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CURRICULUM AND TEACHING IN NURSING: TRENDS IN NURSING EDUCATION

By: Karina Megasari Winahyu

Fa u!"y: Dr# Sushee$a Wi hai%u!!

Mas"er &' Nursing S ien e B&r&(ara)&nani C&!!ege &' Nursing N&**ara" +a)ira Gra,ua"e S h&&!- Kase"sar" Uni.ersi"y /u!y- 01"h 0234

3# Fa "&rs ,ri.ing "rans'&r(ing &' "he nursing e,u a"i&n "ren, "&,ay There are some factors that motivated the changing of nursing education. For instance, globalization, policy or regulation, changing of society trends. Those factors interacted each other and influenced the health care system and the nursing education as intitution which produced future nurse. Globalization caused increasing number health customer who have awareness of health status; high rate mobility of people overseas effect the communicable disease around the world and the demand of skillful and knowledgable future nurses. Another is policy or regulation that more concerned about uality of care and cost!effectiveness intervention. The last is the changing of society trends means such as aging!population or alteration of life style influence the demand of complicatedness care for treating chronic illness

0# Curren" "ren,s in Nursing E,u a"i&n The trends emerged in curriculum of nursing education. "t has influenced the method of teaching in nursing education. "t changed from the previous that emphasized in practical than theoretical.. "t also highlighted the active learning process to accommodate knowledge transmission through participation of learners. #oreover, "nstitute of #edicine $%&''( e)plained the competencies of future nurse such as patient! centered care, evidence based practice, collaboration with other profession, e)cellence services, safety, and information system. Affara $%&&*( emphasized also that competency!based curriculum for e)isting practice. Another trends is changing of level of nursing education range from diploma until post!graduate level of education. +ursing education developed rapidly to provide e)cellence services of healthcare. ,very level of education has its function and roles in nursing field. -egarding Future of +ursing ,ducation as cited in "nstitute of #edicine $%&''( recommended encouraging the production of ualified nurse faculty by accelerated .achelor to /octoral and 0ost!/octoral nursing program. Future +urse ,ducation also set up the goal to increase the uantity of nurse with bachelor degree up to 1& 2 to provide uality e)pectation in healthcare. %.' U* &(ing Tren,s &' Nursing E,u a"i&n The upcoming trends in nursing education will be focus on integrated nursing knowledge. As 3tokowski $%&''( e)plained that upcoming nursing education should

integrate between knowledge, clinical reasoning, and practice. There are also 4mature nursing student5 due to the feasibility to taking higher education, they had higher e)pectation related to formal nursing education $6eller, et. al, %&''(. 3ince the ageing population increased, means ualified and knowlegable nursing faculty will decrease in terms of their productivity age. "t impact to shortage number of faculty made nursing education institution should gain the new nursing faculty to meet the needs of the number of nursing student. Globalization nowadays re uires higher e)pectation of health provider to meet the needs of health consumer. This day healthcare consumer becomes more aware of their health status. +urse is challenged to enhance their knowledge to provide uality of care. +ursing education should prepare future nurse to be knowledgable and skillful to provide ulified care. "t also important because the ageing population trends worldwide due to increasing number of life e)pectancy made chronic illness which need complicatedness care for health provider. Furthermore, nursing education also needs to involve cost!effectiveness of nursing care in nursing curriculum. "t was caused by the change of policy and regulation related to health or economic or both. +urses need to offer uality of care which promote efficiency, effectiveness, and affordable for health customer.

4# A**!i a"i&n &' Tren,s in Nursing E,u a"i&n in"& Career As nursing faculty would try to contribute to nursing education, the challenge of nursing education trends will fulfill through enhance the knowledge by taking higher education level. "t also can influence the outcomes of nursing education such as improvement in curriculum to achieve the outcome, such as increase the number of ualified new nurses that can provide uality of care to health consumers. Further modification of curriculum should be added related to nursing education trends, such as apply technological!based teaching methode for appropiate sub7ect that would to achieve analyzing and synthesizing learning outcome through information technology. Another important thing is application of competences!based curriculum

re uired to apply in nursing education for the %'st century. #oreover, regeneration is needed to change the aging population of nurse faculty. "t can fulfill by increasing the number of new faculty; encouraging nurses to continue education; encourage the mentorship or preceptorship for new faculty, and build lifelong learning motivation.

Re'eren es Affara, F. A. $%&&*(. Global trends and issues in nursing education. -etrieved from http899elearning.bcnnv.ac.th9pluginfile.php9':;19mod<resource9content9'9Trends"ssues+urs,du cation.pdf

6eller, .. -., =ros, #. T., >rowley, ?. /. $%&''(. The future of nursing education8 ten trends to watch. -etrieved from http899www.nln.org9nln7ournal9infotrends.htm

"nstitute of #edicine. $%&''(. The future of nursing education. -etrieved by http899www.iom.edu9@9media9Files9Activity2%&Files9Aorkforce9+ursing9Future2%&of 2%&+ursing2%&,ducation.pdf

3tokowski, B., A. $%&''(. Overhauling Nursing Education. -etrieved from http899www.medscape.com9viewarticle9C:*%:*<;