Study Guide Welder

Department of Advanced Education and Skills

Apprenticeship and Certification Study Guide

(Based on 2009 NOA)

Welder

Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Advanced Education and Skills Apprenticeship and Trades Certification Division

Version 3 August 12, 2013

201

....................................................................................................... 24 Answer Sheet Example.................................................................................................... 4 After the Exam ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13 Create a Study Plan .................................................................................. 4 During the Exam................ 9 Exam Breakdown . 5 Exam Content ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 21 Conclusion .......................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Resources – Book List............... 4 Before the Exam.................................................................. 17 Resources .........................................Table of Contents Introduction .................................................................................... 22 Appendices Appendix A: Appendix B: Appendix C: Regional Offices .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Websites ............................................................................................................................................................................ 11 NOA Sub-tasks........................................................................................................ 12 Task Profile Checklist ............................................................................................................ 4 Exam Format ................................................. 9 Understanding the National Occupational Analysis (NOA) ............................................................................................. 3 Exam Process....... 23 Calculator Use .................................................... 25 .................................

The intent is not to replace technical training provided under the guidance of instructors. Apprenticeship and Trades Certification Division.ed. For a list of Interprovincial trades please refer to the Department of Advanced Education and Skills website: www. to assist apprentices and trade qualifiers as they prepare to write the Interprovincial (IP) Red Seal Exam.nl.Introduction This Study Guide has been developed by the Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Advanced Education and Skills. it is a tool to be used in conjunction with formal training.ca/app/trades.gov. Study Guide_Welder_2010 3 . IP Exams are available for all Red Seal trades. Rather.html Some of the specific goals of this guide are:  to help you understand the skills and knowledge that might be covered on the exam  to help you identify your strengths and weaknesses  to provide organization and structure for a course of study  to provide a list of resources to help you with your study plan  to support and supplement the teaching and learning process This study guide outlines the theoretical portion of the program.

During the Exam You must bring:  personal identification such as a photo or signature ID or valid Newfoundland and Labrador driver’s license  your notification letter The following will be provided:  a calculator (see Appendix B for calculator information)  all other items required such as pencils. The percentage mark you obtained will be provided. 4 Study Guide_Welder_2010 . etc. You will also be given a section by section breakdown. All necessary instructions and information will be provided in the results letter. they will be stored away and returned to you when you have completed the exam. or other electronic equipment are NOT allowed into the exam room. If you require special accommodations due to a disability or language barrier. calculators. the Program Development Officer (PDO) will notify you of your eligibility to write the exam.Exam Process Before the Exam You must contact the nearest Apprenticeship and Trades Certification Divisional office to make request to write the IP Red Seal exam (See Appendix A for a list of regional offices). please contact your regional office for information on applying for this service. If you are successful in obtaining a 70% or more on your exam. you will be issued a Newfoundland and Labrador Certificate of Qualification with a Red Seal endorsement. showing how many questions were in each section. as well as the number of questions in each section you completed successfully. Upon approval. If you do bring them. Important Note: Personal cell phones. After the Exam Results will be mailed to you approximately seven to ten days after completion of the exam. and provide you with scheduling information. scrap paper.

Level 3 Critical Thinking Questions at this level test your ability to interpret data. Level 2 Procedural and Application Questions at this level test your ability to apply your knowledge of procedures to a new situation. Color of the metal. and principles. facts. D). Spark test. The stem contains all the information necessary to answer the question. Level 1 Examples: 1. IP Red Seal exams contain three types of questions: Level 1 Knowledge and Recall Questions at this level test your ability to recall and understand definitions. The options consist of the one correct answer and three “distracters. C. Temp stick.Exam Format All IP Red Seal exams are written in multiple choice format. What is used to determine the inter-pass temperature of a welded joint? A. Spit test. A multiple choice question consists of a stem (a complete question) followed by four options (A. B. Study Guide_Welder_2010 5 . B. (See Appendix C for a sample answer sheet).” Distracters are incorrect. Each exam has between 100 and 150 questions. D. solve problems and arrive at valid conclusions. C.

What unit is used to measure force or pressure in a welding circuit? A. 316° C IMPERIAL A. Decrease travel speed. Ohms. Volts. D.2. D. C. Level 2 Examples: 1. B. 121° C D. What is the minimum temperature an electrode oven should normally be set? METRIC A. B. C. 250° F D. 24° C B. When using the air carbon arc cutting (AAC) process. Change electrode angle. what must be done to eliminate the excessive slag adhering to the edges of the cut? A. Change polarity. Watts. 75° F B. 120° F C. 49° C C. 6 Study Guide_Welder_2010 . Decrease electrode diameter. 600° F 3. Amperes.

D.667 cm 206.849 cm 430. 14’-1 10/16”. C. CSA Z662. B. To reduce welding time. CSA W59. A cylindrical tank with a 12 foot (365. 4’-1/8”.237 cm 143. CSA W178.1. From the 0° reference point what would be the linear measurement to locate the nozzle? (Answer to the nearest 16th (0. C. To prevent burn-through at the root. D. 3. What is the purpose of a groove angle when welding thick plate? A. 4’-8 9/16”. B. To increase weld reinforcement. To allow access to the root of the weld. B. 6’-9 7/16”.2. is to have a nozzle installed at 45 degrees around the circumference.15 cm) of an inch) Imperial Metric? A.75 cm) O. C.2. Level 3 Examples: 1. 122. CSA W47.847 cm Study Guide_Welder_2010 7 . Which standard refers to welded steel construction using metal arc welding? A. D.D.

Travel speed too slow. Source of questions: www.2ecsdeta. C. 3.1d. B. What is the cause of root suck back? A. Amperage too high. Improper position of filler metal addition.ca/tr. current too low and travel speed too fast. current too high and travel speed too low.red-seal. D. Wire stick out too long. Improper position of filler metal addition. Contact tip to work distance is excessive.3l@-eng. B. Arc length too short and incorrect fit-up.jsp?tid=250&fid=49 8 Study Guide_Welder_2010 . D. What is the most common cause of undercut on the cap pass of a 3F weld? A. Arc length too long and excessive pre-heat. C.2.

red-seal. The content for the IP Red Seal exam is based on the NOA. The blocks are further broken down into TASKS and SUB-TASKS. NOA Blocks Blocks  Tasks  Sub-tasks Study Guide_Welder_2010 9 .ca. NOAs can be found at www. The NOA is an excellent tool to use as you study for the Red Seal exam.Exam Content Understanding the National Occupational Analysis (NOA) The NOA is a document used for Red Seal trades that describes the knowledge. NOA material is organized into major content areas called BLOCKS. skills and abilities required by a fully competent tradesperson working in that trade.

NOA Pie Chart The NOA Pie Chart presents the block percentages in the form of a pie chart which tells you the approximate number of questions from each block. For example. WELDER A 17% D 41% B 20% C 22% Block A Block B Block Titles Occupational Skills Block C Preparation for Welding Processes Block D Cutting and Gouging Welding Processes 10 Study Guide_Welder_2010 . 17% of the questions on the Welder Exam will be based on Block A.

Exam Breakdown The Welder exam currently has 125 questions. you may contact your regional office to verify the number of questions (See Appendix A). metal core arc welding process (MCAW) and gas metal arc welding process (GMAW) Welds using gas tungsten arc welding process (GTAW) Welds using submerged arc welding process (SAW) Welds using other processes Total 21 25 28 51 125 Study Guide_Welder_2010 11 . The following table shows a breakdown of the number of questions that come from each NOA block. It is important to note that the exact number of questions can change at any time. # of Questions Block A Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Block B Task 5 Task 6 Task 7 Block C Task 8 Task 9 Task 10 Task 11 Block D Task 12 Task 13 Task 14 Task 15 Task 16 Task 17 Occupational Skills Maintains and uses tools and equipment Organizes Work Performs quality control Performs routine trade activities Preparation for Welding Processes Handles materials Performs layout Fabricates components Cutting and Gouging Uses mechanical and power tools for cutting and grinding Uses oxy-fuel gas cutting process (OFC) for cutting and gouging Uses plasma arc cutting process (PAC) for cutting and gouging Uses air carbon arc cutting (CAC-A) gouging process Welding Processes Welds using oxy-acetylene welding process Welds using shielded metal arc welding process (SMAW) Welds using flux cored arc welding process (FCAW). When you are ready to write your exam.

tasks and sub-tasks for your trade. The NOA also contains a list of “supporting knowledge and abilities” for each sub-task.NOA Sub-tasks The following NOA Task Profile Checklist outlines the blocks. The IP Red Seal exam is written to test your knowledge and abilities regarding the sub-tasks in the NOA. They are the skills and knowledge you must have to perform a sub-task. The supporting knowledge and abilities identified under each sub-task will be very helpful as you review. Place your focus on those you do not understand and study them until you are comfortable with the material. You can review by placing a checkmark () next to those you understand fully. The list can be found in the NOA for your trade. Think of possible questions in that particular content area. 12 Study Guide_Welder_2010 . This chart can be used to review your current knowledge.

drawings and specifications  Communicates with others  Compiles a list of materials and supplies  Plans project tasks Task 3: Performs quality control  Performs inspection  Marks materials and parts  Verifies layout  Verifies measurements  Performs heat treatment  Stores consumables Study Guide_Welder_2010 13 .Task Profile Checklist Based on 2009 NOA Welder Block A: Occupational Skills  Task 1: Maintains and uses tools and equipment  Uses personal protective equipment (PPE) and safety equipment  Maintains hand tools Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks  Sub-Tasks  Maintains power tools  Maintains stationary machinery  Maintains layout and measuring tools  Maintains cutting and welding equipment  Uses access equipment  Task 2: Organizes Work  Maintains safe work environment  Uses documentation and reference material  Interprets plans.

hoisting and lifting equipment Operates material handling equipment  Task 6: Performs layout  Develops templates  Transfers dimensions from drawings to materials  Task 7: Fabricates components      Prepares materials Fits components Tacks components Assembles components Finishes final product Sub-Tasks Study Guide_Welder_2010 .Block A: Occupational Skills (Cont’d)  Task 4: Performs routine trade activities  Performs hazard assessments  Selects power source for welding processes  Performs equipment startup and shut down Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks 14 Block B: Preparation for Welding Processes  Task 5: Handles materials      Obtains materials Verifies bill of materials Organizes materials Uses rigging.

Block C: Cutting and Gouging  Task 8: Uses mechanical and power tools for cutting and grinding        Selects cutting and grinding tools Cuts using stationary band saws and power hacksaws Cuts using mechanical and hydraulic shears Cuts using hand tools Cuts using grinders Cuts using circular saws Cuts using reciprocating saws  Task 9: Uses oxy-fuel gas cutting process (OFC) for cutting and gouging     Selects oxy-fuel gas and equipment Sets up oxy-fuel equipment Sets operating parameters for oxy-fuel equipment Operates oxy-fuel equipment  Task 10: Uses plasma arc cutting process (PAC) for cutting and gouging     Selects PAC gas. equipment and consumables Sets up PAC equipment Sets operating parameters for PAC Operates PAC equipment Sub-Tasks  Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks Task 11: Uses air carbon arc cutting (CAC-A) gouging process     Selects CAC-A equipment and consumables Sets up CAC-A equipment Sets operating parameters for CAFC-A Operates CAC-A equipment Study Guide_Welder_2010 15 .

MCAW and GMAW equipment  Sets operating parameters for FCAW. MCAW and GMAW equipment  Task 15: Welds using gas tungsten arc welding process (GTAW)  Selects GTAW gas. MCAW and GMAW gas. equipment and consumables  Sets up GTAW equipment  Sets operating parameters for GTAW  Operates GTAW equipment  Task 16: Welds using submerged arc welding process (SAW)  Selects SAW equipment and consumables.Block D: Welding Processes  Task 12: Welds using oxy-acetylene welding process  Selects oxy-acetylene equipment and consumables  Sets operating parameters for oxy-acetylene process  Operates oxy-acetylene equipment  Task 13: Welds using shielded metal arc welding process (SMAW) Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks 16 Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks Sub-Tasks  Selects SMAW equipment and consumables  Sets up SMAW equipment  Task 14: Welds using flu cored arc welding process (FCAW).  Uses resistance welding (RW) processes (Spot (RSW) and Seam (RSEW))  Operates automated welding equipment Study Guide_Welder_2010 . equipment and consumables  Sets up FCAW. MCAW and GMAW  Operates FCAW.  Sets up SAW equipment  Sets operating parameters for SAW  Operates SAW equipment  Task 17: Installs Motors Sub-Tasks  Uses stud welding process (SW). metal core arc welding process (MCAW) and gas metal arc welding process (GMAW)  Selects FCAW.

Create a Study Plan As you prepare for your exam. it is important to plan a schedule. Print several copies of these tables and fill out for each week of study. Remember. whereas you may only require review in areas you are more familiar with. You should include items you need to review as well as items you need to study. The second table is a “Study Time Table.” It is important to create a study schedule where you determine the best days of the week and times of day for you to study. As you work through the NOA subtask list you can start to fill in this table. It is important to stick to your study schedule. Study Guide_Welder_2010 17 . The first table is a “Weekly Study Plan.” In this table list the areas you will focus your study for each day. The following two tables will help you stay on track. more time will be needed for study in areas you find difficult.

Sun. Sat. Thu. Fri.Weekly Study Plan for Week of: _________________________________________ Area of Study 1 Mon. Wed. Area of Study 2 Area of Study 3 Area of Study 4 Area of Study 5 Area of Study 6 Tues. .

Study Time Table for Week of: _________________________________________ Monday 8:00 AM 9:00 AM 9:00 AM 10:00 AM 10:00 AM 11:00 AM 11:00 AM 12:00 Noon 12:00 Noon 1:00 PM 1:00 PM 2:00 PM 2:00 PM 3:00 PM 3:00 PM 4:00 PM 4:00 PM 5:00 PM 5:00 PM 6:00 PM 6:00 PM 7:00 PM 7:00 PM 8:00 PM Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday .

This is a practice exam provided by the Inter-provincial Standards Red Seal program.The NOA is a document used for Red Seal trades that describes the knowledge and abilities required by a fully competent tradesperson working in that trade. or to write a provincial examination. test preparation and test taking techniques.red-seal.3l@-eng.gov.gov.ca/tr.ca/tr.Websites Study information can be drawn from a variety of sources.4adeta. These and other helpful resources may be found in a local college bookstore.Resources .nl.ca/app/plans. on the internet.3l@-eng. Study Strategies and Exam Preparation Guide The Study Strategies & Exam Preparation Guide is meant to be used in conjunction with this study guide.red-seal. The Plan of Training is based on the NOA.jsp?tid=250&fid=49 Glossary of Terms The Red Seal website also lists a Glossary of Terms which will be helpful in preparing for your IP exam: www.jsp?tid=250&fid=581 20 Study Guide_Welder_2010 .2ecsdeta. POT Website : www. A sample list of study materials (websites and books) is provided below. The exam is intended to be used for self-assessment in preparation for writing an IP Exam.1d.1d. Red Seal Website: www.ed.nl.ca Welder PRACTICE Exam This is NOT an IP exam.2n. Exam Preparation Guide: www. It was developed using similar question types to that of a Red Seal exam.html Red Seal Website National Occupational Analysis . or at your place of employment.pdf Plan of Training (POT) A Provincial Plan of Training details the full scope of learning for a particular occupation. The content for the IP exam is based on the NOA.ca/app/publications/exam_prep_guide. You may also be able to borrow them from an apprentice or journeyperson in your trade. It provides direction and information on such areas as study habits. Sample questions can be found at: www. including both technical training competencies and industry experiences necessary to write an IP Red Seal exam (and complete the requirements for Red Seal Certification).red-seal.ed.

2005. 8th edition Block A Block B Block C Block D                       If you wish to obtain any of the resources listed above. Althouse and Turnquist. 10th edition. here is the reference information:  Modern Welding. and Walker J.G. Thomas Delmar Learning. American Technical Publishing. ISBN 0-920855-32-X Study Guide_Welder_2010 21 . 7th edition.. as you may find others that will be equally beneficial. ISBN 978-1-56637-987-8  Welding Print Reading. 3rd edition. 2004. B.. It is not necessary to use these books specifically. W.. Polanin. Goodheart-Willcox Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4018-6723-2  Welding Skills.. 2007. and Garby. 7th edition Welding Skills. 5th edition Blueprint Reading for Welders. and Moniz. R. Bennett A.. 2009. IPT Publishing and Training Ltd. Ashton. R. Goodheart-Willcox Publishing.E. 1993.Resources – Book List The books listed below are sorted according to NOA blocks as referenced throughout this study guide. 10th edition Welding Print Reading. Gosse.. ISBN 0826929923  Welding Skills Workbook. J.J. and Siy.. 3rd edition IPT’s Metal Trades Handbook. You can use this list to help you obtain information on specific topics. Book Modern Welding. Miller. Bowditch. 5th edition. 2004.. 4th edition. 8th edition.J. ISBN 978-1-59070-642-8  Blueprint Reading for Welders. ISBN 0826930115  IPT’s Metal Trades Handbook.T. American Technical Publishing. L. 4th edition Welding Skills Workbook. B.J.

We appreciate your comments and feedback regarding the usefulness of this study guide. Newfoundland and Labrador endorses the material or that these are recommended as the best resources. The Department of Advanced Education and Skills has no control over the content of external textbooks and websites listed. textbooks) have been listed in this study guide to assist an individual in preparing to write an IP Red Seal Exam. we welcome your feedback. If you have any questions regarding your IP Red Seal exam please contact your regional office (see Appendix A for a list of regional offices).Disclaimer Various external resources (websites. If you have any comments or suggestions. and no responsibility is assumed for the accuracy of the material. There may be other resources of equal or greater value to an individual preparing for an IP Red Seal exam. This does not mean the Department of Advanced Education and Skills. 22 Study Guide_Welder_2010 . Conclusion We hope this guide has provided you with some useful tools as you prepare for your IP Red Seal exam. The feedback form at the end of this guide can be used for this purpose.

NL A0P 1E0 Telephone: Facsimile: (709) 896-6348 (709) 896-3733 (709) 729-5688 (709) 729-5878 Study Guide_Welder_2010 23 . please contact one of the following regional offices: Department of Advanced Education and Skills Apprenticeship and Trades Certification Division Toll Free: 1-877-771-3737 www.ed. Box 8700 St.ca/app/ Corner Brook 1-3 Union Street Aylward Building.nl.gov. NL A2A 2J9 Telephone: Facsimile: (709) 292-4215 (709) 292-4502 St.Windsor. NL A5A 1T5 Telephone: Facsimile: (709) 466-3982 (709) 466-3987 Grand Falls-Windsor 42 Hardy Avenue Grand Falls. Suite 203 Clarenville.Appendix A: Regional Offices If you have any questions regarding your IP Red Seal exam. 2nd Floor Corner Brook. John’s.O. NL A1B 4J6 Telephone: Facsimile: Happy Valley – Goose Bay 163 Hamilton River Road Bursey Building Happy Valley – Goose Bay. NL A2H 5M7 Telephone: Facsimile: (709) 637-2366 (709) 637-2519 Clarenville 8 Myers Avenue. John’s Confederation Building P.

It is advisable to borrow or purchase one with similar functions so that you can familiarize yourself with it before you write your exam. 24 Study Guide_Welder_2010 .Appendix B: Calculator Use The picture below shows a calculator with the same functions as the one you will be provided with during your exam.

Appendix C: Answer Sheet Example With your exam you will be given an answer sheet similar to the one below. When answering multiple choice questions be sure to fill the circle completely and fill the circle that corresponds to the question on the exam. Study Guide_Welder_2010 25 .

Feedback Form Study Guide .  strongly agree  agree  disagree  strongly disagree The guide should contain more information. Clarenville. 8 Myers Avenue.  strongly agree  agree  disagree  strongly disagree The resources listed in this guide are suitable and valuable.  strongly agree  agree  disagree  strongly disagree The instructions throughout the guide are clear and to the point.Welder Please answer the following: (1) (2) (3) (4) This Study Guide is a useful tool for exam preparation. NL A5A 1T5 Fax: (709) 466-3987 .  strongly agree  agree  disagree  strongly disagree The design and format of the guide caught my attention.  strongly agree  agree  disagree (5) (6)  strongly disagree Suggested information/resources to include: Additional Comments: Please complete this form and return via fax or mail to the following: Department of Advanced Education and Skills Apprenticeship and Trades Certification Education Standards and Curriculum Unit Suite 203.  strongly agree  agree  disagree  strongly disagree The topics contained in the guide are arranged in a logical order.