In the name of All°h, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Topic of Discussion: Upheavals Around the World Upheavals Around the World Upheavals Around the World Upheavals Around the World
Øad¢th # Øad¢th # Øad¢th # Øad¢th #1 11 18 88 8 [ Discussion # [ Discussion # [ Discussion # [ Discussion #2 22 29 99 9 ] ]] ]
Lectures on Akhl°q given by His Eminence
Ayatull°h al-`U®m° al-Ø°jj ash-Shaykh N°•ir Mak°rim ash-Sh¢r°z¢ (may All°h protect him)

Translated by Saleem Bhimji – www.al-mubin.org – al-mubin@al-mubin.org
Topic: Upheavals Around the World

Text of the °ad¢th:

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. ( · · - `¸ · ·· `¸ · ¸ ., · . . : ¸ · . ` · · . `.`` · `. .` . `. · ·`, : ..`
' · . = · . `· ` ·=· · . . : .`¸`,· · · . ' .. · ` · · · . ' , - .`. · · · · . ' ,` ' .·-¯ . ¸ ´
`¸ . ¸ ¯ ¸· .,- `¸ ,· . · - ¸ ´ . . ··`, ¸ ´ . ·
ENGLISH ENGLISH ENGLISH ENGLISH TRANSLATION TRANSLATION TRANSLATION TRANSLATION: It has been narrated from {Alqamah ibn al-°a¥¢n that he said, “I heard Qais ibn {ª¥im
al-Minqar¢ say, ‘I was with the Messenger of All¡h (blessings of All¡h be upon him and his family) with a
contingent from the tribe of Ban¢ Tam¢m, when he said to me: “Go and perform a ghusl with water mixed with sidr
(a type of tree).” The companion said, “So I did as I was told and then returned back to the Prophet and said to
him, ‘O’ Messenger of All¡h! Give us some good council so that we can make use of this advice.” The Prophet
said, “O’ Qais! Surely along with honour and glory comes abasement; and surely along with life comes death;
and surely with the world there is the next world; and surely there is an accountability for everything and there is a
watcher over everything and for every good deed, there is a reward and for every bad deed is a punishment.”
Commentary of °ad¢th:

One of the traits of this world is the upheaval that comes along with it. By this we mean that both this world and
even man himself – who is a part of this world - will never remain in one state. It is through paying attention to
this point that a person’s pride and vanity is destroyed since most of the problems and troubles of man are due to
his negligence.

Thus, if man was not negligent, then he would not easily give himself up to abasement, nor would he commit sins.
In summary it can be said that this negligence is the root of the misfortunes of man and in order to remove and
protect a person from this wicked state, Isl¡m has brought forth various ways and means that must be employed.

Bi¦¡r al-Anw¡r, Volume 74, Page 175
The Things which Destroy Pride and Negligence

A) Paying attention to the upheavals that take place around the world is enough to wake a person up and make
him humble. If he notices that after every period of greatness (of a person or country), there is a period of
abasement, after health there is sickness, after safety and security there is danger and anarchy, and after youth
there is old age, then he would definitely humble himself and try to remove all forms of negligence from himself.

The person must know that status, wealth, power and all other material bounties are not everlasting and whether
he likes it or not, one day, all of these will be taken away from him. This truth is something very important that:
the world will never remain in one state – rather, it is always changing and evolving and thus, we can not rely
upon it. Yes, we must take this world as a bridge and a crossing point and a (temporary) residence to prepare
ourselves for the next life, however we must understand that it is only the sacred essence of All¡h (Glory and
Greatness be to Him) which will remain for eternity.

B) Obedience and worship (of All¡h (Glory and Greatness be to Him)) are two more things which can remove
pride, arrogance and negligence. It is through the Eal¡t that a person can remember All¡h (Glory and Greatness
be to Him) and remove the negligence that is within himself.

There are some people who ask, “Till when must we perform this Eal¡t?” It must be said to them that, “As long as
we are in this world, we must continue performing this Eal¡t since principally: we are in need of this Eal¡t.” We
must lift our hands in need in this Eal¡t while in the presence of the One who is completely free of all needs and it
is from Him alone that we must ask for the spiritual medicine to cure ourselves. Thus, the Eal¡t is the thing which
removes our negligence and which spiritually awakens us.

C) Facing tribulations and difficulties also removes the veils of negligence from a person. When a person is facing
difficulties, we see that in the early stages, they are hard to go through, however if we carefully look at these
difficulties, they are actually a blessing for us. In other words, these tribulations and all of the difficulties which
they cause are only one side of the coin while the other side of this coin is the happiness and pleasure that one will
achieve (after having passed these tests). One of the people who used to speak to us from the Mimbar in the past
used to give us a very good example and used to say, “If the entire highway was clean and flat (with no bumps on
it), then surely the driver would fall asleep at the wheel. However if a portion of the highway was under
construction, then the person would stay awake while driving so that he would drive with caution and be alert.”
In addition, sometimes they make a portion of the road (on the side – the shoulder) uneven, so that the driver
does not fall asleep at the wheel. Trials and tribulations are just the same – the apparent aspect of these
challenges are things which may upset the person, however there is mercy and blessing contained within them.

Another issue that has been alluded to in this °ad¢th is that the person must know and understand that every act
he does – however great or small – even something such as his breathing – is all under watch and is recorded and
there is someone who is writing all of these things down
Not only are the two Angels – Raq¢b and {At¢d watching everything that we do, however All¡h (Glory and
Greatness be to Him) is also witness to our actions and thus, in the supplication of Kumayl, Im¡m {Al¢ (peace be
upon him) says the following:

´ ·´ . .`· ··`, ¸ ¯ .` .`¯ .¸-.- · · `¸ · ·.`.` `.` .·- ¸` · ..´ · - `.` . ¯ ¸
`.` .` · ¸ - ·` .`.. `¸ · `¸ · .,·` ...
Before any other single creature, All¡h the Most High is watching over and seeing what we do and then the two
Angels are commanded to be witnesses and even the land that a person lives upon and his own body parts will
bear witness for or against him on the Day of Resurrection.

In addition, it is mentioned in the °ad¢th that even the day (each and every time period) will also bear witness on
the Day of Judgement in relation to our actions and deeds.

This in summary we must know that we are under close watch and scrutiny.

…and all praise belongs to All¡h, Lord of the Worlds, only the mistakes are mine. (Tr.)

“…and for every evil action that You have ordered the two Noble Scribes to confirm (write down) whom You have
appointed to record all my actions and to be witnesses over me along with the limbs of my body, while You
observe me beside them two and You witness those acts which You have concealed even from them.”