CONTENTS

Illustrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page ix Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi Preface and Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1 Introduction 1.2 Meanings that Lie Beneath the Material Remains 1.3 Relevance of Archaeology to Medical History 1.4 The Reason for This Book 1.5 Design of This Book 1.6 Limits of the Text 1.7 Conclusion Consideration Questions Further Reading 1 2 5 7 8 10 10 11 11

2 Background to Archaeological Theories and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.1 Defining Medical History and Archaeology 2.2 A Modern Example of Meanings Derived from Materials: A Visit to My Doctor’s Office 2.3 Evolving Archaeological Theory 2.4 Introduction to Field Methods Box 1. Excavation of a Subsidiary Healing Sanctuary to the Goddess Hygieia 2.5 Conclusion Consideration Questions Further Reading 12 13 16 20 21 28 28 28

3 Text as Material Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.1 Introduction
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. . .org/ebook.3 Identifying Sites 6. . . . . .3 Interdisciplinary Approaches to Historical Period Archaeology 3. . . . . . .3 Anthropology of Art 4. . . http://ebooks. . . . . . 58 4. .4 The Practice of Collecting Information about Material Culture 5. . 2014 . . . . . . . . . . .5 Conclusion Consideration Questions Further Reading 110 111 115 126 134 135 135 Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 41. . . . . . . . . . . .2 What Does the Extant Literature Tell Us of Ancient Healing Spaces? 6. 85 5.2 Defining the Term Artefact 5. .4 Identifying Attitudes towards Medicine and Hygiene in Spaces 6.2 The Need to Study Material Remains 3.vi CONTENTS 3. .6 Conclusion Consideration Questions Further Reading 58 60 65 67 68 83 84 84 5 Small Finds . . . . . .4 General Questions to be Addressed of Art Objects 4. . . . . .4 Working with Texts 3. . . .cambridge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Art History and Classical Archaeology 4. .1 Introduction 4. . . . . . . .5 Interpretations 5. Accessing Collections of Textual Remains Consideration Questions Further Reading 30 31 34 36 52 53 54 56 56 4 Images .134.6 Conclusion Consideration Questions Further Reading 85 86 87 94 100 108 108 108 6 Healing Spaces . .7 Conclusion Box 2. . . . . . . . . 110 6.241 on Sat Feb 15 11:39:38 GMT 2014. . . . . . . . . .5 Specific Questions to be Addressed 4. . .jsf?bid=CBO9781139048002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press.6 Text as Material Culture 3. . . . . . . . .5 Textual Sources as Material Culture 3. . . . . .1 Introduction 6. . . . . . .1 Introduction 5. . . . .3 Problems of Classification and Identification 5. . . . . . . . . .42. .

. . .6 The Environment 7. . . . . . and Wood Analysis 7. . . . . . . . . . 179 Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 41. . . . .jsf?bid=CBO9781139048002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press. . . . . . . . . . .10 Conclusion Consideration Questions Further Reading 136 137 138 148 149 150 154 156 157 158 158 158 8 Conclusion . . . .1 Introduction 7. . . . . . . .9 Use-wear and Blood Analyses on Tools 7. . . . . . . . .8 Metal. . . Ceramic. . . .2 The Scientific Division in Archaeology 7. . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Archaeobotanical Remains and Residue Samples 7. .5 Stable Isotope Analysis 7. . . . . . .cambridge. . . . . . . . . . . . . http://ebooks. . . . . . . . . . .134. . . . 2014 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Index .4 Ancient DNA Analysis 7. . . . .CONTENTS vii 7 Archaeological Science. . .241 on Sat Feb 15 11:39:38 GMT 2014. . . .3 Bodily Remains 7. . 160 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 7. . . . . . . .org/ebook. . . . . . . .42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

http://ebooks.cambridge.241 on Sat Feb 15 11:39:38 GMT 2014. 2014 .Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 41.42.jsf?bid=CBO9781139048002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press.134.org/ebook.