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[ENGLISH FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS]
Groomwell Academy Nagpur
A preposition is a word that links together words in a sentence and usually describes position, direction, or time. Each preposition has rules that determine its use. In: The preposition in is used to indicate an enclosed space that is considered an area, such as a geographical location, a room, or a building. • The children played in the park. • We waited in the lobby. Use the preposition in with objects that act as containers. • The key is in my pocket. • Put the groceries in the fridge. Use the preposition in when describing what is contained within li uids or other substances. • Would you like sugar in your coffee! • There is a lot o" "at in these cookies. The preposition in can also be used with phrases about time. Use in when it is "ollowed by these words# the past, the present, the future, the morning, the afternoon, the evening, a month, a year, a century, a season. • The dog needs to go "or a walk in the morning. • In a month, it will be my birthday. Use in to describe the amount o" time needed to do something. • $ will be ready in a few minutes. • In two years, Amy will ha%e her &achelor's (egree. Use in to indicate that something is part o" something else. • There are three gray kittens in the litter. • $ ha%e many old coins in my collection. Use in be"ore a/An+ car/taxi/jeep )e comes to academy in a car. Other reposition !ombinations "ith In be dressed in be located in be speciali*ed in be interested in be immersed in be disappointed in be in%ol%ed in be wrapped up in be caught up in "ill in break in "all behind in get in drop in li%e in
The preposition to can indicate mo%ement toward a goal or destination • +et's go to a restaurant. • ,elissa is going to the $niversity of %irginia. )owe%er, do not use to when using %erbs o" motion with the noun home. • The children went home. • &rive home care"ully. The preposition to is usually used in the "ollowing se uence# subject - verb + to +infinitive.
(r. Ambedkar ,ission )all &uilding, Awale &abu .howk, /agpur ph. 0123455526, 0737383976
apologi*e to :someone. be opposed to be nice to listen to look "orward to be married to be related to speak to :someone. you will see Tutoring >er%ices on the right?hand side o" the hall. #oward's(: While to indicates arri%al at a destination. 0123455526. want. to :something. prepare. intention :intend. work. On: The preposition on is used with an enclosed space that is considered a sur"ace.. • Turn right on !aroline . to :that. Ambedkar ..howk. subject . :=bligation. use the preposition in "or cars by saying in the car. to :that. request. Use on when it is "ollowed by a date. but we still ha%e class on )onday morning. like.hristy accidentally locked her keys in the car. /agpur ph. Other reposition !ombinations "ith To be accustomed to add :this. DHIRAJ SIR’S [ENGLISH FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS] An infinitive is the basic "orm o" a %erb such as eat. (r.lass is cancelled on . have. to be de%oted to be engaged to compare :this. on the plane. • The paper is due on )arch *+. • . :that. wish. • Turn toward's( the teacher and pay attention. and play. a weekday. be similar to introduce :someone. • $" you walk toward's( the #esting !enter. The preposition on is used with means o" public transportation# on the train.. subject .B. )owe%er. on the bus. or e%ening. consent. • The toddler drew on the walls. refuse. prefer. • We were dri%ing on the highway when we saw the accident. :$ntention. and obligation :be obligated. The preposition on is also used with things that can be thought o" as lines such as roads or streets.. desire :desire.verb + to + infinitive • The dog needs to eat. :Willingness. • <oseph refuses to cooperate. belong to complain to :someone.riday. ask. Use to with an in"initi%e to indicate willingness :be willing. to :someone.verb + to + infinitive • (o you want to leave! :(esire. plan. &oth "orms ha%e the same meaning. 0737383976 Page 2 . be polite to pre"er :this.ission )all &uilding. a"ternoon. Awale &abu . • $ li%e on !ourthouse -oad. toward indicates mo%ement to a destination without actually arri%ing there.treet. in%ite :someone. subject + verb + to + infinitive • )e planned to return be"ore midnight. and on the boat.A. need. or a weekday morning. • $s this your "irst time riding on a plane! • . The preposition on is used with phrases about time. #oward can also be written as towards.
ission )all &uilding.A. midnight. • +isa is angry at -obin.howk. • At age five.eet me "or lunch at noon. :+ocation. • )e threw a baseball at the window. destination. The preposition at is also used with phrases about time. on time on be in :something. dream on on dependent :something. @@/ote: Into can generally be replaced with in0 but in cannot always be replaced with into.egan "ell onto/on the floor. present. Ambedkar . in indicates the position o" the subject a"ter it has completely entered the space. Use at to show that an acti%ity is directed toward something or someone. • The waiter will be at your table in a minute. Use at to show when someone was a particular age. night. she learned to read. @@/ote# Onto can generally be replaced with on. into cannot be used. • We laughed at the movie. :$n this case. 0123455526. DHIRAJ SIR’S [ENGLISH FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS] Use the preposition on with di""erent types o" lists. • $'m busy at the moment. Other reposition !ombinations "ith On hang on on top o" hold on on break carry on to gi%e up :something. but on cannot always be replaced with onto. • Ann is in her office. At: The preposition at is used to describe location. Onto indicates mo%ement toward a two dimensional sur"ace while on indicates the position o" the subject a"ter it has completely placed itsel" on the sur"ace. Use at when it is "ollowed by these words# noon. Use at to show the cause o" a reaction. onto cannot be used. 0737383976 . • What is on the agenda "or today! • We "orgot an item on the grocery list. • . Use at to eBpress priceCrateCspeedCpace Degetables are sold at 533C? per kg )e runs 13 km per hour. =n the other hand. :$n this case. but come back at +:11. the present time. :(estination. Other reposition !ombinations "ith At to be angry at arri%e at :a laugh at look at point at stare at Page 3 (r. or direction. • . • The mother yelled at the children.egan is on the floor.ary published her "irst book at age twenty2six. Also use at when it is "ollowed by a time on the clock. Awale &abu . :(irection. the moment. /agpur ph. • Aeorge is waiting at the fountain. • Ann went into/in her office. • .B. • The monkey threw a banana at the 3oo keeper. on Into/Onto: Into indicates the mo%ement o" someone or something "rom the outside to the inside o" a three dimensional space. • .
• $ would like to buy a car that is under 6*70111.ission )all &uilding. DHIRAJ SIR’S :someone. • +et's talk about it over coffee.A. 0123455526. • )ang the banner over the doorway. Use over to mean during. :(irectly below. Tom works the hardest. Ambedkar . • $ like this "la%or o" ice?cream above all else. buildingC a room. • (uring the snowstorm. :+ower temperature. place the 6 under the 5 and subtract. • Aeorge worked as a waiter "or over two years. [ENGLISH FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS] Above/4elow: Use above/below to indicate ele%ation. • To sol%e this e uation. authority. amount. • Eristen's >AT score is above average. • Above all. • The smoke spread over the entire city. • We tra%eled over the mountains to get there. • The widow wore a black %eil over her face. • The sun rose over the mountain. Awale &abu . 0737383976 Page 4 .howk. • The %ice principal is ranked below the principal. <acob has learned to ride a bike. Use above all or above all else to mean more than anything else. Over/$nder: Use overCunder to indicate a higher or lower position in a straight line. Use over to mean spanning or mo%ing across.B. • Pour cookie crumbs over the top layer. • Over the past few months. (r. :)igher amount. Use over or all over to mean in many di""erent areas. • The rumor spread all over town. Use under to mean a""ected by • &ill took the day o"" because he was under a lot of stress. :)igher ele%ation. Use over Cunder to mean more thanCless than. • What are you doing over the weekend! Use over to mean while ha%ing a meal or a drink. • The young man was arrested "or being under the influence of alcohol. /agpur ph. Use over to mean on someone or something. :+ower authority. • The portrait is above the fireplace. • We can discuss the matter over lunch. or temperature. the temperature was below free3ing. :(irectly abo%e.
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