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## Algebra I Honors - Chapter 7 STUDY GUIDE

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Simplify (5d3)( 2d2). a. 10d5 b. 10d5 2. Simplify (m4)2. a. 6m b. m8 3. Simplify (2xy2)4(2x3y4)2. a. 4x24y32 b. 28x9y6 4. Simplify a. a3 b. a16 ____ 5. Simplify a. b. c. 10d6 d. 10d6 c. m6 d. 2m4 c. 64x10y16 d. 4x10y16

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. Assume the denominator is not equal to zero. c. a48 d. a8 . Assume the denominator is not equal to zero. c. d.

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6. Simplify a. ab3 b. 1

## . Assume the denominator is not equal to zero. c. d.

7. Which monomial represents the number of square units in the area of a circle whose radius is 3x3 units? a. 9!x6 c. 9!x9 6 b. 6!x d. 6!x5 ____ 8. Find the degree of the polynomial 2x3y 4xy2 + 9x3y2. a. 4 c. 12 b. 3 d. 5 ____ 9. Arrange the terms of x2y3 + 4xy2 3x3y + 6 so that the powers of x are in ascending order. a. 6 + 4xy2 + x2y3 3x3y c. 6 + 4xy2 3x3y + x2y3 2 3 3 2 b. x y 3x y + 4xy + 6 d. 6 3x3y + 4xy2 + x2y3 ____ 10. Find (3c2 8c + 5) + (c2 8c 6) a. 3c2 1 c. 4c2 16c 1 2 b. 4c + 11 d. 2c2 16c 1 ____

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____ 11. CLUBS The number of girls in a local 4-H club is modeled by the expression 4n2 n + 52 where n is the number of years after 1990. The number of girls in 4H who are age 8 and under is modeled by the expression n2 + 13. Find an expression that models the number of girls older than 8 in the club. a. 3n2 + n 39 c. 3n2 n + 39 2 b. 3n n 39 d. 3n2 + n + 39 ____ 12. Simplify 3b2(4b + 7) 2b(b2 5b 3) 6(b 2). a. 14b3 + 11b2 12b 12 c. 41b2 + 12 3 2 b. 14b + 31b + 12b + 12 d. 10b3 + 31b2 + 12 ____ 13. Find (x + 2)(x + 4). a. x2 + 8 c. x2 + 2x + 6 b. x2 + 2x + 8 d. x2 + 6x + 8 2 ____ 14. Find (3x + 2)(4x 2x 7). a. 12x3 + 2x2 25x 14 c. 12x3 + 14x2 + 25x + 14 b. 7x3 + 9x2 25x 14 d. 7x3 + 7x2 4x 5 ____ 15. Find (3y + 4z)(3y 4z). a. 9y2 16z2 c. 9y2 24yz 16z2 2 2 b. 9y + 16z d. 9y2 24yz + 16z2 2 2 ____ 16. Find (2r + s) . a. 4r4 + s2 c. 4r4 4r2s + s2 4 2 b. 4r + s d. 4r4 4r2s + s2 ____ 17. Each side of a square x units long is increased by 8 units. Which expression represents the number of square units in the new squares area? a. x2 + 64 c. 2x + 16 b. x2 + 16x + 64 d. x2 + 16x + 16 ____ 18. Solve 4(5 2n) = 8( 6 5n). a. c. b. d.

____ 19. Solve x(x + 3) 2 = 2 + x(x + 1). a. 2 c. 1 b. 2 d. 0 ____ 20. ART A picture is 4 inches longer than it is wide. It is surrounded by a mat that is 2 inches wide. The total area of the mat is 112 square inches. If w is the width of the picture, which equation is true? a. (w + 4)(w + 8) + w(w + 4) = 112 c. (w + 4)(w + 8) w(w + 4) = 112 b. (w + 2)(w + 6) w(w + 4) = 112 d. (w + 2)(w + 6) + w(w + 4) = 112 Short Answer 21. Simplify 32 21 ! 35n. Simplify. 22. 5x4 ! x3 23. (3a2b5)(2ab3) 24. (w3z7)3

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25. 4a4b8 + 2(ab2)4 + 4(a2b4)2 Simplify. Assume that no denominator is equal to zero. 26.

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28. 29. Find the degree of the polynomial 2x2y 4x5 + 6xy3. 30. Arrange the terms of the polynomial 3x2y xy2 3y3 + x3 so that the powers of x are in descending order. Find each sum or difference. 31. (7m2 + 3m 4) (3m2 + 9m 5) 32. (4y2 + 3y 7) + (4y2 7y 2) 33. (3a3 4b) (2a3 b) 34. Write an expression for the perimeter of a rectangle whose length is 5 more than twice its width. Find each product. 35. 3x2y(2x2y 5xy2 + 8y3x2) 36. (3r2 + 5s2)(3r2 5s2) 37. (2n + 3)(3n2 4n + 1) 38. (5y + 6)2 39. (2k + 5r)(2k 5r) 40. (2c 1)2 41. Tan colored rabbits; referred to as butterscotch by rabbit breeders, carry two genes that determine fur color. There is a white gene W and a brown gene B. The parent rabbits only pass along one gene for color to an offspring. The offspring will be white, butterscotch, or brown. Write an expression for the genetic makeup of 2 butterscotch (tan) offspring. Felicia has \$15,000 to invest. She invests x dollars at 4% and the rest at 3.5%. 42. Write an equation for the total amount of money T Felicia will have in one year. 43. Suppose at the end of the year, Felicia has \$15,575. How much money did Felicia invest in each account? Solve each equation.

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44. 5x + 8 = 3 + 2(3x 4) 45. 5(2n 3) = 7(3 n) 46. GARDENING The length of a rectangular garden is 5 feet longer than its width. The garden is surrounded by a 2-foot-wide sidewalk. The sidewalk has an area of 76 square feet. Find the dimensions of the garden. 47. If (x + 1)10 is multiplied out, how many terms will there be? (Hint: Look for a pattern in the smaller powers of (x + 1).)

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## Algebra I Honors - Chapter 7 STUDY GUIDE Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: MSC: 2. ANS: MSC: 3. ANS: MSC: 4. ANS: MSC: 5. ANS: MSC: 6. ANS: MSC: 7. ANS: 8. ANS: 9. ANS: 10. ANS: 11. ANS: 12. ANS: MSC: 13. ANS: MSC: 14. ANS: MSC: 15. ANS: MSC: 16. ANS: MSC: 17. ANS: MSC: 18. ANS: 19. ANS: MSC: 20. ANS: B PTS: CAHSEE | Key B PTS: CAHSEE | Key C PTS: CAHSEE | Key D PTS: CAHSEE | Key B PTS: CAHSEE | Key B PTS: CAHSEE | Key A PTS: D PTS: A PTS: C PTS: C PTS: D PTS: CAHSEE | Key D PTS: CAHSEE | Key A PTS: CAHSEE | Key A PTS: CAHSEE | Key C PTS: CAHSEE | Key B PTS: CAHSEE | Key D PTS: A PTS: CAHSEE | Key C PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 MSC: CAHSEE | Key

STA: {Key}10.0 MSC: CAHSEE | Key STA: {Key}10.0 MSC: CAHSEE | Key STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 STA: {Key}5.0 MSC: CAHSEE | Key STA: {Key}5.0 | {Key}10.0

SHORT ANSWER 21. ANS: 3 7n 1 PTS: 1 22. ANS: 5x7 STA: {Key}2.0 MSC: CAHSEE | Key

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PTS: 1 23. ANS: 6a3b8 PTS: 1 24. ANS: w9z21 PTS: 1 25. ANS: 10a4b8 PTS: 1 26. ANS:

## MSC: CAHSEE | Key

PTS: 1 28. ANS: 3 r 5s PTS: 1 29. ANS: 5 PTS: 1 30. ANS: x3 + 3x2y xy2 3y3 PTS: 1 31. ANS: 4m 2 6m + 1 PTS: 1 32. ANS: 8y2 4y 9 PTS: 1 33. ANS: a3 3b PTS: 1 34. ANS:

STA: {Key}10.0

STA: {Key}10.0

STA: {Key}10.0

## MSC: CAHSEE | Key

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6w + 10 PTS: 1 STA: {Key}10.0 35. ANS: 6x4y2 15x3y3 + 24x4y4 PTS: 1 36. ANS: 9r4 25s4 PTS: 1 37. ANS: 6n3 + n2 10n + 3 PTS: 1 38. ANS: 25y2 + 60y + 36 PTS: 1 39. ANS: 4k2 25r2 PTS: 1 40. ANS: 4c2 4c + 1 MSC: CAHSEE | Key

## MSC: CAHSEE | Key

PTS: 1 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 41. ANS: 0.25W2 + 0.5BW + 0.25B2 PTS: 1 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 42. ANS: 15,525 + 0.005x = T PTS: 1 43. ANS: \$10,000 at 4%, \$5,000 at 3.5% PTS: 1 44. ANS: 13 PTS: 1 45. ANS: 2 STA: {Key}5.0 MSC: CAHSEE | Key

## MSC: CAHSEE | Key

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PTS: 1 47. ANS: 11 terms PTS: 1 STA: {Key}2.0 | {Key}10.0 MSC: CAHSEE | Key