Ethical Discourse # 69 – Page 2 of 2

In the Name of All{h, the Source of General Mercy to all of Humanity, the Source of Specific Grace to the Believers

Topic of Discussion: The Sincere Sh|’a
âad|th 56 · Discussion 69
Lectures on Akhl{q [Isl{mic Ethics and Spirituality] Delivered by
his Eminence Ñyatull{h al-`UÉm{ al-H{jj Shaykh N{Äir Mak{rim Sh|r{z|

Translated by Saleem Bhimji
for Al-FatÅ Al-Mub|n Publications [ --] and Isl{mic Publishing House []

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Text of âad|th:
··. .· · ..·` ¸ .· ·, . ·, :·· ,·. ·' ·,~ · .·,= ¯ ¸· ` ··
·, ¸· .,· ·,· · ·.· ` · ·¯ · - .
Translation of the âad|th:
he Im{m has said: “Surely our Sh|`a (true followers) are those people who follow our virtues (those who follow ALL of the
good and noble practices which we have established and left behind – our Sunnah) and who also obey us in all of the things which
we command towards and which we prohibit, so then surely these people are our Sh|`a. However as for those people go against
us in most of the things which All{h i has made obligatory upon him, so then they are not our Sh|`a.”

Explanation of the âad|th:
The word “'” refers to the traditions which remain even after a person has left this world. Sometimes these traditions are good and noble
traditions, while other times, they are corrupt and immoral traditions. In this Åad|th, the Im{m has said that, “Our Sh|`a do not only
uphold and protect the obligatory and prohibited items of the faith, rather, they also protect the (good) traditions and practices.”
For example, one of the traditions of the A’immah is that they used to directly help those people in need just as we see that in the
middle of the night, they would go to the house of the needy person and would assist them and give them what they needed.
Another tradition of the A’immah was the humility which they displayed.
Another tradition attributed to them was that when they were face to face with the anger and rage of another person, they were extremely
tempered and restrained and they used to repel evil with goodness – not with evil!
Therefore, according to the directives given in this Åad|th of the Im{m , the person who keeps alive their traditions (Sunnah) and acts
according to all of the permissible things and refrains from the impermissible are the true Sh|`a of the A’immah .
In this Åad|th, we should note that the Im{m has stated and referred to all of the commandments and prohibitions, meaning that if a
person was to go against even one of their commandments or act according to even one prohibition, he would no longer be classified as
Sh|`a. However at the end of this same Åad|th we see that the Im{m has said that if a person does not follow a great number of their

BiÅ{rul Anw{r, Volume 65, Page 162
Ethical Discourse # 69 – Page 2 of 2
commandments, then and only then is he not classified as their Sh|`a – is there some discrepancy or inconsistency present in the beginning
and end of this Åad|th?
In our opinion, the meaning of “not following some of our commandments” is the same as “not following many of our commandments” and
is similar to the phrase used in the Qur`{n which states:
` ` . · .. · · ·
“And then they sell it (the communications of All{h) for a miserable and low price…”
This sort of phrase has been repeated in the Qur`{n in many areas. Is the meaning of this verse that if a person was to take a large amount
of money as a bribe for the act of alteration and distortion of the verses of the Tawr{t, then this would be permissible (thus meaning that it
is no permissible to take a small amount of money)?
The answer which we can give here is that a “large amount” is equal to a “small amount” – meaning that even if the person was to give the
entire transient world so that one would distort and twist the verses of All{h i, that would still be a little amount!
Therefore, sometimes we se that a little is actually a lot – meaning that in this âad|th, as it has been seen by the Infalliable A’immah ,
even one ounce or atom’s weight of opposition to them is too much! If the meaning of this âad|th was anything other than this then
definitely we could say that there is a disparity between the beginning and end of this âad|th. Therefore, the meaning of this âad|th is that
if a person goes against the dictates of the A’immah in even a small amount, it is at the same level as going against a great deal of
commandments of theirs and thus, he would not be a Sh|`a.
This âad|th also goes on to speak about a very frightful and moving event which has been mentioned previously in two other âad|th which
are similar to this one.
In them, we mentioned that a person was plagued with difficulties and was in need of help and thus, introduced himself (to the Im{m) as a
Sh|`a of the Ahlul Ba¢t . Another person asked the Im{m if that person was truly a Sh|`a and follower of the Ahlul Bait ? The
Im{m replied that he was not a Sh|`a.
After this person was finally freed from his difficulties, he asked the Im{m why it was that the he referred to him as not being a Sh|`a?
To this question the Im{m replied, “I did so since in this issue which you were engulfed in, you were not under a great deal of pressure
and now that you are freed from your difficulties you should know that you are our lover, you are not our Sh|`a – thus, this statement of
yours is nothing more than a false claim. Therefore, you must say that you are a lover of the Ahlul Bait .”
We should not become discouraged and disparaged from these sorts of âad|th. Rather, these should instil a sense of hope within us and
we should realize that to be a Sh|`a is something which takes a great deal of difficulty as it is easy to be a lover of someone, however it is
difficult to be a Sh|`a (follower) of a person.
We are currently at the beginning of the journey (to becoming a true Sh|`a) and we must seek help and assistance for this journey so that
we can truly become and be counted as the Sh|`a.
This âad|th which was just read and explained to you shows us that if this false claim of being a follower (Sh|`a) is done while there are no
characteristics of being a Sh|`a present within the person, then not only is this a false and void claim, rather, it also has retributions
associated with it (as we mentioned in our previous two discussions).
Therefore if this country makes the claim or professes to be the Sh|`a of `Al| , then would we see such a state of affairs in the print
media (as there currently is), or would we see the state of affairs in the conferences we hold by standing up in support of and celebrating
certain individuals who without doubt are atheists or would we see forms of corruption that are seen within the society right in the middle
and midst of such conferences? In addition, would we see, within that country which claims to be the Sh|`a of `Al| , poor people
sleeping on the side of the street with no place of rest of their own (the homeless). By seeing all of these things, is it still correct for us (this
country of Iran) to say that we are the Sh|`a of `Al| ?
We pray that through the divine blessings of the A’immah that we are able to be on the path of being the Sh|`a.

…and all praise belongs to All{h i – only the mistakes are mine. (Translator)