Mineral Industry Surveys

For information, contact: Joyce A. Ober, Sulfur Commodity Specialist U.S. Geological Survey 989 National Center Reston, VA 20192 Telephone: (703) 648-7717, Fax: (703) 648-7757 E-mail: jober@usgs.gov Robin C. Kaiser (Data) Telephone: (703) 648-7948 Fax: (703) 648-7792 E-mail: rkaiser@usgs.gov Internet: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals

SULFUR IN JANUARY 2010
During the month, production of recovered elemental sulfur was 646,000 metric tons (t), according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Production was 7% lower than that of December 2009 and 16% lower than that of January 2009. Shipments were 618,000 t, 15% lower than those of December 2009. Producers’ ending stocks for January 2010 were 249,000 t. Since January 2009, sulfur production and shipments have trended downward as a result of lower refinery operating rates and lower sulfur petroleum being processed. Imports of recovered sulfur for January 2010 were estimated to be 164,000 t; exports were 123,000 t. Imports of sulfuric acid for January 2010 were 51,000 t; exports were 27,000 t. U.S. sulfur consumption, calculated as shipments minus exports plus imports, was 659,000 t in January 2010. This was 9% lower than that of December 2009 and 9% lower than that of January 2009. Monthly sulfur consumption in 2009 averaged about 20% lower than that of 2008, mostly as a result of decreased demand from the phosphate fertilizer industry. January 2010 data does not indicate any recovery in the phosphate market. Significant adjustments have been made to the sulfur import data. Reports from the U.S. Census Bureau appear to underreport sulfur imports, especially material from Canada. The revised figures are based on Census information and data from personal communications with industry experts.

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

April 2010

810 20 98 June 120 5.720 8. 2 Includes a small quantity from coking operations.080 --July 150 4.Zero. 1 Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits.260 --May 125 3.650 14 805 March 65 2.000 75 73 82 128 161 125 207 172 187 165 144 165 1.780 4.400 -- Sources: U.340 1 142 September 145 4.020 7 157 April 120 3.750 54.000 3 Total.690 8.360 --February 59 1.980 6. -.140 8.370 18 469 e Estimated.320 8.540 2010.690 4.260 4. 3 Declared customs valuation.900 2. January-December 2.580 1. Venezuela Quantity 360 e Value 134.720 20 515 Total 1.180 6 119 October 145 5.490 5. January-December 7.400 5.S.000 753. Census Bureau data as adjusted by U. 2 .290 5.100 7. may not add to totals shown.000 2009: January 65 3. IMPORTS OF SULFUR1 (Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars) Canada Mexico Quantity Period Quantitye Value3 Value3 2008. Ending stocks3 XX 205 245 258 239 286 283 303 217 231 230 231 194 XX 249 r r TABLE 2 U. 3 Subject to inventory adjustments. Geological Survey and PentaSul North America Sulphur Service. rRevised.100 10 -10 8 14 5 20 21 35 -5 13 141 -- 200 -164 142 294 100 412 506 414 -102 65 2. XX Not applicable.350 20 513 November 140 4.S.190 4.600 Total 541 105 646 618 2010.TABLE 1 SALIENT SULFUR STATISTICS 1 (Thousand metric tons) Production Shipments.S. 1 Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits.800 124 2. January 145 6. all countries2 Quantitye Value3 3. Period Total all sources Petroleum2 Natural gas 2008.670 3. January p p Preliminary.400 36 194 August 150 4.180 415. may not add to totals shown.380 1.430 45.640 --December 145 3. 2 May include other countries not listed.000 365 140.750 2.680 164 3.670 2009: January 678 89 767 760 575 106 681 647 February 676 112 787 763 March 687 93 781 801 April 649 88 736 692 May 659 86 745 739 June 667 90 757 721 July 630 83 715 750 August 606 90 696 671 September 562 101 663 655 October 591 100 691 671 November 595 101 696 726 December 7.

700 9.000 196 206 281 106 44 64 46 70 51 48 r 67 r 86 r 1. Source: U.080 82.720 2.980 2.000 r 2.590 458 334 97 12 41 49 57 51 50 -7 4.s.530 2.200 1.740 1. Census Bureau.330 3.S.420 123 10. TABLE 4 U. may not add to totals shown.820 5.150 r r Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits.Zero.100 1.560 23.770 1. Declared f.800 32.290 3.a.S.130 459.500 r 3.580 1.720 1.300 3.170 3 3 4 3 3 -(4) 107 2 36 1 Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits.780 3.860 2.170 5. EXPORTS OF SULFUR AND SULFURIC ACID1 (Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars) Sulfuric acid Sulfur Quantity content 261 85 16 17 11 17 19 25 27 24 28 25 22 22 253 27 5 6 4 6 6 8 9 8 9 8 7 7 83 9 Period 2008.700 10.490 10.900 Value2 42.780 2.S.S.420 2.300 r 2.730 1.440 1. -. January r Revised.500 31.700 3.480 2.400 Quantity 296 23 14 18 2 1 8 10 11 10 10 -(4) Value3 55.790 9.700 34.500 4.710 2.500 1. all countries2 Sulfur Quantity content Value3 3.270 r 51 64 67 92 34 14 21 15 23 17 16 r 22 28 r 413 r 17 35. 1 2 Quantity 2.000 116 114 247 119 99 199 123 67 49 68 53 170 1. 1 2 Sulfur Quantity Value2 954 272.440 r 146. 4 Less than ½ unit.700 1.770 2.000 24. Census Bureau.400 3.960 5.000 1.440 1. January-December 2009: January February March April May June July August September October November December Total 2010. January r Revised. 3 Declared customs valuation.900 2.720 4.200 7. January-December 2009: January February March April May June July August September October November December Total 2010. (free alongside ship) valuation.TABLE 3 U.900 r 3.960 3.350 142 172 192 70 32 18 34 35 22 32 40 32 821 26 Value3 233.830 3.400 8.550 1. Source: U.440 118.600 40. May include other countries not listed. may not add to totals shown.750 85 Total.990 9. IMPORTS OF SULFURIC ACID1 (Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars) Canada Sulfur content 765 46 56 63 23 10 6 11 11 7 10 13 10 266 9 Mexico Sulfur content 97 8 5 6 1 (4) Period 2008. 3 .

2 May include revisions. January-December 7. may not add to totals shown.700 2009: January 644 75 719 February 533 73 606 March 516 82 598 April 682 128 810 May 593 161 754 June 540 125 665 July 598 207 805 August 683 172 855 September 622 187 809 October 587 165 752 November 618 144 762 December 556 165 721 Total 7. rRevised. CONSUMPTION OF SULFUR1 (Thousand metric tons) Domestic Period Consumption Importse sources2 2008. 2 Calculated as shipments minus exports. January 495 164 659 e Estimated.000 10.TABLE 5 U.S.680 8. Virgin Islands.S. 4 Quantities produced and shipped in California included in petroleum and coke.860 2010. BY PAD (PETROLEUM ADMINISTRATION FOR DEFENSE) DISTRICT 1 (Thousand metric tons) January 20092 Production Shipments December 2009 Production Shipments January 2010p Production Shipments 11 1 12 74 2 76 335 35 370 92 69 79 161 618 District and source PAD 1: Petroleum and coke 17 16 10 15 15 Natural gas 1 1 1 1 1 Total 18 17 11 16 16 PAD 2: Petroleum and coke 80 72 75 76 76 Natural gas 3 3 2 2 2 Total 83 75 77 78 78 PAD 3:3 Petroleum and coke 481 489 415 436 356 Natural gas 44 35 35 35 36 Total 524 524 449 472 392 PAD 4 and 5:4 Petroleum and coke 97 93 101 98 96 r Natural gas 41 46 63 65 66 California 83 82 81 84 80 Total 142 145 158 162 159 Grand total 767 760 696 726 646 p Preliminary. California total shown for information purpose only. TABLE 6 RECOVERED SULFUR PRODUCED AND SHIPPED IN THE UNITED STATES. may not add to totals shown. 1 Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits. 3 Includes the U.170 1. 1 Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits. 4 .720 3.

00 2010 January 7.49 r 58 53 Sulfur export values4 Sulfur import values:4 32 Canada 26 21 Mexico 26 17 Venezuela 5 32 29 Average2 94 r 71 H2SO4 export values4 4 H2SO4 import values: Canada 45 144 Mexico XX 44 40 r 116 Average2 e Estimated.68 1.82 Canada 0.94 Totale.TABLE 7 COMPARATIVE SULFUR AND SULFURIC ACID STATISTICS 1 (Million metric tons per year [annualized basis] and dollars per metric ton for period shown) 2009 December 8. 4 Average value per ton.17 Domestic sources 6.76 64 44 26 XX 43 80 54 42 42 Production Shipments Exports of sulfur Imports of sulfur: 1. 2 Includes other countries not listed.25 r 0.26 1.20 8.94 Importse 8.71 0.86 Total 8. XX Not applicable.55 1.93 0. -. rRevised. pPreliminary.02 0. 3 Less than ½ unit.83 1.45 1.23 0.11 Mexico 1.43 Canada e 0.61 7.60 5. 1 Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits.31 0.31 0.71 1.Zero.93 7.72 8. Total 8.14 0.12 Mexico 0. 2 Exports of H2SO4 0.42 p p 5 .28 1.21 -1. may not add to totals shown.55 2.26 Imports of H2SO4: 0.60 1.68 1.01 r Total2 Consumption: 7.15 Venezuelae 1.38 (3) r 0.