PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course
preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
10-41

10-52 A steam power plant operates on an ideal regenerative Rankine cycle with two open feedwater heaters. The net
power output of the power plant and the thermal efficiency of the cycle are to be determined.
Assumptions 1 Steady operating conditions exist. 2 Kinetic and potential energy changes are negligible.
Analysis











(a) From the steam tables (Tables A-4, A-5, and A-6),
( ) ( )( )
kJ/kg 95 . 137 20 . 0 75 . 137
kJ/kg 0 2 . 0
m kPa 1
kJ 1
kPa 5 200 /kg m 0.001005
/kg m 001005 . 0
kJ/kg 75 . 137
in , 1 2
3
3
1 2 1 in ,
3
kPa 5 @ 1
kPa 5 @ 1
= + = + =
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
·
÷ = ÷ =
= =
= =
pI
pI
f
f
w h h
P P w
h h
v
v v

( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )( )
kJ/kg 10.35
m kPa 1
kJ 1
kPa 600 10,000 /kg m 0.001101
/kg m 001101 . 0
kJ/kg 38 . 670
liquid sat.
MPa 6 . 0
kJ/kg 13 . 505 42 . 0 71 . 504
kJ/kg 0.42
m kPa 1
kJ 1
kPa 200 600 /kg m 0.001061
/kg m 001061 . 0
kJ/kg 71 . 504
liquid sat.
MPa 2 . 0
3
3
5 6 5 in ,
3
MPa 6 . 0 @ 5
MPa 6 . 0 @ 5
5
in , 3 4
3
3
3 4 3 in ,
3
MPa 2 . 0 @ 3
MPa 2 . 0 @ 3
3
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
·
÷ = ÷ =
= =
= =
)
`
¹ =
= + = + =
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
·
÷ = ÷ =
= =
= =
)
`
¹ =
P P w
h h
P
w h h
P P w
h h
P
pIII
f
f
pII
pII
f
f
v
v v
v
v v

kJ/kg 8 . 2821
MPa 6 . 0
K kJ/kg 9045 . 6
kJ/kg 8 . 3625
C 600
MPa 10
kJ/kg 73 . 680 35 . 10 38 . 670
8
7 8
8
7
7
7
7
in , 5 6
=
)
`
¹
=
=
· =
=
)
`
¹
° =
=
= + = + =
h
s s
P
s
h
T
P
w h h
pIII

( )( ) kJ/kg 7 . 2618 6 . 2201 9602 . 0 71 . 504
9602 . 0
5968 . 5
5302 . 1 9045 . 6
MPa 2 . 0
9 9
9
9
7 9
9
= + = + =
=
÷
=
÷
=
)
`
¹
=
=
fg f
fg
f
h x h h
s
s s
x
s s
P

1
2
10
s
T
7
9
0.6 MPa
5 kPa
0.2 MPa
1 - y - z
4
y
3
6
5
8
1 - y
10 MPa
7
8
9
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
Turbine
Boiler
Condenser fwh I
fwh II
P I P II P III

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course
preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
10-42

( )( ) kJ/kg 0 . 2105 0 . 2423 8119 . 0 75 . 137
8119 . 0
9176 . 7
4762 . 0 9045 . 6
kPa 5
10 10
10
10
7 10
10
= + = + =
=
÷
=
÷
=
)
`
¹
=
=
fg f
fg
f
h x h h
s
s s
x
s s
P

The fraction of steam extracted is determined from the steady-flow energy balance equation applied to the feedwater
heaters. Noting that 0 Δpe Δke ~ ~ ~ ~ W Q
 
,
FWH-2:
( ) ( )
5 4 8 5 5 4 4 8 8
out in
(steady) 0
out in
1 1
0
h h y yh h m h m h m h m h m
E E
E E E
e e i i
system
= ÷ + ÷÷ ÷ = + ÷÷ ÷ =
=
= A = ÷
¿ ¿
    
 
  


where y is the fraction of steam extracted from the turbine ( =  /  m m
8 5
). Solving for y,
07133 . 0
13 . 505 8 . 2821
13 . 505 38 . 670
4 8
4 5
=
÷
÷
=
÷
÷
=
h h
h h
y
FWH-1:
( ) ( )
3 2 9 3 3 2 2 9 9
1 1 h y h z y zh h m h m h m h m h m
e e i i
÷ = ÷ ÷ + ÷÷ ÷ = + ÷÷ ÷ =
¿ ¿
    
where z is the fraction of steam extracted from the turbine ( =  /  m m
9 5
) at the second stage. Solving for z,
( ) ( ) 1373 . 0 07136 . 0 1
95 . 137 7 . 2618
95 . 137 71 . 504
1
2 9
2 3
= ÷
÷
÷
= ÷
÷
÷
= y
h h
h h
z
Then,
( )( ) ( )( )
kJ/kg 2 . 1388 8 . 1556 0 . 2945
kJ/kg 1556.8 137.75 2105.0 1373 . 0 07133 . 0 1 1
kJ/kg 0 . 2945 73 . 680 8 . 3625
out in net
1 10 out
6 7 in
= ÷ = ÷ =
= ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ ÷ =
= ÷ = ÷ =
q q w
h h z y q
h h q

and
( )( ) MW 30.5 ~ = = = kW 540 , 30 kJ/kg 1388.2 kg/s 22
net net
w m W 


(b) The thermal efficiency is
47.1% = ÷ = ÷ =
kJ/kg 2945.0
kJ/kg 1556.8
1 1
in
out
th
q
q
q