LABOR STANDARDS LAW

ACADEMIC YEAR 2011-2012 DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF LAW PROFESSOR ALEX A. LOPEZ PRESIDING COMMISSIONER, 3RD DIV., NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION

I. INTRODUCTION  1987 CONSTITUTION (Article II, Sections 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18; Article III, Section 8 Article XIII, Sections 1-4)  LABOR CODE ARTICLES 1 – 6 A. LABOR LAW AND SOCIAL LEGISLATION 1) Definition a. Labor Legislation vis-à-vis Social Legislation b. Labor Standards Law vis-à-vis Labor Relations Law 2) Justification: Social Justice 3) Foundation or Basis: Police Power of the State - St. Luke’s Medical Center Employee’s Assoc. - AFW vs. NLRC, G.R. 162053; May 7, 2007 4) Ultimate Goal: Industrial Peace - Calalang vs. Williams, 70 Phil. 726 (1940) 5) Balancing of Rights and Interests - Hotel Enterprises of the Phil. vs. Samahan ng mga Manggagawa sa Hyatt (NUWHRAIN), G.R. 165756; June 5, 2009)

B. BASIS 1) 1987 Constitution a. Pertinent Provisions i. Article II, Sections 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18 ii. Article III, Section 8 iii. Article XIII, Sections 1, 2, 3, 4 b. Compared to 1935 and 1973 Constitution i. Article XIV, Section 6 of 1935 Constitution ii. Article II, Sections 6, 9, 1973 Constitution - PNB vs. Cabansag, 460 SCRA 514 (2005) 2) Civil Code - Articles 1700-1701 3) Labor Code 4) International Conventions
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- International School Alliance of Educators vs. Quisimbing, G.R. 128845; June 1, 2000

C. LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES 1). Brief History 2) Name of Decree – Article 1 3) Date of Effectivity – Article 2 4) Declaration of Basic Policy – Article 3 5) Construction in Favor of Labor a. Article 4 b. Civil Code Art. 1702 - Dealco Farms, Inc. vs NLRC G.R. 153192; Jan. 30, 2009 6) Rules and Regulation – Article 5 7) Applicability a. Article 6, 276 b. Article IX-B, Section 2 (1) 1987 Constitution - PNOC Energy Development Corp. vs. NLRC, 201 SCRA 487 (1991) - LRTA vs. Venus, 485 SCRA 301 (2006) 8) Statement of Objectives – Article 12 D. EMPLOYER – EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP 1) Definition of Employer and Employee - Article 97 (a)-(c); Article 212 (e)-(f) 2) Test - SGV, Co. vs. De Raedt, G.R. 161366; June 16, 2009 - Orozco vs. Fifth Division, CA, 562 SCRA 36 (2008) - Pacific Consultants International Asia, Inc. vs. Schonfeld, 516 SCRA 209 (2007) - Lopez vs. Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System, 462 SCRA 425 (2005) 3) Independent Contractor / Labor – Only Contractor a. Articles 106-109 b. DOLE Order No. 18-02, S. 2002 - Mandaue etc. vs. Andales, 548 SCRA 17 (2008) - Aliviado, et al. vs. P&G Phil., Inc. & PROMM-GEM, Inc., G.R. 160506; March 9, 2010 c. Liability of Indirect Employer - Eparwa Security and Janitorial Services, Inc. vs. Liceo de Cagayan, G.R. 150402; Nov. 28, 2006 4) Employee Classification a. Coverage – Article 278 b. Regular Employee i. Provisions: - Article 280, 1st and 2nd Par., Article 281, last sentence, Article 75 (d) - Omnibus Rules Book VI, Rule I, Secs. 5 (a)-(b) and 6
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Provisions . Jan. Article XIII. 5 (b) ii. 182 SCRA 384 (1990) c. G. Sec. . Ibañez.Omnibus Rules Book VI. of 1993 ii. 555 SCRA 537 (2008) iii. 2nd Par.Hanjin vs. Article II. 284 SCRA 539 (1998) d.Villa vs. Project Employment .Article 280. 2009 e.O.ii. EMPLOYMENT POLICIES/STATEMENT OF OBJECTIVES 1) 1987 Constitution a. Rule I. 6 ii. 284 SCRA 105 (1998) . vs. Sec. Sec.Maranaw Hotels & Resort Corp.Policy Instructions No. . 19 S.Omnibus Rules Book VI. Seasonal Employees . PRE-EMPLOYMENT  LABOR CODE ARTICLES 12 – 39  REPUBLIC ACT 8042 (1995) as amended by R.Beta Electric Corp. NLRC. Definition and Extension of Period . 14966. Sec 9 b. 10022 (2010)  POEA Rules and Regulations Governing the Recruitment and Employment of LandBased Overseas Workers (May 2002) A. Tobacco vs. 20 of 1977 and D. 414 SCRA 173 (2003) II. 3 par.Maraquinot vs. EMANCIPATION OF TENANTS  LABOR CODE ARTICLES 7 – 11  REPUBLIC ACT 6657 (Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988) III. 1 Page 3 of 25 . Provisions . CA. Rule 1. Zamora. Provisions . 181 SCRA 702 (1990) f. 300 SCRA 37.Article 281. (1998) g. vs.Cebu Marine Beach Resort vs.A.Phil. NLRC. Article 75 (d) .Article 280. Repeated Renewal of Contract .R. Project Employees i. 1st Par. Fixed-Term Employment . 20. Casual Employment . Article 61 2nd Sentence. Probationary Employee i. NLRC. NLRC.Brent School vs. Casual Employees i. Definition / Purpose . NLRC.

A. 14 (a) iii. 18. 13 (a). Private employment agency – Art.Articles 27. G.Articles.R. 16. Gallo. Reportorial Requirements/Employment Information . 2010 v.A.2) Labor Code .People vs. 6 (h) iv. Domingo.Arts. 4. Rule II. 13 (b) ii. 25 . 18. 2nd Sentence iii. R.R. 18 .A. Rule I Sec 1 (a) (b) ii. 2 (a) (b) in relation to (g) (c). Private recruitment entity – Art. 12 (f). Allowed Private Agencies and Entities . G. Sections 6-12 as amended Prohibited Practices: Undertaken by non-licencees. Sec 1 ii. Ban on Direct Hiring – Art. 14 (a) b) Recruitment and Placement i. 185277.A. 34 (h) .28 . 8042 Sec. Art 12 (f). Rule V.Regulatory Power: Articles 35-36 Page 4 of 25 . 10022 B. Local employment Art. 2) Exception: Art. 13 (c) (d).R. 3 (a) ii. Illegal Recruitment . POEA rules Part I. 26. Prohibited Business Agencies and Entities . NLRC. 12 (f).Articles 34.Arts. 25. 5 as amended by R. 12 (a) (b) (f) 3) Migrant Workers’ Act . 13 (e) (f). Art. Art. non-holders of license . POEA Rules Part II. Worker – Art.Article 32 . March 18.Republic Act 8042 Sec.Travel Agencies (Art. 8042 Secs. Qualifications . 14 (d).R. Rule I. 3. Sec.A. 118943 (2001) d) Government Techniques of Regulation – Private Recruitment Licensing (Requirements) i.Hornales vs. Art. EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES 1) Private Sector –Agencies a) Parties i. 6 as amended c) Allowed and Protected Entities i. 38 . 8042 Sec. Section 3 iii. 584 SCRA 669 (2009) . 18.POEA Rules Part II.POEA Rules Part II.Articles 33. 16. Enforcement . 8042.People vs. Fees . Overseas employment – R.

12 1) Coverage/Exemption – Art.R. Rule II Sec 1 (f).O. .OSM Shipping Phil.O. 9 & 11 4) Revocation/Cancellation/Grounds – D. 582 SCRA 254 (2009) iii. D. 8042.Pacific Consultants International Asia. Inc. Trafficking in Person. Inc. 166920..R. Inc.Abante vs. 19. D. December 4. Overseas Employment – Art. 8042 Sec. Joint and Several Liability of Agent and Principal .R. Feb. 40. March 5.A. 182430.D. 97-09 (SERIES OF 2009). 138193. 8042. 40-42.O. Schonfeld G. D. SEC. No.O. 97-09 Secs 1..R.O. 10 as amended iii. R. 26-02 (SERIES OF 2002). 6. 10 . D.A.A.O. NO. 75-06 (SERIES OF 2006). Alien Employment Regulation  ARTS. NO. 16. 39 ii. NLRC 223 SCRA 341 (1993) 2) Conditions for Grant of Permit/Denial . 12-14 Page 5 of 25 . et al. 7.O. NO.O. G. 8042 Secs. 97-09 Secs.POEA Rules Part II.Visitorial Power: Articles 35 & 37 vi. R. Local Employment – Art. 8042 Sec. NLRC. Sec.2 .Rule-Making Power: Article 36 .A. vs. 14 (a) g) Sanctions i.A.O. 2007 3) Renewal/Validity of AEP – D.O.Almodiel vs. 2001. 2003 e) Jurisdiction i. 9 ii. 2009. RULE XIV  D. 12 (E). 41-03 (SERIES OF 2003). Sec. vii. 12 (f). Convention on the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Prostitution of Others. 10 2nd par. No. D. 97-09 Secs. Gallant Maritime Services.R. Secs.R. POEA over Administrative Cases ..  CONSTITUTION ART XII. vs. 35. 97-09. POEA Standard Employment Contract: Disability Benefits . No. RTC over Criminal Action Arising from Illegal Recruitment . 59-04 (SERIES OF 2004). OMNIBUS RULES IMPLEMENTING THE LABOR CODE BOOK I. RA 9208 and Implementing Rules and Regulations C. 3-6. D. NOS. KGJS Fleet Management Manila. 10 as amended . 28 (a) & (b) f) Employment Offices – Art. 19-02. No. NO. 12 (OMNIBUS GUIDELINES FOR ISSUANCE OF EMPLOYMENT PERMITS TO FOREIGN NATIONALS) NOV. G.Serrano vs. Labor Arbiter over Money Claims of OFWs .

IV. 74 3. LEARNERS 1. 71 7. 57-81  R. Allowed Employers and Occupation: Art. 7796 “Technical Education and Skills Development Authority Act of 1994 “ (TESDA)  R. Sec.A. Qualification: Omnibus Rules Rule VI.A. 7796 Secs. 7796 Sec. 7277 Secs. 7277 Secs. Definition: Art.A. APPRENTICE 1.Bernardo vs. 7277 “Magna Carta for Disable Persons” A. 11. 65-67 C. Enforcement: Secs. CONDITIONS OF WORK Page 6 of 25 . 4 (n) 2.R. 72 6. 73. NLRC. 7277 Sec. 2-3 B.Nitto Enterprises vs.A. RA 7796 Sec. Sec.A. 75-76 D.A. 7277 Sec. 258 SCRA 654 (1995) 5.A.A. 12 as amended by R. Costs: Art. 44-46 VI. Definition: Art. 7686 “Dual Training Systems Act of 1994”  R. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT  Arts.A. 4 (j) (k) 2. PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (HANDICAPPED)  ILO CONVENTION 159 (1983)  R. 7277 Sec. Discrimination: R. Terms and Conditions of Employment: Arts. 7277 1.A. 7610. 4 (a) . Definition: R. Arts.(d) Policy Declaration: R. NLRC & FEBTC. Apprenticeable Occupation: R. 3. 2. 32-33 6. R. 7658 4. POLICY OBJECTIVES . Allowed Employment: Art. 4. 5-7 .A. 2 Coverage: R. 4 (m) 3.A. Enforcement: 8. R. 58 (b). 3 Rights and Privileges: R.A. 7796 Sec. 310 SCRA 186 (1999) 5. 60 . 61.A. Terms and Conditions of Employment: Arts.

Sec.. 141. Managerial Employees – Art 82. Rule I. Normal Hours of Work – Art. Inc. Sec. 2 (e) . 1-A. Sec. At Work – Art. Rest Period 1) Short Duration or “Coffee Break” – Art. Inc. Inc. Sec 2 (1). . Rule I. HOURS OF WORK 1. 489 SCRA 94 (2006) 3. Rule 1. 4 (a) b. 2) More than 20 mins. . but Not Less than 20 Minutes) – Book III. vs. 84 (a). 302 SCRA 582 (1999) 2) Shorter Meal Period (Less than One Hours.. Baganga Plywood Corp. NLRC. 84 2nd parag. Compensable Hours of Work – Art. 85. 2 (f) . 83 9. Specific Rules a. Rule 1 Sec.Reference: Arts 82-90. Government Employees – Constitution Art IX-B. Regulation/Rational . Sec. 297 SCRA 440 (1998) . 7 1st parag. Bautista. Sec. Inc. Page 7 of 25 . 91 Phil 625 (1952) 2.Asia Pacific Christening. Sec. Piece Workers – Art. II A. CIR. 82 5. – Book III. 3 (a).Charlito Penaranda vs. Omnibus rules. vs. Omnibus Rules Book III. 145. Field Personnel – Art. Coverage/Exemptions – Art. vs. 290 SCRA 509 (1998) 8. Rule I. Farolan. Omnibus Rules Book III. Book III. Rule I Sec. Rule I. 2 (d) 6. Omnibus Rules Book III. 7 2nd parag. Vs. Persons in the Personal Service of Another – Art. 2 (d) 7. 458 SCRA 578 (2005) 4. Sec.Manila Terminal Co. Dependent Family Members – Art. 82. Rule 1. Omnibus Rules Book III. 393 SCRA 454 (2004) . Sec. Domestic Helpers – Arts 82. NLRC. 2 (b) (c) . Omnibus Rules. Book III. 276. Book III.Mercidar Fishing Corp. Secs 1-4 a. 83 a. 82. Omnibus Rules. 82. Rule I.Philippine Airlines. 82. Sec 2 (a) b. Rule I. Meal Period 1) Regular Meal Period (One Hour) – Art. rules 1. Sec.Labor Congress vs. Book III. Rules 1. Book III. vs. On Duty – Art. NLRC.Auto Bus Transport Systems. book III. Rule I. 7 1st parag. Rule 1. Book III. 84 (a). Sec. 3 (b) 10. 4 (b) b.

Book III. 5.R. Rule II Sec. Sec. Sec. 247 SCRA 398 (1995) 1.Book III. Rule I. etc. Book III. Book III. NLRC. Book III. rule I. Sec. Night Work – Art. 8 b. altex (Phils. Rule III. Book III. WEEKLY REST PERIODS Reference: Art. 5 (b) e. Secs 1-6. Inactive Due to Work Interruptions – Book III. 6 Premium Pay – Art. Secs. 8-11 a. Sec.Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co. Additional Compensation – Art. Sec. Secs. Coverage/Exclusions – Arts. 86. 4 (c) g. 82. Secs. . 87-90. 91 (a). Rule I. Travel Time . 86. Lepanto Local Staff Union. CBA on Hihger Premium Pay – Art. 87. ILO Convention 89 (1948) 1) Coverage/Exclusion – Book III. Book III. Proof of Work/WEmployer Obligation . Secs. 92. vs. Book III. 1984)+++ f. 170 SCRA 776 (1989) d. Nicasio Galit. 7 (a) (b) 7. Sec. 91 (b). 205 SCRA 69 (1992) 11. 93 (a) (b) (c). NLRC. Rule III. On Call – Book III. 2008) B. 93 (a) (b). No. 562 SCRA 495 (Aug. Book III. Book III. 1-9 Caltex Regular employees. Overtime in Ordinary Working Day – Art. Rule III. 2008) c. 4. Emergency or Compulsory Overtime Work – Art.University of Pangasinan Faculty Union vs. Rule III.Rada vs. 2-5 . sec.Rule III. 6 h. Necessary Work After Normal Hours – Book III. University of Pangasinan. 81 Phil 315 (1948) . Rule I.Book III. 1 Right to Weekly Rest Periods – Art. 20. Sec. Undertime Work/Leave – Art. Sec. 6. Meetings. Page 8 of 25 .R. 3.) Inc.B.Arica vs. 991-93: Omnibus Rules.Rule III. 91. 7 Work on a Sunday or Holiday which is also a Scheduled Rest Day – Art. Training Programs. Rule II. 127 SCRA 691 (Feb. Waiting Time – Book III. G. Book III. 348 SCRA 1 (2000) f. 5 (a) . 4. 7 (e). Lectures. 88 d. 9 2. 87 e. Rule II.Social Security System vs.Rule III. 153510 (Feb 13. Sec. 4 (d) . Rule I. Sec. vs. 89 . 5 Compulsory Work on Rest Day – Art. 1 2) Additional Compensation – Art.Shell Company vs. Sec. 93 (d). Rule I. Overtime Work/Pay – Art.c. Rule I. Michael Press vs. Book III. Rule III. 3 Determination/Preference of Employee – Art.. National Labor Union. Court of Appeals.

Trans-Asia Phil. NLRC. Holiday Pay – Art. Sec. Sec. SERVICE INCENTIVE LEAVE Reference: Art. Inc. 3 b. Executive Order 203 (1987). Definition a. Court of Appeals. 5 3. Coverage – Arts. 4. Rule III.Sentinel Security Agency. 94. vs. G 2. 169-172.C. Divisor as Factor . HOLIDAYS Reference: Art.San Miguel Corp. 94 (b) a. 95 (a). meaning of “at least one year of service” – Book III. Bacungan. Omnibus Rules Book III. Omnibus Rules. 2nd Sentence. NLRC . 320 SCRA 347 (1999) c. Sunday – Art.Mantrade/FMMC Division Employees and Workers Union vs. 2. Sec.Makati Haberdashery Inc. Sec. 8 (a) . PD 1083: RA 9492 . 357 SCRA 311 (2002) 4.A. 1 . Secs. Rule IV. 6 (a). Book III. Service Establishments. Employees Association vs. Book III. Book III. 95 (a) (b). Non-Working Day/Scheduled Rest Day – Book III. Requirements – Art. NLRC 295 SCRA 123 (1998) Page 9 of 25 .Jose Rizal College vs. 156 SCRA 27 (1987) b. Treatment of Benefits – Book III. P. Rule IV Sec. 10 5. Absences – Book III. 6 (c) D. Faculty in Private Schools – Book III. Rule V. Trajano. 1083 “Code of Muslim Personal Laws” (Feb. book III. Book III. Computation and Liability . 3 a. Art. Sec. NLRC.D. Rule V. 245 SCRA 561 (1995) d. Coverage/Exclusions – Art. 94 (a). Rule V 1. f b. Rules Implementing RA 6727. NLRC. rule IV. Sec. vs. vs. 9492 1. 179 SCRA 449 (1989) .Labor Congress vs. rules Implementing RA 6727 parag. parag. 95.Wellington Investment Inc. 144 SCRA 510 (1986) 3. 1 . Rule IV. 2 . Sec. Rule IV. 1977). vs. Rule V. R. Retail Establishments. Muslim Holiday – Art. 290 SCRA 509 (1998) 2. 93 (a) (b). rule V.

42 I. 2. 8187. Art. 171231 (Feb..A. Rules. Art. 2. 2 Conditions – R. 8 d. 2nd sentence H. Coverage – R. Sec. Rules. Sec. 5 Treatment of Benefits – Impl. Sec. 8972 “SOLO PARENT’S WELFARE ACT OF 2000’ 1. Impl. 19. Impl.A. 6. 7. 43. 3. 6. 7 Qualifications of Solo Parent – RA 8972. Coverage – RA 8972. PARENTAL LEAVE – R. Art. V. 8 c. 17. Implementing Rules 1. Sec. Sec. G. 4. Entitlement to leave – RA 9262. 5. Flexible working Schedule – RA 8972.A. 8187 “Paternity Leave Act of 1996”. No.R.. Rules. Bautista. 2. Sec. Sec. Sec. Sec. 4. Sec. PATERNITY LEAVE – R. 2. 43. 458 SCRA 578 (2005) E. Sec. Sec. VICTIM’S LEAVE – RA 9262 “An ACT Defining Violence Against Women and their Children”. 7 Penalty Provisions – R.3. IV. 8187. 17 b.Sec. Work discrimination . Sec. 2010) F. Sec. Rules. VACATION LEAVE/SICK LEAVE PNCC Skyway Traffic Management & Security Division workers Organization (PSTMSDWO) vs. Sec.- Auto Bus Transport Sytems. 3 (a) Criteria – RA 8972. V. Inc. Sec. 1-6. Sec. Sec. 8 Employment-related rights and benefits – RA 8972. Impl. 4. Rules. No. Rules. IV. VI. 8. Defintion/Coverage – RA 9262. SPECIAL LEAVE BENEFITS FOR WOMEN – RA 9710 “Magna Carta of Women” Covered Employees – RA 9710. 3 2. Sec. Sec. 8187. Rules. Rules. Sec. vs. Rules. 5. Rule VI. Impl. 42 1. 7. 8.4 When to avail of Benefits – Implementing Rules.A. PNCC Skyway Corp. Impl. Rules. Secs. Treatment of Benefits/Non-cumulative – Impl. Secs. Impl.A.RA 8972. Art. V. 10 Employment Related Rights and Benefits G. Secs. Sec. Impl. Leave – RA 8972. Art. 3 (d) (e) a. Impl. 3. Rules. 2. SERVICE CHARGES Page 10 of 25 . Sec. Impl. 18 J.

448 SCRA 478 (2005) 2. 164804. Book III. 97-119. Exemption from Income Tax – RA 9504 (June 17. Omnibus Rules. 96 2. Sec. 2-4 1. Duplicators vs.R. NUWHRAIN-APL-IUF. G.Aklan Electric Corp. 2010) a. General Principles a. book III. NCR-15 (June 16. 2 of the National Internal Revenue Code of 1997. Wages – Book III. Book III.Sugue vs. 323 SCRA 258 (2000) b. No work. Coverage – Arts. 2008). Facilities and Supplemental Allowances – Book III. rule VII-A. No. NLRC & Patag. Minimum Wages and Wage Fixing Machinery Reference: Art. 3. Book III.Reference: Art. Art.Arms Taxi vs. No. 2009) VII. Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value – ILO Convention 100 (1951) c. Cash Wage/Commission – 97 (f). 183 SCRA 610 (1990) Boie Takeda vs. NLRC. No pay (A fair day’s wage for fair day’s labor) . Inc. 98. 228 SCRA 329 (1993) Phil. 305 SCRA 500 (1999) c. Rule VII-A.Metropolitan Bank and Trust Co. Sec 4 Songco vs. XIII.R. Amending Sec. vs. 97 (b) (c) (e). 152928 (June 18. Definition – Art. G. MINIMUM WAGE/RIGHT TO – Art. Secs. Constitution.. 241 SCRA 380 (1995) Page 11 of 25 . Nos. G. Inc. NLRC. 97 (f) . No. 96. 213 SCRA 621 (1992) 3. Form: Agreement for Compensation of Services – Art. 2000) d. 100 . Quisumbing. 3 . 181972 (August 25. 164784 (January 30.Millares vs. 2009) . Wage order No.). Sec. 4. NLRC & PICOP. 289 SCRA 433 (1998) b. 96 . Rule VII. NLRC. 4-7 . 4-7. – International School Alliance of Educators vs. 219 SCRA 306 (1993) e. R. Rule VII. 97 (f) .R. NLRC. vs. Secs.Iran vs. Rule VI 1. rules VII-VIII A. NLRC. De la Serna.R. 99. Hoteliers. Triumph International (Phils. pars. Sharing – Art. Omnibus rules. 128845 (June 1. NON-DIMINUTION OF BENEFITS – Art. NLRC. Covered Employees – Art. Determination of Compliance with Minimum Wage . vs. 2009) K.Phi. Omnibus Rules.Chavez vs. NLRC.Philippine Fisheries Development Authority vs.

Art. Effects on Benefits – Art. Sec. RA 6727. 225 SCRA 562 (1993) B. 123. 125. Wage Oder No. Associated Labor Union. Arts. Differences Plastic Town Center Corp. Sec.. Agencies in Wage Fixing Machinery a. 423 SCRA 148 (2004) d. 25. 2010. 1705. 102-105. 104. NLRC. 2 2. Wage Distortion – RA 6727. 126 . 3. 302 SCRA 74 (1999) . ILO Convention 95 (1949) a. 3. NLRC. National Wages and Productivity Commission – RA 6727. 3 c. National Wages and Productivity Commission. 103. Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Board – RA. NCR-15 a. Freedom to Bargain – Art. 1996) Page 12 of 25 . 4 (See: Labor Advisory on Payment of Salaries thru ATM (Nov. Rule VIII. Book III. vs. Sec. Inc. NCR-14. Sec. 1705.Standards and Criteria for Wage Fixing – RA 6727. Penalty for violation – RA 6727.Prubankers Association vs. 120127. 120. June 16. June 11. Gratuity and Salary/Wages. 1996 5. 2. Art.Bankard Employees Union-WATU vs. 6727. 124. Sec. RA 8188. Civil Code. Sec. Arts 122. 3. 102. 243 SCRA 260 (1995) b.. Form of Payment – Art.Wage payment and Protection – Art. 3. 1. Validity - Cagayan Sugar Milling Co.Davao Fruits Corp. Sec. 1. 120-127. 172 SCRA 580 (1989) e. Wage Rationalization Act (RA 6727) amending Art. 124 .Nasipit Lumber Co. vs. 284 SCRA 150 (1998) c. Secs. 2nd Para. Sec. vs. 289 SCRA 667 (1998) 3. Sec.Wage Order – RA 6721. 3. NLRC.Employers Confederation of the Phils vs. 121. Arts. NLRC. Rule IX. WAGE FIXING MACHINERY Reference: ILO Convention 26 (1928). Wage Order No. Sec. vs. Civil Code. Prudential Bank & Trust Co. Omnibus Rules. e. 2 .Congson vs. Methods of Wage Fixing 1) Floor Wage Method 2) Salary-Ceiling Method . Art 124 4. Place of Payment – Art.Rationale for Wage Rationalization – RA 6727. Art. 12. 126 b.- d. Art. Time of Payment – Art. Book III. 100 . 201 SCRA 759 (1991) b. Secretary of Labor and Employment.

13 h. 621-642 (1997) 9. vs. 2009. Sec.Apodaca vs. Rule VIII. al. Peralta. HISTORY OF THE LAW .Ultra Villa Food Haus vs. 235 SCRA 556 (1994) d. 9 b. 2246. Book III. 2242 (3).R.Worker Preference in the Event of Bankruptcy – Art. Rule X. 2009 . 110. 7. G. 111: Book III. 2250 . vs. Sec. Rule X. 113. RATIONALE – PD 851. 118 g. 13TH MONTH PAY A. No. COVERAGE .R.Cirineo Bowling Plaza vs.Five J Taxi vs. Rule VIII. 279 SCRA 602. 2010 c. Rule VIII. 1-5 . Deduction to Ensure Employment – Art. 181 SCRA 386 (1990) i. Court of Appeals.R. False Reporting – Art. Sec.al. Inc. 172 SCRA 442 (1989) .Balladares. Tosoc. 115. 171275.Dentech Manufacturing Corp. July13. Sec. 309 SCRA 17 (1999) C. Inc. 119: Bool III. 172 SCRA 588 (1989) B. Wage Recovery/Jurisdiction – Art. 182114. Retaliatory Measures – Art. Secs. Arts 1207. 172 SCRA 588 (1989) . 10 . Art. G.Republic vs. 105 Phil.Manila Banking Corp. 448 SCRA 175 (2005) . 128. 161794. 114.Dentech Manufacturing Corp. April 5. NLRC. Garnishment/Executiion – Civil Code. VIII.Genesis Transport Service.Meteoro. 244 SCRA 750 (1995) . 2248. 11 .GAA vs. Art. Wage Deductions – Art. book III. June 16. Sec.Wage Prohibitions – ILO Convention 95 (1949) a. 231 (1959) 6. NLRC. et. Geniston. 217. Book III. 112. Withholding of Wages – Art. et. vs. No. Civil Code.Whereas Clauses and Limitations Page 13 of 25 . vs. 1706 e. Requirement to make deposits for loss or damage – Arts. Inc. 105. 1708 . 5. NLRC.d. Creative Creatures. 150 SCRA 37 (1987) . No. Civil Code.6 – Bermiso vs.. 2244 (2). G. Escano. Inc. 116.South Motorists Enterprises vs. NLRC. Book III. vs. 117 f. Secs. Keeping of Employees Records in a Place other than the Workplace . Gerry Sensing. NLRC. UMMGT & Taroy. Direct Payment of Wages – Art. Peak Ventures. Rule VIII.. 2241 (6). vs. 140 SCRA 304 (1985) 7. vs. Interference in Disposal of Wages – Art. NLRC. 129.Archilles Manufacturing Corp.

Drilon. 272 SCRA 596 (1997) Page 14 of 25 . Book III.R. NLRC. II. sec. NLRC. G. 2009 . 171 SCRA 87 (1989) E. 225 SCRA 562 (1993) IX. 14 . vs. vs. vs. NLRC. WORKING CONDITIONS FOR SPECIAL GROUPS OF WORKERS References: Arts. 180866. Arts.Davao Fruits Corp. vs. AMOUNT AND DATE OF PAYMENT – Revised Guidelines on the Implementation of the 13th Month Pay Law 1. 2010 .. vs. Telegraph and Telephone Co. 13 & XIII. 163 SCRA 386 (1988) . Inc. vs. Basic Wage/Commissions . AntiSexual Harassment Act of 1995 (RA 7877). March 25. 168654. No. Appliance Corp. Magna Carta of Women (RA 9710) WOMEN A. NLRC.Iran vs. 460 SCRA 186 (2005) 2.Boie Takeda vs.Framanlis Farms. 1. XIII. Constitution. March 2.Honda Phils.D. Laya Mananghaya & Co. No.Protacio vs. Substitute Payment . DIMINUTION .. Court of Appeals. 177 SCRA 160 (1989) F. Art. 14. 228 SCRA 329 (1993) . Woemn in Development and Nation Building Act (RA 7192). Rule XII. De la Serna. Sec.Philippine Association of Service Exporters vs. sec. Sec. 241 SCRA 380 (1995) B. Sec. vs. Associated Labor Unions. Inc. WOMEN UNDER THE CONSTITUTION – Art II. NLRC.Kamaya Port Hotel vs. Samahan ng Malayang Manggagawa sa Honda. Omnibus Rules. 289 SCRA 433 (1998) . NATURE . 14TH MONTH PAY . Anti-Violence Against Women and their children Act of 2004 (RA 9262).Lepanto Ceramics.Phil. Lepanto Ceramics Employees Association. Inc. 14. BONUS A.R. Inc.Philippine Duplicators. G. DEFINITION/WHEN DEMANDABLE . 430 SCRA 525 (2004) X.Phil. 130-138.

17. 132. 135. Night Work/Exceptions – Art. 2 para. Rule IV. 134. Rules. Discharge on Account of Pregnancy – Art. EQUAL TREATMENT BEFORE THE LAW – RA 9710. ILO Conventions 100 (1951) and iii (1958). Book III. Glaxo Wellcome. Discrimination – Art. 18. April 28. Sec. 2000 . Secs. 21 H. SEXUAL HARRASSMENT ACT OF 1995 (RA 7877) . FACILITIES – Arts. 17 (8) c. Rayala. Rule XII. 137 (2) (3) f. 12 D. Discharge on Account of Testimony – Book III.B. RA 7610 of 1992 as amended by RA 9231 (Special Protection of Children Act of 2003. Deparment Circular No. G. Book III. 2. Sec. Rule II. Impl.Duncan Association of Detailman-PTGWO vs. (4 (k). Page 15 of 25 . G. Rule XII. Rules. Maternity Leave – Social Security Law of 1997 (RA 1161 as amended by RA 8282). Book III. 1. 138 G. 13 (d) g. vs. Discharge to prevent enjoyment of benefits – Art. Rule XII. Secs. No. Stipulation Against Marriage – Art. Rule XII.R. 546 SCRA 90 (2008) MINORS References: Arts. Sec. Secs. Omnibus Rules. ILO Convention 89 (1948) b. RA 9710. PROHIBITED ACTS a. Impl.Domingo vs. RA 8282 b. Secs. 2 par. Victim Leave – RA 9262. NLRC. COVERAGE – Omnibus Rules. 11 c. 124617. Sept. 14-A. 3. 13 (c) E. 7 T. 1 C. 136 . 2004 d. 42. Rule VI. 162994. Expulsion of Women faculty due to pregnancy outside of marriage – RA 9710. Sec. RA 9710.R. 2-3. 137 (1) e. Sec. Sec. LEAVES AND OTHER BENEFITS a. 11 F.130-131. 3. Sec. 43. 139-140. Sc. CEDAW Art. Sec. Sec.Philip Aeolus Automotive United Corp. SPECIAL WOMEN WORKERS – Art. Special Leave Benefits (for Gynecological Disorders) – RA 9710.

1 3. 12. 151. Arts. Art. Hours of work – RA 9231.Time and manner of payment – Book III. 9 b. 4 HOMEWORKERS A. 1992. No.O. 1694 f. Compensation – Art. 1697 2) Not fixed – Art. Art. Rule XIII. Definition – Rule XIII. 5 on Sec. Hazardous work for persons below 18 years old – D. 14 6.Series of 2009 (Procedure for Closure of Business under RA 9231) 1. Department Order No.Sec. 139. 4. Feb. 1698 i. 146. Term of Contract – Art. 153-155. 142.Coverage – RA 9231. 9 on Sec. 5. 13 2. Sec. 1696. 12-16.Apex Mining Co. Rule XIII A. Civil Code. 3 on Sec. Civil Code. 1 (b) B. 1695 d. Employment of children – Art. Employment Certification – Art. Civil Code. Non-Household Work – Art. 16 l. 2. Coverage and Regulation – Art. Living Quarters. Secs. Conditions of Employment – Art. 149. DOLE D. 144: Civil Code. 1692 h. NLRC. Rule XIV Page 16 of 25 . Medical Attendance – Art. Sec. Civil Code. vs. 148. 16-A HOUSEHELPERS/CAREGIVERS References: Arts. 196 SCRA 251 D. Sec. Srt. Art. RA 7610 as amended. 1691 g. 1699 j. 147. Civil Code. Sec. 168 . Hours of Work – Civil Code. 141-152. 3 on Sec. 143. 4-99. Omnivbus Rules. Civil Code. Sec. Jurisdiction – Sec. 152 k. 140 7. 150. 12-a 5. 3 on Sec. 1689-1699 a. DOLE. Sec. Art. Book III. 1689 e. Art. Coverage – Art. Omnibus Rules.O. Book III. Civil Code. Employment Records – Art. Sec.Minors under the Constitution – Art.Rule XIII. Art. Sec. Vacation with pay –Civil Code. 145 . Food. Treatment – Art. 1695 c. 141-152. Discrimination – Art.Rule XII. Termination 1) Fixed Duration – Art. 04. par. Elementary Education – Art. 12-d. Prohibitions against the worst forms of child labor – Sec. Art. Funeral Expenses – Civil Code. Series of 1999 Re: Hazardous work for persons below 18 years old 4. Art. Civil Code Art. now book III. 141 C.Art. Book III. II.

Omnibus Rules. C. Secs.B. 156 C. 6-9 DO No. Series of 1998) XII. 166-208 were repealed by SSS Law of 1997. DO No. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT Reference: Constitution. Occupational Safety and Health Standards. G. 1 B. 276. 1-10 A. Sec. Rule I. Re: 209. 157 . 13 DO No.Secs. Arts. rules II. 2. 178827. 4. Book V. EMPLOYEE CLASSIFICATION SEE DISCUSSION IN PART I. Rule II. DENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY Reference: Art. Rule I. Emergency Medical and Dental Services 1. Secs. DENTAL. DO No.Escasinas vs. Book IV. Book IV. When required – Art. 5 Enforcement – Sec. DO No. Book V. Rule XIII A. 5 Registration .. Sec.Rule II. 10. Shangri-la’s Mactan Island Resort. 5 Prohibitions – Secs. 2009 2. 8: See also Technical Guidelines for Hazardous/Non-Hazardous establishment. Art. Enforcement/DOLE Obligations – Art. Secs. 162-165 (Note: Arts. Sec. DO No. 5 Conditions of Employment/Deductions – Secs. 5 (e) F.R. 1-1-. 2. 277 (b): Omnibus Rules. D XIII.Employer Assistance/Obligation – Art. First Aid Treatment – Art. When not required – Art. XIII. 3. No. Book VI. 4 & 6.Rule I. Coverage – Arts. Rule I. F. G. Sec. Training of Supervisors/Technicians 1) When Required – Book IV. Sec. Definition – Sec. Mar. 1 Page 17 of 25 . 5 (a) (d) 2) When not Required – Book IV. 282-286.Coverage – book IV. 161 C. 11. E. DOLE Memo Circular No. 5 Joint and Several Liability of employer/contractor – Sec. D. 5 XI. 158 D. see NHI Law 166-208. Rule II. 156-165.

Burden of Proof – Art. 174644. G. 29.R. G.Coca Cola Bottlers vs.The Philippine American Life & General Insurance Co. ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corp.Coverage . 175283.Consti. Moreno vs. et. August 9.Pepsi Cola Product Phils. No. NO.R. 187200. No. 186 SCRA 465 (1990) . 2008 . Just Causes – Art.Oriental Shipmanagement C. 26. No. Silahis International Hotel. No. Aug..TIP Teachers & Employees Organization (TIPTEO) vs. vs..B..Nature and Rationale . Alejandro.Labajo vs. Glaxo Wellcome Phils.Llosa Tan vs. Without Just Cause: Requisites – 285 (a). CA G.Lawful Dismissal: Concurrence of Substantive and Procedural Due Process . 2007 .Duncan Association of Detailman-PTGWO vs. vs. Resignation .Inter-Orient Maritime Enterprises. G. 25.Globe Teleco vs.R. Hon.Consequences of Illegal Dismissal – Art. 28. 150278. Gramaje. NLRC. Valentina Garcia. 2007 1.Security of Tenure – Art. NLRC. 2006) . CA 480 SCRA 100 (Jan. G.R.Guidelines on Imposition of Penalties .R. July 24. Jan 31. G.Management Prerogative . 2007 . 277 (b) .R. CA.Lazaro V. Dacut. Talde. 2007 4. 2007 .R. April 14.R.Espina vs. 2005 . San Sebastian College-Recoletos. No. 28. Vs.R.Jackqui R. 431 SCRA 361 (2004) 2. CA. 169434. Mar. 2008 7. vs. vs.Azcor vs. 303 SCRA 26 (1999) Page 18 of 25 . NLRC. G. Inc. Santos. 164582. No. 146530. G. G. 175283.R. III. G. CA. 438 SCRA 343 (2004) . Mar. vs. 164532. 2008 C.Termination of Employment By Employee 1. 285 (b) 3.Landtex Industries vs. Mar. No.Golden Ace Builders & Azul vs. Inc. 10. 17. Art.Chavez vs.R. 18 (2) . al. 1.Duldulao vs. Mar.Sonza vs. Court of appeals. E. 442 SCRA 274 (2004) .R. Jan. 181 SCRA 736 (1990) . G. NLRC. 2010 6.Philippine Daily Inquirer vs. Sec. No. 166 SCRA 747 (1988) . G.V. 235 SCRA 268 (1994) 3. No. 159625. 279. 277 (b) 3rd Sentence . 164893. 2008 5.Skillworld Management and Marketing Corp. Magtibay. Mar. 279 . No. Crisologo. 2008 2. May 5. 165968.

2010 . 322 SCRA 283 (2000) 4. et.G. April 5. Associated Bank. Lado. 25. NLRC. Nino. 19. 2009 d. 279.- A Prime Security Services.Termination of Employment by Employer 1.Ocean East Agency Corp. G.Formantes vs. vs.R. G. Lukes Medical Center. Destiny Financial Plans. Javilgas. CA. 259 SCRA 485 (1996) . 180302. G.G. 178520. 2009 . 185933. No. 16. Ignacio. 2010 4) Commission of a Crime – Art. 169173.R. 183383. 164423. vs. G. 179702. 174141. 2005) D. 2002) . Sky Cable PCC-Baguio. al. 175960.R. June 16. Just Causes – Requisites 1) Serious Misconduct/Willful Disobedience (Insubordination) . Enriquez.R. Duncan Pharmaceuticals. June 5. Inc. Inc.R.282 (e) . No.National Bookstore vs. No. 287 SCRA 546 (1998) b. 2009 .Triumph International (Phil) vs. Book VI. 4. 214 SCRA 551 (1992) . Ferrer. 2. 282. et. 168 SCRA 600 (1988) Page 19 of 25 .R. Schema Konsult. 2009 . No.Gilles vs.Lim Vs. Inc.Padilla Machine Shop vs. No. No.R. Amellar Corp.Pentagon Stell Corp. G. Feb. G. No. 2009 2) Gross and Habitual Neglect of Duties – Art. Dec. vs. Feb. G. June 5. vs.. 170661. June 26.Areno vs. No.R.Substantive Requirements/Just Causes – Art. NLRC. 5. June 9.R. Inc. 282 (d) c.R. 277 (b) a. 168215. CA. Feb.286. Forced Resignation . No. Fabrigo. vs. vs. No. 2010 .St. Analogous Causes . G. No. 2009 .R. vs. vs. CA 378 SCRA 194 (Feb. No. al. Rule I. Other Causes 1) Abandonment .AMA Computer College – East Rizal. Apostol. 2008 2) Courtesy Resignation . 282 (a) . Sec. 282 (b) . al. NLRC.Cathedral School of Technology vs. 2010 . vs.Art.M + W Zander Phil. 149273.Nov.Benjamin and Consolacion vs.R.Bibiana Farms & Mills. NLRC. Feb. 2009 . Performance of Military or Civic Duties – Art.G. 157861.LBC Express-Metro Manila. 282 © . 2009 3) Loss of Trust and Confidence – Art. Phils. June 23. G. Inc. No. et.JSS Indochina Corp.Ancheta vs. Rufino A. Basis-Employer Right . 473 SCRA 120 (Oct. 27. 12 5.Batongbacal vs. G.R.

NLRC. March 30.Penaflor vs. Nicasio S. 326 SCRA 208 (Feb. Omnibus Rules (old Provision – Prior to DO40-03 which revised Book V and delted Rule XXIII. 2008 10) Qualification Requirements . NLRC.162053. 2009 . 26.Telegraph vs. Wyeth Phil.R. Civil Service Commission. 25. 7.R. vs. 2007 4) Habitual Absenteeism.Janssen Pharmaceuticals vs. vs.G.G. 241 SCRA 506 (1995) 6) Past Offenses . Promotion . Jr. 23. 2004 8) Immorality . 126428. 20.Sampaguita Garments Corp. No. Mar.B.G. 29.R. Inc.R. 4. Potillas. 2006 SMC vs. Treasure Island Industrial. National Labor Relations Commission. April 13. Lukes Medical Center Employees Association-AFW (SLMCEA-AFW) vs.Pamantasan vs. 233 SCRA 260 (1994) . Outdoor Clothing Manufacturing Corp. NLRC & Martinez. 2008 Herida vs. vs.Gustilo vs. G. 153519 Feb. 155178. 22.3) Change of Ownership . PVB.Phil. B. No.Pido vs. 2000 . NO.G. Secs.G. Preventive Suspension . May 7.R. G. Silayro. Galit.Jan. F &C Pawnshop & Jewelry Store. 8&9. et. 263 SCRA 531 (1996) . Angelo C.Gatbonton vs. NLRC. Feb.Manila Electric Co. 479 SCRA 416 (Jan 23. 2007 Page 20 of 25 Westmont Pharmaceuticals. NLRC. G. NLRC. 28. 267 SCRA 117 (March 6.R. Feb. April 16. No.Phil. Inc. 172601. Jardine CMG. No.R.Santos vs. No. vs.R.. 412 SCRA 263 (Sept. 2008 . 172528.Ramoran vs. No. 2006) . Feb 23. vs. 177114. Mar. G.R. 482 SCRA 611. 2007 e. 169812.Book V. 440 SCRA 67 (Oct. At present. NLRC. 2003) h. 2008 5) Fixed-Term Employment . No.Manlimos vs. No. al. no specific rule governs Preventive Suspension . 173151.R. 242 SCRA 145 (1995) . CA.Medenilla vs. 188882.R. 2010 .Eduardo Bughaw.Elcee Farms Inc. 2000) 7) Habitual Infractions . Transfer g. NLRC. Constructive Dismissal . Michael Press vs. 328 SCRA 1 Mar 13. G.St.Tardiness . 2010 f.Rule XXIII. NO. Samaniego. 1998) 9) Conviction/Commission of a Crime . Veterans Bank vs.

Crayons Processing vs. 167706. G.R. 2007 Page 21 of 25 .2. CA.. 2009 4) Closure of Business – Art. July 20. 2009 3) Redundancy – Art. 284 .JPL Marketing Promotions vs. No.R.Agabon vs. No. et. 2007 d. No. San Miguel Foods. Enforcement of Union Security Clause in CBA . No. Sec. 166705. vs. Basis. 28. Art.Andrada vs. 283 2) Retrenchment to Prevent Losses – Art. No.Inguillo & Bergante vs. G. Rule I. 202 SCRA 7 (1991) 3. 2010 b. 559 SCRA 252 (July 2008) . 156964. 2009 . 283. Hernandez. 167727. Right to Counsel . 2000) 2. al. 17.Babon. Business-related or Authorized Causes 1) Installation of Labor-saving Devices – Art. Nov. Astorga. 182299. Rule I. G. June 29. 2.v 5. vs. Book VI.R. PAL. Feb. No. No. Pula. al.G. G. Oct.Smart communications.G..Eastridge Goldf Club. No. Inc. et.Edge Apparel Inc. Berbano. NLRC.R. No. 165199. Scales. 442 SCRA 573. 27.Hotel Enterprises of the Phil. Inc. vs. Procedural Requirements – Art. Substantive Requirements/Business Related Causes –Art. Eastridge Labor Union-Super. G. NLRC and Isetann. No.R. 2009 E.Mantle Trading Services. 173232. vs. 283 . Nos. 283 . July 4. 286 SCRA 302 (1998) b. In General: Essential Elements of Due Process a.Employer Right . 2004 . 148132. June 5. 151079. G. Inc. Disease – Art.No. 165407. No. Inc. Inc. 563 SCRA 93 (August 2008) 5) Temporary Closure/Bona Fide fide Suspension of operations – Art. NLRC & Magic Sales. 398 SCRA 301 (Feb.Serrano vs. Jan. NLRC. First Phil.R.Cabigting vs. Mamac. NLRC. 178083.Magro Placement vs. 2009 .R. PAL.Vicente Sy vs. NLRC. 27. Nov. Inc. G. Dec. 323 SCRA 445 (Jan. 2007 .R.. June 5. 2009 .Flight Attendants & Stewards Association of the Phils. July 28. vs. 27.R. 2008 . Liability for non-compliance with procedural requirements . Samahan ng Manggagawa sa HyattNUWHRAIN. 283 .FASAP vs. Book VI. 1-3 1. G.King of Kings Transport vs. G. 165756. Compliance with the Twin requirements of notice and hearing . 2003) .R. NLRC and Riviera Home. vs. Regina M. Secs. 166208. No. 22. 286 .G.R. vs. 2007 . Inc. Omnibus Rules. 277 (b). CA. 9 a. 463 SCRA 136 (July 2005) c. 28.PLDT vs.R. Jr. Inc. Notice . 151372.Salaw vs.

No. vs. Mar. 2010 b. 12. Burden of Proof - Macasero vs. Decision/Award – Constitution Art. G. vs. 2007 .G.R.Bul-an.R. 188002.Mindanao Times Corp.Technol Eight Phil. 297 SCRA 508 (Oct. Inc. vs. CA & Valcueba. In General a.Cruz. al. NLRC. 223 . et. al.ABD Overseas vs. 1.R. SCRA 140 (Nov. Reliefs/Remedies in Illegal Dismissal – Art. Prescription – Art. Feb. 279. 2009 7. 223 1.R. 254 SCRA 211 (1996) 12. 167701. 2010 6. 175040. 8. vs. April 7.R.R. et. G. Hearing Proper . No.Kulas Ideas & Creations. Inc.Ramirez vs. 13. et. 2008 . Criminal Cases . G. G.Jr. 183233. Inciong. 444. 166 SCRA 1 (1988) . Southern Industrial Gases.. No. Reinstatement Page 22 of 25 Lopez vs.. April 6. Phils.Talam vs. No.Lacorte vs. Phil. 178524.Perez vs.R.Victory Liner. No..Dec. Race. 2010 10. 152048. Dismissal of case on purely technical ground . No.Telegraph and Telephone Co. G. Civil Code. 2004) 11. 4. Feb. 187605. G. 5. G. 2009 5.R. VIII. NOLRC. NLRC. Confesor.R. 2004 3.Quiambao vs. Good Faith of Employee . 2007 . Corp.R. No. Coca Cola Bottlers Phils. No. NLRC. No. 18. Art. Use of Position Paper . Quitclaim . G. vs. 1998) . Dec. Quantum of Proof: Substantial Evidence .. 2010 .2. 460 SCRA 340 (June 2005) 13. 14 .. Atiro. 180123. 1146 . Appeal Bond: Jurisdictional – Art. 183417. Alcoseba & Arao-Arao. Dec. & The Software Factory. al. Sec. vs. Feb. NLRC.G.Quintano vs. Inc. 25. NLRC & AMULAR. 164820. 23.Seastar Marine Services. 2010 F. NLRC 4th Div. No.De Guzman vs.Goodrich Manufacturing Corp. vs. al. 446 SCRA 193 (Dec. Asian Construction.frowned upon .R. April 13. Hearing a. 182626. 291. No. et. G. Jan 30. 2009 .Anabe vs.. 28. 286 SCRA 454 (1998) 4.

2003) b) Economic/Business Conditions .Espejo vs. vs. G. Aeolus Automotive United Corp.Phil.Retuya vs.Star Paper Corp.. G. 28. Vs.Acesite Corp. vs. No. 143 SCRA 346 (1986) d) Employees Retirement/Over age . Nov. 159919. Dumarpa.Aurora land etc.College of Immaculate Concepcion vs. 154006. 172799. NLRC. Damages and Attorneys Fees .St. Michael’s Institute vs.R. vs.G. Jan. al.Bustamante vs. al.R. 2001) 2) Computation . 223 .Mercury Drug Co. 2006 3) Fringe Benefits . Ph. Amkor Technology. 2009 5) No Refund Doctrine . No. 482 SCRA 611 (Feb. vs. vs. of Labor.. 2007 a) Closure of Business . NLRC.Inc.R. Aug.R. Sec. Santos.D. 20. PAL. 20. 4. vs. Samaniego.. when applicable . 266 SCRA 48 (1997) . 2007 2) Exceptions .Lansangan et.G. Inc. Villanueva.1) Definition . No. 371 SCRA 383 (Dec. 8. NLRC & Atty. 30. Nov. vs. 2005) 2.Asian Termnals. No.Union of Supervisors. Inc. G. NLRC. Johnson Office and Sales Union. 255 SCRA 430 (1996) e) Antipathy and Antagonism-Strained Relations . Garcia. Phils. Marius F.Johnson & Johnson vs. 449 SCRA 360 (Jan. CIR. Jan. 26. No. 265 SCRA 01 (1996) . No.Divine Word High School vs. 2006) 3) Offer to Reinstate . NLRC. 56 SCRA 694 (1974) . NLRC. 2.R. Espiritu. 212 SCRA 631 (1992) 4) Payroll Reinstatement –Art. NLRC. G.Westmont Pharmaceuticals. March 22. 2009 b.R.Juanito A. etc. Backwages 1) Effect of Failure to Order . 2010 6) Reinstatement as Interim Relief.Composite Enterprises vs.R. et. Caparoso. Hon. Carlos . No. 177026. vs. 408 SCRA 315 (August 5. 128 SCRA 442 (1984) c) Employees Unsuitability . July 6. 143219. 2006 . vs. G.Ranara vs. 167563. Inc. 2000) Page 23 of 25 . NLRC. 164856. 331 SCRA 237 (April 28.

Enriquez. 2003) M+W Zander Phil. as amended by RA 8558 (Feb. 7641. 26. 1999). No. Inc. 442 SCRA 573 (Nov. Inc. Javate. 2000) Agabon vs. NLM-KATIPUNAN. GR. 165951.3. 27. Separation Pay - Reyes vs. et. 481 SCRA 591 (Feb. UCPB. G.SolidBank Corp. 1996) Reduced Retirement Age of Underground Workers from 60 to 50 Page 24 of 25 . 480 SCRA 328 (Jan. G. 323 SCRA 445 (Jan. vs. Implementing Rule of RA 7641. 2007 . 169173. 15. G. Taran.R. RA No. 172199. 6. 2009 IX. June 23.Palteng vs. 163924. G. 178520. No.R. No. March 30.R. 2009 “J” Marketing Corp. No.Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company vs. 27. 2006) a) Backwages and Separation Pay.San Miguel Corp.R.Business Day Information Systems and Services. Liability of Corporate Officers . 27. No. March 15. 147590. NLRC. NLRC. 2004) 6. 409 SCRA 267 (Aug. 2010 . G. June 5. 2010 . 2009 b) Computation/Rationale .Triad Security and Allied Services vs. Financial Assistance When Allowed/Not Allowed . 205 SCRA 469 (1992) 4.AMA Computer College-East Rizal. vs.Carag vs. No.R. 164 SCRA 671 (1988) 5. NLRC. al. Feb.Apr. 164016. 2006) . 287. No. 221 SCRA 9 (1993) . 13. al. NLRC.Reno Foods. Antonio. Indemnity Serrano vs. 17. Inc. et. NLRC. Ortega. NLRC and Isetann. Distinct Reliefs . CA. G. vs. NLRC. Oct. RETIREMENT References: Art.R. NLRC. Inc. 183 SCRA 610 (1990) c) Effect of Receipt .. 2009 Eastern Shipping Lines. 171587. 2009 Ha Yuan Restaurant vs. G. vs.R. vs. Labor Advisory on Retirement Pay (Oct.. 2. Ignacio. vs. vs. vs. June 18.Songco vs.

vs. 2006 C.R. 2007 A. 2006 G. 166198. PNB. No. 2007 Reyes vs. 559 SCRA 26 (July 2008) D.2 . 19.Ozales vs.. 9. Airline Pilots Association of the Phils. 2002) E. 2009 Page 25 of 25 . NLRC. 162775. Catalina vs. Reuters Ltd. 560 SCRA 115 (July 2008) B. July 17. WHEN RA 7641 IS APPLICABLE . 466 SCRA 152 (Aug. Philex Mining Corp. No.R. 2005) . 160618. No. G. 466 SCRA 686 (Aug.- Interncontinental Broadcasting Corp. vs. 1467993. EQUITABLE SOLUTION . 160233 Aug. April 22.. No. 2005) . RETROACTIVE APPLICATION OF RA 7641 .Universal Robina Sugar Milling Corp.R. RETIREMENT PAY DIFFERENTIAL . 16.R. Nov. 373 SCRA 302 (Jan.Equitable PCI Bank vs. Silliman University. Caballeda. No. NLRC. 155639. G.R. G. Unilab. Inc. 2003) . VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT . Amarilla et. Unilab. Mar. No. THREE KINDS OF RETIREMENT PLANS . 448 SCRA 535 (Jan.Sta. Phils. G.Enriquez Security Services. al. No. Oct.Ariola vs. Caguia.Sy vs. 416 SCRA 233 (Nov.PLDT vs. 2.Rivera vs. 557 SCRA 379 (July 2008) H. G. vs. 2006 Jaculbe vs.. Reus. COMPONENTS OF ONE-HALF MONTH PAY/SALARY – GUIDELINES 5.Gerlach vs. G. MANAGEMENT PREROGATIVE . 15. 17. 2005) F. 8.Magdadaro vs. 156934.R. Cabotaje. G. 2009 I.PAL vs.R. July 21. Metropolitan Bank and Trust Co. 27. FORFEITURE OF BENEFITS .