Ethical Discourse | Discussion # 61 | Page 1 of 3

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In the name of All°h, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Topic of Discussion Topic of Discussion Topic of Discussion Topic of Discussion: : : : Modesty Modesty Modesty Modesty
Øad¢th # Øad¢th # Øad¢th # Øad¢th #4 44 48 88 8 [ Discussion [ Discussion [ Discussion [ Discussion # ## #6 66 61 11 1] ]] ]

Lectures on Akhl°q given by His Eminence
Ayatull°h al-`U®m° al-Ø°jj ash-Shaykh N°•ir Mak°rim ash-Sh¢r°z¢ (may All°h protect him)

Translated by Saleem Bhimji – www.al-mubin.org – al-mubin@al-mubin.org
ɿ¸.¸.·ɳ . ɱ ...·
Topic: Modesty

Text of the Øad¢th:

· .· ¸ · ·´·' ¸· ´· ..´ .' .,· ·´ ` .·· · ¸` · -' .=·' · ¸, · ,. ·- · .
TRANSLATION TRANSLATION TRANSLATION TRANSLATION: It has been narrated from Am¢r al-Mo’min¢n `Al¢ ibn Ab¢ ∞°lib that he said, “The reward for
the Muj°hid who dies in the way of All°h is no less than the person who has the ability to perform a sin, however
does not perform that sin. It is close (to being that) the person who has modesty is (actually) an Angel from
amongst the Angels.”
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Commentary of Øad¢th:

In Isl°m, the status of the martyrs (Shuhad°) is something very high and there is no other status greater than this.
The verses of the Qur˜°n present to us a message in relation to the Shuhad° that is not presented for any other
person, and we read:

¸, ¸ · . · ¸ ` ¸ ` - . ' ,` - ' ¸ .` · ' · .. · ` ` ` . . ` ·
“Do not consider those who have been killed in the way of All°h as being dead, rather, they are alive in the
presence of their Lord receiving sustenance.”
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The one who is being spoken to in this verse is the Prophet and we see that the wording used has not been
mentioned for any other person.

In the a¶°d¢th, the Shuhad° have also been given great importance. The late Shaykh Kulayn¢ has narrated that the
Prophet has said:

·,· · ¸, · ¸- ¸` ¸` - ` ` .· ¸¯ ·.· ` ··.· ¸,· · ¸, · ¸·

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Nahjul Bal°gha, Short Saying 474
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S£rat ™le `Imr°n (3), Verse 169
Ethical Discourse | Discussion # 61 | Page 2 of 3
“Above every goodness is (another) goodness, until that time that a person is killed in the way of All°h. So then
when he is killed in the way of All°h, there is no other goodness greater than this.”
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There is even a statement given by Mawl° `Al¢ in the letter which he wrote to M°lik-e-Ashtar ö in which he
has stated:

··. ··· : .- .' ·· .,=· ·~ ·· · ¸·' '
“And I ask All°h by the great expanse of His Mercy and by the greatness of His power that he makes my end and
your end that with felicity and martyrdom.”

There are numerous other °y°t and a¶°d¢th in relation to this topic which is a sign of the great status of the
Shuhad°.

From another point of view, the meaning of Shahad°t or Martyrdom is something very wide and vast. The
standard meaning of it is that a person dies in the way of All°h i; in the arena of the battlefield he is killed. This
person has a specific set of rules (A¶k°m) related to him such that if he dies outside of the battlefield, some of
these practical rules do not then apply to him, however he is still considered as a Shah¢d.

However there is another meaning to this term and according to this meaning, we get a much wider and general
meaning. By this we mean that any person who dies on the path of fulfilling his responsibility is a Shah¢d. For
example:

,. ..· ·· .· ¸· ` ¸ ·
“The person who dies without his wealth is a Shah¢d.”

,. .· .· .~ · .· ¸·
“The person who dies in the state of seeking knowledge dies a Shah¢d.”

,. .· ·. ,- · ¸· ` ,- ···· ¸· .· ·· ¸· .· ¸·
“The person who dies upon his bed while having cognizance of the Truth which has come from his Lord and the
Truth of His Messenger dies a Shah¢d.”

Even in relation to women who are pregnant and who die while in the state of carrying their baby it has been
mentioned that they:

·,. .·
“…die as a Shah¢dah.”

The ¶ad¢th also tell us that:

` - .¯ ` .- ¸· .· ¸· ,. .·
“The person who dies on the love of the family of Mu¶ammad dies as a Shah¢d.”

This is the case since the person has died while on the path of fulfilling his responsibility – meaning that his death
is joined with action and thus, he is a Shah¢d.


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Al-K°f¢, Volume 2, Page 348
Ethical Discourse | Discussion # 61 | Page 3 of 3
Thus, the meaning of Shahad°t is very wide and extended and therefore, martyrdom has a very comprehensive
meaning to it.

Thus, according to this statement from Im°m `Al¢ , he has told us that the person who dies in the way of All°h
i and who spills his blood, is not greater than the person who has the ability to perform sins however due to
All°h i, he stops himself from doing so.

Modesty in this Øad¢th is not merely limited to covering and lowering one’s eyes from the sexual pleasures,
rather, it has a very wide meaning and modesty is used to refer to preventing any sin from taking place.
According to this explanation, a person is able to gain the reward of being a Shah¢d each and every single day!

We see that all of the necessary requirements for sin were available to Prophet Y£suf , however he renounced
sins and in two sentences, said:

· . . ' ` ` - ` ¸ ' - ' . ¸ · ` ` ` · . ¸ ` , · . ` . ` · ` ¸ ¯ ` , ` · ` ¸ ' ` . ` . ` , . ` ¸ ' ¯ ` ¸ · ¸ ' - ·
“He said: My Lord! the prison house is dearer to me than that to which they invite me; and if Thou turn not away
their device from me, I will yearn towards them and become (one) of the ignorant.”
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1. I know that if I renounce sinning, I will be thrown into prison, however the prison is much better for me than
that which these women are calling me to do.

2. My All°h! I resign myself to your will.

™siyah, the wife of Fir`awn had all of the material needs at her disposal and she was able to become a polytheist
and live along side her husband, Fir`awn. However she too renounced sinning:

· ` . ` . ' ` ¸ ¸ · ` · ` , · ¸ - ` · ` - ¸ · ` ¸ · ` · .. · · ...
“My Lord! build for me a house with Thee in the garden and deliver me from Firon and his doing…”

It is these people who have the status of a Shah¢d…

The proof that these people have the ranking of a Shah¢d is clear since we say that the greatest Jih°d is the Jih°d
with the soul and the person who is in the battlefield of the Major Ji¶ad is just like the person who is in the
battlefield of the Minor Ji¶ad – rather, he is greater than them!

The path of All°h i and reaching to closeness to All°h i and the ranks of the righteous people and the status of
Witnessing (Shuh£d) is clear, however the path is a very difficult one to traverse – we must resign ourselves
entirely to All°h i, especially us who are living in this day and age in which the ways to sinning are many and
close within reach. We must strive to ensure that ourselves, our families and our society are protected from this
evil.








…and all praise belongs to All°h i, only the mistakes are mine

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S£rat Y£suf (12), Verse 33