# Experimental Design Be precise, especially when labeling your list of materials.

You can never be too specific in this event! Parts of the Scientific Method a. Statement of Problem: Experimental Question (yes or no question) Always elaborate on all responses b. Hypothesis- how the change you make might affect another factor . Tentative or trial solution to the question. An if ………… then ………… statement c. Variables: i. Constants: (Controlled Variables) Factors that are purposefully kept the same ii. Independent Variable: Factor being manipulated and purposely changed iii. Dependent Variable: Factor being measured which responds to ID. d. Experimental Control (Standard of Comparison) It is the unchanged part of the experiment that detects the effects of hidden variables e. Materialsf. Procedure, including diagrams g. Qualitative Observations & Summary of Results h. Data Tables, including use of significant figures i. Graph(s), creating and interpreting j. Statistics k. Analysis of Results l. Possible Experimental Errors including human errors m. Conclusion- Includes questions of: Did your hypothesis hold? Do your results agree with your hypothesis? What happened? Summarize the investigation. n. Recommendations for Further Experimentation Based on Your Data & Practical Applications- Consider how the experiment may apply to a real life situation and make suggestions to other experiments that could be conducted for further investigation of the topic. (This can be written before the experiment is completed) On Statistics: Take the common statistics - mean, mode, range, median. Explain this data and give an example of a calculation. Also include any other relevant statistics and show work. The best idea is to put all statistics in a neat table. Once your common statistics are done, make sure to do some more. Standard deviation is a very good statistic to include. The equation for calculating standard deviation is: . For a better visual equation and an explanation of what standard deviation is (which you will need to know to explain the statistic), see Standard Deviation. Actually doing trials is necessary, as a standard deviation of a sample size of 1 is clearly stupid. A key point that is easy to miss is the deviation has to be squared. If you don't, your result will always be 0, and though this may look pretty, it should be obvious that your data does not have a standard deviation of 0.

Drawing of Experiment- Include Labels to clearly identify the important parts of the graph

Writing A Statement of the Problem for the Experiment- It should state: “The Effect of the Independent Variable on the Dependent Variable”.