19-1312; Rev 1; 3/06

Software-Selectable, Half-/Full-Duplex, Slew-Rate-Limited, 12Mbps, RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package
_______________General Description
The MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 provide software-selectable, half-/full-duplex, low-power, slewrate-limited, and high-speed (12Mbps) RS-485/RS-422 operation in a 10-pin µMAX ® package—the smallest 10-pin package available. The software-selectable, half-/full-duplex MAX1485/ MAX1486 make obsolete the normally larger and more expensive solutions required for selectable half-/fullduplex RS-485/RS-422 operation: 1) a 14-pin, fullduplex transceiver configured via jumpers between receiver and transmitter lines, or 2) two 8-pin, halfduplex transceivers, which require an additional inverter logic gate for software selectability. The MAX1481/MAX1484 are functionally equivalent to the industry-standard MAX491 and 75180, and are designed for space-constrained, full-duplex RS-422 applications. All parts contain one driver and one receiver and feature a 1/8-unit-load receiver input impedance, allowing up to 256 transceivers on the bus. The MAX1481/ MAX1485 feature reduced-slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflections caused by improperly terminated cables, allowing error-free data transmission up to 250kbps. The MAX1484/MAX1486 driver slew rates are not limited, allowing them to transmit up to 12Mbps. The MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 draw only 300µA of supply current. The MAX1481 has a low-power shutdown mode that reduces supply current to only 0.1µA. All devices operate from a single 5V supply. Drivers are output short-circuit current limited and are protected against excessive power dissipation by thermal-shutdown circuitry that places the driver outputs into a high-impedance state. The receiver input has a failsafe feature that guarantees a logic-high output if the input is open circuit.

____________________________Features
o 10-Pin µMAX Package: Smallest 10-Pin Package o Software-Selectable Half-/Full-Duplex Operation (MAX1485/MAX1486) o 0.1µA Low-Current Shutdown Mode (MAX1481) o Slew-Rate Limiting Allows Error-Free Data Transmission (MAX1481/MAX1485) o 12Mbps High-Speed Operation (MAX1484/MAX1486) o Allow up to 256 Transceivers on the Bus

MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486

______________Ordering Information
PART MAX1481CUB MAX1481EUB MAX1484CUB MAX1484EUB MAX1485CUB MAX1485EUB MAX1486CUB MAX1486EUB TEMP RANGE 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C PIN-PACKAGE 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX

________________________Applications
Low-Power RS-422/RS-485 Communications Level Translators Hand-Held Equipment Battery-Powered Equipment Transceiver for EMI-Sensitive Applications Industrial-Control Local Area Networks
µMAX is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.

______________________________________________________________Selection Table
Part MAX1481 MAX1484 MAX1485 MAX1486 Half/Full Duplex Full Full Selectable Selectable Data Rate (Mbps) 0.250 12 0.250 12 SlewRate Limited Yes No Yes No LowPower Shutdown Yes No No No Driver Enable Yes Yes Yes Yes Receiver Enable Yes Yes No No Quiescent Current (µA) 300 300 300 300 Transceivers on Bus 256 256 256 256 PinPackage 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX 10 µMAX

________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1 ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1

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.......... RE..................8 ±2 0.... H/F DE... 10sec) .... H/F) ..... DI....0 1....-0....... Slew-Rate-Limited...1 10 -10 125 -100 250 V µA mA µA µA mA 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ...... Half-/Full-Duplex.....-8V to +12.................. and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied...... A and B for Full Duplex) Output Leakage (Y and Z) (MAX1481/MAX1484 Only) Output Leakage (Y and Z) (MAX1485/MAX1486 Only) Driver Output Short-Circuit Current (Note 3) VOD2 No load....-0...... Z) .........-65°C to +160°C Lead Temperature (soldering....... Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability............................................0 3 0.. Figure 5 R = 50Ω or 27Ω... Figure 5 DE.3V to (VCC + 0... DI.....3V) Continuous Power Dissipation 10-Pin µMAX (derate 5.. Figure 5 R = 27Ω (RS-485). unless otherwise noted....5V Receiver Input Voltage.-8V to +12. Figure 5 R = 50Ω (RS-422).-40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range ........+7V Control Input Voltage (RE... VCC = GND or 5.. RE.....3V to (VCC + 0...... B..5V Receiver Output Voltage (RO)..3V to (VCC + 0.. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +5V ±5%..6mW/°C above +70°C) .......444mW Operating Temperature Ranges MAX148_C_ _ .5 5 0................2 V 5 V SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS ∆VOD VOC ∆VOC VIH1 VIL1 IIN1 IIN2 IO IO IOSD R = 50Ω or 27Ω.0°C to +70°C MAX148_E_ _.. DE............5V Receiver Input Voltage..... Half Duplex (Y....... 12Mbps. TA = TMIN to TMAX. Z) ..125 -0.-8V to +12.......... H/F DE..25V DE = GND DE = GND -7V ≤ VOUT ≤ 12V VIN = 12V VIN = -7V VIN = 12V VIN = -7V VIN = 12V VIN = -7V 35 2... Figure 5 R = 50Ω or 27Ω. Figure 5 2.. RE... RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Supply Voltage (VCC) ....2 V V V 0.........Software-Selectable....... H/F DE = GND.. B)....+300°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device.......................3V) Driver Output Voltage (A...... Full Duplex (A......3V) Driver Input Voltage (DI)... DI. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA = +25°C....................-0..... These are stress ratings only.... Y......) (Note 1) PARAMETER DRIVER VOD1 Differential Driver Output Change in Magnitude of Differential Output Voltage (Note 2) Driver Common-Mode Output Voltage Change in Magnitude of Common-Mode Voltage (Note 2) Input High Voltage Input Low Voltage Input Current Input Current (Y and Z for Half Duplex......

TA = TMIN to TMAX. Figures 6 and 12 CONDITIONS RDIFF = 54Ω. 12Mbps. Half-/Full-Duplex. Figures 8 and 10 CL = 15pF.1 600 10 µA µA VTH ∆VTH VOH VOL IOZR RIN IOSR IO = -4mA. VID = 200mV IO = 4mA. S2 closed.tRPHL | Differential Receiver Skew Receiver Enable to Output Low Receiver Enable to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Low Receiver Disable Time from High _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 . S2 closed. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF.) (Note 1) PARAMETER RECEIVER Receiver Differential Threshold Voltage Receiver Input Hysteresis Receiver Output High Voltage Receiver Output Low Voltage Three-State Output Current at Receiver Receiver Input Resistance Receiver Output Short-Circuit Current SUPPLY CURRENT No-Load Supply Current Supply Current in Shutdown Mode (MAX1481 Only) ICC ISHDN RE = GND. RE = VCC 300 0. DE = VCC DE = GND.4V -7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V 0V ≤ VRO ≤ VCC 96 ±95 3. Figures 7 and 9 RDIFF = 54Ω. S1 closed. S1 closed. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) (VCC = +5V ±5%. Figures 8 and 10 CL = 15pF. Figures 8 and 10 Figures 11 and 13 Figures 11 and 13 CL = 100pF.4V ≤ VO ≤ 2. tDF fMAX tDZL tDZH tDLZ tDHZ tRPLH. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF.) PARAMETER Driver Input to Output Driver Input to Output Driver Output Skew | tDPLH . Figures 7 and 9 RDIFF = 54Ω.Software-Selectable. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA = +25°C. Figures 8 and 10 CL = 100pF.4 ±1 -7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V -200 70 200 mV mV V V µA kΩ mA SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (MAX1484/MAX1486) (VCC = 5V ±5%. TA = TMIN to TMAX. Figures 6 and 12 CL = 100pF. tRPHL tRSKD tRZL tRZH tRLZ tRHZ CL = 100pF. S1 closed. S1 closed. unless otherwise noted. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF. Figures 6 and 12 CL = 100pF. Figures 6 and 12 CL = 100pF. unless otherwise noted.tDPHL | Driver Rise or Fall Time Maximum Data Rate Driver Enable to Output Low Driver Enable to Output High Driver Disable Time from Low Driver Disable Time from High Receiver Input to Output SYMBOL tDPLH tDPHL tDSKEW tDR. Figures 7 and 9 5 12 40 40 40 40 90 5 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 70 70 70 70 150 MIN TYP 30 30 5 15 MAX 60 60 10 35 UNITS ns ns ns Mbps ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns | tRPLH . S2 closed. Slew-Rate-Limited. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA = +25°C.5 0. S2 closed. VID = -200mV 0.

S2 closed. Note 2: ∆VOD and ∆VOC are the changes in VOD and VOC. Figures 8 and 10 CL = 15pF. 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ . Figures 8 and 10 Figures 11 and 13 Figures 11 and 13 CL = 100pF. Figures 8 and 10 MAX1481 only. S1 closed. minimum current level applies during current limiting. all currents out of the device are negative.Software-Selectable. tDF fMAX tDZL tDZH tDLZ tDHZ tRPLH. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF. Figures 6 and 12 MAX1481 only (Note 4) MAX1481 only. S2 closed. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF. Figures 7 and 9 250 250 3000 3000 200 200 150 MIN TYP 600 600 10 MAX 1000 1000 200 1000 UNITS ns ns ns kbps ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns | tRPLH . S2 closed. S1 closed. when the DI input changes state. 12Mbps. Slew-Rate-Limited. Note 3: Maximum current level applies to peak current just prior to foldback-current limiting. Figures 8 and 10 MAX1481 only. respectively. Figures 8 and 10 CL = 100pF. Figures 6 and 12 CL = 100pF. If the enable inputs are in this state for at least 600ns. the MAX1481 is guaranteed to have entered shutdown. Figures 6 and 12 CL = 100pF. tRPHL tRSKD tRZL tRZH tRLZ tRHZ tSHDN tDZH(SHDN) tDZL(SHDN) tRZH(SHDN) tRZL(SHDN) CL = 100pF. TA = TMIN to TMAX. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA = +25°C. S1 closed. S2 closed. S1 closed. Figures 7 and 9 RDIFF = 54Ω. S1 closed. Figures 8 and 10 CL = 15pF.) PARAMETER Driver Input to Output Driver Output Skew | tDPLH . CL1 = CL2 = 100pF. CL = 15pF. CL = 100pF. Figures 6 and 12 CL = 100pF.tDPHL | Driver Rise or Fall Time Maximum Data Rate Driver Enable to Output Low Driver Enable to Output High Driver Disable Time from Low Driver Disable Time from High Receiver Input to Output SYMBOL tDPLH tDPHL tDSKEW tDR. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (MAX1481/MAX1485) (continued) (VCC = 5V ±5%. unless otherwise noted. S2 closed.tRPHL | Differential Receiver Skew Receiver Enable to Output Low Receiver Enable to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Low Receiver Disable Time from High Time to Shutdown Driver Enable from Shutdown to Output High Driver Enable from Shutdown to Output Low Receiver Enable from Shutdown to Output High Receiver Enable from Shutdown to Output Low Note 1: All currents into the device are positive. Figures 6 and 12 MAX1481 only. Figures 6 and 12 50 90 15 20 20 20 20 200 50 50 50 50 600 3000 3000 500 1000 CONDITIONS RDIFF = 54Ω. the MAX1481 is guaranteed not to enter shutdown. CL = 100pF. Figures 7 and 9 RDIFF = 54Ω. Half-/Full-Duplex. S2 closed. If the enable inputs are in this state for less than 50ns. S1 closed. All voltages are referenced to device ground unless otherwise noted. Note 4: Shutdown is enabled by bringing RE high and DE low. CL = 15pF.

45 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) 0.40 0. TEMPERATURE IRO = 8mA 4.35 0.Software-Selectable.2 4.8 MAX1481/4/5/6-06 114 0.4 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 4. TEMPERATURE MAX1481/4/5/6-01 OUTPUT CURRENT vs. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package __________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (VCC = +5V. TEMPERATURE MAX1481/4/5/6-04 RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE vs.3 4.1 4. TEMPERATURE MAX1481/4/5/6-08 MAX1481/MAX1485 DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY vs.9 3.50 4.25 0.5 SHUTDOWN CURRENT (nA) 110 106 102 98 94 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 TEMPERATURE (°C) 0. TEMPERATURE RDIFF = 54Ω CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX1481/4/5/6-09 105 CLOAD = 15pF 100 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 95 90 85 80 75 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 94 93 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 CLOAD = 15pF 680 660 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 640 620 600 580 560 540 100 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 TEMPERATURE (°C) TEMPERATURE (°C) TEMPERATURE (°C) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 . RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE MAX1481/4/5/6-02 OUTPUT CURRENT vs. Slew-Rate-Limited. RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE MAX1481/4/5/6-03 360 340 SUPPLY CURRENT (µA) 320 300 280 MAX1484/MAX1486 260 240 220 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 MAX1481/MAX1485 60 50 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 40 30 20 10 0 30 25 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 20 15 10 5 0 100 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 TEMPERATURE (°C) OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) SHUTDOWN CURRENT vs.0 3.) MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 NO-LOAD SUPPLY CURRENT vs. Half-/Full-Duplex.30 0.10 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 TEMPERATURE (°C) -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 TEMPERATURE (°C) MAX1481/MAX1485 RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY vs. TEMPERATURE IRO = 8mA 0. TEMPERATURE MAX1481/4/5/6-07 MAX1484/MAX1486 RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY vs. TA = +25°C. 12Mbps. unless otherwise noted.20 0.15 MAX1481/4/5/6-05 RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE vs.

35 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 2. DRIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE MAX1481/4/5/6-12 38 RDIFF = 54Ω CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 140 120 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 100 80 60 40 20 120 100 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 80 60 40 20 0 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 34 30 26 22 18 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 TEMPERATURE (°C) 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) DRIVER DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs.10 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 10 VA . TEMPERATURE MAX1481/4/5/6-10 OUTPUT CURRENT vs.15 2. DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE MAX1481/4/5/6-14 MAX1484/MAX1486 RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY MAX1481/4/5/6-15 2.VB (2V/div) DI (5V/div) DI 5V/div RO (5V/div) VY .25 2.5 3.0 DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 50ns/div TEMPERATURE (°C) MAX1481/MAX1485 RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY MAX1481/4/5/6-16 MAX1481/MAX1485 DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY MAX1481/4/5/6-17 MAX1484/MAX1486 DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY MAX1481/4/5/6-18 VA .VB (2V/div) 1 RO (5V/div) 0.0 1. unless otherwise noted.40 RDIFF = 54Ω 2.5 5. 12Mbps.01 100 0 0.VZ (2V/div) VY . RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 _________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (VCC = +5V.0 4.1 0.5 1.30 2.VZ 2V/div 1µs/div 1µs/div 50ns/div 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .) MAX1484/MAX1486 DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY vs. TEMPERATURE MAX1481/4/5/6-13 DRIVER OUTPUT CURRENT vs.20 2.5 4.0 2.Software-Selectable.5 2. DRIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE MAX1481/4/5/6-11 OUTPUT CURRENT vs. Half-/Full-Duplex. Slew-Rate-Limited. TA = +25°C.0 3.

For MAX1481 only. a low on DI forces noninverting output low and inverting output high.Software-Selectable. Driver Input. a high on DI forces noninverting output high and inverting output low. Half-/Full-Duplex. drive RE high and DE low to enter the lowpower shutdown mode. RO is high impedance when RE is high. but are not connected to the receiver. Similarly.B ≤ -200mV. +4. Half-/Full-Duplex Selector Input.B ≥ 200mV. The full-duplex receiver inputs (A and B) will still have a 1/8-unit load. Drive RE low to enable RO. With DE high. RO goes high. 12Mbps. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package ______________________________________________________________Pin Description PIN PIN MAX1481/ MAX1484 1 — MAX1485/MAX1486 H/F = 0 1 2 H/F = 1 1 2 RO H/F Receiver Output. When RE is low and if A . Slew-Rate-Limited. Driver Output Enable Input. These outputs are high impedance when DE is low. and connect to GND for full-duplex mode. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 . Receiver Output Enable Input. RO goes low. if A .75V ≤ VCC ≤ +5.25V NAME FUNCTION MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 2 — — RE 3 3 3 DE 4 5 6 — 7 — 8 — 9 — 10 4 5 6 — 7 — 8 — 9 — 10 4 5 — 6 — 7 — 8 — 9 10 DI GND B B Z Z Y Y A A VCC *(MAX1485/MAX1486 only) In half-duplex mode. Connect H/F to VCC for half-duplex mode. Drive DE high to enable driver outputs. Ground Inverting Receiver Input Receiver Input Resistors* Inverting Driver Output Inverting Driver Output and Inverting Receiver Input Noninverting Driver Output Noninverting Driver Output and Noninverting Receiver Input Noninverting Receiver Input Receiver Input Resistors* Positive Supply. the driver outputs serve as receiver inputs.

2V ≤ -0.2V X X Y-Z X X ≥ 0.Software-Selectable.2V ≤ -0. driver and receiver outputs are high impedance.2V X OUTPUT RO 1 0 High-Z MAX1485/MAX1486 TRANSMITTING INPUTSINPUTS DE 1 1 0 DI 1 0 X Z 0 1 High-Z OUTPUTS Y 1 0 High-Z H/F 0 0 1 1 INPUTS DE X X 0 0 A-B ≥ 0.2V X X OUTPUT RO 1 0 High-Z High-Z and Shutdown High-Z and Shutdown MAX1484 TRANSMITTING INPUTS RE X X X DE 1 1 0 DI 1 0 X Z 0 1 High-Z OUTPUTS Y 1 0 High-Z RE 0 0 1 RECEIVING INPUTS DE X X X A-B ≥ 0. 12Mbps. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 _____________________________________________________________Function Tables MAX1481 TRANSMITTING INPUTS RE X X 0 1 DE 1 1 0 0 DI 1 0 X X Z 0 1 High-Z OUTPUTS Y 1 0 High-Z RE 0 0 1 1 RECEIVING INPUTS DE X X 1 0 A-B ≥ 0. 8 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .2V ≤ -0.2V ≤ -0. Half-/Full-Duplex. Slew-Rate-Limited.2V RECEIVING OUTPUT OUTPUT RO 1 0 1 0 X = Don’t care Note: In shutdown mode.

1µF Rt 10 VCC RO 1 RE DE DI GND 2 3 4 5 10 VCC 9 8 7 6 A Y Z B RO RE DE DI 1 2 3 4 Y 8 7 Z 4 DI 3 DE 2 RE 1 RO 7 Z 8 Y 5 GND Rt B 6 9 A 5 GND µMAX Figure 1. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 TOP VIEW MAX1481 MAX1484 MAX1481 MAX1484 0. Slew-Rate-Limited. MAX1481/MAX1484 Pin Configuration and Typical Full-Duplex Operating Circuit MAX1485 MAX1486 TOP VIEW 10 RO 1 H/F DE DI GND 2 3 4 5 10 VCC 9 A Y Z B 5 GND RO 1 VCC 9 A 6 B Rt Y 8 7 Z 0.1µF MAX1485 MAX1486 0.1µF 10 VCC 9 A 6 B MAX1481 MAX1484 0.1µF 10 VCC RO 1 H/F DE DI GND 2 3 4 5 10 VCC 9 A Y Z B RO 1 4 H/F 2 DE DI 3 4 MAX1485 MAX1486 8 7 6 DI 3 DE 2 H/F 1 RO µMAX 5 GND Figure 3.Software-Selectable. 12Mbps. MAX1485/MAX1486 Pin Configuration and Equivalent Typical Half-Duplex Operating Circuit _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9 . Half-/Full-Duplex.1µF MAX1485 MAX1486 0. MAX1485/MAX1486 Pin Configuration and Equivalent Typical Full-Duplex Operating Circuit MAX1485 MAX1486 TOP VIEW 10 VCC 8 Y 7 Z 9 A 6 B 5 GND Rt Rt Y 8 Z 7 A 9 B 6 0.1µF 10 CC VCC H/F 2 DE DI 3 4 MAX1485 MAX1486 8 7 6 DI 3 DE 2 H/F 1 4 7 Z 8 Y Rt B 6 9 A 5 GND RO µMAX Figure 2.

Figure 15 shows the same signal displayed for a MAX1481 transmitting under the same conditions. All devices have a 1/8-unit-load receiver input impedance that allows up to 256 transceivers on the bus. the pin configuration of the driver and receiver is the same as a MAX1481 (Figure 1). minimizing EMI and reducing reflections caused by improperly terminated cables. 256 Transceivers on the Bus B A GND Figure 4. In full-duplex mode. These transceivers are designed to operate on a +5V single supply and typically draw 300µA of supply current when unloaded or fully loaded with the drivers disabled.or halfduplex mode. The MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/ MAX1486 transceivers have a 1/8-unit-load receiver input impedance (96k Ω ). The MAX1481/ MAX1485 feature reduced-slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflections caused by improperly terminated cables. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 VCC MAX1485/MAX1486 Half-/Full-Duplex Mode Operation The MAX1484/MAX1485 can operate in full. A system may work well with longer unterminated stubs. The H/F pin on the MAX1485/MAX1486 allows the user to select between half-duplex or fullduplex operation (Figure 4). Figure 14 shows the driver output waveform and its Fourier analysis of a 20kHz signal transmitted by a MAX1484. Figure 15’s high-frequency harmonic components are much lower in amplitude compared to Figure 14’s. _______________Detailed Description The MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 highspeed transceivers for RS-485/RS-422 communication contain one driver and one receiver.5ns/ft) where tRISE is the transmitter’s rise time. Slew-Rate-Limited.Software-Selectable. Connect any combination of these devices and/or other RS-485 transceivers totaling 32-unit loads or less. DI DE RO H/F MAX1485 MAX1486 Z Y __________Applications Information The standard RS-485 receiver input impedance is 12kΩ (1-unit load). the MAX1481’s rise time is typically 500ns. if the waveform settles out before the UART samples them. High-frequency harmonic components with large amplitudes are evident. In general. The following equation expresses this relationship conservatively: Length = tRISE / (10 x 1. Half-/Full-Duplex. Drivers are output short-circuit current limited and are protected against excessive power dissipation by thermal-shutdown circuitry that places the driver outputs into a high-impedance state. which results in excellent waveforms with a stub length up to 33 feet. a transmitter’s rise time relates directly to the length of an unterminated stub. 10 ______________________________________________________________________________________ . The MAX1481/MAX1484 are designed for full-duplex communications. MAX1485/MAX1486 Functional Diagram Reduced EMI and Reflections The MAX1481/MAX1485 are slew-rate limited. For example. which can be driven with only minor waveform reflections. and the standard driver can drive up to 32-unit loads. The MAX1481 has a shutdown mode in which supply current is typically reduced to 0. or drive it high for halfduplex operation. even with severe reflections. The MAX1484/MAX1486 driver slew rates are not limited. allowing error-free data transmission up to 250kbps. 12Mbps. significantly reducing potential EMI. making transmission speeds up to 12Mbps possible. allowing up to 256 transceivers to be connected in parallel on one communication line.1µA. Drive the H/ F pin low or connect it to GND for full-duplex operation.

5V Figure 9. Driver Propagation Delays Figure 10.3V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH VOH -0.5V tDPLH tDPHL 1.5V Z VO Y 1/2 VO VO VDIFF 0V -VO 10% tR tSKEW = | tPLH . Driver Timing Test Circuit Figure 8. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 Y R VOD R Z VOC S2 RECEIVER OUTPUT TEST POINT CL S1 1k 1k VCC Figure 5.Software-Selectable.tPHL | 90% VDIFF = VY . Slew-Rate-Limited. Driver Enable/Disable Timing Test Load 3V DI 0V 1. Driver DC Test Load Figure 6.5V 1/2 VO DE 3V 1. DZH DHZ 2. Half-/Full-Duplex.5V 1. Receiver Enable/Disable Timing Test Load 3V DE DI Y VID Z CL1 RDIFF OUTPUT UNDER TEST CL2 CL S2 500Ω S1 VCC Figure 7. Z VOL Y.5V 0V tDZL(SHDN).VZ 90% tF Y. 12Mbps. Driver Enable and Disable Times ______________________________________________________________________________________ 11 .3V 0V DZH(SHDN). Z 10% 2. tDPL tDLZ VOL +0.

5V Figure 11. Enable times t_ZH(SHDN) and t_ZL(SHDN) assume the parts were shut down. Receiver Propagation Delay Test Circuit Figure 14.5V 1. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 3V RE 0V RO VOH VOL A B 1. the parts are guaranteed not to enter shutdown if RE is high and DE is low for less than 50ns.1µA of supply current. In addition. Slew-Rate-Limited. It takes drivers and receivers longer to become enabled from the low-power shutdown mode (t_ ZH (SHDN) .5V RPHL INPUT RO 0V RZH(SHDN).5MHz Figure 13.5V VCC RO RZL(SHDN). Enable times t_ZH and t_ZL in the Switching Characteristics tables assume the part was not in low-power shutdown. t_ZL). the MAX1481 typically draws only 0. RZH RHZ 1.5V 1. Receiver Enable and Disable Times (MAX1481/MAX1484 only) B ATE VID A RR RECEIVER OUTPUT 20dB/div 0Hz 250kHz/div 2. RE and DE may be driven simultaneously. RZL RLZ VOL + 0. the parts are guaranteed to enter shutdown. Half-/Full-Duplex.5V 1.5V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH 1V -1V VOH . A foldback current limit on the output stage provides immediate protection against short circuits over the whole common-mode voltage range (see Typical Operating Characteristics).Software-Selectable. If the inputs are in this state for at least 600ns. Receiver Propagation Delays Figure 12. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX1484/MAX1486 Transmitting a 20kHz signal Low-Power Shutdown Mode (MAX1481 only) Low-power shutdown mode is initiated by bringing both RE high and DE low.5V OUTPUT RPLH 1. 12 ______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX1481/4/5/6-fig14 . In shutdown. a thermal shutdown circuit forces the driver outputs into a high-impedance state if the die temperature becomes excessive.0. Driver Output Protection Excessive output current and power dissipation caused by faults or by bus contention are prevented by two mechanisms. 12Mbps. t_ Z L(SHDN) ) than from the driver/receiver disable mode (t_ZH.

terminate the line at both ends in its characteristic impedance. 12Mbps. These parts can also be used as line repeaters with cable lengths longer than 4000 feet (Figure 16). MAX1481/MAX1485 System Differential Voltage at 50kHz Driving 4000 ft. Figures 19 and 20 show typical network applications circuits.VB 4V/div VA . The slew-rate-limited MAX1481/MAX1485 are more tolerant of imperfect termination than the MAX1484/MAX1486. and keep stub lengths off the main line as short as possible. Figure 15. of Unterminated Cable Figure 18. Figures 17 and 18 show the system differential voltage for the parts driving 4000 feet of 26AWG twisted-pair wire into 120Ω loads. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX1481/MAX1485 Transmitting a 20kHz Signal Figure 16. To minimize reflections. Slew-Rate-Limited.VB 4V/div RO 5V/div RO 5V/div 5µs/div 1µs/div Figure 17. Data Rate The RS-485/RS-422 standard covers line lengths up to 4000 feet. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package Line Length vs. Line Repeater MAX1481/4/5/6-fig17 MAX1481/4/5/6-fig18 DI 5V/div DI 5V/div VA . MAX1484/MAX1486 System Differential Voltage at 200kHz Driving 4000 ft. use the repeater application shown in Figure 16. H/F ON MAX1485 AND MAX1486 ONLY. lines. MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 Typical Applications The MAX1485/MAX1486 are designed for bidirectional data communications on multipoint bus transmission MAX1481/4/5/6-fig15 A RO RE MAX1481 MAX1484 MAX1485 MAX1486 120Ω DATA IN R B 20dB/div DE Z DI H/F 120Ω Y D DATA OUT 0Hz 250kHz/div 2. Half-/Full-Duplex. of Unterminated Cable 13 ______________________________________________________________________________________ .Software-Selectable.5MHz NOTE: RE ON MAX1481 AND MAX1484 ONLY. For line lengths greater than 4000 feet.

12Mbps. Slew-Rate-Limited. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 5V VCC DI H/F Z 120Ω 120Ω (Z) VCC 5V H/F DE D DE RO Y Z Y 5V Z Y (Y) D DI R R D VCC R R D RO H/F VCC VCC MAX1485 MAX1486 DI DE RO DI DE RO Figure 19.Software-Selectable. Typical Half-Duplex RS-485 Network 14 ______________________________________________________________________________________ . Half-/Full-Duplex.

RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 A RO RE DE Z DI Y 120Ω 120Ω Z DE B 120Ω 120Ω Y Z B A Y Z B A A H/F** RE* RO R B D DI D Y H/F** R R D H/F** H/F** R D DI DE RE* RO DI DE RE* RO MAX1481 MAX1484 MAX1485 MAX1486 *RE ON MAX1481 AND MAX1484 ONLY. Typical Full-Duplex RS-485 Network ___________________Chip Information TRANSISTOR COUNT: 396 ______________________________________________________________________________________ 15 . **H/F ON MAX1485 AND MAX1486 ONLY. Half-/Full-Duplex. Figure 20. 12Mbps. Slew-Rate-Limited.Software-Selectable.

maxim-ic.) ________________________________________________________Package Information 10LUMAXB. 12Mbps. RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers in µMAX Package MAX1481/MAX1484/MAX1485/MAX1486 Package Information (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications. For the latest package outline information. 120 San Gabriel Drive.EPS Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. Half-/Full-Duplex. No circuit patent licenses are implied. go to www. Slew-Rate-Limited. .Software-Selectable. Sunnyvale. CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2006 Maxim Integrated Products PrintedSA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products. Inc.com/packages. 16 ____________________Maxim Integrated Products. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.