In the name of All°h, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Topic of Discussion Topic of Discussion Topic of Discussion Topic of Discussion: :: : Paying Attention to Those Who Came Before Paying Attention to Those Who Came Before Paying Attention to Those Who Came Before Paying Attention to Those Who Came Before Us Us Us Us
Øad¢th # Øad¢th # Øad¢th # Øad¢th #2 22 26 66 6 [ Discussion # [ Discussion # [ Discussion # [ Discussion #3 33 36 66 6 ] ]] ]
Lectures on Akhl°q given by His Eminence
Ayatull°h al-`U®m° al-Ø°jj ash-Shaykh N°•ir Mak°rim ash-Sh¢r°z¢ (may All°h protect him)

Translated by Saleem Bhimji – www.al-mubin.org – al-mubin@al-mubin.org
Topic: Paying Attention to
Those Who Came Before Us

Text of the °ad¢th:

· ..` . ' · ) . ¸ ' · `· `, · ¯ · . ( : ` ' · `. - `.`` . ·`, ., ¯ ·` `· .` ' .·=` `.´`· ¯ ' .=`·
.· .= .`· .`- ·` · ' · ¸´` ¯ .` .`, ] .· .· [ ' .`· .`- `- ' · ,` ¯ . .` ·`.· `.`.`·` `. · . .· ·
. .-` · .·`· . `.`.`· ¸· ' `.´` · ·`· ¸`· ' ¸· `.`· `· · '`-· ¸ · `-' . . `·` ·
TRANSLATION TRANSLATION TRANSLATION TRANSLATION: The Messenger of All°h (blessings of All°h be upon him and his family) has said, “Surely all of
you are the remainders of those who have come before you and the remnants of those who have already passed.
Surely those before you where much greater in power and superior in strength and greater in authority and thus
even though they were at the pinnacle of luxury and comforts and even though they had complete reliance on
this world, He (All°h) still took them to the next life (where as) the most powerful people of their group and their
tribe were not able to prevent them from leaving (this world) and not even offering all the money that they had in
ransom prevented them from being taken from this world. So then before you leave this world without any sort
of preparation and while you are in a state of negligence, make sure that you prepare something in great amount
(that you will be able to use in that world).”
Commentary of Øad¢th:

This ¶°d¢th is in relation to paying attention to the history of those who have already passed away and this is also
an issue which the Noble Qur˜°n has placed emphasis upon and has been alluded to in various verses of the

This ¶°d¢th tells us that there were nations in the past who were much greater than us in relation to their wealth,
children and power and although they had all of this, it still did not stop the Angel `Izr¡˜¢l (peace be upon him) –
the Angel of Death - from sparing them, or giving them any respite. Thus, you should fear that you too are not
dragged into this same outcome that they were put into and you should fear that you too are not caused to
spiritually fall!

History is one of the six sources of knowledge, since first off, we are not the first nation of human beings to
inhabit this Earth and who have lived on this planet. Before us human beings were on this Earth – in addition,

Bi¶°r al-Anw°r, Volume 74, Page 181
there were other nations that lived here and their remains and effects have stayed behind for us to examine.
These effects of theirs which have remained behind are of two types:

1. The physical remnants they left behind.
2. Their historical remains.

1. The physical remnants which they left behind include their historical narratives and works. When a person
studies these effects of theirs and sees their eventual outcome, then he would very easily learn lessons from them.

2. Their historical remnants include things such as the cities which they lived in which were destroyed which the
Qur˜°n has alluded to and in which we are told for example, “On your journeys to Sh¡m (present day Syria), you
will find the remnants of the destroyed cities of the people of L£ß, `™d, Tham£d and others such as these nations.”
Why is it that we do not hear the message that these destroyed nations are trying to convey to us? Why do we
not learn lessons from them? When we walk by a cemetery, why is it that we do not pay attention to the screams
and cries of the dead? Look at the palaces and castles that the kings and leaders had which are now ruins. Just
look at the remnants that Fir`awn has left behind – those pyramids which were built with millions of stones and
which took ten to twenty years to build and in which thousands of workers had a hand in constructing. Till
today, not a single person has been able to explain how these huge rocks were gathered and put into place to
construct such buildings! In addition, it has been stated that in that part of the world where the pyramids were
built there were no large mountains for thousands of kilometres such that it would be possible that they would
have been able to procure rocks to make such monuments. And as it is known these huge buildings were built
there to act as graves for the Fir`awn.

All of these things are a lesson for us. With all of the power, supremacy and “magic” that they possessed, where
they able to keep alive for eternity and stand up in the face of death?

These examples are all lessons that we can learn from - and there are many. Even this evil Shah (that ruled Iran) –
Mu¶ammad Rid° – it is narrated that upon the roof of his mansion, there were two machines installed that if at
night, he wanted to see the sky, he would simply turn a key and the roof would open up (so that he could see the
stars) and at that time, this was one of the newest pieces of technology that was available at that time. However
in the end where did the Shah reach to with all of his pomp and fanfare? Is it not that at the end, he too was
buried under the ground?

The Messengers and Intimate friends of All°h (Glory and Greatness be to Him) – who were as a bouquet of
beautiful flowers of creation – where not attached to the material pleasures of this life – thus, what can be said
about others?

It is for this reason that the Messenger of All°h (blessings of All°h be upon him and his family) has said, “You
should fear that you are travelling towards the next world where as you have not yet prepared yourselves for
The preparation for death is to turn back towards All°h (Glory and Greatness be to Him) – Tawbah - meaning
that one must sincerely purify his heart and soul of his sins so that he may be ready to meet death.
…and all praise belongs to All°h (Glory and Greatness be to Him), only the mistakes are mine