PGC1000 Analytical offerings

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Index

Reference section Targeted applications . . . . . . . . . . Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Column train definition . . . . . . . Common terminology . . . . . . . . Trains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Backflush mode . . . . . . . . . . Carrier gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Graphic user interface (GUI) . . . . Inject mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . % Relative standard deviation (RSD) Retention time (RT) . . . . . . . . . Diagram of backflush mode . . . . . . . Diagram of inject mode . . . . . . . . . Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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3 4-7 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 7 . 7 . 4

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Trains BBC train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BBF (C3+) train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BBG train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BBH (H2-CO) “lights” train . . . . . . . . BBJ (C5+) train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BBK (C6+) train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BBM (C6+, <1200 ppm H2S) train . . . . . BBP 30-2000 ppm / BBW 0-30 ppm (O2) . BBR/BCM (H2S) train . . . . . . . . . . . BBS (C7+) train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BBT (C9+) train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BBX train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BCB (C3+-C2) “heavies” train . . . . . . . BCC train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BCD train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BCF train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BCG train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BCH (C7+, H2S) train . . . . . . . . . . . BCJ/BCP train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BCK train . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BCS (C3+) one minute train . . . . . . . . BCT (C6+) one minute train . . . . . . . .

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. . . 8-11 . . 12-15 . . 16-19 . . . 20-23 . . 24-27 . . 28-31 . . 32-35 . . 36-39 . . 40-43 . . 44-47 . . 48-51 . . 52-55 . . 56-59 . . 60-61 . . 62-63 . . 64-65 . . 66-67 . . 68-71 . . . 72-73 . . 74-77 . . 78-79 . . 80-81

2 index | PGC1000 analytical offerings

Targeted applications

Targeted applications App category
H2 O2 H2O CO H2S HRVOC

Targeted applications App description Cycle time /carrier
75 N2 330 H2/He 330 He 90 He 240 H2/He 150 He 420 He 240 H2/He 360 He 315 H2/He 90 H2 180 He 315 H2/He 360 H2/He 540 H2/He 360 He 360 He 330 He

Train
BCJ BBP BBH BCR BBH BBR/BCM BBC/BBJ/BBH BBH BBH/BCB BBK/BBF BCD/BCF BCC/BCG BBF/BBM BBF/BBS BBF/BCH BBK/BBF/BBT BBK/BBF/BBR BBK/BBF/BBH

App category

App description
Demethanizer (tops & bottoms) Deethanizer (tops & bottoms) Depropanizer (tops & bottoms) Debutanizer (tops & bottoms) Debutamer (tops & bottoms) Depentanizer (tops only) C4 Parafins/Olefins Propane/Propylene split

Cycle time /carrier
60 He 60 He 60 He 420 H2/He 420 H2/He 420 H2/He 420 H2/He 420 H2/He

Train
BCT/BCS BCT/BCS BCT/BCS BBK/BBJ BBK/BBJ BBK/BBJ BBJ BBJ

Hydrogen - 0.1-100% Trace oxygen - 3-2000 ppm % Level oxygen - 0.2-20% Trace Moisture - H2O 0.002-2% Carbon monoxide - 0.2-100% H2S in fuel gas - 0-300 ppm Highly reactive volatile organic compounds

Process control

Permanent gasses H2/O2/N2/CO Light hydrocarbons C3+ w/N2/O2 split Std C6+Btu application Fast C6+ Btu application (H2 carrier) Fast C6+ Btu application (He carrier) Hydrocarbons (Gas quality) C6+ Btu application up to 1% H2S C7+ Btu application C7+ Btu application up to 1% H2S C9+ Btu application w/HCDP available C6+ with trace H2S C6+ with N2/O2 split

NOTE: The application tables above provide the user with an overview of ABB’s Totalflow line of analytical products. Also included are the Totalflow line of predefined solutions/applications which illustrate how the table may be used to combine trains to satisfy a particular analysis requirement.

Defined column trains Column train designator
BBC BBF BBG BBH BBJ BBK BBM BBP BBR BBS BBT BBW BBX BCB BCC BCD

Defined column trains Measured components Carrier
H2/He H2/He H2/He H2/He H2/He H2/He H2/He H2/He H2/He H2/He He He H2/He H2/He He H2

Column train designator
BCF BCG BCH BCJ BCK BCM BCN BCP BCR BCS BCT

Measured components
C3+/N2/C1/CO2/C2=/C2 C3+/N2/C1/CO2/C2=/C2 C7+/C3/H2S/IC4/NC4/NeoC5/IC5/NC5/C6’s H2 15 uL CO2+/He/O2/N2/CO/C1 H2S C4+/CYC3/PD/MA H2 30 uL H2O C3+/N2/C1/CO2/C2=/C2 C6+/C3/IC4/NC4/NeoC5/IC5/NC5

Carrier
H2 He H2/He N2 H2/He H2/He H2/He N2 He He He

C3+/He/N2/C1/CO2/C2=/C2/C2* C3+/N2/C1/CO2/C2=/C2 C3+/N2/C1/CO2/C2=/C2/H2S/H2O C1+/He/O2/N2/CO C5+/C3/C3=/IC4/NC4/B-1 & IC4=/TB-2/CB-2/1,3-BD C6+/C3/IC4/NC4/NeoC5/IC5/NC5 C6+/C3/H2S/IC4/NC4/NeoC5/IC5/NC5 O2 H2S C7+/C3/IC4/NC4/NeoC5/IC5/NC5/C6’s C9+/C6’s/C7’s/C8’s O2 C4+/CYC3/PD/MA C3+/H2/N2/C1/CO2/C2=/C2/H2S C6+/C3/IC4/NC4/NeoC5/IC5/NC5 C6+/C3/IC4/NC4/NeoC5/IC5/NC5

The guidelines or technical limits allowed for combining trains are as follows: 1. Up to two trains per enclosure 2. Up to two enclosures 3. Limited to a total of four trains per analyzer system The three letter combinations appearing in the far left column headed “Column train designator” correspond to the various sections outlined in the PGC1000 Applications Manual.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | targeted applications 3

Reference: collection of common terminology and graphs used in the manual
The PGC1000 is easy to operate. There are a few basic symbols (illustrations) and terms in this reference section which need to be understood. Training descriptions are provided following this reference section.

Column train A column train consists of a valve, detector and a set of chromatograph columns. The column is developed to perform a specific application. The application can be changed by modifying the column set. The illustration below shows the plumbing configuration of the column train.

Common symbols
Name of gas 1,3-Butadiene Cis-Butene-2 Trans-Butene-2 Butene-1 Isobutylene Methane Methane and heavier Ethane Ethane and lighter Ethylene Propane Abbrev. Symbol 1,3-B cB-2 tB-2 B-1 IsoBLene C1 C1+ C2 C2C2= C3 C3+ C3= PD CyC3 NC4 C4+ C4s IC4 Neo NC5 C5C5s IC5 NC6 IC6 C6+ C6s
IC6
Neo

Name of gas Heptane Heptane and heavier Isomers of heptane Isoheptane Octane Isomers of octane Nonane Nonane and heavier Isomers of nonane Decane Decane and heavier Isomers of decane Nitrogen Nitrogen and heavier Carbon dioxide Hydrogen sulfide Air+ Acetylene Methyl acetylene Water vapor Carbon monoxide Oxygen Hydrogen Helium 2,2 Dimethylbutane 2,3 Dimethylbutane 3-MethylPentane

Abbrev. Symbol NC7 C7+ C7s IC7 NC8 C8s NC9 C9+ C9s C10 C10+ C10s N2 N2+ CO2 H2S Air+ C2* MA H2O CO O2 H2 He 2,2-Dmb 2,3-Dmb 3-MP

IC7

GC Valve 1

Col 1A

Propane and heavier Propylene Propadiene

Detector

CycloPropane Butane Butane and heavier Isomers of butane Isobutane

Air+

Col 1B

to Train 2 Detector Vent

Neopentane Pentane Pentane and lighter Isomers of pentane Isopentane Hexane Isohexane Hexane and heavier

Sample Vent

Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In

PR1

PR2

Isomers of hexane

4 reference | PGC1000 analytical offerings

A GUI offers graphical icons and visual indicators to fully represent the information and actions available to a user as opposed to textbased interfaces. sequential components. in the C6+ train. Column Column refers to a tube with a material either packed inside of it (packed column) or attached to the inside diameter of it (capillary column). Train A column train consists of a valve. The column is developed to perform a specific application. Auto gating is used on some applications. Compounds can be identified based upon their retention time. Elution Elution refers to the gas components emerging or coming through the column. NOTE: Chromatograms are typical and may not show all components that can be measured by that train. Do not use hydrogen carrier with a standard helium carrier PGC. detector and a set of chromatograph columns. Another way of saying this is the NC5 has a retention time of 160 seconds. Gate on and off times may be the same for multiple. Normally the target component is the last eluting measured component for that train. % Relative standard deviation (RSD) Relative standard deviation is widely used in analytical chemistry to express the precision and repeatability of an assay: • %RSD = (STD DEV) / (MEAN) × 100 • STD DEV = Standard deviation Retention time (RT) The retention time of a component is the elapsed time between the time of injection of a component and the time of elution of the peak maximum (highest point) of that component. PGC1000 analytical offerings | reference 5 . the NC5 elutes at about 160 seconds. The application can be changed by modifying the column set. The purpose of the material in the column is to separate the different components being analyzed. Target component A target component is defined for each train. For example. Two PGCs can be combined with four trains with eight columns.Terms Graphic user interface (GUI) The GUI is a type of user interface that allows people to interact with programs in more ways than just typing. The purpose is to enable the operator to make minor adjustments to the carrier pressure in order to align all gating for all components. typed command labels or text navigation. The PGCs and the trains are carrier gas specific. Carrier gas Carrier gas refers to the gas which is used to “carry” or push the other gasses through the columns. A different manifold is required when using hydrogen carrier.

The sample is “picked up” or carried by the carrier gas and “injected” into the front of column A and carried onto column B. See Figure 2 on the next page. Backflush mode Backflush mode refers to the carrier gas changing paths so it now enters at the front of column B and backflushes the gasses in column A to the detector and vent. See Figure 1 on the next page. 6 reference | PGC1000 analytical offerings .Inject and backflush mode Inject mode Inject mode refers to the path of the carrier gas when its direction changes to include the sample loop.

3) Simplified illustration of inject mode (Fig. 1) In-depth illustration of inject mode (Fig. 2) In-depth illustration of backflush mode Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier (Fig. 5) Sample page layout for inject and backflush mode . 4) Simplified illustration of backflush mode (Fig.GC Valve 1 Col 1A GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Detector Col 1B Col 1B Sample Vent Sample Vent Vent EPC Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | reference 7 Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In (Fig.

BBC train (†helium carrier)

Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 330 seconds 1 40 ul C2 290 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 20 psig ± 15% 6.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) must be less than 0.05%. When used in conjunction with BBF, the Btu repeatability is ± 0.125 Btu.

Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum

%RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 1 Slope (run) 5 5 5 5 10

Minimum

1 2 3 4 5

Propane plus Hydrogen Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide

0.05 0.5 0.05 0.05 0.1

100 10 100 100 100

1 1 1 1 1

0.001 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.02

16.5 33 37.6 49.6 121.4

21.8 35.2 40.3 51.1 131.5

31.6 37.6 48.9 55 143.5

Gate off

Gate on

3000 250 3000 3000 3000

Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto

Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive

6 7 8

Ethylene Ethane Acetylene

0.1 0.1 0.2

100 100 100

1 1 2

0.02 0.02 0.03

166.6 207.5 272

178.5 221.6 290.2

192.2 238.9 309

10 10 10

1 1 1

3000 3000 3000

0.75 0.75 0.75

Auto Auto Auto

Positive Positive Positive

0 0 0

Interfering component Water

Symbol H2O

Max. tolerance 0.005

Notes Elutes with C3+

Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.

8 BBC | PGC1000 analytical offerings

BBC train (hydrogen carrier)

Causes peak generation

Air

C1

CO2

C2=

C2

C2 Vent

.00

25.00

50.00

75.00

100.00

125.00

150.00

175.00

200.00

230.00

275.00

300.00 Seconds

NOTE: Sample chromatogram is reflective of the hydrogen carrier.

Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 300 seconds 1 40 ul C2 230 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 11 psig ± 15% 6.6 ml/min ± 15% 60° C

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) must be less than 0.05%. When used in conjunction with BBF, the Btu repeatability is ± 0.125 Btu.

Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum

%RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Elutes with C3+ Front height ratio Slope (rise) Slope (run)

Minimum

Gate off

Gate on

1 2 3 4 5

Propane plus Helium Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide

0.05 0.5 0.05 0.05 0.1

100 10 100 100 100

1 1 1 1 1

0.001 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.02

16.5 29.5 32.7 41.4 98.4

22.3 31 35.6 44.3 107

29.5 33 41.4 60 117.5

5 5 5 5 10

3 3 3 3 1

3000 250 3000 3000 3000

0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75

Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto

method

Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive

6 7 8

Ethylene Ethane Acetylene

0.1 0.1 0.2

100 100 100

1 1 2

0.02 0.02 0.03

133.2 164.6 214.2

143.7 176.9 230.1

156 191.5 248.8

10 10 10

1 1 1

3000 3000 3000

0.75 0.75 0.75

Auto Auto Auto

Positive Positive Positive

0 0 0

Interfering component Water

Symbol H2O

Max. tolerance 0.005

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBC 9

BBC (C3+) train

Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode, the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B. The heavier gasses are retained on column A.

Backflush mode In column A, C3 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C3+. The lighter gasses will continue through column B, pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. When the gasses cross the detector bead, they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses.

Simplified view
Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent

Simplified view
To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier

GC Valve 1
Col 1A Detector

GC Valve 1
Col 1A Detector

Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC
Sample Vent

Col 1B Vent
EPC

Stream Input 3-15 psig

Carrier In

Stream Input 3-15 psig

Carrier In

10 BBC | PGC1000 analytical offerings

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBC 11

005 18 32 43 75 26 38 48 90 36 46 75 110 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 Grouped Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive 5 6 Ethylene Ethane 0.005 178 195 184 220 190.75 0.75 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 5 5 5 5 Minimum 1 2 3 4 Propane plus Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide 0.75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Elutes after C2.005 0.01 100 100 100 100 1 1 1 1 0.BBF train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 315 seconds 81 40 ul C2 220 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 16.0 ml/min ± 15% 60° C When used in conjunction with BBK. RT about 275 Acetylene C2* 0.005 0.01 0. 12 BBF | PGC1000 analytical offerings .01 0.75 0.01 Co-elutes with ethylene Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.01 0.5 psig ± 15% 4.01 100 50 1 1 0.4 270 15 15 3 3 3000 3000 0.125 Btu repeatability with a C6+ analysis.005 0.005 0. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 0. tolerance 5 † Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.01 0.75 Auto Auto Positive Positive Interfering component Water Symbol H2O Max.

01 100 100 100 100 1 1 1 1 0.00 25.01 0.01 0.005 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 5 5 5 5 Minimum 1 2 3 4 Propane plus Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide 0.00 125.4 270 15 15 3 3 3000 3000 0.75 Auto Auto Positive Positive Interfering component Water Acetylene Symbol H2O C2* Max.125 Btu repeatability with a C6+ analysis at room temperature. For temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.00 Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 315 seconds 81 40 ul C2 220 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 16.005 0.00 175.005 0.01 100 50 1 1 0. the ± Btu performance value doubles.5 psig ± 15% 4.75 0.00 250. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 0.01 0.005 178 195 184 220 190.005 0.00 75.75 0.0 ml/min ± 15% 60° C When used in conjunction with BBK.01 0.00 Vent Seconds . Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 C2= Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 50.005 18 32 43 75 26 38 48 90 36 46 75 110 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 Grouped Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive 5 6 Ethylene Ethane 0.00 100.00 150.01 Notes Elutes after C2 Co-elutes with PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBF 13 .00 225.75 0.BBF train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation C1 C3+ N2 CO2 C2= C2 200.75 0. tolerance 0.01 0.

the isomers and C3 merge into one peak. Backflush mode In column A. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the detector bead. During backflush. When this occurs. The (+) represents heavier gasses such as C4s.BBF (C3+) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The illustration displays clouds of gas that represent isomers for hexane. C5s and C6s. The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. the propane will be injected into column B. The factory sets the optimal inject time and pressure. pentane. This is performed so that the propane does not get into column B. it will then elute during a later cycle and return a faulty value. These heavier gasses may be in the cal or stream gas. butane and propane moving through column A. Once there. This peak is then labeled C3+. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier (Isomers) with (Propane) C3+ Peak (Isomers) and (Propane) GC Valve 1 Col 1A 1 Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig 14 BBF | PGC1000 analytical offerings . the gasses elute off the column and cross the bead. The user should note that if the inject period is too long.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBF 15 .

4 184 218.75 0.01 0.75 0.01 0.3 0.75 0.8 74.2 0.4 340 340 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Acetylene † Symbol C2* Max. 16 BBG | PGC1000 analytical offerings .4 100 100 100 100 100 100 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 0.4 241.8 47.05 0. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.01 0.01 Notes Elutes with C2= Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.7 51.2 0.1 0.75 0.01 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 30 5 100 100 100 100 15 15 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Propane plus Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide Ethylene Ethane Hydrogen sulfide Water 0.4 250 250 29 41.6 103.2 83.BBG train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time NOTE: H2O and H2S elute together.1 0.01 0.75 0. 360 seconds 82 40 ul C2 220 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 15 psig ± 15% 8 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.8 38.8 91.1 17.75 0. tolerance 0.1 0.01 0.8 190.8 49.75 0.6 178 201.7 320 320 38.2 0.

00 Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time NOTE: H2O and H2S elute together.2 0.00 275.BBG train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation C1 N2 C3+ CO2 C2= C2 200.01 Notes Elutes with C2= PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBG 17 .01 0.05 0.75 0.2 0.01 0.1 0.1 21 32 48 95 95 95 95 95 28.00 300.3 0.75 0.75 0.2 57.75 0.01 0. tolerance 0.2 0.00 25.00 100.00 150.75 0.01 0.3 47.00 Seconds . 360 seconds 82 40 ul C2 220 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 15 psig ± 15% 8 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 250.75 0.00 50.4 100 100 100 100 100 100 1 100 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.6 180 220 315 315 32 48 95 340 340 340 340 340 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Acetylene Symbol C2* Max.00 175.00 225.00 125.1 0.01 0.01 0.00 H2S/H2O Vent 320.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 5 5 5 5 15 15 15 15 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Propane plus Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide Ethylene Ethane Hydrogen sulfide Water 0.00 75.2 97.1 0.75 0.

they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. Backflush mode In column A. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 18 BBG | PGC1000 analytical offerings . When the gasses cross the detector bead.BBG train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. The lighter gasses will continue through column B. C3 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C3+.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBG 19 .

4 0.75 0.5 0.5 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: This train can tolerate CO2. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.2 0.25 Btu with a C3+ analysis. a C6+ analysis with an O2 split can be performed and provides Btu repeatability of ± 0.25 Btu.75 0. Alternately.2 201.1 0. if used in combination with BBK-BBF.02 16 65 175 197 240 20 79. 20 BBH | PGC1000 analytical offerings .2 277 55 95 202 230 285 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water † Symbol H2O Max.02 Notes Included in C1+ Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.9 213.75 0.75 0. When used in conjunction with BCB. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 0.2 0.01 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 30 60 60 100 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 Methane plus Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon monoxide 0. H2O and hydrocarbons heavier than C1.01 0.BBH “lights” train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 330 seconds 290 20 ul CO 265 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 48 psig ± 15% 7.2 100 20 20 100 100 2 1 1 1 2 0.1 0. tolerance 0.

1 0. the ± Btu performance value doubles.00 225.00 25.1 0.00 150.25 Btu with a C3+ analysis at room temperature.1 100 20 20 100 100 2 1 1 1 2 0.1 0.00 100.00 50.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 240 seconds 290 20 ul CO 265 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 48 psig ± 15% 7. if used in combination with BBK-BBF.00 75.02 Notes Included in C1+ PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBH 21 .75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 250.5 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: This train can tolerate CO2. When used in conjunction with BCB. Alternately.75 0.01 0. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 0.2 277 55 95 202 230 285 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Symbol H2O Max.00 200.01 0. For temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.02 16 65 175 197 240 20 79.9 213.2 201. tolerance 0.4 0. H2O and hydrocarbons heavier than C1.25 Btu at room temperature.2 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 30 60 60 100 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 Methane plus Helium Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon monoxide 0.00 125.00 275.75 0.BBH “lights” train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation N2 O2 H2 CO Vent .75 0.5 0. a C6+ analysis with an O2 split can be performed and provides Btu repeatability of ± 0.00 175.

the methane will pass into column B. The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. Backflush mode In column A. The C1+ peak is not labeled in the BBH train. Once there. the gasses come off the column and cross the detector bead. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. During backflush. The factory sets the optimal retention and injection times so none of the methane is carried into column B. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead. When this happens. C1 and any heavier gasses group back into one peak. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Gasses heavier than Methane (C1) C1 Peak (Methane and heavier gasses) GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Col ol 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 22 BBH | PGC1000 analytical offerings . the methane will elute during a later cycle. The user should note that if the injection period is too long.BBH (H2-CO) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds This illustration shows clouds of gas moving through column A.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBH 23 .

tolerance 0.001 0.1 0.75 0. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.6 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Complete test shown. Butene-1 (B-1) and Isobutylene (IC4=) combined.002 0.1 0.001 0.75 0.1 0.1 0.001 14 111 131 131 188 229 25 123 145 173 223 257 31 137 204 204 244 290 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive 7 8 9 Trans-Butene-2 Cis-Butene-2 1.75 Symbol H2O Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water † Max.002 0. Propylene (C3=) and Acetylene (C2*) combined.02 0. 24 BBJ | PGC1000 analytical offerings .75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.BBJ train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 450 seconds 61 40 ul 1. 3-Bd 400 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 12 psig ± 15% 2.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 30 30 60 60 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 Pentane plus Propane Propylene Isobutane Normal butane Butene-1 & Isobutylen 0.001 0.75 0.02 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.001 0.1 0.75 0.3-Butadiene 0.1 0.75 0.75 0.001 0.1 50 100 100 100 100 50 2 1 1 1 1 1 0.2 50 100 100 1 1 2 0.001 280 320 363 303 339 397 330 378 434 100 100 100 3 3 3 3000 3000 3000 0.

00 100.001 0.001 0.75 0.00 275.1 0.00 375. Butene-1 (B-1) and Isobutylene (IC4=) combined.00 400.00 150.3-Butadiene 0.6 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Propylene (C3=) and Acetylene (C2*) combined.2 50 100 100 1 1 2 0.002 280 320 363 303 339 397 330 378 434 100 100 100 3 3 3 3000 3000 3000 0.1 0.02 0.75 0.1 0. 3-Bd 400 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 12 psig ± 15% 2.75 0.00 75.002 0.00 225.1 0.00 125.1 0.BBJ train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation Proplene (C3=) and acetylene (C2=) are combined under the C3= peak.00 250.001 0.75 0.00 200.1 100 100 100 100 100 50 2 1 1 1 1 1 0. tolerance 0.001 0.02 PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBJ 25 .00 50.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 30 30 60 60 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 Pentane plus Propane Propylene Isobutane Normal butane Butene-1 & Isobutylen 0.1 0.00 25.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 420 seconds 61 40 ul 1. Butene-1 (B-1) and Isobutylene (IC4) are combined under the B-1/IC4 peak.00 350.00 300.75 Symbol H2O Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive 0 0 0 Interfering component Water Max.001 0. C1 C5+ C2 C2= C3 C3= IC4 NC4 B-1 C4= tB-2 cB-2 1.3-B Vent .75 0.75 0.002 0.00 325.00 175.75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Front height ratio 0.001 14 111 131 131 188 229 25 123 145 173 223 257 31 137 204 204 244 290 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive 7 8 9 Trans-Butene-2 Cis-Butene-2 1.

The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. The user should note that if the injection period is too long. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. When this takes place.3-Bd will elute off column A. the NeoC5 will get into column B.BBJ (C5+) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration displays the isomers of pentane moving through column A. These are labeled C5+. C8s and C9s. the isomers of pentane group back into one peak. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead. During backflush. not all of 1. These heavier gasses may be in the cal or stream gas. C7s. The (+) represents heavier gasses such as C6s. The factory sets the optimal retention and injection times for each train. Backflush mode In column A. the gasses come off the columns (elute) and cross the detector bead. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Plus Peak Isomers n-pentane n pen C5+ Peak (Isomers of Pentane Plus Heavier Gasses) GC Valve 1 Detector Neo GC Valve 1 Neo Col C ol 1A 1 Col C o 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 26 BBJ | PGC1000 analytical offerings . If injection time is too short.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBJ 27 .

001 0. RT about 180 seconds Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.0025 0.75 0.BBK train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 315 seconds 21 40 ul NC5 160 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 35 psig ± 15% 6.5 58 71 85 115 152 185 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Notes Interfering component Water Propylene Butene-1 Isobutylene † Max.0025 0.75 Max.05%.005 5 100 15 15 10 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0025 10 Slope (rise) 10 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 30 30 60 100 100 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hexane plus Propane Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane Symbol H2O C3= B-1 IC4= 0. tolerance 0.001 0.75 0.3-BD MeOH Elutes 1 minute behind NC5.005 0.0 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) must be less than 0.001 0.125 Btu.005 0. 28 BBK | PGC1000 analytical offerings .75 0. the Btu repeatability is ± 0.75 0.005 0.3-Butadiene Methanol Symbol tB-2 cB-2 1.75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum Minimum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.001 0.0025 0.005 0.0025 Interfering component Trans-Butene-2 Cis-Butene-2 1.001 Notes 18 40 56 69 85 120 145 22 42 63 75 95 132 160 26.001 0.005 0.75 0.001 0.005 0.005 0. RT about 270 seconds Co-elutes with C3 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Elutes behind NC5. When used in conjunction with BBF. tolerance 5 0.

0025 0.75 Max.00 113.27 28.12 85.005 0.75 127.18 156.5 58 71 85 115 152 185 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Symbol tB-2 cB-2 1.001 0.75 0.75 0. tolerance 5 0.75 0.60 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 315 seconds 21 40 ul NC5 160 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 35 psig ± 15% 6. the Btu repeatability is ± 0.005 0.97 142.005 0.125 Btu at room termperature.BBK train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation C2C6+ C3 IC4 NC4 NEOC5 IC5 NC5 Vent .0025 0.75 0.001 0.001 0.75 0.70 56. tolerance 0.75 0.001 0.005 0.005 5 100 15 15 10 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. the ± Btu performance value doubles.3-Butadiene Methanol Elutes 1 minute behind NC5 Co-elutes with C3 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Elutes behind NC5 retention time PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBK 29 .005 0.001 0.05%. When used in conjunction with BBF.91 71.001 0.001 Notes 18 40 56 69 85 120 145 22 42 63 75 95 132 160 26.39 170.0025 10 Slope (rise) 10 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 30 30 60 100 100 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hexane plus Propane Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane Symbol H2O C3= B-1 IC4= 0.49 42.0 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) must be less than 0.005 0.3-BD MeOH Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Notes Interfering component Water Propylene Butene-1 Isobutylene Max.33 100.00 14.0025 Interfering component Trans-Butene-2 Cis-Butene-2 1.005 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum Minimum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.0025 0. For temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.

Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Backflush mode In column A. the isomers of hexane group back into one peak.BBK (C6+) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration displays the isomers of hexane moving through column A. 2. NC5 will be caught on column A. These heavier gasses may be in the cal or stream gas. If the injection time is too short. and add to the C6+ peak area. When this takes place. each gas changes the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. the 2. The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. The (+) represents heavier gasses such as C7s. The user should note that if they inject too long. During backflush. These are labeled C6+. The factory sets the optimal retention and injection times for each train. Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Plus Peak Isomers C6+ Peak (Isomers of Hexane plus Heavier Gasses) GC Valve 1 IC6 GC Valve 1 IC6 Col 1A Detector Col 1A Detector Neo Neo Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 30 BBK | PGC1000 analytical offerings . the gasses come off the column (elute) and cross the detector bead.2-dimethylbutane will get into column B. C8s and C9s.3-dimethylbutane elutes first but is not in the sample cal gas. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBK 31 .

005 0.001 0. 32 BBM | PGC1000 analytical offerings .001 0.75 0. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.001 0.005 0. tolerance 0.75 0.001 0.01 Notes Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.125 Btu.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF.005 0. the Btu repeatability is ± 0.005 0.75 0.001 0.005 5 50 1 15 15 10 10 10 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 0.001 0.75 Slope (rise) 15 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 30 30 60 60 100 100 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Hexane plus Propane Hydrogen sulfide Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane 0.BBM train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 310 seconds 321 40 ul NC5 200 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 43 psig ± 15% 8.75 0.75 0.005 0.75 0.02 0.75 0.005 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.005 0.001 18 45 65 75 89 104 144 175 21 58 72 84 98 119 169 200 28 69 81 95 117 144 192 245 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water † Symbol H2O Max.

01 Notes PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBM 33 .75 0.005 5 50 1 15 15 10 10 10 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 0.001 0.005 0.005 0.00 225.02 0.001 18 45 65 75 89 104 144 175 21 58 72 84 98 119 169 200 28 69 81 95 117 144 192 245 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Symbol H2O Max.00 25. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 100.001 0. with temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.005 0.005 0.001 0.005 0.75 0.001 0.75 0.75 Slope (rise) 15 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 30 30 60 60 100 100 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Hexane plus Propane Hydrogen sulfide Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane 0.75 0.00 150.001 0.001 0.125 Btu at room temperature.00 200.005 0.00 75. the Btu repeatability is ± 0.00 125.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF.75 0. tolerance 0.005 0.BBM train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation C2- C3 IC4 NC4 C6+ H2S NEOC5 IC5 NC5 Vent .00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 270 seconds 321 40 ul NC5 200 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 43 psig ± 15% 8. the ± Btu performance value doubles.75 0.75 0.00 50.00 175.

the isomers of hexane merge back into one peak. The factory sets the optimal retention and injection times for each train. 2. not all of NC5 will be injected into column B. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Backflush mode In column A.2 Dimethylbutane will get into column B.3-dimethylbutane moves through column A (elutes) first but is not in the sample cal gas. the 2. If the injection duration is too short. The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. These are labeled as C6+ peak.BBM (C6+. When this occurs. the gasses elute and cross the detector bead. C8s and C9s. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead. H2S) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided example displays isomers of hexane moving through column A. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. During backflush. The user should note that if the injection period is too long. These may be in the cal or stream gas. Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Plus Peak Isomers C6+ Peak (Isomers of Hexane plus Heavier Gasses) GC Valve 1 IC6 GC Valve 1 IC6 Col 1A Detector Col 1A Detector Neo Neo Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 34 BBM | PGC1000 analytical offerings . The (+) represents heavier gasses like C7s.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBM 35 .

003 0.BBP/BBW train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time NOTE: 30-2000 ppm oxygen 330 seconds 21 815 ul O2 247 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 40 psig ± 15% 5.02 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.75 Slope (rise) 3 Slope (run) 100 Minimum 1 Oxygen 0.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start +O2 Baseline segment end 312 Front height ratio 0.2 3 0.0003 220 248 290 Gate off Gate on 100 Auto Positive Interfering component Nitrogen Symbol N2 Max. 36 BBP/BBW | PGC1000 analytical offerings . tolerance 4 Notes Interferes with O2 measurement on the backside of peak Interferes with O2 measurement on the frontside of peak Hydrogen † H2 0.

00 250.003 0.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start +O2 Notes Interferes with O2 measurement on the backside of peak Interferes with O2 measurement on the frontside of peak Baseline segment end 312 Front height ratio 0.00 25.75 Slope (rise) 3 Slope (run) 100 Minimum 1 Oxygen 0.00 300.02 PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBP/BBW 37 . tolerance 4 Hydrogen H2 0.00 150.BBP/BBW train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation O2 Vent .2 3 0.00 100.00 125.00 175.00 275.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time NOTE: 30-2000 ppm oxygen 330 seconds 21 815 ul O2 247 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 40 psig ± 15% 5.00 200.0003 220 248 290 Gate off Gate on 100 Auto Positive Interfering component Nitrogen Symbol N2 Max.00 75.00 225.00 50.

pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. merge back into one group and are not labeled for the BBP/BBW train. The oxygen and nitrogen will continue through column B. The factory sets the optimal retention and injection times so that none of the methane is carried into column B. including C1. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Heavier Gasses Gasses Heavier than O2 and N2 GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col ol 1A Detector Col ol 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 38 BBP/BBW | PGC1000 analytical offerings . have moved through column A and into column B. When the oxygen and nitrogen cross the detector bead. the heavier gasses. they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. This may cause a problem in subsequent cycles as the C1 elutes off column B. during the inject mode.BBP 30-2000 ppm/BBW 0-30 ppm O2 train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The following illustration shows that the oxygen and nitrogen. If the injection time is too high. then some of the C1 (methane) will be carried into column B. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. Backflush mode In column A. The heavier gasses will be retained on column A unless the injection time is too high.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBP/BBW 39 .

• Liquid leak detection should not be used on this train. • Connective tubing for calibration gas and streams should be sulfinert or the equivalent.BBR/BCM train (†helium carrier) BBR train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 150 seconds 141 247 ul H2S 100 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 37 psig ± 15% 4. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.003 0. At startup.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum Minimum BBR BCM 1 1 Hydrogen sulfide Hydrogen sulfide 0.0002 86 86 98.003 3 10 0.0003 0.0002 1 0. the system should be leak tested. • A moisture trap is recommended for the carrier bottle(s). Electronic leak detectors or a pressure method are recommended. BCM train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 150 seconds 142 247 ul H2S 100 seconds 15 seconds %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 Front height ratio Slope (rise) Slope (run) Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 27 psig ± 15% 4. Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.5 98.5 116 116 Gate off Gate on 75 60 3 1 1000 500 1 1 Auto Auto Positive Positive Due to the low levels of H2S measured. † • Brass parts cannot be used in sample. 40 BBR/BCM | PGC1000 analytical offerings . the following items are recommended in order to ensure proper performance: • Calibration and carrier regulators should be stainless steel with stainless steel diaphragms. wetted paths.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: A common application is hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in fuel gas.

50 25. • Brass parts cannot be used in sample.50 50.5 98.003 3 10 0.50 125. BCM train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 150 seconds 142 247 ul H2S 100 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 27 psig ± 15% 4.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: A common application is hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in fuel gas per 40 CFR part B. wetted paths. Interfering component Carbon dioxide Symbol CO2 Max. • At startup. • Liquid leak detection fluids should not be used on this system.003 0.50 75. tolerance 3 PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBR/BCM 41 . • Electronic leak detectors or a pressure method are recommended.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 Notes Above this limit the Cycle time increases proportionately Baseline segment end 0 0 Front height ratio 1 1 Slope (rise) 3 1 Slope (run) 75 60 Minimum BBR BCM 1 1 Hydrogen sulfide Hydrogen sulfide 0.00 62.00 12.0003 0.0002 86 86 98. • Connective tubing for calibration gas and streams should be sulfinert or the equivalent.0002 1 0. the following items are recommended in order to ensure proper performance: • Calibration and carrier regulators should be stainless steel with stainless steel diaphragms. the system should be leak tested.00 112.00 Seconds BBR train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 120 seconds 141 247 ul H2S 100 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 37 psig ± 15% 4.5 116 116 Gate off Gate on 1000 500 Auto Auto Positive Positive Due to the low levels of H2S measured.BBR/BCM train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation C2- C3+ H2S Vent .50 100.00 37. • A moisture trap is recommended for the carrier bottle(s).00 87.

BBR 30-1200 ppm/BCM 0-30 ppm train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. have already moved through column A and into column B. The lighter gasses. When the gasses cross the detector bead. they change the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead. this is called the plus peak. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. the lighter gasses. pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. In other trains. including H2S. will continue through column B. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Gasses Lighter than H2S Gasses Heavier than H2S Gasses Heavier than H2S GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Gasses Lighter than H2S GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 42 BBR/BCM | PGC1000 analytical offerings . the heavier gasses combine into one group and are not labeled for the BBR train. including hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Backflush mode In column A.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBR/BCM 43 .

BBS train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 360 seconds 161 40 ul NC6 295 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 27 psig ± 15% 7. 44 BBS | PGC1000 analytical offerings .75 0.75 0.75 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.75 0.75 0.3 41 56 62 79 103 121 292 27 51 65 73 140 140 140 300 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 1000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto APG Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Hydrogen sulfide † Symbol H2O H2S Max.001 0. tolerance 3 1 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium. the Btu repeatability is ± 0.05 5 15 10 10 15 10 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 0.05 0.25 Btu.001 0.05 0.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF.01 19 37 50 57 72 72 72 140 22.001 0.001 0.05 0.001 0.75 0.001 0.75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Smears out on Col 2 Adsorbed on Col 2 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.001 0.75 Slope (rise) 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 30 60 60 100 100 100 100 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Hexane plus Propane Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane Hexane 0.

00 75.05 0.001 0.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF.75 0. tolerance 3 1 PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBS 45 .75 0. For temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.05 5 15 10 10 15 10 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 0.05 0.05 0.00 225.00 125.75 0.00 300.BBS train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation C2- C3 IC4 NC4 NEOC5 IC5 Isomers of C6 NC5 C6s Vent C7+ .00 50. the Btu repeatability is ± 0.75 0.00 25.01 19 37 50 57 72 72 72 140 22. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Smears out on Col 2 Adsorbed on Col 2 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.001 0.05 0.3 41 56 62 79 103 121 292 27 51 65 73 140 140 140 300 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 1000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto APG Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Hydrogen sulfide Symbol H2O H2S Max.05 0.05 0.75 0.00 100.25 Btu at room temperature.00 150.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 360 seconds 161 40 ul NC6 295 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 27 psig ± 15% 7.001 0.001 0.00 250.75 0.05 0.001 0.00 200.75 Slope (rise) 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 30 60 60 100 100 100 100 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Hexane plus Propane Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane Hexane 0.001 0.001 0. the ± Btu performance value doubles.75 0.

plus octane. Backflush mode In column A. During backflush.BBS (C7+) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows a few isomers of heptane. The (+) represents heavier gasses like C8s. These heavier gasses may be in the cal or stream gas. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. a few isomers of heptane merge back into one peak and are labeled as C7+. C9s and C10s. nonane and decane moving through column A. not all of the NC6 (hexane) gas will be injected into column B. The user should note that if the injection period is too long. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead. When this occurs. the gasses come off the column (elute) and cross the detector bead. the 2. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Gasses Heavier Isomers of than Heptane Heptane C7+ Peak (Isomers of Heptane plus Heavier Gasses) C7+ Peak (Isomers of Hexane plus Heavier Gasses) GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Neo Neo Col C l 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 46 BBS | PGC1000 analytical offerings . The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. or if the injection duration is too short.2-dimethylpentane will get into column B.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBS 47 .

001 17 54 80 160 22 79 138 270 28 87 160 300 Gate off Gate on 3000 300 300 300 Auto Grouped Grouped Grouped Positive Positive Positive Positive Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.02 10 10 10 10 2 1 1 1 0.001 0.002 0.01 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0. 48 BBT | PGC1000 analytical offerings .75 0.001 0.01 0. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.01 0.75 0.75 0. a calculated Btu performance of ± 0.25 Btu with a C9+ analysis can be accomplished.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 30 60 140 Minimum 1 2 3 4 † Nonane plus Hexane Heptane Octane 0.BBT train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 400 seconds 181 185 ul NC8 270 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 14 psig ± 15% 5 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF and BBK trains.

00 75.00 175.00 250.02 10 10 10 10 2 1 1 1 0.75 0.01 0.001 17 54 80 160 22 79 138 270 28 87 160 300 Gate off Gate on 3000 300 300 300 Auto Grouped Grouped Grouped Positive Positive Positive Positive PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBT 49 .75 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 30 60 140 Minimum 1 2 3 4 Nonane plus Hexane Heptane Octane 0.00 200.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 360 seconds 181 185 ul NC8 270 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 14 psig ± 15% 5 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF and BBK trains.001 0.00 50. the ± Btu performance doubles.25 Btu at room temperature with a C9+ analysis can be accomplished.01 0.01 0.00 100.75 0.00 25. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.2-Dimethylpentane Isomers of C6 C6s C9+ Isomers of C7 C7s Isomers of C8 C8s Vent nC6 .002 0. a calculated Btu performance of ± 0.00 125.00 225.001 0.BBT train (hydrogen carrier) C5- Causes peak generation 2.00 nC7 150.00 nC8 275. For temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.

9 isomers of C7 (heptane). Propane. the gasses come off the column (elute) and cross the detector bead. ethane and methane do not have skeletal isomers. The user may see isomers in the stream gasses for C6. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. Some isomers occur in small amounts and are not present in the standard calibration blend. nonane (C9) and any heavier gasses group back into one peak and are labeled as C9+. This chrom only displays one isomer (2. During backflush. The lighter gasses. There are 18 isomers of C8 (octane). each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead. Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier C9+ Peak Isomers NC9 Plus Heavier Gasses GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector IC7 IC7 Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 50 BBT | PGC1000 analytical offerings . 5 isomers of C6 (hexane). These will come out (elute) in the areas illustrated. When this occurs. relative to nonane. 3 isomers of C5 (pentane) and 2 isomers of C4 (butane). The (+) represents heavier gasses that may be present in the cal or stream gas.BBT (C9+) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The present example shows n-nonane (C9) plus n-decane (C10) moving through column A. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Backflush mode In column A. Many of these will not be present in the stream gas. There are 35 isomers of C9. C7 and C8. have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B.2-dimethylpentane) which is an isomer of C7.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBT 51 .

002 0.1 0.002 0.05 0.002 0.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Elutes with C4+ Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.75 0.1 1 1 1 1 5 3 3 3 0. 52 BBX/BCN | PGC1000 analytical offerings .002 0.002 100 20 20 40 0.001 0.001 0 150 180 252 0 152 180 252 0 161 194 270 27 161 194 270 Gate off 0 173 205 284 0 173 205 284 Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water † Symbol H2O Max.75 0.05 0.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C BCN train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 300 seconds 242 80 ul MA 270 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 21 psig ± 15% 4.05 0.75 0.75 0.1 0.01 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.001 0.1 0.75 0.05 0.BBX/BCN train (†helium carrier) BBX train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 300 seconds 241 40 ul MA 270 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 21 psig ± 15% 4. tolerance 0.001 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 5 3 3 3 Slope (run) 0 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 Minimum 1 BBX 2 3 4 1 BCN 2 3 4 Butane plus Cyclopropane Propadiene Methylacetylene Butane plus Cyclopropane Propadiene Methylacetylene 0.75 0.75 0.001 0.001 0.01 0.

001 0.002 0.00 100.1 0.1 1 1 1 1 5 3 3 3 0.75 0.00 75.75 0.75 0.BBX/BCN train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation C4+ C3 C3= PD MA Vent .002 0.001 0.1 0.01 0.05 0. tolerance 0.00 125.00 275.75 0.05 0.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Elutes with C4+ Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 300.00 200.01 PGC1000 analytical offerings | 53 BBX/BCN .001 0.001 0.75 0.00 50.002 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 5 3 3 3 Slope (run) 0 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 Minimum 1 BBX 2 3 4 1 BCM 2 3 4 Butane plus Cyclopropane Propadiene Methylacetylene Butane plus Cyclopropane Propadiene Methylacetylene 0.00 225.1 0.001 0.00 150.75 0.002 0.00 Seconds BBX train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 270 seconds 241 40 ul MA 270 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 21 psig ± 15% 4.00 25.001 0 150 180 252 0 152 180 252 0 161 194 270 27 161 194 270 Gate off 0 173 205 284 0 173 205 284 Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Symbol H2O Max.75 0.05 0.00 250.00 175.05 0.002 100 20 20 40 0.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C BCN train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 300 seconds 242 80 ul MA 270 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 21 psig ± 15% 4.

pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. Backflush mode In column A. C4 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C4+. they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead.BBX/BCN train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. When the gasses cross the detector bead. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 54 BBX/BCN | PGC1000 analytical offerings . The lighter gasses will continue through column B.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BBX/BCN 55 .

05 0.BCB train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 345 seconds 301 40 ul C2 140 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 26 psig ± 15% 6.1 0.3 28.002 0.75 0.75 0.3 27. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.75 0.5 0.4 30.2 31.1 0.75 0.5 23.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Air analyzed or hydrogen (H2) if air not present. 56 BCB | PGC1000 analytical offerings .75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 60 60 100 200 150 200 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Propane plus Hydrogen Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide Ethylene Ethane Hydrogen sulfide 0.003 17.001 0. When used in conjunction with BBH.75 0.75 0.05 0.001 0.05 0. This train can tolerate CO2 and H2O as well as hydrocarbons heavier than C1.8 38 59 112 140 200 25.05 0.001 0.4 37 52 100 300 165 240 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive † Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.002 0.1 0.4 36 50 110 110 110 23.75 0.002 0. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 0.25 Btu with a C3+ analysis.01 100 10 100 100 100 100 100 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 0.

00 25.00 225.001 0.3 28.1 0.01 100 10 100 100 100 100 100 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 0. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 0.00 125.00 100.75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 Vent Seconds .00 Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 345 seconds 301 40 ul C2 140 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 26 psig ± 15% 6.BCB train (hydrogen carrier) N2 Causes peak generation C1 C3+ CO2 C2 H2O 150.75 0.05 0.25 Btu with a C3+ analysis at room temperature.00 300.3 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Air analyzed or hydrogen (H2) if air not present. This train can tolerate CO2 and H2O as well as hydrocarbons heavier than C1.75 0. the ±Btu performance value doubles.00 75.4 30.001 0.002 0.4 36 50 110 110 110 23.4 37 52 100 300 165 240 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCB 57 .001 0.00 200.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 60 60 100 200 150 200 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Propane plus Helium Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide Ethylene Ethane Hydrogen sulfide 0.05 0.5 23.05 0.5 0.75 0.05 0. When used in conjunction with BBH.1 0.1 0.75 0.75 0.002 0.2 31. For temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.8 38 59 112 140 200 25.002 0.003 17.00 175.00 50.00 275.00 250.75 0.3 27.

During backflush. Once there. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. The user should note that. the propane will pass into column B. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Gasses heavier than Propane (C3) Gasses heavier than Propane (C3) GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector B Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col ol 1B B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input N2. if the injection period is too long. These are labeled as C3+ for the BCB train. it will elute during a later cycle and give a faulty Btu value. When this happens. CO and O2 will elute as the N2 3-15 psig peak. The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. Due to the reactivity of O2.BCB heavy hydrocarbon train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The following illustration shows clouds of gas moving through column A. the gasses move off the column and cross the detector bead. Backflush mode In column A. Carrier In 58 BCB | PGC1000 analytical offerings . the C3 and any heavier gasses merge back into one small peak. argon is used as a substitution for oxygen in calibration bottles. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCB 59 .

1 0.3-BD Elutes 1 minute behind NC5 Co-elutes with C3 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.1 0.75 0.03 0.50 75.0025 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0. 60 BCC | PGC1000 analytical offerings .00 87. tolerance 0.1 0.02 0.50 50.50 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 180 seconds 22 40 ul NC5 130 seconds 13 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 25 psig ± 15% 7 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BCG.002 Notes 14 35 50 59 75 75 75 18 40 58 65 84 112 132 20 50 63 75 160 160 160 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Max.50 125.75 0. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 1 Btu.004 0.50 100.75 0.002 0.3-Butadiene Symbol tB-2 cB-2 1.002 0.0025 0.1 0.005 0.1 10 100 40 40 15 15 15 Max.75 0.75 0.50 25.0025 Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Propylene Butene-1 Isobutylene † Symbol H2O C3= B-1 IC4= Interfering component Trans-Butene-2 Cis-Butene-2 1.75 Slope (rise) 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 30 15 15 30 60 60 60 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hexane plus Propane Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane 0.1 0.0025 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0. tolerance 0.002 0.75 0.50 150.00 12.002 0.00 137.BCC train (†helium carrier) C6+ C2- C3 IC4 NC4 NEOC5 IC5 NC5 Causes peak generation Vent .00 62.00 37.00 112.00 162.0025 0.002 0.

C6 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C6+. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B.BCC train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. Backflush mode In column A. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Neo Neo Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCC 61 . they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. C3-C5 will continue through column B. When the gasses cross the detector bead. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. pass through column A again and cross the detector bead.

005 0.3 18.75 Max.00 90.4 27.3-Butadiene Elutes 1 minute behind NC5 Co-elutes with C3 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 62 BCD | PGC1000 analytical offerings .0025 0.1 0.1 0.3 8.002 0.1 10 100 40 40 15 15 15 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.5 38.00 30.3 30.2 19.1 0.9 51 59.002 0.1 0.75 0.002 0.95 0.002 Notes 7 18.0025 Slope (rise) 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 9 5 5 5 5 5 5 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hexane plus Propane Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane Symbol H2O C3= B-1 IC4= 0. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 1 Btu. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.1 0.75 0.00 60.95 0.1 10 63 63 63 63 63 63 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Symbol tB-2 cB-2 1.004 0.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 90 seconds 83 40 ul NC5 59 seconds 6 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 25 psig ± 15% 17 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BCG.75 0.00 15.002 0.0025 0.3 18.0025 Interfering component Trans-Butene-2 Cis-Butene-2 1.0025 0.03 0.BCD train (hydrogen carrier) C6+ C2- C3 IC4 NC4 NEOC5 IC5 NC5 Causes peak generation Vent .3-BD Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Notes Interfering component Water Propylene Butene-1 Isobutylene Max.002 0.75 0.3 18. tolerance 0.02 0.3 18. tolerance 0.3 18.

Backflush mode In column A. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Neo Neo Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCD 63 . When the gasses cross the detector bead. C3-C5 will continue through column B. pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses.BCD train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. C6 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C6+. they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead.

75 0.02 0.1 0.2 10.75 28 52 8.02 0.00 30.1 0.2 0.00 90.07 14 24 44 57.95 0.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 90 seconds 84 40 ul C2 60 seconds 6 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 30 psig ± 15% 20 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.4 21.75 0.2 100 100 100 100 100 100 2 2 2 2 2 2 0. tolerance 0.02 0.02 0.00 60.75 26 52 64 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Acetylene Symbol H2O C2* Max.01 Notes Elutes with H2S Elutes with C2= 64 BCF | PGC1000 analytical offerings .2 0.4 21.4 10.75 21.95 0.4 10.BCF train (hydrogen carrier) C1 C3+ N2 CO2 C2 Vent Causes peak generation .02 7.75 0.8 11.00 15.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 9 5 5 5 5 5 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 Propane plus Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide Ethylene Ethane 0.1 0.02 0.02 0.

BCF train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B. Backflush mode In column A. When the gasses cross the detector bead. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCF 65 . pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. C3 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C3+. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. The lighter gasses will continue through column B. The heavier gasses are retained on column A.

00 75.00 150.75 0.00 180.02 0.02 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Elutes with H2S Elutes with C2= Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0. 66 BCG | PGC1000 analytical offerings .2 0.02 14 23 23 50 75 75 19 26 33 60 126 146 20 38 38 70 160 160 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Acetylene † Symbol H2O C2* Max.00 100.2 0.75 0.1 0.00 50.02 0.1 0.02 0. tolerance 0.00 125.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 180 seconds 84 40 ul C2 150 seconds 13 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 40 psig ± 15% 14 ml/min ± 15% 60° C When used in conjunction with BCC.75 0.75 Slope (rise) 15 15 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 30 30 30 30 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 Propane plus Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide Ethylene Ethane 0.75 0.1 0. the combination is capable of providing the following calculated performance: ± 1 Btu.02 0.BCG train (†helium carrier) C1 C3+ N2 CO2 C2 Vent Causes peak generation .02 0.00 25.2 100 100 100 100 100 100 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.75 0.01 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.

Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCG 67 . pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. When the gasses cross the detector bead.BCG train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. The lighter gasses will continue through column B. they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. Backflush mode In column A. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B. C3 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C3+.

75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 30 15 30 30 60 100 100 100 200 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Heptane plus Propane Hydrogen sulfide Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane Hexane 0. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.002 0.001 0.005 0.75 0.02 0.005 0. 68 BCH | PGC1000 analytical offerings .001 0.005 5 50 1 15 15 10 10 10 5 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 5 0.002 19 43 55 63 72 86 115 115 192 21 54 67 76 89 107 149 176 366 30 59 67 78 94 115 192 192 455 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 300 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto APG Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive † Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.75 0.005 0.05 0.005 0.75 0.75 0.001 0.25 Btu with a C9+ analysis can be performed.005 0.75 0. a calculated Btu performance of ± 0.75 0.001 0.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF & BBK trains.BCH train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 490 seconds 162 40 ul NC6 400 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 25 psig ± 15% 5.001 0.75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.75 0.005 0.001 0.005 0.

the Btu repeatability is ± 0.001 0.00 50.00 200.00 350.BCH train (hydrogen carrier) C3 H2S Causes peak generation IC4 NC4 C7+ NEOC5 IC5 NC5 C6s If 2.05 0.25 Btu at room temperature.00 150. For temperatures from -18 to 55 degrees Celsius.001 0.001 0.00 450.75 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 300.75 0.001 0.05 0.75 0. tolerance 0.05 0.001 0.75 0.002 0.05 0.75 0.01 PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCH 69 . Vent .75 0.2-dimethylbutane is present in the cal gas.00 250.02 0.05 0.05 0.00 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 450 seconds 162 40 ul NC6 400 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 25 psig ± 15% 5.002 19 43 55 63 72 86 115 115 192 21 54 67 76 89 107 149 176 366 30 59 67 78 94 115 192 192 455 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 300 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto APG Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Symbol H2O Max.75 0. All isomers of hexane will elute in the area below.00 400.01 5 100 1 15 15 15 10 10 5 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 5 0.75 0.05 0. the ± Btu performance value doubles.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Slope (run) 30 15 30 30 60 100 100 100 200 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Heptane plus Propane Hydrogen sulfide Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane Hexane 0. They are measured as one group.4 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: When used in conjunction with BBF. it will elute in the area below.05 0.001 0.00 100.

These heavier gasses may be in the cal or stream gas. not all of the NC6 (hexane) gas will be injected into column B. octane. When this takes place. The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. C9s and C10s. the gasses heavier than hexane group back into one peak. H2S) train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration displays the isomers of heptane. During backflush. These are labeled C7+. or if the injection duration is too short. nonane and decane moving through column A. the gasses come off the column (elute) and cross the detector bead. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead. Backflush mode In column A.BCH (C7+. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. The user should note that if the injection period is too long. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Plus Peak Isomers C7+. H2S Peak Plus Heavier Gasses GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Neo Neo Col C l 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 70 BCH | PGC1000 analytical offerings . isomers of heptane will be carried into column B. The plus (+) signifies heavier gasses such as C8s.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCH 71 .

00 45.1 0. BCP train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 30 seconds 282 12 ul H2 10 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 5 psig ± 15% 8.00 35.00 5. BCP will look similar but with a longer cycle time. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 Notes Elutes with C4+ Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.01 72 BCJ/BCP | PGC1000 analytical offerings .00 60.75 0. tolerance 0.01 1 0 34 2.6 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Nitrogen carrier requires that the paired train also use N2 carrier.00 25.1 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: Restricts second train to the same carrier.6 20 Gate off 0 52 10 28 Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 Symbol H2O Auto Auto Auto Auto Negative Negative Negative Negative BCP Interfering component Water Max.00 20. nitrogen (N2).00 65. BCJ train ~ Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 75 seconds 281 20 ul H2 45 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 7.00 70.00 55.00 15.00 50.00 Seconds Sample chromatogram is reflective of the BCJ Train.00 40.00 30.1 10 0 100 100 100 0 1 1 3 0 0.01 0.5 psig ± 15% 3.7 10 0 45 5.BCJ/BCP train (nitrogen carrier) H2 Causes peak generation .75 0.75 0.00 10.75 Slope (rise) 0 1 3 1 Slope (run) 0 20 5 100 Minimum BCJ 0 1 1 2 Hydrogen Hydrogen Methane plus 0 0.

N2 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named Air+. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B.BCJ/BCP train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode. The lighter gasses will continue through column B. When the gasses cross the detector bead. Backflush mode In column A. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCJ/BCP 73 . This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. pass through column A again and cross the detector bead.

01 0.75 0.9 158.75 Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive 0 0 0 0 6 Methane 0.75 0.4 67.8 482 521 15 3 3000 0. NOTE: Colored text within a table represents a difference between the carriers.02 64.7 215.4 165.75 0.1 25 28 32 Gate off Gate on 3000 Auto Positive 2 3 4 5 Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon monoxide 0.BCK train (†helium carrier) Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 540 seconds 42 20 ul C1 482 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 50 psig ± 15% 7.1 0.8 15 15 15 15 3 3 3 3 3000 3000 3000 3000 0.8 169.01 0. 74 BCK | PGC1000 analytical offerings .8 225 71.4 174.5 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.2 0.02 467.2 0.2 20 20 100 100 1 1 1 2 0.7 191.6 169.5 0.1 100 1 0.75 Auto Positive 0 † Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.75 Slope (rise) 3 Slope (run) 15 Minimum 1 Carbon dioxide plus 1 100 3 0.2 233.

75 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 Slope (run) 15 Minimum 1 Carbon dioxide plus 1 100 2 0.01 0.2 0.2 20 20 100 100 1 1 1 2 0.75 Auto Positive PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCK 75 .00 Sample chromatogram is reflective of the helium carrier.02 291 304 155 15 3 3000 0.75 0.BCK train (hydrogen carrier) Causes peak generation CO2 C1 O2 Vent 200.00 350.6 103.1 25 28 32 Gate off Gate on 3000 Auto Positive 2 3 4 5 Helium Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon monoxide 0.1 0.00 250.00 450.75 0.00 150.00 550. Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 360 seconds 42 20 ul C1 307 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 35 psig ± 15% 9.4 155 155 155 15 15 15 15 3 3 3 3 3000 3000 3000 3000 0.00 400.01 0.00 650.4 109 139 36 107 112 144 37.00 50.00 500.5 0.75 Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive 6 Methane 0.1 100 1 0.00 300.02 32.1 0.00 600.7 ml/min ± 15% 60° C Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.00 100.00 Seconds .

Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A Detector Coll 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col l 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In 76 BCK | PGC1000 analytical offerings . Backflush mode In column A. pass through column A again and cross the detector bead. The heavier gasses are retained on column A. they change the amount of energy necessary to maintain the temperature level of the bead. the lighter gasses have already moved through column A and into column B. The lighter gasses will continue through column B. When the gasses cross the detector bead. C2 and heavier gasses are combined into a group named C2+. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses.BCK train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration shows that during the inject mode.

PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCK 77 .

tolerance 0.1 0.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 5 10 Slope (run) 15 15 5 10 Minimum 1 2 3 4 Propane plus Nitrogen Methane Carbon dioxide 0.1 12 13.02 0.02 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 Notes Elutes with H2S Co-elutes with C2= Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.BCS (C3+) one minute train (†helium carrier) C1 Causes peak generation N2 C3+ CO2 C2 Vent .5 19 34 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive 5 6 Ethylene Ethane 0.8 37 47 15 60 3 3 3000 3000 0.01 24.1 0.1 100 100 100 100 2 2 2 2 0.75 0.79 42.01 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.34 37.02 30 33.45 28.02 0.1 0.75 0.44 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 60 seconds 85 40 ul C2 40 seconds 5 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 35 psig ± 15% 14 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: If BCT-BCS are configured together.11 13.75 Auto Auto Positive Positive Interfering component Water Acetylene † Symbol H2O C2* Max. 78 BCS | PGC1000 analytical offerings .1 0.90 33.02 9 10. a ± 1 Btu calculation can be performed every minute.5 8.00 6.02 0.5 23.5 34 40.34 20.1 100 100 2 2 0.67 11.5 12.5 27 12 13.02 0.75 0.75 0.

The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. butane and propane moving through column A. The user should note that if the injection is too long. When this happens. the gasses come off the column and cross the detector bead. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. it will elute during a later cycle and give a faulty value. This is undertaken so that propane does not get into column B. During backflush. Backflush mode In column A. the isomers and C3 group back into one peak and are labeled C3+. The factory sets the optimal inject time and pressure. C5s and C6s that may be in the cal or stream gas. NOTE: Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC built for helium.BCS (C3+) one minute train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds The provided illustration displays the isomers of hexane. The (+) represents heavier gasses like C4s. the propane will get into column B. Once there. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier (Isomers) with (Propane) C3+ Peak (Isomers) and (Propane) GC Valve 1 Col 1A 1 Detector GC Valve 1 Col 1A 1A Detector Col 1B Sample Vent Vent EPC Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCS 79 . pentane. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead.

002 8 12.56 20.2 20.75 0.5 23.75 0.67 31.002 0.6 15 19.4 14 19.BCT (C6+) one minute train (†helium carrier) C2Causes Peak Generation C3 C6+ IC4 NC4 NEOC5 IC5 NC5 Vent .67 11.5 8.75 0.002 0.85 15 18.00 6.1 0.02 0.0025 0.8 26.1 0.3 21.46 Seconds Typical settings (individual analyzers may vary) Cycle time Sort order Sample size Target component Target retention time Inject time 60 seconds 24 40 ul NC5 40 seconds 15 seconds Inject time variance Carrier pressure Carrier pressure variance Flow rate Flow rate variance Oven temperature ± 10% 55 psig ± 15% 7 ml/min ± 15% 60° C NOTE: If BCT-BCS are configured together.0025 0.1 10 100 40 40 15 15 15 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.5 23.12 35. 80 BCT | PGC1000 analytical offerings .002 0.002 0.3 23.75 Slope (rise) 3 3 3 20 3 3 3 Slope (run) 15 15 15 30 60 60 60 Minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hexane plus Propane Isobutane Normal butane Neopentane Isopentane Normal pentane 0.0025 Notes Elutes <1 min behind NC5 RT Co-elutes with C3 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Elutes between IC4 and NC4 Interfering component Trans-Butene-2 Cis-Butene-2 1.3 40.3-BD Max.1 0.01 26.03 0.005 0.2 34.01 44.1 0.0025 0. tolerance 0.004 0.002 0. Range (mol%) Component number Separated component Maximum %RSD Minimum detectable limit (mol%) Peak detection method Minimum peak area Peak retention time Peak direction Baseline segment start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Baseline segment end 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Front height ratio 0.3-Butadiene Symbol tB-2 cB-2 1.3 9.11 15.1 0.57 40.75 0.0025 Notes Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Co-elutes with NC4 Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium.75 0.5 48 48 48 Gate off Gate on 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Positive Interfering component Water Propylene Butene-1 Isobutylene † Symbol H2O C3= B-1 IC4= Max. a ± 1 Btu calculation can be performed every minute. tolerance 0.75 0.

the 2. When this occurs. The factory sets the optimal retention and injection times for each train. C8s and C9s that may be in the cal or stream gas. The (+) represents heavier gasses like C7s. NOTE: Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC built for helium. Backflush mode In column A. Simplified view Sample & Carrier Column A Column B To Detector & Vent Simplified view To Detector & Vent Column A Column B Carrier Plus Peak Isomers C6+ Peak (Isomers of Hexane plus Heavier Gasses) GC Valve 1 IC6 GC Valve 1 IC6 Col 1A Detector Col 1A Detector Neo Neo Col 1B Sample Vent Sample Vent Col 1B Vent EPC Vent EPC Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In Stream Input 3-15 psig Carrier In PGC1000 analytical offerings | BCT 81 .3-Dimethylbutane comes through column B first but is not in the cal gas. This change in energy is what causes the peak generation for each of the gasses. the gasses elute from the columns and cross the detector bead. The user should note that if the injection period is too long. During backflush. not all of NC5 will be injected into column B. or if the injection duration is too short. each gas changes the amount of energy required to maintain the temperature level of the bead.BCT (C6+) one minute train Inject mode 15 (±2) seconds This example shows isomers of hexane moving through column A. The lighter gasses have already passed through column A and are now moving through column B. the isomers of hexane group back into one peak and are labeled C6+.2-Dimethylbutane will get into column B. 2.

TX 77042 Phone: +1 713 587 8000 Fax: +1 713 266 4335 www. 600 Houston. or silcosteel tubing be used for sample transport and carrier lines. • Electronic leak detectors or a pressure method are recommended. Copyright ©2012 ABB All rights reserved. ABB Inc. Due to the low levels of H2S measured. the system should be leak tested. Teflon tubing will not perform well because gasses permeate through the walls of the tubing and give erroneous readings. Ste. Totalflow Products 7051 Industrial Boulevard Bartlesville. wetted paths.com/totalflow Power and productivity for a better world™ ABB Document #2104561-AD_050212 ABB Inc. • A moisture trap is recommended for the carrier bottle(s). OK 74006 Phone: +1 918 338 4888 +1 800 341 3009 Fax: +1 918 338 4699 Disclaimer: The settings used in this book are typical of most analyzers. It is very important that only clean stainless steel. • Connective tubing for calibration gas and streams should be sulfinert or the equivalent. sulfinert.Contact us Note: Hydrogen carrier gas cannot be used in a PGC1000 built for helium. Individual analyzers may vary. • Brass parts cannot be used in sample.abb. the following items are recommended in order to ensure proper performance: • Calibration and carrier regulators should be stainless steel with stainless steel diaphragms. Totalflow Products 3700 W Sam Houston Parkway South. . • At startup. • Liquid leak detection fluids should not be used on this system.

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