C127 - Maximum Weight Convention, 1967 (No.

127)

Convention concerning the Maximum Permissible Weight to Be Carried by One Worker (Entry into force: 10 Mar 1970)Adoption: Geneva, 51st ILC session (28 Jun 1967) Status: Instrument to be revised (Technical Convention).
Article 1
For the purpose of this Convention--

(a) the term manual transport of loads means any transport in which the weight of the load is wholly borne by one worker; it covers the lifting and putting down of loads;

(b) the term regular manual transport of loads means any activity which is continuously or principally devoted to the manual transport of loads, or which normally includes, even though intermittently, the manual transport of loads;

(c) the term young worker means a worker under 18 years of age.

Article 2
 
1. This Convention applies to regular manual transport of loads. 2. This Convention applies to all branches of economic activity in respect of which the Member concerned maintains a system of labour inspection.

Article 3
No worker shall be required or permitted to engage in the manual transport of a load which, by reason of its weight, is likely to jeopardise his health or safety.

Article 4
In the application of the principle set forth in Article 3, Members shall take account of all the conditions in which the work is to be performed.

Article 5
Each Member shall take appropriate steps to ensure that any worker assigned to manual transport of loads other than light loads receives, prior to such assignment, adequate training or instruction in working techniques, with a view to safeguarding health and preventing accidents.

Article 6
In order to limit or to facilitate the manual transport of loads, suitable technical devices shall be used as much as possible.

Article 7

1. The assignment of women and young workers to manual transport of loads other than light loads shall be limited.

2. Where women and young workers are engaged in the manual transport of loads, the maximum weight of such loads shall be substantially less than that permitted for adult male workers.

Article 8
Each Member shall, by laws or regulations or any other method consistent with national practice and conditions and in consultation with the most representative organisations of employers and workers concerned, take such steps as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of the Convention.

C136 - Benzene Convention, 1971 (No. 136)
Convention concerning Protection against Hazards of Poisoning Arising from Benzene (Entry into force: 27 Jul 1973)Adoption: Geneva, 56th ILC session (23 Jun 1971) - Status: Instrument to be
revised (Technical Convention).
Article 1
This Convention applies to all activities involving exposure of workers to--

 

(a) the aromatic hydrocarbon benzene C6H6, hereinafter referred to as benzene ; (b) products the benzene content of which exceeds 1 per cent by volume, hereinafter referred to as products containing benzene .

Article 2

1. Whenever harmless or less harmful substitute products are available, they shall be used instead of benzene or products containing benzene.

2. Paragraph 1 of this Article does not apply to--

   

(a) the production of benzene; (b) the use of benzene for chemical synthesis; (c) the use of benzene in motor fuel; (d) analytical or research work carried out in laboratories.

 3. Article 5 Occupational hygiene and technical measures shall be taken to ensure effective protection of workers exposed to benzene or to products containing benzene.  2. all necessary measures shall be taken to prevent the escape of benzene vapour into the air of places of employment. . of this Convention under conditions and within limits of time to be determined after consultation with the most representative organisations of employers and workers concerned. The use of benzene and of products containing benzene shall be prohibited in certain work processes to be specified by national laws or regulations. the Governing Body of the International Labour Office shall submit to the Conference a special report concerning the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article and containing such proposals as it may think appropriate for further action in regard to the matter.  2.  3. Where workers are exposed to benzene or to products containing benzene. In such case the Member in question shall indicate in its reports on the application of this Convention submitted under Article 22 of the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation the position of its law and practice as regards the derogations and any progress made towards complete application of the terms of the Convention. where such exist. the employer shall ensure that the concentration of benzene in the air of the places of employment does not exceed a maximum which shall be fixed by the competent authority at a level not exceeding a ceiling value of 25 parts per million (80 mg/m3). subparagraph (b). At the expiration of three years from the date on which this Convention first entered into force.  2. This prohibition shall at least include the use of benzene and of products containing benzene as a solvent or diluent. Article 4  1. The competent authority shall issue directions on carrying out the measurement of the concentration of benzene in the air of places of employment. paragraph 1. Article 6  1. and from the provisions of Article 2. except where the process is carried out in an enclosed system or where there are other equally safe methods of work.Article 3  1. The competent authority in a country may permit temporary derogations from the percentage laid down in Article 1. handled or used. In premises where benzene or products containing benzene are manufactured.

paragraph 1.  (b) periodic re-examinations.Article 7  1.  2.  2. after consultation with the most representative organisations of employers and workers concerned. places of work in which benzene or products containing benzene are used shall be equipped with effective means to ensure the removal of benzene vapour to the extent necessary for the protection of the health of the workers. Work processes involving the use of benzene or of products containing benzene shall as far as practicable be carried out in an enclosed system. and with the assistance. of this Convention shall be--  (a) carried out under the responsibility of a qualified physician. of this Convention shall be provided with adequate means of personal protection against the risk of inhaling benzene vapour. The duration of exposure shall be limited as far as possible. paragraph 2. Article 8  1. . at intervals fixed by national laws or regulations. permit exceptions from the obligations of paragraph 1 of this Article in respect of specified categories of workers.   (b) certified in an appropriate manner. These medical examinations shall not involve the workers in any expense. approved by the competent authority. Workers who may have skin contact with liquid benzene or liquid products containing benzene shall be provided with adequate means of personal protection against the risk of absorbing benzene through the skin. The medical examinations provided for in Article 9. Where it is not practicable for the work processes to be carried out in an enclosed system. where such exist. as appropriate. Article 9  1. 2. of a competent laboratory. Workers who for special reasons may be exposed to concentrations of benzene in the air of places of employment which exceed the maximum referred to in Article 6.  2. Workers who are to be employed in work processes involving exposure to benzene or to products containing benzene shall undergo--  (a) a thorough pre-employment medical examination for fitness for employment which shall include a blood-test. which shall include biological tests including a blood-test. The competent authority in a country may. Article 10  1.

 2. 60th ILC session (23 Jun 1975) Status: Up-to-date instrument (Technical Convention).Rural Workers' Organisations Convention. or to satisfy itself that appropriate inspection is carried out. including organisations not restricted to but representative of rural workers. Article 1 This Convention applies to all types of organisations of rural workers. Article 12 The word "Benzene" and the necessary danger symbols shall be clearly visible on any container holding benzene or products containing benzene. specify the person or persons on whom the obligation of compliance with the provisions of this Convention rests. Women medically certified as pregnant.  (c) undertakes to provide appropriate inspection services for the purpose of supervising the application of the provisions of this Convention. as well as on the appropriate action if there is any evidence of poisoning. Article 14 Each Member which ratifies this Convention--  (a) shall. and nursing mothers. take such steps as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of this Convention. C141 . 141) Convention concerning Organisations of Rural Workers and Their Role in Economic and Social Development (Entry into force: 24 Nov 1977)Adoption: Geneva. in accordance with national practice.Article 11  1. 1975 (No. Article 13 Each Member shall take appropriate steps to provide that any worker exposed to benzene or products containing benzene receives appropriate instructions on measures to safeguard health and prevent accidents. by laws or regulations or any other method consistent with national practice and conditions. . Young persons under 18 years of age shall not be employed in work processes involving exposure to benzene or products containing benzene: Provided that this prohibition need not apply to young persons undergoing education or training who are under adequate technical and medical supervision. shall not be employed in work processes involving exposure to benzene or products containing benzene.  (b) shall.

coercion or repression.  5. or (c) have any land cultivated by sharecroppers or tenants. For the purposes of this Convention. shall have the right to establish and. whether as a wage earner or. The law of the land shall not be such as to impair. of their own choosing without previous authorisation. rural workers' organisations shall be independent and voluntary in character and shall remain free from all interference.  3. subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article. In exercising the rights provided for in this Article rural workers and their respective organisations. The principles of freedom of association shall be fully respected. without discrimination as defined in the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention. Article 3  1.  4. of strong and independent organisations of rural workers as an effective means of ensuring the participation of rural workers. the term rural workers means any person engaged in agriculture. nor shall it be so applied as to impair. who work the land themselves. the guarantees provided for in this Article. shall respect the law of the land. subject only to the rules of the organisation concerned.  2. This Convention applies only to those tenants. handicrafts or a related occupation in a rural area. on a voluntary basis. like other persons or organised collectivities. in economic and social development and in the benefits resulting therefrom. . Article 4 It shall be an objective of national policy concerning rural development to facilitate the establishment and growth. to join organisations. All categories of rural workers. sharecropper or small owner-occupier. whether they are wage earners or self-employed. or (b) employ a substantial number of seasonal workers. sharecroppers or small owner-occupiers who derive their main income from agriculture.Article 2  1. 1958.  2. with the help only of their family or with the help of occasional outside labour and who do not--    (a) permanently employ workers. The acquisition of legal personality by organisations of rural workers shall not be made subject to conditions of such a character as to restrict the application of the provisions of the preceding paragraphs of this Article. as a self-employed person such as a tenant.

.  2. In order to enable organisations of rural workers to play their role in economic and social development. to influence the working and social environment. 142) Convention concerning Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training in the Development of Human Resources (Entry into force: 19 Jul 1977)Adoption: Geneva. closely linked with employment. both regional and national. (b) the stage and level of economic. Each Member shall adopt and develop comprehensive and co-ordinated policies and programmes of vocational guidance and vocational training. given the special circumstances of the rural sector. 4. C142 . as well as such legislative and administrative discrimination against rural workers' organisations and their members as may exist. and (c) the mutual relationships between human resources development and other economic. their growth and the pursuit of their lawful activities. opportunities and problems. Each Member which ratifies this Convention shall ensure that national laws or regulations do not. in particular through public employment services. particularly with a view to eliminating obstacles to their establishment. each Member which ratifies this Convention shall adopt and carry out a policy of active encouragement to these organisations.  2. Article 1  1. inhibit the establishment and growth of rural workers' organisations. The policies and programmes shall be designed to improve the ability of the individual to understand and.   3.Article 5  1. social and cultural development. These policies and programmes shall take due account of --    (a) employment needs. The policies and programmes shall be pursued by methods that are appropriate to national conditions. 1975 (No.Human Resources Development Convention. individually or collectively. social and cultural objectives. 60th ILC session (23 Jun 1975) .Status: Up-to-date instrument (Technical Convention). Article 6 Steps shall be taken to promote the widest possible understanding of the need to further the development of rural workers' organisations and of the contribution they can make to improving employment opportunities and general conditions of work and life in rural areas as well as to increasing the national income and achieving a better distribution thereof.

The policies and programmes shall encourage and enable all persons. flexible and complementary systems of general. educational and vocational guidance and vocational training. 5. each Member shall establish and develop open. Article 5 Policies and programmes of vocational guidance and vocational training shall be formulated and implemented in co-operation with employers' and workers' organisations and. technical and vocational education. on an equal basis and without any discrimination whatsoever. the employment situation and employment prospects. adapt and harmonise its vocational training systems to meet the needs for vocational training throughout life of both young persons and adults in all sectors of the economy and branches of economic activity and at all levels of skill and responsibility. safety and hygiene at work.  3. Article 2 With the above ends in view. including appropriate programmes for all handicapped and disabled persons. The information and guidance shall be supplemented by information on general aspects of collective agreements and of the rights and obligations of all concerned under labour law. whether these activities take place within the system of formal education or outside it. promotion prospects. with other interested bodies. with a view to ensuring that comprehensive information and the broadest possible guidance are available to all children. this information shall be provided in accordance with national law and practice. including continuing employment information. young persons and adults. Each Member shall gradually extend its systems of vocational guidance.  2. Article 4 Each Member shall gradually extend. . conditions of work. social and cultural activity and at all levels of responsibility. and other aspects of working life in the various sectors of economic. taking into account the respective functions and tasks of the workers' and employers' organisations concerned. account being taken of the needs of society. Article 3  1. to develop and use their capabilities for work in their own best interests and in accordance with their own aspirations. as appropriate and in accordance with national law and practice. Such information and guidance shall cover the choice of an occupation. vocational training and related educational opportunities.

for ships registered in its territory--  (i) safety standards. This Convention does not apply to--    (a) ships primarily propelled by sail. are not covered by collective agreements or laid down by competent courts in a manner equally binding on the shipowners and seafarers concerned. 147) Convention concerning Minimum Standards in Merchant Ships (Entry into force: 28 Nov 1981)Adoption: Geneva. the decision as to which vessels are covered by this subparagraph to be taken by the competent authority in each country in consultation with the most representative organisations of shipowners and seafarers. Except as otherwise provided in this Article. Article 2 Each Member which ratifies this Convention undertakes--  (a) to have laws or regulations laying down. whether or not they are fitted with auxiliary engines. Nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to extend the scope of the Conventions referred to in the Appendix to this Convention or of the provisions contained therein. in so far as these. including standards of competency.  5.   (ii) appropriate social security measures. 4. . and (iii) shipboard conditions of employment and shipboard living arrangements. whether publicly or privately owned. hours of work and manning. 62nd ILC session (29 Oct 1976) .   3. 1976 (No. which is engaged in the transport of cargo or passengers for the purpose of trade or is employed for any other commercial purpose. This Convention applies to sea-going tugs.  2.Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) Convention. in the opinion of the Member. National laws or regulations shall determine when ships are to be regarded as sea-going ships for the purpose of this Convention. Article 1  1. (c) small vessels and vessels such as oil rigs and drilling platforms when not engaged in navigation. (b) ships engaged in fishing or in whaling or in similar pursuits.C147 . this Convention applies to every sea-going ship. so as to ensure the safety of life on board ship.Status: Up-to-date instrument (Technical Convention).

and to satisfy itself that the provisions of such laws and regulations are substantially equivalent to the Conventions or Articles of Conventions referred to in the Appendix to this Convention.  (c) to satisfy itself that measures for the effective control of other shipboard conditions of employment and living arrangements. or laid down by competent courts in a manner equally binding on the shipowners and seafarers concerned. including standards of competency. .   (ii) social security measures prescribed by national laws or regulations. is promptly reported by its competent authority to the competent authority of the country in which the ship is registered. 1948. if possible. are agreed between shipowners or their organisations and seafarers' organisations constituted in accordance with the substantive provisions of the Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention. prescribed by national laws or regulations. at the time of the engagement in its territory of seafarers of its own nationality on ships registered in a foreign country. after tripartite consultation amongst that authority and the representative organisations of shipowners and seafarers where appropriate--exist for the engagement of seafarers on ships registered in its territory and for the investigation of complaints arising in that connection. in so far as the Member is not otherwise bound to give effect to the Conventions in question. 1949.  (d) to ensure that--  (i) adequate procedures--subject to over-all supervision by the competent authority. after tripartite consultation amongst that authority and the representative organisations of shipowners and seafarers where appropriate--exist for the investigation of any complaint made in connection with and. if possible. (iii) shipboard conditions of employment and shipboard living arrangements prescribed by national laws or regulations. and the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention. with a copy to the Director-General of the International Labour Office. where it has no effective jurisdiction. and that such complaint as well as any complaint made in connection with and. hours of work and manning. at the time of the engagement in its territory of foreign seafarers on ships registered in a foreign country.  (ii) adequate procedures--subject to over-all supervision by the competent authority.  (b) to exercise effective jurisdiction or control over ships which are registered in its territory in respect of--  (i) safety standards.

and may take measures necessary to rectify any conditions on board which are clearly hazardous to safety or health. It shall not unreasonably detain or delay the ship. 1970. a trade union or. it may prepare a report addressed to the government of the country in which the ship is registered. with a copy to the Director-General of the International Labour Office.  3. with the laws and regulations required by subparagraph (a) of this Article and. as may be appropriate under national law. Article 4  1.  (g) to hold an official inquiry into any serious marine casualty involving ships registered in its territory. including an interest in safety or health hazards to its crew. particularly those involving injury and/or loss of life. advise its nationals on the possible problems of signing on a ship registered in a State which has not ratified the Convention. In taking such measures. If a Member which has ratified this Convention and in whose port a ship calls in the normal course of its business or for operational reasons receives a complaint or obtains evidence that the ship does not conform to the standards of this Convention. a professional body. (e) to ensure that seafarers employed on ships registered in its territory are properly qualified or trained for the duties for which they are engaged. any person with an interest in the safety of the ship. until it is satisfied that standards equivalent to those fixed by this Convention are being applied. . complaint means information submitted by a member of the crew. have such representative present.  2. an association. Measures taken by the ratifying State to this effect shall not be in contradiction with the principle of free movement of workers stipulated by the treaties to which the two States concerned may be parties.  (f) to verify by inspection or other appropriate means that ships registered in its territory comply with applicable international labour Conventions in force which it has ratified. due regard being had to the Vocational Training (Seafarers) Recommendation. if possible. Article 3 Any Member which has ratified this Convention shall. in so far as practicable. For the purpose of this Article. the Member shall forthwith notify the nearest maritime. the final report of such inquiry normally to be made public. after it has come into force. with applicable collective agreements. generally. consular or diplomatic representative of the flag State and shall.

1985 (No. 71st ILC session (25 Jun 1985) .  (c) average earnings and hours of work (hours actually worked or hours paid for) and.Status: Up-to-date instrument (Technical Convention). Members shall take into consideration the latest standards and guidelines established under the auspices of the International Labour Organisation. where appropriate.C160 . compilation and publication of the statistics required under this Convention. compile and publish basic labour statistics. household income or.     (d) wage structure and distribution. employment. (f) consumer price indices. where possible. where appropriate. where relevant unemployment. I. where appropriate. time rates of wages and normal hours of work. occupational diseases.   (h) occupational injuries and. which shall be progressively expanded in accordance with its resources to cover the following subjects:  (a) economically active population. family expenditure and.  (b) structure and distribution of the economically active population. . for detailed analysis and to serve as benchmark data. family income.Labour Statistics Convention. as far as possible. (e) labour cost. and (i) industrial disputes. definitions and methodology used in the collection. (g) household expenditure or. and where possible visible underemployment. Article 2 In designing or revising the concepts. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 Each Member which ratifies this Convention undertakes that it will regularly collect. 160) Convention concerning Labour Statistics (Entry into force: 24 Apr 1988)Adoption: Geneva.

the published statistics compiled in pursuance of the Convention and information concerning their publication. . in particular-  (a) the reference information appropriate to the means of dissemination used (titles and reference numbers in the case of printed publications and the equivalent descriptions in the case of data disseminated in other forms). and where possible visible underemployment. Article 4 Nothing in this Convention shall impose an obligation to publish or reveal data which could result in the disclosure in any way of information relating to an individual statistical unit.Article 3 In designing or revising the concepts. employment. (b) communicated to the International Labour Office as soon as practicable. shall be consulted with a view to taking into account their needs and to ensuring their co-operation. where they exist. II. an establishment or an enterprise. and  (b) the most recent dates or periods for which the different types of statistics are available. and the dates of their publication or release. BASIC LABOUR STATISTICS Article 7 Current statistics of the economically active population. Article 6 Detailed descriptions of the sources. such as a person. the representative organisations of employers and workers. compilation and publication of the statistics required under this Convention. definitions and methodology used in the collection. as soon as practicable. a household. concepts. and (c) published by the competent national body. shall be compiled in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. Article 5 Each Member which ratifies this Convention undertakes to communicate to the International Labour Office. where relevant unemployment. definitions and methodology used in collecting and compiling statistics in pursuance of this Convention shall be-    (a) produced and updated to reflect significant changes.

Article 8 Statistics of the structure and distribution of the economically active population shall be compiled in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. and in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. Article 13 Statistics of household expenditure or. and in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. Article 10 Statistics of wage structure and distribution shall be compiled covering employees in important branches of economic activity. statistics of occupational diseases shall be compiled covering all branches of economic activity. all branches of economic activity. family income shall be compiled covering all types and sizes of private households or families. and in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. and in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. Article 9  1. family expenditure and. where appropriate. where appropriate. Article 12 Consumer price indices shall be computed in order to measure variations over time in the prices of items representative of the consumption patterns of significant population groups or of the total population. statistics of time rates of wages and normal hours of work shall be compiled covering important occupations or groups of occupations in important branches of economic activity.  2. Where appropriate. where possible. Statistics of occupational injuries shall be compiled in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. covering. where possible. household income or. . Article 11 Statistics of labour cost shall be compiled covering important branches of economic activity. As far as possible. these statistics shall be consistent with data on employment and hours of work (hours actually worked or hours paid for) of the same scope.  2. Article 14  1. for detailed analysis and to serve as benchmark data. Where possible. Current statistics of average earnings and hours of work (hours actually worked or hours paid for) shall be compiled covering all important categories of employees and all important branches of economic activity.

by a declaration communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Office in the month following each anniversary of the coming into force of the Convention. where possible. Article 17  1. introduce subsequent limitations on the technical scope . branches of economic activity or geographical areas. Each Member which limits the scope of the statistics in pursuance of paragraph 1 of this Article shall indicate in its first report on the application of the Convention submitted under article 22 of the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation. the Article or Articles of Part II to which the limitation applies.  3. A Member may limit initially the scope of the statistics referred to in the Article or Articles of Part II in respect of which it has accepted the obligations of this Convention to specified categories of workers. Each Member which has ratified this Convention shall state. After consulting the representative organisations of employers and workers concerned.  3.  2. branches of economic activity or geographical areas. These notifications shall have the force of ratification as from the date of their communication. covering.  4. sectors of the economy. accept the obligations of the Convention in respect of one or more of the Articles of Part II. stating the nature of and reasons for such limitation. all branches of economic activity. the position of its law and practice on the subjects covered by the Articles of Part II in respect of which it has not accepted the obligations of the Convention and the extent to which effect is given or is proposed to be given to the Convention in respect of such subjects. in its reports on the application of the Convention submitted under article 22 of the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation. and shall state in subsequent reports the extent to which it has been possible or it is proposed to extend the scope to other categories of workers.  2.Article 15 Statistics of industrial disputes shall be compiled in such a way as to be representative of the country as a whole. a Member may. Each Member which ratifies this Convention shall. sectors of the economy. ACCEPTANCE OF OBLIGATIONS Article 16  1. Each Member which has ratified this Convention may subsequently notify the Director-General of the International Labour Office that it accepts the obligations of the Convention in respect of one or more of the Articles of Part II which were not already specified in its ratification. III. in pursuance of the general obligations referred to in Part I. Each Member shall specify in its ratification the Article or Articles of Part II in respect of which it accepts the obligations of this Convention.

This Convention does not apply to:  (a) nuclear installations and plants processing radioactive substances except for facilities handling nonradioactive substances at these installations. The purpose of this Convention is the prevention of major accidents involving hazardous substances and the limitation of the consequences of such accidents. C174 . 3. PART I. Such declarations shall take effect one year after the date on which they are registered. 1938. 1993 (No. after consulting the representative organizations of employers and workers concerned and other interested parties who may be affected. (c) transport outside the site of an installation other than by pipeline. A Member ratifying this Convention may.   2. exclude from the application of the Convention installations or branches of economic activity for which equivalent protection is provided. 174) Convention concerning the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents (Entry into force: 03 Jan 1997)Adoption: Geneva.    (b) military installations. SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS Article 1  1.of the statistics covered by the Article or Articles of Part II in respect of which it has accepted the obligations of the Convention. This Convention applies to major hazard installations. Each Member which introduces such limitations shall provide in its reports on the application of the Convention submitted under article 22 of the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation the particulars referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article.Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Convention. in . 4. Article 18 This Convention revises the Convention concerning Statistics of Wages and Hours of Work. Article 2 Where special problems of a substantial nature arise so that it is not immediately possible to implement all the preventive and protective measures provided for in this Convention. 80th ILC session (22 Jun 1993) Status: Up-to-date instrument (Technical Convention). a Member shall draw up plans.

consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers and with other interested parties who may be affected. disposes of or stores. the public or the environment. This policy shall be implemented through preventive and protective measures for major hazard installations and. PART II. management and operational information covering the hazards and risks of a major hazard installation and their control and providing justification for the measures taken for the safety of the installation. GENERAL PRINCIPLES Article 4  1. physical or toxicological properties.in the course of an activity within a major hazard installation. Article 3 For the purposes of this Convention:  (a) the term hazardous substance means a substance or mixture of substances which by virtue of chemical. processes. either permanently or temporarily. could have escalated to a major accident. . either singly or in combination. constitutes a hazard. In the light of national laws and regulations.  (f) the term near miss means any sudden event involving one or more hazardous substances which. handles. and in consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers and with other interested parties who may be affected. one or more hazardous substances or categories of substances in quantities which exceed the threshold quantity. but for mitigating effects. where practicable. prescribed in national laws and regulations by reference to specific conditions.such as a major emission. for the progressive implementation of the said measures within a fixed time-frame.  (d) the term major accident means a sudden occurrence .  (b) the term threshold quantity means for a given hazardous substance or category of substances that quantity.  (e) the term safety report means a written presentation of the technical. conditions and practices. implement and periodically review a coherent national policy concerning the protection of workers. actions or systems. whether immediate or delayed.  (c) the term major hazard installation means one which produces. each Member shall formulate. fire or explosion .  2. the public and the environment against the risk of major accidents. involving one or more hazardous substances and leading to a serious danger to workers. shall promote the use of the best available safety technologies. which if exceeded identifies a major hazard installation. uses.

The competent authority. The system mentioned in paragraph 1 above shall be regularly reviewed and updated. shall make special provision to protect confidential information transmitted or made available to it in accordance with Articles 8. the public or the environment. after consulting the representative organizations of employers and workers concerned. or a body approved or recognized by the competent authority. PART III. establish a system for the identification of major hazard installations as defined in Article 3 (c). RESPONSIBILITIES OF EMPLOYERS IDENTIFICATION Article 7 Employers shall identify any major hazard installation within their control on the basis of the system referred to in Article 5. in accordance with national laws and regulations or international standards. whose disclosure would be liable to cause harm to an employer's business. together with their respective threshold quantities. Article 6 The competent authority. NOTIFICATION Article 8  1. 12. so long as this provision does not lead to serious risk to the workers. shall. based on a list of hazardous substances or of categories of hazardous substances or of both.Article 5  1.  2. Employers shall notify the competent authority of any major hazard installation which they have identified:    (a) within a fixed time-frame for an existing installation. (b) before it is put into operation in the case of a new installation. 13 or 14. ARRANGEMENTS AT THE LEVEL OF THE INSTALLATION Article 9 In respect of each major hazard installation employers shall establish and maintain a documented system of major hazard control which includes provision for: . after consulting the most representative organizations of employers and workers and other interested parties who may be affected. 2. Employers shall also notify the competent authority before any permanent closure of a major hazard installation.

including:  (i) the preparation of effective site emergency plans and procedures. staffing levels.  (ii) the provision of information on potential accidents and site emergency plans to authorities and bodies responsible for the preparation of emergency plans and procedures for the protection of the public and the environment outside the site of the installation. Employers shall prepare a safety report based on the requirements of Article 9. choice of chemicals. including design. definition of responsibilities.  (c) organizational measures. update and amend the safety report: . before it is put into operation.  (b) technical measures.  (b) in the case of any new major hazard installation. and controls on outside contractors and temporary workers on the site of the installation. (f) consultation with workers and their representatives. operation. with periodic testing and evaluation of their effectiveness and revision as necessary. within a period after notification prescribed by national laws or regulations. SAFETY REPORT Article 10   1. safety systems. (e) measures to limit the consequences of a major accident. Article 11 Employers shall review.  (d) emergency plans and procedures. (g) improvement of the system. hours of work. including measures for gathering information and analysing accidents and near misses. maintenance and systematic inspection of the installation. (a) the identification and analysis of hazards and the assessment of risks including consideration of possible interactions between substances.     (iii) any necessary consultation with such authorities and bodies. to be applied in case of major accidents or threat thereof. the provision of equipment in order to ensure their safety. The lessons so learnt shall be discussed with the workers and their representatives and shall be recorded in accordance with national law and practice. including training and instruction of personnel. including emergency medical procedures. 2. construction. The report shall be prepared:  (a) in the case of existing major hazard installations.

the competent authority shall ensure that emergency plans and procedures containing provisions for the protection of the public and the environment outside the site of each major hazard installation are established. . Employers shall. updated at appropriate intervals and coordinated with the relevant authorities and bodies. PART IV. present a detailed report to the competent authority containing an analysis of the causes of the accident and describing its immediate on-site consequences. (c) at intervals prescribed by national laws or regulations. (d) at the request of the competent authority. ACCIDENT REPORTING Article 13 Employers shall inform the competent authority and other bodies designated for this purpose as soon as a major accident occurs. Article 16 The competent authority shall ensure that:  (a) information on safety measures and the correct behaviour to adopt in the case of a major accident is disseminated to members of the public liable to be affected by a major accident without their having to request it and that such information is updated and redisseminated at appropriate intervals. RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMPETENT AUTHORITIES OFF-SITE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Article 15 Taking into account the information provided by the employer. and any action taken to mitigate its effects.    (b) when developments in technical knowledge or in the assessment of hazards make this appropriate. within a fixed time-frame after a major accident. (a) in the event of a modification which has a significant influence on the level of safety in the installation or its processes or in the quantities of hazardous substances present. Article 14  1. The report shall include recommendations detailing actions to be taken to prevent a recurrence. Article 12 Employers shall transmit or make available to the competent authority the safety reports referred to in Articles 10 and 11.  2.

The competent authority shall have properly qualified and trained staff with the appropriate skills. the workers and their representatives shall:  (a) be adequately and suitably informed of the hazards associated with the major hazard installation and their likely consequences. and advise on the matters dealt with in this Convention and to ensure compliance with national laws and regulations. and appropriate measures for existing installations. in the light of the general instructions of the competent authority. (c) where a major accident could have transboundary effects. to assist in cooperation and coordination arrangements. that this may be prejudicial to the performance of their duties. . INSPECTION Article 18  1. SITING OF MAJOR HAZARD INSTALLATIONS Article 17 The competent authority shall establish a comprehensive siting policy arranging for the appropriate separation of proposed major hazard installations from working and residential areas and public facilities. In particular. the information required in (a) and (b) above is provided to the States concerned. instructions or recommendations made by the competent authority. Such a policy shall reflect the General Principles set out in Part II of the Convention.  (b) warning is given as soon as possible in the case of a major accident. investigate. Article 19 The competent authority shall have the right to suspend any operation which poses an imminent threat of a major accident. assess. unless the inspectors consider. and sufficient technical and professional support.  (b) be informed of any orders. to inspect. PART V.  2. Representatives of the employer and representatives of the workers of a major hazard installation shall have the opportunity to accompany inspectors supervising the application of the measures prescribed in pursuance of this Convention. RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF WORKERS AND THEIR REPRESENTATIVES Article 20 The workers and their representatives at a major hazard installation shall be consulted through appropriate cooperative mechanisms in order to ensure a safe system of work.

 (f) discuss with the employer any potential hazards they consider capable of generating a major accident and have the right to notify the competent authority of those hazards. the use of hazardous substances. technologies or processes is prohibited as a potential source of a major accident.  (e) within the scope of their job. (d) be regularly instructed and trained in the practices and procedures for the prevention of major accidents and the control of developments likely to lead to a major accident and in the emergency procedures to be followed in the event of a major accident. in an exporting member State. as appropriate. (ii) emergency plans and procedures. they have reasonable justification to believe that there is an imminent danger of a major accident. on the basis of their training and experience. before or as soon as possible after taking such action. . take corrective action and if necessary interrupt the activity where. and notify their supervisor or raise the alarm. (iii) accident reports. the following documents:     (i) the safety report. and without being placed at any disadvantage. RESPONSIBILITY OF EXPORTING STATES Article 22 When. and have access to. Article 21 Workers employed at the site of a major hazard installation shall:  (a) comply with all practices and procedures relating to the prevention of major accidents and the control of developments likely to lead to a major accident within the major hazard installation. PART VI. (c) be consulted in the preparation of. the information on this prohibition and the reasons for it shall be made available by the exporting member State to any importing country.  (b) comply with all emergency procedures should a major accident occur.