SELECTION OF AHU To select AHU we should have STEP ONE - TABLE 1.Select following things from HLC. A).

BTU/HR B).CFM C).SENSIBLE HEAT Ex: 51465 2505 43288

D).TONNAGE 4.3

STEP TWO - FRICTION LOSS -We have to find the FRICTION LOSS with the help of CFM and FPM. -We have the CFM from HLC and we dont have the FPM. To get the FPM we have to look in to the HVAC Anexure – Table 7 Page-38 Main Duct Supply. We get the FPM as per the Applications. -Now we have the CFM & FPM -Friction Loss can be found by looking in the graph in HVAC Anaxure page-41 vertical lines are FL Ex: cfm=2505 fpm=2000 ( for private office ) FL = 0.35 ( from graph in HVAC Anaxure page-41 vertical lines are FL )

STEP THREE – STATIC PRESSURE -To find the static pressure we have the formula L*fr/100 where L = longast length of duct fr = friction loss -we have the static pressure now. Ex: L=70 fr=0.35 70*0.35/100 = 0.245

STEP THREE – TOTAL STATIC PRESSURE -We can find this by the formula total static pre = SP supply duct + SP return duct SP - static pressure -Static pressure for supply and return duct will be same. Ex: tsp= sd + rd tsp= 0.245 + 0.245 tsp= 0.49

STEP FOUR - COOLING CAPACITIES -Here we sellect the model of the meshine with the help of cfm. (AHU anexure page-24) -In the ahu anexure we have two units 1). SI metric 2) .ENGLISH we do the sellection in english.

49 =0. Now nomenclature will be 50TJ H 007 C 9 STEP FIVE .38 we sub 5.FAN PERFORMANCE ENGLISH (HORIZONTAL DISCHARGE TO FIND FAN RPM & its WATTS -We require CFM and TOTAL STATIC PRESSURE .2 115 = 54. we get the values of FAN RPM & its WATTS. -Now we have to look into the FAN PERFORMANCE HORIZONTAL DISCHARGE CHART ( AHU anaxure Page – 35) and interpolate the cfm with the total static pressure or External static pressure.22 checking range = 50.8 by interpolating (AHU anexure page-24) + or .5static pressure.5 we have 2500 cfm but we dont have the 0.AL EVAPORATOR .6 RPM 581 654 WATTS 723 924 -we have to add the RPM and divide by 2 we get the RPM of 0.CU CONDENSER. Same for the . Ex: BTU = 51465 MBTU= BTU / 1000 MBTU= 51.6 and interpolate.5 OUTSIDE TEMP = 110 we have 105 = 57. here it is Horizontal according to the space.8 = 50.4 (AHU anexure page-24) 110 = 55.5 as static pressure so we take 0. Now nomenclature will be 50TJ H 007 -We also see the coil hear it is C. (MBTU = BTU/1000) -Now to check we need the WBT and OUTSIDE TEMP -For WBT and OUTSIDE TEMP we have to interpolate the values in the table (AHU anexure page-24) -The MBTU must lie in between the ( + or – 10%) of outside temp.38 MBTU = 51.8 = 5. 0.22 to 61. We have this 2things with us.10% of 55.-We require CFM -2500 cfm lies in the model 50TJ007 Ex: CFM : 2500 model : 50TJ007 CHECK -To check we need the BTU we change the btu to MBTU.8 = 61. Now nomenclature will be 50TJ H 007 C -We take 9 for 3 phase motor from catlog.4 0.4 & 0.58 with outside temp 55. Ex: CFM = 2500 TSP = 0.58 with outside temp 55.5 with lies in between the checking range FEW THINGS FROM AHU ANEXURE -We have sellected the meshine 50TJ 007 -We have to check the discharge if it is Horizontal or Vertical.58 we add 5.

watt.) VELOCITY METHOD 2. It should have 3 to 10 branches or outlets.5 is a middle value of 0.) FPM -There are three types to find the duct sizes they are 1. – It should have 1 to 3 branches or outlets.) EQUAL FRICTION METHOD 3.)EQUAL FRICTION METHOD We use this method when the main duct cfm is more then 2000 and upto 10000.4 = 12732 watts Heating Capacity = 12.) STATIC REGAIN METHOD 1.we have the formula HEATING CAPACITY = SENSIBLE HEAT / 3.) Layout – Civil – A/C m/c – Duct 2.7 kw DUCT SIZING Date Required to find the duct sizing 1. The duct length should be 50' upto 100' .4 and 0.) VELOCITY METHOD – We use this method when the main duct cfm is less than 2000 .5 STEP SIX – HEATING CAPACITY . EX : Location CFM FPM A=CFM/FPM Round Duct Dia A 1300 1000 1٫3 15٫5"Ø Rectangular Duct L*W 22 X 10 – – – 2.6 -There fore RPM = 617.3/3. EX : Location CFM FPM A=CFM/FPM Round Duct Dia Rectangular Duct L*W .5 & WATTS =823.) CFM 3. – The duct length should be 1' to 50'.4 -we get the answer in watts and we have to convert watts into kilo watt Ex: 43288. As 0.we should find the heating capacity kilo watt as well .

Width = 23" Duct Width = 18" a. Large ) we have three different values for this ducts ( Small=3 . – The duct length should be more than 100' . Large=5 ) b. Location CFM Length PD ratio = L RATIO /(Q )^0.61 12/(5750)^0.) depending up on the duct size we have to multiply the value with the above difference (a) above difference = 5 large duct=5 5 * 5 = 25 c.Width = 18" Height = 10" STEP TWO – Calculating taper length from flexible connection till duct starting. In this case we have 3 side taper so 3* 2=6 . Medium=4 .Duct Width ).A B C D 4300 3700 3100 2500 1500 1400 1400 1300 2٫86 2٫64 2٫21 1٫92 23"Ø 21٫8"Ø 20٫5"Ø 19"Ø 32 X 14 30 X 14 26 X 14 22 X 14 3. If the width is less then meshin's duct coller then we understand that the taper is 2 side. – It should have more than 10 branches or outlets. The 2 side of the taper can be seen in the top view of the duct layout and one side taper will be seen in the sectional view. Check the height and width of the machine to which the duct is getting connected. 0.06 61 FPM A= Round Rect CFM/FPM Duct Dia Duct LXH 2٫87 23" 32 X 14 A 5750 12' 2000 Pressure drop ratio is taken from the annexure page 40.Width = 23" Height = 14" Duct size ------------------. Medium . 23 – 18 = 5 Ducts are divided into three different sizes ( Small . If the height is different as well then we have taper for height which means we have total 3 sides taper.) we have to substract ( Machine duct coller . EX: we have 3 side taper Machine duct coller is --.)STATIC REGAIN METHOD – We use this method when the main duct cfm is more then 10000. EX: Meshine duct coller is --.) Rule We have to multiply the taper with 2. DUCT SLD TO LAYOUT STEP ONE – Have to know the width and Height of Machine duct coller & Duct.

71 ≈ 8" The main duct width is divided in 2 parts one 10" which torns at 16" branch.57 * 3 = 7.57 we have the value 2.57 we have to multiply this with ratio 4 : 3 we get 2.) Taper length from flexible connection till duct starting = divide b / c 25 / 6 = 4.FAN PERFORMANCE ENGLISH (HORIZONTAL DISCHARGE .4 UNITS STATIC PRESSURE -NUTEN / MTR² = 1 PASCAL = 1 BAR * (10) ^ 5 • • • • • STEP ONE .16 ≈ 5 STEP THREE – Procidure to divide 2 branches from the main duct.4 HEATING CAPACITY = SENSIBLE HEAT / 3. According to the above size we have 2 curves out curve and the inner curve for outer curve we hwve to add 2 sides for the elbow and divide by 2 EX: 10 + 16 / 2 = 13 For inner corner divide the main duct branch by 2 EX: 10 / 2 = 5 IMPORTANT GPM = TONNAGE * 2.COOLING CAPACITIES STEP FIVE .28 ≈ 10" 2.TABLE STEP TWO .57 * 4 = 10. The other part is and 8" which torns at 12" branch. STEP FOUR – Making the Elbo of the duct. Main duct width is = 18 " from with we have to different branches of diff sizes First brance width = 16" & Second branch width = 12" we have to find the ratio = 16 : 12 divide by 2 we get = 8 : 6 divide by 2 we get = 4 : 3 now we have to add this value 4+3=7 now we have to divide 7 with the mail duct width --------.18 / 7 = 2.FRICTION LOSS STEP THREE – STATIC PRESSURE STEP FOUR .d.

-Package A/C or Dx direct expansion system Capacity (5 Ton -100 Ton) Restaurants Villas Hospitals and Corporate Offices -Central A/C (Capacity 25Ton to 2. STATIC PRESSURE DEFF – In an air distribution system the pressure the fan must supply to over come the resistance to the airflow through the system duct work & system components is called static pressure.The values that are calculated according to exact temperatuer of a particular city is called actual Tonnage or CFM or Cooling Capacity etc.TO FIND FAN RPM & its WATTS • STEP SIX – HEATING CAPACITY STEP ONE – TABLE GPM PIPE Ø HEAD = L*FR/100 LENGTH EQUV LENGTH FRICTION HEAD PUMP HP = GPM * HEAD * SPEC GRAVITY / 3960 * % OF EFFIENCY TYPE OF AC'S -window ac 1 to 3 ton small room . Commercial buildings High rise and Low rise) -HVAC The day and night (summer or winter) or round the year a/c System is with cooling and heating option is called HVAC. STATIC HEAD OF A PUMP. Its units are foot or mtrs.8 . IMP NOMINAL ACTUAL.32 ) / 1. -Split ac 1 to 5 tons small room . shops. offices. CONVERSION FORMULAS Celsius to Fahrenheit Fahrenheit to Celsius = ( celsius * 1.The static head of a pump is the max height it can deliver. shops. offices.8 ) + 32 = ( fahrenheit . STATIC HEAD or PRESSURE HEAD DEFF – It is the pressure of a floid due to the head of fluid above some refference point.35000 Ton) (Residential. calculated according to nominal temperature. ACTUAL.What is the difference between NOMINAL and ACTUAL in hvac? NOMINAL-The values from the catlog are nominal.

ENTHALPY (h) = SENSIBLE HEAT + LATENT HEAT Another property of air.2°F WB. As one pound of air is heated it occupies more space—the specific volume increases.The total heat energy in one pound of air (Btu / hr) at its present condition.Convert GPM to m³ = GPM * 26 / 100 EX: 100 gpm = 26 m³/hr 320 gpm = ? 320 * 26 / 100 = 83. both sensible and latent. ENTHALPY . Supply Air Flow Condition or Temperature – The supply air condition should be 56. When displayed in formulas. in one pound of air at its present condition. enthalpy is usually designated as h. It is expressed in Btu per pound of dry air (Btu/lb).2 m³/hr Specific volume .5°F DB and 55.is defined as the volume of one pound of dry air at a specific temperature and pressure. DETERMINING TONS OF REFRIGERATION Refrigeration Load (Btu/hr) = 4. This air temperature should be supplied in the room to maintain the room comfort condition to 76°F .5 * Supply Airflow * (h1 – h2) h1 = enthalpy of air entering the coil (Btu / hr) h1 = enthalpy of air leaving the coil (Btu / hr) . Enthalpy describes the total amount of heat energy.