Practice Exam Chapter 10- TWO-SAMPLE TESTS

SECTION I: MULTIPLE-CHOICE

1. The t test for the difference between the means of 2 independent populations assumes that the respective a. sample sizes are equal. b. sample variances are equal. c. pop !atio"# are approximate!$ "orma!. d. All of the above.

2. If we are testing for the difference between the means of 2 related populations with samples of n1 = 20 and n2 = 20 the number of degrees of freedom is equal to a. !". b. !#. c. 1%. d. 1#.

!. In testing for differences between the means of two related populations the null h$pothesis is

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In testing for differences between the means of two independent populations the null h$pothesis is& a. &. c.ere"ce -et.o proportio"#. SECTION II: T/UE O/ 0ALSE 2 . b( the ) test for the difference between two variances. 0."''#. 0.. 0.or the &i. 0. If we wish to determine whether there is evidence that the proportion of items of interest is higher in group 1 than in group 2 the appropriate test to use is a* the + te#t . b.%'(). '.0!!2.ee" t.01''. d( the ) test for the difference between two proportions.%. c( the pooled*variance t test for the difference between two proportions.

sleep and one after # hours. Tr e %.e chooses '0 students and gives each 2 tests& one given after 2 hours. +hen testing for differences between the means of 2 related populations we can use either a one*tailed or two*tailed test. )or this situation the professor should use a t test with related samples. The test the researcher should use would be a related samples test.sleep. The test for the equalit$ of 2 population variances assumes that each of the 2 populations is normall$ distributed. The professor too/ a random sample of size 10 from each conducted a test and found out that the variances were equal. Tr e .. +hen the sample sizes are equal the pooled variance of the 2 groups is the average of the 2 sample variances. Tr e !. A statistics professor wanted to test whether the grades on a statistics test were the same for upper and lower classmen.1. 3 . A researcher is curious about the effect of s leep on studentstest performances. . Tr e '. The sample size in each independent sample must be the same if we are to test for differences between the means of 2 independent populations. 0a!#e 2.

0a!#e 0. Tr e SECTION III: 0/EE /ESPONSE 1UESTIONS TA2LE 3A* A researcher randoml$ sampled !0 graduates of an 23A program and recorded data concerning their starting salaries. Anal$sis of the mean salaries of the females and males in the sample is given below. According to the test run which of the following is an appropriate alternative h$pothesis5 4 . 4f primar$ interest to the researcher was the effect of gender on starting salaries. the researcher was attempting to show statisticall$ that the female 23A graduates have a significantl$ lower mean starting salar$ than the male 23A graduates. 1. In testing the difference between two proportions using the normal distribution we ma$ use a two*tailed 1 test.

. 1. At the α = 0. At the α 4 0. At the α = 0.ema!e# ha5e a !o. d.0#'0 -. -. )rom the anal$sis in Table 10*2 the correct test statistic is& a. 0.er mea" #tarti"7 #a!ar$ tha" ma!e M2A 7ra& ate#. the researcher was attempting to show statisticall$ that the female 23A graduates have a significantl$ lower mean starting salar$ than the male 23A graduates. the researcher was attempting to show statisticall$ that the female 23A graduates have a significantl$ lower mean starting salar$ than the male 23A graduates.10 !e5e! 6 there i# # . c. ' 0!!.10 level there is sufficient evidence to indicate a difference in the mean starting salaries of male and female 23A graduates.)01% c.10 level there is insufficient evidence to indicate an$ difference in the mean starting salaries of male and female 23A graduates. 5 . 1.!! !.0011 d. The proper conclusion for this test is& a.10 level there is sufficient evidence to indicate that females have a higher mean starting salar$ than male 23A graduates.2.icie"t e5i&e"ce to i"&icate that . At the α = 0.

('. the a-o5e a## mptio"# . The samples were randoml$ and independentl$ selected. A!! o. c.<1..8 confidence interval estimate for the difference between two means 5 -81:. what is the ""8 confidence interval estimate for the difference between two means5 -890600). +hat assumptions were necessar$ to conduct this h$pothesis test5 a. 3oth populations of salaries 6male and female( must have appro7imate normal distributions. to 8(610).. the researcher was attempting to show statisticall$ that the female 23A graduates have a significantl$ lower mean starting salar$ than the male 23A graduates. &. The results are given below.(0 '.%. The population variances are appro7imatel$ equal.ere "ece##ar$. what is the "08 confidence interval estimate for the difference between two means5 -81)6%0(.01 TA2LE 32* To test the effectiveness of a business school preparation course # students too/ a general business test before and after the course. what is the ". 6 ..:1 to 816)(<. b.%. 0.%0 to 8:6. .

020 b. '.#2# c.'"' 7 . '0. the value of the sample mean difference is 9999999 if the difference scores reflect the results of the e7am after the course minus the results of the e7am before the course. 99. ". <.%%1 d. the number of degrees of freedom is a. &. '# d. 1%. a.. 1!. 0 -.#. 1%. #. %00 10. . c. b.0 c. the value of the standard error of the difference scores is a.

c. 8 . 12. re=ect the " !! h$pothe#i#. what is the critical value for testing at the . 1. 2.0. the .'%. the business school preparation course does not improve e7am score. g.#i"e## #choo! preparatio" co r#e &oe# impro5e exam #core. 1!. It cannot be drawn from the information given. b.1%. It cannot be determined from the information given. re:ect the alternative h$pothesis. /. 1.0'1 &. at the 0. level of significance the decision for this h$pothesis test would be& e. h. at the 0.0. 2. f. the business school preparation course has no impact on e7am score.11. do not re:ect the null h$pothesis. level of significance the conclusion for this h$pothesis test would be & i. : .8 level of significance whether the business school preparation course is effective in improving e7am scores5 a. l .!'.

<uppose the mean decrease in weights over all 1' sub:ects in the stud$ is !. the calculated value of the test statistic is 99999999.( .1%.ith < &e7ree# o. The weight of each individual in the sample is ta/en at the start of the diet and at a medical follow*up % wee/s later.0 pounds. 9 .ee" 0. the computed t statistic is 9999999. the p*value of the test statistic is 99999999..scores. Assuming that the population of differences in weight before versus after the diet follow a normal distribution the t*test for related samples can be used to determine if there was a significant decrease in the mean weight during this period.0. True or )alse& in e7amining the differences between related samples we are essentiall$ sampling from an underl$ing population of difference .09. Tr e TA2LE 3C* To investigate the efficac$ of a diet a random sample of 1' male patients is drawn from a population of adult males using the diet.0 pounds with the standard deviation of differences computed as '. 1.1<.. . o"e 2. 0.0((1 3 #i"7 Exce!* or >-et.ree&om* 1'.? 3 #i"7 Ta-!e E. the t test should be 9999999*tailed. 1. 9. a"& 0.

1..00 is between 9999999.09. level of significance the null h$pothesis would 9999999 6be re:ected=not be re:ected(. a one*tailed test of the null h$pothesis of no difference would 9999999 6be re:ected=not be re:ected( at the a = 0. level of significance.0. 0. the p*value for a one*tailed test whose computed t statistic is 2. 0.0. a"& 0. -e re=ecte& '.0.00 is between 99999999 .(1 . the p*value for a two*tailed test whose computed statistic is 2. a"& 0.0. there are 9999999 degrees of freedom for this test. level of significance is 9999999.00 !. "ot -e re=ecte& #.10 10 .<. the critical value for a one*tailed test of the null h$pothesis of no difference at the a = 0.0. if we were interested in testing against the two*tailed alternative that µD is not equal to zero at the α = 0. 0.9. %. 1.

90 to :.)9 to <..8 confidence interval estimate for the mean difference in weight before and after the diet5 -0. what is the "08 confidence interval estimate for the mean difference in weight before and after the diet5 0.)9 11. 1.90 10. what is the ". >epsi was interested in determining what factors pla$ed a role in people-s taste preferences. 3elow are the results of anal$ses comparing the taste preferences of men and women with the proportions depicting preference for >epsi.(< to . what is the ""8 confidence interval estimate for the mean difference in weight before and after the diet5 -1.A @onsumers were as/ed to decide which of two sodas @o/e or >epsi the$ preferred in a blind taste test.".:( TA2LE 3@* A few $ears ago >epsi invited consumers to ta/e the ?>epsi @hallenge. to determine if a difference e7ists in the taste preferences of men and women give the correct alternative h$pothesis that >epsi would test. 11 . 4ne of the factors studied was the gender of the consumer.

.er# . ma!e# pre.rom the proportio" o.ema!e# pre. -* At α 4 0. . suppose that the two*tailed p*value was reall$ 0. a* 0.erri"7 Pep#i. Bsing the test statistic given compute the appropriate p*value for the test.0.01<1 b( 0.er 3 c ( 2. <tate the proper conclusion. suppose >epsi wanted to test to determine if the males preferred >epsi more than the females.106 there i# # . 12 .erri"7 Pep#i &i.211" d( 0.0!%0 c( 0.A"#."''0 &* 0.. suppose >epsi wanted to test to determine if the males preferred >epsi less than the females.0!%0 c( 0. there is sufficient evidence to indicate the proportion of males preferring >epsi differs from the proportion of females preferring >epsi.icie"t e5i&e"ce to i"&icate the proportio" o.%'(0 %. a( At α = 0.00!%. Bsing the test statistic given compute the appropriate p*value for the test. a( 0.%'#1 !.0100 b( 0.

. The firm did a similar stud$ 10 $ears ago in which '08 of a random sample of 1'0 salespeople wanted a self* improvement course. construct a ". Cet 1 p and 2 p represent the true proportion of wor/ers who would li/e to attend a self*improvement course in the recent stud$ and the past stud$ respectivel$.(9 0..0. construct a ""8 confidence interval estimate of the difference between the proportion of males and females who prefer >epsi. d( At α = 0. -0. The groups are assumed to be independent random samples. 0. 0.0 salespeople and finds that ''8 who have never ta/en a self*improvement course would li/e such a course.09 to 0.0( to 0.0.8 confidence interval estimate of the difference between the proportion of males and females who prefer >epsi. to 0.(0 '. there is sufficient evidence to indicate the proportion of males preferring >epsi equals the proportion of females preferring >epsi.0# there is insufficient evidence to indicate the proportion of males preferring >epsi differs from the proportion of females preferring >epsi. 13 .(< TA2LE 3E* A corporation randoml$ selects 1. construct a "08 confidence interval estimate of the difference between the proportion of males and females who prefer >epsi.c( At α = 0.

0# 14 .10 c( 0. what is=are the critical value6s( when performing a 1 test on whether population proportions are different if a = 0.5 a( D 1. what is the unbiased point estimate for the difference between the two population proportions5 a* 0. if the firm wanted to test whether this proportion has changed from the previous stud$ which represents the relevant h$potheses5 2.22 %.1."' d( D 2. d( 0. if the firm wanted to test whether a greater proportion of wor/ers would currentl$ li/e to attend a self*improvement course than in the past which represents the relevant h$potheses5 !. -* A 1.'%.%: c( *1.1.0: b( 0.0.

d( 0 15 .'2" b( 0. -* B 1.0. b( D 1. what is the estimated standard error of the difference between the two sample proportions5 a( 0.0# '.."' c( *1. what is=are the critical value6s( when testing whether the current population proportion is higher than before if a = 0. c( D 1.:).:).'%. what is=are the critic al value6s( when testing whether population proportions are different if a = 0.0...5 a( D 1."' d( D 2.."' d( E 1."' 0.00 c* 0.10 5 a* A 1.

ho are i"tere#te& i" a #e!. what is the value of the test statistic to use in evaluating the alternative h$pothesis that there is a difference in the two population proportions5 a( %."' c* 1. b( 1. emp!o$ee# . -impro5eme"t co r#e ha# "ot cha"7e& o5er the i"ter5e"i"7 10 $ear# .0%( d( 0 ".0. the compan$ tests to determine at the 0. level whether the population proportion has changed from the previous stud$. 10. -* @o "ot re=ect the " !! h$pothe#i# a"& co"c! &e that the proportio" o. construct a ""8 confidence interval estimate of the difference in proportion of wor/ers who would li/e to attend a self* improvement course in the recent stud$ and the past stud$. c( Fe:ect the null h$pothesis and conclude that the proportion of emplo$ees who are interested in a self*improvement course has increased over the intervening 10 $ears.!!.0' to 0. d( Go not re:ect the null h$pothesis and conclude that the proportion of emplo$ees who are interested in a self*improvement course has increased over the intervening 10 $ears.#.90 16 . -0. +hich of the following is most correct5 a( Fe:ect the null h$pothesis and conclude that the proportion of emplo$ees who are interested in a self *improvement course has changed over the intervening 10 $ears.

8 confidence interval estimate of the difference in proportion of wor/ers who would li/e to attend a self* improvement course in the recent stud$ and the past stud$.11.0( to 0. construct a "08 confidence interval estimate of the difference in proportion of wor/ers who would li/e to attend a s elf* improvement course in the recent stud$ and the past stud$. *0.1< 12. to 0. construct a ".0.1. -0. 17 .