.4.6 Radio direction. 10.5.18.5 of injuries 10.9 Manning scales 10.4.1 Seamarker dye 11. 4.4.1.4 Safety and health organization 10.1.5. 7.6-2.14 Refrigeration plants general provisions 6. 7.8.4. 10. 10.4.5.1.4 Safety belts 4.1.1. Appendix II Railings 4. 6.3 work in 7.5.5 Minimum age 10.3 O C:\ramya\handbook Part 2\After Ahana\Fishing Vessels\CODE OF SAFETY A\Code_Part_A.1.4.20 operation of 6.1.4.3.14-6.4.2.3 Overside work 4.2.1.4 Medicine chest.8 Reporting of accidents 1. 5.2.4.1.10 Ropes blocks for 4.4. Appendix I distress 2.2.1.12-4.4.3 Sanitation 10. 7.3 position 2.19 S Opening and closing appliances 3.13-4.3.2.4.11 Notices fire 9.3.2 p Painting 7. 7.1.7-4.1.1 safety of 2.4.2.1. 7.4-2.3 Safety devices interference with 1.10 inspection of 4.9.4 Musters 8.1. 4.2. 6.1 warning 1. 7.2-6.12 Rest periods 1.3.21 Protective clothing and equipment 7.2.2.106.7.4.3.1.3.4. 10.5.3.22 servicing and maintenance of 6.6 synthetic 4.11.2 Machinery cleanliness of 6.4-6.5 Radiotelephony 2.1.9 Purse seining 5.13-6.1.5. 7.5.11.1.4-2.6 Radio antennae 7.3-10.finding apparatus 2. Appendix IV Messages danger 2.2 Noise 7.8 Rescue operations 11.5.2.1.5 use of 1. 6.1-7.3 Purse seiners signals for 2.4 to mariners 2.14 securing of 6.5.1.1.7.5.2.2.4.3. Safety harnesses 5.3.4.8 Pole and line fishing 5.2.4.4.3 Pair trawling 2. 6.2.5.3.3.2.2.2.4.4. 2.10 wire 4.5 storage of 4.6. 2.3.3 R Radar 2.3.1.1.1.5.7.doc .23 guarding of 6.1. 4.1. 6. 6.4.4. 7.6-2.3 N Navigation aids to 2.3.4 Medical examination 10.4 of defects 1.6 Portable radio equipment 8.1.1.13.14.5 Position reporting see Reporting Pre-employment medical examination 10.

10. 6.3 Winches brakes of 6.2.2.9 for trawlers and drifters 2.10 guarding of 6.7.4.8. 6.2.2.1.1.2.2.5.2.2-11.1-10.5 Stairways 4.1.2.2 in paints 7.5.8-2. 6. 2.9 controls of 6.4 distress 2.5 in tropical regions 11.4.3-2.-6Seining see Danish seining.4.5.1. 6.4 W Washing facilities 10. Pole and line fishing V Ventilation 10.4.2.4.1-4.1.1.1. 2.1.13-6.2.7.2.1.3.2.2.2.2.9 in fish 5.8 for purse seiners 2.3.3.3 flags 2.1 Survival adrift 11.3 Sound signals see Signals Stability 3.7.1 Toxic substances gases 6.7 Static electricity 6. 2.1 Welding 6.6.1 Storm warnings 2.6 Supervision 1.8 International Code of 2.1 Soldering 6. Purse seining Sharks see Dangerous fish Signalling lamps 2.4-11.1 Weather bulletins 2.2-6.7 Signals alarm 2.5.11 Work gloves 7.19 testing of 6.2.5-10.7-6.2 ashore 11.9 .5 T Toilets 10.7.2. 2.11 Smoking 9.14 maintenance of 6.4.2.2.2 Torches 6. 11.2.4. 6.4 11.12 operation of 6.2.2 light 2.4.2.8.2.7.4 in polar regions 11. 4.1.2.1.13-6.4.1 loading of 6.7.4.3 warps on 6.2 Tuna fishing see Longline fishing.2.2 gear 2.2.12 Steering automatic 2.2 Trawlers and drifters signals for 2.2.1-2.2.3-2.4.3 gases from fish-holds 7.4.7 Vocational training 10. 6.3. 6.2. 2.1.3.2.2. 6.2.3.10 sound 2.2.7.2.4.4.5-6.8 Trawling 5.1.

3. Subsequent to this resolution. It was decided to draw up the code in two parts: Part A. For copies of the print version. part B of the code has been under preparation by the IMCO sub-committee of safety of fishing vessels in co-operation with the FAO and ILO in their field of competence. ILO – labour in the fishing industries. please check www. which originated from an ILO resolution adopted in 1962. London at which the final text of part B was agreed. and IMCO – safety of life. which are: FAO – fisheries in general.The preface and the contents have been digitized from the print version of the document. to be addressed to shipbuilders and owners containing requirements for the construction and equipments of fishing vessels. to be addressed to skippers and crews.org CODE OF SAFETY FOR FISHERMEN AND FISHING VESSELS PART B SAFETY AND HEALTH REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT OF FISHING VESSELS Perface 1. Part B. . the three agencies concerned entered into an agreement to co-operate in the project within their respective fields of competence. containing operational and occupational requirements. Since then. The final draft was accepted by the maritime safety committee of IMCO at its 27th session joint FAO/ILO/IMCO meeting of consultants on safety on board fishing vessels was held from 11 to 15 February 1974 at IMCO headquarters. 2. Part A of the code was adopted by the first session of the joint FAO/ILO/IMCO meeting of consultants on safety on board fishing vessels which has held at ILO headquarters in Geneva in September 1968. As referred to it the foreword to part A. vessels and equipment at sea. the International Labour Organisation and the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization.imo. the code of safety for fishermen and fishing vessels is a project by the Food and Agriculture Organization.

the committee agreed that: (a) IMCO should act as focal point for co-ordinating proposed amendments to the code and in particular the IMCO secretariat should undertake to receive any proposed amendments.The preface and the contents have been digitized from the print version of the document. 5. but joint meting of consultants might be necessary for other amendments for which no ready agreements by correspondence can be reached. The FAO council at its 64th session (autumn 1974) endorsed the recommendation by its committee on fisheries concerning the report of the joint meeting of consultants and the governing body of the ILO at its 195th session (February 1975). Concerning the procedure for future amendments to both parts of the code. The maritime safety committee of IMCO. For copies of the print version. 6. rescue and emergency repair facilities and weather information. please check www. 8. Recognizing that the majority of items covered by the code are within the scope of IMCO and nothing the different working procedures within the three organizations and that the IMCO sub -committee on safety of fishing vessels holds regular meetings once or twice a year.org 4. at its 30th session (spring 1974). The joint meeting of consultants also agreed on amendments to part A aiming at the improvement of the contents of the text and achieving consistency with part B. the maritime safety committee of IMCO considered that any amendments should be affected as expeditiously as possible.imo. Took note with satisfaction of the joint meeting of consultants and approved the amendments to part A and the final text of part B. Concerning the question of the stationing in all principal fishing grounds of ships which could provide hospital. the joint meeting of consultants stressed that the matter should be reviewed and that it would be desirable to coordinate facilities provided by various fishing nations on fishing grounds in order to improve safety and health of fishermen and fishing vessels at sea. took note of the report of the joint meeting of consultants and endorsed the views expressed therein. . 7. to distribute them to the organizations and to collate their respective comments. It was suggested that non-controversial amendments could be approved by correspondence.

org (b) Any future joint FAO/ILO/IMCO meeting of consultants should be held. The maritime safety committee of IMCO also considered the question of information on stationing support ships in all principal fishing grounds raised by the joint meeting of consultants and requested all member governments to provide such information. please check www. CONTENTS Chapter I – General Provisions Chapter II – Hull and Equipments Chapter III – Freeboard.imo. Fire Detection.The preface and the contents have been digitized from the print version of the document. Watertight Integrity and Freeing Ports Chapter IV – Stability Chapter V – Machinery and Electrical Installations Chapter VI – Fire Protection. in conjunction with a meeting of the subcommittee. For copies of the print version.08. Fire Extinction and Fire-Fighting Equipments Chapter VII – Protection of the Crew Chapter VIII – Life-saving Appliances Chapter IX – Radiotelegraphy and Radiotelephony Chapter X – Ship borne Navigational Equipment Chapter XI – Crew Accommodation . whenever possible. and (c) Any proposed amendments should always be subject to the final approval of the appropria te bodies of the three organizations. a questionnaire was circulated and the returns received are summarized on pages 141-156 10. Accordingly. Part A as revised by the second joint meeting of consultants is published by IMCO as a separate booklet (sales number 75. 9.E).