The Word of God: The Bible or the Koran?

Transcribed from the debate, Islam vs. Christianity - Ankerberg Show

Dr. Anis Shorrosh: The teachings of the Koran concerning God, creation, Adam, Eve, sin, the Fall, angels, heaven, hell, Abraham, Moses, the Hebrew race, and prophets had already been revealed and proclaimed in the Old Testament. Muhammad brought nothing new. Perhaps some of this was new to his hearers, but Jews and Christians knew even more from their own Bibles. Muhammad’s revelations were in no way superior to the revelations given by earlier prophets and neither did they unquestionably provide evidence of a fresh divine revelation. All the above mentioned proofs and more had been revealed and taught for centuries before the birth of Muhammad. Theological authorities demand that six conditions be fulfilled before any supposed revelation can be accepted as true revelation. First, it must satisfy the yearning of the human spirit to obtain eternal happiness. Second, it must coincide with the conscience, which is the moral law written in man’s mind. Third, it must reveal God’s true attributes. Fourth, it must confirm man’s reasoning that God is one. Fifth, it must make very plain the way of salvation. Sixth, it must reveal God Himself in books, through prophets, and in person. Neither Muhammad nor the Koran fulfills all of these six requirements. The Koran may fulfill the fourth partially and perhaps the sixth criteria. The Bible itself is the most extraordinary book in all the world. It has 66 books written over a period of 1500 years by over 50 persons— some were shepherds, kings, philosophers, fishermen, others were rich, poor, young and old. It shows itself as an inspired word of God because the author is One, the Holy Spirit. I read from 2 Peter 1:2021: "Knowing this first that no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not… by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost." We know that the Bible is inspired because of the fulfillment of prophecies after centuries before the events took place. It has also influenced uplifting of human society whenever it has been believed and practiced. Furthermore, the Bible’s accuracy has been challenged, but never proven. Its accuracy has been substantiated by historical documents, archaeological finds, and ancient manuscripts. There are nearly 25,000 copies of the Scripture available for anybody’s investigation in museums around the world. How many available copies of the Koran do we have and how old are they, I ask my friends? Why did Othman order the burning of the other

copies except Kapsa fifty-three years after the so-called revelation? Alexandra’s codes dates back to 350 A.D. Codes vedicanus dates back to 325 A.D. The Dead Sea Scrolls of the entire Old Testament go back to 250 B.C. Some of you are well informed about the fantastic discoveries at Ugaret and at Ebla. Both have increased our faith in biblical authority and divine inspiration. Jesus said, "Heavens and earth shall pass away, but my word shall stand forever." Now, we ask the question about the authenticity. Archaeologists declare that if the material or discovery has been already known, recorded, and verified as prior to what is claimed as new, there are two simple scientific solutions or answers. First, geographical location kept the two separated, thus neither knew what the other discovered. Second, one borrowed from the other since one chronologically preceded the other. There you have it, friends. The Old Testament was concluded 1000 years before the Koran. The New Testament was concluded by over 500 years before the Koran. Therefore, authenticity stands firmly with the Holy Bible, not the Koran from a scientific and archaeological viewpoint. Therefore, whenever the Koran does not agree with the Holy Bible one must conclude that the Koran is inaccurate. Now, as to the matter of accuracy: Ladies and gentlemen, they have it in the Koran that Zechariah was speechless for three days, when the Bible tells you he was speechless till John the Baptist was born. We are told that Moses was picked up by the mother of Pharaoh, whereas in the Bible it is the daughter of Pharaoh. We are told that it was a Samaritan who made the golden calf, when the Bible tells you it was none other than Aaron, his brother. We are told time and again of stories of this magnitude such as Gideon. Gideon’s story in the Bible is, in the Koran, King Saul having the 300 eat their water. And amazing as it is, dear friends, we discover that the word of God is true, and I would challenge anybody to study the Bible and discover that every personality of biblical nature mentioned in the Koran is more detailed and clarified in the Bible, the Word of God.

The Concept of God in Islam and Christianity
Transcribed from Program One of the “Islam vs. Christianity” debate conducted by The John Ankerberg Show (...)

Dr. Gleason Archer: In the first place, we should observe that Islam and Christianity are closer to each other than to any other religions. And they share so much in the way of conviction concerning the sacredness of life and the ideals of marriage and family. We do rejoice that so many who are of that background have come at last to a country like America where they have an opportunity to make a choice in regard to their understanding of God and their purpose in life, a choice which perhaps is far more open than would be in a Muslim country where it is a matter of death penalty if anyone ever leaves the Muslim faith. Now, the God who is presented in the Holy Scripture is not simply a sterile monad. He is a Trinitarian God who is observable immediately in Genesis, the first book, the first chapter and the first three verses. Because in the first verse we are told that God, Elohim, created the heavens and the earth and then in the second verse, we are told that the Ruach Elohim, the Spirit of God, brooded over the waters in the initial stage of the earth’s development. And then in the third verse we are told that God said, “Let there be light.” And this, of course, evokes the creative word of God which is explained in the gospel of John, the first chapter in the first three verses: “In the beginning was the Word, the logos, and the logos was with God and the logos was God. All things came into being through the logos.” Now, it is true that in Deuteronomy, Chapter 6, verse 4, we have that fine statement which is basic to the faith of Israel, and I think basic also to Islam and Christianity. “Hear, O Israel, Yahweh our God, Yahweh is One.” The term used for one, by the way, is echad which is like the Arabic Ahab, meaning one. But it is very interestingly used in Genesis 2:24 of what happens with man and wife become married. They, too, shall become one flesh. Well, of course, this does not mean that there is just a husband or just a wife, but the two of them are one. In verse 26 of Genesis 1, we read in connection with God’s creation of man, “Let us make man in our image.” Now, this could not possibly refer to angels joining with God in the matter of furnishing a model for man. It does seem to imply a plurality on the part of the one God. Now, of course, it is true that in later times, certainly in Koranic times, the first person plural pronoun “we” was frequently used in a majestic way. Allah is quoted very often in this fashion. But the thing that is important to observe is that in no ancient language of the B.C. period do you find such usage. If a person means

I, he says I, he does not say we. Therefore, on historic linguistic grounds we are forced to say that there is an implication of plurality in the Godhead in this account of man’s creation. (...) I think it should be pointed out that we, today, still have manuscripts of the New Testament and the Old Testament that go back four, five or even eight centuries before the Koran was revealed to Muhammad. And, they are identical, or virtually identical in wording, to what we have in our scholarly editions of the Old and New Testaments today. Therefore, it is contrary to reason to suppose that there was some other form of gospel or of Old Testament or Torah which is different, for which there is not one line, one word of manuscript evidence.

WHO IS GREATER – CHRIST OR MUHAMMAD?

Since 9/11 a worldwide propaganda blitz is systematically painting Islam as a religion of peace, but is it? Most contemporary Muslims sincerely work for God’s approval, but will they find it? Muhammad (570-632 A.D.) founded Islam as a new religion announcing he was Allah’s last and greatest apostle. He said the angel Gabriel visited him over a period of 22 years and recited the Koran to him, word for word, exactly as it appears on Allah’s throne. It supersedes the Bible in revelation and truth. Unfortunately, there were no witnesses to confirm or deny the reality of these visitations. However, there are strange contradictions and serious differences between the Bible and the Koran. The explanation usually given by Islamic scholars for these contradictions and scientific errors is: “The Jews and Christians changed the Bible to make it disagree with the Koran” or “Allah can abrogate any previous verse for a better one like it.” If Allah is Almighty, Omniscient and Absolute He can’t or doesn’t need to change His mind or will. If He didn’t or couldn’t say it right the first time why didn’t He? The One True God is not a man that He should lie or change His mind. When Mohammad began revealing this new religion he was a mild tempered man trying to get idolatrous Arabs to believe in one God and accept him as Allah’s apostle. In the beginning he approved and accepted the Bible and urged his followers to obey the Bible although scholars say he was illiterate and probably never read the Bible. After his religion was gradually accepted he

hardened his attitude and became harsh and cruel. Let’s compare Muhammad and Christ Jesus, the founders of two world religions.

Christ and Muhammad Compared
Jesus Christ is the Prince of Peace Muhammad was a prophet of war. Christ’s disciples were killed for their faith in Jesus. Muhammad’s disciples killed for the faith of Islam. Christ was and is the giver of life. Muhammad was a taker of life. Christ practiced and preached faith in Israel’s God. Muhammad practiced fear and force by Islam’s god.

Conversion to Christ is voluntary. Conversion to Islam is compulsory. Masses believe in Christ and live, Masses accept Islam or die. According to the Bible and Koran Christ was sinless. According to the Koran Muhammad sinned. Jesus shed His innocent blood for the salvation of mankind, Muhammad waged war to propagate Islam. Christ prayed, “Father forgive them for they don’t know what they’re doing.” Muhammad preached death to unbelievers and condemned unbelievers to hell fire. Christ achieved victory over sin and death at Calvary, Muhammad declared holy war jihad against those disagreeing with him. Christ attracted people by unconditional love, Muhammad compelled people by conquest. Christ and Christians, like David the Psalmist, worship God with song and praise. Muhammad forbids all music.

The Bible says the weapons of our warfare are not natural, The Koran calls upon Muslims to use the sword.

The Bible reveals God’s name is Yahweh (I AM). The Koran says god’s name is Allah. Christian believers can forsake Christ without fear of retaliation. Islam’s deserters are killed in most Muslim nations. Christ was and is a Deliverer, Muhammad forced people into legalism and bondage. Christ never killed anyone and He saved many, Muhammad and his followers murdered millions. Christ healed the sick, the lame and the blind. Muhammad never healed any sick person. Christ said, “Love your enemies,” Muhammad said, “Slay the infidel Christians and Jews.” Christ overcame by the Sword of the Spirit saving men’s souls, Muhammad conquered with the sword killing his enemies. Christ, God’s Eternal Word, was made flesh and dwelt among us. Muhammad said the Koran was Allah’s word sent down from heaven. When a sinner makes Christ the Lord of his life everything becomes new. When one becomes a Muslim by confessing Allah and his prophet, Muhammad nothing changes. Christ said to “preach the gospel to every creature,” Muhammad said, “Fight and slay the unbelievers wherever you find them.” Apparently Sunni and Shiite Muslims consider each other the enemy of Islam. Many suicide bombings today are between these two rival groups who are divided on who succeeded Muhammad when he died. Christ said, “Spread the gospel of peace to all men,” Muhammad said, “I will inspire terror into the heart of unbelievers.” Christ is in the midst of believers who gather in His name. Muslims must pray facing the Kabah in Mecca, but is Muhammad there? Christ’s tomb is empty because He was raised from the dead. The preponderance of proof is overwhelming. Muhammad’s tomb is still occupied. Islamists say he ascended to heaven on a whi te horse, but no one saw him rise from his grave and ascend.

Christ said “Whoever believes in Me will not perish but have everlasting life.” Muhammad said “Deny Christ and convert to Islam or die.” Christ said “My Father and I will come and make our abode with you.” Allah is unknowable, distant and alone. No one can have a personal relationship with him. Allah does not love the sinner and the Koran says he is the author of evil. Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth and the life. No man comes to the Father except through Me.” Muhammad said Islam is the only true faith. Christ said, “I am the same yesterday, today and forever.” Muhammad’s revelations came over a period of twenty-two years and some later revelations contradicted earlier statements. Allah’s truth can change. Christ said:” Except you believe I AM you will die in your sins.” Muhammad said Allah’s curse be on anyone who calls Christ the Son of God. Christ said He would die and in three days be raised. Muhammad said Christ never died and He was not resurrected. Christ was sinless. The Koran says Muhammad had both past and future sins (48:2), and it says Christ was sinless (19:19). Christ is called Mighty God, Wonderful Counselor, the Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace, the Lord our righteousness, the Creator, Redeemer, King of Kings and Lord of Lords and declared to be the Son of God by His resurrection from the dead. Muhammad said Jesus was only a prophet and not the Son of God. Christ accurately predicted the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem in Matt 24. Muhammad said he was Allah’s prophet and apostle, but he never prophesied anything which came to pass. Christ preached the Kingdom of God confirmed with signs, wonders and miracles. Muhammad spread Islam with the sword without any confirming signs. The Bible has been tested and tried by the sands of time and it stands eternal. Jesus said, “Heaven and earth will pass away, but My word will never pass away.

He who does not believe on the name of the only begotten Son of God is condemned.” When I compare Christ and Muhammad there is only one logical conclusion: Everything Christ is Muhammad is not. There are no confirming signs or affirming proof he was an apostle. Some Islamists say the Koran is Muhammad’s miracle; however, the Koran does not affirm the Bible.It contradicts it in its most important revelation: “By this you know the Spirit of God: Every Spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God, and every Spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God. And this is the spirit of antichrist: (1 John 4:2-3).

Muslims are terrified of the Lord Jesus Christ and the awesome power of the gospel. Otherwise they would not forbid preaching in His name? If the Koran and Muhammad are greater than the Bible and Christ, and if everyone’s future is already predestined by Allah, why do they threaten pain and death to those converting to Christ? According to the Koran, which is a copy of the book on Allah’s throne, commitment to Christ would be Allah’s unchanging will for their life.

Comparison Chart Between Islam and Christianity
A brief overview of the concepts that are central to both Islam & Christianity

Islam
Distant (unknowable) Does not reveal himself – reveals only his will Merciful (forgives at his will)

Christianity
Personal (can be known) Revealed himself in Incarnation of Jesus Christ Loving Concerned for individual Just Holy Almighty (power balanced with love) God’s Son

Allah & God

Capricious (both “leads” and “misleads”) Vengeful (honor restored only by “getting even”) Almighty (emphasis on power)

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Christ
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Prophet Total denial of Incarnation Revealed by God Changed and corrupted by unfaithful Jews & Christians God, Mary and Jesus (Islam’s view of the Christian trinity) Intellectual agreement that Allah is One and Muhammad is Prophet Shame, embarrassment Rebellion against God

Bible
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Revealed by God Authorative Word

Trinity
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Father, Son and Holy Spirit

Faith
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Recognition that man is a sinner unable to save himself but trusts in Christ’s substitutuionary payment for his sins Rebellion against God (primarily) and man; result is guilt Requires divine forgiveness All people are born with a sin nature, but a just God requires that the penalty be paid – Jesus paid it

Sin

Dishonor to family People are inherently good

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Absolved by good works Provided by God at His will Provided by God to all who trust in Jesus Christ’s atoning death on the cross; works do not lead to salvation

Salvation
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Faith and works prerequisite Cannot be assured Emphasis on ritual and obedience to Koran

Sanctification

External and ceremonial Keep five pillars

Emphasis on the growth of the Christian into Christlikeness, through the work of the Holy Spirit

Love
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Erotic and familial

Spiritual (God’s love – agape, sacrificial love) Family, romantic love, friendship and erotic love all recognized

Believe in unseen world Realm with angels on left and right (good/bad)

Believe in angels and demons as described in Bible Satan is arch enemy of God; totally evil with lesser power than God Man can overcome evil only through the power of God given to him by the Holy Spirit

Supernatural

Satan is regarded as force of hate and power Fatalistic – all is preordained by God

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