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I n t he na me of Al l °h, The Mos t Gr aci o us , The Mos t Mer cif ul

Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: We We We We MMMMust ust ust ust Always g Always g Always g Always go ooo ttttoooo tttthe he he he SSSSource ource ource ource and Root (of the Problem) and Root (of the Problem) and Root (of the Problem) and Root (of the Problem)
Lect ur es on Ak hl °q gi ve n by Hi s Emi n e nce
Ay at ul l °h al -` U® m° al - Ø°j j as h- S ha yk h N°•i r Ma k°ri m as h- S h¢ r °z¢ ( may Al l °h pr ot ect hi m)

Tr a ns l at e d by S al ee m Bhi mj i – www. al - mubi n. or g – al - mubi n@ al - mubi n. or g
Introduction

m°m al - H°d¢ ( pr ayers be upon hi m) i s a gr eat I m°m t hat li ved under s ome of t he har s hes t condi ti ons and
opposi ti on ( to his l eaders hi p) and i t was t hrough t he us e of t he mil it ar y t hat t he I m°m ( pr ayers be upon
hi m) was s epar at ed from his Sh¢` a and i t i s becaus e of t his f act t hat t her e ar e not many a¶°d¢ t h nar r at ed
from t hi s great I m°m ( pr ayers be upon hi m) . One of t he cri mes t hat t he Ban¢ Umayyah and t he Ban¢ ` Abbas
wr eaked on t he nation was t he cutti ng off of all rel ati ons and ti es bet ween t he peopl e and t he A’i mmah of
the Ahl al- Ba¢ t ( pr ayer s be upon all of t hem) s uch t hat if t his cutti ng of f of r el ations had not been done, t hen
today we woul d have countl es s books cont ai ni ng t he wor ds of t hes e gr eat pers onali ti es at our di s pos al .

I n t he ti me peri od bet ween t he l eader s hi p of I m°m Mu¶ammad al - B°qir ( pr ayer s be upon hi m) and I m°m
J a`f ar as - Æ°diq ( pr ayers be upon hi m) we s ee what ki nd of val uabl e tr eas ur es wer e l ef t behi nd however af t er
this , meani ng duri ng t he ti me of I m°m M£s° ibn J a` f ar ( pr ayer s be upon hi m) t he li mit s wer e t hen i mpos ed
(on t he A’i mmah ( pr ayer s be upon all of t hem) ) .

I n any cas e, t her e ar e s hor t s ayi ngs avail abl e from I m°m al- H°d¢ ( pr ayer s be upon hi m) even t hough t he
wor ds t hat have r eached us fr om t hi s pers onali ty ar e qui t e f ew i n number, however, f or t hi s occasi on, we
will expl ai n one of t he s hort s ayi ngs of t hi s I m°m ( pr ayer s be upon hi m) :

.·· ··. .· ) ·· ·` ,· :( `- ¸· ¸~ ··· - ¸· ¸· -- ·· ¸,-
..- ¸· ..- ·- ` ¸· ` ··- .· ·¯ .
“Even bett er t han a good act i s t he pers on t hat per f or ms t he good act, and mor e attr acti ve
than beauti f ul ( wor ds ) is t he pers on who s peaks beaut if ul wor ds, and what i s mor e nobl er
that knowl edge is t hat per son who poss ess knowl edge, and what is even wor s e t han
wickedness i s t he pers on t hat commi ts evil, and what is mor e of an obs tr ucti on t han t he
obstr uction (its elf) i s t he pers on t hat obstr ucts ( ot her) . ”
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I n t hes e fi ve s t at ements , t he I m°m ( pr ayers be upon hi m) has r ef err ed to ver y i mpor t ant poi nts . What i s t he
meani ng of t hes e s ent ences of whi ch, t hr ee of t hem r ef er to s omet hi ng good and t he ot her t wo ar e i n
ref er ences t o s omet hi ng bad? I n r eali t y, t he I m°m ( pr ayers be upon hi m) i s poi nti ng t o one f undament al
pri nci pal whi ch i s t hat we mus t al ways go i n s ear ch of t he r oots and caus es ( of anyt hi ng) .

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Bi ¶ ° r al - An w° r , Vo l u m e 7 5, Pag e 3 7 0
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If we wis h to s pr ead goodnes s and we want t he pr olif er ati on of good deeds t hen we must go to it s s our ce. If
we want t o pr event bad deeds fr om t aki ng f or m, t hen we must go t he r oot and s our ce of t hat whi ch i s bad.
What is mor e i mport ant t han bad and good i s t he pers on t hat perf or ms t he act (of goodnes s or evil nes s) .

An i mpor t ant is s ue t hat has al ways been wi t hi n t he s oci et y and s till exis ts is t hat when peopl e deci de t o fi ght
agai nst corr uption, a maj ori ty of t he peopl e l ook at t he ef f ects , however t hey do not go af t er t he caus es (t hat
br ought t hat eff ect i nt o bei ng) and t her efor e t hey ar e not s uccess f ul . They r emove one bad t hi ng however
anot her t hi ng t akes it pl ace. They pr oceed t o r emove t he s econd t hi ng, however , a t hir d t hi ng t akes it pl ace –
why i s t his ??

Thi s happens becaus e t hey have not gone aft er t he root of t he probl em and t he caus es f or it comi ng i nt o
exi st ence and i ns t ead, have gone str aight f or t he ef f ect. J us t t o pr es ent a si mpl e exampl e: Some peopl e may
have er upti ons ( pi mpl es , wart s, et c…) on t he s ki n of t heir f ace; or on t he ski n of t hei r body, t hey fi nd woun ds
and abr asions . Some peopl e who have t hes e t hi ngs on t hei r body r us h t o pur chas e vari ous t ypes of
oi nt ments t o r emove t hes e er upti ons on t hei r f ace or wounds and abr asi ons on t heir body. However t her e
ar e s ome peopl e who t ake t he ti me t o i nves tigat e t o check t hat t hi s s ki n - whi ch i s nouris hed ( wi t h vit ami ns
and mi ner al s) fr om wi t hi n t hei r body - must defi nit el y be f aci ng some dif ficult y i n t he way i t wor ks and
becaus e of t hes e dif ficulti es, t he eff ect s which can be s een on t he s ki n and t he body of t he pers on ar e made
appar ent.

As is commonl y hel d, t he s ki n of t he body is li ke a pl ai n s heet or s ur f ace t hat r efl ects t he acti ons t hat a pers on
does . Even t hough putti ng oi nt ment on t he i nj ur y or abr asi on may s uf fice t empor arily, however it wi ll not
remove t he act ual caus e and t hus, once agai n on anot her par t of t he body, t hes e t hi ngs will ret ur n. It is a
good t hi ng t o us e t hi s oi nt ment or cr eam t o have t empor ar y r eli ef fr om what is t roubli ng t he per son,
however i n t he mean ti me, he mus t go i n s ear ch of a per manent s ol ution and go af t er t he r oot of t he pr obl em.

Ri ght now, t her e ar e t wo maj or pr obl ems t hat ar e evi dent i n our soci et y which ar e getti ng wor s e day by day.
The fir st pr obl em is i n r el ati on t o t he us e of ci gar ett es and t he s econd pr obl em i s t he open and unr est rict ed
sexual acti vi ti es t aki ng pl ace.

The age of peopl e who ar e t ur ni ng t o ci gar ett es has dr opped and even chil dr en of a young age ar e now
becomi ng poll ut ed wit h t his di s eas e ( of s moki ng) . Accor di ng to one of t he sources of news i n one of t he
citi es t hat is clos e to us ( clos e to Qum) , t her e ar e over 150 women who ar e addict ed t o s moki ng - even t hough
they s ay t hat us uall y, women ar e l ess likel y t o become addi ct ed t o s moki ng. However as can be s een, it is
now common amongst women, chil dr en, yout h and t he young adul ts .

I n t he f ace of t hes e danger s, one way t o cur e it i s t hat we appr ehend all of t hos e who ar e addi ct ed to s moki ng
and t hos e peopl e who ar e deali ng i n t his contr aband ar e all execut ed – t his i s one good way t hat we can
foll ow whi ch s houl d be done. However, t his dir ecti on will not sol ve t he pri nci pl e probl em – r at her , we must
see what t he r oot of t his addi cti on to s moki ng is .

Is it becaus e peopl e have not hi ng els e to do; is i t t hat t hey ar e not r eli gi ous; i s it t hat t hey have not been
t aught t he pr oper cul t ur e or i s it t he work and actions of a hi dden hand of f or ei gner s who ar e s ayi ng t hat if
thes e yout h ar e made t o be addi ct ed to s moki ng t hen an i mport ant s our ce f or us t o i nfl uence t his countr y has
been t aken car e of ??

We will never f or get t he event i n his tor y when t he Bri tis h want ed t o t ake over Chi na s o much s o t hat t hey
tri ed t o i ntr oduce opi um i nt o t heir cul t ur e, however t he Chi nes e unders tood t his and st ood up i n oppositi on
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to t he Briti s h. The Briti s h too, by r es or ti ng t o t heir milit ary pr owes s, br ought opi um i nto Chi na and i n t he
books of his t ory t hi s event was r ecor ded as t he Opi um War. By bri ngi ng opi um i nt o Chi na, t hey wer e abl e
to poll ut e t he peopl e of Chi na and once t he younger gener ation was poll ut ed wit h t hi s addiction, t hey
( Chi nes e peopl e) t hen had no s our ce of oppositi on t o t heir enemi es ( t he Bri tis h). Fr om t hat ti me, t he Brit is h
launched t he War of Opi um and t hus , t hey wer e abl e t o t ake benefi t fr om anot her probl em t hat t he Chi nes e
then had t o f ace.

When t he Ameri cans wer e domi nati ng over Afgh°ni st °n, it was t hought t hat i n t he f ace of t he sl ogans t hat
wer e bei ng r ais ed, t hat t he r oot s and caus es of s moki ng and dr ugs woul d be destr oyed compl et el y, however
it is st at ed t hat t he pl anti ng and cul ti vati ng of opi um act uall y i ncr eas ed and was even gr eat er t han bef or e!
The Amer icans decl ar e t he sl ogan of human rights and cl ai m t hat t hey ar e fi ghti ng agai ns t corr upti on and
dr ug addiction however t hey ar e act uall y l yi ng! They ar e i n r eali ty onl y goi ng aft er what benefi ts
thems el ves and what is i n t heir own i nt er est s even if t his means t hat t hey must dest roy ever yone els e i n t he
worl d.

Ther ef or e, we mus t go af t er t he s our ce of t he pr obl em. Thes e yout h mus t be t aught pr operl y. One i mport ant
f actor is r eli gi on. Wi t hout doubt, a r eli gi ous young man or woman will never become addi ct ed t o t hes e
thi ngs however once he or s he has l eft his r eli gion, t hen t hey will defi nit el y f all i nto addi cti on.

Anot her iss ue is t hat of bei ng i dl e and havi ng not hi ng t o do. Once a pers on becomes i dl e and l azy, t hen we
see t hat he will r eali ze t hat t her e is good money t o be made fr om t hi s j ob ( of buyi ng and s elli ng opi um) and
thus , he will go aft er t his ki nd of wor k and t hus , t hos e peopl e who ar e i dl e and l azy will end up bei ng
cor r upt ed and ( s piri t uall y) poll ut ed.

If we do not si t and t hi nk about t he pl ans of our enemy, t hen how ar e we goi ng t o be abl e t o fi ght agai nst
them? Ther ef or e, we must go aft er t he r eal caus es of t he pr obl ems and i t i s not s uffi ci ent t o si mpl y r el y on
the ef f ects and go af t er t hes e. I n or der to tr ul y unders t and t he caus es, we must or gani ze meeti ngs and
semi nars and arr ange progr ams s o t hat t he t hi nkers of t he s oci ety can sit down and char t out a cours e of
acti on. For si mpl e iss ues and concer ns t hat come up, how many conf er ences and s emi nars can we hol d -
however for s uch an i mpor t ant t as k as t hi s – none.

The s econd probl em whi ch is s pr eadi ng ri ght now i s i n r el ati on t o t he open and unr est rict ed s exual acti vi ti es
t aki ng pl ace whi ch ar e corr upti ng t he yout h. I s i t si mpl y enough t o pl ace a group of vol unt eers and ar my
per s onnel on t hi s and t hat str eet cor ner and ot her pl aces f ar and wi de t o st op t he prohi bi t ed meeti ng of
young women and men and expect t he is s ue to be resolved wit h t his or must we t ackl e t his pr obl em fr om
anot her angl e?

We must s ee what t he r oots of t hi s probl em ar e: one of t he root s of t his pr obl em is t hat less and l ess
marri ages ar e t aki ng pl ace. For s ever al r eas ons , i t has got t en har der and har der t o get marri ed:

1. Expect ations have got t en too hi gh.
2. For mali ti es have got t en too numer ous.
3. The Mahr s ( Dowri es) have gott en t oo hi gh.
4. Cost of marri ages is too much.

I n additi on t o t hes e, t her e i s al so t he s pr ead and proli f er ation of t hi ngs t hat ar e causi ng t he yout h t o get
sexuall y excit ed. Ther e ar e s ome yout h t hat s ay t hat wit h t he pr es ent si t uati on and t hes e condi tions, i t is
ver y dif ficult t o contr ol t heir s exual desir es .
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We woul d s ay t o t hem t hat if you wis h t o wat ch t hos e bad movi es wi t h open eyes , if you wis h t o wat ch t hos e
parti cul ar CDs and r ead t hos e magazi nes and t hen come and s ay t hat it is dif ficult to control yours el f, t hen
first of f, you mus t put an end t o t hes e t hi ngs whi ch ar e s exuall y arousi ng you.

When t hes e t hi ngs t hat caus e a pers on t o become s exuall y exci t ed ar e avail abl e i n an eas y way – for exampl e,
one CD can cont ai n a whol e worl d f ull of corr upti on and vi ce or t he I nt er Net which has coll ect ed waves and
waves of corr upti on and i s f ull of t hes e t hi ngs t hat have made t he entir e wor l d uns af e fr om t he poi nt of vi ew
of mor al et hi cs and ot her is s ues – t hen how i s i t possi bl e f or t he yout h t o contr ol t hems elves?

Someti mes , weddi ng par ti es ar e arr anged whi ch ar e f ull of t hi ngs t hat caus e s exual exci t ement and ar e f ull of
filt hy t hi ngs which go agai ns t t he t eachi ngs of t he r eligi on. Hun dr eds of yout h become s pirit uall y poll ut ed
in one s uch weddi ng pr ogr am i n whi ch women and men all come t oget her and s how t hems elves of f t o one
anot her along wit h danci ng and musi c whil e a gr oup of young boys and girls who ar e si ngl e ar e als o pr es ent
in t hi s corr upt gat heri ng and t hus , become mi sl ed and mi sgui ded.

The yout h t hems el ves wis h t o t ake par t i n s uch a gat heri ng and t hen at t he s ame ti me cry out t hat why ar e
we not abl e t o cont rol our s exual desir es? The f act or s t hat lead t o one’s s exual exci t ement mus t be r emoved.
The f act ors t hat can l ead t o marri age mus t be made easi er . Thus, we mus t go back t o t he r oot of t he pr obl em
wher eas i n all of t hes e is s ues, we ar e s i mpl y goi ng t o t he eff ect s or out comes .

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However , who i s t her e t hat will even bot her to li st en to and hear t hes e wor ds and even mor e t han t hi s , who
is t her e t hat is willi ng and r eady t o s peak t hes e wor ds to t he peopl e?

…and all pr ai s e bel ongs t o Al l°h, Lor d of t he Worl ds , only t he mi st akes ar e mi ne. (Tr. )