19-4098; Rev 0; 5/08

±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver
General Description
The MAX13448E full-duplex RS-485 transceiver features inputs and outputs fault protected up to ±80V (with respect to ground). The device operates from a +3.0V to +5.5V supply and features true fail-safe circuitry, guaranteeing a logic-high receiver output when the receiver inputs are open or shorted. This enables all receiver outputs on a terminated bus to output logichigh when all transmitters are disabled. The MAX13448E features a slew-rate limited driver that minimizes EMI and reduces reflections caused by improperly terminated cables, allowing error-free data transmission at data rates up to 500kbps with a +5V supply, and 250kbps with a +3.3V supply. The MAX13448E includes a hot-swap capability to eliminate false transitions on the bus during power-up or hot insertion. The driver and receiver feature active-high and active-low enables, respectively, that can be connected together externally to serve as a direction control. The MAX13448E features an 1/8-unit load receiver input impedance, allowing up to 256 transceivers on the bus. All driver outputs are protected to ±8kV ESD using the Human Body Model. The MAX13448E is available in a 14-pin SO package and operates over the extended -40°C to +85°C temperature range. o True Fail-Safe Receiver o Hot-Swap Input Structure on DE o ESD Protection on the RS-485 I/O Ports ±8kV Human Body Model o Slew-Rate Limiting Facilitates Error-Free Data Transmission o 1/8-Unit Load Allows Up to 256 Transceivers on the Bus o -7V to +12V Common-Mode Input Voltage Range o +3.0V to +5.5V Operating Supply Voltage o Available in 14-Pin SO Package

Features
o ±80V Fault Protection on the RS-485 I/O Ports

MAX13448E

Ordering Information
PART MAX13448EESD+ TEMP RANGE -40°C to +85°C PIN-PACKAGE 14 SO

+Denotes a lead-free package.

Applications
Industrial Control Systems HVAC Control systems Utility Meters Motor Driver Control Systems
Pin Configuration appears at end of data sheet.

Functional Diagram
+ R

N.C. 1 RO 2 RE 3 DE 4 DI 5

14 VCC 13 N.C. 12 A 11 B 10 Z D

MAX13448E

DE 4 14

VCC 1µF 9 Y Rt Z VCC

RE

DI

5

D

10

R

RO

12 RO 2 1, 8, 13 3 RE 6, 7 GND R 11

A Rt B D DI

GND 6 GND 7

9 Y N.C. 8 N.C.

GND

DE

SO

________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products

1

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.

..... Typical values are at VCC = +3....+150°C Storage Temperature Range ...... -7V ≤ VY or VZ ≤ VCC (Note 5) DI = low....... RE = VCC. RE = VCC..3mW/°C above +70°C).. RL = 100Ω -6 2 0.........0 TYP MAX 5...-0....... unless otherwise noted.. VCC = 5V DE = GND....... Figure 1 RL = 54Ω.........................3V and TA = +25°C.......3V) Short-Circuit Duration (RO.......... DE.......0 to +5.... DE).....3V) Receiver Input Voltage (A.... RE = GND. 10s) ...... 0V ≤ VY or VZ ≤ +12V DI = high. RE = 0V or VCC..... B (Note 1)) ................ VCC = 5V DE = GND...... DI.5 -0.........Continuous Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 14-Pin SO (derate 8.......3V to (VCC + 0..-0......2 VCC/2 VCC VCC 0.............. RL = 100Ω VY or VZ ≤ -13V.. Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device... Figure 1 (Note 4) RL = 100Ω or 54Ω......+6V Control Input Voltage (RE...... Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability...3V to (VCC + 0.+300°C Note 1: If the RS-485 transmission lines are unterminated and a short to a voltage VSHT occurs at a remote point on the line. -7V ≤ VY or VZ ≤ +1V VY or VZ ≥ + 22V...3V DE = GND.... (VCC ........3V No load..667mW Operating Temperature Range ........... Terminating the line with a resistor equal to its characteristic impedance minimizes this kickback effect... short to +60V DE = GND.. A....... B) .......3V) Driver Input Voltage (DI)....±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (All voltages reference to GND.2 +250 V V V V mA mA mA V V µA SYMBOL VCC IQ ISHDN ISHRT No load..... RE = 0V or VCC.......................±80V Driver Output Voltage (Y..... ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +3..... VCC = 3..1V) ≤ VY or VZ ≤ +12V DI = high......2 3 +0.... Figure 1 RL = 100Ω or 54Ω........ 3) PARAMETER VCC Supply Voltage Range Supply Current Supply Current in Shutdown Mode Supply Current with Output Shorted to ±60V DRIVER Differential Driver Output Change in Magnitude of Differential Output Voltage Driver Common-Mode Output Voltage Change in Magnitude of Common-Mode Voltage Driver Short-Circuit Output Current Driver Short-Circuit Foldback Output Current Driver-Limit Short-Circuit Foldback Output Current Driver Input High Voltage Driver Input Low Voltage Driver Input Current VOD ∆VOD VOC ∆VOC IOSD IOSDF IOSDL VDIH VDIL IDIN -1 RL = 100Ω.....5V.. and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied... Figure 1 (Note 4) DI = low....8 +1 -250 +10 -10 +6 -0.-0.5 15 15 100 100 15 15 UNITS V mA µA mA 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ..... TA = TMIN to TMAX............ RE = GND....... short to -60V CONDITION MIN 3....................... DI.......-40°C to +85°C Junction Temperature .. Z (Note 1)) ....... DE.....................) (Notes 2...-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering........... an active local driver (with DI switching) may see higher voltage than VSHT due to inductive kickback at the driver.) Supply Voltage (VCC)...±80V Receiver Output Voltage (RO).... Figure 1 RL = 100Ω or 54Ω. These are stress ratings only.2 2 1.. VCC = 3..3V to (VCC + 0..

Figures 2 and 3 RL = 54Ω. B.0V to +5.5V. RE 80 2 0. RE DE. Z -80 +80 V VCIH VCIL IIN DE. Figure 4 RL = 54Ω. TA = TMIN to TMAX.0 to +5.5V -100 -6 -200 25 +6 -50 +125 µA µA mA mV mV V V µA mA SYMBOL CONDITION MIN TYP MAX UNITS MAX13448E SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +3. tDPHL tLH.) PARAMETER DRIVER Driver Differential Propagation Delay Driver Differential Output Transition Time Differential Driver Output Skew Maximum Data Rate Driver Enable Time to Output High tDPLH. CL = 50pF.4 +1 +95 -7V ≤ VCM ≤ +12V VCC = GND or VCC = +3. Y. Y and Z) CONTROL Control Input High Voltage Control Input Low Voltage Input Current Latch During First Rising Edge PROTECTION SPECIFICATIONS Overvoltage Protection A.8 V V µA Human Body Model Human Body Model ±2 ±8 kV kV VTH ∆VTH VOH VOL IOZR IOSR IOH = -1.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) (VCC = +3.) (Notes 2. VB = ±80V Receiver Differential Threshold Voltage Receiver Input Hysteresis Output High Voltage Output Low Voltage Three-State Output Current at Receiver Receiver Output Short-Circuit Current ESD PROTECTION All Pins ESD Protection Level (A and B. VB ≤ VCC 0 ≤ VRO ≤ VCC -1 -95 VCC 0. VB = -7V VA. Typical values are at VCC = +3. RE DE. VB = +12V Input Current IA . tHL tDSKEW fMAX tDZH RL = 500Ω. CL = 50pF.3V ±10%) (TA = TMIN to TMAX. tDSKEW = [tDPLH tDPHL]. Figures 2 and 3 RL = 54Ω. unless otherwise noted. CL = 50pF. B VA. 3) PARAMETER RECEIVER VA.6mA IOL = 1mA 0 ≤ VA. unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +3.3V and TA = +25°C.6 0. CL = 50pF.3V and TA = +25°C. Figures 2 and 3 250 2000 250 150 700 1500 1200 200 ns ns ns kbps ns SYMBOL CONDITION MIN TYP MAX UNITS _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 .

tRPHL]. CL = 50pF. CL = 20pF. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA = +25°C. CL = 50pF SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +5V ±10%) (TA = TMIN to TMAX.) PARAMETER DRIVER Driver Differential Propagation Delay Driver Differential Output Transition Time Differential Driver Output Skew Maximum Data Rate tDPLH. Figure 3 RL = 54Ω. Figure 6 CL = 20pF. Figure 6 RL = 1kΩ. unless otherwise noted. unless otherwise noted. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ. tRSKEW = [tRPLH . CL = 50pF.3V and TA = +25°C. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ. tDSKEW = [tDPLH tDPHL]. tDPHL tLH. CL = 50pF. Figure 4 tDZL tDLZ RL = 500Ω. VID = 2V. Figure 7 RL = 500Ω. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ. CL = 50pF. tRPHL tRSKEW tRZH tRHZ tRWAKE tRZL tRLZ tSHDN CL = 20pF. Figure 3 RL = 54Ω. Figure 5 tDZL(SHDN) RL = 500Ω. CL = 50pF. Figure 5 RL = 500Ω.3V ±10%) (continued) (TA = TMIN to TMAX. CL = 50pF. Figure 3 500 100 800 1200 200 ns ns ns kbps SYMBOL CONDITION MIN TYP MAX UNITS 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ . CL = 20pF. Typical values are at VCC = +3. CL = 20pF. CL = 20pF. CL = 50pF. Figure 4 MIN TYP MAX 1000 8 1500 2000 8 12 UNITS ns µs ns ns µs µs tDZH(SHDN) RL = 500Ω. Figure 5 tSHDN RL = 500Ω. CL = 50pF.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +3.) PARAMETER Driver Disable Time from Output High Driver Enable Time from Shutdown to Output High Driver Enable Time to Output Low Driver Disable Time from Output Low Driver Enable Time from Shutdown to Output Low Driver Time to Shutdown RECEIVER Receiver Propagation Delay Receiver Output Skew Receiver Enable Time to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Output High Receiver Wake Time from Shutdown Receiver Enable Time to Output Low Receiver Disable Time from Output Low Receiver Time to Shutdown tRPLH. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ. CL = 50pF 2000 200 1000 150 5 1000 150 200 ns ns ns ns µs ns ns ns SYMBOL tDHZ CONDITION RL = 500Ω. VCM = 0V. tHL tDSKEW fMAX RL = 54Ω. CL = 20pF.

Note 3: All currents into the device are positive. tRSKEW = [tRPLH . CL = 50pF Note 2: Parameters are 100% production tested at TA = +25°C. Limits over temperature are guaranteed by design. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ. Figure 6 CL = 20pF. CL = 50pF. CL = 50pF. respectively. Figure 5 tSHDN RL = 500Ω.) PARAMETER Driver Enable Time to Output High Driver Disable Time from Output High Driver Enable Time from Shutdown to Output High Driver Enable Time to Output Low Driver Disable Time from Output Low Driver Enable Time from Shutdown to Output Low Driver Time to Shutdown RECEIVER Receiver Propagation Delay Receiver Output Skew Receiver Enable Time to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Output High Receiver Wake Time from Shutdown Receiver Enable Time to Output Low Receiver Disable Time from Output Low Receiver Time to Shutdown tRPLH. Figure 7 RL = 500Ω. Figure 4 tDZL tDLZ RL = 500Ω. VCM = 0V. Note 4: ΔVOD and ΔVOC are the changes in VOD and VOC.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +5V ±10%) (continued) (TA = TMIN to TMAX. Figure 5 tDZL(SHDN) RL = 500Ω. Figure 4 MIN TYP MAX 1500 1000 8 1000 2 8 12 UNITS ns ns µs ns µs µs µs MAX13448E tDZH(SHDN) RL = 500Ω. CL = 20pF. Figure 5 RL = 500Ω. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ.tRPHL]. CL = 50pF. tRPHL tRSKEW tRZH tRHZ tRWAKE tRZL tRLZ tSHDN CL = 20pF. when the DI input changes state. All currents out of the device are negative. The short-circuit foldback output current applies during current limiting to allow a recover from bus contention. unless otherwise noted. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 . CL = 50pF. CL = 50pF. CL = 20pF. CL = 50pF 2000 200 1000 150 8 1000 150 150 ns ns ns ns µs ns ns ns SYMBOL tDZH tDHZ CONDITION RL = 500Ω. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ. Note 5: The short-circuit output current applies to peak current just prior to foldback current limiting. CL = 20pF. Figure 6 RL = 1kΩ. All voltages are referenced to device ground. unless otherwise noted. CL = 20pF. CL = 20pF. unless otherwise noted. VID = 2V. Figure 4 RL = 500Ω. Figure 7 RL = 1kΩ. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA = +25°C. CL = 50pF.

2 0.20 -40 DE = RE = LOW A . OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE MAX13448E toc01 MAX13448E toc02 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TA = +25°C.24 3.A = HIGH MAX13448E toc03 0.8 2.1 0 -40°C +25°C 0 2 4 6 8 OUTPUT SINK CURRENT (mA) 10 +85°C DE = RE = LOW B . unless otherwise noted.3V.050 0.0 0 20 40 60 80 DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 100 1.20 DE = RE = LOW A . DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT CURRENT MAX13448E toc06 DRIVER DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs.86 -40 -15 10 35 TEMPERATURE (°C) 60 85 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .92 2.5 0.5 DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 1. TEMPERATURE DE = RE = LOW B .5 DE = RE = HIGH DI = HIGH 1. TEMPERATURE MAX13448E toc04 RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE vs.045 0.4 0.065 0.90 2.055 0.2 4. TEMPERATURE 4. TEMPERATURE MAX13448E toc07 3.9 -40°C 4.B = HIGH +85°C 2 4 6 8 OUTPUT SOURCE CURRENT (mA) 10 RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE vs.A = HIGH ISINK = 1mA MAX13448E toc05 3.23 3.22 3. OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE 0.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E Typical Operating Characteristics (VCC = +3.10 +25°C DE = RE = LOW A .88 DE = RE = HIGH DI = HIGH RLOAD = 54Ω 1.) RECEIVER OUTPUT SOURCE CURRENT vs.B = HIGH ISOURCE = 1mA -15 10 35 TEMPERATURE (°C) 60 85 -40 -15 10 35 TEMPERATURE (°C) 60 85 DRIVER DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs.075 0.3 0.7 0.0 1.6 0.040 OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) 3.6 2.8 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) 0.5 1.94 DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 3.4 3.15 3.B = HIGH DI = FLOATING SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 4.05 -40 -15 10 35 TEMPERATURE (°C) 60 85 2.4 2.25 0.0 0 RECEIVER OUTPUT SINK CURRENT vs.0 2.2 OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) 3.070 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) 0.060 0.21 3.0 1.

TEMPERATURE DE = RE = LOW CLOAD = 20pF PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 375 MAX13448E toc14 500 tDPLH PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 450 400 400 tDPHL 350 DE = RE = HIGH RLOAD = 54Ω CLOAD = 50pF -40 -15 10 35 TEMPERATURE (°C) 60 85 350 tRPLH 325 tRPHL 300 300 -40 -15 10 35 TEMPERATURE (°C) 60 85 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 . unless otherwise noted.04 0. SOURCE CURRENT DE = RE = HIGH DI = HIGH OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) 3.10 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) 0.08 0.06 0.15 3.) SINGLE-ENDED DRIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE MAX13448E toc13 RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY vs.12 0.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (VCC = +3.35 0.20 3.25 3.3V.30 MAX13448E toc08 MAX13448E SINGLE-ENDED DRIVER SINK CURRENT vs. OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE DE = RE = HIGH DI = HIGH MAX13448E toc09 SHUTDOWN CURRENT vs.10 0 2 4 6 8 OUTPUT SOURCE CURRENT (mA) 10 0 2 4 6 8 OUTPUT SINK CURRENT (mA) 10 -40 -15 10 35 TEMPERATURE (°C) 60 85 DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY (500kbsp) MAX13448E toc11 RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY (500kbsp) MAX13448E toc12 2V/div 1V/div 1V/div 2V/div 400ns 400ns DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY vs.02 0 30 25 SHUTDOWN CURRENT (µA) 20 15 10 5 0 3. TA = +25°C. TEMPERATURE MAX13448E toc10 3.

Drive RE high and DE low to enter low-power shutdown mode. 13 2 3 4 5 6. 8. Driver Input. Receiver Output. RO is high impedance when RE is high. Y DI RL/2 VOD RL/2 Z VOC VCC VCC/2 0 tDPLH tDPHL 1/2 VO Z VO Y 1/2 VO VO VOD 0 -VO VOD = V (Y) .tDPHL| 90% tHL 90% 10% Figure 1.C.3V and VCC = +5. Drive DI low to force the noninverting output low and the inverting output high.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E Pin Description PIN 1. If receiver is enabled and (A . if (A . Driver DC Test Load VCC DE CL Y DI Z VO RL CL Figure 3. to GND or leave it unconnected. RO = low. Driver Output Enable.5V. Not internally connected. Typical VCC values are at VCC = +3. Drive DE low to put the outputs in high impedance. Driver Propagation Delays Figure 2.C. VCC = +3. Driver Timing Test Circuit 8 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .B) ≥ -50mV. Drive DE high to enable the driver outputs.B) ≥ -200mV. Receiver Output Enable.0V to +5. RO = high. Drive RE low to enable RO. Connect N.V (Z) 10% tLH tSKEW = |tDPLH . 7 9 10 11 12 14 NAME N. Bypass VCC to GND with a 1µF ceramic capacitor as close to VCC as possible. Drive RE high and DE low to enter low-power shutdown mode. Drive DI high to force the noninverting output high and the inverting output low. RO RE DE DI GND Y Z B A VCC FUNCTION No Connection.0V. Ground Noninverting Driver Output Inverting Driver Output Inverting Receiver Input Noninverting Receiver Input Positive Supply.

tDZH. tDZH(SHDN) VCC/2 0 0. Driver Enable and Disable Times (tDHZ. tDZL(SHDN)) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9 . Driver Enable and Disable Times (tDLZ.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E Y 0 OR VCC D1 D Z CL 50pF S1 OUT RL = 500Ω GENERATOR 50Ω VCC DE tDZH. tDZL(SHDN) VCC/2 0 tDLZ VCC OUT VOL VOM = (VOL + VCC)/2 0. tDZL.25V Figure 5.25V OUT VOM = (0 + VOH)/2 tDHZ 0 VOH Figure 4. tDZH(SHDN)) VCC RL = 500Ω S1 OUT Z CL 50pF Y 0 OR VCC D1 D GENERATOR 50Ω VCC DE tDZL.

5V VCC/2 tRHZ. tSHDN* VOH VCC (VOL + VCC)/2 0 RO VOL S1 OPEN S2 CLOSED S3 = +1.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E B A VID B R RO CL 20pF A tRPHL VOH + VOL 2 tRPLH VOH 0 RO VOL tSKEW = |tRPLH .5V VCC VCC/2 RE RE tRZH.25V VCC *DE = LOW VOL Figure 7. tRWAKE* RO VOH/2 0 0 tRZL. Receiver Enable and Disable Times 10 ______________________________________________________________________________________ .25V RO 0 RO 0. Receiver Propagation Delays S1 +1. tSHDN* 0 VOH 0.5V -1. tSHDN* VCC S1 CLOSED S2 OPEN S3 = -1.tRPHL| Figure 6.5V VCC/2 VCC RE 0 RE tRLZ.5V VCC S1 CLOSED S2 OPEN S3 = -1.5V B S3 A VID RO R RE CL 20pF 1kΩ VCC S2 GENERATOR 50Ω S1 OPEN S2 CLOSED S3 = +1.

while the DI input is switched during a ±80V fault on the A or B input. the device draws a maximum of 100µA of supply current. and receiver outputs are high impedance. a termination resistor is recommend in order to maximize the overvoltage fault protection while the DI input is being switched. logic-level input (DI) and converts it to a differential. RS-485/RS-422 level input (A and B). in shutdown. ordinary RS-485 devices (typical absolute maximum ratings of -8V to +12. shutdown mode. Note 1). Receiver The receiver accepts a differential.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E Detailed Description The MAX13448E ±80V fault-protected RS-485/RS-422 transceiver contains one driver and one receiver. If the DI input does not change state while the fault voltage is present. X = Don’t care. The device is guaranteed to not enter shutdown if DE is low and RE is high for 1µs. This device features fail-safe circuitry. If the inputs are in this state for at least 1ms. The MAX13448E features a reduced slew-rate driver that minimizes EMI and reduces reflections caused by improperly terminated cables. driver outputs and receiver inputs of an RS-485 device sometimes experience common-mode voltages in excess of the -7V to +12V range specified in the EIA/TIA-485 standard. The device has a hot-swap input structure that prevents disturbances on the differential signal lines when a circuit board is plugged into a hot backplane. allowing error-free data transmission up to 500kbps. ±80V Fault Protection In certain applications. While the MAX13448E is not damaged by up to ±80V commonmode voltages. Deasserting the driver enable places the driver outputs (A and B) into a high-impedance state. or without power. the MAX13448E will withstand up the ±80V on the RS-485 inputs. the RO. and Z outputs will be in an indeterminate state if the common-mode voltage exceeds -7V to +12V. In shutdown. Protection is guaranteed regardless of whether the device is active. Y. Table 1. the device is guaranteed to enter shutdown. In these applications. This is done by setting the ______________________________________________________________________________________ 11 . Deasserting the receiver enable places the receiver outputs (RO) into a high-impedance state (see Table 1). driver. regardless of the presence of a termination resistor. the driver outputs (A and B) as well as the receiver output (RO) are in a highimpedance state. Certain parasitic effects present while driving an unterminated cable may cause the voltage seen at driver outputs to exceed the absolute maximum limit. the driver outputs and receiver inputs of the MAX13448E withstand voltage faults of up to ±80V with respect to ground without damage (see the Absolute Maximum Ratings section. and translates it to a singleended. Low-Power Shutdown Low-power shutdown is initiated by bringing DE low and RE high. guaranteeing a logichigh receiver output when the receiver inputs are open or shorted. All receiver inputs and driver outputs are protected to ±8kV ESD using the Human Body Model. In the shutdown state. such as industrial control. To reduce system complexity and the need for external protection. RS-485/RS-422 level output (A and B). Therefore. or when they are connected to a terminated transmission line with all drivers disabled. Function Table TRANSMITTING INPUT RE X X 0 1 DE 1 1 0 0 INPUT RE 0 0 1 1 DE X X 1 0 A-B -50mV -200mV X X DI 0 1 X X Z 1 0 High Impedance OUTPUT Y 0 1 High Impedance High Impedance (Shutdown) OUTPUT RO 1 0 Disabled High Impedance (Shutdown) RECEIVING Driver The driver accepts a single-ended. True Fail-Safe The MAX13448E guarantees a logic-high receiver output when the receiver inputs are shorted or open. or when they are connected to a terminated transmission line with all drivers disabled.5V) may experience damage without the addition of external protection devices. logic-level output (RO).

8% 10% 0 0 tRL TIME tDL CURRENT WAVEFORM Ir PEAK-TO-PEAK RINGING (NOT DRAWN TO SCALE) Cs 100pF Figure 8a. shutdown. ESD Test Conditions ESD performance depends on a variety of conditions. The second. The first. 100pF capacitor charged to the ESD voltage of interest. a foldback current limit on the output stage.5kΩ resistor. The -50mV to -200mV threshold complies with the ±200mV EIA/TIA-485 standard. Maxim’s engineers have developed state-of-theart structures to protect these pins against ESD of ±8kV without damage. Upon initial circuit-board insertion. When VCC rises. During this period. test methodology. the MAX13448E keeps working without latchup or damage. RO is logic-low. If A . RO is logic-high. Human Body Current Waveform receiver threshold between -50mV and -200mV. If the differential receiver input voltage (A . Human Body ESD Test Model Figure 8b. this results in a logic-high with a 50mV minimum noise margin.B) is greater than or equal to -50mV. the pulldown circuit becomes transparent. After the initial power-up sequence.B is less than or equal to -200mV. the receiver’s differential input voltage is pulled to 0V by the termination. provides immediate protection against short circuits over the whole common-mode voltage range (see the Typical Operating Characteristics). The driver outputs and receiver inputs of the MAX13448E have extra protection against static electricity. the processor’s logicoutput drivers are high impedance and are unable to drive the DE input of the device to a defined logic level.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E RC 1MΩ CHARGE-CURRENTLIMIT RESISTOR HIGHVOLTAGE DC SOURCE RD 1500Ω DISCHARGE RESISTANCE DEVICE UNDER TEST IP 100% 90% AMPS STORAGE CAPACITOR 36. ±8kV ESD Protection As with all Maxim devices. which is then discharged into the test device through a 1. Leakage currents up to ±10µA from the high-impedance state of the processor’s logic drivers could cause standard CMOS enable inputs of a transceiver to drift to an incorrect logic level. and Figure 8b shows the current waveform it generates when discharged into a low impedance. resetting the hot-swap tolerable input. the data communication processor undergoes its own power-up sequence. these factors could improperly enable the transceiver’s driver or receiver. In the case of a terminated bus with all transmitters disabled. The transmitter outputs and receiver inputs of the MAX13448E are characterized for protection to the following limits: • ±8kV using the Human Body Model Hot-Swap Capability Hot-Swap Inputs When circuit boards are inserted into a powered backplane. Without the hot-swap capability. This model consists of a 12 ______________________________________________________________________________________ . parasitic circuitboard capacitance could cause coupling of VCC or GND to the enable inputs. and powered down. ESD-protection structures are incorporated on all pins to protect against electrostatic discharges encountered during handling and assembly. an internal pulldown circuit holds DE low. The ESD structures withstand high ESD in all states: normal operation. ESD protection can be tested in various ways. forces the driver outputs into a high-impedance state if the die temperature exceeds +160°C (typ). With the receiver thresholds of the MAX13448E. After an ESD event. disturbances to the data bus can lead to data errors. Driver Output Protection Two mechanisms prevent excessive output current and power dissipation caused by faults or by bus contention. a thermal-shutdown circuit. Human Body Model Figure 8a shows the Human Body Model. Additionally. and test results. Contact Maxim for a reliability report that documents test setup.

allowing error-free data transmission up to 500kbps. controlledimpedance cable or trace should be used and should be properly terminated on both ends with the characteristic impedance of the cable/trace. a 100µA current sink. When M1 turns off. high-impedance CMOS input. At this time. terminate the line at both ends in its characteristic impedance. M1 and M2 (Figure 9). Star configurations and improperly terminated cables can cause data loss. pull DE to GND through a 5kΩ resistor. a single. Reducing the common mode and/or changing the characteristic impedance of the cable changes the maximum number of receivers that can be used. Refer to the TIA/EIA-485 specification for further details. Applications Information 256 Transceivers on the Bus The RS-485 standard specifies the load each receiver places on the bus in terms of unit loads.5mA current sink. the system is subject to proper transmission line design. When VCC ramps from zero. Proper Termination and Cabling/Wiring Configurations When the data rates for RS-485 are high relative to its cable lengths. At the input there are two NMOS devices. RS-485 transceivers should be connected to the cable/traces with minimum length wires to prevent stubs. an internal 7µs timer turns on M2 and sets the SR latch that also turns on M1. Typical Applications The MAX13448E transceivers are designed for bidirectional data communications on multipoint bus transmission lines. Figure 9. An RS-485 compliant transmitter can drive 32 one-unit loads when used with a 120Ω cable that is terminated on both ends over a common-mode range of -7V to +12V. Transistor M2. Figure 10 shows a typical network application circuit. a 1. This means a compliant transmitter can drive up to 256 MAX13448E devices.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E VCC 10µs TIMER SR LATCH TIMER MAX13448E is specified as 1/8 unit loads. M2 is designed to pull DE to the disabled state against an external parasitic capacitance up to 100pF that can drive DE high. line length. After 7µs. Simplified Structure of the Driver Enable Pin (DE) Hot-Swap Input Circuitry The enable inputs feature hot-swap capability. DE reverts to a standard. 5kΩ DE 100µA 500µA M1 M2 DE (HOT SWAP) Reduced EMI and Reflections The MAX13448E features reduced slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflections caused by improperly terminated cables. and keep stub lengths off the main line as short as possible. Line Length The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) publishes the document TSB-89: Application Guidelines for TIA/EIA-485-A that is a good reference for determining maximum data rate vs. and M1. To minimize reflections. holding DE low against three-state leakages that can drive DE high. The ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13 . Refer to the Applications section of the Maxim website or to TIA/EIA publication TSB89 for further information. In most cases. the SR latch resets and M1 turns off. M1 remains on until an external source overcomes the required input current. the timer deactivates M2 while M1 remains on.

120 San Gabriel Drive. No circuit patent licenses are implied. 12 A 11 B 10 Z 9 Y 8 N. Sunnyvale.±80V Fault-Protected Full-Duplex RS-485 Transceiver MAX13448E A RO RE DE DI D R 120Ω B Z Z 120Ω Y A Y Z B A Y Z B A 120Ω B R DE RE RO 120Ω Y D DI R D D R MAX13448E DI DE RE RO DI DE RE RO Figure 10. . 21-0041 SO 14 SO Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. go to www.com/packages. Inc.C.maxim-ic.C. MAX13448E Package Information For the latest package outline information and land patterns.C. Typical Full-Duplex RS-485 Network Pin Configuration PROCESS: BiCMOS TOP VIEW Chip Information N. 14 ____________________Maxim Integrated Products. 1 RO 2 RE 3 DE 4 DI 5 GND 6 GND 7 + 14 VCC 13 N. PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE S14-5 DOCUMENT NO. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2008 Maxim Integrated Products is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.