1

l
In the name of All°h, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Characteristics of the Sh¢`a : Øad¢th # Characteristics of the Sh¢`a : Øad¢th # Characteristics of the Sh¢`a : Øad¢th # Characteristics of the Sh¢`a : Øad¢th #3 33 3 [ Discussion # [ Discussion # [ Discussion # [ Discussion #4 44 4 ] ]] ]
Lectures on Akhl°q given by His Eminence
Ayatull°h al-`U®m° al-Ø°jj ash-Shaykh N°•ir Mak°rim ash-Sh¢r°z¢ (may All°h protect him)

Translated by Saleem Bhimji – www.al-mubin.org – al-mubin@al-mubin.org
)) òÈî“Ûa@pbЖ ë òÈî“Ûa@Ýöb›Ï@ ((
Topic: Characteristics and Greatness of the Shi`a

Introduction:

Today, we wish to discuss two a¶°d¢th in relation to the followers of the Ahl al-Ba¢t (prayers be upon all of
them) – the Sh¢`a.

The first Øad¢th concerns the greatness of the Sh¢`a while the second Øad¢th is in regards to the characteristics
of the Sh¢`a.
¸· .-· ' ´ ' ·.- ¸ =· · ·.- .· · . : ., ·· ' ·- ¸· `.' .´
¸ `' `- ¸ .. ··- : . `¸` ' · ¸· .. .· . . . ' . · .
The narrator of the Øad¢th states that, “I entered into the presence of Ab¢ Bakr al-Øadhram¢
(one of the special companions of Im°m Ja`far ibn Mu¶ammad as-Æ°diq (prayers be upon
him)) while he was about to pass away. He looked at me and said, ‘This is not the time to
speak untruths. I bear witness on (the life of) Ja`far ibn Mu¶ammad that I heard him say,
‘Not a single person that dies who believes in this command (the Wil°yah of the Ahl al-Ba¢t)
will ever be touched by the fire of hell.’”
¸· , .· ¸ . · . . : .-· ' ´. ·· ) ·`,· ' `··` ( ¸· ·· ' .. .· ··, : ··
' ..¯ ··, . ,· ..´ ´ ..· ·, - ¸ ·.¯ .´' .=- ¸· ' ...
-,· ' .. .
Salm°n ibn Mahr°n said, “I entered into the presence of as-Æ°diq (prayers be upon him) while
there were a group of people from amongst the Sh¢`a in his company and he said the
following to them, ‘O’ assembly of Sh¢`a! Be a beauty for us (the Ahl al-Ba¢t) and do not be a
source of embarrassment for us. Speak to the people in good ways and protect your tongues
and save your tongues from speaking things that need not be said nor speak things that are
detested.”
1
1
Bi¶°r al-Anw°r, Volume 65, Page 161
2
Commentary:

Im°m as-Æ°diq (prayers be upon him) brings up two issues in this Øad¢th – the first being a general rule and
regulation, while the other is a clear example that must be put into practice.

The general rule is that through our actions, we must not be a source of embarrassment for the Ahl al-Ba¢t
(prayers be upon all of them). By this we mean that we must act in such a way that when the people look at
us, they would immediately send blessings on those whom we follow and would say, ‘Congratulations to
people such as yourself that have been trained and nurtured as you have been.’ We must not be a source of
shame for the Ahl al-Ba¢t (prayers be upon all of them) since they are the off-spring of the Prophet (blessings
of All°h be upon him and his family).

The `Ulam° of the Science of Akhl°q have stated that for those traversing the spiritual path towards reaching
All°h (Glory and Greatness be to Him), the first step that must be taken is to correct one’s tongue, and as
long as the tongue is not corrected, the heart will never become purified.

The tongue is the key to the entire essence of the person such that we are able to discern what kind of a
person an individual is by his method of speech.

It is stated that:

» ·. .·- ' .- «
“Test and examine people by the truthfulness of their speech.”

If a person’s tongue is under lock and key, then he will definitely speak very carefully and honestly, and will
be extremely vigilant in what he says.

One of the ways to protect the tongue is just as the final commandment in the Øad¢th states that one should:

» ·.¯ ¸· ' ... «
“Do not speak excessively.”

Speaking less is one of the first ways that a person can start to travel on the path towards All°h (Glory and
Greatness be to Him) and this is known in the books of Akhl°q as •umt or keeping quiet.

One of the scholars has said that there are five things which would make any person who has defects within
himself, a perfect, complete person:

(1) Silence; (2) fasting; (3) waking in the night (to pray); (4) seclusion; (5) and the constant remembrance of
All°h (Glory and Greatness be to Him) - and all of these would make one who is deficient (in his spirituality)
complete and perfect.

Truly, if a person were to practice these five things, he would definitely reach close to All°h (Glory and
Greatness be to Him).

The first of these which is silence does not mean that one does not speak at all - rather, it means that one
should not speak when it is not necessary and must avoid foul or vulgar talk and speech.

…and all praise belongs to All°h, Lord of the Worlds, only the mistakes are mine. (Tr.)