Reading .....

50 minutes
1 Read t he instructions and t he 4
title of the article in exercise 4,
then choose the correc t ending
to the sentence below.
The text is proba bly about
a cha nges in th e ways people
spe nd t he ir holidays.
b different equipment needed
for different types of holidays.
c types of holiday most suitable
for different type s of people.
Now read t hrough the t ext
quickly to check if yo ur a nswer
was correct.
2 Find the words or express ions
in the article t hat match the
definitions bel ow.
areas of land whe re the
animals and plants are
prot ected by law
(paragraph 1)
2 places where a lot of peopl e
go on holiday (paragraph 1)
3 a co mpany wh ich arranges
ot he r people's holidays
(paragraph 2)
4 peopl e whose job is to show
tourists aro und towns,
mu seums, etc. (paragraph 2)
5 a holiday in a place where
people do not often go
(paragraph 3)
6 visiting places for pleasure
ins ide one's own country
(pa ragraph 3)
7 a holiday spent sunbat hing at
th e seaside (paragraph 4)
8 boat trips made for pleasure
(pa ragraph 4)
3 Read sentences A- H in exercise
4 ca refully. Underline those
parts in t he arti cle that contai n
information about them.
Read the art icl e on tourism. Decide which sentences A-H
a re true (1) and which are fal se (F), according to the text.
(1) Back in the 1980s and early 1990s, when Africans first
realised that tourism might be a way out of poverty, they built big
concrete hotels on t he beaches of Kenya. Sout h Africa and other
countries. For some t ime numerous charter flights came from
Germany and It aly. Tourists hoping to see lions in nat ure reserves
- but also expect ing to enjoy the comforts of home - packed into
overcrowded resorts that were trying to look like the
(2) That was then. Fortunately, a new kind of travel is in
fashion now. Today' s tourists are leaving the European-style hotels
for more authentic experiences, like horseback-riding through the
bush. Sitting by the fire at night after a typical dinner of meat
stew, pumpkin leaves and wild spinach. they listen to the local
Xhosa people telling folk stories. This experience is not offered by
a multinational tour operator but by the Xhosa themselves.
through a small, locally run firm called Amadiba Adventures. The
money they earn will provide the Xhosa tour guides with an income
two and a half times the average local wage.
(3) In many ways, this off-the-beaten-track holiday represents
the future of global tourism. Despite difficulties. internat ional and
domestic tourism is expected to grow fast over the next two
decades. While a global recession and the terrorist attacks of
9/ 11 pushed down tourist numbers in 2001 for the first t ime
since 1982, the impact was less than many had expected. Longer-
term trends, incl uding a rise in global wealt h, improving transp ort
technology, cheaper fl ights and the use of the Internet as a tr avel
t ool, wi ll make it possible for more people around the world to
t ravel than ever before. Last year there were 693 mil lion
internat ional touri st arrivals. The World Tourism Organisation
Smart answe r key on page 191
When doing a true/false task, fi rst famili arise yourself
with the text. Read the instructions and the title, and
skim through the whole text to get a general idea of
what it's about. Then focus on the key words that tell
you about the gist of the text. Finally, find those parts of
the text that include the informat ion you need to
decide about the statements.
5 Read the text again and write short
answers to each question.
1 Why did Africa n count ries promot e
tourism in the 1990s?
2 What di d the African t ourist reso rts look
like in the 1980s and 1990s?
3 What are the new tr ends in tour ism
4 According to the arti cle you've just read,
wha t difficulties has global tourism had to
overcome lately?
5 What are the condit ions that will
sti mulate the development of to ur ism in
the near futur e?
6 What two main changes in globa l tourism
does the articl e pr edi ct?
20 minutes + 15 minutes
expects that number to increase to more than 1
billion by 2010. Tomorrow's tourists will come
from new places ; the number of Asian, and
particularlyChinese, tourists is predicted to
explode as that region becomes more integrated
into the global econo my.
(4) Future tourists wi ll also want to do different
thi ngs. While sun-and-sea tourism still dominates ,
overcrowding and time pressures mean that the
sta ndard two-week beach holiday is becoming less
popular, Rat her than spending two weeks on a
beach, Americans and Eu ropeans are nowtaking
s horte r but more varied trips , causing the rapid
development of adventure travel, ecotouris m,
cultural tours , spa holidays , cruises and sports
vacat ions in eve r more distant places: China, the
Maidives, Botswana. Western traveliers who have
'been there and done that' choose more exotic,
individualised experiences. Local governments and
fi rms are trying hard to satisfythis new demand,
which offers them the opportunity to make huge
profits from tourism.
Listening 25 minutes
A Hotels built in Africa in the 1980s and early
1990s were totall y differ ent from European
h otels. T / F
B Twe nty years ago, tourist s from Europe,
while on holiday in Africa, expected the
sa me conditions they we re used to in their
own countries. T / F
C Ther e are no African agencies providing
services to European tourists . T / F
D African tour guides earn less than people
doing other jobs. T / F
E According to expecta t ions, the tourist
indust ry is facing a serious cr isis in t he near
future. T / F
F The number of t ourist s from China is
expected to grow fast . T / F
G Sunbathing at the seas ide is st ill the most
popular for m of holiday. T / F
H There is little cha nce that new types of
holidays, like adventure travel or cultural
tours, wi ll be offered in African countries.
T / F
Answer s on page 192
Smart answer key on page 192
6 Read the instructions a n d the m ultipl e-
choice statements in exercise 8 carefull y, a nd
answer these questions.
1 Who is going to be spea king? Do you know
thei r na mes?
2 What a re they go ing to talk ab out ?
7 Read the following pai rs of sen t ences. Do
they have the same meaning (v") or do they
h ave different meanings (X)?
1 There were no vacancies.
They we re full y booked. D
2 We found a hotel in no time at all.
It didn't take us long to find a hotel. D
3 The room was fairly big.
The room was as bi g as a shoebox. D
4 We couldn' t wa it to go .
We didn 't wa nt to go. D
5 I liked everything about t he hotel.
I li ked eve ryt hing but the hotel. D
6 I can't stand t he weather.
I can' t complain about the weather. D
7 The t rip was n't long enough.
The tri p was too short. D
Answers o n piilge 192
10 Read the followi ng dial ogue. Fill in the
gaps wit h the correct fo rm of the prompts
in brackets.
9 Read the dialogue in exercise 10 below, then
answer the following questions. Don't fill in
the gaps yet.
1 Who's talking? Wher e do you think the
conversati on takes place?
2 What's the guest 's complaint ?
3 What's the di sadvantage of the new room
the reception ist is offer ing?
4 What's t he advantage of the new room?
5 Wha t form of extra compensation does the
receptionist offer?
20 minutes
Guest I'm not going to stay in th at room any
, (long). It's z _
(noisy) than a train station. Last night
1couldn 't sleep at all! It was
3 (bad) night of my life.
Could you find me somewhere
, (quiet)?
Receptionist Well, it's 5 (difficult)
than it seems. We have " _
(practica l) no vacan cies. The only
room I could offer is on the top floor.
It's much ' (small), so it
won't be 8 (comfortable) as
t he one you're in at th e moment.
Guest Anyth ing is 9 (good) than
what I went thro ugh last night! And I
assume the price will be 10 _
(significant) lower .. .
Receptionist 11 (certain). Our top-
floor rooms are cheaper. Also, I'd be
glad to offer you a complimentary
meal in our rest aur an t to nig ht.
Use of English
Answers on pag4! 192
8 os. 23 Read the sentences below. You are
going to hear two women talking about a
holiday in France. Read the sentences, and
choose the best option: a, b, or c, to
complete the statements about the
1 Paula's friend says that
a she has been ill.
b Paula doesn't look very well.
c she's pl eased to see Paula.
2 Before the trip, Paul a
a was ent hus iastic about it.
b wa nted to go to the Lake District.
c didn't t ell anybody she was going.
3 Before Mark and Paula went to Par is,
a Mark's boss didn't want him to go.
b Paula arranged for somebody to look
after the hamster.
c Paula's sister promised to look afte r the
4 The journey across the Channel
a was very smoot h .
b was unpleasant for Paula .
c lasted eight hours.
5 The only thing Pau la liked about Paris was
a the weather.
b the accommoda t ion .
c the shops.
6 The return trip from Pari s was
a di sturbed by a flood.
b an en joyable experience.
c earlier t han planned.
Remember that mult iple-choice tasks may contain
opt ions that are very similar to phrases used in the
recording, but their meaning is different. Try to get a
general sense of the text, rather than understand single
First read through the dialogue quickly to understand
who's talking, and what they're talking about. Then
decide what part of speech the missingword is. When
you've completed the text, read the whole dialogue
again to check it sounds natural.
110 TRAVEL Smart answer key on page 192
Writing an argumentative essay
11 What do you think are the advantages and
disadvantages of cars? Write down a list of
five advantages, and five disadvantages.
12 Read the statement in exercise 15 carefully.
What do you think? Do you agree or disagree
with the st atement? Start planning. You can
use ideas from exercise 11. Arran ge your
not es under these headings, and add more
points if you need to.
Int rodu cti on to essay:
Writing 90 minutes
14 Read this part of the conclusion from
a student's essay. For each gap, choose a, an,
the or - (no article) to complete the text.
For these reasons, I believe that ' __ problem
is extremely complicated . This means that
z__ solution can not be ' __ simple one. I
think that ' __ heart of ' __ probl em is not
' __ question of logi c. Logically, eve ryone
should st op using r __ cars. However, our love
for s _ _ car is not logical. We like comfort,
personal space, and so on. If yo u want me to
leave my car, you need to offer me s__
luxury minibus - not m_ _ di rt y, crowded
normal bu s.
Argume nts t hat you agree wit h:
WRITING EXAM 60 minutes
Argume nt s t hat you disagree wit h:
Your counter-arguments to the arguments that
yo u di sagree wit h:
15 Write an essay of about 200 words for or
against the following statement:
People should be encour aged to get out of
their cars and find other ways to travel, like
public transport or cycling and walking.
Answers on page 193
Summary and conclusion:
In a for/against essay, you can write about arguments
on both sides of the que stion, but you must come to a
clear conclusion.
16 Look at these questions. Fou r of them
cont ain a mistake and one question is
correct. Can you find and correct the
17 If you're working alone, answer the
questions from exercise 16. If you ' re working
with a partner, ask each other about a
holiday you' ve had.
7S minutes
40 minutes
1 What's last holiday you had?
2 Had you been to there before?
3 What did you do wh ile yo u were away?
4 What pr eparations did yo u make before
5 Where are you going for next your holi day?
Situational role-play
2 A People spe nd large sums of money on
B Many peo ple want to have status and
pr ivacy.
People in orde r to
3 A Many people don't believe how bad the
enviro nmental situa tion is.
B Green activists don't understand it .
Green act ivist s t ha t
4 A People often prefer to use t heir cars.
B Public transport is slow and
, wit h t he result that
5 A The transport sit ua t ion will get worse.
B Th e govern ment could take acti on.
Unless worse.
13 Look at these pairs of sentences. Use the
prompts to rewrite them as one sentence.
1 A Many people prefer to drive to work.
B People ofte n spend a long time sit ting in
t raffic jams.
Many people r despite the fact
that _
Smart answer key on page 193 TRAVEL 111
SPEAKING EXAM ~ 5 minutes
Holidays from A to Z
18 Look ca refu lly at the instruction to exerci se 19. Then
match the sentence beginnings 1-6 to the endings a- f t o
make com plet e suggesti on s.
19 You and your friend(s) have won a competition and the
prize is a holiday of your choice. Discuss the following
issues a n d choose a holiday from the options below:
• which would be t he best type of holiday to go on
• what you would like to do while you' re there
• how long you would like to go for
• what preparations yo u need to make for the trip.
20 Read these sentences. Look at
the three photos on page 113,
and decide if each sen tence is
right or wrong.
I The two cyclists are ridi ng
away from the came ra. 0
2 The ma n 's concentrat ing on
hi s bu sin ess magazine. 0
3 The sur face is wet from the
recent rain. 0
4 The tr ain's pas sing what looks
like a harbour. 0
5 One of the riders is look ing
over his shoulde r. 0
6 The passenger doesn't seem
very in terested in the view. 0
7 The re are a lot of cars
tr avelli ng in bot h direct ions.
8 Both peopl e are cycl ing on
t he cycle path.
Now decide which sta t emen t is
about which picture A- C.
Picture-based discussion
35 minutes
A the Croatian coast is very ni ce.
B the mountai ns.
C lyin g around being lazy.
o investigati ng accommodation.
E make the travel arrangeme nts.
F do some hill-walking.
I I'd like to go to
2 I've heard that
3 I think I'd en joy just
4 I'd prefer to
5 I'd say the most
importa nt t hing is
6 I'm happy to agree to
Cross t he Sahara on a came l. Fly in a balloon safari.
Sleep under the stars. Live your lite to the full!
\ Vhi te sand and palm trees as tar as the eye can sec .
Bright sun and warm water. Exchange your stress for
Put down the picture postcards of t he pre tty
countryside and pack your bags because we' re going
t here. Bc parr of nat ure!
21 Look at the list of ideas below,
and put them in the right
gro up in the tabl e.
spee d • economical •
gett ing exercise
time to catch up on the news •
opportunity to meet ot he r
doesn ' t depend on the weather >
need a change of clot hes when
you get to work/ school •
enviro n mentally friendl y
Bored wit h TV? Come on our great tour of
monumen ts and mu seums and historical town cent res.
Feed your brain and your eyes!
Fed up with sitt ing around? Want to get fit and have
fun? Water sport s, moun tain-climbing, indoor skiing,
and more: everything 's possible at our special centre!
n ~ w   r s on page 193
Remember that this part of the exam is like acting in a play. The
important thing is t o say your ' lines' well. Thi s means you need to involve
the ' audience'. Speak with enthusiasm and interest. Speak clearly - don't
mumble. Make eye contact.
112 TRAVEL Smart answer key on page 193
Public transport
Add some ideas of your own, as well.
22 Now think about the advantages and
disadvantages of using a car to get t o work/
school. Write down some ideas.
You may be asked about any topic in the speaking
exam. Whatever topic you are given, there are always
• adva ntages and disadva ntages to think about and
discuss. Practise with a friend: if he or she says one
thing, think of an arg ument aga inst it . Don't worry
about your own real opi nions, just practise saying the
opposite view.
SPEAKING EXAM 10 minutes
23 Look at the three photos. They show
different ways of going to and from work
or school. Compare and contrast the
Which way of travelling would you prefer?
• What are the advantages and
di sadvantages of the other ways that
people use to tra vel?
Answers on page 193
Smart answer key on page 193 TRAVEL 113
Reading 35 minutes
1 The following twel ve
phrases a re take n from t he
article in exercise 2. Each
on e of the phrases 1-6
refers to the sa me t hing in
the arti cle as one of the
phrases A-F. Find t he
twel ve phrases in the
a rticl e, then match the
pairs of phrases below
which refer to the same
th ings.
I Mediterranean beach
2 my final desti na t ion
3 my home
4 wildlife
5 heat
6 like a tramp
A mid-thirties
B the sout h of Ital y
C in need of a shower
D sma ll lightweight tent
E snakes, lizards, deer, wild
boar and wolves
F northernmost tip of
Nor way
Reading texts usually contain a lot
of cross-references. Focuson the
key words and try to work out
when they refer back or forward
to other parts of the text. This will
help you find the correct answers
in the task, where the informati on
is given in different paragraphs.
2 Read the article about someone who walked across Europe.
Choose the hest option: a, b, c, or d, t o com plete the
stat emen ts about the text.
On 1 May 1997, 27-year-old Londoner Andrew
Terrill began a 7,000-mile walk from the south
of Italy to the northernmost tip of Norway. The
aim of his walk was to raise £100,000 for
homeless people in England's capital. Here he
reports on his experiences at the start of his
' WHEN I stood on a de ser ted beach at the southern tip of Italy
on 1 May, I didn' t know quite what to expect. Perha ps that was
just as well. If I had known, I might never have left that
pleasant Mediterranean beach. As I walked north int o the
foothills of the Ape nnines, it seemed impossible that I would
ever reach my final destination, Nor th Cape at the top of
Norway. I was both excited and ner vous. My 35-kilo rucksack
contained food for up to seven days. It also held my home - a
sma ll ligh tweight tent - and ever ythin g else I needed for
wild erness travel.
The Apennines were certainly a challenge. The moun tains
were covered in dense forest, and there were few footpa ths.
The maps were wonderfully imagina tive. Valleys, moun tains
and lakes were mar ked, but didn' t exist. Those that di d exist
often weren't marked. As a result, I was frequen tly lost - once
for two and a half days. It wasn' t a ver y promising sta rt. The
wil dlife kep t me on my toes. There were many evil-looking
snakes, a milli on lizards, deer and wild boar. Wolves were said
to be hidden away in the deepest forest s.
Walking in the sout hern Apennines was ver y tough. It was
also fascinating, with ramshackle mountain villages along the
way. The locals were friendly and helpful. It was great to be out
in the hills wi th the freedom to travel and live life at my own
slow pace.
It was also very hard, though. In May and June, the
temperatures reached the mid-thirties, and there was little
wa ter. I finished each day ba thed in sweat. I was footsore and
exhaus ted. I rarely had a cha nce to recover. Mosquitoes and
barking dogs kept me awake at night, as did the heat. I felt like
a tramp, and I looked like one, too.
Sometimes, in great need of a shower and a chance to relax,
I tried hotels. On many frus trating occasions, empty-looking
hotels suddenly became full when I arrived . At limes, in the
southern Apennines, I wasn' t at all happ y.'
Smart answer key on page 193
20 minutes
Listening 30 minutes
1 Andrew Terrill started his
a with enough food for
t he who le t rip.
b in Londo n, the capi tal
of England .
c on a Mediterranean
d well aware of what lay
2 While wal king th rough
th e mountain s, Andrew
a remained alert to wild
anima ls.
b had reliable maps.
c came across wolves.
d followed established
footpat hs.
3 Walkin g in the sout hern
Apennines was hard
a Andr ew couldn't keep
up a fast enough pace.
b the peopl e in the
villages were
unfri endly.
c it was hot and Andr ew
couldn' t have a shower.
d Andrew got seriously
4 The thing Andrew did not
complain about was
a the lack of sleep.
b high temperatures.
c the standard of hot els.
d aching feet.
Answ ers on page 193
Smart answer key on page 193
3 Expressions 1-5 appear in the recording in exercise S. Match
each of them to the expression in a-e with the same meaning.
1 on board a be sucked out
2 blow out b burst
3 be drawn out c hold tightly
4 black out d on t he plane
5 cling to e lose consciousness
4 Match each word or phrase 1-5 to one of the expressions a--€
that has an opposite meaning.
1 land a blank it out
2 st rap (into) b remain conscious
3 lose control c take control
4 black out d take off
5 th ink about e undo
An effective way of practising listening comprehension is to record a short
English text and then try to write down the complete text.
S 24 You are going to hear an account of an accident. Read
the sentences below. Listen to the recording twice and
complete the missing information with no more than three
1 When the accident happened, most of the passenge rs on
board were _
2 When the window blew out, Capta in Lancaster was nearly
_ _ _ _ _ of the plane.
3 During the twenty minutes before the landing, t he Captain
4 In hospi tal Captain Lancaster th ought he might not be
______ again.
5 The results of the investigat ion into the cause of t he accident
have not _
Answers o n page 194
The same information may be gi ven in different words in the recording and
in the task. Pay attention to phrases that have the same or the opposite
If there is a word limit, check that you haven't written more, otherwiseyou' ll
lose points. (Cont ractions like wasn't, don't, you've and it's count as single
words .)
Use of English 20 minutes Writing 90 minutes
Answers on page 194
WRITING EXAM 60 minutes
depressed key problems
raise decrease used
method beginning
cur rent ly
time ahead
face facts
8 Look at the list of five questions in exerci se
11. Try to think of as many id eas as possible,
and whether you agree with them or not.
Make notes of your id eas.
9 Read these sentences. They relate to the five
questions in exercise 11. Match each
sentence to its question.
In years to come, more people will work at
home and so reduce the need for tr avel.
2 The main issues confronting us at prese nt
are tr affic congestion and pollut ion.
3 I don' t want to sound too pessimistic, but I
don't believe they're go ing to be put into
effect .
4 To be rea listic, the origin of the whole
situation is economic growth: jobs to t ravel
to and money to buy cars.
5 One way of solving it wo uld be to increase
taxes on cars .
11 You have received the following note from
the editor of Teen Voice, the student
magazine you sometimes write articles for.
Write your article in 200-250 words.
In next month's edi tion, we're going to focu s
on transport. I hope you'll be able to write an
arti cle about the t ransport situation in our
town for us.
• What are the ma in problems we're facing
• Wha t are the causes?
• What are the possible solutions?
• How likely do you t h ink it is that these
solutions will be applied?
• What predi ct ions wo uld you make for t he
10 Look at this list of words and phrases. Each
one is similar in meaning to a word or
phrase in a sentence in exercise 9. Can you
match them together?
Writing a student magazine article
7 Read the story a student has written about
his disastrous holiday. Fill in the gaps with
the words or phrases from A-I. Use each
word or phrase only once. There is one
word or phrase that you won't need to use.
Read the story in ex ercise 2 quickl y, Find and
underline the phrasal verbs which mean the
sa me as words 1-6 above.
You may find it easier to remember the meaning of
phrasal verbs if you record them in your vocabulary
notebook together with their most common synonyms.
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30to to til'\..t- of '""11 fife. wv..
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bll . bss •.,,0     I tk01<",kt " otki"",
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r ide to tk.e st "t io'M
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.f" t is " "e. 1) slow dr iver so :t t\sJ(e.d kn... to
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tke 1'"0"0 o:.....d (}ot " ear . 1k.e polic.el1'.G\-)1. cr'£\nd
"t 1AS L\-xd o-ut L\   keL\l1 .fi-xe to
f oy speea.i -tt(t. .r; ve1) -xerlO1AS - it wL\S
t.4-S L\-ttO we weYe -ttov.Y.eYe -tteL\Y tv..e st L\ tio--tt lr
i o
t ki-x(ts wCJYse / t v..e c.&\Y st L\yt ea. t ojuJ( Ml,a. it
SOO--tt t 1AY-xea. • we Md Y1,(--tt petrol . We
kl>d to stop. t tu petrol st. tio" to .fill "p t u
We .fi_llll (j'"t to t u milw.ll st.fio" .t
t kYU l1l. i-x'to( tes t o
I .f. tu, cm tu
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we tv..e --ttext st L\ tio-x} ::r: YeL\l isea. tkL\ t ::r: Md
(tot 0'11 tv..e wYo-x(t hL\i--tt: ::r: wL\S trMelli-x(t to
::r:st L\ --tt ht.41) -xot PL\y is!
6 Read the words bel ow. Each word has the
same meaning as a phrasal ve rb (a verb with
two or more parts, e.g. give lip, put aside).
1 persuade 3 stop 5 refi ll
2 discharge 4 give 6 board
A off
B up
C up wit h
D do wn
E out
F out of
G in
H out of the
I on
Answers on page 194
Amagazine article is a great opportunity to show what
you can do in English. When you practise writing
articles, check that you have used a wide range of verb
tenses, sentence structures, and a numbe r of idioms.
116 TRAVEL Sma rt answer key on page 194
Speaking 60 minutes
12 Look at the information in the two charts in
exercise 14. Read the following sentences
that descr ibe this informat ion . Rewrite the
sentences in the passive.
1 People book most holidays at travel agents'
2 People use the Internet to book a large
number of ho lidays.
3 People wit h de ma nding jobs take a lot of
short-break holidays.
.. People often take th eir honeymoon abroad .
1S Fill in the gaps in the following sentences
about mass tourism with words fro m the list
below. There are two gaps in eac h sentence.
Use each word only once. If necessary, use a
di ctionary.
Remember charts are similar to photos. They both
contain information. Some of the information is obvious
and factual. You can also begin to speculate about what
you see in both cases. You can ask yourself questions:
What is that ? Why is that? You can suggest things:
Perhaps this means.. ., and so on.
Statistics-based discussion 30 minutes
Speaking: Debate 30 minutes
SPEAKING EXAM 10 minutes
cha racter income
eco no mic local
dr ive up
pop ularity
1 Tour ism provides an importan t source of
__ where there is no ot he r __
2 __ Western tourists __ prices in local
shops in poorer countr ies.
3 The _ _ of global hotel and restau rant
chains in resort s cont ributes to t he loss of
local __.
4 Visitor s raise global __ abo ut __
cult ures in faraway countries.
5 The __ of some Mediterranean beach
resorts led to the constru cti on of _ _
hotels in previou sly quiet fishing Villages.
In the debate task, always try to thinkof both sides
(posit ive and negative) of an issue so you' re bett er
prepared to respond to your partner's possible counter-
SPEAKING EXAM 10 minutes
Answ@rson page 195
17 Read the following question. Prepare
arguments to support your opinion. Discuss
the issue with a partner, responding to any
counter-arguments they have.
Is mass tourism a th reat or a blessing for local
com mun it ies?
16 Look at the sentences in exercise 15 again.
Which sent ences talk about the advantages,
a nd which about the di sadvantages of mass
Internet Direct response Personal
10 advert recommendation
Visillo travel Telephone
agenl's crnce
14 The two cha rts show information about
holiday bookings. The first one shows how
people book their holidays, and the other
shows the kinds of holiday they book. Talk
about the information presented in the
cha rt s. Do yo u think the situation will
cha nge in the future? How?
13 Here are some sentences fro m students
t alki ng about the two graphs. Ca n you
match t he two parts of each sentence
together ?
1 I suppose th e traditi onal way is
2 It's not surprising that th e Internet is so hi gh
3 The honeymoon figure mu st be lower
4 I imagine it's more likely to be younger people
5 I guess th at in t he futur e we'll see
6 I think I'd st ill feel safer booking it
A whe n you think how many websites are
tra vel ones.
B because you only go on one of those!
C by going into an office myself.
o the Int ernet increasing further.
E to go into the travel agent's office.
F using websites to book th eir trips.
Short Family Independent Group Honeymoons
breaks holidays travel bookings
Answer s on page 195
Smart answer key on page 195 TRAVEL 117