Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by our company for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of our company. We reserve the right to change specifications at any time without notice.

Trademarks: Other product and company names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

COMPLIANCES
EC Conformance Declaration
Marking by the above symbol indicates compliance with the Essential Requirements of the R&TTE Directive of the European Union (1999/5/EC). This equipment meets the following conformance standards: EN 300 328 EN 301 489-1 EN 301 489-17 EN 60950

i

COMPLIANCES Safety Compliance Wichtige Sicherheitshinweise (Germany) 1. e. 0. 4. Zum Netzanschluß dieses Gerätes ist eine geprüfte Leitung zu verwenden. f. Wenn folgende Situationen auftreten ist das Gerät vom Stromnetz zu trennen und von einer qualifizierten Servicestelle zu überprüfen: a. sind zu beachten. Verwenden Sie keine Flüssigoder Aerosolreiniger. 10. 3G. 7. Vor jedem Reinigen ist das Gerät vom Stromnetz zu trennen. Am besten eignet sich ein angefeuchtetes Tuch zur Reinigung. Wenn das Gerät deutliche Anzeichen eines Defektes aufweist. c. 5. 9. daß diese Öffnungen nicht abgedeckt werden. 3. Verlegen Sie die Netzanschlußleitung so. ii . 12. d. Das Gerät ist gefallen und/oder das Gehäuse ist beschädigt. 15. Das Gerät ist vor Feuchtigkeit zu schützen. Heben Sie diese Anleitung für den späteren Gebrauch auf. die das Gerät vor Überhitzung schützt. Bei der Aufstellung des Gerätes ist auf sicheren Stand zu achten. daß niemand darüber fallen kann. sollten Sie es vom Stromnetz trennen. Ein Kippen oder Fallen könnte Beschädigungen hervorrufen. 6.75 mm2 einzusetzen. Der arbeitsplatzbezogene Schalldruckpegel nach DIN 45 635 Teil 1000 beträgt 70 dB(A) oder weniger. Beachten Sie beim Anschluß an das Stromnetz die Anschlußwerte. die sich am Gerät befinden. 2. Öffnen sie niemals das Gerät. Die Netzanschlu ßsteckdose soll nahe dem Gerät angebracht und leicht zugänglich sein. Netzkabel oder Netzstecker sind beschädigt. b. Somit wird im Falle einer Überspannung eine Beschädigung vermieden. 13. Das Gerät darf aus Gründen der elektrischen Sicherheit nur von authorisiertem Servicepersonal geöffnet werden. 8. elektrischen Schlag auslösen. Durch die Lüftungsöffnungen dürfen niemals Gegenstände oder Flüssigkeiten in das Gerät gelangen. Das Gerät war Feuchtigkeit ausgesetzt. Die Belüftungsöffnungen dienen der Luftzirkulation. Für einen Nennstrom bis 6 A und einem Gerätegewicht größer 3 kg ist eine Leitung nicht leichter als H05VV-F. 14. Alle Hinweise und Warnungen. Bitte lesen Sie diese Hinweise sorgfältig durch. Sorgen Sie dafür. Es sollte auch nichts auf der Leitung abgestellt werden. Dies könnte einen Brand bzw. Flüssigkeit ist in das Gerät eingedrungen. 11. Wird das Gerät über einen längeren Zeitraum nicht benutzt. Wenn das Gerät nicht der Bedienungsanleitung entsprechend funktioniert oder Sie mit Hilfe dieser Anleitung keine Verbesserung erzielen.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 TCP/IP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Windows 2000 . . . . . . . . . 4-2 Making Configuration Changes . . 2-1 Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 Navigating the Management Interface . . . . . . .1-1 About the VoIP Router . . . . . . . . 2-2 Hardware Description . . . 2-2 LED Indicators . . . Configuring Your Macintosh Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disable HTTP Proxy . . . . . . Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 Wall-Mount Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 iii . . . . VoIP (Voice over IP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 Connect the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-3 3-5 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 4 Configuring the VoIP Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Connect the Phone/FAX Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9 Connection Illustration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1-1 1-2 1-3 2 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Attach to Your Network Using Ethernet Cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 ISP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disable HTTP Proxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 Advanced Setup . . . . . . . . . Disable HTTP Proxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Obtain IP Settings from Your VoIP Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Obtain IP Settings from Your VoIP Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Connect the DSL Line . . . . Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10 3 Configuring Client PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 Connect the Power Adapter . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-68 Finding the MAC address of a Network Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28 Routing . . . . .A-1 Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-62 Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-1 Specifications . . . . . . 4-15 NAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-71 Macintosh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-51 ADSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-54 VoIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .TABLE OF CONTENTS System . . . . . . . . . . . 4-64 Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-57 USB . . . . 4-71 Windows 2000/XP . . . . 4-10 Wireless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-1 iv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37 SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5 LAN . . . . . . 4-33 Firewall . . . . . . . . 4-71 A B C Troubleshooting . . . 4-71 Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your purchase of the Voice ADSL Router. For those who want to surf the Internet in the most secure way. calls are made over computer (IP) networks. are generally free. We are proud to provide you with a powerful yet simple communication device for connecting your local area network (LAN) to the Internet. VoIP (Voice over IP) Using Voice over IP (VoIP). the 1-1 . while calls made to a regular telephone are generally much cheaper than traditional long distance calls. The VoIP Router also enables service providers to provide their residential and small office home office (SOHO) customers with high-quality VoIP service using traditional analog telephones and fax machines. instead of making calls over the regular telephone network. This device also provides wireless security via Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) encryption and MAC address filtering. hereafter referred to as the “VoIP Router”. this router provides a convenient and powerful solution. Support is provided for both wired and wireless devices. The basic steps involved in VoIP include the conversion of an analog voice signal to digital. anywhere in the world. About the VoIP Router The VoIP Router provides Internet access to multiple users by sharing a single-user account. Calls made to another Internet telephone. It is simple to configure and can be up and running in minutes. either through your Internet Service Provider’s connection or through your local network.

intrusion detection. FTP. client privileges.723. and NAT NAT also enables multi-user Internet access via a single user account. These packets are encoded using the industry standard CODECs. PPTP) User-definable application sensing tunnel supports applications requiring multiple connections Easy setup through a web browser on any operating system that supports TCP/IP Compatible with all popular Internet applications • • • • 1-2 . which segments the voice signal into frames and stores them in voice packets. and Telnet) VPN pass-through (IPSec-ESP Tunnel mode. G. L2TP.3 and G.11b/g wireless access point DHCP for dynamic IP configuration. Features and Benefits • • • • • • Intergrated ADSL modem for connecting to ADSL line Local network connection via four 10/100 Mbps Ethernet ports On-board IEEE 802.711. and DNS Proxy/Relay for domain name mapping Firewall with Stateful Packet Inspection. and virtual server functionality (providing protected access to Internet services such as web.729. e-mail. The VoIP Router is equipped with a digital signal processor (DSP).INTRODUCTION encoding and then compression of the signal into Internet Protocol (IP) packets. G.

Remote users access various services at your site using a constant IP address. multiple users on your network can access the Internet at the same time. Using only one ISP account. This secures your network from direct attack by hackers. • Internet Access This device supports Internet access through an ADSL connection. and wireless IEEE 802. depending on the requested service (or port number). the VoIP Router can route the request to the appropriate server (at another internal IP address). Then. the VoIP Router includes built-in clients for these protocols.APPLICATIONS Applications Many advanced networking features are provided by the VoIP Router: • Wireless and Wired LAN The VoIP Router provides connectivity to 10/100 Mbps devices. eliminating the need to install these services on your computer. • Virtual Server If you have a fixed IP address. making it easy to create a network in small offices or homes.11b/g compatible devices. Since many DSL providers use PPPoE or PPPoA to establish communications with end users. and provides more flexible management by allowing you to change internal IP addresses without affecting outside access to your network. • Shared IP Address The VoIP Router provides Internet access for up to 253 users via a single shared IP address. 1-3 . you can set the VoIP Router to act as a virtual host for network address translation.

The VoIP Router’s firewall also blocks common hacker attacks. If your service provider supports VPNs. L2TP requires that the ISP’s routers support the protocol. IP Security — Provides IP network-layer encryption. Land Attack. UDP port loopback. • • 1-4 . and TCP SYN flooding. • Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol — Provides a secure tunnel for remote client access to a PPTP security gateway. L2TP. a traditionally shared data network). Snork Attack.INTRODUCTION • DMZ Host Support Allows a networked computer to be fully exposed to the Internet. These protocols allow remote users to establish a secure connection to their corporate network. Ping of Death. L2TP merges the best features of PPTP and L2F — Like PPTP. TCP null scan. PPTP includes provisions for call origination and flow control required by ISPs. The VPN protocols supported by the VoIP Router are briefly described below. and IPSec.e. IP with zero length. or filter all requests for specific services that the administrator does not want to serve.. IPSec can support large encryption networks (such as the Internet) by using digital certificates for device authentication. Smurf Attack. • Security The VoIP Router supports security features that deny Internet access to specified users. This function is used when NAT and firewall security prevent an Internet application from functioning correctly. • Virtual Private Network (VPN) The VoIP Router supports three of the most commonly used VPN protocols — PPTP. including IP Spoofing. then these protocols can be used to create an authenticated and encrypted tunnel for passing secure data over the Internet (i.

missing. If any of the items are missing or damaged. Package Contents After unpacking the package. contact your local distributor. verify that you have all the items listed under the Package Contents list.2A) Two CAT-5 Ethernet cables (RJ-45) Three TAE connectors Documentation CD Immediately inform your dealer in the event of any incorrect. please retain the carton and original packing materials in case there is a need to return the product. Also be sure that you have all the necessary cabling before installing the VoIP Router. If possible.CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION Before installing the VoIP Router. or damaged parts. 2-1 . After installing the VoIP Router. refer to “Configuring the VoIP Router” on page 4-1. check the contents of the box to be sure you have received the following components: • • • • • Wireless VoIP ADSL2+ Router (WAV-281) Power adapter (15V/1.

x.0 or later. This device can be connected directly to your PC or to a local area network using any of the four Fast Ethernet LAN ports. or Mac OS 9.0 connection to connect to your printer or a secondary storage device. ADSL2+ provides up to 24 Mbps downstream and 1.5 or later. An up to date web browser: Internet Explorer 5. Hardware Description The VoIP Router contains an integrated ADSL2+ modem and connects to the Internet or to a remote site using its WAN port. An ADSL splitter (at least one). G.INSTALLATION System Requirements To install and connect to the VoIP Router.5 Mbps downstream and 512 kbps upstream. However. or Mozilla 1. Full-rate ADSL provides up to 8 Mbps downstream. you must have: • • • • • An ADSL line installed by your ISP. 2-2 . and 1 Mbps upstream.7 /Firefox 1. A computer with a CD-ROM drive Windows 2000 or later. you should note that the actual rate provided by specific service providers may vary dramatically from these upper limits Data passing between devices connected to your local area network can run at up to 100 Mbps over the Fast Ethernet ports and 54 Mbps over the built-in wireless network adapter. 16 Mbps downstream for Annex-B.lite (or splitterless) ADSL provides up to 1.2 Mbps upstream. There is also one USB 2. Access speed to the Internet depends on your service type.

Use this button to reset the VoIP Router and restore the default factory settings. Fast Ethernet ports (RJ-45). a PC. see “Diagnostic Utility” on page 4-65. Connect your USB storage device or printer to this port. Press the WLAN On/Off button to turn on/turn off the wireless function. Rear Panel Item DSL 4 LAN Ports Power Inlet Description Connect your ADSL line to this port. USB ISDN 2-3 . hub. To reset without losing configuration settings. Figure 2-1. Connect devices on your local area network to these ports (i..HARDWARE DESCRIPTION The VoIP Router has WLAN On/Off button on the front panel. Warning: Using the wrong type of power adapter may damage the VoIP Router. or switch). Power On/Off Switch Reset Button Use this switch to turn on/off the power of your VoIP Router. Front Panel The VoIP Router contains the following ports on the rear panel: Figure 2-2. Connect the included power adapter to this inlet. Connect the telephone line directly to this port.e.

There is no LAN connection on the port. The power and port LED indicators on the front and top panels for WAV-281 are illustrated in the following figure and tables. Normal operation. 2-4 . Figure 2-3. Ethernet connection is established. Power off or failure.INSTALLATION LED Indicators The VoIP Router includes an LED display on the top panels for system power and port indications that simplifies installation and network troubleshooting. The indicated LAN port is sending or receiving data. Top Panel LED POWER Status On Off LAN (4 LEDs) On Flashing Off Description The VoIP Router is receiving power.

The phone is OFF-Hook. ISDN phone call in progress. Incoming call. WLAN disabled. No call in progress. Incoming ISDN phone call. no connection. 2-5 . i. DSL connection is functioning correctly.HARDWARE DESCRIPTION LED WLAN Status Flashing Off DSL On Off INTERNET On Flashing Off VOIP On Flashing Off Phone1/ Phone2 On Flashing Off ISDN On Flashing Off USB On Off Description The WLAN port is sending or receiving data. PPP authentication failed or your connection is not using PPPoA or PPPoE. DSL connection is not established. No call in progress. Voice account registration was completed successfully. USB device is connected to this port. The VoIP Router does not have any registration information for an Internet telephony provider. For PPPoA or PPPoE connections this LED will be on when PPP authentication is successful. Voice account registration failed. The VoIP Router is establishing a DSL link. call in progress..e.

encapsulation and VPI/VCI circuit numbers DNS server address IP address. subnet mask and default gateway (for fixed IP users only) 2-6 . Green means successful association with the client devices. F (Fernsprechgerat): for telephones N (Nebengerat or Nichtfernsprechgerat): for other devices such as answering machines and fax machines U: coded sockets and plugs are universal connectors that are suitable for both device types mentioned above WPS Button (on the left side panel) The WPS button and WPS LED are located on the left side. ISP Settings Please collect the following information from your ISP before setting up the VoIP Router: • • • • • ISP account user name and password VoIP setting details Protocol.INSTALLATION Item TAE Connector (Marked NFU on the top panel) Description TAE (Telekommunikations-Anschluss-Einheit) is the German standard for telephone plugs and sockets. Yellow color indicates that the simple config is in progress. Red means there is no connection with any client devices.

When inserting the plug. You should also remember to turn off the power. and keep your hands dry when you install the VoIP Router. comply with the following guidelines: • • Keep the VoIP Router away from any heating devices. Connect the Phone/FAX Line Connect a standard telephone set or fax machine to the Phone (FXS) port on the rear panel. remove the power cord from the outlet. No special wiring or cooling requirements are needed. Connect the DSL Line Connect the supplied DSL (RJ-45) cable from the port labelled DSL on the Splitter/Microfilter to the DSL port on your VoIP Router.CONNECT THE SYSTEM Connect the System The VoIP Router can be positioned at any convenient location in your office or home. Do not place the VoIP Router in a dusty or wet environment. 2-7 . You should. however. It can also be wall-mounted. be sure the tab on the plug clicks into position to ensure that it is properly seated.

In case of a power input failure. If the power indicator is not lit. Use RJ-45 cables to connect any of the four LAN ports on the VoIP Router to an Ethernet adapter on your PC. Otherwise.INSTALLATION Attach to Your Network Using Ethernet Cabling The four LAN ports on the VoIP Router auto-negotiate the connection speed to 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps. and then connect your PC or other network equipment to the hub or switch. 2-8 . be sure the tab on the connector clicks into position to ensure that it is properly seated. and the other end into a power outlet. the VoIP Router will automatically restart and begin to operate once the input power is restored. as well as the transmission mode to half duplex or full duplex. Connect the Power Adapter Plug the power adapter into the power socket on the rear of the VoIP Router. Warning: Do not plug a phone jack connector into an RJ-45 port. Check the power indicator on the front panel is lit. Note: Use 100-ohm shielded or unshielded twisted-pair cable with RJ-45 connectors for all Ethernet ports. When inserting an RJ-45 connector. refer to “Troubleshooting” on page A-1. cascade any of the LAN ports on the VoIP Router to an Ethernet hub or switch. Category 5 cable is recommended. Make sure each twisted-pair cable length does not exceed 100 meters (328 feet). This may damage the VoIP Router.

4. 2-9 .CONNECT THE SYSTEM Wall-Mount Installation There are two wall-mount holes at the bottom of the VoIP Router. cabling and maintaining the device. 1. make sure the holes are 185 mm apart. Note: It should be accessible for installing. Insert a screw into each hole. Before drilling two holes into the wall. 2. Drill two holes into the wall. Attach the VoIP Router to the wall with two wall-mount slots. Note: Leave 5 mm exposed of the screw head. 3. Choose a suitable location for the VoIP Router. 5. and then slide the device down until the screws fit firmly into the slots of the device. Measure the distance of the two wall-mount holes.

please refer to the following diagram.INSTALLATION Connection Illustration The connection diagram shows how to connect the VoIP Router. Installation Diagram 2-10 . Figure 2-4.For WAV-281.

you must configure the network settings of the computers on your LAN to use the same IP subnet as the VoIP Router.168.1 Subnet Mask: 255.0 Note: These settings can be changed to fit your network requirements. but you must first configure at least one computer to access the VoIP Router’s web configuration interface in order to make the required changes.255. you need to configure your computer to connect to the VoIP Router. (See “Configuring the VoIP Router” on page 4-1 for instruction on configuring the VoIP Router. See: “Windows 2000” on page 3-2 “Windows XP” on page 3-5 or “Configuring Your Macintosh Computer” on page 3-7 depending on your operating system. The default IP settings for the VoIP Router are: IP Address: 192.1.CHAPTER 3 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC After completing hardware setup by connecting all your network devices.) 3-1 .255. TCP/IP Configuration To access the Internet through the VoIP Router.

CONFIGURING CLIENT PC

Windows 2000
1. On the Windows desktop, click Start/Settings/Network and Dial-Up Connections. 2. Click the icon that corresponds to the connection to your VoIP Router. 3. The connection status screen will open. Click Properties.

4. Double-click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). 5. If Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically are already selected, your computer is already configured for DHCP. If not, select this option.

3-2

WINDOWS 2000 Disable HTTP Proxy
You need to verify that the “HTTP Proxy” feature of your web browser is disabled. This is so that your browser can view the VoIP Router’s HTML configuration pages. See page 3-5 for details.

Obtain IP Settings from Your VoIP Router
Now that you have configured your computer to connect to your VoIP Router, it needs to obtain new network settings. By releasing old DHCP IP settings and renewing them with settings from your VoIP Router, you can verify that you have configured your computer correctly. 1. On the Windows desktop, click Start/Programs/ Accessories/Command Prompt.

2. In the Command Prompt window, type ipconfig /release and press the Enter key.

3-3

CONFIGURING CLIENT PC
3. Type ipconfig /renew and press the Enter key. Verify that your IP Address is now 192.168.1.xxx, your Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0 and your Default Gateway is 192.168.1.1. These values confirm that your ADSL Router is functioning.

4. Type exit and press the Enter key to close the Command Prompt window. Your computer is now configured to connect to the VoIP Router.

3-4

select this option. your computer is already configured for DHCP. Disable HTTP Proxy You need to verify that the “HTTP Proxy” feature of your web browser is disabled. Internet Options. The Network Connections window will open. If not. 2. 4. This is so that your browser can view the VoIP Router’s HTML configuration pages. click Start/Control Panel. 5. click LAN Setting. go to Tools. Double-click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). On the Windows desktop. Double-click the connection for this device.WINDOWS XP Windows XP 1. 6. 3. 3-5 . click Properties. Select the Connections tab. Make sure the checkbox for Use a proxy server for your LAN is not checked. click Network and Internet Connections. In the Control Panel window. If “Obtain an IP address automatically” and “Obtain DNS server address automatically” are already selected. On the connection status screen. Follow these steps to disable the HTTP proxy: Open your web browser.

your Subnet Mask is 255. it needs to obtain new network settings. click Start/Programs/Accessories/ Command Prompt. type ipconfig /release and press the Enter key.1. 3-6 . you can verify that you have configured your computer correctly.xxx. Your computer is now configured to connect to the VoIP Router. 1.168.1. Type ipconfig /renew and press the Enter key. Type exit and press the Enter key to close the Command Prompt window. By releasing old DHCP IP settings and renewing them with settings from your VoIP Router. 2.255. On the Windows desktop. In the Command Prompt window. These values confirm that your ADSL router is functioning.0 and your Default Gateway is 192.255.CONFIGURING CLIENT PC Obtain IP Settings from Your VoIP Router Now that you have configured your computer to connect to your VoIP Router. 3.1. Verify that your IP Address is now 192.168.

3-7 . Pull down the Apple Menu System Preferences. .2. This is because these steps and screenshots were created using Mac OS 10. Follow these instructions: 1. and above are similar. Click 2. but may not be identical to Mac OS 10.CONFIGURING YOUR MACINTOSH COMPUTER Configuring Your Macintosh Computer You may find that the instructions here do not exactly match your operating system. Double-click the Network icon in the Systems Preferences window.2.

xxx. 5. Internet Explorer 1.255.0 and your Default Gateway is 192.168. This is so that your browser can view the VoIP Router’s HTML configuration pages. If not. your Subnet Mask is 255.CONFIGURING CLIENT PC 3. These values confirm that your VoIP Router is functioning. Click Explorer/Preferences.255. select Proxies. 3-8 .1. If Using DHCP Server is already selected in the Configure field. The following steps are for Internet Explorer. Open Internet Explorer and click the Stop button. 4. In the Internet Explorer Preferences window. Verify that your IP Address is now 192. Your new settings are shown on the TCP/IP tab. your computer is already configured for DHCP.168. under Network.1. Now your computer is configured to connect to the VoIP Router. Close the Network window. select this Option. Disable HTTP Proxy You need to verify that the “HTTP Proxy” feature of your web browser is disabled.1. 2.

Uncheck all check boxes and click OK.CONFIGURING YOUR MACINTOSH COMPUTER 3. 3-9 .

CONFIGURING CLIENT PC 3-10 .

Note: There is no password by default.1. See “Login Settings” on page 4-6 for password settings.1. 4-1 . enter the default IP address of the VoIP Router in your web browser: http://192.CHAPTER 4 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER After you have configured TCP/IP on a client computer. you can configure the VoIP Router using your web browser.168. Then click LOGIN. To access the VoIP Router’s management interface.

Note: To ensure proper screen refresh after a command entry.” 4-2 . virtual DMZ host. Once a configuration change has been made on a screen. Making Configuration Changes Configurable parameters have a dialog box or a drop-down list. the setting for “Check for newer versions of stored pages” should be “Every visit to the page. as well as other functions. Advanced Setup supports advanced functions like VoIP. IP and MAC address filtering. Firewall.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Navigating the Management Interface The VoIP Router’s management interface consists of an Advanced Setup section. click the APPLY or SAVE SETTINGS or NEXT button at the bottom of the screen to enable the new setting. virtual server setup. be sure that Internet Explorer 5.5 is configured as follows: Under the menu Tools/Internet Options/General/Temporary Internet Files/Settings.

Configures the radio frequency. Sets the TCP/IP configuration for the VoIP Router LAN interface and DHCP clients. virtual server and special applications. intruder detection. Sets the routing parameters and displays the current routing table. SSID. Configures Address Mapping. and DMZ. Menu System Description Sets the local time zone. URL blocking. the password for administrator access.ADVANCED SETUP Advanced Setup The left-hand side displays the main menu and the right-hand side shows descriptive information. LAN Wireless NAT Routing Firewall 4-3 . The advanced management interface contains 12 main menu items as described in the following table. Internet access control scheduling. and the IP address of a PC that will be allowed to manage the VoIP Router remotely. and security for wireless communications. Configures a variety of security and specialized functions including: Access Control.

Configure the file server. NAT. the physical MAC address for each media interface. and firewall information. Displays the number of attached clients. the firmware versions. system IP settings. or reset the system. and the hardware version and serial number. FTP service and printer server functions. Sets the ADSL operation type and shows the ADSL status. update system firmware. and view VoIP Status and Call logs. Status 4-4 .CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Menu SNMP ADSL VoIP USB Tools Description Community string and trap server settings. Configures VoIP settings for the VoIP function. restore all configuration settings to the factory defaults. Provides WAN connection type and status. Shows the security and DHCP client log. firmware and hardware version numbers. Contains options to backup & restore the current configuration. as well as DHCP.

4-5 .ADVANCED SETUP System This screen includes all the basic configuration tools for the VoIP Router. such as time zone. Select Enable for using PPPoE passthrough function. password settings. and remote management.

CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER
Login Settings Use this screen to set up the password for accessing the management interface.

Passwords can contain from 3~12 alphanumeric characters and are case sensitive. Note: If you lost the password, or you cannot gain access to the user interface, press the blue reset button on the rear panel, holding it down for at least 10 seconds to restore the factory defaults. There is no password by default. Enter a maximum Idle Time Out (in minutes) to define a maximum period of time for which the login session is maintained during inactivity. If the connection is inactive for longer than the maximum idle time, it will perform system logout, and you have to log in again to access the management interface. (Default: 10 minutes)

4-6

ADVANCED SETUP
Remote Management By default, management access is only available to users on your local network. However, you can also manage the VoIP Router from a remote host by entering the IP address of a remote computer on this screen. Check the Enabled check box, and enter the IP address of the Host Address and click SAVE SETTINGS.

Note: If you check Enable and specify an IP address of 0.0.0.0, any remote host can manage the VoIP Router. For remote management via WAN IP address you need to connect using port 8080. Simply enter WAN IP address followed by 8080, for example, 211.20.16.1:8080.

4-7

CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER
DNS A Domain Name Server (DNS) is an index of IP addresses and web addresses. If you type a web address into your browser, such as www.sitename.com, a DNS server will find that name in its index and find the matching IP address: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (in digital numbers). Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and convenience. Since your Service Provider may connect to the Internet with dynamic IP settings, it is likely that the DNS server IP’s are also provided dynamically. However, if there is a DNS server that you would rather use, you need to specify the IP address here.

4-8

org or TZO. With a DDNS connection you can host your own web site.ADVANCED SETUP DDNS Dynamic Domain Name Service (DDNS) provides users on the Internet with a method to tie their domain name to a computer or server. DDNS allows your domain name to follow your IP address automatically by having your DNS records changed when your IP address changes. FTP site. email server. and more at your own location even if you have a dynamic IP address. 4-9 .com. This DNS feature is powered by DynDNS.

modify the DHCP server settings and create VLAN’s.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER LAN The LAN settings menu allows you to change the default IP address of the VoIP Router. 4-10 .

enter it here.e. LAN1 to LAN4 This option allows you to change VLAN membership of LAN ports 1-4. Otherwise. If your network uses a domain name. 192.ADVANCED SETUP Parameter LAN IP IP Address Host Name DHCP Server VLAN Binding Description The IP address of the VoIP Router. leave this field blank.xxx. Do not include the gateway address of the VoIP Router in the client address pool. By default DHCP is enabled. By default all LAN ports are assigned to the “Default” VLAN. make sure the first three octets match the gateway’s IP address.168. Address Pool End IP Lease Time Domain Name DHCP Option 60 Vendor ID 4-11 . i. which means there is no time limit on the IP address lease. Enter the name of the VoIP Router. Allows you to select a pre-defined lease time for IP addresses assigned using DHCP.2. DHCP Server Parameters Address Pool Start IP Specify the start IP address of the DHCP pool. Specify the end IP address of the DHCP pool. Allows you to define an ID for the DHCP server. If you change the pool range. This option allows you to enable or disable the DHCP server function.. IP Subnet Mask The subnet mask of the VoIP Router. For home networks this may be set to Forever.

This is done by setting the VLAN binding. Click Add VLAN to create a profile. Notes: Only interfaces of IEEE 802 bridging type (LAN ports 1-4 and 1483 Bridging PVC’s) can be assigned to a VLAN. Once a VLAN profile is created interfaces can be assigned to the VLAN profile.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER VLAN The VoIP Router’s VLAN function can be used to create up to 4 VLAN profiles. 4-12 .

IP Address: Enter IP address for the VLAN. NAT Domain: Set NAT Domain to private or public. IGMP Querier: Enabling this function will send out periodic IGMP queries. • • • • • Description: Enter a description for the VLAN group. Subnet Mask: Enter Subnet Mask address for the VLAN.ADVANCED SETUP VLAN Profile Configure the VLAN settings in this screen. • 4-13 . IGMP Snooping: Enabling it will turn on the feature that allows an Ethernet switch to “listen in” on the IGMP conversation between hosts and routers.

and wireless devices. home and everywhere within your network. 4-14 . Check the Enable radio button to activate this function. UPnP allows the device to automatically: • • • join a network obtain an IP address convey its capabilities and learn about the presence and capabilities of other devices.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER UPnP The Universal Plug and Play architecture offers pervasive peer-to-peer network connectivity of PCs of all form factors. UPnP enables seamless proximity network in addition to control and data transfer among networked devices in the office. intelligent appliances.

click the Add button. all you need to do is to enable the wireless function. To configure this function. and click SAVE SETTINGS. and click SAVE SETTINGS to save your settings.ADVANCED SETUP Wireless The VoIP Router also operates as a wireless access point. allowing wireless computers to communicate with each other. 4-15 . Each access rule may be activated at a scheduled time. define the radio channel. You may configure the VoIP Router as a wireless access point based on scheduled rules. the SSID. Define the schedule on the Schedule Rule screen. and the security options. Check Enable to enable the wireless function.

The VoIP Router will automatically assign itself a radio channel with Auto selection. Wireless Mode Channel 4-16 . Make your selection depending on the type of wireless network that you have. The radio channel used by the wireless router and its clients to communicate with each other. Be sure you configure all of its clients to the same values. or you may select one manually. Disabling SSID broadcast will provide increased security by hiding the SSID of your wireless network.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Channel and SSID You must specify a common radio channel and SSID (Service Set ID) to be used by the VoIP Router and all of its wireless clients. Using the mixed 11b+11g mode to provide compatibility with both 11b and 11g wireless clients. The SSID must be the same on the VoIP Router and all of its wireless clients. Parameter SSID SSID Broadcast Description Service Set ID. Enable or disable the broadcasting of the SSID. This device supports both 11g and 11b wireless networks. This channel must be the same on the VoIP Router and all of its wireless clients.

Note: WPS is enabled by default. 4-17 .ADVANCED SETUP Security Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) The VoIP Router was implemented with the ease-of-use Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS). WPS makes a secure wireless network much easier to achieve by using an eight-digit PIN number and Push Button Control.

PIN Code Setup Take the following steps for easy network security settings of PIN code method.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Push Button Configuration (PBC) Method If WPS is enabled. Please follow the steps as described below for using PBC: 1. Enter the PIN code of client device. and the WPS LED will begin flashing (yellow). it allows you to get a Wi-Fi profile from WAV-281 in the PBC mode. refer to the user manual of the client device. Push the WPS button on the WAV-281 side panel. Power on your client device supporting WPS PIN code method. 3. Note: This connection procedure must be done within 2 minutes after pressing the WPS button on the VoIP Router. 2. the WPS LED is lit green. When the PBC secured Wi-Fi connection is established. 3. For the detailed instructions on how to do this. Press the WPS button or click the PBC button on your client devices. 2. 4. 4-18 . Note: The PIN code is generally printed on the bottom of the unit or displayed in the configuration utility. For instructions on how to do this refer to the user manual of the client device. 1. Start WPS PIN process on client device. Click the START button on the screen.

It provides dynamic key encryption and 802. you should turn on the security function. The WPA2 product certification formally replaces Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) and the other security features of the original IEEE 802.1X mechanisms.11i standard. The goal of WPA2 certification is to support the additional mandatory security features of the IEEE 802. The VoIP Router supports the following security mechanism: • • • • WPA/WPA2 WPA2 Only WPA Only WEP WPA/WPA2 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) combines temporal key integrity protocol (TKIP) and 802.1X authentication service.11 standard.ADVANCED SETUP To make your wireless network safe. WPA2 certifies that wireless equipment is compatible with the IEEE 802.11i standard that are not already included for products that support WPA. Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (WPA2) is a product certification that is available through the Wi-Fi Alliance. 4-19 .

1X: for the enterprise network with a RADIUS server. 4-20 . • Pre-shared key: for the SOHO network environment without an authentication server.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Parameter Authentication Description Choose 802.1X or Pre-shared Key to use as the authentication method. • 802. Pre-shared key type Select the key type to be used in the Pre-shared Key. Pre-shared Key Type in the key here.

1X or Pre-shared Key to use as the authentication method. The goal of WPA2 certification is to support the additional mandatory security features of the IEEE 802. 4-21 .1X: for the enterprise network with a RADIUS server.11i standard that are not already included for products that support WPA.11i standard.11 standard. Pre-shared key type Select the key type to be used in the Pre-shared Key. Parameter Authentication Description Choose 802. Pre-shared Key Type in the key here.ADVANCED SETUP WPA2 Only WPA2 is a product certification that is available through the Wi-Fi Alliance. • Pre-shared key: for the SOHO network environment without an authentication server. WPA2 certifies that wireless equipment is compatible with the IEEE 802. The WPA2 product certification formally replaces Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) and the other security features of the original IEEE 802. • 802.

1X authentication option. The IP address of your authentication server. Re-Authentication Defines a maximum period of time for which the Period authentication server will dynamically re-assign a session key to a connected client. Defines a maximum period of time for which the connection is maintained during inactivity. The secret key shared between the authentication server and its clients.1X If 802. Quiet Period Server-IP Server-Port Secret Key NAS-ID Defines a maximum period of time for which the VoIP Router will wait between failed authentications. Defines the request identifier of the Network Access Server.1X is used in your network. Parameter Authentication Session Idle Timeout Description Choose 802. 4-22 . then you should enable this function for the VoIP Router. The port used for the authentication service.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER 802.

4-23 . Pre-shared key type Select the key type to be used in the Pre-shared Key.ADVANCED SETUP WPA Only Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) combines temporal key integrity protocol (TKIP) and 802. Pre-shared Key Type in the key here.1X: for the enterprise network with a RADIUS server. • Pre-shared key: for the SOHO network environment without an authentication server.1X or Pre-shared Key to use as the authentication method. • 802. See “802. It provides dynamic key encryption and 802.1X authentication service.1X” on page 4-22. Parameter Authentication Description Choose 802.1X mechanisms.

Select the default key from the drop down menu. Key Entry Method Select Hex or ASCII to use for encryption key. You may automatically generate encryption keys or manually enter the keys. 4-24 . Click SAVE SETTINGS. enter a string of characters. Parameter WEP Mode Key Provisioning Description Select 64 bit or 128 bit key to use for encryption. check the Passphrase box. you need to set the same parameters for the VoIP Router and all your wireless clients. If you want to select Dynamic.1X function first. To generate the key automatically with passphrase. you would need to enable 802.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER WEP If you want to use WEP to protect your wireless network. Select Static if there is only one fixed key for encryption. Note: The passphrase can consist of up to 32 alphanumeric characters.

(A hexadecimal digit is a number or letter in the range 0-9 or A-F. but does not protect any transmissions over your wired network or over the Internet. enter five hexadecimal pairs of digits for the 64-bit key.ADVANCED SETUP To manually configure the encryption key.) Note: WEP protects data transmitted between wireless nodes. or enter 13 pairs for the 128-bit key. 4-25 .

Each PC has a unique identifier known as a Medium Access Control (MAC) address. With MAC filtering enabled. you can restrict access based on MAC address. the computers whose MAC address you have listed in the filtering table will be able to connect (or will be denied access) to the VoIP Router. 4-26 .CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Access Control Using the Access Control functionality.

To establish a WDS connection between access points. 2. • • Enable or disable WDS features: if you want to use the WDS function. 4-27 . select Enable. AP MAC Address Table (up to 4 APs): choose up to 4 stations. follow the steps below. as shown on the AP MAC Address Table.ADVANCED SETUP WDS The Wireless Distribution System (WDS) provides a means to extend the range of a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN). 3. WDS allows an Access Point (AP) to establish a direct link to other APs and to allows stations to roam freely within the area covered by the WDS. Select the wireless devices to which you want to connect by clicking on an entry. Click on the Rescan button to scan and display all wireless devices within range. 1. Click SAVE SETTINGS.

CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER NAT Network Address Translation allows multiple users to access the Internet sharing one public IP. 4-28 .

Enter the Public IP address you wish to share into the Global IP field. Enter a range of internal IPs that will share the global IP into the “from” field.ADVANCED SETUP Address Mapping Allows one or more public IP addresses to be shared by multiple internal users. This also hides the internal network for increased privacy and security. 4-29 .

if you set Type/Public Port to TCP/80 (HTTP or web) and the Private IP/Port to 192. 4-30 . then all HTTP requests from outside users will be transferred to 192. FTP: 21.1. and POP3: 110. Internet users can access the service they need at the local address to which you redirect them. Therefore. by just entering the IP address provided by the ISP. In other words.168. the VoIP Router redirects the external service request to the appropriate server (located at another internal IP address). remote users accessing services such as web or FTP at your local site via public IP addresses can be automatically redirected to local servers configured with private IP addresses. Telnet: 23.iana. A list of ports is maintained at the following link: http://www.168.1.org/assignments/port-numbers.1/80. For example.1 on port 80. The more common TCP service ports include: HTTP: 80. depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number).CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Virtual Server If you configure the VoIP Router as a virtual server.

ADVANCED SETUP Special Application Some applications require multiple connections. If you need to run applications that require multiple connections. These applications may not work when Network Address Translation (NAT) is enabled. 4-31 . such as Internet gaming. use these screens to specify the additional public ports to be opened for each application. and Internet telephony. video-conferencing.

4-32 .CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER NAT Mapping Table This screen displays the current NAPT (Network Address Port Translation) address mappings.

including static routes and RIP (Routing Information Protocol) parameters. Enter the subnet mask of the remote network for which to set a static route. Enter the IP address of the remote computer for which to set a static route. Clicking Delete will remove an entry from the list. Static Route Parameter Index Network Address Subnet Mask Gateway Description Check the box of the route you wish to delete or modify. 4-33 . or check the box of an already entered route and click Modify. Click Add to add a new static route to the list. Enter the WAN IP address of the gateway to the remote network.ADVANCED SETUP Routing These screens define routing related parameters.

It does not participate in sending route broadcasts. The WAN interface to be configured. Enable: RIP enabled on this interface.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER RIP Parameter General RIP Parameters RIP mode Auto summary Description Globally enables or disables RIP. then RIP packets will include sub-network information from all subnetworks connected to the router. Table of current interface RIP parameter Interface Operation Mode Version Poison Reverse Sets the RIP (Routing Information Protocol) version to use on this interface. If Auto summary is disabled. Silent: Listens for route broadcasts and updates its route table. Disable: RIP disabled on this interface. this sub-network information will be summarized to one piece of information covering all subnetworks. If enabled. A method for preventing loops that would cause endless retransmission of data traffic. 4-34 .

Password: A password authentication key is included in the packet. RIP sends routing-update messages at regular intervals and when the network topology changes. This method provides very little security as it is possible to learn the authentication key by watching RIP packets. the router immediately begins transmitting routing updates to inform other network routers of the change. After updating its routing table. • Authentication Code Password or MD5 Authentication key. the packet will be discarded. If this does not match what is expected.ADVANCED SETUP Parameter Authentication Required Description • • None: No authentication. it updates its routing table to reflect the new route. MD5: An algorithm that is used to verify data integrity through the creation of a 128-bit message digest from data input (which may be a message of any length) that is claimed to be as unique to that specific data as a fingerprint is to a specific individual. 4-35 . RIP routers maintain only the best route to a destination. When a router receives a routing update that includes changes to an entry.

When a router receives a routing update that contains a new or changed destination network entry. Destination IP address. The local interface through which the next hop of this route is reached. 4-36 . the router adds 1 to the metric value indicated in the update and enters the network in the routing table.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Routing Table Parameter Flags Description Indicates the route status: C = Direct connection on the same subnet. each bit that corresponds to “0” is part of the host number. The subnetwork associated with the destination. R = RIP (Routing Information Protocol) assigned route. S = Static route. This is a template that identifies the address bits in the destination address used for routing to specific subnets. Network Address Netmask Gateway Interface Metric The IP address of the router at the next hop to which frames are forwarded. Each bit that corresponds to a “1” is part of the subnet mask number. I = ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) Redirect route.

4-37 . Network attacks that deny access to a network device are called Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks. The VoIP Router protects against the following DoS attacks: IP Spoofing. Select Enable and click the SAVE SETTINGS button. DoS attacks are aimed at devices and networks with a connection to the Internet. Ping of Death. maintains TCP and UDP session information including time-outs and the number of active sessions. IP with zero length. TCP null scan. (For details see page 4-45. Smurf Attack. so we advise enabling the function to protect your network. Their goal is not to steal information.) The firewall does not significantly affect system performance. and provides the ability to detect and prevent certain types of network attacks. but to disable a device or network so users no longer have access to network resources. and TCP SYN flooding. Land Attack.ADVANCED SETUP Firewall The VoIP Router’s firewall inspects packets at the application layer. UDP port loopback. Snork Attack.

4-38 . The following items are on the Access Control screen: Parameter Enable Filtering Function Description Enable or Disable Access Control function.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Access Control Access Control allows users to define the outgoing traffic permitted or not-permitted through the WAN interface. Normal Filtering Table Displays descriptive list of filtering rules defined. The default is to permit all outgoing traffic.

Define the appropriate settings for client PC services. 4-39 . 2. Click Add PC on the Access Control screen. The Access Control Add PC screen will appear.ADVANCED SETUP To create a new access control rule: 1. Click OK and then click SAVE SETTINGS to save your settings. 3.

CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Note: Define the schedule on the Schedule Rule screen. 4-40 . and apply the rule on the Access Control screen. See “Schedule Rule” on page 4-43.

All other client devices will be denied access. 2. MAC Address Control: select enable or disable.ADVANCED SETUP MAC Filter The MAC Filter allows you to define what client PC’s can access the Internet. MAC Filtering Table: enter the MAC address in the space provided. 4-41 . 1. When enabled only the MAC addresses defined in the MAC Filtering table will have access to the Internet. You can enter up to 32 MAC addresses in this table.

4-42 . This feature can be used to protect children from accessing violent or pornographic web sites. You can define up to 30 sites here.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER URL Blocking The VoIP Router allows the user to block access to web sites by entering either a full URL address or just a keyword.

Define the schedule on the Schedule Rule screen. and apply the rule on the Access Control screen.ADVANCED SETUP Schedule Rule You may filter Internet access for local clients based on rules. Each access control rule may be activated at a scheduled time. 4-43 .

Define the appropriate settings for a schedule rule. Click Add Schedule Rule on the Schedule Rule screen.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Follow these steps to add a schedule rule: 1. 3. The Edit Schedule Rule screen will appear. 4-44 . Click OK and then click SAVE SETTINGS to save your settings. 2.

it will stay in the input queue and not be released. causing severe problems for all protocols.ADVANCED SETUP Intrusion Detection • Intrusion Detection Feature Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) and Anti-DoS firewall protection (Default: Enabled) — The Intrusion Detection Feature of the VoIP Router Router limits access for incoming traffic at the WAN port. all incoming packets will be blocked except for those types marked in the Stateful Packet Inspection section. Accumulated packets could cause the input queue to fill. 4-45 . When the SPI feature is turned on. Scroll down to view more information. Enabling this feature prevents the packets from accumulating. RIP Defect (Default: Enabled) — If an RIP request packet is not acknowledged to by the router. Discard Ping to WAN (Default: Disabled) — Prevent a ping on the VoIP Router’s WAN port from being routed to the network.

CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER 4-46 .

and password.. such as Packet Fragmentation. 4-47 . This is a way of ensuring that all communications are initiated by the recipient computer and are taking place only with sources that are known and trusted from previous interactions. or TFTP Service. click on the Yes radio button in the “Enable SPI and Anti-DoS firewall protection” field and then check the inspection type that you need. When particular types of traffic are checked. H.ADVANCED SETUP • Stateful Packet Inspection This is called a “stateful” packet inspection because it examines the contents of the packet to determine the state of the communications. all incoming traffic will be blocked except for FTP connections initiated from the local LAN. FTP Service.e. • When hackers attempt to enter your network. stateful inspection firewalls also close off ports until connection to the specific port is requested. user name.323 Service. UDP Session. if the user only checks “FTP Service” in the Stateful Packet Inspection section. For example. In addition to being more rigorous in their inspection of packets. If you wish to use the Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) to block packets. TCP Connection. Stateful Packet Inspection allows you to select different application types that are using dynamic port numbers. Specify your SMTP and POP3 servers. i. we can alert you by e-mail Enter your email address. it ensures that the stated destination computer has previously requested the current communication. only the particular type of traffic initiated from the internal LAN will be allowed.

Defines how long the software will wait for a TCP session to synchronize before dropping the session.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER • Connection Policy Enter the appropriate values for TCP/UDP sessions as described in the following table. freeing that structure for use by another packet.323 data channel 180 sec idle timeout 4-48 . the router drops the unassembled packet. The length of time for which an H. When the timeout value expires. TCP SYN wait 30 sec TCP FIN wait 5 sec TCP connection idle timeout UDP session idle timeout 3600 seconds (1 hour) 30 sec H. The length of time for which a UDP session will be managed if there is no activity. The length of time for which a TCP session will be managed if there is no activity. Parameter Fragmentation half-open wait Defaults 10 sec Description Configures the number of seconds that a packet state structure remains active. Specifies how long a TCP session will be maintained after the firewall detects a FIN packet.323 session will be managed if there is no activity.

Maximum incomplete 10 TCP/UDP sessions number from same host Incomplete TCP/UDP sessions detect sensitive time period 300 msec Length of time before an incomplete TCP/UDP session is detected as incomplete. so we advise enabling the prevention features to protect your network. Length of time from detecting a flood attack to blocking the attack. Minimum number of allowed incomplete TCP/UDP sessions per minute.ADVANCED SETUP • DoS Criteria and Port Scan Criteria Set up DoS and port scan criteria in the spaces provided (as shown below). Parameter Total incomplete TCP/UDP sessions HIGH Total incomplete TCP/UDP sessions LOW Incomplete TCP/UDP sessions (per min) HIGH Incomplete TCP/UDP sessions (per min) LOW Defaults 300 sessions 250 sessions 250 sessions 200 sessions Description Defines the rate of new unestablished sessions that will cause the software to start deleting half-open sessions. Note: The firewall does not significantly affect system performance. Length of time before a half-open fragmentation session is detected as half-open. Maximum number of allowed incomplete TCP/UDP sessions per minute. Maximum half-open 30 fragmentation packet number from same host 10000 Half-open fragmentation detect msec sensitive time period Flooding cracker block time 300 second Maximum number of half-open fragmentation packets from the same host. 4-49 . Defines the rate of new unestablished sessions that will cause the software to stop deleting halfopen sessions. Maximum number of incomplete TCP/UDP sessions from the same host.

Adding a client to the DMZ may expose your local network to a variety of security risks. 4-50 . you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access. so only use this option as a last resort.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER DMZ If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application properly from behind the firewall. Enter the IP address of a DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) host on this screen.

ADVANCED SETUP SNMP Use the SNMP configuration screen to display and modify parameters for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). 4-51 .

To communicate with the VoIP Router. Access rights to the agent are controlled by community strings. the NMS must first submit a valid community string for authentication. Parameter Community Access Valid Description A community name authorized for management access. Management access is restricted to Read Only (Read) or Read/Write (Write). called a Network Management Station (NMS). can be used to access this information. 4-52 . Enables/disables the entry.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Community A computer attached to the network. Note: Up to five community names may be entered.

something other than public or private. Sets the trap status to disabled. A community string (password) specified for trap management. When a trap condition occurs. Enter a word. the SNMP agent sends an SNMP trap message to any NMS specified as a trap receiver. to prevent unauthorized individuals from accessing information on your system. Parameter IP Address Community Description Traps are sent to this address when errors or specific events occur on the network.ADVANCED SETUP Trap Specify the IP address of the NMS to notify when a significant event is detected by the agent. or enabled with V1 or V2c. The V2c protocol was proposed in late 1995 and includes enhancements to v1 that are universally accepted. Version 4-53 . These include a get-bulk command to reduce network management traffic when retrieving a sequence of MIB variables. and a more elaborate set of error codes for improved reporting to a Network Management Station.

992.992. Parameter Operation Mode Description • • • • Automatic G.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER ADSL ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) is designed to deliver more bandwidth downstream (from the central office to the customer site) than upstream.DMT) G.992. This section is used to configure the ADSL operation type and shows the ADSL status. it is advised that users should not change the settings here at all.3 ADSl2 G.1 (G.5 ADSL2+ 4-54 . ADSL Parameters This screen is designed for the engineer to test the ADSL loop condition. Therefore.

ADVANCED SETUP ADSL Status The Status screen displays information on connection line status. and statistics. data rate. operation data and defect indication. 4-55 .

allowing for additional error correction techniques to handle noise. Failures due to loss of power. There are two latency paths that may be used: fast and interleaved. Fast Path Header Error Concealment errors. Maximum reduction in the strength of the upstream and downstream signal. an interleaver may be used to supplement FEC. Momentary signal discontinuities. Failures due to loss of frames. Maximum fluctuation in the output power. An interleaver is basically a buffer used to introduce a delay. The number of Interleaved Path Cyclic Redundancy Check errors. Description Operation Data/Defect Indication Interleaved Path FEC Correction Fast Path CRC Error Interleaved Path CRC Error Loss of Signal Defect Loss of Frame Defect Loss of Power Defect Fast Path HEC Error Interleaved Path HEC Interleaved Path Header Error Concealment errors. Maximum upstream and downstream noise margin. For maximum noise immunity. The number of Fast Path Cyclic Redundancy Check errors. Interleaving slows the data flow and may not be optimal for real-time signals such as video transmission. Shows the current status of the ADSL line connection. Maximum downstream data rate.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER The following items are included on this information screen: Parameter Status Line Status Data Rate Upstream Downstream Noise Margin Output Power Attenuation Fast Path FEC Correction Maximum upstream data rate. For either path. a forward error correction (FEC) scheme is employed to ensure higher data integrity. Error 4-56 .

4-57 . Answer calls for all numbers: Check the boxes to activate the Answer calls for all numbers function for Phone 1-3.ADVANCED SETUP Parameter Statistics Received Cells Transmitted Cells Number of cells received. The voice data flows over a general-purpose packet-switched network. circuit-switched voice transmission lines. Description VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is the routing of voice conversations over the Internet or any other IP-based network. instead of traditional dedicated. Phone 2 and Phone 3 on this screen. Number of cells transmitted. Extensions IN You can configure the settings for Phone 1.

You will also be able to receive phone calls for this number. the call will be routed via this number. Parameter Priority phone number Description Select a priority phone number to assign to the phone. Alternative phone number 4-58 . This should be your VoIP phone number. Select an additional number to assign to the phone.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Extensions OUT You can configure the settings for Phone 1-3 on this screen. The extension number selected will be the default number used for making outgoing calls. Assigning an additional number allows you to receive phone calls for this number. However in the event calling is not possible via the extension number. By default outgoing calls are via the extension number. This could be your PSTN number (Select PSTN) or a secondary VoIP account.

ADVANCED SETUP Phone You can configure the following four settings for the VoIP phones. Call Waiting: enabling this function allows you to hear a second incoming call while on a call. phone 1-3 on this screen. CNG is a feature that generates comfort noise in the background so you know the call is active. Note that enabling the Voice Activity Detector also enables Comfort Noise Generation (CNG). Select to enable/disable this function. Voice Activity Detector: enabling this function means that only a certain level of voice volume will be send out as voice packets. Caller ID Restriction (CLIR): allows you to block specified numbers. • • Echo Canceller: this feature filters out echoes occurred during periods of active speech. • • 4-59 . This function is designed to save the bandwidth.

Enter the phone number and select the connection type. 4-60 .CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Dialing plans Dialing plans allow you to define the connection type used when a specified number is dialed. Click Add New Plan to add a new entry.

ADVANCED SETUP Status This screen displays the VoIP Account registration status. • • Click Clear to remove entries on the log. Click Refresh to update the list. 4-61 .

Click Update Status to refresh the screen. Note: Be sure the USB device is powered on and firmly connected to the VoIP Router. 4-62 .CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER USB The VoIP Router supports printer server serice. Click Enable to use the printer server service. It allows you to share your printer over the network via the provided USB port on the rear of this VoIP Router.

Define the LPR Queue Name.ADVANCED SETUP Printer Server LPD-LPR service is a very common network protocol that allows you to share your printer to the local or public network. You could creat a new printer and select it’s connection port to “Standard TCP/IP Port”. If your PC is using Windows XP or Windows 2000 OS. 2. To create a new printer server: 1. Select Enable for the LPD-LPR Printer Server function. 4-63 .

test network connectivity. Restore router to Factory Defaults: this resets the VoIP Router back to the original default settings. 4-64 .CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Tools Use the Tools menu to backup the current configuration. Configuration Tools Choose a function and click Next. and reset the VoIP Router. restore a previously saved configuration. • • • Backup Router Configuration: this allows you to save the VoIP Router’s configuration to a file. update firmware. Restore from saved Configuration file: this function is used to restore the previously saved backup configuration file.

Download the upgrade file from the web site first. Check the Status screen Information section to confirm that the upgrade process was successful. 1.ADVANCED SETUP Firmware Upgrade Use this screen to update the firmware or user interface to the latest versions. 4-65 . Click Upgrade Firmware. 2. and save it to your hard drive. Then click Browse to look for the downloaded file.

CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Diagnostic Utility This tool allows you to test your network connection. You can specify a domain name or a valid IP address of the remote host for ping test. 4-66 .

The reset will be complete when the power LED stops blinking. the VoIP Router performs a power reset. Note: If you use the Reset button on the back panel. the configurations will not be changed back to the factory default settings. If the button is pressed for over 10 seconds.ADVANCED SETUP Reboot Click REBOOT ROUTER to reset the VoIP Router. If you perform a reset from this screen. all the LEDs will illuminate and the factory default settings will be restored. 4-67 .

and hardware version numbers. as well as information on DHCP clients connected to your network. illegal attempts to access your network. Scroll down to view more information on the Status screen. The security log may be saved to a file by clicking Save and choosing a location. firmware. 4-68 .CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER Status The Status screen displays WAN/LAN connection status.

ADVANCED SETUP 4-69 .

DHCP Client Log Displays information on DHCP clients on your network. Security Log Save Clear Refresh Displays attempts to access your network. Click on this button to delete the access log. Displays system IP settings.CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER The following items are included on the Status screen: Parameter INTERNET GATEWAY Description Displays WAN connection type and status. Click on this button to save the security log file. the physical MAC address for each media interface and for the VoIP Router. as well as the hardware version and serial number. the firmware versions. 4-70 . as well as DHCP Server and Firewall status. Click on this button to refresh the screen. INFORMATION Displays the number of attached clients.

The MAC address is listed as the “Ethernet Address” on the TCP/IP tab.FINDING THE MAC ADDRESS OF A NETWORK CARD Finding the MAC address of a Network Card Windows 2000/XP Click Start/Programs/Command Prompt.” Macintosh Click System Preferences/Network. The MAC address is listed as the “Physical Address.” The MAC address is the value after the word “HWaddr.” 4-71 . Type “ipconfig /all” and press “ENTER”. Linux Run the command “/sbin/ifconfig.

CONFIGURING THE VOIP ROUTER 4-72 .

power losses. If you still cannot isolate the problem. The VoIP Router can be easily monitored through panel indicators to identify problems. power cord. you may have a problem with the power outlet. Troubleshooting Chart Symptom LED Indicators Power LED is Off • • Check connections between the VoIP Router. If the power indicator does not turn on when the power cord is plugged in. and the wall outlet. then the external power supply may be defective. check for loose power connections. contact Technical Support for assistance. In this case. or external power supply. Action A-1 . However.APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING This section describes common problems you may encounter and possible solutions to them. or surges at the power outlet. the external power supply. if the unit powers off after running for a while.

Be sure the device you want to ping (or from which you are pinging) has been configured for TCP/IP. you should use the VoIP Router’s DHCP function to dynamically assign IP addresses to hosts on the attached LAN. if you manually configure IP addresses on the LAN. Check the adapter on the attached device and cable connections for possible defects. For most applications. Be sure that the network interface on the attached device is configured for the proper communication speed and duplex mode. Action • Network Connection Problems Cannot ping the VoIP Router from the attached LAN • Verify that the IP addresses are properly configured. Replace any defective adapter or cable if necessary.TROUBLESHOOTING Troubleshooting Chart Symptom LED Indicators Link LED is Off • • • • Verify that the VoIP Router and attached device are powered on. Be sure the cable is plugged into both the VoIP Router and the corresponding device. Verify that the proper cable type is used and that its length does not exceed the specified limits. However. verify that the same network address (network component of the IP address) and subnet mask are used for both the VoIP Router and any attached LAN devices. • A-2 .

TROUBLESHOOTING Troubleshooting Chart Symptom Action Management Problems Cannot connect using the web browser • • Be sure to have configured the VoIP Router with a valid IP address. Press the Reset button on the rear panel (holding it down for at least 10 seconds) to restore the factory defaults. Check the network cabling between the management station and the VoIP Router. • Forgot or lost the password • A-3 . subnet mask. Check that you have a valid network connection to the VoIP Router and that the port you are using has not been disabled. and default gateway.

• Make sure the wireless PC has the same SSID settings as the VoIP Router. See “Channel and SSID” on page 4-16 You need to have the same security settings on the clients and the VoIP Router. possibly caused by a microwave ovens or wireless phones. There may be interference. • • A-4 . Change the wireless channel on the VoIP Router. See “Channel and SSID” on page 4-16 and “Access Control” on page 4-26. and cabling are firmly connected. connectors. Check that the antenna. The distance between the VoIP Router and wireless PC is too great. If the signal is still weak. See “Access Control” on page 4-26. Make sure the wireless PC has the same SSID and security settings as the VoIP Router.TROUBLESHOOTING Troubleshooting Chart Symptom Wireless Problems A wireless PC cannot associate with the VoIP Router. Action • The wireless network is often interrupted. Change the location of the interference sources or of the VoIP Router. • • • • The VoIP Router cannot be detected by a wireless client. change the angle of the antenna. Move your wireless PC closer to the VoIP Router to find a better signal. See “Channel and SSID” on page 4-16.

Use only twisted-pair cables with RJ-45 connectors that conform with FCC standards. 5 100-ohm UTP Wiring Conventions For Ethernet connections. 3. 4. one wire might be red and the other. an RJ-45 connector must be attached to both ends of the cable. Each wire pair must be attached to the RJ-45 connectors in a specific orientation.APPENDIX B CABLES Ethernet Cable Caution: DO NOT plug a phone jack connector into any RJ-45 port. For example. Each wire pair is identified by two different colors. Length 100 m (328 ft) 100 m (328 ft) Connector RJ-45 RJ-45 100BASE-TX Cat. red with white stripes. Specifications Cable Types and Specifications Cable 10BASE-T Type Cat. The following figure illustrates how the pins on an Ethernet RJ-45 connector are numbered. Also. B-1 . a twisted-pair cable must have two pairs of wires. 5 100-ohm UTP Max. Be sure to hold the connectors in the same orientation when attaching the wires to the pins.

and pins 3 and 6 for receiving data. When connecting to other network devices such as an Ethernet switch.CABLES Figure B-1. RJ-45 Pin Assignments Pin Number 1 2 3 6 Assignment1 Tx+ TxRx+ Rx- 1: The “+” and “-” signs represent the polarity of the wires that make up each wire pair. use the cable type shown in the following table. pins 1 and 2 are used for transmitting data. Attached Device Port Type MDI-X MDI Connecting Cable Type Straight-through Crossover Pin Assignments With 100BASE-TX/10BASE-T cable. B-2 . RJ-45 Ethernet Connector Pin Numbers RJ-45 Port Connection Use the straight-through CAT-5 Ethernet cable provided in the package to connect the VoIP Router to your PC.

Crossover Cable Pin Assignments End 1 1 (Tx+) 2 (Tx-) 3 (Rx+) 6 (Rx-) End 2 3 (Rx+) 6 (Rx-) 1 (Tx+) 2 (Tx-) B-3 . then use straight-through cable.ETHERNET CABLE Straight-Through Wiring If the port on the attached device has internal crossover wiring (MDI-X). Straight-Through Cable Pin Assignments End 1 1 (Tx+) 2 (Tx-) 3 (Rx+) 6 (Rx-) End 2 1 (Tx+) 2 (Tx-) 3 (Rx+) 6 (Rx-) Crossover Wiring If the port on the attached device has straight-through wiring (MDI). use crossover cable.

CABLES B-4 .

CBR) OAM F4/F5 support PPP over Ethernet Client C-1 . up to 512 Kbps upstream Dying GASP support ATM Features RFC1483 Encapsulation (IP.5) Supports G.3) and ADSl2+ (G.5 Mbps downstream.Lite ADSL: up to 1. Bridging and encapsulated routing) PPP over ATM (LLC &VC multiplexing) (RFC2364) Classical IP (RFC1577) Traffic shaping (UBR. Issue 2) and ADSL2 (G.413. up to 1 Mbps upstream (G.992.992.992.1 &T1.APPENDIX C SPECIFICATIONS Physical Characteristics Ports Four 10/100Mbps RJ-45 ports One DSL RJ-45 port One USB port One ISDN port TAE Connector ADSL Features Supports DMT line modulation Supports Annex A Full-Rate ADSL: up to 8 Mbps downstream.

168 Modulation Type OFDM. RIPv1 and RIP VoIP Features SIP Codec .SPECIFICATIONS Management Features Firmware upgrade via web based management web based management (configuration) Power Indicators Event and History logging Network Ping Security Features Password protected configuration access User authentication (PAP/CHAP) with PPP Firewall NAT NAPT VPN pass through (IPSec-ESP Tunnel mode. G.ETSI 2412~2472MHz (Ch1~Ch13) Japan . G.IC 2412~2462MHz (Ch1~Ch11) Europe .1D (self-learning transparent Bridging) DHCP Server DNS Proxy Static Routing.G. G.711.11b/802.11g Radio: 2.L2TP. PPTP) LAN Features IEEE 802.723.STD-T66/STD-33 2412~2472MHz (Ch1~Ch13) C-2 .4GHz USA .FCC 2412~2462MHz (Ch1~Ch11) Canada . CCK Radio Features Wireless RF module Frequency Band 802.729a.

Handshake. ITU G. ITU T.: MV18-4150120-C5 Input: 220-240V~ 50Hz 0.11g.413 issue 2 .2 A IEEE Standards IEEE 802.11g compliant: 11 channels (US. 802.11b/IEEE 802. Model No. 802. IEC 60950-1 Dimensions: 240 x 180 x 33 (mm) Weight: 500 g Input Power: Leader Electronics Inc.dmt. Japan) Temperature: IEC 68-2-14 0 to 40 degrees C (Standard Operating) -40 to 70 degree C (Non-operation) Humidity 10% to 90% (Non-condensing) Standards Conformance Electromagnetic Compatibility CE Safety EN 60950-1.3A Output: 15 V/1.3u.3.1D ITU G.ADSL full rate Standards Conformance Electromagnetic Compatibility CE C-3 . 802.SPECIFICATIONS Operating Channels IEEE 802. Canada) 13 channels ( Europe.

SPECIFICATIONS C-4 .